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😷 | Women in their 80s died, 13 out of 8 newly found routes unknown Kyoto's new corona announced on the night of the 24th


Photo Kyoto Prefectural Office

Female in her 80s died, 13 out of 8 newly found routes unknown Kyoto's new corona announced on the night of the 24th

 
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The city of Kyoto announced that there were seven infected people, of whom a woman in her 7s is said to be the mother of a woman in her 50s who was returning home from Tokyo to Kyoto.
 

On the 24th, a woman in her 80s who had been infected with the new coronavirus died in Kyoto Prefecture and Kyoto City, and from under 10 years old to 7 ... → Continue reading

 Kyoto Shimbun


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Women in their 50s

Kyoto City

Kyoto City(Kyoto city Ja-Kyoto-shi.oga Local pronunciation) IsKyotoSouthernに 位置 す るCity.. Kyoto PrefecturePrefectural officeso,Government-designated city.

8th population in Japanese cityHave. In the city 794(Postponement13 years)Transfer of capitalFrom 1869(Meiji2 years)Tokyo ShrineFor over 1,000 yearsJapanese capitalAsHeianjingIt was called "Old City" because it was placed there.

Overview

The city limitsRegulatory countrySoYamashiroKuzuno-Atago-gun-Kii-gunWhole area, YamashiroUji District-Otokuni-gunTamba countryKuwataPart of YamasukuniKuse-gun-Tsuzuki-gunI am also into[*1].

It is the largest city in Kyoto Prefecture and occupies 56.8% of the prefecture's population (June 2020, 11). The cities that make up the majority of the population of all prefectures areTokyo 23 WardIf you do not think of as one city, it is only Kyoto city. As an urban area, KyotoShigaSpread toKyoto metropolitan area[1] andKei ShigeruIs the core ofKeihanshinPart of (Kinki metropolitan area).Urban employment areaAccording to the standard, the population of Kyoto metropolitan area is 280 million, which is larger than that of Kyoto Prefecture.Tokyo metropolitan area,Osaka metropolitan area,Nagoya metropolitan areaIt is the fourth largest in Japan after[*2].

Postponement13 years( 794) In JapancapitalBecameHeianjingIn a city based onEmperor Meiji TokyoToYukiyukiUntil about 1080 yearsRoyal familyandOfficial houseHave lived inMillennium CitycapitalThe discussion aboutJapanese capitalSee).Heian period,Muromachi Period OfMuromachi ShogunateIt was the only center of Japanese politics during the period,Kamakura PeriodDuring the Muromachi periodSengoku period,Azuchi-Momoyama Period,Edo Period OfBakumatsuEven during the period, it played a major role as one of the centers of Japanese politics.

From the Heian period to the early Edo period, it was the largest city in Japan, and its urban area was "Kyonaka".Kamakura PeriodLater"Rakuchu"Kyo", "Kyoto no Miyako" and "Kyoto"京都Was called. In the Edo periodSandu,MeijiIn the periodThree cities,TaishoAfter the periodSix big cities(Five big cities) Occupy each corner of theGovernment-designated cityBecame. Under such circumstances, commercial and industrial development for urban dwellers developed, especially in Japan.distributionProducts were shipped nationwide during the Edo period whenIndustrial cityOn the other hand, many engineers areClanDispatched according to the request of. That tradition is stillTraditional craftsNot only remains asKyocera,ShimadzuStarting with companies with advanced technology,Nintendo,WacoalIt is one of the regions supporting modern industry, with the top-class headquarters in the industry gathering.

Second World WarThere are many shrines and temples that have partially escaped the war damage, old historic sites, and townscapes.Religious-貴族-samurai・Various historical data such as common peoplecultureAnd festivals attract domestic and foreign touristsTourist cityAnd thenInternational Tourism and Culture City Law"based onInternational Tourism and Culture CityIs specified in. Moreover, the oldImperial University OfKyoto UniversityAnd many otherUniversityStudents and researchers gather from Japan and overseasAcademic cityBe accompanied[*3].

Geography

Located in the southern part of KyotoInland cityThen, the city Kamo River (in the middleKoya RiverMeet withKamogawaAnd change the name),Katsura River,Uji RiverAnd so on.

Government-designated cityAnd JapaneseA million citiesThen onlybasinIs located in.

Shijo Kawaramachi(Shijo-doriKawaramachi StreetIs the largest in Kyoto.Downtown.

It is adjacent to Otsu City, which is the prefectural capital of Shiga Prefecture, and the distance between prefectures is Kyoto-Otsu, which is the closest in Japan.[2].Kyoto StationからOtsu StationEven if you take a regular train to 2 stations, it only takes about 10 minutes.

Forests cover three quarters of the city[3], The tallest tree in Japan grows in the city[4].

terrain

Mountain

Main mountain

River

Main river

climate

Kyoto basinSince it is located in (Yamashiro Basin),Pacific climateSea of ​​Japan side climate,Inland climateTogether withSummer: Winter:, The temperature difference between day and night is large. It is said that the cold of winter is severe as it is said to be "the bottom cold of Kyoto", but it is not low temperature in the major cities and Kansai.Nakagyo WardNishinokyo Kasado Town)Heat island phenomenonWill become noticeable, and the bottom will not be as cold as it once was. The average temperature in the coldest month (January) is 1°C, and the average minimum temperature is 4.6°C, which is higher than Nara and Otsu. However, even in the city, the suburbs are colder than the center, especially in the same basin as it gets colder in the north, and even if there is no snow in the city centerIwakuraOf Ohara and Kita WardHaradaniIn some cases, it may be snowy or below freezing. Due to the influence of the climate on the Sea of ​​Japan side, mountainous areas in the north (formerly Kyokuboku-cho, etc.) have more than twice as many precipitation days as 1.0mm or more in winter than in downtown Kyoto, and there are more snow days than in downtown and cold weather is severe. Even if there is snow in the city areacmThere are many cases. 2015It was hit by heavy snow from New Year's Day to January 1 and recorded a snowfall of 3 cm for the first time in 61 years. The heat is very severe in summer. Especially, the temperature during the day is very easy to rise,The number of hot days in normal years is 15.4 days, which is the highest in 47 prefectures.[Source required]There are also many records in the 39°C range. A record high of 2019°C was recorded on August 8, 10. The number of tropical nights is 39.8 days,Nagoya cityA little more than (19.4 days)Osaka(37.4 days)Kobe CityLess than (43.1 days).

Even in the same Kyoto city, it is necessary to consider separately the mountainous area in the north and the urban area in the south. As far as the city is concerned, the climate is rather high throughout the year, with much higher temperatures and more rainfall, and slightly lower temperatures and less rainfall than Nagoya. However, the city area is also less stable than the other major cities in the Kinki region at the boundary between the climate on the Pacific side and the climate on the Sea of ​​Japan side due to the influence of the Tanba highlands, the atmospheric instability and moist air in summer, the Sea of ​​Japan in winter. It tends to be cloudy with rain clouds and snow clouds, and there is a lot of showers.

Climate of Kyoto City (Kyoto Local Meteorological Observatory)
Month123456789101112Years
Highest temperature record ° C (° F)19.9
(67.8)
22.9
(73.2)
25.7
(78.3)
30.7
(87.3)
35.4
(95.7)
36.8
(98.2)
39.8
(103.6)
39.8
(103.6)
38.1
(100.6)
33.6
(92.5)
26.9
(80.4)
22.8
(73)
39.8
(103.6)
Average maximum temperature ° C (° F)8.9
(48)
9.7
(49.5)
13.4
(56.1)
19.9
(67.8)
24.6
(76.3)
27.8
(82)
31.5
(88.7)
33.3
(91.9)
28.8
(83.8)
22.9
(73.2)
17.0
(62.6)
11.6
(52.9)
20.8
(69.4)
Average daily temperature ° C (° F)4.6
(40.3)
5.1
(41.2)
8.4
(47.1)
14.2
(57.6)
19.0
(66.2)
23.0
(73.4)
26.8
(80.2)
28.2
(82.8)
24.1
(75.4)
17.8
(64)
12.1
(53.8)
7.0
(44.6)
15.9
(60.6)
Average minimum temperature ° C (° F)1.2
(34.2)
1.4
(34.5)
4.0
(39.2)
9.0
(48.2)
14.0
(57.2)
18.8
(65.8)
23.2
(73.8)
24.3
(75.7)
20.3
(68.5)
13.6
(56.5)
7.8
(46)
3.2
(37.8)
11.7
(53.1)
Minimum temperature record ° C (° F)−11.9
(10.6)
−11.6
(11.1)
−8.2
(17.2)
−4.4
(24.1)
−0.3
(31.5)
4.9
(40.8)
10.6
(51.1)
12.8
(55)
7.8
(46)
0.2
(32.4)
−4.4
(24.1)
−9.4
(15.1)
−11.9
(10.6)
Precipitation amount mm (inch)50.3
(1.98)
68.3
(2.689)
113.3
(4.461)
115.7
(4.555)
160.8
(6.331)
214.0
(8.425)
220.4
(8.677)
132.1
(5.201)
176.2
(6.937)
120.9
(4.76)
71.3
(2.807)
48.0
(1.89)
1,491.3
(58.713)
Snowfall cm (inch)5
(2)
8
(3.1)
2
(0.8)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
0
(0)
4
(1.6)
19
(7.5)
Average days of precipitation (≥ 1.0 mm)6.37.310.39.310.211.411.67.69.67.86.46.3104.1
Average number of snowfall days (≥ 0 cm)10.910.54.50.30.00.00.00.00.00.00.13.629.9
(I.e.66656259626767666868686866
Average monthlyDaylight hours123.2117.4146.8175.4180.9138.3142.3182.7136.8157.4138.1135.81,775.1
Source: Japanese Meteorological Agency (Average value: 1981-2010, extreme value: 1880-present)[5][6]


Region

Area name

HeianjingOften appears as "Luoyang", "Chang'an Castle", and "Luojo" in Chinese literature in the middle Heian period. Both are considered to be literary titles that replace "Heian Castle." LaterIn the westChang'anThe capital, eastLuoyangConscious of having madeSuzaku BoulevardThe recognition that the west (Ukyo) was called Chang'an and the east (Sakyo) was called Luoyang was born.[*4].. After that, the southern part of Ukyo, which was a lowland, became lonely and the center of gravity of Heiankyo moved to the east as important facilities such as the Imperial Palace were concentrated in Sakyo.

For example, the folding screen paintings that were drawn in many modern times represent the central and suburbs of Kyoto.Rakuchu RakugaiThere is something like that. Even today, there are the following regional names in Kyoto city. It is often used by the government and tourist guides, but there is no strict division.

In addition, "LowIs still "It is used as a word to represent "," but this is a special name used only in Kyoto.

  • Rakuchu(Rakuchu)-How to call around Tokyo, Chukyo, Shimogyo
  • Rakugai(Rakugai)-Rakunaka's peripheral area
    • Rakuto, Higashiyama-Sakyo WardGinkakuji TempleFrom around to Higashiyama Ward (In case of Nakuto, it also includes Yamashina Ward. Higashiyama is not included).
    • Rakuhoku, Kitayama-From Kamigamo, Kita-kuKitaoji DoriUp to
    • Rakusai, Nishiyama-From the southern part of Ukyo Ward to Nishikyo Ward, around Otokuni.ArashiyamaSuch.
    • Rakunan-JR Kyoto Line/Biwako Line (Tokaido Line) or Kujo-dori south to Fushimi. It may include Uji.

While the above is rough, as a regional unit that is more closely related to life,Meiji EraWas introduced inprimary schoolArea names by ward are often used.Former school district in KyotoPlease refer to.

Also, it is the only city designated by governmentHouse displayExcept for some areas such as downtown areas such as Rakuchu and areas that have been developed in recent years, many place names in the city are old town names before incorporation into Kyoto city orLarge print-Fine printIs the name of the town as it is (eg: Former Tanaka village character Monzen → Tanaka Monzen town Sakyo-ku).

More

Please refer to.

Administrative district

SVG map of Wards of Kyoto City Ja.svg

Kyoto city consists of 11 administrative districts (in order of geographical location). The reading of the ward name and the year of installation are as follows (Municipality Codeorder). Initially, there were two wards, Kamigyo Ward and Shimogyo Ward, but several divisionsmergerThrough 1976The current 51 wards were completed in (Showa 11).

CodesWard namereadingpopulation
(Man)
area
(km²)
The population density
(People/km²)
Establishment
26102-5Kamigyo WardKamikyo83,7237.0311,909.39 1879Ward systemby
26106-8Shimogyo WardShimogyo82,1106.7812,110.62According to the 1879 ward system
26103-3Sakyo WardCherry blossom165,874246.77672.18From Kamigyo Ward in 1929
26104-1Nakagyo WardNakagyouku110,2387.4114,876.921929 From Kamigyo Ward and Shimogyo Ward
26105-0Higashiyama WardHigashiyamaku36,4237.484,869.39From Shimogyo Ward in 1929
26108-4Ukyo WardTokyo202,551292.07693.5 1931Kuzunoから
26109-2Fushimi WardFushimiku275,44661.664,467.17 1931FushimiKii-gunFrom
26101-7KitaCome116,75294.881,230.52From Kamigyo Ward in 1955
26107-6South wardMinamiku101,55715.816,423.59From Shimogyo Ward in 1955
26110-6YamashinaWithout a break134,19128.704,675.64From Higashiyama Ward in 1976
26111-4Nishikyo WardDaily148,16759.242,501.13From Ukyo Ward in 1976

population

Looking at the population change from the previous census from the 27 national census, it was 0.08 people, an increase of 1,475,183%, and the rate of change is the sixth place in 26 prefectures. By distinction, Shimogyo Ward has the highest increase of 6% and Higashiyama Ward has the lowest decrease of 4.26%. According to the estimated population in the future, it is predicted that the number of people will decrease and fall below 3.66 million in 2045.[8].. 8th in the city of Japan,Daytime populationThen.Kobe City,Kawasaki CityWill be the sixth without.

Demography26100.svg
Kyoto City and National Population Distribution by Age (2005)Kyoto City Population Distribution by Age and Gender (2005)
Purple-Kyoto
Green-All over Japan
Blue-male
Red-female

Changes in the population of (the area equivalent to) Kyoto
Ministry of Internal Affairs and CommunicationsStatistics Bureau CensusThan
Health

Adjacent municipalities

Shiga prefecture flagShiga
Otsu City Flag Otsu City
Takashima city flag Takashima
Osaka Prefecture FlagOsaka
Takatsuki city flag Takatsuki
Shimamoto Town Flag MishimaShimamoto

History

※hereMeiji RestorationThe following describes Kyoto City. For the history of Kyoto City before,京都See.

Transformation to a modern city

BakumatsuKyoto, which has become the political center of the country, has seen an unprecedented boom due to the expanding population,ForbiddenIn addition to many of the towns being burned,Meiji RestorationlaterRoyal family-Official houseMost of them moved to Tokyo, which caused a rapid decline.Edo PeriodIs "SanduIs calledKyoho14 years( 1729) Has 374,000 people,Meiwa3 years( 1766) Boasts a population of 318,000Edo-OsakaIt was the second largest city after the Meiji Restoration 1873In (Meiji 6), the population fell to 238,000.

Therefore, KyotoGovernor(At the beginning of the municipal system enforcement,Mayor of KyotoSome people called for the promotion of industry, and were greeted by Kyoto Prefecture as an advisor for the reconstruction.YamamotoLaunched a plan to restore Kyoto somehow. that is 1867The world's largest event at that time in ParisParis World ExpositionWas held in Kyoto. Therefore, he pleaded with the government to allow restrictions on the movement of foreigners from their residences to be lifted only during the expo, and allowed foreigners to come to Kyoto. AndNishi Honganji-Chion-in-Keninji TempleHeld a fair at the venue to create a foothold for the reconstruction of Kyoto. Last year'sMeiji 4 Year10/10~11/11( 187111/22~12/22) Is the first in JapanexpositionBy the private sectorNishi HonganjiIs open in[10][Source required].

またSakuro TanabebyLake Biwa Canal such asCanalConstruction and the first in Japan to use the canalHydropower, The first in Japan to use that powerElectric trainoperation(Kyoto Electric Railway,AfterKyoto tram) And other advanced measures were implemented[11].These are successful[Source required], The population has increased by 1 every year since the middle of the Meiji era.

Corresponding to population growth and urban expansion, road expansion andMunicipal trainLaying,Second canalComprising excavation and water supply maintenanceThree major businessesWas made. Subsequent to this, the city/ward revision road (city planning road) project and the installation of streetcars were promoted, and in the early Showa periodFushimi(CurrentFushimi WardThe central area) and other nearby municipalities were incorporated, and the population soon exceeded 100 million.

Kyoto under World War II

Second World WarDuring,Six big citiesIn (Tokyo, Osaka, Kyoto, Nagoya, Kobe, Yokohama),Air raidSince it was not heavily damaged, there are relatively many pre-war buildings that are rare for a Japanese city. While there is a theory that it did not suffer a large-scale airstrike to protect its historical heritage,Hiroshima city,Ogura(CurrentKitakyushuKokurakita Ward-Ogura Minami Ward)・NiigataAlong withAtomic bombThere is a theory that the US military preserved the city to the end in order to know the effectiveness of its weapons.Atomic bomb dropped on JapanSee). It should be noted that Kyoto was not completely free from air raids. 1945(Showa20 years) From January 1th to June 16th, 6 air raids have been carried out (Kyoto air raid).

Chronological Table

Before the Edo period

Meiji Era

After the Meiji Reform
  • 1890(23th year of Meiji)- Lake Biwa CanalPhase XNUMX construction is completed.
  • 1891(Meiji 24) November-Became Japan's first hydroelectric power plant using water from Lake Biwa CanalKeage Power StationStarted operation.
  • 1892(25th year of Meiji) May-Kyoto Industry Association plans to hold a memorial festival for the centenary of the Heian transition.
  • 1895(28th year of Meiji)
After the Sino-Japanese War
  • 1895 (28th year of Meiji)
    • 3/15 -At Okazaki Nishi Tennocho,Heian ShrineWas founded/created as a related project of the Centennial Memorial Festival of the Heian Transition, which was created prior to the Memorial Festival.
    • 3/25 - Kyoto CityCapitolCompletion.
    • 4/1 -A corner of Okazaki (The corner of the precincts of Heian Shrine,Okazaki Park4th)National Business Exposition(Until July 7st) / As a related project of the coming centenary memorial festival of the Heian Transition.
    • 10/22 -Held the Centennial Memorial Festival for the Heian Transition.
    • 10/25 -Heian Shrine is the 1st timeEra procession(As the name of the retrofit is the 1stHistorical festival) Was held / held as a related business (residence) of the XNUMXth anniversary memorial festival of the Heian period.
  • 1897(30th year of Meiji)
After the Russo-Japanese War

Taisho era

  • 1915(Taisho4 years)- Emperor TaishoA courtesy ceremony is held.
  • 1918(7th year of Taisho)-Shirakawa village, Tanaka village, Shimogamo village, Kuramaguchi village, Noguchi village and part of Kamigamo village, part of Omiya village and Kinugasa village of Katsuno county in Kamigyo, Suzakuno village of Katsura county, Part of Ouchi Village, Shichijo Village and Saiin VillageKii-gunPart of Yanagihara Town and Higashi Kujo Village, part of Kamitoba Village, and part of Fukakusa Village were transferred to Shimogyo Ward. Acquired Kyoto City and Kyoto Electric Railway.
After World War I

Showa period

Before the Pacific War
  • 1927(Showa2 years)-Completion of City Hall Main Government Building. Japan's firstCentral wholesale marketBecomeKyoto Central Wholesale MarketOpened. Water supply to Matsugasaki water purification plant started.
  • 1928(Showa 3)- Emperor ShowaA courtesy ceremony is held.
  • 1929(Showa 4)- Kamigyo WardShimogyo WardIs a ward.Sakyo Ward,Higashiyama Ward,Nakagyo WardApproval. Fushimi-cho, Kii-gun, has implemented the municipal systemFushimiEstablished.
  • 1931(6)
    • March 3-Keihan Electric RailwayShin-Keihan Line(NowHankyu CorporationKyoto Line)ofOmiyaBy getting in,KinkiFirst subway line opened.
    • May 5-Fushimi City and Fukakusa Town, Kii District, Shimotoba Village, Yokooji Village, Nabasho Village, Horiuchi Village, Mukaijima Village, Takeda Village,Uji DistrictMerged DaigomuraFushimi WardSettings.KuzunoSaga Town, Hanazono Village, Saiin Village, Uzumasa Village, Umegatake Village, Umezu Village, Kyogoku Village, Matsuo Village, Katsura Village, Kawaoka Village,Ukyo WardInstallation. Transfers Kami-Toba Village and Kichijoin Village in Kii-gun to Shimogyo Ward. Transferred Yamashina-cho, Uji-gun to Higashiyama-ku.
  • 1932(Showa 7)-Population exceeds 100 million. The first city in Japan on April 4 of the same yeartrolley bus(Kyoto municipal trolleybus) Is opened.
  • 1934(Showa 9) June- Muroto TyphoonCame to Kansai. 181 dead, 1021 injured, 2653 partially destroyed houses[12].
  • 1935(10)
    • June 6-Great flood in Kyoto, bank breakage in major rivers such as Koya River, Kamo River, Tenjin River, Katsura River, drainage of 29 bridges such as Sanjo Ohashi Gojo Bridge, 53 dead, 12 injured, 71 houses completely destroyed -Floor above and below floor 482 units[13].
    • August 8-flood damage again due to heavy rain. Temporary bridge of Kamogawa was washed away, flooded in Tenjin River, a reservoir collapsed in Yamashina, Higashiyama Ward (currently Yamashina Ward). 10 people were killed and 5 houses were completely destroyed.[14].
  • 1936(Showa 11)-Water supply to Yamashina water purification plant started (closed in 50).
During the Pacific War
After the Pacific War

Heisei period

Politics

Administration

2008(20)7/28IsDaisaku KadokawaThe mayor announced at the city's city management strategy meeting that the actual deficit ratio in 2011 will reach 27%,Fiscal rebuilding organizationSuggested a fall to[20].. However, due to the administrative and financial reforms that followed, it has been in the black since fiscal 2010.[21].

Mayor

Symbol color

Kyoto City official website "Kyoto City Information CenterThe outer color ofpurpleBut this isColor associated with "Yamasui Suimei"[Source required].

Parliament

By convention, the city councilCity councilI call it. this isOsaka,Kobe,Yokohama,NagoyaThe same applies to each city.

City council

The number of lawmakers is 67.

  • Chairman (84th): Keiichi Yamamoto (Affiliation: Liberal Democratic Party Kyoto City Council, 2019(First year of Reiwa)5/16Inauguration)
  • Vice Chairman (90th generation): Hitoshi Aono (Affiliation: Komeito Kyoto City Council, appointed on May 2019, 5 (first year of Reiwa))
Parliamentary structure
Parliamentary nameNumber of membersAffiliated party
Liberal Democratic Party Kyoto City Council22LDP
Japanese Communist Party Kyoto City Council18Japan Communist Party
Komeito Kyoto City Council10Komeito
Democratic and Citizens Forum Kyoto City Council6National Democratic Party-Constitutional Democratic Party
Regional Party Kyoto Party City Council5Regional partyKyoto Party
Japan Restoration Party Kyoto City Council4Japan Restoration Party
Independent1Independent
vacancy1

*As of June 2020, 2 (6 years of Reiwa).

Kyoto Prefectural Assembly

Kyoto city election
  • Constant number: 34 people
  • Term: May 2019th, 5 (Reiwa 18st year) to May 2023 (4th year of Reiwa) May 5th
ConstituencyNameParliamentary nameRemarks
Kita (3)Yuichi KishimotoLDPKyoto Prefectural Assembly
Yoshiyuki HamadaJapan Communist PartyKyoto Prefectural Assembly
Hirai MasakiPrefectural Club Kyoto Prefectural AssemblyBelonging partyIndependent
Kamigyo Ward (2)Yuji SakoJapanese Communist Party Kyoto Prefectural Assembly
Yukiko MiyashitaLiberal Democratic Party Kyoto Prefectural Assembly
Sakyo Ward (3)Munehisa IshidaLiberal Democratic Party Kyoto Prefectural Assembly
Chiharu KitaokaPrefectural Club Kyoto Prefectural AssemblyBelonging partyNational Democratic Party
Atsuhiko MitsunagaJapanese Communist Party Kyoto Prefectural Assembly
Nakagyo Ward (3)Yoshiteru AokiLiberal Democratic Party Kyoto Prefectural Assembly
Takeshi TanakaPrefectural Club Kyoto Prefectural AssemblyBelonging partyConstitutional Democratic Party
Harada KanJapanese Communist Party Kyoto Prefectural Assembly
Higashiyama Ward (1)Ryuzo AramakiLiberal Democratic Party Kyoto Prefectural Assembly
Yamashina (3)Hiroshi SugayaLiberal Democratic Party Kyoto Prefectural Assembly
Hideki KajiwaraPrefectural Club Kyoto Prefectural AssemblyAffiliation is National Democratic Party
Masaki HayashiKomeitoKyoto Prefectural Assembly
Shimogyo Ward (2)Minoru KomakiLiberal Democratic Party Kyoto Prefectural Assembly
Ikuko NishiwakiJapanese Communist Party Kyoto Prefectural Assembly
South ward (3)Akita CorporationLiberal Democratic Party Kyoto Prefectural Assembly
Yoshihiro KojiKomei Party Kyoto Prefectural Assembly
Yoshiko YamauchiJapanese Communist Party Kyoto Prefectural Assembly
Ukyo Ward (5)Ninoyu ShinjiLiberal Democratic Party Kyoto Prefectural Assembly
Kazude OkamotoPrefectural Club Kyoto Prefectural AssemblyAffiliation is independent
Morooka MitsuKomei Party Kyoto Prefectural Assembly
Keiko ShimadaJapanese Communist Party Kyoto Prefectural Assembly
Shinji KitaharaLiberal Democratic Party Kyoto Prefectural Assembly
Nishikyo Ward (3)Eitaro KondoLiberal Democratic Party Kyoto Prefectural Assembly
Narumiya MarikoJapanese Communist Party Kyoto Prefectural Assembly
Kunie HatamotoJapan Restoration PartyKyoto Prefectural Assembly
Fushimi Ward (6)Yamaguchi MasaruKomei Party Kyoto Prefectural Assembly
Kuniko WatanabeLiberal Democratic Party Kyoto Prefectural Assembly
Kenji MaenamiLiberal Democratic Party Kyoto Prefectural Assembly
Kohei BabaJapanese Communist Party Kyoto Prefectural Assembly
Yoshitaka UekuraJapan Restoration Party Kyoto Prefectural Assembly
NishiyamaJapanese Communist Party Kyoto Prefectural Assembly

House of Representatives

ConstituencyRepresentative nameParty nameNumber of winsRemarks
Kyoto Prefecture 1st Ward(Kita,Kamigyo Ward,Nakagyo Ward,Shimogyo Ward,South wardIbuki civilizationLDP12Constituency
Keiji KudadaJapan Communist Party9Proportional revival
Kyoto Prefecture 2st Ward(Sakyo Ward,Higashiyama Ward,YamashinaSeiji MaeharaNational Democratic Party9Constituency
Shigemoto MamoruLDP1Proportional revival
Kyoto Prefecture 3st Ward(Fushimi WardSuch)Kenta IzumiConstitutional Democratic Party7Constituency
Yayoi KimuraLDP2Proportional revival
Mori NatsueJapan Restoration Party1Proportional revival
Kyoto Prefecture 4st Ward(Ukyo Ward,Nishikyo WardSuch)Hideyuki TanakaLDP3Constituency

State institutions, etc.

In the cityKyoto State Guest House,Kinki Agricultural Administration BureauThere are administrative agencies such as. After 2022Agency for Cultural AffairsHas been announced to move to Kyoto[22].. mainNational agencyEtc. are as follows[23].

裁判 所

Independent administrative agency

Foreign relations

Sister city/affiliated city

Overseas

Agreements between sister cities and partner cities have been linked between local governments, and exchanges are being promoted in various fields.[24][25].

Sister city/affiliated city
Other

OtherWorld Historical Cities Federation,World Heritage City Organization,ICLEI,World Climate Energy Presidential PledgeIs a member of.

Domestic

We have various exchange and cooperation agreements in Japan.

Partner city
Other

International organization

Consulate

Consulate General
Honorary Consulate-General
Honorary Consulate

Foreign government related facilities

Economy

Total production per person (nominal)[34]
年度Ten thousand yen
1975141.6
1980233.9
1985287.0
1990386.2
1995412.3
2000418.1
2005417.0
2010405.3
2015428.4

2016(28) total gross production (nominal) of the city is 6 billion yen. If converted into dollars, it is about 4847 billion dollars,LuxembourgEqual to GDP. Citizen's income is 4 billion yen, and per person is 6074 million yen. The largest industry is manufacturing (industry), and the share of the city's gross product by economic activity is manufacturing, real estate, wholesale/retail, health/social business, professional/scientific/business support services. large[35][36].

Commercial

Although more relaxed than before, the opening of large-scale stores is severely restricted in the old city.

Major commercial facilities in central Tokyo

Shijo KarasumaからShijo Kawaramachi,SanjoAlong with the accumulation of commercial facilities, it has become a well-established department store.Daimaru Kyoto Store,Fujii Daimaru,Takashimaya Kyoto storeOpened. Of the central city seen nationwideHollowing outIs rarely seen,JR Kyoto Isetan,AEON MALL KYOTO,Kyoto YodobashiDue to the opening of the store, competition with the front of Kyoto station is now active.

Other major commercial facilities

Venture company

Kyoto City is also a student town where many universities are located, and is attracting attention as a “venture business town” where industry-government-academia collaboration is conducted.[37].

Headquartered major companies

Listed companies
Unlisted company

Telecommunications

Mass media

Newspaper company

News agency

Broadcaster

TV broadcast
Radio broadcast

Infomation

Life base

life line

electricity

Kyoto city areaKansai Electric PowerIt is a business area of ​​(Kanden). In addition, Kyoto City HallPPS OfEnnetIt also uses electricity purchased from[38].

Hydroelectric power plant

There are 6 Kansai Electric Power companies in Kyoto.Hydroelectric power plantThere is. They are,Lake Biwa CanalKeage (4,500 kW), Ebisugawa (300 kW), Sumizome (2,200 kW) power plants, which were once operated directly by Kyoto City,Kyoto lightRakuhoku Power Station (450 kW) on the Kurama River, which was installed by the company and later transferred to Kyoto City.Kiyotaki RiverKiyotaki Power Station (250 kW) and Kannoo Power Station (900 kW)Sino-Japanese warNational power management policyDistribution Control Ordinance(Issued in August 1941)”Kansai distributionIt was invested in kind with the power transmission equipment in Kyoto City (later Kanden), which is also the reason why Kyoto City is a major shareholder who still holds 419 million shares of Kansai Electric Power Company.In addition, there is the Kuroda Power Station (980 kW) in the upper reaches of the Katsura River in the former Keihoku Town, which was installed by Kyoto Electric Light. (The name of the power plant and the power output in parentheses are the current ones.[39]

In addition to KANDEN, Kyoto Arashiyama Hoshokai is 2005ArashiyamaTogetsukyoA small hydropower generator with an output of 5.5KW is installed in the upstream area, and the area around Togetsukyo Bridge is illuminated with LED lighting at night, and surplus electricity is sold to Kansai Electric Power. In FY 2013, three sites were constructed: the Sabo Dam in Shugakuin Otobaya, the drainage channel next to the Keage Incline, and the agricultural water supply in Sagakoshihata.Small hydroelectric power plantConstruction[40] Was planned, but as of April 2020, it has not been installed yet.Instead, a micro hydroelectric generator with a rated output of 4kW and a power generation record of 81,480kWh (first year of Reiwa) is operating at the Ishida Sewage Treatment Plant.[41].

Solar power

In addition to the subsidy of 1 to 3 yen per kW for the installation of solar panels in ordinary households in the country, Kyoto City has independently provided a subsidy of 3 yen per kW. At the time of expansion and renovation of public facilities and public elementary and junior high schools in the city such as water purification plant / sewage treatment plant, youth science center, fish ara recycling center[42] Have installed solar panels. These are also considered as emergency power sources in the event of a large-scale disaster. Furthermore, from FY2013, facilities of 1 MW were installed at the Shin Yamashina Water Treatment Plant and Toba Sewage Treatment Plant, 730 kW at the Matsugasaki Water Treatment Plant, and 1 MW at the Ishida Sewage Treatment Plant.[43].

In addition, we installed a solar power generation panel on the rooftop of a facility in Kyoto with the investment of citizens, and established the “Citizen's Collaborative Power Generation System”, in which the profits earned from selling electricity are distributed to the investors. Conducted at 2012 locations since 9[44].

Outside KyotoNEDO In 1997, a 100 kW photovoltaic power generation panel was installed on the roof of the Shinkansen platform at Kyoto Station on the JR Central Japan Railway Company as a field test project of the Japan Railway Company, August 1998.KyoceraA 214 kW photovoltaic panel was installed on the rooftop and south wall of the new head office, and a 1999 kW photovoltaic panel was installed on the sedimentation pond at the Kyoto Prefectural Otokuni Water Purification Plant in 30.

2012 year 7 month,SoftbankAffiliates andKyoceraBy the cooperation of the affiliated company and the city, the site of the final disposal site of the city in Fushimi WardMega solarWas installed. The output of 9 MW combined with the equipment expansion in September of the same year was the largest in Kyoto prefecture at that time[45][46][47].. In 2015, the construction of a mega solar with an output of 23 MW started in the same Fushimi Ward.[48].

またKeihan Electric Railway TheYodo garageIn April 2016, a distribution warehouse "Yodo Logistics Yard" was constructed on the idle land in Japan, and a solar power generation panel was installed on the roof to generate 4 million kilowatts of electricity annually.[49].

Other power plants

3 locations in Kyoto city Clean center(Garbage incineration plant)Waste power generationApproximately 35,000 kW is being generated and sold by bidding.Also Fushimi Water Environmental Conservation Center Then gasCogenerationThe electricity generated by the facility is used to purify sewage.

gas

Kyoto city areaOsaka GasSupply area[50]Natural gasWe are supplying 13A to Kyoto city,Shimizu ware housing complexIs unique within the supply area of ​​Osaka GasLP gasOperates the supply network of This is because high calorie LP gas is more suitable for burning pottery than natural gas supplied by Osaka Gas.

Water and sewerage

Water supply

Water supply penetration rate (as of the end of 2010)[51]

99.1% of total city population
99.9% of population in water supply area

Lake Biwa CanalThe first rapid filtration type water purification plant "Keage water purification plant" that uses water from Japan was completed in 1912 (Meiji 45). In 2012, 100 years. ・In line with the increase in population and supply area, Yamashina, Kujoyama, Fushimi, Matsugasaki, Shin-Yamashina, and Yamanouchi were installed, but now they are integrated into three water treatment plants: Keage, Matsugasaki, Shin-Yamashina.[52].. In addition, solar power generation using solar panels is being carried out at the three water purification plants of Keage, Matsugasaki, and Shin-Yamashina.In October 3, the Shin-Yamashina water purification plant was expanded to 2013 kW, and in 10, the Matsugasaki water purification plant increased to 1000 kW. It was added.

By the way, 2 million tons of Lake Biwa lake water is obtained annually through Lake Biwa Canal, and in 1947 Kyoto City signed a contract for "Kansai Thanksgiving" with Shiga Prefecture. There is no legal basis for this, and thanks to Shiga prefecture, Shiga Prefecture "uses it for the protection project of the mountain that is the water source such as mountain planting, thinning, and improvement of forest roads." The appreciation of the amount of appreciation is made every 10 years in consultation with Shiga Prefecture and Kyoto City in consideration of price fluctuations. Consumption tax will be 2012% for the contract at the time of 8 2013Up to the end of the year, the "suisui thanks" was paid to Shiga prefecture at 2 million yen per year.[53].. Annual amount of 2015 million yen for 10 years from 2[54].

However, the water consumption has decreased due to the improvement of citizens' awareness of water saving and the change of life style, and 37% of the water contract households have the basic tariff of less than 10 tons. In addition, there are many "wells of famous water" such as Fushimi in Kyoto city, and accommodation facilities that use well water instead of tap water.[*9] And commercial facilities[*10]・There are 40 companies such as hospitals, and those companies are connected to a large-diameter water pipe for backup, so there is no profit, but maintenance costs are incurred, resulting in a decrease of 9 million yen.[55].

Of the approximately 2500 km of distribution pipes, 500 km exceeds the legal service life of 40 years, but the annual renewal is 27 km, and without renewal, it is estimated that more than 20% of the distribution pipes will exceed the service life after 7 years. In October 2011, there was a large-scale water interruption accident in Rakusai New Town, and immediate measures are needed.[56].

In addition, in the Ohara district of Sakyo Ward, a water supply using a local river was installed and transferred to Ukyo Ward in April 2005.Former Kyokita TownIn the meantime, there was an original water supply system, but after the transfer to Kyoto City, two water purification plants, Kuroda and Yuge, started operating in November 2011.[57].. On the side of Kyoto University Katsura Campus in Nishikyo Ward, there is the Otokuni Water Purification Plant (intake water from near Arashiyama Hozugawa), which supplies water to Muko, Nagaokakyo and Mt. Ooyama Sakimachi.

Sewer

Sewer penetration rate (as of the end of 2019)[58]

99.5% of total city population

The sewer network of Kyoto city covers almost the whole area, but 40% of the city centered on the sewer system that was built in the early stage flows rainwater and sewage together at the same time. There are 83 outlets that discharge water, and at this time sewage flows into rivers without being treated, causing offensive odors and environmental pollution in the Horikawa and Nishitakase rivers, etc., and collecting water during heavy rain from the 1980s to the sewage treatment plant. The water storage trunk line to be sent was constructed underground in Horikawa Dori and Gojo Dori.[59].

The sewage collected in this way goes to the east bank of the Katsura River and the north bank of the Uji River.Kyoto City Waterworks BureauThere are three water environment conservation centers (sewage treatment plants) in Toba, Fushimi, and Ishida, and the Toba water conservation center Kichijoin branch.Rakusai Purification Center(Between Fushimi Ward in Kyoto City and Mt. Ooyama Sakimachi)" ・The south bank of the Uji River is processed by the same "Rakunan Purification Center (Yawata City)" and released to the Yodogawa River system. It is processed and released to the upper stream of Katsura River. In addition, the sewage treatment at the Ishida Water Environment Conservation Center of the Kyoto Municipal Waterworks and Sewerage Bureau also handles part of the sewage in the Rokujizo district of Uji City, which passes through the sewer pipes in the Fujio and Daigo Ogurisu districts of Otsu City, Shiga Prefecture, which is located upstream of Yamashina Ward, Kyoto City. Has been done.

In the downstream of the Yodo River, it is used again as purified water in the whole area of ​​Osaka prefecture and the Hanshin district of Hyogo prefecture. BOD Is purified to around 1 mg, which is less than the national standard of 20 mg per liter of water, and except for the Keihoku Purification Center in the former Keihoku Town, advanced treatment to remove nitrogen and phosphorus is performed in addition to normal sewage treatment. At Toba Water Environmental Conservation Center KISSHOIN Branch / Fushimi Water Environmental Conservation CenterYuzen dyeingOzone treatment is introduced to remove the pigments of the dyes emitted from the workplace.

As an energy-saving measure, using methane, which is the digestion gas generated in the past 17 to 25, to run city official cars and city buses, and to use the electricity and heat of waste power generation at garbage treatment plants, etc. Was[60]..At present, the largest sewage treatment plant "Toba Water Environmental Conservation Center" has 1000 kW above the treatment facility.Solar panelsInstalled and introduced solar power generation from FY2013[61]..At the Ishida Water Environment Conservation Center, the amount of sludge was reduced by supplying electricity from the adjacent waste treatment plant to the electricity in the facility and by using residual heat to reduce the amount of sludge, but it was suspended in February 2013 due to the deterioration of the waste treatment plant. Installation of 2kW photovoltaic power generation panel in FY2015[62] And when draining, 9KWMicro hydroIs being done[63]..Gas at Fushimi Water Environmental Conservation CenterCogenerationWe have installed equipment to supply power to the facility by in-house power generation and reduce the amount of sludge drying due to residual heat.

Processing facility

Garbage collection

As of April 2013, there is a charge for collecting garbage in Kyoto City, and for general garbage, you buy a yellow dedicated garbage bag at convenience stores, supermarkets, and retail stores in the city, put it in it, and specify it on the road on the designated garbage collection day. Put it in place. These garbage bags are available in 4 types of 5 liters, 10 liters, 20 liters, 30 liters and 45 liters. In addition, general waste is incinerated at three "clean centers (garbage incineration plants)" in the city, and this heat is used.Waste power generationIs being conducted and electricity is being sold by bidding. The incinerated ash will be landfilled at the final disposal site "Eco Land Otowa no Mori" in Daigo, Fushimi Ward.

For bottles, cans, PET bottles, plastic trays, and plastic packaging materials, it is mandatory to use transparent dedicated garbage bags for recyclable garbage, and each is to be taken out to the designated designated area only once a week. Bottles, cans, and PET bottles are separated into aluminum cans, steel cans, and PET bottles at the Kyoto City Yokooji Welfare Factory, a B-type business office for people with intellectual disabilities adjacent to the Nanbu Clean Center in Yokooji, Fushimi-ku. It is paid to the recycler. The plastic trays and plastic packaging materials are sorted into plastic trays and plastic packaging materials at the Kyoto City Yokooji Gakuen, a living and nursing care facility for people with intellectual disabilities, and then sent down to recycling companies. Also, in the Yokooji area, there is a "fish ara recycling center" for industrial waste, which is processed into fish meal feed and collected from the citizens and commercialBiodiesel failThere is also a processing plant in the country, and the processed fuel is used in some garbage trucks. As the recovery of used papers is not complete as the city of Kyoto, as there are many private waste paper recovery companies, citizens must either rely on private waste paper recovery companies or dispose of them as burning waste.[64].. However, a subsidy of up to 10000 yen (when collecting only waste paper. When collecting other items, up to 15000 yen) is voluntarily granted for voluntary collective collection in the area.[65].

Telegraph

Area code

Area codeMost of the area is "075" (KyotoMA). However, it is "0771" (Kameoka MA) in Saga Shirahara and Saga Koshibatake, Ukyo Ward. "0771" in Muroraya-cho, Kyoto (Sonobe MA)[*11].. “077” in Daigo Ichinokiri, Ninogiri and Sannokiri towns in Fushimi Ward (Otsu MA). “072” (Ibaraki MA) in Oharano Idehamachi, Nishikyo-ku. The former Keihoku-cho area except for Keihoku Muroya-cho was changed from "2011" (Kameoka MA) to "12" (Kyoto MA) on December 1, 0771 after being transferred to Kyoto City.

Education

41 schools including the planned openingUniversity-Junior collegeThere is a campus. Kyoto is a city with the highest concentration of higher education institutions in the Kansai region, centered around Kyoto University, and is a school city famous throughout the country. Public interest incorporated foundation to deepen ties between universities and strengthen cooperation with the business worldUniversity Consortium KyotoIt is also characteristic that there is a (common name, consortium). 2003After (15), in early October every yearKyoto Student FestivalIs being held.

(* primary school,Junior high school,high school,Special schoolFor more information, refer to the page of each ward)

University

National
public
private

Junior college

private

学会

Other

In addition to this, American universities are also active in Kyoto.(English editionIs an organization consisting of 14 American universities and sends about 50 students to Japan every year.[66]. Also,Stanford UniversityHas a Japan Center in Kyoto. As an inter-university research institute corporation with the International Research Center for Japanese StudiesInstitute for Global Environmental StudiesThere is. Also, in September 2015 with Kyoto cityUniversity Consortium KyotoBy the cooperation ofKyoto Student Public Relations DepartmentWas established to promote the attractiveness of student life in Kyoto.[67].

Transportation

To city center

From the Kinki area, depending on the place of departureJR-Private railwayUse each line properly,Kyoto StationThe surrounding area is JR/Kintetsu,Shijo KawaramachiThe surrounding area is mainly distributed in two places, the Hankyu and Keihan terminals. In addition, it is a medium- to long-distance destination starting and ending in KyotobusMost of the routes use Kyoto Station as their terminal. Tokaido Shinkansen-Sanyo ShinkansenFrom along the line,OsakaInsideKobe CityKinki San compared to Uchi空港Is far from (closestItami AirportAbout 50 minutes from Kyoto station by limousine bus). On the other hand, all trains running west of Nagoya on the Tokaido Shinkansen ("Hope(Including ") will stop at Kyoto Station,Shinkansen aircraftHas an overwhelming advantage over. Also, Kyoto Station is not only in Kyoto Prefecture,OsakaNortheast orShigaSouthern andNaraAlso functions as a gateway for the Shinkansen to the north[68].

空港

There is no airport, but onceIATACity code uky In addition to that, check-in facilities outside the airport (city air terminal, CAT) were also installed.[69].

最 寄 り の 空港

Train

Kyoto StationFunctions as a virtual central station. Note that the Keihan and Hankyu lines do not pass through Kyoto Station, but both have terminal functions distributed in multiple cities (Keihan is Demachiyanagi Station, Sanjo Station, Gion Shijo Station, and Hankyu is Kawaramachi Station in Kyoto.・Karasuma Station), there is no existing station that can be called the central station.

In the city area, there are some cases where the station name is different depending on the operating company station even if the station is virtually the same station or a station adjacent to it.

Prepaid CardThe ticket is JR WestICOCAAnd interoperability card (see ICOCA section).Electronic money(PiTaPa function is not available), except for Sagano Kanko Railway, on private railways and subways PiTaPa・ICOCA and mutual use cards are available (Randen has its own "Randen card"). Also, on each JR West line and Kintetsu lineJ through card(CurrentlyAutomatic ticket vending machine(Only available at), for private railways and subway lines except for Eiden/Sagano Kanko RailwaySurutto KANSAIIt supports cards.

Tokai passenger railway

Tokai passenger railway(JR Tokai)

Shinkansen jrc.svg
Tokaido Shinkansen
West Japan Railway Company

West Japan Railway Company(JR West Japan)

A Tokaido Main Line (JR Kyoto Line-Lake Biwa Line
E San'in Main Line (Sagano Line
B Kosai Line
  • -Yamashina Station
D Nara Line
Quinacridoneviolet.jpg

Hankyu Corporation(Hankyu)

HK
Kyoto Main Line
HK
Arashiyama Line
Kyoto Municipal Subway

Kyoto City Transportation Bureau(Kyoto Municipal Subway

  • Rokujizo StationAnd some sections near the stationUji cityAll lines are located in the city, except that they are located in.
Kyoto Municipal Subway Karasuma Line
Karasuma Line
Kyoto Municipal Subway Tozai Line
東西 線
Keihan Electric Railway

Keihan Electric Railway(Keihan)

  • The Keihan Main Line and the Kato Line are basically set up as trains as an integrated system.
KH
Keihin Main Line
KH
Duck east line
KH
Uji Line
OT
Kyozu Line
Kinki Nippon Railway

Kinki Nippon Railway(Kintetsu)

 B  Kyoto Line
Keifuku Electric Railway

Keifuku Electric Railway(Randen)

  • All lines are in the city.
A
Arashiyama Main Line
B
Kitano Line
Keifuku Electric Railway

Eizan Electric Railway(Eiden)

  • All lines are located in Sakyo Ward.
 E  Eizan Main Line
 E  Kurama Line
Sagano sightseeing line

Main stations in each ward

The main stations in the 11 wards that make up Kyoto City are as follows. It is a station that is typically used as the starting point and destination point for various uses.

bus

Transit Bus

Route buses are the main means of transportation within the city. There are also routes where there are many leftovers during the tourist season,Traffic jamAs it becomes worse and the required time becomes unreadable, it is recommended to use a method that minimizes those risks by using transit connections with railway companies.[70].

With the Kyoto Municipal Transportation Bureau (city bus), Keihan Group, Hankyu Bus, West Japan JR Bus, etc., we have been sharing the number of tickets from the past, and items with discounted subway tickets were also sold. Currently, transfer discounts for city buses, Kyoto buses, and subways are offered using IC cards. Unlimited rides on city buses, Kyoto buses (excluding some routes) and all subwaysSubway/bus one-day (two-day) ticketHas been on sale (In addition, there are "bus one-day tickets" for uniform sections of city buses and Kyoto buses, as well as discount tickets with free tickets for each line departing from the city).

The service area is the city bus centered in the old city center, and Keihan Kyoto Kotsu is located in Nishikyo Ward and Nishikyo Ward.KameokaFrom the direction to the old city, Kyoto bus is Ukyo WardSagaDistrict and Sakyo WardIwakura-Kurama-OharaFrom the area and both sides to the old city area, Keihan bus from Yamashina ward and Fushimi ward and both sides to the old city areaMt. HieiIn the direction of Hankyu BusRakusai New Town), West Japan JR bus has been to the old city from the old Kyobokucho, but there are some competing sections.

In addition to this, Kintetsu Bus that operates in the Mukaijima area of ​​Fushimi Ward, Yasaka Bus that operates in Nishikyo Ward (Rakusai New Town),Kyoto Women's UniversityThere is a princess line bus that connects Kyoto Station Hachijo Exit and Shijo Kawaramachi, and the Kyokita Furusato Bus that runs mainly in the former Kyokita Town.

The boarding method is mainly after-departure and after-payment, and the fare is uniform (230 yen) around the old city. Outside the uniform section, there is a section system with numbered tickets.

# Is a bus that can be used with a common bus ticket for Kyoto city bus
● isTransportation IC card nationwide mutual use serviceAvailable bus
* Buses that accept the Trafica Kyo card

Boundary bus stop for flat fares

  • Keage (Keihan Bus)
  • Jizodani
  • Hanazono Bridge
  • Iwakura Miyake Town
  • Kamitakano (Kyoto Bus)
  • Iwakura yard (city bus)
  • Takaragaike Park North Exit
  • Deep mud pond
  • Misonoguchi Town (city bus)
  • In front of Kamigamo Shrine (Kyoto Bus)
  • Nishigamo Bridge
  • Fortune Prince
  • Daikakuji Temple
  • Kiyotaki
  • Arashiyama
  • Moss Temple
  • Moss temple road
  • Katsura River Elementary School
  • Saikyogoku
  • In front of Saikyogoku Athletic Park (Keihan Kyoto Transportation)
  • Eastern town
  • Katsura Kobashi
  • Nakakyuyo
  • Higuchi
  • Keihanyodo Station
  • Prefectural Yokooji
  • National highway
  • Jonangu East Exit (Keihan Bus)
  • Sansu Daikokucho (Keihan Bus)
  • Nakashojima
  • Tamba Bridge (Kintetsu Bus)
  • Okamiya Mae
  • Kyoto Medical Center (Keihan Bus)
  • Kiyogi Temple Yamanouchi Town (Keihan Bus)
  • Shogun Tsuka Seiryuden (Keihan Bus)

Express Bus

With Kyoto StationNagoya StationTieMeishin Highway BusAndCapital AreaMany high-speed route buses connecting the Keihanshin district including Kyoto, etc.TourFormalCharter Bus(Tour bus) Is in operation.Most highway bus routes departing from and arriving in Kyoto City have Kyoto Station as their terminal.For more informationExpress bus section of Kyoto stationSee.

またOsaka cityAs the departure and arrival pointMeishin ExpresswayOf the bus routes that go through, the routes that do not arrive or depart from Kyoto Station are in Fushimi Ward.Fukakusa Bus Stop(Kyoto Fukakusa) Is positioned as the gateway to Kyoto.For details, refer to the relevant item.

道路

Private carUsehighway・Including the city and its surroundings on both general roadsCongestion is becoming chronic, and it becomes even worse during the tourist season. In the cityParking LotIs also in short supply[Source required].

In recent years, the number of rent-a-bicycles has increased rapidly due to a review from the viewpoint of preventing global warming, and the number of accommodation facilities that provide such conveniences to guests is also increasing. Also,VelotaxiIs also the birthplace of Japan.

highway

Other toll roads
Road that used to be paid

National road

Prefectural road

Main local road

(Only cross-border routes listed)

City street

Street name in the city

In old urban areas such as the center of the city, address notation based on street names is generally used.

In the old city area, as if it were a remnant of the city plan at the time of the Heian-kyo construction, it was as if it had a street that connects east, west and northBoardThe streets have unique names.[*12].. In addition, it is customary not to attach the sending kana "ri" of "street" to the street name.

Notation of position based on street name

Mainly in areas that have streets divided in a grid pattern, a method of indicating the position by crossing the street names and pointing north, south, east, or west from that point is generally used, and omitting the town name or street number. It is customary.

First, the name of the street that the site faces is shown, then the name of the street that most recently intersects with the street, and the position of the site viewed from the intersection is shown in north, south, east, and west. When heading north, go up / go up; to the south, go down / go up.[*13], When heading east and west, it is written as east entrance (higashiiru) and west entrance (niisiru), respectively. To give an example, the location of Kyoto City Hall is “488 Teramachi-dori Oikekami (officially “up”) Uehonno-ji-maemachi” in Nakagyo-ku, Kyoto, facing the Teramachi-dori and heading north from Oike-dori. Is indicated by "Teramachi-dori Oikegami-ru", and the street name "Uehonno-ji-maemachi" is shown behind it. In addition, this notation is 1889Most of the places that were in the city area since the enforcement of the municipal system (Meiji 22)[*14] , Is used as a public notation in the Basic Resident Register and real estate registration.

At the intersection and exactly at the midpoint between the intersections, two types of notation are possible depending on which intersection is used as the reference. In principle, the closest intersection is used as a reference, but if there is a large intersection such as a main street, it may be prioritized.

In recent years, in address notation using street names, Internet map sites andcar navigationThere is an increasing number of cases where addresses are indicated only by the street name and street number that do not include the street name because it cannot be searched with.[74].. However, in Kyoto where the town area is small and there are a huge number of town names, it is difficult to intuitively grasp the location by notating only the town name and street address. For example, the area around the “Shijo Kawaramachi” intersection is known as a downtown area, but it is difficult to understand in the town name “Machimachi, Shimogyo-ku”.

Further, there are many sets of the same town name in the same ward, and it is often the case that the location cannot be specified only by the town name. For example, there are 5 "Kameya-cho" in Nakagyo Ward, 2 in Shimogyo Ward, and 4 in Kamigyo Ward. There are 32 such town names in Nakagyo Ward only. These are in one townEnclaveRather, it's a completely different town with no relation. However, the same town name has different postal codes, so if you enter the 7-digit postal code, the mail will be delivered without the street name.

Intersection name notation

The name of the intersection is often a combination of two street names that intersect. There is no dogma about which street to call first, for example, "Shijo Kawaramachi" and "Kawaramachi Shijo" refer to the same point.

On the other hand, there are many intersection names that do not originate from the street name. As an example, the intersection of Shijo Dori and Higashioji Dori is "GionThe intersection of Nishioji-dori and Marutamachi-dori is "En-machi", and the intersection of Imadegawa-dori and Higashi-oji-dori is "One hundred millionIt is called "," but this often uses traditional place names as intersection names when new streets are laid by urban planning.

Port

Local port

Tourism

Tourist spots are scattered throughout the city, with 2000 to 4 million tourists visiting each year since 5. 2018The number of tourists in 30 was 5,275 million. In addition, the number of foreigners staying in the same year was 450 million, and in recent years, it has been recognized as a travel destination in travel information magazines in the United States and the United States.[77][78].. The number of international conferences held in Japan is second only to Tokyo[79],International Conference Tourist CityIs specified in.

Kyoto tourism supporter system

Tourist ambassadorThe appointment ofKyoto tourism supporter systemIs being carried out by Kyoto City.

"Cultural assets of ancient Kyoto"

Since ancient times Kyoto was the center of Japanese politics and culture, and because it was spared the war disaster of World War II,National treasureAbout 20% ofImportant cultural propertyAbout 14% of these exist in Kyoto.

1994(6)Uji cityUchi and Shiga PrefectureOtsu City17 cultural properties, including those located withinworld HeritageRegistered in.

world Heritage
Other historical sites

Typical tourist attractions

Shrines and temples

Other

Cultural facility

As a mutual cooperation group, there is the Kyoto City Museum Facility Liaison Council, which is organized in about 200 museums in the city. In addition, four relatively large public buildings undertake joint projects under the name of Kyoto Museums Four.

Culture/Specialty

Festivals and events

Main festivals

Specialty/Special product

Traditional industry

74 items in KyotoTraditional industrySpecified as[80]Of whichTraditional crafts designated by the Minister of Economy, Trade and IndustryAnd 17 items are duplicated.

Cityscape/landscape conservation

Kyoto citySince the Meiji Restoration, development and conservation have been well-balanced[Source required].. However, after World War II, the landscape was gradually destroyed due to social changes and economic priority policies, and landscape controversy has often occurred.

1964Built in (39)Kyoto TowerCaused the "First Landscape Controversy" in Kyoto. Also, during the economic growth period of the 1s,Scenic area,Bikan districtDespite the measures to protect the landscape that have been continuously implemented since prewar days, 1950Established in (Showa 25)Building Standards LawCaused the traditional construction method to become illegal, and due to many reconstructions during the bubble periodKyomachiyaThe cityscape by was gradually destroyed. This is said to be the "Second Landscape Controversy".

Mountain ranges are also an important element of Kyoto's cityscape. Development in the mountainous areas is largely suppressed, but in the 1990s, high-rise buildings in the city obstructed the view to the mountains.

2004 yearsLandscape lawBy enacting it, it will be possible to add effectiveness and force to the existing landscape regulations, 2007A new landscape policy came into effect. The new landscape policy has tightened regulations on building height, design and color. Even in the central city, the height of the building can be up to 31 meters along the main road and up to 15 meters in other areas where work and living can coexist.

Designated almost all over the cityLandscape districtThen, there are design restrictions for each area, and in severe areas, the shape of the roof is "gable, dormitory, barn," the roofing method is "Japanese tile or copper plate," and the slope of the roof is different. They will be subject to fairly specific regulations such as the ratio being above a certain level and below a certain level. When building a building (including expansion and renovation), you must obtain approval from the mayor as to whether it conforms to these specific standards.

Also, as a view landscape conservation area,Toji,Kiyomizu TempleA view of the precincts fromEntsuji TempleView of the garden from,KamogawaThe view from 38 places, such as the view in capital letters from, is specified, and the surrounding area is designated as a design conservation area, and elevation restrictions and design restrictions are imposed.

As for advertising materials, rooftop advertising materials and flashing lighting are prohibited in the entire city, and the colors and sizes of flashy advertising signs that may disturb the cityscape are restricted by area. The signboards of the chain stores that spread all over Japan are also vividCorporate colorThere are many cases in which a relatively sober color scheme that differs from other areas is adopted[81].. As an example, in the food and drink chainMcDonald's,SukiyaUses red line in other areas, but uses reddish brown in the city. Retail stores in the cityLawsonIn some parts, the display area of ​​the blue background of the signboard is reduced, andENEOSIs for stores that have adopted the red systemLogo typeNot using. In financial institutions,Mitsubishi UFJ Bank,Mizuho BankDoes not use the original background color, but uses a white background with each corporate color character color. However, due to the problem of repair costs, some of the violations remain[82].. The Ordinance for Outdoor Advertising Matters was fully implemented after the transition period ended in September 2014.

Music

Sports

Events that are held every year include:Empress Cup National Prefectural Women's Ekiden Race Tournament,National High School Ekiden Race Tournament,Kyoto MarathonRoad racing athletics is relatively popular[83].. Japan's firstEkidenThere is a monument.

In addition, the sports awards such as top athletes and excellent leaders will receive the Kyoto City Sports Awards andKyoto Sports Hall of FameIs being awarded. Many people in the Hall of Fame are involved in baseball and rugby[84].

There are also shrines related to sports,Shiromine Shrine,Shimogamo ShrineAnd Zotasha.

Sports team

NameCompetition itemLeague LeagueHeadquartersOperating company/groupEstablishment
Kyoto Sanga FCサ ッ カ ーJ League-J2 leagueSanga Stadium by KYOCERAKyoto Purple Sanga 1922
Nippon Shinyaku Baseball ClubbaseballJABA(Adult baseballKyoto City Yokooji Athletic Park Baseball Field
Wakasa Stadium Kyoto
Nippon Shinyaku 1955
Mitsubishi Motors Kyoto Red EvolutionsrugbyTop westKyoto City Takaragaike Park Sports Facilities Ball Stadium
な ど
Mitsubishi Motors京都 1957
SG Holdings Group Galaxy Starssoft ballJSLWakasa Stadium Kyoto
な ど
SG Holdings 1986
AS.Laranja Kyotoサ ッ カ ーKansai Soccer LeagueSaikyogoku Stadium
Kyoto City Saikyogoku Sports Park Auxiliary Stadium
AS.Laranja Kyoto 1987
Shimadzu BreakersrugbyTop westKyoto City Takaragaike Park Sports Facilities Ball Stadium
な ど
Shimadzu 1988
Kyoto ACサ ッ カ ーKansai Soccer LeagueKyoto Prefectural Yamashiro Sports Park
な ど
Kyoto AC 2005
Bunnies Kyoto SCサ ッ カ ーJapan Women's Soccer League(Nadeshiko LeagueSaikyogoku Stadium
Kyoto Prefectural Yamashiro Sports Park
BUNNYS Kyoto 2006
Mitsubishi Motors Kyoto Diamond PhoenixbaseballJABA(Adult baseballMitsubishi Motors Ground
な ど
Mitsubishi Motors京都 2008
Kyoto HannarysbasketballB LeagueHannarys Arena
Shimazu Arena Kyotoな ど
Sports communication KYOTO 2009
Kyoto FlorabaseballJWBLWakasa Stadium Kyoto
な ど
Kyoto Flora 2010

Origin/related celebrities

List of people from KyotoSee.

Works set in Kyoto city

Literature/Novel

movies

TV drama

ゲーム

Music

Popular song

Sing

  • Railway song First episodeTokaidoHen (Lyrics:Kenki Owada, Composition:Tamei Ju-Makoto Kami)- 1900In this song announced in May (Meiji 33), out of all 5 songs, Kyoto assigns 66th, which is a little less than 1/8 (8 if Yamashina is included),KamakuraNo. 4,Omi HakkeiNo. 6 is longer. It is said that Kenki, the lyricist, had a great deal of interest, and many famous places are sung.
    • 45. There is no retreat of Yoshio Oishi in Yamashina, the god of the red torii stands in Inariyama of Fushimi (Yoshio OishiFushimi Inari Shrine
    • 46. ​​If you stop the tower of Toji Temple on the left, you will hear the voices of the station lord, Nanjo Station Kyoto Tsuru, who called Kyoto.Kyoto Station
    • 47. This is the city of the city, which has been in existence for more than a thousand years, compared to Hakmu no Mikado.Kyoto Imperial Palace
    • 48. Higashiyama standing in the east Arashiyama in the west He and the water at the foot of it are the Kamogawa Katsura River (geography of Yamakawa)
    • 49. Gion Shimizu Chion-in Yoshida Kuroya Shinjo-do Nagare is also on the clean water Kamo-no-miya you protect (a famous spot in eastern Kyoto)
    • 50. Shijo Bridge in the summer in the summer Ginkakuji Temple in the snow in the winter Saga in the spring cherry blossoms in the autumn leaves Kaohsiung in the autumn
    • 51. The construction of the canal that runs through Lake Biwa is Nanzenji Temple. Rock cutting out and boating.Lake Biwa Canal
    • 52. In addition to shrines and temples Sansui, Kyoto's other products are Nishijin Ori Nishiki Yuzen dyed flower maple (a Kyoto specialty)
    • 53. Folding fan Kyoto Beni In addition, I don't know the herring of the Kamo River.

Comic

Light novel anime

footnote

[How to use footnotes]

注 釈

  1. ^ Yamashinoku and east of Fushimi Ward are Uji-gun, Yamashiro-ku, Oeda-Oharano, Nishikyo-ku and Kuse, Minami-ku, Fushimi-ku are part of Otokun-gun, Yamashiro-kuni, Hirokawara-Kanabe in Sakyo-ku and Kyokuboku, Ukyo-ku are Tanba-kuni. Yodo in Kuwata-gun and Fushimi-ku is Yamashiro-Kunose-gun, and of the Yodo, Mizou is Tsuzuki-gun.
  2. ^ Urban Employment Area Based on 2015 (Heisei 27) Census
  3. ^ There are 27 universities headquartered in the city, and the ratio of university and graduate students to the population is about 10%, both of which are the highest in ordinance-designated cities (2015 Census/School Basic Survey).
  4. ^ The "Sakyo = Luoyang, Ukyo = Changan" theory was first published at the end of Kamakura.Picked upIt is.
  5. ^ Meiji 5 Year12/2For up toAD(New yearThe notation isJapanese Calendar(Old calendar) Is the original conversion.
  6. ^ Old calendarSince November 11st of Meiji is from November 11st to November 1th (the last day of the same month),New year(Gregorian calendar) Is from December 1868, 12 to January 14, 1869. Since it is not possible to specify the day of November in the old calendar, it is not possible to specify at the year level in the new calendar.
  7. ^ If January 2 of the old calendar is the last day of the same month, January 1, it will be March 1, 30 in the new calendar.
  8. ^ Regulatory countryInYamashiroAreas other than (Tamba country) Was the first city area.
  9. ^ Brighton Hotel KyotoAt Hotel Nikko Princess Kyoto, which uses groundwater drawn up from wells in its own hotel grounds, Fushimi's cooking inn "Seiwaso" not only used for cooking, but also used tie-up with Fushimi's brewery to use famous water. We also manufacture original sake.
  10. ^ At the Takashimaya Kyoto store, toilet wash water is pumped from groundwater.
  11. ^ The number division code of the area code of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications is 417, which is the same as in Nantan City and Funai County excluding Yagi Town.
  12. ^ However, if the street is interrupted in the middle of the city or merges with another street (often under a different name), it may not always be a straight line. In addition, only a small part of the streets (diagonal direction) that are not in the east-west or north-south direction (example:Aft), but with different names for some sections of the same street (eg: Yamato-Oji-dori Nawate-dori) in some cases.
  13. ^ Currently, only hiragana sending kana is accepted in official documents, but it is customary to write in katakana as “up/down”, which is still widely used today. In any case, the terms “upward gull”, “lower gull”, “up” and “down” are not described.
  14. ^ 1889Even in places that were in the city area after the enforcement of the municipal system (Meiji 22), there are some towns that do not have street names, such as "Gioncho north side" and "Honmachi XX chome."

Source

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  2. ^ "Distance between prefectures”. Geospatial Information Authority of Japan. 2019/2/22Browse.
  3. ^ "Kyoto City”. ICLEI Japan. 2017/11/28Browse.
  4. ^ “Confirmed that the height of cedar in Kyoto is the highest in Japan at 62.3 meters”. Nihon Keizai Shimbun(July 2017, 11). https://www.nikkei.com/article/DGXMZO23992330Y7A121C1AC8000/ 
  5. ^ "Normal value (value for each year/month)”. Japan Meteorological Agency. 2012/8/2Browse.
  6. ^ "Value of 1st to 10th in observation history (value throughout the year)”. Japan Meteorological Agency. 2018/7/21Browse.
  7. ^ "Normal value (value for each year/month)”. Japan Meteorological Agency. 2013/2/9Browse.
  8. ^ "Results table 1". Japan's estimated future population by region (30 estimate).National Institute of Population and Social Security Research. 2018/12/21Browse.
  9. ^ 27 National Census Population Basic Statistics (Gender, Age, Marital Relationship, Household Composition, Housing Status, etc.)
  10. ^ Yasuko Kudo, "Expo and Tourism in Early Meiji Kyoto," "Bulletin of Kyoto Koka Women's University," Vol. 46, Kyoto Koka Women's University, December 2008, pp. 12-77, NOT 110006977012."Expo list (chronology)”. National Diet Library. 2014/1/12Browse.
  11. ^ Yoshiro Ono “Why the environmental history of water, “Kyoto's famous water” was lost”” (PHP new book) PHP Institute, 2001 p81 (reference)ISBN 9784569616186
  12. ^ From Yoshihiro Uemura, "Flood Control in Kyoto and Great Flood of Showa" (Bunrikaku), Chapter 5, "Muroto Typhoon in 9"
  13. ^ From Yoshihiro Uemura, "Flood Control in Kyoto and Great Flood in Showa" (Bunrikaku), Chapter 6, "Great Flood in Kyoto in June, 10"
  14. ^ From Yoshihiro Uemura, "Flood Control in Kyoto and Great Flood in Showa" (Bunri-Kaku), Chapter 6, "Great Flood in Kyoto, June 10st Showa 6", 169, "9 Flood in August 10st Showa 8"
  15. ^ Based on "Kyoto in the War" (Koji Nakanishi, Iwanami Jr. New Book, 2009, p141)
  16. ^ Nakanishi, supra, p143
  17. ^ Nakanishi, supra, p144
  18. ^ Outline of the Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquake (Hyogoken Nanbu Earthquake)
  19. ^ About commemorative project Official site for the XNUMXth anniversary of the dedication of the Great Government
  20. ^ Kyoto Future Town Development Plan - Kyoto City
  21. ^ 24 Financial Results Reference Data Collection-Summary of Kyoto City's Finances Seen from Data- -Kyoto City, September 25
  22. ^ “Changing the Agency for Cultural Affairs to Kyoto Postponed postponing 22 and postponement of government building construction”. Mainichi Newspapers(July 2020, 2). https://mainichi.jp/articles/20200213/k00/00m/010/076000c 
  23. ^ Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications|Kinki District Administration Evaluation Bureau|List of contacts for administrative agencies
  24. ^ "Kyoto City Regulations Sister City Alliance Declaration". 2015/7/6Browse.
  25. ^ Friendship City / World Historical Cities Federation-Kyoto
  26. ^ "Visit of Kyoto by Japanese and Indian leaders”. Prime Minister's Office (August 2014, 8). 2019/9/7Browse.
  27. ^ a b "Five local governments related to Saigo cooperate with each other to jointly declare in Tatsugo Town". Nankai Nichinichi Shimbun(July 2018, 8). http://www.nankainn.com/local/%E8%A5%BF%E9%83%B7%E3%82%86%E3%81%8B%E3%82%8A%E3%81%AE%EF%BC%95%E8%87%AA%E6%B2%BB%E4%BD%93%E3%81%8C%E4%BA%A4%E6%B5%81%E9%80%A3%E6%90%BA%E3%80%80%E9%BE%8D%E9%83%B7%E7%94%BA%E3%81%A7%E5%85%B1%E5%90%8C 
  28. ^ Mutual Exchange Declaration (Kyoto City)-Aizuwakamatsu City
  29. ^ Concludes a tourism and cultural exchange declaration with Kyoto City-City Bulletin Niigata April 25, 4 No. 7
  30. ^ Mutual Exchange Declaration (Mukaichi)-Kyoto
  31. ^ The signing ceremony of a cooperation agreement on tourism promotion and safety and security by Kyoto City and Uji City-Kyoto City
  32. ^ Mayor Koshi's Smile Diary (May 24)
  33. ^ "Intercity Declaration: Ryoma's Bonding Agreement, XNUMX cities and nations in Japan, to exchange through tourism and disaster prevention". Mainichi Newspapers(November 2014, 11). オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2015, 7.. http://archive.fo/dWs14 
  34. ^ "Prefectural economic calculation". Cabinet Office. 2017/10/7Browse.
  35. ^ "Kyoto Municipal Account". Kyoto City. 2018/9/4Browse.
  36. ^ Today's school trip navigation | Learn history and culture | Industry in Kyoto
  37. ^ "Industry-Academia-Government Collaboration January 2009 Issue". Japan Science and Technology Agency.
  38. ^ Started supplying electricity to Kyoto City Hall (North Government Office/Main Government Office) -Ennet (April 2009, 4, viewed August 1, 2012)
  39. ^ 22 Kyoto Prefectural Statistics Chapter 11
  40. ^ Three small hydro power generation candidates in Kyoto-Kyoto Shimbun (one evening edition on March 3, 2012)
  41. ^ Source: "Kyoto City Water Supply Business / Public Sewerage Business" Environmental Report 2020 "" (Kyoto City Waterworks and Sewerage Bureau Technical Management Office Management Division Reiwa issued in October 2)
  42. ^ Kyoto City Board of Education
  43. ^ Source: From the 2013 pages of the morning edition of the Kyoto Shimbun, June 6, 15. Public information magazine "Kyoto citizen Shinbun" August 23, 2012 issue
  44. ^ About Kyoto City Cooperative Power Generation System
  45. ^ "Softbank mega solar power plant has started operation! Held driving start ceremony in Kyoto and Gunma”. SoftBank Group (June 2012, 7). 2015/7/26Browse.
  46. ^ Mega solar started in Kyoto Softbank and Kyocera subsidiary -Asahi Shimbun Digital (July 2012, 7, browsed August 1, 8)
  47. ^ "Renewable energy can be used to eliminate nuclear dependence" Mega Solar's President Son of SoftBank -msn Sankei News (July 2012, 7, viewed August 1, 8)
  48. ^ "Kyocera TCL Solar / Mega solar start in Fushimi-ku, Kyoto / Construction by Sumitomo Mitsui". Nikkan Construction Industry Newspaper(July 2015, 6). https://www.decn.co.jp/onlineservice/News/detail/201506302407 
  49. ^ Source: Kyoto Shimbun, March 2016, 3, morning edition, page 25 article / Keihan Group 11th Anniversary Magazine "-Ayumi of the Last 110 Years 10-2010-" Page 2020 "Yodo Logistics Yard"
  50. ^ Osaka Gas Supply Area Map
  51. ^ "Kyoto City Information Center Current status of Kyoto City water supply facilities”. Kyoto City (November 2011, 11). 2012/6/7Browse.
  52. ^ References ・Kyoto City Issued "Citizen Shinbun," November 23, 11, 1th page, "Kyo no Suido, 16 years old." ]
  53. ^ Source ・Kyoto Shimbun August 2012, 8 Morning edition "Relive the Moisture, Kyoto City Water Supply 20 Years "100) Citizens' Gratitude""
  54. ^ Source: Kyoto Shimbun, March 2015, 3, 31 articles from the Kyoto edition
  55. ^ "Regaining Moisture: 100 Years of Kyoto City Water Supply" 6) Changes in Demand From the serialized article published on page 2012 of the morning edition of the Kyoto Shimbun August 8, 18
  56. ^ Source ・Kyoto Shimbun, August 2012, 8, morning edition, "Relive the Moisture, 16 Years of Kyoto City Water Supply, "100) Updates that cannot be caught up"
  57. ^ Source: Kyoto Municipal Water and Sewer Bureau public relations magazine "Kyonomizu News" vol.4, published in December 2011
  58. ^ "Kyoto City Water Supply Business / Public Sewerage Business" Environmental Report 2 "" Reiwa October 10nd Issued by Management Division, Technical Management Office, Kyoto City Waterworks and Sewerage Bureau
  59. ^ From Kyoto Shimbun August 2012, 8, morning edition, 21th edition, civic edition serial article "Keeping the Moisture 20 Years of Kyoto City Water Supply", "100) Beautiful Water to Return". Gojo Dori's rainwater trunk lineGojo OhashiThan.
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  61. ^ Source ・July 2012, 7Kyoto ShimbunFrom 26 pages
  62. ^ Source ・July 2013, 6Kyoto ShimbunMorning edition 23 pages article /
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  64. ^ "Kyoto City Information Center How to dispose of household waste Used paper”(May 2012, 6). 2012/6/7Browse.
  65. ^ "Kyoto City Information Center Community Recovery System”(May 2012, 6). 2012/6/7Browse.
  66. ^ http://www.ce.columbia.edu/overseas/about.cfm?PID=32&Content=Activity
  67. ^ "Disseminating the real appeal of Kyoto University student's "Public Relations Department" uniting ceremony in Kyoto-Sankei News". Sankei News (Sokoku Shimbun). (November 2015, 9). https://www.sankei.com/region/news/150903/rgn1509030039-n1.html 2018/11/23Browse. 
  68. ^ "Actual conditions of main passenger flow”. Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism. P. 26. 2019/2/22Browse.
  69. ^ About cancellation of "Haruka Rail Go Service" etc. -JR West (August 2002, 8, viewed March 2, 2014) *Internet archive * Source that CAT was once installed.
  70. ^ "Kyoto city route map & tourist destination access table". 2019/3/31Browse.
  71. ^ Mukaijima Line Mukaijima Station-Okawara
  72. ^ Keihan Sanjo Line Ritsumeikan University Kusatsu Campus → Sanjo Keihan
  73. ^ The Sky Valley Bridge stop is in Nishikyo Ward.
  74. ^ "As in Kyoto, no name is required! ? I can't search the map online”. Yomiuri Shimbun (June 2010, 7). As of June 20, 2010オ リ ジ ナ ル[Broken link]More archives.2010/7/23Browse.
  75. ^ Ⅴ Business Overview-1 Transportation / Logistics> 2 Ports (p.33)[Broken link](Outline of 21 Construction and Transportation Department, Kyoto Prefecture)-Kyoto Prefecture
  76. ^ About the port in the jurisdiction -Maizuru Port Office (Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism Kinki Regional Development Bureau)
  77. ^ "Kyoto Tourism Comprehensive Survey". Kyoto City. 2020/6/13Browse.
  78. ^ "About the situation of sightseeing in Kyoto (PDF)". The 5th Kyoto Tourism Promotion Plan 2020 Management Conference. Kyoto City. 2017/6/25Browse.
  79. ^ "Announcement of statistics of ``2019 Kyoto International Conference''". Kyoto City. 2020/6/13Browse.
  80. ^ "Kyoto's traditional industry". 2017/10/7Browse.
  81. ^ 49 Sokojikara "Simple is best" section[Broken link]
  82. ^ “Zero Violation Signs, Kyoto City Ordinance Completely Enforced in September”. Kyoto Shimbun(July 2014, 5) 
  83. ^ "Kyoto Prefecture Edition Anxious ranking "What are the popular sports in your prefecture?" ]”. Recruit Sumai Company. 2020/6/13Browse.
  84. ^ "Kyoto Sports Hall of Fame”. Sports Web Kyoto. 2018/2/24Browse.

References

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