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"Skate-Leading Stars" What appeared in front of Maejima who quit figure skating ... Episode 1 Pre-cut
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Ayaharu Maejima, who quit figure skating, responded to the word from rival Reiho Shinozaki.
From the TV anime "Skate-Leading Stars", the first episode "Pact" broadcast on January 2021, 1 (Sun) ... → Continue reading
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Figure skating(British: figure skating) IsSkating rinkOnStep,spin,JumpCombining techniques such as these, gliding on musicCompetition.. The name is skating on the rinkFigure(Eur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.eu) Is derived from the development of a game that accurately depicts.Single skating,Pair skating,Ice dance TheWinter OlympicsFormal competition. Also perform as a groupSynchronized skatingAlsoWorld championshipIs being done.
skateIs not clear about the origin ofPrehistoricToNordicWith animal bonesbladeMadeSkatesWas used. It goes south NetherlandsTransmitted tocanalWith the development of the, it has come to be performed in each layer of the people.
農民Were keen on skating to reach their destination as soon as possible on a frozen canal,貴族Among them, artistic skating that emphasized grace and manners rather than competitiveness was preferred. Their skating style came to be called "Dutch roll", which means Dutch arch line gliding, and became the prototype of figure skating. This will eventuallyEur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.euThen, enthusiasts began to study the technique of drawing and sliding figures. On the other handFrance,GermanyIn, artistic gliding motion was studied.
after that,1742ToThe United Kingdom OfEdinburghSince the inauguration of the world's first skating club, skating clubs have been established in each country, and figure skating competitions have come to be held in a form unique to that country. At firstEuropeIt became popular in the whole area,1882ToViennaThe first international competition for figure skating was held here.1892Has international control over skating competitionsInternational Skating FederationWas founded,1896からWorld championshipCame to be held. However, at this time, there are only men's singles and women's singles1906, The pair is1908In each of them, a tournament equivalent to the world championship is now held. Ice dance1952It wasn't until then that I joined as a World Championship event.
The birthplace of Japanese figure skatingSendai city OfGoshikinuma(Sendai CastleIt is said that the beginning of that1897(30th year of Meiji)と1905There is a theory that it was around (Meiji 38).1922(Taisho 11) February 2, Japan's first official figure skating gameShimosuwa LinkMade in (All Japan Figure Skating Championshipreference).
- Dedicated to figure skatingSkatesWear. Men often wear black shoes and women often wear white or beige shoes. Skates consist of a piece of leather or plastic and a slightly curved metal part called a blade, and weigh about 2 kg. The part where the blade directly contacts the ice is called the edge. The edge is about 3-4 mm thick and has a groove in the center.
- The blade for figure skating is characterized by a jagged tip, this jagged part is called toe pick (toe), and is used when jumping or spinning. There are also blades for ice dancing where the toe part is small and the heel part is short. SingleCompulsory figureUsed a blade with a small toe or a blade without a toe.
- Skating rink
- International Skating Federation For figure skating by (ISU)Skating rinkThe international standard is up to 60m x 30m and minimum to 56m x 26m, and indoor links will be used at the federation's international competitions... Professional ice hockeyNHLLink used in 200フ ィ ー トSince it is ×85 feet (ie 60.96m ×25.90800m), it is outside the international standard of ISU. It is not necessary to comply with ISU rules for international competitions at national competitions.
Athletes with amateur qualifications can participate in the figure skating competition. In addition, as a place where you can see figure skating, apart from the competition,Ice showThere is also.
Technical elements of the competition
For men's and women's singles,Jump,spin,Step sequence,spiralAre the technical components of the competition. More in pairsSlow jump,リ フ ト,Twist lift,Death spiralIs added. While there are restrictions on jumps and lifts in ice dance, the emphasis is placed on step sequences. There are various types for each element, and the points are set according to the degree of difficulty.
Skating basics and edges
Figure skating is basically one foot, and rides on either the inside or outside edge.
The one on the ice is called the skating leg and the one on the ice is called the free leg. When the right foot is used as a skating leg (when sliding with only one of the right foot), the edge of the skates is against the surface of the ice,
- If you stand straight (get on the flat), you will go straight.
- Tilt inward (ride inside) and turn left.
- If you lean outward (get outside), you will turn right.
There are two directions of gliding, forward (forward) and backward (backward), and the right foot (right) and the left foot (left) slide respectively, so there are the following eight patterns.
- Right Forward Inside (Right For Inn, RFI)
- Left Forward Inside (Left Fore In, LFI)
- Write backward inside (write back in, RBI)
- Left Backward Inside (Left Back In, LBI)
- Right Forward Outside (Light Fore Out, RFO)
- Left Forward Outside (Left Fore Out, LFO)
- Write Backward Outside (Write Back Out, RBO)
- Left Backward Outside (Left Back Out, LBO)
A variety of steps and turns are created by these combinations, and a step sequence is one in which steps and turns are continuously performed.
Competitive elements of competition
- Costumes for figure skating at competition must be of a quality suitable for sports competitions.. Early boysDressClose to (Black suitTie), but gradually they began to wear designs and colors that emphasize visual effects, such as stage costumes. Excessive exposure and the use of props are prohibited in the competition and are only allowed at exhibitions.
- The boy is longpantsMust be worn.
- Single and pair girls shouldn't get in the way of jumps,leotardToMini skirtLengthFrillOften wear a combination of costumes, and skirt length tends to be long in ice dance. Female athletes wearing skirtstightsTo wear. Some athletes put only the blades out and wrap their skates in tights, but this is for a variety of reasons, including hiding scratches and dirt on the shoes, and making the legs look longer. Since the 2005-2006 season, the skateboarding obligations of female athletes have been abolished, and an increasing number of skaters are performing underpants.
- In order to avoid exposure (in addition to regulation, it is very cold because the inside of the link is iced, it is very cold). Can be seen.
- In the case of a design that does not stick to the body and has a lot of space, in order to reduce air resistance by passing air that is trapped between the cloth and the body when slidingsilkOr glossy so that it can shine under other lightingsatin,leatherA wide variety of fabrics such asSequinsAlso used. Costume productionballetI often order from performing arts related companies, but there are also small companies that specialize in figure skating costume production. In addition, people around the player such as the athlete's family may sew them by hand.
- In addition, if the item on your costume drops, you will lose points.
- make up
- For girls, in order to look beautiful,make upI often do it too.
- The premise is to use music.
- mainlyClassical music,movie soundtrackIt is selected from.
- Music with lyrics was only approved for ice dance, but from 2014-15 season it has been approved for use in all competitions.
- In competition,ProvisionDo not deviate from the performance time specified in. It is necessary to stop the movement and edit the music in time.
- The choreography of figure skating isChoreographerIt is done by the coach and, in some cases, the athlete himself. It is common for persons with experience in figure skating to be in charge of choreography.
Program rules for each category
As a common matter, the rules of figure skating are very detailed,For each classThere are some differences in regulations.
Both boys and girls,Single skatingThere are short programs and free skating in the program, and the short program is conducted first. Depending on the tournament, free skating may be performed only by those who have entered the prescribed positions in the short program (Winter OlympicsSuch).
Pair programs also have short programs and free skating as well as singles, but here the emphasis is on techniques that can only be expressed by two men and women. There are many dangerous elements in acting if it fails, and it is said to be the most acrobatic competition in figure skating.
Like a pair, two men and women compete, but the lifts and jumps are limited, and the skill of the step is the main focus. On iceBallroom dancingAlso called. Up to the 2009 season, there were three programs, compulsory dance, original dance, and free dance, but from the 3 season, it was changed to two programs, short dance and free dance.
6.0 Full system (old scoring method)
ISU Judging SystemIt is a general term for the scoring methods that have been used up to 2002 before the enforcement.
ISU Judging System
Scoring method from the 2003 season. For the sake of convenience, it is often called a "new scoring system" as a name for the scoring method used before.
Works on figure skating
- "The Path to Infinity" (Hiromi Okina,Goshikinuma) Bronze statue of male and female pair skater
- "Princess on the Ice" (Ushio Ushio,Blue bird library)
- "Mrs. Lecamier" (Kuran Toran, Kuran Juran complete collection, etc.) One of the characters is a figure skating teacher, and the skating scene is also written.
- "Ginban Kaleidoscope』(Haibara zero,ShueishaSuper dash paperback, Based on this work,Comic-Anime-ゲームThere are also works)
- "Skater Waltz" (Okahiko Kaga,Chikuma Shobo）
- "Teru Teru Bozu Teruko』(Thank you, Shinchosha) Drama "Teru Teru Family』The original.
- "Skaters on the Edge" (Aiko Koizumi, VXNUMX Solutions)
- "Running Pink Cinderella" (Akihiko Mizushiro,Shueisha）
- "I want to touch you" (Kotemari Rui,Guryudo）
- "Dream Drop Short Story" (Sakiko Kizaki,Kenyukan）
- "Come with you" (Sakiko Kizaki,Kenyukan）
- "Field, wind youth sports novel anthology" (Atsuko Asanoother,Jive）
- "Magical Girl Reina Phantom Skating Rink" (Yoji Ishizaki,Iwasaki Shoten）
- "Run through the silver board" (Izumi Sunohara, character library ・Tokuma bookstore)
- ``Silver skating-The story of Hans Blinker'' (Mary Mapes Dodge,Iwanami Shonen Bunko)
- "Angelina is a skater" (Katherine Hollabad, Helen Craig,Kodansha）
- "Sana's First Skating" (Masako Naritama,Poplar company）
- "Forest of Glass" (Rui Kotemari,Poplar library pure full）
- "Ginban Trace" (Kei Akino,Jitsugyo no Nihonsha）
- "Crystal Edge" (Kazeno Ushio,Kodansha）
- "The Ice Fight Story" (Around Yoshida,Kodansha）
- "With love from Kiss and Cry" (Koya Kozuka,Kaioh company）
- "Ice no Pas de Doo" (Akemi Saito,Hakusensha）
- "Ice Princess" (Linda Chapman,Kadokawa Shoten）
- "Figure Dream" (Ria Cheri,media Factory）
- "Shannoir of the silver board" (,Hakusensha）
- "Silver bond" (Shusuke Shikai,PHP Institute）
- "Beginning Maihime ~Love and miracle on the ice~" (Noriko Izumi,Shinshokan）
- "Rival on Ice" (Mariko Yoshino,Kodansha）
- "Ice skating penguin" (Tsukamoto Yasushi, Discover Twenty One)
- Sports cartoon #Figure skatingchecking ...
- Movies by Sonia Henney(1936-1948, USA)
- Ina Bower Starring Movie(1961-1962, USA)
- "Ice castle(Ice Castles)" (1978, USA)
- "Watch Adieu l'Hiver"(Satoshi Kuramotodirected by,Tomoko Nakajima(Starring, 1986, Japan)
- "Winter lovers(The Cutting Edge)" (1992, USA)
- "Ice Princess(Ice Princess)” (2005, United States)
- "Winter lovers 2 (The Cutting Edge: Going for the Gold)” (2006, United States)
- "Us figure skater(Blades of Glory)" (2007, USA)
- "COACH coach(2010, Japan)
- "Breasts of strawberries(1983-1984, Japan)
- "Teru Teru Family"(NHK serial TV novel 2003-2004, Japan)
- "Red miracle(2006, Japan)
- "Junior high school diary"Tropical fish drowning" (broadcast October 2006, 10, Japan)
- "Skating promise(Broadcast December 2013, 12, Japan)
- "Round and round ◇ Princess ~ Shining on the figure ☆ Ice Angel ~"(spike, 2007)
- "Round and round ◇ Princess ~ Dream White Quartet ~"(spike, 2007)
- "Yuri!!! on ICE"(Year 2016)
- ^ [Kento Ikki] "Kenchi" rooted in Sendai as seen in Hanyu "Kin"(Sankei sports August 2014, 2)
- ^ (PDF) (Sendai City Library-Sendai Mediatheque "Summary of Miyagi's local history") p.146
- ^ Sendai city(Asahi elementary school newspaper"Government-designated cityFile" March 2008, 3)
- ^ (PDF) (International Federation of Skating "Special Regulations and Technical Rules Archived August 2015, 5, at the Wayback Machine.”)… From “Rule 342 Required rinks”
- ^ International Skating Union (June 2006). “(PDF)" (English). Special Regulations & Technical Rules: Single & Pair Skating and Ice Dancing 2006. 2007/6/7Browse.[Broken link]
- ISU Judging System(International Skating Federation(English)）
- ISU Communication(International Federation of Skates(English)）