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😷 | Breaking news May 5 in Sapporo City New coronavirus infection confirmation of more than 9 people, the highest number ever


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Breaking news May 5 in Sapporo City New coronavirus confirmed to be infected by more than 9 people, the highest number ever

 
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On May 5, the number of new infections with the new coronavirus is expected to exceed 9, the highest number ever in Sapporo.
 

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 Hokkaido News UHB

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Wikipedia related words

If there is no explanation, there is no corresponding item on Wikipedia.

New coronavirus

New coronavirus(Shingata coronavirus,English: Novel coronavirus, nCoV) IsCoronavirus familyOrthocoronavirus subfamilyBelongs toウ イ ル スOf these, it is a tentative name given to those that are medically and publicly important.[1][2][3][4].

In particularHuman coronavirusIt is often used in. (Human) Coronavirus against humanityEndemic diseaseIs believed to becoldCauses (common cold) -like symptoms,(English edition)Is prevalent as a serious infection, often accompanied by pneumonia[1][2][3][4].

Virus type

The following viruses were positioned as new coronaviruses before their official names were given.

Types of new coronaviruses that are pathogenic to humans
Formal nameOther namesSusceptible host[† 1]First discovery location (discovery year)Infection
SARS coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2)[† 2][5][6]2019-Ncov

SARS virus 2

Human coronavirus 2019 (HCoV-19)

Bat,Scale armorChugoku-Wuhan(2019)New Coronavirus Infection (2019) (COVID-19)[† 3][4][7]
MERS coronavirus (MERS-CoV)[† 4]Middle east virus

MERS virus

Camel flu virus

camel,BatSaudi Arabia-Jeddah(2012)Middle East respiratory syndrome (MERS)[8][9].
Human coronavirus HKU1 (HCoV-HKU1)New Haven Virus[10]A mouseHong Kong (2005)Mild respiratory tract infection, rarely severe pneumonia
SARS coronavirus (SARS-CoV, SARS-CoV-1)[† 2]SARS virusChinese cabbage,BatChugoku-Foshan(2002)Severe acute respiratory syndrome (SARS)[9]
  1. ^ (English edition)May not be succeeded.
  2. ^ a b This virus is not a different speciesSARS-related coronavirusIs considered to be one of the stocks of.
  3. ^ Synonyms include 2019 coronavirus pneumonia,Wuhan pneumoniaThere is a syndrome.
  4. ^ (English edition),(English edition)Including stocks of.

All of the above four viruses belong to the genus Betacoronavirus (betacoronavirus) Belongs to.

Etymology

Known for the "new" of the new coronavirusViral family classificationBelongs toIt means a new pathogen.That is, the new coronavirusCoronavirus familyIt means a new pathogen belonging to (or its subclass).There is no intention of a completely unknown new pathogen. The use of the word "new XX" was introduced in 2015WHOIt complies with the new infectious disease naming scheme decided by.[11] [12] [13]

Historically, pathogens have often been named after location, individuals, or specific species, but these practices are no longer endorsed by WHO.[11] [12] [13]

The permanent official names of viruses and diseases are, respectively.ICTVとWHO OfInternational Classification of Diseases (ICD)Is determined by.

Detailed explanation

footnote

  1. ^ a b Murray and Nadel (2010). Chapter 31.
  2. ^ a b Cunha (2010). Pp. 6–18.
  3. ^ a b Melmed (2011). P. 636
  4. ^ a b c "The 2019–2020 Novel Coronavirus (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2) Pandemic: A Joint American College of Academic International Medicine-World Academic Council of Emergency Medicine Multidisciplinary COVID-19 Working Group Consensus Paper". ResearchGate. 2020th of February 5Browse.
  5. ^ "The 2019–2020 Novel Coronavirus (Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus 2) Pandemic: A Joint American College of Academic International Medicine-World Academic Council of Emergency Medicine Multidisciplinary COVID-19 Working Group Consensus Paper". ResearchGate. 2020th of February 5Browse.
  6. ^ “Coronavirus disease named Covid-19”. BBC News. https://www.bbc.com/news/world-asia-china-51466362 .
  7. ^ According to ICD-10 the disease is referred to as "2019-new coronavirus acute respiratory disease [temporary name]". It is not listed in ICD-11.
  8. ^ a b Synonyms include 2019 coronavirus pneumonia and Wuhan respiratory syndrome
  9. ^ a b "What is the new coronavirus?”. Joetsu Community Medical Center Hospital. 2021th of February 5Browse.
  10. ^ Human coronavirus NL63 Some strains of (HCoV-NL63)New Haven Coronavirus Be careful not to confuse it because it is called (HCoV-NH).
  11. ^ a b Ghosh R, Das S. A Brief Review of the Novel Coronavirus (2019-Ncov) Outbreak. Global Journal for Research Analysis. 2020; 9 (2).
  12. ^ a b World Health Organization Best Practices for the Naming of New Human Infectious Diseases. World Health Organization. May 2015.
  13. ^ a b Budhwani, Henna; Sun, Ruoyan (2020). “Creating COVID-19 Stigma by Referencing the Novel Coronavirus as the“ Chinese virus ”on Twitter: Quantitative Analysis of Social Media Data” (English). Journal of Medical Internet Research 22 (5): e19301. two:10.2196/19301. https://www.jmir.org/2020/5/e19301/. 
  14. ^ Host jump capability may not persist
  15. ^ a b Tetsuya Mizutani, ``New species of coronavirus"Virus" Vol. 63, No. 1, p.1-6, 2013, Japanese Society of Virology, two:10.2222 / jsv.63.1.
  16. ^ Middle East Respiratory Syndrome Coronavirus (MERS-CoV); Announcement of the Coronavirus Study Group Journal of Virology, Published ahead of print 15 May 2013, doi: 10.1128 / JVI.01244-13
  17. ^ Naming of the Novel Coronavirus WHO, 28 May 2013

Related item

Sapporo

Sapporo(Sapporo) isHokkaido OfCentral HokkaidoLocated inIshikari Promotion BureauBelongs toCity.LocationIt is also called "Dohto" because it is the location of the Ishikari Promotion Bureau and the location of the prefectural office.[1],Politics-Economy-cultureThe center.Has the largest population in Hokkaido (196 million)Government-designated city.

Overview

JapanNorthernmostGovernment-designated cityAnd nationwideCityAmong the横 浜 市,Osaka,Nagoya cityIt has the fourth largest population after, and accounts for about 4% (about 4%) of the total population of Hokkaido. In HokkaidoPrimate CityAndSapporo metropolitan areaIs formed.AinuPeople were livingEzoIs 1869 (Meiji 2 Year)HokkaidoWas renamedPioneerWas set up and construction of Sapporo Honfu began[2].. First in 1875 (Meiji 8)Tun TianbingSettled. The construction plan for Sapporo was the pioneer judge at the timeYoshiyuki ShimaConceived by京都Town planning with reference toCreation bridgeBased on the eastern foot, the east-west axisSosei River, The north-south axis was set as Oshima Dori (currently Minami 1-jo Dori)[3][4][5](Currently the north-south axis isOdori Park[6]).For this reason, most of the cityscape is in the center.BoardIt is in the shape of[1].

After that, the surrounding towns and villages were incorporated and merged to expand the city area.

1972 years(Showa47 years)AsiaFirst timeWinter Olympics(Sapporo Olympics) Held[7]. Since thenInternational Ski FederationOf various international competitionsAsian Winter Games,International University Sports FederationSponsored winterUniversiadeCompetition,FIFA World Cup,FIBA Basketball World Cup,World Rally Championship,Rugby World CupMany international competitions are being held. Even Sapporo City attracts and holds various events and exhibitions, corporate meetings and reward trips (MICE) Are actively engaged in[8],International Conference Tourist CityHas been certified. About 1,300 million tourists visit every yearTourist cityHas become[9]It is a city that ranks high in the ranking of the municipality ranking survey every year.[10].. In 2013 (Heisei 25) UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) Was founded byCreative city networkWas recognized as the second largest city in the world (first in Asia) in the "Media Arts City" field[11][12].

2026 Winter OlympicsAlthough he was conducting an invitation activity by announcing that he would run for the venue[13][14], Indicated that it intends to change its candidacy and attraction activities to the 2030 Games.

Origin of city name

Originally "Sapporo"Toyohira RiverThe name given to the Ainu people, is said to have been diverted to the place name of the area of ​​the flow path. OriginAinuof"Sat Polo"(Sat-poro, large, dry) ("The former Toyohira River was a river with extremely low water in the dry season," or "because it was a vast, dry area.")Sari Polo Pep"(Sari-poro-pet, the reed field is a vast river)[2].

Geography

Ishikari PlainLocated in the southwestern part of the city, with an area of ​​1,121.26 km2でHong KongAlmost the same asareahave[2].. Distance is east-west 42.30Kilometers(Km) The city area extends 45.40 km north and south[2]..The Toyohira River formed the flat centerFanIs[1].

The southwestern part of the city is a mountainous area, part of whichShikotsu-Toya National ParkIs specified in[15].

terrain

Mountain

Main mountain
canyon

River

Main river
mainwaterfall

Lake

Main lake
Main swamp
Main pond

coastal

Gulf

To the northwest of SapporoIshikari BayThere is, but the part facing hereOtaruMoney boxIs.Sapporo city areaEstuaryIt is about 400m inside from and very close, but it does not face the sea.

climate

The climate of Sapporo isSea of ​​Japan side climateIt is said that[2],Köppen climate classificationThen.Subarctic humid climateIt belongs to (Dfa). There are many sunny days from April to June,HonshuSeen inrainy seasonThere is no time for.Average daily temperature is 1 in summer℃The days that exceed will continue. In octoberAutumn leavesHas begun, and the snow that has fallen since early DecemberDeep snowOften becomes[2].. The winter season from December to February is characterized by cold snowfall, and the amount of snowfall in one winter reaches about 12 m.[2]. In March, the chills relaxed, and in the beginning of April, all-day snowfall began.[2]..It is rare in the world that a large city with a population of about 200 million is located in a heavy snowfall area.[16].

Sapporo(Sapporo District Meteorological Observatory) Climate
Month123456789101112Years
Highest temperature record ° C (° F)11.2
(52.2)
10.8
(51.4)
18.3
(64.9)
28.0
(82.4)
34.2
(93.6)
31.9
(89.4)
36.0
(96.8)
36.2
(97.2)
32.7
(90.9)
26.4
(79.5)
22.4
(72.3)
14.8
(58.6)
36.2
(97.2)
Average maximum temperature ° C (° F)−0.4
(31.3)
0.4
(32.7)
4.5
(40.1)
11.7
(53.1)
17.9
(64.2)
21.8
(71.2)
25.4
(77.7)
26.4
(79.5)
22.8
(73)
16.4
(61.5)
8.7
(47.7)
2.0
(35.6)
13.1
(55.6)
Average daily temperature ° C (° F)−3.2
(26.2)
−2.7
(27.1)
1.1
(34)
7.3
(45.1)
13.0
(55.4)
17.0
(62.6)
21.1
(70)
22.3
(72.1)
18.6
(65.5)
12.1
(53.8)
5.2
(41.4)
−0.9
(30.4)
9.2
(48.6)
Average minimum temperature ° C (° F)−6.4
(20.5)
−6.2
(20.8)
−2.4
(27.7)
3.4
(38.1)
9.0
(48.2)
13.4
(56.1)
17.9
(64.2)
19.1
(66.4)
14.8
(58.6)
8.0
(46.4)
1.6
(34.9)
−4.0
(24.8)
5.7
(42.3)
Minimum temperature record ° C (° F)−27.0
(-16.6)
−28.5
(-19.3)
−22.6
(-8.7)
−14.6
(5.7)
−4.2
(24.4)
0.0
(32)
5.2
(41.4)
5.3
(41.5)
0.2
(32.4)
−5.8
(21.6)
−15.5
(4.1)
−23.9
(-11)
−28.5
(-19.3)
Precipitation amount mm (inch)108.4
(4.268)
91.9
(3.618)
77.6
(3.055)
54.6
(2.15)
55.5
(2.185)
60.4
(2.378)
90.7
(3.571)
126.8
(4.992)
142.2
(5.598)
109.9
(4.327)
113.8
(4.48)
114.5
(4.508)
1,146.1
(45.122)
Snowfall cm (inch)137
(53.9)
116
(45.7)
74
(29.1)
6
(2.4)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
1
(0.4)
30
(11.8)
113
(44.5)
479
(188.6)
Average days of precipitation (≥0.5mm)22.119.218.312.310.29.39.410.511.714.018.319.9175.1
Average number of snowfall days (≥0 cm)29.125.222.56.70.100000.913.526.8124.4
(I.e.69686561657275757167676869
Average monthlyDaylight hours90.4103.5144.7175.8200.4180.0168.0168.1159.3145.999.182.71,718
Source:Japanese Meteorological Agency (Average value: 1991-2020, extreme value: 1876-present)[17][18]


Climate of Teine Ward and Teine Yamaguchi (1981-2010)
Month123456789101112Years
Highest temperature record ° C (° F)9.3
(48.7)
10.7
(51.3)
17.9
(64.2)
29.2
(84.6)
33.5
(92.3)
33.3
(91.9)
34.7
(94.5)
35.9
(96.6)
33.8
(92.8)
27.3
(81.1)
22.4
(72.3)
15.0
(59)
35.9
(96.6)
Average maximum temperature ° C (° F)−0.8
(30.6)
−0.2
(31.6)
3.5
(38.3)
11.1
(52)
17.3
(63.1)
21.2
(70.2)
24.7
(76.5)
26.3
(79.3)
22.4
(72.3)
16.2
(61.2)
8.5
(47.3)
1.9
(35.4)
12.7
(54.9)
Average daily temperature ° C (° F)−4.2
(24.4)
−3.7
(25.3)
−0.1
(31.8)
6.3
(43.3)
11.6
(52.9)
15.7
(60.3)
19.7
(67.5)
21.5
(70.7)
17.2
(63)
11.0
(51.8)
4.4
(39.9)
−1.4
(29.5)
8.2
(46.8)
Average minimum temperature ° C (° F)−8.4
(16.9)
−8.3
(17.1)
−4.4
(24.1)
1.4
(34.5)
6.4
(43.5)
11.1
(52)
15.7
(60.3)
17.3
(63.1)
12.2
(54)
5.7
(42.3)
0.2
(32.4)
−5.2
(22.6)
3.6
(38.5)
Minimum temperature record ° C (° F)−20.9
(-5.6)
−20.3
(-4.5)
−17.6
(0.3)
−9.7
(14.5)
−1.5
(29.3)
0.9
(33.6)
7.2
(45)
8.2
(46.8)
1.8
(35.2)
−2.7
(27.1)
−9.9
(14.2)
−16.7
(1.9)
−20.9
(-5.6)
Precipitation amount mm (inch)98.6
(3.882)
76.4
(3.008)
53.9
(2.122)
47.4
(1.866)
50.2
(1.976)
41.4
(1.63)
72.2
(2.843)
111.6
(4.394)
122.7
(4.831)
105.0
(4.134)
107.0
(4.213)
99.1
(3.902)
985.4
(38.795)
Average monthlyDaylight hours75.692.1142.9172.8192.5170.3155.6168.3161.8143.191.673.91,640.6
Source 1:Japanese Meteorological Agency
Source 2:Japanese Meteorological Agency
Toyohira WardHokkaido Agricultural Research CenterClimate of weather observations (1981-2000)
Month123456789101112Years
Average maximum temperature ° C (° F)−1.9
(28.6)
−1.2
(29.8)
2.4
(36.3)
10.1
(50.2)
16.0
(60.8)
19.8
(67.6)
23.6
(74.5)
24.9
(76.8)
21.0
(69.8)
14.8
(58.6)
7.3
(45.1)
1.1
(34)
11.49
(52.68)
Average minimum temperature ° C (° F)−11.1
(12)
−10.8
(12.6)
−6.3
(20.7)
0.8
(33.4)
5.4
(41.7)
10.3
(50.5)
15.2
(59.4)
17.1
(62.8)
11.8
(53.2)
5.0
(41)
−1.2
(29.8)
−7.3
(18.9)
2.41
(36.33)
Precipitation amount mm (inch)60.8
(2.394)
56.8
(2.236)
46.0
(1.811)
57.7
(2.272)
63.1
(2.484)
53.9
(2.122)
81.1
(3.193)
157.8
(6.213)
144.2
(5.677)
106.5
(4.193)
66.0
(2.598)
63.0
(2.48)
956.9
(37.673)
Snowfall cm (inch)64
(25.2)
89
(35)
75
(29.5)
27
(10.6)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
1
(0.4)
12
(4.7)
42
(16.5)
-
(121.9)
Average monthlyDaylight hours93.9110.9153.3155.2159.5148.2133.6142.9140.1135.979.373.61,526.4
Source:Hokkaido Agricultural Research Center

Winter heat island phenomenon

Recently in SapporoHeat islandPhenomenonJapan's three largest citiesAs remarkable as. In January, the lowest temperature in January in Sapporo has risen by 100 degrees, above +1 degrees in Nagoya and +6.5 degrees in Osaka, and close to +4.3 degrees in Tokyo.[19].Sapporo District Meteorological ObservatoryIs installed in SapporoCity centerHowever, due to the heat island phenomenon, the minimum temperature never fell to around -20 degrees during the severe cold season, and the temperature below -10 degrees was drastically reduced. In addition, it is less likely that the minimum temperature in January will be lower than the normal value (-1 degrees). In particular, the minimum temperature increase rate since 7.0 has exceeded that of Tokyo. Therefore, it was said that the climate was relatively mild in Hokkaido.DonanCoastal areas andTohoku regionThere are many days when the minimum temperature during the cold season is higher than in some areas in the inland area.

Region

Administrative district

CodesWard namepopulation
(Man)
area
(kilometer2)
The population density
(People/km2)
Installation dateReason for installation
01101-1Chuo-ku240,97446.425,191.171972th of February 4Measures associated with the transition to an ordinance-designated city
01102-9Kita285,96863.574,498.47
01103-7Higashi Ward262,55056.974,608.57
01104-5Shiroishi Ward214,06434.476,210.15
01105-3Toyohira Ward225,14846.234,870.17
01106-1South ward135,937657.48206.75
01107-0Nishi-ward218,64675.102,911.4
01108-8Atsubetsu Ward126,30024.385,180.481989th of February 11Partition from Shiroishi Ward
01109-6Teine Ward142,05656.772,502.31Partition from Nishi Ward
01110-0Kiyota Ward112,31659.871,8761997th of February 11Partition from Toyohira Ward

population

The population of Sapporo City exceeded 2008 million in August 20.[20]The male/female ratio was 10.0 for women and 9.0 for men. There are more males in their teens and females in their twenties.

Municipalities that do not face the sea have the largest population in Japan.

The first in 1920 (Taisho 9)CensusSo the population is 102580,Hakodate-OtaruIt was the third in Hokkaido after[21].. After thatWorld War IDue to the later boom, the food processing industry, which was a key industry at that time,Textile industrySuch aslight industryDeveloped and the population grew steadily[21].. According to a survey conducted in 1941 (Showa 16), the population was 224729, exceeding 20 for the first time, surpassing Hakodate City to become No. 1 in Hokkaido.[21].Second World WarAfter that, in 1950 (Showa 25)Hokkaido Development LawEnactment ・ The Hokkaido development project led by the Japanese government, such as the enforcement of the first Hokkaido Comprehensive Development Plan in 1952, has begun in earnest, and the advancement of foreign capital into Hokkaido has also become active.As a result, the economic role of Sapporo City, where the government's local agencies are concentrated, has risen sharply, and new construction and relocation of companies and factories such as wholesalers, subcontractors, and subcontractors have continued.[21](In this regard, the influence of the Japanese government's controlled economic policy during and after the war is also significant.[22]).Postwar nationwide urban concentration trends and in HokkaidoPrimary industryDue to the slump in (agriculture, forestry and fisheries), the influx of population from each municipality in Hokkaido to Sapporo City, which was not so remarkable before the war, will become noticeable.[21].. According to a survey conducted in 1955 (Showa 30), the population exceeded 426620 with 40.[21].

The nationwide tendency of urban concentration was in the 30'sHigh economic growthIt went further in the period and appeared especially prominently in Sapporo, the central city of Hokkaido.[21]..HokkaidocoalDue to the decline of industryCoal mineDue to the influx of employees who left the company in Sapporo, the population rapidly increased at a pace of 4 people a year.[20]. After that, due to the expansion of living areas,Bed townAlthough the population is increasing, the population of Sapporo City is steadily increasing. In the 1965 (Showa 40) survey, the population was 794908, and in the 1970 (Showa 45) survey, the population was 1,010,123, which is 8 in Japan. Became the second city of 100 million people[20][21]. In 1972 (Showa 47)Kawasaki City-Fukuoka Cityと と も にGovernment-designated cityAnd the ward system was enforced[20][21]..Although the post-war urbanization of Sapporo City has stopped the outflow of population from within Hokkaido to the outside of Hokkaido, the business bases that receive employment are concentrated in Sapporo City and its surroundings. It also contributed to the depopulation of agricultural and fishery areas and former coal mine areas.[21]. It has been thought that the population of Sapporo City has been on a downward trend since peaking in 27, but even in 29, the population continues to increase. The only municipality in HokkaidoEstimated populationIs announced every month. As of August 2005, 17, the number of registered foreigners is 8.Total fertility rateIs 1.07 (FY20).

Population distribution of Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan.svg
Population distribution by age in Sapporo and Japan (2005)Sapporo City Population Distribution by Age and Gender (2005)
■Purple-Sapporo
■Green-All over Japan
■Blue-male
■Red-female

Changes in the population of (the area equivalent to) Sapporo
Ministry of Internal Affairs and CommunicationsStatistics Bureau CensusThan

Adjacent municipalities

Ishikari Promotion Bureau
Shiribeshi Promotion Bureau
Iburi General Promotion Bureau

History

Edo PeriodSapporo is called "Satsuhoro" or "Shatsuhoro" and is located in the west.EzoIshikariPlaceBelonged to[23]..Satsuhoro at that time was Satsu Polo Pep (AinuThe meaning of a large, dry river and a wide, dry river.CurrentToyohira River) I pointed to the basin, but the flow path at that time is nowToyohira BridgeFrom the vicinity to the presentFushigo RiverFollow the flow path of, along the Shinoji RiverShishidoでIbarado River(OldIshikari River) Was poured into[23]..Satsuhoro in a narrow sense refers to the mouth of the Barato River (currently near Shishido), and was also called Satsuhorobut (the confluence of the Sapporo River).[23].1669(Kanbun9 years)ShakushainDuring the uprisingTsugaru DomainIn "Ishikari Topography" written by Maki Taemon, "Climb about one ri from Ishikari Hamaguchi, climb about two ri from Hatsuhayafu, and go to Satsuhoro and Shinsho. There is a description of "Pit-house Hanrikei no Numa Gozaji" in Edagawa, and in Sapporo BetsuAinuThere is a swamp in a tributary of Sapporo BetsuMoerenumaI can tell that there was[23][24].

1752(Treasure calendarOn the map of 2 years), the Hatsusab River (XNUMX years) is a tributary of the Ishikari River.Hakanagawa) ・ The Satsuhoro River is written, and the Apt Road of the US Seoi Road is drawn on the left bank of the Satsuhoro River, which shows that it was a rice transportation route for mountain laborers.[23].. afterwardsTenmeiからKanseiOver the period,Matsumae clanThe Ishikari area was divided into 13 locations due to the Ainu rule, of which the Hasshab location (currently the left bank of the Barato River).HakanagawaNear the confluence, in the current Kita Ward) ・ Shinoro location (currently on the left bank of the Barato River, near the confluence of the Shinoro River, in the current Kita Ward) ・ Naihou location (near the upper reaches of the Fushiko River, in the current Higashi Ward) ・ Upper Sapporo The place (Toyohira River basin) and Shimo Sapporo place (Toyohira River basin) were opened in the area corresponding to the present Sapporo city.[23]..Matsumae Domain called these placesVassal OfChichi TheBakumatsuSurvived until[23].. 1807 (culture4 years) Nishi Ezochi temporarilyShogunateWhen it comes to territory[25]In 1810 (7th year of culture), a survey of Ainu in the Ishikari area was conducted, but the total number of Ainu living in the four locations excluding the above Hasshab area was 4 (552 men and 279 women). there were[26].

The settlement of Wajin in the current Sapporo city is1855(AnseiAround 2 years), I was engaged in ferry work on the banks of the Toyohira River.Tetsuichi ShimuraWas engaged in hunting on the riverbankYoshida ShigehachiFamily is considered to be the first[23][27].1857In (4th year of Ansei), the Sapporo Koshichitose Road was completed, a ferry was set up on the Toyohira River at government expense, and a passerby was also set up.[23].. Same yearTakeshiro MatsuuraAccording to the "Yin Fire Snake", "Now Satsuhoro Ezo, who has XNUMX people who have changed the culture of the seven horses, but now there are five people's books. It is recorded that many of the Satsuhoro Ainu migrated to other areas.[23]..Also, according to Takeshiro Matsuura's "Nishi Ezo Diary", at that timeHakodate magistrateIs Tsuishikari (Tsuishikari, While Sapporo proposed to place Obu at the point where Sapporo Betsu, whose flow path changed at that time, merged with the Ishikari River, Matsuura is devoting to placing it near Sapporo's Hihei (Toyohira).[23].

Ishikari PlainからYufutsu PlainThe Ishikari lowlands that stretch from ancient times have been in Hokkaido for a long time.Sea of ​​JapanSide andThe Pacific OceanIt is a key point of transportation that connects the sides, and in the Edo periodIshikari-YufutsuA simple road connecting the roads was also created[28]. Also,wood,seafoodBecause it is rich in natural resources such as, and is also fertile, the Shogunate and Matsumae Domain,Tohoku regionExplorations were also conducted by the various clan of[28]..Sapporo, which is located in the western part of the Ishikari Plain, has been the subject of development since the end of the Edo period, and furtherMeiji RestorationThe fact that it later became a base for pioneering projects is not unrelated to the above circumstances.[28].

After the Meiji Restoration1869(Meiji 2 Year)Ishikari countrySapporo-gunBelongs to and pioneered in the same yearJudgeYoshiyuki ShimaConstruction of Sapporo Honfu begins under the guidance of[1][29].. same yearOld calendarIn November, Shima YoshitakeHakodate-Money boxEntered Sapporo via, and is near the current Kita 1 Jonishi 1-chome, Chuo-ku.Motomura OfKametaro OtomoMoved the official residence and started construction of the official residence[29]..The center of Sapporo at that time森林Surrounded by, the construction of this prefecture was painful and disastrous[1][29]..The island began building a city with the cooperation of hundreds of carpenters, craftsmen, people, and the local Ainu.[1][29], Logging the timber of Motomura[29], Built houses, warehouses, temporary palace, hospitals, roads, etc.[29]..Ishikari at that timeOtaruWas in conflict with the pioneer ambassadorMinistry of MilitaryInoue Yakichi and Koide Fusaichiro and others forbade selling supplies in their jurisdiction to Hokkaido Development Commission.[30], Sapporo Honfu fell into a serious food shortage[1][30]..For this reason MotomuraShinoji VillageCollect food from surrounding towns and villages,Yoichi-Oshoro-AtsutaI surpassed the glue by receiving assistance from contractors such as[30]..The island itself is also a digging hutdogIt was enough to hug the cold[1].

The island's drastic construction of Sapporo is the Secretary of the PioneerHigashikyuseiCreated a conflict with the Ministry of War and the Ministry of War, and the next1870(Meiji 3) In February, the island quit his job and left for Tokyo.[31]..To the successor judgeMichitoshi IwamuraWas appointed, but the management of Sapporo Honfu was temporarily suspended due to lack of funds and other reasons.[31]..Sadaaki Nishimura, a subordinate of the island, was worried about the situation and strongly appealed to Higashikuze to resume management, so it was decided to resume management in December 1870.[32]..In addition to the "Sapporo Construction Monument" in Minami 1 Johigashi 1-chome, Chuo-ku, the statue of the island is in the lobby of Sapporo City Hall.Hokkaido ShrineIs built in[1].

There are four Ainu Kotan (villages) located in the current Sapporo city area in the early Meiji era, of which Sapporo Kotan is near the current Kita 4 Johigashi 2-chome, Chuo-ku, and (Sakushi) Kotonikotan is the current one.Korakuen RyokuchiからHokkaido UniversitycampusNear, Fukoshikotan was near the current Kita 9 Johigashi 9-chome, Higashi-ku, and Hassam Kotan was near the current Kotoni 4 Jo, Nishi-ku.[1][33]..They areKamikawaBelongs to Guuchinkuro, the chief of the family, from July to October every yearIshikari-gunI was working at a government office[33].

Chronological Table

"Sapporo timeline"[34], See "History of Road Construction"[35]

Before the Edo period

  • Emperor Saimei4 years(658):Abe HirafuThere is a tradition that the activity of "Bribery Island" is a low-lying area in Sapporo.
  • Original sentenceAnnual: At XNUMX places in IshikariPlace contract systemIntroduction.
  • Tenmei - KanseiYear:Matsumae clanThe Ishikari area was divided into 13 locations due to the Ainu rule, of which the Hasshab location (currently the left bank of the Barato River).HakanagawaNear the confluence, in the current Kita Ward) ・ Shinoro location (currently on the left bank of the Barato River, near the confluence of the Shinoro River, in the current Kita Ward) ・ Naihou location (near the upper reaches of the Fushiko River, in the current Higashi Ward) ・ Upper Sapporo The place (Toyohira River basin) and the lower Sapporo place (Toyohira River basin) were opened in the area corresponding to the present Sapporo city.
  • culture3 years(1806):Edo ShogunateAccount examinerSadao MuragakiAccompanied by the patrolling of the West Ezo areaMogami TokunaiBut,Ibarado RiverからHakanagawaGo back and investigate the current area around Sapporo[36].
  • 4 years of culture (1807):Kansei11 years(1799), Following the direct control of the Shogunate in the East Ezo, the West Ezo will also be under the direct control of the Shogunate.Of the shogunateBill of accounts-Shigezo KondoIs due to the Abuta road surveyToyohira River-JozankeiSearch for etc.[36].
  • 7 years of culture (1810): Ainu survey in Ishikari area will be conducted.The total number of Ainu living in the Shinoro, Naihou, Upper Sapporo, and Lower Sapporo locations was 552 (279 men and 273 women) (the exact number of Hasshab locations is unknown).
  • Ansei2 years(1855) Around: CurrentToyohira BridgeIn the vicinityTetsuichi ShimuraAnd their family members on the right bank of the Toyohira River (currently on the Toyohira Ward side)Yoshida ShigehachiAnd his family, a total of four people, lived on the left bank of the Toyohira River (currently on the Chuo Ward side).In Sapporo city areaJapanese peopleFirst settlers.
  • Ansei 4 years (1857):Hakodate magistrateBy Sapporo-etsu Shindo (Money box - Toyohira- Chitose - Yufutsu)excavation.Tetsuichi Shimura and Shigehachi Yoshida are from Ishikari OfficeArai KinsukeAppointed as a ferryman at the Toyohira River ferryboat.In addition, due to the order of Hakodate, Seijiro Yamaoka, Kyuzo Nagata and others moved to the vicinity of the current Hassamu River in Nishi Ward, and the Hassamu River and the Cinesebu RiverKotoni RiverOr) Develop coastal areas, etc.[37].
  • Ansei 5 years (1858):Takeshiro Matsuura JozankeiIn hot spring (currentJozankei Onsen) Discovery.Kinsuke Arai is now in Kita WardShinojiSettle dozens of farmers and 50 people in the district[38].
  • Keio2 years(1866): At present, Kita 13 Higashi 16th Higashi-ku,Kametaro OtomoThe housing of theSapporo Village Folk Museum(On site). Otomobori (currentSosei River)excavation. NearSapporo VillageBecomesBizumi JozanBy Jozankei OnsenSpaIs opened.

Meiji

Taisho

  • 1918(Taisho7 years): Hokkaido Imperial University (currentHokkaido University) Is installed in Sapporo Ward. Agriculture University transferred from Tohoku Imperial University. The 50th anniversary Hokkaido Expo was held. Converting the Sapporo Stone Wagon Railway into a train,Sapporo Electric OrbitOperation starts.Jozankei Railway LineOperation started (discontinued in 1969).
  • 1920(Taisho 9): The first national census. The population of Sapporo Ward was 1 (Otaru Ward had a population of 102,580 at that time, and Hakodate Ward had a population of 108,113). The Yusaku area of ​​Hosono moved to Kikusui, Shiraishi-ku.
  • 1922(Taisho 11th year): The municipal system came into effect.
  • 1924(Taisho 13): Toyohira Bridge became a permanent bridge, and the wooden block pavement was completed.

Showa (until the end of the war)

Showa (postwar)

Heisei

Reiwa

Transition of administrative divisions

  • 1869(Meiji 2):PioneerSettings.EzoTheHokkaidoIs renamed. 11 counties in 86 countriesIshikari countrySapporo-gunBecomes
  • 1871(Meiji 4): Centering on the location of the Hokkaidō Development Commission (currently near Kita 4 Johigashi 1-chome), 1in(Approximately 3.9 kilometers) The area on all sides is defined as the Sapporo city area.[62].. Also, from the policy of not creating a village in that area,Higashi Honganji Temple House50 residents of "Shinpiichi Village" in the eastMaruyama Village-Kotoni VillageRe-settled in[62].
  • 1872(5th year of Meiji): The pioneering ambassador's main government office building is installed at the present North 3rd Article West 6th Street. Centering on this new government building, 4 towns in the east and west and 5 towns in the north and south were designated as the main government office site, and the area of ​​1 sq. km was changed to the Sapporo city area. The scale was gradually reduced)[62][63].
  • 1876(Meiji 9):Large Ward Small Ward SystemEnforced,Sapporo-gunIs designated as the 6st Great Ward, with XNUMX subdistricts below it[64].
  • 1879(Meiji 12):County, town and village organization lawThe city area of ​​Sapporo became Sapporo Ward due to enforcement, leaving Sapporo[65].
  • 1880(Meiji 13): Sapporo-ku and Sapporo-gun will be under the jurisdiction of the Sapporo-ku government office[66].
  • 1884(17th year of Meiji): Sapporo-gun is under the jurisdiction of the Sapporo Gogo-gun government office, and the Sapporo-ku office is under the jurisdiction of Sapporo-ku only.[67].
  • 1886(Meiji 19):Yamahana VillageKaramokanakajima (currentNakajima Park) Transfer[68][69][70].. Around the same time, a part of Maruyama village was transferred.[68].
  • 1899(Meiji 32) March 10:Hokkaido ward systemEnforced and became Sapporo Ward. Hakodate Ward and Otaru Ward are established in Hokkaido other than Sapporo Ward.
  • 1910(Meiji 43) March 4:Sapporo VillagePart of (current part of Chuo-ku and Higashi-ku),Baishi VillageLarge printKamishiraishi Village (currentlyShiroishi WardPart (current part of the Kikusui district),Moiwa VillageLarge printYamahana VillageTonitamura area (currently part of Chuo-ku and Minami-ku),Toyohira TownMost of Toyohira Village (currently part of Toyohira Ward)Toyohira-Asahi-Water wheel town) Transfer. In addition, some areas in SapporoKotoni VillageTransferred to.
  • 1922(Taisho 11) August 8:Municipal systemEnforced and became Sapporo City. The city area at this time is each part of the current Chuo-ku, Kita-ku, Higashi-ku, Shiroishi-ku, and Toyohira-ku.
  • 1941(Showa 16) April 4:Maruyama Town(Part of the current Chuo Ward (west of West 20th Street, Asahigaoka, etc.), part of Minami Ward (Along the river,Minamizawa,MoiwaEtc.) Transfer.
  • 1950(25)
    • April 4: Partial transfer of Sapporo village[71].
    • June 6: Shiraishi Village (part of the current Shiroishi Ward excluding part of the Kikusui Ward, which was already Sapporo City, the entire Atsubetsu Ward) was incorporated.
  • 1951(Showa 26) April 4:Hiroshima VillagePartial transfer[72].
  • 1955(Showa 30) April 3:Kotoni Town(Part of the current Chuo-ku (Miyanomori, Bankei), part of Kita-ku (Shinkotomi, Shinkawa,Tonda, North of Article 25 and north), part of Nishi Ward (former peace of Teine Town,(I.e., Area except Miyanosawa), part of Teine Ward (new cold)), Sapporo Village (most of Higashi Ward),Shinoji Village(Part of the current Kita Ward (Shinoji)) Transferred.
  • 1961(Showa 36) April 5:Toyohira Town(Part of the current Toyohira Ward, except for Toyohira, Asahi-cho, and Mizuma-cho, which were already Sapporo City, most of Kiyota-ku and Minami-ku).
  • 1967(Showa 42) April 3:Teine Town(Part of the current Nishi Ward (Heiwa, Nishimachi, Miyanosawa), part of Teine Ward excluding the new cold weather that was former Kotoni Town).
  • 1972(Showa 47) April 4:Government-designated cityThe administrative division system was enforced by the 7 wards of Chuo-ku, Kita-ku, Higashi-ku, Shiroishi-ku, Toyohira-ku, Minami-ku and Nishi-ku.
  • 1973(48) February:OtaruPartial transfer[73].
  • 1989(First year of Heisei) November 11: Teine Ward from Nishi Ward and Atsubetsu Ward from Shiroishi Ward will be divided into 6 Wards.
  • 1997(9) November 11: Kiyota Ward is divided from Toyohira Ward to become 4 Wards.

Politics

Municipal

The city of Sapporo has a deputy mayor (former name, assistant) as an auxiliary organization for the mayor, and the mayor is appointed with the consent of the parliament. The term is 4 years, the same as the mayor. As of 2018 (Heisei 30), 3 people have been appointed[74]. The ward system was enforced after the government-designated city transition and is now divided into 10 wards. Each ward may assist the mayor's affairs and perform the affairs delegated by laws and regulations with his own authority and responsibility[74]. In addition, rooms and stations are established according to the purpose and nature of clerical work, and departments, locations, and rooms are established within the station, and are further divided into sections and sections. The number of employees is about 14,000[74].

As for medical care,イタリア OfBazaarian lawEnactment, etc. in the worldPsychiatricAbolition of wardisolationDetentionWhile the illegalization of[75], Sapporo has the largest number of psychiatric beds in municipalities nationwide, with 7200 beds. As for the number of psychiatric beds per 1 people, the world average is 1.5 beds, while Sapporo city has 38 beds, and Sapporo city has the most psychiatric patients in the world.Social hospitalizationIs a city where[76].

Mayor

Successive chiefs
代NameInaugurationRetirement date
Mayor (elected)
First generationTsushima KasaburoDecember 1899 (Meiji 32)December 1902 (Meiji 35)
2 feeKanrokuro KatoDecember 1902 (Meiji 35)December 1906 (Meiji 39)
3 feeAokiDecember 1906 (Meiji 39)November 1912 (Taisho first year)
4 feeAbe UnohachiAugust 1913 (Taisho 2)August 1919 (Taisho 8)
5 feeTomokuma SatoAugust 1919 (Taisho 8)August 1921 (Taisho 10)
Mayor (elected)
First generationNaoyoshi TakaokaAugust 1923 (Taisho 12)December, 1927 (Showa 2)
2 feeHashimotoDecember, 1927 (Showa 2) December, 1937 (Showa 12)
3 feeKanichi MisawaDecember, 1937 (Showa 12) December, 1945 (Showa 20)
4 feeRokuro UeharaDecember, 1945 (Showa 20) December, 1946 (Showa 21)
Mayor (publicly elected)
5 feeTomita TakadaDecember, 1947 (Showa 22) December, 1959 (Showa 34)
6 feeBy HaradaDecember, 1959 (Showa 34) December, 1971 (Showa 46)
7 feeItagaki TakeshiDecember, 1971 (Showa 46) May 1991
8 feeNobuo KatsuraMay 1991May 2003
9 feeFumio UedaMay 2003May 2015
10 feeAkimoto KatsuhiroMay 2015In office

Government office

  • Sapporo City Hall
    • Chuo Ward Office
    • Kita Ward Office
    • Higashi Ward Office
    • Shiroishi Ward Office
    • Toyohira Ward Office
    • Minami Ward Office
    • Nishi Ward Office
    • Atsubetsu Ward Office
    • Teine Ward Office
    • Kiyota Ward Office

Administrative organization

  • Accounting room
  • Crisis Management Office
  • Mayor Policy Office
  • General Affairs Bureau
  • Citizen Town Development Bureau
  • Finance Bureau
  • Health and Welfare Bureau
  • Children's Future Bureau
  • Environment Bureau
  • Economic Affairs Bureau
  • Tourism and Culture Bureau
  • Construction Bureau
  • City bureau
  • Traffic bureau
  • Waterworks
  • Hospital station (Municipal Sapporo Hospital)
  • Fire department
  • Board of education
  • Election Board Secretariat
  • Personnel Committee Secretariat
  • Audit office
  • Agricultural Committee Secretariat
  • Congress Secretariat

Information disclosure

In April 1989 (Heisei 4), in Sapporo City, "Sapporo City Information DisclosureOrdinance』Enforced. In April 2000, the revised Sapporo City Information Disclosure Ordinance came into effect. From January 12, we have started accepting requests for publication of official documents via the Internet.[77].

Government-designated cities Comprehensive information disclosure ranking[78]
年度199619981999200020012002200320042005200620072008200920102011201220132014
Ranking of Sapporo City54411279121311
Number of target cities12889101012131314151719

Sapporo citizen charter

The Sapporo Citizen's Charter was established as the consensus of the citizens on November 1963, 38 (Showa 11).[79].

Sapporo citizen charter
Previous chapter: WeClock towerI am a citizen of Sapporo who will be the bell.
Chapter 1: Let's work hard and make a rich city.
Chapter 2: Let's clean the sky, roads, plants and water.
Chapter 3: Observe the rules well and make a comfortable city.
Chapter 4: Let's be a happy city for children to create the future.
Chapter 5: Let's be a city of high culture and the world.

Parliament

City council

Sapporo City announced the city council ahead of the whole country in April 1953 (Showa 28)[80].. The city council has regular meetings that are held four times a year (usually March, May, September, and December) and extraordinary meetings that are held as needed, and the mayor convenes them.

  • Constant number: 68 people
  • Term: May 2015, 27 (May 5, 2) to May 2019, 5
  • Chair: Takeo Suzuki (Sapporo City Assembly Liberal Democratic Party Assembly)
  • Vice-chairman: Ichiro Onmura (Sapporo City Assembly Democratic Party/Citizens' Union Assembly)
Committee
  • Standing Committee
    • General Affairs Committee
    • Finance Citizen Committee
    • Education Committee
    • Welfare Committee
    • Construction committee
    • Economic Commission
  • Congress Steering Committee
  • Special committee
Parliamentary structure

The composition of the parliamentary group as of July 2019, 7 is as follows.

Parliamentary nameNumber of seatsCertified/Recommended Parties at the time of election
Sapporo City Assembly Liberal Democratic Party Membership27LDP27 certified
Sapporo City Council Democratic Citizens' Union20Constitutional Democratic Party19 officially recognized, 1 without independent constitutional Democratic Party recommendation
Sapporo City Assembly Komeito Party10Komeito10 certified
Japanese Communist Party Sapporo City Council10Japan Communist Party10 certified
Sapporo City Council Citizen Network Hokkaido1Citizen network Hokkaido1 certified

Prefectural assembly

Member of Hokkaido Assembly (elected by Sapporo City)
  • Constant number: 28 people
  • Term: May 2019, 5 (Reiwa 13st year) to May 2023, 5 (Reiwa 5th year) May 12
ConstituencyNameParliamentary name
Chuo-ku (3)Chiba HidemoriLDP・Citizens' meeting
Naoko HigakiLDP/Citizens' Meeting
Fujikawa MasashiDemocratic/Dominant Union (Constitutional Democratic Party)
Kita (4)Yamane NorihiroDemocratic/Democratic Union (Constitutional Democratic Party)
Takayoshi YoshikawaLDP/Citizens' Meeting
Yasunori MichimiLDP/Citizens' Meeting
Shiho NakanoHokkaido AssemblyKomeitoLegislature
Higashi Ward (4)Yasushi WatanabeLDP/Citizens' Meeting
Hiromi AraHokkaido National Assembly Komei Party Parliamentary Group
Ayako FuchigamiDemocratic/Democratic Union (Constitutional Democratic Party)
Miyagawa JunJapan Communist PartyHokkaido Parliamentary Assembly
Shiroishi Ward (3)Jouichi ItoLDP/Citizens' Meeting
Mayumi HirotaDemocratic/Democratic Union (Constitutional Democratic Party)
Mori ShigeyukiHokkaido National Assembly Komei Party Parliamentary Group
Atsubetsu Ward (2)Hanasaki MasaruLDP/Citizens' Meeting
Kazutada SugawaraDemocratic/Democratic Union (Constitutional Democratic Party)
Toyohira Ward (3)Yuki YoshidaLDP/Citizens' Meeting
Takeshi MatsuyamaDemocratic/Democratic Union (Constitutional Democratic Party)
Noko OgoshiLDP/Citizens' Meeting
Kiyota Ward (2)Tadashi KajiyaDemocratic/Democratic Union (Constitutional Democratic Party)
Junichi MiyashitaLDP/Citizens' Meeting
South ward (2)Koji MaruiwaLDP/Citizens' Meeting
Hatakeyama MinoriDemocratic/Democratic Union (Constitutional Democratic Party)
Nishi-ward (3)Hiromitsu TakedaDemocratic/Democratic Union (Constitutional Democratic Party)
Takahiro KatoLDP/Citizens' Meeting
Kei WadaLDP/Citizens' Meeting
Teine Ward (2)Takashi SumiyaLDP/Citizens' Meeting
Yasuko SudaDemocratic/Democratic Union (Constitutional Democratic Party)

House of Representatives

Member of the House of Representatives
ConstituencyRepresentative nameParty nameNumber of winsRemarks
Hokkaido 1th Ward(Chuo-ku,South ward,Nishi-ward)Taichi MichishitaConstitutional Democratic Party1Constituency
Toshimi FunabashiLDP2Proportional revival
Hokkaido 2th Ward(Kita,Higashi Ward)Kenko MatsukiConstitutional Democratic Party5Constituency
Hokkaido 3th Ward(Shiroishi Ward,Toyohira Ward,Kiyota Ward)Satoshi AraiConstitutional Democratic Party8Constituency
Hokkaido 4th Ward(Teine WardSuch)Hiroyuki NakamuraLDP3Constituency
Honda TairaConstitutional Democratic Party3Proportional revival
Hokkaido 5th Ward(Atsubetsu WardSuch)Yoshiaki WadaLDP2Constituency
Maki IkedaConstitutional Democratic Party1Proportional revival

National agency

Refer to "List of administrative agency locations"[81]

Government office

Cabinet Secretariat
  • Ainu General Policy Office Hokkaido Branch Office
National Personnel Authority
  • Secretariat Office Hokkaido Office
Cabinet Office
Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications
Ministry of Justice
Ministry of Finance
Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare
  • Hokkaido Welfare Bureau
  • Hokkaido Labor Bureau
    • Labor Standards Department Labor Accident Compensation Section Branch Office
    • Employment Security Division, Occupational Measures Section
    • Sapporo CentralLabor Standards Inspection Office
    • Sapporo East Labor Standards Inspection Office
    • SapporoPublic Employment Security Office(Hello Work Sapporo)
      • Mothers Hello Work Sapporo, Sapporo Wakamono Hello Work, Hello Work Plaza Sapporo, Sapporo New Graduate Support Hello Work
    • Sapporo East Public Employment Security Office (Hello Work Sapporo East)
    • Sapporo Kita Public Employment Security Office (Hello Work Sapporo Kita)
      • Hello Work Plaza North 24
Ministry of Agriculture
Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry
Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism
Ministry of the Environment
Ministry of Defense

裁判 所

Independent administrative agencies, special corporations, etc.

Refer to "List of locations of independent administrative corporations" and "List of locations of special corporations" (as of July 30, 7)[82][83]

Independent administrative agency
Special corporationWait

Road agency

Facility

Archives/Library

Archives
library

Museums

Cultural facility

Exercise facility

Multipurpose facility

park

Foreign relations

Number of registered foreigners by country

February 2009 Sapporo City Foreign Public Awareness Survey Report (digest version)[85]According to Sapporo, the total number of registered foreigners in Sapporo is 9,126.

Breakdown
Nationality (top)of people
Chugoku3,255 (about 35.7%)
South Korea·Korea(north korea)2,714 (about 29.7%)
The United States of America522 (about 5.7%)
フィリピン316 (about 3.5%)
ロシア267 (about 2.9%)
カナダ166 (about 1.8%)
英国163 (about 1.8%)
Australia150 (about 1.6%)
ネ パ ー ル122 (about 1.3%)
Indonesia108 (about 1.2%)
Other1343 (about 15.0%)

Sister city/affiliated city

"sister city"[86]And "City of exchange agreements"[87]reference

Overseas

sister city
Partner city

Domestic

Partner city
Other

International organization

Refer to "Foreign House in Sapporo, etc."[88]

Consulate

Consulate General
Honorary Consulate
  • Irish flagHonorary Consulate of Ireland
  • Indonesian flagHonorary Consulate of the Republic of Indonesia
  • Austrian flagHonorary Consulate of the Republic of Austria
  • Canadian flagHonorary Consulate of Canada
  • Guatemala flagHonorary Consulate of the Republic of Guatemala
  • Spanish flagHonorary Consulate of the Kingdom of Spain
  • Chilean flagHonorary Consulate of the Republic of Chile
  • Danish flagHonorary Consulate of the Kingdom of Denmark
  • German flagHonorary Consulate of the Federal Republic of Germany
  • Philippines flagHonorary Consulate of the Republic of the Philippines
  • Finnish flagHonorary Consulate of the Republic of Finland
  • Brazilian flagHonorary Consulate of the Federal Republic of Brazil
  • French flagHonorary Consulate of the French Republic
  • Mongolia flagHonorary Consulate of Mongolia
  • Lithuanian flagHonorary Consulate of the Republic of Lithuania

Foreign government related organizations

  • Canadian Government Sapporo Trade Office
  • In SapporoSakhalinPermanent mission
  • Sapporo
  • Sapporo Alliance Francaise
  • Sapporo Korean Education Institute

Other related organizations

Economy

In the central city of the Hokkaido economy, the gross domestic product (nominal) in 2009 (Heisei 21) is about 6.2 trillion yen, but it has decreased since the peak in 1995 (Heisei 7).[89].. In reality, with price fluctuations removed, the peak was in 2004 (16).[89].. The economy of Sapporo is such as service services for civic services and business establishments associated with population growth.Tertiary industryIs the most developed, and has been developed centering on domestic demand type industry corresponding to the demand formed locally.[89].

Primary industry

From the beginning of the Meiji eraTun Tianbing Paddy field-field OfClearingIn 1876 (Meiji 9), it became the predecessor of Hokkaido University.Sapporo agricultural schoolHas been played as a technological base for northern agriculture.[90].Pacific WarAfter that, with the rapid development of Sapporo City, for urban infrastructure developmentFarmlandWas diverted, and the number of farmland and farm households decreased.[90].. In 2006 (18), agricultural output was about 38.4 billion yen, cultivated was 30.7 billion yen, and livestock was 7.8 million yen.[90]..The main product isonion(Sapporo Huang),Pumpkin,watermelon,SpinachAs for onions, Sapporo is the birthplace of cultivation.

Secondary industry

The composition ratio of construction costs (work volume basis) in Hokkaido was 2010% for the public and 22% for the private sector in fiscal 56.4, accounting for more than half of the public and the highest ratio in the whole country.[90].. Both the number of establishments and employees in the construction industry are decreasing in Sapporo City due to the decreasing trend of public works.[90].. In the manufacturing industry, the shipment value of manufactured goods in Sapporo City was 2010 billion yen in 22 (4696).Tomakomai-MuroranRanked 3rd after[90].. In the manufacturing industry, both the number of business establishments and the number of employees are decreasing.[90].. The main industries are food manufacturing, printing/related industries, and metal/machine manufacturing.[90].

As "Sapporo-type manufacturing industry" in SapporoITThe industry, biotechnology industry, and content industry are developing as new industrial promotion, and in 1986 (Showa 61)Sapporo Techno ParkStarted to sell, and in the 1990s, IT-related companies concentrated around the north exit of Sapporo Station[90].. The IT industry in Sapporo is larger than the major manufacturing industries, accounting for about 8% of the entire Hokkaido market.[90]..Also, in December 2011, Sapporo CityGeneral Special Area Law"Sapporo Content Special Zone" (released in 2016)[91], Some municipalities in Hokkaido, including Sapporo, are designated as "Hokkaido Food Complex International Strategic Comprehensive Special Zone". In the special food zone, we aim to improve the added value of agricultural and marine resources and processed products from Hokkaido, and expand sales channels. ing[92].

Tertiary industry

It is the most developed industry in Sapporo. Regarding the retail industry, the number of establishments is decreasing, but the number of employees is increasing mainly in the food and beverage retailing industry.[90].. The ratio of the number of real estate business establishments is nationwide, Hokkaido,Regional center city(Sendai city-Hiroshima city-Fukuoka CityThe ratio of Sapporo City is higher than any of[90].. The average office rent in the central part of Sapporo City (Ekimae-dori area) was 2011 yen/tsubo as of the end of December 23, which is one-third of the rent in the Marunouchi area of ​​Tokyo.[90].. Sapporo city from 2000 (12)Call centerAnd is one of the nation's leading call center clusters such as financial industry, insurance industry, and retail industry.[90].. Regarding the service industry, the composition ratio of the number of business offices for academic research and specialized technology services is higher than that of all over Japan and Hokkaido.[90].. Looking at the composition ratio of the number of employees in the service industry by industry, medical and welfare industries account for the largest number, followed by accommodation and restaurant industries, and life-related service and entertainment industries.[90].

Companies based in Sapporo

Agriculture and forestry

Construction industry

Manufacturing industry

Food
machine
Oil and coal products

transportation

Public transportation
Other transportation

Wholesale trade

Retail trade

Department store/Supermarket
convenience store
Home center
Drug store
Insurance dispensing pharmacy
  • Medical system network
Automobile/industrial machinery retail
Fuel/gas retail
Restaurant industry
Other retail

Finance/Insurance

Financial institution
Life insurance
  • AXA Life(Two head office system with Tokyo)
Securities industry
Stock exchange
Other finance/insurance

real estate business

Service industry

Tourism
amusement
Medical and welfare services
Advertising agency
Consultant
Recruitment
Learning support
Other Services

Cooperative association with a secretariat in Sapporo

Other associations/organizations

List of industrial parks

See "Sapporo Industry Portal"[93]

Kita
  • Shinkawa Industrial Park
Higashi Ward
  • Higashi Naeko Industrial Park
  • Okadama Ironworks
  • Okadama District Industrial Park
  • Sapporo city recycling complex
Shiroishi Ward
South ward
  • Sapporo Art Village
Nishi-ward
  • Hakan Iron Works
  • Hakan Ironworks-related complex
  • Hakka Wood Park
  • Hakka District 2nd Industrial Park
  • Hakka District 3nd Industrial Park
  • Hakka District 4nd Industrial Park
Atsubetsu Ward
  • Atsubetsu District Light Industrial Park
  • Atsetsu District No. 2 Light Industrial Park
  • Sapporo Techno Park
Teine Ward
  • Teine Industrial Park
  • Teine Yamaguchi District Light Industrial Park
Kiyota Ward

Major companies founded in Sapporo

A company that used to be in Sapporo

Telecommunications

Mass media

TV/FM transmittersTeineyama, AM radio transmitterEbetsu(Ebetsu Radio Broadcasting Station) Is installed. As of June 2015, Sapporo cityBasic municipality) Is broadcast by the most 8 stations.

Newspaper company

Infomation

Broadcaster

TV broadcast
Area broadcasting
  • Especially TV Kotoni Shopping Street (Nishi Ward)
Radio station
Community broadcasting station
Internet radio stations
Cable television operators

communication

Information processing/data center
Telecommunications
software
Other

Life base

life line

gas

electricity

Heat supply

Education

National university
Public university
private university
Private junior college

Transportation

The IC boarding card introduced by JR HokkaidoKitaca"Sapporo City Transportation BureauIntroduced by "SAPICAHowever, since Kitaca is a service that can be used only in the SAPICA area (excluding some areas), please be careful.[94][95].. In addition, in order to promote social participation of the elderly,Respect for the elderly ride, And "Welfare boarding certificate" etc. are issued as a transportation expense subsidy for people with disabilities.[96][97].

空港

Train

In addition to JR Hokkaido, the current railway lines are Sapporo City Subway and Sapporo City Tram operated by the Sapporo City Transportation Bureau. JR is the main stationSapporo StationAnd subwayOdori StationIs (both stationsUnderground walking spaceIt is directly connected via).For private railways, Jotetsu Kei Railway Co., Ltd. (currentlyJotetsu) Operated byJozankei Railway LineExisted, but the whole line was abolished in 1969.

Hokkaido passenger railway(JR Hokkaido)
Nippon Freight Railway Hokkaido Branch(JR Freight)
Sapporo City Transportation Bureau
Sapporo City Transportation Business Promotion Corporation
  • One line
  • Yamahana West Line
  • Yamahana Line
  • Toshin Line

Cableway/steel rope railway

bus

Long time agoTransit BusでSapporo City BusWas in operation,Hokkaido Central Bus,JR Hokkaido Bus, Transferred to Jotetsu 3 companies and abolished.Intercity busesSapporo StationFrom the surrounding area to each city in HokkaidoExpress Bus,New Chitose AirportandSapporo Okadama AirportContact bus to,(I.e.ToShuttle busIs arriving and departing.

Transit Bus

Bus terminal

Taxi

Hokkaido Transportation BureauAccording to the total at the end of 2013 in the Sapporo transportation areaTaxiThe number of vehicles is 4,874 (appropriate number of vehicles is 4728). The actual actual vehicle rate in 2013 was 30.4% (2001Degree ratio minus 14.1%). The total actual vehicle kilometer in 2013 was 1 km (up 1,773% from the previous year). The daily vehicle revenue and the actual vehicle kilometer in 5,777 were 1.2 yen and 2013 km, respectively (the daily vehicle revenue was minus 28,800% and the actual vehicle kilometer was minus 74.8% compared to 2001).In response to this fact2015May 10According to the Transport Council, "In the Sapporo area, unless the taxi supply and transportation capacity is reduced, the taxi business cannot maintain sound management and function as public transportation."Taxi optimization and activation methodBased on Article XNUMX, paragraph XNUMX, Sapporo transportation area[Annotation 2]It was judged appropriate to specify as a "specific area" in which the total number of vehicles can be limited. The expiration date of the specified period in a specific area2018May 10Is[102].

The maximum fare for the first ride of a regular car by a member company of the Hokkaido Higher Association is 1.6 yen for the distance system (670 km) and 30 yen for the time system (2,830 minutes).[103].

道路

The roads in downtown Sapporo arePioneerIt started in 1869 (Meiji 2) and started to be made in earnest in 1871 (Meiji 4) based on the city planning ofBoardIt is characterized by running like the eyes of[104].. Judge of the pioneering ambassador who planned the construction of SapporoYoshiyuki ShimaThe ChineseChang'anAnd Japan京都I wanted to make it windy, but I was dismissed from the construction due to the difficulty of construction, and in 1870 (Meiji 3), the vice minister of developmentKiyotaka KurodaIt is said that this was the result of inviting many American engineers to develop a new city and carry out American-style town development instead.[104].. Initially, street names in Sapporo were named in the American style such as "Sapporo-dori" and "Ishikari-dori", but from the middle of the Meiji era, the east-west road was "South 1". , North-south road was given a Kyoto-style name, such as "West 1-chome."[104].

highway

National road

Tourism

Cultural property

Refer to "Designated Cultural Properties in Sapporo City (Countries/Roads/Cities)"[105]

Country designation

Road designation

City designation

Country registration

Refer to "Registered Cultural Property in Sapporo City"[107]

Nearby Tourist Spots

Chuo-ku
Kita
Higashi Ward
Shiroishi Ward
Toyohira Ward
South ward
Nishi-ward
Atsubetsu Ward
Teine Ward
Kiyota Ward

Culture/Specialty

Festivals and events

Music event
Sports competition
Major sports competitions ever held in Sapporo

Music

  • Sapporo Symphony Orchestra
  • Sapporo Philharmonic Orchestra
  • Hokkaido Symphony Orchestra
  • Nord Symphonica
  • Sapporo Chamber Orchestra
  • Sapporo 100 Symphony Orchestra
  • orchestraHARUKA
  • Sapporo Nishi Ward Orchestra
  • Sapporo citizen orchestra
  • Sapporo Broadcasting Chorus

Sports

Specialty

"Miso Ramen"Or"Soup CurryIt is said to be the birthplace[108][109], Various food cultures that make use of fresh ingredients from Hokkaido are developing. The "Sweets Kingdom Sapporo Promotion Council" was established in 2005, andWestern confectioneryFrom Sapporo where production is active, through various sweets, efforts are being made in various fields to create new vitality in the Hokkaido economy.[110].. In 2009, the city of Sapporo declared "Sapporo, a city that loves Hokkaido food," advocating the need not only to disseminate food inside and outside Hokkaido, but also to consume Hokkaido food.[111].

Specialty
Special product
  • Sapporo Huang(East WardOkadama districtProduced inonion OfVariety) "Ark of taste" registered varieties
  • Satsuo(Variety of onions produced in Okadama area, Higashi-ku. Improved variety of Sapporo Huang)
  • Sapporo Grand Ball (produced in the largest sizecabbageVariety) "Ajino Ark" registered variety
  • Miyako Ohama Pumpkin (Yamaguchi district, Teine WardProduced inPumpkinVarieties)
  • Sapporo watermelon (produced in Yamaguchi area, Teine Ward)watermelonVarieties)
  • Polar Star (Kiyota Ward)Shinei-AriakeProduced in the districtSpinachVarieties)
  • Satohoro (developed by Sapporo Agricultural CenterStrawberryVarieties)
  • Sapporo Hakkou (of Hokkaido traditional vegetablescornVariety.Odori Park's specialty grilled corn varieties at the time of its founding, generally called "Hachijo Toukibi") "Aji no Ark" registered varieties
  • Sapporo Midori (Snow Brand SeedlingDeveloped by SapporoEdamameBreed of
  • Sapporo Nagacho Nanban (of Sapporo traditional vegetablesRed pepperVarieties)
  • Sapporo white burdock (of Sapporo traditional vegetablesBurdockVarieties)

Origin/related celebrities

Honor citizen

Hiragishi CemeteryThere are Hashimoto, Takaoka, and Itagaki cemeteries in the Honorary Citizen's area.

Famous people

Works set in Sapporo

"Sapporo Film CommissionIs a movie or TV program set in Sapporo,CMFor shooting etc.LocationWe provide various information such as weather, event information, application required for shooting, etc.[112]..Also, "JapanFilm commissionAs the head of the Hokkaido block, when shooting all over Hokkaido, I act as a contact point for each local government in Hokkaido and support the shooting smoothly.[113].

footnote

[How to use footnotes]

注 釈

  1. ^ Tokyo,Osaka,Nagoya cityThis was the fourth subway opening in Japan after Japan.
  2. ^ A business area established by the Hokkaido Transport Bureau Director under the provisions of Article XNUMX of the Road Transport Law Enforcement Regulations.

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References

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