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😷 | New corona 63 new clusters in Hokkaido


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63 new corona infections in Hokkaido New cluster

 
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Two new clusters have occurred in Sapporo city.
 

Regarding the new corona virus, 25 new infections were announced in Hokkaido on the 63th.Newly infected person 63 ... → Continue reading

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Sapporo

Sapporo(Sapporo) isHokkaido OfCentral HokkaidoLocated inIshikari Promotion BureauBelongs toCity.LocationIt is also the location of the Ishikari Promotion Bureau, and is located in Hokkaido.Politics-Economy-cultureIt is the center of the city.Has the largest population in Hokkaido (about 196 million people)Government-designated city.

Overview

JapanNorthernmostGovernment-designated cityAnd nationwideCityAmong the横 浜 市,Osaka,Nagoya cityIt has the fourth largest population afterHokkaidoIt accounts for less than 4% (about 37%) of the total population.HokkaidoPrimate CityAndSapporo metropolitan areaIs formed. AinuPeople were livingEzoIs 1869 (Meiji 2)HokkaidoWas renamedPioneerWas set up and construction of Sapporo Honfu began[1].. First in 1875 (Meiji 8)Tun TianbingSettled. The construction plan for Sapporo was the pioneer judge at the timeYoshiyuki ShimaConceived by京都Town planning with reference toCreation bridgeBased on the eastern foot, the east-west axisSosei River, The north-south axis was set as Oshima Dori (currently Minami 1-jo Dori)[2][3][4](Currently the north-south axis isOdori Park[5]).For this reason, most of the cityscape is in the center.BoardIt is in the shape of[6].

After that, the surrounding towns and villages were incorporated and merged to expand the city area.

1972 years(Showa47 years)AsiaFirst timeWinter Olympics(Sapporo Olympics) Held[7]. Since thenInternational Ski FederationOf various international competitionsAsian Winter Games,International University Sports FederationSponsored winterUniversiadeCompetition,FIFA World Cup,FIBA Basketball World Cup,World Rally Championship,Rugby World CupMany international competitions are being held. Even Sapporo City attracts and holds various events and exhibitions, corporate meetings and reward trips (MICE) Are actively engaged in[8],International Conference Tourist CityHas been certified. About 1,300 million tourists visit every yearTourist cityHas become[9]It is a city that ranks high in the ranking of the municipality ranking survey every year.[10].. In 2013 (Heisei 25) UNESCO (United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization) Was founded byCreative city networkWas recognized as the second largest city in the world (first in Asia) in the "Media Arts City" field[11][12].

2026 Winter OlympicsAlthough he was conducting an invitation activity by announcing that he would run for the venue[13][14], Indicated that it intends to change its candidacy and attraction activities to the 2030 Games.

Origin of city name

Origin isAinuof"Sat Polo"(Sat-poro, dry and large) by Matsuura Takeshiro ("Because the Toyohira River used to be a river with extremely low water volume in the dry season "or" Because the area was a vast dry land ") , "Sari Polo Pep(Sari-poro-pet, its reeds are vast rivers), such as Hidezo Yamada's theory.[1].

As mentioned above, Sapporo is a place name derived from the Ainu language, but the oldest confirmed document isShakushainIt was a report of the Tsugaru feudal lord in the battle of Ishikari, and the village that went back 3 ri from the mouth of Ishikari was described as "Satsuhoro".[15].

In old records, it was written in hiragana, but as time went by, it changed to katakana and kanji.[16].. In the literature around the 17th and 18th centuries, although there are fluctuations in the notation such as "Satsuhoro", "Satsuporo", "Yatsuhoro", and "Satsuhoro", they are written in hiragana and man'yogana.The last hiragana notation you can see is1807 (cultureIt is "Shimosatsuhoro" of 4 years). 1791 (KanseiAfter being written as "Satsuhoro" on the map of 3 years), the katakana notation of "Satsuhoro" has become common.Other than that, there are some katakana that are indicated as "Satsupolo" and "Shatsuboro", but this is not common.At the end of the Tokugawa shogunate, it will be written in Chinese characters as "Kan" and "Fuda".In the Meiji era, "縨" changed to "hood" and the notation "Sapporo" became established.

Geography

位置

Ishikari PlainLocated in the southwestern part of the city, with an area of ​​1,121.26 km2でHong KongAlmost the same asareahave[1].. Distance is east-west 42.30Kilometers(Km) The city area extends 45.40 km north and south[1]..The Toyohira River formed the flat centerFanIs[6].

The southwestern part of the city is a mountainous area, part of whichShikotsu-Toya National ParkIs specified in[17].

terrain

Mountain

Main mountain
canyon

River

Main river

mainwaterfall

Lake

Main lake

Main swamp

Main pond

coastal

Gulf

To the northwest of SapporoIshikari BayThere is, but the part facing hereOtaruMoney boxIs.Sapporo city areaEstuaryIt is about 400m inside from and very close, but it does not face the sea.

climate

The climate of Sapporo isSea of ​​Japan side climateIt is said that[1],Köppen climate classificationThen.Subarctic humid climateIt belongs to (Dfa). There are many sunny days from April to June,HonshuSeen inrainy seasonThere is no time for.Average daily temperature is 20 in summer℃The days that exceed will continue. In octoberAutumn leavesHas begun, and the snow that has fallen since early DecemberDeep snowOften becomes[1].. The winter season from December to February is characterized by cold snowfall, and the amount of snowfall in one winter reaches about 12 m.[1]. In March, the chills relaxed, and in the beginning of April, all-day snowfall began.[1]..It is rare in the world that a large city with a population of about 200 million is located in a heavy snowfall area.[18].

Sapporo(Sapporo District Meteorological Observatory) Climate
MonthOctoberOctoberOctoberOctoberOctoberOctoberOctoberOctoberOctoberOctoberOctoberOctoberYears
Highest temperature record ° C (° F)11.2
(52.2)
10.8
(51.4)
18.3
(64.9)
28.0
(82.4)
34.2
(93.6)
31.9
(89.4)
36.0
(96.8)
36.2
(97.2)
32.7
(90.9)
26.4
(79.5)
22.4
(72.3)
14.8
(58.6)
36.2
(97.2)
Average maximum temperature ° C (° F)−0.4
(31.3)
0.4
(32.7)
4.5
(40.1)
11.7
(53.1)
17.9
(64.2)
21.8
(71.2)
25.4
(77.7)
26.4
(79.5)
22.8
(73)
16.4
(61.5)
8.7
(47.7)
2.0
(35.6)
13.1
(55.6)
Average daily temperature ° C (° F)−3.2
(26.2)
−2.7
(27.1)
1.1
(34)
7.3
(45.1)
13.0
(55.4)
17.0
(62.6)
21.1
(70)
22.3
(72.1)
18.6
(65.5)
12.1
(53.8)
5.2
(41.4)
−0.9
(30.4)
9.2
(48.6)
Average minimum temperature ° C (° F)−6.4
(20.5)
−6.2
(20.8)
−2.4
(27.7)
3.4
(38.1)
9.0
(48.2)
13.4
(56.1)
17.9
(64.2)
19.1
(66.4)
14.8
(58.6)
8.0
(46.4)
1.6
(34.9)
−4.0
(24.8)
5.7
(42.3)
Minimum temperature record ° C (° F)−27.0
(-16.6)
−28.5
(-19.3)
−22.6
(-8.7)
−14.6
(5.7)
−4.2
(24.4)
0.0
(32)
5.2
(41.4)
5.3
(41.5)
0.2
(32.4)
−5.8
(21.6)
−15.5
(4.1)
−23.9
(-11)
−28.5
(-19.3)
Precipitation amount mm (inch)108.4
(4.268)
91.9
(3.618)
77.6
(3.055)
54.6
(2.15)
55.5
(2.185)
60.4
(2.378)
90.7
(3.571)
126.8
(4.992)
142.2
(5.598)
109.9
(4.327)
113.8
(4.48)
114.5
(4.508)
1,146.1
(45.122)
Snowfall cm (inch)137
(53.9)
116
(45.7)
74
(29.1)
6
(2.4)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
1
(0.4)
30
(11.8)
113
(44.5)
479
(188.6)
Average days of precipitation (≥0.5mm)22.119.218.312.310.29.39.410.511.714.018.319.9175.1
Average number of snowfall days (≥0 cm)29.125.222.56.70.100000.913.526.8124.4
(I.e.69686561657275757167676869
Average monthlyDaylight hours90.4103.5144.7175.8200.4180.0168.0168.1159.3145.999.182.71,718
Source:Japanese Meteorological Agency (Average value: 1991-2020, extreme value: 1876-present)[19][20]
Sapporo (Sapporo District Meteorological Observatory) 1961–1990 Average climate
MonthOctoberOctoberOctoberOctoberOctoberOctoberOctoberOctoberOctoberOctoberOctoberOctoberYears
Average maximum temperature ° C (° F)−1.1
(30)
−0.5
(31.1)
3.5
(38.3)
11.1
(52)
17.3
(63.1)
21.2
(70.2)
24.8
(76.6)
26.1
(79)
21.8
(71.2)
15.7
(60.3)
8.2
(46.8)
2.0
(35.6)
12.5
(54.5)
Average daily temperature ° C (° F)−4.6
(23.7)
−4.0
(24.8)
−0.1
(31.8)
6.4
(43.5)
12.0
(53.6)
16.1
(61)
20.2
(68.4)
21.7
(71.1)
17.2
(63)
10.8
(51.4)
4.3
(39.7)
−1.4
(29.5)
8.2
(46.8)
Average minimum temperature ° C (° F)−8.4
(16.9)
−8.0
(17.6)
−3.9
(25)
2.2
(36)
7.4
(45.3)
12.0
(53.6)
16.6
(61.9)
18.2
(64.8)
12.9
(55.2)
6.0
(42.8)
0.5
(32.9)
−4.9
(23.2)
4.2
(39.6)
Source: Science Chronology


Climate of Teine Ward and Teine Yamaguchi (1981-2010)
MonthOctoberOctoberOctoberOctoberOctoberOctoberOctoberOctoberOctoberOctoberOctoberOctoberYears
Highest temperature record ° C (° F)9.3
(48.7)
10.7
(51.3)
17.9
(64.2)
29.2
(84.6)
33.5
(92.3)
33.3
(91.9)
34.7
(94.5)
35.9
(96.6)
33.8
(92.8)
27.3
(81.1)
22.4
(72.3)
15.0
(59)
35.9
(96.6)
Average maximum temperature ° C (° F)−0.8
(30.6)
−0.2
(31.6)
3.5
(38.3)
11.1
(52)
17.3
(63.1)
21.2
(70.2)
24.7
(76.5)
26.3
(79.3)
22.4
(72.3)
16.2
(61.2)
8.5
(47.3)
1.9
(35.4)
12.7
(54.9)
Average daily temperature ° C (° F)−4.2
(24.4)
−3.7
(25.3)
−0.1
(31.8)
6.3
(43.3)
11.6
(52.9)
15.7
(60.3)
19.7
(67.5)
21.5
(70.7)
17.2
(63)
11.0
(51.8)
4.4
(39.9)
−1.4
(29.5)
8.2
(46.8)
Average minimum temperature ° C (° F)−8.4
(16.9)
−8.3
(17.1)
−4.4
(24.1)
1.4
(34.5)
6.4
(43.5)
11.1
(52)
15.7
(60.3)
17.3
(63.1)
12.2
(54)
5.7
(42.3)
0.2
(32.4)
−5.2
(22.6)
3.6
(38.5)
Minimum temperature record ° C (° F)−20.9
(-5.6)
−20.3
(-4.5)
−17.6
(0.3)
−9.7
(14.5)
−1.5
(29.3)
0.9
(33.6)
7.2
(45)
8.2
(46.8)
1.8
(35.2)
−2.7
(27.1)
−9.9
(14.2)
−16.7
(1.9)
−20.9
(-5.6)
Precipitation amount mm (inch)98.6
(3.882)
76.4
(3.008)
53.9
(2.122)
47.4
(1.866)
50.2
(1.976)
41.4
(1.63)
72.2
(2.843)
111.6
(4.394)
122.7
(4.831)
105.0
(4.134)
107.0
(4.213)
99.1
(3.902)
985.4
(38.795)
Average monthlyDaylight hours75.692.1142.9172.8192.5170.3155.6168.3161.8143.191.673.91,640.6
Source 1:Japanese Meteorological Agency
Source 2:Japanese Meteorological Agency
Toyohira WardHokkaido Agricultural Research CenterClimate of weather observations (1981-2000)
MonthOctoberOctoberOctoberOctoberOctoberOctoberOctoberOctoberOctoberOctoberOctoberOctoberYears
Average maximum temperature ° C (° F)−1.9
(28.6)
−1.2
(29.8)
2.4
(36.3)
10.1
(50.2)
16.0
(60.8)
19.8
(67.6)
23.6
(74.5)
24.9
(76.8)
21.0
(69.8)
14.8
(58.6)
7.3
(45.1)
1.1
(34)
11.49
(52.68)
Average minimum temperature ° C (° F)−11.1
(12)
−10.8
(12.6)
−6.3
(20.7)
0.8
(33.4)
5.4
(41.7)
10.3
(50.5)
15.2
(59.4)
17.1
(62.8)
11.8
(53.2)
5.0
(41)
−1.2
(29.8)
−7.3
(18.9)
2.41
(36.33)
Precipitation amount mm (inch)60.8
(2.394)
56.8
(2.236)
46.0
(1.811)
57.7
(2.272)
63.1
(2.484)
53.9
(2.122)
81.1
(3.193)
157.8
(6.213)
144.2
(5.677)
106.5
(4.193)
66.0
(2.598)
63.0
(2.48)
956.9
(37.673)
Snowfall cm (inch)64
(25.2)
89
(35)
75
(29.5)
27
(10.6)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
1
(0.4)
12
(4.7)
42
(16.5)
-
(121.9)
Average monthlyDaylight hours93.9110.9153.3155.2159.5148.2133.6142.9140.1135.979.373.61,526.4
Source:Hokkaido Agricultural Research Center

Winter heat island phenomenon

Recently in SapporoHeat islandPhenomenonJapan's three largest citiesAs remarkable as. In January, the lowest temperature in January in Sapporo has risen by 100 degrees, above +1 degrees in Nagoya and +6.5 degrees in Osaka, and close to +4.3 degrees in Tokyo.[21].Sapporo District Meteorological ObservatoryIs installed in SapporoCity centerHowever, due to the heat island phenomenon, the minimum temperature never fell to around -20 degrees during the severe cold season, and the temperature below -10 degrees was drastically reduced. In addition, it is less likely that the minimum temperature in January will be lower than the normal value (-1 degrees). In particular, the minimum temperature increase rate since 7.0 has exceeded that of Tokyo. Therefore, it was said that the climate was relatively mild in Hokkaido.DonanCoastal areas andTohoku regionThere are many days when the minimum temperature during the cold season is higher than in some areas in the inland area.

Region

Administrative district

CodesWard namepopulation
(Man)
area
(kilometer2)
The population density
(People/km2)
Installation dateReason for installation
01101-1 Chuo-ku241,22746.425,196.62NovemberMeasures associated with the transition to an ordinance-designated city
01102-9 Kita285,92663.574,497.81
01103-7 Higashi Ward262,13756.974,601.32
01104-5 Shiroishi Ward213,52334.476,194.46
01105-3 Toyohira Ward224,86746.234,864.09
01106-1 South ward135,264657.48205.73
01107-0 Nishi-ward218,32075.102,907.06
01108-8 Atsubetsu Ward125,89124.385,163.7NovemberPartition from Shiroishi Ward
01109-6 Teine Ward142,01056.772,501.5Partition from Nishi Ward
01110-0 Kiyota Ward112,07959.871,872.04NovemberPartition from Toyohira Ward

population

The population of Sapporo City exceeded 2008 million in August 20.[22]The male/female ratio was 10.0 for women and 9.0 for men. There are more males in their teens and females in their twenties.

Municipalities that do not face the sea have the largest population in Japan.

The first in 1920 (Taisho 9)CensusSo the population is 102580,Hakodate-OtaruIt was the third in Hokkaido after[23].. After thatWorld War IDue to the later boom, the food processing industry, which was a key industry at that time,Textile industrySuch aslight industryDeveloped and the population grew steadily[23].. According to a survey conducted in 1941 (Showa 16), the population was 224729, exceeding 20 for the first time, surpassing Hakodate City to become No. 1 in Hokkaido.[23].Second World WarAfter that, in 1950 (Showa 25)Hokkaido Development LawEnactment ・ The Hokkaido development project led by the Japanese government, such as the enforcement of the first Hokkaido Comprehensive Development Plan in 1952, has begun in earnest, and the advancement of foreign capital into Hokkaido has also become active.As a result, the economic role of Sapporo City, where the government's local agencies are concentrated, has risen sharply, and new construction and relocation of companies and factories such as wholesalers, subcontractors, and subcontractors have continued.[23](In this regard, the influence of the Japanese government's controlled economic policy during and after the war is also significant.[24]).Postwar nationwide urban concentration trends and in HokkaidoPrimary industryDue to the slump in (agriculture, forestry and fisheries), the influx of population from each municipality in Hokkaido to Sapporo City, which was not so remarkable before the war, will become noticeable.[23].. According to a survey conducted in 1955 (Showa 30), the population exceeded 426620 with 40.[23].

The nationwide tendency of urban concentration is in the 30's (1955-1964)High economic growthIt went further in the period and appeared especially prominently in Sapporo, the central city of Hokkaido.[23]..HokkaidocoalDue to the decline of industryCoal mineDue to the influx of employees who left the company in Sapporo, the population rapidly increased at a pace of 4 people a year.[22]. After that, due to the expansion of living areas,Bed townAlthough the population is increasing, the population of Sapporo City is steadily increasing. In the 1965 (Showa 40) survey, the population was 794908, and in the 1970 (Showa 45) survey, the population was 1,010,123, which is 8 in Japan. Became the second city of 100 million people[22][23]. In 1972 (Showa 47)Kawasaki City-Fukuoka Cityと と も にGovernment-designated cityAnd the ward system was enforced[22][23]..Although the post-war urbanization of Sapporo City has stopped the outflow of population from within Hokkaido to the outside of Hokkaido, the business bases that receive employment are concentrated in Sapporo City and its surroundings. It also contributed to the depopulation of agricultural and fishery areas and former coal mine areas.[23]. It has been thought that the population of Sapporo City has been on a downward trend since peaking in 27, but even in 29, the population continues to increase. The only municipality in HokkaidoEstimated populationIs announced every month.

The estimated population as of October 3, 10rd year of Reiwa was 1, a decrease of 1,975,001 from the previous year.

As of August 2005, 17, the number of registered foreigners is 8.Total fertility rateIs 1.07 (FY20).

Population distribution of Sapporo, Hokkaido, Japan.svg
Population distribution by age in Sapporo and Japan (2005)Sapporo City Population Distribution by Age and Gender (2005)
■Purple-Sapporo
■Green-All over Japan
■Blue-male
■Red-female

Changes in the population of (the area equivalent to) Sapporo
Ministry of Internal Affairs and CommunicationsStatistics Bureau CensusThan

Adjacent municipality

Ishikari Promotion Bureau

Shiribeshi Promotion Bureau

Iburi General Promotion Bureau

History

After the Meiji Restoration1869 (Meiji 2)Ishikari countrySapporo-gunBelongs to and pioneered in the same yearJudgeYoshiyuki ShimaConstruction of Sapporo Honfu begins under the guidance of[6][25].. same yearOld calendarIn November, Shima YoshitakeHakodate-Money boxEntered Sapporo via, and is near the current Kita 1 Jonishi 1-chome, Chuo-ku.Motomura OfKametaro OtomoMoved the official residence and started construction of the official residence[25]..The center of Sapporo at that time森林Surrounded by, the construction of this prefecture was painful and disastrous[6][25]..The island began building a city with the cooperation of hundreds of carpenters, craftsmen, people, and the local Ainu.[6][25], Logging the timber of Motomura[25], Built houses, warehouses, temporary palace, hospitals, roads, etc.[25]..Ishikari at that timeOtaruWas in conflict with the pioneer ambassadorMinistry of MilitaryInoue Yakichi and Koide Fusaichiro and others forbade selling supplies in their jurisdiction to Hokkaido Development Commission.[26], Sapporo Honfu fell into a serious food shortage[6][26]..For this reason MotomuraShinoji VillageCollect food from surrounding towns and villages,Yoichi-Oshoro-AtsutaI surpassed the glue by receiving assistance from contractors such as[26]..The island itself is also a digging hutdogIt was enough to hug the cold[6].

The island's drastic construction of Sapporo is the Secretary of the PioneerHigashikyuseiCreated a conflict with the Ministry of War and the Ministry of War, and the next1870 (Meiji 3) In February, the island quit his job and left for Tokyo.[27]..To the successor judgeMichitoshi IwamuraWas appointed, but the management of Sapporo Honfu was temporarily suspended due to lack of funds and other reasons.[27]..Sadaaki Nishimura, a subordinate of the island, was worried about the situation and strongly appealed to Higashikuze to resume management, so it was decided to resume management in December 1870.[28]..In addition to the "Sapporo Construction Monument" in Minami 1 Johigashi 1-chome, Chuo-ku, the statue of the island is in the lobby of Sapporo City Hall.Hokkaido ShrineIs built in[6].

Ainu people located in the present Sapporo city area in the early Meiji eraKotanThere are four (villages), of which the upper Sapporo Kotan is near the current Kita 4 Johigashi 2-chome, Chuo-ku, and the Sakushiko Tonicotan is the current one.Korakuen RyokuchiからHokkaido UniversitycampusIn the vicinity, Fushikokotan was near the current Kita 9 Johigashi 9-chome, Higashi-ku, and Hassam Kotan was near the current Kotoni 4 Jo, Nishi-ku.[6][29]..They areKamikawaBelongs to the chieftain of Kuchinkoro, from July to October every yearIshikari-gunI was working at a government office[29].

Ancient times

Asuka Period

The early modern period

Edo Period

Edo PeriodSapporo is called "Satsuhoro" or "Shatsuhoro" and is located in the west.EzoIshikariPlaceBelonged to[30]..Satsuhoro at that time was Sat Polo Pep (AinuThe meaning of a large, dry river and a wide, dry river.CurrentToyohira River) I pointed to the basin, but the flow path at that time is nowToyohira BridgeFrom the vicinity to the presentFushigo RiverFollow the flow path of, along the Shinoji RiverShishidoでIbarado River(OldIshikari River) Was poured into[30]..Satsuhoro in a narrow sense refers to the mouth of the Barato River (currently near Shishido), and was also called Satsuhorobut (the confluence of the Sapporo River).[30]..The settlement of Wajin in the current Sapporo city is1855 (AnseiAround 2 years), I was engaged in ferry work on the banks of the Toyohira River.Tetsuichi ShimuraWas engaged in hunting on the riverbankYoshida ShigehachiFamily is considered to be the first[30][31].

Ishikari PlainからYufutsu PlainThe Ishikari lowlands that stretch from ancient times have been in Hokkaido for a long time.Sea of ​​JapanSide andThe Pacific OceanIt is a key point of transportation that connects the sides, and in the Edo periodIshikari-YufutsuA simple road connecting the roads was also created[32].. Also,wood,seafoodBecause it is rich in natural resources such as, and is also fertile, the Shogunate and Matsumae Domain,Tohoku regionExplorations were also conducted by the various clan of[32]..Sapporo, located in the western part of the Ishikari Plain, has been the subject of development since the end of the Edo period, and furtherMeiji RestorationThe fact that it later became a base for northern security and reclamation projects is not unrelated to the above circumstances.[32].

  • 1669 (Kanbun9 years)ShakushainDuring the uprisingTsugaru DomainIn "Ishikari Topography" written by Maki Taemon, "Climb about one ri from Ishikari Hamaguchi, climb about two ri from Hatsuhayafu, and go to Satsuhoro and Shinsho. There is a description of "Pit-house Hanrikei no Numa Gozaji" in Edagawa, and in Sapporo BetsuAinuThere is a swamp in a tributary of Sapporo BetsuMoerenumaI can tell that there was[30][33].
  • Original sentenceYear (1736 ~1741 ): In Ishikari placePlace contract systemIntroduction.
  • 1752 (Treasure calendarOn the map of 2 years), the Hatsusab River (XNUMX years) is a tributary of the Ishikari River.Hakanagawa) ・ The Satsuhoro River is written, and the Apt Road of the US Seoi Road is drawn on the left bank of the Satsuhoro River, which shows that it was a rice transportation route for mountain laborers.[30].. afterwardsTenmeiからKanseiOver the period,Matsumae clanThe Ishikari area was divided into 13 locations due to the Ainu rule, of which the Hasshab location (currently the left bank of the Barato River).HakanagawaNear the confluence, in the current Kita Ward) ・ Shinoro location (currently on the left bank of the Barato River, near the confluence of the Shinoro River, in the current Kita Ward) ・ Naihou location (near the upper reaches of the Toyohira River, in the current Higashi Ward) Sapporo place (Toyohira river basin) and lower Sapporo place (Toyohira river basin) were opened in the area corresponding to the present Sapporo city.[30].

Matsumae Domain called these placesVassal OfChichi TheBakumatsuSurvived until[30].

  • Tenmei - KanseiYear (1781 ~1801 ):Matsumae clanThe Ishikari area was divided into 13 locations due to the Ainu rule, of which the Hasshab location (currently the left bank of the Barato River).HakanagawaNear the confluence, in the current Kita Ward) ・ Shinoro location (currently on the left bank of the Barato River, near the confluence of the Shinoro River, in the current Kita Ward) ・ Naihou location (near the upper reaches of the Toyohira River, in the current Higashi Ward) The Sapporo location (Toyohira River basin) and the lower Sapporo location (Toyohira River basin) have been opened in the area equivalent to the current city of Sapporo.
  • Kansei11 years(1799 ) Directly controlled by the Shogunate in the East Ezo area.
  • culture3 years(1806 ):Edo ShogunateAccount examinerSadao MuragakiAccompanied by the patrolling of the West Ezo areaMogami TokunaiBut,Ibarado RiverからHakanagawaGo back and investigate the current area around Sapporo[34].

4 years of culture (1807 )

  • 7 years of culture (1810 ): Ainu survey in Ishikari area will be conducted.The total number of Ainu living in Shinoro, Naihou, Upper Sapporo, and Lower Sapporo was 552 (279 men and 273 women) (the exact number of Hasshab locations is unknown).[36].
  • Ansei2 years(1855 ) Around: CurrentToyohira BridgeIn the vicinityTetsuichi ShimuraAnd their family members on the right bank of the Toyohira River (currently on the Toyohira Ward side)Yoshida ShigehachiAnd his family, a total of four people, lived on the left bank of the Toyohira River (currently on the Chuo Ward side).In Sapporo city areaJapanese peopleFirst settlers.
  • Ansei 4 years (1857 )
    • Hakodate magistrateBy Sapporo-etsu Shindo (Money box - Toyohira- Chitose - Yufutsu)excavation.Tetsuichi Shimura and Shigehachi Yoshida are from Ishikari OfficeArai KinsukeA ferryboat was set up on the Toyohira River at government expense, and a passerby appointed as a ferryman was also set up.[30].
    • At the behest of Hakodate Bugyo, Bakushin Yamaoka Seijiro, Nagata Kyuzo and others moved to the vicinity of the current Hassamu River in Nishi Ward, and the Hassamu River and the Cinesebu River (Kotoni RiverOr) Develop coastal areas, etc.[37].
    • Same yearTakeshiro MatsuuraAccording to the "Yin Fire Snake", "Now Satsuhoro Ezo, who has XNUMX people who have changed the culture of the seven horses, but now there are five people's books. It is recorded that many of the Satsuhoro Ainu migrated to other areas.[30]..Also, according to Takeshiro Matsuura's "Nishi Ezo Diary", at that timeHakodate magistrateIs Tsuishikari (Tsuishikari, While Sapporo proposed to place Obu at the point where Sapporo Betsu, whose flow path changed at that time, merged with the Ishikari River, Matsuura is devoting to placing it near Sapporo's Hihei (Toyohira).[30].
  • Ansei 5 years (1858 ):Takeshiro Matsuura JozankeiIn hot spring (currentJozankei Onsen) Discovery.Kinsuke Arai is now in Kita WardShinojiSettle dozens of farmers and 50 people in the district[38].
  • Keio2 years(1866 ): Hakodate Magistrate's Office Ezochi Reclamation Kake, now at 13-chome, Kita 16-jo, Higashi-kuKametaro OtomoThe housing of theSapporo Village Folk Museum(On site). Otomobori (currentSosei River)excavation. NearSapporo VillageBecomesBizumi JozanBy Jozankei OnsenSpaIs opened.

Modern

Meiji Era

Taisho era

  • 1918 (Taisho7 years): Hokkaido Imperial University (currentHokkaido University) Is installed in Sapporo Ward. Agriculture University transferred from Tohoku Imperial University. The 50th anniversary Hokkaido Expo was held. Converting the Sapporo Stone Wagon Railway into a train,Sapporo Electric OrbitOperation starts.Jozankei Railway LineOperation started (discontinued in 1969).
  • 1920 (Taisho 9): The first national census. The population of Sapporo Ward was 1 (Otaru Ward had a population of 102,580 at that time, and Hakodate Ward had a population of 108,113). The Yusaku area of ​​Hosono moved to Kikusui, Shiraishi-ku.
  • 1922 (Taisho 11th year): The municipal system came into effect.
  • 1924 (Taisho 13): Toyohira Bridge became a permanent bridge, and the wooden block pavement was completed.

Modern times

Showa period

The end of the war
After the war

modern

Heisei period

Reiwa era

Chronological Table

"Sapporo timeline"[63], See "History of Road Construction"[64]

Transition of administrative divisions

Meiji
Taisho
  • 1922 (Taisho 11) August 8:Municipal systemEnforced and became Sapporo City. The city area at this time is each part of the current Chuo-ku, Kita-ku, Higashi-ku, Shiroishi-ku, and Toyohira-ku.
Showa
  • 1941 (Showa 16) April 4:Maruyama Town(Part of the current Chuo Ward (west of West 20th Street, Asahigaoka, etc.), part of Minami Ward (Along the river,Minamizawa,MoiwaEtc.) Transfer.
  • 1950 (25)
    • April 4: Partial transfer of Sapporo village[74].
    • June 6: Shiraishi Village (part of the current Shiroishi Ward excluding part of the Kikusui Ward, which was already Sapporo City, the entire Atsubetsu Ward) was incorporated.
  • 1951 (Showa 26) April 4:Hiroshima VillagePartial transfer[75].
  • 1955 (Showa 30) April 3:Kotoni Town(Part of the current Chuo-ku (Miyanomori, Bankei), part of Kita-ku (Shinkotomi, Shinkawa,Tonda, North of Article 25 and north), part of Nishi Ward (former peace of Teine Town,(I.e., Area except Miyanosawa), part of Teine Ward (new cold)), Sapporo Village (most of Higashi Ward),Shinoji Village(Part of the current Kita Ward (Shinoji)) Transferred.
  • 1961 (Showa 36) April 5:Toyohira Town(Part of the current Toyohira Ward, except for Toyohira, Asahi-cho, and Mizuma-cho, which were already Sapporo City, most of Kiyota-ku and Minami-ku).
  • 1967 (Showa 42) April 3:Teine Town(Part of the current Nishi Ward (Heiwa, Nishimachi, Miyanosawa), part of Teine Ward excluding the new cold weather that was former Kotoni Town).
  • 1972 (Showa 47) April 4:Government-designated cityThe administrative division system was enforced by the 7 wards of Chuo-ku, Kita-ku, Higashi-ku, Shiroishi-ku, Toyohira-ku, Minami-ku and Nishi-ku.
  • 1973 (48) February:OtaruPartial transfer[76].
Heisei
  • 1989 (First year of Heisei) November 11: Teine Ward from Nishi Ward and Atsubetsu Ward from Shiroishi Ward will be divided into 6 Wards.
  • 1997 (9) November 11: Kiyota Ward is divided from Toyohira Ward to become 4 Wards.

Politics

Municipal

The city of Sapporo has a deputy mayor (former name, assistant) as an auxiliary organization for the mayor, and the mayor is appointed with the consent of the parliament. The term is 4 years, the same as the mayor. As of 2018 (Heisei 30), 3 people have been appointed[77]. The ward system was enforced after the government-designated city transition and is now divided into 10 wards. Each ward may assist the mayor's affairs and perform the affairs delegated by laws and regulations with his own authority and responsibility[77]. In addition, rooms and stations are established according to the purpose and nature of clerical work, and departments, locations, and rooms are established within the station, and are further divided into sections and sections. The number of employees is about 14,000[77].

As for medical care,イタリア OfBazaarian lawEnactment, etc. in the worldPsychiatricAbolition of wardisolationDetentionWhile the illegalization of[78], Sapporo has the largest number of psychiatric beds in municipalities nationwide, with 7200 beds. As for the number of psychiatric beds per 1 people, the world average is 1.5 beds, while Sapporo city has 38 beds, and Sapporo city has the most psychiatric patients in the world.Social hospitalizationIs a city where[79].

Mayor

Successive chiefs
代NameInaugurationRetirement date
Mayor (elected)
First generationTsushima KasaburoDecember 1899 (Meiji 32)December 1902 (Meiji 35)
2 feeKanrokuro KatoDecember 1902 (Meiji 35)December 1906 (Meiji 39)
3 feeAokiDecember 1906 (Meiji 39)November 1912 (Taisho first year)
4 feeAbe UnohachiAugust 1913 (Taisho 2)August 1919 (Taisho 8)
5 feeTomokuma SatoAugust 1919 (Taisho 8)August 1921 (Taisho 10)
Mayor (elected)
First generationNaoyoshi TakaokaAugust 1923 (Taisho 12)December, 1927 (Showa 2)
2 feeHashimotoDecember, 1927 (Showa 2) December, 1937 (Showa 12)
3 feeKanichi MisawaDecember, 1937 (Showa 12) December, 1945 (Showa 20)
4 feeRokuro UeharaDecember, 1945 (Showa 20) December, 1946 (Showa 21)
Mayor (publicly elected)
5 feeTomita TakadaDecember, 1947 (Showa 22) December, 1959 (Showa 34)
6 feeBy HaradaDecember, 1959 (Showa 34) December, 1971 (Showa 46)
7 feeItagaki TakeshiDecember, 1971 (Showa 46) 1991(Heisei 3)/ 5
8 feeNobuo Katsura1991(Heisei 3)/ 52003(Heisei 15)/ 5
9 feeFumio Ueda2003(Heisei 15)/ 62015(Heisei 27)/ 5
10 feeAkimoto Katsuhiro2015(Heisei 27)/ 5In office

Government office

  • Sapporo City Hall
    • Chuo Ward Office
    • Kita Ward Office
    • Higashi Ward Office
    • Shiroishi Ward Office
    • Toyohira Ward Office
    • Minami Ward Office
    • Nishi Ward Office
    • Atsubetsu Ward Office
    • Teine Ward Office
    • Kiyota Ward Office

Administrative organization

  • Accounting room
  • Crisis Management Office
  • Mayor Policy Office
  • General Affairs Bureau
  • Citizen Town Development Bureau
  • Finance Bureau
  • Health and Welfare Bureau
  • Children's Future Bureau
  • Environment Bureau
  • Economic Affairs Bureau
  • Tourism and Culture Bureau
  • Construction Bureau
  • City bureau
  • Traffic bureau
  • Waterworks
  • Hospital station (Municipal Sapporo Hospital)
  • Fire department
  • Board of education
  • Election Board Secretariat
  • Personnel Committee Secretariat
  • Audit office
  • Agricultural Committee Secretariat
  • Congress Secretariat

Information disclosure

In April 1989 (Heisei 4), in Sapporo City, "Sapporo City Information DisclosureOrdinance』Enforced. In April 2000, the revised Sapporo City Information Disclosure Ordinance came into effect. From January 12, we have started accepting requests for publication of official documents via the Internet.[80].

Government-designated cities Comprehensive information disclosure ranking[81]
年度199619981999200020012002200320042005200620072008200920102011201220132014
Ranking of Sapporo City54411279121311
Number of target cities12889101012131314151719

Sapporo citizen charter

The Sapporo Citizen's Charter was established as the consensus of the citizens on November 1963, 38 (Showa 11).[82].

Sapporo citizen charter
Previous chapter: WeClock towerI am a citizen of Sapporo who will be the bell.
Chapter 1: Let's work hard and make a rich city.
Chapter 2: Let's clean the sky, roads, plants and water.
Chapter 3: Observe the rules well and make a comfortable city.
Chapter 4: Let's be a happy city for children to create the future.
Chapter 5: Let's be a city of high culture and the world.

Prefectural government agency

Parliament

City council

Sapporo City announced the city council ahead of the whole country in April 1953 (Showa 28)[83].. The city council has regular meetings that are held four times a year (usually March, May, September, and December) and extraordinary meetings that are held as needed, and the mayor convenes them.

  • Constant number: 68 people
  • Term: May 2015, 27 (May 5, 2) to May 2019, 5
  • Chair: Takeo Suzuki (Sapporo City Assembly Liberal Democratic Party Assembly)
  • Vice-chairman: Ichiro Onmura (Sapporo City Assembly Democratic Party/Citizens' Union Assembly)
Committee
  • Standing Committee
    • General Affairs Committee
    • Finance Citizen Committee
    • Education Committee
    • Welfare Committee
    • Construction committee
    • Economic Commission
  • Congress Steering Committee
  • Special committee
Parliamentary structure

The composition of the parliamentary group as of July 2019, 7 is as follows.

Parliamentary nameNumber of seatsCertified/Recommended Parties at the time of election
Sapporo City Assembly Liberal Democratic Party Membership27LDP27 certified
Sapporo City Council Democratic Citizens' Union20Constitutional Democratic Party19 officially recognized, 1 without independent constitutional Democratic Party recommendation
Sapporo City Assembly Komeito Party10Komeito10 certified
Japanese Communist Party Sapporo City Council10Japan Communist Party10 certified
Sapporo City Council Citizen Network Hokkaido1Citizen network Hokkaido1 certified

Prefectural assembly

Member of Hokkaido Assembly (elected by Sapporo City)
  • Constant number: 28 people
  • Term: May 2019, 5 (Reiwa 13st year) to May 2023, 5 (Reiwa 5th year) May 12
ConstituencyNameParliamentary name
Chuo-ku (3)Chiba HidemoriLDP・Citizens' meeting
Naoko HigakiLDP/Citizens' Meeting
Fujikawa MasashiDemocratic/Dominant Union (Constitutional Democratic Party)
Kita (4)Yamane NorihiroDemocratic/Democratic Union (Constitutional Democratic Party)
Takayoshi YoshikawaLDP/Citizens' Meeting
Yasunori MichimiLDP/Citizens' Meeting
Shiho NakanoHokkaido AssemblyKomeitoLegislature
Higashi Ward (4)Yasushi WatanabeLDP/Citizens' Meeting
Hiromi AraHokkaido National Assembly Komei Party Parliamentary Group
Ayako FuchigamiDemocratic/Democratic Union (Constitutional Democratic Party)
Miyagawa JunJapan Communist PartyHokkaido Parliamentary Assembly
Shiroishi Ward (3)Jouichi ItoLDP/Citizens' Meeting
Mayumi HirotaDemocratic/Democratic Union (Constitutional Democratic Party)
Mori ShigeyukiHokkaido National Assembly Komei Party Parliamentary Group
Atsubetsu Ward (2)Hanasaki MasaruLDP/Citizens' Meeting
Kazutada SugawaraDemocratic/Democratic Union (Constitutional Democratic Party)
Toyohira Ward (3)Yuki YoshidaLDP/Citizens' Meeting
Takeshi MatsuyamaDemocratic/Democratic Union (Constitutional Democratic Party)
Noko OgoshiLDP/Citizens' Meeting
Kiyota Ward (2)Tadashi KajiyaDemocratic/Democratic Union (Constitutional Democratic Party)
Junichi MiyashitaLDP/Citizens' Meeting
South ward (2)Koji MaruiwaLDP/Citizens' Meeting
Hatakeyama MinoriDemocratic/Democratic Union (Constitutional Democratic Party)
Nishi-ward (3)Hiromitsu TakedaDemocratic/Democratic Union (Constitutional Democratic Party)
Takahiro KatoLDP/Citizens' Meeting
Kei WadaLDP/Citizens' Meeting
Teine Ward (2)Takashi SumiyaLDP/Citizens' Meeting
Yasuko SudaDemocratic/Democratic Union (Constitutional Democratic Party)

House of Representatives

Member of the House of Representatives
ConstituencyRepresentative nameParty nameNumber of winsRemarks
Hokkaido 1th Ward(Chuo-ku,South ward,Nishi-ward)Taichi MichishitaConstitutional Democratic Party2Constituency
Hokkaido 2th Ward(Kita,Higashi Ward)Kenko MatsukiConstitutional Democratic Party6Constituency
Hokkaido 3th Ward(Shiroishi Ward,Toyohira Ward,Kiyota Ward)Hirohisa TakagiLDP3Constituency
Yu AraiConstitutional Democratic Party1Proportional revival
Hokkaido 4th Ward(Teine WardSuch)Hiroyuki NakamuraLDP4Constituency
Otsuki autumn leavesConstitutional Democratic Party1Proportional revival
Hokkaido 5th Ward(Atsubetsu WardSuch)Yoshiaki WadaLDP3Constituency

National agency

Refer to "List of administrative agency locations"[84]

Government office

Cabinet Secretariat

  • Ainu General Policy Office Hokkaido Branch Office

National Personnel Authority

  • Secretariat Office Hokkaido Office

Cabinet Office

Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications

Ministry of Justice

Ministry of Finance

Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare

  • Hokkaido Welfare Bureau
  • Hokkaido Labor Bureau
    • Labor Standards Department Labor Accident Compensation Section Branch Office
    • Employment Security Division, Occupational Measures Section
    • Sapporo CentralLabor Standards Inspection Office
    • Sapporo East Labor Standards Inspection Office
    • SapporoPublic Employment Security Office(Hello Work Sapporo)
      • Mothers Hello Work Sapporo, Sapporo Wakamono Hello Work, Hello Work Plaza Sapporo, Sapporo New Graduate Support Hello Work
    • Sapporo East Public Employment Security Office (Hello Work Sapporo East)
    • Sapporo Kita Public Employment Security Office (Hello Work Sapporo Kita)
      • Hello Work Plaza North 24

Ministry of Agriculture

Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry

Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism

Ministry of the Environment

Ministry of Defense

裁判 所

Independent administrative agencies, special corporations, etc.

Refer to "List of locations of independent administrative corporations" and "List of locations of special corporations" (as of July 30, 7)[85][86]

Independent administrative agency

Special corporationWait

Facility

Archives/Library

Archives

library

Museums

Cultural facility

Exercise facility

Multipurpose facility

park

Foreign relations

Number of registered foreigners by country

February 2009 Sapporo City Foreign Public Awareness Survey Report (digest version)[88]According to Sapporo, the total number of registered foreigners in Sapporo is 9,126.

Breakdown
Nationality (top)of people
Chugoku3,255 (about 35.7%)
South Korea·Korea(north korea)2,714 (about 29.7%)
The United States of America522 (about 5.7%)
フィリピン316 (about 3.5%)
ロシア267 (about 2.9%)
カナダ166 (about 1.8%)
英国163 (about 1.8%)
Australia150 (about 1.6%)
ネ パ ー ル122 (about 1.3%)
Indonesia108 (about 1.2%)
More1343 (about 15.0%)

Sister city/affiliated city

"sister city"[89]And "City of exchange agreements"[90]reference

Overseas

sister city

Partner city

Domestic

Partner city

More

International organization

Refer to "Foreign House in Sapporo, etc."[91]

Consulate

Consulate General

Honorary Consulate

  • Irish flagHonorary Consulate of Ireland
  • Indonesian flagHonorary Consulate of the Republic of Indonesia
  • Austrian flagHonorary Consulate of the Republic of Austria
  • Canadian flagHonorary Consulate of Canada
  • Guatemala flagHonorary Consulate of the Republic of Guatemala
  • Spanish flagHonorary Consulate of the Kingdom of Spain
  • Chilean flagHonorary Consulate of the Republic of Chile
  • Danish flagHonorary Consulate of the Kingdom of Denmark
  • German flagHonorary Consulate of the Federal Republic of Germany
  • Philippines flagHonorary Consulate of the Republic of the Philippines
  • Finnish flagHonorary Consulate of the Republic of Finland
  • Brazilian flagHonorary Consulate of the Federal Republic of Brazil
  • French flagHonorary Consulate of the French Republic
  • Mongolia flagHonorary Consulate of Mongolia
  • Lithuanian flagHonorary Consulate of the Republic of Lithuania

Foreign government related organizations

  • Canadian Government Sapporo Trade Office
  • In SapporoSakhalinPermanent mission
  • Sapporo
  • Sapporo Alliance Francaise
  • Sapporo Korean Education Institute

Other related organizations

Economy

In the central city of the Hokkaido economy, the gross domestic product (nominal) in 2009 (Heisei 21) is about 6.2 trillion yen, but it has decreased since the peak in 1995 (Heisei 7).[92].. In reality, with price fluctuations removed, the peak was in 2004 (16).[92].. The economy of Sapporo is such as service services for civic services and business establishments associated with population growth.Tertiary industryIs the most developed, and has been developed centering on domestic demand type industry corresponding to the demand formed locally.[92].

Primary industry

From the beginning of the Meiji eraTun Tianbing Paddy field-field OfClearingIn 1876 (Meiji 9), it became the predecessor of Hokkaido University.Sapporo agricultural schoolHas been played as a technological base for northern agriculture.[93]. Pacific WarAfter that, with the rapid development of Sapporo City, for urban infrastructure developmentFarmlandWas diverted, and the number of farmland and farm households decreased.[93].. In 2006 (Heisei 18), the amount of agricultural output was about 38.4 billion yen, cultivated was 30.7 billion yen, and livestock was 7.8 million yen.[93]..The main product isonion(Sapporo Huang),Pumpkin,watermelon,SpinachAs for onions, Sapporo is the birthplace of cultivation.

Secondary industry

The composition ratio of construction costs (work volume basis) in Hokkaido was 2010% for the public and 22% for the private sector in fiscal 56.4, accounting for more than half of the public and the highest ratio in the whole country.[93]..With the declining trend of public works projects, the number of construction business establishments and employees is decreasing in Sapporo City as well.[93]..In the manufacturing industry, the shipment value of manufactured products in Sapporo City was 2010 billion yen in 22, which is an industrial city in Hokkaido.Tomakomai-MuroranRanked 3rd after[93].. In the manufacturing industry, both the number of business establishments and the number of employees are decreasing.[93].. The main industries are food manufacturing, printing/related industries, and metal/machine manufacturing.[93].

As "Sapporo-type manufacturing industry" in SapporoITThe industry, biotechnology industry, and content industry are developing as new industrial promotion, and in 1986 (Showa 61)Sapporo Techno ParkStarted to sell, and in the 1990s, IT-related companies concentrated around the north exit of Sapporo Station[93]..The IT industry in Sapporo is larger than the major manufacturing industries, and has a share of about 8% of the whole of Hokkaido.[93]..Also, in December 2011, Sapporo CityGeneral Special Area Law"Sapporo Content Special Zone" (released in 2016)[94], Some municipalities in Hokkaido, including Sapporo, are designated as "Hokkaido Food Complex International Strategic Comprehensive Special Zone". In the special food zone, we aim to improve the added value of agricultural and marine resources and processed products from Hokkaido, and expand sales channels. ing[95].

Tertiary industry

It is the most developed industry in Sapporo. Regarding the retail industry, the number of establishments is decreasing, but the number of employees is increasing mainly in the food and beverage retailing industry.[93]..The ratio of the number of real estate business establishments is nationwide, Hokkaido,Regional center city(Sendai city-Hiroshima city-Fukuoka CityThe ratio of Sapporo City is higher than any of[93]..The average office rent in central Sapporo (Ekimae-dori district) is 2011 yen / tsubo as of the end of December 23, which is one-third the rent in the Tokyo Marunouchi district.[93]..Sapporo city from 2000 (Heisei 12)Call centerAnd is one of the nation's leading call center clusters such as financial industry, insurance industry, and retail industry.[93]..Regarding the service industry, the composition ratio of the number of academic research and specialized technology service industry establishments is higher than that of the whole country and Hokkaido.[93].. Looking at the composition ratio of the number of employees in the service industry by industry, medical and welfare industries account for the largest number, followed by accommodation and restaurant industries, and life-related service and entertainment industries.[93].

Companies based in Sapporo

Agriculture and forestry

Construction industry

Manufacturing industry

Food

machine

Oil and coal products

transportation

Public transportation

Other transportation

Wholesale trade

Retail trade

Department store/Supermarket

convenience store

Home center

Drug store

Insurance dispensing pharmacy

Automobile/industrial machinery retail

Fuel/gas retail

Restaurant industry

Other retail

Finance/Insurance

Financial institution

Life insurance

  • AXA Life(Two head office system with Tokyo)

Securities industry

Stock exchange

Other finance/insurance

real estate business

Service industry

Tourism

amusement

Medical and welfare services

Advertising agency

Consultant

Recruitment

Learning support

Other Services

Cooperative association with a secretariat in Sapporo

Other associations/organizations

List of industrial parks

See "Sapporo Industry Portal"[96]

Kita

  • Shinkawa Industrial Park

Higashi Ward

  • Higashi Naeko Industrial Park
  • Okadama Ironworks
  • Okadama District Industrial Park
  • Sapporo city recycling complex

Shiroishi Ward

South ward

  • Sapporo Art Village

Nishi-ward

  • Hakan Iron Works
  • Hakan Ironworks-related complex
  • Hakka Wood Park
  • Hakka District 2nd Industrial Park
  • Hakka District 3nd Industrial Park
  • Hakka District 4nd Industrial Park

Atsubetsu Ward

  • Atsubetsu District Light Industrial Park
  • Atsetsu District No. 2 Light Industrial Park
  • Sapporo Techno Park

Teine Ward

  • Teine Industrial Park
  • Teine Yamaguchi District Light Industrial Park

Kiyota Ward

Major companies founded in Sapporo

A company that used to be in Sapporo

Telecommunications

Mass media

TV/FM transmittersTeineyama, AM radio transmitterEbetsu(Ebetsu Radio Broadcasting Station) Is installed. As of June 2015, Sapporo cityBasic municipality) Is broadcast by the most 8 stations.

Newspaper company

Infomation

Broadcaster

TV broadcast

Area broadcasting

  • Especially TV Kotoni Shopping Street (Nishi Ward)

Radio station

Community broadcasting station

Internet radio stations

Cable television operators

communication

Information processing/data center

Telecommunications

software

More

Life base

life line

electricity

gas

Water and sewerage

Heat supply

Educational institution

University

National
public
private

Junior college

private

Transportation

The IC boarding card introduced by JR HokkaidoKitaca"Sapporo City Transportation BureauIntroduced by "SAPICAHowever, since Kitaca is a service that can be used only in the SAPICA area (excluding some areas), please be careful.[97][98].. In addition, in order to promote social participation of the elderly,Respect for the elderly ride, And "Welfare boarding certificate" etc. are issued as a transportation expense subsidy for people with disabilities.[99][100].

Air route

空港

Train

JR is the main stationSapporo StationAnd subwayOdori StationIs (both stationsUnderground walking spaceIt is directly connected via).For private railways, Jotetsu Kei Railway Co., Ltd. (currentlyJotetsu) Operated byJozankei Railway LineHowever, in 1969 (Showa 44), the entire line was abolished.

Railway line

In addition to JR Hokkaido, the current railway lines include the Sapporo Municipal Subway and Sapporo Streetcar operated by the Sapporo City Transportation Bureau.

Hokkaido passenger railway(JR Hokkaido)
Nippon Freight Railway Hokkaido Branch(JR Freight)
Sapporo City Transportation Bureau
Sapporo City Transportation Business Promotion Corporation

Cableway/steel rope railway

bus

Long time agoTransit BusでSapporo City BusWas in operation,Hokkaido Central Bus,JR Hokkaido Bus, Transferred to Jotetsu 3 companies and abolished.Intercity busesSapporo StationFrom the surrounding area to each city in HokkaidoExpress Bus,New Chitose AirportandSapporo Okadama AirportContact bus to,(I.e.ToShuttle busIs arriving and departing.

Transit Bus

Bus terminal

Taxi

Hokkaido Transportation BureauAccording to the total at the end of 2013 in the Sapporo transportation areaTaxiThe number of vehicles is 4,874 (appropriate number of vehicles is 4728). The actual actual vehicle rate in 2013 was 30.4% (2001 Degree ratio minus 14.1%). The total actual vehicle kilometer in 2013 was 1 km (up 1,773% from the previous year). The daily vehicle revenue and the actual vehicle kilometer in 5,777 were 1.2 yen and 2013 km, respectively (the daily vehicle revenue was minus 28,800% and the actual vehicle kilometer was minus 74.8% compared to 2001).In response to this fact2015 May 10According to the Transport Council, "In the Sapporo area, unless the taxi supply and transportation capacity is reduced, the taxi business cannot maintain sound management and function as public transportation."Taxi optimization and activation methodBased on Article XNUMX, paragraph XNUMX, Sapporo transportation area[Annotation 2]It was judged appropriate to specify as a "specific area" in which the total number of vehicles can be limited. The expiration date of the specified period in a specific area2018 May 10Is[106].

The maximum fare for the first ride of a regular car by a member company of the Hokkaido Higher Association is 1.6 yen for the distance system (670 km) and 30 yen for the time system (2,830 minutes).[107].

道路

The roads in downtown Sapporo arePioneerIt started in 1869 (Meiji 2) and started to be made in earnest in 1871 (Meiji 4) based on the city planning ofBoardIt is characterized by running like the eyes of[108].. Judge of the pioneering ambassador who planned the construction of SapporoYoshiyuki ShimaThe ChineseChang'anAnd Japan京都I wanted to make it windy, but I was dismissed from the construction due to the difficulty of construction, and in 1870 (Meiji 3), the vice minister of developmentKiyotaka KurodaIt is said that this was the result of inviting many American engineers to develop a new city and carry out American-style town development instead.[108].. Initially, street names in Sapporo were named in the American style such as "Sapporo-dori" and "Ishikari-dori", but from the middle of the Meiji era, the east-west road was "South 1". , North-south road was given a Kyoto-style name, such as "West 1-chome."[108].

highway

East Japan Expressway Hokkaido Branch(NEXCO East Japan)

National road

Tourism

Cultural property

Refer to "Designated Cultural Properties in Sapporo City (Countries/Roads/Cities)"[109]

Nationally designated cultural property

Road designated cultural property

City designated cultural property

Nationally registered cultural property

Refer to "Registered Cultural Property in Sapporo City"[111]

Nearby Tourist Spots

Chuo-ku

Kita

Higashi Ward

Shiroishi Ward

Toyohira Ward

South ward

Nishi-ward

Atsubetsu Ward

Teine Ward

Kiyota Ward

Culture/Specialty

Festivals and events

Music event

Sports competition

Major sports competitions ever held in Sapporo

Specialty/Special product

"Miso Ramen"Or"Soup CurryIt is said to be the birthplace[112][113], Various food cultures that make use of fresh ingredients from Hokkaido are developing. The "Sweets Kingdom Sapporo Promotion Council" was established in 2005, andWestern confectioneryFrom Sapporo where production is active, through various sweets, efforts are being made in various fields to create new vitality in the Hokkaido economy.[114].. In 2009, the city of Sapporo declared "Sapporo, a city that loves Hokkaido food," advocating the need not only to disseminate food inside and outside Hokkaido, but also to consume Hokkaido food.[115].

Specialty

Special product

  • Sapporo Huang(East WardOkadama districtProduced inonion OfVariety) "Ark of taste" registered varieties
  • Satsuo(Variety of onions produced in Okadama area, Higashi-ku. Improved variety of Sapporo Huang)
  • Sapporo Grand Ball (produced in the largest sizecabbageVariety) "Ajino Ark" registered variety
  • Miyako Ohama Pumpkin (Yamaguchi district, Teine WardProduced inPumpkinVarieties)
  • Sapporo watermelon (produced in Yamaguchi area, Teine Ward)watermelonVarieties)
  • Polar Star (Kiyota Ward)Shinei-AriakeProduced in the districtSpinachVarieties)
  • Satohoro (developed by Sapporo Agricultural CenterStrawberryVarieties)
  • Sapporo Hakkou (of Hokkaido traditional vegetablescornVariety.Odori Park's specialty grilled corn varieties at the time of its founding, generally called "Hachijo Toukibi") "Aji no Ark" registered varieties
  • Sapporo Midori (Snow Brand SeedlingDeveloped by SapporoEdamameBreed of
  • Sapporo Nagacho Nanban (of Sapporo traditional vegetablesRed pepperVarieties)
  • Sapporo white burdock (of Sapporo traditional vegetablesBurdockVarieties)

Group

Major orchestras and choirs
  • Sapporo Symphony Orchestra
  • Sapporo Philharmonic Orchestra
  • Hokkaido Symphony Orchestra
  • Nord Symphonica
  • Sapporo Chamber Orchestra
  • Sapporo 100 Symphony Orchestra
  • orchestraHARUKA
  • Sapporo Nishi Ward Orchestra
  • Sapporo citizen orchestra
  • Sapporo Broadcasting Chorus

Sports

Origin-related celebrities

Native celebrity

Honor citizen

Hiragishi CemeteryThere are Hashimoto, Takaoka, and Itagaki cemeteries in the Honorary Citizen's area.

Works set in Sapporo

"Sapporo Film CommissionIs a movie or TV program set in Sapporo,CMFor shooting etc.LocationWe provide various information such as weather, event information, application required for shooting, etc.[116]..Also, "JapanFilm commissionAs the head of the Hokkaido block, when shooting all over Hokkaido, I act as a contact point for each local government in Hokkaido and support the shooting smoothly.[117].

footnote

[How to use footnotes]

注 釈

  1. ^ Tokyo,Osaka,Nagoya cityThis was the fourth subway opening in Japan after Japan.
  2. ^ A business area established by the Hokkaido Transport Bureau Director under the provisions of Article XNUMX of the Road Transport Law Enforcement Regulations.

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