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😷 | Is Japan an order of magnitude?Anaphylaxis of vaccination Anxious side reaction of "final weapon" to seal new corona


Photo New corona vaccine made by Pfizer, USA (Getty = joint)

Is Japan an order of magnitude?Anaphylaxis of vaccination Anxious side reaction of "final weapon" to seal new corona

 
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Seiji Kojima, Professor Emeritus of Nagoya University, who is familiar with gene therapy, said, "Research on mRNA vaccines has been underway in various countries around the world since the 2000s, and methods for producing vaccines for cancer treatment and deca fever have been almost established. The outbreak of the new corona "supported research on mRNA vaccines," he said.
 

A vaccine that is expected to be the "ultimate weapon" that suppresses the new coronavirus infection.In February, the genetic material is used in Japan ... → Continue reading

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Honorary professor

Honorary professor(Meiyokyoju, professor emeritus / emeritus professor) is a domestic lawUniversity(Junior collegeincluding),College of technologyTo higher education institutions such as教授And so onDutyAwarded to those who have made achievementstitle[1]..Legally and internationally recognizedHonorary titleIsAcademic titleone of[2].JapanThen.School education lawThere is a rationale for that[Annotation 1][3], Each university orCollege of technologyAwarded according to the rules and regulations of.

Overview

JapaneseSchool education law"A university is a person who has worked as a president, vice president, dean, professor, associate professor, or lecturer at the university, and for those who have made special achievements in education or research, as determined by the university. , The title of Professor Emeritus can be awarded ”(Act No. 19, Chapter 6, Article 27, June 98, 9), and that provision also applies mutatis mutandis to colleges of technology (the law). Article 106).According to this regulationUniversity(Junior collegeIncluding) andCollege of technologyTo the university or college of technologyPresident-head teacher,Vice-president,Dean,教授,Associate professororlecturerWho worked asEducationOn orResearchAbove, the title of emeritus professor may be awarded to those who have made special achievements, as determined by the university or college of technology.

The title of Professor Emeritus isretirementLater, it will be awarded by retired universities (including junior colleges) and colleges of technology.There is no stipulation on the number of years of enrollment, but in many cases, the rules of each educational institution independently determine the principle of the number of years of affiliation to receive the title of emeritus professor.

  • In the past, students had to belong to a university, junior college, or college of technology that received the title of Professor Emeritus for a certain number of years (more than 5 years), but this provision was deleted by the revision of the School Education Law.
  • Associate professor or lecturer (in honorary professor title)specialized teacher) Depends on the rules for awarding emeritus professor titles at each educational institution.Specifically, there are cases where the period of an associate professor or lecturer is not included in the calculation, or the period of an associate professor or lecturer is calculated as half of the period of enrollment as a professor.For example, at the University of Tokyo, "Retired after 2 years or more as the president or professor of the University of Tokyo (hereinafter referred to as" the University of Tokyo "). "[4] Therefore, the period of associate professors and lecturers is not included in the calculation.On the other hand, at Osaka University, the basic rule is "working as a professor for more than 15 years (Article 2)", and "two-thirds of the years worked as an associate professor or full-time lecturer are added to the number of years worked in Article 3 (Article 2). Article 2) "[5].
  • However, even if the period of enrollment is less than the number of years of this principle, outstanding achievements in education and research (for example, the university concerned)PresidentOrNobel PrizeIf there is a global award such as), the title of emeritus professor may be awarded at the discretion of the educational institution.

Professor EmeritusJobNot a "title".Therefore, there are no job obligations or wages associated with the emeritus professor title.Of course, the emeritus professor is not a full-time jobVisiting ProfessorOr a part-time lecturer (part-time lecturer) or an officerDirectorIt is not prevented that the university is appointed again.For some educational institutions, for emeritus professorsLaboratoryAnd "Emeritus Professor's Office"[Annotation 2] However, some institutions do not take such measures.In addition, the research university treats the emeritus professor as an unpaid researcher for a lifetime.Ministry of education-Japan Society for the Promotion of Science OfGrant-in-Aid for Scientific ResearchIn many cases, the right to apply for research grants such as these and receive research funds will continue.

The "honorary professor" awarded by a foreign university is one of the honorary titles awarded to researchers with internationally recognized achievements.Since it is an honorary title, it may be awarded regardless of educational background or work history, and in this respect, it differs from the Japanese emeritus professor who stipulates that the award be given with retirees in mind.In particular, the honorary professor in the German and Central European systems is a job in which an off-campus practitioner is invited as a side job to a university faculty member.In this case, it is necessary to have the same achievements as a regular professor when taking office, and if you apply even after retirement, you can be called a professor.In countries with this system, "professor emeritus" as an honorary title that is not based on educational background is separately called Ehren professor.In foreign countries, when a professor who has a lifetime employment right retires at the mandatory retirement age, the title of professor emeritus / emeritus professor (retired professor) may be given to facilitate research, education, and social life. It is the title closest to the current emeritus professor in Japan.

Professor Emeritus of Civil College

Ministry CollegeIn, the title of "Professor Emeritus of XX University" with the name of the university establishes the university.Country,Independent administrative agency OfresponsibilityPerson (Secretary,DirectorEtc.), may be awarded. "Professor Emeritus of XX University" is not a title stipulated in the School Education Law, but since it is socially recognized as an educational institution equivalent to a university, "Professor Emeritus of XX University" is also a social status. May be admitted.

A university with the title of "Professor Emeritus of XX University"

Awarded

National university-Public university-private universityWhen I became an emeritus professor atMinistry of Education・ CurrentMinistry of educationThan,HonorEven if you are a professor at a national university, if you have not reached the number of years to become an emeritus professor, the ministry seems to exclude or exclude it from the award.[6][7][8].HonorEven if you are a professor at a national university, you can decide whether or not it will be at the same university.教授The number of years of employment as a member has become extremely important, and it used to be 10 years, of which 12 years are now said to be 15 years.[9].

The title of emeritus professor, which is the premise of the honor, is basicallyEducational or academic achievementsIn addition to the fact that there is a real requirementEmployed as a professor for more than a certain number of yearsIt will not be awarded unless the formal requirements are met.Although it depends on the university, as mentioned above, in the same universityAssociate Professor,Associate professorA certain percentage of years of employment as (for example, 2/3) and even at other universities教授Also allow a smaller percentage of the years of employment as an assistant professor / associate professor (for example, 1/2) to be included in the professor's years of employment (in that respect, ask the number of years of employment only as a professor at the same university).HonorSome universities have a total rule (which is more lenient than that), and some universities do not have a total rule. For example, when it comes to national universities,

  1. Only for those who have been employed as professors for 5 years or more without setting a total rule (Educational or academic achievementsUniversities that allow the title of emeritus professor to be awarded after selection (eg, there is no stipulation of substantive requirements)Tokyo University[10],
  2. He has been a professor for more than 5 years without any total rules, andEducational or academic achievementsUniversities that allow the title of emeritus professor to be awarded only to those who have a professor (eg,)Hokkaido University[11],
  3. After establishing a total rule, he has been in office for more than 5 years as a full-time professor at the university and for more than 15 years as a professor at the university.Educational or academic achievementsUniversities that allow the title of emeritus professor to be awarded only to those who have a professor (eg,)Saitama University[12],
  4. He has been a professor for more than 7 years without any total rules, andEducational or academic (especially) achievementsUniversities that are allowed to award the title of emeritus professor after selection only to those who haveKyoto University-Nagoya University-Tohoku University-Mie University[13][14][15][16],
  5. After establishing a total rule, he has been a professor for more than 10 years and has been working as a professor.Educational or academic (especially) achievementsUniversities that are allowed to award the title of emeritus professor after selection only to those who haveKobe University-University of Tsukuba-Shinshu University-Hiroshima University[17][18][19][20],
  6. After establishing a total rule, he has been a professor for more than 12 years and has been working as a professor.Educational or academic achievementsUniversities that are allowed to award the title of emeritus professor after selection only to those who haveTokyo Institute of Technology[21],
  7. After establishing a total rule, he has been a professor for more than 13 years and has been working as a professor.Educational or academic achievementsUniversities that are allowed to award the title of emeritus professor after selection only to those who haveTokyo Medical and Dental University[22],
  8. After establishing a total rule, he has been a professor for more than 15 years and has been working as a professor.Educational or academic achievementsUniversities that are allowed to award the title of emeritus professor after selection only to those who haveHitotsubashi University-Osaka University-Kyushu University-Yokohama National University-Tokyo University of Foreign Studies-Chiba University-Shiga University-Okayama University-Yamaguchi University[23][24][25][26][27][28][29][30][31][9],
  9. After establishing a total rule, he has been a professor for more than 16 years and has been working as a professor.Especially achievementsUniversities that are allowed to award the title of emeritus professor after selection only to those who haveKanazawa University[32],
  10. After establishing a total rule, he has been a full-time professor at a university for 20 years or more (of which 5 years or more must be a full-time professor at the university).Educational or academic achievementsUniversities that are allowed to award the title of emeritus professor after selection only to those who haveTokushima University[33],
  11. After establishing a total rule, he has been in office as a full-time professor at the university for 20 years or more (including the period in which he was in office as president and vice president).Educational or academic achievementsUniversities that are allowed to award the title of emeritus professor after selection only to those who haveOtaru University of Commerce[34]
  12. A person who has been employed as a professor (including the president, vice president, dean, and graduate school dean) without setting a total rule, andWinners of awards, etc. that are highly evaluated in society in terms of art, education, or academicsOr a person equal to or higher than this, and of the university concernedGreat achievements in education and researchUniversities that are allowed to award the title of emeritus professor after selection only to those who haveTokyo University of the Arts[35]
  13. Regardless of the length of employment, therefore without any total rulesEducational or academic achievementsUniversities that allow the title of emeritus professor to be awarded only to professors who haveGifu University[36],

Exists and varies.

Of course, for the person himselfHonorHave the freedom to decline[37].

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注 釈

  1. ^ School Education Law Article 106 "A university is a person who has worked as a president, vice president, dean, professor, associate professor, or lecturer at the university, and for those who have made special achievements in education or academics, as provided by the university. The title of Professor Emeritus can be awarded. "School education lawArticle 123"(Omitted) The provisions of Articles XNUMX to XNUMX (Omitted) apply mutatis mutandis to colleges of technology."
  2. ^ In many cases, it is set as a room that can be used when visiting the school, not as a room given to an individual emeritus professor.[Source required].

Source

  1. ^ Shinmura DepartureHen"Kojien XNUMXth edition』(Iwanami Shoten,2011) Page 2757 andAkira MatsumuraChapter "Daijirin XNUMXrd edition』(Sanseido,2006) See page 2495.
  2. ^ An emeritus professor is said to be an "honorary title given by the university to honor the achievements of the university faculty member after his retirement."See Isao Amagi, "Explanation of the School Education Law Articles" (Gakuyo Shobo, 1954), p. 342.
  3. ^ "School Education Act (Act No. XNUMX of XNUMX)”. E-Gov Law Search. Administrative Management Bureau, Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications (December 2018, 6). 2019/12/31Browse. “For enforcement on June 2019, 4”reference.
  4. ^ The University of Tokyo Honorary Professor Emeritus Awarding Regulations Article 3, Item 1
  5. ^ Osaka University Honorary Professor Emeritus Awarding Regulations
  6. ^ My situation
  7. ^ Alumni of this university and an emeritus professor received the honorary prize in the spring of the first year of Reiwa Osaka Prefecture University
  8. ^ Autumn Medal / Reward (Private School Official) XNUMXnd Class, Gold and Silver Star, Mr. Toshio Odashima and others (Former President / President Emeritus of Kanazawa Medical University) Private University Association
  9. ^ a b 22 Spring Medal Award-Shigeo Minami's "Thank you greetings and miscellaneous feelings of honor" Yudenkai
  10. ^ The University of Tokyo Honorary Professor Emeritus Awarding Rules
  11. ^ Hokkaido University Honorary Professor Emeritus Awarding Regulations Read September 2021
  12. ^ Rules for awarding honorary professor titles at Saitama University Read September 2021
  13. ^ Kyoto University Honorary Professor Emeritus Awarding Regulations Read September 2021
  14. ^ Nagoya University Honorary Professor Emeritus Awarding Regulations Read September 2021
  15. ^ Tohoku University Honorary Professor Emeritus Awarding Regulations Read September 2021
  16. ^ Regulations for awarding honorary professor titles at Mie University Read September 2021
  17. ^ Kobe University Honorary Professor Emeritus Awarding Regulations Read September 2020
  18. ^ https://www.tsukuba.ac.jp/images/pdf/2004hks28.pdf Read September 2021
  19. ^ Shinshu University Honorary Professor Emeritus Awarding Regulations Read September 2021
  20. ^ Hiroshima University Honorary Professor Emeritus Awarding Rules Read September 2021
  21. ^ Rules for awarding titles of Professor Emeritus of Tokyo Institute of Technology Read September 2021
  22. ^ Rules for awarding titles of emeritus professors at Tokyo Medical and Dental University Read September 2021
  23. ^ Hitotsubashi University Honorary Professor Emeritus Awarding Rules
  24. ^ Osaka University Honorary Professor Emeritus Awarding Regulations
  25. ^ Kyushu University Emeritus Professor Awarding Rules Read September 2021
  26. ^ Rules for awarding titles of Professor Emeritus of Yokohama National University Read September 2021
  27. ^ National University Corporation Tokyo University of Foreign Studies Honorary Professor Emeritus Awarding Regulations Read September 2021
  28. ^ Regulations regarding the awarding of titles by Professor Emeritus of Chiba University Read September 2021
  29. ^ Regulations for awarding titles of emeritus professors at Shiga University Read September 2021
  30. ^ Okayama University Honorary Professor Emeritus Awarding Rules Read September 2021
  31. ^ Yamaguchi University Honorary Professor Emeritus Awarding Rules Read September 2021
  32. ^ Kanazawa University Honorary Professor Emeritus Awarding RegulationsRead September 2021
  33. ^ Tokushima University Honorary Professor Emeritus Awarding Rules Read September 2021
  34. ^ Regulations on Professor Emeritus of Otaru University of Commerce Read September 2021
  35. ^ Tokyo University of the Arts Honorary Professor Emeritus Awarding Rules Read September 2021
  36. ^ Gifu University Emeritus Professor Regulations Read September 2021
  37. ^ 《Spring Honor》 Hirobunkan

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