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😷 | Conducted for the first time in XNUMX years due to the influence of the new corona National academic ability test All subjects are below the national average


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Conducted for the first time in two years due to the influence of the new corona National academic ability test All subjects are below the national average

 
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The National Academic Achievement Test has been conducted by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology since 2007, but last year it was canceled due to the spread of the new corona infection, and it was the first time in two years.
 

In the national academic ability test conducted for elementary and junior high school students, the number of correct answers for elementary and junior high school students in the prefecture was below the national average in all subjects ... → Continue reading

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National Achievement/Study Status Survey

National Achievement/Study Status Survey(Zenkoku Gakuryoku / Gakushujokyochosa) isMinistry of education JapannationwideSmallJunior high schoolThe purpose of this survey is to investigate the academic ability and learning situation of all the highest grades (6th grade of elementary school, 3rd grade of junior high school).

National Achievement Survey,National academic ability testAlso called.2007 More implemented.Not only questions about academic ability, but also learning environment and living environment of children / studentsquestionnaireWe will also investigate.

For children / studentsPhysical strength・ As a survey of athletic abilityNational physical strength/motor ability, exercise habits surveyAs with the National Achievement Survey, all students in the target grade are eligible.

Overview

Cancellation of "Achievement"

The National Achievement Test is referred to as the "National Junior High School Simultaneous Achievement Test" (abbreviated as "Gakute").1960 eraWas also done (1956 - 1966 , 11 times in total).However, competition between schools and communities has overheated, andFaculty staff unionDue to the intensification of the opposition movement due to such factors,1964 The investigation was stopped for all.The academic ability survey itself is the next1965 It was done by switching to the extraction survey from1966 ToAsahikawa Gakute IncidentAt the first instance of the trial, the national academic achievement survey was found to be illegal, so it was completely canceled this year.

after that,1976 Since the academic achievement survey was legalized at the final trial of1982 For some elementary and junior high school students2002 Since then, the academic ability survey has been resumed for some high school students.

Resurrection of all-investigation

But2000 From the front and backYutori educationbyLower academic abilityHas been regarded as a problem, and the revival of the academic achievement survey will be required.2004 XNUM X Month X NUM X Day,Nakayama NariakiMinister of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (at that time)Junichiro KoizumiProposed to the Prime Minister (at that time) to revive the national academic ability test[1]. On August 11, the same yearEconomic and Fiscal Advisory CouncilAttended the (27th meeting) as an extraordinary member and said, "I will cultivate the consciousness of competing with each other since I was a child and working hard with each other. We will carry out an investigation. "[2].

Next day2005 June 6-The government decided on the "Basic Policy on Economic and Fiscal Management and Structural Reform 21", in which "to grasp and analyze the academic ability of children and students, and to improve and improve the teaching method based on this". , Promptly consider and implement appropriate measures such as conducting a nationwide academic ability survey. "

Ministry of education The2007 For the first time in 43 years, the survey was revived in the form of a full-scale survey for elementary and junior high schools.public-NationalAll elementary and junior high schools,privateAbout 6% of elementary and junior high schools participated in the survey.In addition, it should be noted.MunicipalitiesSome have been conducting their own academic achievement surveys for some time.Special schoolIs conducted only when the person is visually, hearing, physically handicapped, or sick and has no intellectual disability.

At the beginning of reopening in 2007AichiInuyamaAlso announced that he would participate, but at that timeBoard of Education Chair Mayor,GuardianParticipation was abandoned at all elementary and junior high schools in the city because it would be an introduction to the principle of competition, and the boycott of participation was forced for the second consecutive year.2008 Around autumnInuyama City CouncilFrom some lawmakers to the chairman of the Inuyama City Board of EducationNo confidence resolutionThe proposal was submitted and unanimously passed, and the chairman of the board of education at that timeChangeHowever, the city staff who had been assigned to another department was appointed as the new chairman of the board of education.Inuyama City also2009 Since then, he has participated in the academic ability survey, and for the first time, all public elementary and junior high schools nationwide have been surveyed.[Source required]

But,2009 ToRegime change officialDemocratic PartyIs the supporting bodyNikkyogumiNext for2010 Because the test was reduced to the extraction method from2013 ToLDPSchools that were not the subject of the extraction before returning to the all-out method2015 Had the negative effect of making it impossible to compare the results with those three years ago.[3][4].

the purpose

The purpose of the national academic ability survey prescribed by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology is as follows.[5].

  1. From the perspective of equal opportunity for compulsory education and maintenance and improvement of its level, we will grasp and analyze the academic ability and learning situation of children and students nationwide, verify the results and issues of educational measures, and strive to improve them.
  2. It will be useful for enhancing educational guidance for children and students at school and improving the learning situation.
  3. Through such efforts, continuous educationVerification improvement cycleEstablish.

Survey format

  • The implementation date shall be the 4rd or 3th Tuesday of April every year.
  • The schedule may differ slightly depending on the local government and school (starting from the start time of the first period of each school), but for sixth graders up to the fifth period (sixth period only when science is implemented), for third graders Ends in the 1th period (6th period only when science is conducted).
  • There are four subjects: arithmetic, mathematics, national language, science (since 2012, once every three years) and English (preliminary survey in 3, conducted online from 1). Until 2018, arithmetic / mathematics and Japanese were divided into two types, knowledge question (A) and knowledge utilization question (B), respectively, but from 2019, they will be integrated in the same way as science and English. Was done.
  • At the time of the resurrection in 2007, the sixth grade of elementary school was a registered ceremony (the third grade of junior high school was a numbering ceremony), sopersonal informationUnderstandingleakageThe Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology hurriedly approved the numbering system even in the sixth grade of elementary school as a special case. In the 6 survey, sixth graders were also changed to numbering.

History

  • 1956 --Starts for some elementary and junior high school students and high school students nationwide.After that, it will be implemented for 1966 years until 11.
  • 1961 ――All junior high school second and third graders are eligible, and all junior high school surveys will be conducted.
  • 1962 --The academic achievement survey of high school students will be canceled at the end of this year.
  • 1965 ――Due to intensifying competition between schools and regions and the opposition struggle of faculty and staff, the academic ability survey of junior high school students will be extracted from the survey of all students from this year.
  • 1966 - Asahikawa Gakute IncidentAt trialAsahikawa District CourtHowever, the national academic ability survey was found to be illegal.As a result, the academic ability survey itself will be canceled at the end of the same year.
  • 1976 --At the final trial of the Asahikawa Gakute caseSupreme CourtHowever, he found that "the Academic Achievement Survey is not illegal in terms of procedure or substance."
  • 1982 --Restart under the name of "Curriculum Implementation Status Survey" for some elementary and junior high school students nationwide.
  • 1999 Around- Yutori educationControversy arises as to whether academic ability has declined.
  • 2002 --Restart targeting some high school students nationwide.
  • 2003 - OECDDoPISAThe results of 2003 are announced.The result of Japanese reading literacy dropped from 2000 points in 522 to 498 points.The controversy over scholastic ability heats up.
  • 2007 --In response to criticism of declining academic ability, all 6th graders and 3rd graders nationwide will resume the survey (for the first time in 43 years).
  • 2008 - Tohashi HashishitaGovernor of Osaka PrefectureBut,市町村Separate results are announced.
  • 2010 ――Changed the survey method to about 3% of the sampling survey.Even schools that were not extracted have adopted a method that allows them to participate voluntarily if they wish, and about 7% of the schools participated.[6].
  • 2011 - Great East Japan EarthquakeDue to the influence of, the academic ability survey of this year was canceled.
  • 2012 ――Science is added and there are 3 subjects.Participation rate increased by 7.7 points from the previous time to 81.2%[7].
  • 2013 ――Return to the investigation of all.Heita KawakatsuGovernor of ShizuokaAnnounces the name of the principal of the school with the highest grade.
  • 2015 --The ban on the use of the survey results for high school entrance exams is decided.
  • 2016 - Kumamoto earthquakeDue to the influence of, the survey was canceled at all elementary and junior high schools in Kumamoto prefecture and some schools in Miyazaki and Oita prefectures.[8].
  • 2017 - PrefecturesAnotherGovernment-designated cityChanged to provide another result as an integer value from the first decimal place[9].
  • 2018 --A preliminary English survey was conducted at 136 junior high schools.Of the 136 schools targeted, 15 had problems such as equipment malfunctions.[10].
  • 2019 --Junior high school English "speaking" surveycomputerConducted using a terminal.Integrate the question of knowledge of arithmetic / mathematics and Japanese (A) and the question of knowledge utilization (B)[11].
  • 2020
    • August 3- New coronavirusDue to the influence of the above, most elementary and junior high schools nationwide are closed all at once, and due to the situation that the school side is not ready in time, it is announced that the survey implementation scheduled to be conducted on April 4 will be postponed once.[12].
    • April 4-Prolonged temporary closure and subsequently announcedEmergency declarationAnnounced cancellation due to difficulties in implementation during this year[13].
  • 2021 --Due to the influence of the new coronavirus, the investigation scheduled to be conducted on April 4 has been postponed to May 20.[14]..As a special case, the grace measures when it is not possible to perform the test on the same day due to school events etc. will be extended within one month.[14][15].

Opposition

Survey design

The current national academic ability survey is not a pure "scholastic ability survey" but a "test useful for teaching". Too much trying to measure the balance between the two goals has caused problems in institutional design.For example, if the purpose is a pure academic ability survey, it is not necessary to conduct a full-scale survey (2% survey), and the purpose can be achieved by a sampling survey. It has become.There are criticisms that the knowledge of education measurement and social research experts is not utilized at the stage of fundamental institutional design.[16].

Evaluation method

In the national academic ability survey, students' academic ability is evaluated by the correct answer rate (number of correct answers).[17]..Since the number of problems is small due to time constraints, the problem is that the resolution of academic ability obtained by the survey is low.For exampleOECDDoPISAThen, in order to examine reading comprehension, we have prepared more than 100 questions, and there are a wide range of questions that can be addressed from low to high academic level.On the other hand, in the national academic ability survey, the number of questions in elementary school language is 14 and the number of questions in junior high school mathematics is about 16.

Also, as an evaluation methodIRT(Item response theory) And other statistical test theories are not used, which is also mentioned as a problem.Since the difficulty level of the questions in each year is inevitably different, it is not possible to compare academic ability with a simple correct answer rate (number of correct answers). Since IRT can statistically evaluate academic ability based on the characteristics (difficulty level and discriminating ability) of each problem, it is not easily affected by so-called bad questions. IRT will be conducted by the aforementioned OECDPISA[18]And English surveyTOEFLIt is also used in such cases, but it is not used in the national academic ability survey.

All-out survey (XNUMX% survey)

All-out surveyAt first glance, it seems that the accuracy of the information that can be obtained is higher than that of the extraction survey, but it is reported that the harmful effect is large and the accuracy of the information is rather low.[19][16]..In particular, in the national academic ability survey, the average correct answer rate of local governments and schools is required, so it is tempting to cheat the people concerned.For exampleTokyoAdachi-kuAt a ward elementary school2006 In the ward's academic ability survey conducted inEmotional disorderIt was discovered that the scores of three children with[20][Annotation 1]..In addition, each local government will take measures for the survey before conducting the national academic ability survey, which will not only increase the burden on teachers, children, and students.[22], It has been pointed out that the fairness of the investigation is impaired[23].

When conducting a comprehensive survey, it is necessary to conduct the same test day all at once in order to prevent the leakage of problems.It has also been pointed out that the burden of implementation is heavy.In addition, it takes time to score and tabulate, and the results will be released in September, five months later, so there is a problem that the education policy of the local government cannot be reflected immediately.It has been pointed out that it may not be possible to make use of the survey because it is only half a year until the examinee graduates after analyzing the results and devising countermeasures.[24].

Results announced

In the National Achievement Survey, the contents of the survey are fully disclosed because the purpose is to use the results of the survey for guidance.Although it can be useful for student review, since the survey contents are open to the public, it will not be possible to use questions for comparison over time from next year onward, and it will be impossible to accurately measure changes over time in academic ability. ..In addition, despite the problem with the evaluation method as mentioned above, the results are used for direct personnel evaluation and school evaluation, which is a problem.[25].

The Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology only publishes the results of the national academic ability survey on a prefectural basis, but the results for each school are published by municipality.Board of educationIt is supposed to be entrusted to.However, the problem is that the standings by prefecture are created by the media based on the published data, and the wrong message is conveyed.[25]..For example, in the results of elementary school language A in 2018, the average is only 1 point different (no significant difference) in the middle class, and the ranking fluctuates by about 15th place, so the ranking index is completely unreliable. Can be considered.in this waystatisticsIt is the cause of incorrect consideration.

In addition, the average number of correct answers and the percentage of correct answers, which are the results of the academic ability survey, are more important than the factors of the leadership of the board of education and the school.SES(Socio-economic Status:Guardian OfEducational History,annual incomeIt has been reported that it is largely due to social factors (such as).Another problem with the National Achievement Learning Situation Survey is that the actual situation of academic ability is considered without examining the relationship with SES.

Regarding the publication of the results, parents often agree, but the Board of Education disagrees, and there is a dissociation of consciousness. According to an opinion survey conducted from January to February 2009, 1% of the municipal boards of education "lead to ranking and excessive competition between schools" and "use it to improve teaching methods without disclosing it." While responding that it should not be published for reasons such as "can be done", it became clear that 2% of parents think that it should be published for reasons such as "basic information on school selection".[26].

On the other hand, some local governments actively publish the results.Increasing interest in educationInformation disclosureI have no choice but to respond to the requests of parents and local residentsOsakaHirakataThen, there is a trial requesting the disclosure of the results of the city's own academic ability survey,Osaka High CourtHas a case law that has been decided to be open to the public[27]. AlsoAkitaThen,Terata NorijoAt the prefectural governor's own discretion, on December 2008, 12, the percentage of correct answers by municipality for the 25 and 19 surveys was announced, including the names of the municipalities.

Private consignment and personal information

Despite being surveyed on the living and learning environment, to companies involved in the education industryPrivate consignment(Small 6 isBenesse Corporation, Middle 3 is in 2007NTT Data, From 2008Uchida YokoIt has been pointed out that it is okay to entrust information management to (consignment).In particular, Benesse Corporation is a company widely involved in education, and it has been pointed out that information may be used or diverted.[28][29].2015 Large inBenesse personal information leak caseWas questioned as to whether it was appropriate as an entrustment[30].

In connection with these, some have doubts about the National Achievement SurveyGuardianInvites supporters,KyotoKyoto City-Kyotanabe City9 elementary and junior high school students (6 in 5th grade, 3 in 4rd grade) are asked to cancel the investigation because of invasion of privacy.Provisional disposalApplicationKyoto District CourtWent to[31]..However, the district court did not reach a conclusion by the day of the investigation, effectively dismissing it.[32].

Political criticism

For the national academic ability survey,Japanese Teachers' Union,Japan Communist PartyetcCompulsory educationShows the opposite attitude as widening the academic disparity at the stage of[33].. As in the national academic achievement survey conducted in the 1960s, competition between regions may escalate, and even budget allocation will be done based on the results of the academic achievement survey, so the education budget will be reduced for schools with poor grades. , Criticizes that it may lead to a decline in public services.

Theory by Nariaki Nakayama

At the time of the revival of the academic ability surveyMinister of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and TechnologyNakayama NariakiIt is,2008 Regarding the significance of this survey, he said, "I thought that the strong points of the Japan Teachers Union might be low academic ability." He also said that the role of the survey was over as long as the proof was completed.[34].

In contrast,Asahi ShimbunIs an example in which the organization rate of the Japan Teachers Union and the score of the academic ability survey were both high in 13 prefectures (Akita) And the case where both the organization rate and the academic ability survey score were low, the correlation between the organization rate and academic ability cannot be seen.Also,Ministry of educationZeniya MasamiUnder Secretary"It is true that there was inappropriate activity in some areas and corrective guidance was given," he admitted that there was excessive union activity. There is a good prefecture. It cannot be said unconditionally (if it is related). "

For these surveysSankei Shimbun"The strength of the Japan Teachers Union is arbitrarily replaced by the organization rate." "The high organization rate of the Japan Teachers Union is not directly proportional to the strength of the union movement. Even if the organization rate is high.ideologyThere is also a place like a mutual aid union that is light in color. " There are many areas where the Japan Teachers Union is strong in low-skilled areas. "[Source required].

Survey content

Survey target

6th grade of elementary school, 3rd grade of junior high school (visually impaired, hearing impaired, physically handicapped, sick)Special schoolIncluding elementary and junior high schools)

Survey on subjects

Japanese, Arithmetic / Mathematics, Science (2012, 2015, 2018), English (from 2019)

  • Prior to 2019, the booklets were divided into A "problems mainly related to" knowledge "" and B "problems mainly related to" utilization "" regarding Japanese language and arithmetic / mathematics, but they were integrated from the implementation in 2019.

Questionnaire survey on lifestyle and school environment

  • Survey on children
  • Survey on schools

Implementation status by year

Year / itemElementary school coursesJunior high school courseSurvey methodRemarks
2007Japanese, mathJapanese, mathEveryone
2008Japanese, mathJapanese, mathEveryone
2009Japanese, mathJapanese, mathEveryone
2010Japanese, mathJapanese, mathExtraction, desired use
2011Japanese, mathJapanese, mathExtraction, desired useCanceled due to the Great East Japan Earthquake.
2012National language, math, scienceJapanese, math, scienceExtraction, desired use
2013Japanese, mathJapanese, mathExtraction, desired use

Detailed survey (extraction)

(Analysis of secular change, survey of parents, survey of board of education)

2014Japanese, mathJapanese, mathEveryone
2015National language, math, scienceJapanese, math, scienceEveryone
2016Japanese, mathJapanese, mathEveryone

Detailed survey (extraction)

(Analysis of secular change, survey of parents, survey of board of education)

Due to the impact of the earthquake that originated in the Kumamoto region of Kumamoto prefecture, implementation in some areas was postponed.
2017Japanese, mathJapanese, mathEveryone
2018National language, math, scienceJapanese, math, scienceEveryoneConducted a preliminary English survey.
2019Japanese, mathJapanese, math, EnglishEveryoneThe question of knowledge of arithmetic / mathematics and Japanese (A) and the question of knowledge utilization (B) have been integrated.
2020Japanese, mathJapanese, mathEveryoneNew coronavirus infectionCanceled due to[35].

* The implementation of "Science" is said to be about once every three years at the "Expert Meeting on Examination of the Ideal Way of National Academic Achievement Survey".[36] * Regarding the implementation of the "Kimekomai Survey", it is said that the "Expert Meeting on Examination of the Ideal State of Academic Achievement Survey" will be held at least once every few years.[36]

Contractor

Year / CategoryA elementary schoolB junior high school (affiliated institution)Remarks
2007Benesse CorporationNTT DATA ()
2008Benesse CorporationUchida Yoko (The Japan Institute for Educational Measurement)
2009Benesse CorporationHiroyuki Uchida (The Japan Institute for Educational Measurement)
2010Benesse CorporationHiroyuki Uchida (The Japan Institute for Educational Measurement)
2011Benesse CorporationHiroyuki Uchida (The Japan Institute for Educational Measurement)Canceled due to the Great East Japan Earthquake.Junior high school preparation businessKawaijuku Educational InstituteIs outsourced.
2012Benesse CorporationHiroyuki Uchida (The Japan Institute for Educational Measurement)
2013Benesse CorporationHiroyuki Uchida (The Japan Institute for Educational Measurement)
2014Benesse CorporationHiroyuki Uchida (The Japan Institute for Educational Measurement)
2015Benesse CorporationJP Media Direct
2016Benesse CorporationThe Japan Institute for Educational MeasurementDue to the impact of the earthquake that originated in the Kumamoto region of Kumamoto prefecture, implementation in some areas was postponed.
2017Benesse CorporationDentsu
2018Learns Co., Ltd.Benesse Corporation
2019The Japan Institute for Educational MeasurementUchida Yoko
2020The Japan Institute for Educational MeasurementUchida YokoCanceled due to new coronavirus infection.
2021The Japan Institute for Educational MeasurementZ meeting

Investigation result

Annual average

Canceled in 2011 due to the Great East Japan Earthquake.

Source:Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology National Achievement Survey (National Achievement / Learning Situation Survey, etc.) Survey Results

primary school

National average
Year / subjectNational language ANational language BArithmetic AArithmetic Bscience
200781.763.082.163.6Not implemented
200865.650.772.351.8
200970.150.778.855.0
201083.578.074.449.6
201281.755.873.559.261.1
201362.949.677.358.6
201473.155.678.258.4
201570.265.675.345.261.0
National average
Year / subjectNational language ANational language BArithmetic AArithmetic B
200790.080.092.177.9
200881.669.384.668.0
200983.467.790.071.1
Public average
Year / subjectNational language ANational language BArithmetic AArithmetic B
200781.762.082.163.6
200865.450.572.251.6
200969.950.578.754.8
Private average
Year / subjectNational language ANational language BArithmetic AArithmetic B
200789.478.092.177.1
200881.667.084.465.7
200983.064.889.262.4

Junior high school

National average
Year / subjectNational language ANational language BMathematics AMathematics Bscience
200782.272.072.861.2Not implemented
200874.161.563.950.0
200977.475.063.457.6
201076.166.566.145.2
201276.164.263.651.152.1
201376.868.064.342.4
201479.851.667.960.5
201576.266.265.042.453.5
National average
Year / subjectNational language ANational language BMathematics AMathematics B
200791.689.091.183.5
200887.782.987.175.6
200990.791.086.382.9
Public average
Year / subjectNational language ANational language BMathematics AMathematics B
200781.672.071.960.6
200873.660.863.149.2
200977.074.562.756.9
Private average
Year / subjectNational language ANational language BMathematics AMathematics B
200789.584.086.477.6
200883.574.878.564.9
200987.086.378.173.2

Average score by prefecture (2007)

The following have been investigated2007 It is the result of the degree.In both elementary and junior high school, subject A asked knowledge ability, and subject B asked knowledge utilization ability.

The survey results have been analyzed in detail by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology.[37].

primary school

Announced by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology6th graderThe target survey results (correct answer rate by prefecture) are as follows.

Elementary school language A
  • 86.1 --Akita  
  • 85.0 --Aomori, Fukui
  • 84.4 --Tottori
  • 83.9 --Iwate, Toyama, Kagawa
  • 83.3 --Yamagata, Ishikawa, Hiroshima
  • 82.8 --Tokyo, Niigata, Shizuoka, Kyoto, Kumamoto
  • 82.2 --Fukushima, Gunma, Saitama, Chiba, Nagano, Gifu, Nara, Ehime, Miyazaki, Kagoshima
  • 81.7 --Tochigi, Yamanashi, Hyogo, Kochi, Fukuoka,National average,Public average
  • 81.1 --Ibaraki, Kanagawa, Wakayama, Shimane, Saga
  • 80.6 --Miyagi, Aichi, Mie, Shiga, Okayama, Yamaguchi, Tokushima, Nagasaki
  • 80.0 --Oita
  • 79.4 --Hokkaido, Osaka
  • 76.7 --Okinawa
Elementary school language B
  • 69.0 --Akita
  • 68.0 --Kagawa
  • 67.0 --Fukui
  • 66.0 --Aomori, Iwate, Toyama, Tokyo, Gifu
  • 65.0 --Hiroshima, Shizuoka
  • 64.0 --Tottori, Yamagata, Ishikawa, Niigata, Kyoto, Saitama, Chiba
  • 63.0 --Nagano, Nara, Kanagawa,National average
  • 62.0 --Kumamoto, Fukushima, Gunma, Ehime, Kagoshima, Yamanashi, Hyogo, Shimane, Aichi,Public average
  • 61.0 --Tochigi, Ibaraki, Miyagi
  • 60.0 --Miyazaki, Kochi, Fukuoka, Mie, Shiga, Okayama, Yamaguchi
  • 59.0 --Wakayama, Saga, Nagasaki, Oita
  • 58.0 --Tokushima, Hokkaido, Osaka
  • 53.0 --Okinawa
Elementary school mathematics A
  • 88.4 --Akita  
  • 86.8 --Fukui
  • 85.8 --Aomori, Toyama
  • 85.3 --Kagawa, Kyoto
  • 84.7 --Hiroshima
  • 84.2 --Tottori, Ishikawa
  • 83.7 --Iwate, Tokyo, Nagano, Kumamoto, Miyazaki
  • 83.2 --Chiba, Fukushima, Nagasaki
  • 82.6 --Shizuoka, Yamagata, Nara, Gunma, Ehime, Hyogo, Aichi, Wakayama
  • 82.1 --Niigata, Saitama, Yamanashi, Shimane, Saga,National average,Public average
  • 81.6 --Gifu, Kagoshima, Kochi, Oita, Tokushima
  • 81.1 --Kanagawa, Tochigi, Miyagi, Fukuoka, Mie
  • 80.5 --Shiga, Okayama, Yamaguchi, Osaka,
  • 80.0 --Ibaraki
  • 76.8 --Hokkaido
  • 76.3 --Okinawa
Elementary school math B
  • 68.6 --Akita  
  • 67.9 --Fukui
  • 67.1 --Kagawa, Yamaguchi
  • 66.4 --Aomori, Toyama, Kyoto
  • 65.7 --Tokyo
  • 65.0 --Tottori, Chiba, Aichi
  • 64.3 --Ishikawa, Nagano, Nara, Gifu
  • 63.6 --Iwate, Kumamoto, Miyazaki, Shizuoka, Yamagata, Ehime, Hyogo, Niigata, Saitama, Tokushima, Kanagawa,National average,Public average
  • 62.9 --Gunma, Wakayama, Shimane, Ibaraki
  • 62.1 --Fukushima, Nagasaki, Yamanashi, Saga, Tochigi, Shiga, Okayama
  • 61.4 --Hiroshima, Kagoshima, Miyagi, Fukuoka, Mie
  • 60.7 --Kochi, Oita, Osaka
  • 58.6 --Hokkaido
  • 54.3 --Okinawa

Junior high school

Junior high school third gradeThe survey results of the target are as follows. The numbers in parentheses are the prefecture rankings of the correct answer rate.

Junior high school national language A (national average 82%)
  • Top 5 prefectures-Toyama (1), Akita (2), Fukui (3), Yamagata (4), Ishikawa / Aomori (same rate 5)
  • Bottom 5 prefectures-Hokkaido / Saga (same rate 42), Wakayama (44), Osaka (45), Kochi (46), Okinawa (47)
Junior high school national language B (national average 72%)
  • Top 5 prefectures-Toyama, Akita, Fukui (same rate 1), Yamagata, Ishikawa, Gifu, Shizuoka (same rate 4)
  • Lower 5 prefectures-Shiga (43), Wakayama (44), Osaka (45), Kochi / Okinawa (same rate 46)
Junior high school mathematics A (national average 73%)
  • Top 5 prefectures-Fukui (1), Akita (2), Toyama (3), Tokushima (4), Ishikawa / Kagawa (same rate 5)
  • Lower 5 prefectures-Osaka (43), Iwate (44), Hokkaido (45), Kochi (46), Okinawa (47)
Junior high school mathematics B (national average 61%)
  • Top 5 prefectures-Fukui (1), Toyama (2), Akita / Ishikawa / Gifu (same rate 3)
  • Lower 5 prefectures-Iwate (43), Hokkaido (44), Osaka (45), Kochi (46), Okinawa (47)

footnote

[How to use footnotes]

注 釈

  1. ^ It was reported that it was No. 2006 in Adachi Ward in 1.[21].

Source

  1. ^ "Proposal for revival of national academic ability test to Minister of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology Nakayama, Prime Minister". Kyodo News. 47NEWS(July 2004, 11). http://www.47news.jp/CN/200411/CN2004110201003817.html 2014/7/3Browse. 
  2. ^ Summary of the 16th Economic and Fiscal Advisory Council 27 (PDF) Cabinet Office
  3. ^ National Achievement Test The Japan Teachers Union does not want to expose its incompetence, so it is watered down SAPIO August 2012, 8 issue,Akira Moriguchi・ Talk
  4. ^ National Achievement / Learning Situation Survey (National Achievement Test), Science this year Benesse
  5. ^ "Outline of National Academic Achievement / Learning Situation Survey: Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology”(Japanese). Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology website. 2020/9/28Browse.
  6. ^ National academic ability test, 7% participated = shift to extraction survey-Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology Jiji Press October 2010, 4
  7. ^ Mainichi Shimbun Evening Edition 1st page April 2012, 4
  8. ^ Conducted nationwide Kumamoto all schools, Miyazaki, Oita also partially canceled Mainichi Shimbun April 2016, 4
  9. ^ "About future improvement measures of nationwide academic ability survey (summary)". Ministry of education. 2020/9/28Browse.
  10. ^ "31 National Achievement / Learning Situation Survey / English Preliminary Survey: National Institute for Educational Policy Research". www.nier.go.jp. 2020/9/28Browse.
  11. ^ "About the survey questions, correct answer examples, and explanatory materials of the 31 National Institute for Educational Policy Research: National Institute for Educational Policy Research". www.nier.go.jp. 2020/9/28Browse.
  12. ^ "Postponement of national scholastic ability test”. Kyodo News (created on February 2020, 3). 2020/3/17Browse.
  13. ^ "National scholastic ability test, not conducted this year, difficult due to expansion of state of emergency”. Sankei Shimbun (created on May 2020, 4). 2020/4/17Browse.
  14. ^ a b "Achievement test postponed for one month in FY21 Considering the impact of corona". Nihon Keizai Shimbun. Nihon Keizai Shimbun (September 2020, 7). 2021/5/27Browse.
  15. ^ Japan Broadcasting Corporation (February 2021, 5). “More than 2 million people participate in the national academic ability test for the first time in two years today". NHK News. 2021/5/27Browse.
  16. ^ a b "[https://synodos.jp/newbook/23796 The failure of the national scholastic ability test is a microcosm of Japanese society-interview with Toshiaki Kawaguchi, the author of "Why did the national scholastic ability test fail?" 2020/10/8Browse.
  17. ^ "About the survey questions, correct answer examples, and explanatory materials of the 31 National Institute for Educational Policy Research: National Institute for Educational Policy Research". www.nier.go.jp. 2020/9/28Browse.
  18. ^ "Program for International Student Assessment (PISA) --Scaling of Student Test Data" (English). nces.ed.gov. 2020/9/28Browse.
  19. ^ Tesuto wa nani o hakarunoka: kōmoku han'nō riron no kangaekata. Mitsunaga, Haruhiko, 1979-, Yuhiko Mitsunaga, 1979-. Kyōto: Nakanishiyashuppan. (2017.2). ISBN 978-4-7795-1071-7. OCLC 979997535. https://www.worldcat.org/oclc/979997535 
  20. ^ "asahi.com: Improving grades throughout the school Adachi City Elementary School --Elementary and Junior High School --Education". www.asahi.com. 2020/9/28Browse.
  21. ^ "Mainichi Shimbun" July 2007, 7 morning edition
  22. ^ "Asahi Shimbun" November 2007, 4 morning edition
  23. ^ Shuji Tobishima (2010). “How was the implementation of the national academic ability test justified? Educational evaluation and the politics of“ academic ability guarantee ””. Annual Sociology Report No39. 
  24. ^ "Mainichi Shimbun" October 2007, 10 Editorial.
  25. ^ a b Kawaguchi, Toshiaki .; Toshiaki Kawaguchi. (2020). Zenkoku gakuryoku tesuto wa naze shippai shita noka: gakuryoku chōsa o kagaku suru. Tōkyō: Iwanamishoten. ISBN 978-4-00-061419-1. OCLC 1195518558. https://www.worldcat.org/oclc/1195518558 
  26. ^ "Achievement test results announced 7% of parents" for "the board of education 9%" disagree "". Tokyo Newspaper(July 2009, 6). http://www.tokyo-np.co.jp/article/national/news/CK2009060502000056.html 
  27. ^ "Asahi Shimbun" April 2007, 4 morning edition.
  28. ^ "Chiba Daily" April 2007, 4
  29. ^ Regarding the decision of the outsourced organization regarding the "27 national academic ability / learning situation survey outsourced project (elementary school project)" --Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (September 26, 9)
  30. ^ "About holding a preliminary briefing session on bidding for consignment projects to carry out the 28 National Academic Achievement / Learning Situation Survey" --Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology (September 27, 4)
  31. ^ "National academic ability test infringes personal information Elementary and junior high school students apply for provisional disposition"Asahi Shimbun. (April 2007, 4). http://www.asahi.com/kansai/news/OSK200704160046.html 2009/9/8Browse. 
  32. ^ Hiroyuki Ota (April 2007, 4). "Achievement test: Injunction proceeding de facto dismissal Kyoto District Court decision". Mainichi Newspapers. http://www.mainichi-msn.co.jp/shakai/wadai/news/20070424k0000m040133000c.html 2009/9/8Browse. 
  33. ^ “Don't force participation in the national academic ability test and rank it”. Red flag (Japanese Communist Party). (March 2007, 4). http://www.jcp.or.jp/akahata/aik07/2007-04-23/2007042302_01_0.html 2009/9/8Browse. 
  34. ^ “Summary of statements made by Minister of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism Nakayama”Asahi Shimbun. (June 2008, 9). オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2008, 9.. https://web.archive.org/web/20080929000313/http://www.asahi.com/politics/update/0926/TKY200809260309.html 
  35. ^ ""Unfortunately unavoidable" Corona's cancellation of the national academic ability test will have an impact on compulsory education and challenges". FNN Prime Online. 2020/9/29Browse.
  36. ^ a b Summary of examination on the ideal way of nationwide academic ability survey after 23 Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, March 23, 3
  37. ^ Nationwide academic ability survey (national academic ability / learning situation survey, etc.) Ministry of education

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