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😷 | [Breaking news] Three new coronavirus infections confirmed in Niigata prefecture


Photo [Breaking news] Three new coronavirus infections confirmed in Niigata prefecture

[Breaking news] Three new coronavirus infections confirmed in Niigata prefecture

 
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On the 30th, two people were confirmed to be infected in Niigata City, and the number of infected people in Niigata Prefecture was 2.
 

Niigata Prefecture announced on the XNUMXth that it has confirmed three new coronavirus infections.・ Joetsu City Unemployed woman (... → Continue reading

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Niigata

Niigata(Niigata Prefecture,British: Niigata Prefecture) IsJapan OfChubu region(Hokuriku region[Note 1]に 位置 す るPrefecture.Prefectural office location TheNiigata.

Overview

Sea of ​​JapanFacing theChubu region,Hokuriku region,Kanto KoshinetsuClassified into regions (#Classification by Japanese regionSee below).

The prefecture is generally geographicallyJoetsu region,Chuetsu region,Shimoetsu district,Sado region Of4 regionsCan be roughly divided into#Region classificationSee below).

The area is the fifth largest in 47 prefectures, and the length of the coastline is 5 kilometers (Honshu 634.0 kilometers, Sado Island 331.0 kilometers, Awashima 279.9 kilometers).[2].

In ancient timesVietnamIs the territory ofGoki Shichido OfHokuriku RoadOccupy the eastern half ofRegulatory countryIn (old country)Echigo countrySadoEquivalent to the entire area of. From this old country name,KoshisaSometimes expressed as (esa).

About the name

Prefecture badge
  • The prefectural emblem is the one in which the word "new" is broken is placed on the center, and the area around it is surrounded by a round design of "play". In addition to the prefecture emblem, a symbol mark has also been established.

Geography/Region

terrain

Mountain

Main mountains
Echigo mountain range,Mikuni Mountains,Hida Mountains,Asahi mountain area,Mt. Iidesan Land,Mt. Kushigatayama vein
Main mountain
Mt. Myokosan,Mt. Hakai,Mt. Makihatayama,Mt.,Mount Kinjo,Mount Sakado,Mt.,Mt. Uonuma Komagatake,Mt. Kinpokusan,Mt. Niigatayakeyama,Mt. Yoneyama,Mt. Naebayama,Small lotus flower mountain,Mt. Hiuchiyama,Mt. Iidesan,Mt. Sumondake,Mt. Gozusan,Mt. Ninoujidake,Mt. Nakanodake,Mt. Hiragatake,Mt. Yukikuradake,Mt. Asahidake,Mt. Saburyuyama,Tanigawadake
Main pass
Yasurigoe,Sixty-seven crossings,Mikuni Pass,Shimizu Pass,Sozatoge Pass,Kuzuha Pass,Nojiri slope pass

land

Main plains
Echigo Plain,Takada Plain
Main basin
Uonuma Basin

River

Main river
Shinano River,Agano River,Shibukai River,Uono River,Arakawa,Sanmen River,Sekigawa,Himekawa,Kofu River,Igarashi River

Lake

Main lake
Lake Kamo,Hyoko,
Main lagoon
Fukushimagata,Toriya Nogata,Sagata
Main dam
Okutadami Dam,Mikunigawa Dam

islands

Main manned islands
Sado Island,Awashima

park

nature Park

Bandai Asahi National Park,Oze National Park,Joshinetsu Kogen National Park,Myoko Togakushi Mountains National Park,Chubu Mountain National Park
Yahiko Sado Mt. Yoneyama National Monument,Echigo Miyama Tadami Quasi-National Park
Uonuma Mountain Range Prefectural Nature Park

City park

Echigo Hillside National Government Park

climate

The whole prefectureSea of ​​Japan side climateHeavy snowfallIt is a part of special heavy snowfall area, and the mountainous area is one of the most heavy snowfall areas in the world. EspeciallyTsunan Town,Tokamachi,Myoko CityThere is a lot of snow in the surrounding area. HoweverSea of ​​Japan OfWarm current(Tsushima Current) InfluencelatitudeBecause of the high winter temperature and short sunshine hoursRadiation coolingIs less likely to occur and does not get cold in the morning and evening. Therefore, the falling snow has a lot of water and is heavy. on the other hand,Kashiwazaki,NiigataThere is not much snow cover in the coastal areas such asGeography of Niigata City # SnowSee).

SummerFern phenomenonAs a result, the temperature tends to rise and the humidity is high, making it hot and humid. EspeciallyItoigawaIs observing the highest record of the lowest temperature in Japan, 31.3 °C,Tropical nightIt is known as a place with a lot of people.

Oceanic climateIsSado IslandIs warm in winter and has more rainy days than snow.

Normal values ​​in various areas of Niigata Prefecture (statistical period: 1971-2000, Source:Meteorological Agency / Meteorological Statistics Information
Average price
(Monthly)
JoetsuChuetsu
Joetsu City
Ogata
Joetsu City
Yasuka
Joetsu City
(I.e.
Itoigawa
Nou
ItoigawaMyoko City
Sekiyama
TsunanYuzawaTokamachiUonuma City
Koide
Uonuma City
Irirose
KashiwazakiNagaokaNagaoka
Teradomari
Sanjo
average
temperature
(° C)
Warmest month25.6
(May)
24.8
(May)
26.0
(May)
25.0
(May)
26.5
(May)
24.4
(May)
23.4
(May)
24.6
(May)
24.8
(May)
25.4
(May)
24.1
(May)
25.3
(May)
25.6
(May)
25.7
(May)
Coldest month2.5
(May)
0.6
(May)
2.1
(May)
2.0
(May)
3.3
(May)
−0.1
(May)
−1.5
(May)
−0.5
(May)
−0.2
(May)
0.0
(May)
−0.6
(May)
2.3
(May)
1.2
(May)
1.6
(May)
Precipitation amount
(mm)
Most months308.5
(May)
342.8
(May)
420.3
(May)
414.9
(May)
345.4
(May)
338.9
(May)
237.4
(May)
286.5
(May)
412.3
(May)
359.5
(May)
460.3
(May)
323.3
(May)
335.8
(May)
236.1
(May)
Minimum month90.7
(May)
99.9
(May)
94.9
(May)
118.6
(May)
115.7
(May)
70.0
(May)
81.5
(May)
103.6
(May)
103.8
(May)
116.3
(May)
133.5
(May)
102.4
(May)
99.5
(May)
91.4
(May)
Average price
(Monthly)
JoetsuSado
Niigata
roll
Niigata
Xinjin
NiigataNiigata
Matsuhama
Aga Town
Tsugawa
Wombai city
Nakajo
Sekikawa
Shimonoseki
(I.e.Awashimaura Village
Awashima
Sado City
Hamo
Sado City
Aikawa
Sado City
Akitsu
Sado City
Ryotsu
Sado City
Amagasaki
average
temperature
(° C)
Warmest month25.3
(May)
25.5
(May)
26.2
(May)
24.7
(May)
25.9
(May)
25.0
(May)
25.1
(May)
25.4
(May)
24.9
(May)
25.7
(May)
25.7
(May)
24.7
(May)
Coldest month1.8
(May)
1.5
(May)
2.5
(May)
0.2
(May)
1.9
(May)
0.9
(May)
1.3
(May)
2.6
(May)
2.6
(May)
3.4
(May)
2.5
(May)
2.4
(May)
Precipitation amount
(mm)
Most months207.1
(May)
223.0
(May)
204.4
(May)
289.0
(May)
258.5
(May)
339.8
(May)
242.8
(May)
169.5
(May)
194.4
(May)
155.6
(May)
170.5
(May)
189.7
(May)
Minimum month90.9
(May)
94.0
(May)
93.6
(May)
110.0
(May)
118.6
(May)
139.9
(May)
120.4
(May)
89.9
(May)
94.7
(May)
91.8
(May)
96.6
(May)
84.0
(May)
Snowfall and snowfall in each area[3]
Japan Meteorological Agency 1981-2010 Climatological NormalPrefecture 1994-2019 average value
Observation pointCumulative amount of snowfallDeepest snowObservation pointCumulative amount of snowfallDeepest snow
Yasuka966 cm174 cmItoigawa279 cm62 cm
(I.e.635 cm122 cmNorth castle413 cm91 cm
Nou620 cm116 cmSatoshi Nakane934 cm184 cm
Sekiyama1172 cm216 cmMyoko Kogen1471 cm260 cm
Tsunan1349 cm274 cmKakizaki206 cm45 cm
Yuzawa1180 cm211 cmYuzawa1320 cm245 cm
Tokamachi1169 cm224 cmMatsunoyama
* Missing data in 2005
1397 cm297 cm
Koide965 cm--Minami Uonuma889 cm188 cm
Guardian1343 cm--Ojiya665 cm143 cm
Kashiwazaki378 cm63 cmTochio670 cm130 cm
Nagaoka595 cm95 cmNagaoka416 cm85 cm
Xinjin320 cm55 cmSanjo259 cm53 cm
Niigata217 cm36 cmNiigata131 cm30 cm
Tsugawa721 cm109 cmShibata244 cm48 cm
Shimonoseki614 cm83 cm(I.e.223 cm46 cm
Aikawa119 cm18 cmRyotsu156 cm29 cm
Cumulative amount of snowfall: The total amount of snowfall per day for the entire season (normal value)
Deepest snow: Maximum snow depth of the season (normal value)
Coldest month temperature: Average temperature in the coldest month (January) (normal value)
* For comparison with other prefectures, see "Geography of Niigata City # Snow""Snowfall #Record of snowfall (Japan)""Snow cover # Deepest snow cover average and extremumSee each article.

Administrative division

GeographicallySado IslandThere are no clear boundaries other than, but it is divided into the following four regions.[4][Note 2].

Eur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.euThese four regions are also reported, and weather warnings and warnings are further detailed in 4 regions.[Note 3]Will be announced every[5]..In addition, in Niigata Prefecture, the area around Sanjo City and Tsubame City, which are generally located near the boundary between the Chuetsu region and the Shimoetsu region,Central prefecture areaIn the Chuetsu regionMinamiuonuma City,Ojiya,TokamachiAroundUonuma area, In the Shimoetsu districtAgano RiverNorthAgakita,Prefecture northSometimes called.

Niigata prefecture has a large area, so2000(HeiseiAt the stage of 12, there were 112 municipalities (at that time).Hokkaido,NaganoNext to the third place in Japan).HoweverGreat Heisei mergerBy2010By April (22), there are 4 municipalities.As for the counties, all are in the state of only one town and village, except that Iwafune-gun has two villages.There are the following 30 cities, 2 counties, 1 towns and 20 villages[4].. All towns are read as "towns" and all villages are read as "mura."

Joetsu region

Chuetsu region

Shimoetsu district

Sado region

Area classification

Wide administrative area

1969FormulationNew National Comprehensive Development PlanA wide-area living area (wide-area municipal area) starting from (New Zenso) was set as 14 area (initially 12 area) in Niigata prefecture, and became a wide-area administrative unit.[6].Great Heisei mergerSince then, the example of becoming one city within the area has appeared, so the breakdown is 9 regional administrative areas and 5 cities,Cooperation Central urban area plan-Sedentary areaMany were disbanded due to the appearance of a new system such as a concept[7](In the case of one city in the area, the area name isItalic ).

population

1874From (Meiji 7)1896According to the statistics of (Meiji 29), it was the prefecture with the largest population in Japan, with the number of people increasing from 150 million to 180 million (→List of past prefecture population # 1884-1918,[8]). At this time,UrbanizationHas not progressed, and nearly 9% of the JapaneseAgriculture:Niigata Prefecture, which has a high yield, has a high population recharge ability because it has established a life by[9][Note 4].CensusIn[10],1940(Showa 15) exceeded 200 million people,1955(Showa 30), it was 247.3 million1970(Showa 45), it decreased to 236.1. Then increase,1985In 60, it reached 247.8.1997(9) 249 (Estimated population) After recording the peak at[11],2005(17) 243.1 people (14th place nationwide),2010In 22, the number was 237.1 thousand. In particular, the number of young people aged 18 to 24 is seriously decreasing due to reasons such as going on to school or getting a job.

Demography15000.svg
Population distribution by age in Niigata prefecture and Japan (2005)Niigata Prefecture Population Distribution by Age and Gender (2005)
Purple-Niigata
Green-All over Japan
Blue-male
Red-female

Changes in the population of Niigata Prefecture
Ministry of Internal Affairs and CommunicationsStatistics Bureau CensusThan

city

Niigata Prefecture Population Ranking by City
Niigata Prefecture City Population Density Ranking (2016(28) present)
  1. Niigata(1,110 people / square kilometer)
  2. Tsubame City(716 people / square kilometer)
  3. Mitsuke City(519 people / square kilometer)
  4. Nagaoka(307 people / square kilometer)
  5. Ojiya(233 people / square kilometer)

Metropolitan area

Over 10Urban employment area(2015% urban area as of 10 Census)

Adjacent prefectures

Tohoku region
Kanto region
Chubu region


History

Ancient times

Modern

Meiji
  • 1868(MeijiFirst year)- Boshin War(Battle of Hokuetsu) Outbreak.New government army captures Nagaoka Castle and controls Echigo
Showa

modern

Showa
Heisei

Disaster history

Major disaster

Changes in administrative areas

Change of prefecture

Parentheses indicate the current municipality of the prefectural office.

Murakami Domain(Murakami City),Kurokawa Domain(Wombai cityoldKurokawa Village),Mikkaichi Domain(Shibata CityMikkaichi),Shibata Domain(Shibata City),Muramatsu Domain(Gosen CityoldMuramatsu Town),Mineyama Domain(NiigataoldMakimachi),Nagaoka Domain(Nagaoka City),Yoita Domain(NagaokaoldYoita Town),Shiiya Domain(Shiiya, Kashiwazaki City)Takada Domain(Takada, Joetsu City),Kiyosaki Domain(Itoigawa
Murakami prefecture, Mikkaichi prefecture, Kurokawa prefecture, Shibata prefecture, Muramatsu prefecture, Mineoka prefecture, Niigata prefecture, Kashiwazaki prefecture, Yoita prefecture, Shiiya prefecture, Takada prefecture, Kiyosaki prefecture, Sado prefecture
  • The former Aizu domain in Kambara-gun continues to be part of Wakamatsu Prefecture
  • 1871May 12(Meiji 4Lunar calendar November 11): Established the following 3 prefectures by integrating prefectures
    • Niigata(3rd, Niigata City): Shimoetsu 2 counties (Kamabara and Iwafune)-Murakami, Mikkaichi, Kurokawa, Shibata, Muramatsu, Mineoka, Niigata
    • Kashiwazaki Prefecture(3rd, Kashiwazaki City): Jo, Chuetsu 5 counties (Kibuki, Kariwa, Uonuma, Mishima, Koshi)-Integrate Yoita, Shiiya, Takada, Kiyosaki and Kashiwazaki prefectures
    • Aikawa Prefecture(Former Aikawa Town, Sado City): Renamed Sado Prefecture
  • 1873(6th year of Meiji)May 6: Abolished Kashiwazaki Prefecture and merged with Niigata Prefecture
  • 1876(9th year of Meiji)May 4: Abolished Aikawa Prefecture and merged with Niigata Prefecture
  • 1886(19th year of Meiji)May 5: Transferred Higashikanbara District from Fukushima Prefecture to Niigata Prefecture
Establishment of Niigata Prefecture

Currently Niigata PrefectureUS-Japan Amity and Trade TreatyByOpen portSpecified inNiigataHold in the pipe,Boshin WarSince it became one of the main battlefields of Japan, the transition until its establishment was more complicated than in other prefectures. The transition until the establishment of Niigata Prefecture (second) in 1 (Meiji 1870) is "Echigofu"and"Kashiwazaki PrefectureSee section.

  • 1870May 4(Meiji 3Lunar calendar November 3),Echigo countryIncluding NiigataJoetsuIt had jurisdiction over the government-controlled land in 2 counties (Kamabara and Iwafune)SuwonWas abolished and the prefectural government moved to NiigataNiigata(Second) was established. ** At that time, in addition to Niigata prefecture, the current prefecture area has jurisdiction over the government-controlled areas in the five counties of Kamijo and Chuetsu (Kubijo, Kariwa, Uonuma, Santo, and Koshi).Kashiwazaki Prefecture,SadoHave jurisdiction over the entire areaSado prefecture, And was divided and controlled by 10 clans that had a clan office within the prefecture. In addition, in Kambara-gunAizu DomainTerritoryWakamatsu PrefectureWas under the jurisdiction of.
  • 1871May 8(Meiji 4Lunar calendar November 7)ofAbandoned DomainThrough the same yearMay 12(Lunar calendar November 11The former 2 prefectures of Shimoetsu 5 counties and the former 5 prefectures of 4 Joetsu/Chuetsu districts (Nagaoka DomainHad already been transferred to Kashiwazaki Prefecture) but merged with Kashiwazaki Prefecture,Niigata(3rd),Kashiwazaki Prefecture(3rd) and again in Sado prefectureAikawa PrefectureWas renamed.
  • 1873Kashiwazaki Prefecture in (Meiji 6)1876Aikawa prefecture was abolished in (Meiji 9) and merged into Niigata prefecture one after another, and Niigata prefecture has unified jurisdiction over Koshisa and Ryogoku.
  • 1886(19th year of Meiji), after going through Wakamatsu PrefectureFukushimaPart of Kambara-gun, which was under the jurisdiction of (1878Since the transfer of (Higashi-Kabahara-gun) to Niigata Prefecture (Meiji 11), the current prefecture area of ​​Niigata Prefecture has been established.

Changes in the county

Abolished municipalities/counties

Abolished municipalitiesList of abolished municipalities in Niigata PrefectureSee.
Abandoned county

Politics

Administration

Prefectural governor

Successive governors (public election)

finance

Degree of 2007
Degree of 2006
  • Fiscal strength index 0.40
    • II Group (Financial Power Index 0.4 or more, less than 0.5) 9th among 9 municipalities
  • Real debt service ratio 15.2
  • Current account ratio 91.6
  • Municipal bonds per capita Current amount 103 yen Ordinary account only
  • Laspeyres index 100.9
Balance of local bonds, etc.
  • Municipal bonds for ordinary account 2 billion yen
  • Municipal bonds for special accounts other than the above 1773 billion yen
  • Debt for some related administrative associations: 8 million yen (debt x burden ratio)
  • Debts related to debt guarantee of the third sector, etc. ¥3 billion Niigata Prefecture Violence Expulsion Campaign Promotion Center, etc.
Total amount of municipal bonds, etc. ¥2 billion (consolidated accounting)
Degree of 2005
  • Fiscal strength index 0.38
    • Group III (financial power index 0.3 or more, less than 0.4) 14th out of 5 municipalities
Degree of 2004
  • Fiscal strength index 0.36
    • Group III (financial power index 0.3 or more, less than 0.4) 13th out of 5 municipalities

Niigata State Plan

2011(23)May 1ToHirohiko IzumidaWith Governor NiigataAkira ShinodaAt a joint conference by the Mayor of Niigata,TokyoIn line with the current Niigata cityspecial areaTo other cities, towns and villages, and further mergers, with a population of 30Basic municipalityThe state transition plan was announced. Also, the authority of each special ward and basic municipality is assumed to be at a level higher than that of the current 23 special wards of Tokyo.[18].

Parliament

House of Representatives OfSmall districtIs 6.House of CouncilorsThen, 1 ward is constructed in all prefectures.

House of Representatives

House of Councilors

Economic and industrial

2016(28) degree of gross domestic product is nominally 8 billion yen[19].. Of the majority of countries in the world GDP Have a larger scale. Prefectural income is 6 billion yen[19], Per capita income is 282.6 million yen[19].

Primary industry

Agriculture, forestry and fisheries

Agriculture is one of the major industries.RiceProduct (Koshihikari Rice) Is the center, and the yield of Koshihikari is the highest in Japan.[20].. EspeciallyUonuma districtKoshihikari cultivated inKoshihikari from UonumaIs the top brand that is evaluated as the best in Japan,RiceIt can be said to be the point. Also in relation to riceRice confectionery(Rice crackers,HailstoneEtc.) is the largest production value in Japan,SakeAlsoHyogo,KyotoIt is the third place after. Because of the large amount of rice produced,rice flourResearch and use the research to sell productsNiigata millingHave invested in.

Other than rice,Tulip,watermelon,EdamameCultivation is also active.

Fishery:Is also popular,KamabokoSuch as fish meatPaste productIs also influential.

Secondary industry

Industrial

Manufacturing industry

Within the prefectureKerosine stove,Oil fan heaterThe production of such oil burning appliances is large.

light industry

In addition, the production of metal products is large. Tsubame City and Sanjo City MetalsTablewareOwns 9% of the domestic market share,Non-ferrous metal materialThere are many companies that have strengths in processing.Scissors,Knife,spannerSuch as metal toolsOsakaIt is second only after.Hokuriku Industrial AreaIt is also the central existence of.

In the textile industry,KnitsHas the highest production in Japan.However, in recent years, overseas relocation of production bases and low-priced foreigners seeking low labor costs (ChugokuAnd Southeast Asian countries, etc.).

1989In XNUMX, the number of factory locations was the highest in Japan.

Mining

gold mine

OnceSado IslandGold and silver veins are distributed in (Sado Kanayama, See Aikawa Gold and Silver Mine, which was the largest in the modern and modern times.1989It was closed in (XNUMX).

crude

Few in JapancrudeIt is a production area ofAmase Oil Field(Izumozaki Town) AndHigashiyama oil field(Nagaoka),Niitsu oil field(NiigataAkiba) And other places where mining was carried out.

Natural gas

CurrentlyNatural gasMining is thriving,Minami Nagaoka Gas Field(Nagaoka City),Katagai Gas Field(Ojiya),Iwafune-oki oil and gas field(Wombai cityMining is being promoted in areas such as Oki.Higashi Niigata Oil and Gas Field(Niigata CityKita), Nishikanbara gas field (Niigata CityNishikan Ward), the Nakajo Gas Field (Townai City) accounts for 10% of the domestic production from groundwater after separation of water-soluble natural gas.IodineHave also been collected[21][22][23][24].

Power generation

Power generationThen,Agano RiverLarge scale in the basinHydroelectric power plantIs located. AlsoKashiwazakiKariwaKariwa VillageIt is inTEPCO HoldingsKashiwazaki Kariwa Nuclear Power StationIs the world's largest nuclear power plant. otherJoetsu CityNaoetsuIn the district,Tohoku Electric Power,Chubu Electric PowerOperate jointlyJoetsu Thermal Power StationThere is.

Tertiary industry

tourism

Japan's leadingSnowy areaBecauseChuetsu regionJoetsu regionIn the mountains ofSki resortAre located in large numbers.However, immediately after the burst of the bubble1993Around (5)Ski boomIs gone, and even moreNiigata Chuetsu EarthquakeThe number of skiers in Niigata Prefecture has been declining since the 2000s due to the effects of heavy snowfall and concerns about traffic network paralysis due to heavy snowfall.Due to this effect, some ski resorts have been closed. (Detail isList of ski resorts in Japan#NiigataSee).In recent years, snow resortsRenovationIs advanced,Joetsu regionToHokuriku ShinkansenIs being sought for economic measures through industry-government-academia collaboration with local governments along the railway lines.

It is often said that Niigata people do not ski much, but the image of "snow = spicy" is strong for the people of the prefecture who know how to live under the heavy snowfall in winter. So most skiers rarely become a silver worldCapital AreaThere is also an aspect that it was largely due to attracting customers from.In the future, a new tourism system is being built with the aim of "sightseeing that makes the most of snow."

Life and transportation

Policemen

Medical and welfare

Disaster base hospital
Nursery

life line

electricity

Education

Universities of high school students in Niigata prefecture in 2019Education continuance rateIs 46.9%, which is below the national value of 54.7%, but the vocational school attendance rate has reached 26.0% (national value 16.4%), and the enrollment rate of 72.9%, which is the sum of the two, exceeds the national value of 71.1%.[25].. Operates 27 vocational schools in the prefectureNSG Group OfNSG College LeagueIn addition, there are many vocational schools in the prefecture, and the number of special training schools per 10 people is 3.57, which is the 6th largest in Japan.[26].

University

Vocational school

Special school

high school

Junior high school

primary school

Kindergarten

Mass media

News (Chinese)

Local newspaper
National newspaper

Broadcaster

As mentioned earlier, it is unclear which region this prefecture belongs to,Tohoku 6 prefecturesThere are co-produced programs withSendaiOr broadcast the program produced by the station on the Internet (These two examplesTohoku Electric PowerOften is a program that provides sponsors for the business area). On the other hand,Chubu regionThere are also programs co-produced with the broadcasting station of, and there are various news such as being broadcast as Kanto Koshinetsu region and Koshinetsu region.In addition, NHK has set Niigata Prefecture as Kanto Koshinetsu (Metropolitan area broadcasting centerHowever, since it belongs to the Hokuriku/Shin-Etsu block in national elections and amateur sports, it is not possible to report or broadcast these items.NHK Nagoya Broadcasting StationIt will be online with the 3 prefectures of Hokuriku via.Also,NiigataChuo-kuThen.Shinano RiverBroadcasting stations are lined up along the way.

TV broadcast

Within the prefectureNHKIn addition to the Niigata Broadcasting Station,Commercial broadcastThen.Nippon TV,TBS,Fuji Television Network, Inc,TV AsahiThere are affiliated stations of the four major key stations.The citizens of the prefecture are quick to respond to terrestrial digital broadcasting, and in the November 4 survey, it was the highest in Japan at 2010%.[27].

Radio broadcast

FM radioThen, JFN-series FM-NIIGATA covers the entire prefecture. Although the prefecture soil is wide and there are many base cities,motorizationBecause of the development of radio stations, the appealing ability of radio (FM, cFM, AM) is as high as that of television, and radio stations are crowded.Also,Five big citiesBe the first outside the areaIndependent radio stationHeisei New Bureau OfNiigata Prefecture FM Broadcasting(FM PORT) existed, but due to business difficulties, it was closed on June 2020, 6.

Community FM

Transportation

Air route

Train

Niigata Prefecture is so-calledSea of ​​Japan TransitIs passingKeihanshin,Capital AreaKitaou,HokkaidoTiefreight trainMany of them are operated, and they are the main artery of traffic on the Sea of ​​Japan side.
Niigata StationLimited express connecting with Joetsu ShinkansenInahoIs a limited express that connects the Joetsu Shinkansen at Nagaoka Station and the Hokuriku Shinkansen at Joetsu Myoko Station.White snowIs operating.
The number of ordinary trains is from Niigata Station to the very suburbs[Note 6]Is 3 per hour during the day, but most others are less than 1 per hour during the day.
East Japan Railway(JR East)
West Japan Railway Company(JR West Japan)
Hokuetsu Express
Echigo Tokimeki Railway(Toki iron)

Route

Passenger ship

道路

highway

Vehicle registration number

Other
  • It is characteristic that the prefecture's highway bus network is well developed.

Culture/Sport

dialect

Niigata Prefecture has a large difference in dialect depending on the region,Agakita areaThe dialect ofTohoku dialectIs a type ofKitaou dialect,Sado IslandThe dialect ofHokuriku dialect, Other areasTokai Higashiyama dialectIs a type ofEchigo wordare categorized(Tojo MisaoClassification by).

Food culture:

local cuisine
Food culture:

Traditional crafts

Traditional crafts designated by the Minister of Economy, Trade and Industry
Traditional crafts

Cultural property

Important traditional buildings preservation area
Important cultural landscape

Birthplace

Other

  • Local in 2003LeekFormed for PRNegiccoIs "Local idolPioneer of[28].. In 2019, leader Nao☆ also became a precursor to "a female idol who continues to be active even after getting married"[29].
  • ShrineThe number is about 5,000, which is the first place in Japan (the second place is about 1 companies in Hyogo prefecture).
  • There was a former local dog, but it is already extinct.

Sports

Tourism

Foreign relations

Sister municipalities/affiliated municipalities

sister city
Friendly municipality

Works set in Niigata Prefecture

Movies/dramas

Song

Anime


People from Niigata Prefecture

About the word "gata"

Refers to the prefecture漢字Notation and pronunciation
言语NotationpronunciationRemarks
JapaneseNiigataToIgata
[ɲ̟iːɡa̠ta̠][Note 7]
(Nigata)
Orthographic characters
NiigataAbbreviation
New yearVariantOne of the examples
ChineseNiigataXīn xiè
(Since)
Simplified characters(Mandarinother)
Shinpei繁体字(Taiwanese languageother)
NiigataXīn xì
(Cynthie)
(Recommended by the Niigata Prefectural Office)

Refers to the prefecture漢字There are multiple notations,JapaneseIn whichFontEven "Igata,[ɲ̟iːɡa̠ta̠][Note 7] Read. Above allOrthographic charactersIt is said that "NiigataIs the most common notation. other,SanzuiUsing the “Saga” to write inNiigataMay be written. Formerly "Sakai"Collection of clausesIt is a generally recognized character that is registered to[31][32],Edo PeriodIn the book (printing book) ofMatsuo Basho"Okunohoso Road"andAkinari Ueda"Rain moon story""Zousai" (currentlyAkitaNikaho City OfKisakata) Can be seen[33],Suzuki Makiyuki"Hokuetsu Snow Score』Allows the use of "Saku" even in the current place names in this prefecture, such as "Shinzaki" and "Garmor"[34]. With the circulation of these printed books, it became a “lagoon” nationwide.AbbreviationIt is considered that "Sakura" was said to have been viewed in the same row.[33](There are multipleVariantThere is[34]).

MeijiWhen you enterLetterpressIs the mainstream of publications,The end of the warSold byMincho type OfTypeWhen I looked up, only "gata", which is the official letter, was sold, and "sagar," which was the abbreviation, was not sold.[33]. In other words, after the Meiji era, the letters "Sakai" were wiped out of the printed materials, but Niigata, Kisakata,Hachirogata[31]OrShimane Shiragata Tenmangu Shrine[35]For example, in areas where "gata" is used on a daily basis, "Sakura" survives other than print.DialectIt turned into. In Niigata Prefecture, "Niigata" was also used for road signs,1981(Showa"56")Common kanjiWhen adopted by the[33][36].

ChineseInSimplified charactersso"Niigata'[37],繁体字so"Shinpei'[38]You can see an example written as. They areMandarinpinyin: Xīn xièPronounced (since).2007(19)May 6 OfNiigata Prefectural Assembly6Regular meetingIn the General Affairs Education Committee, in ChineseSack(Lagoon) And the meaning ofThere was a question that questioned these Chinese notations because it was different[39].. same yearMay 8,Niigata Prefectural OfficeIn Chinese on the official websiteNiigata"(pinyin: Xīn xì[40] Requested the use of the notation "Cynthy" within the prefectural office and prefecture-related organizations (JapaneseAt the end, stop using "Shinzaki"NiigataIs not a request to use)[40].

footnote

[How to use footnotes]

注 釈

  1. ^ According to 8 regional divisions and subdivisions
  2. ^ It has been written in four categories up to the present, such as newspapers, TV, and prefecture public relations back numbers, but it was also used as a reference material for elementary school social studies in Niigata prefecture in the early 4s (all schools in the prefecture For a while, the Niigata Prefectural Board of Education compiled "Our Niigata Prefecture," which indicated that the Sado region should be included in the Shimoetsu region.
  3. ^ Wide area municipalities described belowThere are some differences from Tsubame City, Yahiko Village, etc.
  4. ^ In the Echigo area of ​​Niigata prefecture, where religious beliefs were strong in Buddhism (Jodo Shinshu), thinning and selling were few, which was the reason for the large population.
  5. ^ The company name from the start of broadcasting to September 2019 is Niigata General Television Co., Ltd.
  6. ^ Niigata Station- Niitsu Station-Uchino Station-Toyoei Station
  7. ^ a b "Ni" at the beginning of the wordInternational phonetic symbolsThen. [ɲi] Indicated byHard palate nasalIs supposed to be used, but in realityPalate officialGum nasal Of [nʲi] Also.

Source

  1. ^ "Designate Nishikigoi as a "prefecture fish"”. Niigata Public Relations and Public Hearing Division (March 2017, 3). As of August 29, 2019オ リ ジ ナ ルMore archives.2017/5/9Browse.
  2. ^ The 129th Niigata Prefectural Statistics Yearbook 2018 (Chapter 1 Prefectural soil and weather) p.2 -Niigata Prefecture
  3. ^ Japan Meteorological Agency data is "Japan Meteorological Agency Past meteorological data search(Viewed on February 2021, 2), prefecture data is "Niigata Prefecture Snow Information Snowfall Data --Niigata Prefecture(Retrieved on February 2021, 2).
  4. ^ "Announcement area for weather warnings, warnings, and weather forecasts: Niigata Prefecture”. Japan Meteorological Agency. 2020/2/24Browse.
  5. ^ "Ⅲ Other wide-area administrative systems Cooperation Central urban areas, independent settlement areas, etc.". Wide-area administrative office guide. Niigata Prefecture General Affairs Department Municipal Division. 2020/2/22Browse.
  6. ^ Wide area municipalities within Niigata Prefecture due to merger of municipalities -Niigata Prefecture
  7. ^ "Regional characteristics data: Meiji period and present population list by prefecture". Hokuriku Social Capital 2003.Hokuriku Regional Development Bureau, Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism. 2020/2/22Browse.
  8. ^ Is this all right? Niigata Prefecture (Special edition of special editions of Japan) Page 19
  9. ^ Niigata Prefecture as seen in statistical graphs 20 edition (Niigata Prefecture) - Wayback machine(For archived March 2013, 6)
  10. ^ Prefectural population, with population of 230 million people announced[Broken link](Niigata Nippo April 2015, 4)
  11. ^ Is this all right? Niigata Prefecture (Special edition of special editions of Japan) Page 6
  12. ^ "033rd Diet Legal Committee No. 6". House of Representatives (September 1959, 12). 2010/2/6Browse.
  13. ^ Cooperation in submarine resource development 10 prefectures along the coast of the Sea of ​​Japan: Sankei Shimbun September 2012, 9-Archived by WayBack Machine
  14. ^ Methane hydrate utilization research 10 prefectures established conference[Broken link]: Kobe Shimbun September 2012, 9
  15. ^ Established coalition and coalition in resource development of the Sea of ​​Japan. 10 prefectures on the Sea of ​​Japan side, such as this prefecture: Niigata Daily September 2012, 9
  16. ^ Methane hydrates, 10 prefectures unite survey in Sea of ​​Japan: Asahi Shimbun September 2012, 9
  17. ^ Is this all right? Niigata Prefecture (Special edition of special editions of Japan) Pages 122-123
  18. ^ a b c "Summary of 28 prefectural economic calculation”. Statistics Division, General Affairs Department, Niigata Prefecture. 2020/2/22Browse.
  19. ^ "Amount of harvest of paddy rice produced in 21 by variety”. Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries Minister's Office Statistics Department (February 2010, 2). 2012/9/9Browse.
  20. ^ Natural gas extraction and supplyToho Earth Tech. Retrieved July 2020, 7.
  21. ^ What is iodineToho Earth Tech. Retrieved July 2020, 7.
  22. ^ Business activities Nakajo Oil Works. JX Oil Development. Retrieved July 2020, 7.
  23. ^ Overview of natural gas in Niigata. Natural Gas Mining Association. Retrieved 2020 July 7.
  24. ^ "Basic survey of schools in the first year of Reiwa" --Announced by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology on December 12, 25.
  25. ^ Statistics of prefectures in statistics 2019 -Statistics Bureau, Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications
  26. ^ Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications "Penetrance Survey on Digital Terrestrial Television Broadcasting" November 22
  27. ^ "Local pioneer pioneer" Negicco・Nao☆ announced enrollment! The long-cherished Perfume scene became a meeting place! -The Television February 2019, 2
  28. ^ Why is Negicco Nao☆'s marriage announcement not criticized? What's happening in the idol world -Gadget Communications February 2019, 2
  29. ^ The stage of the TV anime "Magical Girl Raising Plan" is Joetsu City⁉
  30. ^ a b Present and future of Chinese characters 223nd Spread and disappearance of abbreviations for "gata"(SanseidoWordwise Web September 2012, 9)
  31. ^ Present of Kanji 224th "Kijo" and "Cervical vertebra" in Niigata(Sanseido Wordwise Web September 2012, 9)
  32. ^ a b c d Character Sanpo "Whereabouts of the dialect "Sa""(National Institute for Japanese Language"NIDL Window" No. 32, published on July 2007, 7)
  33. ^ a b Japanese kanji (Hiroyuki Sasahara Author,Iwanami Shinsho Published January 2006, 1) p.20 and p.62
  34. ^ Present of Kanji No. 51 "Tofu" that does not "rot" in Shimane(Sanseido Wordwise Web September 2009, 11)
  35. ^ "Is "Niigata=Shin (Sanzui + Photo)" true?”. Niigata Nippo (August 2006, 8). 2009/3/31Browse.[Broken link]
  36. ^ Viewing: Japan Shin-Sho Fire & Fire Station 140 Kiboya(with the BBC(Chubun Net, December 2016, 12)
  37. ^ Mitomo: 140 Shinjuku fire in Japan(BBC Chinese Net, December 2016, 12)
  38. ^ June 19 Regular Meeting General Affairs Education Committee June 6, 19(Niigata Prefectural Assembly minutes search)
  39. ^ a b ●Notation of "Niigata" in Chinese (August 19, 8)(Niigata Prefecture)

Related literature

  • Niigata Historical Story, Masataro Watanabe, Manshodo Bookstore, 1896.NDLJP:764693.

Related item

外部 リンク

Administration
Niigata homepage top page
Niigata Public Relations Section (@Niigata_Press)- Twitter
Niigata Prefecture Disaster Prevention Bureau (@Niigata_Bousai)- Twitter
Niigata Prefecture Disaster Prevention Portal
Niigata LIVE camera
Current Niigata
Tourism
[Official] Recommended sightseeing and travel information for Niigata Prefecture! Niigata Tourism Navigation -Niigata Prefecture Tourism Association
Kenjinkai
Tokyo Niigata Kenjinkai Official Page
Predecessor:
Suwon

Murakami prefecture-Mikkaichi Prefecture-Kurokawa Prefecture-
Shibata-Muramatsu Prefecture-Mineoka


Kashiwazaki Prefecture


Aikawa Prefecture

Changes in administrative districts
1871 - (Second Niigata Prefecture)
Next generation:
-----

Niigata

Camera-photo Upload.svgImage request: Horiwaricho and willow in Niigata cityImage providedplease.(2020/3

Niigata(Niigata) isNiigataNortheastern part ofShimoetsu district) Located inCity..Niigata PrefecturePrefectural office locationso,Government-designated cityIs. The population is about 79.2.

Honshu Sea of ​​Japan sideIt is the only ordinance-designated city and has a vast habitable area.Large scaleAgriculture:As a reform base forNational Strategic Special ZoneIs specified in.

For the notation of "Niigata", see "Niigata Prefecture # About the character of "gata"See.

Overview

1889(Meiji22 years)May 4 OfMunicipal systemOne of the cities set up by.In the center of the cityShinano RiverThe estuary has been around for a long timeHarborWas opened, Shinano RiverAgano RiverIn addition to functioning as a node where water-based river traffic and maritime traffic networks intersect,Bakumatsu OfUS-Japan Amity and Trade TreatyOpening Five PortsIt became one of.Even nowTransportationIt is a key point of.

Metropolitan population of about 100 million (Urban employment area) And the city population2005(Heisei17 years)Wide area mergerSince it exceeded 81 people,2007(Heisei19 years)May 4For the first time on the Sea of ​​Japan side of HonshuGovernment-designated cityMigrated to.In the city areaLater8Administrative districtIs provided.

1950 eraUntil the left bank of the Shinano RiverNiigata IslandIn the centermoatIs stretched around, and along with itwillowWas planted.for that reason,"City of Water""YanagiIt has a synonym such as "(Ryuto)".Also, manymanga artistAnd thatBypass networkIs known for its development. Bandai Bridge,NEXT21,Toki Messe,Denka Big Swan Stadium,Niigata Daily Media ShipIs a symbolic existence.

Origin of city name

About the place name "Niigata" which is the name of the cityEisei17 years(1520[1] Although the notation of Niigata remains as a historical record, there are various theories about the origin because there is no record of the origin of the place name.

  • Originally called "Niigata" at the mouth of the Shinano RiverThe theory that there was
  • It is named after the formation of a new inner bay, or new lagoon, between the sandbars of the Shinano River.The theory[2]
  • The theory that "Niigata" was used to read the settlements that were created on new islands due to changes in the topography of the mouth of the Shinano River as "Niigata".
  • OriginallyNiigata IslandThe current village was on the coast ofFurumachiWhen I moved to the area around, it came to be called (Niigata) that the relocation destination was read as "Niigata" for the coastal villages. The theory that it became "Niigata" by guessing the character

City emblem

Make

In NiigataCity emblemIt is,1908(Meiji41) It was enacted on March 3th.

Meaning of city emblem

The "City Emblem Setting Case" announced on the same day states as follows.

Niigata City's HaXNUMX Port Noichi Toshite is the most popular port of the world.Immediately
  1. Anchor port
  2. Goha Goko no meaning
  3. Snow ring Ha Echigo no meaning
This is the meaning of Echigo no Goko, Niigata, and the front page.

That is, "Anchor"1858 OfUS-Japan Amity and Trade Treaty"Five ports" designated by", AndEchigoSymbol of "Snow ringIs combined to represent Niigata City, which is one of the five open ports.


Geography

The land of NiigataEchigo PlainIs located in.Shinano RiverAgano River Sea of ​​JapanIn the place where it flows into the river basin, it is low humidity平野And manylagoonBut again along the coastlineNiigata coastNiigata sand dunesと 呼 ば れ る砂丘Is formed.Wet fields and lagoons in the suburbsReclamationVastPaddy fieldIs spreading, but even nowToriya Nogata,Sagata,FukushimagataLagoon lakes such as are left.Of these, for Sagata1997(9),Ramsar ConventionRegistration湿 地It has become.

The old city is locatedShinano RiverSekiya diversionThe area surrounded byNiigata IslandIt was called the island in 1972.Sekiya diversionDue to the opening of.

terrain

climate

Precipitation increases in winterSea of ​​Japan side climateHowever, the coastal areas are warm for the latitude. Winter:Because it is near the coast, the northwest wind from the Sea of ​​Japan is strong, but because it is far from the mountains, it is often possible to see sunny days even in the forecast of one-day snow (so-called "mountain snow" phenomenon).For this reason, it is the area with the least snow in Niigata prefecture, excluding the islands, and it is not sufficiently prepared for heavy snowfall of 50 cm or more, and traffic paralysis may occur contrary to the image of heavy snowfall prefecture.in recent years2010Although 2 centimeters of snow was observed on February 5, the observatory in Chuo Ward has not covered more than 81 meter of snow for more than half a century since 1.However, even if the amount of snow in coastal areas such as Chuo Ward and Higashi Ward is small, there may be a large amount of snow in inland areas such as Nishikan Ward, Minami Ward, and Akiha Ward.Therefore, it is not uncommon for snow to pile up in the suburbs even if the city center is not piled up at all.

The chill in the coastal areaTokyoIt is not as strict as in the suburbs, and in recent years it has rarely recorded below freezing.From spring to summer, the temperature is higher than that on the northeastern Pacific side of the same latitude, and when the pressure distribution is high north and low, it occurs when the south wind crosses the Echigo Mountains.Fern phenomenonIt may become hot due to the influence ofGeography of Niigata City #ClimateSee).

population

Demography15100.svg
Population distribution by age in Niigata City and the whole country (2005)Niigata City's population distribution by age and gender (2005)
Purple-Niigata City
Green-All over Japan
Blue-male
Red-female

Changes in the population of Niigata City (corresponding area)
Ministry of Internal Affairs and CommunicationsStatistics Bureau CensusThan

Health

  • Average age: 43.3 years (2000
  • Average age of men: 41.5 years (2000)
  • Average age of women: 44.9 years (2000)

dialect

In the area centered on Niigata City,Niigata dialectIs used.

Administrative district / city composition

Administrative district

BYR color wheel.svgIn this itemColorIs dealing with Depending on the viewing environment, the colors may not be displayed properly.

Niigata City is currently composed of eight administrative districts.The central functions of city administration, including the city hall, are located in Chuo Ward.An image color is set for each ward.[3]..Color selection is decided by the "image color adjustment meeting" by the representative of the citizens and the ward mayor, referring to the ward inhabitant questionnaire and expert advice.2007(19)May 9Published in.

Ward nameImage colorWard nameImage color
Kita Nature greenAkiba Floral green
Higashi Ward Aqua blueSouth ward Breeze blue
Chuo-ku Waterfront blueNishi-ward Sunset orange
Konan ward Spring greenNishikan Ward Harvest Yellow

City center

The area positioned as the "city center" is located in Chuo Ward, straddling both banks of the Shinano River.[City 1]..From around Niigata StationMany generationsThroughFurumachiThe area along the "city center axis" leading up to is nicknamed "Niigata 2 km" by the city, and as of February 2021Urban regeneration emergency maintenance areaPreparations are underway for designation[4].

FurumachiLeft bank side centered onNiigata Island) Is1655Relocation of (first year of Meireki)[5] Since then, it has been a complex center for business, product sales, and eating and drinking in Niigata.Furumachi Dori,Honmachidori,Nishibori-doriEtc. are areas where commercial facilities and shopping districts gather.Flower StreetThere is also an entertainment district that has continued since the time ofFurumachi HanamachiSee).on the other hand,Hakusan ParkCity hall andNiigata Prefecture Public Hall,RyutopiaPublic facilities and cultural facilities such as are lined up.The Niigata Island area is an old city and is large-scaleAir raidNot receivedWar disaster recovery city planningWas not done (butNiigata FireBecause many of the buildings were burnt down)motorizationIt is difficult to deal withNiigata University,Niigata Prefectural OfficeSuburbs relocation, population decline of Niigata Island itself (about 1965 in 13, halved to about 2005 in 6[6]), Due to the impact of changes in the population distribution of the entire city due to the development of residential land on the right bank of the Shinano River, commercial functions are being transferred to other areas such as Mandai.

Bandai on the right bank is a district located approximately halfway between the aforementioned Furumachi / Honmachi and the Bandai Exit of Niigata Station.At the end of the Taisho eraOhkozu Diversion ChannelIn the area where the trace of the Shinano River, which was narrowed by water flow, was developed as a landfill.1929(Showa 4)Bandai BridgeHowever, urban development began with the replacement of the current third-generation bridge, and full-scale development began after the war. From the early 3sNiigata TransportationAdjacent as part of the redevelopment project for the site of the bus service baseYachiyo"A commercial area where large commercial facilities are concentrated across the ground.Bandai City"When"Bandai City Bus CenterHas been developed, and it has become a commercial area mainly for young people.

From the south exit of Niigata StationToriya NogataArea to the surrounding area (Sasade Line,Purple bird line,Benten Line, Along the bypass)Niigata BypassOpened1970 eraUrban development began in earnest.Of the area around Niigata Station, the area around the Bandai Exit on the north side1958Development progressed at a stretch after the relocation of Niigata Station1964 OfNiigata National Athletic MeetIn the meantime, it rapidly became an urban areaHigashi OdoriOffice buildings were lined up around the station, but at the beginning there wasn't even an entrance to the station building at the south exit.1982 OfJoetsu ShinkansenBefore and after the south exit was opened in line with the openingPLAKA NiigataIt became a commercial base due to rapid urbanization such as the opening of the business. In the 2000s, to coincide with the 2002 World CupNiigata City Road Benten Line,Niigata Stadium(Big Swan) was maintained, and thenAeon Mall Niigata Minami(Konan ward),Niigata Prefectural Baseball StadiumEtc. opened one after another.

The central axis from Furumachi to the Bandai Exit of Niigata StationSoya Valley-Mandaibashi DoriAlong the route that connects these,Main busof"Mandaibashi LineHowever, as mentioned above, it is difficult to go directly to the south side of the station, which has a large young population, because the north and south urban areas have developed separately with Niigata Station as the boundary.For this reason, the continuous grade crossing project at Niigata Station and the reorganization of the bus network and main roads are being carried out.

Incidentally,FukutoshinAlthough no official designation has been given, the "Niigata Island" side is the city center and the right bank side (formerly).Nuttari TownThe side) is sometimes called the subcenter.In recent years, the Niigata Prefectural Office and the national joint government building have been the main focus.Shinkocho・ Administrative and business functions are concentrated in the Misaki-cho area, which is sometimes called the subcenter.

Chuo Ward and the suburbsUrban highwayFree of charge with facilities equivalent toBypass networkConnected byInterchangeThere are many suburban commercial bases mainly in the vicinity.

City area in general

In the entire city area, wetlands occupy most of the inland area before the start of reclamation and dry rice fields, and habitable areas were limited, so all parts of the city areaHometownAnd villages around dunes and riversNatural embankmentDeveloped in line with.However, due to the progress of drainage in the inland area due to reclamation and conversion to dry fields, reclamation of wet fields and small-scale lagoons has progressed.Back swampSince it has been devoted to urbanization, residential land has been created in various places in Kita Ward.Hayadori StationSurroundings, etc.Bed townIn areas whereResidential estate-New townWas also built.

From these circumstances, the range of habitable land in the city area is wider than that of other local cities, and the area is large.HokkaidoBetsukai TownIs second only to[7]..In Niigata City, residential areas are scattered in the suburbs, so there is not much population concentration in one place.

In the suburbsFarmlandMany, along the coast砂丘There are many fields in the area, but from the above-mentioned background, the inland areaPaddy field(About farmland compositionNiigata City Economy #AgricultureSee).

Became a base for river transport in the suburbsHometownMany old towns and towns derived from[City 3], Even now, in many areas, regular markets (Rokusai City) Is open[8]In the shopping district as well as other areas in the prefectureKarikiIt is also noteworthy that many cantilevered arcades are formed.

The area in Niigata city Niigata City City Planning Basic Policy InCity center, Regional bases, living bases, neighborhood bases, functional bases, etc.[City 4]..One regional base is designated for each administrative district except Chuo Ward and Higashi Ward, and multiple living bases are designated for each administrative district.Regional bases and living bases excluding Chuo Ward, Higashi Ward, and Nishi Ward2005(17)Great Heisei mergerIt is the center of the municipalities that were incorporated in.

Administrative districtCity centerRegional baseLiving baseNeighboring baseBases by function
Kita---KuzutsukaMatsuhamaNiizaki,HayadoriNiigata University of Health and Welfare,Niigata East Port
Higashi Ward------Under the mountain, Kodo,Kido-Large,Ishiyama---Niigata West Port,Niigata Airport
Chuo-kuFurumachi・ Hakusan,Many generations,Around Niigata Station---------Shinkocho-Misaki Town,Southern Toriya Nogata
Konan ward---KamedaOeyama,Yokogoshi,Ryokawa,Sonoki---Niigata Central Wholesale Market
Akiba---XinjinOgikawa,Kosudo------
South ward---ShironeAlly,Tsukigata------
Nishi-ward---Small needle,TeraoSakai Wa-infield,KurosakiAkatsukaDistribution center
Nishikan Ward---roll,Sone,Flag shop,Nakanokuchi,WanoIwamuro hot spring

Adjacent municipalities

Niigata Prefecture FlagNiigata
(Adjacent across the sea)

History

Primitive to ancient

The beginning of people's activities in the current Niigata city area began around the hills and foothills in the Paleolithic era about 2 years ago.In the early Kofun periodYamato kingshipUnder the power of647(Dahua3 years) in the northEzoAs a base of controlToe fenceWas installed.
In the first half of the 8th century, when the Nara period began, a local system was established with the unit of country-county-town.At the mouth of the Shinano RiverGamaharazuAs Kunizu in Echigo Province, Gamaharazu has become a key point of transportation where people and goods gather.Production of Sue pottery and iron began in the Niitsu hills, and salmon were caught and processed in the lowlands on the left bank of the Shinano River.Also, salt was made in the coastal dunes.[9]

中 世

During the Warring States period1520(EiseiIn 17), the place name "Niigata" came to appear in the record.NiigataIs on the left bank of the mouth of the Shinano RiverGamaharazu-Numata MinatoTogether with that, it was called "Mikatsu" at that time.After the appearance of Niigata Tsu, Kambara Tsu declined, and Niigata Tsu became the central minato of the mouths of the Shinano and Agano rivers.
1580(Tensho8 years).Warlord of Agakita (north of Agano River),Shibata ShigeyaOccupies Niigata TsuUesugi KagekatsuThe conflict with (the successor of Kenshin Uesugi) has begun, but1586In (Tensho 14), the townspeople of Niigata and Nuttari, who were on the side of Shibata, turned over to Uesugi, and Uesugi was able to control Niigata and Nuttari.Mr. Shibata who lost Niigata Tsu is the next1587It was destroyed in (Tensho 15), and Echigo was unified by Uesugi Kagekatsu.[9]

The early modern period

1598(Keicho3 years), Uesugi KagekatsuHideyoshi ToyotomiThe country was changed to Aizu (Fukushima Prefecture) by the order of, and became the Nagaoka domain and Shibata Minato became the Shibata domain.Nagaoka Domain established Niigata Town Daikan in NiigataNiigata TownWill be.After that, the topography of the mouths of the Shinano and Agano rivers changed, and Niigata Minato1655(TomorrowXNUMXst year) on the left bank of the Shinano River, nowFurumachiAfter moving to the land of1676By the Nagaoka Domain in (4th year of Enpo)Niigata Machi BugyoWas installed.At the same time, the productivity of the Echigo Plain increased.KitamaebuneNiigata Minato, who completed the relocation by the time the westbound shipping became stable,1697(GenrokuIn 10), it had developed into one of the best Minato on the Sea of ​​Japan side.
1768(Meiwa5 years), it is a rebellion caused by the money paid by the Nagaoka domain.Niigata Akiwa riotOccurs.In the latter half of the Edo period, smuggling of karamono (Chinese products) and bales (Hokkaido products) was carried out in Niigata Minato, so the shogunate caught smuggling.1843(TempoIn 14), Niigata Town became the shogunate territory. (Niigata Kamichi
1858(Ansei5 years)US-Japan Amity and Trade Treatyso,BakumatsuToOpen portNiigata Minato became an open port on the Sea of ​​Japan side as one of the five open ports.But,1868(Keio4 years), between the new government army and the old Shogunate sideBoshin WarOutbreak.In July of the same yearHokuetsu WarNiigata Town became a battlefield, and the Meiji Restoration was celebrated with the city area burned down by the war.[9]

Modern

Niigata Port1869April (MeijiOpened in November of the first year).1870Became the prefectural capital in (Meiji 3)Hakusan ParkOpeningFourth bankModernization was promoted, such as the establishment of the Niigata Prefectural Assembly.Also,1870In (Meiji 3), the branch domain of the Nagaoka domainMineyama DomainWas in need of the Boshin WarNagaoka DomainToRelief rice XNUMX balesWas given.
Niigata Town1879Incorporated Yorii Village in (Meiji 12)Niigata WardAnd,1889In (Meiji 22), Niigata Ward and Sekiya Villagemergerdo itMunicipal systemEnforced,NiigataWill be.The city area at that time was "Niigata IslandCorresponds to.In the 30's of the Meiji eraNiitsu oil fieldMachine excavation is in full swing.In the Taisho era, Shinzu-cho prospered as an "oil town" and became the largest oil field in Japan, and the oil industry developed in Niigata City and Nuttari Town.
1931The Joetsu Line was fully opened in (Showa 6).Next time1932In (Showa 7), in northeastern China, "ManchuriaIs founded.Niigata Port will be the closest port on the Sea of ​​Japan side of Tokyo by rail, and the government willGovernment command routeOpened the Nichiman route to and from Niigata.Niigata Port has become a base port for expanding into the opposite bank.
194112 of the monthAttack on Pearl HarborStarted the war byPacific WarThe battlefield has deteriorated.B-29Was not subjected to a large-scale air raid by1945(Showa 20) September 8,Atomic bombCitizens were declared urgently evacuated because there was a high risk of being dropped, and the city ended the war in a nearly unmanned state.[9]..In fact, Niigata was one of the candidate sites, but "Niigata is not suitable for this kind of attack because the area where industry is concentrated and the residential area including small factories are far from each other. Was removed as "yes"[10].

modern

Pacific War10 years after the end1955(Showa 30),Niigata FireOccurs.1964(Showa 39) June, magnitude 6Niigata earthquakeThere has occurred.Also, by collecting natural gasNiigata IslandThe ground in the center, includingAgano RiverIn the basin, poisoning by organic mercury is a strange disease (Four major pollution diseases OfNiigata Minamata disease)There has occurred.1985By (60), 690 people were recognized as patients.
High economic growthPeriodNatural disastersI was busy with environmental administration issues such as reconstruction from Japan and pollution control.1963As one of the national land development in (Showa 38)Niigata East PortConstruction work has begun.1969Niigata East Port opened in (44) and became a trading center on the Sea of ​​Japan side.
1973(Showa 48)Niigata AirportThe Khabarovsk line was opened in Northeast Asia, and the number of international flights is increasing.1982(Showa 57)Joetsu ShinkansenIs open.Also,1997By (9)Kanetsu Expressway-Hokuriku Expressway-Banetsu ExpresswayWas opened, and became a node on the Sea of ​​Japan side of the high-speed transportation network.[9]

Transition of administrative districts / merger of municipalities

Niigata City has been in operation since 1889.1914 On the right bank of the Shinano River in (Taisho 3)Nuttari TownIt was merged with the surrounding area in the wake of the merger withHigh economic growthThere was no merger after the period.21st centuryImmediately after enteringKurosaki TownIncorporated.After that, the surrounding 13 municipalities were incorporated and on April 2007, 4.Government-designated cityThe administrative district was established.

Politics

Administration

Mayor

Administrative organization

Municipal enterprise
Transition of the city hall

Special area

finance

In NiigatafinanceAccording to the financial results for FY2012 (FY24), the revenue is 3,576 billion yen and the expenditure is 3,532 billion yen.[City 5]。歳入決算の主な項目の構成比は、地方税33%、地方債17.2%、国庫支出金12.9%、地方交付税12.7%、諸収入8.6%、都道府県支出金3.4%などとなっている。また、歳出決算の主な構成比は、義務的経費が計43.9%(扶助費18.2%、人件費15%、公債費10.7%)、その他経費が計38%(物件費12%、補助費9.7%など)、投資的経費が計18.1%(普通建設事業費18%、災害復旧事業費0.1%)である[City 5].Act on Financial Soundness of Local Governments (Financial Soundness Act)Of the indicators specified inReal debt service ratioIs 11.3% and the future burden ratio is 113.5%, which are below the early restoration standards, etc.[City 5].Financial capability indexIs 0.70, which is the 20th value among 17 ordinance-designated cities.[12].

Parliament

City council

Niigata Prefectural Assembly

As of 2019

  • Niigata City constituency (constant 15)
Parliamentary group in Niigata Prefectural Assembly
Parliamentary nameNumber of seats
LDP7
In the future3
Social Democratic Prefectural Union0
Komeito1
Japan Communist Party0
Independent4
vacancy0
meter15
Niigata City constituency elected member
ConstituencyElected memberPolitical party
Constituencyconstant
Kita Ward constituency2Shin IinoIndependent
Masashi AoyagiLDP
East constituency2Atsushi WatanabeLDP
Wako WatanabeIndependent
Central constituency3Takashi KojimaLDP
Tomoyuki UesugiIn the future (National Democratic Party)
Koji IchimuraKomeito
Gangnam constituency1Jun SatoLDP
Akiha Ward constituency2Kobayashi KazuhiroLDP
Goro UchiyamaIn the future (Democratic Party for the People)
Minami Ward constituency1Yoshimune KasaharaLDP
West constituency3Naoki TakahashiLDP
Ken ObuchiIn the future (Constitutional Democratic Party)
Taichiro AokiIndependent
Nishikan Ward constituency1Takahiro ShigekawaIndependent

House of Representatives

Small districtElected memberPolitical partyProportional representation
ConstituencyregionElected memberPolitical party
Niigata Prefecture second wardChuo Ward, East Ward, Nishi Ward (excluding Yotsugoya), Gangnam Ward and part of Kita WardChinami NishimuraConstitutional Democratic PartyTohru IshizakiIndependent
Niigata Prefecture second wardNishikan Ward, Minami Ward (Ajikata / Tsukigata), Nishi Ward (Yotsugoya)Eiichiro WashioLDPKenichi HosodaLDP
Niigata Prefecture second wardKita Ward (Toyosaka)Kuroiwa UyoConstitutional Democratic PartyHiroaki SaitoLDP
Niigata Prefecture second wardAkiha Ward, Minami Ward (Shirone), Konan Ward (Kameda / Yokogoshi), Kita Ward (Junimae)Makiko KikutaConstitutional Democratic Party(None)

National agency

Administrative agency

* For some government agenciesNiigata Misaki Joint Government BuildingSee also

Judiciary

Independent administrative agency

Facility

Policemen

In the city, as followsNiigata Prefectural PoliceThere are 9 police stations.In addition, it is installed in the prefectural police headquartersNiigata City Police DepartmentHowever, it is in charge of commanding and supervising 9 police stations in the city and contacting and coordinating with Niigata City.

For police boxes and police boxes, refer to the articles of each administrative district.

Police signatureLocationJurisdiction
Niigata Kita Police StationKizaki, Kita-kuKita Ward,Kitabamabara-gunSeiromachiA part of
Niigata East Police StationShimokido, Higashi-kuHigashi Ward
Niigata Chuo Police StationYorii-cho, Chuo-kuChuo Ward (Niigata Island)
Niigata Police StationChuo Ward KamitokoroChuo Ward (excluding Niigata Island)
Gangnam Police StationUnoko, Konan WardKonan ward
Akiha Police StationNiitsu, Akiha WardAkiba
Niigata Minami Police StationNoto, Minami-kuSouth ward
Niigata Nishi Police StationNishi-ku KoshinNishi-ward
Nishikan Police StationNishikan Ward AkasabiNishikan Ward,Nishikanbara-gunYahiko Village
Incident/accident

Fire

Fire department

Firefighting activities in the cityNiigata City Fire DepartmentThere are a total of eight fire stations, one for each administrative district.

About each fire station, it is as follows.About the branch officeNiigata City Fire Department # Fire DepartmentSee.

Administrative districtFire departmentLocation
KitaNorth fire stationKita Ward Kuzutsuka
Higashi WardEast Fire DepartmentYamakido, Higashi-ku
Chuo-kuCentral fire stationChuo Ward Shumoku
Konan wardGangnam Fire DepartmentFunatoyama, Konan Ward
AkibaAkiha Fire DepartmentHodojima, Akiha Ward
South wardSouth fire departmentShinwacho, Minami-ku
Nishi-wardWest Fire DepartmentNishi-ku Makio
Nishikan WardNishikan Fire StationMaeda, Nishikan Ward

Medical

Main hospital

* "☆" is a designated emergency hospital

Cultural facility

In Niigata City, there are 1 prefectural library and 18 municipal libraries, as well as museums, aquariums, and botanical gardens.Regarding zoos, there are several small animal-related facilities, but there are no zoos that breed large animals.

post office

In the city,Japan PostThere are 11 post offices that carry out collection and delivery operations.The collection and delivery stations in the city are as follows.

Collection and delivery post office
(Yu Yu window・ Collection Bureau)
Zip CodeJurisdiction
Hoei Post Office950-33xxKita Ward (Toyosaka District)
Matsuhama Post Office
(Niigata Chuo)
950-31xxKita Ward (North District)
Niigata Central Post Office950-00xx, 950-01xx
950-08xx, 950-09xx
The entire area of ​​Higashi Ward, part of Chuo Ward, Gangnam Ward (Kameda District, Oeyama District)
Niigata Central Post Office951-80xx, 951-81xxPart of Chuo Ward (Niigata Island), Nishi Ward (Sekiya, Sekiya Horiwaricho)
Japan Post
(Niigata Chuo)
950-02xx, 950-03xxGangnam-gu (Yokogoshi district, Ryokawa district)
Niitsu Post Office956-00xx, 956-01xx, 956-08xxThe whole area of ​​Akiha Ward
Shirone Post Office950-12xx, 950-13xx, 950-14xxAll over Minami Ward, Nishikan Ward (Nakanokuchi district)
Niigata Nishi Post Office950-20xx, 950-21xx, 950-22xxPart of Nishi Ward
Onomachi Post Office
(Niigata Nishi)
950-11xxNishi Ward (Kurosaki District), Konan Ward, Chuo Ward (Sonoki District)
Maki Post Office
(swallow
953-00xx, 953-01xxNishikan Ward (Maki district, Iwamuro district)
Nishikawa Post Office
(swallow)
959-04xx, 959-05xxNishikan Ward (Nishikawa district, Garahigashi district)

park

More than 1,500 locations in Niigata CityparkExists[City 6]..Only those with articles are listed below.For others, refer to the articles in each ward.

Social infrastructure

In the cityinfrastructure,life lineDescribed the maintenance status of.

Tel

Landline area code

In Niigata cityFixed-line phoneThere are threeMessage Area (MA)Are mixed, and there are three, 025, 0250, and 0256.Area codeExists.Each MA includes all or part of the surrounding municipalities, and what is the municipality within the MA?Local callAvailable at.

The range of the three MAs is as follows.[13]

  • "Niigata MA" 025 -2DE, -3DE
    • Kita Ward, Higashi Ward, Chuo Ward, Gangnam Ward, Minami Ward, Nishi Ward, Akiha Ward (Kakurozu), Nishikan Ward (Nakanokuchi District, Makiohara, Gonokami), part of Seiro Town
  • "Niitsu MA"  0250 -2E, -3E, -4E, -5E, -6E
    • Akiha Ward (excluding Kakurozu), Gangnam Ward (Agano [Accommodation Bureau / Kyogase]), Kita Ward (Part of Junimae [Accommodation Bureau / Kyogase]), Almost the entire area of ​​Gosen City, All areas of Agano City
  • "Volume MA" 0256 -7E, -8E, -9E
    • Nishikan Ward (excluding Nakanokuchi District, Makiohara, Gonokami), Nishi Ward (part of Kiba), the entire area of ​​Yahiko Village, part of Tsubame City, part of Nagaoka City

Niigata MA1986(Showa61 years)May 11The area code was first converted to 3 digits in Niigata prefecture.The area of ​​0252-DE, 0253-DE, 02537-E, 02538-E, 025385-was unified to "025-CDE" in order to take measures against tight phone numbers and to enable calls within MA without adding an area code. did.In addition, Niitsu MA1985(60)May 3, Volume MA1984(59)May 12The area code was unified.

There are several areas in Niigata prefecture that use the area code "025", of which the city code 200/300 is assigned to Niigata MA.In addition, the city code 3s was also assigned to Niigata MA in order to set the weather forecast number "025-177" from outside the city to "025 Niigata MA" at the time of digitization.However, later, because "100 area" other than Niigata MA occurred in the prefecture, it became impossible to identify it as Niigata MA in "025-025", and the weather forecast number from outside the city was returned to the former "177-0252". It was.From this background (Niigata MA's "177 series" is still NTT'sSquare compartmentNotation List of area codes, etc. by unit charge area ・ Eastern Japan Although it is assigned as the Niigata MA number band in the list), as of 2011, dialing "025-177" will result in "Shimoetsu / Niigata region 0252-177", "Uonuma / Minami Uonuma / Tokamachi region 0257-177", and "Joetsu / Joetsu / Each number of "Itoigawa district 0255-177" will be voice-guided with no call charges.

In addition, the call charge distance classification between each MA on the subscriber phone is "adjacent area" between Niigata MA and Niitsu MA / Maki MA (90 yen excluding tax every 10 seconds in the daytime), and "20km" between Niigata MA and Maki MA. It is classified as "up to 30km" (weekday daytime, 60 yen excluding tax every 10 seconds).

Unification of area code

The area code of the city area is divided into threeToll callBecause it is inconvenient, citizens' voices calling for the early unification of area codes may be sent to "letter to the mayor".The city has stated in the "Letter to the Mayor" on the Niigata City website that it will make a request to NTT and the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications, which is the main business entity, at the stage when discussions from citizens have increased.[City 7].

Akiha Ward and Nishikan Ward Autonomy Council held in October 2008[City 8][City 9] In December, the Niigata City Planning and Coordination Division conducted a "questionnaire on telephone area code".The target area of ​​the questionnaire is Akiha Ward[City 10] And Nishikan Ward[City 11] only.This will be most affected by the change in area code, and the opinions of the residents of Akiha Ward, where most of the area belongs to "0250 Niitsu MA", and Nishikan Ward, which belongs to "0256 Volume MA", are important. Because the city side decided that there was.In each ward, 1000 general households and 1000 business establishments were randomly selected, and a total of 4000 questionnaire surveys were conducted in both wards.Result of investigation[City 12][City 13], "I oppose unifying the area code on the business establishment side" exceeded half, so the city decided that it was appropriate to keep it as it is for the time being.As for the breakdown, more than half of the households in both wards agreed, but more than half of the business establishments disagreed with both wards.In an interview article of Niigata Nippo before the questionnaire, the city said, "If the approval exceeds half, it will be unified, and if it is less than the majority, it will not be unified. We will make a comprehensive judgment after looking at the whole." , He said he was not particular about "majority".However, in the end, the unification of the area code was postponed based on the judgment that "more than half disagree."

electricity

Send and distribute power to Niigata cityGeneral power transmission and distribution business TheTohoku Electric Power(From February 2020, 4Tohoku Electric Power Network).

Major power plants in and around the city
Power plantbusiness personLocationTotal output
Higashi Niigata Thermal Power StationTohoku Electric PowerSeiro Town Higashiko XNUMX-chome481 kW
Niigata Thermal Power StationTohoku Electric PowerXNUMX-chome, Momoyama-cho, Higashi-ku39.3 kW
Niigata Snow Country Mega Solar Power PlantShowa Shell SekiyuHeiwacho, Higashi-ku1000kW

City Gas

Within the city limitsCity GasIs supplied by the following businesses.There are no areas that carry out public gas projects, and all are privately owned.

business personHead office locationSupply area within the city area
Hokuriku gasXNUMX-chome, Higashiodori, Chuo-kuNorth Ward, Higashi Ward, Chuo Ward, Gangnam Ward (excluding Yokogoshi District), Nishi Ward
Echigo natural gasNiitsu, Akiha WardGangnam-gu (Yokogoshi district), Akiha-ku
Shirane gasXNUMX-chome, Suidocho, Tsubame-shiMinami Ward (excluding Tsukigata area)
Gamahara gasNishikan Ward MakikoMinami Ward (Tsukigata District), Nishikan Ward

Water supply facility

Water supply

Within the city limitsWater supplyIs distributed by the Niigata City Waterworks Bureau, with some exceptions.

Water purification plantLocationMain water distribution areas in the city area
East Port Water Purification Plant
(Niigata East Port Area Water Supply Company Group)[Note 1]
Sasayama, Kita-kuAlmost the entire area of ​​Kita Ward
* For water distribution operations in the area around East Port (including Tarodai)Meiwa KogyoOperated by Niigata East Port Waterworks Division
Omuro Water Purification Plant
(Agano City Waterworks and Sewerage Bureau)
Agano City OmuroKita Ward (Junimae), Gangnam Ward (Agano)
* Water is sent from Agano City, and the water distribution business in the area is operated by the Niigata City Waterworks Bureau.
Agano River Water Purification PlantXNUMX-chome, Yokogoshikamicho, Konan WardPart of Kita Ward, whole East Ward, part of Chuo Ward, Gangnam Ward (Kameda district, Yokogoshi district, Oeyama district)
Shinanogawa Water Purification PlantKonan Ward OjigoyaPart of Chuo Ward, part of Nishi Ward, Gangnam Ward (Sonoki district, Ryokawa district)
Manganji Water Purification PlantManganji, Akiha WardAkiha Ward
Togashira water purification plantMinami Ward TogashiraAll over Minami Ward, Nishikan Ward (Garahigashi district, Nakanokuchi district)
Aoyama Water Purification PlantNishi-ku Aoyama SuidoPart of Chuo Ward (Niigata Island), part of Nishi Ward
Maki water purification plantNishikan Ward WashinokiNishi Ward (Yotsugoya), Nishikan Ward (Maki District, Nishikawa District, Iwamuro District)

All water distribution operations in areas other than those mentioned above are operated by the Niigata City Waterworks Bureau.

Sewer

Niigata City's sewage treatment population penetration rate is 86.0% (2014(As of the end of 26). Penetration rate is in urban areas, etc.SewerThe population of areas where facilities and village drainage facilities such as rural areas are maintained,Merged processing septic tankIt is based on the number of users of, and is ranked 30nd and lower in all 22 municipalities in Niigata prefecture.[14]..Of these, the sewerage treatment population penetration rate, which indicates the ratio of the population in the sewerage treatment area to the total population, is 83.4% (as of the end of the same fiscal year).

Niigata City's sewerage business1952(Showa 27) January, laterNiigata IslandMaintenance was started from the eastern part of the area (Funami processing area).1958From (Showa 33), the maintenance area was expanded as part of measures against land subsidence, and the Funami Sewage Treatment Plant became1964(39) Processing started in May, but in the same yearMay 6 OfNiigata earthquakeDue to the catastrophic damage, the restoration work of the Funami processing area1967(Showa 42) It extended to spring.

In addition to this Niigata earthquake, the maintenance cost of Niigata City increased due to the original location condition of soft ground, and the maintenance of the sewerage network was significantly delayed compared to other cities.The sewerage treatment area in the city area1970 eraUntil the second half, there is only Funami processing area,1979The sewage treatment population penetration rate in Niigata City (54) was 14.8%, which was far below the national average of 28.0% at that time.Toriya NogataIt caused problems such as serious water pollution.

In the old city area of ​​Niigata City and the later transfer city area1980Since (55), new construction of sewage treatment plants has progressed.Also in Niigata City1991(3), as a result of formulating the "3th Sewerage Development Five-Year Plan" aiming to increase the annual sewerage treatment population penetration rate by 7% and proceeding with sewerage development at a rapid pace, before the merger of 5 municipalities of2003The sewage treatment population penetration rate in (15) was 72.7%, which exceeded the national average of 66.7% at that time.[City 14].

However, there are still areas where sewerage development has not progressed in some of the incorporated city areas.In particular, the penetration rates of Minami Ward and Nishikan Ward are only around 30%, which is far below the national average.Since both areas are dotted with areas where it is difficult to improve the sewerage network, such as occupying a large amount of farmland, the city is also considering the introduction of village drainage facilities and merged treatment septic tanks to treat sewage throughout the city. The aims.

Sewerage treatment population penetration rate of 8 administrative districts in Niigata City (end of 2014)
Administrative districtAdministrative population (people)Sewerage treatment population (people)Penetration(%)
All over Niigata City801,270668,23383.4
Kita76,29055,33572.5
Higashi Ward138,435136,80298.8
Chuo-ku175,923172,13197.8
Konan ward69,30661,59888.9
Akiba77,97674,17995.1
South ward46,37016,43035.4
Nishi-ward157,168131,50583.7
Nishikan Ward59,80220,25333.9
Niigata prefecture as a whole
Sewerage treatment population penetration rate
  72.3
National average
Sewerage treatment population penetration rate

(End of 2014)
  77.6
Sewage treatment plant and treatment area
Name of facilityLocationSewerage treatment area in the city
Shimami Purification CenterKitaShimamichoKita Ward (part of the Minamihama area of ​​the Kita district)
Niigo River Purification Center
(Niigata Sewerage Corporation)[Note 2]
Kita Ward Nametokoro XNUMX-chomeKita Ward (entire area excluding Shimami Treatment Zone)
Niigata Purification Center
(Niigata Sewerage Corporation)
Higashi-ku Shitayama XNUMX-chomeEast Ward, Chuo Ward (part of East District), Gangnam Ward (Kameda District, Yokogoshi District, Oeyama District)
Funami sewage treatment plantXNUMX-chome, Funami-cho, Chuo-kuChuo Ward (eastern Niigata Island)
Central sewage treatment plantTaemon Nitta, Chuo-kuChuo Ward (entire area excluding Niigata and Funami processing areas), Gangnam Ward (Sonoki area, Ryokawa area)
Nishi Ward (Sakaiwa district, part of the West district)
Niitsu Purification Center
(Niigata Sewerage Corporation)
Akiha Ward Kodanouchi Onobi KaiAkiba
Shirane Central Purification CenterNegishi, Minami-kuMinami Ward (Shirone district)
Nishikawa Purification Center
(Niigata Sewerage Corporation)
Nishi-ku KasagiNishi Ward (entire area excluding Chubu Treatment Zone), Minami Ward (Friend District, Tsukigata District), Nishikan Ward

At the Chubu Sewage Treatment Plant2013(25)May 1Occurs during the processing processmethane gasIs operating a power generation system that uses the main component "sludge digestion gas" as fuel.It is the first power generation facility in Niigata Prefecture as a sewerage business, with an output of 560kW and an annual total power generation of about 440 million kWh (for about 1400 ordinary households), and can cover about 4% of the power consumption of the treatment plant.[15].

Processing facility

The waste treatment facilities under the jurisdiction of Niigata City are as follows.

Garbage disposal facility

Waste intermediate treatment facility

The following seven facilities are provided as facilities for intermediate treatment such as incineration, sorting, and crushing of waste.

Name of facilityLocationCollection area for burnable garbage (ordinary garbage)
Hoei Environmental Center
(Hoeikyo Cleaning Facility Processing Association)[Note 3]
Uranoiri, Kita-kuKita Ward (Toyosaka District)
Resource Recycling Center
(Echo Plaza)
Shimokido XNUMX-chome, Higashi-ku(Aggregation / sorting of oversized garbage, crushing / sorting of recyclable waste only)
Kameda Cleaning CenterKameda, Konan WardNorth Ward (North District), East Ward, Chuo Ward, Gangnam Ward
Niitsu Clean CenterAkiha Ward OguchiAkiha Ward (Niitsu District)
Shirane Green TowerUsui, Minami-kuAkiha Ward (Kosudo District), Minami Ward, Nishikan Ward (Nakanokuchi District)
(Waste accumulation / crushing / sorting only. Incineration work is carried out at Nitta Cleaning Center, etc.)
Nitta Cleaning CenterNishi-ku KasagiNishi Ward (excluding Yotsugoya)
Yoroigata Clean CenterNishikan Ward YoroigataNishi-ku (Yotsugoya), Nishikan-ku (excluding Nakanokuchi area)

Waste is incinerated at five facilities except the Resource Recycling Center and Shirane Green Tower.

Landfill site

Final landfill disposal of incineration ash, etc. is carried out at the following 5 facilities.

Name of facilityLocation
Municipal waste final disposal site Ekaedeen
(Hoeikyo Cleaning Facility Processing Association)
Kita Ward Maeshinden
Tayuhama landfill site (XNUMXrd term)Shimami-cho, Kita-ku
Kameda Third Landfill Disposal SiteKameda, Konan Ward
Fourth Akatsuka landfill siteNishi-ku Higashiyama
Fukui landfill siteFukui, Nishikan Ward

Human waste treatment facility

Treatment of human waste, septic tank sludge, etc. in the city area is carried out at the following four facilities.

Name of facilityLocationHuman waste / sludge carry-in area
Cleaning center and urine treatment plant
(Agakita Wide Area Association)[Note 4]
Agano City FunaiKita Ward (Toyosaka District)
Maihei Processing CenterHiraga, Konan WardThe entire city except the collection areas of Agakita, Niitsu, and Maki
Niitsu Purification Center
(Niigata Sewerage Corporation)
Akiha Ward Kodanouchi Onobi KaiAkiha Ward (Niitsu District)
Roll processing centerFukui, Nishikan WardAkiha Ward (Kosudo District), Minami Ward, Nishi Ward (Yotsugoya), Nishikan Ward

Foreign relations

Sister city/affiliated city

Overseas

The overseas sister cities are as follows.

sister city
Friendship city
Exchange agreement city
A city with friendly exchanges

As described above,Circular Sea of ​​JapanThere is a deep connection with the area, and on the information board in the cityEnglish,ChineseOthersKorean,RussianThe notation is conspicuous.Also,Circular Sea of ​​JapanBesides being a regionPort townBeing and soccerFIFA World CupThere is something in common, such as holding.

Niigata
Niigata
Khabarovsk
Khabarovsk
Vladivostok
Vladivostok
Birobidzhan
Birobidzhan
Harbin
Harbin
Ulsan
Ulsan
Location of Niigata City
Enlarged view of the area around Japan

Domestic

As of May 2015, Niigata City has no sister cities in Japan, but has signed cooperation agreements with many cities inside and outside the prefecture regarding administrative cooperation in the event of a disaster, tourist attraction, cultural exchange, etc. It is concluded.

Policy cooperation agreement
  • Joetsu ShinkansenRevitalization Alliance (Niigata Prefecture, Prefectural Assembly, 18 municipalities along and around the Joetsu Shinkansen, each municipal assembly, etc.)
  • Northern Kanto-Niigata Regional Cooperation Axis Promotion Council (Niigata City,Kamo City,Nagaoka,Kashiwazaki,Yuzawa Town5 cities and towns in the prefecture,Gunma7 municipalities,Tochigi5 municipalities,Ibaraki3 cities and towns)
Mutual support agreements in the event of a disaster have also been concluded with these 20 cities and towns.
  • Banetsu ExpresswayCity exchange conference along the railway line (Niigata Prefecture andFukushima16 cities and towns along the same road)
Disaster prevention cooperation agreement
  • Niigata prefecture
    • Neighboring municipalities mutual support agreement in the event of a disaster (Niigata City, Nagaoka City, Sanjo City, Shibata City, Kamo City, Tsubame City, Gosen City, Agano City, Sado City, Seiro Town, Yahiko Village, Tagami Town)
    1995Concluded on April 7, 4
    • Agreement on mutual support in the event of a disaster in the central regional municipalities of the prefecture (Niigata City, Sanjo City, Tsubame City, Kamo City, Nagaoka City, Tagami Town, Yahiko Village)
    1996(8) February 2, the former Iwamuro village concludes
  • Outside Niigata Prefecture
    • Mutual support agreement at the time of disaster
    KanagawaKawasaki City : 1969(Showa 44) Concluded on July 7
    SaitamaSaitama : 2014(26) Concluded on March 3
    GunmaMaebashi : Concluded on September 2014, 26
    GunmaTakasaki : Concluded on September 2014, 26
    EhimeSaijo City : 2015(27) Concluded on March 6
    2006Concluded on April 18, 4
    • 横 浜 市Agreement on mutual support in the event of a crisis in Niigata City
    2008Concluded on April 20, 2
    • Mutual Support Agreement for Disasters (56 cities and towns nationwide where oil bases are located)
    2011Concluded on April 23, 7
    2012Concluded on April 24, 10
    In March 20, the Tokyo Metropolitan Government and 2013 government-designated cities have signed a series of mutual support agreements between the civil welfare department and the hygiene department, which complement this agreement.
Tourism cooperation / cultural exchange agreement

Niigata City1858(Ansei5 years)US-Japan Amity and Trade TreatyBecame the first port opening in Japan, so-called "Opening Five PortsIs one ofNiigata PortHas, but1993(HeiseiFrom 5 years), government officials and civic groups from Hakodate, Yokohama, Kobe, and Nagasaki, which are the five cities that opened the port, will gather for the purpose of exchanging opinions and exchanging opinions on community development activities.Opening 5 cityscape town development meeting」を開催している。この会議は5都市が持ち回り制で各々5年おきに主催しており、新潟市は1997年(平成9年)、2002年(平成14年)、2007年(平成19年)、2012年(平成24年)に開催地となっている。また横浜市とは2006年(平成18年)、2008年(平成20年)夏の34th Summit of Major CountriesWe are jointly inviting the holding of (Summit).Both cities said that they would hold a summit meeting in Yokohama and a ministerial meeting in Niigata as the "Opening City Summit", but in the end the venue wasHokkaidoNext door (Hokkaido Toyako Summit), Labor Ministers' Meeting in Niigata, YokohamaAfrican Development ConferenceWas held respectively.

  • Flag of Niigata Prefecture.svgNiigata CitySado CityCustomer attraction cooperation agreement
    2008Concluded on April 20, 8
  • Flag of Fukushima Prefecture.svgAizuwakamatsu・ Niigata City Tourism Exchange Declaration
    2012(Heisei 24)May 7Conclusion
  • Flag of Gunma Prefecture.svgNiigata CityTakasakiTourism exchange cooperation agreement
  • Opening 5 cities cooperation (Niigata City,Hakodate,Yokohama,Kobe City,Nagasaki)
    1993Jointly implemented an exchange project from (5) (details mentioned above)
  • Flag of Kyoto Prefecture.svgKyoto City・ Niigata City Tourism and Cultural Exchange Declaration
    2013(Heisei 25)May 3Conclusion[16]
  • Thousand Wind Summit (Niigata City,Nanae Town, Saijo City)
    2009(21)May 2Declaration
Domestic friendship cities in the transfer city area

The four towns and villages included in the transfer city area in 2005 had sister cities with cities, towns and villages in various parts of the country, but after the merger, they were incorporated as part of the city's exchange promotion project and inherited as an exchange project for each district. ing.

What was Yokogoshi Village at that time?1961(Showa 36) Deepened exchanges triggered by the youth class exchange party held in February, and officially signed as a sister village in 2.Even today, when Yokogoshi Town became the town after the town system came into effect, and the Yokogoshi district in Konan Ward after the merger and transition to an ordinance-designated city, exchange projects are still ongoing.
From the connection of the local government name "Tsukigata", which is the same as Tsukigata Village at that time1990Mutual exchange started in 2, and friendship sister towns and villages were concluded in 1992.Even after the merger, exchange projects such as child exchange are still being implemented.
What was Ajikata Village at that time?Shirone Giant Kite Battle, Samani Town is the "Hokkaido Great Kite Festival" and the kite festival is held together.1991Exchange started in 3 and signed a sister city in 1995.The exchange business continues even after the merger.
We started exchanges in honor of "Tsurukame", which is a combination of the town names of both towns, and declared "Tsurukame Friendship City" in 2001.The name of the local government disappeared due to the merger of both towns later, but the exchange business is still ongoing.

International organization

Consulate

Consulate General
Honorary Consulate
  • French flag In NiigataFranceHonorary Consulate
  • Mongolia flag In NiigataMongoliaHonorary Consulate

Economy

Niigata City's gross domestic product is2 billion yen(18).In the city areaPaddy fieldThere are many cultivated lands such as, but theyPrimary industryThe ratio of rice is about 1%, which is low, but the production of riceTulipCultivation is the best municipality in Japan.[17] Tertiary industryOccupies about 8% of the total, thenSecondary industryOccupies about 2%.

Gross domestic product in the city[18]
ItemReal number
(XNUMX million yen)
Composition ratio
(%)
Compared to the previous year
Rate of increase
(%)
Gross domestic product in the city
29,682-△ 1.7
Production value by industry classification
30,755-△ 1.7
Primary industry4201.4△ 8.2
Secondary industry5,35817.4△ 2.3
Tertiary industry24,97881.2△ 1.5

Commercial

Major companies headquartered in Niigata

Only companies that are expanding nationwide are listed.

Mass media

Newspaper / communication

Newspaper company

TV station

Terrestrial television station

Cable tv station

Radio station

Radio stations

Education

school education

Lifelong learning / social education facility

Transportation

Niigata City and its surroundingsHonshuSea of ​​JapanOn the sideTransportation nodeIt is responsible for the function as.On the railroadJR East OfJoetsu ShinkansenIncluding the Joetsu region and Chuetsu region in Niigata prefecture,Tohoku regionAnd so onConventional line OfLimited express-Rapid trainIs in operation.In road traffichighwayIs centered around Niigata CityHokuriku Expressway,Banetsu Expressway,Sea of ​​Japan Tohoku ExpresswaySpreads radially,Express BusThe route network connects major cities inside and outside the prefecture.In particular, the highway bus routes of the prefecture lines are operated frequently, taking advantage of direct access to downtown areas and major facilities in the city center.Furthermore, general roads such as national roads and prefectural roads also pass through the suburbs.Bypass roadThe network is well developed and plays a major role in transportation to and from the city and between cities.Niigata AirportHas a route network in Japan and overseas,Niigata PortAs a key point of maritime transportationInternational base port,Core international portOf the above, it is designated as a comprehensive base port.

空港

Higashi WardAgano RiverLocated on the left bank of the estuaryNiigata AirportFrom, routes connecting domestic cities and East Asian cities are in service.It is located about 25 minutes by bus from Niigata Station, and is relatively easy to access from the city.

In Niigata Prefecture and Niigata City, we are promoting revitalization measures to improve the convenience of the airport, such as expanding the route network for domestic and international flights, improving access to the airport from both inside and outside the prefecture, and activating air freight transportation. I'm doing it.

Train

道路

Port

In the city area1858 OfUS-Japan Amity and Trade TreatyWas designated as one of the five open portsNiigata PortIt is one of the key points of maritime transportation on the Sea of ​​Japan side of Honshu.Specific port,Specific important port, The only port on the Sea of ​​Japan sideCore international portIn addition to being designated as one of the five comprehensive base ports nationwide, it is also designated as a base port for two sectors, international marine containers and liquefied natural gas, by sector.

There are two ports in Niigata: the West Port Ward (Niigata West Port), which is a river mouth port that covers both banks of the Shinano River in Chuo Ward and East Ward, and the East Port Ward (Niigata East Port), which is a digging port that straddles Seiro Town, Kitakambara District, Kita Ward. It consists of a port area.Donggang District has an international marine container terminal with the largest number of containers handled on the Sea of ​​Japan side of Honshu, and Xigang District hasSado Steamship,Shin Nihonkai FerrySado / Hokkaido / Tsuruga routes depart and arrive.

Tourism

Number of tourists in Niigata City
Total1,862 million people
Sightseeing spotNATURE54 million people
History/culture372 million people
Hot spring / health100 million people
Sports and recreation127 million people
Urban tourism483 million people
Other45 million people
Events / Events682 million people

The number of tourists in Niigata City isAbout 1,862 million people(2017 (29)[19]), And attracting customers through urban tourism and festivals and events accounts for 6% of the total.In addition, about 61% of the number of tourists in the Shimoetsu area of ​​Niigata prefecture, and about 26% of Niigata prefecture as a whole.[19][City 15].

The main tourist destinations in Niigata City are related to the portNiigata Island,Shinano RiverIn addition to being concentrated in the surrounding area, things related to agriculture and nature are scattered in the plains.Regarding tourism resources other than cultural properties and famous places described below, "Niigata City Education #Museum""Niigata City Education #Museum""Niigata City Education # Animal and Botanical Garden""#Sport""#cultureSee.

Wide area cooperation

For wide-area cooperation on tourism with cities inside and outside the prefecture, see "#Tourism cooperation / cultural exchange agreementSee.

Cultural property

A nationally designated cultural property in Niigata City

Important cultural property
Important Tangible Folk Cultural Property
  • Kotohira Shrine dedication model Japanese boat
Natural treasure

Main tourism resources

Events / Events

Urban tourism

History/culture

Hot spring / health

Hot springs and recreation facilities

NATURE

Sports and recreation

amusement park

Once in the city limitsamusement parkThere were several, but none of them existed, and the nearest amusement park is in Agano City.Suntopia worldWill be.Formerly Terao, Nishi-ku (later Nishikan-ku)EchizenhamaMoved to)Niigata Amusement Park, "Toyanoen Family Land" in Nagata, Chuo-ku, and "Shumoku" in Shumoku, Chuo-ku.Toya's Lakeland, Yachiyo, the same wardBandai CityIndoor amusement park "Niigata"Joypolis”, But all of them have already been closed.After the park closed, most of Terao's old garden in Niigata Amusement Park was earned by the city, and it became "Terao Central Park" which used some of the former facilities such as tulip garden and rose garden as it is. LakelandNiigata Industrial Promotion CenterIt became a temporary parking lot, and Joypolis was converted into a commercial facility.Billboard Place 2".On the other handOil shockThe site of Family Land, which was closed due to the influence of such factors, has been converted into a residential land, and there are almost no traces of the past.

Other

culture

Niigata Town in the Edo periodKitamaebuneCulture flowed in and music entertainment prospered due to traffic such as[21]..Among them, Bon Odori is said to have continued to dance for nearly a week, and was the first to dance in 1843 (Tenpo 14).Niigata BugyoWas appointed toKawamura NagatakaHas drawn the situation as a picture scroll of "Hand gestures of amateurs".MeijiThe festival disappeared due to the festival ban, but it is still today.traditional cultureCultural activities centered on dance, including the above, are actively carried out.In Niigata City, "Niigata City Cultural Creation Exchange City VisionIs being formulated.

Festivals and events

A festival held in the Furumachi and Mandai districts of Chuo Ward in early August.Sumiyoshi Festival, River Opening, Port Opening Memorial Festival, Commerce and Industry Festival1955It was integrated in (30).
A festival held in Nagaminemachi, Chuo-ku in late June.It is considered to be one of the three major Takamachi cities in Niigata.
A festival held in the Kuzutsuka district of Kita Ward in early September.
Other major festivals
  • Numadare Festival
  • Matsuhama Festival
  • Akatsuka Festival
  • Kurosaki Festival
  • Yamashita Shinmeigu Autumn Festival
  • Niitsu Festival
  • Kosudo Festival
  • Nishikawa Festival
  • Tsukigata Festival

Traditional crafts

traditional culture

Local performing arts
There are various folk performing arts in Niigata City, and their fields aredrum,Woodworking, Sixth floor, etc.
Chuo-kuFurimachi areaAn accompaniment method such as a dance using wooden barrels that is handed down to.
A folk performing art of creative Japanese drums handed down in Chuo Ward.Niigata FestivalIt is played at.
South wardTsukigataStreet performance, which is said to have occurred in the Edo period, has become a folk performing art.It is performed every year at the Tsukigata Festival in June.
  • Sekiya XNUMXth floor
A song that is handed down to the residents of the Sekiya Dankuro district.It is said that about 120 years ago, the residents of Sekiya went to Toyano's Bon Odori dance, and finished it in a very mellow tone with reference to the Toyano XNUMXth floor section that they learned there.[22].
  • Swamp tree
It is sung at the Nuttari Festival, which is a festival of the Nuttarihakusan Shrine. It has a history of more than 300 years and will be shown on New Year's Eve in addition to the Numadare Festival.[23].
  • Matsuhama Taiko
A creative drum made in the Matsuhama area (51) for the purpose of regional promotion.The rhythm of the brave drums expresses the rich natural scenery such as the four seasons of the Agano River, and is shown at the Matsuhama Festival.[24].
  • Under the mountain
It is sung at festivals at Yamashita Shinmeigu Shrine and at weddings and other celebrations.It is said that it was reported that the fallen warriors of Kaga fell and settled in Echigo.[24].
  • Oiwa Manto Oshiai
  • Kameda Kiyori
  • Kameda's sword
  • Fukurozu lantern push
  • Peep Karakuri
Folk song
For folk songs transmitted in Niigata cityVery phrase,Oiwake, Matsuzaka, etc.
  • Echigo Oiwake
Introduced from Shinshu, some of the lyrics sing about the sea.According to one theory, the origin is the boatman's song in the Uonuma region.[24].
  • Niigata Kouta
1929In commemoration of the opening of the third generation Bandai Bridge in (Showa 4), it was commissioned by Niigata Shimbun.Kitahara White AutumnIs the lyrics,Machida YoshiakiIs composed.
  • Niigata Matsusaka
It is sung at the celebration table as a celebration song.It develops in XNUMX tones, and the musical accompaniment says "MedetaiMedetai".[23].
  • Niigata Boat Section
  • Niigata Port Ondo
  • Niigata Port Dance
Shinto music
Handed down in Niigata cityShinto musicThere are the following 13 types.
* Source[25]
Noh

The oldest record of Noh in Niigata City is the third feudal lord of the Nagaoka domain.Tadatoki Makino 1715It is said that during the Niigata tour (5th year of Shotoku), the performance was held twice at Hakusan Shrine on April 4th and 25th.[26]..Noh was considered to be a samurai martial art, so there were few enthusiasts in Niigata, which is not a castle town. Allegedly received[26].

The history of the Hosho style in Niigata1857It begins with the "Niigata Warakukai" organized by Gosaku Ishitsuki in (4th year of Ansei).Warakukai1907The name was changed to "Niigata Noh Theater" in (Meiji 40), but after the war1966In (Showa 41), the position was handed over to the "Niigata Hoshokai".[27].
The Kanze school in Niigata1923(Taisho 12) Governor of Niigata Prefecture in JuneShinzo OharaBegins with inviting a Noh performer, Hikosaku Kawamoto.After that1924When Kawamoto's business trip training began in (Taisho 13), many Niigata Prefectural Government employees and office workers in the city participated.[28]..Gradually formed one group and developed into "Niigata Kyusaikai"[28].
Japanese dance

At the end of the Tokugawa shogunate, the third generation Ichiyama Shijuro visited Niigata to spread the style of Japanese dance in Niigata City, and in 2, the third generation Iemoto, a disciple from Niigata. It begins with the succession of.After that, after Fujima Kofuji, who became a Natori of the Fujima style in 1866, returned home in 1912.[29], Ichiyama style and Fujima style became representative schools in Niigata[30]..After the war, other schools such as Bando school and Hanayagi school started their activities.1947Niigata City Japanese Dance Association was established in 22.[30].1951In (Showa 26), the Niigata City Performing Arts Association was established and blended into the general public.[30]..The following schools are active in Niigata City.

It begins in 2 when Ichiyama 1866th, a disciple from Niigata, succeeded the third generation Iemoto.
It begins when Kofuji Fujima returned home in 3.
Katsuhiro Bando from Niigata City was born in 19.1944) Was evacuated from Tokyo to Niigata, where the air raids became fierce, and the rehearsal hall was opened.[31].
Showa 26 after the end of the war1951), Toshinoi Hanayagi opened a rehearsal hall at Yamanoshita Rinkaiso, which was a repatriation dormitory at that time.[32].
  • Orthodox Wakayanagi style
Kisuki Wakayanagi, who was instructing dance in Tokyo in 26, moved to Niigata due to marriage.Beginning with the opening of a rehearsal hall in Honchodori 1951 Bancho[33].
  • Azuma style
Showa 28 (1953), Azuma Haru Ritsu started the Niigata Haru Ritsukai on Higashibori Dori[34]..39 (Showa XNUMX)1964) Moved to Ariakeohashicho[34].
  • Nishizaki style
It begins with Miyuki Nishizaki holding a Miyukikai at the Koshisa Autonomous Hall in 28.[35].

Entertainment

ダンス
NoismIs the aboveNiigata City Performing Arts CenterAs an exclusive dance company of (Ryutopia)2004Inaugurated in 16, it is a stage director / dancerJo KanamoriIs a comprehensive producer.It consists of Noism1 of the main company, which was established in the same year, and Noism2 of the trainee company.
The purpose is to promote the culture of Niigata City through the creation of dance art works and performances not only in Niigata but also in Japan and around the world.This is the only example in Japan where a public facility owns an exclusive arts organization. Noism's operating funds are allocated to the operating budget of the Niigata City Arts and Culture Promotion Foundation, which is an affiliated organization of the city, and sponsorship from the private sector such as corporations and individuals.
Local idol
In 2003, the brilliant period of local idolsNegiccoWas formed.AKB48Based in Niigata City since 2011, when the popularity of the theater has grown nationwide, it has its own theater.RYUTist,Angel Generation, AKB57's sister group in 2015 after SLC48 was formedNGT48Was formed.

Kayanagi world

Founded in Osaka in the middle of the Edo period in Chuo WardIchiyama styleDanceTaruDance with accompaniment such asFurumachi GeikoIs still there.

This is the old pre-Meiji eraPort townNiigata Town (Furumachi), But deal with the sailors who gather at the portPlaygroundIt begins with prosperity.With Yukaku after the Meiji eraFlower StreetIs split,GeishaEntertain customers only by performing artsFurumachi (Hanagai)Is formed and continues to the present.

Music

Western music in Niigata City1871(Meiji 4)Gunma Normal SchoolからNiigata High School for GirlsMasanao Saito, who was assigned to1919It begins with the establishment of the Kisaragikai Music Research Institute in (Taisho 8).[36]. After that1924In (Taisho 13), Niigata Prefecture's first mixed chorus "Kisaragi Chorus" was established.1931The orchestra "Niigata Symphony Orchestra" was established in (Showa 6).

Orchestra
  • Niigata Symphony Orchestra
Established in the fall of 1931 (Showa 6) by Akira Matsuki, Tetsuo Nakamura, and Heiji Kuwahara.
  • Niigata University Orchestra
The predecessor "Niigata Medical University Music Club" begins with the first concert in 1927 (Showa 2).
Brass band
  • Niigata Wind Orchestra
  • Niigata Citizen's Wind Orchestra
chorus
The chorus in Niigata City begins with the formation of two choruses, male and female, at the Kisaragikai Music Research Institute, which was established in 1919 (Taisho 8).[37]..After that, in 1924 (Taisho 13), Niigata Prefecture's first mixed chorus "Kisaragi Chorus" was established at the request of peacetime at the mountainside.[37]..Before and during the war, in Niigata City, the chorus was sung in detail at only one or two workplaces, but after the war the activity became widespread.1947From (Showa 22)1948Around (Showa 23), more than 30 groups were formed, centered on the "Job Case Chorus".
light music
Indie live performances were held at a live house in Niigata City in 2009.HilcrhymeIs producing.

Hall live house

Operated by prefectures, cities and affiliated organizations within the city limitsholeThere are facilities, especially in Chuo WardHakusan ParkThere are 3 public halls concentrated in the area.Also1980 eraAfter that, in Chuo Ward etc.live houseHave opened one after another and are widely used for concerts and various events.

Movie theater

Once in the current city areaMovie theaterIs the Chuo Ward of the city centerFurumachiIt was located in the suburbs such as Kameda district in Konan Ward, Niitsu district in Akiha Ward, Uchino district in Nishi Ward, and Maki district in Nishikan Ward.However, in suburban movie theaters, the movie industry has become noticeably slanted.1960 eraFrom the latter half of the year, the movie theaters were gradually closed, and the movie theaters in the center were also aging and attracting customers.1980 eraIt was closed one after another.Instead1990 eraFrom the middle stageCinema complexHas advanced a lot.Currently, a total of 4 buildings, including 1 major cinema multiplex buildings and 5 single-building system, are in operation.

Specialty/Special product

Specialty dishes
Specialty goods
liqueur
Sake
The following 15 brands of sake are produced in Niigata City, and every March is a local sake tasting event.Niigata Tanrei Niigata Sake TeamWill be held.
  • Tsuruno Tomo
  • Koshiji snowstorm
  • Denemon
  • Koshino Umeri
  • Hachitoyo Koshino
  • Baoshan
  • Mineno Shiraume
  • Echigo Tsurugame
  • Bamboo celebration
  • Yukinomaboroshi
beer
In Nishikan Ward, Niigata City, local beer production began in the 90s, and the "Niigata Craft Beer Team", a local beer tasting event, is held every year.The following two brands are produced in Niigata City.
Wine
In Nishikan Ward, Niigata City, wine production began in the 90s, just like craft beer, and the number of wineries increased in the 2010s.There are four brands of wine produced in Niigata City.

Sports

Professional sports team

OUR TEAMTypeleagueArenaEstablishmentNumber of wins
Albirex Niigataサ ッ カ ーJ LeagueNiigata Stadium1955
Niigata Albirex BBbasketballB LeagueAore Nagaoka2000
Niigata Albirex BCbaseballIndependent League/BC League:Joshinetsu districtNiigata Prefectural Baseball Stadium2006Independent league GC 1 time, BC league victory 1 time
  • Albirex Niigata's main training centers areSeiromachiHowever, all official games will be held in Chuo-ku, the city.
  • Niigata Albirex BC training camps and other basesNagaokaHowever, the head office registration is in Chuo Ward.Home games are held around two games a month in the city.

2001Completed in (13)Niigata Stadium(DenkaBig Swan Stadium) is a J LeagueAlbirex NiigataHome stadium.2002In (14)2002 FIFA World CupIt became the venue for the event, and three games were held, including the opening game on the Japanese side.Since thenJ League All Star SoccerAnd Japan national team games are held, and various events such as athletics and sports such as rugby are held in addition to soccer.

また2009Completed in (21)Niigata Prefectural Baseball Stadium(HARD OFF ECO Stadium Niigata) was completed after about 20 years of twists and turns from the construction concept.baseball Groundso,BC League-Niigata Albirex BCHolds home games once or twice a month.Also after the same yearProfessional baseballIn addition to the official game being held2010In (22)All star gamesRound 2 was held.The All-Star Game was held in a city on the Sea of ​​Japan side of Honshu1996(8)ToyamaThe second place after.

Amateur sports team

Ball skills

baseball
In Niigata City from before the warGrass baseballThe "early wake-up baseball tournament", which is held every year mainly in the old city area sponsored by the city, is one of the largest in Japan.This early-wake baseball originated from the spread of practice from early morning among grass baseball teams in the city in order not to interfere with work or school.1964In the wake of the Niigata earthquake (39), the government worked on the operation.1966The first tournament was held in (Showa 41), and 1 teams participated in it, which was also touted as a "symbol of reconstruction."Peak1981(Showa 56), 944 teams, about 19,000 people participated.This amounted to nearly 22% of the city's male population (about 1) at that time.In recent years, the number of teams has decreased to around 200, but according to data from the All Japan Early Bird Baseball Association, the number of participating teams is the highest among the 28 prefectures nationwide (18 cities where early rising baseball is not played). Except for Tokyo, where there is no data for the 23 wards).In addition, since there are baseball stadiums and grounds with lighting equipment in Kita Ward, Akiha Ward, Minami Ward, Nishikan Ward, etc., grass baseball tournaments in these administrative districts are held in a combination of early morning and night games. ing.Besides thishigh school baseball,Adult baseballSuch asAmateur baseballIs performed.

Animal sports

Frisbee dog
Niigata is the birthplace of Frisbee dogs in Japan.JFA Japan Football Association Is also based in the city, and many tournaments sponsored by the association are held.

Sports competition

Annual sports competition

Sports competitions held in the past

Sports Facilities

Niigata Stadium and Prefectural Baseball Stadium are located in Seigoro and Nagata, Chuo-kuNiigata Sports ParkIt is located in the garden of.The park will be held in the fall of 2009 (Heisei 21)National Athletic Meet"Tokimeki Niigata National Athletic Meet"WhenNational disabled sports meet"Tokimeki Niigata Tournament11 competitions were held in various parts of the city at the National Athletic Meet and the National Athletic Meet.

In addition to the prefectural baseball stadium mentioned above, in the city areaBaseballThere are 6 city-owned baseball stadiums that can be used in.Of these, the old city area is located in Meikeminami, Chuo-ku.Toriyano Sports Park Baseball FieldAnd Nishi-ku KobariNiigata City Kobari Baseball FieldThere are two stadiums, both of which are over 2 years old and are aging.In the city, as part of the merger construction plan of the incorporated city area, we are proceeding with a new baseball stadium maintenance project at two locations in Itai, Nishi-ku (Kurosaki district).Midori to Mori Athletic Park Baseball Field The2011From summer, Niigata City Shirane Baseball Stadium in Maki, Minami-ku (Shirone district)2013It has been in service since April.

Located in Shumoku, Chuo-kuNiigata City Ice Arena(Asahi Alex Ice Arena)2014(26)May 2Indoor type with links to international competition standards that opened inSkating rinkIs. In the 1980s, there were two skating rinks in the city at one time, but it was the only facility in Minamisasaguchi, Chuo-ku.Niigata Ice Link 2003Since it was closed in 15, it has been in the Shimoetsu region.ice skateAthletesKashiwazaki,Joetsu CityIn addition to the winter skating rink located in Tokyo, the situation has long been forced to visit facilities that are open all year round outside the prefecture in search of a practice environment during the off-season.In Niigata City, in response to requests from citizens and athletes, in the fall of 2011, in Shumoku, Chuo-kuNiigata City HospitalThe ice arena maintenance project was started with the city-owned land adjacent to the site as the construction site, and was completed in January 2014.The DBO method is used for the project, which entrusts the design, construction, completion and operation management of the facility to a private company.

Other

  • Kita
    • Niigata City Hoei Minami Sports Park (baseball field, indoor gateball field, multipurpose ground)
    • Niigata City Hoei Budokan
  • Higashi Ward
    • Niigata City Chuchiku Undo Park (Garden Stadium / Gateball Stadium)
    • Niigata City Garden Stadium (Tennis Garden Niigata)
  • Chuo-ku
  • Konan ward
    • Kameda Fureai Dome, Niigata City
    • Niigata City Kawane Park Ground
  • Akiba
    • Niigata City Niitsu Budokan
    • Niigata City Kosudo Jukuken Dojo
    • Niitsu Clay Shooting Range
    • Niitsu Country Club
  • Nishi-ward
  • Nishikan Ward
    • Niigata Golf Club
    • Shooting range

Origin/related celebrities

Honorary citizen

1950May 11, Honorary citizenship ordinance passed by regular city council[38]..The system was launched the following year.

Works set in Niigata City

Sing Kenki OwadaThe lyrics "Railway songIn the 4th Hokuriku edition, Niigata is sung with the number 5 divided.It seems to be related to the fact that the city on the Sea of ​​Japan side was certified as one of the five designated ports to open under the Japan-US Treaty of Amity and Commerce and prospered greatly.When the song was written,Niigata StationDoes not exist,Numazuru StationWas the terminal here.

  • 42.Maple is Niitsu Akihayama Sakura is Kameda Tsushinji Don't forget your baggage Umbrella bag
  • 43.The bridge over the Shinano River is the name of Mandai, and the length is more than four hundred.
  • 44.The other side of the river is Niigata City. If you look at the bridge that makes the water flow well, there are about XNUMX.
  • 45.Hakusan Park in spring Plum cherry blossoms in one place Cool in summer Hiyoriyama Sea bream vine boat is also in front of you
  • 46.The eaves of merchant houses are one of the five ports, and the eaves of merchant houses are a big city with tens of thousands of houses.

movies

Novel

Picture book

Comic

  • Abu-san(1973) (Author:Mizushima Shinji..Publisher: Shogakukan)
  • Every time (1980) (Author:Rumiko Takahashi..Publisher: Shogakukan) (The scene of the Bandai Exit of Niigata Station was confirmed in the episode of returning home with Kyoko in the hometown of the character Yuusaku Godai.)
  • Yanagito Monogatari (2007) (Original: Ryo Kurashina Drawing: Issaku Wake. Publisher: Nihon Bungeisha)

ア ニ メ ー シ ョ ン

  • Gatchaman Crouse Insight(2015) (Some episodes are set in Niigata City.)
  • Idol incident(2017) (The second half of the first episode is set in Niigata City, and one of the characters, Hoshina Natsutsuki's concertNiigata StationIt was held on a special stage at Bandai Exit. )

Song

footnote

[How to use footnotes]

注 釈

  1. ^ A water supply business organization consisting of 2 cities and 1 town, Niigata City, Shibata City, and Seiro Town.A total of four organizations, including Meiwa Kogyo, are participating as water receiving organizations in addition to the three local governments mentioned above.
  2. ^ A public interest incorporated foundation in which Niigata Prefecture owns 50% and basin municipalities own 50%.
  3. ^ It consists of 1 city and 1 town of Niigata City and Seiro Town.
  4. ^ It consists of two cities, Niigata City and Agano City.

Source

City announcement

Other

  1. ^ Niigata Prefectural History Committee 2010
  2. ^ Kadokawa place name 15
  3. ^ Image color of 8 wards(Niigata City Policy Planning DepartmentCity promotionPromotion Division)
  4. ^ "City of Choice Niigata City-Wiz Corona Post-Corona Era Town Development-”. Niigata City (March 2021). 2021/2/27Browse.
  5. ^ Niigata City Dori 2
  6. ^ "Document 1 Central city area related data collection". 21 Niigata City Machinaka Regeneration Headquarters Interim ReportNiigata City. 2021/2/27Browse.
  7. ^ Municipalities as seen in statistics 2018 B Natural Environment-Statistics Bureau
  8. ^ Okamura Osamu "Regional Differences in Regular Market Network in Niigata Prefecture-Through Analysis of Ichikake Behavior-Human Geography, Vol. 41, 1989, pp. 216-236, two:10.4200 / jjhg1948.41.216.
  9. ^ a b c d e Ayumi
  10. ^ The day when Niigata became a ghost town."Atomic bomb evacuation" ordered by the governor | HuffPost
  11. ^ Niigata Prefectural Office: Structural Reform Special Zone / Regional Revitalization in Niigata Prefecture: Special Zone / Regional Revitalization Plan in Niigata Prefecture
  12. ^ List of main financial indicators of local governments in 24, Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications.
  13. ^ Niigata City Assembly September 17 Regular Meeting Plenary Session-September 9-09
  14. ^ End of 26 Niigata Prefecture Sewage Treatment Population Penetration Rate --Niigata Prefecture (Updated December 2015, 9) Retrieved July 17, 2016
  15. ^ Use of "digestion gas" Power generation facility operates --Niigata Nippo (Web version dated January 2013, 1) Retrieved February 29, 2
  16. ^ Kyoto City: Signing of "Kyoto City / Niigata City Tourism and Cultural Exchange Declaration"
  17. ^ "My Town Is the Best in Japan" New Discovery Compared to Municipalities, PHP Research Institute, page 28
  18. ^ 18 data, from Niigata City General Affairs Department "Niigata City Accounts"
  19. ^ a b "29 Niigata Prefecture Tourism Visitor Statistics p.42”. Niigata Prefecture. 2019/1/11Browse.
  20. ^ Minami Ward Tourism Pamphlet - Wayback machine(January 2019, 1 archive) --Niigata City Minami Ward Tourism Association
  21. ^ Niigata Ongei, p.987
  22. ^ Niigata 1998, p.70
  23. ^ a b Niigata 1998, p.69
  24. ^ a b c Niigata 1998, p.68
  25. ^ Traditional performing arts information North Kanto / Niigata regional cooperation axis
  26. ^ a b Niigata Ongei, p.149
  27. ^ Niigata Ongei, p.188
  28. ^ a b Niigata Ongei, p.101
  29. ^ Fujimura, p.150
  30. ^ a b c Niigata Ongei, p.381
  31. ^ Niigata Ongei, p.411
  32. ^ Niigata Ongei, p.413
  33. ^ Niigata Ongei, p.423
  34. ^ a b Niigata Ongei, p.415
  35. ^ Niigata Ongei, p.419
  36. ^ Niigata Ongei, p.45
  37. ^ a b Niigata Ongei, p.759
  38. ^ "Honorary citizenship in Niigata City" "Nikkei" December 25, 12, page 1

References

  • Niigata Prefecture History Editorial Committee to Know "History of Niigata Prefecture to Know" Niigata Daily, March 2010.ISBN 978-4861323720.
  • Kadokawa Japan Geographic Names Dictionary Compilation Committee "Kadokawa Japanese Place Name Dictionary 15 Niigata Prefecture" Kadokawa Shoten Co., Ltd., October 1989, 10.ISBN 4-04-001150-3.
  • "History of Niigata City 2 Modern Period" Niigata City, January 1997, 1.
  • "Ayumi of Niigata City (Pamphlet) Archived by WayBack Machine”. Niigata City (March 2007). 2013/11/11Browse.Revised in 2009
  • "History of Music Entertainment in Niigata City" Niigata City Music Entertainment Association, November 1977, 11.
  • Makoto Fujimura "Hanamachi in Niigata-The Story of Furumachi Geiko"Niigata DailyBusiness company, July 2011, 7.ISBN 978-4-86132-456-7.
  • "Beautiful Niigata-Recap", Public Relations Division, General Affairs Department, General Affairs Bureau, Niigata City, March 1998.

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