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😷 | "New Corona" Infects XNUMX new people in Fukuoka Prefecture


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"New Corona" newly infected XNUMX people in Fukuoka Prefecture

 
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On the other hand, in Saga Prefecture, 18 new infected people were confirmed on the 288th.
 

Fukuoka Prefecture announced on the XNUMXth that XNUMX new people have been infected with the new coronavirus.Below the same day of the previous week ... → Continue reading

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    288

    Saga

    Saga(Saken,(British: Saga Prefecture) IsJapan OfKyushu regionに 位置 す るPrefecture.Prefectural office location TheSaga City.

    tea,Karatsu-Imari-AritaFrom ancient times such asChinaFamous as a production center ofGenkai SeaAriake SeaTouching two seas.Regulatory country OfHizen countryIt corresponds to the eastern part.Meiji OfPrefecture systemUpon establishment, the country was with Saga Prefecture.NagasakiIt was separated as two prefectures.It is the prefecture with the smallest area and economic scale in the Kyushu region, and its population is less than 2% of the neighboring Fukuoka prefecture.Fukuoka CityIt's only about half of.On the other hand, the population density is the 16th highest in the whole country,HiroshimaIt exceeds the population density of.

    Geography/Region

    Saga Prefecture is the western part of Japan (West Japan) Or South (Southern Japan),Kyushu regionIn the north (Northern Kyushu) Or western (West Kyushu) Is located.population-areaBoth are the smallest in the seven prefectures of Kyushu, and the population and area are 7nd out of all 47 prefectures, but the population density is 42th out of all 47 prefectures and 16/1 from the top, the second in Kyushu. High.

    Area classification in the prefectureSaga DomainKaratsu DomainFrom the historical background that was divided into two,Karatsu CityCentered onNorth(Northwest) and Saga CitySouthernThe two categories most commonly used are (Southeast). For more detailed division, the three categories of northern, eastern, and west, and five categories of Mikami, Sagi, Kito, Karamatsu, and Isai are used.

    In the awareness survey of prefecture names2002/According to the survey results of (14), 4th place (for 6th grade elementary school to 44th grade elementary school)2004/According to the survey results of (16) (Middle school students30th place)[1].

    Terrain

    The shape of Saga Prefecture is close to an uneven triangle with irregularities. NorthwestRias coast砂 浜 OfGenkai Sea, In the southeastTidal flatReclaimed land OfAriake SeaThat is, it touches two seas whose coasts are completely different. From the Ariake Sea coastChikugo RiverAlong the occupy 3% of the prefecture areaSaga PlainSpreads from the Genkai Sea to the western Saga PlainSuch ashillsIt is a zone. In the northeastMt. SefurisanIn the southwestMt. TaradakeEach of the mountainous areas has a mountainous area of ​​1,000 m and has a hilly area in between.arable landIs 39% of the prefecture area, which is twice as high as the domestic average, while forests and wastelands are 2%, which is only 49% of the domestic average.

    The northeastern part of the prefecture is connected from east to westMt. SefurisanIs KaratsuHamatama TownからTosu CityThe ridgeline is the prefectural border with Fukuoka prefecture.The mountain range is interrupted in Tosu City, but Fukuoka Prefecture's extension is on the extension line.Mino MountainsIs extended. Tosu CityKiyamaAre adjacentKurumeIt is located in the mountainous area together with the Fukuoka plain in the north and in the south.Chikushi PlainTie道路network·TrainIt is a branch point of the net. In a key transportation area and industrial areaFukuoka metropolitan area OfBed townTherefore, the population growth rate is exceptionally high in the prefecture where housing development is progressing and the population continues to decline.The population of the Chikugo Saga area, which surrounds the Ariake Sea and the Chikugo River, centering on the Tsukushi Plain, which extends to both Fukuoka and Saga prefectures, exceeds 100 million, and the total production in the region isKitakyushu metropolitan areaThere is a scale approaching.The mountains extend to the north of the plain and are located in the central part of the prefecture.TianshanUp to.

    The southern foot of Mt. Sefurisan is gentleDiluvial plateauIt is a long and narrow hilly area consisting ofAlluvial plainIsSaga PlainExtends from east to west and occupies the eastern to central part of the prefecture. The Saga Plain is another name for the western half of the Chikushi Plain and has been around since ancient times.CerealsIt is a granary area where there is a lot of production. Cross the center of the Chikushi plainChikugo RiverIs FukuokaChikugo region(Chikugo Plain) Is the border with. FlatLowlandSpreads inland and many large and small rivers flow20st centuryFlood damage occurred frequently until the middle of the year, but it is now largely suppressed due to the progress of flood control. To the south of the Saga PlainAriake SeaThere is a shallow and wideTidal flatThe biota peculiar to the tidal flat spread out. On the coast since the Edo periodReclamationAreas created by are distributed. The total reclaimed area in the prefecture is 100 since the Edo period.km2It has reached around, reaching 1% of the Saga Plain and 4% of the prefecture area.

    The northwest isSea of ​​JapanEast China SeaIs a connected water areaGenkai SeaTo face. Protruding into the seaHigashimatsuura Peninsula(Listed plateau)Kitamatsuura Peninsula ThebasaltConsisted ofLava plateauAnd is warm and partlyLaurel forestAlso distributed.Rias coastPeninsula, Remote islandAre scattered,Karatsu Bay,Imari BayTo砂 浜Are distributed. Along the coast of this areaGenkai Quasi-National ParkSpecified toKaratsu Castle,YobukoThere are tourist destinations such as.

    The Kishima hills spread to the south of the river mouth lowland on the Genkai Sea coast and to the southwestern part of the prefecture.NagasakiForm a prefectural border withMt. TaradakeContinue to the mountains. The Honoya Formation (Eocene) And Sasebo Group (OligoceneThere is a layer (coal bed) containing coal in the latter half,Coal mineHowever, it experienced rapid regional decline and population decline due to the closure of the mountain.It was also founded in the wake of the harvest of pottery stones at Izumiyama, Arita.Imari ware(Arita ware) Is a brand that represents Saga Prefecture.TakeoHot springsUreshinoSpa towns such as hot springs are scattered.

    Except for Mt. Taradake, an inactive volcano, in Saga PrefectureVolcanoThere is no.EarthquakeIs rarely affected byrainy seasonDue to heavy rain such as洪水,typhoonThere is a lot of damage.On the other hand, it occupies more than 3% of the forest area.Natural forest-Secondary forestMost ofEvergreen broad-leaved forestso,Genkai SeaOn the coastLaurel forestCan also be seen. The remaining 7% or lessCedarCypressCentered onPlantationThe ratio of planted forest to forest area is 66% (2002/) Is the highest in all prefectures of Japan.

    Main terrain and natural park in the prefecture
    Prefecture area
    Adjacent prefectures
    • Fukuoka prefecture flagFukuoka
    • Nagasaki Prefecture FlagNagasaki
    • Hokkaido,Nagasaki Prefecture,OkinawaThere are two or more prefectures adjacent to each other on land in all prefectures except, but Saga prefecture is the only prefecture where the adjacent prefectures are not in contact with each other at all. In other words, when traveling between Fukuoka Prefecture and Nagasaki Prefecture by land, it must pass through this prefecture.

    climate

    Saga prefecture is relatively in JapanclimateAlthough it is warm, the winter is severe for latitude and colder than Tokyo.2016/On January 1, at all observation points in the prefecture真 冬日Was observed. If you look at Japan over a wide area,Pacific climateThe coastal area of ​​the Genkai Sea in the north is cloudy, butPrecipitation amountIn terms ofSea of ​​Japan side climateIs clearly different from.There are many typhoons passing and damage, but less than in other prefectures in Kyushu.The climate in the prefecture is roughly divided into three.

    The southern plains centered around Saga City
    There is a lot of precipitation in summer and a lot of winter. There is considerable rainfall throughout the year. The temperature isKumamoto-shiSuch asbasinThe temperature difference in the day tends to be large, and the heat is severe in summer, and there are many hot days and tropical nights.Since the plains are low above sea level, there are many floods and splashes containing salt sprayed from the Ariake Sea.Salt damageOften occurs.Also, because it is inland, it tends to dry mainly in winter, and it may snow many times.Winter in Saga is relatively cold, and it is the only snowy country in Kyushu.
    Genkai Sea coast in the north of Karatsu City, Imari City, etc.
    Precipitation is high in summer, but also high in winter due to monsoonSnowfallIs recorded several times a year.Oceanic climateThe temperature difference in one day tends to be small, and there are few hot days and winter days.
    Mountainous areas such as Ureshino, Ureshino and Mise, Saga
    The annual rainfall in the Mise area is about 2400 mm, and there is a large amount of rainfall overall, especially in summer. Both the temperature difference for one year and the temperature difference for one day are large. In the winter, it becomes particularly cold in the winter,FrostThere are also many days. Average yearTianshanThe first snow of12/4[2].
    Left: 1981-2010 Normal value
    Normal value in each area of ​​Saga (statistical period:1971/(Showa46 years)- 2000/(Heisei12 years), Source:Meteorological Agency / Meteorological Statistics Information
    Average price
    (Monthly)
    NorthSouthern
    Karatsu City
    Branch tree
    KaratsuImari佐賀Saga City
    Kawazu
    ShiraishiUreshino
    average
    temperature
    (° C)
    Warmest month25.4
    (May)
    26.7
    (May)
    27.4
    (May)
    27.1
    (May)
    26.1
    (May)
    Coldest month5.3
    (May)
    5.1
    (May)
    5.2
    (May)
    4.7
    (May)
    4.1
    (May)
    Precipitation amount
    (mm)
    Most months324.3
    (May)
    389.3
    (May)
    362.8
    (May)
    369.7
    (May)
    446.8
    (May)
    Minimum month56.5
    (May)
    53.9
    (May)
    42.4
    (May)
    43.0
    (May)
    50.9
    (May)

    Municipalities

    Currently, there are 10 in Saga prefectureCity6county10townThere are 20 municipalities in total.2004/(16) As of December, there were a total of 12 cities, towns and villages, including 7 cities, 8 counties, 38 towns and 4 villages,Merger of municipalitiesBy the last merger2007/(19)10/1The number of cities, towns and villages has decreased to less than half.For municipalities that were abolished due to the merger,List of abolished municipalities in Saga PrefecturePlease refer to.

    Incidentally,2006/(18) Sefuri Village became Kanzaki City on March 3, and finally all the villages in Saga Prefecture disappeared.In Saga Prefecture, all "towns" are read as "butterflies" except that Kohoku Town refers to them as "towns".

    Area ranking by prefectureIs a small prefecture with 42nd place and the whole prefecture is often one area, but if divided roughly,Saga PlainAnd the southHigashimatsuura PeninsulaIt is divided into the northern part centered on. Also, in a more detailed divisionSagi(Saga City/Ogi City/Taku City)Three gods(Tosu City, Kanzaki City, Sanyo District, Kanzaki District)Kito(Takeo City, Kashima City, Ureshino City, Kishima District, Fujitsu District)Karamatsu(Karatsu City, Higashimatsuura District)IsaiOften divided into 5 areas (Imari City, Nishimatsuura-gun).

    List of prefecture local governments and specifications
    市町村
    Codes
    市町村countyArea (km2)Population (people)The population density
    (People/km2
    41201Saga City-431.84231,275536
    41202Karatsu City-487.59114,885236
    41203Tosu City-71.7274,5661,040
    41204Taku City-96.9617,881184
    41205Imari City-255.2551,536202
    41206Takeo City-195.4047,203242
    41207Kashima-112.1227,183242
    41208小 城市-95.8143,419453
    41209Ureshino City-126.4125,247200
    41210Kanzaki-125.1330,487244
    41327Yoshinogari TownKanzaki District43.9916,299371
    41341KiyamaSanyo-gun22.1517,322782
    41345KamimineSanyo-gun12.809,396734
    41346Miyaki TownSanyo-gun51.9225,523492
    41387Genkai TownHigashimatsuura District35.925,416151
    41401Arita TownNishimatsuura District65.8518,621283
    41423Omachi TownKishima-gun11.506,156535
    41424Kohoku TownKishima-gun24.499,478387
    41425ShiroishiKishima-gun99.5621,459216
    41441Tara TownFujitsu-gun74.307,889106
    Area as of October 2014, 10Geographical Survey Institute"Area adjustment by prefectures, cities, towns and villages nationwide"by. In addition, * is a municipality with undecided boundaries. Population is as of June 2022, 6Estimated population.
    Wide-area municipal area
    • Saga Area Wide Area Municipal Area-Saga City, Taku City, Ogi City, Kanzaki City
    • Karatsu/Higashimatsuura Metropolitan Area-Karatsu City, Genkai Town
    • Tosu Area Wide Area Municipal Area-Tosu City, Kamimine Town, Kiyama Town, Yoshinogari Town, Miyaki Town
    • Imari/Kitamatsu area wide area municipalities-Imari City, Arita Town
    • Kito District Wide Area Municipal Area-Takeo City, Kashima City, Ureshino City, Shiraishi Town, Omachi Town, Kohoku Town, Tara Town
    Regional base city area
    • Saga Regional Base City Area-Saga City, Taku City, Ogi City, Kanzaki City
    • Karatsu/Higashimatsuura Region Base City Area-Karatsu City, Genkai Town

    Metropolitan area

    Mainly the cities in the prefectureUrban employment area(10% commuting area)

    1980/1990/1995/2000/2005/2010/2015/
    佐賀 Metropolitan area
    36Ten thousand6499
    佐賀 Metropolitan area
    37Ten thousand4637
    佐賀 Metropolitan area
    37Ten thousand9865
    佐賀 Metropolitan area
    41Ten thousand0326
    佐賀 Metropolitan area
    41Ten thousand3320
    佐賀 Metropolitan area
    40Ten thousand5062
    佐賀 Metropolitan area
    39Ten thousand8217
    Karatsu Metropolitan area
    13Ten thousand8271
    Karatsu Metropolitan area
    13Ten thousand1376
    Karatsu Metropolitan area
    13Ten thousand8829
    Karatsu Metropolitan area
    13Ten thousand5305
    Karatsu Metropolitan area
    13Ten thousand7854
    Karatsu Metropolitan area
    13Ten thousand3305
    Karatsu Metropolitan area
    12Ten thousand8687

    7Ten thousand4066
    Imari Metropolitan area
    7Ten thousand4180
    Imari Metropolitan area
    7Ten thousand3483
    Imari Metropolitan area
    7Ten thousand1913
    Tosu Metropolitan area
    11Ten thousand0769
    Tosu Metropolitan area
    11Ten thousand3086
    Tosu Metropolitan area
    11Ten thousand5681
    --Tosu Metropolitan area
    6Ten thousand6494
    Tosu Metropolitan area
    6Ten thousand9790
    Imari Metropolitan area
    7Ten thousand0666
    Imari Metropolitan area
    7Ten thousand8090
    Imari Metropolitan area
    7Ten thousand5387
    Source: Kanemoto, published value as of January 2020[3] by.
    The prefecture's local governments center on Fukuoka's local governmentsFukuoka metropolitan area,Kurume metropolitan areaSome years were included in the table but were excluded from this table.

    History

    Origin of prefecture name

    The prefecture name "Saga" is1871/It became the prefectural capital on the occasion of the abandonment of the feudal clan (Meiji 4)SagaTaken from. From ancient times, the notation of both "Saga" and "Saga" was seen,1870/It was unified into "Saga" in the 3rd year of Meiji. The old "Saga" notationSaga ShrineEtc. are left.

    There are various theories about the origin of Saga-gun,Hizen Country CultureInKusunokiOften referred to are the "Sakae no Kuni" legend and the legend of Fudoki. Camphor trees have a close relationship with the fact that famous trees are located throughout the prefecture and are designated as "prefectural trees." There are also theories of "Saka," which refers to sloping terrain, "Saka," where water flows backward due to tidal action, and "Suga," which refers to dune areas.

    Ancient times

    Some Paleolithic remains have been discovered. In Taku City, etc.SanukiteA sharp-pointed stone tool specialized for hunting has been found. In ImariKoshidakeRuinsobsidianIt is confirmed that from here, the late Paleolithic period-Obsidian produced in the Jomon period has spread to Honshu, Okinawa, and the southern part of the Korean Peninsula. Also in Saga cityTomei RuinsThen 7,000 years ago in the early Jomon period, baskets, wooden accessories,Shell moundRemains of living remains have been excavated.

    The area facing the Genkai Sea in the northwestern part of the prefecture isFukuokaIntroduced from the continent alongside the northwestern part ofRice cultivationIs considered to be the birthplace of JapanUki Kuda RuinsThen, carbonized paddy in the late Jomon period,Nabata SiteIn the latter half of the Jomon period, carbonized rice and paddy fields have been found.

    "Wei ZhajinLooks likeCountry of end(Matsuranokuni)" was said to have existed in the present Karatsu region,Bronze ware,CopperwareThere are many archaeological sites that are excavated. Also,Yoshinogari Town-KanzakiLarge hills of the Yayoi periodRing moatIsYoshinogari archeological siteThere is also a characteristic of northern Kyushu in the vicinityJar burialHave been found.

    Furthermore, it was built in the early Kofun period. large keyhole-shaped tomb moundOf Karatsu cityKuri Sosui TombIn the Higashimatsuura district and northern Saga plain,Old tombAre distributed.665/On the border of Kiyama-cho and Chikushino-shi, FukuokaAncient mountain castleone ofKijo CastleWas built,GuardConveneDazaifuIt played a part in the line of defense.Around the same time, in Takeo CityObikumayama KamigoishiThe remains that are thought to be mountain castles such as are also established.These days(7st centuryBy the end)Regulatory countryAs of nowNagasakiMainland and entire Saga prefectureHizen countryWas established, and now in Saga prefectureKimono-gun,Yabu-gun,Sanne-gun,Kanzaki District,Saga,Ogi District,Matsuura-gun,Kishima-gun,Fujitsu-gunExisted.

    Heian periodIn the second halfKanzakiso-NagashimasoSuch asManorWill be formed.

    Medieval/Early Modern/Modern

    From the Kamakura period to the Muromachi period, it is believed that more than a hundred clans were set up as the ground. Among them, the biggest one wasKyushu Chiba, Mr. Takagi ,,Matsuura,Shoji,Mr. Hata,Mr. GotoAnd so on. In addition, the Genkai Sea coastMatsuura PartyHad a strong influence. Typical remains of this time are:Northern and Northern DynastiesFeaturing a large moat built inHeijoOf the Kanzaki cityAnekawa CastleThere is.

    In the Warring States period,RyuzojiExpanded its power at once and expanded its territory to Hizen, northern Higo, Chikugo, and southern Chikuzen.Around this time, at the end of the Warring States periodShimazuThe offensive ofBattle of OkitaByRyuzoji TakanobuWhen he died in the war, he lost his momentum and gradually narrowed his territory.just,Toyotomi Administrationby1587/(Tensho15 years)KyushuAs a result, most of the current Saga prefecture is under the control of Mr. Ryuzoji, and the printing plate is decided.

    1591/(Tensho 19) on the Higashimatsuura PeninsulaNagoya CastleWas built,The role of Bunroku and KeichoWas made the base of. The castle has finished its role in both battles, partlyKaratsu CastleIt was dismantled in a few years, such as being used when the castle was built.On the other hand, in the territory of Ryuzoji, after Takanobu's death,Naoshima NaoshimaBegan to act on behalf of national affairs and gradually gained power1607/In (Keicho 12th year), almost all of Ryuzoji's territoryMr. NabeshimaBecame the lord of Saga. Before and after this, there was a feud between the two clan,Nabeshima Clan's Haunted Cat UproarIt is also said to have created the story. On the other hand, in the Karatsu domain, Mr. HataReformBeing replaced, he became the first lord of the Karatsu domain.

    In the Edo period,Saga Domain, Three of them, the Hasuike clan, the Kashima clan, and the Ogi clan,Karatsu DomainWas placed. In addition, near the current Tosu City and Kiyama TownTsushima Fuchu clanThe territory of Tashiro and the territory of Hamasaki in the area near Hamatama-cho, Karatsu City, were the enclaves of the Tsushima Fuchu clan. In addition, the current coastal area of ​​Hamatama-cho, Karatsu City and the southeastern part of Karatsu CityShogunate territoryIt was.

    The Saga feudal clan and its branch clan were relatively stable politically due to the continued control of Nabeshima, his common family, and the branch family of Ryuzoji. However, due to the increased security costs in Nagasaki, the finances were strict from the beginning,The Great Famine of Kyoho,1828/(11th year of Bunsei)Siebold typhoonThe enormous damage caused by the spurred it. However, in the vast Ariake SeaReclamationBy taking advantage of the advantage of being able to expand farmland by making extensive use of land reclamation from the early Edo period, we succeeded in expanding the stone height to approximately 1840 stones in the 67s, nearly double that of 200 years ago. ing. Also, in the middle of the 2th centuryNaomasa NabeshimaStrives to rebuild its finances, reduce officials,Imari ware,tea-coalWe made efforts to protect and nurture such special products. Also, because it was geographically close to Nagasaki, and because it was in charge of Nagasaki security, it was relatively easy to obtain overseas information,Reflection furnace,steam locomotiveExperiments and research on advanced science and technology such as models were also in progress.

    On the other hand, Mr. Terasawa was in the Karatsu domain.Shimabara's turbulenceIt was modified by the influence ofMr. Okubo,Mr. Matsudaira,Mr. Doi,Mizuno,Mr. OgasawaraThe politics were not very stable.Hirotaka Terasawa TheMatsuura RiverAfter renovating, but after thatMizuno TadashiThe teenager1771/(8th year of Meiwa)Rainbow MatsubaraHappened.

    The Saga DomainBoshin WarOr later,Meiji RestorationProduced a lot of people who contributed to. Active in the Meiji Restoration PeriodOhte Shigenobu-Soejima Tanomi-Takaki Oki-Shinpei Eto-Tsunozumi Sano-Yoshiyuki Shima6 people who were active in the end of the Edo period while raising themNaomasa NabeshimaAnd addThe Seven Sages of SagaIt may be called. At the end of the Edo periodSatsu Nagachi OfAspirantThe Meiji new government, which was the center of the group, had volunteered Hizen volunteers from the middle of the Boshin War.Shocho ToiBecause of this system, the people from Hizen continued to occupy the major positions of the Meiji government, but after the Taisho era, the influence of the civil rights screaming to overthrow the feudal clanSatsu NagachiSimilarly, it is no longer a clique.

    1871/At the time of the large-scale integration of the prefectures, the extent of the former Hizen country was divided into Imari prefecture (later Saga prefecture) and Nagasaki prefecture. There are only two such dispositions nationwide, while others are oldMusashi country(Saitama-Tokyo-KanagawaNortheast) and oldSettsu(OsakaNorthwestHyogoSoutheast). This includesUS-Japan Amity and Trade TreatyIt is said that the purpose of the project was to keep the area of ​​the prefecture that covers the five ports that were the target of the opening of the port as narrow as possible. Until the current Saga Prefecture was established, consolidation was repeated in the early Meiji era,1876/In (Meiji 9), there was a situation where all prefectures were merged with other prefectures. In the background of the annexation of all prefectures, 1874Saga no RanIt is said that there was a meaning of disposal to. After the annexation of the strong prefectural rehabilitation movement, seven years later1883/(16th year of Meiji) Saga will be revived[4].

    History until the establishment of Saga Prefecture

    Meiji EraToAquaculture industryAs part of this, the production of machinery was promoted at coal mines in Kishima and Karatsu areas, and the construction of railways helped boost that.1889/(22th year of Meiji)12/11CurrentKagoshima Main LineIncluding prefecture sectionHakata -Opened between Chitose River (currently abolished).1891/(24th year of Meiji)8/20ToTosu - 佐賀while,1895/(28th year of Meiji)5/5ToTakeoUntil,1897/(30th year of Meiji) Sasebo City, Nagasaki Prefecture on July 7HaikiEach stretched up to the presentNagasaki Main Line-Sasebo LineA route to hit was created. Also1898/(31th year of Meiji)8/7ToKyushu Railway West Kyushu LineArita - ImariOpening of the route that hits the gap, 189812/1から1903/(36th year of Meiji)12/14To the presentKaratsu LineThe route which hits was opened.1916/In (Taisho 15) Saga spinning (laterYamato spinningSaga Factory) was established and expanded to a factory with 1920 employees in 1,500, and the manufacturing industry developed through modernization. On the other hand, problems in the working environment have started to occur in various places.

    Modernization was not noticeable in rural areas,1922/The introduction of electric irrigation in JapanBreed improvement,fertilizerWith the rapid spread of adoptionRiceHas significantly increased production,1933/(Showa 8)- 1935/10 year (1 years)a) The highest yield per record was recorded in Japan, called the “Saga stage”, and the population increased with the development of agriculture, which was the main industry.

    modern

    The cities in the prefecture are not industrially concentrated,U.S. ForcesThe priority of the attack was low andPacific WarThe damage caused by the air raids at the end of the period was less than in neighboring prefectures due to the accidental bombing of Saga City, the prefecture's largest attack target. rice field.Despite commercial development, both workers and production value remainPrimary industryWas a relatively high agricultural prefecture. Around this time, the prefectural finances deteriorated due to an increase in fiscal expenditures such as disaster recovery costsFiscal rebuilding organizationIn the background of large-scale faculty reduction as a financial reconstruction measureSakyogumi CaseIs occurring.the 1960sIn 1967, the "new Saga stage" was triggered by the progress of hydraulic control and irrigation and the improvement of farming methods through the collaboration of villages. be[5].

    However, since the late 1960sReductionAs a result, rice-centered agriculture was hit, and the closure of coal mines accelerated, centering on the former coal mine areas such as Taku, Kishima, and Higashimatsuura.High economic growthRapid depopulation progressed during the period.On the other hand, since the 1970s, agriculture has shifted to multi-items such as vegetables and fruits, not just rice, and in the Saga Plain, the production of wheat by double cropping has penetrated to maintain agriculture.In industry, after the development of highways, factories were attracted around the highways in various places.As a result, the agglomerated manufacturing industry has grown into a core industry in the northeastern part of the prefecture centered on Tosu City. From the 1990ssemiconductor,AutomobileThe parts industry is increasing in proportion.

    History

    population

    As of July 2021, the population of Saga Prefecture is about 7, ranking 80nd among all prefectures.Kyushu and Okinawa regionIs the least populated.Total fertility rate 1.56(2002年)は同4番目に高く、年少人口(0 - 14歳)も 15.8%(2002年)と同3番目に高い。人口ピラミッドを見ると、18歳までの人口割合が比較的高く20歳前後でのGoing on to school-Finding employmentIt is characterized by a lot of migration due to. In line with this, the working-age population (15-64 years) is 62.8% (2002), and the ratio is low at 38th. The elderly population (65 years and over) is 21.4% (2002), which is the 21st and the middle.Average lifeThere is a difference between men and women. Men are 78.31 years old and 32nd at the same age, which is shorter than the domestic average of 78.79 years old, and women are 86.04 years old and 17th at the same age, which is longer than the domestic average of 85.75 years (17 (2005 ) Life table by prefecture).

    The prefecture's population (described later) is the first from the prewar 60 level.Baby boomThrough1954/(ShowaAround 29), it reached a peak of 97, but it declined rapidly with the progress of high economic growth.1973/In (48), it hit the bottom with 82 people.After that, it recovered moderately and remained in the mid 2,000 range, and has continued to decrease since the latter half of the 80s.[7].. According to 2007 estimates, the number is expected to decrease to 2020 by 80.4 and 2035 by 71.2.[8].. With population declineLow birthrate and aging populationHowever, the rate of progress is relatively slow due to the high birth rate.

    The large population isSaga City(About 24 people),Karatsu City(About 13 people),Tosu City(Approximately 7 people), but there are many small and medium-sized cities scattered around, and there are no cities with strong economic and population centripetal force.The Saga Plain in the southeastern part, which occupies one-third of the prefecture's area, is home to 3 people, half of the prefecture's population.Genkai SeaThere is also a population agglomeration along the coast and in the basins of the Kishima hills.There is no major bias in the population distribution except that it is biased towards flat land.However, according to the 2005 census, DID in the total population (Concentrated area) Population ratio is 28.4%Shimane It is the second lowest among 47 prefectures, and has a large population.cityIt can be read that it is relatively dispersed without being biased.

    Demography41000.svg
    Population distribution by age in Saga and Japan (2005)Saga Prefecture Age and Gender Population Distribution (2005)
    Purple-Saga
    Green-All over Japan
    Blue-male
    Red-female

    Changes in the population of Saga Prefecture
    Ministry of Internal Affairs and CommunicationsStatistics Bureau CensusThan

    Transition of total population

    Change of prefecture population from 1920 to 2010
    Total [Unit: person]

    ADpopulation
    1920/673,895G100.pngG30.pngG05.png
    1925/684,831G100.pngG30.pngG05.pngG01.png
    1930/681,565G100.pngG30.pngG05.pngG01.png
    1935/686,117G100.pngG30.pngG05.pngG01.pngG01.png
    1940/701,517G100.pngG30.pngG10.png
    1947/917,797G100.pngG50.pngG30.pngG03.pngG01.png
    1950/945,082G100.pngG50.pngG30.pngG05.pngG03.pngG01.png
    1955/973,749G100.pngG50.pngG30.pngG10.pngG05.png
    1960/942,874G100.pngG50.pngG30.pngG05.pngG03.pngG01.png
    1965/871,875G100.pngG50.pngG10.pngG10.pngG03.pngG01.png
    1970/838,468G100.pngG50.pngG10.pngG05.pngG03.png
    1975/837,674G100.pngG50.pngG10.pngG05.pngG03.png
    1980/865,574G100.pngG50.pngG10.pngG10.pngG03.png
    1985/880,013G100.pngG50.pngG10.pngG10.pngG05.pngG01.png
    1990/877,851G100.pngG50.pngG10.pngG10.pngG05.pngG01.png
    1995/884,316G100.pngG50.pngG10.pngG10.pngG05.pngG01.pngG01.png
    2000/876,654G100.pngG50.pngG10.pngG10.pngG05.png
    2005/866,369G100.pngG50.pngG10.pngG10.pngG03.png
    2010/849,709G100.pngG50.pngG10.pngG10.png

    Politics

    Prefectural government

    Prefectural governor

    Yoshiyoshi Yamaguchi(Yama no Guchi Yoshinori)

    2015/(27)1/14[9] -(First term, 1th generation)
    In 2015, when his predecessor Yasushi Furukawa resigned as a member of the House of Representatives and resigned1/11Won the first election. The deputy governor will be acting until 13th.

    Issues and main policies of prefectural government

    • Shirohara River DamConstruction Issues-Continuing conflicts between pros and cons of construction,1979/Over 54 years have passed since the planning of (30), and the construction has not yet started.
    • Isahaya Bay reclamation projectOver the impact of fishing on the fishing industry-Fishermen filed a lawsuit to open the embankment because the closing of the "tide receiving dike" due to reclamation business was the cause of unfishing of seafood and aquaculture seaweed from the Ariake Sea, and the Saga District Court (2008 ) ・A decision by the Fukuoka High Court (2010) to order the opening of the gate,KanDue to the Prime Minister's (then) abandonment of national appeal (December 2010), the "12 year opening" will be held by December 2013.[10].. However, there is a growing dispute due to a lawsuit for opening gates (April 2011-) filed by farmers in the polder and residents in the vicinity of the polder, and in another litigation with almost the same content, Nagasaki District Court (June 4). There is a lot of confusion, such as the decision that the opening of the gate is not accepted[11].
    • Saga AirportProblem- 1998/The deficit that has continued since the opening of the port has reached a cumulative total of 30 billion yen (as of 2011), and efforts to improve management have become an issue.[12].
    • Kyushu Shinkansen (West Kyushu route)Problem-on the Kyushu Shinkansen West Kyushu routeTakeo hot spring - IsahayaDesignated as a parallel conventional line that will be separated from JR over constructionNagasaki Main LineAlong the lineKashima-Kohoku TownHowever, they were not able to start the construction because they opposed it.2007/In December (19), the so-called "three-party agreement" that parallel conventional lines would not be separated from each other decided to start construction in the form of "ignoring" the opposite intentions of the two cities and towns. Construction started in April 12, and the section is scheduled to be completed in 2. There were also criticisms of public relations activities that promoted the construction of "News from the citizens of the prefecture."In addition, the prefecture also admits that there are many citizens of the prefecture who have doubts about construction, and will carry out activities to seek understanding in the future. Isahaya-Nagasaki construction start approval was granted in 2008, remainingNew Tosu -Between Takeo OnsenNarrow gaugeageFree gauge trainAlthough it is supposed to use the,Standard gaugeThe possibility of upgrading to (full standard) is an issue.
    • Online monitoring-According to the news report in November 2006, the Crisis Management and Public Relations Department checks writings including words such as "Saga" and "Yasu Furukawa", and depending on the content, thank you and explain. It was revealed. Some criticized it as "Internet surveillance".[13].
    • Genkai Nuclear Power StationPlu-thermal problem- Kyushu Electric PowerAfter the announcement of the introduction by the government, an opposition movement was developed, but with the consent of the local and prefectural governments.2009/(21)12From No. 3 to Japan's firstPlu thermalStarted commercial operation.However, there are still voices of opposition because of concerns about safety.
    • Genkai nuclear power plant restart problem- 2011/(23)Fukushima Daiichi Nuclear Power Plant AccidentDue to anxiety about safety, operations of Units 3 and 4, which were scheduled to resume commercial operation in March-April after regular inspections, were suspended.[14].. At the stage of forming local consent upon resumptionKyushu Electric Power Yarase Mail CaseThe debate has stagnated because Governor Furukawa's responsibility, which has been involved in the crisis, has emerged.
    • Saga high mat -4th place in JapanHeavy ion beam cancer treatmentConstructed as a facility. This is the first investment form in Japan, with less than 1% of prefectures and the rest private, and attention is being paid to changes in usage and fund management.[15].

    National politics

    House of Representatives OfSmall district The47th House of Representatives general electionIt was reduced by 1 from to 2 in the whole prefecture.House of CouncilorsNow, make up one ward in all prefectures.

    Economic and industrial

    Number of employees by industry 2010[17]
    Primary industry
      
    37,838 (9.3%)
    Secondary industry
      
    96,188 (23.5%)
    Tertiary industry
      
    262,820 (64.2%)
    Unclassifiable
      
    12,431 (3.0%)
    Comparison of the number of workers by industry[17][18][19][20]
    Primary industrySaga
      
    50.0%
    Japan as a whole
      
    41.1%
    Secondary industrySaga
      
    17.9%1955/
    Japan as a whole
      
    23.4%
    Tertiary industrySaga
      
    32.1%
    Japan as a whole
      
    35.5%
    Primary industrySaga
      
    9.3%
    Japan as a whole
      
    4.0%
    Secondary industrySaga
      
    23.5%2010/
    Japan as a whole
      
    24.8%
    Tertiary industrySaga
      
    64.2%
    Japan as a whole
      
    70.2%
    Agricultural products with high domestic market share by prefecture 2010[21]
    Nijo Barley
      
    25.6% (2nd place)
    soy
      
    8.1% (2nd place)
    onion
      
    13.8% (2nd place)
    Lotus root
      
    6.7% (3nd place)
    Asparagus
      
    10.4% (3nd place)

    Gross domestic product in 2007 (Heisei 19) is 3 trillion yen[22].. It is ranked 47rd in 43 prefectures, and has an economic scale equivalent to that of a “country” that ranks around 85th in the world.[23].

    In terms of the number of employees by industry, Saga Prefecture is often referred to as an agricultural prefecture because the proportion of primary industry is higher than in other prefectures.

    Primary industry

    Saga PlainAroundCerealsCentered onAgriculture:But,入 り 江A lot ofGenkai SeaIn the northwest facingFruit farming,Livestock,Coastal fisheryIs thriving.Ariake SeaIn the prefecture south area facingSeaweedFarming is thriving.

    Agriculture:

    In Saga Prefecture, the ratio of cultivated land to the area of ​​the prefecture (cultivated land ratio) is 24%, and the ratio of planted area to arable land area (arable land utilization ratio) is 133% (1986/(No. 61 in Japan for 20 consecutive years since 1)[Source required]And, both prefectures are high in Japan, and agriculture is thriving.

    Of major agricultural productsRiceHas been particularly focused since ancient times. In the 1930s,Arrangement of arable landAnd electrical machineIrrigationWith the introduction of[Source required], The improvement of efficient agricultural methodsSaga stageWas called.Great flood damage in 1953In response to this, a large-scale irrigation facility was developed in the 1950s due to the development of irrigation in parallel with flood control.Furthermore, the agricultural community was improved and unified by making the most of the long-established community cooperation in the Saga Plain. So, even in the 1960s, it became the most repatriated Japan. Until the 1970s, rice accounted for more than half of the prefecture's agricultural output.ReductionThe environment surrounding rice has changed completely due to the flow of rice. Although efficiency was achieved by large-scale arable land arrangement by prefectures,TransferAs the number of products has increased, it decreased to around 2000% in the 25s[Source required].. On the other hand, the share of vegetables, fruits and livestock products has risen to about 6%. Also, although the proportion of rice production has decreased, three-quarters of the cultivated land in Saga Prefecture stillPaddy fieldAnd rice is flourishing. By typeHinohikari,Koshihikari Rice,Dream dropAnd so on. In recent years, due to the frequent decrease in yield due to high temperature ripening disorders, the production of "", which is resistant to high temperatures, is expanding. Also centered onGlutinous riceProduction is extremely large, and the number 1 production in Japan (2002/(14))[Source required].

    Saga PlainIs not just ricesoy,barleyOccupy in agricultural productsCerealsIt is a granary area with a high ratio of[Source required].. In the Saga Plain, rice is cultivated as a summer crop, while it is expected to grow quickly even in winter due to the mild weather.wheatAnd grow barleyDouble cropIt is carried out.beer,Distilled spiritsUsed as raw material forNijo BarleyAnnual yield of 34,000 tons (2006/(18))[Source required].

    For large cities mainly in the suburbs and western JapanVegetablesThere are also many kinds of production. For vegetables,onion,Lotus root,AsparagusThere is a lot of production.Salt damageResistant toReclaimed landThe annual yield of onions, which are cultivated a lot in the country, is 162,400 tons (2006/(18)) No. 2 in Japan[Source required].Mt. Sefurisan(Chikushi mountain area), the altitude is high, so there is a lot of precipitation and the cool climate makes good use ofPlateau vegetablesIs also cultivated.

    In the fruitStrawberry(Major varieties include Sahonoka and Toyono)Orange,PearThere is a lot of production such as. Harvest of mandarin oranges is declining year by year, but the shipment period is long due to greenhouse cultivationHouse mandarin orangeHas a large annual yield.

    In livestock farming, like other prefectures in Kyushu,chicken,Beef cattle,Dream PorkThere are many breeding heads. For beef,Imari CityIs produced mainlySaga beef(“Imari beef”) brand has been widely promoted in recent years.

    Ureshino CityIn various parts of the prefectureteaThere is also a lot of production.Ureshino teaSold under a brand.

    Considering the peak consumption of domestic agricultural products, there are also attempts to export rice, fruits, beef, etc. under the “Saga brand”.

    Fishery:

    NorthwestGenkai Sea(Sea of ​​Japan) And the southernAriake SeaThe characteristics are very different.

    In the Ariake SeaSeaweedThe production of shellfish is particularly high, and the catch of shellfish is also high.It also produces a lot of board glue, and specializes in gifts, and sells the finest products as "Saga Nori Ariake Sea Ichiban".Of the crabs that are often caught in the Ariake Sea called Gazami, those caught in the waters near Tara Town are called "Takezaki crabs".Also, in the lower reaches of the Chikugo River in early summerEtsuFishing is done and the southeastern part of this prefecture is Fukuoka prefecture.Chikugo regionKnown as a production center alongside.

    In recent years, the yield of many seafood in the Ariake Sea has been volatile, and the decline in the number of workers has added to the deterioration of the fishing industry. Also, since the 1990s, poor harvest of seaweed and poor catch of seafood have increased,Isahaya Bay reclamationIt has been pointed out that the impact of the project has been pointed out by fishermen.

    In the Genkai Sea,Horse mackerel,サ バSuch as fishsquid,Octopus,shrimpThere are many such catches, and these account for more than 9% of the catch in this area.[Source required].. ,,Karatsu PortThere is a lot of landing due to[Source required].

    Secondary industry

    Mining

    In the prefecture, since the Meiji era,coalMining has begun. OrKaratsu CoalfieldCoal mines such as the various coal mines are concentrated in the central and northwestern parts of the prefecture, and were booming at their peak. Howeverthe 1950sSince then, the scale has decreased due to the decrease in reserves and mining, and the shift in energy policy, and all coal mines were closed by the 1970s.

    In Izumiyama, Arita Town磁器As a raw material ofLee SanpeiThe pottery stone discovered by was being mined.However, demand was sluggish due to being pushed by the pottery stones from Amakusa that began to be used in the middle of the Meiji era.1992/Mining was completed in (4), and now only part of the inventory is used.

    Manufacturing industry

    In Saga prefecture, similar to the trend in Japan as a wholeHeavy chemical industryIs high, but food shipments are particularly high[Source required]. Also,Ceramic industryThe share of the shipping amount is large (see the item below).

    Regionally, it is a key transportation hub in Kyushu.Tosu CityOf the prefectural capitalSaga CityIndustry is thriving in the surrounding area.Factories of many companies have set up operations in Tosu City and Kiyama Town.Imari BayThen,shipbuilding-semiconductorA seaside industrial area is lined with factories for marine products processing, food, wood, etc.

    Auto parts,machine, The manufacture of semiconductor parts is relatively active,Silicon waferThe annual production value is 1,320 billion yen, which is the highest in Japan due to the location of a large-scale factory (2010/(22))[Source required].

    Factory from around 1980s aiming to create jobs, increase tax revenue, and curb population outflowHousing complexAttracted factories to. Currently, municipalities and prefectures are still in the center of attracting factories.

    Ceramic industry

    Arita TownIn the western part of the prefectureChinaThe related industries are especially thriving,Arita ware(Imari ware),Karatsu wareThere are also many brands such as.In the 17th century in AritaKoreaOf the potter who came fromLee SanpeiFounded Arita porcelain (called Imari ware in the early modern period) by discovering high-quality pottery stones in Izumiyama, and branded products that were also exported in the old days were produced. Ceramics are being produced.Arita Town accounts for 6% of the prefecture's production of pottery, and the annual shipment value is 200 to 300 billion yen.In addition, it is also popular in Imari City.

    More informations

    In the Edo periodNagasaki HighwayConfectionery industry is flourishing because sugar was widely distributed along the way.小 城市Yokan,Saga CityMarunoboro, Karatsu CityMatsuro ManjuIn addition to traditional sweets remaining in various places,Ezaki GlicoFounder ofRiichi Ezaki,Morinaga ConfectioneryFounder ofTaichiro MorinagaBoth are from Saga prefecture and have produced human resources.

    It may be one of the best rice in JapanSakeBrewing is thriving,Kamakura PeriodWas presented to the shogunate as "Hizen sake". Both production and consumption are better than sakeDistilled spiritsIt is different in Kyushu where there is a strong tendency to[Source required].

    Tertiary industry

    Saga Prefecture's commerce is not particularly active in terms of population size and income of the prefecture.the 2000sLarge-scale suburban type from the beginningShopping centerWhile construction is occurring one after another, the decline of shopping streets in urban areas is progressing in various places.On the other hand, it is convenient for transportation and is larger than the prefecture.Fukuoka CityCustomers are also flowing out to the commercial districts of Japan, and this tendency is still strong.

    Although the service industry population is large, no major features are seen compared to other prefectures.TourismIt is sometimes said that tourism resources are scarce in terms of industry, but it is also said that their utilization and PR are not progressing well.[Source required].2005/From (17)Family tourismWe are advocating the idea of ​​"" and are developing policies to attract trips for parents, children and grandchildren.

    It also has a role as a transit point for transportation and trade concentration areas such as Fukuoka and Nagasaki.Tosu JunctionThere are many transportation and warehousing establishments along highways and arterial roads.

    A company headquartered in Saga

    Manufacturing industry

    Financial industry

    Wholesale/Retail

    Media

    Saga TV is the only terrestrial commercial TV station in the prefecture, and depending on the region (especially in the western part of the prefecture, Imari City, Takeo City, Ureshino City, etc.)NHK(Synthesis-Education (E-tele)) Only can receive. therefore,Cable TVThe majority of households use.

    More informations

    A company that has a base office in the prefecture

    Life

    Defense/Security

    life line

    electricitybusiness person
    Transmission and distribution
    Kyushu Electric Power Transmission and Distribution(60Hz) Sends and distributes power throughout the prefecture.
    Power generation
    • Kyushu Electric PowerGenkai Nuclear Power Station: 4 units, total output 3,478,000kW
    • Kyushu Electric Power Tenzan Power Plant (PurePumping): Output 600,000kW
    • Kyushu Electric Power Tsurugi Power PlantHydraulic power): Output 5,230kW
    • Hizen Minami Wind Power Plant (Wind power): 8 units, output 18,000kW
    • Yoshinogari Mega Solar Power Plant (tentative name) (Sun light): Output 12,077kW[24]
    Water supply
    • Eastern Saga Water Supply Company-Supply to Kanzaki City, Kawazoe Town, Higashiyoga Town, Yoshinogari Town, Kiyama Town, Kamimine Town, Miyaki Town
    • Western Saga Water Supply Company-Supply to Taku City, Takeo City, Ogi City, Ureshino City, Omachi Town, Kohoku Town, Shiraishi Town, Kubota Town
      • Nishisaga Water Supply Company-Supply to the southeastern part of Ogi City, Kubota Town, and the eastern part of Shiraishi Town
    Saga City, Tosu City, Karatsu City, Imari City, Genkai Town, Kashima City, and Tara Town are supplied by the Waterworks Bureau of each municipality.
    City Gas
    • Saga Gas (13A)-Supply to Saga City
    • Karatsu Gas (13A)-Supply to Karatsu City
    • Tosu Gas (13A)-Supply to Tosu City
    • Imari Gas (13A)-Supply to Imari City
    Area code
    • 0942-Tosu City, Kiyama Town, Miyaki Town (FukuokaKurumeMA
    • 0952-Ogi City, Kanzaki City, Saga City, Taku City, Yoshinogari Town, Omachi Town, Kohoku Town, Shiraishi Town (*Former Shiraishi Town/Ariake Town), Kamimine Town
    • 0954
      • TakeoMA -Ureshino City (* Ureshino Town), Takeo City
      • Kashima MA-Ureshino City (*Shiota Town), Kashima City, Shiraishi Town (*Former Ariake Town), Tara Town
    • 0955
      • Karatsu MA-Karatsu City, Genkai Town
      • Imari MA-Imari City, Arita Town
    Even if the area code is the same, if the MA is different, it will be a long distance call.
    Zip Code
    The first two digits are 2 throughout the prefecture. LaterKyushu-Okinawa postal code # area code 84 (Saga prefecture)reference.

    Transportation

    道路

    The easternmost part of the prefecture is a branch point of Kyushu's transportation where national roads, highways and railways gather, and because of its convenience, there are many logistics and manufacturing bases in the eastern part. The prefectural road is located on the northeast-southwest trunk line that connects Fukuoka and Nagasaki prefectures, and extends in a net-like fashion with Saga and Karatsu cities as the base points.

    The main artery of road traffic in KyushuNational Route 3Runs north-south on the east side of Tosu City, Kiyama-cho at the eastern end of the prefecture. Further to the east side of the border with Fukuoka PrefectureKyushu ExpresswayRuns to the north and south.

    Crosses the plain in the southern part of the prefecture diagonally from northeast to southwestNational Route 34Is a large trunk line from Tosu City to Nagasaki City via Saga City, Kanzaki City, Takeo City, Ureshino City, etc. In parallel with thisNagasaki ExpresswayIs running. Route 34 and Route 3 are connected in Tosu City, and also with Nagasaki ExpresswayKyushu Expressway-Oita Expressway Tosu JunctionAre connected with.

    From Takeo City to Sasebo CityNational Route 35From Fukuoka City to Sasebo City via Karatsu City and Imari CityNational Route 202Connects Saga and KaratsuNational Route 203, Proceed southeast from Saga City through Saga Plain and Chikugo PlainOmuta CityTo Kumamoto City viaNational Route 208Is also the main trunk line. As a major line connecting Saga City and Fukuoka City across the mountainsKawakami Gorge,Mise Pass-Mise tunnelViaNational Route 263There is alsoNational Route 385Is a national highway that connects Yanagawa City and Fukuoka City via Kanzaki City, and together with Route 34, constitutes a route that connects Saga City and Fukuoka City, crossing the mountains, but in 2006Tososhin TunnelHas improved convenience.

    On the toll road, detour from Fukuoka City to Hirado in parallel with National Highway 202 and go through Sasebo City.Takeo JunctionConnect toNishikyushu ExpresswayIs under construction and is open to the Takeo area and part of the eastern part of Karatsu city. As a bypass of Route 203Saga Karatsu RoadAre planned and someItsukugi Taku Road,Itsukugi BypassIs used as. AlsoRegional high standard roadFrom Omuta via Route Saga in parallel with Route 208, and circulates along the coast of Ariake Sea to reach KashimaAriake Sea Coast RoadIs under maintenance and planning, and some sections of the prefecture are open.

    bus

    Main in the prefectureBus terminal TheSaga Station Bus Center,Karatsu Oteguchi Bus Center,Kashima Bus Center,Ureshino Bus Centeretc.

    In Saga Municipal, Showa, Nishitetsu, Yutoku, SaihinimocaYou can use transportation IC cards such as.

    In addition, the local government entrusts the operation to a chartered bus company or taxi company.Community busIs operated in various places.

    Train

    Pass through the Saga Plain and the cities of Tosu, Saga, and Kashima along the Ariake Sea coastJRNagasaki Main Line, Crossing the west via Takeo and AritaSasebo LineIs the limited expressSeagull-Green-Huis Ten BoschRuns and is used as a trunk line. Although it is a short distance, the eastern end is the aorta of KyushuKagoshima Main LineKyushu ShinkansenRuns north to south. In addition, it connects Saga and KaratsuKaratsu Line, From Fukuoka City to Karui via Karatsu to ImariChikuhi Line, Arita to Matsuura via ImariMatsuura RailwayNishikyushu Line, With KiyamaAsakura CityTie AmagiAmagi RailwayAmagi LineThere is.

    空港

    1998/Opened inSaga AirportIt is,All Nippon AirwaysBy 1 round trips a dayHanedaBesides flights,LCC OfSpring and Autumn Air Shanghai PudongFlight,Tway Airlines SeoulFlight,Spring Japan NaritaOperates a flight. The number of passengers is approximately 66 annually (FY2016)[25] Has become. Operate night freight flights,KitakyushuWithMulti airportSettings are being made. Number of flights and serviceAirlinesFor reasons such as selectivity, and in areas where the distance is shortFukuoka Airport(Fukuoka city)Nagasaki Airport(Nagasaki PrefectureOmura) Is also used.

    Ship

    Large harbors are concentrated on the Genkai Sea coast.Karatsu PortImari Port Important portIs. Karatsu Port is characterized by a high acceptance of raw materials such as cement, gravel, sand and oil. Imari PortDalian-QingdaoRoute (Chugoku・Minsei Wheelboat Co., Ltd.),ShanghaiRoute (Japan/Kanbara Kisen Co., Ltd.), South China Round Route ( South Korea・Koa Kaiun Co., Ltd.) has a large proportion of container cargo with multiple overseas routes, and a new quay with a depth of 13 m that is suitable for large ships.Gantry craneThe international container terminal is being developed with priority.Local portOn the Genkai Sea sideYobuko Port(Evacuation port)... on the Ariake Sea sideSuminoe PortThere are a total of 7 ports.

    In the Genkai Sea, regular passenger routes connecting remote islands and the mainland operate.Karatsu East - Intsuji PortFlight (Kyushu Yusen) Is KaratsuIkiTie with From Karatsu PortTakashimaBy flight (Karatsu City Fisheries Cooperative Takashima Branch), from Minato PortKamijimaBy Flight (Karatsu City Fisheries Cooperative Kamijishima Branch/Euzing Boat Uno), from Yobuko PortOgawa IslandFlight (Kawaguchi Kisen),Katang IslandFlight (Katashima Kisen),MatsushimaFlight (Shin-ei),Mado IslandA total of 4 routes (Yusshomaru) from Hoshiga PortMukaijimaBy flight (Mukojimamaru), from Uranosaki PortFukushimaThere is a harbor service (Kaneko round row shop).Ariake SeaSo there is no regular route.

    Medical and welfare

    Education

    Saga Prefecture's college enrollment rate is 43.6% (2020/(Reiwa2 years) High school graduate).

    Mass media

    News (Chinese)

    Local newspaper
    National newspaper
    • Sankei ShimbunOther than 4 papers (Yomiuri,Asahi,every day,Nikkei) Or specialty paperNikkan Kogyo ShimbunHas a bureau and branch office in the prefecture,Yomiuri Shimbun,Mainichi NewspapersHas a printing plant in Tosu City (Fukuoka metropolitan areaAnd print newspapers to be transported to each prefecture in Kyushu).The Sankei Shimbun is published in Kyushu at the Tosu Printing Factory of the Mainichi Shimbun Kyushu Center.Yamaguchi Sankei Shimbun Western HeadquartersConsign and print the "Kyushu/Yamaguchi Special Edition" issued. *Before the special edition of Kyushu/Yamaguchi was published2009/(21)9/30Until attachedSankei Shimbun Osaka Head OfficeThe early edition (6th edition) with a deadline of 18:6 pm (XNUMX:XNUMX) was air-fed from Osaka and was outsourced for sale from the Nishinippon Shimbun retail store (Nishi Nippon Shimbun Area Center). same year10/1After the first edition of Kyushu Yamaguchi Special Edition, it is now sold by the Mainichi Shimbun retail store. *In some parts of Saga City,Asahi Shimbun・It was sold by the Mainichi Shimbun retail store. (*Even from the same day at station shops and convenience stores)2018/(30)3It was changed to the Nishinihon Shimbun retail store (Nishinihon Shimbun area center).
    • In the prefecture, only Nikkei is set in the morning and evening, excluding NikkeiNational newspaperThe 5 newspapers and the Nishinippon Shimbun are published in an integrated version of the morning edition only.In West Japan, Yomiuri, and Mainichi, there are areas where evening editions are delivered in the center of Saga City and part of Tosu City and Kiyama Town.

    TV station

    There are two TV stations in Saga prefecture, and there is only one commercial broadcaster (NHK and one commercial broadcaster are in Saga prefecture).Tokushimaonly).The master station transmission station is in Tosu CityNine thousand mountainsIt is located in

    However, it is adjacent near the prefectural borderFukuoka[26]-Kumamoto[27] It is the aim of the broadcasting area of ​​the prefectural television stations in the two prefectures. Areas where direct reception is difficult[Note 2] ForCable tv stationIn most areas of the prefecture, there is an environment where you can watch commercial broadcasters in Fukuoka Prefecture, including TV Nishinippon, which is the same Fuji TV affiliate as Saga TV. FNN / FNS affiliated stationsTV West JapanFukuoka Prefecture commercial broadcasters other than (TNC)[Note 3]Is conducting news coverage for Saga prefecture.

    Start of digital terrestrial broadcastingAlso late, the last shot in the whole country2006/(18)12/1It was the start.Saga Prefecture took the lead in organizing businesses,Saga digital networkEstablished company. It will be responsible for distributing digital broadcasting to businesses in the prefecture, as well as providing Internet connection provider services. However, the redelivery of non-prefectural people is limited to Fukuoka prefecture,Kumamoto BroadcastingWith regard to the method, each business operator individually obtained permission.

    Providing services within the prefecture (with permission facilities)Cable TVThere are 2021 operators as of July 7[28].. Main broadcasting stationsCable TV stations in Sagachecking ... Household penetration rate is 2021% as of the end of March 3[29].

    Radio station

    The parent station of FM broadcasting in the prefecture and the main relay station of FM complementary broadcasting of NBC Radio Saga are both in Karatsu City.Mt. Hachiman..There is also a relay station at Kusenbuyama.

    Broadcast target areaoutsideRKB Radio[31]KBC Radio[32] It has become a broadcasting area of ​​radiko from December 2021, 12.[33][34].

    Foreign language broadcastLove FM International Broadcast(LOVE FM) will be broadcast only in Saga City[35], Other areas in most prefectures are broadcast areas[36], Outside the broadcast areaFM Fukuoka[37],CROSS FM[38],FM Kumamoto[39],FM Nagasaki[40], Becomes the broadcasting area in some areas of the prefecture.

    Both NBC Radio Saga and FM Saga, which are also prefectural stations, have been around for a long time.radikoSince LOVE FM, which does not distribute on NHK Radio and Saga City is the official broadcasting area, does not distribute basic services in the prefecture, the radiko implementation stations in the prefecture are NHK Radio and national broadcasting.Radio NIKKEIas well as the Open UniversityThe situation was only that, but since FM Saga started distributing radiko on April 2020, 4, it is now resolved.[Note 4].. On October 2021, 10, Nagasaki Broadcasting Co., Ltd. (NBC Radio Nagasaki Headquarters) expanded the distribution area of ​​radiko to Saga Prefecture, and from the same day, the program organization (regional programs, CMs, etc.) that was different between Nagasaki Headquarters and Saga Station was changed to Nagasaki. Major reorganizations such as integration and consolidation at the head office were carried out.

    More informations

    Saga Prefecture is a regional division bureaupost officeIs the only prefecture that does not exist in the prefecture. Of postal code 84 (first 2 digits) that refers to the entire prefectureRegional division officeIn Fukuoka prefectureKurume Higashi Post OfficeIt has become.The number of earthquakes with a seismic intensity of 4 or higher is only 92 in 7 years, making it the prefecture with the fewest earthquakes in Japan.

    Culture/Sport

    Prefectural character

    Generally in SagaPrefectural characterAs "(alien)" or "FukemonThe word "eccentric" is often used. Both have the nuances of being eccentric, stubborn and inflexible. However, in the modern Saga dialect, "Fukemon" has a strong negative meaning of being an idiot, so it does not fit well. Also, especially for menHagakure OfBushidoIt is also associated with the spirit, and it is sometimes regarded as serious and serious, with respect for hierarchical relationships and customs. In addition, there are cases where they are ridiculed or self-ridden, such as "Penpen grass grows after Saga's passage (Penpen grass does not grow after Saga people pass)", but under the severe financial conditions of the Saga domain Daimyo (Nabeshima familyThe thrifty temperament of the feudal lord, who was inherited from his thrift, was perceived in various ways, and the wording of those days remained in the modern era.

    dialect

    In the eastern part of the Saga domain-in the southSaga dialectWas spoken and was in the same domain as Nagasaki PrefectureIsahayaThere are many similar expressions in rural areas. In the northwestern prefecture of the Karatsu domain,Karatsu dialect,Tsushima domainIn Kiyama-cho, the eastern part of Tosu City, which is an enclaveTashiro dialectIs spoken.

    Food culture:

    local cuisine

    Traditional crafts

    Traditional crafts designated by the Minister of Economy, Trade and Industry
    Traditional crafts

    Traditional industries/special products

    • Tosu City OfMedicineindustry,Saga CityMorotomi Town OfFurnitureIndustry is an industry that has grown by incorporating traditional industries into the modern economy
    • Arita ware,Karatsu ware,,,,Hizen Yoshida wareThere is history in the westpotteryThere are many. But also in the eastHizen Ozaki ware,Shiraishi wareSuch traditional pottery has survived. Arita ware is a specialty product, local industry, and many other traditional industries.
    • Saga Nishiki(),Hizen VidroAre inherited as traditional crafts
    • On the Genkai Sea coastwhaling TheAzuchi-Momoyama PeriodBegins withEdo PeriodIt reached its peak in the middle period, but it has stopped since the modern age
    • Ariake SeaThe coast is the best in JapanSeaweedKnown as a production area, there are many luxury items for gifts.Similarly, mudhoppers, odontamblyopus, fiddler crabs, etc. caught in the Ariake Sea have been around for a long time.local cuisineIs eaten as.
    • Kanzaki City, Kanzaki Town, Ogi City, Ogi TownOgi YokanAre special products that have inherited traditional industries from ancient times.
      • There are several small and medium-sized manufacturers selling Ogi Yokan as a brand.Sweet bean jellyThe annual purchase amount of2005/(17), in 49 cities nationwide)
    • In addition to the above, as ingredients and confectionery peculiar toUreshino tea,Matsuro Manju,Round bowl,Incense,Keeran,Salbow,Cutieand so on
    • Red snapperの消費量が年間1人当たり3,082g(2008年)、2,833g(佐賀市、2008-2010年)、2,601g(佐賀市、2004-2006年)という統計があり、いずれも全国平均の3倍程度と突出して多い。西日本では総じて多い傾向にあるが、近年の統計では佐賀県は全国最多となっている。

    Sports

    Professional Sports Team/Adult Sports Team

    サ ッ カ ー

    volleyball

    basketball

    handball

    soft ballMen's West Japan League

    Kyushu Soccer League

    Saga soul(Saga City/Adult baseball


    Sports teams that existed in the past

    Sports Facilities

    Public competition

    Tourism

    Karatsu City and Higashimatsuura DistrictRainbow Matsubara,Yakataishi NanatsugamaSea cave,Rias coast, Such as whale-like steeply protruding islands,Genkai Sea-Karatsu BayKnown as a natural scenic spot facing the sea,Sea bathing,surfing,diving such asMarine SportsAnd so on.KagamiyamaAnd hilly areas/coastal areasRice terracesIn addition to seeing natural scenic spots such as, it is built on a hill.Karatsu Castle,Nagoya CastleTrace (Museum) And other cultural assets have become tourist destinations. In early November it is one of Japan's three biggest kunchiKaratsu Kunchi(Karatsu City), (Yobuko Town, Karatsu City) will be held in early June,Yobuko Morning MarketIs also famous.

    Imari BaySimilarly, at the mouth of the bayIroha IslandIt is also a beach with a characteristic rias coast. In late OctoberImari Ton Tenton FestivalIs done.Imari City, Arita Town, Takeo CityBlack hair mountainThe surrounding area is known for its strange rock formations, abundant plants, and various legends.In the area centered on Arita TownArita ware(Imari ware), mainly in the areas of Karatsu, Imari and TakeoKaratsu wareThere are many old pottery remains and existing pottery pottery, and there are many famous spots related to pottery. Kyushu Ceramic Museum,Arita Ceramic MuseumIn addition to cultural facilities such as Arita Porcelain Park,Golden weekToArita Pottery MarketIs opened and crowded with many customers.

    Japan's three hot springs for beautiful skinIsUreshino Onsen(Ureshino City) OnsenSimmered tofu,Ureshino teaBut famousTakeo hot spring(Takeo City) has a national tower gate and Takeo Onsen New BuildingImportant cultural propertyHave been designated asHot spring townCrowded as.

    On the other hand, Saga City, where the prefectural office is located, is located in a flat countryside, and is characterized by its intricate streets and waterway networks with the remnants of the castle town era.Edo-Meiji period buildings remainSaga City Folklore Museum,Saga CastleTraces andSaga Castle Honmaru History Museum,Saga Shrine,Reflection furnaceHistorical heritage such as traces are scattered. From late October to early NovemberSaga International Balloon FestaIs opened,hot air balloonIn addition to the sight of dancing, in AugustSaga Castle Sakae no Kuni MatsuriWill be held.

    In the southern part of the prefectureAriake SeaThe landscape is very different from that of Genkai Sea and Imari Bay.Mutsugorou,Shiona tribeRare animals such asAutumn leavesIt can be seen that it changes like. Also in MayKashima Gatalympics(Kashima City) will be held.

    North of the prefectureKitayama Dam(Mise Village, Saga City) is a summer resort,Acorn villageIt is maintained as a tourist spot.Kase RiverGoing downFuruyu Onsen,Kumanogawa Onsen(Both Fuji Town, Saga City),Kawakami GorgeSpots such as are scattered.

    Yoshinogari archeological site(Yoshinogari Town/Kanzaki City) has been partially reconstructed as a state-run Yoshinogari Historical Park while continuing excavation.

    More informations

    Castle ruins-Special historical site

    Shrine

    Main cultural and tourist facilities

    More informations

    Tangible cultural property building

    Important traditional buildings preservation area

    Cultural property

    UNESCOworld Heritage

    Tangible cultural property

    National treasure

    Historic site

    Special scenic spot

    Scenic spot

    Main natural monuments

    Works set in Saga Prefecture

    Movies (*There are locations in the prefecture)
    Drama (* has location in the prefecture)
    Novel
    Comic
    Game
    Rakugo
    Anime, special effects

    People from Saga Prefecture

    footnote

    [How to use footnotes]

    注 釈

    1. ^ Those who want to go to college of technology in the prefecture are mainlyKurume National College of Technology,Sasebo National College of TechnologyGo on to.
    2. ^ Especially Imari City, Takeo City, Ureshino City, etc. in the western part of the prefecture.
    3. ^ Kyushu Asahi Broadcasting(KBC.ANNseries),RKB Mainichi Broadcasting System(RKB.JNNseries),Fukuoka Broadcasting(FBS.NNN-NNSseries),TVQ Kyushu Broadcasting(TVQ / TeleQ.TXN4 stations of affiliated).
    4. ^ This was the only case in Japanese prefectures.

    Source

    1. ^ Imperial ShoinPrefectural name recognition of elementary school students''Recognition of prefecture/country names for junior high school students], viewed on July 2012, 7.
    2. ^ For further information, please read Homepage of Saga Local Meteorological Observatory See.
    3. ^ Yoshitsugu Kanemoto "Urban Employment Area code table"Tokyo UniversitySpatial Information Science Research Center, viewed March 2018, 3.
    4. ^ Changes in prefectures (Kyushu region)
    5. ^ Saga Stage and Shin Saga Stage Agricultural and Rural Development Information Center
    6. ^ Kyoho Famine Hojuzan Dezenin
    7. ^ 16 Demographic Statistics-Saga-Table 1 Demographic Overview Annual Trend Saga Prefecture, March 2008, 3. excel file
    8. ^ Future total population by prefecture(excel file) National Institute of Population and Social Security Research, May 2007 estimate.
    9. ^ “=Governor election=Mr. Yamaguchi starts public service on the XNUMXth”. Saga newspaper (Saga Shimbun LIVE). (January 2015, 1). http://www.saga-s.co.jp/senkyo/governor/30301/144749 2015/1/13Browse. 
    10. ^ Unified Local Elections 2011 Saga Prefecture [Issue of Prefectural Government] <1> Ariake Sea Revitalization Polite discussion to open the gate Nishi Nippon Shimbun, March 2011, 3.
    11. ^ History of mid- to long-term gate opening survey Saga Prefecture, June 2012, 6.
    12. ^ Unified Local Election 2011 Saga Prefecture [Issue of Prefectural Government] <6> Measures for levitation of Saga Airport area are necessary Nishi Nippon Shimbun, March 2011, 3.
    13. ^ http://www.saga-chiji.jp/kaiken/06-11-1/shitsumon14.html
    14. ^ Genkai Nuclear Power Station Units 2 and 3 Regular Inspection Status Kyushu Electric Power, March 2011, 3.
    15. ^ Unified Local Elections 2011 Saga Prefecture [Issue of prefectural government] <2> Cancer treatment facilities Regional levitation strategy is also key Nishi Nippon Shimbun, March 2011, 3.
    16. ^ By adjusting the candidates following the revision of the constituencies, he went to the independent Kyushu block candidate and was elected at the last seat (8th) of the LDP.
    17. ^ a b "Sugata 2012 in Saga Land, weather, industry, commerce (PDF) Read Saga, May 2012, 5, January 16, 2013
    18. ^ "Showa 30 census industry (major categories), employee status and number of employees aged 15 and over by gender-nationwide, prefectures, 6 major cities»E-Stat, viewed January 2013, 1
    19. ^ "[1] (PDF) »Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry, read January 2013, 1
    20. ^ "Changes in the number of employees by industry] Social facts data catalog, read January 2013, 1
    21. ^ "Saga's Sugata 2012 Agriculture (PDF) Read Saga, May 2012, 5, January 16, 2013
    22. ^ FY19 prefectural economic calculation Archived August 2010, 12, at the Wayback Machine.
    23. ^ World Economic Outlook Database
    24. ^ Our Business Saga Yoshinogari Solar GK.
    25. ^ Up to 66 passengers at Saga Airport updated for 16 consecutive years in FY 4 Saga Newspaper-April 2017, 04
    26. ^ Broadcast area guide (Kurume relay station, A-PAB)
    27. ^ Broadcast area guide (Kumamoto station, A-PAB)
    28. ^ List of cable TV in each prefecture Kyushu Bureau of Telecommunications, July 2021
    29. ^ Current state of cable TV Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications, March 2021.
    30. ^ NHK Saga Broadcasting Station Reception Information
    31. ^ RKB Radio Timetable (April, May, June) (PDF)
    32. ^ Corporate Information (Kyushu Asahi Broadcasting)
    33. ^ Expand the radiko distribution area to [Saga]!
    34. ^ Disseminate disaster and disaster prevention information in Saga Prefecture!Radio broadcasting Internet distribution service "radiko" will start distribution in Saga Prefecture-Start on December 12-
    35. ^ Broadcasting popular basic plan The broadcasting target area of ​​the broadcasting station that carries out the foreign language broadcasting among the ultra-high frequency broadcasting that the general broadcasting company carries out according to the provisions of 2-2 (XNUMX)c (Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications)
    36. ^ LOVE FM broadcasting area
    37. ^ Company Profile FM FUKUOKA
    38. ^ CROSS FM area map
    39. ^ FM Kumamoto service area
    40. ^ FM Nagasaki Company Profile

    Related item

    外部 リンク

    Administration
    Tourism
    Predecessor:
    Saga(1st stage)Izuhara Prefecture

    Karatsu-Kashima Prefecture-Ogi prefecture-Hasuike Prefecture

    Changes in administrative districts
    1871/ - 1876/ (Imari prefecture → second Saga prefecture)
    Next generation:
    Mitan prefecture(Hizen country

    Nagasaki(Tsushima country

    Predecessor:
    Part of Nagasaki Prefecture (East Hizen Country)
    Changes in administrative districts
    1883/ - (3rd Saga Prefecture)
    Next generation:
    -----

     

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