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At Futarasan Shrine, a sample of lucky charms is exhibited for the first time to avoid crowding worshipers.
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Futarayama Shrine(Futaarayamajinja, Futasan-) orFutara Shrine(Futaarajinja, Futa-, Nikko-) uses "Futaara" as the company name.Shrine.
Futarasan Shrine / Futarasan Shrine is a shrine that was built to enshrine Futarasan, or a shrine that was built by soliciting Futarasan Shrine.Enki ceremonyAccording to Shimotsuke ProvinceKawachiToMeishin ShrineFutarasan Shrine was enshrined.AlsoSix countries historyaccording to836(AcceptanceIn 3rd year), Futaarasan, who was XNUMXth rank higher at that time, conferred XNUMXth rank lower rank ("Sequel to Japan』), And then repeated the advancement in 869 (VirtueIn 11, he reached second rank (""Japan's third generation]).
The meaning of "Futaara"
In the past, the word "Futaara" was read aloud as "Nikou" and became the source of the place name of "Nikko", but before that, it was named "Futaarasan Shrine" in the Kujo family book of "Enki-shiki Shinto". It is said that it was read as "Futara" or "Futara" because it was read as "Futarano"...Also, regarding the name of Mt. Nantaisan before Shodo climbed Mt. Nantaisan and opened "Mt. Nikko" in the Nara period, relics from the ancient tomb period were also excavated from the ruins on the mountaintop, even before Shodo. It is said that Mt. Nantaisan was "Mt. Nikko" because it is recognized that it was the object of mountain worship and it is unlikely that the name of the mountain that is the object of worship will change in various ways...In addition, it is natural to think that what was originally "Futaara" has come to be read as "Futara" due to the dropout of "A"..
In the upper generation, "Futa" modifies nouns / verbs and does not modify adjectives, and "Ara" is not used independently, and nouns are subordinated or adjectives / verb stems. Since it is often a part, it is natural to think that the original composition of "Futa Arayama" is "Futa Arayama" (two rough mountains)...Later, it was conscious that "Futaara" was a collocation, and it came to be called "Mountain of Futaara" or "God of Futaara", but "Futa" was just a modification of "Arayama". In other words, it is said that it meant "two"..At that time, these "two" were often seen as a pair of men and women, such as Mt. Nantaisan and Mt. Nantai of Mt. Tsukubasan, so Mt. Nantaisan and Mt. Nyohouzan in Nikko. Is said to point to.
In addition, since "Arayama" also shows awe of the spirit, it is appropriate to think of it as "a mountain with strong spiritual power", that is, "a mountain where the rough spirits calm down"..
Meishin Taisha "Futarasan Shrine"
- Niarayama Shrine (Utsunomiya Niarayama Shrine) (Futaarayama Jinja / Futayama-, Tochigi PrefectureUtsunomiya CityBabadori XNUMX-chome)
- Futarasan Shrine (Nikko Futarasan Shrine) (Futara Sanjinja, Tochigi PrefectureNikkoYamauchi et al.)
Both shrines have different deities and different names, so they are considered to be completely different shrines.However, NikkoShimogenoIs a templeShimono Yakushi-ji TempleMonkVictory roadWhile the founder was a superior, Utsunomiya ShrineUtsunomiyaIt is said that the lord was a relative of Mr. Shimogeno until he became the lord, and both companies are deeply related to Mr. Shimogeno.
Regarding the seating areaMeiji governmentWritten by "KojienThe city of Nikko, where Nikko is located, is the former Shimotsuke-gun Tsuga-gun, and the famous Shinto shrine in Kawachi-gun is the Niarayama Shrine (Utsunomiya Myojin) in Ikebe-go, Kawachi-gun..
Regarding the company name, Nikko Futarasan isMt. NantaisanIt is said that it is the ancient name of Futaara, and the two letters "Nikko" have come to be applied from the reading of Futaara.However, the idea of "Futarasan" is not tied to the Utsunomiya shrine built in the plain..
Over this controversy,MeijiIn 4 years as "Niarayama Shrine Shimotsuke"Chugoku ChushaUtsunomiya Shrine, which was lined up in the Meiji eraPrefecture companyThere is a history of being demoted to.After that, in the 16th year of the Meiji era (1883) And Utsunomiya is also a Shikinai companyRonshaIt was positioned as a shrine and returned to the shrine shrine of Kokumin Chusha.
Currently, both companies are Shimotsuke no KuniIchinomiyaIs called.
Description of Futaarasan in the history of Rikkokushi.
- 836(Acceptance3 years)Lunar calendar November 12,XNUMXthFrom HonorsXNUMXth place downHonors ("Sequel to Japan』)-The notation is" Futaarasan "
- 841(8 years of Jōwa)Lunar calendar November 4,XNUMXth rank aboveHonors XNUMXth prize ("Shoku Nihon Koki")-Notation is "Futaarasan"
- 848(JiaxiangFirst year)Lunar calendar November 8,SubordinateHonors XNUMXth prize ("Shoku Nihon Koki")-Notation is "Futaarasan"
- 857(CheonanFirst year)Lunar calendar November 11,Third placeOne sealed door to Futaarasan Shrine, such as Honors ("Emperor Buntoku of Japan』)-The notation is" Futaarasan "
- 859(VirtueFirst year)Lunar calendar November 1,Third placeHonors ("Japan's third generation』)-The notation is" Futaarasan "
- 860(Five-year view)Lunar calendar November 9, For the first time, a priest was set up ("Nihon Sandai Jitsuroku")-The notation is "Niara Shrine"
- 865(Five-year view)Lunar calendar November 12,Second placeHonors XNUMXth prize ("Nihon Sandai Jitsuroku")-Notation is "Futaarajin"
- 869(Five-year view)Lunar calendar November 2,Second placeHonors XNUMXth prize ("Nihon Sandai Jitsuroku")-Notation is "Futaarajin"
Total head office
- Futarayama Shrine (TochigiUtsunomiya CityBabadori XNUMX-chome) ☆
- Futarayama Shrine (Tochigi PrefectureNikkoYamauchi [Headquarters], Chugushi, Nikko [Chugushi], Chugushi, Nikko [Okumiya]) ☆
- (Utsunomiya CityUeda Town) ☆
- (NikkoFubasamimachi) ☆
- (631 Myojin, Nikko) ☆
- (1966 Myojin, Nikko) ☆
- (AshikagaObata Town) ☆
- (Otawara CityKofunato) ☆
- (Kanuma CitySendo) ☆
- (Shimozawa, Kanuma City) ☆
- (Shimokasuo, Kanuma City) ☆
- (Shimotakeshimachi, Kanuma City)
- (Shimoyokomachi, Kanuma City)
- (Toriidocho, Kanuma City)
- (Tochigi CityMinatomachi)
- (ShioyaShioya TownIzumi)
- (Nasu-gunNakagawa TownMatsuno) ☆
- (Koguchi, Nakagawa-cho, Nasu-gun) ☆
- (Haga-gunMotegiFukasawa) ☆
- (Onuki, Motegi-cho, Haga-gun) ☆
- (KoriyamaAraicho) ☆
- (Kita Koizumi, Fukuyama Town, Koriyama City) ☆
- (KitakataSekishibamachi Shimoshiba) ☆
- (Yama-gunInawashiroChiyoda) ☆
- (Minamiaizu DistrictMinamiaizuYunohana) ☆
- (Ohara, Minamiaizu-cho, Minamiaizu-gun) ☆
- (Yaso, Minamiaizu-cho, Minamiaizu-gun) ☆
- (Ohashi, Minamiaizu-cho, Minamiaizu-gun) ☆
- (Miyanohara, Itozawa, Minamiaizu-cho, Minamiaizu-gun) ☆
- (Morimae, Itozawa, Minamiaizu-cho, Minamiaizu-gun) ☆
- (Minamiaizu-gunShimogo TownSawada) ☆
- (Minamiaizu-gunTadamiShionomata) ☆
- (Fuzawa, Tadami-cho, Minamiaizu-gun) ☆
- (Narato, Tadami-cho, Minamiaizu-gun) ☆
- (Onuma-gunAizu Misato TownNishimoto) ☆
- (Onuma-gunKaneyamaKoshikawa) ☆
- (Hachimachi, Kaneyama-cho, Onuma-gun) ☆
- (IwakiTairashimoyamaguchi) ☆
- (Murakami Niko Shrine) (Tairakamitakaku, Iwaki City) ☆
- (Numata CityTonemachi Oyo) ☆
- (Father of Kamikogo, Shirasawamachi, Numata City) ☆
- (Tone-gunKatashina Village Sugenuma) ☆
- (OjiyaYamatani) ☆
- (XNUMX-chome, Honcho, Ojiya) ☆
- (Yokowatashi, Ojiya City)
- (NagaokaUmenomata) ☆
- (Watazawamachi, Nagaoka City)
- (Kawaguchiaraya, Nagaoka City)
- (Kawaguchiaikawa, Nagaoka City) ☆
- (Sanjo CityShimooura) ☆
- (Konagasawa, Sanjo City) ☆
- (Minamiuonuma CitySaburomaru) ☆
- (Hoonji Temple, Minami Uonuma City) ☆
- (MishimaIzumozaki TownInohana) ☆
- (Higashikanbara-gunAga TownToyomi Kou) ☆
- (Toyomi, Aga-cho, Higashikambara-gun) ☆
- (Toyomi, Aga-cho, Higashikambara-gun) ☆
- (Sanuki CitySangawamachi Ishidanishi)
- ^ a b c d e f g Tomiichi Kamino "Nikko Futarasan Thought --- Focusing on the Name ---" (Bulletin of Konan Women's University, Literature and Culture 40, March 2004)
- ^ Shimono countryIn the explanation about the place names of each township in each county, the place name of Ikebe-go, Kawachi-gun is "Utsunomiya now, but Utsunomiya is the Futara Shrine built on the shore of Kagamigaike, and was originally a place name near Kagamigaike. So, there is still a remnant of Ikebe-go in the name of Ikegami-cho, "and there is no mention of the current Nikko Futarasan Shrine.
- ^ "Japanese gods".
- "Japanese historical place name system Tochigi prefecture place name" (平凡 社) Utsunomiya City Futarasan Shrine, Nikko City Nikko Futarasan Shrine, Futarasan Shrine Nakamiya Shrine
- Terumasa Maezawa "Futarasan Shrine" (Kenichi Tanigawa Hen "Japanese Gods-Shrines and Holy Lands-11 Kanto" (Baishuishe))
- Futarayama Shrine(Kokugakuin University 21st Century COE Program "Shinto / Shrine Historical Materials Collection")