Portal field news

Portal field news

in ,

🎭 | Team XNUMX challenges the new work of AKBXNUMX legendary stage "Majimuri Gakuen"!

Photo stage "Majimuri Gakuen Bud-RAI-"

Team XNUMX challenges the new work of AKBXNUMX legendary stage "Majimuri Gakuen"!

If you write the contents roughly
Starring Oguri, Rin Okabe (24), Narumi Kuranoo (20), Erina Oda (23), Yui Yokoyama (20), Maria Shimizu (23), Yuka Suzuki (20) and other team 8 members.

AKBXNUMX Team XNUMX will perform the stage "Majimuri Gakuen Bud -RAI-" from March XNUMXth to April XNUMXth at Tennozu Silver, Tokyo ... → Continue reading

 East Sports Web

The web news of East Sports (Tokyo Sports) provides news of various genres such as sports such as baseball and soccer, entertainment, professional wrestling, and horse racing.

Wikipedia related words

If there is no explanation, there is no corresponding item on Wikipedia.


AKB48(AKB Forty Eight[Note 1]) IsJapan OfFemale idol group[2].

Akimoto YasushiProduced by2005May 12ToTokyo-AkihabaraStarted the activity. The operating company and affiliated office is DH, and the affiliated label isYou, Be Cool!/King record.


AKB48 isTokyo-Akihabara(TokyoChiyoda WardSotokanda) Dedicated totheaterIsAKB48 Theater(AKB Forty Eight Theater). "I can go see youIdol'[Note 2]TheConceptIt is a daily member and is characterized by performing almost every day.Mass mediaNot a distant existence throughフ ァ ンIs embraced and supported by the members as a familiar entity, and the style of sharing the growth process has gained the support of fans[3].

"AKB48It may be misunderstood that the number of members is 48 from the group name, but about 100 members including regular members and research students are enrolled (current number of members isGroup composition of AKB48See). In November 2010, 11 regular members and in March 48 all 2013 membersGuinness World RecordsCertified by[4][5].

In Japan as a sister groupSKE48-NMB48-HKT48-NGT48-STU48But outside JapanJKT48-BNK48-MNL48-AKB48 Team SH-AKB48 Team TP-SGO48-CGM48-DEL48There is. furtherIndiaInMUB48Project is in progress. If you include sister groups in AKB48AKB48 Group"・"48 groups" are collectively called.

Brief history

The first performance was held at AKB2005 Theater on December 12, 8.At that time, there were seven general visitors. On February 48, 7single"Cherry blossom petals"soIndiesDebuted on October 10th of the same year with the single "Wanted to meet"soDefstar Recordsからmajor debutdid. In 2007, the so-called "Akihabara frame"[Note 3]"so"The 58th NHK Red and White Singing Battle”, But at that time,“ Akihabara ’sGeekBecause there was a strong image of ``for idols'', the public was not interested[6].

In January 2008, the first terrestrial television program "AKB1 59th floor!] Will start broadcasting. In October of the same year after transferring the labelKing record(You, Be Cool!) Released 10th single "Loud DiamondFrom then, CD sales will gradually start to increase. In 2009, the 14th single "RIVERFirstOricon Weekly ChartOnce you get the 1st place, you will get the 1st place one after another in the songs to be announced, and it will be called "AKB phenomenon" "national idol" from the mass media. 2010th single of August 8 "Heavy Rotation”Is the initial sales of singles surpassing 50 copies, 120 weeks of Oricon appearance, Oricon WeekkaraokeChart 48st place for 1 consecutive weeks[7]Has a record of. In 2011, the 22nd single "Flying Get"In 2012, the 26th single "Midsummer Sounds good!"soJapan Record AwardHas been awarded. AlsoJapan Gold Disc AwardHowever, since 2011 (targeted in 2010), we have been playing "Single of the Year" (Japanese music category) for 7 consecutive years.[8], Has been awarded "Artist of the Year" (Japanese music category) for three consecutive years since 2012. CD single sales are 3rd single "in October 2011"The wind is blowingWith 1000 million[9], March 2013, 3th single "UZA(Released in October 2012) 10 million copies[10], March 2014, 12th single "Hopeful refrainWith 3000 million[11], 2015nd single on December 12, 8 "Be My Baby on the lips”, the total sales of CD singles by artist exceeded 3615 copies in Japan.[12], March 2016, 9th single "LOVE TRIP"Oricon topped 1968 million copies for the first time since it started counting in 4000[13][14]. In addition, the total sales of the CD, including the album, was the 2014th single in March 3.I can only go to the frontThe first time in a female group, the number of female artists including solos exceeded the 5th group, 3000 million copies.[15].

At the debut performance of Team A in 2005, the general public was 72 out of 7 visitors (65 people were involved), but about 2 months later on February 2, the first full capacity (capacity). 4 people)[16]. The first performance of Team K will be held in April of the same year, and it will be full, but on the third day it will be halved, such as going through some twists and turns. In January 4,on-demandDistribution has started[17]. The highest application rate for theater performances was on August 2012, 8Maeda Atsuko916 times the graduation performance[18][19]. Outside the theater, in November 2006Japan Youth HallHeld the first concert in[20][21]. March-April 2007 in TokyoNagoya-Fukuoka-OsakaWe hold a national tour around[22].. In March 2008People's Republic of China-BeijingTeam B is performing their first live outside of Japan at a cultural exchange event[23].

June-July 2009 Select single selection members1st General ElectionHas been held every year except 2019. Since 2012, terrestrial television broadcasting has been conducted. In September 2010, the same single selection members will be selected.The first selection rock-paper-scissors competitionSince then, this event is also held every year except 2019, but from the 5th time it is not decided to select the single selection of AKB48. Furthermore, in January 2011, AKB1's first documentary film "DOCUMENTARY of AKB48 to be continued What will the girls think about themselves 10 years later?Was released[24]. On the other hand, after the Great East Japan Earthquake in March of the same year, as a charity activity"For someone" projectHas started[25].

2008 SKE48 (NagoyaProsperity), and sister groups have been formed both in Japan and abroad ("# Sister project"reference).

Team 2011 and Team B in June 6[Note 4]It has been established as a new team for the first time in four and a half years[Note 5]. Team 2014 was launched in April 4. Unlike other teamsToyotaWith the support of, the members take the form of representatives by audition by each prefecture.

For large concerts, in July 2011Seibu DomeSince it was held at the AKB48 group in March 2012Saitama Super Arena, In August of the same yearTokyo DomeYokohama in June 2013Nissan Stadium, July-August 2013 is holding five dome tour concerts nationwide. Also in March 7National Kasumigaoka Athletic FieldAKB48 solo concert held[Note 6], In August of the same yearAjinomoto StadiumAKB48 group concert is held in August, and the first AKB8 solo concert is held at Tokyo Dome in August of the same year.

Membership, Who joins as a research student at irregular auditions and is promoted to a regular team in a timely manner, while it is fluid because it is a large group with irregular graduates. The team structure was the first in 2010 to be a largeTeam reorganizationSince 2012, the second time in 2 was a reorganization including some concurrent assignments and overseas transfers between AKB48 and the sister group, and the third time in 2014 was the concurrent assignment/transfer of the entire sister group.Nogizaka46Reorganization (including# History of braiding)), the 2015th time in 4 was changed/changed to include new positions in the sister group and transferred/concurrent with the establishment of NGT48. ing.

Activity policy and features

Activity policy

The AKB48 completely overturned the conventional stereotype of idols that "you can only meet at a TV or concert venue", and since its formation, under the concept of "an idol who can meet you", a high frequency in a dedicated theater (see below) The concerts and thorough fan service (handshake events, photo sessions, etc.) continue to make efforts to reduce the distance between idols and fans and to make idols more familiar.

All concerts held in dedicated theaters are labeled as "performances" (not called "lives" or "concerts"), and are still the core of group activities as of 2014. All performances are performed with original songs, and as of November 2013, 11, the number of original songs is 22 for AKB48 alone and 401 for AKB48 group as a whole.[Note 7]. Except for some songs, general producer Yasushi Akimoto is writing the lyrics. Yasushi Akimoto has more than 1 songs per performanceDemo tapeAnd spend days listening to it and choosing the song to use[27].

group name

Group name "AKB48"AKBIs home ground locatedAkihabara(Akihabara,AKIHABARA) or AkihabaraAkiba(Akiba,AKIBDerived from A). When I first announced the recruitment, it was titled "Akihabara 48 Project".[28],NTT DoCoMoRecruitment of membersTie-upAlthough it was sometimes referred to as "Akihabara 48" in various media such as commercials at the time of indie debut, he himself has a simple logo mark written only as "AKB48".identityThe group name was later unified to "AKB (AKB) 48 (Forty Eight)".[Note 8]. Group members and mass media omit "AKB48"AKBSometimes referred to as[29][30]. In addition, "AKB48" isAKS Co., Ltd.Is a registered trademark of[Note 9].

48Yasuaki Akimoto says, "When it comes to "Onyanko" or any word, it gets old, so I want to make it an inorganic one like a product development number."[31]. As the name suggests, there were long periods when there were about 48 regular members (there were some fluctuations due to the joining and leaving of members).[Note 10]. In the initial concept, there were 1 in 24 army + 2 in 24 army, for a total of 48[32]. Tonosaki Toshinobu is the office to which he was originally formed.office48President of (Kotaro Shiba) Was 48 (from Shiba, which is the last name of the person, Shiba), so he said that if you want to make a group of about 50, please make it 48 people.[33].

Use of the name "AKB48"

The name "AKB48" was named as the project expanded.Sister groupMay be included. "AKB48" is mainly used in the following three meanings.

  1. Refers only to AKB48, which is based in Akihabara, and is used in conjunction with the sister group.
  2. In addition to 1, domestic sister group SKE48, (SDN48), NMB48, HKT48, NGT48, STU48 andDerivation unitInclude.
  3. In addition to 2, include sister groups JKT48, BNK48, (SNH48), etc. outside Japan.

The bundles of 2 and 3 areAKB48 Group”, “AKB Group”, or “48 Group”.

Members of the sister group are active in the single and derivative units of the original group "AKB1" in the sense of 48.

Dual-role/transfer system

AKB48 has five sister groups in Japan and eight sister groups outside Japan, and there is a "concurrent/transfer system" between each group of AKB5 groups. Dual-role means to be active as a member of the dual-role group while being active in the original group. Therefore, in the personnel changes of the companySecondedCan be said to be a different form. On the other hand, the transfer means leaving the position of the original group to belong to the group to which the transfer is made, and has a form similar to the transfer to the affiliated company in the personnel change of the company. Transferred within the AKB48 Group. Although it is a special form, in 2014, “AKB48 Group and Nogizaka46 Mutual”Exchange studentAlso calledRena Matsui(At that time SKE48)Rina Ikoma(Nogizaka46 at that time)[34].. The dual post was removed in 2015[35].. In addition, due to the formation of cabinets, etc., in addition to the cancellation of the dual post and the change of the dual post, some members have been transferred to the dual post group as is.[Note 11].


Many of the members, especially those who joined early, have the perception that "AKB48 is a passage point". Not all of them aim to be singers,actress-Fashion ModelThere are various professions to apply for. On the other hand, not a step to a singer or an actress,Amina Sato(4th gen./former member) After that, there will be some who have a clear goal of "Activities at AKB48" itself.[36][37].. As the previous title of the official blog showed, AKB48 was aiming to realize a concert at Tokyo Dome, but this goal was held from 2012th August to 8th August 24. AKB8 in TOKYO DOME ~26m dream~". At the beginning, the goal was to make a major debut. The official blog title was changed to "~48m~" due to the achievement of the goal.[38].

Affiliation office

At the beginning of formation, all membersoffice48I belonged tomanagementIn 2007, in order to strengthen exposure and development, and to continue performing entertainment after graduation,Mai Oshima-Tomomi Itano-Tomomi KasaiBut"Horipro"ToTransferSome of the members wereEntertainment officeIt was announced that he would move to.

Also, except for some members, "office48" to "AKSAffiliation was changed. From this point onward, new members who joined as research students also belonged to "AKS" at the beginning, and members who were offered by other offices were transferred. The remaining members of "office48" are treated as a transfer group. Since the group itself belongs to "AKS", the members of the transfer group will be under the jurisdiction of "AKS" when performing or performing as AKB48.

At the concert "AKB2010 full festival hope pros and cons" on March 3, 25, all members up to the 48th grade who were members of AKS were announced to transfer to the entertainment office.[39].

March 2012, 3 Concert "Business contact. On the last day of ``I'll ask, Director Katayama! in Saitama Super Arena'', a consultation was announced that the members of the 24th and 9th generation who were already active as regular members at the performance on the first day were transferred to the entertainment office.[40].

For a while, the active members were not transferred from AKS, but in 2017Mako Kojima Sun music productionTransferred to[41],Rena Kato-Mion Mukai Production Ogi OfsubsidiaryTransferred to "Mama & Son" affiliated with[42].

On January 2020, 1, AKS changed its company name to "Vernalossom" and did not manage AKB20, but moved to "AKB Co., Ltd. (temporary)" to be established in April as an operating company. Announced to be independent[43].. On April 4st of the same year, AKSVernalossom Co., Ltd."(Verna Rossum) and the new company "DH Co., Ltd."[Note 12]Announced that it will transfer the business of AKB48 to[45][46].. Along with this, the copyright notice has been changed from "©AKS" to "©AKB48".[47]..Also in the same year, Team 8Onishi Momoka・ Maria Shimizu ・Erina Oda-Rin OkabeIn addition,Ayana Shinozaki,Megu TaniguchiTransferred to another entertainment agency.

AKB48 Theater

A dedicated theater on the 48th floor of the Don Quijote Akihabara store, where AKB8's activities began. This "AKB48 theater" is working as a home ground. Also, on the 5th floor of the same store, DVDs and goods will be sold.AKB48 SHOPWas installed, but it was closed in December 2015.

From June 2009 to October 6Theater G Rosso(Tokyo Dome City Attractions) As a second franchise, and was performing irregularly. There are plans to perform even after November 2009, and the theater G Rosso was also announced on the AKB11 official website, but the description disappeared with the site renewal in October 48.

Fan community

AKB48 has succeeded in shortening the distance between idols and fans by setting up a special theater and performing, but at the same time it has also strengthened the connection between fans. In particular, the lobby in front of the theater functions as a space for strangers to get to know each other.onlineEven aboveSocial networking servicesSince the emergence of people, there is a movement to use them to deepen exchanges.[48].

The management side actively takes in the opinions of the fans. When the theater wasn't crowded, the producer Yasushi Akimoto heard opinions from fans directly at the theater, and even after the hit, he was told indirectly by the staff.[49]. Especially in the early stages, the operating staff had little experience with entertainment,チケットWe received advice from fans about the specific method of selling, lottery and sorting[50].Iwasaki NatsumiWas an assistant producer, he was strong on the internetchannel 2,BlogThe reaction of the fans about the performance written in was summarized and conveyed to Yasushi Akimoto.[51].

In addition, the official fan club “Pillar's Association” started operating on August 2006, 8. However, the membership registration system that allows multiple members to register as a member, and the performance ticket that caused thisInternet auctionDiscontinued as of September 2011, 9 due to issues such as resale at[52][53]. From December 12th of the same year, a new official fan club, "Two Pillars Club," will be established to replace it.

Handshake event and purchase privilege

AKB48 holds a handshake event for CD buyers, and plays a role of fulfilling the concept of "idling to meet" as an opportunity for fans to directly shake hands and talk with members.[54]. A handshake event was held on December 2005, 12 as a substitute for a theater performance that was canceled due to equipment failure.[55], After that, it came to be carried out regularly according to the release of the CD.

There are two types of AKB48 handshake events: "national handshake event" and "large handshake event".[54]. "Nationwide handshake event" is a handshake event that is held in units of areas throughout Japan (Hokkaido, Tohoku, Kanto, Chubu, Kansai, China, Kyushu) in line with the release of the single CD.[56][Note 13]. You can freely participate in any area without prior reservation, and you need the "event participation ticket" enclosed in the single CD (first limited edition) to participate.[57]. Some members (about 20 people) participated instead of all members, and some lanes have multiple members instead of one member per lane.[57][58]. A single title of "event participation ticket" that can be used for each holding date is specified[56][59]. Lives and events will be held on the day[57][60].

"Big handshake event" is basicallyKanto regionAt a handshake event held in some parts of Osaka City, etc.[54], Is held for each CD release. It is also called "individual handshake event" as well as the handshake event for the sister group's theater CDs. To participate, you need the participation ticket attached to the theater board CD, apply by specifying "date", "member", "time zone" from the predetermined website before release, and draw the theater board CD by lot Make a reservation[54][Note 14]. As a general rule, not only AKB48 members but all domestic AKB48 group members participate[54], Each member is responsible for one lane[58]. The length of time allotted to each member (90-minute copies) varies. As a general rule, members should wear plain clothes. In addition to the handshake event, there are also two-shot photo sessions and autograph sessions with members who use the mobile phone's photo-taking function called "photo session".

In addition to the "handshake ticket" and "event participation ticket", the CD will also include voting tickets for fan participation events such as "selected general election" and "request hour set list best 100". There are cases. Also, many of the works are accompanied by photos of members with random designs called "raw photos". On the other hand, the method of providing multiple variations such as Type-A and Type-B on the same title CD and attaching a purchase privilege is not unique to AKB48, but the Japanese music sales market including sister groups It is commonly called "AKB Commercial Code" because it has an influence on the Japanese market and has been criticized (see "# Criticism of product variation development"reference).


The design of the costumes worn by the members was originallyT-shirtdenimBeginning with a simple plaid at the beginningHigh school girlThere were many shapes with the motif of the uniform[61]. Since around the time of the "2009st AKB1 Selection General Election" in 48, the characters of the members have begun to permeate the world and the costumes will change.[61]. "Excuse MaybeThe costume of “” has formed the image of AKB48 (see below), so the next single “RIVER”, the costumes are designed for each member so that the individuality of the member can be transmitted to the world, and the production process that continues from today is formed.[61].

The costume is Shinobu Chino, who belongs to Osare Company Ltd.[Note 15]Professional costume staff, mainly AKB48 Group costume chief and creative director, are in charge.[63]. The costume design has unity based on the concept that each song has, but since each one is adjusted according to the character image and body shape of each member, the total number exceeds 5.[64]. In the music video (MV) costume of the single song, the sound source of the completed new song is delivered to Chino with the order of Yasushi Akimoto, and it is a process to draw and submit a design image until Akimoto's intention is grasped.[65]. Yasushi Akimoto served as Vice PresidentKyoto University of Art and DesignAkimoto seminar student's design isCherry blossom petals"Or"Skirt, HirariHave been adopted for costumes such as[66]. On March 2017, 3, in addition to single and theater performance costumes, 25 costumes such as special costumes worn in concerts and singing programs were posted in the ``AKB1,102 Costume Encyclopedia After School Closet ~If there was her, then~''. ButTreasure IslandReleased by[67].

The red plaid used for the "excuse Maybe" costume is a costume that has established the image of AKB48.[68], Of a comedy talent known for mimicking Atsuko MaedaKintaro.Is the motif of the costumes that are mainly worn by[69].

Osare Company, who has been working on costumes for the AKB48 Group,Akashi School Uniform CompanyLaunched a school uniform brand "OCSD" in 2016[70].. Young members of the AKB48 group have been appointed as the image model, and since it was adopted by five middle and high schools in 2017.[71], Recruiting schools are increasing[72].


The lyrics of AKB48 songs are roughly divided into "BINGO!""Skirt, Hirari"(Pseudo-romance lyrics (from a female perspective)", "Ponytail and Hair Tie"Love (from a man's point of view)/Youth hymn lyrics", "RIVER", "Heavy rotation", etc.Order of opportunityThere are three types of "self-referential lyrics". Focusing on the timing, there was "pseudo-lovely lyrics (from a female perspective)" that could be said to be a classic song in the lyrics of conventional female idols in the early stages, but the single "loud diamond" that triggered the hit. When they were released, there weren't many of them, and the two mainstreams were "romance (from a male perspective)/youth hymns" and "self-referenced lyrics".[73][74].

According to a description in the book "Group Idol Evolution," written by Gen Okajima and Yasuhiro Okada, the transition from the lyrics of female eyes to the lyrics of male eyes is related to changes in the fan base itself. In other words, speaking of idol fans in the traditional Japanese female idol culture, “a man who is not interested in fashion etc.Akiba systemIt tends to give the impression of being an idol otaku, but at AKB48 there are many opportunities for idols and fans to come into direct contact with each other at handshake events and theater performances. The proportion of young male and female fans who care about their appearance is also increasing. In response to this, pseudo-lovely lyrics are no longer needed so much that you can experience feelings of youth and share emotions with idols on stage through shouts.[Note 16]Is increasing[76].

Tsunehiro Uno, "I"First personAbout the transition from the lyrics of the female perspective to the lyrics of the male perspective with "I" as the first person, the idol unilaterally presents a longing for "not here, somewhere" to the fans Instead, it means that the concept of an intrinsic idol, in which fans and idols cooperate to affirm "now and here" and to make it rich and fruitful, has started to clearly reflect the lyrics. Explaining[Note 17][78][79].. In addition, AKB48 itself is a kind of song for "self-referential lyrics" that started to increase in the latter half of the year, as well as songs for menSocial phenomenonIt is said that singing AKB48 itself with such a hit leads to singing society as it is, and that it is because the lyricist Yasushi Akimoto is aware of it.[80][81].

Saito TamakiPraised the lyrics of AKB48's song by Yasushi Akimoto as "shining remarkably in the J-POP industry that has become a despair wilderness"[82], Paying attention to the fact that the "Yankee" element is woven into the lyrics. According to it, it is balanced that there are both Otaku Mayu Watanabe and Yankee Tomomi Itano who pay attention to AKB48 members themselves, but Akimoto himself is both nerdy and Yankee. He is a peculiar type of human being, and while the lyrics such as "Magic's Rock'n' Roll" and "Beginner" have Yankee's peculiar values ​​of momentum and anti-intellectualism, at the same time he is consciously acting like that. That the balance of being aware of being present is exquisite[83].. This kind of consciousness is also connected to the above-mentioned "survival/battle royale" tendency.

Writer/LyricistSato UniversityWas also handled by Yasushi AkimotoOnyanko ClubIn contrast to many songs that were aimed at word play and inner circle, the lyrics of AKB48 songs are subjective and straight ball, and there is a system that inspires "what I should be" It is said that the included lyrics are an education for individual members of AKB48.[84].

AKB48 in Japanese female group idol history

Before the appearance of AKB48, Yasushi Akimoto also participated in the production as a staff member and debuted as a Japanese female group idol,1980 eraThere is an Onyanko club that was active in. A characteristic of the Onyanko club,Amateur OfGirlIn the audition and make it a large group after 50 people." "(Ushiro Yubisasagumi-Back Hair HikaretaiAKB48 has inherited points such as "selecting several members to sell as derivative units" and "targeting young fans of the same generation as the members".[85].. On the other hand, the Onyanko ClubSunset』And other TV programs were the center of the activity, but AKB48 is a project that has a dedicated theater and was launched mainly as a theater performance, but Onyanko Club is watching the program It disbanded about two years after its debut due to the decline in the rate[86], AKB48 continues its activities as of 2005, which is the 15th year since its formation in 2020. In addition, the Onyanko club is judged while broadcasting the situation behind the scenes to the viewers by broadcasting the members' debut after audition as they debut while showing the reality. While it was possible for the management side to control the broadcast contents to some extent, AKB48 did not appear so actively on TV programs until around the latter half of 2009, and the concept of "Idol that can go to meet" It can be said that the distance between fans and idols was shortened to the maximum by eliminating the middle term of street TV programs.[87][88].

After the dissolution of the Onyanko club, female idols that have gained decisive popularity have not appeared for a long time, and they have been active since 1997 (major debut next year 1998) to the present.Morning Musume.After such a hit, AKB2005 was formed in 48 by introducing the method against the background of underground idol culture.[89].. Morning Musume is an early fan of AKB48. (Or including itHello! Project) Morning fans are the reason why AKB48 got popular in the sense that it seems that fans of ). There is a view that there are cases in which the activity has been maintained without being disbanded for more than 10 years.[90].

AKB2009 was hit explosively around 48, but a little later, in JapanKARA,GirlhoodIncluding South Korea OfK-POPGirls units are gaining popularity. Whereas AKB48 has one of its concepts to "show fans how it grows"[91]Most of K-POP's female idol units have a practice period of several years before their debut, and the point is that they are able to show highly complete performance from the stage of the first stage.[92].. Yasushi Akimoto himself said that K-POP girls' units can always maintain a certain level of quality, but in contrast, the attraction of AKB48 is that the same AKB48 does not exist at any timing. ing[93].

ColumnistAkio NakamoriStates that "the idol is not a reflection of the era, but an anticipation of the era," and that the theory is applicable to AKB48. That is,Hibari Misora-Momoe Yamaguchi-Seiko MatsudaEach is "post-warHigh economic growth"Economic low growth era" "Bubble economyAKB48 was preempting the theme of how to enjoy in Japan, where economic recovery is difficult with conventional models.[94].


General election


Rock-paper-scissors competition

It is a member selection event that has been held every year since 2010 following the general election, but it has not been held since 2019.Win / loss is stochastically equal and depends on chanceRock-paper-scissorsThe members selected will be determined only by the result of.

The elected general election is a popular vote in which the ranking and the number of votes are determined by the support of the fans for the members, and thus there is a disadvantage that the popular members who have a lot of opportunities to be exposed to the mass media have an advantage. The selected rock-paper-scissors competition was devised to give equal opportunities to members who are not popular or well-known. Regular members of AKB48 and research students who have won preliminary games can participate in the main battle. From the 2nd round, members of sister groups in Japan were also given the right to participate. The game is a one-time gameTournament methodDone in.

From the 1st to the 4th, the top 16 people were decided, and the member who became the first place like the general election became the selected member of the single song of AKB1 which serves as the center position. The 48th time will be changed to the solo debut of the winner[96]The treatment for top-ranked members, including the winner, has changed with each passing.

Draft meeting

Members of each team of the AKB48 groupProfessional baseball draft conferenceAudition event to select new members to join the team by a method that imitates.

At the 3rd Draft Meeting, instead of members selecting and nominating candidates, a method of selecting and nominating by voting via the Internet of fans who recommend each team was adopted.

Expansion outside Japan

On September 2007, 9, Team B participated in the "Japan-China Cultural People's Meeting 22" held at the Chinese Academy of Arts in Beijing as the first performance outside Japan.

In 2009Paris-ニ ュ ー ヨ ー ク-CannesSo in 2010Los Angeles-Seoul-Singapore-Moscow-MacauAnd so on in 2012Washington DCWe performed live at.

Beginning May 2011, 5, Singapore will begin its first regular performance outside Japan.

August 2011, 12,Google+Started the exchange service "AKB48 Now on Google+" on the above. The articles written by the members areEnglish-Chinese-Korean-タイ 語-IndonesianTranslated into and delivered[97].

Official shop

  • Hong Kong[98](October 2010, 10-September 24, 2014, October 9, 9 -)
  • Singapore (May 2011, 5-December 14)
  • Taiwan (July 2011, 7 -)
  • Shanghai, China (November 2011, 11 -)
  • People's Republic of ChinaFuzhou(July 2020, 12 -)

AKB48 business model accepted in Asia

Has studied the global strategy of multinational companies for 30 yearsHarvard Business SchoolProfessor Juan Alkersell wrote "AKB48: Going Global?", which uses the global development of AKB48 as a teaching material.MBAUsed in the program's "International Competitive Strategy" class[99].. The operating company AKSDentsuTeam up withFranchiseAKB48, which exports formats that expand outside Japan by the method and creates an idol group locallybusiness modelWas accepted in Asia[99].

Sister project

In 2008Nagoya city-ProsperityBased inSKE48However, in 2009, it gathered only members over the age of 48 as a second group based in the AKB20 theater.SDN48[Note 18]But in 2010Osaka-NambaBased inNMB48But in 2011Fukuoka City-HakataBased inHKT48But in 2015NiigataBased inNGT48But in 2017Setouchi region7 prefectures (Hyogo-Okayama-Hiroshima-Yamaguchi -Tokushima-Kagawa-Ehime) BasedSTU48But each was formed.

Also outside Japan, in 2011Indonesia-JakartaToJKT48But in 2012People's Republic of China-ShanghaiToSNH48 [100][Note 19], In 2017Thailand-BangkokToBNK48 [103]Was formed. Furthermore, in 2018,Taiwan-Taipei OfTPE48,フィリピン-Manila OfMNL48, Shanghai, People's Republic of ChinaAKB48 Team SH[104][105],Eur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.eu-Ho Chi Minh OfSGO48 [106][107]Was formed. As for “BNK48”, “TPE48” and “MNL48”, on March 2016, 3Yokohama StadiumAlthough it was announced that it would start in the same year at "Celebration Minami Takahashi Graduation" Dream Dreamed by 148.5 cm in Yokohama Stadium AKB48 Solo Concert" held at[108]The three groups were not established within 3.

XNUM X Year X NUM X Month X NUM X DayIndia-MumbaiBased inMUM48Was announced to be born in 2018[109], The project was canceled[110].. On July 2018, 7, the cancellation of the license agreement of ``TPE30'' was announced, and on August 48, the same yearAKB48 Team TPRestarted as[111].

June 2019, 6 in IndiaDelhiBased in Northern India withDEL48Based in MumbaiMUB48Project to launch two groups at the same time was announced[110].. On October 2019, 10, it will be the second group in Thailand announced in June of the same yearChiang MaiBased inCGM48Was formed[112][113].. DEL12 was formed in December of the same year[114][115].

Changes in AKB48 Group

Derived unit solo etc.

There is a derivative unit formed by several members of AKB48. Planning TV programs and working with companiescollaboration,Tie-upSome are organized for a limited time and some are active regardless of specific projects. The first unit was formed in November 2006 for the planning of a TV showHonegumi from AKB48So, singles are also on sale. Also, a unit that operates regardless of a specific project was formed in April 2007.Chocolove from AKB48Starting with (activity suspension),Sleeveless,Walkway 7(Dissolved on February 2014, 2),French kiss(Dissolved on February 2015, 11),Not yet(Suspended after Yuko Oshima graduates),DiVA(Disbanded in 2014) has been formed and has released singles and albums, respectively.

In addition, some members are engaged in solo music activities. October 2008Megumi OhoriAnd laterMasuda Yuka,Manami OkuHas released a single based on the planning of a TV program. For other solo activities, in January 2011Tomomi ItanoFirst released a single,Maeda Atsuko,Misaki Iwasa,Mayu Watanabe,Rino Sashihara,Matsui Saki,Tomomi Kasai,Kashiwagi Yuki,Takahashi Minami,Asuka KuramochiHas released a single or album.

In addition, there is a “club activity” (activity suspended) announced by Yasushi Akimoto on Google+ in 2012.


Tohoku-Pacific Ocean Earthquake(Great East Japan Earthquake) Calling for contributions to fans for the purpose of supporting the victims ofCharity song-Charity eventActivities such as planning are executed and planned. In addition, since May 2011, such a donation project is widely supported by society.Japanese Red Cross SocietyWas appointed as the "Red Cross Official Messenger" that widely publicizes the activities of the[116][117].

Since May 2011 after the Great East Japan Earthquake, we have been supporting the victims (once a month until 5).Tohoku regionWe hold free mini-lives and handshake events in the affected areas. However, in order to prevent fans from gathering from outside the disaster area, we did not give notice until immediately before, and only the victims around the venue could see. Of the members, including sister groups, about 6 people take turns participating each time.

From 2012,Ministry of Health, Labor and WelfareHe is a special supporter of "Knowing, hepatitis project", a national campaign for promoting comprehensive measures against hepatitis.[118].. In 2016,Yuria KizakiIs the original theme song of the project "Smile tomorrow”As a singing member[119].. In addition to the members attending the annual meeting as an event, they also participate in the educational activities of this project promoted by the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare. The following are examples of activities.

OUC48 project

OUC48 Project (OUC Forty Eight Project)[126]Occurred in December 2019Epidemic of new coronavirus infectionIssued in Japan on April 2020, 4Emergency declarationIn response, "Home" (OUCA project initiated by members on April 2020, 4 with the aim of encouraging Japan from HI)[127][128].. As the first project of the project, the members took a picture at their "home" (home) and composited it.365 days paper airplane"(Home ver.)YouTubePublished on the official AKB48 channel[129]. On September 4,The showroom area is reserved for brands.Started live distribution of "OUC48 House Performance"[130].. In addition, Team 8 is entitled "Gathering Eight-chan! G8 Leaders Kaigi", and selects 8 members from the team members according to the theme, and delivers it by talking in a video conference.[131].. On May 5th, the "Choreographer Sounds good! OUC7 Choreography Course" was started on YouTube's AKB48 official channel, where members act as instructors and teach choreography of AKB48 songs.[132].. In addition, he is engaged in various activities through online distribution.

From June 2020, 6, members belonging to AKB1 will work in the form of concurrently serving as OUC48.[133].


Braided history

Regular members of AKB48 are supposed to belong to one of the five teams, "Team A", "Team K", "Team B", "Team 4" and "Team 8". At the AKB5 theaterTheater performanceAs a general rule, it is done in team units. In addition to this, there are members called "research students" who are not regular members. Research studentsBack dancerAnd appear in the performance as an under member of the regular members. Depending on the day, research students may occupy most of the cast.

Team division
The affiliation to each team was decided from the time of formation to the establishment of team B by the time of joining as follows.
Team A: Formed December 2005, 12-Opening Member Audition Successful (Original Member) (1 period
Mariko Shinoda is said to be "1.5 term" due to additional subscription, but it may be described as "1 term" in some media.
チームK: Formed April 2006, 4-1nd additional member audition successful candidates (2 period
Team B: Formed April 2007, 4-7nd additional member audition successful candidates (3 period) And 3 people from Team A
In subsequent auditions, all successful applicants will belong to the research student, and from among them will be promoted to regular members as appropriate and will belong to each team of A, K and B.
Research Student Audition Successful: Research Student 1st term =4 period・Research student 2nd term =5 period・Research student 3nd term =6 periodAnd so on.
Team structure enforced in 2010
2009年8月の日本武道館公演(『AKB104選抜メンバー組閣祭り』)で「新内閣の発足」が発表され、チームA・K・Bのメンバーの組み替えと一部メンバーのSDN48への完全移籍、研究生の大量昇格が行われることになる。当初2009年10月から実施の予定だったが、度々延期され、2010年になってチームKが3月12日から、チームBが5月21日から、チームAが7月27日からというように約半年かけて段階的に実施したため、移行期間中は新旧両チームの公演に出演する者や逆に長期間公演に出演できなかった者もいた[Source required].
New performance system and team 4 formation
From around 2009, due to the increase of media exposure of AKB48, the number of regular member performances will decrease, and the ratio of performances performed only by research students will increase. In addition, even on the performance dates of regular members, which were few in number, popular members were often absent (absent). As a countermeasure, a plan to increase the number of regular members from the previous 48 people and replace the members appearing in the performance with the waiting members each time will emerge. As a preliminary step, it will be announced that eight people will be promoted from research students to regular members on December 2010, 12 and one person on February 8, 8. However, because the plan itself did not progress and the teams that were involved were not announced at the same time, until the teams were decided, they would be provisionally regular members but appear as underscores for each team (supplementary members during shortages and breaks), Or it was in a state of appearing mainly in team research student performances.
After that, the plan was changed, and although the performance itself did not change from the performance on April 2011, 4, by removing the team name from each performance name and reorganizing people who can perform instead of the traditional team each time including research students , 8 performances including SDN48 will be carried out in a well-balanced manner (the schedule announcement in the form of conventional team performances and research student performances will be lost)[134].. Until then, we had announced the rest, but after that we will announce the performers including the names of the research students, and if the majority of the 16 research students are the discount, the viewing fee will be reduced by 1,000 yen uniformly It was a performance[134].. However, the crown of the team has been removed, but it is not completely at random, but it is carried out in the form of a joint team of the conventional main team and research students in each performance. On June 6 of the same year, the formation of Team 6 by the aforementioned undecided members will be announced.
From October 2011, 10Team 4 1st Stage "My Sun" PerformanceHowever, all members of SDN2012 graduated on March 3, 31, so there will be four performances by four teams. It is also stated that Team 48 will be formed in the future.[135].
SKE2012 on March 3, 24Jurina MatsuiAnd NMB48Watanabe MiyukiFirst teaming with AKB48 between groups begins[136].
Team structure effective November 2012, 11
On the first day of the Tokyo Dome performance "AKB2012 in TOKYO DOME ~Dream of 8m~" held on August 24, 48, Team 1830 will be eliminated and reorganized into a team A team K team B team. Announces that it will have several concurrent appointments with domestic sister groups and will transfer to the first overseas sister group[137].. In this team system, each team's 16-member system was abolished, but the members who appear in the performance will be 16 selections each time, and vacancy replacement will not be done by research students.
XNUM X Year X NUM X Month X NUM X DayIwate Industrial Culture CenterHeld inMidsummer Sounds good!』At the national handshake event AKB48 Festival powered by Neshin TV, the performances of each of the four teams will be announced. In addition, the date of the first day of the new team performance will be announced on the official blog on October 4, 2012[138][139].
The performance of the new team system started on November 2012, 11, but the performance format returned from each performance to the performance of each team, and "My Sun" was also performed as a research student performance before the new team system. The performance will be completely positioned as a research student performance. Also, for the regular member performances of research students, since each team has 1 members (at the start of the new system), under-performance has disappeared at the beginning of the new system, and as a back dancer of songs in some team performances Only appeared, but the revival of Under appearance will be announced on May 22, 2013[140].
Announcement of official team designation
After the "Kakugaku Festival" in 2009, when it was necessary to distinguish teams by time, they were called old teams and new teams.[141].. Although it was not possible to distinguish between old and new by the reorganization, the official team designations for Team A, Team K, and Team B after adopting the team captain system on November 2012, 11 will be announced ( (See table below)[142].. The name of the team up to 2010 is not mentioned in the announcement on November 2012, 11, but it is described as "first team A" "first team K" "first team B" in official publications and media[143][144][145], The members also called "First Team B"[146], The team name is "first generation".
Team 4 reunion
On the 2013rd day of the previous year's "AKB8 in TOKYO DOME ~ 24m dream ~" on the 48rd day of the Tokyo Dome performance "AKB2013 3 Midsummer Dome Tour ~ There are things I still have to do ~" held on August 48, 1830 Team A promotion announced on Day 1Ryohana OshimaExcept for the 13th and 9th research students and all the 14th students and the 1st students who were demoted to research studentsMinami Minegishi16 people have been promoted, Team 4 will be re-established as their affiliation, and Minegishi will be appointed captain.[147].
Holding of draft meetings and implementation of pennant traces
On November 2013, 11, as a new form of audition, AKB10 group jointly "AKB48 Group Draft Conference] Will be held[148].. The day before the draft meeting, it will be announced that the pennant race will be conducted by each team of the AKB2014 group from January 1.[149].. Actually it will start from April 2014, 4, and it was planned to be done until October 22, but it will be canceled on September 10[150].
Team structure effective November 2014, 4
Held at Zepp DiverCity TOKYO on February 2014, 2, "AKB24 Group Daigaku Cabinet Festival-The times are changing. However, we can only go to the front! ~”, a new system centered on 48 domestic groups will be announced. The deputy captain system was introduced, several people were transferred/concurrently assigned to each group, and as the first concurrent post beyond the AKB48 groupNogizaka46 OfRina IkomaAnnounced to Concurrent with AKB48[151].
Team 8 started
Team 2014 announced at the AKB1 request hour in January 48 was formed on April 8 and started its activities in May.[152].. The theme is "Idol going to meet", which is different from the past AKB48 and is closely related to the community.ToyotaTo receive full support from[153].. There is only one official website for the team within the AKB48 group.
2015 “Spring Personnel Changes”
XNUM X Year X NUM X Month X NUM X DaySaitama Super ArenaAt "AKB48 Spring Solo Concert ~ Jikiso is still training! ~", a large number of concurrent assignments including sister groups are changed, the change of team captains/deputy captains and significant changes between teams are announced.[154].. Held on May 2015, 52nd Draft ConferenceWas nominated for the new team structure announced during this personnel change.[155].. In addition, a voting event was held on June 2015, 6AKB48 41st Single Selection General Election] Was also implemented by this new system[Note 20].
In the "AKB2015 Midsummer Solo Concert in Saitama Super Arena ~I liked Kawaei-san~" held at Saitama Super Arena on August 8, 1, the theater performance of Chiaki Music is being performed under the current team system. And the schedule of the first day of the theater performance in the new team system announced at the personnel change in spring will be announced[156][157].
Team structure announced on December 2017, 12
At the "2017th Anniversary Special Performance" held at the AKB12 Theater on December 8, 48, the new team system (captain members) was announced, and nine 12th-year research students were promoted to regular members (other members are (Research students who belong to the team), all double-sided members from the sister group are released double-sided, and team 16 members are double-sided with other teams.[158][159][160].
``January 2018, 1''3rd AKB48 Group Draft Conference], each team except Team 8 participated in a new team structure[161].
A performance was performed with a new team system at ``AKB2018 Solo Concert-What is Jarja?'' held at Saitama Super Arena on April 4, 1, and members of the AKB48 official website on April 4 the next day The page has also been updated to a new team structure.
From May 5th to May 15th, the Chiaki performance of the old team was held, and the first day performance of the new team started sequentially from June 5th.[162].
Transition of regular team system[163](The applicable performance isAKB48 theater performancesreference)
First Team A----
First Team K
First Team B
"Kagaku Festival" (announced in August 2009, held sequentially from February to July 8)
('10) Takahashi Team AAkimoto Team KKashiwagi Team B(Established after the Cabinet)-
First generation (Oba) team 4
"Kakugaku" at the Tokyo Dome performance (announced in August 2012, conducted on November 8, 2012)
Shinoda Team AOshima Team KUmeda Team B(Temporary disappearance)-
('13) Yokoyama Team A('13) Minegishi Team 4
"Great Organization Festival" (announced in February 2014, held April 2, 2014)
('14) Takahashi Team AYokoyama Team KKuramochi Team B[Note 21]('14) Minegishi Team 4Team 8
"Spring Personnel Change" at a solo concert in spring (announced in March 2015, conducted on September 3, 2015)
('15) Yokoyama Team AMinegishi Team KKizaki Team BTakahashi Akari Team 4Team 8
Team B[Note 22]
"Kakugaku" at the 12th anniversary special performance (announced in December 2017, held sequentially from April to May 12)[Note 23]
Okabe Team AKakeyama Team KTakahashi Akari Team BMurayama Team 4Team 8
Iwate Team B

``AKB2018 Group Profile Directory 1'' published in January 48[Note 24](Treasure Island), if the same person, like Team A, is reappointed as captain (Takahashi Minami-Yui Yokoyama)、キャプテンが同じでも組閣によってメンバー構成が変わった場合(峯岸チーム4)には、活動を開始した西暦年の省略表記を付けて「'10高橋チームA 」「'14高橋チームA」、「'13横山チームA」「'15横山チームA」、「'13峯岸チーム4」「'14峯岸チーム4」とメンバー・プロフィールでのチーム異動履歴で編集上の区別をしているが、公式サイトの表記は、いずれも「高橋チームA」「横山チームA」「峯岸チーム4」である。

aboveAnnouncement of official team designationandTransition of regular team systemRegarding the tenure of captains/vice captains of each team in relation to the table, see ``Successive captainsSee.

Successive captains

Team A captain

  1. Takahashi Minami(December 2010, 7-February 27, 2012)
  2. Mariko Shinoda(December 2012, 11-February 1, 2013)
  3. Yui Yokoyama(December 2013, 7-February 23, 2014)
  4. Minami Takahashi (April 2014, 4-August 24, 2015)
  5. Yui Yokoyama (September 2015, 9-May 1, 2018)
  6. Rin Okabe(March 2018 -)

Team k captain

  1. Akimoto Saika(December 2010, 3-February 12, 2012)
  2. Oshima Yuko(December 2012, 11-February 1, 2014)
  3. Yui Yokoyama (September 2014, 4-May 24, 2015)
  4. Minami Minegishi(December 2015, 9-February 1, 2018)
  5. Haruka Kagoyama(March 2018 -)

Team B captain

  1. Kashiwagi Yuki(December 2010, 5-February 21, 2012)
  2. Ayaka Umeda(December 2012, 11-February 1, 2014)
  3. Asuka Kuramochi(December 2014, 4-February 24, 2015)
  4. Yuria Kizaki(December 2015, 9-February 1, 2017)
  5. Akari Takahashi(April 2018-May 4, 2019)
  6. Saho Iwatate(July 2019, 5 -)

Team 4 captain

  1. Mina Oba(2011年7月23日 - 9月2日、2012年1月4日 - 10月31日)
  2. Minami Minegishi (August 2013, 8-August 24, 2015)
    • March 2013, 8-March 24, 2014
    • April 2014, 4-August 24, 2015 (spring personnel change system)
  3. Akari Takahashi (September 2015, 9-May 1, 2018)
  4. Yuiri Murayama(March 2018 -)

Team A Deputy Captain

  1. Mariko Nakamura(December 2014, 4-February 24, 2017)
    • April 2014, 4-August 24, 2015 (Grand Cabinet system)
    • April 2015, 9-August 1, 2017 (spring personnel change system)

Team K Deputy Captain

  1. Rie Kitahara(December 2014, 4-February 24, 2015)
  2. Haruka Shimada (September 2015, 9-November 1, 2017)

Team B Deputy Captain

  1. Landlord Shizuka(December 2014, 4-February 24, 2015)
  2. Ryohana Oshima(December 2015, 9-February 1, 2017)

Team 4 Deputy Captain

  1. Yuria Kizaki (April 2014, 4-August 24, 2015)
  2. Nana Okada(December 2015, 9-February 1, 2018)



Regular member

Team A

The team color ispink.

NameReadingDate of BirthSubscription periodAffiliation officePromotion dateRemarkselection
Anna IriyamaIriyama Anna (1995-12-03) 1995May 12(25 years old)10 periodOta Productions20110May 7Studying in Mexico since April 2018[164]
Former team 4 (first generation)
18 bit
Rena KatoKaturenai (1997-07-10) 1997May 7(23 years old)10 periodMama & Son20120May 3Former team 4 (first generation, '14 Minegishi)
Former team B (Umeda, Kizaki)
21 bit
Minami SatoMinami Sato (2003-08-03) 2003May 8(17 years old)16 periodDH20190May 9Former DIVE'[165]
E Dance Academy E DANCE KIDS 2nd gen[165]
Ayana ShinozakiShinozaki Ayana (1996-01-08) 1996May 1(25 years old)13 periodDH20130May 8Former team 4 ('13/'14 Minegishi)
Former team K (Mineshige)
78 bit
Suzuki KurumiSuzuki walnut (2004-09-02) 2004May 9(16 years old)16 periodDH20180402 DayFormerly Krage Kids[166]
E Dance Academy E DANCE KIDS 2nd gen[167]
Taguchi ManakaTaguchi Manaka (2003-12-12) 2003May 12(17 years old)16 periodDH20180402 Day-
Chiba EriEri Chiba (2003-10-27) 2003May 10(17 years old)16.2rd draftDH20170May 92nd Draft Meeting Team 4 1st Nomination
Former team 4 ('14 Minegishi/Akari Takahashi) research student
Former team 4 (Akari Takahashi)
Nishikawa ReiNikarei (2003-10-25) 2003May 10(17 years old)16.2rd draftDH20170May 92nd Draft Conference Team B No. 2
Former team B (Kuramochi and Kizaki) research student
Former team B (Kisaki)
Furukawa NatsunagiFuruwa Nazuna (2003-08-21) 2003May 8(17 years old)3rd draftDH2020/1208 Day3st Draft Conference Team A 3nd Nomination-
Honda SoraHonda Sora (1999-02-26) 1999May 2(22 years old)3rd draftDH2020/1208 Day3st Draft Conference Team A 2nd Nomination-
Ayaka MaedaAyaka (2000-12-18) 2000May 12(20 years old)16 periodDH20180402 DayGraduated October 2021, 3[168]-
Michieda SakiMichieda Saki (2003-12-20) 2003May 12(17 years old)16 periodDH20190May 9-
Miyazaki MihoMiyazaki Miho (1993-07-30) 1993May 7(27 years old)05 periodHoripro20080May 7Former team B (Kashiwagi)
Former team K (Oshima and Yokoyama)
18 bit
Mion MukaiMukaichi Mion (1998-01-29) 1998May 1(23 years old)15 periodMama & Son20140May 4AKB48 Group General Manager (3rd generation)[169]
Former team 4 ('14 Minegishi)
Former team K (Mineshige)
13 bit
Ryane YamaneYamane Tin is (2000-08-11) 2000May 8(20 years old)16 periodDH2018/1208 Day-
Yui YokoyamaYokoyama Yui (1992-12-08) 1992May 12(28 years old)09 periodOta Productions2010/10/10Former General Manager of AKB48 Group (2nd generation)
Former team K (Akimoto and Yokoyama)
Former Team A Captain
Former Team K Captain
Former NMB48 Team N concurrently
06 bit

Concurrent member from Team 8

  • Rin Okabe(Captain of Team A), Haruna Okumoto, Yui Oguri, Miu Shitao, Kaoru Yoshida


The team color is绿.

NameReadingDate of BirthSubscription periodAffiliation officePromotion dateRemarkselection
Aimi IchikawaIchikawa Manami (1999-08-26) 1999May 8(21 years old)15 periodDH20140May 4Former team A ('15 Takahashi)115 bit
Rina OkadaOkada (1999-07-27) 1999May 7(21 years old)3rd draftDH20190May 73rd Draft Conference Team K Nominated 5th-
Ran KobayashiKobayashiran (2003-10-07) 2003May 10(17 years old)3rd draftDH20190May 73rd Draft Conference Team K Nominated 4th
A former member of Amorecarina Osaka[170]
Formerly a member of Good Choice Entertainment
Haruka KagoyamaKomiyama Haruka (1998-09-12) 1998May 9(22 years old)15 periodDH20140May 4Team k captain
Former team 4 ('14 Minegishi, Takahashi Akari)
021 bit
Lower mouth HinaSimoguchi Hina (2001-07-19) 2001May 7(19 years old)161rd draftDH-1rd Draft Conference Team K Nominated 2th-
Aya NagatomoNagatomo Ayami (2000-11-02) 2000May 11(20 years old)16 periodDH2018/1208 Day-
Megumi NaganoMegumi Nagano (2004-03-22) 2004May 3(17 years old)3rd draftDH2020/1208 Day3rd Draft Conference Team K Nominated 6th-
Minami MinegishiMinion Minami (1992-11-15) 1992May 11(28 years old)01 periodProduction Ogi
Mama & Son (business alliance)
20130May 8Graduation plan (period not decided)[171]
Former team A (first generation)
Former team B (on the way to Umeda)
Former team 4 ('13/'14 Minegishi)
Former Team K Captain
Former Team 4 Captain
Demoted to research student in February 2013
014 bit
Korin MutoOrton Mutou (2000-07-22) 2000May 7(20 years old)16 periodDH20180402 DayMy sister is Yume Muto (12th gen)[172]055 bit
Muto JumuSuddenly (1994-11-25) 1994May 11(26 years old)12 periodDH20120May 8Former team A ('14 Takahashi)
My sister is Murin Koto (16th generation)[172]
007 bit
Shinobu MogiShinobu Mogi (1997-02-16) 1997May 2(24 years old)13 periodDH20130May 8Former team 4 ('13/'14 Minegishi)047 bit
Yasuda KanoIs it easy? (2002-03-11) 2002May 3(19 years old)16 periodDH20180402 Day-
Ami YumotoYumoto Ami (1997-10-03) 1997May 10(23 years old)15 periodDH20140May 4-

Concurrent member from Team 8

  • Erina Oda, Narumi Kuranoo, Haruna Hashimoto, Yuki Harumoto, Ayaka Left Ban, Anka Yamada, Yui Yokoyama

Team B

The team color istag.

NameReadingDate of BirthSubscription periodAffiliation officePromotion dateRemarkselection
Saho IwatateSaho Iwate (1994-10-04) 1994May 10(26 years old)13 periodDH20130May 8Team B captain
Former team 4 ('13/'14 Minegishi/Akari Takahashi)
22 bit
Hitomi OtakeOhtake Hitomi (1999-06-27) 1999May 6(21 years old)3rd draftDH20190907 Day3nd Draft Conference Team B No. 4-
Maho OmoriMaho Omori (1999-12-05) 1999May 12(21 years old)3rd draftDH2018/1208 Day3nd Draft Conference Team B No. 5-
Landlord ShizukaOzu Shizuka (1991-12-28) 1991May 12(29 years old)04 periodWatanabe Entertainment20100May 7Former team A ('10 Takahashi, '15 Yokoyama)29 bit
Kashiwagi YukiYuki Kashiwagi (1991-07-15) 1991May 7(29 years old)03 periodWatanabe Entertainment-AKB48 Group Senior
Former NMB48 Team N concurrently
Former NGT48 team NIII
Former Team B Captain
02 bit
Saki KitazawaSaki Kitazawa (1997-06-05) 1997May 6(23 years old)13 periodDe-LIGHT20130May 8Former team 4 ('13/'14 Minegishi/Akari Takahashi)-
Rei KuboSatone dent (2003-11-20) 2003May 11(17 years old)16.2rd draftDH20170May 92rd Draft Conference Team K Nominated 2th
Former team K (Yokoyama, Minegishi) research student
Former team K (Mineshige)
47 bit
Saito HarunaHaru Saito (2004-05-24) 2004May 5(16 years old)3rd draftDH20190907 Day3nd Draft Conference Team B No. 1-
Yukari SasakiSasaki Yukari (1995-08-28) 1995May 8(25 years old)12 periodDH20130May 4Former team A ('13/'15 Yokoyama)
Former team 4 ('14 Minegishi)
38 bit
Kayoko TabataKayoko Takita (1997-02-13) 1997May 2(24 years old)161rd draftDH-1st Draft Conference Team A 2nd Nomination
Former team A ('13 Yokoyama, '14 Takahashi, '15 Yokoyama)
Megu TaniguchiTaniguchi (1998-11-12) 1998May 11(22 years old)15 periodAM Entertainment2014/1003 DayFormer team A ('14 Takahashi, '15 Yokoyama)
April 2014, 4 Promoted from tentative research student to research student[173]
33 bit
Tomoyo NakanishiThank you (1995-05-12) 1995May 5(25 years old)-DH-Former HKT48 Team H (48st generation HKT1)
Former team A ('14 Takahashi, '15 Yokoyama)
Transferred on April 2014, 4
91 bit
Fukuoka sacred vegetablesFukuoka (2000-08-01) 2000May 8(20 years old)15 periodDH20140May 431 bit
Ayumu YamabeAyu Yamabe (2002-02-03) 2002May 2(19 years old)16.2rd draftDH20170May 92nd Draft Conference Team B No. 3
Former team B (Kuramochi and Kizaki) research student
A former member of Amore Carina[174]
Formerly a member of Good Choice Entertainment
My sisterYume Yamabe(Tokyo Girls' Style[175]

Concurrent member from Team 8

  • Hinako Okuhara, Misaki Kawahara, Maria Shimizu, Yuna Hattori, Nanase Yoshikawa

Team 4

The team color is黄色.

NameReadingDate of BirthSubscription periodAffiliation officePromotion dateRemarkselection
Nanami AsaiNanami Asai (2000-05-20) 2000May 5(20 years old)16 periodDH20180402 Day-
Asbestos SeinanSena Ishiwata (2002-02-22) 2002May 2(19 years old)3rd draftDH2020/1208 Day3nd Draft Meeting Team 4 1st Nomination-
Kaori InagakiKaori Inagaki (1997-10-31) 1997May 10(23 years old)16 periodDH20180402 Day-
Miyu OmoriOomori Miyu (1998-09-03) 1998May 9(22 years old)12 periodDH20130May 4Former team B (Umeda)
My father is a former professional baseball playerTsuyoshi Omori
67 bit
Nana OkadaOk (1997-11-07) 1997May 11(23 years old)14 periodDH20130May 8STU48
Former STU48 Captain
Former Team 4 (Akari Takahashi) Deputy Captain
05 bit
Mura KuramotoKuramoto Miyuu (2001-05-21) 2001May 5(19 years old)3rd draftDH2020/1208 Day3nd Draft Meeting Team 4 4st Nomination-
Haruka KurosuKurosu Haruka (2001-02-28) 2001May 2(20 years old)16 periodDH20190May 5-
Princess SatoKiara Sato (2000-08-11) 2000May 8(20 years old)15 periodDH20140May 4-
Kyoka TadaJust today (1999-08-19) 1999May 8(21 years old)3rd draftDH2018/1208 Day3nd Draft Meeting Team 4 3st Nomination-
Mai HonmaReally (2002-09-06) 2002May 9(18 years old)16 periodDH2020/1208 Day-
MakareMacharinMa Charin (1996-12-21) 1996May 12(24 years old)16_Taiwan research studentJPEG-Former Taiwan student
Former team B (Kisaki)
Joined April 2016, 2[176]
97 bit
Yuiri MurayamaMurayama Yuiri (1997-06-15) 1997May 6(23 years old)13 periodDH20130May 8Team 4 captain-
ReneMizuki Yamauchi (2001-09-20) 2001May 9(19 years old)16 periodDH20180402 Day92 bit
Yuzuhana YoshihashiYoshihashi Yuzuka (1999-12-29) 1999May 12(21 years old)3rd draftDH2020/1208 Day3nd Draft Meeting Team 4 2st Nomination-

Concurrent member from Team 8

  • Utada Early Summer, Momoka Onishi, Yurina Gyoten, Nagisa Sakaguchi, Kaoru Takaoka, Ayane Takahashi, Ayaka Takahashi, Serika Nagano, Yukina Hamasaki, Hikaru Hirano, Rira Miyari

Team 8

The team color isDark blue.

Team 8 is selected one by one from 47 prefectures, and the members call themselves “□ prefecture (city/prefecture) representatives”.[177]..Members not listed on the date of joining are members since the formation of Team 2014 on April 4, 3.The area is from the official homepage of Team 8[178].. Area classification is the basis for selecting people for activities in each region.

districtPrefecturesDual-role teamNameReadingDate of BirthJoin dateAffiliation officeRemarkselection
01Hokkaido04Team 4Nagisa SakaguchiSakaguchi Nagisa (2000-12-23) 2000May 12(20 years old)-DHFormer team B (Kisaki)047 bit
02Aomori02チームKYokoyama YuiYokoyama Yui (2001-02-22) 2001May 2(20 years old)-DH-
03AkitaCurrently, there is no representative member
04IwateCurrently, there is no representative member
05Yamagata-Shrine whiteMito Mashiro (2005-11-25) 2005May 11(15 years old)20180808 DayDH-
06MiyagiCurrently, there is no representative member
07FukushimaCurrently, there is no representative member
02Kanto08Ibaraki01Team ARin OkabeRin okabe (1996-11-07) 1996May 11(24 years old)-HoriproTeam A captain058 bit
09Tochigi-Hitomi HondaHitomi Hitomi (2001-10-06) 2001May 10(19 years old)-[Note 25]IZ * ONEFull-time activity[179]
Former team B (Akari Takahashi)
082 bit
10Gunma03Team BShimizu mariaMaria Shimizu (1997-09-29) 1997May 9(23 years old)-Central[180]-
11Saitama04Team 4Ayane TakahashiTakahashi Ayane (1997-12-30) 1997May 12(23 years old)-DH-
12Chiba03Team BYoshikawa NanaseYoshika Nanase (1998-07-21) 1998May 7(22 years old)-DH-
13Tokyo01Team AOguri YuiYuguri (2001-12-26) 2001May 12(19 years old)-Zest025 bit
14Kanagawa02チームKErina OdaOdaeri (1997-04-25) 1997May 4(23 years old)-Central060 bit
15NiigataCurrently, there is no representative member
16Yamanashi02チームKAyaka left companionAyaka with Hidari (1998-07-29) 1998May 7(22 years old)-DH-
03Central part17Aichi04Team 4Utada Early SummerUzada Hatsuka (2002-07-08) 2002May 7(18 years old)20160May 6DH-
18Shizuoka-Suzuki YukaYuka Suzuki (2000-08-15) 2000May 8(20 years old)2019/10/14DH-
19Gifu03Team BYuna HattoriYuta Hattori (2001-03-30) 2001May 3(20 years old)20140May 7DH-
20Mie-Miku MatsumuraMiku Matsumura (2004-02-07) 2004May 2(17 years old)2019/10/14DH-
21Toyama02チームKHashimoto HarunaHaruhi Hashimoto (2000-05-25) 2000May 5(20 years old)-DH109 bit
22Ishikawa04Team 4Hikaru HiranoHirano Hikaru (2003-01-29) 2003May 1(18 years old)2016/1209 DayDH-
23Fukui-Sakakawa HarukaSakakawa Hiyuka (2006-10-07) 2006May 10(14 years old)2019/12/28DHAKB48 youngest-
24Nagano04Team 4Ayaka TakahashiTakahashi Sayaka (2001-11-22) 2001May 11(19 years old)2016/1209 DayDH-
04Kansai25Osaka04Team 4Nagano SerikaNagano Serika (2001-03-27) 2001May 3(20 years old)-DH[Note 26]067 bit
26KyotoCurrently, there is no representative member
27Hyogo-Mitsuho FukudomeFukutome Mitsuho (2003-10-22) 2003May 10(17 years old)2019/1006 DayDH-
28WakayamaCurrently, there is no representative member
29Nara04Team 4Onishi MomokaOh Momoka (1997-09-20) 1997May 9(23 years old)-alligator038 bit
30Shiga04Team 4Yuma HamasakiYuna Hama (2001-08-20) 2001May 8(19 years old)-DH-
31Tottori-Tokunaga RokukaiTokunaga Remi (2006-10-01) 2006May 10(14 years old)2019/1006 DayDH-
32Shimane 03Team BOkuhara HinakoOkuhara Hinako (2003-11-18) 2003May 11(17 years old)2017/11/19DH[Note 27]-
33Okayama-Shinji KamachiYukina (2000-01-22) 2000May 1(21 years old)2019/1006 DayDH-
34Hiroshima01Team AOkumoto HinaOkumoto Hinano (2003-10-09) 2003May 10(17 years old)20170902 DayDH[Note 28]-
35Yamaguchi 01Team AMiu ShitaoShitomi Miu (2001-04-03) 2001May 4(19 years old)-DH-
36Tokushima02チームKYuki HarumotoYuki Harumoto (1999-12-24) 1999May 12(21 years old)20170May 9DH[Note 29]-
37Kagawa04Team 4Yuria GyotenGyouten Yurina (1999-03-14) 1999May 3(22 years old)-DH-
38Ehime04Team 4Kaoru TakaokaKaoru Takaoka (2000-11-29) 2000May 11(20 years old)-DH-
39KochiCurrently, there is no representative member
06Kyusyu40Fukuoka01Team AYoshida KarenYoshida Karen (2002-08-27) 2002May 8(18 years old)20150403 DayDH-
41Saga03Team BMisaki KawaharaKawahara Misaki (2002-04-03) 2002May 4(18 years old)20170808 DayDH-
42Nagasaki-Mizuki OnoueMizuki Onoue (2000-05-22) 2000May 5(20 years old)2019/1109 DayDH-
43Kumamoto02チームKNarumi KuranoNara no Narumi (2000-11-08) 2000May 11(20 years old)-DH030 bit
44Oita02チームKAnka YamadaToday (2002-11-03) 2002May 11(18 years old)20170May 3DH-
45Miyazaki-Amami KamimiUemi Sora (2001-07-15) 2001May 7(19 years old)2019/10/14DH-
46Kagoshima-Rei FujizonoFujizono Rei (2005-01-18) 2005May 1(16 years old)2018/10/20DH-
47Okinawa04Team 4Miyari RiraMiyazawa Torera (2002-03-30) 2002May 3(19 years old)-DH-

Former member

Former regular member

NameReadingDate of BirthSubscription periodLast enrollment dateLast
Current officeRemarkselection
Yuki UsamiYuki Usami (1984-12-06) 1984May 12(36 years old)1 period2006/3/31ABusp
Ayako UemuraAyako Uemura (1986-02-07) 1986May 2(35 years old)
2 period2006/6/17KCattle stellaWithdrawal
Ayumi OriiOrii Ayumi (1985-07-20) 1985May 7(35 years old)1 period2007/1/25AFlave Entertainment
Ayana TakadaAyaka Takada (1988-07-21) 1988May 7(32 years old)2 period2007/6/22K-My sister is Shiori Takada (former SKE48)
Yu ImaiYui Imai (1985-04-17) 1985May 4(35 years old)2 periodK-Old stage name: Yu (after graduation)
yuanVersatile EntertainmentAffiliation
Michiru HoshinoMichiru Hoshino (1985-11-19) 1985May 11(35 years old)1 period2007/6/26A-Old stage name: Michiru (after graduation)
Shiho WatanabeShiho Watanabe (1987-10-25) 1987May 10(33 years old)1 period2007/10/2B-Former team A (on the way to the first generation)
Current stage name: Shiho Watanabe
Kayano MasuyamaMasuyama Kayano (1994-02-10) 1994May 2(27 years old)1 period2007/11/30AB'stars ProductionPresent stage name: Kayano
Naru InoueInoue Naru (1991-12-18) 1991May 12(29 years old)3 period2008/9/29B-
Asami OeOh Tomomi (1989-06-15) 1989May 6(31 years old)1 period2008/11/23A-Old stage name: Yume Asahi (after graduation), current stage name: Tomomi
Hitomi KomataniHitomi Komatani (1988-12-16) 1988May 12(32 years old)1 periodASun Music BrainLater joined SDN48
Toshima flowerTojima Hana (1988-07-11) 1988May 7(32 years old)1 periodADress codeLater joined SDN48
Rina NakanishiInside (1988-06-26) 1988May 6(32 years old)1 periodA-
Narita RisaRisa Nari (1991-03-01) 1991May 3(30 years old)1 periodA-
Noguchi ReinaNoguchi Reina (1993-04-15) 1993May 4(27 years old)3 period2009/2/1B-
Yuki MatsuokaMatsuoka Yuki (1987-10-07) 1987May 10(33 years old)3 periodB-yuanOffice slashAffiliation
Nozomi KawasakiKawasaki Nozomi (1987-08-23) 1987May 8(33 years old)1 period2009/2/27AWatanabe Entertainment
Miki SaotomeSaotome Miki (1991-06-22) 1991May 6(29 years old)3 period2009/4/18research-Former team B (first generation)
January 2009, 1 Demoted[183]
Mai OshimaOshimamai (1987-09-11) 1987May 9(33 years old)1 period2009/4/26AHoripro
Kaoru HayanoKaoru Hayano (1992-12-12) 1992May 12(28 years old)2 periodK-Former stage name: Kaori Hayano (after graduation)
Naruse RisaNaruseri (1993-08-13) 1993May 8(27 years old)4 period2009/5/24K-
Miki SaekiMika Saeki (1989-10-29) 1989May 10(31 years old)4 period2009/8/23B-yuanByte AKB48[184]
Become an AKS employee after the AKB contract expires[185]
Megumi OhoriMegumi Ohori (1983-08-25) 1983May 8(37 years old)2 period2010/2/21KHoriproTransferred to SDN48 (1st gen)
Old stage name: Megumi Matsushima, Messhi Ohori
24 bit
Kayo NoroCursed (1983-10-28) 1983May 10(37 years old)2 periodKOta ProductionsTransferred to SDN48
Former stage name: Kayo Asakura
Kazumi UranoUrami Kazumi (1985-10-23) 1985May 10(35 years old)1 period2010/4/16BHIRFormer team A (on the way to the first generation)
Transferred to SDN48
Also known as: CinDy
17 bit
Haruka OharaKohara Haruka (1988-04-12) 1988May 4(32 years old)5 periodBOffice KururunTransferred to SDN48-
Yukari SatoYukari Sato (1988-11-22) 1988May 11(32 years old)1 period2010/5/27A-Transferred to SDN4815 bit
Erena OnoErena (1993-11-26) 1993May 11(27 years old)2 period2010/9/27K-Former team K (first generation, Akimoto)11 bit
Manami OkuOkumanami (1995-11-22) 1995May 11(25 years old)2 period2011/6/19BOscar promotionFormer team K (first generation)
Former team B (Kashiwagi)
Anna MoriMori Anna (1994-03-21) 1994May 3(27 years old)9 period2011/9/24-Old stage name: Anna Mori (after declining)-
Hirashima NatsumiHirajima Natsumi (1992-05-28) 1992May 5(28 years old)1 period2012/2/5BOne Eight PromotionFormer team A (on the way to the first generation)
Former team B (Kashiwagi)
26 bit
Rumi YonezawaYonezawa Rumi (1991-06-06) 1991May 6(29 years old)3 periodK-Former team B (first generation)
Former team K (Akimoto)
22 bit
Rino SashiharaSashihara (1992-11-21) 1992May 11(28 years old)5 period2012/6/16AOta ProductionsFormer team B (first generation)
Former team A ('10 Takahashi)
Transferred to HKT48
4 bit
Maeda AtsukoAtsuko (1991-07-10) 1991May 7(29 years old)1 period2012/8/27A-Former team A (first generation, '10 Takahashi)1 bit
Kaoru MitsumuneKaoru Mitsumune (1993-04-26) 1993May 4(27 years old)13 period2012/10/24[Note 30]Flave EntertainmentPromotion announcement on August 2012, 8[137]-
Tada ManakaAika Ota (1994-12-08) 1994May 12(26 years old)3 period2012/10/31AProduction OgiFormer team B (first generation)
Former team A ('10 Takahashi)
Transferred to HKT48
20 bit
Nakagawa HarukaNakagawa Haruka (1992-02-10) 1992May 2(29 years old)3 periodAdentsu X entertainmentFormer team B (first generation)
Former team A ('10 Takahashi)
Transferred to JKT48
20 bit
Natsuki SatoNatsuki Sato (1990-07-01) 1990May 7(30 years old)2 period2012/11/30A-Former team K (first generation)
Former team B (Kashiwagi)
Former team A (Shinoda)
Masuda YukaMasuda Yuka (1991-08-03) 1991May 8(29 years old)2 period2012/12/17KFlave EntertainmentFormer team B (Kashiwagi)
Former team K (Oshima, the first generation)
20 bit
Akika NakataniSayaka Naka (1991-10-15) 1991May 10(29 years old)3 period2013/3/6KAnimo ProduceFormer team B (first generation)
Former team A ('10 Takahashi)
Former team K (Oshima)
36 bit
Moto NitoJapanese Momoe (1992-07-22) 1992May 7(28 years old)5 period2013/4/28A-Former team B (first generation)
Former team K (Akimoto)
Former team A (Shinoda)
29 bit
Anna IshidaIshida Anna (1996-05-27) 1996May 5(24 years old)-BHoriproFrom November 2012, 11 to the cancellation of the concurrent post SKE1 team KII concurrent post
Former team B (Umeda)
Tomomi KasaiTomomi Kasai (1991-11-16) 1991May 11(29 years old)2 period2013/5/3AHoriproFormer team K (first generation)
Former team B (Kashiwagi)
Former team A (Shinoda)
10 bit
Sae MiyazawaEven Miyazawa (1990-08-13) 1990May 8(30 years old)2 period2013/6/24KHoriproFormer team K (first generation, Akimoto, Oshima)
Transferred to SNH2012 on November 11, 1
From April 2013, 4 to SNH28 concurrently[186]
Concurrent post of SKE2014 Team S on April 4, 24
9 bit
Natsumi MatsubaraRose Natsumi (1990-06-19) 1990May 6(30 years old)2 period2013/7/7KWonderFormer team A ('10 Takahashi)
Former team K (Oshima, the first generation)
30 bit
Tomomi NakatsukaTomomi Nakatsuka (1993-06-18) 1993May 6(27 years old)5 periodADe-LIGHTFormer team B (first generation)
Former team K (Akimoto)
Former team A (Shinoda)
Mika KomoriMika Komori (1994-07-19) 1994May 7(26 years old)7 periodB-Former team B (Kashiwagi/Umeda)30 bit
Mariko ShinodaMariko Shinoda (1986-03-11) 1986May 3(35 years old)1.5 period2013/7/22ASOMEDAYFormer Team A Captain
Former team A (first generation, '10 Takahashi, Shinoda)
3 bit
Tomomi ItanoItomi Tomomi (1991-07-03) 1991May 7(29 years old)1 period2013/8/27KHoriproFormer team A (first generation)
Former team K (Akimoto and Oshima)
4 bit
Akimoto SaikaAkimoto Sayaka (1988-07-26) 1988May 7(32 years old)2 period2013/8/28KFlave EntertainmentFormer Team K Captain
Former team K (first generation, Akimoto, Oshima)
12 bit
Nakamata ShioriNakama Bookmark (1992-07-25) 1992May 7(28 years old)10 period2013/9/23A-Former team 4 (first generation)
Former team A (Shinoda/'13 Yokoyama)
Amina SatoAmi Sato (1990-10-16) 1990May 10(30 years old)4 period2014/1/15KOsawa OfficeFormer team A (first generation)
Former team B (Kashiwagi)
Former team K (Oshima)
8 bit
Ayaka KikuchiKikuchi Ayaka (1993-06-30) 1993May 6(27 years old)7 period2014/4/21A-Former 3rd gen
Former team B (first generation)
Former team K (Akimoto)
Former team A (Shinoda/'13 Yokoyama)
Former stage name: Ayaka Kikuchi
51 bit
Misato NonakaNakasato (1991-04-20) 1991May 4(29 years old)6 period2014/4/22B-Former team K (Akimoto)
Former team B (Umeda)
Sumire SatoSumire Sato (1993-11-20) 1993May 11(27 years old)7 period2014/4/23A-Former team B (Kashiwagi)
Former team A (Shinoda/'13 Yokoyama)
Transferred to SKE48 Team E
31 bit
Rina ChinoChika Rina (1993-04-23) 1993May 4(27 years old)5 periodK-Former team B (Kashiwagi)
Former team K (Oshima, the first generation)
Transferred to JKT48
Miori IchikawaIchikawa Miori (1994-02-12) 1994May 2(27 years old)10 periodBProduction OgiFormer team 4 (first generation)
Former team B (Umeda)
Transfer to NMB48
Former NMB48 Team N concurrently
39 bit
Ayaka UmedaUmeda Ayaka (1989-01-03) 1989May 1(32 years old)2 periodBTRUSTARFormer team K (first generation, Akimoto)
Former Team B Captain
Former team B (Umeda)
Transfer to NMB48
16 bit
Mina ObaAuntie (1992-04-03) 1992May 4(28 years old)9 periodBJapan Music EntertainmentFormer team 4 (first generation) captain
Former team 4 (first generation)
Former team B (Umeda)
Former SKE48 Team KII
Transferred to SKE48
35 bit
Reina FujieFuji Reina (1994-02-01) 1994May 2(27 years old)4 periodBIto CompanyFormer team A (first generation)
Former team K (Akimoto)
Former team B (Umeda)
Transfer to NMB48
32 bit
Yamauchi SuzuranYamauchi Suzuran (1994-12-08) 1994May 12(26 years old)9 periodBHoriproFormer team 4 (first generation)
Former team B (Umeda)
Transferred to SKE48
36 bit
Oshima YukoYuko Oshima (1988-10-17) 1988May 10(32 years old)2 period2014/6/9KOta ProductionsFormer Team K Captain
Former team K (first generation, Akimoto, Oshima)
1 bit
Okudong SenjuOkubora Chinatsu (1998-09-10) 1998May 9(22 years old)-2014/6/188-Former team 8 Gifu prefecture representative-
Mariko TsukamotoTsukamoto Mariko (1976-07-16) 1976May 7(44 years old)-2014/9/1[Note 31]-Adult AKB48For a limited time as an activity (term expired)-
Katayama YokoKatayama Haruka (1990-05-10) 1990May 5(30 years old)3 period2014/9/29AIrvingFormer team B (first generation, Umeda)
Former team A ('10 Takahashi, '14 Takahashi)
28 bit
Yurina TakashimaYurina Takashima (1997-05-24) 1997May 5(23 years old)13 period2014/12/274-Former team 4 ('13/'14 Minegishi)-
Yui MoriwakiYui Moriwaki (1998-02-28) 1998May 2(23 years old)-2015/1/268-Former team 8 Fukuoka prefecture representative-
Rina IkomaIkomana (1995-12-29) 1995May 12(25 years old)-2015/5/14BAM EntertainmentFrom April 2014, 4 until the concurrent post is released Nogizaka24 concurrent post
Former team B (Kuramochi)
14 bit
Satoho KotaniRiho Kotani (1994-08-24) 1994May 8(26 years old)-2015/5/284-From November 2012, 11 to May 1, 2013 NMB5 Team N concurrent post
Former team A (Shinoda)
From April 2014, 4 to the simultaneous release of NMB24 team N
Former team 4 ('14 Minegishi)
Old stage name: Sato Miaki (after graduating from NMB48)
61 bit
Furuhata NawaFuruhata (1996-09-15) 1996May 9(24 years old)-2015/5/29AZestFrom April 2013, 4 to April 28, 2014 SKE4 Team E concurrent post
Former team K (Oshima)
From November 2014, 4 to the cancellation of the concurrent post SKE24 team KII concurrent post
Former team A ('14 Takahashi)
55 bit
Kaede YakuraYagura Fuuko (1997-02-24) 1997May 2(24 years old)-AAsia promotionFrom April 2013, 4 to the concurrent post cancellation of NMB28 team M concurrent post
Former team A (Shinoda, '13 Yokoyama, '14 Takahashi)
41 bit
Ayaka MorikawaAyaka Morikawa (1996-03-24) 1996May 3(25 years old)11 period2015/5/30
ABarry HeaRTS EntertainmentFormer team A (Shinoda, '13 Yokoyama, '14 Takahashi)-
Suzuki ShiuriSuzuki Shihori (1994-02-17) 1994May 2(27 years old)11 periodK-Former 7rd gen
Former team B (Kashiwagi)
Former team K (Oshima and Yokoyama)
Kawaei RinaCute Reina (1995-02-12) 1995May 2(26 years old)11 period2015/8/4AAvex ManagementFormer team 4 (first generation)
Former team A ('13 Yokoyama, '14 Takahashi)
16 bit
Matsui SakiMasaki Sakiko (1990-12-10) 1990May 12(30 years old)7 period2015/8/9
ASOMEDAYFormer team K (Akimoto)
Former team A (Shinoda, '13 Yokoyama, '14 Takahashi)
38 bit
You HashimotoHashimoto Hikari (1997-06-17) 1997May 6(23 years old)14 periodBLanaionFormer team 4 ('13 Minegishi)
Former team B (Kuramochi)
Marina KobayashiMarina Kobayashi (1996-02-24) 1996May 2(25 years old)10 period4-Former team A (Shinoda/'13 Yokoyama)
Former team 4 ('14 Minegishi)
Mizuki TsuchihoTsuchiyasu Mizuki (1996-10-05) 1996May 10(24 years old)15 period4-Former team 4 ('14 Minegishi)-
Maeda MizukiMaeda Mitsuki (1998-10-05) 1998May 10(22 years old)14 period4-Former team 4 ('13/'14 Minegishi)
Former Oscar Promotion Affiliation[188]
Mother isHayashi (Maeda) Hiromi[189]
Asuka KuramochiKuramochi Asuka (1989-09-11) 1989May 9(31 years old)4 period2015/8/17BWatanabe EntertainmentFormer team K (Oshima, the first generation)
Former team A ('10 Takahashi)
Former Team B Captain
Former team B (Kuramochi)
21 bit
Rie KitaharaRie Kitahara (1991-06-24) 1991May 6(29 years old)5 period2015/8/26KOta ProductionsFormer team A (first generation)
Former team B (Kashiwagi)
Former SKE48 Team S[Note 32]
Former Team K (Yokoyama) Deputy Captain
Former team K (Oshima and Yokoyama)
Transferred to NGT48[Note 33]
11 bit
Mayumi UchidaMayumi Uchida (1993-12-27) 1993May 12(27 years old)5 period2015/10/25BLanaionFormer team K (Akimoto, Oshima, Yokoyama)
Former team B (Kisaki)
Nishiyama ReinaNisayama Rena (2001-01-14) 2001May 1(20 years old)1rd draft2015/12/23
A-1st Draft Conference Team A 1nd Nomination
Former team A ('14 Takahashi, '15 Yokoyama)
Jurina MatsuiJust Jurina (1997-03-08) 1997May 3(24 years old)-2015/12/24KIrvingFrom March 2012, 3 to the concurrent release of SKE24 Team S
Former team K (Akimoto, Oshima, Yokoyama, Minegishi)
4 bit
Natori chiyanaNatori (1995-06-07) 1995May 6(25 years old)11 period2016/2/14
4-Former team B (Umeda and Kuramochi)
Former team 4 (Akari Takahashi)
Natsuki UchiyamaNatsuki Uchiyama (1995-09-25) 1995May 9(25 years old)14 period2016/2/21B-Former team 4 ('13 Minegishi)
Former team B (Kuramochi)
39 bit
Kobayashi KanaIs it kobayashi (1991-05-17) 1991May 5(29 years old)2 period2016/3/31BPlatinum productionFormer team K (first generation, Oshima, Yokoyama)
Former team B (Kisaki)
41 bit
Iwasaki MoekaIwasaki Moeka (2000-04-24) 2000May 4(20 years old)-2016/4/3
8-Former team 8 Nagasaki representative-
Natsuki FujimuraNatsuki Fujimura (1997-05-25) 1997May 5(23 years old)-8-Former team 8 Aichi prefecture representative-
Takahashi MinamiMinami Takahashi (1991-04-08) 1991May 4(29 years old)1 period2016/4/8AProduction Ogi
Mama & Son (business alliance)
First AKB48 Group General Manager
Former Team A Captain
Former team A (first generation, '10 Takahashi, Shinoda, '13 Yokoyama, '14 Takahashi)
4 bit
Takagi AkiAki Takajo (1991-10-03) 1991May 10(29 years old)6 period2016/5/1KIs fieldFormer team A (first generation, '10 Takahashi)
Former JKT48 Team J
Former team B (Umeda and Kuramochi)
Former team K (Mineshige)
Rejoined April 2013, 4
12 bit
Mario NagaoNaga Omariya (1994-03-10) 1994May 3(27 years old)9 periodKIrvingFormer team 4 (first generation)
Former team K (Oshima, Yokoyama, Minegishi)
35 bit
Yamamoto AiAi Yamamoto (1995-08-31) 1995May 8(25 years old)-2016/5/7
8Blue bear house[194]Former team 8 Mie representative-
Karen IwataKaren Iwata (1998-05-13) 1998May 5(22 years old)12 period2016/5/21AHoriproFormer team 4 (first generation)
Team A (Shinoda, '13 Yokoyama, '14 Takahashi, '15 Yokoyama)
Misaki IwasaMisaki Iwasa (1995-01-30) 1995May 1(26 years old)7 periodBNagara ProductionFormer team A ('10 Takahashi)
Former team K (Yokoyama)
Former team B (Umeda, Kizaki)
33 bit
Sayaka YamamotoSayaka Yamamoto (1993-07-14) 1993May 7(27 years old)-2016/5/26KShowtitleFrom April 2014, 4 to the simultaneous release of NMB24 team N
Former team K (Yokoyama, Minegishi)
6 bit
Haruka IshidaIshida Haruka (1993-12-02) 1993May 12(27 years old)5 period2016/6/5KHoriproFormer team B (Kashiwagi/Umeda)
Former team K (Yokoyama, Minegishi)
27 bit
Watanabe MiyukiMiyuki Watanabe (1993-09-19) 1993May 9(27 years old)-2016/8/9BroundcellConcurrent post with NMB48 graduation
From November 2012, 3 to May 24, 2014 NMB4 Team N concurrent post
Former team B (Kashiwagi/Umeda)
From September 2015, 9 to the end of concurrent post
Former team B (Kisaki)
12 bit
Rina HirataRina Hirata (1998-07-16) 1998May 7(22 years old)12 period2016/8/24
ADundleFormer team K (Oshima)
Former team B (Kuramochi)
Former team A ('15 Yokoyama)
Ami MaedaMaeda Ami (1995-06-01) 1995May 6(25 years old)7 period2016/8/29AOscar promotionFormer team K (Oshima)
Former team A ('10 Takahashi, '14 Takahashi, '15 Yokoyama)
37 bit
Kita ReinaKitareina (1996-04-07) 1996May 4(24 years old)-2016/10/8
8-Former team 8 Ishikawa representative
Former stage name: Reina Kasamoto (after graduation)[196]
yuaniDOL Street w-Street NAGOYA
yuanToyota officeAffiliation[197]
Kondo MoeriKodo Eri (1997-04-25) 1997May 4(23 years old)-8-Former team 8 Nagano representative-
Mayu OgasawaraOgasawara Mayu (1994-04-11) 1994May 4(26 years old)-2016/12/24A-Former NMB48 Team N
Former team B (Kuramochi)
Former team A ('15 Yokoyama)
Transferred on April 2014, 4
54 bit
Haruka ShimazakiHaruka Shimazaki (1994-03-30) 1994May 3(27 years old)9 period2016/12/31ABig appleFormer team 4 (first generation)
Former team B (Umeda)
Former team A ('14 Takahashi, '15 Yokoyama)
7 bit
Yoshino MiyuYoshino Miyu (2001-02-16) 2001May 2(20 years old)-2017/1/29
8-Former team 8 Oita representative-
Nanada OwadaAwkward (1999-09-15) 1999May 9(21 years old)15 period2017/3/18AAsia promotionFormer team B (Kuramochi)
Former team A ('15 Yokoyama)
62 bit
Moe AikasaAigasamoe (1998-04-06) 1998May 4(22 years old)13 period2017/3/21
KLexington[201]Former team 4 ('13 Minegishi)
Former team K (Yokoyama, Minegishi)
DANCE STYLE KIDS model former 3rd generation
J☆Dee'ZFormer member of
yuanOffice walkerAffiliation[202]
"Metamol !!!" Producer and member[203]
Ayano UmedaAyano (1999-03-20) 1999May 3(22 years old)13 period2017/3/22B-Former team 4 ('13 Minegishi)
Former team B (Kuramochi and Kizaki)
Old stage name: Ayano Shimizu (after graduation)
Nishino MikiMiki Nishino (1999-04-04) 1999May 4(21 years old)14 period2017/3/274TWIN PLANET ENTERTAINMENTFormer team 4 ('13/'14 Minegishi/Akari Takahashi)61 bit
Mariko NakamuraNakamura Mariko (1993-12-16) 1993May 12(27 years old)9 period2017/3/30A-Former Team A ('14 Takahashi, '15 Yokoyama) Deputy Captain
Former team 4 (first generation)
Former team B (Umeda)
Former team A ('14 Takahashi, '15 Yokoyama)
Haruna KojimaHaruna Kojima (1988-04-19) 1988May 4(32 years old)1 period2017/4/19AMama & SonFormer team B (Umeda)
Former team A (first generation, '10/'14 Takahashi, '15 Yokoyama)
6 bit
Chisato NakataChisato Nakata (1990-10-08) 1990May 10(30 years old)4 period2017/4/24K-Former team A (first generation, '10/'14 Takahashi)
Former team K (Oshima and Minegishi)
Real name/former stage name: Chichi Nakata
37 bit
Rena FukuchiFukurena (1996-05-02) 1996May 5(24 years old)-2017/5/13
8-Former team 8 Saga representative
NHK Fukuoka Broadcasting Stationcaster[205]
Yokoshima A collarYoko Eri (1999-12-17) 1999May 12(21 years old)1rd draft2017/6/5BPlatinum production1nd Draft Conference Team B No. 1
Former team B (Kuramochi and Kizaki)
Former AM Entertainment
Ryohana OshimaOshima (1998-10-21) 1998May 10(22 years old)13 period2017/6/8BTRUSTARFormer Team B (Kisaki) Deputy Captain
Former team A (Shinoda/'13 Yokoyama)
Former team B (Kuramochi and Kizaki)
32 bit
Suzuki MariyaMariya Suzuki (1991-04-29) 1991May 4(29 years old)7 period2017/6/10KFlave EntertainmentFormer SNH48 Team SII
Former team B (Kashiwagi)
Former team A (Shinoda/'13 Yokoyama)
Former team K (Yokoyama, Minegishi)
Ayaka OkadaAyaka Ayaka (1998-11-06) 1998May 11(22 years old)13 period2017/6/22
4Shochiku entertainment[207][208]Former team 4 ('13/'14 Minegishi/Akari Takahashi)57 bit
Yuri TaniYuri Tani (1999-07-19) 1999May 7(21 years old)-2017/6/24
8-Former team 8 Hiroshima representative
Actors School Hiroshima24st gen
Rina IzudaIzuna (1995-11-26) 1995May 11(25 years old)10 period2017/7/1
[Note 34][210]
4Independent Artists ManagementTransferred to BNK48
Former team A (Shinoda/'13 Yokoyama)
Former team B (Kuramochi)
Former team 4 (Akari Takahashi)
Saori HamamatsuHama matsuri onna (1995-07-28) 1995May 7(25 years old)-2017/7/2
8-Former team 8 Tokushima representative-
Native of TanabeMiku Tanabe (1992-12-02) 1992May 12(28 years old)3 period2017/7/23BOmnia (business alliance)Former team K (Akimoto)
Former team B (first generation, Umeda, Kuramochi, Kizaki)
71 bit
Mei AbeAbe Mei (2001-02-09) 2001May 2(20 years old)-2017/8/20
8-Former team 8 Shimane representative-
Yuria KizakiYuria Kizaki (1996-02-11) 1996May 2(25 years old)-2017/9/30BTristone EntertainmentFormer Team B Captain
Former SKE48 Team S
Former Team 4 ('14 Minegishi) Deputy Captain
Former team 4 ('14 Minegishi)
Former team B (Kisaki)
Transferred on April 2014, 4
22 bit
Haruka ShimadaShida Haruka (1992-12-16) 1992May 12(28 years old)9 period2017/11/13K-Former Team K (Mineshige) Deputy Captain
Former team 4 (first generation)
Former Team 4 Captain Acting[213]
Former team K (Oshima, Yokoyama, Minegishi)
Maria AbeMaria Abe (1995-11-29) 1995May 11(25 years old)10 period2017/11/30KEscape from the main bodyTransferred to TPE48 (current AKB48 Team TP)
Former team 4 (first generation)
Former team K (Oshima, Yokoyama, Minegishi)
Current stage name: Ari Abe
Mayu WatanabeMayu Watanabe (1994-03-26) 1994May 3(27 years old)3 period2017/12/31B-Former team A (Shinoda/'13 Yokoyama)
Former team B (first generation, Kashiwagi, Kuramochi, Kizaki)
1 bit
Masaru IinoIinomiyabi (1997-09-29) 1997May 9(23 years old)15 period2018/1/22
4YMN[215]Former team A ('14 Takahashi)
Former team 4 (Akari Takahashi)
April 2014, 4 Promoted from tentative research student to research student[173]
Kazuki MaikiAnother Kasumi (1997-04-28) 1997May 4(23 years old)-2018/2/18
8C Channel[217]Former team 8 Fukushima representative-
Natsuki HiroseHirose Natsuki (1997-06-09) 1997May 6(23 years old)-2018/3/4
8-Former team 8 Kochi prefecture representative-
Hayasaka TsumugiHayabusa Tsumugi (2001-05-12) 2001May 5(19 years old)-2018/4/20
8 / A-Former team 8 Yamagata representative
Former team A (Okabe)
The Coin LockersFormer member of[220]
Kodama HarukaKodama Haruka (1996-09-19) 1996May 9(24 years old)-2018/5/15
KAvex Asunaro CompanyFrom April 2013, 4 to the concurrent post cancellation of HKT28 team H concurrent post
Former team A (Shinoda/'13 Yokoyama)
Former team K (Yokoyama, Minegishi)
9 bit
Shirahama RuruSee white (1997-10-14) 1997May 10(23 years old)-2018/5/16
AShowtitleFrom April 2015, 9 to the concurrent post cancellation of NMB1 team M concurrent post
Former team A ('15 Yokoyama)
12 bit
Sakura MiyawakiMiyawaki Sakura (1998-03-19) 1998May 3(23 years old)-AMercury (HKT48)
Vernalossom (IZ*ONE/Japan)
From April 2014, 4 until the concurrent appointment is released.
Former team A ('14 Takahashi, '15 Yokoyama)
4 bit
Kitagawa AyameKitagawa (1998-10-09) 1998May 10(22 years old)-2018/5/18
4-From March 2015, 9 to the concurrent release of SKE1 Team S
Former team 4 (Akari Takahashi)
64 bit
Shibuya NagisakiShibuya Nagisa (1996-08-25) 1996May 8(24 years old)-4ShowtitleFrom April 2014, 4 to December 24, 2016 NMB12 Team BII
From April 2017, 1 to the concurrent post cancellation of NMB1 team M concurrent post
Former team 4 ('14 Minegishi/Takahashi Akari)
56 bit
Tomonaga MisakuraTomonaga Mio (1998-05-17) 1998May 5(22 years old)-4-From April 2014, 4 until the concurrent appointment is released.
Former team B (Kuramochi)
Former team 4 (Akari Takahashi)
21 bit
Nako YabukiYabuki Nako (2001-06-18) 2001May 6(19 years old)-2018/5/28
BMercury (HKT48)
Vernalossom (IZ*ONE/Japan)
From April 2015, 9 to the concurrent post cancellation of HKT1 team H concurrent post
Former team B (Kisaki)
28 bit
Kaoru ShimoaokiKarin Shimooki (2000-10-28) 2000May 10(20 years old)-2018/8/10
8 / A-Former team 8 Kagoshima prefecture representative
Former team A (Okabe)
Natsuki KojimaNatsuki Kojima (1995-03-08) 1995May 3(26 years old)11 period2018/8/12BfitFormer team A ('14 Takahashi, '15 Yokoyama)
Former team B (Umeda/Akari Takahashi)
Yuka TanoYuka Tano (1997-03-07) 1997May 3(24 years old)12 periodKCentralFormer team 4 (first generation)
Former team A (Shinoda/'13 Yokoyama)
Former team K (Yokoyama, Minegishi, Kamayama)
38 bit
Mika TaniguchiMochi Yaguchi (2001-05-28) 2001May 5(19 years old)-2018/11/4
8 / K-Former team 8 Miyazaki representative
Former team K (Kagayama)
Rio OkawaOorio (2001-03-01) 2001May 3(20 years old)15 period2018/12/3
4Suntec PEE[225]Former team 4 ('14 Minegishi, Takahashi Akari, Murayama)
April 2013, 10 Promoted from tentative research student to research student[226]
Nana FujitaNana Fujita (1996-12-28) 1996May 12(24 years old)10 period2019/1/7KACT JP EntertainmentFormer team A ('14 Takahashi)
Former team K (Oshima, Minegishi, Kagayama)
Nagana RenaThank you (2000-05-11) 2000May 5(20 years old)-2019/2/2
8 / ATWIN PLANET ENTERTAINMENT[229]Former team 8 Fukui representative
Former team A (Okabe)
Misaki TayaTaya Misaki (2004-07-14) 2004May 7(16 years old)16 period2019/4/7
4-Former team 4 (Murayama)-
Noda HarunaNoda Hinano (2004-02-15) 2004May 2(17 years old)-2019/5/5
8/4-Former team 8 Mie Prefecture representative (2nd generation)
Former team 4 (Murayama)
Joined April 2016, 6
Rena NozawaNoisy (1998-05-06) 1998May 5(22 years old)-2019/5/6
K-Former JKT48 Team J Concurrent (JKT48 1st generation)
Former team K (Oshima and Kamayama)
Former team B (Kuramochi)
Former team 4 (Akari Takahashi)
Joined concurrent position on June 2013, 6
Transferred April 2014, 4
Akari TakahashiJuri Takahashi (1997-10-03) 1997May 10(23 years old)12 periodBWoollim EntertainmentFormer team 4 (first generation, Akari Takahashi)
Former team A (Shinoda/'13 Yokoyama)
Former team B (Kuramochi and Takahashi Akari)
Former Team 4 Captain
Former Team B Captain
Present stage name: Juli
11 bit
Takeuchi good eveningTakeuchi Miyu (1996-01-12) 1996May 1(25 years old)9 periodBMYSTIC STORYFormer team 4 (first generation)
Former team B (Umeda, Kuramochi, Kizaki, Takahashi Akari)
Mako KojimaKojima Mako (1997-05-30) 1997May 5(23 years old)14 period2019/5/12KSun music productionFormer team 4 ('13 Minegishi, Takahashi Akari)
Former team K (Yokoyama, Kakeyama)
19 bit
Yokomichi YuriYokomichi Yuri (2000-10-23) 2000May 10(20 years old)-2019/5/18
8 / K-Former team 8 Shizuoka representative
Former team K (Kagayama)
Hitomi Koto soundHitomi (2001-01-19) 2001May 1(20 years old)-2019/5/20
8 / A-Former team 8 Okayama representative
Former team A (Okabe)
Nakano IkuumiIkumi Naka (2000-08-20) 2000May 8(20 years old)-2019/5/30
8 / KFlave Entertainment
Former team 8 Tottori prefecture representative
Former team K (Mineshige/Kakeyama)
85 bit
TanigawaTanikawa Hijiri (2000-12-26) 2000May 12(20 years old)-2019/5/31
8 / A-Former team 8 Akita representative
Former team A (Okabe)
96 bit
Shiori SatoShiori Sato (1998-02-03) 1998May 2(23 years old)-2019/6/8
8 / B-Former team 8 Niigata representative
Former team B (Akari Takahashi/Iwatate)
Nanada YamadaNanami (1999-02-09) 1999May 2(22 years old)-2019/6/228 / K-Former team 8 Hyogo representative
Former team A ('15 Yokoyama)
Former team K (Kagayama)
95 bit
Kirara ItoKira Ito (2004-05-19) 2004May 5(16 years old)-2019/8/12
8-Former team 8 Fukushima Prefecture representative (2nd generation)-
Goto MoezakiGotou Moe (2001-05-20) 2001May 5(19 years old)1rd draft2019/8/13ATWIN PLANET ENTERTAINMENT1rd Draft Conference Team K Nominated 1th
Former team K (Oshima and Yokoyama)
Former team B (Kisaki)
Former team A (Okabe)
65 bit
Nanami SatoNanami Sato (2000-01-19) 2000May 1(21 years old)-2019/9/30
8/4fit[241]Former team 8 Iwate representative
Former team 4 (Murayama)
Misaki TeradaMisaki Terada (1999-12-28) 1999May 12(21 years old)-2019/10/22
8 / K-Former team 8 Nagasaki prefecture representative (2nd generation)
Former team K (Kagayama)
Yui HiwatariHii Yui (2000-04-30) 2000May 4(20 years old)2rd draft2019/11/28
BSpace craft2st Draft Conference Team A 1nd Nomination
Former team A ('14 Takahashi, '15 Yokoyama) research student
Former team A ('15 Yokoyama)
Former team B (Akari Takahashi/Iwatate)
73 bit
Nao OhtaOota (1994-12-05) 1994May 12(26 years old)-2019/12/20
8 / BAvex Asunaro CompanyFormer team 8 Kyoto representative
Former team B (Akari Takahashi/Iwatate)
62 bit
Yahagi Moe SummerYahagi Moeka (2002-07-05) 2002May 7(18 years old)3rd draft2020/2/4K-3rd Draft Conference Team K Nominated 1th
Former Team K (Mineshige/Kagayama) Research Student
Former team K (Kamayama)
My sister is Yuki Yahagi (former SKE48)
Ruka YamamotoYamamoto Ruka (2000-10-10) 2000May 10(20 years old)-2020/6/28
8 / BSaint Force[244]Former team 8 Wakayama representative
Former team B (Akari Takahashi/Iwatate)
Received the "Miss Kwansei 2020" Grand Prix (after graduation)[245]
Saya KawamotoKawamoto Saya (1998-08-31) 1998May 8(22 years old)1rd draft2020/8/314Incubation1nd Draft Conference Team B No. 2
Former team B (Umeda and Kuramochi)
Former Team 4 (Juri Takahashi / Murayama)
Former JKT48 Team T Short-term International Student
27 bit
Futani RyuDo it (2003-02-14) 2003May 2(18 years old)-2020/9/24
8-Former Team 8 Akita Prefecture Representative (2nd generation)-
Inoue MiyuuMiyu Inoue (2001-09-19) 2001May 9(19 years old)-8-Former Team 8 Iwate Prefecture Representative (2nd generation)-
Kaoru ShiobaraKarin Shioba (2005-03-27) 2005May 3(16 years old)-8-Former Team 8 Niigata Prefecture Representative (2nd generation)-
Tatsuya MakihimeTatsuya Makiho (2001-10-19) 2001May 10(19 years old)15 period2020/12/11
4Toy plastic[248]Former team A ('14 Takahashi)
Former team B (Kisaki)
Former Team 4 (Juri Takahashi / Murayama)
April 2013, 10 Promoted from tentative research student to research student[226]
Glitter ☆ UnforentMembers of
Tachisen AiriRissen Airi (1999-03-18) 1999May 3(22 years old)-2021/2/28
8-Former Team 8 Kochi Prefecture Representative (2nd generation)
Hachikin GirlsFormer member of
My sister is Momoka Ritsusen (STU48)[250]
Hasegawa MomokaHasegawa Momoka (2006-12-14) 2006May 12(14 years old)-2021/3/26
8-Former team 8 Fukushima Prefecture representative (3nd generation)-
Akira SatoAkari Sato (1996-11-09) 1996May 11(24 years old)-2021/3/29
8 / B-Former Team 8 Miyagi Prefecture Representative
Former team B (Akari Takahashi/Iwatate)
118 bit

Former research student/candidate members

NameReadingDate of BirthSubscription periodLast enrollment dateCurrent officeRemarkselection
Rena IsoIsoreina (1992-08-10) 1992May 8(28 years old)3 period2006/12/19-No research student experience
Aki OtsukaOtsuka Aki (1989-02-07) 1989May 2(32 years old)3 period-
Ryo SakataRyo Sakata (1990-03-18) 1990May 3(31 years old)3 period-
Mariachika FujishimaFujishima Mariachika (1990-04-28) 1990May 4(30 years old)3 period-Present stage name: Mariachika
Pleiades MaryMembers of[Note 35]
No research student experience
yuanTroupe TokaiAffiliation
yuanPoseidon EntertainmentAffiliation
Horie SeikaHorie Mina (1993-07-14) 1993May 7(27 years old)3 periodSaint Force[254]No research student experience
yuanSt force sproutAffiliation
Yurina IinumaIrina Yurina (1990-04-30) 1990May 4(30 years old)4 period2007/11/15-
Tomomi KanekoKaneko Satomi (1989-12-22) 1989May 12(31 years old)4 periodPIGROOMOld stage name: Satomi Kaneko (after graduation)
Rina KozukaUnfriendly (1993-05-22) 1993May 5(27 years old)4 period-
Yoshioka SayaYoshioka Saki (1984-09-01) 1984May 9(36 years old)4 period-
Marie WatanabeMarie Watanabe (1991-01-18) 1991May 1(30 years old)4 period-
ExitDeguchi Aki (1988-03-14) 1988May 3(33 years old)4 period2007/11/26Flow entertainment (business alliance)Later joined SKE48
Also known as: aki
Mizuki YamadaMizuki Yamada (1988-07-28) 1988May 7(32 years old)5 periodBefore April 2007, 12Blue Oh Shan[255]Naive young ladyMembers of
Former Kando member
AKBN 0Former member of (after graduation)
Nippon Telegenic 2013 candidate
Formerly Wild Vision[256]
Nishizawa SaraNizawa (1992-05-14) 1992May 5(28 years old)6 period2008/7/31-
Yuka NakanishiNakashi Yuuka (1989-01-24) 1989May 1(32 years old)4 period2008/8/26Solid cubeTransferred to SKE48
Yurie KatanoYurie of the person (1990-04-29) 1990May 4(30 years old)6 period2008/8/31-
Rimi IshiguroIshiguro Remi (1991-05-23) 1991May 5(29 years old)7 period2009/1/16-
Arima Yu eggplantArima Yuka (1991-02-18) 1991May 2(30 years old)5 period2009/1/19-
Suzuki NaeNatsuki Suzuki (1992-12-18) 1992May 12(28 years old)4 period-Current stage name: Nae[257]
Tears -NAMIDA-[258]Former member of
Mayu TomitaMayu Tomita (1993-01-25) 1993May 1(28 years old)5 periodErnesto JapanyuanJolly RogerAffiliation
Hatayama ArisaArisa Hatayama (1991-02-11) 1991May 2(30 years old)5 periodTommy's Artist Company[259]Former BABY PRODUCTION affiliation
yuanBLUE ROSEAffiliation
yuanOFFICE MeguAffiliation
Akane AyaUriya Akane (1992-08-24) 1992May 8(28 years old)4 period2009/4/26-yuanBemusAffiliation
Mizuho UenoKato Ono Mizuho (1991-11-30) 1991May 11(29 years old)7 period2009/6/9Arc JewelCurrent stage name: Miyu Aisako
Mizuki KomatsuKomatsu MizukiUnknown[Note 36]8 period2009/7/14-
Hayashi AyanoHayashi Ayano (1993-05-31) 1993May 5(27 years old)7 period2009/7/18Platinum production[260]Current stage name: Ayano Hayashi[260]-
Nanami NishikawaNanami Kawanami (1993-07-03) 1993May 7(27 years old)8 period2009/7/25
-yuanPopteenReader model (after leaving)
yuanNogizaka46 Second generation (after leaving)
Azai YenMasai Madoka (1991-07-28) 1991May 7(29 years old)8 period2009/12/4--
Ishii AyakaAyaka Ai (1991-06-24) 1991May 6(29 years old)8 period--
Ishibe IkuAya Ishibe (1991-02-06) 1991May 2(30 years old)8 period-Former DIMENSION affiliation-
Guo GraceThus grace (1994-04-29) 1994May 4(26 years old)8 period-Former Anillo affiliation-
Nanami KomizuNanami Nanami (1995-07-13) 1995May 7(25 years old)8 period--
Rio SakamotoRio Sakamoto (1995-06-06) 1995May 6(25 years old)8 period-Former Sweet Direction
yuanArtist boxAffiliation[262]
(Business alliance: Yell)
Former member of Barbee[263][264]
Nippon Telegenic 2014 candidate
Sugiyama MiraiMiku Sugiyama (1995-12-12) 1995May 12(25 years old)8 period--
Asami TomiteSee Ami (1994-03-17) 1994May 3(27 years old)8 periodTanpopo
Legend Talent Agency(business partnership)
Rubbing in MikiMiki Nikoru (1995-06-28) 1995May 6(25 years old)8 period-yuanOffice cottonAffiliation[265]-
Satomi MuranakaSatomi Muranaka (1988-06-05) 1988May 6(32 years old)8 period-Former 4rd gen-
Ayaka ItoAyaka Ito (1993-06-21) 1993May 6(27 years old)9 period2010/1/6-Former Marble Member
Old stage name: Aya Minami
Yuri ImaiMai Yurie (1994-04-30) 1994May 4(26 years old)8 period2010/2/1--
Takami IshiguroIshiguro Atsuki (1993-09-24) 1993May 9(27 years old)9 period2010/6/20-yuanFancy freeAffiliation
Old stage name: Atsushi Ishiguro
40 bit
Momoko KinumotoKinumoto Momoko (1995-03-28) 1995May 3(26 years old)9 period--
Sara FujimotoFujimoto Sara (1997-03-23) 1997May 3(24 years old)9 period-Former 4rd gen-
Eri TakamatsuEri Takamatsu (1992-12-25) 1992May 12(28 years old)9 period--
Asuka UekiUeki Asaka (1995-05-17) 1995May 5(25 years old)8 period2010/7/6--
Hitomi IwasakiIwasaki Hitomi (1996-03-19) 1996May 3(25 years old)10 period2010/10/5--
Yuriko SanoYuriko Sano (1992-01-22) 1992May 1(29 years old)8 periodArc Jewel
Deer stage
Saya ToyotaSaki toyoda (1993-09-08) 1993May 9(27 years old)11 period2010/10/23-Formerly Spiral Music
Former member of Orange Power Spot
Chinami OkazakiOkazaki by the way (1992-05-28) 1992May 5(28 years old)11 period2010/10/27TP-SATELLITEOld stage name: Chinami (after declining)-
Marina KawakamiMarina Kawakami (1996-05-21) 1996May 5(24 years old)11 period2010/12/3-Former member of Power Spot
Formerly Spiral Entertainment
Yuki KanazawaKanazawa Yuuki (1993-05-01) 1993May 5(27 years old)10 period2011/2/20Avex ManagementCurrent stage name: Yuki Kanazawa-
Ushikubo SaraLightly (1995-02-15) 1995May 2(26 years old)11 period2011/6/19Watanabe Entertainment-
Yamaguchi NayuYamaguchi Nau (1994-01-19) 1994May 1(27 years old)11 period--
Suzuki RikaSuzuki Rika (1997-01-10) 1997May 1(24 years old)12 period2012/3/31--
Mai AmamiyaAmemi and Maika (1997-06-29) 1997May 6(23 years old)13 period2012/8/5--
Kita ShioriKita Shiori (1998-12-01) 1998May 12(22 years old)13 period-Former DIVE'-
Hasegawa HarunaHasegawa Haruna (1997-07-01) 1997May 7(23 years old)13 periodAvex AY FactoryTroupe 4 dollars 50 centsMember of the troupe[266][267]-
Moriyama SakuraMoriyama Sakura (1998-04-14) 1998May 4(22 years old)13 period--
Nene WatanabeWatanabe (1998-01-30) 1998May 1(23 years old)13 period--
Said Erina YokotaSaeed yokore answer (1997-04-15) 1997May 4(23 years old)12 period2012/10/6
TCP artist[269]Present stage name: Erina Yokota
My sisterSaid Nina Yokota[270]
Formerly CUTE
Former business alliance: H.IDL .inc[271]
Eguchi AimiEguchi Aimi (1995-02-11) 1995May 2(26 years old)
[Note 37]
12.5 period2013/5/8
[Note 38]
-Virtual idol by CG composition-
Nana NoguchiNoguchi Nanami (2003-09-17) 2003May 9(17 years old)16 period2017/3/31
Nozomi TakahashiTakahashi Kira (2001-01-14) 2001May 1(20 years old)2rd draft2017/4/11
G crew[275]2nd Draft Conference Team B No. 1
Former team B (Kuramochi and Kizaki) research student
Former byte AKB
Present stage name: Kiki Takahashi[276]
Formerly belonging to City Rhythm[277]
Nao NomuraNomura (1999-08-10) 1999May 8(21 years old)2rd draft2017/8/13
-2rd Draft Conference Team K Nominated 1th
Former team K (Yokoyama, Minegishi) research student
My sister is Mitsuyo Nomura (SKE48)[279]
Otoki HarasawaHarazawa Otohi (2001-10-12) 2001May 10(19 years old)3rd draft2018/8/22
-3nd Draft Meeting Team 4 5st Nomination
Former Team 4 (Akari Takahashi/Murayama) Research Student
Kamiyama RihoKamiyama Riho (2003-08-20) 2003May 8(17 years old)3rd draft2018/10/20
-3nd Draft Conference Team B No. 3
Former Team B (Kisaki and Takahashi Akari) Research Student
Shoji NagisaShoji Nagisa (2000-10-29) 2000May 10(20 years old)16 period2018/11/4
-Former Team A (Okabe) Research Student
HarpsterFormer member of[285]
Former CLUSTER. Affiliation[286]
Members of Wanchan Arena[287]
Izumi UmemotoIzumi Umemoto (1998-10-16) 1998May 10(22 years old)16 period2018/11/25
-Former team B (Takahashi Akari) research student-
Harima NanamiNanami Harima (2004-08-02) 2004May 8(16 years old)16 period2019/5/11
-Former Team B (Akari Takahashi/Iwatate) Research Student-
Ayato KatsumataKatsuma Saori (2000-10-31) 2000May 10(20 years old)3rd draft2019/6/28
Sprout[292]3rd Draft Conference Team K Nominated 3th
Former Team K (Mineshige/Kagayama) Research Student
Former byte AKB
Poetry SatoShiori Sato (2001-07-22) 2001May 7(19 years old)3rd draft2019/11/27
-3st Draft Conference Team A 1nd Nomination
Former Team A ('15 Yokoyama/Okabe) Research Student
Yuzuki SuenagaSuenaga Yuzuki (2005-11-03) 2005May 11(15 years old)3rd draft2020/11/30
-3rd Draft Conference Team K Nominated 2th
Former Team K (Mineshige/Kagayama) Research Student

Former international student

NameReadingDate of BirthAffiliation officeEnrollment periodRemarks
(Stephanie Pricilla Indarto Putri)
Stephanie Priscilla Indulge Putri
(2000-11-19) 2000May 11(20 years old)-2018/9/18
-December 10[295]
Short-term study abroad from JKT48 Team J
(Pimrapat Phadungwatanachok)
Pimon Pat Padun Wattana Chalk
(2002-06-09) 2002May 6(18 years old)Independent Artists Management2018/9/18
-December 10[295]
Short-term study abroad from BNK48 Team BIII

Former byte AKB

NameReadingDate of BirthContract expiration dateCurrent officeRemarks
Misaki AkasakaAkasaka Misaki (1993-10-21) 1993May 10(27 years old)2015/2/28-
Abe Kano YumeKanae Abe (1993-02-13) 1993May 2(28 years old)-
Araki MinamiAraki Minami (1997-11-11) 1997May 11(23 years old)-
Rin ArakiAraki Rinka (1995-08-22) 1995May 8(25 years old)-
Iikura SaoriIori Saori (1990-07-14) 1990May 7(30 years old)-Former Asia Promotion Member
Bachelor Japan(Season 1) Participation
Yuka IkutaYutaka Ikuta (1996-12-31) 1996May 12(24 years old)-
Yuki IdaYuki Ida (1995-09-10) 1995May 9(25 years old)-Former production HIT member[296]
A former member of SoulMate[297]
Reina IsshikiIt's the same (2002-02-15) 2002May 2(19 years old)-Former SKE48 (2nd AKB48 Group Draft Conference Team S 2nd place nomination)
Aika UmezawaUmezawa Mayuka (1996-10-20) 1996May 10(24 years old)-Formerly affiliated with Cinderella Promotion
Emi EbisawaMegumi Ebisawa (1996-09-26) 1996May 9(24 years old)-
Ayano OhnoAyano Ohno (2000-12-22) 2000May 12(20 years old)-
Ogata HonamiHogata Ogata (1991-01-27) 1991May 1(30 years old)Avex ManagementPresent stage name: Honan Ogata
MIMORI (call me) Is a cousin[298]
Former members of Jammy[299]
Yuka OginoOgi no Yuka (1999-02-16) 1999May 2(22 years old)HoriproCurrent NGT48 (2nd AKB48 Group Draft Conference NGT48 2nd place nomination)
Hoi MadokaKaigi Madoka (1997-09-24) 1997May 9(23 years old)-
Ayato KatsumataKatsuma Saori (2000-10-31) 2000May 10(20 years old)SproutFormer Team K draft research student (3nd AKB48 Group Draft Conference Team K 3rd place nomination)
Saya UitaniKamitani Saya (1996-11-28) 1996May 11(24 years old)Ota Productions
Kawaguchi MamiKawaguchi Mami (1995-08-27) 1995May 8(25 years old)-
Kawamura MahoKawamura Maho (1993-01-21) 1993May 1(28 years old)-
Satomi KikuchiKikuchi Tomomi (1994-09-14) 1994May 9(26 years old)-
Kinoshita RyofuMushroomed bell (1994-08-02) 1994May 8(26 years old)-
Mayu KinoshitaMushroom Mayu (1996-02-12) 1996May 2(25 years old)-Former member of OSAKA BB WAVE[300]
Kusakabe ManaAi Kusukabe (2002-02-06) 2002May 2(19 years old)FloraCurrent NGT48
Kurosawa AyakaKurosawa Ayaka (1992-05-14) 1992May 5(28 years old)-VIVAJO8Former member of[301]
Yuka KoikeYuka Koike (1997-06-09) 1997May 6(23 years old)-
Rina KoizumiRina Koizumi (1993-03-30) 1993May 3(28 years old)-
Rina SaitoSaito Rina (1999-05-21) 1999May 5(21 years old)-
Miki SaekiMika Saeki (1989-10-29) 1989May 10(31 years old)-Former 4rd gen[Note 39]
Become an AKS employee after the contract expires[185]
Sawaki SawakiSawaki Saya (1999-05-17) 1999May 5(21 years old)-Former member of Dream Ability[302]
Yui ShibataYui Shibata (1998-01-04) 1998May 1(23 years old)-Former NMB48 (2nd AKB48 Group Draft Conference Team M No. 1)
Suzuki YuminSuzuki Yumin (1992-10-22) 1992May 10(28 years old)-hana girl model[303]
Kiyoshi ReinaReligion (2001-04-19) 2001May 4(19 years old)FloraCurrent NGT48
Takahiro MasakiTakagi Mashiro (2000-04-01) 2000May 4(20 years old)-
Nozomi TakahashiTakahashi Kira (2001-01-14) 2001May 1(20 years old)G crewPresent stage name: Kiki Takahashi
Former Team B Draft Research Student (2nd AKB48 Group Draft Conference Team B 1st Place Nomination)
Misato TakeuchiTakeuchi Misaki (1997-04-11) 1997May 4(23 years old)-
Senda YumenoChida Yumeno (1994-12-26) 1994May 12(26 years old)-
Chiyoda YuiChiyoda Yui (1989-09-20) 1989May 9(31 years old)Office cotton
Nakagawa RinaNaka Naka (1995-07-31) 1995May 7(25 years old)-
Yuka NakamuraYuka Nakamura (1994-07-10) 1994May 7(26 years old)-"Miss Chuo Contest 2013" Second Grand Prix
Nagasaka ArisaThere is something (1990-07-03) 1990May 7(30 years old)-
Misa NarumatsuNarimatsu Misa (1995-11-12) 1995May 11(25 years old)-
Marina NishigataNaigai (1995-10-16) 1995May 10(25 years old)FloraCurrent NGT48 (2nd AKB48 Group Draft Conference NGT48 1nd place nomination)
Fukui YusaiFukui Arisa (1995-08-19) 1995May 8(25 years old)-Re: Girls former members[304]
Formerly belonging to Avex Group Holdings[305]
Momoko FujieFujiko Momoko (1997-12-18) 1997May 12(23 years old)-
Matsuura NatsuhoMatsuura Kaho (1992-08-11) 1992May 8(28 years old)-
Matsuoka HanaMatsuoka Hana (2000-01-19) 2000May 1(21 years old)MercuryCurrent HKT48 Team TII (2nd AKB48 Group Draft Conference Team H 1st place nomination)
Matsumoto KazukaMatsumoto Nodoka (1995-05-15) 1995May 5(25 years old)-
Miki MiyazakiMiyazaki Miki (1998-04-27) 1998May 4(22 years old)-
Onga palmMegako (2001-11-05) 2001May 11(19 years old)TWIN PLANET ENTERTAINMENTFormer 16th tentative research student[306]
"Youth High School 3rd Grade C"student[306]
Kana YatsushiroI wonder if (1994-10-02) 1994May 10(26 years old)-
Aki YamauchiAki Yamauchi (1994-11-13) 1994May 11(26 years old)-
Fuika ShigeruShigefuji Fuyuka (1993-10-23) 1993May 10(27 years old)2016/8/10-Paruru selection
Yuka HijiHinode Yuka (1995-08-21) 1995May 8(25 years old)-Paruru selection


NameReadingDate of BirthRemarkselection
Meow Meow MaskNyan Nyan KamenFebruary 2222, 2 (?)[Note 37]8st General ElectionMysterious person who ran for[307][308].
At the voting event, he himself revealed himself to be Haruna Kojima.[309].
16 bit

Appearance and work

Criticism of AKB48

Content typology

EconomistHideomi TanakaAnd criticsTsunehiro UnoAnd so on2000 eraAfter JapanPop cultureThe typology of content used in criticism is applied to AKB48.

Tanaka says that when a fan reads a member's blog and makes a comment, the fan is trying to connect himself to the member's "little private story."Sekai systemPointed out that it was[310]. Furthermore, the principle of competition, which is represented by the selected general election, is the era specific to the 2000s, which Uno named "The Vibe/Battle Royale".[Note 40][311]It pointed out that AKB48 has both Sekai and Survival elements.[310].

Uno means that AKB48 is a representative example of "Battle Royale", that is, "big story" (values ​​shared by the whole society) CollapsedPost modernArgues that it applies to the mechanism of using "big games" as an alternative to "big stories" in our society[312].

On the other hand, Uno is a community that consists of only women.Air systemInsist that it also has the characteristics of ". Inside the community called AKB48, intimate friendships between members (pseudo)HomosexualityHave been used as a service to virtually male fans through blogs, etc., and the homosexual relationship was read in the TV drama in which the members appeared.DoujinshiBut (by female fans)Comic marketThey are sold atSecondary creationThat there are similarities to general acceptance[Note 41]. However, at the same time, he pointed out that the introduction of the above-mentioned competition principle effectively destroys the planned harmony that tends to occur in air systems.[313][314][315].

Character consumption

UnoSaito TamakiIs a member of AKB48CharacterHe states that (character) is consumed by fans and that it is closely related to the management strategy. Although the characters of each member are not always fixed, the roles are generally divided, and whether members can maintain popularity depends on the success or failure of establishing the character rather than factors such as appearance, style, and singing ability. That there is a face[316].

Saito has a system that makes it easy for the members' characters to be fixed and easily recognized due to the ordering of team subgroups and selection general elections. It is said that it has become possible to create the illusion that it can be directly involved in character formation.

In this way, the structure in which the ordering (representing the degree of popularity) and the differentiation of characters proceed simultaneously within the small group is the order naturally formed among students in modern Japanese schools.School castePointed out that it is the same type as that of[Note 42][316][317].

Uno, based on Saito's theory,Already mentionedArgued that the method of "shortening the TV medium as an intermediate term to shorten the sense of distance with the fans" cyclically creates and strengthens the characters of the members through interaction between the fan community and the management side.

Fans share various information, such as friendships and personality among members, obtained from theater performances and trivial comments on blogs, on the Internet, etc.Wikipedia By being posted toCollective intelligenceAccumulated, and receiving such a boost from the fan community, the character settings of each member are efficiently generated.

In addition to that, the management side based on that character setting (or as ifSecondary creationLike that, a little arrangement was added based on that) Members will appearTV dramaThe character's original character is strengthened by the fan's consumption as a characterfeedbackIs working. Uno called this "character consumptionEternal institutionWas named[318][319][320][321].

Glocalization and penetration of popularity

In Japan, SKB48 in Nagoya, NMB48 in Osaka, HKT48 in Fukuoka, NGT48 in Niigata, and STU48 in Setouchi are deployed in rural areas as sister groups of AKB48. on the other hand,Video sharing siteIn addition to increasing the number of fans outside Japan, JKT48 in Jakarta, Indonesia, BNK48 in Bangkok, Thailand, etc. are being deployed as sister groups outside Japan. Regarding the development of sister groups in Japan and abroad, Hideomi Tanaka in the January 2011 issue of the magazine "Urepia" said that localization and globalization were ongoing (Glocalization) Have pointed out that some aspects[322].

As the popularity of AKB48 increased, from around 2010, the unit name of alphabet abbreviation + number was created based on the group name of AKB48 and used for works and advertisements,Tributething[Note 43][Note 44][323][324]Came to appear more than once. Similarly, similar popular voting project that imitates the system of AKB48 selection general election or adds "general election" to the project name[Note 45][Note 46][325][326][327][328]Came to appear[Note 47].

AKB48 Business Model and Japanese Economy

Hideomi Tanaka wrote in his book “AKB48's Economics” (2010) that AKB48's increasing influence in the Japanese music market at that timebusiness modelAnalysis, AKB48 is strong in the recession "deflation culture"[Note 48]Advocated the theory that it is one of[330].

2000 eraLaterCD recessionAmong them, J-POP artists tended to earn a lot of money at concerts, and the entrance fees tended to be high. On the other hand, the tickets for the AKB48 theater performances are set at a much lower price than the live performances of general artists, and the prices of related products such as photo books are also set lower than the market price. .. This is an idol of a young person with low incomeGeekTargeted toMarketing strategyThat is.

Also, many AKB48 membersBlog,TwitterHas been opened and fans are spending it virtually without spending money in the form of checking it, which can also be interpreted as a typical deflationary culture. at the same time,Cultural economicsEconomist with a book onTyler CohenIt can be considered as one of the non-economic activities that does not transfer the money, which is called "mind consumption".[331].

Masaru KanekoAKB48's business model is to maintain low-priced routes,Exploiting employees with low wage laborToUNIQLOIt is similar to the management method of the company, and criticizes it as establishing a deflationary economy.[332]. On the other hand, Tanaka does not scale the idol market so much that it affects the Japanese economy, and confuses the result with the cause. In other words, the management method of AKB48DeflationArguing that the strategy of AKB48 was born to adapt to the economic situation of deflation rather than to generate[333].

In connection with this, Tanaka stated in "The End of AKB48 Caused by the Revival of the Japanese Economy" (2013):AbenomicsThe recovery of the Japanese economy throughinflationIf that happens, the popularity of AKB48 will decline, or it will reach the end[334].

Criticism of product variation development

The business related to AKB48 and its sister groups has traditionally focused on providing sound sources.Music cdRather than promoting the sale of individual products, it is characterized by offering "handshake tickets", opportunities with rare value, set sales as complex products with benefits that can be traded at high prices, and development of variations of these.AKB Commercial CodeCame to be called[335].

This is not only focused on the value as a music CD, but is characterized by set sales such as handshake tickets, and their expansion and development are evaluated as "epoch-making" as the development of a new business model. There is also[335]. Moreover, those variations areOricon chartIn the system, you can also enjoy the merit of being counted as "songs with the same title"[336].

On the other hand, there are also harmful effects. Music criticTomizawa KazumasaSaid, "In the midst of the CD recession, it can be evaluated as a business idea." However, if the idea of ​​"take from a place where you can get it" such as a specific fan is too much in front, ranking and sales will increase (besides music). On the other hand, it will be difficult to create works that are popular with the public."[335].

Regarding the forgery case of handshake ticket, the handshake ticket is "free privilege andPersonal documents"Instead of criminal law"SecuritiesTokyo District CourtThere is a precedent[337].

Since the method of developing a product that is regarded as the same title as a music CD so that it can be purchased multiple times with different variations by adding privileges and variations to the music CD has been performed by artists inside and outside Japan for a long time, There is a view that it cannot be said that it is a commercial method peculiar to AKB48. It can also be considered that multiple purchases of products are based on the free will of the customer and not forced by the seller.[335][338]. However, there are some extreme cases (differences in privilege services) of purchasing multiple copies, and there are criticisms of these methods.[335][338].

For example, one voting ticket is enclosed for each predetermined CD.AKB48 selection general election”, there are several reports of enthusiastic fans purchasing in large quantities by one person to raise the ranking of the members they support.[339],Everyday, headbandAt the time of its release, it was reported on TV that some fans purchased hundreds to thousands of copies by themselves. Similarly, since the time and the number of people per handshake ticket are limited, there are cases where multiple tickets are purchased for a long-term handshake or a handshake with multiple members.・DVD with "raw photo" and standby imageRinging songThere are similar examples in distribution.

In extreme cases, there are also the following examples.

  • Buy a large number of CDs only for handshake tickets and voting tickets, pull out the tickets, sell the CDs to used bookstores immediately,Internet auctionThere are cases where it is sold at a price far below the cost, and in extreme cases it is also reported that it is discarded near the CD shop.[335][340].
    • In 2013, a group of 6 private university students in the Kansai regionCredit cardThere was a case of misusing information and purchasing 48 AKB486 CDs. The criminal group picked up the attached handshake tickets, voting tickets, and raw photos, and then a leader-class student monopolized the handshake ticket and shook hands for a total of about 80 minutes, while voting tickets and raw photos were sold at the Internet auction. Resold and illegally dumped a total of 681 CDs, including those purchased before that time. The group next January 2014Kyoto Prefectural Police HeadquartersToElectronic computer fraud,Waste treatment methodFor alleged violations,Arrest-Document inspectionWas done[341][342].
    • In 2017, a man living in the Kanto regionPerishing every wishI bought multiple CDs ofGeneral electionAsked for cooperation with colleagues living in Kyushu, saying that the number input for voting is too late. After finishing the input work for about 100 sheets (equivalent to about 600 million yen) mailed from a man, one of the co-workers, a man living in Kyushu, brought back about 11 CDs to his home, but the CDs are cardboard. There were 10 boxes, and it seems that general waste disposal was dumped in the mountains due to trouble, and on October 16, documents were inspected on suspicion of illegally dumping 585 CDs of the same title in the mountains, alleging violation of the Waste Management Law.[343].
    • More and more people are trying to make money by reselling products[340],Ponytail and Hair TieFrom the handshake eventIdentificationbyIdentificationHas been strengthened to make it difficult for resale.
  • 2008年1月に『AKB48 2nd Anniversary スペシャルフォトアルバム』が、定価5万400円(税込)で2,000冊限定販売された。特典として発売から7年10か月後の2015年12月8日開催予定の『AKB48劇場オープン10周年祭』招待券が付属されていた[344]. The event was actually held on December 2015, 12.The Prince Park Tower TokyoHeld as "AKB48 Theater Opening 10th Anniversary Festival"[345].
  • single"Cherry blossom petals 2008"AKB44's official blog on February 1, 44 is a plan to randomly attach one solo poster of 48 kinds for a limited time to the CD sold at the theater of "AKB2008" and to participate in a special event. It was announced on the day, but at a later date,Antitrust lawStipulated byUnfair trading methodCould beSony Music EntertainmentAndDefstar Records(Current:Sony Music Labels) Has been pointed out by the legal affairs officer, the plan was canceled and refunds were made by bringing in unopened products and posters.[346]. In addition, the probability that all 1 kinds of posters will be collected without the same poster even once is 44KyotoSince it is 1468 in 8909, criticism has been one after another on the Internet[347]. In addition, a CD with posterAKB48 TheaterIt was also criticized that it was sold only at the cafe and that the limited sales period was 2008 days from February 2 to March 26, 3.[347][348].

Award/certification record





  • 26th Japan Gold Disc Award[362][363]
  • Billboard JAPAN MUSIC AWARDS 2011[364][365]
    • Billboard JAPAN Artist of the Year 2011
    • Billboard JAPAN Top Pop Artists 2011
    • Billboard JAPAN Hot 100 of the Year 2011-"Everyday, headband"
    • Billboard JAPAN Hot 100 Singles Sales of the Year 2011-"Everyday, Headband"
  • Guinness World Records Certification
    • The largest number of TV commercial versions of the same product broadcast on terrestrial broadcasting within 24 hours- Asahi Beverage"Wanda Morning Shot" "Message"[366]
    • Video games featuring the most pop singers-PSP/PS VITA game software "AKB1/149 Love General Election"[367]
  • CCTV-MTVMusic Festival Asia Most Popular Group Award[368]
  • The 45th Japan Cable Awards Wired Music Excellence Award-``Gingham check'[369]
  • Billboard JAPAN MUSIC AWARDS 2012[370]
    • Billboard JAPAN Artist of the Year 2012
    • Billboard JAPAN Top Pop Artists 2012
    • Billboard JAPAN Hot 100 of the Year 2012-``Midsummer Sounds good!'
    • Billboard JAPAN Hot 100 Singles Sales of the Year 2012-"Midsummer Sounds good!"
  • Mnet Asian Music Awards Best Asian Artist, Japan
  • 54th Japan Record Award Grand Prize / Excellent Work Award-"Midsummer Sounds good!"[371]


  • 27th Japan Gold Disc Award[372]
  • Guinness World Records Certified ``Largest pop group''-48 AKB88 members[5]
  • The 46th Japan Cable Awards Wired Music Excellence Award-``Fortune cookie in love'
  • Billboard JAPAN MUSIC AWARDS 2013
    • Billboard JAPAN Artist of the Year 2013
    • Billboard JAPAN Top Pop Artists 2013
    • Billboard JAPAN Hot 100 of the Year 2013-"Love Fortune Cookies"
    • Billboard JAPAN Hot Singles Sales of the Year 2013-``Goodbye crawl'
  • 55th Japan Record Award Outstanding Work Award-"Fortune Cookie in Love"










[How to use footnotes]

注 釈

  1. ^ The trademark is registered as "AKB forty eight", and this name is also a registered trademark.[1].
  2. ^ AKB48 Official Blog"I can go to see you" on the top page ofConceptIt started in Akihabara. It is written.Also on the same blog[Manager's room](February 2011, 2), he said, "The return to the origin of "the idol who can meet".
  3. ^ train manStart with the boomAkibaIt was famous as the queen of the blog at that time as a symbol of cultureNakagawa Shoko-gravureIt was touted as the black ship of the worldLeah Dizon, And Akihabara-based AKB48 group was called by mass media etc. However, NHK does not recognize the existence of this frame.
  4. ^ Launched in December 2006
  5. ^ Temporarily abolished from November 2012 to August 11
  6. ^ The AKB2 Group Concert scheduled for the second day was canceled due to stormy weather[26].
  7. ^ Including SKE48, NMB48, HKT48, SDN48, derivative units, solo songs, including Nogizaka46, there are 949 songs. DJ Bayan meets AKB48 8th stage ~ TRY ~, DJ record Risa Saito said the numbers from King Records.
  8. ^ The URL of the official blog remains "akihabara48".
  9. ^ Japanese trademark registration numbers 4960294 and 5036134
  10. ^ From June 2006 to March 12
  11. ^ A member who became a full transfer after concurrently serving as SDN48, and also transferred after having concurrently served as SKE48Mina Oba, Transferred after serving concurrently as NMB48Miori Ichikawa. Rena Nozawa transferred from JKT48 to AKB48.
  12. ^ The company name DH comes from the 4th D and 8th H of the alphabet[44].
  13. ^ It is supposed to be held in major cities nationwide, and most of it is in the area.Government-designated cityWill be held in. Since 2016, in areas other than government-designated cities, Hiroshima PrefectureFukuyama CityAichi prefecture in the Chubu areaTokonameThere is an example held in. In addition, the venue of the national handshake event where the injury incident in 2014 occurred is IwateTakizawaMet.
  14. ^ Initially, it was sold directly in the AKB48 theater for a limited time only. This is the origin of the name "theater board".
  15. ^ For a time he was also the general manager of the AKB48 group and the manager of the AKB48 theater.[62].
  16. ^ For example, with “loud diamond”, fans shout at the word “like”. This is something that Akimoto Yasushi did not even imagine[75].
  17. ^ Tsunehiro UnoZero'sFiguratively, we can see the paradigm shift from the direction of imagining a virtual "not here, where" to the abundance of reading the reality of "now and here" that is seen in all cultural spaces in Japan.virtual realityFrom (VR)Augmented realityTo (AR)”[77], AKB48 is also positioned in that flow.Augmented reality#Augmented reality as a metaphorSee.
  18. ^ All the members who belonged at that time graduated in March 2012
  19. ^ For SNH48, on June 2016, 6, we announced a review of operations due to breach of contract by the local operating company and took measures to delete the link on the website.[101], The next day, I canceled the dual post of Mariya Suzuki[102].
  20. ^ The "2015nd AKB5 Athletic Meet" held on May 9, 2, and the "48st AKB8 Group Athletic Meet" held on August 25, 1, were also implemented under the new system.
  21. ^ After graduating from Asuka Kuramochi on August 2015, 8, the captain is absent.
  22. ^ After graduating on September 2017, 9, Yuria Kizaki, the captain is absent.
  23. ^ No official announcement was made on April 4, and the main reason is that the member page of the official website was updated. On the other hand, April 2 was the day of the concert on Sunday, that the performance on the new team system was performed at the concert on April 4, Junji Yuasa of King Records announced the breaking news of the 1 general election It was undeniable that the team the members belonged to was as of April 4st, and that it may be held on April 1st. Also, due to the update of the official website, the profile of the sister group dual-role members was deleted, but the final performance of the former team's Chiaki music was on May 2018th by Team B.# Former memberSee also "Last enrollment date."
  24. ^ Regarding AKB48, it does not support the new team of personnel of "Kakugaku" at the 2017th anniversary special performance announced in December 12.
  25. ^ My office is not displayed in the official profile. IZ*ONE belongs to OFF THE RECORD ENTERTAINMENT.
  26. ^ Kids model, from the Avex Artist Academy Osaka school, "Kirat Entertainment Challenge avex Kids Contest" model category Maria Award (2009), "Kirat ☆ Entertainment Challenge Contest" model category RONI Award (2010), "Star Draft Conference] Star candidate
    Ex ``We Can ☆] We Can☆47 (3rd gen)
  27. ^ Actors School Hiroshima32nd gen member, former peony member
  28. ^ Actor's School Hiroshima 33rd generation, former MAX ♡ GIRLS member
  29. ^ yuanAmuseBelongs,Chao GirlAudition 2010 XNUMX Grand Prix[181]
  30. ^ He was scheduled to belong to Team K under the system that came into effect on November 2012, 11.
  31. ^ There were no teams involved, but the theater performances appeared in Team 4 performances.
  32. ^ Although the transfer to SKE48 Team KII was announced, it was not held and the concurrent post was released.
  33. ^ The activity as NGT48 has started since the transfer announcement, it was treated as an NGT48 member captain, and from the transfer announcement to the Chikuraku in the current team system at AKB48, he was temporarily in the concurrent position with NGT48.
  34. ^ Activities as an AKB48 member ended June 2017, 6. Transferred to BNK29 on July 7 of the same year.
  35. ^ Currently suspended.
  36. ^ "AKB INGO!" was 2009 years old at the time of broadcasting on May 5, 28.
  37. ^ a b Birth date on setting.
  38. ^ The date of deletion from the official HP member list.
  39. ^ Detail is,# Former memberSee column.
  40. ^ What is "Xaive/Battle Royale"?Tsunehiro UnoIs a term proposed byCognitionSense of and multiple small (unprivileged)ValuesIt is characterized by a structure in which are scattered. Uno points out that it has begun to stand out in all Japanese pop culture works from the beginning of the 21st century.
  41. ^ Air system #Relationship with other work typesSee also the relationship with "Yuri".
  42. ^ School caste #characteristic communicationSee also
  43. ^ "TSM48": Toshimaen #Advertisementreference.
  44. ^ "OFR48": See the item.
  45. ^ "TNZ popular monkey selection general election": Takasakiyama Nature Zooreference.
  46. ^ "Ultra Monster General Election": Tsuburaya Productionreference.
  47. ^ "SPA!Please refer to the merger issue of March 2012, 3, "AKB Flight Naming Grand Prize," etc.
  48. ^ "Deflation culture" is a writer'sKenro HayamiIs a term named byBubble burstAfterLost ten years,Employment ice ageamong,インターネットRefers to a culture born by adapting to the consumption style of young people who are absorbed in hobbies with low marginal cost.[329].
  49. ^ OverallCeline DionSince then, they have won the Japan Gold Disc Awards for the third time in a row in the Japanese Music category.


  1. ^ J-PlatPat Patent Information Platform Trademark application/registration information No. 4960294, No. 5036134, No. 5739383.
  2. ^ AKB48 profile HMV Retrieved March 2021, 3.
  3. ^ "Reject emotional transfer?" Last Idol "that established the form of a new audition program". ORICON NEWS (oricon ME). (November 2017, 12). https://www.oricon.co.jp/special/50560/ 2018/3/8Browse. 
  4. ^ a b “AKB48 recognized as Guinness World Record! “Pop group with a large number of people in the world”. ORICON STYLE(July 2010, 11). https://www.oricon.co.jp/news/81969/full/ 2011/2/18Browse. 
  5. ^ a b "A number of Guinness World Records held by the AKB48 Group". Guinness World RecordsGuinness World Records Japan (June 2014, 6). 2018/11/14Browse.
  6. ^ Reiji Honjo "Crying AKB48 Member History: Sweats and Tears of Girls"Cyzo,Year 2011
  7. ^ "[Oricon] Gold Bomb "Womanishite" Karaoke New Record 49th Week Consecutive 1st Place". ORICON STYLE(July 2013, 8). http://www.oricon.co.jp/news/music/2027419/full/ 2013/8/9Browse. 
  8. ^ a b "Arashi: For the 5th Japan GD Award "Artist of the Year" for the first time in history". MANTANWEB (MANTAN). (September 2017, 2). http://mantan-web.jp/2017/02/27/20170226dog00m200031000c.html 2017/3/1Browse. 
  9. ^ “AKB48 is the first female group in history to have 10 consecutive singles”. Ori Star (Oricon). (November 2011, 11). オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2012, 10.. https://web.archive.org/web/20121015233021/http://onlystar.oricon.co.jp/news/music/1288/ 2017/3/1Browse. 
  10. ^ [Oricon] AKB48, "fastest" 7 years single sales exceeded 2000 million single Female Group's first -ORICON STYLE (April 2013, 3)
  11. ^ "[Oricon] AKB48," Women's First & Fastest in History "3000 Million Singles, 20th Million in Total". ORICON STYLE (oricon ME). (November 2014, 12). http://www.oricon.co.jp/news/2045297/full/ 2017/3/1Browse. 
  12. ^ “[Oricon] AKB48, single total sales of 3615.8 million copies in Japan, total sales of Akimoto exceeded 1 million copies”. ORICON STYLE (oricon ME). (November 2015, 12). http://www.oricon.co.jp/news/2063584/full/ 2017/3/1Browse. 
  13. ^ "AKB48 exceeds 4 million copies, total sales of singles". Kyodo News 47NEWS (this.kiji.is) (Kyodo News, Noah Dot). (September 2016, 9). オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2016, 9.. https://web.archive.org/web/20160920183216/http://this.kiji.is/145706856005599233?c=39546741839462401 2017/3/2Browse. 
  14. ^ "[Oricon] AKB48, single total sales exceeded 4000 million copies 32nd work 1st place & 27th work Million". ORICON NEWS (oricon ME). (November 2016, 9). https://www.oricon.co.jp/news/2077938/full/ 2018/10/18Browse. 
  15. ^ [Oricon] Total sales of AKB Oshima graduated songs exceeded 3000 million, the first achievement of a female group -ORICON STYLE (April 2014, 3)
  16. ^ Weekly Playboy editorial department "AKB48 History Research Student Official Textbook" Shueisha, April 2011, 04 pages / 21 pages.ISBN-978 4087806052
  17. ^ Deliver AKB48 LIVE!! ON DEMAND with the industry's first service "DMM.TV for Blu-ray Disc"! ValuePress! (January 2010, 1) Retrieved May 18, 2016.
  18. ^ "AKB Maeda Atsuko, graduation performance ratio is 916 times, the highest ever! Akiba spare run is also decidedOricon, 2012 November 8
  19. ^ "AKB48 achieves 7 theater performances in 3000 and a half years, and the 1st place entry rate is Atsuko Maeda graduation performanceOricon, 2013 November 5
  20. ^ "Long time no see.". AKB48 Official Blog (September 2006, 9). 2016/3/15Browse.
  21. ^ AKB48 "First Concert "I wanted to meet ~ no pillars!" in Japan Seinenkan" normal version, DefSTAR RECORDS, January 2007, 1.ASIN B000LP4P78.
  22. ^ AKB48 "A little spring national tour" in Tokyo Welfare Pension Hall -Scrambled eggs (March 2007, 3)
  23. ^ About "Japan-China Cultural Exchange Meeting 2007-Open College in Beijing" -Chugoku Art Research Institute, Japan-China Cultural People Meeting 2007 Executive Committee Press Release (September 2007, 9)
  24. ^ "DOCUMENTARY of AKB48 to be continued 10 years later, what will the girls think of themselves now?" Official website
  25. ^ "For someone" project AKB48 official site
  26. ^ AKB48 National Stadium Concert canceled due to stormy weather -Sponichi Annex (March 2014, 3) Retrieved September 30, 2014.
  27. ^ "Long interview Yasushi Akimoto" "Quick japan87, p. 76.
  28. ^ Application announcement.AKB48 Official Blog (August 2005, 8)
  29. ^ “Mayu Watanabe, Idol “Doesn't show the other side” reveals the regrets left at the last AKB48 theater performance.. Model press (Net Native). (September 2017, 12). https://mdpr.jp/news/detail/1737002 2018/1/14Browse. 
  30. ^ “Expectation for AKB Nova W Ace, Mayuyu's road is going on Yui Oguri, Reon Kubo is a model for Yukinin”. Sponichi Annex (Sports Nippon Shimbun). (February 2018, 1). https://www.sponichi.co.jp/entertainment/news/2018/01/14/kiji/20180113s00041000331000c.html 2018/1/14Browse. 
  31. ^ "Weekly ShinchoSeptember 2012, 9 issue, p. 20.
  32. ^ AKB48 "Akihabara! Next-generation idols are here!As of November 2006, 2オ リ ジ ナ ルMore archive, ORICON STYLE (January 2006, 1) Retrieved March 25, 2021.
  33. ^ "AKB48 Chronicle 2005-2009 Tonobu Togasaki Kyoko Nishiyama", "Quick Japan", 87, p. 82.
  34. ^ "Amazing exchange study abroad! Rena concurrently serves as Nogizaka and Ikoma also serves as AKB". SANSPO.COM (Sankei Digital). (June 2014, 2). http://www.sanspo.com/geino/news/20140225/akb14022505060002-n1.html 2016/9/16Browse. 
  35. ^ "SKE Reina Matsui, Nogizaka's last handshake event "I'm glad I was able to serve concurrently". ORICON STYLE (oricon ME). (November 2015, 4). https://www.oricon.co.jp/news/2051482/full/ 2016/9/16Browse. 
  36. ^ AKB48 Back History Fan Official Textbook. BUBKA editorial department, Byakuya Shobo. (2013). P. 126. ISBN 978-4-86191-965-7 
  37. ^ "I swear to God! AKB48 new member finally decided". Music natalie (Natasha). (April 2009, 7). https://natalie.mu/music/news/18524 2019/5/5Browse. 
  38. ^ "[Oricon] AKB dream realization for the first time in 6 years Blog name changed August 2012, 8". ORICON STYLE(July 2012, 8). http://www.oricon.co.jp/news/music/2016272/full/ 2015/2/4Browse. 
  39. ^ "AKB48 Concert "Full Seat Festival Hope Pros Cons" Open Rehearsal and Setlist (2)”. Scrambled eggs (March 2010, 3). 2016/9/16Browse.
  40. ^ "AKB Yokoyama & SKE Matsui Rena and other 15 people will move to their agency". ORICON career (oricon ME). (November 2012, 3). http://career.oricon.co.jp/news/2009099/full/ 2016/9/16Browse. 
  41. ^ “AKB48 Mako Kojima “Sun Music” decided to transfer to new general election declaration”. ORICON NEWS (oricon ME). (November 2017, 4). https://www.oricon.co.jp/news/2088749/full/ 2017/4/21Browse. 
  42. ^ "AKB48 Rena Kato & Mion Mukaichi, office transfer decision Kojiharu & Takamina's junior". ORICON NEWS (oricon ME). (November 2017, 9). https://www.oricon.co.jp/news/2096835/full/ 2019/12/24Browse. 
  43. ^ AKB operation, operated by a new independent company for each group.nikkansports.com (Nikkan Sports Newspaper). (January 2020, 1) Read January 20, 2020.
  44. ^ “AKB48, operating company changed New company “DH” is in charge”. Sponichi Annex(July 2020, 4). https://www.sponichi.co.jp/entertainment/news/2020/04/02/kiji/20200402s00041000055000c.html 2020/4/2Browse. 
  45. ^ GreetingsVernalossom Official Site. (April 2020, 4) Viewed April 1, 2020.
  46. ^ AKS new system started, with announcement of retirement of NGT48 Hayakawa Theater Manager based on overseas business of 48 brands. Sponichi Annex (Sports Nippon Shimbun). (April 2020, 4) Viewed April 1, 2020.
  47. ^ "Members". AKB48 official site (2020). 2020/5/14Browse.
  48. ^ "Group idol evolution" pages 29-32.
  49. ^ “Long Interview, Yasushi Akimoto”, “Quick Japan” No. 87, 74 pages.
  50. ^ "AKB48 Chronicle 2005-2009 Tonobu Togasaki Kyoko Nishiyama", "Quick Japan", 87, p. 84.
  51. ^ "Group idol evolution" page 25.
  52. ^ Q & A in the manager's room yesterday -AKB48 Official Blog (June 2010, 5)
  53. ^ Questions about the Two Pillars Association -AKB48 Official Blog (June 2011, 12)
  54. ^ a b c d e How to participate in the "Great Handshake Event/Individual Handshake Event". Handshake Friendship Club (Fandy)
  55. ^ "December 12th" "AKB16 Official Diary 48-2013" Pia, March 2014th, 2013. ISBN 978-4-8356-1826-5
  56. ^ a b "KING RECORDS presents AKB48 National Handshake Event AKB48 Festival powered by Neshin Television will be held". AKB48 KING RECORDS Official WebsiteKing Record (February 2019, 2). 2019/2/12Browse.
  57. ^ a b c How to participate in "Nationwide handshake event". Handshake Friendship Club (Fandy)
  58. ^ a b 48 group handshake meeting glossary, lane. Handshake Friendship Club (Fandy)
  59. ^ Top Page. Handshake Friendship Club (Fandy)
  60. ^ AKB48 (January 2017, 1). AKB48 National handshake event live digest ("thumbnail] Type A) (DVD). King Record .. KIZC-370 / 1 
  61. ^ a b c Yasushi Akimoto & Osare Company 2017, pp. 272-273
  62. ^ “AKB48 Group announces personnel changes and abolishes part of the system”. Model press (Net Native). (September 2017, 4). https://mdpr.jp/news/detail/1679384 2017/4/21Browse. 
  63. ^ Yasushi Akimoto & Osare Company 2017, p. 150
  64. ^ Shinobu Kayano (June 2015, 6). Shinobu Chino, Creative Director of AKB48 Group costumes, talks about costumes and new projects with TGC(Interview). WWD JAPAN.. https://www.wwdjapan.com/10378 2017/4/21Browse. 
  65. ^ Yasushi Akimoto & Osare Company 2017, p. 208
  66. ^ Yasushi Akimoto & Osare Company 2017, p. 36.
    Yasushi Akimoto & Osare Company 2017, p. 150.
  67. ^ "Voice of acclaim for the full-featured" AKB48 Costume Encyclopedia "is highly evaluated for its historical and documentary value.". ORICON NEWS (oricon ME). (November 2017, 4). https://www.oricon.co.jp/news/2088638/full/ 2017/4/21Browse. 
  68. ^ Yasushi Akimoto & Osare Company 2017, p. 49
  69. ^ “Why Kintaro keeps wearing the AKB costume even if it gets dirty?”. East Sports Web (Tokyo Sports). (October 2013, 12). http://www.tokyo-sports.co.jp/entame/entertainment/214594/ 2017/4/21Browse. 
  70. ^ Aya Katsuta (September 2016, 9). “AKB48 costume team collaborates with a long-established store, original uniform brand “OCSD””. Lysemamu (Eid). https://resemom.jp/article/2016/09/13/33761.html 2017/4/21Browse. 
  71. ^ Rie Kamoi (January 2017, 1). "School uniforms announced by AKB costume production company? Which school are you hiring?". WWD JAPAN (INFAS Publications). https://www.wwdjapan.com/367803 2017/4/21Browse. 
  72. ^ Hitoshi Sato (December 2018, 12). "AKB48 Ryoha Yamane's "only one" uniform! Announcing the new uniform of Osare Company's school uniform brand". OKMusic (JAPAN MUSIC NETWORK). https://okmusic.jp/news/313214 2018/12/27Browse. 
  73. ^ "Appendix 2 AKB48-Permanent Institution for Character Consumption", "The Age of Little People," pages 476-482.
  74. ^ Tsunehiro Uno “AKB48's lyrics world, a permanent organization for character generation”, “Kadokawa Special Issue” Yasushi Akimoto, pages 76-79.
  75. ^ “Long Interview, Yasushi Akimoto”, “Quick Japan” No. 87, 77 pages.
  76. ^ "Group idol evolution" pages 156-158.
  77. ^ Pages 403-404, The Age of Little People.
  78. ^ "Appendix 2 AKB48-Permanent Institution for Character Consumption", "The Age of Little People," pages 477-478.
  79. ^ Tsunehiro Uno “Lyrics World of AKB48: A Perpetual Institution for Character Generation”, “Separate Volume Kadokawa Special Feature Yasushi Akimoto” p. 77.
  80. ^ "Appendix 2 AKB48-Permanent Institution for Character Consumption", "The Age of Little People," p. 482.
  81. ^ Tsunehiro Uno “AKB48's lyrics world, a permanent organization for character generation”, “Kadokawa Special Issue” Yasushi Akimoto, pages 79-80.
  82. ^ Tamaki SaitoEvolution of "AKB48" character consumption (2/5)] Voice+
  83. ^ "Essence of Yasushi Akimoto analyzed by psychiatrist" "Separate volume Kadokawa special feature Yasushi Akimoto" pages 155-157.
  84. ^ "GOOD FELLOWS#01 Yasu Akimoto seen by 80's staff" "Separate volume Kadokawa special feature Yasu Akimoto" pages 143-144.
  85. ^ "AKB48 Economics" 25-26/28.
  86. ^ "AKB48 Economics" pages 27-29.
  87. ^ Tsunehiro Uno “AKB48's lyrics world, a permanent organization for character generation”, “Kadokawa Special Issue” Yasushi Akimoto, pages 71-73.
  88. ^ "Appendix 2 AKB48-Permanent Institution for Character Consumption", "The Age of Little People," pages 468-471.
  89. ^ Chapter 2 of "Group Idol Evolution".
  90. ^ Akio Nakamori and Tsunehiro Uno "Exploring the Next <Revolution> of the Japanese Idol Scene" "Ure Pia!" January 2011 issue. Page 1.
  91. ^ "Moo Musume. & AKB48 "The Parents of Raising Children" Discuss Idol Qualities-Why did you choose Atsuko Maeda?". -ORICON STYLE(July 2014, 7). https://www.oricon.co.jp/news/2039419/full/ 2014/8/11Browse. 
  92. ^ ``Which is the strongest idol of K-POP entertainer vs AKB48 entertainer?''Nikkei Entertainment!』March 2011 issue,Nikkei BP, Pages 46-47.
  93. ^ "Why Japanese Content Can't Win Overseas-Yasu Akimoto, the creator of AKB48BLOGOS (October 2011, 10)
  94. ^ Tsunehiro UnoYoshinori Kobayashi-Akio Nakamori "AKB48 is Neshin!-Between system and physicality" "PLANETS SPECIAL 2011 At the end of summer vacation" Second Planet Development Committee, 2011, p. 35.ISBN-978 4905325024.
  95. ^ “AKB “election system” major reform! Introducing “candidate”, Achan can participate”. ZAKZAK (Sankei Digital). (June 2013, 3). http://www.zakzak.co.jp/entertainment/ent-news/news/20130327/enn1303271146008-n1.htm 2017/4/29Browse. 
  96. ^ "AKB rock-paper-scissors competition winner solo debut". Daily sports online (Daily Sports). (February 2014, 8). http://www.daily.co.jp/newsflash/gossip/2014/08/07/0007213858.shtml 2016/8/16Browse. 
  97. ^ Gachi Suzuki (March 2011, 12). "You can also video chat with members! All AKB48 members are now on Google+". Weekly ASCII (ASCII Media Works). http://weekly.ascii.jp/elem/000/000/068/68530/ 2016/9/16Browse. 
  98. ^ (Chinese)AKB48 Hong Kong Specialty Store
  99. ^ a b Juan Al-Carsel (November 2019, 11). Is AKB a model for global expansion? Harvard's perspectiveInterviewer:Chie SatoNikkei Inc., Nikkei BP. Nikkei Inc. electronic version.. https://style.nikkei.com/article/DGXMZO52450980R21C19A1000000/ 2019/12/17Browse. 
  100. ^ AKB, next advance to China! Birth of Shanghai-based "SNH48"!(Sponianex, April 2012, 4)
  101. ^ "The management side of SNH48 revises the contract violation management". nikkansports.com (Nikkan Sports Newspaper). (June 2016, 6). http://www.nikkansports.com/entertainment/akb48/news/1660746.html 
  102. ^ AKB48 Management Office (June 2016, 6). “Notice of Mariya Suzuki cancellation". AKB48 Official Blog Powered by Ameba. 2016/8/30Browse.
  103. ^ “BNK48 unveiled! “JAPAN EXPO THAILAND 48” on the live stage of AKB2017”.Thailand Hyperlinks. (February 2017, 2). http://www.thaich.net/news/20170212bnk.htm 2017/2/12Browse. 
  104. ^ “AKB launches new sister group in Shanghai! SNH is “independent” due to breach of contract”. SANSPO.COM (Sankei Digital). (June 2017, 10). http://www.sanspo.com/geino/news/20171027/akb17102705020002-n1.html 2017/10/29Browse. 
  105. ^ "AKB48 China official sister group 1 first-year students passed, 34 applicants in total". ORICON NEWS (oricon ME). (November 2018, 7). https://www.oricon.co.jp/news/2116269/full/ 2018/7/26Browse. 
  106. ^ “New AKB48 sister group born in Vietnam, 48 first-graders including Japanese of SGO1 have been decided”. Music natalie (Natasha). (April 2018, 11). https://natalie.mu/music/news/308615 2018/11/19Browse. 
  107. ^ “AKB48 sister group “SGO48” announces first single and selected members”. Bet Jo Vietnam News (Viet Economic Research & Advisory Corp.). (July 2019, 7). https://www.viet-jo.com/news/entertainment/190718010229.html 2019/7/21Browse. 
  108. ^ “AKB48 new group is TPE48 in Taiwan, MNL48 in Manila, BNK48 in Bangkok”. Music natalie (Natasha). (April 2016, 3). https://natalie.mu/music/news/181201 2016/4/6Browse. 
  109. ^ “AKB “MUM48” is born next year in Mumbai, India”. nikkansports.com (Nikkan Sports Newspaper). (June 2017, 12). https://www.nikkansports.com/entertainment/akb48/news/201712270000720.html 2017/12/27Browse. 
  110. ^ a b “In India, AKB48's sister groups “DEL48” and “MUB48” will be born at the same time “Very shocking””. ORICON NEWS (oricon ME). (November 2019, 6). https://www.oricon.co.jp/news/2138165/full/ 2019/6/20Browse. 
  111. ^ "AKB48 Team TP, restarting from TPE48 1th graduate students unveiled". Model press. Natasha (February 2018, 8). 2018/8/27Browse.
  112. ^ "Announcement of new group "CGM48" in Chiang Mai base, second to Thailand after BNK48". ORICON NEWS (oricon ME). (November 2019, 6). https://www.oricon.co.jp/news/2136768/full/ 2019/6/20Browse. 
  113. ^ “CGM48 to showcase 25 members in Chiang Mai”. Thailand Hyperlinks(July 2019, 10). https://www.thaich.net/news/20191026gv.htm 2019/10/27Browse. 
  114. ^ "DEL48-MEMBER" (English). DEL48 Official Website (2019). 2019/12/30Browse.
  115. ^ “AKB48 Overseas Sister Group Ace gathers in Akihabara. Enthusiasm for red and white “I will do my best!””. ORICON NEWS (oricon ME). (November 2019, 12). https://www.oricon.co.jp/news/2152233/full/ 2020/1/11Browse. 
  116. ^ AKB48 : "From knowing what you can do" to the official messenger of the Red Cross Mantan Web2011/5/17
  117. ^ AKB48 together with the "Learn more about the Red Cross!" Japanese Red Cross Society
  118. ^ "Know, hepatitis" enlightenment with Ryotaro Sugi, Nogizaka and tag!.SANSPO.COM (Sankei Digital). (July 2018, 7) Viewed July 24, 2018.
  119. ^ a b "Let's sing together" Smile Tomorrow" Hepatitis Project, theme song completed". Chunichi Sports (Chunichi Shimbun). (March 2016, 7). オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2016, 8.. https://web.archive.org/web/20160814210005/http://www.chunichi.co.jp/chuspo/article/entertainment/news/CK2016072702000162.html 2018/7/25Browse. 
  120. ^ AKB48, Sagan Tosu Yohei Toyota, “Surprise visit” to school festival Healing virus education for junior and senior high school students"Know, hepatitis project" activity report, Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare
  121. ^ Special supporter AKB48 group owner Shizuka Shizu, Yui Hiwatari, and Saya Kawamoto participated in the intensive public relations prefecture “Ehime Prefecture” activity “Know, hepatitis project” Visit Matsuyama University School Festival"Know, hepatitis project" activity report, Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare
  122. ^ AKB landlord, Hiwatari, Kawamoto enlightenment event at the Matsuyama University Garden FestivalSports report (November 2017, 11) Read July 17, 2018.
  123. ^ "AKB48 & Nogizaka46 cooperate" Mion Mukaichi "Because there are so many people ...". Model press (Net Native). (September 2018, 7). https://mdpr.jp/news/detail/1781737 2018/7/25Browse. 
  124. ^ “Nogizaka46, thank-you letter to EXILE AKB48 and others to reveal the change”. Model press (Net Native). (September 2019, 8). https://mdpr.jp/news/detail/1856308 2019/8/5Browse. 
  125. ^ AKB48 Mion Mukaichi & Yui Yokoyama make recommendations for hepatitis countermeasures Nogizaka46 Manatsu Akimoto & Shiori Kubo are eager to disseminate information.ORICON NEWS (oricon ME). (July 2020, 7) Viewed July 21, 2020.
  126. ^ Tweets of AKB48_staff,2020/4/16Browse.
  127. ^ "From home, cheer up Nippon! !! The "OUC48 project" begins.". AKB48 Official Blog (September 2020, 4). 2020/4/16Browse.
  128. ^ “AKB48 “OUC48 Project” announced, live delivery of “house performance”. Model press(July 2020, 4). https://mdpr.jp/music/detail/2036272 2020/4/16Browse. 
  129. ^ 365-day paper airplane (home ver.) - YouTube
  130. ^ "OUC48 home performance "make up after a long time" AKB distribution". nikkansports.com (Nikkan Sports Newspaper). (June 2020, 4). https://www.nikkansports.com/entertainment/akb48/news/202004160000660.html 2020/4/17Browse. 
  131. ^ On Saturday, April 4th, SHOWROOM will deliver the 25rd "Gathered Eight-chan! G3 Summit Kaigi"!. AKB48 Team 8 home page (April 2020, 21) Viewed on April 2020, 4.
  132. ^ "AKB48 members start "choreography lesson" by the instructor, the first time is general director Mukai". Sponichi Annex (Sports Nippon Shimbun). (February 2020, 5). https://www.sponichi.co.jp/entertainment/news/2020/05/07/kiji/20200507s00041000167000c.html 2020/5/7Browse. 
  133. ^ "Notice of resumption of AKB48 theater and concurrent post of OUC48". AKB48 Official Blog (September 2020, 5). 2020/11/3Browse.
  134. ^ a b [About theater performances].AKB48 Official Blog (April 2011, 4) Read September 2, 2018.
  135. ^ "Akimoto Yasushi Posted on March 2012, 3". Google+. 2013/10/29Browse.
  136. ^ the report AKB48 Official Blog (March 2012, 3)
  137. ^ a b New system after the Cabinet AKB48 Official Blog (March 2012, 8)
  138. ^ New team system established AKB48 Official Blog (October 2012, 10) Read October 7, 2012.
  139. ^ First day of new team structure AKB48 Official Blog (October 2012, 10) Read October 21, 2012.
  140. ^ "Tonobu Togasaki Posted on May 2013, 5". Google+. 2013/5/6Browse.
  141. ^ "From old team to new team" Weekly Playboy editorial department "AKB48 History Research Student Official Textbook" Shueisha, April 2011, pp.04-133. ISBN 978-4-0878-0605-2
  142. ^ Regarding the new team designation AKB48 Official Blog (March 2012, 11)
  143. ^ "AKB48 friend shooting THE YELLOW ALBUM" Kodansha, December 2012, p.12. ISBN 978-4-0638-9723-4
  144. ^ Weekly Playboy editorial department "AKB48 History Research Student Official Textbook" Shueisha, April 2011, p.04, line 138. ISBN 978-4-0878-0605-2
  145. ^ 11 people were enthusiastic about the idol concert that “Mayor Watanabe graduated” 17000th anniversary <Mayor Watanabe Graduation Concert>. Model press (Net Native). (September 2017, 10). https://mdpr.jp/music/detail/1724869#anchor-1 2018/4/5Browse. 
  146. ^ Comment from Watanabe for the 3rd gen member who appeared after singing the video work "Mayumi Watanabe Graduation Concert" encore "Promise"
  147. ^ “Minami Minegishi is the captain of the resurrected team 4”. nikkansports.com (Nikkan Sports Newspaper). (June 2013, 8). http://www.nikkansports.com/entertainment/akb48/news/p-et-tp0-20130825-1178379.html 2016/1/2Browse. 
  148. ^ “The AKB48 Group Draft Conference is a battle for different strategies”. Music natalie (Natasha). (April 2013, 11). https://natalie.mu/music/news/103301 2016/1/2Browse. 
  149. ^ "AKB48G, pennant race opening from January next year, performance ratio competition". ORICON STYLE (oricon ME). (November 2013, 11). http://www.oricon.co.jp/news/music/2030676/full/ 2013/11/10Browse. 
  150. ^ AKB apologizes for pennant trace cancellation "Unable to resolve" Oricon Style (September 2014, 9)
  151. ^ Great shuffle at the AKB48 Group Taigaku Festival! Some members cry for the complete transfer! -GirlsNews (February 2014, 2) Viewed January 26, 2016.
  152. ^ AKB “Go to Meet” team 8 start Event appearances throughout Japan Oricon Style (May 2014, 5) Retrieved May 1, 2014.
  153. ^ Concept AKB48 Team 8 official website, viewed on May 2014, 5.
  154. ^ "AKB Spring Shock HR List-Kawaei Graduation, Kitahara NGT Transfer, Ikoma Study Abroad Release". ORICON STYLE (oricon ME). (November 2015, 3). https://www.oricon.co.jp/news/2050670/full/ 2015/6/21Browse. 
  155. ^ "2nd AKB Draft 24 Negotiation Rights Confirmed/Details". nikkansports.com (Nikkan Sports Newspaper). (June 2015, 5). http://www.nikkansports.com/entertainment/akb48/news/1474258.html 2015/1/2Browse. 
  156. ^ "AKB48, Masahiro Tanaka pitcher and other producers will hold a production performance for fans of the midsummer Halloween party". model press(July 2015, 8). http://mdpr.jp/news/detail/1508317 2015/8/2Browse. 
  157. ^ Chiaki Music and First Day Notice AKB48 Official Blog August 2015, 8
  158. ^ “AKB 3 years first cabinet, Sakiyoshi Miyawaki, Misuzu Shirama and other posts released”. Nikkan Sports(July 2017, 12). https://www.nikkansports.com/entertainment/akb48/news/201712080000751.html 2017/12/8Browse. 
  159. ^ “Whether it's the 13th year of trials or an opportunity, the AKB48 Cabinet will release the concurrent post and the new captain”. Music natalie (Natasha). (April 2017, 12). https://natalie.mu/music/news/260302 2018/1/27Browse. 
  160. ^ “Team A Captain Rin Okabe/AKB Organization List”. Nikkan Sports(July 2017, 12). https://www.nikkansports.com/entertainment/akb48/news/201712080000777.html 2017/12/8Browse. 
  161. ^ "The AKB48 draft meeting is the largest number of 55 nominations ever!". Daily SPA!. Fusosha Publishing (January 2018, 1). 2018/1/27Browse.
  162. ^ "The new team performances will start in June, welcoming the old team Chiaki music at the AKB48 theaters". Music natalie (Natasha). (April 2018, 5). https://natalie.mu/music/news/284162 2018/6/11Browse. 
  163. ^ Yasushi Akimoto (supervised) “AKB48 Group Profile Directory 2018” Takarajimasha <TJMOOK>, January 2018, 1, pages 12-5.
  164. ^ "Anna Iriyama, send-off party for study abroad in Mexico "Become big" Greetings with Spanish Campe". ORICON NEWS (oricon ME). (November 2018, 4). https://www.oricon.co.jp/news/2108738/full/ 2018/5/4Browse. 
  165. ^ a b "DIVE' Co., Ltd.”. As of May 2014, 6オ リ ジ ナ ルMore archives.2016/12/8Browse.
  166. ^ "Klage Kids”. Courage. As of August 2014, 8オ リ ジ ナ ルMore archives.2016/12/8Browse.
  167. ^ Courage Kids (September 2014, 9). “Last stage". Krage Kids Blog. 2016/12/8Browse.
  168. ^ "Ayaka Maeda Graduation Performance Notice". AKB48 Official Blog (September 2021, 3). 2021/3/12Browse.
  169. ^ “AKB48 Group General Manager, Mion Mukai has been in charge since April”. Music natalie (Natasha). (April 2019, 3). https://natalie.mu/music/news/324560 2019/3/19Browse. 
  170. ^ "Profile". amorecarina OSAKA amorecarina Osaka idolGood Choice Entertainment. As of November 2015, 11オ リ ジ ナ ルMore archives.2018/4/20Browse.
  171. ^ “Minami Minegishi announces graduation from AKB48. The last 1st gen member is finally... “I was worried all the time”.. ORICON NEWS (oricon ME). (November 2019, 12). https://www.oricon.co.jp/news/2150544/full/ 2019/12/8Browse. 
  172. ^ a b "AKB Murin Koto, Yume and Yume's first sister members are born" Born in the year of the Sydney Olympics". SANSPO.COM (Sankei Digital). (June 2016, 12). http://www.sanspo.com/geino/news/20161208/akb16120821230003-n1.html 2016/12/8Browse. 
  173. ^ a b "Yuasa Hiroshi Posted on April 2014, 4”. Google+. 2014/4/14Browse.
  174. ^ "Profile". amorecarina official siteGood Choice Entertainment. As of November 2014, 10オ リ ジ ナ ルMore archives.2018/4/20Browse.
  175. ^ "[AKB Draft] 3rd Round Nominations Tokyo Women's School Yamabe Sister goes to Team B". ORICON STYLE (oricon ME). (November 2015, 5). http://www.oricon.co.jp/news/2052652/full/ 2015/5/19Browse. 
  176. ^ "Macharin announces AKB48 team B affiliation!". AKB48 Official Blog (September 2016, 2). 2016/2/22Browse.
  177. ^ "AKB48 Team 8" will perform on September 9nd. Japan Performing Arts Institute (currently Enta Mega) (IMW (currently Universite)). (August 2017, 8). https://entamega.com/7691 2019/4/26Browse. 
  178. ^ Member information. AKB48 Team 8 Official Homepage
  179. ^ “Sakiyoshi Miyawaki, Nako Yabuki and Hitomi Honda are dedicated to the Japan-Korea unit”. Nikkan Sports (Nikkan Sports Newspaper). (June 2018, 9). https://www.nikkansports.com/entertainment/akb48/news/201809240000590.html 2018/9/24Browse. 
  180. ^ "AKB Erina Oda, Maria Shimizu belongs to Central". Nikkan Sports (Nikkan Sports Newspaper). (June 2020, 10). https://www.nikkansports.com/entertainment/akb48/news/202010300000764.html 2020/10/30Browse. 
  181. ^ "Yuki Harumoto". Amuse official websiteAmuse. As of March 2015, 3オ リ ジ ナ ルMore archives.2017/9/21Browse.
  182. ^ "Ayako Uemura". AKB48 official site.As of August 2006, 5オ リ ジ ナ ルMore archives.2016/7/18Browse.
  183. ^ Notices AKB48 Official Blog (March 2009, 1)
  184. ^ “Mayuyu discovers OG in part-time job AKB, rejoices for a reunion”. ORICON STYLE (oricon ME). (November 2014, 10). https://www.oricon.co.jp/news/2043778/full/ 2014/10/27Browse. 
  185. ^ a b "Talk by Yasushi Akimoto (Posted at 23:58 (JST))". 755 (September 2015, 7). 2016/9/18Browse.
  186. ^ "Notice Regarding Miyazawa Personnel Change”. AKB48 Official Blog (March 2013, 6). 2013/6/24Browse.
  187. ^ Notices AKB48 Official Blog (October 2015, 6) Read October 16, 2015.
  188. ^ Talent search result list. Oscar Promotion Official Website, archived as of December 2019, 12. Retrieved February 28, 2021.
  189. ^ “Support the AKB Marathon Club by DeNA Seko and others”. nikkansports.com (Nikkan Sports Newspaper). (June 2014, 11). http://www.nikkansports.com/entertainment/akb48/news/f-et-tp0-20141128-1402176.html 2017/12/7Browse. 
  190. ^ Notices AKB48 Official Blog (October 2015, 12) Read October 16, 2015.
  191. ^ "Notice of changes in the Natori Kyousai photo session participation schedule". AKB48 Official Blog (September 2016, 1). 2016/1/15Browse.
  192. ^ a b "Representative of Aichi Prefecture/Natsuki Fujimura, Representative of Mie Prefecture/Ai Yamamoto, Representative of Nagasaki Prefecture/Moka Iwasaki". AKB48 Team8 Official Homepage (September 2016, 4). 2016/4/2Browse.
  193. ^ "Team 8 about graduation of Ai Yamamoto". AKB48 Official Blog (September 2016, 4). 2016/4/12Browse.
  194. ^ "Yamamoto Ai". Blue Bear House Official Site. 2017/6/15Browse.
  195. ^ "Representatives of Ishikawa and Reina Kita, representatives of Nagano and Moeri Kondo". AKB48 Team 8 Official Homepage (September 2016, 9). 2016/9/26Browse.
  196. ^ "Ai Yamamoto AKB's colleague, Reina Kasamoto co-starred "It was encouraging"". East Sports Web (Tokyo Sports). (October 2017, 3). http://www.tokyo-sports.co.jp/entame/entertainment/663058/ 2017/3/16Browse. 
  197. ^ "talent". Toyota Office Official Site.As of August 2017, 6オ リ ジ ナ ルMore archives.2020/2/10Browse.
  198. ^ "Miyu Yoshino graduated from a theater performance on Sunday, January 1th". AKB48 Team 8 Official Homepage. AKS (January 2017, 1). 2017/1/30Browse.
  199. ^ "About Nanada Owada, Moe Aikasa, Ayano Umeda, Miki Nishino". AKB48 Official Blog (September 2017, 2). 2017/2/1Browse.
  200. ^ "AKB Poisonous Character Moe Aikasa announces her graduation "Thanks to everyone"". nikkansports.com (Nikkan Sports Newspaper). (June 2016, 11). http://www.nikkansports.com/entertainment/akb48/news/1736354.html 2016/11/10Browse. 
  201. ^ "Moe Aigasa Twitter Profile". 2021/3/24Browse.
  202. ^ "Moe Aikasa". OFFICE WALKER OFFICIAL SITE.As of August 2020, 7オ リ ジ ナ ルMore archives.2020/2/10Browse.
  203. ^ Moe Aigasa [@ moeaigasa0406] (20 March 2021). "I was" reincarnated "as Moe Aigasa of" Metamol !!! ".I will fight with the members who will be announced as a producer and member. " (Tweet). TwitterThanRetrieved February 2021, 3.
  204. ^ "Representation of Saga Prefecture Rena Fukuchi activity declined". AKB48 Team8 Official Homepage (September 2017, 4). 2017/4/5Browse.
    "Rena Fukuchi has finished all activities as Team 8.". AKB48 Team 8 Official Homepage. AKS (January 2017, 5). 2017/7/3Browse.
  205. ^ Rena Fukuchi -NHK Fukuoka Broadcasting Station
  206. ^ “AKB Okada Ayaka announces her graduation “I want to achieve something”. nikkansports.com (Nikkan Sports Newspaper). (June 2017, 3). http://www.nikkansports.com/entertainment/akb48/news/1787100.html 2017/3/3Browse. 
    "Ayaka Okada's graduation performance date and final participation date of the handshake event". AKB48 Official Blog (September 2017, 4). 2017/4/17Browse.
  207. ^ "Ayaka Okada's Tweet”(May 2017, 10). 2017/10/13Browse.
  208. ^ "Okada Ayaka Profile”. Shochiku Geino. 2017/10/13Browse.
  209. ^ "AKB48 Team 8, Yuri Tani announces graduation". East Sports Web (Tokyo Sports Newspaper). (May 2017, 5). http://www.tokyo-sports.co.jp/entame/entertainment/682228/ 2017/5/5Browse. 
    "Yuri Tani has finished all the activities as Team 8.". AKB48 Team 8 Official Homepage. AKS (January 2017, 6). 2017/7/3Browse.
  210. ^ "The last performance of Rina Izuda's "best happiness" transferred to BNK". Nikkan Sports(July 2017, 6). https://www.nikkansports.com/entertainment/akb48/news/1847707.html 2017/6/30Browse. 
  211. ^ "Representative of Tokushima Prefecture, Sauna Hamamatsu Announcement of activity refusal". AKB48 Team 8 Official Homepage. AKS (January 2017, 6). 2017/6/12Browse.
    "Saina Hamamatsu has finished all the activities of Team 8.". AKB48 Team 8 Official Homepage. AKS (January 2017, 7). 2017/7/3Browse.
  212. ^ "Representative of Shimane Prefecture, Mei Abe Notice of activity decline". AKB48 Team 8 Official Homepage. AKS (January 2017, 7). 2017/7/23Browse.
    "Mei Abe has finished all the activities of Team 8.". AKB48 Team 8 Official Homepage. AKS (January 2017, 8). 2017/8/23Browse.
  213. ^ "Team 4 captain acting decision". AKB48 Official Blog (September 2011, 10). 2017/8/14Browse.
  214. ^ "Masaru Iino Graduation Performance". AKB48 Official Blog (September 2018, 1). 2018/1/13Browse.
  215. ^ "TALENT". YM official website. 2020/2/10Browse.
  216. ^ "Kazumi Maiki has finished all activities as Team 8.". AKB48 Team8 Official Homepage (September 2018, 2). 2018/2/19Browse.
  217. ^ Kasumi Mougi (June 2019, 6). “Finally notice". Instagram. 2019/8/14Browse.
  218. ^ "Natsuki Hirose has finished all activities as Team 8.". AKB48 Team 8 Official Homepage (September 2018, 3). 2018/3/8Browse.
  219. ^ "Tsumugi Hayasaka Team 8 4th Anniversary Festival in NGK Insulators Notice". AKB48 Official Blog (September 2018, 4). 2018/4/18Browse.
  220. ^ "Yasu Akimoto produced 41 special selection band "THE COIN LOCKERS", former AKB48 Hayasaka also participated". zakzak (Sankei Digital). (June 2018, 12). https://www.zakzak.co.jp/ent/news/181224/ent1812249697-n1.html 2018/12/26Browse. 
  221. ^ a b c d "[AKB48 Mobile] Notice of release of dual post". AKB48 Mobile. AKS (January 2018, 5). 2018/5/16Browse.
  222. ^ "Kaoru Shimoaoki graduated from Team 8.". AKB48 Team 8 Official Homepage. AKS (January 2018, 6). 2018/6/30Browse.
  223. ^ "Mika Taniguchi has finished all the activities of Team 8.". AKB48 Team 8 Official Homepage. AKS (January 2018, 11). 2018/11/5Browse.
  224. ^ "Rio Okawa's graduation performance schedule". AKB48 Official Blog. CyberAgent (May 2018, 10). 2018/10/30Browse.
  225. ^ talent -SUNTECH-PE
  226. ^ a b "Tonobu Togasaki Posted on May 2013, 10”. Google+. 2013/10/29Browse.
  227. ^ "AKB Nagana Rena graduates with tears "I want to be a great person"". Nikkan Sports (Nikkan Sports Newspaper). (June 2018, 12). https://www.nikkansports.com/entertainment/akb48/news/201812090000788.html 2018/12/9Browse. 
  228. ^ "Reina Nagaku has finished all activities as Team 8.". AKB48 Team 8 home page (September 2019, 2). 2019/2/23Browse.
  229. ^ Reina Nagahisa has decided to belong to Twin Planet..TWIN PLANET ENTERTAINMENT
  230. ^ "Notices". AKB48 official site (September 2019, 3). 2019/3/24Browse.
  231. ^ "Haruna Noda has finished all the activities of Team 8.". AKB48 Team 8 Official Homepage. AKS (January 2019, 2). 2019/2/24Browse.
  232. ^ "JKB48 also active, AKB48 Rena Nozawa announces graduation". Music natalie (Natasha). (April 2018, 11). https://natalie.mu/music/news/307914 2018/11/14Browse. 
  233. ^ "Yuri Yokomichi has finished all the activities of Team 8.". AKB48 Team 8 Official Homepage. AKS (January 2019, 5). 2019/5/21Browse.
  234. ^ "Hitomi Kotone has finished all activities as Team 8.". AKB48 Team 8 Official Homepage. AKS (January 2019, 5). 2019/5/30Browse.
  235. ^ “AKB48 Ikuumi Nakano, tearful speech at the graduation performance “I had many times when I wanted to stop...”. Sponichi Annex (Sports Nippon Shimbun). (February 2019, 5). https://www.sponichi.co.jp/entertainment/news/2019/05/30/kiji/20190530s00041000401000c.html 2019/5/30Browse. 
  236. ^ Ikumi Naka ikuMi Stories - Instagram
  237. ^ "AKB48 Team 8 Satoshi Tanigawa announces graduation". Sponichi Annex (Sports Nippon Shimbun). (February 2019, 5). https://www.sponichi.co.jp/entertainment/news/2019/05/04/kiji/20190504s00041000385000c.html 2019/5/4Browse. 
  238. ^ "Shiori Sato has finished all the activities of Team 8.". AKB48 Team 8 Official Homepage. AKS (January 2019, 6). 2019/6/9Browse.
  239. ^ "Kirara Ito announces graduation". AKB48 Team 8 Official Homepage. AKS (January 2019, 8). 2019/8/12Browse.
  240. ^ "Nanami Sato's last day of activities". AKB48 Team 8 Official Homepage. AKS (January 2019, 8). 2019/8/13Browse.
  241. ^ "Nanami Sato Profile". FIT OFFICIAL WEB. 2020/2/19Browse.
  242. ^ "Misaki Terada's graduation performance change notice.". AKB48 Team 8 Official Homepage. AKS (January 2019, 10). 2019/10/14Browse.
  243. ^ "Announcement of Yuka Yamamoto's graduation performance". AKB48 Team 8 Official Homepage. DH (June 2020, 6). 2020/6/18Browse.
  244. ^ "Former AKB48's" Miss Kwansei "Ruka Yamamoto announces affiliation with Cent Force". Model press (Net Native). (September 2020, 12). https://mdpr.jp/news/detail/2353555 2020/12/17Browse. 
  245. ^ "Former AKB48 Ruka Yamamoto" Miss Kwansei 2020 "Grand Prix Winner". Model press (Net Native). (September 2020, 11). https://mdpr.jp/news/detail/2325950 2020/11/28Browse. 
  246. ^ "Notice from DH Co., Ltd.". AKB48 Team 8 Official Homepage. DH (June 2020, 9). 2020/9/24Browse.
  247. ^ "About the graduation performance of Makiho Tatsuya". AKB48 Official Blog (September 2020, 11). 2020/11/19Browse.
  248. ^ Toy Bra Official Website. Retrieved May 2021, 3.
  249. ^ "(Follow-up) Report on graduation from Airi Rissen". AKB48 Official Blog (September 2021, 2). 2021/2/27Browse.
  250. ^ “Already reliable! Strengths of STU 2nd gen members Experienced general elections before joining”. East Sports Web (Tokyo Sports). (October 2019, 12). https://www.tokyo-sports.co.jp/entame/akb/1672059/ 2020/1/8Browse. 
  251. ^ AKB48 Team 8 Hasegawa Momoka Notice of the end of activities. AKB48 Official Blog. (February 2021, 3) Retrieved February 26, 2021.
  252. ^ Akari Sato Graduation Event Notice. AKB48 Official Blog. (February 2021, 3) Retrieved February 9, 2021.
  253. ^ "AKB48 Team 8 Miyagi Prefecture Representative Akari Sato Announces Graduation" I Want to Make Use of What I Learned in a New Environment "". ORICON NEWS (oricon ME). (November 2021, 2). https://www.oricon.co.jp/news/2184008/full/ 2021/2/8Browse. 
  254. ^ "Horie Seika's Profile”. Cent Force. 2018/8/12Browse.
  255. ^ Affiliation Mizuki Yamada Blu-Oshan, viewed May 2018, 5.
  256. ^ "Talent introduction”. Wild Vision. 2016/7/18Browse.
    "Mizuki Yamada”. Wild Vision. As of March 2015, 3オ リ ジ ナ ルMore archives.2016/7/18Browse.
  257. ^ Nae (March 2017, 3). “Important Notice ✧*". Nae's BLOG. 2017/12/9Browse.
  258. ^ Tears-NAMIDA- (End of activity on October 2015, 10)
  259. ^ "Arisa Hatayama: Profile". Tommy's Artist CompanyTommy's Artist Company. 2016/9/18Browse.
  260. ^ a b "Hayashi Ayano”. Platinum Production. 2017/12/9Browse.
  261. ^ "【Notice】". AKB48 Official Blog (September 2009, 7). 2018/4/24Browse.
  262. ^ "Rio Sakamoto”. Artist Box. 2016/9/18Browse.
  263. ^ Barbee Official Blog
  264. ^ "Rookie idol Rio Sakamoto, laughing live at my pace talk". Deview (oricon ME). (November 2012, 7). https://deview.co.jp/News?am_article_id=2014881 2016/9/18Browse. 
  265. ^ Office Cotton Official WebsiteArchived as of March 2019, 3.
  266. ^ "Yasu Akimoto produced theatrical company "4 dollars 50 cents" unveiled". ORICON NEWS (oricon ME). (November 2017, 8). https://www.oricon.co.jp/news/2096064/full/ 2017/8/28Browse. 
  267. ^ "Hasegawa haruna". Theater company 4 dollars 50 cents official website. Avex AY Factory. 2018/9/26Browse.
  268. ^ Announcement of performance schedule.AKB48 Official Blog. (September 2012, 9) Read on January 30, 2020.
  269. ^ "Yokota Erena talent information". TCP Artist.TCP. 2019/7/11Browse.
  270. ^ “My sister is AKB research student Said Nina Yokota is a representative member”. Sports Nippon(July 2012, 6). http://www.sponichi.co.jp/olympic/news/2012/06/30/kiji/K20120630003574971.html 2012/6/30Browse. 
  271. ^ H.IDL.incAs of November 2020, 10オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived, viewed on March 2021, 2.
  272. ^ "Notices". AKB48 Official Blog (September 2017, 3). 2017/3/28Browse.
  273. ^ “AKB Noriyoshi Takahashi graduates “I don't know what I want to do””. Nikkan Sports(July 2017, 2). http://www.nikkansports.com/entertainment/akb48/news/1776373.html 2017/2/8Browse. 
  274. ^ "Notices". AKB48 Official Blog (September 2017, 2). 2017/2/8Browse.
  275. ^ Takahashi Xilai (kira_takahashi_official)- Instagram
  276. ^ "Former AKB Noriyoshi Takahashi, renamed "Kaki Takahashi" and resumed entertainment activities". Sports report (Hochi Shimbun). (March 2017, 12). オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2018, 7.. https://web.archive.org/web/20180724185213/http://www.hochi.co.jp/entertainment/20171205-OHT1T50167.html 2017/12/5Browse. 
  277. ^ "Takaki Hashi Profile”. City Rhythm (December 2017, 12). As of December 5, 2017オ リ ジ ナ ルMore archives.2017/12/5Browse.
  278. ^ “AKB48 Team K Nao Nomura graduates “I want to move forward toward a wider world”. Music natalie (Natasha). (April 2017, 7). https://natalie.mu/music/news/239417 2017/7/4Browse. 
  279. ^ "SKE 8th Generation Debut, Ruka Inoue and Yoshino Kobayashi Center"Nikkan Sports. (February 2016, 11). http://www.nikkansports.com/entertainment/akb48/news/1740365.html 2016/11/19Browse. 
  280. ^ "Notices". AKB48 Official Blog (September 2018, 8). 2018/8/22Browse.
  281. ^ "Notices". AKB48 Official Blog (September 2018, 10). 2018/10/20Browse.
  282. ^ "AKB48 draft research student, Riho Kamiyama has finished his activities... It's difficult to keep up with his academic career "I'm really sorry"". Sports report(July 2018, 10). https://www.hochi.co.jp/entertainment/20181020-OHT1T50153.html 2018/10/24Browse. 
  283. ^ "Notices". AKB48 Official Blog (September 2018, 11). 2018/11/4Browse.
  284. ^ "AKB48 research student, Nagisa Shoji graduates because it is difficult to balance her studies". Music natalie (Natasha). (April 2018, 11). https://natalie.mu/music/news/306626 2018/11/5Browse. 
  285. ^ Nagisa Shouji (April 2020, 4). “Harp star graduate”. LINE BLOG. 2020/5/2Browse.
  286. ^ Talent listCLUSTAR Co., Ltd. As of March 2019, 3オ リ ジ ナ ルMore archives. Retrieved April 2020, 12.
  287. ^ Former AKB and former Hello! Project ...!“Experienced hiring” that emphasizes buzz that increases in the idol worldThe Television (KADOKAWA). (January 2021, 1) Retrieved January 23, 2021.
  288. ^ "Notices". AKB48 Official Blog (September 2018, 11). 2018/11/11Browse.
  289. ^ "About final participation in Harima Nanami theater performance and handshake event". AKB48 Official Blog (September 2019, 4). 2019/4/28Browse.
  290. ^ "Notices". AKB48 Official Blog (September 2019, 6). 2019/6/3Browse.
  291. ^ "Performance schedule for June 6-24". AKB48 Official Blog (September 2019, 6). 2019/6/29Browse.
  292. ^ "Ayori Katsumata Profile". St. Force official website. Cent Force. 2020/12/30Browse.
  293. ^ "Notices". AKB48 Official Blog (September 2019, 11). 2019/11/2Browse.
  294. ^ "Yuzuki Suenaga Report on withdrawal of activities". AKB48 Official Blog (September 2020, 10). 2020/10/22Browse.
  295. ^ a b "About Sendie and Mobile Send-off Party". AKB48 Official Blog (September 2018, 10). 2018/10/13Browse.
  296. ^ "Yuki". SoulMate Official Site.Production HIT. 2017/3/16Browse.
  297. ^ "Yukitan (Soul Mate) @idayuki910". Twitter. 2017/3/16Browse.
  298. ^ Honami Ogata Twitter July 2015, 7
  299. ^ "Sendai *\(^o^)/* Honami". Jammy OFFICIAL BLOG (September 2016, 3). 2016/3/30Browse.
  300. ^ "Recording♪". OSAKA BB WAVE Official Blog (September 2011, 7). 2016/9/18Browse.
  301. ^ "Birth of the horse racing idol "VIVAJO8" Original byte AKB and 8 others". Daily sports online (Daily Sports). (February 2017, 9). https://www.daily.co.jp/gossip/2017/09/10/0010542537.shtml 2017/12/7Browse. 
  302. ^ "Member Saya Sawaki". Dream Ability official WEB Site. 2017/4/3Browse.
  303. ^ "Suzuki Yumin”. Hana Girl Secretariat. 2014/10/28Browse.
  304. ^ “Former part-time job AKB48, Miss Young Champion FL joins “Food Festival Idol”, passed audition and passed”. Model press(July 2015, 7). http://mdpr.jp/news/detail/1501601 2015/7/12Browse. 
  305. ^ "Avex group, ABC cooking studio, model press, start of food festival idol project in collaboration with 3 companies". Sankei News(July 2015, 7). http://www.sankei.com/economy/news/150713/prl1507130111-n1.html 2015/7/16Browse. 
  306. ^ a b "Youth High School 3rd Year Class C" The idol group has a unique group! Former Ribon Girl, Former Byte AKB, Withdrawal from Withdrawal... "All Life Has Changed" at the appearance NGT48 Rika Nakai reveals her true face.Model Press (October 2018, 10) Viewed May 5, 2019.
  307. ^ "AKB48 45th Single Selection General Election Candidate Reception". AKB48 Official Blog (September 2016, 4). 2016/4/6Browse.
  308. ^ "AKB48 45th Single Selection General Election Candidate Member Nyan Nyan Kamen". AKB48 45th single general election (September 2016, 4). 2018/12/20Browse.
  309. ^ "The 8th AKB general election" Nyan Nyan Kamen, 16th place Yuko-like "Wanwan Police" also appeared". ORICON STYLE (oricon ME). (November 2016, 6). https://www.oricon.co.jp/news/2073625/full/ 2016/6/19Browse. 
  310. ^ a b "AKB48 Economics" pages 94 and 98.
  311. ^ Tsunehiro Uno "Imagination in the Zeros" Hayakawa Publishing, 2008.ISBN-978 4152089410.
  312. ^ Tsunehiro Uno "Imagination in the Zeros, Afterwards" Imagination in the Zeros (Bunko), Hayakawa Publishing, 2011, pp. 431-432.ISBN-978 4150310479.
  313. ^ "Appendix 2 AKB48-Permanent Institution for Character Consumption", "The Age of Little People," pages 483-485.
  314. ^ Tsunehiro Uno “AKB48's lyrics world, a permanent organization for character generation”, “Kadokawa Special Issue” Yasushi Akimoto, pages 80-81.
  315. ^ Tsunehiro Uno "Chapter 5 "Air system" and pseudo-homosexual communication 6 "Air system" and disturbance of sexuality"Re-setting of politics and literature" Shueisha WEB Literature RENZABURO (June 2011, 6)
  316. ^ a b Tamaki Saito "Character Psychoanalysis Manga/Literature/Japanese" Chikuma Shobo, 2011, pp. 182-184.ISBN-978 4480842954.
  317. ^ Tamaki SaitoEvolution of "AKB48" character consumption (3/5)] Voice+
  318. ^ Tsunehiro Uno “AKB48's lyrics world, a permanent organization for character generation”, “Kadokawa Special Issue” Yasushi Akimoto, pages 72-75.
  319. ^ "Appendix 2 AKB48-Permanent Institution for Character Consumption", "The Age of Little People," pages 470-476.
  320. ^ Tsunehiro Uno "Chapter 3 Present of AKB48 and Nth Creation 2 AKB48 as Little People"Re-establishment of politics and literature" Shueisha WEB Literature RENZABURO(2010 12 年 月 日 17)
  321. ^ Tsunehiro Uno "Chapter 3 Present of AKB48 and Nth Creation 3 “Majisuka Gakuen” and Present of Nth Creation"Re-setting of politics and literature" Shueisha WEB Literature RENZABURO (June 2010, 12)
  322. ^ Hideomi Tanaka “AKB48 is a new successful model created by deflation!” “Ure Pia” January 2011 issue. 1 pages.
  323. ^ "TSM48" appears instead of "AKB48"! Toshima Forty-Eight? Excite News (July 2010, 7)
  324. ^ Idol OFR48 working in a bath shop.OFR48 home page
  325. ^ "TNZ "General Election" / Female Monkey Popularity Vote at Takasakiyama Natural Park in Oita"Mainichi Newspapers. (March 2013, 6). オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2013, 7.. https://web.archive.org/web/20130722005527/http://mainichi.jp/area/news/20130609sog00m040004000c.html 2018/9/16Browse. 
  326. ^ "Tsuburaya Production 50th Anniversary Ultra Monster General Election Select Ultra Monster Center and Shitenno". Yahoo Japan (2013). As of October 2013, 7オ リ ジ ナ ルMore archives.2018/9/16Browse.
  327. ^ "We're doing it this year too! "Third Avispa Fukuoka General Election" held by fans and supporters will be held!". Avispa Fukuoka (February 2015, 6). As of February 5, 2015オ リ ジ ナ ルMore archives.2018/9/16Browse.
  328. ^ "Announcement of the 2015 Kamata Mare Sanuki General Election". Kamata Mare Sanuki (February 2015, 6). As of February 12, 2016オ リ ジ ナ ルMore archives.2018/9/16Browse.
  329. ^ Kenro Hayami "New series! "Deflationary culture" Part 1: "From birth to recession" "Kodansha Hyundai Shinsho Cafe ~070~Archived from the original on March 2012, 3. (June 31, 2010) Retrieved March 6, 18.
  330. ^ "AKB48 Economics" 14-15, 21-23, 39.
  331. ^ "AKB48 Economics" pages 54-58.
  332. ^ Masaru Kaneko "Burning Diary Again: Don't Follow AKB48(May 2010, 5)
  333. ^ "AKB48 Economics" pages 77-78.
  334. ^ Hideomi Tanaka "The End of AKB48 Caused by the Revival of the Japanese Economy" Kindle Edition, Shufu no Tomosha,ISBN 9784072894149.
  335. ^ a b c d e f Atsushi Oda (January 2012, 1). “AKB Commercial Code Sweeps”. Sankei Shimbun: p. 3 
  336. ^ "Group idol evolution" page 17
  337. ^ “Solving! Law School AKB48 Is Forgery of Handshake Tickets “Innocent” or “Felony” AKB48 and Securities”. PRESIDENT Online (President). (November 2011, 12). http://president.jp/articles/-/4981 2013/4/8Browse. 
  338. ^ a b “AKB Commercial Code Again!? TO (Top Wota) Purchases 500 CDs in AKB General Election”. Real live. (2010-06-119). http://npn.co.jp/article/detail/41996004/ 2011/2/18Browse. ,
    "Why did AKB48 become a top idol? The hidden trick of "AKB Commercial Code" hidden behind the hits". MONEYZINE(July 2010, 6). http://moneyzine.jp/article/detail/185630 2011/2/18Browse. And others.
  339. ^ “AKB General Election” Amazing Voting Tactics”. East Sports WEB(November 2010, 6). オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2011, 1.. https://web.archive.org/web/20110108184908/www.tokyo-sports.co.jp/hamidashi.php?hid=8829 2011/2/18Browse. Such.
  340. ^ a b Tamaki Saito (October 2010, 10). “"AKB48" Character Consumption Evolution". Testimonials.As of August 2010, 10オ リ ジ ナ ルMore archives.2011/2/18Browse.
  341. ^ AKB general election voting tickets CD mass fraud 6 documents sent to college students Sports Nippon August 2014, 1
  342. ^ Because of AKB handshake ticket, illegal purchase of 486 CDs using other person's card information Unnecessary CD repulsion due to illegal dumping ITmedia News March 2014, 3[Broken link]
  343. ^ “AKB dumps 585 CDs, sends documents to a suspected man”. West Japan Newspaper (Nishi-Nippon Shimbun). (April 2017, 10). オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2017, 11.. https://web.archive.org/web/20171127215233/https://www.nishinippon.co.jp/nnp/national/article/366336/ 2017/10/19Browse. 
  344. ^ ""AKB48" Commercial Code Also misrepresentation? 2015 tickets for freebies”. J-CAST News(July 2008, 2). http://www.j-cast.com/2008/02/29017299.html 2011/2/18Browse. 
  345. ^ “AKB48 fulfills its promise for eight years, the feelings of early-stage fans entrusted with high-priced photo books”. Oricon style(July 2015, 12). https://www.oricon.co.jp/news/2063424/full/ 2015/12/7Browse. 
  346. ^ AKB48 Defstar official website "Spring Festival" invitation cancellation notice"(Retrieved September 2010, 10)[Broken link]
  347. ^ a b “AKB48's poster prize commercial method Net auction is overheated”. J-CAST News(July 2008, 2). http://www.j-cast.com/2008/02/27017201.html?p=all 2011/2/18Browse. 
  348. ^ "Is 48 invitations bad for collecting 44 AKB2008 posters? (Posted on official blog February 2, 25 copy)". Detective fileFumio Watanabe, Representative Director, Galu Agency Headquarters, General Detective Agency (February 2008, 2). 2015/6/1Browse.
  349. ^ AKB48 won the Grand Prix!(January 2010, 1, Mynavi News)
  350. ^ 24th Japan Gold Disc Award
  351. ^ “AKB48, 2010 Good Design Award Missing Grand Award Fanless Fan”. ORICON STYLE(July 2010, 11). http://www.oricon.co.jp/news/ranking/81920/full/ 2011/2/18Browse. 
  352. ^ "2010 DIME Trend Grand Prize Announcement". DIME TREND FRONTIER(July 2010, 11). http://tf.digital-dime.com/newproduct/realrepart/10/11/2010dime.html 2011/2/18Browse. [Broken link]
  353. ^ "Announcement of "Japan Record Awards" Best Album Award is Ikimonogakari". ORICON STYLE(July 2010, 11). http://www.oricon.co.jp/news/music/82257/full/ 2011/2/18Browse. 
  354. ^ "Best Hit Kayo Festival 2010”. Yomiuri TV. As of December 2010, 12オ リ ジ ナ ルMore archives.2011/2/18Browse.
  355. ^ 25th Japan Gold Disc Award
  356. ^ "EXILE Best Artist Award for 2 consecutive years". Nikkan Sports(July 2011, 2). http://www.nikkansports.com/entertainment/news/f-et-tp0-20110206-733959.html 2011/2/18Browse. 
  357. ^ “Takeshi is a popular combination! The piece is “state of the art” and Bramayo is “insurance”. Oricon(July 2011, 2). http://www.oricon.co.jp/news/entertainment/85209/full/ 2011/3/4Browse. 
  358. ^ “16 works such as Ustream, Android, Moshi Dora, AKB48 in 9th AMD Award Excellence Award”. Impress Watch(July 2011, 3). http://internet.watch.impress.co.jp/docs/news/20110301_430260.html 2011/3/4Browse. 
  359. ^ “Japan Cable Awards: AKB48 Newcomer Awarded Marumori Combi as Grand Prize candidate”. Mainichi Newspaper Digital(November 2011, 11). オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2012, 7.. https://archive.is/lWYs 2011/12/5Browse. 
  360. ^ "Evaluating the "AKB48" that encouraged the people". Daily Sports(November 2011, 12). オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2012, 7.. https://archive.is/NpBD 2011/12/15Browse. 
  361. ^ “Japan Record Awards: Awards selected Excellent work award is AKB48, KARA and other special awards “Marumori””. Mainichi Newspaper Digital(November 2011, 11). オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2012, 7.. https://archive.is/DlmI 2011/12/5Browse. 
  362. ^ "AKB5" at the Japan Gold Disc Awards, the first ever single 48 best monopoly. Nikkei Trendy Net(November 2012, 1). オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2016, 4.. https://web.archive.org/web/20160423020405/http://trendy.nikkeibp.co.jp/article/news/20120127/1039506/?ttr_img 2021/3/14Browse. 
  363. ^ 26th Japan Gold Disc Award
  364. ^ Billboard JAPAN MUSIC AWARDS 2011 Special TV ProgramAs of November 2012, 8オ リ ジ ナ ルMore archives, TV Osaka, viewed March 2021, 3.
  365. ^ AKB48 achieves the first four crowns in history at <Billboard JAPAN Music Awards>. BARKS (JAPAN MUSIC NETWORK). (March 2012, 3) Retrieved March 3, 2021.
  366. ^ AKB48 total appearance "All 90 CMs" set Guinness world record(March 2012, 3, ORICON STYLE)
  367. ^ AKB48, "Oshiobi Oshikashi" Guinness World Record Certification Takamina "Evolution is still unstoppable"(March 2012, 12, ORICON STYLE)
  368. ^ AKB48 Asian Music Most Popular Group Award at Chinese Music Awards. Sponichi Annex, (August 2012, 8) Retrieved August 23, 2012.
  369. ^ 45th Japan Cable AwardRetrieved November 2012, 11.
  370. ^ Billboard JAPAN MUSIC AWARDS 2012
  371. ^ "Japan Record Awards: Grand Prize is "AKB48" "Midsummer Sounds good!" For the second year in a row, next generation ace. Mantan Web(July 2012, 12). http://mantan-web.jp/2012/12/30/20121230dog00m200053000c.html 2016/11/29Browse. 
  372. ^ 27th Japan Gold Disc Award
  373. ^ 28th Japan Gold Disc Award
  374. ^ a b 29th Japan Gold Disc Award
  375. ^ a b 29th Japan Gold Disc Award
  376. ^ "AKB48/JKT48 Indonesia Award Winner “We will strive to make 2016 a good year for JKT48”". billboard JAPAN. 2016/1/28Browse.
  377. ^ a b 30th Japan Gold Disc Award
  378. ^ 30th Japan Gold Disc Award
  379. ^ Hitoshi Sato (December 2016, 12). “Chinese video sharing site "Youku" 10th Anniversary: ​​AKB48 team 8 participation from Japan, 519 million viewers". Yahoo! News. 2016/12/30Browse.
  380. ^ “Taisho Koto Music Awards for AKB48 Kotoryu Nationwide Dissemination Party”. Nagano Nippo Web (Nagano Daily). (February 2017, 2). オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2017, 2.. https://web.archive.org/web/20170214011204/http://www.nagano-np.co.jp/articles/13561 2017/3/1Browse. 
    "The 11th Taisho Koto Music Awards ceremony was held". Kotoryu Taisho Koto. Japan Violin Research Institute Taishogoto National Promotion Association (February 2017, 2). 2017/3/1Browse.
  381. ^ "The 32nd Japan Gold Disc Award" announced. BARKS (Japan Music Network). (January 2018, 2). https://www.barks.jp/news/?id=1000152295 2018/3/3Browse. 
  382. ^ "Japan Record Awards: TWICE is first selected for the first time in 14 years with DA PUMP "USA". MANTANWEB (MANTAN). (September 2018, 11). https://mantan-web.jp/article/20181115dog00m200078000c.html 2018/11/17Browse. 
  383. ^ 33th Japan Gold Disc AwardJapan Record Association
  384. ^ "Paprika" Foorin is the youngest ever to win the grand prize in Rewa Dai's first "Reco Dai".ORICON NEWS (oricon ME). (July 2019, 12) Viewed July 30, 2019.
  385. ^ AKB48, first in history for the 10th consecutive year, received comments <34th Japan Gold Disc Award>Model Press (Native). (February 2020, 2) Viewed March 27, 2020.
  386. ^ "" Reco Dai "LiSA" Flame "is the grand prize. Tears in the crown of the 10th year of solo debut" I'm really happy "Theme song of the movie version" Kimetsu no Yaiba "". ORICON NEWS (oricon ME). (November 2020, 12). https://www.oricon.co.jp/news/2180795/full/ 2020/12/30Browse. 
  387. ^ 35th Japan Gold Disc Award. Retrieved May 2021, 3.


Related item

外部 リンク

#invoke: Authority control


Back to Top