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😷 | New Corona Confirmation of infection of two new people Single digit or zero is XNUMX consecutive days [Ehime]


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New Corona Confirmation of Infection of Two New Single Digits or Zero for XNUMX Consecutive Days [Ehime]

 
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The two confirmed infections are both new cases, one in Matsuyama City and one in Iwate Prefecture.
 

Ehime Prefecture announced on the XNUMXth that two new coronavirus infections have been confirmed.The two people who were confirmed to be infected ... → Continue reading

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Iwate

Iwate(Iwate Ken,British: Iwate Prefecture) IsJapan OfTohoku regionに 位置 す るPrefecture.Prefectural office location TheMorioka.

Overview

Tohoku regionLocated in the north (northeast north) ofAomori, WestAkita, SouthMiyagiBorders with. Area is 15,275.01km2[1],JapanesePrefecturesas,HokkaidoSecond largest after. Of the prefecture's population of approximately 2 million, over 125 million (over 100%) are inlandKitakami BasinConcentrates on. Except for the basin and the coast, there are many mountains and hilly areas, and it is a lush prefecture.

During the Edo period, the area that was the predecessor of Iwate Prefecture todayNanbu DomainNorth ofDate clanIt was composed of the southern part of the prefecture (for this reason, in the prefecture, "southern" as a name may refer to the northern part of the prefecture, contrary to its geographical meaning).Also, in Iwate prefectureRikuzenThe area corresponding toSanriku regionOnly. Southern (prefecture north) areaIn the landHit

Name

The name "Iwate" belongs to Morioka City, where the prefectural office is located.countyName"IwateIs derived from Regarding its origin, "Oiwa (the god of Mitsuishi, present:Mitsuishi Shrine) Punished it and left the demon's affirmation on the rock with a handprint that would never devastate the land again."

In addition, the name "Iwate" appears in the literature.MichinokuからThe Emperor liked the hawk donated to theBig wordI put it in, but I missed it.''Yamato storyIt is said that the hawk's name "Iwate" is one of the first. The emperor wrote that the sadness of losing Iwate was multiplied by "Iwate = Kotowade" to mean "Ihade is fooled by what I don't say." Say. This expression isOld and modern WakashuFrom insideBook song.

1872Officially from the inauguration ofIwateHowever, in the Meiji and Taisho eras, "Iwate prefectureWas also used, and the title of "Iwate Prefectural Bulletin" was used in the prefectural bulletin.[2].. What was unified into "Iwate Prefecture"1923May 9So, in "Iwate Prefectural Bulletin No. 847", "Iwate Prefecture" was officially announced as "Iwate Prefecture".[3].

Geography/Region

nature Park

terrain

climate

The climate is inland at the foot of the Nasu volcanic beltSea of ​​Japan side climate, Other areasPacific climate. In addition, the inlandInland climateThe summer is hot and the winter is cold, so the Pacific coastOceanic climateAnd summer is cool. (→Tohoku region #Climate).Sanriku CoastCoastal areasKöppen climate classificationThen.West coast marine climate Sometimes classified as (Cfb). The northern inland regions and western mountainsSubarctic humid climate Belonging to (Dfa, Dfb), the cold is very severe, especially Yabugawa is famous as the coldest area in Honshu, where it can get cold to -30°C in winter.

The whole prefectureHeavy snowfallHowever, there are large regional differences in winter snow cover.Nishiwaga TownHachimantai CityHas a large amount of snow and is designated as a special heavy snowfall area. In the Ou Mountains,SnowfallDue to the large amount of snow and good snow quality,Ski resortSki,ノ ノ ー ボ ーInternational and domestic competitions are often held. On the other hand, snowfall is generally small in Miyako City and Ofunato City, which are located on the Pacific Ocean side.

Pacific sidebasinThe Kitakami Basin isWest High East Low Of(I.e.When arranged, the Ou Mountains often act as a "wall" and become sunny. for that reason,Radiation coolingBy early morning(I.e.Is considerably lower. On the other hand, it is difficult to lower the temperature when it is snowing or when it is cloudy. Located in the Kitakami BasinMoriokaIs the northernmost point of the eastern basin of the Spine Mountains, which is affected by such radiative cooling.Prefectural office location(Because of the Sea of ​​Japan side, it is often cloudy in winter and radiative cooling is difficult)Aomori,SapporoLocated more north, etc.Prefectural office locationThe lowest temperature is often lower thanTohoku regionThen of course JapanPrefectural office locationThere are many days when it is the coldest city. In factKitakami BasinEach city (Morioka,Hanamaki,Kitakami City,Oshu CityIt is not uncommon for) to drop to around -15°C during the harsh winter, and except for Hokkaido, it is the region with the most chills in the flat areas of the city where the altitude is not high. However, in the morning and evening in the winter, the temperature difference between the city and the suburbs is very large, and heat islands are prominent mainly in Morioka, Kitakami, and Ichinoseki.

On the other hand, during the summer in the Kitakami Basin,Fern phenomenonHas a tendency towards the south and an oceanic climate due toSendai cityOften the temperature is higher than that, but the coastal areas often have a climate similar to Sendai.

Normal values ​​in various parts of Iwate Prefecture (statistical period: 1971-2000, Source:Meteorological Agency / Meteorological Statistics Information
Average price
(Monthly)
Sanriku CoastNorthern inlandKitakami Highlands
Hirono Town
Taneichi
KujiFudaiIwaizumi Town
Small book
Miyako(I.e.KamaishiOfunatoLight riceNinoheHachimantai City
Araya
Hachimantai City
Iwate Matsuo
Ichinohe
Okunakayama
Kuji City
Yamagata
KuzumakiMorioka
Yabukawa
Miyako City
Ward boundaries
average
temperature
(° C)
Warmest month21.1
(May)
21.6
(May)
21.0
(May)
21.5
(May)
21.2
(May)
21.9
(May)
22.9
(May)
23.0
(May)
21.1
(May)
22.7
(May)
21.7
(May)
21.3
(May)
20.8
(May)
20.9
(May)
21.5
(May)
19.4
(May)
Coldest month−1.1
(May)
−1.5
(May)
−1.4
(May)
-0.9%
(May)
−1.3
(May)
0.6
(May)
0.7
(May)
−3.0
(May)
−2.3
(May)
−3.6
(May)
−3.5
(May)
−4.8
(May)
−3.1
(May)
−3.9
(May)
−7.0
(May)
Precipitation amount
(mm)
Most months196.4
(May)
205.0
(May)
257.8
(May)
257.1
(May)
229.4
(May)
234.6
(May)
287.2
(May)
218.7
(May)
160.6
(May)
161.2
(May)
163.3
(May)
159.0
(May)
171.5
(May)
170.3
(May)
154.0
(May)
183.7
(May)
Minimum month36.0
(May)
30.3
(May)
36.7
(May)
38.4
(May)
39.9
(May)
42.7
(May)
47.0
(May)
36.9
(May)
28.2
(May)
32.3
(May)
70.8
(May)
38.3
(May)
53.5
(May)
45.8
(May)
34.3
(May)
30.4
(May)
Average price
(Monthly)
Kitakami HighlandsMidwestKitakami Basin
IwaizumiMiyako City
Kawai
TonoSumitaNishiwaga Town
Sawauchi
Nishiwaga Town
Yuda
Morioka
Good
MoriokaMeteoritePurple waveHanamaki
Osako
HanamakiKitakamiOshu City
Esashi
Oshu City
Wakayanagi
Fujisawa
Thousand horses
Ichinoseki
average
temperature
(° C)
Warmest month22.0
(May)
22.4
(May)
22.5
(May)
22.7
(May)
21.9
(May)
22.2
(May)
22.4
(May)
23.2
(May)
22.4
(May)
22.9
(May)
22.9
(May)
23.7
(May)
23.5
(May)
23.2
(May)
23.2
(May)
23.8
(May)
Coldest month−1.3
(May)
−1.4
(May)
−2.8
(May)
−1.0
(May)
−3.4
(May)
−3.0
(May)
−3.2
(May)
−2.1
(May)
−3.0
(May)
−2.3
(May)
−2.5
(May)
−1.5
(May)
−1.7
(May)
−1.7
(May)
−1.3
(May)
−0.7
(May)
Precipitation amount
(mm)
Most months179.2
(May)
185.4
(May)
194.2
(May)
197.7
(May)
264.8
(May)
32.1
(May)
170.0
(May)
177.8
(May)
215.3
(May)
170.6
(May)
170.5
(May)
189.8
(May)
157.1
(May)
184.5
(May)
171.7
(May)
175.5
(May)
Minimum month49.5
(May)
35.0
(May)
37.1
(May)
32.0
(May)
157.5
(May)
131.4
(May)
36.0
(May)
50.6
(May)
64.5
(May)
42.9
(May)
41.5
(January and February)
55.1
(May)
43.0
(May)
49.6
(May)
27.4
(May)
34.6
(May)

Wide skirt

According to the Geographical Survey Institute's nationwide prefectural area coverage, Iwate Prefecture has an area of ​​15,275.01 square kilometers.[4].

The ends of north, south, east, and west of Iwate prefecture are as follows:[5][6].. Eastern endKourigasaki(The easternmost tip of Honshu), the western endKuromori Pass2km northeast of JR EastTohoku Main LineYushima StationSoutheast about 6.7km, The northern endJR EastHachinohe LineKakunohama StationIt is about 1km north of. In addition, include the center of gravity[7].. Ministry of Internal Affairs and CommunicationsStatistics BureauAccording to the 27 national census,Shiwa-gunShiwa TownLocated in Sabi Uchi Togasaki[8].

Wide Iwate Prefecture
Center of gravity
North Latitude 39 Degrees 35 Minutes 39 Seconds East longitude 141 degree 21 min 32 sec /39.59417 degrees north latitude 141.35889 degrees east longitude / 39.59417; 141.35889 (Center of gravity of Iwate prefecture)

Northern end
North Latitude 40 Degrees 27 Minutes 02 Seconds East longitude 141 degree 40 min 57 sec /40.45056 degrees north latitude 141.68250 degrees east longitude / 40.45056; 141.68250 (Northernmost part of Iwate prefecture)
Center of gravity
North Latitude 39 Degrees 30 Minutes 28.55 Seconds East longitude 141 degree 17 min 28.18 sec /39.5079306 degrees north latitude 141.2911611 degrees east longitude / 39.5079306; 141.2911611 (Iwate Prefecture Center of Population)
West end
North Latitude 39 Degrees 23 Minutes 28 Seconds East longitude 140 degree 39 min 11 sec /39.39111 degrees north latitude 140.65306 degrees east longitude / 39.39111; 140.65306 (Westernmost part of Iwate prefecture)
Iwate Prefectural Government Building Location
North Latitude 39 Degrees 42 Minutes 13 Seconds East longitude 141 degree 09 min 09 sec /39.70361 degrees north latitude 141.15250 degrees east longitude / 39.70361; 141.15250 (Iwate Prefectural Office)
Eastern end
North Latitude 39 Degrees 32 Minutes 48 Seconds East longitude 142 degree 04 min 21 sec /39.54667 degrees north latitude 142.07250 degrees east longitude / 39.54667; 142.07250 (The easternmost point of Iwate prefecture)

Southern tip
North Latitude 38 Degrees 44 Minutes 52 Seconds East longitude 141 degree 13 min 53 sec /38.74778 degrees north latitude 141.23139 degrees east longitude / 38.74778; 141.23139 (The southernmost tip of Iwate prefecture)

Region

It is the second largest nationwide in terms of total area, but the ratio of habitable area is 2%, which is low, and it is 24.3th nationwide.List of prefecture areas #2014See). There are two major habitable areas: inland (population about 100 million) and coast (about 30). Of these, in the inland areaTohoku Shinkansen-Tohoku Transit ExpresswayHigh-speed transportation infrastructure such as is in place, but infrastructure is not developed in other areas, so movement between areas is notNational road,Conventional lineStay at the level. In particular, in order to travel between inland and coastal areas,General national road-Prefectural roadIs a road going up and down a steep mountain pass, which results in a long travel time for a straight distance. In such a situation, many prefecture soils(I.e.Is composed byOkinawaIs similar toEmergency medical careInhelicopterIt is transported.

TransportationInfrastructureDue to the lack of maintenance, there are many prefectural people who cannot reach the prefectural office in a short time.Iwate Prefectural OfficeHas established "Regional Promotion Bureaus" in various places throughout the prefecture and has functioned as a general outsourcing agency for the prefecture. In recent years,Great Heisei mergerAs a result of the significant decrease in the number of municipalities,2006(18) Reorganization of the Regional Development Bureau in April. Inland areas where high-speed transportation infrastructure is in place, the central functions of the prefecture are gathered together without being divided into small regional areas.MoriokaIt was integrated into the north and south divisions of the wide area and the prefecture south area. In the south area of ​​the prefecture, there were many wide-area living areas that were set up in the past, but they have been integrated into one and are now under the jurisdiction of the newly-established "prefectural south area promotion bureau." As a result, the number of wide-area living areas, which used to be 2, was reduced to 12.

Prefecture area classification

The Wide Area Promotion Bureau is divided into the following four categories.

The sphere is divided into the following 9 areas.

  • Morioka area (Iwate area, Morioka area, Shiwa area)
  • Central Iwate area (Waga area, Hanamaki area, Tono area)
  • Biling River area
  • Ryoban area
  • Miyako area
  • Kamaishi area
  • Kesen area
  • Ninohe area
  • Kuji area

Municipalities

The prefectures are listed for each promotion bureau. There are 14 cities, 10 districts, 15 towns and 4 villages in the prefecture. As for the reading of "town," six of Katsuraki town, Iwate town, Nishiwaga town, Yamada town, Karumai town, and Ichinohe town are "machi," and all others are "cho." All villages are read as "mura".

Morioka Wide Area Promotion Bureau 482,482

Prefectural South Wide Area Promotion Bureau 514,132

Coastal Area Promotion Bureau 218,744

Prefectural north wide area promotion station jurisdiction 133,932

Metropolitan area

Urban employment area(10 % Changes in commuting area

1980199019952000200520102015
Morioka Metropolitan area
38Ten thousand2706
Morioka Metropolitan area
41Ten thousand8459
Morioka Metropolitan area
46Ten thousand1605
Morioka Metropolitan area
47Ten thousand5541
Morioka Metropolitan area
45Ten thousand0392
Morioka Metropolitan area
47Ten thousand4395
Morioka Metropolitan area
47Ten thousand0414
Mizusawa Metropolitan area
12Ten thousand4722
Mizusawa Metropolitan area
14Ten thousand2279
Mizusawa Metropolitan area
14Ten thousand3633
Kitakami Metropolitan area
22Ten thousand0258
Kitakami Metropolitan area
21Ten thousand5745
Kitakami Metropolitan area
19Ten thousand4576
Kitakami Metropolitan area
19Ten thousand1213
Hanamaki Metropolitan area
9Ten thousand7389
Ichinoseki Metropolitan area
11Ten thousand1629
Ichinoseki Metropolitan area
11Ten thousand7414
Mizusawa Metropolitan area
13Ten thousand3028
Ichinoseki Metropolitan area
14Ten thousand9496
Oshu Metropolitan area
14Ten thousand1071
Oshu Metropolitan area
13Ten thousand5317
Ichinoseki Metropolitan area
9Ten thousand2459
Hanamaki Metropolitan area
9Ten thousand8853
Hanamaki Metropolitan area
9Ten thousand9643
Ichinoseki Metropolitan area
11Ten thousand0034
Mizusawa Metropolitan area
12Ten thousand5216
Ichinoseki Metropolitan area
13Ten thousand5987
Ichinoseki Metropolitan area
12Ten thousand9451
Kamaishi Metropolitan area
8Ten thousand6538
Kitakami Metropolitan area
8Ten thousand2851
Kitakami Metropolitan area
8Ten thousand7969
Hanamaki metropolitan area
Union with Kitakami metropolitan area
Miyako Metropolitan area
8Ten thousand0392
Miyako Metropolitan area
7Ten thousand8047
Miyako Metropolitan area
7Ten thousand2502
Kitakami Metropolitan area
7Ten thousand6633
Kamaishi Metropolitan area
7Ten thousand1542
Miyako Metropolitan area
8Ten thousand7499
Miyako Metropolitan area
8Ten thousand4406
Kamaishi Metropolitan area
5Ten thousand9503
Kamaishi Metropolitan area
5Ten thousand4850
Kamaishi Metropolitan area
4Ten thousand8561
Miyako Metropolitan area
7Ten thousand3014
Miyako Metropolitan area
6Ten thousand8052
Kamaishi Metropolitan area
6Ten thousand7748
Kamaishi Metropolitan area
6Ten thousand4000

Income gap on the “North and South Coast”

In the southern part of the prefecture such as Kitakami cityEconomic developmentByincomeOn the other hand, in the inland northern and coastal areas, where the standard has greatly improved, there is no noticeable economic development and the development tends to be delayed,Income inequalityExists. Compared with statistical data, the average income of the prefecture as a whole is 242 million yen, while the central city of the prefecture northNinohe City-Kuji CitySo, it remains in the 190 million yen range, and there is a gap of over 50 yen.[10].Iwate Prefectural OfficeEstablished a prefectural north and coastal promotion headquarters in 2006, but began to take countermeasures, but the disparity between the north and the south is even increasing, and fundamental measures are required.[11].

Adjacent municipality

History

Prehistory/Ancient

About 4-3 years ago, the oblique axisPointed deviceExcavated from Yanagisawakan Ruins (Oshu City) AndKantori Ruins(Tono City) And so on. Also, Hanais Mimoriushi[12] A large amount of animal and plant fossils such asKanamori Ruins(IchinosekiIt is thought that people lived from the Paleolithic period from the ruins such as[13][14].

Old timesJomon PeriodIt was a land that realized a richer hunting and fishing life. recent yearsTohoku StudiesWell thenKitakami RiverBasinEzoIn the center ofHidaka countryIt has been advocated that it was also called (in addition, the name of Hidakami country became the name of the place called Kitakami River or the country of "Japan"). On the other hand,Isawa OfKakuzuka TumulusIs the northernmost front and rear tumulus,Yamato kingshipIt was also at the northern end of the influence of.

The northern Tohoku region was not yet included in its control in the latter half of the 7th century, when the Ritsuryo nation was being formed, and Ezo was a subject of subjugation from the court side.8st centuryEzo Emi's military leader in the last 38 years of warAteluiAppears and resists the Imperial Court,Conqueror GeneralWas entrusted toSakaue Tamura MaroDestroyed by After that, the Imperial Court seized the Kitakami River basin, and many Ezo were forced to relocate to the whole country. The remaining Ezo isPrisonerWas incorporated into the control system as well as from the Kanto region to IsawaFence doorAs the settlers entered.

11st centuryuntilOkuroku DistrictBased on (currently inland Iwate prefecture), he was able to exert influence over a vast area from Nukabe (currently eastern Aomori prefecture) to Watari/Igu (currently southern Miyagi prefecture).Mr. AbeBuilt a semi-independent force. Mr. AbeRole of the last nine yearsAkita Senboku prisoner who flew to the Yamato Imperial Court army led by MinamotoKiyoharaDestroyed by Mr. Kiyohara is also from the family conflictThe role of the next three yearsPerishes and draws blood of Mr. AbeOshu Fujiwara Esashi-gunToyotakanからIwai DistrictHiraizumiTo control Oshu and realize Buddhist-based regional rule based on rich production.HiraizumiBuilt the era.

中 世

HiraizumiYoritomo GengenWas captured by and re-controlled by GenjiKamakura PeriodToKai countryDominated the Kawachi region in the southMr. Kai OfMr. NanbuMoved to around Hachinohe,AomoriFrom Iwate prefecture north andAkitaIt expanded its power to the Kazuno district. On the coastMr. Shui, In the central part of the prefectureMr. Sanami,Mr. Hikanuki,Mr. Asonuma,Mr. WagaAnd the southern part of the prefectureKasai,Mr. AbsenceWas influential, but graduallyFukushimaDate CountyPut the root castle inDateThe power ofMuromachi PeriodToKasai,Mr. AbsenceWas effectively put under control as a date horseman.

These men become independent again due to the internal conflict of Mr. Date,Date MasamuneKasai was destroyed on the occasion of the transfer to Sendai, and Mr. Torumori was incorporated as a family of Date. Around the same time, Mr. Nanbu who had his mother, Mr. Tsutsui, the descendant of Mr. Abe,Nobu NanamiAs the power expanded and began to act as the head of the Southern Division, Mr.Kuminohe MasamiFight withHideyoshi ToyotomiNobunao invited the Hideyoshi army and destroyed the political truth (Kunino Masami).OuraNobunao, who unified the other Nanbu family, moved his base to Morioka and established power.

The early modern period

Edo PeriodIn the southern part of the prefectureSendai DomainDate62 stones,Ichinoseki Domain TheTamura,MizusawaToMr. Absence(Mr. Date Mizusawa) is placed, and there is no transfer in the north.Morioka DomainMr. NanbuIt was ruled by 20 stones.BakumatsuTohoku DomainsOuetsu Reihan AllianceWhen the (Northern Government) was created, the Date Clan and the Southern Clan, which had dominated the current Iwate Prefecture, became the center, but eventually they were defeated and occupied by the Meiji Government.

Since modern times

Meiji3May 7(1870August 8), due to financial difficulties in the Morioka domainAbandoned DomainTo the abandoned domain prior toMeiji governmentByMoriokaWas installed. The jurisdiction when Morioka was establishedLand ChinaIwate,Hikanuki-gunandShiwa-gun,Waga-gunOnly a part of it was significantly reduced from the Morioka clan before it lost to the new government.

After that, a huge amount of money was imposed, and a prefectural region that divides the old clan was set and weakened, and the humiliation of the defeat was experienced. (However, the payment of 70 cars that was imposed when the Morioka clan ceased to be in the abandoned clan was exempted.) After that, many human resources were produced regardless of the former clan.Takashi Hara Prime MinisterHe was appointed to the United States, and was successful in building a modern Japanese state. In addition, at the same time as producing human resources in the center, Kei Hara and Yamada Line,Shinpei GotoSuzuki ShotenIt was accompanied by political crime that preceded the era of money politics.

The prefecture area is in the 4th year of Meiji (1871) Is almost unchanged in the first prefecture integration, January 1, 5 (1872From Morioka Prefecture on February 2)IwateRenamed to[15],1876In the second prefecture integration (Meiji 9)Iwai prefectureからIsawa District-Esashi-gun-Iwai District,AomoriからNinohe-gunBut the former is mostly oldSendai DomainThe condition that the former clan was divided was not corrected.

1876(Meiji 9) The first prefectural assembly was held in January, and Iwate Prefecture was established in May. The county name was taken from the county name of the prefectural office.

1889In (Meiji 22),Minamiiwate-gunMorioka enforced the municipal system for the first time in Iwate Prefecture,MoriokaBecomes1937(Showa12 years) developed by the steel industryKamiikai-gunKamaishi Town has taken the city systemKamaishiBecomes1941(Showa 16)Shimohei DistrictMiyako-cho, Yamaguchi-mura, Sentoku-mura, and Isotori-mura merged and the municipal system came into effectMiyako CityBy then, three cities were born before the war.

ShowaAfter the warPeriod1950 eraから1960 eraHas bad transportation due to the mountainous areas, and the main industries areFuji Steel(CurrentlyNippon Steel)ofKamaishi Steel WorksBecause the income level is low throughout the country,TibetAnd called for government promotion measures. In addition, this name is1955(Showa 30) Opened January 1,News movieIt is said to have been established since it was used in "Camera Report Polite Japanese Tibetan Iwate Sanriku".

after that,1964(Showa 39)Hanamaki AirportOpen the port,1982(Showa 57)Tohoku Shinkansen OfOmiya - MoriokaWith the opening of the space, it was within 3 hours from the metropolitan area and 1 hour from Sendai (at that time), improving transportation. Along with this, on the background of cheap and vast land and abundant water,Kitakami City,Kanegasaki TownThe expansion of factories, especially in the surrounding area, is progressing rapidly.Kanto Auto Works(CurrentToyota Motor East Japan) Such as the automotive industry,Toshiba,FujitsuSuch assemiconductorfactory,Shionogi PharmaceuticalThe factory shipments of large companies have advanced, and the shipment value of manufactured goods has grown significantly[16].

2008(Heisei20 years) on June 6thIwate-Miyagi Inland Earthquake(Maximum seismic intensity 6+) on July 7Iwate Prefecture Northern Coast EarthquakeA large earthquake with a maximum seismic intensity of less than 6 occurred. Three years later2011(23) March 3, the largest domestic observation historyHuge earthquakeBecomemagnitude9.0'sTohoku-Pacific Ocean Earthquake(Maximum seismic intensity 7) occurred, causing major damage from the tsunami in various coastal areas.

population

Demography03000.svg
Population distribution by age in Iwate prefecture and Japan (2005)Iwate Prefecture Age and Gender Population Distribution (2005)
Purple-Iwate Prefecture
Green-All over Japan
Blue-male
Red-female

Iwate Prefecture Population Trend
Ministry of Internal Affairs and CommunicationsStatistics Bureau CensusThan
  • Heisei 27CensusThe population increase/decrease rate from the previous survey was 3.80%, less than 0.75% nationwide by more than 3%. 47st among 41 prefecturesOkinawaIncrease by 2.93%, the bottom isAkitaOf 5.79%). Higher ranks in municipalities within the prefectureTakizawa2.98% increase inYahaba Town1.74% increase inKitakami City0.40% increase inMoriokaOf 0.24% decrease. LowerOtsuchi Town23.02% reduction inRikuzentakata City15.20% reduction inYamada TownThis is a 14.99% decrease, and the accumulation in the inland area and the decrease in the coastal area are remarkable.[17].. With this trend, the population center of gravity of the prefecture wasHanamakiUchikawame[18] To west-northwest from 686 meters,Shiwa-gunShiwa TownLocated in Sabi Uchi Togasaki[8].
  • 2016The estimated population as of October 10 was 1 thousand, less than 1,268% of Japan's total population of 126,933 thousand. It was also ranked 1nd in 47 prefectures[19].

Politics

Prefectural government

Finance and business

1995After (7),Hosokawa CabinetRiding on the large-scale economic measures (at that time)public investmentAnd then expand1997Until 9, aggressive investment was expanded. I was the governor of the prefecture at that time.Hiroya Masuda"I knew that due to the financial limitations of the country, my budget would eventually run out..."Tohoku Shinkansen,Hanamaki Airport,Kamaishi ExpresswayEtc. (skeletal business) I decided to do it first."[20].. As a resultKoizumi CabinetWas established2001Since (13), the public investment budget has been rapidly reduced at a rate of 10% or more per year, which has led to a major shift to fiscal consolidation.

The prefecture itself also self-analyzes the causes of financial deterioration by answering the questions in the prefectural assembly (→Hiroya Masuda #Financial reconstructionEtc.).

20
  • Initial budget scale of about 6500 billion yen (general account)
  • Laspeyres index 98.6
19
18
  • Fiscal strength index 0.29
    • IV Group (Financial Power Index less than 0.3) 10th out of 1 municipalities
17
  • Fiscal strength index 0.27
    • IV Group (Financial Power Index less than 0.3) 14th out of 5 municipalities
16
  • Fiscal strength index 0.26
    • IV Group (Financial Power Index less than 0.3) 15th out of 5 municipalities

National politics

House of Representatives OfSmall districtIs 3.House of CouncilorsThen, 1 ward is constructed in all prefectures.

Economic and industrial

Long time ago,industryThere was almost noTohoku Shinkansen,Tohoku Transit ExpresswayWith the maintenance ofCompanyIs being attracted. To attract companies,Corporate prefectural tax revenueAndCorporate business taxFrom an employeeResident taxSince large tax sources can be expected due to revenues and the economic ripple effect of related companies, local governments across the country are competing to attract them. Iwate Prefecture is not overwhelmed by this example, and is enthusiastic about attracting them.ToyotaProduction plant,Toshiba OfFlash memoryfactory,FujitsuAnd so on. From such a success,1995Since 7, the shipment value of manufactured goods has shown an increase of 47PrefecturesMiddle and prefectural income improved from the high 40s to the 38th. Looking at the six prefectures of Tohoku,Fukushima,Miyagi,YamagataIs the number following[21].

In particularautomotive industryabout,ToyotaHas positioned the Tohoku region as a new production base.[22], It is an industrial field that is expected to attract more in the future.

Furthermore, in recent yearsInternational Linear ColliderHas announced the concept of an international academic research city centered on[23].

Saving rateIs known to be extremely high. Unusual as a local prefecture, there are three banks within the prefecture.Local bank(Second regional bank, And the financial assets it owns reach over 4 trillion yen. Citizen of the prefectureSaving rateIs 39%,Tohoku regionIt is well above the national average of 25% and 16.5% of the national average, keeping the high rate of 2nd in Tohoku after Miyagi Prefecture and 9th in Japan.[24].

industry

Agriculture/Fisheries

2006(18) According to agriculture, forestry and fisheries statistics,Agriculture:The amount of output is 2,544 billion yen.Food self-sufficiencyIs 106%[26],Hokkaido,Aomori,Akita,YamagataIt is one of the few prefectures with a self-sufficiency rate of over 100%. Due to the vast area and the terrain surrounded by mountains, the climate varies greatly depending on the region, and various forms of agriculture are conducted depending on the characteristics.

穀物,LivestockWork is traditionally active.forestryProduction amounted to 188 billion yen as the prefecture was enthusiastic about using natural energy for business and other purposes.2005(17)) and the 5th number in the whole country.

Fishing industryThen,Sanriku CoastAroundKuroshioKnown as a rich fishing ground by.Rias coastThe reef ofWakame,SeaweedIt is also suitable for aquaculture such asAbaloneIt has the largest production volume in Japan.

Commerce and industry

The value of manufactured goods shipped is 2 trillion yen, and in the Tohoku regionFukushima(Nationwide ranking 19th),Miyagi(The same 24th place),Yamagata(28th) and 4th (31st).

Long majorindustry Nippon Steel(CurrentlyNippon SteelKamaishi Steel Works(Kamaishi),Taiheiyo Cement(Ofunato City), and sometimes asked for a government bailout,1982(Showa 57)Tohoku ShinkansenWhen Omiya and Morioka opened, business attraction gradually progressed.[16].1993(5)Kanto Auto Works(Kanegasaki Town(CurrentToyota Motor East JapanIwate factory)Has been in business sinceManufacturing industryHas made great strides, and prefectural income has improved from the late 40s throughout the country to the 30s. In addition, in the south of the prefectureFujitsu,Shionogi Pharmaceutical,ToshibaFactory is located.

In particular,2008(20) Determined in FebruaryToshiba-Flash memoryFactoryKitakami CityIt is said that the construction of the building will have an economic effect of about 1 trillion yen, including the ripple effect.Corporate business taxIt is said that this will be boosted through reductions and exemptions and low interest loans. Toshiba said it was "not only the financing measures from the government but also the fact that it was easy to secure high-quality personnel"[27][28].. In constructing the factory, Kitakami City has attracted companies that have accumulated so far,Corporate municipal tax,Property taxIs expected to increase significantly,Local allocation taxWill be promoted to a "non-delivering organization" that will not be issued. In Iwate Prefecture, there was a precedent that Kamaishi City was a non-delivering organization in the days when the steel industry was extremely prosperous.2008(20) February ・Iwate Governor's regular press conference)

For the automobile industry,ToyotaHave indicated their intention to make the Tohoku region a new production base.[22], AlreadyKanegasaki TownIt is also decided that the automobile factory located at will be expanded to a production scale of 10, an increase of 25 from the current level. To promote the accumulation of automobile-related industries, Iwate PrefectureToyota Motor East JapanHas advancedMiyagi,Yamagata,FukushimaIt plans to continue to engage in attracting activities in collaboration with the above.

Main manufacturing industries that have attracted bases in the prefecture

Service industry

I am enthusiastic about promoting the tourism industry.2007(19),MoriokaSet inNHK serial TV novel"More and more sunnyWas broadcast,Morioka sansa danceThe number of tourists visiting the country increased by 8.7% to 128.[29], A certain effect is improving.2011(23),Oshu FujiwaraThe glorious heritage ofHiraizumi-Architecture/Garden and Archaeological Sites Representing the Pure Land of France-"(Hiraizumi Town)Butworld Heritage(cultural heritage) Was registered in.

Transportation

Morioka City, where the prefectural capital is located, is not only in the prefectureNorth tohokuIt serves as a hub for the wide-area transportation network of the Tohoku Shinkansen.HayabusaAnd the Akita ShinkansenKomachi"ofSplit/MergeIs also implemented.

Train

Tohoku Shinkansenso,Capital Area,Sendai,AomoriTied with. It is also the stop stationMorioka StationIs located in the prefectural capital, and has the potential of being a hub for connecting multiple routes.

Old JNR'sJR EastBesides, with the opening of new ShinkansenParallel conventional lineSeparated asThird sector railway OfIGR Iwate Galaxy RailwayIn addition, the existing and planned lines of the former JNR were taken over.Sanriku RailwayThere is.

Especially on the JR Yamada and Iwaizumi linesSince the JNR era, it has been known as a quiet line where the number of users is extremely small[Source required], Even after privatization, there are only 3-4 trains in some sections. Regarding the latter, a notification of abolition was submitted by the operator, and it was abolished on April 2014, 4 and converted to a bus[30][31].


Regarding cargo handling,Morioka Freight Terminal Station(MoriokaTonan districtas well as the Shiwa-gunYahaba Town)andMizusawa Station(Oshu CityMizusawa district)ButFreight stationIt has become.

See below for other routes in the prefecture. In addition, the regular train is a section near Morioka city[Note 1]Except for, the number is 1 or less per hour.In addition, all commercial trains in the prefecture will be operated by the end of the day except for temporary trains (= operation beyond the date is not performed).


Transit Bus

Since there are extremely few train schedules connecting coastal areas and inland areas (particularly to the north), long-distance buses are the main means of public transportation crossing the prefecture.

Car traffic

For the traffic on the vertical axis of the inland area,Tohoku Transit Expressway,National Route 4Such,AutomobileHigh-speed transportation infrastructure using On the other hand, the traffic on the "horizontal axis" that connects the inland area and the coast is still steep and steep.General national roadlevel(National Route 106Etc.). In addition, the pavement ratio of roads is low and it is the lowest in the country. In Morioka City, congestion is particularly severe in the morning and evening due to the complicated roads and insufficient maintenance of the outer ring bypass road.

AkitaAkita CityIsSenwa road(National Route 46bypass),tunnel,BridgeThe maintenance is relatively smooth. AlsoRegional high standard roadIsMorioka Akita RoadUnder maintenanceHashiba bypass,Kakunodate BypassIs in service.

highway

General national road

Prefectural road

Car license plate

Transport branchFor the vast prefecture soilShiwa-gunYahaba TownThere is only one head office, and there are no subordinates.

Of cars registered in the prefectureLicense plateThe place name notation of is "IwateHowever, since November 2014, 11 in the Morioka area (Morioka City, Hachimantai City, Takizawa City, Shiwa Town, Yahaba Town)MoriokaNo. in the Irie and Ryoban areas (Oshu City, Ichinoseki City, Kanegasaki Town, Hiraizumi Town)HiraizumiThe use of the number has started. Local numberSee also

空港

Port

Important portAnd the main related facilities are listed below.

Medical and welfare

Disaster base hospital

Nursery

Education

Overview

UniversityThe university entrance rate is 98.4%, which is higher than the national average, but the university entrance rate is 10% or more lower.[33].private schoolBecause the number ofPublic schoolHas an overwhelming specific gravity.

Achievement improvement measures
University entrance examination center examinationIs the lowest in the whole country[34] Therefore, the prefecture is investing a budget to improve its academic ability.2005(17) From now on, with prefectural expensesPrep schoolAlthough we are conducting a business that invites instructors, the fact that this approach is being carried out only at major schools is "Because the results of major schools are solid, measures for other high schools are also important for improving the enrollment rate." There is also an opinion.

It should be noted that the costs tend to be high when going to a university in the Tokyo metropolitan area.CollegeWas supposed to beIwate Prefectural University,UniversityHave also changed routes.

Educational institution

University
National public
private
Junior college
public
private
College of technology
National
Vocational school
Special school
high school
Junior high school
primary school
Kindergarten

News and communication

Newspaper company

National/wide area (block) paper

National newspaperAre all published by the Tokyo headquarters. In addition, Yomiuri, Asahi, and Iwate are used for local news, but Sankei, Nikkei, and Hebei are published as Tohoku 6 prefecture versions instead of Iwate alone. Sports paper (Sports Nippon-Nikkan Sports-Sports report-Sankei sports) The local news page is the Tohoku 6 prefecture version, not all Iwate papers. Latte column TV is mainly published by Asahi, Mainichi and Yomiuri stations (located in Morioka). Other than that, many newspapers combine Aomori, Akita, and Iwate's “Northeast North” prefectures into one edition. However, in Aomori and Akita, there are four commercial broadcasting stations in Iwate and four commercial broadcasting stations in Iwate, so due to space limitations, Iwate broadcasting stations are not lined up in a row, some stations can be lowered to the bottom, or so-called "half size". There are also newspapers posted at. Many radios have newspapers that publish AM/FM of Tohoku prefecture, but it is difficult to listen to them.FukushimaBroadcasting stations may be omitted.

Local newspaper

Latte column
  • Iwate Nippo posted a full-size TV on the final page of the prosperous station.On the radio side (middle side), half-size stations in blue and in Sendai are posted as "2nd TV".Radio is only for active stations and community FM, and other prefecture stations are not posted.
  • Morioka Times posted only the existing stations on the final page of both TV and radio, and did not publish other prefecture stations.
  • In Iwate Nichinichi, TV is full-sized with the live station on the final side, and Sen-sen station is posted in half size on the right next to it. The radio shows the stations and stations in the middle, and is completely separated from the TV.
  • Since the Sanryu Kamikita region of Aomori Prefecture is the center of the coverage and subscription area, daily stations are posted on the mit only on the last side with the same size as the blue station, and other existing stations are half-sized to the right. Posted in size. The radio is posted in the same size on the center as the stations in the prime station and the stations in the blue (AM stations in Tokyo = TBS, QR, LF in the smallest size on the right).
News agency

Broadcaster

Prefectural broadcast
Japan Broadcasting Corporation (NHK) Morioka Broadcasting Station
Terrestrial digital TV broadcasting(Ground digital) Remote control ID: Comprehensive 1, Education 2
IBC Iwate Broadcasting (IBC)
TV set:JNNSeries / terrestrial digital remote control ID: 6.radio:JRN-NRNseries.1953(Showa 28) December 12 Radio opening1959(Showa 34) TV opening on September 9)[Note 2]
TV Iwate (TVI)
NNN-NNSSeries, terrestrial digital remote control ID: 4.1969(Showa 44) December 12 open[Note 3]
FM Iwate (IMF)
JFNseries,1985(Showa 60) December 10 open[Note 4]
Iwate Menkoi TV (mit)
FNN-FNSSeries, terrestrial digital remote control ID: 8.1991(Heisei 3) Starts April 4[Note 5][Note 6]
Iwate Asahi TV (IAT)
ANNSeries, terrestrial digital remote control ID: 5.1996(Heisei 8) Starts April 10
Community broadcasting

Cable TV

When there were only two private broadcasting stations in the prefecture,Sendai Broadcast,East Japan BroadcastingThe re-transmissions of private broadcasting stations in Miyagi Prefecture were carried out, but now all four re-transmissions have been cancelled.

Culture/Sport

dialect

The dialect study of Iwate Prefecture is said to have come to the fore in the "Mikuni Tsuki" written by Takeshi Hattori, a samurai feudal clan, in 1790 (2nd year of Kansei). In "Mikuni Tsuki", the vocabulary used in everyday life is 567 words, and the Edo word "Kohoru" is used.Morioka dialectIt takes the form of a series of items corresponding to the "similar". Before and after Takeshi Hattori, Moritaka Kurokawa's "Tani Shimizu (1799)" and Omotomura Tsukasa "Moryo Dialect (1877)" are all vocabulary books.

In 1903 (Meiji 36), the dialect survey by the National Language Survey Committee was conducted, and as a result, schools and individuals in each region actively conducted surveys and research. It is said that it can be roughly divided into 2 areas into 4 areas, and when divided into 4 areas, the northern dialect area in the band form adjacent to Akita and Aomori prefectures from Hirono town to Nishiwaga town, the coastal dialect from Kuji city coast to Ofunato city north Central dialect region from central Morioka to central Tono city and northern Kitakami city, next to southern dialect region from Kanegasaki town to Kamaishi city[35].

Food culture:

local cuisine

Special product, dish

Traditional crafts

Traditional crafts designated by the Minister of Economy, Trade and Industry

Traditional crafts

Sports

サ ッ カ ー
Futsal
rugby

Tourism

Tangible cultural property building

National treasure
Important traditional buildings preservation area

Works set in Iwate Prefecture

Literary arts

Music

movies

Drama

Manga anime

ゲーム

People from Iwate Prefecture

Prefectural Honor Award Winners

The purpose is to honor the people who are widely loved by the citizens of the prefecture and who have achieved remarkable achievements in giving them bright hope and vitality.[36].

  1. Nippon Steel Corporation Kamaishi Steel WorksRugby club (January 1985)
  2. Nikkei(November 1985)
  3. Reika Sangada(November 1992)
  4. Morioka Commercial High SchoolSoccer club (January 2007)
  5. Hanamaki Higashi High SchoolBaseball club (October 2009)
  6. Iwashimizu Azusa(November 2011)

footnote

[How to use footnotes]

注 釈

  1. ^ About 2 trains per hour between Kitakami Station and Hizume Station on the Tohoku Main Line-Morioka Station and between IGR Morioka Station-Takizawa Station and Koma Station.
  2. ^ Also covers the national news coverage of Akita Prefecture, where there is no JNN affiliate. Retransmitted to Akita City via CATV.
  3. ^ At the beginning of the station, there was a head office in Mt. Later moved to the current location in Morioka city Maru.
  4. ^ At the beginning of the station, there was a head office on the 8nd floor of the Meiji Koiwai Yasuda Building at 17-2, Morioka Station, Morioka.2006Moved to current 18th floor of TVI headquarters building (7).
  5. ^ At the beginning of the station, the headquarter music center was located in Sakuragawa, Mizusawa City, and the business center was located in Motomiya, Morioka City. The former head office of Oshu City has been changed to the Menkoi Museum, and the business center is located in Oshu City.
  6. ^ It also covers national news coverage in Aomori Prefecture, where there is no FNN/FNS affiliated station. Re-transmitted to Sanhachi-Kamikita area in Aomori prefecture via CATV (Mount OrozumeDirect reception of radio waves from is also possible).

Source

  1. ^ Geospatial Information Authority of Japan. “Area adjustment by prefectures, cities, towns and villages nationwide". 2014/7/17Browse.
  2. ^ For example, it can be confirmed from the mail held by the Kenji Miyazawa Memorial Museum that Kenji Miyazawa, a native of the prefecture, used "Iwate Prefecture".
  3. ^ I saw a book that describes Iwate prefecture as "Iwate prefecture".When was the character "Iwa" used in the prefecture name?
  4. ^ Geospatial Information Authority of Japan. “Area adjustment by prefectures, cities, towns and villages nationwide". 2014/6/6Browse.
  5. ^ Geospatial Information Authority of Japan. “Longitude and latitude of the north, south, east, and west end points of Japan". 2014/6/6Browse.
  6. ^ Geospatial Information Authority of Japan. “Longitude and latitude (world geodetic system) of municipal offices in Iwate Prefecture and the north, south, east, and west end points". 2014/6/6Browse.
  7. ^ Geospatial Information Authority of Japan. “The north-east and west end points of the Hokkaido and Tohoku regions and the latitude and longitude of the center of gravity". 2014/6/6Browse.
  8. ^ a b Statistics Bureau, Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications.Center of Population in Japan-From the 27 Census Results-". 2017/8/14Browse.
  9. ^ [1] - Iwate Prefecture
  10. ^ Daly Tohoku - Daily Tohoku Shimbun,2006(18)May 3Confirm[Broken link]
  11. ^ Iwate Daily,2006(18)May 2Confirm
  12. ^ Step bisonreference
  13. ^ Hosoi Kei “Wind and Human” Page 2
  14. ^ ,...Hiroshi Suzuki"History of Iwate Prefecture" Yamakawa Publishing Kodama Kota Supervised 3>, August 1999.ISBN 4-634-32030-4.
  15. ^ Proclamation No. 1 of the Prime Minister, renamed Sendai prefecture, Miyagi prefecture, Morioka prefecture, and Iwate prefecture.
  16. ^ a b Iwate Daily - Iwate Daily, Confirmed January 2008, 1[Broken link]
  17. ^ "Heisei 27 year census". Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications Statistics Bureau (September 2016, 10). 2017/7/22Browse.
  18. ^ Statistics Bureau, Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications.Center of Population in Japan-From the 22 Census Results-". 2017/8/14Browse.
  19. ^ "List of statistical tables General contact for government statistics". Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications Statistics Bureau (September 2017, 4). 2017/7/23Browse.
  20. ^ Yomiuri ShimbunMorning Edition March 2007, 3- Yomiuri Shimbun
  21. ^ Iwate statistics - Iwate Prefectural OfficeGeneral Affairs Department Statistics Division, confirmed May 2008
  22. ^ a b Gendai Net[Broken link] -Confirmed on February 2008, 2.
  23. ^ Iwate International academic research city image centered on ILC
  24. ^ Financial assets and liabilities -Central Committee for Financial and Public Relations, confirmed June 2008
  25. ^ a b c d e f "Municipal People Economic Calculation (Summary Version)". Iwate Prefecture. 2020/4/11Browse.
  26. ^ Agriculture, forestry and fisheries statistics - Ministry of AgricultureProvided, confirmed August 2008, 8
  27. ^ Mainichi Newspapers 2008(20) Morning edition February 2- Mainichi Shimbun
  28. ^ Iwate Daily -Iwate Daily, confirmed February 2008, 2
  29. ^ Morioka Times - Morioka TimesConfirmed on August 2007, 8
  30. ^ Abolition of Iwaizumi Line (PDF) -East Japan Railway (November 2013, 11)
  31. ^ Notification of abolition of Iwaizumi line today Oshikado tunnel etc. free transfer -Yomiuri Shimbun (November 2013, 11) *Internet archive
  32. ^ Regional high standard roadHowever, it is operated exclusively for automobiles on the entire line in cooperation with Sanriku Road and Hachinohe Kuji Road.
  33. ^ "Progress rate/enrollment rate by prefecture" Shimane prefectural government survey,2008(20) May confirmation
  34. ^ Iwate Daily,2007(19)May 2Confirm
  35. ^ See "Japanese Linguistic Map" created by Hiro Hondo
  36. ^ Conferring the prefectural honorary prize to the private Hanamaki Higashi High School baseball club

References

Related literature

  • Ryujiro Ichinohe, "Iwate Prefecture History", Yoshikawa Hanchi, 1897.NDLJP:763238.

Related item

外部 リンク

Predecessor:
Morioka Domain

Iwai prefecturePart of (Land China

Changes in administrative districts
1870 - (Morioka→Iwate)
Next generation:
-----

Matsuyama City

Matsuyama City(Matsuyamashi) isEhimeLocated in the middleCity.. Ehime PrefecturePrefectural office locationAndCore cityIs specified in.

Shikoku regionThe largest incity.

Overview

The largest in Shikoku with a population of about 50cityHowever, it is the only largest city in a region of Japan.Government-designated cityIs not a city[*2].ChushikokuIs a government-designated cityHiroshima city-Okayama CityIt has the third largest population size after. The urban population is defined as “Matsuyama” in the definition of Statistics Bureau of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications.Metropolitan areaIs 70 (6883),Urban employment area“Matsuyama metropolitan area” is 64 (2841).

Matsuyama CastleThe old that has developed aroundcastle townso,Dogo OnsenFamous for its ancientSpaAs well as the groundPoetShiki Masaoka,Taneda SantokaまたWenhaoNatsume SosekiIn the land of connection,俳 句[*3],Novel"Bocchan''Clouds on the slopeIt is also a literary town known for such as. Against the backdrop of these tourism resources,International Tourism Hot Spring Cultural CityHas been designated.TaglineIs "Town of Ideyu, Castle and Literature. "

Compact cityAccording to the concept, various cultural facilities are concentrated. ArcadeOkaido,Gintengai, The only underground mall in ShikokuMatsuchika Town,Matsuyamashi StationAttached to the buildingIyotetsu Takashimaya,Tokyu HandsCommercial facilities such as, Dogo Onsen, Matsuyama Castle,Matsuyama General Park,Ehime Prefectural Museum,Sakanoue Cloud Museum,Shiki Memorial Museum,Iyo Kasuri Hall,Itami Juso Memorial MuseumThere are various cultural tourist spots. In addition, sports facilities are substantial, especiallyMatsuyama Central ParkIntroduced the latest equipment toBocchan Stadium,Aqua palette Matsuyama,Ehime Prefectural Budokan, MultipurposeArenaAnd so on. It is the southern part of the city and BedtownIyo-gunTobe TownUp toTobe Zoo,Ehime Children's Castle,Ehime FCIncluding Ninnia Stadium, home ofEhime Prefectural Sports ParkThere are also vast prefectural facilities.

In recent years, the construction of complex commercial facilities, the development of railways and high-standard roads have been carried out mainly in the center of the city, and redevelopment as the largest city in Shikoku is proceeding.

Geography

Matsuyama city faces the Seto Inland Sea (Iyo Nada and Sai Nada) in the west, the mountains of the Takanawa Peninsula in the north and the east, and a branch of the Shikoku Mountains in the south.SaragamineIt borders the mountain range.Matsuyama PlainOccupies most of theMisaka PassIt has a wide area from the mountain area just below to the islands of the former Nakajima town.

climate

TypicalSeto Inland Sea climateAnd is warm throughout the year (annual average temperature: 16.8°C)Precipitation amountLess is. Unlike the other three prefectures in Shikoku, from spring to summerPrecipitation amountThere are many,rainy seasonJune, which is the time of the year, is the largest.typhoonIs also located far southeastShikoku MountainsIs blocked by the other side of Nanyo and ShikokuTokushimaConsiderably less than.Winter seasonIt is,Kyusyu OfSea of ​​Japan sideSnow clouds inKanmon StraitIt sometimes snows over Matsuyama.

Climate of Matsuyama Local Meteorological Observatory (Kitamochidamachi, Matsuyama City, altitude 32m)
Month123456789101112Years
Highest temperature record ° C (° F24.4
(75.9)
24.5
(76.1)
27.5
(81.5)
31.1
(88)
32.3
(90.1)
35.6
(96.1)
37.0
(98.6)
37.4
(99.3)
36.2
(97.2)
33.3
(91.9)
28.0
(82.4)
25.2
(77.4)
37.4
(99.3)
Average maximum temperature ° C (° F10.2
(50.4)
11.0
(51.8)
14.4
(57.9)
19.6
(67.3)
24.2
(75.6)
27.0
(80.6)
31.2
(88.2)
32.6
(90.7)
29.1
(84.4)
23.8
(74.8)
18.1
(64.6)
12.6
(54.7)
21.1
(70)
Average daily temperature ° C (° F6.2
(43.2)
6.8
(44.2)
9.9
(49.8)
14.8
(58.6)
19.4
(66.9)
22.9
(73.2)
27.1
(80.8)
28.1
(82.6)
24.6
(76.3)
19.1
(66.4)
13.6
(56.5)
8.5
(47.3)
16.8
(62.2)
Average minimum temperature ° C (° F2.6
(36.7)
2.8
(37)
5.6
(42.1)
10.3
(50.5)
15.0
(59)
19.4
(66.9)
23.8
(74.8)
24.6
(76.3)
21.0
(69.8)
15.1
(59.2)
9.6
(49.3)
4.8
(40.6)
12.9
(55.2)
Minimum temperature record ° C (° F−7.0
(19.4)
−8.3
(17.1)
−6.3
(20.7)
−2.6
(27.3)
1.4
(34.5)
5.7
(42.3)
14.3
(57.7)
15.6
(60.1)
9.1
(48.4)
2.2
(36)
−1.2
(29.8)
−5.8
(21.6)
−8.3
(17.1)
Precipitation amount mm (inch)50.9
(2.004)
65.7
(2.587)
105.1
(4.138)
107.3
(4.224)
129.5
(5.098)
228.7
(9.004)
223.5
(8.799)
99.0
(3.898)
148.9
(5.862)
113.0
(4.449)
71.3
(2.807)
61.8
(2.433)
1,404.6
(55.299)
Snowfall cm (inch)0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
1
(0.4)
Average days of precipitation (≥0.5 mm)8.28.511.210.59.513.110.98.29.88.28.28.9115.1
Average number of snowfall days6.95.51.70.00.00.00.00.00.00.00.04.118.3
(I.e.63636362647372707068676567
Average monthlyDaylight hours129.2142.2175.1190.8205.9151.1189.0218.1164.3174.1144.9129.82,014.5
Source:Japanese Meteorological Agency (Average value: 1991-2020, extreme value: 1890-present)[1][2]

Wide skirt

Northern end
North Latitude 34 Degrees 4 Minutes 26 Seconds East longitude 132 degree 42 min 36 sec /34.07389 degrees north latitude 132.71000 degrees east longitude / 34.07389; 132.71000 (Northernmost point of Matsuyama city)
West end
North Latitude 33 Degrees 58 Minutes 14 Seconds East longitude 132 degree 29 min 27 sec /33.97056 degrees north latitude 132.49083 degrees east longitude / 33.97056; 132.49083 (Westmost part of Matsuyama city)
Center point
North Latitude 33 Degrees 52 Minutes 50.5 Seconds East longitude 132 degree 42 min 31.5 sec /33.880694 degrees north latitude 132.708750 degrees east longitude / 33.880694; 132.708750 (Matsuyama city center point)
Eastern end
North Latitude 33 Degrees 54 Minutes 51 Seconds East longitude 132 degree 55 min 36 sec /33.91417 degrees north latitude 132.92667 degrees east longitude / 33.91417; 132.92667 (Eastmost point of Matsuyama city)

Southern tip
North Latitude 33 Degrees 41 Minutes 15 Seconds East longitude 132 degree 49 min 55 sec /33.68750 degrees north latitude 132.83194 degrees east longitude / 33.68750; 132.83194 (Matsuyama City's southernmost tip)

population

Demography38201.svg
Matsuyama City and Population Distribution by Age in Japan (2005)Matsuyama City Age Distribution by Gender (2005)
Purple-Matsuyama City
Green-All over Japan
Blue-male
Red-female

Changes in population of Matsuyama city (equivalent area)
Ministry of Internal Affairs and CommunicationsStatistics Bureau CensusThan


History

Chronological Table

Change of city limits

  • 1889 -Municipal system enforcement. Onsen-gun Shinonome Town, Kiyo Town, Kita Pedestrian Town, Naka Pedestrian Town, Minami Pedestrian Town, Funakaya Town, Mihocho Town, Tamagawa Town, Beijing Town, Nanjing Town, Kita Yasaka Town, Minami Yasaka Town, Nagaki Town, Karin Town -XNUMX-chome, Kita-Ishiko-cho, Minami-Ishiko-cho, Kawara-machi, Tachibana-cho, Horiuchi-cho, Toyosaka-cho XNUMX-XNUMX Chome, Yanai-cho, Enoki-cho, Kotogarin-cho-XNUMX-chome, Minato-machi-XNUMX-chome, XNUMX Part of Funamachi, Ichibancho, Nibancho, Sanbancho, Bentencho, Kubocho, Kasugacho, Minamihoribatacho, Shintamacho, Hanazonocho XNUMX-XNUMX chome, Nishimachi, Suehirocho XNUMX-XNUMX chome, Honmachi XNUMX-XNUMX-chome, Idobuchi-cho XNUMX-XNUMX-chome, Edo-cho, Nishihoribata-cho, Miyako-cho, Kamiya-cho, Kayo-cho-XNUMX-chome, Matsumae-cho-XNUMX-XNUMX-chome, Uomachi-XNUMX--XNUMX-chome, Blacksmith-cho, Tokiwa Machi, Mitsuguchi Machi, Fuchu Machi XNUMX-XNUMX Chome, Kiya Machi XNUMX-XNUMX Chome, Shimizu Machi, Dogo Machi, Kasaya Machi, Shinmachi XNUMX and XNUMX Chome, Gun Cane, Mizuguchi Machi, Sugiya Machi, Yumi Machi, Yahagi Machi , Taku-cho, Miharu-cho, Totsu-cho, part of Ikman-cho, part of Nakamura, part of Ajishu-mura, part of Tachibana-mura, part of Mochida-muraMatsuyama CityAnd
  • 1908 -Incorporated each part of Asami Village, Ogun Village, Sogo Village, and Dogo Village.
  • 1923 -Incorporated a part of Dogo Village.
  • 1926 - Asami village-Ogun Village-Nagomura-Miyuki VillageIncorporated.
  • 1932 -Incorporated part of Dogo Yunomachi.
  • 1940 - Mitsuhama Town-Wake Village-Hisaemura-Horie Village-Shiomi Village-Ajimura-Kuwahara VillageIncorporated.
  • 1944 - Dogo Yuno Town-Raw Ishimura-Kakio VillageIncorporated.
  • 1954 - Koijima Village,YutomuraIncorporated.
  • 1955 - Kume Village-Yuyama Village-Idai Village-Gomei VillageIncorporated.
  • 1959 - UkimuraIncorporated.
  • 1961 - OnomuraIncorporated.
  • 1962 - Ishii VillageIncorporated.
  • 1968 - Hisaya VillageIncorporated.
  • 2005 - Hojo City,Nakajima TownIncorporated.

Administration

City administration

Successive mayors

NameInauguration dateRemarks
Toshitake Kimura1890(Meiji23 years)May 2
Shirakawa Fukugi1896(29th year of Meiji)May 2
Asano Nagamichi1902(Meiji 35) June 2
Masamitsu Nagai1908(41th year of Meiji)May 2
Tsuneada Kato1922(Taisho11 years)May 5
Iwasaki Kazutaka1923(Taisho 12)May 5
Tadataka Mitarai1926(Taisho 15)May 8
Kumataro Kagawa1931(Showa6 years)May 11
Shiraishi Okura1933(8)May 5
Hisakichi Inoue
(Kyuichi Inoue)
1933(8)May 11
Yuzaburo Shimizu
(Shimizu Yuusaburo)
1938(13)May 9
Kohei Ochi
(Okikoi)
1942(17)May 10
Kuroda Masakazu
(Masaichi Kuroda)
1946(21)May 3
Masakazu Yasui
(Easy to use)
1947(22)May 4
Kuroda Masakazu
(Masaichi Kuroda)
1951(26)May 4
Utsunomiya Kohei
(Only Depression and Kohei)
1963(38)May 5
Tokio Nakamura
(Takao Nakamura)
1975(Showa 50) January 5
Seiichi Tanaka
(Tanaka Seiichi)
1991(3) April 5
Tokihiro Nakamura
(Takahiro Nakamura)
1999(11) April 52010(22)May 11Resignation
Katsuhito Noshi
(Noshi Katsuto)
2010May 11Second term (former announcer)

Correspondence of city in Heisei great merger

In Matsuyama City, due to the fact that all mergers have incorporated adjacent land and the policy of the mayorTransfer mergerHas been the principle. The population before the merger was about 47,Government-designated cityThe designated standard is (in operation) more than 100 million people[*4]Therefore, even if all of the conceivable neighboring municipalities could be merged and merged, the specified criteria could not be fulfilled, and there was little positive incentive to expand the scale due to population growth (temporarily (new )ImabariIf it is merged with, the population will reach the designated standard, but in this case the city area is 1,000km2In addition to expanding nearby, there was a problem that the city area would also be divided into two large parts).

The city indicated three conditions, such as the similarity of clerical work, as conditions before entering into the merger talks. After all, it is adjacent to the northHojo CityWas connected by a routeHot springsNakajima TownWill be merged. In the merger, Hojo City will be treated as Hojo Sports Center and Nakajima Town will be provided with conditions such as privatization of the steamship business and hospital business.

Main administrative institutions/public facilities

Citizen service center (Matsuyama Mitsukoshi-Fuji Grand Matsuyama-Iyotetsu Takashimaya), we provide various certificates even on weekends and holidays, and we also provide services such as simple citizen consultation (“Matsuyama City in Fuji Grand Matsuyama”).passportCenter is open all year round except the year-end and New Year holidays). In addition, the call center is open XNUMX hours a day, XNUMX days a week to answer inquiries regarding procedures at the city hall. other than this,Furusato tax paymentThere is also a department that calls for donations corresponding to.

sister city

Partner city

  • Republic of Korea flag Pyeongtaek City( South Korea
    • 2004(16)May 10Concluded a friendship city.
    • 2006(18) From degree2016Until (28), about 10 junior high school students in the city were dispatched for about 7 days for the purpose of international human resource development almost every year except the year when infectious diseases spread. In 2017, we will be in the city-owned land in front of the Hirasawa Youth Cultural Center visited by junior high school students in Matsuyama City.Comfort woman statueWas installed, and the domestic situation in South Korea was unstable (the 18th generation of the country)President-Ms. ParkIn consideration of the large number of large-scale demonstrations that accompany dismissal, etc.), we decided to discontinue the dispatch as "it was judged that the citizens could not understand the dispatch."[6].
  • Taiwan flag Taipei City(Taiwan)- 2014(26)May 10Concluded friendship exchange agreement
  • In addition to the above, Saitama PrefectureHigashimatsuyamaWe are promoting exchanges with.

National agency

裁判 所

  • Matsuyama District Court
  • Matsuyama Family Court
  • Matsuyama Summary Court

National Police Agency

  • Shikoku Regional Bureau of Information and Communication, Ehime Prefecture

Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications

  • Shikoku Administrative Evaluation Branch Ehime Administrative Oversight Administrative Counseling Center
  • Shikoku General Communication Bureau

Ministry of Justice

  • Matsuyama Legal Affairs Bureau
  • Matsuyama Gakuen
  • Matsuyama Boys' Identification Center
  • Matsuyama Probation Office
Immigration Control Agency
  • Takamatsu Immigration Bureau Matsuyama Branch Office
Prosecutor's office
  • Matsuyama Prosecutor's Office
  • Matsuyama District Public Prosecutor's Office

Ministry of Finance

  • Shikoku Finance Bureau Matsuyama Finance Office
  • Kobe Customs Matsuyama Customs Branch
National Tax Agency
  • Takamatsu Tax Department Matsuyama Tax Office

Ministry of Agriculture

  • Chugoku-Shikoku Agricultural Administration Bureau Ehime Prefecture Base
Forestry Agency
  • Shikoku Forest Management Bureau Ehime Forest Management Office

Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare

  • Shikoku Welfare Bureau Ehime Office
  • Ehime Labor Bureau
    • Matsuyama Labor Standards Inspection Office
    • Matsuyama Public Employment Security Office

Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism

  • Shikoku Regional Development Bureau Matsuyama River National Highway Office
  • Shikoku Regional Development Bureau Matsuyama Port / Airport Development Office
  • Shikoku Transport Bureau Ehime Transport Branch
Japanese Meteorological Agency
  • Matsuyama Local Meteorological Observatory
Japan Coast Guard
  • 6th Regional Coast Guard Headquarters Matsuyama Coast Guard Department

Ministry of the Environment

  • China Shikoku Regional Environment Office Matsuyama Nature Conservation Office

Ministry of Defense

  • SDF Ehime Regional Cooperation Headquarters

Main prefecture administrative agencies/public facilities

legislation

City council

  • Constant-43 people
  • Term-May 2018, 5 to 25May 5Until
  • Chair-Toshikazu Nibuya (2015May 5Inauguration)
Parliamentary structure (as of July 2015, 7)
Parliamentary nameNumber of members
LDPLegislature13
Matsuyama Restoration Society9
KomeitoLegislature7
Forum Matsuyama4
Japan Communist PartyLegislature2
Minsha Club2
Democratic Union2
Network citizen window2
Shinpukai1
Meeting to energize Matsuyama1

Ehime Prefectural Assembly

  • Election district: Matsuyama CityKamikatsugunConstituency
  • Constant number: 16 people
  • Term: May 2019th, 5 (Reiwa 13st year) to May 2023 (5th year of Reiwa) May 5th
Representative nameParliamentary nameRemarks
Kimura HonorKomeito
Hiroyuki SasaokaKomeito
Junnosuke KainoLDP
Daisuke HatLDP
Nobuhide KikuchiIndependent
Katsuhiko TanakaJapan Communist Party
Yamazaki YoyasuIndependent
Kenta KawamotoLDP
Shinpei NishiharaShishi no KaiLiberal Democratic Party
Kazuko AsazoEhime Liberal SocietyParty membershipConstitutional Democratic Party
Nakano TaiseiIndependent
Hiromasa MiyakeLDP
Hiroyuki YokotaEhime Restoration Group
Takako TakeiNetwork citizen window
Kazuhisa MatsuoLDP
Chie IshiiEhime Restoration Group

House of Representatives

ConstituencyRepresentative nameParty nameNumber of winsRemarks
Ehime Prefecture 1st Ward(OldHojo City-Nakajima TownMatsuyama City excluding the area)Yasuhisa ShiozakiLDP9Constituency
Ehime Prefecture 2st Ward(Former Hojo City/Matsuyama City in Nakajima Town)Seiichiro Murakami12Constituency

Economy

Mandarin orangeRepresented byAgriculture:Or the oldest in JapanDogo Onsen,Matsuyama CastleCentered ontourism, Mainly on synthetic fibersManufacturing industryAre the key industries. Industrial areas spread along the coast near airports and harbors,TeijinWith the largest production base in the group, the industrial production value is high in the Shikoku region.

As for information and communication, as a major institution that controls ShikokuMinistry of Internal Affairs and CommunicationsShikoku General Communication Bureau,NTT WestEhime branch,Japan PostShikoku branch office,NHKThere are Matsuyama Broadcasting Station (Shikoku Bureau), etc., and related information and communication infrastructure is being developed.

As a city with the largest population in Shikoku, tertiary industries such as service industry are well developed, and highly convenient commercial agglomeration can be seen with the surrounding municipalities as the sphere. In addition, until 2010, it was one of the few cities in Shikoku with a growing population.Seto Inland SeaAcrossHiroshima metropolitan areaとの交流も盛んである。通年の全交通機関の生活圏間流動(2005年)で松山を出発地とする目的地別順位では1位が高知中央(91万9千人)、2位が香川東部(82万1千人)、3位が香川西部(55万9千人)で広島は次いで第4位(46万7千人)となっており、四国外との交流では広島が最も繋がりの深い都市であることが見て取れる[7].

Industrial population

Data is 2015 (27 census result)[8]

  • Working-age population 303,024
  • Old population 128,658
  • Employed population 234,503
    • Primary industry 6,957
    • Secondary industry 40,668
    • Tertiary industry 169,242
    • Industry not classified 17,636

Wholesale and retail

The south of Matsuyama Castle is a commercial area, and it connects the Ichitetsu Takashimaya in front of the city station, Matsuyama Mitsukoshi, in front of the city station. It is also a shopping street that represents Matsuyama City and Ehime Prefecture. The only one in Shikoku is in front of the Iyotetsu Matsuyama City station, which is adjacent to the west of Gintengai.Underground streetThere is.
Across the Okaido Shopping Street, from the Ichibancho in the north to the Senbunemachi Dori in the south, there are a large number of restaurants in the area.
From the southern end of Yanai Town to the narrow area of ​​4-5 Chifune Town, anime shops, game shops, doujinshi specialty stores, maid cafes, and other stores are concentrated.NerdForm a city.
There are many shops, restaurants and shops around Dogo Onsen, forming a downtown area.
Locally-owned Akiya bookstores are available throughout the city. There are several bookstores in the city center, and Kinokuniya bookstore, which opened in 1976, is one of the oldest stores. In addition, there are many small and medium-sized used bookstores in both central and suburbs.
Both are the only stores in the prefecture.
Edion Matsuyama Main Store and K's Denki Matsuyama Fujiwara Store (JT site) are located in the center of the city, and Yamada Denki Techland Matsuyama Main Store, New Matsuyama Toyamachi Main Store (along Route 33 and the Northern Circular Route) are in the suburbs. ing.
Fuji, a locally-owned supermarket, has many stores in the city, and small and medium-sized supermarkets within and outside the prefecture are expanding to complement them.
Among the major convenience store industry companies in Matsuyama city,MINI STOPThere is no plan to open a store (only in the Toyo area in Ehime prefecture).
Convenience store ATMTo LawsonLawson ATMBut to FamilyMart and PoplarE-netATM againSeven BankATMs are Seven-Eleven storesMatsuyama AirportandNomura SecuritiesIt is installed in the Matsuyama branch.

Other popular entertainment

open for business
Closed
  • Matsuyama Cinema Sunshine (formerly International Building)
  • Matsuyama Shineriente
  • Cinema sunshineOkaido

Information and communication industry

Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications OfLocal branch officeIsShikoku General Communication BureauMay be installed in the city,Japan PostShikoku branch officeNTT WestShikoku Business Headquarters (of mobile phone businessNTT DoCoMo, Of the Internet service businessNTT Communications TheTakamatsu(Based in) is installed. Japan Post and NTT West's bases are in charge of general operations in four prefectures in Shikoku.NTT Data Shikoku,NTT West Japan Matsuyama HospitalNTT related companies, facilities and bases are also set up.

In anticipation of the arrival of the information and communications era, which is a 21st century industry,2002から2004Before that, we laid an optical fiber network in Matsuyama city ahead of other cities.[9].. Taking advantage of this foundation, we will strive to actively attract information and telecommunications related companies, and in five yearsCall centerSuccessfully attracted 8 data entry centers, 1 data entry center, and 1 office center, creating more than 3,000 new jobs[9].. At the call centerBridge international,Benefit One,Hello HotlineEtc. are located. Also2006ToFuji Fire Marine Insurance(Currently AIG General Insurance) In addition to the development of the Central Business Administration Center,CybozuHas established the Matsuyama Office as a development and support base.

2004Has been designated as an "IT Business Model District" by the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications.

Post office (collection and delivery office)

Matsuyama Central Post Office

Matsuyama Nishi Post Office

Matsuyama Minami Post Office

Hojo Post Office

Shigenobu Post Office(Toon City

Transportation industry

Matsuyama PortFrom China (especially to HiroshimaSuper jetEtc. are frequently operated) ・Kyushu areaKitakyushuThe route toMatsuyama AirportFromTokyo-Osaka-NagoyaIn addition to JapanPeople's Republic of China-South Korea-TaiwanThere are regular flights to. Alsohighway,JR Shikoku OfYosan lineIt is also a base for movement outside and within the prefecture. Besides this, in the city,Iyo RailwayMany streetcars, suburban trains, and Iyotetsu buses are operating.

In freight transportationJR freightThe freight station, transportation company branch offices, and sales offices are located here.

Financial institution

Iyo Bank,Ehime BankIn addition to the head offices and branches of local financial institutions such asTMJIs provided. It also has the function of controlling directly managed stores in Shikoku.Japan Post BankMatsuyama branch is also located.

There are branches and sales offices of many insurance companies. Also, in recent years, it has succeeded in attracting central offices of major insurance companies.[10]are doing.

bank

All regional and second regional banks headquartered in Shikoku have branches in the city[*5].. In addition, the city bankAsahi Bank(CurrentResona Bank) Mizuho Bank (formerlyDaiichi Kangyo Bank) Was provided only2009(21)1, A branch of Sumitomo Mitsui Banking Corporation was opened.

Shinkin Bank/Credit Union

Securities company

Securities company with head office and head office
Securities company with a branch

Insurance company with a branch

Consumer cooperative

tourism

It is said to have a history of 3000 years and is the oldest in Japan in the literature.Dogo OnsenAnd the last complete castle building in JapanMatsuyama Castle(MichelinIn the tourist edition (Gued Vale) Japan edition, each was selected as two stars. ),88 locations in ShikokuIs one ofIshitejiIt has a lot of tourist facilities such as (one Michelin star) and attracts many tourists. Also,Shimanami KaidoAt the time of opening, tourists increased to the extent that it was called the Shimanami boom.

Iyo Railway TheNatsume SosekiThe steam locomotive that appeared in the novel, Bocchan, was restored.Bocchan trainIs operating. Also,JR ShikokuAlsoMatsuyama StationTourist trains departing/arriving atIyo Nada MonogatariHas been operating since 2014.

To respond to inquiries about tourism,FoundationThe Matsuyama Convention & Visitors Association has a telephone window open XNUMX/XNUMX.

There are many sports facilities in prefectures and cities,Bocchan StadiumProfessional baseballOfficial games are held several times a year, as well as Horinouchi andEhime Prefectural Sports Parka-nationOutdoorsLIVEIs carried out,Ehime Prefectural BudokanDisney on iceWill perform.

The estimated number of tourists in 2010 was 588 (up 4% from the previous year), and the number of overnight guests in the Dogo Onsen area was 12.0 (up 80%, but up 1% in the whole city).[11]It has become.

real estate business

Real estate companies are constructing condominiums one after another because demand for condominiums is growing due to the increasing population of Matsuyama City. Demand for office buildings is also growing due to the expansion of call centers, and building construction is also increasing.

Service industry

Preparatory school/School

in recent years,In addition to overcapacity in high schools in the city, there are signs that competition for examinations will intensify at private junior high and high schools[Source required]From things such asNihon Lab,Toshin Satellite Preparatory School,ITTO individual instruction school,Meiko GijukuNational-scale cram schools and prep schools have entered the market, and are competing with small-scale cram schools and major cram schools (terakoya group, etc.) in the city.

Manufacturing industry

An industrial area extends along the coast near the airport and the port.2010In the industrial statistics survey (for establishments with 4 or more employees), the manufacturing industry shipment amount was 4,237 yen,Manufacturing industryHas 14,691 employees and 420 business establishments[12].

Manufacturing industry shipments (2010)ChemicalIs 32.6%,Production machineryIs 22.0%,Groceries12.3%,General purpose machineAccount for 11.8%[12].. In chemistryTeijin,Osaka Soda,Toray Fine Chemicals,Cosmo Matsuyama OilHave business offices and chemical productsChemical fiberEtc. are being produced. On the machineト ラ ク タ ーOf agricultural machinery manufacturing such asIseki agricultural machinery, Manufacturing machinery such as boilers and water treatment-related equipmentMiura IndustryHas a head office and production base.

Agriculture/Traditional industry

Unshu mandarinProduction is thriving,IyokanIt is also one of the representative production areas of, and is engaged in the production of high-value-added citrus fruits such as "Red Manado". Also, Idai and GomeiplateauNew in the areaPioneSuch asGrapeIt is also cultivated. As a special product and traditional craft, Princess Daruma,Bamboo work(Three major production areas in Japan),Iyo Kasuri(same),Fried(Matsuyama fried) is famous.

Matsuyama Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries Brand

  • Red Madonna (Citrus)
  • Setoka (citrus fruits)
  • Botchan Island Abalone
  • Kalamandarin(citrus)
  • Anchovy from Setouchi
  • Matsuyama Eggplant
  • Matsuyama XNUMX inch broad bean
  • Idai and Gomei New Pione (grapes of highland)

Headquartered major companies

Listed companies

Unlisted company

Manufacturing industry
Construction/real estate
Information and communication industry
Wholesale trade
Retail trade
Financial industry
Transportation industry
Broadcasting/newspaper/publishing
Service industry

Major companies with offices

Manufacturing/development base

Call center/office center

  • Matsuyama General Outsourcing Center
  • KDDI EvolverMatsuyama Center
  • Matsuyama Ichibancho BPO Center
  • Fujitsu Communication Service Matsuyama Support Center/Matsuyama Ichibancho Support Center (Fujitsugroup)
  • Prime stage
  • Bridge international Matsuyama Office
  • Benefit One Matsuyama Operation Center
  • Hello Hotline Matsuyama Center/Iyo Matsuyama Center

culture

Bocchan

MatsuyamaNatsume SosekiThe novel "Bocchan] Is the stage. This novel was written by Soseki himselfEhime Prefectural Matsuyama East High School) Has been used as an underlay. At the time of his assignment to Matsuyama, Soseki was an alumni at the university reserve gate.Shiki MasaokaI also had an exchange with.

Soseki wrote "Bocchan" in a rather terrible way, saying that Matsuyama is an "unclean land" (Shincho Bunko edition, page 131), but in reality it reflects the public opinion of the region in the Meiji era and simply criticizes Matsuyama. Not what I did. Soseki himself is also very favored in Matsuyama Junior High School, and it cannot be said that the content of the novel and his own experiences are always the same. Matsuyama City and its citizens consider it one of the tourist attractions, and even today, there are many facilities and products with the names "Botchan" and "Madonna" in Matsuyama.

In recent yearsClouds on the slope”(Historical novel) is the center of town development,Ryotaro ShibaCommemorative foundation certified products are also on sale.

literature

Spa

It has been springing since ancient timesDogo OnsenRepresented byDogo OnsenAndsourceSento away fromHot waterThere are many hot springs in the area.

Noh

MatsuyamaNohThere are several Noh theaters in the city.

Festival/Entertainment

  • Baseball fist
  • IyoMan years old
  • Iyo no Kuni Matsuyama Suigun Taiko
  • Matsuyama three major summer festivals- Ide ShrineTenjin Festival (Kita-Tachibana Town),Kanechi(Shoki-san or Shouki-san, Kiyamachi), (Ohigiri-san, in front of the city station).
    Both are traditional in the old city.
  • Matsuyama Autumn Festival
    Matching of mikoshi with each other.
  • Ai Baseball Expo (held from 2018)

Food culture:

Sports team

baseball
soft ball
サ ッ カ ー
Beach volleyball
basketball

Sports Facilities

Other facilities

  • Theater cat-small theater[13]

Cultural property

National treasure

Important cultural property (building)

National Historic Site

Registered tangible cultural property

National natural monument

Registered monument

Medical

In addition to the above, the Matsuyama City Emergency Medical Center is set up next to the Matsuyama City Public Health Center to cope with sudden illness at night in children.

Education

primary school

There used to be 62 elementary schools in the city, but due to the decrease in the number of children in recent years, consolidation has become conspicuous.

Secondary school

Public secondary school

Private secondary school

Junior high school

National middle school

Public junior high school

Private middle school

high school

National High School

Public high school

Private high school

University/Junior college

Matsuyama City has a scholarship system called "Matsuyama City Scholarship," which is provided to those who wish to go on to a university or college that has met the regulations.

Vocational school

な ど

Special school

Facilities other than school education

Transportation

As a city with the largest population in Shikoku, there are various convenient transportation means, and in particular, the number of airport users has the highest record in Shikoku, and the number is increasing year by year. In addition, as a population with a population of over 50, highly convenient public transportation has been developed centering on Iyo Railway trains and Iyotetsu bus buses, and many of the main hubs in the city are only public transportation. You can get there. In addition, a paid sightseeing bicycle rental port (JR Matsuyama station square, Okaido shopping street, Matsuyama castle ropeway Shinonomeguchi station building, Dogo Onsen station square) has been opened to accommodate those who wish to travel by bicycle in the relatively compact city center. There is. In addition, as part of tourism promotion measures,2007(19)7からMotorized bicycleWe have issued a cloud-type license plate for "Dōgo/Matsuyama City".

空港

Domestic flights

AirlinesDestination
Japan Airlines(JAL)[*7]Tokyo/Haneda,Osaka/Itami,Fukuoka,Kagoshima
All Nippon Airways(ANA)[*8]Tokyo/Haneda,Nagoya/Chubu, Osaka / Itami,Okinawa/Naha
IBEX Airlines(IBX)[*9]Sapporo/New Chitose, Nagoya / Chubu
Jetstar Japan(JJP)[*10]Tokyo/Narita

International flights

AirlinesDestination
Flag of the People's Republic of China China Eastern Airlines (MU)[*11]Chugoku-Shanghai/Pudong(Mon-Fri)[*12]
Republic of Korea flagJeju Airlines(7C) South Korea-Seoul/Incheon(Tuesday, Thursday, Sunday)[*13]
Republic of China flagEVA Air(BR)[*14]Republic of China (Taiwan)-Taipei/Taoyuan(Wednesday, Thursday, Saturday, Sunday)[*15]

Train

The JTB timetable is designated as the representative stationJR Yosan LineMatsuyama StationIs closer to the center of the city, as it may be slightly west of the city centerIyo Railway OfMatsuyamashi Station(Common name:City station) Plays the role of the central station. From the station, the suburban line of the railroad arrives and departs in three directions and also serves as a hub for city trains (tracks). In addition, it is also a departure and arrival point for route buses including intercity express buses, making it a major hub for public transportation.

As one of the reasons why such differences in location and baseness have occurred, the current city station is1888(MeijiCompared with opening in 21),National railwayThe Yosan Main Line (now the JR Yosan Line) extended to Matsuyama Station1927(Showa2 years) and was late. The city station was originally named Matsuyama station, but when the JNR Matsuyama station was opened, there was a history of changing the station name.

Transit Bus

General route bus

The Iyotetsu bus has a route bus network all over the city.

In addition, other companies have also established bus routes to cities in the prefecture such as Uwajima, Ozu, Kuma Kogen, Imabari, Saijo, Niihama (some expressways in the Nanyo direction).

Intercity express bus

Matsuyama Expressway,Shimanami KaidoWith the opening ofExpress BusIs also operated by a large number of 3 companies with sales offices in the city (Iyotetsu Bus, JR Shikoku Bus, Uwajima Motor) and its joint operating company. If the departure and arrival location of Matsuyama is not Iyotetsu Bus and JR Shikoku Bus or jointly operated flights,Matsuyamashi StationorMatsuyama StationEither of them may be.

In recent years,2008(20) Autumn Fukuoka Line opened,2009(21) Two round trips to the Nagoya line in January (Iyotetsu bus entered in addition to the existing JR bus), and in July of the same year, Uwajima Motor's Yokohama/Ikebukuro that had not been treated as customers in Matsuyama city・The Omiya Line has stopped at the company's Matsuyama Sales Office, and the line network is remarkably enhanced.

道路

Road trafficNational Route 11,National Route 33,National Route 56,National Route 196Is concentrated in the central area of ​​Matsuyama City and is also a wide-area transportation hub.Matsuyama ExpresswayInterchange of (Matsuyama IC) Is in the southern part of the city, on Route 33Iyo-gunTobe TownIt is close to me.

highway

Motorway

  • Matsuyama outer ring road (Open only between Imon IC and Ito Minami IC[15]-Other sections under construction
    Imon IC- Matsuyama JCT -Furukawa IC-Shitsubo IC-Ototo Minami IC-(Under construction)-Higashigaki IC-Minamiyoshida IC-Matsuyama Airport IC

General national road

Prefectural road

Road Station

Port

Because it is a city facing the Seto Inland Sea, it has ample passenger routes connecting Honshu, Kyushu, and remote islands. It also has the largest industrial port in Shikoku (Matsuyama Outer Port), and calls on many cargo routes. Matsuyama Port boasts the largest number of regular passenger routes and regular container cargo routes in Shikoku.

  • Matsuyama Port
    • Horie Port
    • Matsuyama Tourist Port (Kokura/Hiroshima/Kure route)
    • Takahama Port (Nakajima / Koijima route)
    • Mitsuhama Port (Yanai/Ihoda route)
    • Matsuyama Outer Port (cargo port/container regular flights Kobe/Busan/Manila/Taipei/Shanghai/Hong Kong routes)
    • Departure now (cargo port)

Media

News (Chinese)

broadcast

Cable TV
Terrestrial TV broadcasting

In Ehime prefectureBroadcast target areaToTV station TheNHKIn addition, there are four commercial broadcasters,Television Tokyo Channel 12, Ltd.Non-seriesKey stationYou can watch the affiliated programs. Also,NHK Matsuyama Broadcasting StationIs in Shikoku 4 prefecturesCore stationIt has become.

NHK Matsuyama Broadcasting Station and Nankai Broadcasting Station are located in the city center, and other TV stations are located in relatively suburbs[*16]are doing.

Digital terrestrial broadcasting TheGyodoyama transmitting stationIn2006(18)May 10It started broadcasting in the same year as the preparation stageMay 6Following the launch of "test radio waves including control signals necessary for video playback" from 10:XNUMX am,May 8Started the "test broadcast of the same program as the terrestrial analog broadcast".

Both AM and FM radio stations have one NHK station and one private prefecture radio station. Also, a community-based FM station whose area is smaller than the prefectural office,Community broadcasting stationIs the only prefectural capital in the Shikoku region that does not exist.

  • For the case where the plane of polarization is "vertical", the element is erected vertically to the ground by rotating the antenna 90 degrees to the side from the normal "horizontal" case.
Station nameNHK MatsuyamaGNIEBCITVeatoutputPlane of polarizationSEND
Place
SynthesisEducation
Digital remote control number 1 ch 2 ch 4 ch 8 ch 6 ch 5 ch
Matsuyamaデ ジ タ ル 16 ch 13 ch 20 ch 27 ch 21 ch 17 ch 1kWLevelMountain
analog--- 37 ch 29 ch 25 ch 10kW
6 ch 2 ch 10 ch ---5kWShiroyama
Miyuki Matsuyama/
Chengbei
デ ジ タ ル 49 ch 51 ch ----0.05WLevelMiyuki 1 chome
analog 41 ch 39 ch - 47 ch 32 ch 34 ch NHK 3W / Commercial 10W
Matsuyama Takahamaanalog 55 ch 57 ch ----10W垂直Koijima
Matsuyama Yuyamaanalog 51 ch 53 ch ----3WLevelKamitakano Town
Matsuyama Kubonoanalog 52 ch 50 ch ----1WLevelHisaya Town
Matsuyama Fukuzumianalog 60 ch 62 ch ----0.5WLevelFukuzumi Town
Matsuyama Kitayoshidaanalog 60 ch 62 ch ----0.5WLevelTakaoka Town
Matsuyama Festivalanalog 54 ch 61 ch 58 ch 56 ch 48 ch 46 ch 0.1WLevelYamada Town
Hojoデ ジ タ ル 16 ch 13 ch 20 ch 27 ch 21 ch 17 ch 1W垂直Hojo Kashima
analog 39 ch 41 ch 43 ch 56 ch 61 ch 46 ch 10W
Hojo Tateiwaデ ジ タ ル 60 ch 62 ch 55 ch 58 ch --1WLevelTakimoto
analog 7 ch 1 ch 11 ch 51 ch --V1W / U3WV vertical/U horizontal
Hojo Asamiデ ジ タ ル 16 ch 13 ch 45 ch 36 ch --0.1WLevelAsami Honya
analog 39 ch 41 ch 47 ch 49 ch --1W
AM radio broadcast (prefecture wave)
FM radio broadcast (prefecture wave)
AM radio broadcast (outside prefecture wave)
FM radio broadcasting (outside prefecture wave)

Tourism

Hot spring facilities

Shrines and temples

Castle ruins

park

Museums, etc.

Others

Famous confectionery

XNUMX selections

Festival

Person from

政治家

soldier

Businessman

Scholars and educators

Culture/Art

Sports

Actor/Singer/Talent

announcer

Others

Person with connection

Honorary citizen

footnote

[How to use footnotes]

注 釈

  1. ^ To commemorate the 90th anniversary of the municipal organization,1979(54)May 2Was established in. Lyrics: Shizune Ohno, Composition:Yasushi Akutagawa
  2. ^ There is no government-designated city in Shikoku.
  3. ^ Haiku Koshien,Haiku kingdomAnd so on.
  4. ^ After that, there will be about 70 people in operation. The system is said to be over 50.
  5. ^ Not limited to Matsuyama City, it is always located in the prefectural capital of Shikoku.
  6. ^ Dogo OnsenThere was a famous store called "Toshida Udon" in the corner of the town, but it was closed without a successor, and the site is now a small park.
  7. ^ Jay Air,Japan Air CommuterThere are flights operated by the aircraft and crew of.
  8. ^ ANA WingsThere are flights operated by the aircraft and crew of.
  9. ^ All Nippon AirwaysCode share with (ANA) (all flights).
  10. ^ Japan AirlinesCode share with (JAL) (only when connecting to JAL international flights).
  11. ^ Code-share flights with Japan Airlines (JL).
  12. ^ Two flights a week (Monday / Friday) at the time of service. The number of flights has been increased from April 2, 2012 to 4 flights a week (Monday, Wednesday, Friday) and from October 18, 3 to 2012 flights (Monday, Wednesday, Friday, Saturday), but from October 10, 29 to a week. Reduced to 4 flights (Monday / Friday).Airbus A2013 aircraft.
  13. ^ From November 2017, 11, it will be in service three times a week (Tuesday, Thursday, Sunday).Boeing 2-3 aircraft. During July / August 737 and the winter schedule, the number of flights was increased to 800 per week (Monday, Tuesday, Thursday, Friday, Sunday). The 2018 winter schedule will be canceled due to the deterioration of Japan-Korea relations.
  14. ^ All Nippon Airways (NH) ・Air New ZealandCodeshare flights with (NZ).
  15. ^ From July 2019, 7, it will be in service twice a week (Thursday and Sunday).Airbus A18 aircraft. From April 2, 321, the number of flights will be increased to 2020 per week (Wednesday, Thursday, Saturday and Sunday).
  16. ^ TV Ehime is located in Masago-cho, Ai TV is Takehara-cho, and Ehime Asahi TV is in Izumikita. In the past, Nankai Broadcasting had its head office in the Dogo Himata area, so until July 2006, only NHK was in the city area.
  17. ^ It was canceled in 2011, considering the magnitude of damage caused by the Tohoku-Pacific Ocean Earthquake.

Source

  1. ^ "Normal value download”. Japan Meteorological Agency. August, 2021Browse.
  2. ^ "Value of 1st to 10th in observation history (value throughout the year)”. Japan Meteorological Agency. August, 2021Browse.
  3. ^ Power of words Shikoku Matsuyama
  4. ^ Vicube work days
  5. ^ Three successive roles - Matsuyama City
  6. ^ “Junior high school students dispatched to South Korea for “comfort women statue installation”... “Judging that the citizens do not understand” Matsuyama City”. Sankei Shimbun(July 2017, 4). http://www.sankei.com/west/news/170420/wst1704200045-n1.html?&pushcrew_powered 2017/4/20Browse. 
  7. ^ Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism, 4th National Trunk Line Passenger Net Flow Data
  8. ^ Heisei 27 year census Matsuyama City Home Page Read October 2017, 10
  9. ^ a b Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry, Regional Economy and Industry Group (2008) "Cases of Municipalities Striving for Business Locations" p.
  10. ^ Matsuyama City Home Page-Fuji Fire & Marine Insurance Co., Ltd. Central Business Office Center Location Agreement Signing Ceremony
  11. ^ June 2011, 6 issue of "Public Information Matsuyama"
  12. ^ a b Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry (2010) “22 Industrial Statistics Survey Results”
  13. ^ Homepage of a small theater and theater cat in Matsuyama City, Ehime Prefecture
  14. ^ About "Ehime Ayame native southern limit zone"
  15. ^ The Matsuyama Outer Ring Road Inter Line (Imon IC-Furukawa IC) will open on Sunday, March 3th. ~ The first step towards eliminating traffic congestion in Matsuyama city ~ Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism Shikoku Regional Development Bureau Matsuyama River National Highway Office January 2014, 1
  16. ^ “Matsuyama City Landscape Planning Booklet Chapter XNUMX Matters concerning restrictions on acts”. Matsuyama City Home Page. http://www.city.matsuyama.ehime.jp/shisei/machizukuri/toshikeikaku/keikan/keikaku/keikankeikaku_sassi.files/053kouiseigena.pdf 2013/11/24Browse. 
  17. ^ “Haiku is connected to the EU President visits Matsuyama”. Ehime newspaper(July 2013, 11). http://headlines.yahoo.co.jp/hl?a=20131118-08979401-ehime-l38&pos=1 2013/11/19Browse. 

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