Is there a "middle finger sign" behind Masu Anna?Speculation on the new set of NTV "Bankisha!"
If you write the contents roughly
If such a design is drawn on a TV program set, that is important.
Some viewers pointed out that "Shinso Hodo Bankisha!" (Nippon TV) broadcast on April 2021, 4 ... → Continue reading
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The contents of TV programs are extremely diverse,Broadcaster OfcharacterIt also depends onTerrestrial wavebroadcastIs a general formation,Satellite broadcastingSpecial store type organization is generally seen.
Classification of TV programs
Television program classification by broadcasting law
In Article 5 of the Broadcasting Act, "type of broadcast program" is "Liberal Arts Program,Educational program,News program,Entertainment programEtc.”. Also, in Article 106, eachBroadcasterIn Japan, it is obligatory to "harmonize with each other" for each type.
And in Article 107 of the law, eachTV stationIs required to set and publish "standards of broadcast program types".Japan Broadcasting Corporation(NHK) each 4 types excluding "etc.",Private broadcastingThere are 4 types at each TV stationMail order"When"Other) Added (example →) Is used as a standard for publication.
In addition, although there are definitions of the contents of educational programs and educational programs in Article 2 of the Act, there are no definitions of news programs and entertainment programs, and it is entrusted to voluntary publication of this "standard for the type of broadcast program".
In this announcement, it is usually the case that one program also serves as a combination of any of the above four to six types. For the fiscal year ending April 1, 4Nippon TVTake, for example,ZIP!''Information Live MiyaneyaIs a program that belongs to any type of entertainment, news, culture, and education.Go! AnpanmanAre published as entertainment/education programs..
Other TV program categories
Type announcement based on the above broadcasting law,Audience ratingSetting TV program category items, such as survey categories (described later), is an important business.
These classifications do not take the method of deciding the items in advance and then dividing all the programs into either one, but categorizing the programs having some similar composite properties as one type. May be done in. As a result, programs having similar configurations may belong to a plurality of classifications, or the classification destination may differ depending on the classifier.
For example,talentQuestions from the textbookquizIf there is a program that solves asQuiz showHowever, in the case of the above-mentioned legally required classification type announcement,quizIt may be possible to classify it as an "educational program" by paying attention to the main composition of "", and paying attention to the performer "talent"Entertainment showsIt can be classified as "entertainment program" or it can be classified as "educational program" for young people, focusing on the subject of broadcasting by paying attention to "examination questions from textbooks".
In addition, even if a program is born that does not belong to any of the items set so far, it is not possible to increase or expand the item because it causes difficulty in statistics, so it is classified as a place that does not fit as a result. Sometimes.
- OnceJapan Private Broadcasting FederationBroadcast standardThen, the program type is news program, political program, social public program,Religious programs,Program for children, Educational programs, and entertainment programs, and each station used this mutatis mutandis to announce the broadcast program type... It was later amended and this article is gone.
- Digital broadcastingAccording to the standard, program information including a program type can be attached and broadcast. this isEPGYou can see above. By the standard, the program is "NEWS/ Press" "Sports""情报/Wide show""Drama""Music""variety""movies""Anime/Special effects""documentary/ Culture" "Theater/Performance""Hobbies/education""welfareAnd “other” are divided into 16 major categories.
- Audience ratingCo., Ltd. that conducts a surveyVideo researchLet’s change the program to “News report"Education, culture,Practical"Music" "Drama" "Anime" "Movie" "Sports" "Other entertainment programsIt is classified into ". The 10 best viewer ratings by category are based on this classification.
Type of TV program
Classification by broadcast content
Liberal Arts Program
- Religious programs
- Legal program
- Environmental program
- Living information program
- Travel program/Travel program
- Life consultation program
- Programs for infants and preschoolers (Kindergarten-NurseryProgram)
- School broadcastprogram
- Correspondence course program
- Language program
Some are for the whole country and some are for the region. Many TV stations have news programsNews agencyProduced by. Because of the nature of televisions that convey information instantly in images, often from news sitesRelay broadcastIs performed.
- Straight news
- News Show-In addition to reporting facts,news caster,GuestComments are made by the performers.
- Eur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.eu
- Transportation information
- Diet broadcast
- Politics broadcast
- Press special program
- Local information program
- Play guideInformation program
- Ban program
- Self-criticism program
- Government public relations programs
- Of each municipalityAdministrative public relations program
- Sports program
- Movie shows-domestic and internationalFeature filmA program that broadcasts. The moderator and commentator, such as movie critics, may appear at the beginning or end of the main part of the program. If you want to broadcast an overseas movie in JapanMultiplex audio broadcastingbyBilingual broadcastingAnd the main voiceVoice actorBy JapanesedubbingIt is common to broadcast the original language version with the version and sub-audio.
- TV drama
- Music program
- Talk show -Treated as variety in video research.
- Television Animation
- Comedy show -Treated as variety in video research.
- Game show
- Sex appeal program
- Reality show
Programs with complex content
- documentaryPrograms-May have elements of educational and educational programs, and may have elements of news programs. In the latter case, we will focus on more in-depth coverage of certain news rather than breaking news.
- Sports news
- Wide show
- Ranking program
- Entertainment shows - varietyIs a composite meaning of all elements.
- Tv shopping
Classification by broadcast target
Program for children
- Drama for children
- News program for children-A program that explains news to children in an easy-to-understand manner. Also useful for adults.NHKof"Weekly child news] OrHokuriku Asahi Broadcastingof"KIDS NEWS, Etc., but currently not broadcast.
Classification by broadcasting method/organization
- Live broadcastprogram
- National internet programs
- Local show/In-house program
- Obi program
- Complex program
- Special program
- Filler program
- Guide frame
Classification by length of broadcast time
Classification by broadcast time
Problems of Regional Disparity in Japanese Terrestrial Television Programs
1950 eraIn Japan in the first halfCommercial broadcastWith the start of TV broadcasting, gradually in various placesLocal bureauA series of open stations, especiallyHeisei New BureauWith the opening rush of the broadcast, the broadcasting target area was expanded, but still "Terrestrial waveIn the complete form of a "TV commercial"Nationwide (simultaneous) broadcastHas not been realized. this isPublic broadcastingIsNHK Broadcasting lawIt is obligatory to cover all over Japan by the government, but it is not in each commercial broadcasting station.
In addition,2000BS digital broadcasting stations (BS Nippon Television,BS Asahi,BS-TBS,BS Japan,BS Fuji) Was opened, it was expected that "national broadcasting of commercial TV programs" which would not be possible by terrestrial broadcasting would be possible, but in BS digital broadcastingCopyrightManagement group (Japan Music Business Association-Japan Music Copyright Association(JASRAC) etc.), it is the current situation that there are few programs that are performing "simultaneous terrestrial/BS simultaneous or delayed nets" for each series due to reasons such as rights processing.
TV Tokyo series
Key stationEspecially inTelevision Tokyo Channel 12, Ltd. TheAffiliated stationsIs overwhelmingly small compared to other series, with only 6 stations including TV Tokyo (the smallest among the four major networksTV Asahi seriesBut with a total of 24 stations, the difference is 4 times), which is one of the factors that widen the gap between metropolitan areas and rural areas. Local stations in "areas without affiliated stations", Chukyo/Kansai area (in both areas, affiliated stationsPrefectural broadcastfor,Wide areaCannot cover the whole area[Annotation 1]) For independent stationsBan salesSome programs are online, but only some of them are online. Also, depending on the program, there are not a few programs that are limited to only affiliated stations.
In 2007OsakaIs a regional stationTV Osaka OfKyoto-HyogoExpansion of the broadcasting area to the whole area,Miyagi-Shizuoka-HiroshimaThe president at that time announced the plan to open affiliated stations to, but no specific progress has been made since then..
Significance of existence of TV programs
Every day broadcasting(MBS) Tokyo branchtv setI belong to the formation department and currentlyTelevision AnimationIn charge ofMaruyama HirooCommented that "TV programs are passive media," "TV is a medium of randomness," and that "programs that you happen to see have the potential to attract viewers." "Continuous broadcast on TV There is a strong tendency to actively watch, saying that "creating an opportunity to meet" by doingインターネットClaims a big difference from the show.
- ^ Standards for domestic broadcast program types Japan Broadcasting Corporation
- ^ Broadcast program type Nippon Television Network
- ^ Criteria for broadcast program types 讀賣TV broadcasting
- ^ April 2020 Basic program type Nippon Television Network
- ^ Broadcasting Standards of the Japan Federation of Commercial Broadcasters (Showa 26) Bottom book: The Nihon Shimbun Yearbook 1954 edition (public domain)
- ^ Nippon Television talks with Masafumi Funakoshi, Director of Contents Business Division, "Video Revolution" set up by the acquisition of Hulu (2) Oriental economyOnline 2014th March 3, 14th April 2015.
- ^ Why TV TOKYO cannot be watched in Hiroshima or Sendai excite Connecta Read on December 2015, 12, 26.
- ^ Yumiko Watanabe's "Who makes an anime for"-The background of the hit from the 25th "Mado Magi" and "Taibanani" TV stations [Part 3] (6/XNUMX) ASCII.jp Retrieved March 2012, 3, April 19, 2015.