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🎥 | Netflix and Amapura!"Air Link Mobile Projector" which is small but high-quality


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Both Netflix and Amapura!"Air Link Mobile Projector" which is small but high-quality

 
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Wikipedia related words

If there is no explanation, there is no corresponding item on Wikipedia.

Arcade

ArcadeWhat is (Game Center)?game machineStores and similar compartmentalized facilities that operate games such as those that allow customers to play games[1]Is.It is also called "Arcade" for short.The name "amusement facility" is also actively used in the industry and the media.GENDA SEGA Entertainment,Bandai Namco Amusement,Taito,Round oneGame corner,AdoresIn principle, the name "amusement facility" is used on the official websites of many companies.A game corner is a game where the installation area of ​​amusement facilities that occupy the office, which will be described later, is smaller than that specified by the wind law.

The word "Game Center"JapanglishSo, in English, the expressions "Amusement arcade" and "Video arcade" are used to refer to similar facilities.The term "Penny arcade" was also used in the early 20th century.

Overview

For game equipment mainly used for business

The facilities installed vary greatly depending on the operating company and region.There are no video games installed at all, and many facilities are occupied only by prize games and medals.

The name "game center" isJapanglishSo, it has been used idiomatically for a long time, but in the Japanese industry, this name is disliked and it is sometimes called "amusement facility" (AM facility).In particular, it is often used in facilities that do not have video games.

this is1980 eraSince then, it has been one of the top companies in the arcade game industry.Sega OfHayao NakayamaHowever, this is because the SEGA-affiliated facilities and industry groups, of which he was the president at the time, actively promoted this name with the aim of improving his image.It is also sometimes called an "amusement spot," but this is not limited to arcades.amusement park,Bowling alleyIt is also used to refer to entertainment facilities in general.

American arcade

Natching is the world's first arcade game for business use1971Released in "Computer space』It is said[2]..This "computer space" was produced in a small number of about 1500 units, and although it was not a big hit, it had a great influence on the game culture of posterity.[2].

The prototype of computer games is even older.1958To the United StatesBrookhaven National LaboratoryOf a physicistWilliam Higinbotham oscilloscopeA tennis game made usingTennis for Two』It is said[2]..It wasn't made for business, but was made with the equipment available for visitors on the Brookhaven National Laboratory's regular release date, but it was unexpectedly popular.[2].

1972ToAtariGame system from the company "PongWas announced and became a big hit, and this "Pong" is called the originator of the arcade game.[2].

Some Japanese companiesRound oneSome companies are expanding into North America,BANDAI NAMCO HoldingsOn November 2021, 3,Impact of new coronavirus infectionAnnounced that it will withdraw from the amusement facility business in North America after transferring the amusement facility business in North America, which is being handled by its subsidiary NAMCO USA INC., To a local company only in March of the same year.[3].. Most of the amusement facilities operated by NAMCO USA INC.Revenue share(Franchise stores and single locations in Japan)[3].. NAMCO USA INC. Is scheduled to be merged with BANDAI NAMCO Amusement America Inc. during the fiscal year ending March 2022 (the arcade game machine sales business in North America will continue).BANDAI NAMCO Holdings' withdrawal from the amusement facility business in North America is a business company in Japan in addition to the effects of the new coronavirus infection.Bandai Namco AmusementIn contrast, the lack of awareness of IP (intellectual property) in North America and the unsuccessful operation utilizing it.[3][4].

Korean arcade

Korean arcades are called "entertainment rooms"[5].. The number of stores has increased since the 2000s,Tekken series], Sales increased.In some cases, the space is rented out as an "all-night event".[5].

As in Japan, the market is declining due to the impact of online support for online social games and home video games, and about 2018 stores have been forced to close in the two years from 2.[5]..In the store,Crane gameOr one personkaraokeSome stores are trying to increase sales by expanding[5].

Japanese arcade

Laws on regulations such as sex business and optimization of operations(Hereinafter, "Wind Law") Article 2 classifies customs business other than sex-related special business into five types from No. 1 to No. 5, and the game center is "No.5Belongs to.When operating a game center, it is less than a certain scaleSingle locationExcept for the regulatory agencyPublic Safety CommissionRequires permission.

As of 2018, the number of licensed sales offices is 4,193.[6]so,198626,573 peaks in1993It continues to decrease every year except for.However, this number of sales offices includes game cafes, casino bars, orAmusement parkIn fact, it is even less than this because it includes business formats that are different from those of arcades.In addition, it is the same game industryPachinko parlorBelongs to "No. 4 Sales", and some of the actions that can be performed and prohibited actions are different from those of game center sales.

Since the beginning of 2010, the market has been declining due to the influence of online social games.Empire data bankAccording to the survey, the market size in 2007 peaked at 6780 billion yen in 2018 and reached 4550 billion yen, a decrease of about 11% in 40.Most facilities are set so that you can play with "one coin" such as 100 yen, so it is difficult to raise the price, so in April 2014consumption taxThe tax increase has hardly been passed on to the price, and while 2015% of the companies posted a deficit in 41.8, the number of companies that turned to an increase in sales has increased since 2016.[7][8].. The number of arcade bankruptcies as of September 2019 is as of April 9.consumption taxAfter the tax increase, the number is the second highest at 2 cases.Kay Cat,The Third PlanetThe momentum is approaching 2015 cases in 14 when[7].. In March 2020,Eternal amusementCame to bankruptcy with a record debt of about 84 billion yen[9].

In 2020New coronavirus infectionDue to the effects of refraining from going out due to the spread of the infection, the number of customers decreased sharply, and the number of stores decreased further.[10][11].. For this reason,BANDAI NAMCO HoldingsとSEGA SAMMY HOLDINGSIs carrying out structural reforms of amusement-related businesses, including the game center business, and BANDAI NAMCO Holdings announced that, as mentioned above, the amusement-related business in North America will be limited to the arcade game machine sales business.[3], SEGA SAMMY HOLDINGS,Sega GroupIs a subsidiary of the company and is the third largest in the industry.Sega Entertainment85.1% stake from Sega Group on December 2020, 12GENDAAt the same time as the transfer to, the SEGA SAMMY Group withdrew from the game center business in Japan.[12][13]..SEGA SAMMY HOLDINGS is also availableSegaSega Amusements International Limited, a subsidiary of Sega Amusements International Limited, which sells arcade game machines in Europe and the United States, will be transferred to management in March 2021.[14]..The correspondence between BANDAI NAMCO Holdings, which continues the game center business in Japan, and SEGA SAMMY HOLDINGS, which withdrew from the game center business in Japan, is divided.

Business rules

1985May 2Due to the more enforced wind lawDepending on the game equipment and facility type installedArticle 1, Paragraph 5, Item XNUMX of the same law (2016May 6Until then, Article 1, Paragraph 8, Item 0 of the same law was applied, and permission for customs business was required for business.As a result, the law stipulates that the business prohibition time is "from midnight to 6 am (Article 2016 of the same law)" (until June 6, 22, "from midnight to sunrise").24 hours business is prohibited..Therefore, the business hours are generally from 10:24 to 6:23, but some stores are open from XNUMX:XNUMX am, some are open from noon, and some are closed before XNUMX:XNUMX.furtherAkita-Fukushima-AichiThen from midnight to 0 am,TokyoThen, business from midnight to 0 am is prohibited by ordinance.In addition, it is possible until 10:1 am if it is stipulated by the ordinance of the prefecture, such as the year-end and New Year holidays and specific areas.Business is not prohibited XNUMX hours a day, XNUMX days a week.

Persons who fall under the following cannot conduct business (Article 4).

  • Those who do not get reinstatement after the decision to start bankruptcy proceedings
  • Persons who have been sentenced to imprisonment, imprisonment, or fine for violating certain laws and have completed their execution for less than five years.
  • Persons who may engage in violent or illegal acts collectively or habitually
  • Alcohol, drug, cannabis, opium, stimulant addicts
  • Persons who are unable to properly carry out customs business due to physical or mental disorders
  • A person whose permission for customs business has been revoked pursuant to Article 26, Paragraph 1 (in the case of a corporation, he was an officer of the corporation within 5 days before the date and place of the hearing regarding the revocation was announced. Persons who have not passed 60 years from the date of cancellation)
  • Return and return the business permit between the date when the date and place of the hearing regarding the revocation of the permit is announced pursuant to Article 26, Paragraph 1 and the date when the disposition is made or the date when it is decided not to dispose of the permit Those who have not passed 5 years from the date (excluding those who have a good reason for abolishing the customs business)
  • 60 days before the date and place of the hearing in the corporation whose legal personality has disappeared due to the merger or the corporation that returned the business permit (excluding those who have a good reason for the merger or the abolition of the customs business) A person who was an officer of the corporation within the period and has not passed 5 years since the extinction of the corporate status or the return of the business permit.
  • In a corporation that has succeeded the game center to a new company due to the company split (excluding those who have a good reason for the split), a person who was an officer of the corporation within 60 days before the public announcement date Persons less than 5 years after the company split date
  • Minors who do not have the same ability to act as adults in terms of business
  • A corporation in which a person corresponding to the above serves as an officer

To obtain a business permit, you must submit a permit application with the following description to the Public Safety Commission (Article 5).Business must start within 6 months from the date of issuance of the business permit (Article 8).

  • Name or name and address, in the case of a corporation, the name of its representative
  • Name and location of sales office (store)
  • Type of customs business (Enter No. 5 in the case of a game center)
  • Overview of the structure and equipment of the sales office (store)
  • Name and address of the administrator according to Article 24, Paragraph 1
  • In the case of a corporation, the names and addresses of all officers
    If you want to change the contents of the permission, you must obtain the approval of the Public Safety Commission (Article 9).If you illegally obtain a business license or if it is discovered that a person with a disqualification period according to Article 4 is listed in the application documents, the game center will start operating within 6 months from the date of receiving the business license. If you do not do so, or if you suspend business for 6 months or more, your business license will be revoked (Article 8).

Furthermore, in the same law,

  • Prohibition of offering prizes according to the result of the game (Article 23, Paragraph 2).this isgamblingMay be considered.
    currentPrize gamesIs allowed to operate with the interpretation of the regulatory agency (police) that if the market price of what is offered is about "800 yen", it will not be considered as a prize (→Prize game # Balance with laws and regulationsreference).
  • Prohibition of taking medals, etc. lent to customers out of the business office or issuing deposit certificates, etc. (Article 23, Paragraph 3)
  • Business hours (mentioned above) and restrictions on business locations (prohibition of 24-hour business)
  • Appointment of managers (Article 24, Paragraph 1) and regular employee list (Article 36)
  • Restrictions on illuminance, noise, and vibration in the store (Articles 14 and 15)
  • Restrictions on advertising and promotion (Article 16)
  • Prohibition of possession and provision of child pornography (Article 35)
    Act on regulation and punishment of acts related to child prostitution, child pornography and protection of childrenIf you commit a crime under Article 7 (2) to (8), all stores or some stores will be suspended for 6 months or less, and you will also be accused of violating Article 49 of the Wind Law.Persons convicted under the Child Po Law will be disqualified for five years after the execution of the sentence, according to Articles 4 and 49 of the Wind Law.
  • No entry for persons under the age of 18 after 22:22 (Article 5 Paragraph XNUMX) (There are no legal restrictions on weekday daytime entry, but of course entry and exit during school classes is not allowed.guidanceIn addition, the person may be prohibited from entering the store as a policy of the store even if it is a substitute holiday.
    In addition, for persons under the age of 16, the "Act Enforcement Ordinance on Regulation of Customs Business, etc. and Optimization of Business, etc." enforced in each prefecture based on Article 22 (5) of the Wind LawYouth protection and ordinanceAccording to the regulations, if you are not accompanied by a guardian after 18:20 to 22:18, you will be off limits, and after that time you will be allowed to enter if you are accompanied by a guardian, but in this case also after 20:XNUMX (in some prefectures No admission (after XNUMX:XNUMX or after XNUMX:XNUMX)[15][16][17](See the table below for details).2016May 6After that, if a person under the age of 16 is not accompanied by a guardian and enters the store, the admission prohibition time will be the same as before in many prefectures due to regulations etc.Okayama,Tottori,Shimane ,Hiroshima,Yamaguchi In 5 prefectures, from sunset to 18:XNUMX,EhimeThen, it was changed from 20:18 to XNUMX:XNUMX due to the revision of the ordinance.[18][19][20][21][22][23].

In addition, in Tochigi Prefecture, there is a provision that if you graduate from junior high school even if you are under 16 years old, you will be considered to have reached 16 years old.Niigataでは条例により22時から翌日の6時(4月から9月)もしくは日の出時間(10月から翌年3月までは月により6時15分から7時まで)まで18歳未満の者の入場が禁止されている[24].

In addition, at some storesSchool uniformIn the case of wearing, there are other restrictions, schools in some areas are off limits unless accompanied by a guardian, and even if accompanied by a guardian, it may be prohibited to enter Hitachi at the end.In such areas, from the viewpoint of trouble prevention, it is almost always prohibited to enter under the age of 18 regardless of the time of day due to self-regulation on the store side, and children's equipment (kids medals and kids cards) is not installed. Is.As an exception, on holidays and other school holidays, the policePTAIn many cases, they are not the target of guidance such as, and are famous and innocent (TochigiThen,Pots-New Year's HolidayA date is specified that does not apply to[25]..However, depending on the store, it may be until 18:3 as it is, unless accompanied by a guardian). Regulations such as "the ratio of the projected area of ​​the regulated game to the floor area must be 90% or less" are imposed.


After June 2016, 6, the time available for persons under the age of 23 to enter with their parents by prefecture is as follows.

RegionAdmission restriction
GifuUntil 16:17 if a person under the age of XNUMX enters without a guardian
When a person under the age of 16 enters with a guardian, and a person between the ages of 16 and 18 (whether accompanied by a guardian or not) is open until 22:XNUMX.
NagasakiUntil 13:17 if a person under the age of XNUMX enters without a guardian
Until 13:16 if a person between the ages of 18 and XNUMX enters without a guardian
When a person under the age of 16 enters with a guardian, and a person between the ages of 16 and 18 (whether accompanied by a guardian or not) is open until 22:XNUMX.
Iwate
Ibaraki
Tottori
Persons under the age of 16 must be accompanied by a guardian or not until 18:XNUMX
Persons aged 16 to 18 years old, with or without parents, until 22:XNUMX
TochigiJunior high school students and younger, with or without parents, until 18:XNUMX
Those who have graduated from junior high school and under 18 years old are until 22:XNUMX regardless of whether they are accompanied by a guardian or not
On special days such as the Bon Festival and New Year holidays, those under the age of 18 must be accompanied by a guardian or not until 22:XNUMX.
FukushimaUntil 16:18 if a person under the age of XNUMX enters without a guardian
Until 16:16 if a person under the age of 18 enters with a guardian, or if a person between the ages of 20 and XNUMX enters without a guardian
Until 16:18 if a person between the ages of 22 and XNUMX enters with a guardian
Miyagi
Saitama
Kanagawa
Tokushima
Until 16:18 if a person under the age of XNUMX enters without a guardian
Until 16:20 if a person under the age of XNUMX enters with a guardian
Persons aged 16 to 18 years old, with or without parents, until 22:XNUMX
Aomori
Akita
Yamagata
Osaka
Miyazaki
Until 16:19 if a person under the age of XNUMX enters without a guardian
When a person under the age of 16 enters with a guardian, and a person between the ages of 16 and 18 (whether accompanied by a guardian or not) is open until 22:XNUMX.
OkinawaPersons under the age of 18 must be accompanied by a guardian or not until 20:XNUMX
NiigataFrom April to September, from 4:9 to 16:6 if a person under the age of 18 enters without a guardian
From April to September, when a person under the age of 4 enters with a guardian, and a person between the ages of 9 and 16 (whether accompanied by a guardian or not) is from 16:18 to 6:22.
From October to March of the following year, if a person under the age of 10 enters without a guardian, from sunrise to 3:16
From October to March of the following year, if a person under the age of 10 enters with a guardian, or if a person between the ages of 3 and 16 (with or without a guardian) enters from sunrise to 16:18
Prefectures other than the aboveUntil 16:18 if a person under the age of XNUMX enters without a guardian
When a person under the age of 16 enters with a guardian, and a person between the ages of 16 and 18 (whether accompanied by a guardian or not) is open until 22:XNUMX.

If this regulation is violated, an improvement order will be issued (Article 25), and if it is malicious, business will be suspended, business license will be revoked (Article 26), and new store openings will be suspended. If the business is suspended or the permit is revoked according to Article 26, in addition to the revocation, Article 49 will result in imprisonment of up to 2 years and a fine of up to 200 million yen. The operator who received the cancellation under Article 26 and the officer of the corporation who received the cancellation will be disqualified for 4 years according to Article 5, and all customs business will not be available for 5 years from the date of the cancellation.

In addition, since the strength of the crackdown varies depending on the jurisdiction, there are areas where it is allowed to open the shutter at midnight, especially in areas where PTA pressure is strong, for customers with babies and strollers. However, in some areas, strict age restrictions are applied.

Of the game equipment installed in the game center, for example, it is used for games that display the power of the human body, such as a game machine that measures the speed of a thrown ball, and vehicle playground equipment (vehicle playground equipment).Racing gamesReceives this treatment[26]) And fortune-telling machines that are clearly not used for games that may arouse gambling, vending machines (Photo booth, Kids cards, etc.) that are not amusement facilities are not subject to regulation by the law.Long time agojukeboxWas also regarded as an unregulated device,2008Was excluded from the jukebox[Source required]Sound gameHas become a regulated device.

In addition,BowlingThe ratio of the projected area of ​​regulated models to the floor area of ​​business establishments, such as venues, 24-hour leisure lands, inns, and game corners of shopping centers, is 3% or less.Single locationIs not subject to the regulation by the wind law if there is no admission regulation based on the above laws and ordinances.However, even in such facilities, it is not legalYouth protection and ordinanceIt may be regulated by such as.In addition, there are also places where requests from surrounding groups and organizations (PTA, etc.) or voluntary calls for returning home.

Business format

Specialty store

Specialty stores are subject to the law of the wind, so they need to obtain police permission to operate.There are the following types of operating entities.

  • Operated by game console manufacturers and affiliated companies.At a major manufacturerBandai Namco Amusement,Taito,CapcomIn addition to being operated directly by the manufacturer,Sega EntertainmentThere are also companies that transfer management after being spun off from the manufacturer.
  • Operated by a company called an operator, which generally specializes in the operation of specialty stores.In parallel with the game center,No. 4 businessSome companies also operate other entertainment venues such as movie theaters.
  • A store jointly operated by both real estate owners such as buildings and game console manufacturers.The method of determining the operating policy and the distribution of operating expenses and sales cannot be said unconditionally on a case-by-case basis.
  • Operated by other SMEs or individuals.

In the case of a business-to-business merger or company split, the surviving company and the newly established company can succeed to the status only with the permission of the Public Safety Commission (Articles 7-2 and 7). 3).When transferring the same store to another company (such as transferring a store operated by company A to company B, which has no capital relationship with company A), the transferred company must obtain new police permission. (Article 3).In addition, name lending is also prohibited (Article 11).Closing stores or abolishing the business itself (except when it falls under Article 7-3-1)Corporate rehabilitation law,Civil Rehabilitation LawThe business was transferred to another company due to such reasons, and the transferred company entered the liquidation procedure,Bankruptcy lawA company that has received a decision to start bankruptcy proceedings based on the above must return the business permit (Articles 4 and 10).

2007ToShizuokaSo, a company that had been operating a store that had been transferred from another company with no capital relationship for three years without the permission of the police was caught.Then the company went bankrupt[27].

Single location

Business establishments that do not specialize in game machine sales and have other main businesses, or segmented amusement facilities that do not correspond to storesSingle locationIs called.Such an operation method is found in various business formats such as shopping centers, movie theaters, entertainment facilities such as bowling alleys, restaurants, and retail stores.

If the "installed area of ​​regulated game machines in the store area" is less than 10%, it is possible to operate a specialty store without obtaining the required police permission.Since many business establishments do not belong to industry groups formed by game machine makers and game center operators, we are aware of the intentions of those industry groups, such as business hours from 1 to 5 o'clock, which is not possible at licensed stores. There are also cases where business is not conducted.

In addition, there is a problem of illegal business such as stores that were initially operating within the regulated range increase the installation ratio of regulated equipment and operate without permission even though permission is required. It has become2008ToNiigataUnlicensed business stores were caught in2010AlsoKumamotoUnlicensed business store was caught in[28].

Prohibition of providing prizes in game sales, etc.

According to Article 23, Paragraph 2 of the Wind Law, prizes must not be offered according to the outcome of the game regarding mahjong stores and game sales (including those who do not require permission under the 10% rule).The "prize" here includes all cash, gift certificates, goods, etc., and also includes the act of exchanging for discount coupons that can be used at the store, food and drink charges at the store, and giving point cards.Basically, the customer must not provide any service according to the result of playing the game.As an exception, it is said that prizes will not be offered only when the retail price is 800 yen or less only for games such as crane games where the prize itself is caught.

statistics

Number of game center sales offices licensed by the Public Safety Commission ("Police White Paper" 62 edition-Reiwa 2nd edition)

  • 1986 (Showa 61) 26,573 houses
  • 1987 (Showa 62) 25,435 houses
  • 1988 (Showa 63) 23,616 houses
  • 1989 (Heisei 21,929) XNUMX houses
  • 1990 (Heisei 2) 20,803 houses
  • 1991 (Heisei 3) 19,812 houses
  • 1992 (Heisei 4) 19,540 houses
  • 1993 (Heisei 5) 19,766 houses
  • 1994 (Heisei 6) 19,406 houses
  • 1995 (Heisei 7) 18,893 houses
  • 1996 (Heisei 8) 18,125 houses
  • 1997 (Heisei 9) 16,790 houses
  • 1998 (Heisei 10) 15,748 houses
  • 1999 (Heisei 11) 14,836 houses
  • 2000 (Heisei 12) 13,734 houses
  • 2001 (Heisei 13) 12,742 houses
  • 2002 (Heisei 14) 11,499 houses
  • 2003 (Heisei 15) 10,759 houses
  • 2004 (Heisei 16) 10,109 houses
  • 2005 (Heisei 17) 9,515 houses
  • 2006 (Heisei 18) 9,091 houses
  • 2007 (Heisei 19) 8,652 houses
  • 2008 (Heisei 20) 8,137 houses
  • 2009 (Heisei 21) 7,662 houses
  • 2010 (Heisei 22) 7,137 houses
  • 2011 (Heisei 23) 6,548 houses
  • 2012 (Heisei 24) 6,181 houses
  • 2013 (Heisei 25) 5,772 houses
  • 2014 (Heisei 26) 5,439 houses
  • 2015 (Heisei 27) 4,856 houses
  • 2016 (Heisei 28) 4,542 houses
  • 2017 (Heisei 29) 4,381 houses
  • 2018 (Heisei 30) 4,193 houses
  • 2019 (first year of Reiwa) 4,022 houses
  • 2020 (2nd year of Reiwa) 3,931 houses

Management form

Manufacturer direct management type

Game makerAntenna ShopSince it also plays a role similar to that of, the company's products may be introduced in advance.Also, Taito (Square Enix HoldingsAffiliated) ・ BANDAI NAMCO Amusement (Affiliated)BANDAI NAMCO Holdings(Affiliated) is exceptional, other high-ranking game makersLocation testIf I didn't have my own store at that time, I had to bow down to another company and ask for cooperation.However, even if you have a directly managed store, for example, Taito says "Ninja Warriors』Location test may be done at a store operated by another company, such as at a store directly managed by Namco.

In addition, the stores affiliated with the manufacturer are often grouped together as a "manufacturer-directed type", but in reality, the operation form is often distinguished, such as being spun off from the manufacturer or having a franchise store.Also,Bandai Namco Amusement ,Taito, The parent company of Magical MomentKita Nihon Tsushin KogyoAlso manufactures and sells amusement equipment and rents amusement equipment.

Among the companies that own major arcade game makersKonami Holdings(Arcade game businessKonami AmusementIn May 2002, the SEGA Group (the arcade game business was handled by SEGA, and the SEGA Group merged with SEGA in April 5) was in charge of the game center business by transferring the shares of its operating subsidiaries in December 2021. Withdrew from.

Companies currently operating

Directly operated by the manufacturer
Company nameParent companyRemarks
Bandai Namco AmusementBANDAI NAMCO HoldingsFormer company name: Namco (2nd generation)
The amusement facility business was formerly in March 2006: Namco (later)BANDAI NAMCO Entertainment) To transfer operations
Arcade game machine business transferred from Bandai Namco Entertainment in April 2018
TaitoSquare Enix HoldingsFranchise stores only in some prefectures
Capcom-Tokyo Stock ExchangePart 1 listing
Amuzy-
Separated from the manufacturer
Company nameParent companyRemarks
Koei Tecmo WaveKoei Tecmo HoldingsFormer company name: Tecmo Wave
January 2002Tecmo(AfterKoei Tecmo Games) To transfer operations
Magical momentKita Nihon Tsushin KogyoTransferred operation from Kita Nihon Tsushin Kogyo in December 2004

Companies whose operations have been transferred within the group

The parent company is the one just before the transfer.

Company nameParent companyRemarks
BanprestoBANDAI NAMCO HoldingsNew in April 2008: Transferred the amusement facility business to Namco (later BANDAI NAMCO Amusement)
Sega Amusement
Sega
Transferred the amusement facility business from Sega in October 2000
Merged with Sega on April 2005, 4
The amusement facility business is directly operated by SEGA from April 2005 to September 4.
Sega's amusement facility business was launched in October 2012Sega EntertainmentTransferred again to
Sammy Amusement ServiceFormerly a subsidiary of Sammy
January 2004SEGA SAMMY HOLDINGSMade SEGA a subsidiary with its inauguration
Merged with Sega on April 2005, 4

Withdrawn companies

The parent company is the one at the time of withdrawal.

Company nameParent companyWithdrawal formRemarks
Sega GroupSEGA SAMMY HOLDINGSTransfer of shares of operating subsidiarySEGA's amusement facility business started from SEGA in October 2012Sega EntertainmentBusiness transfer to
Sega's arcade game machine business is a subsidiary from April 2015 to March 4Sega interactiveTemporarily transferred to Sega, but transferred to Sega again in April 2020
2020% stake in Sega Entertainment, a subsidiary, on December 12, 30GENDATransfer to and withdraw
SEGA Group merged with SEGA in April 2021
Konami
(AfterKonami Holdings)
-Konami's amusement facility business started on May 2002, 5 from Konami Amusement OperationsKeiaoTransferred to
All shares of the subsidiary KEO on May 2002, 5AmleadTransfer to and withdraw
Arcade game machine business in March 2006Konami Digital EntertainmentSucceeded
Konami Digital Entertainment's arcade game machine business started in November 2016Konami AmusementTransfer to
Atlas
(Old company)
Index HoldingsBusiness transferNEWS in December 2009 (laterLeisurelan) And withdraw
Atlas (former company) was merged into Index (former company) in October 2010 and dissolved.
The arcade game machine business is from Index (former company)Civil Rehabilitation LawTransferred to Sega in December 2013 after the brand was transferred to Atlas (new company) accompanying the application

Entertainment facility type

pachinkoShops andBowlingPlace,Movie theater,Karaoke boxCompanies that operate such services often work side-by-side, and as part of promotion measures, bowling scorecards and movie ticket stubs may be used to lend medals and other benefits.Also,KinkiInCapcomDo not have a product location test or an operating company in a group companySegaとKonami AmusementFor product location testing, SEGA products are also funded by SEGA.GENDA SEGA EntertainmentAt the store, Capcom products and Konami Amusement productsRound oneIt is done at each store.Most of these stores are negative about the introduction of low-margin video games, tend to rarely introduce the latest products, and may be dominated by family-friendly prize games and medal games.

Also, GENDA SEGA Entertainment,Kyowa Corporation,Third PlanetSome companies also rent amusement machines.In recent years, game centersPachislotBeing absorbed by a shop or by another company in the same industryAnd stores are often acquired.

For network-compatible titles, pay a pay-as-you-go fee to the manufacturer for each credit and bear the internet connection fee.[29]、設備投資の高騰に伴う人気タイトルの導入難並びに店舗における収入の減少(1クレジット100円の場合、30〜50円をメーカーに支払うため、店舗側の収入は50〜70円となる。赤字を覚悟した上で2クレジット100円や1クレジット50円に設定している店舗もある)[30], Leisure diversification,social gameDue to the deterioration of profits due to the rise of the company, companies that do not generate profits will not be able to purchase new housings or renew their stores, leading to a vicious cycle of losing customers.For this reason, some companies, mainly small and medium-sized enterprises, withdraw or go bankrupt.[7][31][32].

Major companies currently operating

Company nameParent companyRemarks
Round one-Tokyo Stock ExchangePart 1 listing
Kyowa Corporation-Tokyo Stock ExchangePart 2 listing
Merged with YAZ Amusement and City Entertainment on January 2019, 1
GENDA SEGA EntertainmentGENDAFormer company name: Sega Entertainment
Amusement facility business in October 2012SegaBusiness transfer from
January 2012AG SquareAbsorption merger
Sega also holds 14.9% stake
Third Planet-Business transfer from The Third Planet (later Suruga Administration) in October 2015
Merged with Am Space on October 2019, 10
SugaidinosSugai Dinos HoldingsJanuary 2018SD entertainmentTransferred the amusement facility business from
GeoGeo HoldingsSubsidiary on April 2014, 4WarehouseAfter absorbing and merging, Geo will be directly managed
Tohoku ShojiTakahashi-
Wide leisure--
AdoresWide leisureJanuary 2017KeyHolderTransferred the amusement facility business from
Soyou--
Matahari EntertainmentMatahari HoldingsTransferred the amusement facility business from Matahari in 2016 with a new split
Yamazakiya--
Leisurelan-Old company name: NEWS
January 2009AtlasTransferred the amusement facility business from (old company) through a new split
Merged with Rejaran (first generation) on April 2016, 4
Amipara--
AmleadPAM ・ JIn May 2002, KEO (former:Konami Amusement Operation) Became a wholly owned subsidiary
Merged with KEO in April 2004
Fedora--
Luluarq--
Global Procurement Associates--
Corona World--
Previ--

Companies that withdrew or went bankrupt

Company nameWithdrawal formRemarks
SD entertainmentTransfer of shares of operating subsidiaryEstablished amusement facility business on December 2018, 12 by new establishment splitSugaidinosTransfer to
Transferred all shares of Sugai Dinos to Sugai Dinos Holdings on December 2018, 12 and withdrew
KeyHolderFormer company name: Adores (first generation)
Established amusement facility business on December 2017, 10 by new establishment splitAdoresThe trade name was changed at the same time as the transfer to (2nd generation)
All shares of Adores (2018nd generation) on March 3, 26Wide leisureTransfer to and withdraw
Nippon YunikaBusiness transferTransferred business to UCO <later MIA> in March 22006 and withdrew from amusement facility business
MIAOld company name: UCO
Transferred the amusement facility business from Japan Unica in March 2006 through a company split
Transferred to Treasure Island Holdings (later Treasure Island) in September 2013 and withdrew, and at the same time changed the trade name
Bankruptcy proceedings started in June 2014
April 2019 Disappearance of legal personality
Korakuen LocomotiveWithdrawal of the business itselfTokyo DomeSubsidiary of
Liquidation completed on December 2018, 12
AlisakaCorporate rehabilitation lawRRB, Actworks, according to the company reorganization plan in September 2009Fedora, Transferred business to Amigo
Completion of corporate reorganization procedures in December 2011
Suruga TrustCivil Rehabilitation LawFormer company name: The Third Planet
The trade name was changed at the same time as the transfer to Third Planet established by the sponsor company under the Civil Rehabilitation Plan in October 2015.
Civil rehabilitation proceedings completed in July 2018
R.R.B.Bankruptcy proceedingsAcquired some stores from Arisaka in September 2009
Bankruptcy proceedings started in June 2014
April 2017 Disappearance of legal personality
Kay CatBankruptcy proceedings started in June 2015
April 2017 Disappearance of legal personality
Egg boxBusiness suspension in January 2019
Bankruptcy proceedings started in June 2019
April 2021 Disappearance of legal personality
Eternal amusementBusiness suspension in January 2020
Bankruptcy proceedings started in June 2020

Commercial facility type

The aim is to make effective use of empty spaces such as department stores and supermarkets.In addition to a single storeShopping centerIt is often placed in a large commercial facility such as.Department storeThe rooftop game corner of is one of them.In recent years, many facilities do not have video games at all, and it is not uncommon for families to play only prize games and medal games.

The minimum unit for playing prize games and medal games is 1 yen, and it is easy to waste hundreds of yen in a few minutes, so from the customer's point of view, it is significantly less cost-effective than video games. ..Unlike in the past, it was not possible to use it to finish shopping while letting children play games, and most customers came to the store with their children and left the store with their children after playing for a short time.

Major companies currently operating

Company nameParent companyRemarks
AEON FantasyionTokyo Stock ExchangePart 1 listing
XNUM X Year X NUM X Month X NUM X DayMycalMerged with Create
XNUM X Year X NUM X Month X NUM X DayFun fieldAbsorption merger

Private management type

During the Invaders boom, the style was rife all over the country.So-calledMom-and-pop candy storeThe arcade in is one of them.Due to the subsequent increase in arcade operating costs (increased housing prices, payment of network usage fees, etc.) and decline, the store is currently operating well even on a small scale, or the store manager is a game enthusiast and is a mid-hobby. There are only stores that are open.In addition, most of the stores that are independent local companies and whose stores are of the same quality as the manufacturers are actually rental locations of the manufacturers, or are stores that are side businesses or tax-saving measures in other industries. There are many.

Other

Related organizations

Related item

footnote

[How to use footnotes]
  1. ^ "Interpretation and Operational Standards for Laws, etc. Concerning Regulation of Customs Business, etc. and Optimization of Business" "Definition of 3rd Game Center, etc., 3 Stores and Other Similar Sectional Facilities" 14nd of March
  2. ^ a b c d e Aiko Ogoshi, Miho Hotta, "Contemporary Cultural Studies," Koyo Shobo, 2001, p. 126.
  3. ^ a b c d Notice Regarding Withdrawal from Amusement Facility Business in North AmericaBANDAI NAMCO Holdings February 2021, 3
  4. ^ Bang Nam HD withdraws from game center management business in North AmericaNihon Keizai Shimbun January 2021, 3
  5. ^ a b c d A series of arcade closures, corona wreckage catches upNNA ASIA June 2020, 6
  6. ^ "National Police White Paper" Reiwa XNUMXst year edition
  7. ^ a b c Concerns about a surge in bankruptcy at arcades again Consumption tax hike catches upYahoo News (Teikoku Databank) October 2019, 10
  8. ^ Toru Fujimori "That company collapsed in this way" Nihon Keizai Shimbun Publishing Co., Ltd., April 2017, 4 First Edition, pp. 10-12, ISBN 9784532263379.
  9. ^ [Follow-up] Eternal amusement of "Glitter Asobox" begins bankruptcyYahoo! News (Teikoku Databank) April 2020, 4
  10. ^ "Arcade Lamentations Corona in the changing times, survival crisis". Mainichi Newspapers (The Mainichi Newspapers, Inc.). (January 2021, 2). https://mainichi.jp/articles/20210227/ddf/001/040/001000c 2021th of February 3Browse. 
  11. ^ "Famous stores are closing one after another, not only Corona, but the true intention of" arcade away "". Money Post WEB (Shogakukan Co., Ltd.). (March 2021, 3). https://www.moneypost.jp/765909 2021th of February 3Browse. 
  12. ^ Notice regarding recording of extraordinary loss due to structural reforms and transfer of consolidated subsidiaries (share transfer)SEGA SAMMY HOLDINGS January 2020, 11
  13. ^ Anxiety that remains after the withdrawal of Sega Sammy's "deficit arcade"Toyo Keizai Online August 2020, 11
  14. ^ Notice Regarding Transfer of Consolidated Subsidiaries (Transfer of Shares)SEGA SAMMY HOLDINGS January 2021, 3
  15. ^ The game center is easier to play! For making fun memories for your family.Relaxation (change) of restrictions on children's admission to amusement facilities-Implementation of a commemorative campaign for families with children-Taito June 2016, 6
  16. ^ You will be able to play for a long time even with children!Round one
  17. ^ For customers with minor childrenNamco
  18. ^ Outline of the ordinance to partially revise the law enforcement ordinance on regulation of customs business, etc. and optimization of businessOkayama Prefectural Police
  19. ^ Partial amendment of the Law Enforcement Ordinance on Regulation of Customs Business, etc. and Optimization of BusinessTottori Prefectural Police
  20. ^ New and old comparison table of the Law Enforcement Ordinance on Regulation of Customs Business, etc. and Optimization of BusinessShimane Prefectural Police
  21. ^ Outline of the ordinance (draft) to partially revise the law enforcement ordinance on regulation of customs business, etc. and optimization of business 1Hiroshima
  22. ^ Ordinance on regulation of customs business, etc. and optimization of businessYamaguchi Prefectural Police
  23. ^ Outline of the revision (draft) of the ordinanceEhime
  24. ^ Round One Niigata Store Admission Restriction RulesRound one
  25. ^ Law Enforcement Ordinance on Regulation of Customs Business, etc. and Optimization of BusinessTochigi
  26. ^ "Interpretation and operation standards of laws related to regulations such as customs business and optimization of business" "Definition of 3rd game center, etc. ・ 3 Stores and other similar partitioned facilities 14 Game equipment" Driving similar to the real thing For the time being, "drive games," "airplane control games," and other game machines that provide similar simulated experiences with seats and cockpits will be used to monitor whether problems such as gambling and boys' hangouts will occur. It is treated as not subject to regulation. National Police Agency Life Safety Bureau January 1, 22
  27. ^ Takuya Iwata, managing director of B & F, was arrested for violating the Fudosan Law.B & F has filed for bankruptcy.Game Machine April 2007, 9 Issue
  28. ^ The vendor who provided the obscene DVD for the pachislot game was caught.Game Machine April 2010, 4 Issue
  29. ^ Light of Hope for Arcade Video Games? Exclusive Interview with New System Board Developer "exA-Arcadia"IGN JAPAN February 2018, 2
  30. ^ The real reason why small and medium-sized arcades are disappearing-The meaning of closing "Mat Mouse Kashimada / Shin-Kawasaki"IGN JAPAN February 2018, 7
  31. ^ Breaking News on Large Bankruptcy K-CATTokyo Shoko Research July 2015, 1
  32. ^ Large Bankruptcy Breaking News The Third PlanetTokyo Shoko Research July 2015, 6

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