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Wikipedia related words
If there is no explanation, there is no corresponding item on Wikipedia.
Regarding the banquet after the "ceremonial wedding",a wedding ceremonySee section.
Where the wedding is held
Some are held in religious places, some are held in administrative places, some are held in family homes, some are held in commercial establishments.
- What is done in a religious setting
- Religious facilities (Church,Temple,Shrine, Etc.), a form in which a person who embodies religious authority declares marriage. A form found all over the world.
- What is done in an administrative setting
- Something that the mayor declares at the city hall to establish the marriage (France,イタリアEuropean countries such asアメリカ合衆国Marriage carried out in). In FranceCivil MarriageIt is called civil marriage in the United States.
- What happens at a family home
- It is held by inviting relatives and acquaintances to the home of the bride and groom (usually the groom) or the mansion of the main house. It used to be a very common form in Japan, but due to changes in housing conditions, it is now rarely done except in some regions.
- What is done in a commercial facility
- In Japan,Wedding hallWhat is done inRestaurantPublic ceremony,Cruise shipWedding on[Note 2], There are variations.
Wedding history in Japan
Domestic products of Japanese mythology
"Record of Ancient Matters], [Japanese calligraphy』Ichisho firstJapanese mythIjnaki life in (Izanagi) And Ichinami Mimi (Izanami)ofNational life-ShinseiIn mythologyOnogoro IslandIzanagi made a promise and said, "Let's marry me and you around this Amano Pillar. You will turn from the right and I will turn from the left." By the way, there is a description that they were tied together by calling "Well, what a cute girl" and "I'm really my dear one", and it is said to be the origin of the wedding ceremony..
- Ryo Kono Iji Nagima Tadashi Already here, Agayuki Yukiko Tenjo Ono Pilgrimage Azusa Marriage Ishin Nagio Akira Sister, Sou you Ai no Toki Iyen Nami Foretell Eshiya Toshio 汝 Iso Toshio Iyen Nagi Kyogen Eshiya 曝美美绉--"Kojiki"
- Immediate tour Heaven pillar Promise Sister's own left tour Ago right tour Metaphysical tournament Yin Jin's pre-arrangement Ejina Kawai Minoru Yojin Go Kazuyuki's 妍也 Cute girl Men's love affairs --- Nihonshoki first
CommutingEmperor in theEmperor), there is a feast called “Tshiromi” (Tokoro Representation), which the Emperor was discovered after three nights in the palace of the palace where the woman and her family entered. This is the currentreceptionCorresponds to. Even in the private sector, in the Heian period, a man goes under a woman for three nights in a row, but at a woman's house, a man and an attendant entertain during that time. On the third day, it’s called “Exposure”.receptionWill be held and the bride and groom will be shown. Attendees are limited to those on the wife's side.
Izumi style OfKyogenIn "Funado Sonoe", it is premised that after the "marriage" of the commute, the ceremony is to bring the fish and liquor such as sea bream and liquor to the wife and her house to celebrate.
1563(Eiroku6 years),Azuchi-Momoyama PeriodJapan's record ofLouis FroisAccording to the letter, "We do not have weddings in Japan." However, even in this era, the wedding of the leading samurai was grand.Also, at Kodaiji, he was a lower samurai at that time.Hideyoshi ToyotomiとNeneAbout his marriage, he said that he gave "a small congratulatory message of pulling a straw in the dirt and laying a thin rug on it".Of course, even in this era, ceremonies for marriage, that is, weddings, were performed regardless of status.
Meiji from the Edo period
In the Middle Ages, it can be seen from the floor decoration of wedding seats,EdoMid-termChastity notes』Was written clearly. The family members gather at the groom's home, hang a Takasago lieutenant and a niece hanging between the floors, place an island stand decorated with a Tsurugame figurine, and hold a wedding ceremony in front of it.CongratulationsWas done.Lunar calendar octoberIs "KannazukiThe wedding was held this month. FolkloreKunio YanagitaAccording to his book "Meiji Taisho" and "The Story of Marriage: Sadamoto Kunio Kunio Shu 15," at least the wedding ceremony by the common people from the end of the Edo period to the early Meiji period was different from the form of the Shinzen ceremony established after the Meiji period. The ceremony is centered on the house, and the son-in-law lives for a while in his wife's parents' house,Bridegroom marriageIt was said that it was a format called. At that time, there were occasions when a wedding ceremony was held at the wife's house on the first day of the newlywed life, but it was said that this was often done from five in the evening (around 21:XNUMX, which is what we call now). According to Yanagida, even in the Edo era, when people in the same village get married, no congratulations were given or it was simple, but the number of people getting married outside the village increases. According to this, the form was complicated, and it became a form close to the Shinzen style. In the case of the wedding of the common people, the priest will examine it.CongratulatoryIt is said that they often sang local songs, folk songs, and folk songs.CongratulatoryEven so, it was after the Meiji era that the "congratulatory words" came to be presented, like the modern Shinzen style..
Yoshiwara FactoryでProstituteFamiliar customersKumano Shrine(Kumano Sanzan) Kumano Oishi (Kumano beef) It is said that a pseudo-marriage was made in which 3 pieces were stated to swear the marriage of 2 people and 1 piece was put in the shrine.
Recent and modern changes
As mentioned above, in Japan, weddings were often held at home, at least among the common people. The "Kamizen wedding" held at the shrine was held before that.However, the number was very small. In 1873, a Chinese Singaporean trader, Tan Beng Teck, and a Japanese woman, Kazui Isobe, held the first Western wedding ceremony in Japan in XNUMX. Listed.
1885(18th year of Meiji), originallyNichiren sect OfMonkMetSatoshi TanakaWas founded byNational Pillar AssociationThe predecessor of the "Risshoan Diet" stipulated the rules for weddings in Buddhism (ceremonial marriage ceremony).. According to Satoshi Tanaka's thought “Buddhist couple theory”,Meiji RestorationSince then, institutionalizing the marriage of married couples (that is, marriage based on monogamy) in Japan has been considered essential for modernization of the nation. This French wedding ceremony by the Rissho National Assembly isBuddhismThis is the first official wedding ceremony in history.
1900(33th year of Meiji)5/10ToCrown princeKahiniEmperor Taisho) And Setsuko Kujo (Empress Sadaaki) Is married. Men and women in full dress,Miyanaka SandenWorship to神In the form of taking an oath of the couple in front ofMarriage ceremonyWas done. This had a great social impact, and some citizens voiced their desire for a wedding ceremony in Kamisaki. In response to this, Jingu Hoseikai (currentlyTokyo Ojingu) Newly established the "Kamizenshiri" ritual in the form of a marriage ceremony, and it was established among the people.
Kenji IshiiKokugakuin UniversityAccording to the professor, ``Japanese weddings were religion-added after the period of high economic growth, the pre-Kamizen ceremony spread in the 1960s, and accounted for 1970% in the 8s.Baby boom generation.. In the 1990sChapelThe number of ceremonies has increased sharply, and it has come to account for about 7% of all overseas ceremonies. 20189/28,HISIt was revealed that the wedding plan and tour planned in Hawaii were suddenly canceled due to delay in construction work at the ceremony. Since September 2018 20199 pairs are reserved for reservations until September. Full refund of the price and propose an alternative plan. HISTourism AuthorityReport facts to. HIS pays a reward in addition to the refund. Most of the customers said they changed their wedding ceremony to another ceremony.
In recent years, in Japan, regardless of religion, weddings such as church ceremony, Shinto ceremony, public ceremony, and Buddhist ceremony are freely selected. After a regular ceremonyreceptionSince the wedding is held, there are many hotel users who can conveniently use the large hall in the place where the wedding is held and the attendees have convenient transportation.Wedding hallIs. At this hotel and the wedding hall, the ceremony hall prepares almost everything about the wedding ceremony, and it also makes a gorgeous presentation, which makes it very convenient for the party hosting the ceremony. At these ceremonies, separate rooms are set up for business trips to shrines, temples, and Christian churches, and ceremonies are held mainly by the relatives of both families. After that, the reception will be held at the attached banquet hall. If you use the banquet hall, there will be a large amount of money in any case, so there are also small weddings with relatives only. In addition, in recent years, we have called out a house to call a house and invite people close to us, such as relatives and friends., We sometimes hold party-style weddings and receptions.
Contemporary Japanese Wedding (Type Classification)
As mentioned above, Japanese weddings and the traditions that have been performed are greatly influenced by Shinto, a religion unique to Japan, but weddings were generally held at home.
The form of "Kamizen wedding" became clear, and it became popular in general. 1900(Meiji 33) May 5Crown princeKahini (laterEmperor Taisho) And Setsuko Kujo (laterEmpress Sadaaki) Was triggered by the wedding. It was held for the first time at Miyanaka Kensho Ohmae, and the people's desire to have a similar Shinzen wedding ceremony increased. In response to rising momentum, the Tokyo Shrine Convocation Association (currentlyTokyo Ojingu) Established the style of "Kamizen wedding" in the private sector with reference to the imperial marriage ceremony., Next day 1901(34th year of Meiji)3/3Held a mock wedding ceremony in the United States, and since then carried out improvement and dissemination activities. What is being held today as the "Jinzenshiki" is based on the one founded by this Jingu Hosoukai.
At firstA priestessThe bride and groom,Medium personThen, the groom's parents, the bride's parents, the groom's relatives, the bride's relatives entered in that order, and finally entered. The moderator (sometimes performed by a shrine maiden) is called the beginning of the ceremony.ShrineTo domarijuanaUse to purify the filth. They all stand upright, bow their head lightly, and receive this. All of them stand up in tune with the salute's bow, and thank God. The lord of the god has married two people in front of GodShrineWith the godUjigami, And report to the ancestor godCongratulatoryAnd pray for God's protection. Ichido stands up and bows down.
339 degreesExchange cups of In one cup, the groom first receives the cup, then the bride, then the groom. In the two cups, first the bride, then the groom, then the bride. Three cups are the same as one cup. Since I will receive 3 3 9 cups of XNUMX times each, XNUMX×XNUMX=XNUMX339 degreesHolds.. However, due to the time constraints of the bride and groom, many shrines use the following formulas. The groom receives a cup and then the bride drinks it down. The two cups are from the bride to the groom, the three cups are from the groom to the bride, and all the cups are swallowed. The bride and groom go to God and read the words of the oath. The groom will read the text, and the groom and bride will read the part of the name.
A priestess Kagura danceDedicate. Bride and groomTamushiWorship in the order of "Niwai, Niwakashi-te-Iwai", and when you step down to your seat, turn your body inward so that you do not turn your back on each other. This is to avoid turning your butt toward God as much as possible. Following the bride and groom, a medium drinker and a relative representative offer a ball skewer. The relatives of the two families, the bride and groom, and the medium drinkers take a cup to exchange the vow that both families are relatives. The priest reported to God that the ceremony had been successfully taken care of, and worshiped. Everyone stands up and thanks. After that, the lord gave a congratulatory greeting, and after leaving the lord, the bride and groom, medium drinkers, and relatives left in that order. After the ceremony, move to the reception.
The location is not limited to shrines, and there are many hotels and wedding halls that have a Shinto ceremony.
Incidentally,Izumo Taisha,Izumo TaishakyoThen we have a Shinto wedding ceremony that is different from general shrines. At the ceremony, "Ameno Hashira" stands in front of the bride and groom.ShintoismBecomes The lordCongratulatoryAfter the performance, read "Kamiyo" near Amano Onbashira.TamushiFor the worship, the groom goes around Amano Onbashira from the left, and the bride goes from the right and worships with XNUMX clapping. In addition, TamakiPriesthoodUse ofscepterGrasp it like, and thank you in the same manner as a scepter. In addition, many special parts are handed down.
Many brides and grooms choose Christian ceremonies and minority ceremonies at present weddingsThe number of couples who dare to choose the Kamizenshiki as a place to experience and interact with Japanese culture is increasing, as long as it is limited to celebrity and celebrity weddings and international marriages..
Buddha front ceremony
BuddhaStyle to vow to marry. 1892(Meiji 25)Jodo Shinshu Honganji School OfNobumasa FujiiHas a wedding ceremony at Tokyo Byakuren Social Hall, and the pre-Buddha wedding ceremony is popular in each denomination.
The specific order of ceremonies may vary depending on the denomination,Priest() and all the participants本尊To the marriage and received a counselor from the priest about what to protect as a Buddhist for life.BeadsAfter signing a pledge to respect each other,339 degreesThe rule is to exchange the cups.
The reason why Buddhist weddings are not popular is thatEmperor TaishoIt is thought that the Shinto ceremonies that were widely spread by the wedding ceremony in Japan became popular, and within the religious consciousness of the Japanese, who were not only Buddhists but also Uji, there was nothing wrong with doing the Shinto ceremonies. ..
Case of Okinawa
OkinawaIn, at homeBuddhist altarIt is common to call the ancestor's spirit in front of a woman, or a woman to report her marriage to a natural god (fire god, floor god) or Muraday (a village god) who sits at her home. .. Although it is close to the Buddhist ceremony, it also includes elements of the Shinto and public ceremonies, and unlike the above Buddhist ceremonies performed in temples, there is almost no religious color because it is performed by relatives, and no monks are involved.
Christianity (church) ceremony
Wedding at "Wedding Church"
Many of the so-called "Christian weddings" held in Japan are weddings that imitate Christian weddings. I.e. genuineChurchIt is not a church or a cathedral, but a church-like facility made only for weddings (a so-called “wedding church” that is registered as a meeting place, not a religious facility), and may be held by a person who does not belong to a specific church. The majority. Also as a styleCatholicとProtestantConfused withBritish ChurchMostly wind. Meanwhile,Orthodox churchThere is no case where the style is referred to.
In Japan today, Christians account for about 1% of the population, but there are very many people who want a wedding that imitates Christians, regardless of their faith... There seems to be a reason that the mass media etc. repeats the Christian form of advertisement and is popular, and that it has an atmosphere that suits wedding dresses. In response to these needs, so-called "Christian wedding" plans are being prepared and implemented at hotels and wedding halls. As a general procedure, the pastor is in charge of the ceremony, and the groom enters first and waits in front of the altar.Wedding bouquetAnd a bride wearing a wedding dress and escort enter (usually with her father). Central passageThe escort handes over the bride to the groom. Although there are differences in the order etc. below,Hymn(chant),BibleReading, vows, blessings, and ring exchanges. Also, when the bride and groom leave the building, a friend, relative, etc.Bouquet toss, Rice shower, flower showerAnd so on.
Wedding ceremony in christian church
Catholic churchAt the weddingSacrament(Ie, when the two baptized, not merely a social covenant ritual, make faith-based marriage agreements by exemplifying the bond of love found between Christ and the Church. Actually thereJesus ChristI believe that God intervenes through this sacrament.The Catholic Church does not allow divorce, so only weddings are held for first marriage or remarriage due to bereavement).
Therefore, it is said that "the marriage as a sacrament" is only when both of the two people who want to have a wedding are Catholic. (In the Catholic churches of each country, there is usually no ceremony for non-believers, but in the Catholic church of Japan, ,Roman PopeMay permit a wedding even if one or both are not Catholic, subject to attending a certain "marriage course" at the church).
An example of the progress is as follows. Enter with the bride's escort (usually his father). Proceeding through the central passage, the escorts hand over the bride to the groom.chant,BibleReading, in front of GodPledge, Blessing, signing a marriage pledge, filling in a marriage register,wedding ringWill be exchanged.
Read the marriage pledge in the following words.
|"||As a couple, we love it, respect it, comfort it, help it, and live it, whether it is joy, sadness, illness, health, wealth, or poverty. As long as I pledge to do my best.||'|
Orthodox churchAt the weddingConfidential(Greek: μυστήριον: Of MistylionOrthodox Church in JapanEquivalent to the Catholic esoteric), and officiallyMarriage secretIt is called (Comparison). As with all confidentialOrthodoxOnly is enjoyed.
Long time agoCanonical lawIf you apply the above exception and one is a believerbaptismThere were cases where the execution of this secrecy was permitted under conditions such as receiving a request, but at present there is no such case. Also, the secret of marriage in the Orthodox Church isPriestUnder the command ofCathedralIt will be held at the wedding hall and not at the wedding hall.
Only congregations can receive confidential information, but non-congregations are free to attend weddings, and relatives and acquaintances are encouraged to attend.
Tokyo Resurrection Cathedral Church (Nikolaido)Then, my wish for a wedding at Nikolaido led me to study before the baptism.Of the Orthodox ChurchbaptismIt is not uncommon for a couple to become a believer and then receive a marriage secret.
CoronationIs donechantMarriage secrets in the Orthodox Church are very brilliant, as seen in the heavy use of.CathedralDone near the entranceFormula(Heitoshiki and ring exchange will take place)Coronation courtesyComposed of and. Just before the coronation, the priest asks the bride and groom if they have any promises with other parties.wineDrinking and drinking in the center of the cathedralANALOY(IconIt is understood that it goes around the table on which the etc. is placed).
The couple will be crowned in the future with halisteanin (ク リ ス チ ャ ン OfRussianAs a king of life as a reading), it means that the married couple will jointly control their own life,Eucharist courtesyIs a form derived fromwineThe act of drinking and drinking was shown by the couple in communionChristRepresenting a life centered on (Greek reading of Christ) and going around a plan with an icon in the center of the cathedral means walking in both fun and hard times centered on faith Is.
Besides these, most of the marriage secrets,PriestAnd a congratulatory recitation bySacred festivalOr with the priestCorps(Choir) Performed bySeriesAnd are done. These contents areOld Testament-New TestamentAcross bothBibleIt remembers God's consideration for a number of couples in the history of the church, and prays that the bride and groom also receive the same protection.
ProtestantHere is an example of the progress in. The bride and the bride's father walk slowly to the ceremony, groom, witness (male), witness (female) waiting in front of the platform.Hymn,prayer,BibleReading (Ephesus5.22-33,I CorinthChapter 13, etc.), Ceremony by the priest, Pledge by the bride and groom, Ring exchange, Prayer, (Solo), Declaration that the two princes have become a couple, a short sermon, a hymn, a priestly celebration ( Blessing prayer), leaving the bride and groom, greetings from relatives. After that, at the exit, the bride and groom, witnesses on both sides of them, and parents of both parties on the outside, receive a blessing message from the pedestrians who leave and give thanks.
Among the Protestant denominationsBaptist Church,Congregational churchThen, with the consensus of the congregation (members and believers), marriage is established with the guidance of God. Therefore the wedding is relatively open. When one of the couple is a believer, the wedding is often associated with the church, and the reception is often used with friends. If both are believers, there are also cases where a wedding reception is followed by a wedding reception (a celebration is more correct), but in recent years the number has decreased. As a result, wedding attendees can sometimes exceed reception attendees.
Instead of swearing to the gods and Buddha like a wedding in a church or in front of a god, swearing to marry in front of parents, other relatives, close friends, etc.Full time) Is a wedding style called. In order not to be confused with the Shinzen ceremony, the public ceremony (One word) Sometimes called. There are also many places such as hotels and wedding halls. In the case of public ceremony, there is a merit that the ceremony can be carried out without problems even if the attendees have any religious background because they are unrelated to the specific religion. Most of the weddings follow the Christian style (entrance method, wedding dress, ring exchange, oath, etc.), but the format is relatively free, and the bride's entrance is impressed.a wedding ceremonyThe video production is increasing like this... In public,WitnessThe feature is that the marriage is approved by. As a sign of approval, witnesses applaud, ring bells, and various creative ideas are being held. Public ceremonies include XNUMX degrees, water-matching rituals, and shell-matching rituals.
Increasingly, there are more and more cases where only the photograph is taken as a memorial for the surroundings. Originally, a couple who could not or was not given a ceremony because of their relationship with relatives, financial reasons, etc., wants to leave their appearance in the wedding costume even on the photo. There is a case to embrace, and a wedding by photography that started in response to it. We do not swear not only by the gods and Buddhas but also by parents, other relatives, close friends, etc., but in many cases it is performed as a bullying or turning point in life, and it can be regarded as one of the new ceremony forms.
At the government officeMarriage registrationSimply submit your wedding orreceptionNot do at all.. The reasons for this include spending millions of yen on weddings and that couples or relatives oppose the wedding itself in order to avoid standing out in public.
"Pear marriageThe number of couples who have only "" is increasing, and the number of cases in which only "pear marriage" is enough is increasing due to the diligent idea that "ceremony is not required by law"..
Marriage, regardless of sex or homosexuality, is usually done by two people (may be more than one if there is polygamy) and cannot be married alone. On the other hand, many people have the desire to become a bride or groom at least once in their lives, even if they do not marry, cannot marry, or become unmarried mothers and fathers without marrying. Solo wedding can fulfill such a desire. Amid the shrinking bridal market, it has been growing rapidly since the latter half of the 2s.
Common dresses for weddings in Japan in recent years
- Long tuxedo, frock coat and morning coat are popular.
- The colors are white and black, which is the original formal wear color.
- White or off-whiteWedding dress.. There are various designs, originally for the nightDressIsEvening dressesEven type dresses are now commonly worn.
Wedding styles in the United States
アメリカ合衆国Is also called "race crucible" and weddings are diverse. Marriage system and age at which marriage is possible vary from state to state.. The wedding ceremony called is widely held in the city hall. There are also many weddings in everyday wear. Also,Catholic churchInMass,聖 体 拝 領Is being done.
Christianity (church) ceremony
American church (Protestant), the general outline of a wedding performed by a relatively wealthy couple is as follows.
At the church, the family and acquaintances on the right side of the groom (groom) and on the left side of the bride (bride) face the altar. In front of the altarPriestorPriest) Waits for the bride to enter with the groom. First, the groom's attendant (best man and multiple groomsmen) and then the bride's attendant (maid of owners and multiple bridesmaids) enter, and the groom and bride's side will each have a platform. Line up in a row with your back. Then by the flower girl the central passage (Isle) Is purified with petals. Finally, the bride was pulled by her father to enter, and Shizushi proceeded to the altar (Walk Down the Isle).
And the actual formula begins. Although there are differences in order and omissions, it depends on the participantsHymnChanting by the clergyBibleReading or brief sermons, words of aspirations by the groom and bride, blessings for them, exchange of rings (the best man is to keep the rings and hand them to the groom and bride), oath before God, The priest's certification of the couple, in front of the ceremony for the first time as a couplesillaginoid, And so on follow, and the formula ends. Signing a marriage pledge and filling in a marriage register may have previously been part of the ceremony, but may also be done in a separate room after the ceremony or at a later visit to the clergy.
There are two main methods of oath.
One is when the priest asks:
Thou ◯◯ uses this woman/man △△ as his wife/husband, and walks together, whether in good or bad time, when he is rich or poor, when he is ill or when he is healthy, and he died regardless of others. Do you swear, under a sacred marriage contract, to pledge love, to think of your wife/husband, and to accompany your wife/husband only until you divide them?
In response, the groom and bride will say the following:
Another method is to recite each verse as the priest says it, and to say the following full oath.
I use this woman/man △△ as a wife/husband, and walk with good and bad, rich and poor, sick and healthy, and die regardless of others. Under the sacred marriage contract to pledge love, to think of the wife/husband, and to accompany the wife/husband only, until he divides them.
There are many formers in Japan, but most of the latter in the United States. In addition, the oaths given here are traditional templates, and in practice they are shortened or slightly modified.
When the ceremony is over, the bride and groom hold hands and leave the church, but attendees pour rice grains at the exit to celebrate the wedding ceremony (rice shower). From the front of the church, there was a custom of riding in a car in which several empty cans were tied to the rear bamber with strings, but it was hardly seen in urban areas (Source: "International Manners and Common Encyclopedia", Gakken).
Other countries around the world
In addition to weddings and receptions, traditional ceremonies called pepeg are held in a special small room called the pepeg room. Originally, this was a ceremony for brides to join their groom's relatives, and they were prepared to drink alcohol, use baby nuts and chestnuts to fortify their baby babies, and groom them to support their brides for a lifetime. There are various series of rituals such as shimeji.
IndiaThen, there are many luxury weddings, and the cost tends to be high. In some cases, there are hundreds to thousands of invited guests, and since the ceremony is held for several days, the total cost may exceed 1 million yen. 2017,BiharThen, in order to control the excessive marriage cost, a bill to tax the ceremony that costs more than 50 rupees (about 84 yen) was examined..
ロシアNow, it is possible to have a wedding at the church now, but even now, many people usually hold a wedding at the city hall as a custom from the Soviet era. An attendant of the same sex is present, and the groom is blacktuxedo, The bride is wearing a white dress,Wedding marchSign the marriage report, exchange rings and kiss an oath.   after thatreceptionIs usuallyRestaurantIt was done by the groom's mother before it started.Bread and saltThe ceremony was held, and then the two were celebrated by cooking, drinking, dancing, etc., often after midnight. Participants on the way "Bitterly!(Gorica!, Во рту горько. Meaning that the mouth is bitter), the bride and groom kiss to make them sweeter. In some areas, participants hide the groom's shoes and the groom chases and looks for them. 
IndiaWedding Offering in Hindu
ネ パ ー ルwedding
Islamic wedding (チュニジア）
- Roman Emperor
- ValentineIt is,RomeemperorClaudius IIFear of degrading warrior moralemarriageWedding of multiple lovers with multiple soldiers against the ban on banningHangedI was told that.
- European first night
- Wedding to EuropeFirst nightIt was said that there wascomedyOpera OfMarriage of FigaroHas been the subject of.
Attack on wedding
The wedding is more or lessBoardSince it is carried out in units, it is easy to be bombed or terrorized by confrontational forces in an area where there is a war or civil war.
- 20106/9 - アフガニスタンSouthernKandaharExplosion at a wedding venue in the suburbs. 39 dead, more than 70 injured.
- 201312/12 - AlcaidaThe activities of the armed organization were activeEur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.euAtU.S. Forces OfDroneThe train heading for the weddingAir-to-ground missileAnd accidental explosion. 14 dead, 24 injured.
- 20159/28,10/8 -In Yemen during the civil war, the wedding venue was the government army orSaudi armyfromAir strikeReceived 131 and 30 or more people respectively.
- 20168/20 - トルコSoutheastGaziantep ProvinceAt a wedding venue by Kurds inSuicideattack. At least 51 dead.
- 20198/17 -Afghanistan,KabulA suicide bombing occurred at a wedding venue in the city. 63 dead, more than 190 injured.
- ^ Ancient germaniaThere is a custom of giving a deposit at the time of engagement or marriage, and it is said that "Wedd" which means mortgage/guarantee comes from
- ^ Some ships are ships and some are space ships. 20087/1First Advantage and Rocket Plain Kistler Japan are now accepting space wedding applications.. The flight time is about 1 hour, training takes 4 days, and the cost is 2 million yen..
- ^ Etymology of wedding bridal
- ^ "Space wedding, 2 million yen". sorae.jp. (June 2008, 6) 2008/7/25Browse.
- ^ "Wedding in space! Space wedding”. Space wedding. 2008/7/25Browse.
- ^ Asakusa Shrine The origin and origin of the Shinzen wedding ceremony
- ^ Private event
- ^ Japanese Marriage History, 5 Azuchi-Momoyama Period
- ^ "History of Kodaiji Temple 1. Hideyoshi and the North Government Office (Nene)”. Kodaiji Temple. 2009/5/19Browse.
- ^ "Izumo Taisha Teaching Teacher Training Class" published Izumo Taisha Teaching and Education Headquarters September 9 427 of 239 pages
- ^ The history of "Isanagi Shrine / Willow Wedding Costume Room"
- ^ "First International Marriage" Noboru Koyama, Kodansha (1995/12), p149
- ^ "Izumo Taisha Teaching Teacher Training Class" issued Izumo Taisha Teaching and Education Headquarters September 9, 1 428 to 375 of 376 pages
- ^ "The XNUMX Year History of the National Pillar Society"Religious corporationNational Pillar Association
- ^ June 2018, 6 Chunichi Shimbun 30 pages
- ^ June 2018, 9 Chunichi Shimbun 29 pages
- ^ Wedding venues and wedding styles that make your dreams come true All About
- ^ Koremaru Sakamoto; Kenji Ishii, "Prestep Shinto Studies," Kobunkan, 2011.
- ^ Meiji JinguWhat is the origin of Sankudo?
- ^ Japanese wedding I want to know the flow of the Shinzen ceremony
- ^ "Izumo Taisha Teaching Teacher Training Class" issued Izumo Taisha Teaching and Education Headquarters September 9, 1 428 to 375 of 376 pages
- ^ "Ideal wedding ceremony" asked by men and women about half of the wedding ceremony at church
- ^ Erica is also fascinated! Cool god ceremony
- ^ Uno and Norika!? Celebrities like the Kamimae ceremony
- ^ The charm of the ceremony that changes at the wedding hall │ if you are chic and old-fashioned
- ^ The charm of Kamizen marriage
- ^ LeFebvre, Jesse (2015-11-02). "Christian Wedding Ceremonies "Nonreligiousness" in Contemporary Japan". Japanese Journal of Religious Studies 42 (2). two:10.18874 / jjrs.42.2.2015.185-203.
- ^ If you are not a Christian,Virgin RoadThere are many people who want to make a unique meaning by calling it in Japanese English.
- ^ It is said that it means to let the flowers fall, purify them with the scent of the flowers, and protect them from the devil who envy the happiness of the bride and groom.
- ^ What is done during this "study period" is not the special short-term study for couples wishing to have a wedding, but the study and attendance of the evangelism meeting, which is exactly the same as the general baptism applicant.
- ^ There is also a method in which the bride is escorted by the groom to enter, and a method in which the bride and the witness (female) enter together.
- ^ "Expansion of public style and video production"( 2011(Viewed on December 8)
- ^ "None Marriage" Japanese Practical Expression Dictionary
- ^ Tell me! Watcher... is "indiscriminate marriage" insane?
- ^ Why 2 in 1 couples are "pear married" Why young people abandoned the good old "tears wedding"
- ^ The average cost of weddings is increasing during the recession and poverty era? The "marriage money" circumstances that you should check before swearing on love
- ^ ""Solo Marriage" I also meet the princess/transformation desire“YOMIURI ONLINE”, September 2016, 12.2018/8/24Browse.
- ^ "America common sense collection by living and living in America" Aki Shobo
- ^ "Daughter and Mother Engagement and Marriage" Shogakukan
- ^ Consideration of 10% "taxation" to control marriage costs that are too high CNN (December 2017, 2) Read December 21, 2017
- ^ Russian wedding
- ^ Russian wedding traditions and conventions
- ^ Full of surprises and discoveries! 10 images that convey the charm of Russian weddings
- ^ "Wedding blast kills 39 people South Afghan”. Nihon Keizai Shimbun (May 2010, 6). 2018/4/2Browse.
- ^ "U.S. drone accidentally bombs wedding row, killing XNUMX people Yemen”. CNN (July 2013, 12). 2018/4/2Browse.
- ^ "Wedding air strike in Yemen kills 28 more Saudi Allied forces”. AFP (July 2015, 10). 2018/4/2Browse.
- ^ "Turkish wedding venue explodes,'children aged 12-14 suicide'”. AFP (July 2016, 8). 2018/4/2Browse.
- ^ "Afghan wedding hall suicide bombing kills XNUMX people”. Yomiuri Shimbun (March 2019, 8). 2019/8/18Browse.
- Zexy editorial department "Wedding Preparation Book" Media Factory (2002/04) ISBN 4840105634
- Kenshi Ishii "Ritual to Create Wedding Happiness" Japan Broadcast Publishing Association (2005/12) ISBN 4140910496
- Naomi Tanizaki "With DVD! Marriage arrangements and conventions" Seitosha (2006/04) ISBN 4791613694
- Taro Igarashi, Ryota Murase, "The Birth of a Wedding Church", Spring and Autumn (2007/08) ISBN 9784393332696
- Marriage ceremony
- Wedding hall
- Wedding invitation
- a wedding ceremony
- wedding anniversary
- sunny rain
- A relative
- Wedding march
- Marriage of Figaro
- Wedding (Wagner)
- Nagashima wedding
- bridal Fair
- Virgin Road
- Bridal shower
- 1.5 Next meeting
- Ring pillow
- Key and wind -As a celebration, a dance at an Okinawan wedding always starts with this dance.
- Showakan (Tochigi Prefectural Government Building) --The wedding ceremony was held for the first time as a prefectural government building.
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