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🎥 | [Shinjuku Piccadilly] Live audio screening to enjoy movies with "sound" will be held for 3 days from March 20th!


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[Shinjuku Piccadilly] Live audio screening to enjoy movies with "sound" will be held for 3 days from March 20th!

 
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In "Shinjuku Piccadilly", the Disney movie "Fantasia" will be screened in advance, and the theme will be bands such as the musical movies "Greatest Showman", "Hairspray", "The Prom", and "Bohemian Rhapsody". Screening a movie.
 

At the movie theater "Shinjuku Piccadilly" along Yasukuni Dori in Shinjuku 3-chome, a movie will be released from Saturday, March 2021, 3 ... → Continue reading

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Musical movie

Musical movie(Musical movie,(British: Musical film) Ismovies OfGenreOne of thestoryMixed inAn actorRefers to the form of singing a song.In general, songs develop muscles and characterize casts in movies.The sub-genre of musical films is musical comedy, which has a strong element of humor in addition to the usual music, dance and plot.

History

1927s-1930s

musicalThe movie,1920In the teenTalkieWas invented,moviesToMusicIt appeared in the period that it became possible to match.The first talkie feature filmAl Jolsonstarringof"Jazz singer』(1927)MusicmoviesIs. at firststageMany of the works are made into movies as they are,OUR STORYThere is no such thingReviewMany short stories were also made.

But at the beginning of the talkie, the songダンスImmatureactorWas driven out a lot, and there was also a feeling of crude overproduction.Among them, what gained popularity was the European style with sophisticated charm.OperettamoviesAndHollywoodButGermanyFromErnst RubichEt al.EuropeHuman resources were active.

World DepressionByBroadwayWas involved in the recession1930Early generation,dancerAs top-notch human resources seek workHollywoodFlow into1933of"XNUMXnd Avenue』Starting with full-scalemusicalmoviesThe foundation of was to be formed.

DancerFred AstaireHanoactressGinger RogersとcombinationAssembled, a serieshitTechnical and technicalRomanticIダンスSequenceBecame a worldwide favorite after receiving the acclaim of the people.This Astea & Rogers combination is for men and women who breathedancer Of代名詞It may still be used today.

Besides, he is a genius choreographer.Busby BerkeleyMade full use of the production, special effects, and cut splits unique to movies, and brought a unique development to musical movies that is different from the stage.Specifically, the dancers are looked down on from directly above with a camera, and the formation creates a kaleidoscope-like image, so-called.Berkeley ShotThere is a creation of.

Meanwhile, the movie companyMetro Goldwin Mayer(MGM) responded immediately to the boom of musical films, and released in 1929, "Broadway melodyClarified to make a series, and in 35,Dancing BroadwayIn 37,Dancing nightless castle, 40New York dancing] Was produced respectively.The otherParamount moviesThe company said,Radio laughs(1933), a sequel to "1936 big broadcast(1935),1937 big broadcast(1936),One million fluffy broadcast』(1937) was released respectively.

Against the backdrop of the popularity formed in this way, musical films from the late 30's onwardsTechnicolorIt became one of the first fields to benefit from technological innovation, such as the introduction of high-quality recording / playback systems.

The stories of musical films in the early 20th century, including the dawn, are mainly about behind-the-scenes and personal life, with singers, dancers, and musical stars who do not feel uncomfortable even if they suddenly start singing and dancing. LaterBehind-the-scenes musicalIt becomes a traditional genre called.

1940s-1950s

In the 1940s and 1950sStar systemIn the heyday of musical films byMetro Goldwin MayerCompanyJudy Garland,Gene Kelly, As mentioned aboveFred AstaireThe world was dominated by a group of luxurious works in which many excellent musical actors appeared.Other companies20th Century Fox TheBetty Grable,Paramount movies TheBing Crosby,Columbia Movie TheRita HayworthAlthough it had a signboard star such as, it did not match the overwhelming mass of MGM, which is said to be "more than the number of stars".

"Parisian American"When"Introduction to loveThe MGM musical, which won the Academy Award for Best Picture and was highly acclaimed artistically, is not an exaggeration to say that it is synonymous with entertainment films of this era.Dancing big string education''Anchors Aweigh''Take me to baseball''If you sing in the rain''Band wagon''Easter parade''Wizard of Oz''When I was young] And many other masterpieces are left for posterity.Also, this time is so-calledTin Pan ArrayIt was also the time when the lyricists and composers of the movie showed their final brilliance, and there are many songs from musical movies that have been sung as standard numbers until now.

On a small scale1940 era OfThe United States of AmericaCalled injukeboxMany movies are made.Restaurants,Night clubWhen you insert a coin into a special device called a place such asDuke EllingtonI was able to enjoy a short music movie of about 3 minutes with a popular jazzman.tv setMade for Soundies, although it ended in a fad with the advent ofthe filmIs a valuable video material that conveys the appearance of musicians at that time.

Mid-1950s-1960s

Published on Broadway in the mid-40sOklahoma!』Revolutionized Broadway musicals with a dramatic story that was written, but that trend also flowed into the film in the 50s.After thatGeorge CukerDirector'sBirth of Star(1954),Rogers & HammersteinStory-oriented musicals such as the works of MGM have become mainstream, and behind-the-scenes musicals such as songs and dances, which MGM has been good at until then, and Star System movies have come to hide. It was.

This new story-oriented musical requires a high degree of difficult work and flair to connect story and music, so filmmakers have come to seek material from originally high-quality Broadway musicals. Since then, the frequency of production of the movie's original cine musical has dropped sharply.

At the same timeCinema scopeWith the introduction of, the movie has become larger.Musical movies, which are already expensive to produce, find a way to become a blockbuster movie that can be expected to generate profits commensurate with it.It blossomed in the 60s,Sound of music"Including"Mary Poppins''My fair lady] And other major masterpieces that are still standard are born from Hollywood companies, France, England, and other countries.Musical films reach their greatest golden age.

Also, like the world of the stage, "West Side StoryAfter that, works that strongly emphasized sociality appeared and became highly evaluated.However, at the same time, it is a double-edged sword that makes the "dream world" that Hollywood musicals advocated until then faded, and it is a place where evaluation is divided from now on.

1970s-1980s

By the end of the 1960s, the bloated musical films had a series of blockbuster commercial failures and suddenly retreated.Has emergedAmerican new cinema,SFXThe mainstream of entertainment films will be handed over to movies, and it will remain out of the mainstream for nearly 30 years.In particular, the weakness of Broadway, which is a source of material and human resources, had a great influence, and it became impossible for actors, directors, and other staff to get people, and qualitative works were only sporadically produced.

One of those mainstream ebbsエ ル ヴ ィ ス · プ レ ス リ ー,ビ ー ト ル ズA small musical movie called Jukebox Musical, which featured certain popular musicians, began to be made in the mid-1950s, and was a hit due to the synergistic effect with the soundtrack.In the 70s and 80s, this line was packed with catchy songs for young people regardless of specific singers, and the movement was to make a movie that was strongly linked to the pop market.Especially "American graffiti''Saturday Night FeverIt was modeled after the big hits of 』and was not highly evaluated by critics, but after thatMusic videoIt will be the cornerstone of the times, and "Rocky 4It also influenced how to make movies other than musicals.

1990s-

In the 1990s, "beauty and the Beast』Andデ ィ ズ ニ ーThe anime musical movie was accepted by adults and became a big hit.With that as a starting point, in recent years, in the 2000s, live-action full-scale musical films have begun to demodulate in the form of movies of Broadway hits. In 2003, "ChicagoWon the Academy Award for Best Picture for the first time in 34 years as a musical movie.afterwards"RENT(2005) "Producers(2005) "hair spray (2007) "Mamma Meer!"(2008) and other Broadway musicals have been made into movies one after another.

In musical movies, the songs shown in the play are often played in the studio by playing the songs recorded in advance at the shooting site, and the actors perform by lip-synching.Les Miserables", All the singing was recorded while shooting on the spot.At the scene, I shot the live piano accompaniment to the actors with earphones (the piano sound is for rhythm, and some were later changed to orchestral sound).[1].


on the other handBollywood800 movies are produced annually, centered onIndiaIn, the majority of the work incorporates musical elements.Considering the number of productions, there is a view that the home of musical films is India, but the style is unique, with elements of other genres such as action films packed in various ways.These movies have also been around since the 1990sRajinikanthstarring"Muthu Dancing Maharaja] And some popular movies have begun to expand overseas.

Japanese musical film

Japan's first talkie "Madame and wife] Is also a work with a strong musical element, similar to that of Hollywood.

One of the characteristics of Japanese musical movies is that you can use Shichigocho without any discomfort.Historical dramaA masterpiece made in the prewar crisis of the world, which is a good match withSinging Lovebird Battle』Including EnomotoKenichi Enomoto,Hibari MisoraA historical drama musical starring such a star has been a hit from the war to the 30's. "Raccoon palaceThe series was also made during and after the war, straddling movie companies, and in 2005, the latest work, "Operetta Tanuki Goten] Was made, it became a long-lived series.

On the other hand, in fields other than historical drama, "" "Asphalt girlAlthough ambitious musical blockbusters that were modeled after Hollywood were also made, they resulted in the audience laughing.Frankie SakaiStarring "You can succeedIs one of the few successful examples in criticism, but even that was a failure in the box office.Musicals in contemporary drama are either as song movies with the theme of popular songs of the time, orYuzo Kayama,Crazy CatsIt was accepted by the audience in the form of a one-sequence of a comedy movie starring them.

At present, it is rare for original musical works to be made in the Japanese film industry as well as in the world of the stage where Broadway translations are strong ("Hatred Matsuko's life”, Etc.), and even if it is occasionally produced, it is often targeted at the younger generation, and it is undeniable that it is difficult for the general public to accept it.

recently"SKIP City International D-Cinema Film Festival In the short film category of "2012", the director's musical work "" won the Best Picture Award.An organization called "" has been set up with the aim of rooting Japanese musical films in Japan.In 2013, the following year, Saitama Prefecture ×ShochikuAs one of the co-produced omnibus movies ""Tsurumi TsurumiThe musical work "(Chichioya Rondo)" starring / directed has been released in theaters.

Published in 2014Suo Masayukidirected by"Maiko is a lady"(title is"My fair lady"Parody) is the leading role selected in the audition.Shang Baishi Meng YinHowever, he created an opportunity to climb the stairs to the star.

Published in 2021Sukutte Goran], The dance scene is eliminated while being based on musicals, and actors with high singing ability are appointed.The work was intended not to be embarrassing for Japanese people to watch (it sang "new sensation pop entertainment" as a genre).[2]. 

List of typical musical movies

(The movie adaptation of the stage work is indicated by "stage = S". The figures in parentheses are the premiere year of the stage.) The criteria for typical musical movies are as follows.

  1. American Film Institute Musical movie best25 works selected for
  2. Academy AwardWinning works
  3. The world's three largest film festivalsHighest award winning work


1920 era

1930 era

1940 era

1950 era

1960 era

1970 era

1980 era

1990 era

2000 era

2010 era

Source

Related item

Hairdressing charges

Hairdressing charges(Seihatsuryo,British: hair styling products) IsHairstyleIt is applied to the hair for the purpose of adjusting and fixing the hair.Hair styling productTomo.

For purposes such as straight hair, wavy hair, or hair risingHairstyleThere are hair styling products with different characteristics such as individual hair quality and glossiness, and they are sold by various manufacturers and brands.

History

In the old daysJapanese spiritual storyToGyoki Genkoji TempleでLegal meetingA woman puts on her hair while runningboarThere is a description that it was found to be greasy and was expelled.

The use of hair styling products is closely related to the fashion of hair styles, and new dosage forms and techniques suitable for the fashionable hair styles of that era have been developed.In addition, there are many types of dosage forms on the market due to the diversification of needs and preferences such as hair styles and finishes required by gender and generations.

As a function of hair styling products

  1. A type that emphasizes "hair styling" that fixes and sets hair
  2. A type that emphasizes "treatment" that improves the luster, feel, and texture of hair
  3. A type that has both of the above two functions

It is divided into

In addition, these functions are adjusted by the type and amount of hair styling components (solid wax, liquid oil, synthetic polymer, etc.).Male-specific dosage forms include pomade, tic, and hair liquid, and female-specific dosage forms include hair oil, set lotion, and hair spray.Dosage forms commonly used by both men and women include hair water, hair foam, hair gel, and hair wax.A feature of recent styling is the method of using hair water to correct sleeping habits and forming a voluminous hair style with hair wax, mainly for young people in their teens to 10s.Hair iron,IronAfter forming curly hair with, the styling of holding curly hair with a hair spray is increasing.In recent years, in women's hair styles, it has become common practice to perform hair coloring and permanent waves, and the awareness of hair damage has become extremely high.Since these treatments involve a chemical reaction, the chemical structure of the hair changes and the original function and texture of the hair are lost.Therefore, the hair treatment effect that cares for damaged hair and improves gloss, texture and cohesion has become an important function. For example, the use of "non-rinse treatment" is increasing.

Types

Hair water

The liquid is sprayed onto the hair in the form of mist.It has little effect on hair hardening,Sleeping habitIt is used for the purpose of repairing hair, giving gloss to hair, and as a base for hair styling products to be used later.Water is the main component, and glycerin and emulsifier are mixed with alcohol as a solvent.Sleeping habitSince it is used to fix the condition, menthol may be added or a hair-growth ingredient may be added for the purpose of getting rid of drowsiness in the morning.Hair water is a hair styling product that sprays a liquid preparation in the form of a mist with a trigger dispenser, etc.HairdryerBlow finish usinghair ironIt is used for the purpose of forming curly hair styles using hot curlers and hot curlers.Hair blow, hair mist, and set lotion are also included in hair water in a broad sense.Currently, two types, "fixing sleep habits" and "curly hair set", are most used.

Hair water for "restoring" is inside the hairHydrogen bondIt works by a mechanism that breaks the bond by watering the bed formed by.Water is the most effective for fixing sleep, and a surfactant is added to lower the surface tension, and a polyhydric alcohol is added to promote moisturization and allow water to penetrate into the hair.In addition, in order to eliminate tangling of hair, silicone or liquid oil is emulsified and blended to reduce surface friction and make the hair easy to handle. Hair water for "curly hair set" uses the heat of a curling iron or hot curler to dry to reshape hydrogen bonds and create curly hair.Therefore, it is important to mix water in the curly hair set, and it also adds additional functions such as keeping power, gloss and texture improvement.A synthetic polymer with high film-forming ability is blended to impart keeping power, and silicone or silicone is used to improve gloss and texture.Multivalent alcoholIs compounded.In particular, for synthetic polymers, new components are being developed day by day from the viewpoints of setting power, holding power, moisture resistance, etc., and when selecting, it is necessary to pay attention to the clogging of the dispenser in addition to the setting power and film characteristics. is there.In addition, since it tends to generate flaking (a state in which the film peels off from the hair and blows white powder), a moisturizer and a plasticizer (ester oil, silicone derivative) are blended.

Hair mist

Those in a bottle with a sprayer, or those that spray hair styling ingredients with gas.While hairspray is used as a finishing agent, mist is used for hair styling purposes such as raising bangs and reducing the volume of the sides.

Hair oil (hair oil)

The main component is oil.Also known as pomade or tic.Hair oil is used for the purpose of supplementing hair with oil and giving it luster, smoothness and flexibility.Vegetable oil has been used in Japan for a long time, and camellia oil (tsubaki oil) and Japan wax (mokuro) have been used as "bintsuke oil".The constituents are mainly composed of refreshing vegetable oil (flax oil, olive oil, etc.) and mineral oil (mineral oil), which have relatively low viscosity, and ester oil, squalane, etc. are appropriately blended.Recently, the number of products containing silicone as the main component is increasing because of its good finish and feel.These hair oils are made by dissolving high molecular weight silicone in a volatile solvent (isoparaffin, low molecular weight silicone), and when the solvent evaporates, the high molecular weight silicone forms a uniform film, providing smoothness and texture that cannot be obtained with vegetable oils. Since it has the effect of imparting, its use is increasing as a "treatment that does not wash away".

Hair liquid

The word hair liquid isShiseidoMade byJapanglish[1].

Aqueous and liquid.Mainly for men, with alcohol, polymer agents, surfactants, etc. as ingredients.It features a smooth feel and a soft finish.Pomade・ In the 1960s, when sticky oil-based hair styling products such as hair oil were the mainstream, hair liquids that had already penetrated in the United States were introduced.Lion toothpasteIt spread to Japan because it was adopted by (at that time).

For things that are easily confused with hair liquidHair tonicThere is, but this is mainly used for the purpose of conditioning the scalp.However, some hair tonics have a hair styling effect, and some liquids have the same effect as tonics.

Hair cream

It has the effect of giving oil to the hair to prevent or improve split ends, cut hair, and split ends, and the effect of giving gloss to the hair and making it easier to arrange.Some products have a hair-nourishing effect and are used by rubbing against the scalp.Hair cream is a viscous emulsified cream that is used to replenish the hair with water and oil to give it a conditioning effect.Since the hair cream emulsifies liquid oil, it has a relatively refreshing feel and has a soft hair styling effect.It is divided into O / W type and W / O type according to the emulsified state. The O / W type is less sticky and refreshing, and the W / O type has an oily feel and is excellent in gloss and hair styling effect.The constituents include fats and oils, hydrocarbons, higher fatty acids, higher alcohols, silicone oils, surfactants, wetting agents, thickeners, etc. Depending on the selection of oily ingredients, hair gloss, softness, moisturization, etc. Conditioning effect is adjusted.

Hair wax

Oily and creamy.Since there are various types of products having different properties as compared with other hair styling products, the characteristics as hair styling products cannot be unequivocally expressed.There is a wide variety of hair styling and fixing powers, from strong to weak, glossy and dry finishes.

In a narrow sense, it is a sticky wax that melts at temperature when rubbed by hand, but due to the fashion of hair wax, any hair styling product tends to be sold as wax, and it is processed into a mud. There are things from those to creamy ones.Hair wax is used for the purpose of creating a natural hairstyle such as shaggy or layer, that is, a delicate expression of the tip of the hair, and making it a soft silhouette without hardening.It is a solid hair styling product that gives the hair an appropriate luster, has a natural setting power, and can be re-styled by easily straightening the disordered hair by hand.In a narrow sense, it refers to solid oil centered on "wax" stabilized by O / W emulsification.However, if you look at the products on the market, you can see the appearance and function of hair wax such as "hair styling products in jars", "hair styling products that do not harden hair", and "hair styling products that can be restyled". If even one is combined, it is put on the market by each manufacturer under the name of hair wax, and hair gel-like products and oil-based hair styling products called clay are also recognized as a kind of hair wax.

It is classified into "light type" and "hard type" according to the difference in hair styling ability. The "light type" is characterized by having an appropriate feeling of hair bundles, habituation, and natural luster, and the "hard type" is characterized by having a sharp hair bundle feeling, high sustainability, and matte luster. is there.The components are solid wax (beeswax, carnauba wax ,,Vaseline, Solid paraffin, etc.) is blended as the main hair styling ingredient.By adjusting the melting point of the solid wax, it is controlled so that when it is spread on the palm, it is soft and has low viscosity due to body temperature, and after hair styling, it has high viscosity and can fix the hair.In addition to wax, higher alcohols and higher fatty acids are also used, and liquid oils (mineral oil, ester oil) are blended for the purpose of imparting luster.In addition, a water-soluble polymer may be blended for the purpose of giving a characteristic feeling of use having a spinnability such as pulling a thread.

Hair foam (mousse)

A foamy hair styling product.Some have no fixing force, which gives the hair a luster with silicone.

mousseAlso called.However, in Japan, "mousse" in cosmetics / hair styling products is a registered trademark of Shiseido (No. 1315853), so "form" is used as a general product name.

Hair foam is a hair styling agent that foams when sprayed from an aerosol container, and is used by applying foam from the palm to the hair.The aerosol container (metal can or resin pressure resistant container) is filled with the stock solution and the propellant, and by containing the surfactant in the stock solution, the propellant dissolved at the same time as the stock solution is jetted is vaporized at atmospheric pressure. It becomes foamy.

Hair foam has the advantage that reversible separation of the undiluted solution is allowed because it has become established that it is shaken before use, and there are almost no restrictions on the viscosity or shape of the undiluted solution, so it is possible to pursue new functions. It is possible.Many products have been put on the market by taking advantage of this merit, and those that set hair hard with a set resin, those that give a high wet feeling by blending a large amount of water-soluble glycols, and those that blend high molecular silicone It has been widely commercialized, such as those that give a smooth feeling and those that give a treatment effect by blending rinse components and oils.In hair foams that accept new materials without restrictions, synthetic polymers and silicones are attracting attention as constituents, especially because they play important roles in settability and feel adjustment, and many materials are still being developed. It is expected that the number of functions and functions will increase.

Grease

There are oily and water-based.Oily is often called pomade, and water-based is also called water-soluble (water-based) pomade.

Use when you want to give a gloss with the set.

Hair gel

A jelly-like product made by kneading water and resin.Has many strong hair styling powers.

Hair gel is a viscous jelly-like water-based hair styling product used for the purpose of fixing hair hard.It fits well to the hair, is not sticky, and has a hard setting force that is not stiff, and has a feature of high adhesion to the hair.The hair conditioning component is a high-viscosity gel made of a water-soluble polymer such as carboxyvinyl polymer or carrageenan, to which synthetic polymers (polyvinylpyrrolidone, vinylpyrrolidone, methacrylamide, vinylimidazole copolymer, etc.) are added. A hard and dry finish can be obtained.Recently, new synthetic polymers have been developed to enhance the sustainability of formed hairstyles, and their functionality has been improved.

Hair lotion

It is liquid and put in a jet container and used as a mist.The main ingredients are water, alcohol, and polymer agents.Spray and fix on curler-wrapped hair or wave-shaped hair with your fingers.Set lotion.In addition, body cream and body lotion can also be used as an emergency hair styling product.

Pomade

Jelly-like thing.

Tick

IngredientsPomadeSimilar to, but with the addition of Japan wax, etc., to make it into a solid rod shape so that it can be applied to hair without getting your hands dirty.originallybeardThings to prepare.Stick pomade is thought to be the etymology, but in some casescosmeticIs said to be the etymology.

hair spray

The liquid resin is sprayed onto the hair with the power of gas to prevent the hair from being disturbed.Mainly for finishing.

A hair spray is an aerosol product in which a stock solution of a hair styling component or an oil component dissolved in alcohol is filled in an aerosol container together with a propellant, and is a hair styling product having a mechanism of spraying in a fine mist.Not only the function of spraying on the surface of the hair to hold the hairstyle firmly, but also the one used for the purpose of forming a hairstyle with a handgrip and improving the gloss and texture has been developed, and it is a "hard type". , "Arrange type", "Gloss type" (19).

Hard type
High setting force and moisture resistance to fix the hairstyle are strongly required, and a setting resin (acrylic resin alkanolamine solution, etc.) having a high film-forming ability is blended as a hair styling component.Further, the hardness of the film is adjusted by adding a small amount of oil or a wetting agent as a plasticizer.Liquefied petroleum gas is used as the propellant, and it is blended in consideration of the solubility of the set resin, the jet state, the corrosion of the can, and the like.
Arrange type
Unlike the hard type, it has the property of being able to reshape hair.It is characterized by moderate adhesiveness between hairs and softness to the touch, and is adjusted by selecting a set resin, plasticizer (silicone or polyhydric alcohol), and water in appropriate amounts.In addition, various types of propellants such as liquefied petroleum gas, dimethyl ether, and nitrogen are used.
Gloss type
In addition to giving luster, it is used for the purpose of improving the feel.Silicone and ester oil are blended as the main components, and set resin is often not blended, making it an aerosol-like type of hair oil.

Evil

With the scalpCompatibilityAlso, due to unsanitary conditions due to insufficient washing after use, etc.Light hairAnd fine hairCauseIt may become.

Major manufacturers (including OEM supply)

Source

  1. ^ "Do you know" Metrosexual "?" Japan Chamber of Commerce and Industry in FranceColumn

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