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😷 | [Breaking news] To the risk level "XNUMX. Severe warning" of the new corona Kumamoto Prefecture 


[Breaking news] To the risk level "XNUMX. Severe warning" of the new corona Kumamoto Prefecture 

If you write the contents roughly
Along with this, the policy is to request restaurants that serve alcoholic beverages in Kumamoto City to shorten their business hours.

As the spread of the new coronavirus continues, the prefecture will change the risk level to the most serious "XNUMX. Strict warning" on the XNUMXth. → Continue reading

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This is Kumamoto Broadcasting (RKK). We will quickly and easily tell you about the news in Kumamoto prefecture. In addition, RKK is recruiting videos and photos of natural phenomena, incidents, accidents, etc. in "RKK Scoop Post".

Wikipedia related words

If there is no explanation, there is no corresponding item on Wikipedia.


Sales(Eigyo) means to carry out business for the purpose of profit.From here, a certain act is said to be business.It is also used as a term to refer to a collection of corporate activities.Each will be described in detail below.

Sales as an act

Definition of sales

Sales as a human actProfit(In the usual senseprofitIt means to carry out business for the purpose of (in other words, acquisition of). "Running" in the case of "running a restaurant or liquor store" means "business", and "business" in the case of "business hours" often posted at the storefront also means exactly this.

As explained above, the general wisdomCommercial lawAccording to the regulations ofPerforming the same kind of actions continuously and repeatedly for the purpose of "profitable"Refers to.

  1. As a result, as long as it is for commercial purposesIf you couldn't make a profitBut it corresponds to business.
  2. Initially, as long as there is an intention to continue / repeatIf you quit onceBut it corresponds to sales[1].

For example, in the case of restaurants and liquor stores, opening a store and selling it is generally called "sales", but that is just a narrow sense of "store sales".[2]..The various acts of "running a business" in pursuit of profits as a corporation are businesses in a broad sense.

Even if the store is temporarily closed, in-house meetings, POP and leaflet production, distribution and exhibition, site production and information update, ordering work, inventory confirmation and inventory control, store cleaning, employee education , Customer support, product shipping, market research, business trips and inspections ...Doing business as a corporationIs considered[3]..The same is true even if these do not directly or indirectly bring benefits.

Classification in commercial conduct

About commercial conductCommercial lawThe business activities of "sales" can be classified as follows.

Absolute business practices
Whether it is a business or not, it is a commercial act. (Article 501 of the Commercial Code)
Commercial conduct
What is done as a business is a commercial act. (Article 502 of the Commercial Code)
Ancillary business practices
The act that a merchant does for its business is a commercial act. (Article 503 of the Commercial Code)

Furthermore, as a commercial act under the special law,Underwriting of trust,Inexhaustibleand so on.For this reason, those who engage in these acts are "merchants."In addition, if the same kind of act is repeated for the purpose of profit, it falls under business.[4].

Cases that do not correspond to sales

Occupations not applicable to sales

  • Acts of doctors, lawyers, etc. that do not fall under the above-mentioned commercial acts are not "business".The same applies to school corporations and teachers.
  • Even if a primitive producer such as agriculture, fishery, or livestock industry sells its product without having a store, it is not a "sales" because it is excluded from the concept of a merchant.
  • Since the proviso of Article 502 of the Commercial Code stipulates that "the act of a person who manufactures goods or engages in labor exclusively for the purpose of earning wages is not limited to this", acts such as office workers and internal employment are also included. Not in business[5].

Corporations that do not fall under business

In the case of corporations, private corporations can be broadly divided into "profit corporations," "public interest corporations," and "corporations other than those."

Corporation to be in business
According to the provisions of the Companies Act, a commercial corporationLtd.,Partnership company,Joint stock companyorA limited companyHowever, the act of doing the business and the act of doing it for the business are "commercial acts" (Article 5 of the Companies Act), and all are business (excluding those related to capital transactions, etc.).
Corporations other than commercial corporations and public interest corporationsRegarding, under the Stamp Tax Law, a corporation other than a company that can distribute or distribute profits or surplus in consideration of the actual situation of the business is a third party other than the investor. Businesses conducted on a person are included in sales (businesses conducted on an investor are not included in sales).
Corporation that does not become a business
Public interest group corporation corporation,Public interest incorporated foundation,Public interest corporations such as school corporationsWith regard to, even if the act of obtaining the funds necessary for the corporation to achieve its purpose corresponds to a commercial act, it does not fall under business.
In addition, the establishment was approved by the Specified Nonprofit Activity Promotion Law,Specified non-profit organization (so-called NPO corporation)Does not fall under business if the articles of incorporation stipulate that profits or surplus cannot be distributed or distributed.

Sales as a profession

Although it is a business that is carried out for commercial purposes, promoting activities such as selling some kind of product is sometimes called "sales" in particular.The person in charge"Sales" "Salesperson" "Salesman" "Salesman"And so on.In a broad sense, it refers to the department in charge of negotiations with customers (sales department).

In addition,singer(EspeciallyEnkaSinger)EntertainerIs a relatively small box office (In-store eventIn some cases it is called business. Sales in this case are mainlytv set,radioな どMass mediaIt is used to contrast with the work that is exposed to many people through.

Legal business means repeating certain actions for commercial purposes. The problem with this conceptCommercial Code Article 502It is in the interpretation of business commerce prescribed in. The actions listed in Article 502 of the Commercial Code are not repeated until they are repeatedly and continuously performed for the purpose of profit.Business practiceIs said to be.

Sales as the name of all corporate activities

Legally, sales may be used as a term that refers to overall corporate activities such as corporate assets and their operating methods, rather than individual actions. People and companiesBusiness transferThe term "sales" does not mean the act of commercial purpose itself, but rather the equipment used for corporate activities andReceivable-debtSuch asKnow-howFacts with economic value such as customer information, customer information, and suppliers (“Goodwill"Also referred to as")[6].

Business day, business hours

The day of business (ie,Days OffNon-business days) are called business days, and the time from the start of business to the end of business is called business hours.In some cases, such as financial institutions and customs business operators, laws and regulations stipulate regulations on business days and business hours.In addition, as a legal term, especiallybusinessmanFor companies that are not (if assumed), the word "sales" may be avoided and different terms may be used.

The following are available for business days.

The following items correspond to business hours.


[How to use footnotes]
  1. ^ National Tax Agency. “Significance of sales”. Laws, etc.> Questions and Answers> Stamp Duty (National Tax Agency). https://www.nta.go.jp/law/shitsugi/inshi/19/01.htm 2021/7/10Browse. 
  2. ^ A similar example of "sales in a narrow sense" here is "sales sales".
  3. ^ Even if the general customer is notified of "closed today" or "temporarily closed", the company will be treated as a business.
  4. ^ National Tax Agency. “Significance of sales”. Laws, etc.> Questions and Answers> Stamp Duty (National Tax Agency). https://www.nta.go.jp/law/shitsugi/inshi/19/01.htm 2021/7/10Browse. 
  5. ^ National Tax Agency. “Significance of sales”. Laws, etc.> Questions and Answers> Stamp Duty (National Tax Agency). https://www.nta.go.jp/law/shitsugi/inshi/19/01.htm 2021/7/10Browse. 
  6. ^ Hiroshi Kaneko et al., “Literary Dictionary of Law (new edition)” (Yuhikaku, 1994)

Related item


Kumamoto-shi(Kumamotoshi)KumamotoLocated slightly north ofCity.. In KumamotoPrefectural office locationAnd the southernmost point in JapanGovernment-designated city.

Nishi-ward,Kita,Chuo-ku,Higashi Ward,South wardTwo ofAdministrative districtIs installed.


5.3 of the total area of ​​the prefecture%About 390km2About 42.7 citizens, who account for about 74% of the prefecture's population, live in the city.2012(24)May 4ToKyusyuIn the thirdGovernment-designated cityMoved to.2020(Reiwa2 years) Currently, it is the newest city that has changed to a designated city[Note 1].KyusyuThen,Fukuoka City,KitakyushuNext to that, it has the third largest population.It is the second largest city in Kyushu after Fukuoka City.

HigoKokufu,HigoKokubunjiIs the place whereCurrent city[When?]It is,Mr. HosokawaKumamoto Domain54 millionstone Ofcastle townHas been developed on the basis of. Pre-war army6th DivisionAnd the country's branch offices are located, representing KyushuMilitary capital・Prospered as an administrative city.2011(23)May 3,Kyushu ShinkansenThe Kagoshima route is fully opened,Kumamoto StationA Shinkansen station was added to the station.recent years[When?], Around Kumamoto Station and downtown areas, it is rare for a local city, and large-scale redevelopment projects are underway one after another.

Kumamoto Castle in the centerCastle tower(North Latitude 32 Degrees 48 Minutes 22.2 Seconds East longitude 130 degree 42 min 20.9 sec /32.806167 degrees north latitude 130.705806 degrees east longitude / 32.806167; 130.705806 (Kumamoto Castle castle tower)) Seen from southeast to east[2].. However, due to environmental standards to ensure views from Kumamoto Castle and other areas, the area around Kumamoto Castle, including the center, is approximately 550haHas a strict height limit[3].. Therefore, there are no skyscrapers in the center, but in the new downtown area around Kumamoto Station outside the area,Kumamoto ForestHigh-rise buildings such as[2].. In addition, Kumamoto station (North Latitude 32 Degrees 47 Minutes 24.2 Seconds East longitude 130 degree 41 min 21.8 sec /32.790056 degrees north latitude 130.689389 degrees east longitude / 32.790056; 130.689389 (Kumamoto Station))・Kumamoto Station(North Latitude 32 Degrees 49 Minutes 5.4 Seconds East longitude 130 degree 41 min 57.7 sec /32.818167 degrees north latitude 130.699361 degrees east longitude / 32.818167; 130.699361 (Kumamoto Station))・Shinsuizenji Station(North Latitude 32 Degrees 47 Minutes 36.9 Seconds East longitude 130 degree 43 min 34.1 sec /32.793583 degrees north latitude 130.726139 degrees east longitude / 32.793583; 130.726139 (Shinsuizenji Station))ofJR Kyushu3 stations are considered to be transportation nodes, and between the center andKumamoto TramenConnected by[2].

Administrative center in Kyushu

Than beforeKyusyuIt is a remnant of what has been developed as an administrative center in the region.Even now[When?]In Kumamoto City, the whole area of ​​Kyushu, orSouthern Kyushu areaThere are several local agencies in the country that control the city, and it is highly positioned as an administrative city compared to other cities in Kyushu.Even in the private sectorNakakyushuIncluding areas and Kumamoto prefectureSouth KyushuThere are companies that have central functions in the area, and Kumamoto City is the main city in the Kyushu region.Base cityContinue to play the role of.

In addition to various branch offices such as the Finance Bureau, National Tax Bureau, Agricultural Administration Bureau, was in charge of post-war, postal service, broadcasting and communications before the war.Ministry of CommunicationsThe Kumamoto Communications Bureau, which is a local agency of Kumamoto, has jurisdiction over the entire area of ​​Kyushu, so this system of institutions has been located in Kumamoto City for a long time.The national joint government building used to beKumamoto CastleIt was inside,Kyushu ShinkansenAccording to the opening of all linesKumamoto StationA joint government building was built on the south side,2014All have moved by (26).

Branch economy

Ministry of PostWith regard to the Japan Post Kyushu Branch, which is the successor of the Kyushu Post Office, the postal agency of Kyushu, Kumamoto will be in charge of all four postal services such as Kyushu's banks, counters, mail, and postal services even after the privatization of Postal Service ,Japan Post BankThe Kyushu headquarters isKumamoto Castle East Post OfficeToJapan Post LifeThe Kyushu branch of the postal company, postal company and post office company was left in the Kyushu branch building of the post office in Joto-cho, Chuo-ku, Kumamoto-city as usual. In addition, a 300-person management center that centrally manages the personnel and accounting of postal staff nationwide has been set up in Kumamoto City, and the function as a "postal castle town" since the Meiji era will continue even after privatization. In addition,MielparqueChuo-ku, Kumamoto CitySuidochoIt is in.

FormerDenden Public CorporationKyushu headquarters was also located in Kumamoto. Continued after privatizationNTTKyushu branch was set up, but revisedNTT methodbased onNTT GroupReorganization ofNTT WestKyushu branch office itself was abolished by the establishment of. afterwards,NakakyushuIt re-started as an area base of the regional headquarters/group of (Kumamoto/Oita),2008(20) February 7NTT West-KyushuHas been merged into. Also,Nippon Telegraph and Telephone Public Corporation Kumamoto Soccer Club NTT KyushuSoccer clubNTT WestAfter being renamed to Kumamoto Football Club,Roasso KumamotoHe continued his activities in Kumamoto until it was reorganized into.

NHK Kumamoto Broadcasting StationInitially, as a core broadcasting station in the Kyushu area,1928Opened as the first radio station in Kyushu in (Showa 3). The NHK Broadcasting Center in Fukuoka is completed1992Until (4), it continued to function as a core station.

In addition, there are private companies and various corporations that have central bases in the entire Kyushu area and the central and southern Kyushu areas in Kumamoto City.

  • Japan PostKyushu branch office (jurisdiction area: whole Kyushu)
  • Suntory Beverage ServiceKyushu Sales Headquarters (jurisdiction area: all over Kyushu)
  • Minami Kyushu Tax Accountants Association (Affiliation area: Kumamoto prefecture, Oita prefecture, Miyazaki prefecture, Kagoshima prefecture)
  • Minamikyushu Shinkin Bank Association (Affiliation area: Kumamoto prefecture, Oita prefecture, Miyazaki prefecture, Kagoshima prefecture)
  • NTT FinanceMinamikyushu branch (jurisdiction area: Kumamoto prefecture, Miyazaki prefecture, Kagoshima prefecture)
  • Shinkin Central BankMinamikyushu branch (jurisdiction area: Kumamoto prefecture, Oita prefecture, Miyazaki prefecture, Kagoshima prefecture)
  • NakakyushuKubota(Jurisdiction area: Kumamoto prefecture, Oita prefecture)

な ど

Forest City

The official name of our city "Forest City"1930(Showa 5) Incorporated in the lyrics of the Kumamoto City song established[4]. Also,High economic growthGreen space decreased due to rapid urbanization from the period1972(47)May 10Kumamoto City Council adopted “Resolution on “Mori no Miyako” City Declaration” and officially decided to call the city “Mori no Miyako”[5].. City planning also incorporates city planning that coexists with nature, and is promoting the formation of cityscapes under the theme of "Kumamoto, a beautiful and vibrant city of forests."[6].

On the other hand, Kumamoto City flows through the centerShirakawa-Tsuboi River-IserigawaThe three riversSuizenji Gardens, Or richgroundwater, Suizenji Gotsuko springs (Heisei famous water XNUMX selections) Etc.City of WaterIs also called[7][8].

In addition, citizens are the “Water and Forest City” and the city is the “Water and Green City”[9]You can see an example called "."



Fukuoka CityAbout 110km south,KagoshimaIt is located approximately 180km north of the city, and slightly north of the central part of Kumamoto prefecture.


The city area has developed centering around the old castle town.Kumamoto CastleOn the east side ofKamitsudori,Shimodori,Sun Road New TownAn arcade town called "I" is connected for more than 1km, and the central city area is formed around it. The city hall is located in the central downtown area of ​​Totsumachi-suji and Kashishima-cho.Japan PostKyushu branch, Japan's largest bus terminalKumamoto Sakuramachi Bus Terminal(1 pieces a day),Tsuruya Department Storeand so on. In addition,Kumamoto Station(Subcenter) is located about 2km southwest of the city center, and during that time, you can travel by tram or local bus.in recent years[When?]Redevelopment around Kumamoto Station is accelerating, and the station building centered on Amu Plaza opened in 2021.The northeastern and eastern parts of the city leading to Mt. Aso Sotowa are partlyTatedayama,BurialMiyama,ShirakawaAlongRiver terraceThere are some rugged topography, but as a whole, it is suitable for farmland and residential area because it is composed of volcanic ash soil of Aso called Higo Plateau (Koshi Plateau / Asahara Plate).hillsBecause it is the ground,National Route 57Along the lineHealthy armyDistrict- Higashi Town(Higashimachi/Higashihonmachi housing complex)Sakuragi-Obiyama-Nagamine-BurialDistrict-MusashigaokaResidential areas and housing estates such as Higashimachi, Nagamine, Oe are spreading around the district, and beyond the city limits.Kikuyo(Forest of light) AndKoshi City,Mashiro machiThe residential area is expanding. The population of Kumamoto City is concentrated in the eastern and northeastern regions as well as the central region (Bed town). this is,1953 Of6.26 flood damageAs a reconstruction, a residential area was formed in the northeastern part of the gentle hilly area.

Southeastern part of the city-south isKumamoto PlainIt forms a corner and has a flat landscape.Gotsu LakeFrom the south side ofKasegawaAlongField・Miyuki・Kawajiri area and moreMidorikawaTomiai and Jonan, which are located on the south side of the island, are low-lying wetlands. Previously, heavy rains caused flood damage, but drainage facilities have been improved.Currently[When?]Residential land is also progressing (as a large-scale new town, Sansan XNUMX-chome-XNUMX chome, etc.).The spacious countryside from the old days still remains, and there are streams and streams in some places.CreekCan also be seen. In the southwestern part of Fufui and in the south of the south of the castle, there is a gentle hilly area with geiyama mountains rising up. The Akita and Tenmei districts are mainlyReclamationIt is a countryside cultivated by.

The western part of the cityAriake Sea(Shimabara Bay) Facing Shirakawa andTsuboi RiverPours into. The sea is shallow and not suitable as a port, and the coastal areas are hardly industrialized or urbanized. Slightly offshoreArtificial islandCreatedKumamoto PortWas constructed andNagasakiShimabaraThere is a ferry route to the area, but the sale of surrounding land has hardly progressed. On the northwest side of the cityMt. Kinpusan(665m) ・Ninodake (685m) rises, and the eastern foot of the mountain is a mixture of residential areas and forests extending from the center.

North・The plants are mainly composed of the slope northeast of Mt. Kinpusan and the westernmost end of the Higo plateau, which continues from Aso, and is also called the planting plateau (the boundary between this plateau and the Tamana plain is independent.TaharazakaIs). Focusing on upland farming including watermelon production and vegetable production, which are famous as a specialty,vinyl houseSpreads all over. The northern part of Ueki (Tasoko, Miyahara)KoshigawaIs a basin,Kikuka BasinIt is a hill/countryside that is integrated with.

The rain that has fallen over the Aso Sotoyama area, which rises to the east, penetrates underground and reaches the plains in about 20 years. Kumamoto City's tap water is covered by this rich groundwater,Suizenji GardensIt also springs up in Lake Gotsu. In addition, 50% of the tap water source is used in over 100 cities around the world.groundwaterIt is said that Kumamoto City is the only city covered by this, and it is also called "the best groundwater city in Japan" or "the best groundwater city in the world".But,In recent years[When?]The groundwater level is declining due to the decrease in recharged land due to the abandonment of field cultivation and forest management, and the intake of water from factories.Now[When?], Kumamoto cityKikuyo,Otsu TownIn cooperation with local governments in the Shirakawa basin, we are working on groundwater conservation projects such as establishing a council with the prefecture, JA Kikuchi, and related land improvement districts, and having farmers flood the fields converted from paddy fields for a certain period of time.


warmishPacific climateIs.It also resembles a basin-type climate such as Kyoto (hot in summer and cold in winter).The average annual temperature is around 17 ° C, and the annual precipitation is around 1,500 mm-2,400 mm.It faces the Ariake Sea, but because it is surrounded by mountains in three directions, it has an inland climate with a large difference in temperature between summer and winter.Especially in the summer, there is no wind in the evening called "Higo no Yunagi".[10] The heat is severe. On the other hand, the temperature in winter often fell below freezing, and on February 2012, 2, the lowest temperature was recorded at -3°C. The daily average temperature was -6.7°C below the freezing point on the 2nd and 2nd day before. It also recorded a minimum temperature of -0.7°C on January 2016, 1. There are few snowfall days, and snow falls every few years. In spring, cherry blossoms bloom early along with Kochi.

  • Temperature-up to 38.8 °C (1927(2)May 7,1994(6)May 7,1994(6)May 7, Minimum -9.2℃ (1904(37th year of Meiji)May 1,1929(4)May 2
  • Maximum precipitation-480.5 mm (1957(32)May 7
  • Maximum instantaneous wind speed-52.6 m (1991(3)May 9
  • Maximum number of summer days-176 days (2005(17))
  • Maximum number of summer days-106 days (2005(17))
  • Most hot days-41 days (1994(6))
  • Maximum number of tropical nights-43 days (2013(25))
  • Maximum number of winter days-82 days (1936(Showa 11))
Climate of Kumamoto Local Meteorological Observatory (Kyomachi, Chuo-ku, Kumamoto City, altitude 38m)
Highest temperature record ° C (° F22.5
Average maximum temperature ° C (° F10.7
Average daily temperature ° C (° F6.0
Average minimum temperature ° C (° F1.6
Minimum temperature record ° C (° F−9.2
Precipitation amount mm (inch)57.2
Snowfall cm (inch)1
Average days of precipitation (≥0.5 mm)
Average number of snowfall days6.
Average monthlyDaylight hours133.0141.1169.6184.0194.3130.8176.7206.0176.4187.1153.7143.41,996.1
Source:Japanese Meteorological Agency (Average value: 1991-2020, extreme value: 1890-present)[11][12]


Administrative district

The following 5AreaConsists of.All populations are estimated populations as of October 2021, 8.

CodesWard namepopulation
The population density
43101 0Chuo-ku186,19025.457,316
43102 8Higashi Ward189,97450.193,785
43103 6Nishi-ward90,95289.331,018
43104 4South ward131,640110.011,197
43105 2Kita139,294115.341,208
43100 1The whole area of ​​Kumamoto city738,050390.321,891

Place name


Kumamoto City and Population Distribution by Age in Japan (2005)Kumamoto City Population Distribution by Age and Gender (2005)
Green-All over Japan

Changes in the population of Kumamoto City (equivalent area)
Ministry of Internal Affairs and CommunicationsStatistics Bureau CensusThan

Adjacent municipality

Kumamoto prefecture flagKumamoto
Nagasaki Prefecture FlagNagasaki


Ancient times

Paleolithic to Kofun period

Rich soil andAriake SeaThe area of ​​Kumamoto City, which was nurtured by the seafood of Nori, has a trace of habitation from ancient times,PaleolithicからKofun periodRuins over (Shell mound,Old tombHave been confirmed in many places throughout the city.

Ritual systemBelow, in generalHigo country OfAkita County-Oma-gunIt corresponds to the area of. 8th centurySuizenji GardensTo Soba of Soba of Higo countryKokufu(Trusted Kokufu) is placed near itKokubunji-Kokubun NunneryIs said to have been installed.After that, the national government was in Jonan.MashikiThrough Kokufu, by the middle of the Heian periodNihongiIt has been relocated to (Kokubu, Satada), but since it is all within the current Kumamoto city area, it can be seen that the Kumamoto city area was functioning as the center of Higo province at least during the Nara and Heian periods.It is also said to have a history from the mythical era.Kengun ShrineIn the 8th century, in the XNUMXth century, the oldest temple in Kumamoto Prefecture such as "Kennai Abandoned Temple" and the god of miso "Miso TenjinBut in the 9th century, Ikegami-ji Temple was built as a mountain temple in Ikegami-cho.Fujisakidai Prefectural Baseball FieldIn the positionFujisaki HachijyonomiyaAre installed respectively, and at the same timeKitaoka ShrineHas also been built.

The ancient government road (station road) also crosses the Kumamoto city area,DazaifuHas been traveling south fromSaikaidoAs an extension ofTatedayamaFrom the west of Seriyou Station (Child breeder) To Kokufu, and then to Jonan.With the collapse of Ritsuryo politics, it temporarily loses its function as the center of Higo,NihongiAfter that, it will continue to be a large settlement and will be called the Kofu. After that, in the current northern part of Kumamoto cityDonation type manorFamous forKagogisoIs cultivated.

中 世

Kamakura Period

Kamakura PeriodThe present, which was developed from the fact that Mitsuaki Kawajiri built Kawajiri Castle.KawajiriDistrictPort townIt was prosperous as a foreign trade. China,LightIt is also described in the geography of the age of "Kaikaisei". Also, in Jonan TownKumasho CastleWas built and played the role of the center of Mashiki area.

Northern and Northern Dynasties

Northern and Southern DynastiesAs part of the mayhem of1378(Southern Court: 4th year of Tensho, Northern Court: 4th year of Eiwa) was unfolded in the eastern part of the city, and the place names derived from the battle events such as Kyozuka remain.

Muromachi Period

after that,OninDuring the year (1467-1469), Mr.NHK Kumamoto Broadcasting StationLocation) as the residence1496(Meiji 5th year), Bungo guardianOtomoMr. Kagogi, who belongs to the group, built Kumamoto Castle at the southwestern foot of Mt. Chausu.Eventually Mr. KagogiKikuchiBecause1550(Astronomical 19th year), Jyo Chikafuyu under Otomo entered.

The early modern period

Kiyomasa Kato's entry

Sengoku period OfHigo countryWas dominated by dozens of people,Azuchi-Momoyama PeriodTo enter theHideyoshi Toyotomi OfKyushuBy1587(Tensho 15)Narimasa SasaIs sealed by Higo 49 stones and enters Kumamoto Castle.However, due to mismanagementHigo's national revoltOccurs next yearReformAnd insteadKiyomasa KatoWas sealed up with 24 stones in the Higo northern half, and began to rule with Kuma Honjo as the residence. Control,Water control,ReclamationActively undertaking land development, etc. to improve devastated land and improve productivity.

Edo Period

Kiyomasa is1607A new Kumamoto castle was built in (12th year of Keicho), and then the local name was given.KumamotoからKumamotoWas renamed to. Since then, Kumamoto is a modern agecastle townWill be developed as. Mr. Kato is a child of Kiyomasa,TadahiroSevered in the1632After (Kanei 9 years)Ogura domainTransferred fromKumamoto DomainBecame the mainMr. HosokawaWill be developed as a castle town.

The modernization of the castle town started in the Tensho era when Kiyomasa entered Higo. First, for flood control and utilization as an inner moatTsuboi RiverIn addition, some of the old Kokokufu merchants have moved to the south side of the castle (current streetcarGofukumachi Tram StopA township/artisan town was established in the area. After that, the townspeople and craftsmen towns expand to the west side of the castle, but the traditional townspeople and craftsmen towns were called "Furumachi," whereas the new townspeople township opened to the west side of the castle was "(I.e.Will be called. One of the features of Kumamoto Castle Town is that each of the temples is set up in a grid-shaped town, and the construction of this town has been inherited even today. It is a form that cannot be overlooked from the perspective of defense in an emergency. The Furumachi neighborhood has been busy as one of the downtown areas of Kumamoto City since the Meiji era until the early Showa period.

on the other hand,Samurai residenceWas built in the area from Yamazaki on the east side of the castle to Takadawara (current downtown area of ​​Kumamoto City) and Tsuboi, and in Kyomachi, which is on the plateau north of the castle (Kyomachi isBattle of SekigaharaIs the town where Kiyomasa took over the vassal of Yonaga Konishi and the vassal of the Yanagawa domain. Of these, senior samurai are said to have lived in the castle (Ninomaru), Uchitsuboi, and Yamazaki, and lower samurai lived in the Tetori, Sentanbata, and Takadawara areas.

In addition,1601(6th year of Keicho)Choroku Bridge(The bridge name is bridged 1601 = Keicho(From 6 years)Satsuma Kaido,Hyuga return, Yosemachi is prosperous as a branch point toward Minamiaso, and at the end of the Edo period, a new samurai residence town = Shinyashiki will be built on the opposite bank of Ansei Bridge (then Atami Bridge). These areas are Kumamoto Ward in modern times-it will be a rough outline as Kumamoto City.

In the suburbs of the Satsuma KaidoPost town, Kawajiri prospered from the previous generation as a distribution center (port town) of the Midorikawa river system. In addition to the clan magistrate's office, customs, and military port (Mifune),Satsuma DomainThe main team was also set up as a road for attendance.Inari ShrineDeveloped as the location of(I.e.Also prospered as an outer port of Kumamoto after replacing the Tsuboi River. Kawajiri and Takahashi are in Kumamoto (castle town), Takase,Yatsushiroと と も にGogo Town in HigoIt will be counted as one of.

Also, at the fork of going northGenrokuA post town called "Amitori Shinmachi" was built in the times, but it will later become the center shopping district of Ueki. Developed as a way to change workBungo HighwayIritoki was planted in black hair as a number of villages, and Niritoki was planted in Tatsuta, and remains as a bus stop name (KikuyoIt is inSanrikiBecame the station name). Immediately east of Niritoki was invited by the Hosokawa clan in the mid 17th century.Musashi MiyamotoThere is Musashizuka, a historic site associated with it. In the second half of the 17th centurySuizenji Gardens(Suizenji Park) was built.


Meiji era-before World War II

Known as a Kaimei thinker from the end of the Edo era to the Meiji eraYokoi KogusuActivity ofKumamoto Western SchoolEstablishment, the opening of the school, which drove Kumamoto's liberal rightsKumamoto bandWhile the wave of modernization is rushing to Kumamoto such as the formation, the rebellion of the samurai who is the former system side also breaks out.

1876(Meiji 9)Kamikaze Ren's strangeAnd then1877(10th year of Meiji)Southwest WarBy planting treesBattle of TabaruzakaThen a fierce battle was fought.Furthermore, the town of Kumamoto, which became the main battlefield, was returned to the ashes, including the castle tower of Kumamoto Castle.Also,1889(Meiji 22) Large earthquake (Kumamoto earthquake).

Kyushu's largest urban era

However, after that, the Kumamoto city district became Kumamoto prefecture (for a while).Shirakawa) Not only as the prefectural capital, but also as a major city in the central part of the Kyushu region, it is positioned as a "core city of Kyushu", KumamotoZhentai-Fifth High SchoolNational institutions and educational institutions that have jurisdiction over the Kyushu region will be established one after another. 1878(11th year of Meiji) After setting up Kumamoto Ward,1889(Meiji 22), the municipal system came into effect due to the enforcement of the municipal system. The initial population is 42,725.1900Established in (Meiji 33)Railway songIn the second collection Sanyo/Kyushu edition,The largest city in Kyushu with a population of XNUMXWas sung.For this reason, Kumamoto often became the first business site in Kyushu due to the publication of newspapers, the installation of lamps, the opening of broadcasting stations, etc., and the establishment of the Fifth High School.Natsume Soseki,Koizumi YakumoFamous authors such as went to Kumamoto as a teacher and left a work set in Kumamoto (note thatMori OgaiEven though I visited Kumamoto for a few days, a work that is closely related to Kumamoto (“Abe clan)) is left).

Yamazaki in the city centerMeijiSince then, military facilities such as the parade ground were installed on the site where the samurai residence was demolished, and the city area was divided by the military facilities, which was an obstacle to urban development. Then the military landTaishoBy the time most except the castleDajiangAnd relocated to the suburbs such as TokaNew cityA new center of commerce and entertainment was formed (including the town name of Neryocho as a remnant of military land, and the mayor at the time of the effort to relocate the military land.Hot IslandHas taken the name of a town called Karishima).

When entering the Taisho era, the development as a modern city will be sped up.Kumamoto Light Railway-Kikuchi orbit-Mifune Railway-Kumamoto Tramen・Expansion of transportation such as buses will lead to the expansion of urban areas,1921(Taisho 10)Kasuga,Black hair,ShimazakiWith a large merger of the surrounding towns and villages, the population became 13, and the city area, which had been limited to the former castle town, expanded to the suburbs. Also,1922(11th year of Taisho) The mayor at the timeTakahashi MorioIs the city's three major projects (Water supplyMaintenance ofCity trainOpening of23rd Infantry RegimentIt was successful in putting this into practice. The city hall that used to be in Minami-Sentan field,1923It moved to the current location of Tedori Honmachi (Taisho 12).

In the Showa era, facilities such as the solicitation halls and public halls lined up around Sakuramachi, and many movie theaters, which are the latest entertainment of the time, opened in the adjoining new town, and it rapidly develops as a new urban core that replaces the old town. In the center of the city, there are "Sentoku Department Store" and "Gincho Department Store"Department storeAlso opened.


After World War II-Present

1945(20) Due to the air raid in July, the city area of ​​Kumamoto City became burnt fields, andGreat flood damage in June 1953,1957(Showa 32) A large residential area was built in the eastern hilly area due to the heavy flood damage in July, mainly in the lowlands of the city.

So farSuizenji Temple-FloodIt was an old military land in addition to a suburban residential area such asDajiang・In the Toka district, there is a housing complex andMonopolyBesides,Kumamoto University of Commerce,Kumamoto Women's University(Later moved to Tsukiide,Prefectural theaterIs erected),Kumamoto Denpa National College of Technology(1973(Showa 48)Koshi CityMoved to),Police schoolEtc. are constructed and existingKumamoto High SchoolIn addition, it became mature as a district of education.

Also, during the war,MitsubishiAircraft factory was built and the streetcar has been extendedKengun TownAfter the war, the area's population increased sharply due to the establishment of the Self-Defense Forces, government agencies, large-scale public housing, schools, and so on. Since it also served as the terminal terminal of the streetcar, a shopping district and entertainment district were also formed, and it grew into a major base in the eastern district of Kumamoto City.

さ ら にPrefectural officeWas moved to Suizenji and was in Nagamine/TsugetsuKumamoto AirportSince the 1970s when the house was moved to Koyuhara, residential areas have expanded to Nagamine, Musashigaoka and Kusu. Especially1971(Showa 46)- 1972It was maintained until (47)Kumamoto East BypassThe area north of Kamisui became an important transportation route as the backbone of these residential areas, and the hilly areas occupied by fields and thickets were rapidly converted into residential land.

In the 1960sNational Route 3The Shimizu bypass and Kawajiri bypass were also opened.1971(Showa 46)Kyushu Expressway OfKumamoto interchangeAlthough the road transportation network around the city was established, such as the opening ofKumanobu RailwayWas abolished and the tram line was reduced. As the cornerstone of a new transportation alternative to iron orbit,1969It is a large-scale bus center in (44)Kumamoto Transportation CenterIs in operation. After the 1980sHama Line Bypass,Second Airport LineAlthough the major road network has been improved, the motivation for re-evaluation of railways and streetcars is increasing with the congestion problem and deterioration of road conditions.

Commerce will replace post-war generation instead of Sentoku and Gincho department stores.Tsuruya Department Store,Ocean department store(AfterDaieiKumamoto Shimodori Store, closed in May 2014), Iwata Isetan (later)Prefectural department store, Closed in February 2015), in supermarketsKotobukiya,Nico Nico HallWill make a leap forward, and the commercial map will be repainted. In addition, after the Tsuruya and Ocean expansion,Tomachi Street,ShimodoriHowever, it was established as a downtown area representing Kumamoto.

After the warAlthough the area of ​​the military city has shrunk, population growth continues (1977(Population exceeded 52 in 50) and continued to develop steadily as a city of administration, commerce and tourism. But,1963(Showa 38)Kitakyushu,1972(Showa 47)Fukuoka City Government-designated cityAnd the locality of Kumamoto City has declined. However, some of the national institutions that control Kyushu (mainly those set up before the war) are located in Kumamoto City, and the role as a major base city in the Kyushu region continues.

Great Heisei mergerBased on the relaxation of the requirements of the government-designated city for a limited time introduced inTomi Town,Jonan Town,Ueki TownMerged with local governments in2012On April 24, 4, it moved to the 1th nationwide (20rd in Kyushu) ordinance-designated city. furtherPrefectural systemAfter introductionState capitalThe movement to attract them is becoming more active.

Chronological Table

Modern times

Transition of administrative divisions

Changes in address notation

After 2008 (Heisei 20)
- 2008 May 10March 2008, 10-
March 2010, 3-
March 2012, 4-
Former Kumamoto City AreaKumamoto City ○ ○Kumamoto-shiKita○○
Kumamoto-shiHigashi Ward○○
Kumamoto-shiSouth ward○○
Former Fudou Town AreaFumai-cho, Shimomashi-gun ○○Tomi Town, Kumamoto City ○○Kumamoto-shiSouth wardTomi Town ○○
Old Jonan Town AreaJonan Town, Shimomashiro District ○ ○Jonan Town, Kumamoto City ○ ○Kumamoto-shiSouth wardJonan Town ○○
Former Ueki areaUeki Town, Kamoto County ○○Ueki Town, Kumamoto City ○ ○Kumamoto-shiKitaUeki Town ○ ○



Successive mayors
NameInauguration dateRetirement date
Mayor of Kumamoto (government election)
First generationSadamitsu Mizoguchi18781881
2 feeHikotaro Tajiri1881/6/251882
3 feeSusumu Matsuzaki1882/2/71888/5/24
4 feeYoshikata Mochinaga18881889
Mayor of Kumamoto (government election)
FirstDaihachi Sugimura1889(Meiji22 years)May 51893(26th year of Meiji)May 7
2Tamaki Matsuzaki1893(26th year of Meiji)May 91897(30th year of Meiji)May 8
3Hot Island1897(30th year of Meiji)May 91913(Taisho2 years)May 1
4Tamada Yamada1913(Taisho 2)May 41914(Taisho 3)May 10
5Yoda Masayo1915(Taisho 4)May 11917(Taisho 6)May 9
6Toyanagi Sayanagi1917(Taisho 6)May 111921(Taisho 10)May 11
7Takahashi Morio1922(Taisho 11)May 11925(Taisho 14)May 7
8Tomomi Kashishima1925(Taisho 14)May 91929(Showa4 years)May 7
9Tamada Yamada1930(5)May 21934(9)May 4
10Yamakuma1934(9)May 51942(17)May 5
11Ryoki Hirano1942(17)May 61945(20)May 8
12Ishizaka Shigeru1945(20)May 101946(21)May 3
13 14Fukuda Torakame1946(21)May 61947(22)
Mayor of Kumamoto (public election)
13 14Fukuda Torakame1947(22)1948(23)May 2
15Masao Sato1948(23)May 41952(27)May 3
16Shoji Hayashida1952(27)May 31956(31)May 2
17 18Sakaguchi main tax1956(31)May 31963(38)May 2
19 20Ishizaka Shigeru1963(38)May 21970(45)May 11
21 24Toshio Hoshi1970(45)May 121986(61)May 12
25 26Yasushi Tajiri1986(61)May 121994(Heisei6 years)May 12
27 28Yasuyuki Triangle1994(6)May 122002(14)May 12
29 31Masayuki Koyama2002(14)May 122014(26)May 12
32Kazufumi Onishi2014(26)May 12Incumbent

Government-designated city

Movement leading to merger with Kumamoto metropolitan area

2000(12)CensusBased onKumamoto metropolitan area Of10% urban areaHas a population of 102 million,1.5% urban areaHas a population of 146 million (Kumamoto metropolitan areareference).

"Great Heisei mergerIn the early days, there was a resident initiative to establish a legal council from seven neighboring towns to discuss mergers with Kumamoto City.Government-designated cityDue to the measures to reduce population requirements, the merger could become a road to ordinance-designated cities, but at that time, in Kumamoto prefecture, he was reluctant to transfer authority due to the ordinance-designated cities, and in Kumamoto-shi.Kumamoto Future National Athletic MeetAccompanying the eventfinanceThere was a worsening problem. Ask about the merger in 3 townsReferendumAt this point, opponents won by a big margin, and the merged projects were rejected one after another in the 7-town council, and Kumamoto City was not ordinance-designated at this point.

However, the financial difficulties of the local governments due to the reduction of grants, and the local government population and 10% urban area population were both lower.Niigata-Shizuoka City-Hamamatsu cityThe merger and ordinance-designated city,Kyushu ShinkansenMeasures for inter-city competition due to opening of business, and futurePrefectural systemIn introductionState capitalFrom the standpoint of Kumamoto City, aiming for “Kumamoto City Area and Ordinance-designated City”, targeting “10 million people Kumamoto City Area” (101 cities 3 towns 12 village-at the time of setting), which is almost the same range as 1% A study group was formed by the relevant local governments. The recent movements are described below.

  • Shimomashiro-gunTomi TownThen, as a result of repeated political conflicts and discussions2007(19) in AugustLegal Merger CouncilIs installed,2008(20) Merged with Kumamoto City on October 10.
  • Jonan TownBut2007(March 19) In May, the mayor who had been against the merger was defeated in the election, and the former mayor who had been promoting the merger with Kumamoto city was re-elected after four years, so the area around Kumamoto city etc. again It was decided to move towards a merger with a local government.2007(19) After a resident briefing session in autumn, as a result of conducting a resident questionnaire in November, 11% of all voters agreed with the merger, and more than half of them decided to merge with Kumamoto City. Because I asked2008(20) February 2Voluntary merger councilWas installed. After that, after setting up a legal cooperation,2009As a result of the referendum on June 21 (6), a large number of approvals for the merger resulted in the demolition proposal being passed by the temporary town council on July 28, the same year.
  • Kamishijo-gunMashiro machiThen, the candidate who had pledged to defeat the current job that had stated absolutely opposition to the merger in the election of the mayor and respond to the merger consultation including Kumamoto City is elected. After that, no movement related to the merger was seen for a long time,2007(19) In December, launched a study group on merger and ordinance city with Kumamoto City.2008(20) With Kumamoto City in AprilVoluntary councilDecided to install. In addition, Mashiki-machi Chamber of Commerce and Industry, which had previously stated that it would maintain a single town system, announced that it would go to the approval of the merger ordinance city with Kumamoto City, and established the "Kumamoto Metropolitan Economic Research Group" with the Kumamoto Chamber of Commerce. Etc. were rapidly approaching Kumamoto City (however,2009(21) As a result of the referendum in April, the number of negative votes exceeded, and Mashiki-cho left the council.)
  • Kamoto DistrictUeki TownBut2007(September 19) After September, some members of the Diet, residents, etc. have re-emerged, and the mayor has jointly established a merger ordinance city study group with Kumamoto City, based on the survey results.2008(20) Resident briefing was held from January. Receiving this result,2008(20) In March, the establishment of "Kumamoto City/Ueki-cho Merger Investigation Research Group" was decided between Kumamoto City and Ueki-cho, and the first meeting was held in April. After setting up a legal cooperative,2009(21) The referendum on June 6 resulted in a large number of approvals for the merger, and the abandonment proposal was approved by the temporary town council on July 28, the same year.

2009(平成21年)4月から6月にかけて相次いで行われた合併の賛否を問う住民投票の結果、前述のように益城町との合併の道は断たれたが、植木町、城南町との合併は濃厚となった。同年7月13日に熊本市議会での廃置分合案が可決。同年9月14日には熊本県議会でも廃置分合案が可決し、2町との合併により政令指定都市昇格条件となる人口要件70万人程度を満たし(3市町合わせた人口は約73万人)、2010(22) Merged on March 3. This allowsKitakyushu,Fukuoka CityNext to Kyushu, progressed to the birth of the third ordinance-designated city in Kyushu[19].

And2011(23) March 10,2012(24) From April 4Government-designated cityTo move toCabinetIt has been determined[20].

Movement leading to the ordinance-designated city transition
  • 2009(21) December 12, at the Council for Administrative Districts of Kumamoto City, we presented two proposals to set the administrative districts in the city as 22 or 5 wards. The ward office will make the best use of existing ones, such as the city hall and the Ueki Town Hall, but indicated that some administrative districts need to establish new ward offices.
    • 5 ward system
      • The former Ueki Town and Jonan Town that were incorporated into Kumamoto City will be incorporated, and the central, east, west, south and north will be divided into 10 wards with a population of 18 to 5.
      • In the case of 5 wards, the cost to construct ward offices is estimated to be about 38 billion yen.
    • 6 ward system
      • There are a total of 4 wards, with the former Ueki Town alone, the old Fudou Town and the old Jonan Town together, and the old Kumamoto City divided into 6 wards, but there are variations with a population of 3-18. Opinions of criticism came one after another from the council.
      • In the case of 6 wards, the cost to construct ward offices is estimated to be about 48 billion yen.
  • 2010(February 22, 2) In the Kumamoto City Administrative District Council, as a plan based on the results of the resident survey, in addition to the original 22 or 5 ward plan, a government-designated city with a population of almost the same size in recent years Moved toOkayama City,Sagamihara CityHe expressed the opinion that it might be necessary to consider the “three ward plan” and the “four ward plan” with such a small ward division.
  • 2010(22) March 3 At the Council of Kumamoto City Administrative Districts, we set the administrative districts in the city as 29 wards and presented three types of plans. There were some committee members who suggested plans other than the 5 wards, but since they were small in number, they were excluded from this time.
    • 5 ward system 1 plan-The plan presented by the council from the beginning, incorporating the former Ueki town and the old Jonan town in Kumamoto city, dividing it into central, east, west, south and north.
    • 5 ward system 2 plan-a single ward of the former Ueki town, a ward that combines the former Kumamoto city west and the former Fudou town and the old Jonan town, and the former Kumamoto city is divided into the northern, central and eastern parts.
    • 5 ward system 3 plans-Similar to the 5 ward system 1 plan, but with the boundaries of each ward changed.
  • 2010(22) April 4, the Kumamoto City Administrative District Council first showed that the administrative districts in the city had a population balance of approximately 6 to 10 and were almost even. As per the original plan (18 plan of the previous 5 ward system) and on April 1Masayuki KoyamaI reported the ward division plan to the mayor.
    • District A-The area is the former Ueki Town and the northern part of the former Kumamoto City, and the ward office is the General Planting Branch.
    • Ward B-Area is the western part of Kumamoto City, and the ward office is the western civic center.
    • C ward-The ward office is located in the former Kumamoto city centerKumamoto City HallWithin.
    • D Ward-The area is the eastern part of Kumamoto City, and the ward office isTax collegeIt will be located adjacent to the Kumamoto Training Center.
    • District E-The area is the old town of Fumiya, the old town of Jonan and the southern part of Kumamoto City, and the ward office is the general branch of the town.
  • 2010(22) In the extraordinary assembly on May 5, we included maintenance costs for ward offices.2010(22) The general account supplementary budget proposal was approved by a majority. As a result, the ward division after the transition to a government-designated city was officially decided in the 5 ward proposal.
    • It becomes an area away from the ward officeShimizu,garden,Burial, A proposal to upgrade the function of each citizen center in Koda to the level of a general branch office and to continue the general branch function of Jonan in the future was raised.
  • 2010(22) From September 9 to 6, general ward namesPublic offerWas done[21].
  • 2010(22) On October 10, at the Council of Kumamoto City Administrative Divisions, each ward selected by voting by the committee from the top two proposals for each ward that were particularly popular in the open call for candidates for ward names and other application proposals 19 plans, 2 plans for each ward were selected[21].
  • 2011(January 23) On January 1, the council for administrative divisions of Kumamoto City decided the name of each ward as Kita-ku, Nishi-ku, Chuo-ku, Higashi-ku and Minami-ku and reported to Mayor Koyama.[22].
  • 2011On February 23, 2, the Kumamoto City Ordinance-designated City Promotion Headquarters Meeting decided the name of the ward, as reported by the Council.[23].. (However, this is the "policy of the city", and at this point, neither the transition to a government-designated city nor the name and area of ​​the ward have been officially decided.)
  • 2011(23) On August 8, Governor of Kumamoto, Kumamoto Prefectural Assembly Chairman, Kumamoto City Mayor, Kumamoto City Council, Kumamoto City Ordinance-designated City Promotion Council ChairmanYoshihiro KatayamaMinister of Internal Affairs and Communications(At that time)Cabinet OrderRequesting revision.
  • 2011(23) October 10, Kumamoto City2012(24) On April 4, the Cabinet decided to revise the Cabinet Order to make it a designated city, and on December 1, the Cabinet Order was promulgated. NationwideSagamihara CityThe 20th following in KyushuKitakyushu-Fukuoka CityIt will be the third after.
  • 2011On December 23, 12, the name of the ward (in Kumamoto City Council)Kita-Nishi-ward-Chuo-ku-Higashi Ward-South ward) And its area were officially determined[24].

Administrative organization

City agency

Prefecture agency


  • General account (2017 (Heisei 29) degree settlement)
    • Revenue: 4149 billion yen
      • City tax: 994 billion yen
      • Local allocation tax: 453 billion yen
      • National treasury disbursement: JPY 980 billion
      • Municipal bonds: 627 billion yen
    • Expenditure: 4027 billion yen
  • Special accounts (2017 (Heisei 29) degree settlement)
    • Revenue: 2193 billion yen
      • National Health Insurance Accounting: 975 billion yen
      • Long-term care insurance accounting: 620 billion yen
      • Bicycle business accounting: ¥104 billion
    • Expenditure: 2188 billion yen
      • National Health Insurance Accounting: 998 billion yen
      • Long-term care insurance accounting: 601 billion yen
      • Bicycle business accounting: ¥102 billion
  • General Account/Special Account Municipal Bond Current amount: 4320 billion yen (as of the end of 2017)


City council

  • Number of people: 48 people
  • Term: March 2015, 5-March 1, 2019[25]
Parliamentary nameNumber of seatsMember name (◎ is representative)
LDPKumamoto City Council18◎Seijiro Tsuda, Seiji Sakata, Yoshiyuki Mishima, Masahito Shigaki, Masayuki Eto, Takaaki Takehara, Satoshi Saito, Masasaku Sawada, Toshihiro Managa,
Toru Kurashige, Shinya Kutsuki, Ryoshi Haraguchi, Toru Hara, Yoshikatsu Teramoto, Mizunori Kosaiga, Kazuomi Takamoto, Kuniyasu Mitsunaga, Hirofumi Oishi
Civic Union9◎Masahiro Tajiri, Yasuhiro Ieiri, Seiya Nishioka, Yoshihiro Ueda, Masanobu Tanabe, Hiroshi Murakami, Tatsuya Tagami, Yoichi Fukunaga, Shinya Otsuka
KomeitoKumamoto City Council7◎Hiroshi Suzuki, Teruyo Fujioka, Masahiro Imoto, Daisuke Hamada, Hiroshi Fujinaga, Ryoji Sonokawa, Shika Mimori
Kumamoto future4◎ Kiyoki Tajiri, Satoshi Shirakawabe, Kazuyuki Shigemura, Hidemi Fujiyama
Japan Communist PartyKumamoto City Council3◎Mieko Ueno, Nasu Yen, Hiroshi Yamabe
Municipal administration club1Kiyohiro Ochimizu
Meeting to think about Japanese education1Taizo Furukawa
Freedom club1Kazuhisa Kitaguchi
Good promotion1Yoshihiro Tajiri
Mingseikai1Atsuro Tanaka
Regional creation1Hiroe Koike
Wa Meeting Kumamoto1Yuka Ogata

2011 Year of 4 Month17th Unified Local ElectionUntil the re-election in Japan, the entire Kumamoto city was basically treated as one constituency with a fixed number of 48.[26]In April 2015, due to the establishment of administrative districts due to the transition to a government-designated city,18th Unified Local ElectionThen, it was reorganized into the following 5 constituencies, and the timing of the elections will be changed to simultaneous with the Kumamoto prefectural election in the first half of the unified local elections. In the 2015 election, the number of votes was the same and lottery was held.[27].

Constituency nameconstant
Higashi Ward13
South ward[Note 2]8

Source: Kumamoto City official website, Kumamoto City Election Commission Secretariat,Unification local election changes!'[28]

Prefectural assembly

Kumamoto Prefectural Assembly(Selected by Kumamoto City)
  • Constant number: 17 people
  • Term: May 2019th, 5 (Reiwa 11st year) to May 2023 (4th year of Reiwa) May 5th
ConstituencyNameParliamentary nameRemarks
Kumamoto City Daiichi (Chuo-ku,Higashi Ward,Kita) (12)Akemi MatsunoIndependent
Eiichi IwashitaLDPLiberal Democratic Party
Hidemura MatsumuraLDPLiberal Democratic Party
Kaihei HashiguchiLDPLiberal Democratic Party
Takao FujikawaLDPLiberal Democratic Party
Honda YuzoKomeito
Hiroshiro CastleKomeito
Tomoko IwataKumamoto Democratic UnionParty membershipSocial Democrats
Daizo HamadaConstitutional Democratic Party
Seiichi NishiKumamoto Democratic UnionSocial Democratic Party
Nanbu HayabiraLDPNo party membership
Nobuhiro YamamotoJapan Communist Party
Kumamoto City Second (Nishi-ward,South ward) (5)Maeda NorihideKomeito
Satoshi KamataKumamoto Democratic UnionNo party membership
Kazuo TakashimaLDPLiberal Democratic Party
Kazutora TakezakiLDPLiberal Democratic Party
Well procedureLDPLiberal Democratic Party

House of Representatives

ConstituencyRepresentative nameParty nameNumber of winsRemarks
Kumamoto Prefecture 1st Ward(Chuo-ku,Higashi Ward,KitaMinoru KiharaLDP4Constituency
Kumamoto Prefecture 2st Ward(Nishi-ward,South wardSuch)Takeshi NodaLDP16Constituency

National agency

Cabinet Office

Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications

Ministry of Justice

Immigration Control Agency
Public Security Intelligence Agency
Prosecutor's office

Ministry of Finance

National Tax Agency

Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare

Ministry of Agriculture

Forestry Agency

Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism

Japanese Meteorological Agency

Ministry of the Environment

Ministry of Defense


裁判 所

Special corporation, etc.

Special corporation

Japan Pension Service
Japan Broadcasting Corporation

Authorized corporation

Bank of Japan
  • Kumamoto Branch
Japanese Red Cross Society
  • Kumamoto Branch

Foreign relations

Sister cities/partner cities


sister city
Name of a cityCountry/RegionAlliance date
San Antonio CityUnited States flagThe United States of America Texas1987(Showa62 years)May 12
Loam cityUnited States flagThe United States of America Georgia1995(Heisei7 years)May 5
oldUeki TownAnd sister city tie-up.Continued after the merger.
Partner city
Name of a cityCountry/RegionAlliance date
Guilin CityFlag of the People's Republic of ChinaPeople's Republic of China Guangxi Zhuang Autonomous Region1979(Showa54 years)May 10
Heidelberg cityGerman flagThe Federal Republic of Germany Baden-Wertenberg1992(Heisei4 years)May 5
Aix-en-Provence cityFrench flagFrance Provence-Alpes Cote d'Azur region2013(25)May 2
Kaohsiung CityTaiwan flagTaiwan(Republic of China) City of jurisdiction2017(29)May 10


sister city
Name of a cityLocal name / prefecture nameAlliance date
Fukui CityFukui prefecture flagChubu region Fukui1994(Heisei6 years)May 11
Kumamoto DomainFromYokoi Kogusu Matsudaira ShungoInvited toFukui Domain OfClan administration reformSister city tie-up from the historical connection that hit


2007(19) total gross domestic product is 2 billion yen[29]..It occupies about 37% of the whole Kumamoto prefecture,Republic of Paraguay OfGDPHas an economic scale that exceeds[30].

Consumer cooperative

Primary industry


Kumamoto is one of the leading agricultural kingdoms in Japan. The total number of farmers, the number of full-time farmers, the number of people employed in agriculture, the cultivated land area is the first in Kyushu, and the agricultural output is the sixth largest in Japan. Gotsu LakeSouthwestern Southwest-In the western countrysideRiceIncluding,eggplant,melonVarious garden crops including are produced.Among them, rice and melon are the first in Kyushu, and eggplant is the second in Japan. Mt. Kinpusan at the foot of the mountainKawachi district,Kojima area,Northern region TheWenzhou orangesIt is a major production area, and there are many fruit sorting plants and processing factories in the surrounding area.Northern City- Ueki Town TheWatermelonIt is famous as a famous production area of.

Animal husbandry

In the eastern area (Toshima area, etc.), in addition to upland farming such as melons,recent years[When?]Although the number has decreased considerablydairyHas also been done.

Fishing industry

As a fish industry,Ariake Sea OfTidal flatThen.Nori,ClamsEtc. is landed,ShirakawaAt the river mouth and Lake Gotsu, river fishing,NishikigoiSuch asAquacultureIs also done in part.

Secondary industry


Traditionally, in Kumamoto city (Kumamoto station south sideMoon starFactory (currentlyJoint Government BuildingThe location of large-scale factories has not progressed.Even now[When?]Renesas Semiconductor Manufacturing OfsemiconductorThere are few large-scale companies and factories except the food industry in factories and food pal.

A major manufacturing company headquartered in Kumamoto City

Construction industry

Tertiary industry



In the center of Kumamoto City,Kamitsu Shopping Street-Shimodori Shopping Street-Sun Road New TownThere are three downtown areas. EspeciallyShimodoriIs the busiest in the prefecture and the highest in Kyushu[31]With 50,000 visitors on weekdays and 65,000 on Sundays[31], (The amount of traffic at one point is (2010(22 survey, about 8 people on holidays), the commercial concentration as a nuclear center is outstanding even in the prefecture. These downtown areas are on the north side of KamitoriKumamoto Electric Railway OfFujisaki Miyamae StationHowever, there is a Kumamoto tram between Uedori and ShimodoriTorimachi-suji stop,Tsuruya,ParcoKumamoto tram is located around Shin Road ShinjukuKashijima Town Bus Stop,Bus terminal OfSakuramachi Bus TerminalAre each located and play the role of a corridor between them.[32].. HoweverIn recent years[When?]Large-scale commercial facilities have set up in the suburbs, and the number of people in these central downtown areas is decreasing.The number of pedestrians decreased by 2003% between 2011 and 3, and the ratio of vacant stores exceeded 1%.[33] However, since 2011, the traffic volume has reversed again due to factors such as the increase in tourists due to the opening of the Kyushu Shinkansen. The ratio of vacant stores in Kamidori, Shimodori, and Shintoshi has also improved to 3.9%, but the proportion of restaurants and karaoke stores has increased compared to before, and half of the stores have been replaced in about 1990 years from 20, The metabolism of the shopping districts is progressing as the proportion of stores in the nationwide chain increases[34][35].. In 2013, in addition to the redevelopment of Sakuramachi/Kumamoto Transportation Center area, which will be described later,Daiei Kumamoto Shimodori StoreDepending on the redevelopment plan of the surrounding area and JR KyushuKumamoto StationWith the announcement of the large-scale redevelopment (construction of a station building), the central area of ​​Kumamoto City has entered a new phase around the second half of the 2010s to 20 years.

As a large suburban commercial facility,Nico Nico Hall Sampian City Mall(1996 years),No crystal mall(1998) was opened, but after the collapse of Nico Nico DoIzumiTakes over this,Currently[When?]Youme TownHas become. Besides this, outside KumamotoKikuchiKikuyoToYoumetown Hikarinomori(2004)Kamishijo-gunKajimachiDiamond City Claire (currently AEON MALL Kumamoto, 2005) (Both are about a few hundred meters from the border with Kumamoto City).

Izumi was in Kumamoto City in February 2012Chuo-kuOeJapanese tobacco industry(JT) About 7 square meters of the site of the Kumamoto factory site has been acquired, and the offensive of opening stores in Kumamoto prefecture is intensifying.[36].

Koshi CityToSojitzAlthough there are plans to open a leading shopping mall,at present[When?]The movement has stopped.

A large cluster of suburban storesNational Route 57(Kumamoto East Bypass) Along the line,Kumamoto metropolitan areaNortheastern endKikuchiOtsu TownからNational Route 3The section of about 25km to Kamimoto-shi Chikami that intersects with,ionsystem(Jusco1), Izumi system (Youme Town) 3 otherKojima,Edion,Mr MaxIt is a fierce battleground where suburban large electric appliances stores and roadside shops are scattered.

Apart from such large stores, there are also suburban shopping districts. At the end of the tramKenguncho StationArcade shopping street located in front ofPierce(Kengun Shopping Street) and a long-established shopping street near the city centerChild shopAnd so on.However,In recent years[When?]Pushed by the ability of large stores to attract customers, the liveliness of the past is not seen.

As mentioned earlier, there are several hotels and preparatory schools in front of Kumamoto station, but there was no place to enjoy shopping except for the commercial facility "" in the station building, but on December 2013, 12, President Karaike of JR Kyushu redeveloped the Kumamoto Station Line 25 platform site and the 0 hectare site of a parking lot that was adjacent to the south side of the station to build a station building that integrates commercial, office and entertainment functions in 3. Announced that it will be built in the near future[37].

Upper street/lower street

TramTotsumachi Shinden StopThis is a fully-covered arcade shopping street spread across the north and south of Kumamoto City.DowntownCenter of. It has also become a fashion and information dispatch base for Kumamoto.

The Kamitori Arcade Street on the north side has a total length of about 360 m and a width of 11 m.Prospered as a student town in the olden daysEven now[When?]The city is lined with bookstores, coffee shops, boutiques, brand shops, sports shops, and ramen shops.Once at the entrance on the train street sideKumamoto Nichi-Nichi ShimbunThere was a building in the area, but it was re-developed and moved to suburbs of Seian.Bipuresu Kumaga KaikanIs open. In addition to the Tsuruya department store commercial space called New-S,Kumamoto City Museum of Contemporary Art,Hotel NikkoKumamoto and others are moving in.From the north end of the arcade, there is a stylish street called "Namikizaka", and there are many clothing stores, hair dressing shops, and restaurants for young people.Nowadays[When?], "Ueno Ura-dori" on the east side of Namikizaka, Kamitori is a hidden popular spot and is attracting attention.The arcade is in ParisOrsay MuseumIt is designed with the motif of, and wood is laid in the center of the sidewalk, giving it a slightly more calm impression than Shimodori.

On the other hand, on the south side across the street from KamidoriShimodoriThere is an arcade (total length 510m, width 15m. From Tomachisuji side to Shintengai, 2nd-4th Avenue). Train street (Tomachi Street) Side entranceParcoIncluding,Carino Shimodori, Large commercial facilities such as, general store, boutique (2010(22) In autumnZARARoadside stores), various restaurants, cafes (Pronto-Starbucks Coffee-Saint Marc CafeEtc.) and various specialty stores line up with Rikuzuri. Boasting one of the largest shopping streets in western Japan, it is a lively place all day long. South side of the streetKaraoke hall-Croquette ClubThere are karaoke stores and pachinko parlors such asRed light districtThe target element becomes stronger.recent years[When?]Arcades have been replaced, and facilities such as solar panels, mist injectors, and near-ultraviolet LED lighting are being modernized.In addition, an entertainment district is formed across Shimotori, and more than 1000 restaurants are concentrated around Kagomachidori, Ginza Dori, Sakae Dori, etc., which is a bit different from daytime and prosperity at night. It is also busy as a city.

The entrances to Kami-dori and Shimodori arcades on the train street are about 30m apart, and are connected by two pedestrian crossings and an underpass. In addition, one of the pedestrian crossings is connected to the Tomachicho Electric Railway Stop.

New Town/Sakuramachi

A wide arcade town that connects Shimodori and Shidenjima City Tram Stops,Sun Road New TownIs.It prospered as a movie theater city before the war,In recent years[When?]Rushing in the suburbsCinema complexPushed by the offensive ofCurrently[When?]Other than TOHO CinemasDenkikanOnly remains. In addition, there are many pachinko parlors and arcades, and it is more like a red light district than Shimodori.Best electric appliancesKumamoto main store is on this street.

On the northwest side of the Kashishimacho tram stop, in the area of ​​"Sakuramachi", the corner of Kumamoto's transportation,Kumamoto Sakuramachi Bus TerminalThere isSAKURA MACHI KumamotoThere is.The entrance to the new city was connected to the Industrial Culture Center, Kumamoto Transportation Center, and Kenmin Hyakkaten by an underpass, but the Industrial Culture Center area and the Kenmin Department Store / Kumamoto Transportation Center area were closed due to the dismantling of the building. As of October 2015, only the entrance between Shinshigai and the underground parking lot of Karashima Park can pass.Now[When?],Kyushu ShinkansenA large-scale redevelopment project in the Sakuramachi/Hanabata area has begun in preparation for the opening of the entire line. In this area, the area, redevelopment companies, and the government cooperated to form a redevelopment study council for Sakuramachi and Hanabata2008(20) Installed in November. We are repeatedly discussing the image of town development including surrounding areas and the issues to be considered.

2006In December (18), redevelopment project plans were announced in succession around the Sakuramachi district. Kyushu Sangyo Kotsu Holdings Co., Ltd. has clarified the development plan to build a high-rise complex building in the area centered around Kumamoto Kotsu Center. The existing building will be demolished, and a high-rise complex building combining commercial facilities, bus terminals, condominiums, and hotels will be built.2It seems to be the scale above. Also2011(23) In January, on the same site from Kumamoto CityConvention centerWas requested to be installed. In addition, a job listing magazine will be issued in the area with the Industrial Culture Hall on the east side of the Transportation Center.Employment Promotion AssociationIt was also announced that it will build a complex building that will house theaters, theaters, and commercial facilities. Redevelopment of the Employment Promotion Association (Hanabata Town)2013(25), the redevelopment of Kyushu Sanko Holdings (transportation center) was a little late,2014It was aiming for completion after (26), but the plan is delayed due to economic conditions. In addition, NHK Kumamoto Broadcasting Station will be relocated to the redevelopment site in Hanabata Town.[38].


TramHanabatacho stopGinza-dori is the street that intersects with Shimodori and continues to Route 3.Fukuoka Bank,Kagoshima BankOf nearby prefecturesLocal bankBranch ofJTB,Japan TravelThere is a single-sided arcade in a street where tourist companies, business hotels, fast food restaurants, game centers, multi-storey parking lots, multi-tenant buildings, collective buildings of bar shops, etc. are mixed.

On the south side of Shimodori1990Before and after (2)Bubble periodAnd became famous as a fashion street in KumamotoShowerThere is.

For more information about each street,Shimodori #Other streets,Kamidori #Other streetsPlease refer to.

Department stores and large-scale retail stores
  • Tsuruya Department Store
    1952(Showa 27) Since its opening, it has been a "local department store" loved by locals for over 60 years. Continuing from the conventional main building and wing building,2002In 14, Tetoria Kumamoto (East Building) and News Building opened, and the sales floor area became the largest in Japan. To stop the female buyers flowing to Fukuoka cityTiffany,Gucci,PradaBrand shops were actively introduced. In the east hallTokyu HandsIs moving in. The wing building of the annex is also the whole buildingComsaIt was renovated as a store,2006(18) From MarchGAP,ABC Cooking StudioEtc. moved in and renewed the sales floor. In the news located at the upper entranceShips,United arrows(Green Label Relaxing),Plaza,Starbucks CoffeeAnd so on. Also, along the Shimodori Arcade, there will be "Ran Marche"2011(23) Opened in March. Since autumn 3, we are proceeding with a major revision of the sales floor, and it will be the second store in Kyushu on March 2012, 2013.Tokyu HandsThe Kumamoto store opens on the 6th floor of the East Building, and will be the second store in Kyushu on March 2014, 26.YuzawayaWas opened on the 4th floor of the Wing Hall. Kumamoto tramTomachi Street - SuidochoGet off.
  • Prefectural department store(Highland group) *Closed
    It was once adjacent to the Kumamoto Transportation CenterTerminalDepartment store.1973(Showa 48)IwatayaDepartment store andIsetanWas established as a joint venture ofIwataya IsetanHas roots.1993After Isetan withdrew its capital in (5)Kumamoto IwatayaHowever, due to the deterioration of the management of Iwataya itself, it was closed. However, mainly local capitalPrefectural department storeWas established,Hankyu Hanshin Department StoreUnder the full cooperation of2003(15)Kumamoto HanshinAs a restart.Hankyu Hanshin Department Store8 year sales support contract including use of store name (2003(15) Initially 5 year contract,2008(Extended contract for 20 years in (3)),2011With the end of the sales support contract in (23),2011(23)May 2The store name is the same as the corporate namePrefectural department store』It became. While aiming for a product lineup targeting middle-aged and elderly people, it had a bold sales floor structure with a Japanese and Western confectionery section and a cosmetics section on the first floor.Onward KashiyamaOf own brand or licensed brand,ck calvin kleinEach tenant was placed on each floor. On the 6th floor is a bookstoreLibroBut on the 7th floorKyusyuThe onlyHanshin TigersThere is a shop. The Kumamoto limited product "Hanshin Tigers Seasoned Nori Tora Nori" was sold (1st floor on the B8 floor), and the Kumamoto Hanshin era's good points were retained. On the XNUMXth floor, a salon for domestic and overseas travel products will open, offering Kumamoto gifts, etc.online shoppingAlso started. A food court is also installed on the same floor,Local gourmetKnown asTaihei Yan"Chukaen", which is said to be the birthplace of[39].. On the first floor,Higo bank-Kumamoto Bank-Japan Post Bank-Nikkei OfATM/Cash dispenserThere is. On the 1st basement floor, Shinjima Park underground parking lot,Kumamoto Sakuramachi Bus TerminalIt is directly connected with an underground passageway, and the parking lot is affiliated with Kashijima Park Underground Parking, Pastor 24 (Kashishima Park Parking) (Kumamoto Central Parking), and AP Park Orange.2010(22) From July to October2012In 24, "Tokyu Hands Truck Market" was opened for a limited time.
    However, due to the redevelopment of a new building following the redevelopment of the area, it was required to significantly reduce the sales floor area, and the negotiations for relocation in the city center, which refused to proceed with it, ended in failure.2015May 2With 42 years of sales[39].
  • ParcoKumamoto store *Closed
    1971Since (Showa 46)NagasakiyaThe Kumamoto store was open, but once closed, PARCO entered the site (1986(Showa 61)).2002(14), the first in KumamotoStarbucksCoffee opened (simultaneously opened with the news building in Kamitori → currently closed). On the first basement floor as a major tenantGuHISBut on the 8th floorWEGO,Shimamura musical instrumentBut on the 9th floorVillage VanguardWas moving in.
    In addition, we also have a multi-level parking lot called PARCO PARKING on Kamidori,MujiWas moving in.
    Building deterioration (1971Construction), etc.,2019May 2The board of directors decided to end business.2020May 2Closed.
    The building was demolished after March 2020,2023Around this time, we plan to open a complex of commercial facilities and hotels. It is undecided whether Parco will re-enter.
  • Daiei Kumamoto Shimodori Store * Closed
    FormerOcean department store.. After the bankruptcy of the ocean, after going through Kumamoto Castle House Department Store → Castle House Daiei,1995(7), Daiei Shimodori store. By the way, this is the first McDonald's store in Kyushu.
    Together with the site of the adjacent Sakurai SohontenCurrent building[When?]It was announced that it would be demolished and a new redevelopment building would be built.2014May 5Closed.
    Opened on April 2017, 4 at the aforementioned Daiei Kumamoto Shimodori site.Kumamoto earthquakeLater, it was the first large commercial facility to open in the city.
    The Shimodori NS Building occupies from the first basement floor to the fifth floor above the ground, and the basement floor inherited Daiei's business.Maxvalu KyushuIs open.
  • Carino Shimodori
    The former Toshiya Shimodori store. After the failure of Kotobukiya, it was converted to Carino, but immediately after the reopening, it was a common store structure that handles miscellaneous goods, clothing, food, etc. But sales did not grow2004The whole building was renovated in 16. Tsutaya bookstore with the largest sales floor area in Kumamoto city (TSUTAYA) Was reborn as a commercial complex with a core tenant. In addition, a new tenant building "Carino Second" was constructed alongside Shimodori Arcade, which mainly consists of Shibuya fashion tenants.
  • auneKumamoto
    Joint CorporationIs a fashion building built in front of Dentsu-cho, Kumamoto City.2008(20) Opened October 10th. Main tenants include United Arrows and North Face Store.
  • Don QuixoteKumamoto Central Store
    2006(18) Opened in August. It is not located along the Shimodori Arcade, but at the corner of Nishi-Ginza-dori and Sakae-dori where bars are concentrated. It is a store in a downtown area, which is rare in Kyushu.
  • ionKumamoto Central Store
    On the site owned by Toa Silk, a local company1980(Showa 55)DaieiOpened as Kumamoto store. In opening the store, I encountered a fierce opposition movement in the local shopping district, and finally reached the open in the fifth year since the announcement. It is a store with an admission, also known as the "Kumamoto War". Due to Daiei's management difficulties and group reorganization problems, it was initially targeted for closure but barely survives. Adjacent to the construction of a complex commercial facility called "Grand Paletta Kumamoto", as a core tenant of the cinema complexCineplexContains Kumamoto.2015(27)May 9,AEON store KyushuThe business name was transferred to "AEON Kumamoto Chuo store". Kumamoto tramKujinji intersection stopGet off (from Ichiden-doricho station)Kenguncho StationTake the train bound for the second stop).
  • Youme Town
    In Kumamoto cityNational Route 57(East bypassThere are two Youmetown stores along the line), but both were once owned by local companies.Nico Nico HallWas run by. After Niconico-do's bankruptcy, Izumi took over the business. In that connection, a company separate from other YoumetownYou Town Kumamoto(The company2007(19 merged with Niconico Do in February). JRHikarinomori StationBefore, with Kumamoto CityKikuchiKikuyoOn the border withYoumetown Hikarinomori(This is the management of Izumi itself), but strictly speaking, it is located in Kikuyo, so I will not describe it here.
  • Sun Live City Kumanan
    A shopping mall located in Heisei 2-chome and 3-chome.Now[When?],Sun Live CityThe name of is Sunliv City Kumanan,FukuokaKitakyushuOnly two places of Sun Live City Ogura in.Kumazawa bookstoreIn addition to occupancyDeo deoThere is. The nearest station isHeisei Station.
  • Don QuixotePau Kamumamoto
    The former site of the former Niko Nikodo Kamumamoto store.Kumamoto StationLocated on the north side.
A major wholesale, retail and service-related company headquartered in Kumamoto City
Other major companies headquartered in Kumamoto City

Financial institution

City banks/trust banks/local banks in other prefectures with branches in Kumamoto City

* Central bankBank of JapanThere is also the Kumamoto branch.

Securities company

Securities company with a branch in Kumamoto City

Insurance company with a branch in Kumamoto City


A major telecommunications company headquartered in Kumamoto City

Mass media

Educational institution

University/Junior college


Vocational school


high school


High school consistent school


Kindergarten/elementary school/junior high school

For kindergarten/elementary school/junior high school, refer to the articles of each ward.

Special school


Driving school


The central city is the main artery of KyushuNational Route 3Penetrates north and south.On the west side of the city centerKagoshima Main Line,Kyushu ShinkansenOf the Kagoshima Main LineKumamoto StationTo the northeast, bypassing the southern end of the city and heading toward Aso/OitaHohi Main LineIs growing.The central city area is Kumamoto Station and next to the northKumamoto StationIt develops in the area on the east side of the railroad track and around the Hohi Main Line.

For city traffic, from Kumamoto Station and Kami-Kumamoto Station to the city center,Suizenji GardensThrough to the Ken army, which is the base in the eastern part of Kumamoto CityKumamoto TramenIs running.Time schedules are also frequently driven and have become established as citizens' feet.All car cooling, VVVF inverter vehicle,Ultra low floor trainMany of them were first introduced and achieved in Japan.In addition, on the north side of KamidoriFujisaki Miyamae StationAnd from Kami-Kumamoto station to the north suburbsKoshi CityReach MiyoshiKumamoto Electric RailwayIs also running.

"TO bear cardA magnetic type that can be used in common with the bus of each company called "Touyou Card" and Kumamoto City Tramprepaid cardIn addition to being issued, JR Kyushu was issued in the Kumamoto district (all stations in Kumamoto city) on December 2012, 12.SUGOCAWas introduced. 2014From March 3th to the Kumamoto tramDenden nimocaWas introduced and started operation. 2015In the springKumamoto area promotion IC card (Kumamon IC CARD)Was introduced.

Air route


The nearest airport isKumamoto Airport(Aso Kumamoto Airport).

There are shuttle buses from Kumamoto City and Higo-Ozu Station.1971May 3There used to be an airport in Kumamoto city.


The city's representative stations:Kumamoto Station Kumamoto Station is located at the southwestern end of the city.However, the western part of the city is highly dependent on automobiles.The urban area of ​​Kumamoto City is concentrated in the eastern and northeastern areas, so for many citizensKumamoto StationIs just a transfer base, and the number of passengers getting on and off was not very large for the size of the city (passengers: 15,098, FY2017).

On the other hand,Kyushu ShinkansenOpening of all linesInbound demandRise,Kumamoto StationThe number of users at each JR station in the city is on a rapid increase due to the effects of large-scale urban development in the surrounding area and the progress of agglomeration.Especially located in the northeastern part of the city, which continues to develop as a new residential area "Hikarinomori"Hikarinomori Station(However, the station is in Kumamoto CityKikuyoIt is possible to transfer to the tram near the city center.Shinsuizenji StationThe number of passengers at Shin-Suizenji Station exceeds 4,000, and the number of passengers at stations in Kumamoto City is second only to Kumamoto Station.

Kyushu passenger railway(JR Kyushu)
■ Kyushu Shinkansen
Kagoshima Main Line
Hohi Main Line
Kumamoto Electric Railway(Kumaden)
Kikuchi Line
Fujisaki Line
Kumamoto City Transportation Bureau(Kumamoto City Tram)
System A
B system


Japan's largest bus terminal in the center of Kumamoto City,Kumamoto Sakuramachi Bus TerminalThe route network is being developed around. Only in KyushuOmnibus townHas been designated,Non-step busWe are promoting the improvement of the bus traffic environment centered on the introduction, but due to the purchase of used cars from other operators and Kyushu Industrial Transportation, which is the leading bus operator in Kumamoto prefecture, due to the deterioration of managementIndustrial Revitalization OrganizationWith the support of Kumamoto Electric Railway, the Kumamoto Electric Railway is also in a difficult situation, such as being in business difficulties.
In addition, as a measure peculiar to Kumamoto City, in order to avoid traffic congestion due to changing the lane of the right-turning bus, turn right from the leftmost lane.bus laneSeveral intersections have been established since the 1970s[40]

Transit Bus

It is operated by the following 4 companies.

1996After (8),Kumamoto metropolitan areaIn commonSystem numberShake,2010Since 22 (XNUMX), companies other than Kumamoto Bus have shared one-day tickets, and efforts are being made across companies.

There used to be a Kumamoto Municipal Bus, but since the route was transferred to the Kumamoto City Bus as described above, it was abolished as of March 2015, 3.

Intercity bus

Kyushu Sanko BusMainly,Fukuoka City,Kitakyushu,Nagasaki,Oita City,Miyazaki City,KagoshimaIt connects many cities.



National road

Prefectural road

Main local road
General prefectural road

Road Station



Ferry route


Sights and historic sites

Main castle
Main temple
  • Ungan Zen Temple
    Located at the western foot of Mt. KinpusanSoto sectTemple. Miyamoto Musashi is in the back mountainMausoleum caveMeditate on military law "Olympic bookWas written. Five hundred Rahans are enshrined on the narrow path that cuts the rocky mountain from Unganzenji Temple to Reigendo Cave.
  • Honmyoji Temple
    At the Bodhi Temple of the Kato familyNichiren sectFamous place.Kiyomasa KatoOn July 7, the anniversary of the death, a tonshakai was held, and that day was crowded with many prayers until the dawn. Tomonichiro Kobayashi donated the mountain gate.
  • Daijizenji Temple
    Founder of the Soto sectDogenThe older brother ofEmperor ShundeThe prince of theCold GanA famous temple of the Soto sect opened by a Zen master. The precious temple treasures designated as an important cultural property of the country, such as the Kangan Yoshinori document, the width and the bell, are stored. In the precinctsTaneda SantokaIs also built.
Main shrine
Main historical sites
  • Natsume SosekiUtsuboi Former Residence
  • Tsukahara Burial Mounds
    It is the largest group of burial mounds in Kumamoto Prefecture and is maintained as Tsukahara Tumulus Park. Right underKyushu ExpresswayHas passed, but this is a measure to balance cultural property protection and public works. Nationally designated historic site.
    Formerly a museum located in the Tsukahara Tumulus ParkJonan TownFacility. Plays a guidance role for the Tsukahara Burial Mounds.
  • Goryo Shell Mound
    Jonanmachi, Minami-ku.It is one of the largest shell mounds in Kyushu, located on a hill at an altitude of 20 meters on the southern edge of the Kumamoto Plain.More than 98% of shellfish species are freshwater clams.The pottery excavated from this site is called the "Goryo-shiki" and is one of the standard pottery of the late Jomon period.In addition to earthenware, stone tools, bone tools, and human bones with tooth extraction marks have been excavated. Designated as a national historic site on March 1970, 3[41]
  • Taharazaka
    Southwest WarIt is an old battlefield and is also known as a famous spot for azaleas and cherry blossoms. Nationally designated historic site.
  • Four o'clock eaves
    Katsu Kaishu Saigo TakamoriAnd the great man at the end of the Edo period,Yokoi KogusuPrivate school run by.Currently[When?]It is preserved in the form of a building attached to the Yokoi Kokusu Memorial Hall, and in addition to materials related to Kokusu, Katsu and Nishigo,Yoshida ShoinBooks by people who are related to Ko Kusunoki are also on display.Ryoma SakamotoI visited Kogusu here and was taught.

Nearby Tourist Spots

  • Kitaoka Nature Park
    HanaokayamaA park at the foot of the Hosokawa family's bodhi temple, Myokoji temple. After the abandonment of the feudal domain in 4, the main residence of the Hosokawa clan's family (Kitaoka's residence) was placed. There is a mausoleum of the Hosokawa family designated as an important cultural property of KumamotoMori OgaiBecame a novel modelAbe clanThere is also a tomb. The park has a dry landscape garden and a rose garden, and is popular as a place for citizens to relax.
  • Shimada Museum of Art
    An art museum that holds historical materials and antiques related to Kumamoto's samurai culture. Especially a guest general of the Hosokawa family and a swordsmanMusashi MiyamotoThe permanent exhibition that displays related weapons, relics, calligraphy, etc. is substantial.
  • Fishing garden
    Fishing gardenHosokawa TsunariOne of the villas called "teahouse" made by. The garden is a large pond with stepping stones and mountain valleys. From late April to early May, syakunage flowers. In the back of the garden, a politician from KumamotoKenzo AdachiThere is Sankendo built by. The Shokei Garden, which is located below the fishing ground, drew the water from the fishing garden to create curved water, and a pond imitating Lake Dongting in China was established below it. To the north is a simple tea house.Yori SanyoAnd so on.
  • Mt. Kinpusan
    The mountain that rises behind Honmyoji. From the summit, you can overlook the Kumamoto Plain, Mt. Aso, the Ariake Sea, the Shimabara Peninsula, the Amakusa Islands, etc.
  • It is located in Mt. Kinpusan Prefectural Park and is a famous spot for 63 types of cherry blossoms, about 300 cherry trees in spring. From the end of March to the beginning of April, which is the time of flowering,Yellow cherry treeYou can see rare varieties of cherry blossoms, such as the light red Milky Way and the light red cherry blossoms.
  • Kumamoto City Museum of Contemporary Art
    A complex building in the center of KumamotoBipuresu Kumaga KaikanThe urban art museum inside. In addition to the main exhibition gallery where special exhibitions are held, there are facilities such as Nobutsu Ide Gallery, home gallery which is also an art library, media gallery and kids factory. In addition, from the perspective that the exhibition room is not the only place to appreciate art, internationally active James Turrell, Marina Abramovic,Yayoi Kusama,Tatsuo MiyajimaHas been placed in various places to provide visitors with an art experience.
  • A natural park surrounded by forest at the foot of Mt. Tateda.Hosokawa familyIt is the site of the Bodhi Temple and Taishoji Temple, and is adjacent to the private residence of the Hosokawa family. In the park, the first Hosokawa family Yusai (Futaka Fuji) and his second generationTadaoki Hosokawa-GarashaIn addition to the four mausoleums of the couple, there are graves of the lord and successive priests.
  • Gotaka Memorial Hall
    Old XNUMXth High SchoolThe Western-style two-story red brick building that was the main building.Kumamoto UniversityIt is on the premises. Photos of the scenery and faculty at the time, portraits and portraits of successive principals, 10th anniversary ceremonyNatsume SosekiThe congratulatory message and so on are displayed.Old Daiichi High SchoolThe NHK special drama "Clouds on the slope』The location was held.
  • Kumamoto International Folk Crafts Museum
  • Musashizuka Park
    A park built in Musashizuka where Miyamoto Musashi sleeps.
  • Suizenji Gardens
    A Momoyama style walking garden constructed by Tsunato Hosokawa. It is said that it imitated the XNUMXrd Tokaido.Hosokawa Yusai Satoshi Hachijo MiyaToAncient and modernIt has been relocated between the ancient and modern traditions.
  • Gotsu Lake
    Precious plantSuizenjinoriCan be seen in Lake Kamietsu.
  • Kumamoto City Zoological and Botanical Garden
  • Suizenji Gotsuko Park
    The springs can be seen in the park on the shore of Lake Gotsu.
  • Food Pal Kumamoto
  • Kumamoto Bicycle Racetrack

XNUMX selections



*in JapanScramble crossingBirthplace (Kokaibashi intersection)



Kumamoto City is known as a city with high fashion sensitivity, with famous domestic and foreign brands opening stores nationwide ahead of other cities. IsKamitsudori,ShimodoriAre crowded with many young people all day long[42].. Especially1980 eraSince then, KumamotoParcoOpening,BlazeKumamoto and Baybrookselect shop,ShowerSuccess ofPaul Smith,BEAMS,Giorgio Armani,Gianfranco FerretDue to the fact that shops such asFashion townThis aspect has been recognized, and it has come to attract customers not only from within the prefecture but from all over Kyushu.Kyushu ShinkansenFurther opening of stores is in preparation for opening of business,2008(20)10ToauneBut,2010(22)11Is a Spanish fashion brandZARAThe Kumamoto store is open.

Main fashion street

な ど

Test marketing


At stores in the Kumamoto area, new products are often sold on a trial basis (Test marketing)Mac Fleury,Quarter pounderEtc. are sold for the first time nationwide[43][44]. Also,McDonald'sKyushu's first store in Kumamoto is (1975<Showa 50>, Kumamoto of ShimodoriOceanshop).

Specialty/Special product

Local cuisine/food
  • Taihei Yan
    The reading is "Typien".Chinese cuisineKind of. Before the war,OverseasIt is said that it was transmitted by. Often used for school lunch.Kumamoto metropolitan areaAlthough it was not well known exceptrecent years[When?], The name is increasing nationwide.
  • Kumamoto ramen
    A savory pork bone soup with a thick cloudiness and garlic. Generally, boiled eggs, jellyfish, seaweed, etc. are placed. Unlike Hakata ramen, they don't put red ginger or white sesame seeds on them, and they don't have the custom of replacing balls.
  • Horse sting
  • Red pepper lotus root
    Stir-fried miso paste in lotus root holes, fried with turmeric colored clothes. Lord of the Edo periodTadatoshi HosokawaInvented for the nourishment of.
  • One letter
    Generally, it is called "one letter round and round". Eat rolled scallions with vinegar miso.
  • Natto
    In western Japan, per capita consumption of natto tends to be smaller than in eastern Japan, but in Kumamoto City, consumption is comparable to that of eastern Japan.
  • A friend of rice(Futaba Co., Ltd.Sprinkle
    It is manufactured and sold by Futaba Co., Ltd. in Kumamoto City. The roots of furikake certified by the National Furikake Association[45].
  • Mountain sea urchin tofu
    Miso pickled tofu, delicacy.
  • Shako(Chuck)
  • Rice shochu
  • Red sake
  • Suddenly dumpling
    A steamed snack made by wrapping sweet potatoes and red bean paste in flour skin.recent years[When?], Has become known nationwide.
  • Korean candy
    The well-established "Sonodaya" is famous. Kiyomasa KatoThe role of KoreaAt that time, I had a meal.
  • Honor Jin Taiko(Candy ume・Japanese confectionery)
    A sweet that has long been popular in the Kumamoto area.National Confectionery ExpoReceived "Honorary President Award".
  • (Sweet sweets and Japanese sweets)
    With bean pasteFertilization(Gyuhi) sandwiches between rice crackers with sesame seeds.
  • (Sweet sweets and Japanese sweets)
    Sweets wrapped in pie dough and baked. Received the "World Federation of Western Confectionery Chairman's Award" at the National Confectionery Exposition.
  • More than(Sweet sweets and Japanese sweets)
    QuinceA confectionery made by sandwiching a jam with a wafer. The reading is "kasita".Tadaoki HosokawaWas made as a confectionery for tea ceremony.
  • Senba Kotanuki (Kumamoto Kabo・Japanese confectionery)
    "Where are youStarts withTemari songMt. Senba, famous for Kumamoto Prefectural First High SchoolIt is named after the raccoon dog.
  • Brown sugar donut stick (Fuji Bambi・Dagashi)
  • Kawachi Mandarin
    Kawachi districtMainlyMt. KinpusanIt is cultivated in the western foothills. Kawachi district is one of the leading in JapanMandarin orangeProduction center.
  • Kumamoto city200618 kinds of vegetables designated in 15・Kumamoto green onions, Kumamoto green beans, Kumamoto black skin pumpkin).

Cradle of stork

2007(19), Kumamoto City approved the installation for the first time in Japan.Unwanted pregnancies and financially deprived parents give birth to babies that cannot be raisedAnonymousInstalled as a facility to leave at the hospital,Even now[When?]It is in operation. The baby entrusted to the "Kototori Cradle"2020As of (2nd year of Reiwa), the total number is 155.

2008In (20), the number of babies entrusted to Kumamoto City was announced for the first time by 17 people.Details such as the time of deposit were not disclosed in either case, but up to 13 babies were identified because their parents had attached items other than clothing such as letters.For babies whose identities were unknown, Kumamoto CityFamily registerWas newly created. againAdopted childAs,Adoptive parentSome babies were taken over by, but details were not disclosed as they would be personally identifiable.

2011(23) Currently, I am trying to save my mother and child before using the "Konotori no Yurikago".Jikei HospitalThe number of telephone consultations conducted by2007From (19)2010In the three years up to (22), there were about 3 cases, 1,500% of which were unavoidable homes.birth,Water breakIt was related to emergencies.Therefore, the hospital decided to provide free telephone consultation 24 hours a day.The hospital said, "One hospitalvolunteerThere is a limit to how much we can respond to it, "he said, calling for the need to realize a national subsidy system and establish consultation and medical centers nationwide.In addition, nationwidechild consultation center, Kumamoto City Welfare General Counseling Office also has a telephone counseling service.



サ ッ カ ー




Works set in Kumamoto City


As mentioned above,1900(Meiji 33)Kenki OwadaWritten byRailway song] In the 2nd Sanyo-Kyushu edition, Kumamoto sang 4th, as it was the largest city in Kyushu at the time.

  • 51. We arrived in the city of Kumamoto soon after sleeping, and we are the largest city in Kyushu with a population of XNUMX.
  • 52. Kumamoto Castle is famous for its role in the southwest, and it is an unrivaled place
  • 53. The famous spot in the town is Suizenji Park, Hiroshi Kiyoke Pond, Miya is Nishikiyama in autumn colors, and Honmyoji Temple in Hokke.
  • 54. Honoka no Hana Osamu Hana Okayama's Soul-making Company Clouds, haze or evening sky

Origin-related celebrities

Celebrities and celebrities related to Kumamoto City


City zip code

Area code

  • Jonan-cho, Minami-ku is 0964 (20-59) (Matsuhashi MA). Other wards and areas are 096 (200-399) (Kumamoto MA).


[How to use footnotes]

注 釈

  1. ^ 2013Since (25), no city has ever been newly designated as a designated city.
  2. ^ * The former Fugo Town area is included in Minami Ward.


  1. ^ Revision table for national code of local government (promulgated by December 23, 12) (PDF) -Local Government Information Center
  2. ^ a b c Overall composition of the city(Kumamoto City "Kumamoto City Master Plan")
  3. ^ Chapter 3 Matters concerning restrictions on acts for the formation of a good landscape (PDF) (Kumamoto City "About scenery of Kumamoto-shi")
  4. ^ Kumamoto City Music "Kumamoto City Song"(Kumamoto City)
  5. ^ City declaration Kumamoto-shi
  6. ^ Basic policy for urban landscape formation Kumamoto-shi
  7. ^ Kumamoto water story[Broken link](Kumamoto City)
  8. ^ Heisei famous water XNUMX selection (Ministry of the Environment selection)(Kumamoto Prefecture)
  9. ^ Kumamoto, the city of water and greenery(Kumamoto City)
  10. ^ FUJIFILM Kyushu Co., Ltd. At the top of the link, there is an explanation of "Higo Yunagi" in "Region".
  11. ^ "Normal value download”. Japan Meteorological Agency. August, 2021Browse.
  12. ^ "Value of 1st to 10th in observation history (value throughout the year)”. Japan Meteorological Agency. August, 2021Browse.
  13. ^ Kumamoto's 100-year history(Kyushu Electric Power
  14. ^ a b Morio Nishikawa, "2003 Kumamoto University Hahn Exhibition/Lecture“Kumamoto University Library Bulletin” January 2004 Issue 1 p.38-3, Kumamoto University Library
  15. ^ "Born in Kumamoto, Japan's first fair trade town”. General Incorporated Association Japan Fair Trade Forum (June 2011, 6). 2016/4/11Browse.
  16. ^ "'Water for Life' UN-Water Best Practices Award 2013 edition: Winners". 2016/4/11Browse.
  17. ^ Hamada village, Shiraishi village, and Hatakeguchi village were treated as an average row of villages. New Kumamoto City History, Volume 1, Volume 256, Contemporary 1997, pXNUMX, Kumamoto City, XNUMX
  18. ^ Uchida Village was treated as Qiantang Village, and Kailukou Village was treated as Oku Kochi Village. New Kumamoto City History, Volume 1, Volume 256, Contemporary 1997, pXNUMX, Kumamoto City, XNUMX
  19. ^ 20th nationwide in Kumamoto City and next spring Tokyo Newspaper 2011(23) April 10
  20. ^ “Kumamoto City decided to move to a government-designated city, April 4, next year, 1th nationwide”. Kyodo News(July 2011, 10). http://www.47news.jp/CN/201110/CN2011101801000125.html 2011/10/18Browse. 
  21. ^ a b The twelfth Kumamoto-shi administrative division council holding Kumamoto-shi
  22. ^ There was a report of "name of administrative district" in Kumamoto City!! Kumamoto-shi
  23. ^ Government-designated capital Kumamoto city decides policy such as ward name and ward office organization system TV Kumamoto 2011(23) April 2
  24. ^ The name of the ward and the area have been officially decided! -Kumamoto City website,2011(23) April 12th.
  25. ^ Assembly composition / Kumamoto city assembly
  26. ^ Due to the merger special case, only the former Fugo-cho area was set up with a fixed number of 1 constituencies in the election.
  27. ^ [1]
  28. ^ Updated March 2015, 3, viewed March 2, 2015.
  29. ^ 19 Municipal Inhabitants Income Estimate Report
  30. ^ World Economic Outlook Database
  31. ^ a b Kumamoto City City Center Shimotori Shopping Street Official Website
  32. ^ "The second Kumamoto-shi center city area activation basic plan (Kumamoto district) (plan)" 2/9 pages Kumamoto-shi homepage
  33. ^ Kumamoto City Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries Bureau Commerce and Industry Promotion Department Commerce and Industry Promotion Division (August 2011, 8).Kumamoto Castle Festival, a lively creation business in the downtown area-Kumamoto City Office Project External Evaluation Meeting (PDF)". 2012/8/15Browse.
  34. ^ Kumamoto Daily Newspaper Economics dated March 2013, 3
  35. ^ "Kumamoto's central shopping district has changed over the past 20 years Kumamoto's central shopping district has changed-A survey of changes in the Kumamoto city's central shopping district pavement composition-"
  36. ^ "Izumi aims to open a complex facility in the spring of 15 in Mashiki Town". 2012/8/21Browse.
  37. ^ ""Large-scale development of Kumamoto station building" President of JR Kyushu Karaike". 2012/12/25Browse.
  38. ^ "Relocation and maintenance of new broadcasting hall" 1169th Management Committee meeting draft June 24, 6
  39. ^ a b Mainichi Shimbun, March 2015, 3, ``Prefectural department store: XNUMX people on the last day of "I was happiest in Japan" Kumamoto, Read June 2015, 3.
  40. ^ Traffic accident prevention points unique to Kumamoto city – Kumamoto City Website Read January 2020, 1
  41. ^ Akashi Kuma "Goryo Shell Mound" "Historic Sites in Japan 1", Dohosha Publishing, 1991, p.222
  42. ^ “Aune KUMAMOTO” (Aune Kumamoto), a commercial facility that features hot fashion and beauty salons in a city rich in nature-Saturday, October 2008, 10-Grand opening- (PDF) Joint Corporation Co., Ltd. 2008(20) April 9
  43. ^ Limited to Kumamoto and Tokyo (5 stores), it's rare! Mac Fleurie D@EX Column DINING EXPRESS
  44. ^ The hottest hamburger is released in the Kanto area ahead of the national release-McDonald's 2008/11/27 My comic journal
  45. ^ The originator of rice, the friend of rice Futaba Co., Ltd.

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