Photo The total number of people infected with the new corona by Hyogo Prefectural Police has reached 156 (as of April 4).
61 people infected with corona at Hyogo police academy Cluster certified All students wait in dormitory
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The police academy dormitory is a shared room that can accommodate 1 to 4 people with a partition in one room.
A total of 61 students and faculty members were confirmed to be newly infected with the new coronavirus at the Hyogo Police Academy (Ashiya City) by the 19th. ... → Continue reading
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Police school(Keisatsugakko,British: Police academy) IsJapanese police officer-Police officerTheEducation-TrainingIt is an institution to do. "Dedicated to pre-school and extra curricularIs named,School education lawIt is not an upper school, but a cultural facility within the police organization, and its main content is training for police officers and general staff.Since the first students who are enrolled in the school are also staff members,Local Civil Service ActThe salary will be paid based on.There are many educational facilities for police officersCountryIt is installed in, but unless otherwise specified in this articleJapanese policeI will write about the police academy in.
The police academy can be roughly divided intoPrefecturesPoliceMetropolitan Police Department Police SchoolandPrefectural police academyWhen,District Police DepartmentBelongs toDistrict police academyThere are two types.Prefectural police academyPolice lawArticle 54 is the basis for the establishment of Article 32 of the same law by the district police academy.Besides this,National Police AgencyToPolice college(Article 27 of the same law),Imperial Police HeadquartersThe Imperial Guard School (Article 29, Paragraph 4 of the same law) is set up in each.
Even after completing the initial liberal arts and general liberal arts at the police academy and taking on the job at the site, you may be ordered to receive training depending on your wishes and the duties you are in charge of (it is said to be incumbent liberal arts or specialized liberal arts). ).The term "police academy" often refers to a prefectural police academy.Inside the police, it is abbreviated as "police academy," "police academy," "school," etc.
Prefectural police academy
At the prefectural police academy, new police officers and othersPolice officerNecessary for police workknowledge,skillIn addition to providing education and training to acquire such information, it is an institution that conducts research on the specialized knowledge, skills, teaching ability, management ability, and police operations necessary for current police officers and staff. There is one school in each prefecture.A branch school is set up in Hokkaido, and a branch school may be set up if necessary.this house,Hokkaido Police SchoolHowever, since there is no district police academy in Hokkaido, in addition to training for new and incumbent police officers and staff at the road police academy, in other prefectures, education and training necessary for executives should be conducted by the district police academy. (Article 54, Paragraph 3 of the Police Law).
In addition to the school building, administration building, and dormitory, the police academy has different scales and presences depending on the prefecture, but in general,Rifle range-Martial arts gym・ Gymnasium, auditorium, athletic field, swimming pool, etc. are set up.
Escape and prevention of escape
In principle刑 務 所likeBarbed wire,Iron barThere is no such thing, and the body is not restrained.However, among those who have become police officers and have been appointed as police officers, there are those who escape from the group life itself and those who run away, so most of the places are strictly controlled at the time of admission and release.
List of locations of prefectural police academy
|Prefectures||Location & |
|Hokkaido Police School||SapporoSouth ward5-1-7 Makomanai Minamicho|
|Hakodate area branch school||Hakodate48-2, Kanabori-cho|
|Asahikawa branch school||AsahikawaSumiyoshi 7 Jo 1-3867-10|
|Kushiro branch school||KushiroOtanoshikeminami 2-chome 2-59|
|Kitami branch school||KitamiChuomiwa 7-chome 446-49|
|AomoriLarge character Shinjo character Amadanai 130-5|
|Akita CityArayakatsuhiradai 9-2|
|Tendo cityOaza Aratani character Shimokawara 820|
|Metropolitan Police Department Police School(Tokyo)||Fuchu-shi3-15-1 Asahicho|
|Higashiibaraki-gunIbaraki TownOaza Kamiishizaki Aza Otaka 4667-4|
|Utsunomiya CityWakakusa 2-3-76|
|Chiba Police Academy||Togane28-1 Shinoda|
|横 浜 市Sakae22-2 Katsuracho|
|Kizuki branch school||Kawasaki CityNakaharaKizuki 4-37-1|
|Yoshinodai Branch School||Sagamihara CityChuo-kuYoshinodai 3-chome 1-2|
|NiigataNishi-ward2-21-1 Koshin Nishi|
|Kai cityNishiyahata 4422-3|
|Nagano Police Academy||Nagano city3929 Matsushiromachi Nishijo|
|Fukui City5-9 Arakishinbocho|
|Gifu Police School||Seki CityKibogaokacho 1|
|Kasugai City703 Hazamacho|
|Mie Prefectural Police School||Tsu CityTakachaya36-9-XNUMX|
|Otsu City72-4 Goryocho|
|Kyoto CityFushimi WardFukakusa Tsukamoto Town Government Land|
|Osaka Prefectural Police Academy||Sennan-gunTajiri TownRinku Port Minami 1-1|
|Nara Police Academy||NaraImaichicho 585|
|Wakayama CityKinomoto 1445|
|Tottori CityFushino 46-5|
|Okayama CityKitaTamagashi 2753|
|Aki DistrictSakamachiHeiseigahama 2-2-27|
|Yamaguchi City1459 Nihoshimogo|
|Tokushima Prefectural Police Academy||TokushimaRondenchoNakahiraki 52-5|
|TakamatsuGoto TownCharacter Shinkai 587 138|
|Iyo-gunMatsumaeOaza Nishikoizumi 646|
|Nankoku City1555, 1|
|Fukuoka Police Academy||Fukuoka CityChuo-kuPeace 5-14-1|
|Saga CityHinode 1-chome 20-14|
|NagasakiKoebaru 5-chome 1-1|
|Kumamoto Prefectural Police School||Kumamoto-shiChuo-kuToroku 4-chome 2-1|
|Oita CityOaza Fukumune 2301-4|
|Miyazaki City6-1 Tenmacho|
|Uruma CityIshikawa 3402|
Status of first-time students
Those who are hired as police officers of the prefectural police are first assigned to the Metropolitan Police Department police academy or the prefectural police academy (hereinafter referred to as "police academy" in the section of "prefectural police academy"), and as a first-time student for a certain period of time. Ordered for training.From a standpoint, he is still an apprentice police officer and rarely goes to the scene (with the exception of large scale).securityIn some cases, they were dispatched for logistical support (chores) in the case.Japan Airlines Flight 123 crashAndAsama Sanso Incidentetc,Police officer OfclassFrom the day of being hired bylawupperidentityIs a police officer.Along with that, based on the ordinances of prefecturesSalaryThe amount will be decided and will be paid from the day of hiring.
Those hired as police officers will be educated in the first department after the entrance ceremony is held.Hiring time is other in prefectures where the number of hires is not largePrefecture staffalike4It is hired once a year, and otherwise at an appropriate time depending on the time of the recruitment test and the results.Therefore, in the latter prefectures, the initial education will be started multiple times a year according to the time of admission of the hired person.The period of initial education varies depending on the hiring category.UniversityThose who are hired for graduation (police officers I, A, etc. The names vary depending on the prefecture) are for 6 months.Junior college,high schoolThose who have been hired after graduation (police officers II, III, B, etc.) are for 10 months.Depending on the hiring category, there are differences in the period of on-site training and the period of initial general education in addition to the period of initial education (described later).
uniform,baton-handcuffs-Handgun-Police handbookEquipment such as these will be provided or lent at the time of hiring and admission by the number of members based on the ordinances of the prefecture.Since these are the equipment necessary to perform their duties, they are all free of charge, and even after completing the training at the police academy, the equipment that does not end the period of use stipulated by the ordinance will continue to be used in the field, and the first It can be exchanged only after the period expires.Other than that, some gym clothes, martial arts clothes, textbooks, reference books, etc. used in the surgical department are provided by individuals.
While enrolled in a police academyLocal Civil Service Act"" As stipulated in Article 22, Paragraph 1Conditional adoptionIf there are any reasons such as poor grades or poor behavior during that periodDismissalIs done.
When hired as police officers, all of them enroll in the first department of the police academy of each prefectural police department to study law and police practice.In addition, as a surgical departmentPolice ceremony,Inspection training,softkendo,Arrest,Handgun operation,AutomobileManipulation,First aidAnd so on.The starting course is 4 months for 6-year university graduates and 10 months for other high school graduates..
In general educationPolice ethics culture,Police history,National language,English conversation,OA training,Police geography,psychology,Forensic medicineLearn about etc...Students are in charge of classesPolice college OfInstructor training course (1 month)I learned about teaching techniquesAssistant InspectorOrInspectorA class instructor.Police textbooks are used for classes, and instructorsNational Police AgencyClasses are conducted according to the curriculum.
JurisprudenceThen,Constitution,Police law,Police Officer Execution Law,Introduction to Law,Administrative law,Civil law,Criminal law,Criminal lawLearn about etc...The laws and rules that are relevant when police officers actually perform their duties in the field are the Police Officer Duties Execution Law, the Code of Criminal Procedure, etc.Juvenile law,Code of criminal investigationIf it is a law that applies to crimes, including the criminal lawStimulants Control Law,Gun sword method,Light crime law,Road Traffic LawEtc.Special law,Junk Prevention OrdinanceEtc.PrefecturesOrdinanceIs.You will learn about these practical laws in the practical subjects of the police academy's first department.As a subject,Criminal investigation,Local police,Life Safety Police,Traffic police,Security policeAnd so on.Textbooks are titled "Regional Police Activities (Investigation)" outside of law.This is because new police officers who have graduated from the first department are assigned to police boxes in the regional division.In these subjects, you will learn not only the law, but also the detailed rules and notifications for enforcing the law..
Among the practical subjects, in the textbook of "Regional Police Activities (Security)",Japan Communist PartyIn the pastViolent subversive activitiesAnd even nowEnemy's theory"byViolent revolutionClasses are conducted with a very critical view, saying that they adhere to the policy of.
For several days during the liberal artsPolice stationPractical training may be held in Japan.actuallyPolice boxIn such cases, the police officers at the scene are to observe and practice their duties.However, since he is a student of a police academy and does not have sufficient knowledge necessary for his duties, he will either observe the duties of the police officer who is the instructor during the practical training or help with the instructions. The main role is to do some work.
Life at a police academy
At police academy, depending on the time of admission and recruitment classificationStudentIs divided into groups called "periods".In most cases, in order of admission数字Are added before the "period" and they are called the "first-time department XX period". One period is further divided into small groups of about 1 people, and they are called "XX classrooms" (corresponding to "classes" in general schools).The "XX" in the name of the school is the name of the instructor in charge.Full nameEnter.
InstructorOut ofAssistant InspectorThose with the above ranks are called "instructors"Police OfficerThose in the following classes are called "assistant professors".At the school, the assistant professor of the police department is in charge of the class, and the assistant professor of the police officer is in charge of the class.Two people, the regular and deputy staff of the school, teach basic movements such as greetings and salutes from the time of arrival to the entrance ceremony.The rest of the time is called personal care,uniform,JerseyName tags and emblems are sewn on such items, and interviews are conducted by instructors and assistant professors, and the entrance ceremony is held about two weeks later.For the first month or so after entering schoolMobile phoneAre all confiscated by the instructor and are not allowed to go out or stay overnight.
From the day after the entrance ceremony, the training will be in full swing.After waking uprunningIs done.If it's too late for everyone in the school to get together, everyonepush upsPenalty will be imposed.After gymnastics, cleaning, and breakfast, those with bad bed make-up are stripped of sheets by the instructor and thrown to the ground.Bed make-upNational flagIt must be fixed by 8 o'clock when it is displayed.After raising the national flag, we will march at each school and head for teaching affairs (classes).If the march is poor compared to other schools, you will be jointly and severally liable to run the ground or do push-ups with everyone in the school..
Educational affairs are 1 periods a day, 5 period 1 minutes. The fifth period is devoted to physical training and club activities, but other teaching affairs areCriminal law,Criminal procedure code,Administrative law such asJurisprudenceAndsecurity,investigation,Region,Forgiveness,Handgun,ArrestLearn subjects such as.softkendo,calligraphyIs a required subject for all police officers, and those with dirty characters will not be evaluated by instructors, no matter how good their academic performance is..
The teaching affairs at these schools are tested after each unit, for example, the general rules for the criminal law and the third chapter (evidence ability) for the criminal procedure law.If the correct answer rate is 6%, it will be a drawback and a retest.If the re-examination continues, it will be considered that there is a problem with the work attitude and the instructor will prompt you to retire.This academic performance is used to rank students, and it is said that those with excellent grades can easily pass their wishes at the place of assignment after graduation..
A graduation exam will be held before the end of the training period for the initial course.Written and oral exams in classroom subjects, and in addition to these in surgical subjectsPractical examIt takes about 2 to 3 days.At the same time, dan and grade certification exams for the surgical department will be held before and after the graduation exam schedule.Work evaluation is performed at the time of graduation by comprehensively judging these results and "normal points" such as learning attitude and dormitory life.Based on thischief・ At the time of graduation, excellent people such as junior high school martial arts studentsRecognitionMay be done.
Police officers who graduated from the first departmentPersonnel change(Graduation placement: abbreviated as "graduation"), and for 7 months for university graduates and 8 months for others, take up actual duties as on-site trainees. While training.The police station of the graduation destination will make a decision in consideration of aptitude and circumstances after hearing the wishes of the person in advance before graduation.Previously, male police officers were assigned to the regional division and worked in police boxes, and female police officers were engaged in traffic control at the traffic division.SexIn many cases, the initial assignments were divided according to the situation, but in recent years, female police officers have also been assigned to police boxes, and the distinction by gender is disappearing.In addition to police boxes, depending on the prefecture, some departments such as criminal, life safety, and transportation may practice for several months each.
Beginner General Department
After on-site training, the department is assigned to the police academy, and the department is called the initial general department (abbreviation: Shoso), and the name is the initial repair (repair) department (abbreviation: Shoho) depending on the local government. As a student, he re-enters the police academy and receives the final training for new appointments.For two months for university graduates and for three months for others, training will be conducted by enrolling in police academy, incorporating the results of on-site training.
In addition, if there are students enrolled as a beginner at the same time, it is also required to teach juniors as seniors.
After completing the initial general course, he will return to the police station to which he belongs and return to normal work.With the completion of the first general course, all the training for new hires will be completed, and the police will be recognized as a full-fledged police officer.
Even after completing the initial general education, basically you will continue to work at the police station where you graduated.After that, although there are differences depending on the person, after working for about one to several years, he will be transferred to another police station.In addition, around this time, depending on the person's wishes and aptitude, he / she may be transferred to a specialized department.
General staff initial department
Persons hired by the prefectural police as non-police officers and the National Police AgencyClerk·National Police AgencyEngineerThose who have been hired by the National Police Agency will enter a police academy for about a month and receive initial training.Since the content of their duties is different, they naturally receive a curriculum different from that of police officers, but depending on the subject, they may take lectures in common with police officer students.
The curriculum includes legal and practical training necessary for civil servants, but since they are clerical staff but are members of the police organization, they will take courses such as training and acquire the basics of ceremonies and movements. Be done.
Imperial Guard School
The Imperial Guard SchoolNational Police AgencyIs an affiliated organization ofImperial Police HeadquartersInstalled inImperial GuardIt is an institution that provides various types of education.TokyoChiyoda Wardof,Imperial PalaceLocated on the premises of.
It is similar to a prefectural police academy in that it educates novices and incumbent police academy, but due to the characteristics of its duties.horse ridingThere are differences such as training, security (fire extinguishing) training, waka poetry and calligraphy in the curriculum.
District police academy
The district police academy is an education and training facility for police officers and staff attached to the district police bureau, which is a local agency of the National Police Agency.In the case of prefectural police academy, the main task is to educate newcomers, but in the case of district police academy, the education of those who have been promoted to mid-level executives (police officers of assistant police and police officers and general staff of the same position). OrDivision Mobile Task ForceIts main task is to train incumbent police officers, such as training personnel and various advanced specialized knowledge and practical skills.
The main courses set up at the district police academy are as follows:
- Department for Appointment of Police Department General Education for those who have passed the promotion test for Police Department Manager (about 30 days)
- Department for Assistant Police Department Education for those who have passed the promotion test for Assistant Police Department (about 50 days)
- Education for clerical staff and technical staff who have been promoted to the chief level (equivalent to the police officer) (about 2 weeks)
- Liberal arts for clerical staff and technical staff who have been promoted to the section chief level (assistant police officer) (about 2 weeks)
- Specialized education Liberal arts mainly for mid-career executives to acquire specialized knowledge and skills in a specific field (the period varies depending on the content)
In addition to this, only the Kanto District Police Academy has a novice executive liberal arts department.government officialTraining of police officers hired by the National Police Agency through the general employment examination (university graduate level).
Since the Hokkaido Police does not belong to the District Police Bureau, these courses are also set up at the Hokkaido Police Academy.Also, police officers of the Metropolitan Police Department and the Imperial Guard Headquarters, which also do not belong to the District Police Bureau.Imperial Guard・ Police academy will enroll in the "Kanto District Police Academy" for these educations.
Life at a district police academy
Basically, as with the novice culture, commuting to school is not permitted and it is a dormitory system.During that time, the enrolled students live in a dormitory located in the school.
Since he is already a police officer and a police officer, he is relatively free to go out on weekdays and stay out on weekends.
List of district police academy
|District police academy||Location & |
|Tohoku District Police School||MiyagiTagajo City1-1-1 Maruyama|
|Kanto District Police Academy||TokyoKodaira2-5-1 Kiheicho|
|Chubu District Police Academy||AichiKomaki CityLarge letter Shimozue 1551|
|Kinki Regional Police Academy||Sakai CityKita1179-4 Nagasonecho|
|China Shikoku District Police Academy||Hiroshima citySouth wardKasumi 1-3-93|
|Shikoku Police Bureau Police Academy||KagawaZentsujiIkuno Town 2116|
|Kyushu Regional Police Academy||Fukuoka CityHakata WardItazuke 6-chome 1-1|
Police academy of each country
The United States of America
Unlike Japan, those who aim to become law enforcement officers can enroll and receive training at their own expense.This is a person with practical experienceSheriffThis is because there are institutions that employ them as deputy sheriffs (executive officers).Most are local police ("United States policeIf you are hired as a trainee (candidate) and cannot graduate (with or fail) within the original study deadline, your affiliationDismissal(Persons enrolled at private expense may stay in school as long as the tuition fee continues).
Works set in a police academy
Due to the setting that the main stage is the police "school"School thingsThere are many works with the elements of, such as a work that depicts the process until the main character becomes a police officer while working hard with the candidate of the same period, and a work with the instructor who is in a position to guide the candidate as the main character. ..
- Tatsuzo Ohno "The Real Face of the Security and Public Security Police" (Shinnihon Shuppansha)
- Written by "101 Questions of the Japanese Communist Party" (Tachibana Shobo)
- Monthly GunSeptember 1995 Special Feature "Police Academy-Training Scene of Police Officer Training College"
- Written by Judith Ann Jans Translated by Shoko Takayama "Mama is a New Sheriff" (Kodansha Bunko)
- Koji Harada "The identity of police investigation" (Kodansha's new book)
- Kenichi Furuya "I want to know that!How the Japanese Police Organization Works ”(Asahi Shimbun Publishing)
- ^ a b c d Koji Harada "The identity of the police investigation" Kodansha, 2016, pp66-69.ISBN 978-4-0628-8352-8.
- ^ a b Masahiro Shishikura, "To Become a Police Officer," Perikansha Publishing Co., Ltd. <books 48>, November 2009, pp. 11-143.ISBN 978-4-8315-1251-2.
- ^ a b c d e "All about the police organization"Treasure Island〈Separate Treasure Island>, May 2014, 5, pp. 13-110.ISBN 978-4-8002-2330-2.
- Metropolitan Police Department Police Academy-Metropolitan Police Department
- Police Academy Campus Life-Metropolitan Police Department recruitment site
- Metropolitan Police Department Recruiting Center (@MPD_saiyo)- Twitter
- 【official】! VR version!Kanagawa Prefectural Police School - YouTube
- Behind the Police Academy Talked by Former Police Officer-Modern Business (Kodansha)