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😷 | To vaccination of new corona ... Kanazawa City will set up the implementation headquarters and elderly people will start vaccination from the end of March


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To vaccination of new corona ... Kanazawa City launches implementation headquarters and elderly people are scheduled to start vaccination from the end of March

 
If you write the contents roughly
The Kanazawa City Implementation Headquarters wants to realize smooth vaccination in cooperation with medical associations.
 

Kanazawa City will set up an implementation headquarters on the XNUMXth to facilitate vaccination of the new corona, which is scheduled to start in March. → Continue reading

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vaccination

vaccination(Vaccination,British: vaccination) IssickAgainstImmunologyTo attachantigenmaterial(vaccine) Administered (Vaccination) What to do.VaccinationBy pathogeninfectionbyIllness,Obstacle,DeathCan be prevented or tempered[1].. furtherEpidemicThe simplest and most effective way to preventCost performanceHighPreventive medicine.

JapanInVaccination methodDefines as "injecting or inoculating a human body with a vaccine that has been confirmed to be effective in preventing the disease in order to obtain an immune effect against the disease" (the vaccination method) Article 2 paragraph 1).

The substance administered by inoculation is a pathogen (live, but less virulent)Bacteria-ウ イ ル ス), a dead or inactivated pathogen, or a purified substance such as a protein.

WHOAccording to the current world, vaccination avoids the death of 200 to 300 million people.[1].. However, if the vaccination rate is further improved, the death of 150 million people can be avoided.[1].

History

Human beings willing to get another kind of infectionsickThe first example trying to mitigatesmallpox.B.C.Around 1000,IndiaVaccination method(Variolation method) is practiced[2], Of smallpox patientspusTo a healthy person to cause mild onsetImmunologyWas being done. This smallpox method18st centuryIn the first halfThe United Kingdom, ThenAmericaWas also brought to.

1718 years,Mary Wortley MontagueWrote about the Turkish custom of vaccination with liquids from small-pox smallpox and gave similar vaccinations to their children.[3].The United KingdomThe doctorEdward JennerIt is,VacciniaAs to whether the vaccine can be used to generate immunity against human smallpox,1796Have tested at least 6 people in the last few years. The six are unidentified English (around 6), Mrs Zebel (German, around 1771), Mr. Jensen (German, around 1772), and Benjamin Jestie (English, 1770). Mrs. Rendall (English, c. 1774) and Peter Prett (German, 1782).[4][5].

The word vaccination was first used1796,Edward JennerBy. After thisLouis PasteurAdvanced the concept of vaccination with advanced research in microbiology. The vaccination (from the Latin vacca meaning Vaccination "cattle") derives its name from the first vaccine (vaccine) that infects cattle.Cowpox virusso,smallpoxIs less symptomatic, harder to cure and deadlysmallpoxBecause it gave a certain amount of immunity to[4][5].

For vaccination attempts, there are ethics, politics, safety, religion, etc.en: Vaccine controversy) Has been around since the early days. With early successMandatoryVaccination has been widely accepted by the government and a large-scale vaccination campaign has been carried out, which has significantly reduced the incidence of many diseases across many regions.

the purpose

Side effects

in Japan1948of"Vaccination methodSince then, compulsory vaccination and mass vaccination have expanded, but they have not been carried out in a safe manner.To give an example1964ToIbarakiInsufficient interviews, inoculation of multiple people without changing needles,MASKSInoculation, infusion of inaccurate amount, etc. were performed without[6]..In Japan, the act of inoculating multiple people without changing needles was widespread.Type B,Hepatitis CIs a frequent cause[7],It is believed that( Iatrogenic diseaseSee also).

Substances used

Inactivated vaccine

Lived with sufficiently reduced toxicityウ イ ル スInoculate.ウ イ ル スBreed, but their speed is slow. Boosting is not necessary so much because it propagates after inoculation and continues to exist as an antigen. This vaccine is produced by leaving a less virulent type of virus in tissue culture, inducing gene mutation, or removing a specific gene that exerts virulence. This major vaccine has a risk of recurrent toxicity, but removal of specific genes is relatively less risky.

Subunit vaccine

As an antigen shown to the immune systemウ イ ル スDo not inoculate sex substances.ウ イ ル スSpecific inproteinThere is a method such as separating and inoculating. The weakness of this method is that the separated proteins may be altered, in which case antibodies different from those corresponding to the virus will be produced.

Other subunit vaccines include recombinant vaccines. This is a method of injecting a protein gene of a target virus into another virus. This second virus expresses protein information but is not at risk of disease. This kind of vaccine is nowViral hepatitisIs used forEbola virus,HIVIt is being actively researched to make a vaccine against a virus that is difficult to vaccinate.[8].

Vaccination against humans

The vaccination situation in the world is as follows.

Type of vaccine

Live vaccine
A weakened virulence of a living pathogen. ,tuberculosis,Measles(Measles),Rubella,Mumps,Varieg(Mizubouso),yellow fever Such.Due to the inclusion of live pathogens, inoculated pathogens may cause mild symptoms (side reactions).
After vaccination, give another vaccine at intervals of 4 weeks (medium 27 days) or more.
Inactivated vaccine
Only the components of the pathogen that died and lost its toxicity.Hepatitis B,, pediatric,Pertussis,Polio,Japanese encephalitis,influenza,Hepatitis A,RabiesSuch.vaccineThe effect of is weak, so multiple doses are often required.
After vaccination, give another vaccine at intervals of 1 weeks (medium 6 days) or more.
Toxoid
The toxin produced by the fungus is taken out and detoxified.diphtheria,tetanus(Hashoufu) etc. As with inactivated vaccines, the vaccines are less effective and often require multiple doses. There is also the idea that it is not strictly included in the vaccine because it does not make antibodies that attack the pathogen itself.
After vaccination, give another vaccine at intervals of 1 weeks (medium 6 days) or more.

History

The practice of vaccination is believed to have its origins in ancient India, around 1000 BC.[9]Ayurvedic textbook Sact'eya Grantham was described about vaccination, according to French scholar Henri Marie Husson in Dictionaire des sciences me`dicales. It has been reported.[10] Around 200 BC, vaccinations were carried out even in ancient China[5].. Scholar Ole Lund writes: "The oldest documented example of vaccination is from 17th-century India and China, where powdered scabs of people with smallpox were used to prevent the disease. In the olden days, smallpox was a universal disease that killed 20% to 30% of infected people, smallpox accounting for 18% to 8% of deaths in several 20th-century European countries. Professor of Pathology, (en: Almroth Wright) Conducted an experiment led by a professional at Netley Hospital and shaped the form of vaccination for posterity. The results of his experiment led to the development of further vaccinations in Europe[11].

Mandatory

In order to avoid the spread of illness, at different times, states and institutions have created laws that mandate vaccination for all. For example, the 1853 law mandated smallpox vaccinations throughout England and Wales, and fined those who did not comply. Currently, the US state-wide vaccination law requires public vaccination before school. Most other countries have similar vaccinations.

Since the earliest vaccinations beginning in the 19th century, the legalization of vaccination has caused backlash from various groups. These groups are collectively known as anti-vaccinationists, who oppose vaccination from an ethical, political, hygienic, religious, and other perspectives. Common opinions are that “compulsory vaccination is excessive interference with individual problems” and “recommended vaccination is not sufficiently safe”.[12].. Modern vaccination laws provide exceptions to people with immunodeficiencies, people who are allergic to the vaccine, and those who strongly oppose it.[13].. In addition,Yogyakarta PrinciplesIn the 18th principle of "Protection against medical abuse" ofHIV infectionUnethical or unintentional vaccines forAntibacterial agentGuaranteeing protection from the administration of "(18th principle, item (d))".

Japanese vaccination

Routine vaccination

Vaccination methodWill be inoculated based on. For the vaccination costs for the target age, public funds are provided by the local government, and regarding A-type diseases,Local governmentMost of them are free of charge (administrative measures vaccinations, and there are also local governments that pay a fee). In case of health damage due to vaccination approved in Japan, there is a relief system under Article 11 of the Vaccination Law.[14].

[] Name of vaccine

Type A disease --For the purpose of preventing the outbreak of the disease and the spread of the disease in the population, the vaccination target or its guardian is obliged to make efforts for vaccination.
diphtheria-Social Services Lizard-tetanus-Polio(Acute poliomyelitis)[Four kinds of mixed vaccine, DPT-IPV],measles(Measles)rubella(Three days measles)MR vaccine],Japanese encephalitis,tuberculosis(BCG),Varieg,Hib, PediatricPneumococcusInfection【Pneumococcal vaccine, PCV13】,Cervical cancerHPV vaccine],Hepatitis B, (From October 2020, 10 Rotavirus[15]
Type B disease -Mainly focused on individual prevention. No effort required.
People over the age of 65, or between the ages of 60 and under 65, with severe heart, kidney, or respiratory problems,Acquired immunodeficiency syndromeIf you are suffering frominfluenza.. In the case of people aged 65 or over, under 60 years of age and under 65 years of age, with severe heart, kidney, or respiratory disorders, or those with AIDS and weakened immunity, pneumococcal infection [23-valent pneumococcal capsular polysaccharide vaccine, PPSV23】.

Temporary inoculation

Vaccination methodWill be inoculated based on. When the prefectural governor finds that there is an urgent need to prevent the spread, the prefectural governor may instruct the mayor to do so. Municipalities will subsidize the vaccination costs for the target ages, and in principle, the A-type diseases will be free. If health damage occurs due to vaccination, there is a relief system under Article 11 of the Vaccination Law.[14].

Type A disease -The vaccination target person or their guardian is required to make vaccination efforts.
smallpoxIn addition, type A diseases are targeted.
Type B disease -No vaccination effort is imposed.
HXNUMXNXNUMX influenza(As a single vaccineNew influenza measures special measures law2011 years from 23 (5)[16].. A(H2011N12)pdm1 has been included in seasonal influenza vaccine since FY1/09[17]. )

Optional vaccination

Vaccination is voluntary by the vaccinated person (or their parental authority, etc.), which is not stipulated in the Vaccination Law.

All vaccination costs will be borne by the owner. If health damage occurs due to vaccination,Relief system for adverse drug reactionsIs applied.

Mumps(Mumps),Hepatitis A, For adultsPneumococcus,Rabies,Weil's disease Autumn darknessIn addition to the above, other vaccinations other than the age groups subject to regular vaccination are also optional vaccinations.

Precautions for vaccination

According to the Vaccination Regulations, those who have a clear fever, those who have a serious acute illness, and allergies or anaphylaxis due to the components of the vaccination solution for vaccination related to the disease are revealed by the test. Those who have become ineligible are considered unsuitable and cannot be vaccinated. Pregnant persons will not be vaccinated for acute poliomyelitis, measles and rubella.

In addition, those who are known to have basic diseases such as cardiovascular diseases, kidney diseases, liver diseases, blood diseases and developmental disorders, those who have fever within 2 days after the previous vaccination, or systemic rashes, etc. Of allergic allergies, having a history of convulsions in the past, having been previously diagnosed with immunodeficiency, or being allergic to the components of the inoculum to be vaccinated Some people are obliged to take vaccinations carefully based on the judgment of the doctor.

Vaccination health damage relief system

Occurrence of health damage due to side effects of vaccination is seen, although it is extremely rare. A system for prompt relief when a causal relationship between vaccination and health damage is recognized, regardless of whether or not there is negligence in the vaccination.[18].

  • Vaccination based on the Vaccination Law (=RegularIf the Minister of Health, Labor and Welfare finds that the health damage has been caused by the
    • Benefits are provided by the municipality.
    • Minister of Health, Labour and WelfareIn the certification of, the causal relationship is examined by a disease/disability certification examination committee composed of a third party.
    • If you receive medical treatment at a medical institution, you will be required to pay the medical expenses and your expenses.
    • When disability remains, child disability pension or disability pension is paid.
    • In case of death, funeral fees and lump-sum death allowance of approximately 4,300 million yen (in case of influenza vaccine, lump-sum payment of surviving family of approximately 700 million yen, survivor pension of approximately 240 million yen (up to 10 years)) will be provided.
    • The cost of relief payment is 1/2 for the country, 1/4 for the prefecture, and 1/4 for the municipality.

Incidentally,anyAs for other health hazards due to vaccination, the drug side effect damage relief system is applied. It is based on the Pharmaceuticals and Medical Devices Agency, an incorporated administrative agency, rather than the Vaccinations Act.

  • Established by the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare and decided after discussions at the Pharmaceutical Affairs and Food Sanitation Council, which is composed of external experts.
    • Pharmaceuticals and Medical Devices Agency (PMDA) Is provided.
    • If you receive medical treatment in hospital, you will be provided with medical expenses and medical allowance. Payment will be provided in case of disability and death.
    • Benefits are set for each type, and there is also a deadline for billing.
    • Contribution from the licensed drug manufacturing and marketing companies, etc. shall be paid for the relief payment. Half of PMDA's administrative expenses are subsidies from the national government.

Vaccinations and laws (valley problems)

There is a legal structure to remedy victims whose lives and bodies have been seriously damaged by vaccination.ConstitutionIt is a problem above.17 articleTheory,29 articleParagraph 3 Interpretation theory, Article 29 Paragraph 3 Of course, interpretation theory,25 articleTheory,13 articleTheories are claimed.

Recommended vaccination sequence

National Institute of Infectious DiseasesKnow VPD,NPOVaccination schedules have been announced by the Society for the Protection of Children, the Japan Association for Primary Care, and the Japan Society for Pediatrics.

Also, at the NPO Corporation Children's Association,iPhone-AndroidSmartphoneThe vaccination scheduler app for Android is provided free of charge.

Simultaneous inoculation

``Simultaneous vaccination'' in which two or more types of vaccinations are given to one and the same person at the same time in one visit is once recognized as ``not good'' in Japan, and MHLW is "What doctors can do if they find it necessary"[19][20]However, in 2011, the Japanese Academy of Pediatrics proposed that "simultaneous vaccination is considered a necessary medical practice to protect Japanese children from diseases that can be prevented by vaccines".[20], In recent years, the number of doctors giving simultaneous vaccination has increased[21].

There is no limit to the number of combinations and

  1. Regular vaccination and voluntary vaccination
  2. Inactivated and live vaccines
  3. Live vaccines and live vaccines
  4. Injection and drink type vaccine

Can be safely inoculated simultaneously with all combinations of[22].. Some local governments and doctors have different vaccination methodsBCGOnly in the case of single vaccination without simultaneous vaccination with other vaccines[23][24].

Since a mixed vaccine contains several types of vaccine in one injection solution from the beginning, it can be said that it is a simultaneous vaccination in a broad sense.[22].

Italy vaccination

In Italy2017Than,Compulsory educationBefore receiving (up to 6 years old)Polio,diphtheria,tetanus,Hepatitis B,influenza,,,measles,rubella,Mumps,XNUMX days,chicken poxVaccinations have become mandatory[25].

Vaccination of animals

AnimalからPeopleTo be contagiousInfectious disease of animal origin(Zoonosis:Zoonosis(Also included in) and transmitted from humans to animalsZoonosisThere is vaccination for the purpose of preventing. Useful for wildlife conservation and industry家畜,Pet OfEpidemicThere are also vaccinations to prevent the spread of the disease.

Ministry of AgricultureVeterinary drug laboratory・Veterinary drug database[26]If you search for “vaccine” in, 2014 cases were registered as of December 12. But,Domestic animal infectious disease prevention methodIs a "law that stipulates the prevention of outbreaks of infectious diseases (infectious diseases) in livestock and the prevention of spread of livestock."And killDisposaldisinfectionHowever, there is no regulation regarding vaccination. "The prefectural governor, when necessary to prevent the spread of livestock infectious diseases, can have livestock quarantine officers inspect, inject, bathe or administer livestock by the methods specified by the Ordinance of the Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries ( Based on the Livestock Infectious Diseases Prevention Law Article 31)", the measures such as vaccination are different for each prefecture.[27].

on the other hand,Rabies Prevention LawSince it is regulated byDogThe owner of the dogRabies vaccineMust be vaccinated once a year (Article 1 of the Rabies Prevention Law).

footnote

[How to use footnotes]
  1. ^ a b c d e f g h Immunization coverage (Report). WHO. (2007-03). http://www.who.int/mediacentre/factsheets/fs378/en/. 
  2. ^ Smallpox prevention[1]
  3. ^ Behbehani AM (1983). “The smallpox story: life and death of an old disease”. Microbiol. Rev. 47 (4): 455-509. PMID 6319980. http://mmbr.asm.org/cgi/pmidlookup?view=long&pmid=6319980. 
  4. ^ a b Plett PC (2006). “[Peter Plett and other discoverers of cowpox vaccination before Edward Jenner”] (German). Sudhoffs Arch 90 (2): 219-32. PMID 17338405. http://lib.bioinfo.pl/meid:4459 2008/3/12Browse.. 
  5. ^ a b c Lombard M, Pastoret PP, Moulin AM (2007). “A brief history of vaccines and vaccination”. Rev Sci Tech. 26 (1): 29-48. PMID 17633292. 
  6. ^ Kenji Yoshihara "From Private Rage to Public Rage-Vaccine Evil as a Social Problem" p.112-114
  7. ^ Yomiuri Shimbun February 2000, 2 Article "Expanding hepatitis C, in areas where 9% are "positive""
  8. ^ Department of Veterinary Science & Microbiology at The University of Arizona Archived August 2003, 6, at the Wayback Machine. Vaccines by Janet M. Decker, PhD
  9. ^ Lund, Ole; Nielsen, Morten Strunge and Lundegaard, Claus (2005). Immunological Bioinformatics.MIT Press. ISBN 0262122804
  10. ^ Chaumeton, FP; FV Me`rat de Vaumartoise. Dictionaire des sciences me`dicales.Paris: CLF Panckoucke, 1812-1822, lvi (1821).
  11. ^ Curtin, Phillip (1998). "Disease and Empire: The Health of European Troops in the Conquest of Africa". Cambridge University Press. ISBN 0521598354
  12. ^ Wolfe R, Sharp L (2002). “Anti-vaccinationists past and present”. BMJ 325 (7361): 430-2. two:10.1136 / bmj.325.7361.430. PMID 12193361. http://bmj.bmjjournals.com/cgi/content/full/325/7361/430. 
  13. ^ Salmon, Daniel A et al.(2006) Compulsory vaccination and conscientious or philosophical exemptions: past, present, and future. Lancet 367(9508):436-442.
  14. ^ a b Medical expenses public expenditure system for vaccination accidents(Tokyo Metropolitan Government Health and Welfare Bureau)
  15. ^ "From Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare to Rota vaccine regular vaccination from October, 20”. Mix online (October 2019, 10). 2020/8/14Browse.
  16. ^ Tuberculosis Infectious Disease Division, Health Bureau, Ministry of Health, Labor and WelfareOutline of Vaccination Law revision (establishment of new temporary vaccination, etc.)IASR, Vol. 32, National Institute of Infectious Diseases, Infectious Disease Information Center, November 2011, pp. 11-331.
  17. ^ Influenza vaccine strain -National Institute of Infectious Diseases
  18. ^ Vaccination health damage relief systemMinistry of Health, Labor and Welfare
  19. ^ Periodic vaccination procedure -Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare
  20. ^ a b Japanese Pediatrics Association's approach to simultaneous vaccination
  21. ^ Vaccination> Simultaneous vaccination -Ariake Children's Clinic
  22. ^ a b Necessity and safety of simultaneous vaccination -Know VPD!
  23. ^ Vaccination of children -Koto Ward
  24. ^ vaccination -Hara Pediatric Clinic
  25. ^ Italy vaccinated to attend school AFP (December 2017, 5) Read December 20, 2017
  26. ^ Veterinary drug database -Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries Veterinary Drug Laboratory
  27. ^ About livestock vaccines -Miyagi Prefectural Livestock Association

Related literature

  • Mikio Watanabe, "A Historical Consideration on Japan's Vaccination System," National Hygiene, Vol. 73, No. 6, Japan Society for National Hygiene, June 2010, pp. 6-243, two:10.3861 / jshhe.73.243.

Related item

外部 リンク

Kanazawa

Kanazawa(Kanazawa)IshikawaLocated almost in the center ofCity.. IshikawaPrefectural office locationAndCore cityIs specified in.

oldIshikawaandHebei-gun.

Overview

Edo PeriodIsEdo Shogunate(Approximately 800 millionstoneOf the largest of the Daimyo, except forIshitakaOccupiedKaga Domain("Kaga Hyakumangoku")ofcastle townProsper as a populationEdo-Osaka-Kyoto OfSanduSecond only,NagoyaIt was a big city alongside.Second World WarThe historical atmosphere still remains in the city because it was not attacked by the US military. Due to the fact that there are few victims of air raids and their bereaved families, it was chosen as a place of stay for American citizens visiting Japan for the purpose of international exchange in the near end of the war. In addition, there are manyTraditional crafts,Three famous gardens in JapanKnown as one ofKenrokuen Garden,Kaga DomainThe clan ofMaeda ToshiieNamed after the entrance of KanazawaHyakumangoku Festival, And the common culture (Kaga Hosei,local cuisine OfJibeEtc.)Tourist cityKnown as.2009ToUNESCO OfCreative cityCertified in JapanKobe City, The third in the craft & folk art category after NagoyaAsiaFirst). Also,Hokuriku regionOf the country of jurisdictionOfficeThere are many large companies such as “Hokuriku Branch” and “Hokuriku Branch” that are also located in Kanazawa.

Geography

Geographical division

Geographical divisionChubu region,Hokuriku region,Kitashinetsu districtBelong to. By geographical division in Ishikawa prefecture,Kaga regionBelong to.

terrain

The southeastern part is mountainous,Naratake(1,644m, the highest peak in Kanazawa, the water source of the Sai River),Mt. (1,621m),Mt. Daimonzan (1,572m),Mt.(Iouzen, 939m) etc. The area near the plain is a hilly area,Tomuroyama (548m),Mount Kigo (546m),Nodayama (180m),Manganji Mountain (177m),Utatsuyama (141m) etc. Mount Tomuro and Mount Kigo were formed in hundreds of thousands of yearsQuaternaryVolcanoIs. Near the boundary between the mountains and the plainsMorimoto-Togashi fault zoneAre distributed. NorthwestKanazawa Plainso,Saikawa(Aka man river),Asano River(Aka Onna River),Kinfu River(Kari Sarigawa),Morishita River(Morimotogawa),Fushimi River,UchikawaAnd so on. Join Saikawa and thisFushimi RiverPours directly into the Sea of ​​Japan, but other riversKawakitagataFlow toOnogawaThrough to the Sea of ​​Japan. The coast is a sand dune, and the estuary is curved north. In the upper Sai RiverSaikawa Dam,Uchikawa DamIt is used for water supply and irrigation. The Sai River and Asano River flow in parallel in the city and are sandwiched between the river banks of the northern and southern banks of the Sai River.plateau KotinoIt is a plateau. At the western end of the Otino PlateauKanazawa Castle Toe,Kenrokuen GardenThere is. The river terraces on the south bank of the Sai River are called Teramachi Plateau.

climate

Sea of ​​Japan side climateHowever, the humidity is high all year round, and clouds are likely to occur. Especially in winter, it often rains and snows[Annotation 1].. Normal year is nationwidePrefectural office locationMost of them, most of them occur in late fall to winter. There are relatively many sunny days in April-May and October, and in summerFern phenomenonThe maximum temperature may exceed 35 degrees Celsius. The influence of the rainy season is small compared to the Pacific side. From December to Februarysnow,(I.e.There are many. Hail and hail may accompany thunder.1987In addition to the warm winter thereafter,1991March 10Kanazawa Local Meteorological ObservatorySince the relocation from the Yayoi district near the center to the coastal area of ​​the Nishin district where the temperature is high due to the sea breeze and snow is hard to accumulate, the amount of snowfall observed has sharply decreased, and other cities in HokurikuTottori CitythanSnowfallHas become less frequent. However, the amount of snow covered by the city[1] According to the weather stationKenrokuen GardenThere is more snow in the city center withKanazawa UniversityHaveKakuma TownInland areas such as are prone to heavy snowfall. in this wayEven in the same city, the amount of snow on the sea side and inland is very different.

Total depth of snowfall is 278 in normalcmAnd compared to the previous average value of 1971 cm (average for 2000 to 360), it decreased greatly. The deepest snow record after the weather station relocation is20011 cm on January 16th, the deepest snow peak before the Nakanezawa Local Meteorological Observatory moved to its current locationHeavy snowfall1963 cm recorded on January 1, 27. The last time the snowfall exceeded 181m1986It goes back to 1 cm on January 28. However, winter temperatures are often cloudy and snowy.Radiation coolingAs the minimum temperature is high (January average minimum temperature 1°C),2000 eraLaterWarm winterBe a trend, andSnow removal-Melting snowBecause of the well-developed system, there are few obstacles to urban life in winter.

Due to its high humidity, it is suitable for traditional craft lacquering and gold leaf manufacturing.

Kanazawa Local Meteorological Observatory (Ninencho, altitude: 6m) 1981–2010 average climate
Month123456789101112Years
Highest temperature record ° C (° F)21.2
(70.2)
23.6
(74.5)
27.0
(80.6)
31.6
(88.9)
33.7
(92.7)
36.1
(97)
37.3
(99.1)
38.0
(100.4)
38.5
(101.3)
33.1
(91.6)
28.4
(83.1)
24.7
(76.5)
38.5
(101.3)
Average maximum temperature ° C (° F)6.8
(44.2)
7.3
(45.1)
11.0
(51.8)
16.9
(62.4)
21.6
(70.9)
25.0
(77)
28.8
(83.8)
30.9
(87.6)
26.6
(79.9)
21.3
(70.3)
15.5
(59.9)
10.2
(50.4)
18.5
(65.3)
Average daily temperature ° C (° F)3.8
(38.8)
3.9
(39)
6.9
(44.4)
12.5
(54.5)
17.1
(62.8)
21.2
(70.2)
25.3
(77.5)
27.0
(80.6)
22.7
(72.9)
17.1
(62.8)
11.5
(52.7)
6.7
(44.1)
14.6
(58.3)
Average minimum temperature ° C (° F)0.9
(33.6)
0.7
(33.3)
3.0
(37.4)
8.2
(46.8)
13.1
(55.6)
18.0
(64.4)
22.3
(72.1)
23.7
(74.7)
19.5
(67.1)
13.3
(55.9)
7.7
(45.9)
3.4
(38.1)
11.2
(52.2)
Minimum temperature record ° C (° F)−9.7
(14.5)
−9.4
(15.1)
−8.3
(17.1)
−1.6
(29.1)
1.5
(34.7)
6.8
(44.2)
11.0
(51.8)
13.1
(55.6)
7.6
(45.7)
2.2
(36)
−0.7
(30.7)
−6.7
(19.9)
−9.7
(14.5)
Precipitation amount mm (inch)269.6
(10.614)
171.9
(6.768)
159.2
(6.268)
136.9
(5.39)
155.2
(6.11)
185.1
(7.287)
231.9
(9.13)
139.2
(5.48)
225.5
(8.878)
177.4
(6.984)
264.9
(10.429)
282.1
(11.106)
2,398.9
(94.445)
Snowfall cm (inch)119
(46.9)
93
(36.6)
27
(10.6)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
2
(0.8)
37
(14.6)
281
(110.6)
Average days of precipitation (≥ 0.5 mm)24.720.718.413.011.711.914.39.813.014.818.123.3193.7
Average number of snowfall days19.116.08.10.60.00.00.00.00.00.01.09.854.6
(I.e.75726769757773747171727272
Average monthlyDaylight hours63.584.1141.3185.5202.3152.6158.9221.5144.1150.4104.172.51,680.8
Source 1: Science timeline
Source 2: Japanese Meteorological Agency (Average value: 1981-2010, extreme value: 1888-present)[2][3]
Climate of Mt. Io Observatory (Byodohoncho, altitude: 420m)
Month123456789101112Years
Precipitation amount mm (inch)176.0
(6.929)
201.0
(7.913)
207.2
(8.157)
Source: Japanese Meteorological Agency (Average precipitation amount: 2003-2010)

Adjacent municipality

On the north sideUchinada Town,Tsubata Town, To the eastKurikara Pass,Mt.Across the mountainsToyamaOyabe City,Nanto City, On the south sideBaishan City(OldMatto City, OldTsururai Town),Nonoichi CityContact with.

History

Before World War II

The city name "Kanazawa" is "YamashinaWhen the potato digger Togoro, who lived in the land (now suburbs of Kanazawa city) was washing the yam, because gold dust came out,Gold wash swampAccording to the legend that it was called.

"Gold wash swampIs in KenrokuenKanazawa ShrineNext to theKaneshiro Reizawa"It is called.

The first look of "Kanazawa" in ancient texts is in the "Konoyama Shochiin Seikyo Catalog"文明1310/8(Kashu Kanazawa Sojiji Temple) described with (October 1481, 10) is known.[6].

astronomical15 years(1546).Sengoku period OfIkko IkkoHongwanji TempleWas set upOyama GoboIt originates in (Kanazawa Gobo) and the surrounding Terauchi town. Tensho 8 (1580),Oda NobunagaSubordinateKatsuie ShibataThe nephew ofSakuma MorimasaAttacked Oyama Gobo and built Kanazawa Castle there.

Battle of Mt.Or later,Maeda ToshiieEntered Kanazawa Castle,Kaga DomainThe prototype was formed. Toshiie renewed Kanazawa CastleHideyoshi HashibaIt was born from the intention of eradicating Sakuma Morimasa's color and harmony with Shinshumon who had joined Ikko Ikushi).OwariIt is renamed as "Oyama Castle" which is also known as "Oyama Castle"Maeda ToshinagaIn the era, it was renamed to "Kanazawa Castle" again[7][8].. Double in the castle townDelicate structureWas dug,Ring moatNow, the remains can be confirmed even now. The temples that had been scattered up to that time were located on the east side of the Sai River basin, southwest of Kanazawa Castle, in order to prevent one-on-one depressionUtatsuyama, Collected in three places in the southeastern Otino Plateau,Teramachi Temples,Utatsuyama Sanroku Temple Group,Otino temple groupIt became.

Keicho 5 years (1599) And Toshiie died in the following yearBattle of SekigaharaHappens. The eldest son Toshinaga Maeda, who inherited Toshiie's inheritance,Tokugawa IeyasuOf the younger brother who belonged to the Western armyMaeda ToshimasaWas given after the war,Kaga,Noto country,VietnamBecome a daimyo with. Third lordMaeda ToshinoriIn the age ofTomura system,Reform methodThe governmental system was established and the feudal system was established. Fifth lordMaeda TsunaIs famous as a famous person and created the Renchi garden, the predecessor of Kenrokuen,Kinoshita Jun,Muroto pigeon,Inao WakamizuHe promoted scholarship by inviting scholars such as. In addition, Tsukinori also endeavored to collect a variety of books such as Japanese, Chinese, and Western books.Arai ShiroishiIs said to have said "Kaga is the Shofu of the world"[9].. The collection of books and arts and crafts collectedSonkeikaku libraryIs called todayMaeda IkutokukaiSaved and managed by. After that, Kanazawa has been in the Kaga Hyakumangoku for over 150 years.castle townWill be prosperous as.Change of attendancetime,MaedaIs a servant of about 2,000 people, spending about 7 million yen one way at present valueEdoI went back and forth between.

Below is a summary of the historical documents and maps of the domain of the Edo period, and the population of Kanazawa in the early Meiji era. However, most of them relate to the township population of the town magistrate's ruled area (Honmachi, Jikomachi, former Monzenchi, carpenter's land), and mainly monks and priests who lived in the shrine magistrate's ruled district (monzenchi), samurai residences. There are few documents about the population of the Shibu and samurai servants who lived in some of the towns and shrines.

Population of Kanazawa from the Edo period to the early Meiji era[10][11][12][13]
EraADNumber of housespopulationRemarksauthority
Kanbun 4 years16649,86855,106Honmachi 2532 units 1 people, Jiko Town 9845 units 7336 people"Koshitoga Sanshu"
Kanbun 5 years16657,350Jiji Town only"Kakushosho Old Story"
Kanbun June 716678,66759,101Honmachi 1332 houses 1 people, Jiko Town 9840 houses 7335 people"Manuscript History of Kanazawa City"
All year roundC. 16759,9272186 Honmachi, 7081 Jijicho"Kanazawa Ancient Tradition"
3,959Samurai residence. 1677 Shishibu, 1953 Ashigaru, 305 children"Enpo Kanazawa map"
2 years16858,448Jiji Town only"National Affairs"
3 years16868,326Jiji Town only"National Affairs"
Genroku 3 years169013,601Including the shrine magistrate's site. Temple shrine 243 units, Yamabushi 65 units,
85 households, 4 non-persons, 4 Akita, 1 out-town residents
"Historical materials of the Kaga domain"
17,601A total of 1 Kinfu Houses and 3601 outside servants
Genroku 9 years169611,9272536 Honmachi, 9391 Jikocho"Kanazawa Ancient Tradition"
Genroku 10th Spring169712,08568,636Honcho 2285 units 1 people, former Monzen carpenter land 8949 units 354 people,
Chichi-cho 9446 units 4 people
"Historical materials of the Kaga domain"
June 7, 6th Hoei171012,55864,987"National Affairs"
5th year175513,4431365 Samurai residences outside (but only for carrying Chichi)"Manuscript History of Kanazawa City"
Culture August 7181013,79256,355Honcho 2540 units, former Monzenchi 384 units, Jiko-cho 1 units, carpenter galling, etc. 0754 units"Koshitoga Sanshu"
14,909A total of 1 township magistrates and 3792 temple shrine magistrates
8 years of culture181111,0702112 Honmachi and 8958 Chijimachi.
However, there are not enough homes for 4 boiled chicken in Honcho and 3 boiled chicken in Jikomachi
"Castle town Kanazawa"
Tempo 9 years leap April183815,27335,841Machikata and temple and shrine total, population is only 15 years old and over"Kanazawa Town Population Condition"
February 4th Ansei185713,48558,506Machikata and temples and shrines total, excluding other controlled 2186 properties.
Honcho 2650 houses 1 people, Jikocho 2019 houses 9478 people, Monzenchi 4 houses 0803 people
"Kanazawa townhouses are high in number"
15,671Including Machikata and temples and shrines, and 2186 others controlled.
2784 Honcho, 1 Jikocho, 1281 Monzen Carpenter
Bunkyu 3 May or later186315,720Includes Machikata and Shrines, and other rules.
3049 Honcho, 1 Jikocho, 1342 Carpenter's House, 127 Monzenchi
"Town official name book"
August 2186915,7151 Insufficient number of units"Town official name book"
13,56260,789Machikata and shrine total, excluding 2634"Kanazawa Machikado"
16,196Machikata and temples and shrines total, including 2634
3rd year of Meiji, October 10187017,22256,295The number of homes has not been completely calculated after the removal of the residence restrictions, and the population is limited to those who live in the town.
3253 Togo, 1 people, 2093 Saigo, 2263 people,
Nango 6600 1 people, Hokugo 8960 5106 people
"Manuscript History of Kanazawa City"
August 4187124,744123,363Total for the whole body. 4932 households, 2 people,
Graduated 4607 units 2 people, commoners 6888 units 1 people,
39 139 former priests, 259 1032 temples, 466 escorts
"Number of Kanazawa names"
August 424,146123,4531st ward 3253 units, 2nd ward 3635 units,
第3区882戸、第4区1836戸、第5区4068戸、第6区3369戸、第7区4103戸
"Ishikawa Prefecture Historical Materials"
April 5, 1187237,880The number and population of permanent domiciles based on the Mishin family register. 1st ward 5610 units, 2nd ward 5411 units,
第3区6026戸、第4区2717戸、第5区6272戸、第6区5080戸、第7区6763戸
"Ishikawa Prefecture Historical Materials"
April 6, 1187335,788109,685Number of permanent domiciles/population[Annotation 2]"Kanazawa City Statistics"
34,580"Summary of Japanese Topography"
34,883"Eighteenth year of Meiji era"
April 9, 11187623,995108,758Number of permanent households/population"Ishikawa Prefecture Historical Materials"
April 11, 12187823,937108,263Number of permanent households/population"Ishikawa Prefecture Historical Materials"
April 12, 1187923,915107,878Number of permanent households/population"XNUMXth year of Meiji era Bumusei"
107,876Permanent domicile"Country Population List of Japan"

"Jinshiro Imazu Book Number of Appearances"[14] According to Kyoho 6 (1721), the Kanazawa clan has a population of 15 (probably including samurai apprentices) among the 6-year-old family. In addition, according to "Kanazawa City History" and "Clan System List," the population of the former family on October 7302, 3st year of the Meiji era, was 10 family of 10 people, 1 households of 11 people, 7797 graduates of 2 people. , Companions and dwarfs (treated as ordinary people) 8683 units 9703 people in total 2 units 7038 (However, the number of adults is the number of adult men (number of people)). It is estimated that since the middle of the Edo period, the population of samurai and samurai servants living in Kanazawa Castle Town has changed from 2699 to 5938. The estimated total population of Kanazawa from the Edo period to the early Meiji era by the two researchers is listed below. In addition, the number of shrines and temples and the number of monks and priests (20,200 places 61,670 as of February 4) are not added to the estimated population of Atsushi Tsuchiya.[10].. In addition, the population quoted by Seiji Saito from the "Meiji 11th Kyomusei table" as the 12th year of the Meiji era is exactly that of the 1st January of the Meiji era.[15].

Estimated total population of Kanazawa from the Edo period to the early Meiji era
Name of an eraADTsuchiya Atsuo (1980)[10][11]Seiji Saito
(1984)

[15]

castle town
Total
Samurai town
live
Townspeople
live
Keian 3 years1650114,000
Kanbun 4 years166486,30031,20055,100
2 years168562,200
Genroku 10 years1697111,20042,60068,600
Hoei 7 years171070,600
Kanen 3 years1750128,000
5th year1755116,60044,90071,700
7 years of culture181068,900
Bunsei 4 years1821114,60046,50068,100
Tenpo 9 years183873,500
Kaei 3 years1850118,000
Bunkyu 3 years186373,600
Meiji 4 Year1871122,90048,10074,800
Meiji 11 Year1878107,878

The population of Kanazawa in the Edo period exceeded 17 in the latter half of the 10th century, and although it is less than the three cities of Edo, Osaka, and Kyo, it developed as Japan's 4th to 5th cities alongside Nagoya.ArtUrban culture that has been handed down today, such as crafts, has blossomed.BakumatsuからMeiji RestorationAt that time, Kanazawa was the fifth largest city in Japan after Tokyo, Osaka, Kyoto and Nagoya in terms of population,Meiji EraWhen entering, the axis of industrial and traffic development shifted to the Pacific side,Six big citiesWill formKobe,YokohamaIt is also overtaken by the population.However, in KanazawaOld XNUMXth High School(Kanazawa UniversityPredecessor) andRusso-Japanese War OfSiege siegeKnown forarmyXNUMXth DivisionWas established and prospered as a school city and military city.

During World War II, although there were strafing (), the old townscape remained (more than 60 people were killed or injured in the air raids in Ishikawa Prefecture).

Change of place name

The center of Kanazawa today is oldIshiuraWas called. It was developed as a Terauchi town due to the placement of Oyama Gobo.Minami Town, Nishimachi, Matsubara Town, Yasue Town, Omi Town, Tsutsumi Town, Kanaya Town, and Timber Town were established. This was generally called Oyama Hachimachi, or simply "Oyama". The name Oyama means "the tip of a plateau sandwiched between two rivers". Later, it was called "Kanazawa" from the above-mentioned legend of potato digging Fujigoro, but it was confirmed that this place name dates back to the Muromachi period, and two place names were used together. Once Maeda Toshiie became the castle owner, he was once returned to "Oyama", and the eldest sonMaeda ToshinagaAfter that, it became "Kanazawa" again.

Revival of the old town name

Kanazawa1962(Showa 37)Act on Residential DisplayIt has been designated as an experimental city of ", and over 500 town names have disappeared. However, there are many voices who want to revive the old town name, which has become familiar for many years,Main townStarting with, the old town names were revived one after another. In response to thisNagasakiTo the whole countryOld town name revival movementSpread.

History

population

In recent years, the population of the city is decreasing. While unoccupied houses are conspicuous in mountainous areas, mainly in urban areas,Sun hillThe population is increasing in new residential areas such as houses and housing complexes.Donut phenomenon.

Demography17201.svg
Kanazawa City and National Population Distribution by Age (2005)Kanazawa City Population Distribution by Age and Gender (2005)
Purple-Kanazawa
Green-All over Japan
Blue-male
Red-female

Kanazawa City (equivalent area) Population Changes
Ministry of Internal Affairs and CommunicationsStatistics Bureau CensusThan


Administration

Mayor

  • Noriyoshi Yamano(Yamayoshi Yamano)

vice-mayor

  • Ichiro Aikawa
  • Murayama Taku

[16]

Successive mayors

Successive mayors[17]
PeopleNameInaugurationResignationRemarks
1878(11th year of Meiji)12/171879(12th year of Meiji)4/10Deputy mayor
May 1879, 121879 (12th year of Meiji)7/7Ward chief knowledge
May 1879, 121879 (12th year of Meiji)11/11Ward chief knowledge
11May 1879, 121881(14th year of Meiji)6/20
22May 1881, 141881 (14th year of Meiji)10/8
33May 1881, 141884(17th year of Meiji)2/18
44Inagaki YoshikataMay 1884, 171889(22th year of Meiji)3/31
Successive mayors
PeopleNameInaugurationResignationRemarks
11Inagaki Yoshikata1889(22th year of Meiji)5/271893(26th year of Meiji)4/11
221893 (26th year of Meiji)6/231897(30th year of Meiji)12/2
33Oshimura Eiji1898(31th year of Meiji)1/121902(35th year of Meiji)5/10
44Masanori Watase1902 (35th year of Meiji)6/161908(41th year of Meiji)6/15
51908 (41th year of Meiji)7/241909(42th year of Meiji)11/6
65Takashi Yamamori1909 (42th year of Meiji)12/151915(Taisho 4)12/14
7May 1915, 4 (Taisho 12)1919(Taisho 8)5/14
861919 (Taisho 8th year)5/281922(Taisho 11)4/24
97Sagara Ayu1922 (Taisho 11th year)5/231926(Taisho 15)5/22
10May 1926, 15 (Taisho 5)1930(Showa 5) January 5
1181930 year (Showa 5 year)6/91934(9)6/8
129Kataoka1934 year (Showa 9 year)7/131936(11)4/20
1310Shigeru Sawafield1936 year (Showa 11 year)7/301940(15)7/29
14March 1940, 15 (Showa 7)1944(Showa 19) January 7
15March 1944, 19 (Showa 7)1945(20)9/22
1611Jintaro Takeya1945 year (Showa 20 year)10/181947(22)2/28
1712Shigeo Imura1947 year (Showa 22 year)4/51951(26)4/4
181951 year (Showa 26 year)4/231955(30)4/22
19131955 year (Showa 30 year)5/21959(34)5/1
20March 1959, 34 (Showa 5)1963(38)1/16
2114Tokida Yoshiro1963 year (Showa 38 year)2/101967(42)2/9
22March 1967, 42 (Showa 2)1971(Showa 46) January 2
23March 1971, 46 (Showa 2)1972(47)7/8
2415Ryoichi Oka1972 year (Showa 47 year)8/61976(51)8/5
25March 1976, 51 (Showa 8)1978(53)11/23
2616Egawa Noboru1978 year (Showa 53 year)12/101982(57)12/9
27March 1982, 57 (Showa 12)1986(Showa 61) January 12
28March 1986, 61 (Showa 12)1990(2) April 12
2917Yamadebo1990 year (Heisei 2 year) 12 month 10 day1994(6) April 12
301994 year (Heisei 6 year) 12 month 10 day1998(10) April 12
311998 year (Heisei 10 year) 12 month 10 day2002(14) April 12
322002 year (Heisei 14 year) 12 month 10 day2006(18) April 12
332006 year (Heisei 18 year) 12 month 10 day2010(22) April 12
3418Yamanoyuki2010 year (Heisei 22 year) 12 month 10 day2014(26) April 12[Annotation 3][18]
352014 year (Heisei 26 year) 12 month 10 day2018(30) April 12
362018 year (Heisei 30 year) 12 month 10 dayIncumbent

Kanazawa City Administrative Organization

Ishikawa Prefecture Organization

National administrative agency

Judiciary

Independent administrative agency

Parliament

City council

Board Member

(As of June 2020, 4[19]

  • Chairman-Masato Nomoto (Liberal Democratic Party Kanazawa City Assembly)
  • Vice Chairman-Koichi Kita (Kanazawa City Assembly Liberal Democratic Party Assembly)

Quorum

(As of June 2020, 7[20]

Parliamentary groupNumber of membersMember of the Diet
LDPKanazawa City Assembly8Yoshinobu TakamuraToru YokogoeTaro FukudaKubo YokoMasato Nomoto
Takaiwa KatsutoUeda MasahiroHirofumi Araki
Kanazawa City Assembly Liberal Democratic Party Assembly8Kurosawa KazunoriKunihiko ShimizuHironobu ShimozawaKoichi KitaTakasako
Yasuhiro SakamotoDaisuke KomaiShunichi Nakagawa
Mirai Kanazawa6Toshio NakanishiKazutoshi MoriYukiko YamamotoTohru MitaKiyoshi Kisei
Mieko Tanaka
Kanazawa Conservative Assembly6Hideki SawaiMasato MiyazakiSeiichi MaeMakoto KobayashiAwamori
Hironori Shintani
KomeitoKanazawa City Assembly4Futoshi AkishimaKazuyoshi GennoUehara KeikoAkihiro Inabata
Japan Communist PartyKanazawa City Council3Morio YoshiakiMiyo HirotaOkuwa Hatsue
Kanazawa2Tamano roadMorio Kumano
Politics1Riji Matsumura
meter38

Committee

(As of June 2020, 7[21]

  • Assembly Steering Committee (12 constants)
  • Standing Committee
    • General Affairs Standing Committee (8 constants)
    • Economic Environment Standing Committee (7)
    • Civic Welfare Standing Committee (8 constants)
    • Standing Committee for Construction Companies (Constant 7)
    • Educational Fire Standing Committee (8 constants)
  • Special committee
    • Disaster Prevention and Safety Measures Special Committee (10 constants)
    • Special Committee on Privatization of Gas and Power Generation Business (10 constants)
    • Special committee (a fixed number of 10) about public facilities redevelopment in town development
  • Parliamentary Public Relations Committee (constant 6)

Ishikawa Prefectural Assembly (elected to Kanazawa City)

  • Constant number: 16 people
  • Term: May 2019th, 6 (Reiwa 9st year) to May 2023 (5th year of Reiwa) May 6th
Representative nameParliamentary nameRemarks
Tetsuya NagataLDPIshikawa Prefectural Assembly
Yoshimitsu ShimozawaLiberal Democratic Party Ishikawa Prefectural Assembly
Nakamura IsaoLiberal Democratic Party Ishikawa Prefectural Assembly
Takato TanakaLiberal Democratic Party Ishikawa Prefectural Assembly
Fuwa OhitoLiberal Democratic Party Ishikawa Prefectural Assembly
Kei MasueKomeito
Masayuki SatoJapan Communist Party
Taniuchi RitsuoKomeito
Yoshihisa MorimotoMirai Ishikawa AssemblyParty membershipSocial Democrats
Kiyo KiyoshiMirai Ishikawa AssemblyNo party membership
Kenji YonezawaLiberal Democratic Party Ishikawa Prefectural Assembly
Yoshiaki KinnoLiberal Democratic Party Ishikawa Prefectural Assembly
Shuichi IshizakaMirai Ishikawa AssemblyNo party membership
Tomoyo YasuiLiberal Democratic Party Ishikawa Prefectural Assembly
Mari TarodaLiberal Democratic Party Ishikawa Prefectural Assembly
Yuichiro KawaWILL IshikawaIndependent

House of Representatives

ConstituencyRepresentative nameParty nameNumber of winsRemarks
Ishikawa Prefecture 1st Ward(Kanazawa City)HiroshiLDP7Constituency

Sister cities/partner cities

Many of the sister cities are characteristic of being the central cities of the region or ancient cities with historical heritage.

Outside Japan

sister city
Partner city
Other

Japan

Partner city
Other
  • Japanese flagKaga OfLittle KyotoHe had been a member of the National Kyoto Conference as "Kanazawa" in the past, but withdrew by Tamotsu Yamade, the mayor of the time.This is like Kyoto in KanazawaOfficial houseUnlike a town that flourished in culturesamuraiIt was because it was a city of culture. However, it is sometimes referred to as "Kaga's Little Kyoto" as a tourist city.

International organization

UN agency

Consulate

Economy

Agriculture, forestry and fisheries

Spread from the city to surrounding municipalitiesKanazawa PlainThe area was low in temperature but well hydrated and humid, and was a good quality agricultural land since the Edo period. In the middle of the Meiji era, modern arable land was organized ahead of other regions, and productivity was dramatically improved. Even now,Rice cultivationCentralAgriculture:Has been inherited, along with other regions of the Hokuriku regionKoshihikariIs one of the major producing areas of.

For farmland that is not profitable by rice cultivation alone, high value-added crops that can be produced on a small scale,Sweet potato,lotus rootSuch asKaga vegetables,pearThere is a movement to produce fruit such as.

In addition,KitamaebuneFrom Ono Port and Kaneishi PortKanazawa PortWas established and was based hereFishing industryIs also popular.

Manufacturing industry

Traditional manufacturing and crafts

Ruled Kanazawa in the Edo periodKaga DomainAlthough the stone height is highOutside DaimyoBecause it wasShogunateAnd encouraged inward-facing industries and crafts so that they would not be wary of others. Therefore, from that timeSilk fabricWas the main production area. Also, because the clan's finances were affordable, from Kyoto, etc.CraftsmanWas invited toKaga YuzenI was able to train dyeing and weaving crafts such as. Based on these,Meiji EraHas developed a textile industry and dyeing and weaving industry. But now,ChugokuSince cheap products have been imported from Japan, there is a trend to specialize in the production of high-performance products. Even nowGold leafManufacturing is 98% of the national share,Silver leafIs 100% per citizenJapanese sweetsIt is the number one purchase in Japan. Also, in the Ono areaSoy sauceHas been active since ancient times, and today there is "Nauppe" produced by Naogen.

Modern manufacturing industry

Required for the production of textile productsloomHas not declined even today, producing a jet loom (a loom that uses a high-speed air stream or water stream to fly the weft thread).Tsudakoma IndustriesThe headquarters factory is said to be the largest loom manufacturing factory in the world. In addition, such complex machine manufacturing technology that enables high-speed control is diverted to other fields, and the world's best bottling system (bottling machine)Shibuya IndustryAnd with automatic tea supply deviceConveyor belt sushiHas a top share in conveyor machinesIshino ManufacturingEtc., leading to the production of unusual machines.

In recent years, a group of companies related to personal computer peripherals is growing rapidly. One of the major PC peripherals founded in the cityIO data equipmentWas out of reach at a small textile factory heremain framenot,MicrocomputerIt was a company that started from the development of peripheral devices for factory control using the, and has entered a growth trajectory in response to the demand that a major computer-related company could not handle. In addition, it can be seen that the textile industry had an impact on the surrounding industries, even when the demand for small details such as the development of a display device for modifying the pattern for textiles was discovered.

Wholesale/Retail

KanazawaHokuriku regionIs the second largest commercial city with the highest wholesale and retail sales (Hokuriku 3 prefecturesMost often)[24],Department store·largeShopping center・There are a large number of brand shops.

The largest in the city in the centerDowntown,Korinbo-KatamachiDepartment store in the districtYamatoHead office as key tenantKorinbo Atrio,Tokyu HandsEtc. move inKorinbo Tokyu Square, A lot of street shops such as apparelVertical town streetThere is. In addition, the Katamachi district adjacent to Korinbo is the largest Hokuriku with about 1500 restaurants.Red light districtHas become. The main shopping streets in the center are Korinbo Shopping Street, Hachimachi Shopping Street, Hirosaka Promotion Society (Shopping Street), Kakigi Hatake Promotion Society (Shopping Street), and Katamachi Shopping Street.

On the other hand, it is another downtown areaMusashiIn the districtNagoya RailwayDepartment storeMeitetsu MzaOmicho MarketThere is. Above all, the Omicho Market is famous as one of the tourist destinations in Kanazawa City because many tourists visit it because you can enjoy the unique atmosphere of the market. On April 2009, 4Urban redevelopment projectAs a result, Omicho Ichibakan opened.

Around Kanazawa StationHokuriku ShinkansenFurther development proceeded when the opening of business was refrained. Next to the station east exitionOf seriesFashion buildingIsKanazawa ForusOpened,Kanazawa XNUMXth AvenueThen, on May 2007, 5, the Relaxation Building opened, and on March 26, 2011, the Trend Building was renovated.RintoIs opened,Station building,Station NakaOf commercial facilities has advanced. Also,Following the opening of the Hokuriku Shinkansen, the concentration of urban condominiums and business hotels is also remarkable. As a result, its status as a commercial area around the station has improved, and the vacancy rate of tenant buildings has improved significantly, centering on the buildings around the station. Along with that, the commercial area has begun to divide into three regions: the Korinbo/Katamachi district, the Musashi district, and the Kanazawa station square district.[Source required]

In addition,Kanazawa University,Ishikawa Prefectural OfficePublic facilities such asSuburbMoved toAeon Town Kanazawa Showno,Apita Town Kanazawa Bay, La Park Kanazawa (Mega Don Quijote) Such asShopping center,Roadside shopOpened,Since the suburbs such as National Highway No. 8 and the mountain-side ring road and the sea-side ring road have been developed remarkably, there is concern about hollowing out of the downtown area and the loss of customers.[Source required]

Headquartered company

Listed companies
Major unlisted companies

The company that has the head office

Major financial institutions with branches

Central Bank
Policy financial institution
Central organization
Mega bank-City bank-Trust bank-Local bank-Second regional bank
Credit union-Credit union-Labor union
Japan Post Bank

Main co-ops based

Education

University

National
public
private

Junior college

Vocational school

College of technology

Closed school

high school

Junior high school

National
Prefectural
City
private

primary school

National

public

private

Special school

School for disabled children

Facility

Policemen

Fire

Kanazawa City Fire DepartmentHas jurisdiction.

  • Central fire station
    • Takaodai branch office
    • Izumino branch office
    • Miso warehouse branch office
    • Otino Branch
  • Eki Nishi Fire Station
    • Tamagawa Branch Office
    • Naruwa Branch Office
    • Morimoto branch office
  • Kaneishi Fire Station
    • Sanwa branch office
    • Rinko branch office

Major medical institutions

* Describe only medical institutions with 200 or more beds.

library

Foundation Library
  • Prefectural International Information Library
    (FoundationIshikawa International Association)
Universities that can be rented outside the university
  • Kanazawa University
  • Kanazawa Seiryo University
  • Hokuriku University
  • Hokuriku Gakuin Junior College
  • Kanazawa College of Art

Museum, museum, memorial

Halls, theaters and other cultural facilities

Parks, green spaces, sports grounds, baseball fields, grounds

Gymnasium/Arena

Pool

  • Kanazawa Municipal Western Pool
  • Kanazawa Municipal Naruwadai Pool
  • Kenmin beach pool

Tennis court

  • Johoku citizen tennis court
  • Joto Tennis Court
  • Higashi Kanazawa Sports Square
  • Nishi Kanazawa Tennis Court
  • Daitoku tennis court
  • Joto Tennis Court

Slope

Transportation

Train

City center station:Kanazawa Station

JR logo (west) .svg West Japan Railway Company(JR West Japan)
JR logo (freight) .svg Japan Freight Railway(JR Freight)
IR Ishikawa Railway IR Ishikawa Railway
Hokuriku Railway(Hokutetsu)

Both lines of Hokuriku Railway are not connected. You can transfer to the JR/IR Ishikawa Railway lines at Nishi-Kanazawa Station on the Ishikawa Line and Kanazawa Station on the Asanogawa Line.

Contact to adjacent municipalities
  • To Uchinada Town: Hokuriku Railway Asanogawa Line
  • To Tsubata Town: IR Ishikawa Railway Line
  • To Nonoichi City, Hakusan City (formerly Matsuto City/former Mikawa Town): Hokuriku Main Line
  • To Nonoichi City, Hakusan City (former Tsururai Town): Hokuriku Railway Ishikawa Line

Broad contact

Limited express train

Kanazawa StationAs of 2019, in addition to the Hokuriku Shinkansen, the following JRConventional lineLimited express trains arrive and depart.

Air route

IATACity code isQKWIs filled. Komatsu Airport (airport codeKMQ), As of 2019, domestic flightsTokyo (Haneda),Narita,Sapporo (New Chitose),Sendai,FukuokaandNahaTo international flightsKorean Air Seoul (Incheon),China Eastern Airlines Shanghai (Pudong),EVA AirTiger air Taipei (Taoyuan),Cathay Pasific Airlines Hong Kong(Seasonally operated flights operated from March to October) are in service respectively.From Kanazawa Station to Komatsu AirportKomatsu Airport Communication BusIs tied in about 40 minutes.

Transit Bus

Has a high-frequency network in Kanazawa city area. For sightseeingCastle town tour KanazawaThe bus runs at a uniform rate of 15 yen every 200 minutes, and the round-trip bus "Kenrokuen Shuttle" to Kanazawa Station-Kenrokuen Shita runs every 20 minutes.
To NotoTo the direction of Kaga Onsen,Komatsu AirportExpress buses that connect various parts of the prefecture, such asExpress busAlso operates many.
Express BusIs Tokyo (Shibuya-Hachioji),Osaka(Umeda),Nagoya,Sendai(Yamagata),Niigata,Toyama,Takaoka(Tonami),(I.e.(Shirakawa-go), and there are routes to each major city.
Kanazawa Station-Morimoto Station-Between Fukumitsu Station, etc., with a system from the northern part of the city to Nanto City, Toyama Prefecture. South of Fukumitsu in the pastNagoya StationFor up toName wirewas there. Currently, the highway bus Tokyo (Ikebukuro-ShinjukuorTokyo Station-(I.e.),Osaka(京都-Fukui),Nagoya,Sendai,ToyamaHas entered the line with.
Route buses run between the West Exit of Kanazawa Station and Fukumitsu and Inami in Toyama Prefecture.
Operates only by express bus. It does not operate jointly with the Hokutetsu Group or the West Japan JR Bus, but operates independently.GunmaandSaitamaVia multiple stops within Tokyo (Akihabara Station East Exit) On the "Tokyo/Saitama/Gunma-Toyama/Kanazawa line".[27]
It features a blue car body. Starting from Kanazawa Station, it runs around the shopping center in the city center for 20 yen every 30 to 100 minutes (it runs only on Saturdays, Sundays and holidays). It is operated by the Kanazawa Commercial Activation Center (Kanazawa City-funded third sector), but is outsourced to West Japan JR Bus.
A community bus operated by Kanazawa and operated by a private company. There are four routes: "Konohana route", "Kikugawa route", "timber route" and "Nagamachi route". Both routesThe back street of the old town is the routeIt is characterized by a small body that can run there and a low fare of 100 yen.

Other transportation

道路

The Kanazawa city area has a history of prospering as a castle town of the Kaga Maeda clan, and the first lordMaeda ToshiieWas designed based on Koshu Ryukyu, with more turns on the road than in other castle towns so that enemies would not easily attack the castle.[28]..It has been pointed out that the roads in the city are complicated and difficult to understand, but this is a remnant of the fact that Kanazawa was not affected by the war, and the sections of the feudal era were left as they were and were taken over by the current roads.[28].

highway
Motorway
General national road
General prefectural road
Main trunk lines/bypasses other than national and prefectural roads

In addition, various common names are given to roads in Kanazawa, including city roads. For more informationStreet of Kanazawa citychecking ...

Port

Mass media

News (Chinese)
tv set
radio
free paper

National newspaperThen,Asahi Shimbun,Mainichi Newspapers,Sankei Shimbun,Nihon Keizai ShimbunThe 4 papers issued by the Osaka head office areYomiuri Shimbun TheHokuriku Branch(ToyamaTakaoka,Yomiuri Shimbun Tokyo Head OfficeThe items issued by the branch office are sold. Evening newspapers have been published for the Yomiuri Shimbun.

Sightseeing, special events, special products, sports, culture

The number of tourists in the "Kanazawa area" including KanazawaAbout 761.8 million people(2011 (23)[29]), the number of visitors to Kenrokuen accounts for 2% of the total. Although traditional buildings, crafts, and culture remain, it is also called “Kyoto of Hokuriku”, but since it was a town that was established in the Edo period, it retains a typical Edo town, and Kyoto is a foreign culture. It was once said that Kanazawa is a "cultural city" that consumes them in its daily life, while it is a "tourist city" for sale.[30]In response to the opening of the Hokuriku Shinkansen in 2015, urban development aimed at becoming an international tourist city is being promoted.

Main tourist destinations

In the Edo periodKanazawa CastleMade as a gardenKenrokuen GardenIt is,Mito OfKairakuen,Okayama OfKorakuenと と も にThree famous gardens in JapanIt is said that The name "Kenroku" is derived from the six characteristics of the garden that are incompatible with the garden, as pointed out by the Song Dynasty's Luoyang Meiyuan Ji.

ThisKenrokuen GardenIn the ruins of Kanazawa Castle, which is separated from Hyakkenbori, there are still existing buildings such as Ishikawamon and Sanjuken Nagaya. As a university in a castle on this siteKanazawa UniversityThere was a campus of, but relocated to the suburbs (corner). After that, some turrets, gates, gardens, etc. were restored with the technology of those days and are open to the public.

In the city centerNagamachiHas a Nomura family garden on the site of a samurai residence lined up in a cobblestone alley,Kaga YuzenYou can see the inside along with Nagamachi Yuzenkan (formerly Saibyo-an). There is a small waterfall inside, and because of its three-dimensional arrangement, you can enjoy the scenery with a depth that you cannot imagine in the city.

In the city,SaikawaAsano RiverTwo rivers are flowing. In the vicinity of Higashiyama along the Asano River, in the eastern teahouse district (former eastern part of Guo), there are old townscapes derived from the Edo period playground. Some houses have been renovated and are used as restaurants.Higashiyama Higashi DistrictMain town TheImportant traditional buildings preservation areaHas been selected as.From Mt. Utatsu in the background, you can see the Sea of ​​Japan far from the city.On the other hand, along the Sai River,Nishi Chaya District(Old West Guo).

Close to Sai RiverTeramachi OfMyoryujiIs known as "Ninja Temple" because it has hidden passages and stairs to avoid external enemies. It is also introduced in overseas guidebooks.

Besides this,2010At the Yasue Gold Leaf Craft Museum, which was relocated to Higashiyama in October, you can see a demonstration of the gold leaf manufacturing process and foil making.Matsune CastleIs designated as a city historic site.

2004Opened in21st Century Museum of Contemporary Art, KanazawaIs located in the center of the city,現代 美術We are exhibiting with the theme of. 1 year after openingProvincial cityThis is the 157th anniversary of the public museum of Japan, which attracted 5 million visitors.2009Has exceeded the cumulative total of 700 million visitors[31], New alongside KenrokuenTourism resourcesHas been attracting attention as.

In the area facing the sea in KanazawaOno district TheSoy sauceSoy sauce breweries are still lined up in this production area.It is a commercial town where you can enjoy the unique atmosphere of a townscape preservation district.

in recent years,TaiwanThe number of tourists from outside Japan, includingMichelinPublished in March 2009Michelin Green Guide・In "Japon 2009", Kenrokuen has received 3 stars, and 21st Century Museum of Contemporary Art, Kanazawa and Nomura family of Nagamachi samurai residence have received 2 stars.[32].

Hokuriku ShinkansenWith the opening of, the number of tourists from the Kanto and Tohoku regions, which were few before, is increasing, and the hotel construction rush is progressing.

Events/Events

Kanazawa Hyakumangoku FestivalIs famous. Every JuneMaeda ToshiieA procession that imitates the entrance of Kanazawa is walking around the city. A male celebrity is chosen to play Toshiie. Many sponsorships and related events such as the Yuzen Lantern Nagashi and Hyakumangoku Odagi Nagashi are also held.

Yuwaku districtThen, on June 6th every yearHimuroA traditional event that has been handed down since the feudal era of the feudal lord was held.

At the event, every year in early FebruaryIshikawa Shitaka Memorial ParkAt Foodpia Kanazawa in early May every yearEur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.euMusic festival OfIshikawa Wind and Green Music Festival(OldLa For Journey Kanazawa), in AugustKorinboFrom there, the Kanazawa Yume Kaido, where Musashi and Tsuji become pedestrian paradises, is held.

Religious facility

There are 330 shrines and 390 Buddhist temples in the city. Looking at Buddhist temples by denomination, while other denominations have been almost flat since the 17th centuryJodo ShinshuThe number of temples has increased threefold, and more than half of the entire temple stands at 3 temples. This was in the Middle AgesShinranMonk trained underLotusHowever, it can be said that he enthusiastically carried out missionary activities in the Hokuriku region. 192 of them areShinshu Otani School.

Shrine

Kanazawa Gosha

  • Utasu Shrine
  • Kosaka Shrine
  • Shinmeigu
  • Tsubakihara Tenmangu
  • Yasue Hachimangu

Other main shrines

Temple

Christian church

Other

local specialty

Confectionery

In Kanazawa, the Kaga domain encouraged tea confectionery to foster an advanced confectionery culture,Kyoto City,MatsueIt has been known as "the three largest confectionery stores in Japan" alongside.New YearEat toFormeEat in early summerHimuro Manju,婚姻Behaved whenFive color sweets,Golden sugarSo calledLucky cakeCan be said to be one of the achievements of confectionery culture.

Still in the cityMoriyachi"," ","Tawaraya","Shibune Koide, "Murakami"Japanese sweetsWell-established stores are everywhere. Especially made in MoriyachiChosei-den TheThree famous confections in Japanone of.

Sake

  • Kaga Yukiume (Nakamura Sake Brewery)
  • Kaga Tsuru (Yachiya Sake

Marine Products

crops

  • Kaga vegetables
    • Uchigi red skin sweet chestnut pumpkin
    • Gensuke radish
    • Sweet potato(Goroshima Kintoki)
    • From Shinozuka
    • Auction
    • Kaga fat cucumber
    • Kaga Tsurumame
    • Green purple eggplant
    • Lotus root
    • Kanazawa one onion
    • bambooshoot
    • Kinjikusa
    • Red Riding
    • Kuwai
    • Kanazawa Shungiku

Souvenir

Class B gourmet

Other

Silk(Non-room

Traditional crafts

Many traditional industries have been inherited in Kanazawa.

traditional culture

Spa

Kanazawa Onsen Village
Other

Sports team

Other

Works set in Kanazawa

Sing

  • "Railway songFourth collection Hokuriku edition" (October 1900)
    • Author'sKenki OwadaIt is,(I.e.からMaibaraIn the process of traveling to Kanazawa, which prospered as a Hokuriku cityNiigataWith the emphasis placed on it, the song is divided into four.
56.TsubataTransfer back and goKanazawa Station Million stonesThe castle town and the town that is truly lively
57.Kenroku Park The MitoOkayamaOne of the three parks in Japan that are considered to be
58. The willow green and red waterfall of the waterfall SouthwestThe monument of
59.XNUMXth DivisionBoth the prefectural office and the prefectural office are all clogged up in this (this) town.Kutani-yaki

Popular song

TV drama

literature

Movie

Comic

Anime

Celebrities from Kanazawa

Political world

Government

Academia

art

Entertainment/Media

Sports

footnote

[How to use footnotes]

注 釈

  1. ^ It is often rained in Ishikawa and Fukui prefectures, and the word "don't forget your lunch box but don't forget your umbrella" is often used. Kato Susumu "Dictionary of national language" (Tokyodo Publishing p.99f) says "ToyamaJoruriIntroducing the word "Kaga song".
  2. ^ According to the "Kanazawa City Statistical Document", it is the end of December, 5.
  3. ^ Resigned on August 2014, 8,Re-choice mayor electionRe-elected.
  4. ^ Once there was a Kanazawa branch, which is a physical store,20186/29With head office (TokyoChuo-ku) InBranch in branchAt the same time, it was renamed to Kanazawa Branch.

Source

  1. ^ Kanazawa snowfall information
  2. ^ "Normal value (value for each year/month)”. Japan Meteorological Agency. 2012/8/10Browse.
  3. ^ "Value of 1st to 10th in observation history (value throughout the year)”. Japan Meteorological Agency. 2012/8/10Browse.
  4. ^ "Climate Normals 1961-1990". United States Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration. 2016/8/15Browse.
  5. ^ Geological Survey of AIST
  6. ^ Kaoru Seto “Kanazawa Castle and Toshiie Maeda” edited by Yasumasa Ohnishi, “Series, Study of Oriho Daimyo, Vol. 2016, Toshiie Maeda and Toshinaga” Shoko Ebisu, 265, p. 2008. "Additional notes" (Because it is not described in the original paper written in XNUMX, be careful)
  7. ^ Kaoru Seto "Kanazawa Castle and Toshiie Maeda" (First published: "Kano Historical Materials Research" No. 20 (2008) / Collection: Yasumasa Onishi, "Series: Oriho Daimyo's Study Volume 2016: Toshiie Maeda, Toshinaga" Shoko Sho , XNUMX.ISBN 978-4-86403-207-0.
  8. ^ Yasumasa Onishi, "Formation and Development of Maeda Power in Oritoyo Period" (collection: Yasumasa Onishi, ed., "Series: Study of Otoyo Daimyo, Vol.ISBN 978-4-86403-207-0.
  9. ^ "Arai Shiraishi Complete Works" (Volume 6) p. 673
  10. ^ a b c Atsuo Tsuchiya "Population Transition in Kanazawa-Part 1 Number of Households and Population"-Kanazawa Institute of Technology Bulletin A, No. 11, 1979, pp. 125–155.
  11. ^ a b Atsuo Tsuchiya, "Population Transition in Kanazawa-Part 2 Number of Samurai Households and the Population Period", "Kanazawa Institute of Technology Bulletin A," No. 14, 1980, pp. 145–177.
  12. ^ Atsuo Tsuchiya "Population Transition in Kanazawa-Part 3 Population Family Register Statistics by Family Register (Meiji 5 to Taisho 8)", "Kanazawa Institute of Technology Bulletin A" No. 18, 1982, pp. 99–148
  13. ^ Kanazawa City History Committee “Kanazawa City History Document 6 Modern Four Townships and Castles” Kanazawa City, 2000.
  14. ^ Tsuchiya Takao, "Study on the feudal society collapse process", Hirobundo, 1927.
  15. ^ a b Seiji Saito "Urban Population in the Edo Period," Regional Development, September, 9, pp. 1984–48
  16. ^ https://mainichi.jp/articles/20190323/ddl/k17/010/343000c
  17. ^ Modern Digital Library History of Ishikawa Prefecture. Part XNUMX Pages 168-169
  18. ^ From August 2014th to October 8th, 19, Deputy Mayor Kunio Maruguchi was appointed as deputy mayor.Kanazawa City Notification No. 256Kanazawa City Election Commission Notification No. 119
  19. ^ Chair/Vice Chair(Kanazawa City official page “Like Kanazawa”) Read August 2020, 8
  20. ^ Member list (by group)(Kanazawa City official page “Like Kanazawa”) Read August 2020, 8
  21. ^ Member list (by committee)(Kanazawa City official page “Like Kanazawa”) Read August 2020, 8
  22. ^ "Concluded a friendly city agreement with Meguro Ward". Kanazawa City Home PageKanazawa city. 2017/11/3Browse.
  23. ^ "We signed a memorandum of understanding with Kanazawa City for a Friendship Exchange City Agreement". Meguro City Official Homepage. Meguro. 2017/11/3Browse.
  24. ^ Statistics bureau home page/statistics bureau 2011
  25. ^ Ishikawa Prefectural Buried Cultural Property Center Introduction and User Guide. Ishikawa Prefectural Buried Cultural Property Center
  26. ^ Kanazawa City Buried Cultural Property Storage. Kanazawa
  27. ^ Tokyo/Saitama/Gunma-Toyama/Kanazawa Line. Nippon Chuo Bus
  28. ^ a b Rom International (ed.) 2005, pp. 156–157.
  29. ^ "Kanazawa City Statistical Data Collection Statistical Report 24 version". 2013/7/25Browse.
  30. ^ "City of Japan" Saiichi Marutani, Masakazu Yamazaki, Shunju Bungei, 1987, p12
  31. ^ 21st Century Museum of Contemporary Art, Kanazawa celebrates its 5th anniversary-cumulative number of visitors exceeds 700 million-Kanazawa Keizai Shimbun
  32. ^ "Contents of the French tourist guide "Michelin Green Guide Japon" 2009 about Japan (Excerpt from Chubu region)”. Aichi Prefecture. As of August 2009, 8オ リ ジ ナ ルMore archives.2016/8/15Browse.
  33. ^ "Movie "Little Maestra" Official Site”. As of May 2013, 10オ リ ジ ナ ルMore archives.2016/8/15Browse.
  34. ^ "Kanazawa Location" Exciting "Movie" Stop of Life "Mr. Yoshinaga, Willingness to Shoot" (Hokkoku Shimbun morning edition 2020 pages dated September 9, 12) Viewed September 30, 2020
  35. ^ "I want to play the role of a doctor" Sayuri Yoshinaga, press conference at the shooting site(September 2020, 09, Tokyo Shimbun) Retrieved September 11, 2020
  36. ^ "Japan Voice Maker Directory 2004" Vol.1,Shogakukan, 2004, 112 pages.ISBN-978 4095263014.

References

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