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📺 | Today, the drama "Peperoncino" starring Tsuyoshi Kusanagi will be broadcast nationwide on NHK General TV!With a lot of feedback


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Today, the drama "Peperoncino" starring Tsuyoshi Kusanagi will be broadcast nationwide on NHK General TV!With a lot of feedback

 
If you write the contents roughly
After being broadcast on BS Premium and BS3K on March 6, this work was broadcast nationwide due to many responses and requests for broadcasting on NHK General TV.
 

The regional drama "Peperoncino" from Miyagi, starring Tsuyoshi Kusanagi, will be released on NHK General TV from 4 pm on April 17th today. → Continue reading

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4K 8K TV broadcasting

4K 8K TV broadcasting(Yonkei Hachikei TV Hosou, 4K 8K Television broadcasting) is the currentHigh definition television broadcast(High definition.1080(2K)720p)compared to,Image-Movie Ofresolution(PixelVideo with high number) 4K (2160p) And 8K (4320p)of"Super high definitionIs done inJapanBroadcastPopular name.

2013To (NexTV-F)[1]Was established and conducted a test broadcast[2].. With NexTV-F on April 2016, 4Digital Broadcasting Promotion Association(Dpa) merged, (A-PAB)[3]Launched[2].

2018May 12FromBSIn earnest家庭4K / 8K broadcasting has started.

Overview

Image OfresolutionTheSDTV(Standard resolution)- High Definition (HDTV) - Ultra high definition (UHDTV)When classified as, it is performed on UHDTV (Ultra High Definition Television)broadcastCorresponds to.This is often abbreviated as UHD.H.265Video compressed withTerrestrial wave,satellite(Satellite broadcasting),Cable TV,IP broadcast,Video on demandBroadcasting services such as (VOD) are being implemented and planned.Japan Broadcasting Corporation(NHK) 4K / 8KSuper high definitionIt is being put into practical use as (SHV).

JapanFrom June 2014SKY PerfecTV! Premium Service124K TV broadcasting at (128/4 degree CS)Channel 4K(Channel Forkei) has started.

This is the current television broadcasting system in Japan.ISDBThen BS / CS (110 degrees) To broadcast 4K / 8K2016An experimental broadcast was started jointly by A-PAB and NHK.And2018May 12NHK at 10 o'clockBS4KAndBS Nippon Television4K broadcasting at the same time by BS broadcasting companies affiliated with commercial broadcasting key stations, except for NHKBS8KAs a result, practical broadcasting of 8K broadcasting has started. To distinguish from broadcasts before 2018 (2K broadcasts),New 4K8K satellite broadcasting"(Shinyonkei Hachikei Eiseihoso) is used.

On terrestrial20184K experimental broadcasting was started in.In the Kanto areaMay 10[Note 1]Old terrestrial digital broadcastingOpen UniversityFormer terrestrial analog broadcasting on November 28 in the Tokai wide area using the channel 11ch ofChukyo TVIt is broadcast using the channel 35ch of[4]..Since there are no free frequencies for the main broadcast, repacking (arrangement of physical channels) or multiplexing by horizontal / vertical / polarization and hierarchical division multiplexing (LDM) are considered as methods for multiplexing with the current broadcast. ing.

Japan's major 4K / 8K broadcasts

4K / 8K broadcasting in Japan and 4K / 8K broadcasting scheduled in the future[5].

4K broadcasting

4K UHDTV (2160p(3840 x 2160)) Is 2 times 4K (2 times horizontal x 2 times vertical).

BS right-handed
BS left rotation
CS left-handed (all ☆)[6]
SKY PerfecTV! Premium Service

History

  • 2014
  • 2015
  • 2016
    • March 3 31K test broadcast Channel 4K broadcast end[7].
    • August 8 NHK started 1K test broadcasting on BS broadcasting (using BS-4, an empty frequency band after the end of terrestrial digital difficulty broadcasting).
    • December 12 A-PAB (formerly NexTV-F) started 1K test broadcasting on the same BS-17 as NHK.
  • January 2017, 1 Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications decides to enter 11K / 2018K practical broadcasting scheduled to start in 4[8].
  • 2018
    • June 6 Toshiba Visual Solutions (currentlyTVS REGZA) Starts selling ISDB TVs with built-in 4K tuners, and other manufacturers will sell built-in TVs and external tuners by winter.
    • July 7 NHK's 23K test broadcast ends on BS broadcast[9].
    • December 12 Right-handed BS broadcast (BS Asahi 4K [5],BS-TBS 4K [6],BS Tele 4K [7][Note 2],BS Fuji 4K [8],NHK BS4K[1]) and left-handed BS broadcasting (Shop channel 4K [11], 4K QVC[12],The Cinema 4K [10][Note 3])When110 degree CS left rotation(Sukachan 4K practical broadcasting started in 4K)[10].. NHK BS4K will carry out 6K broadcasting every day from 0:4 to XNUMX:XNUMX the next day.[11]..At this point, [4] and [9] are also reserved.
  • September 2019, 9 Right-handed BS broadcastBS Nippon Television 4K [4] starts 4K practical broadcasting.Rugby World Cup 20194 months ahead of schedule (December 12st of the same year) due to the establishment of a system to relay 1K[10].
  • 2021
    • December 3st on left-handed BS broadcastingWOWOW 4K [9] starts 4K practical broadcasting.New coronavirusDue to the spread of infection, it will be postponed for 2020 months from the initial start schedule (December 12, 1).[10].
    • April 4 The Cinema 30K on left-handed BS broadcasting ended, and on May 4, the following day, the certification of the satellite backbone broadcasting company was revoked.Distribution for cable TV will continue.

8K broadcasting

8K UHDTV(4320p (7680 x 4320)) Is 2 times 16K (4 times each in length and width).Super high definitionThen in addition to 60Hz, 120Hzframe rateIs the goal.

BS left rotation

History

  • August 2016, 8 NHK started 1K test broadcasting on BS broadcasting (using BS-8, a free frequency band after the end of terrestrial digital difficulty broadcasting).
  • 2017th of February 12 sharpReleased the world's first home-use 8K TV (LC-70X500).
  • 2018
    • July 7 NHK's 23K test broadcast ends on BS broadcast[9].
    • December 12st on left-handed BS broadcastingNHK BS8K[2] starts 8K practical broadcasting[10]..10K broadcasting is carried out every day from 22:10 to 8:XNUMX[11].

problem

  • Terrestrial digital broadcastingPrivate broadcasting, which has completed the transition to HDTV, requires further investment in 4K cameras and compatible equipment, and it costs a huge amount of money to improve image quality without increasing profits, so it is reluctant to produce 4K broadcasting and 4K programs. Broadcasting station[Note 4]Also existed.Currently, even consumer devices can record, edit, and play back in 4K, and commercial devices are shifting to 4K or higher regardless of whether they are broadcast in 4K.
  • BS2K broadcasting of NHK and key station BS stations has reduced slots due to 4K / 8K, and the image quality has deteriorated.[Note 5].
    • In addition, NHK has four BS channels due to the opening of BS4K and BS8K, so either BS4 or BS Premium, which is broadcast in 2020K in the 2s, will be reduced to streamline management.[12]になっているが、2020年度に減波の予定はない。さらに、2021年度から3カ年の経営計画案に、BSは4つを2つ以下に集約する方針を盛り込む予定で、BS放送は報道中心の「BS1」、娯楽番組中心の「BSプレミアム」、高画質放送「BS4K」の3チャンネルを段階的に1つに集約、「BS8K」は維持する方向[13].
  • 8K is a receiver promoted and broadcast only by NHK in Japan.[Note 6]However, at the start of broadcasting, only Sharp was in the situation of manufacturing and selling.However, it has already produced Samsung Electronics and LG Electronics overseas, and continues to be sharp in Japan.Sony(Sony Home Entertainment & Sound Products) Has started production.
  • The receiving side also supports the TV[14],tuner[Note 7]It is necessary to purchase and construct new equipment such as antennas (depending on the channel) and distributors that support left-handed polarization.[15].
  • In particularIn TokyoKey stationIt has been pointed out that the 4K channels of the system are darker than the 2K channels that broadcast the same program.[16].
    • About this matterAsahi ShimbunPoints out in a feature article that "the maximum brightness of commercial 4K TVs is insufficient"[17][18]However, "the numbers in the standard and the brightness to display them are different."SDR) Standard video, originally(English edition)(HDR) A standard for broadcasting standard video(English edition)The cause is that it is broadcast in the (HLG) system. "[19].
  • Even if the BD that recorded the 4K broadcast is non-conversion recording (DR mode), it may not be possible to play it on another company's BD recorder that supports 4K broadcasting.[20].

footnote

[How to use footnotes]

注 釈

  1. ^ The terrestrial broadcasting of the Open University of Japan completely stoppedWhen you contact about the cancellation the day before.
  2. ^ Initially, it was scheduled to open as "BS Japan 4K", but since the 2018K service name was changed to "BS TV Tokyo" on October 10, 1, the 2K service name was also changed.
  3. ^ Initially, it was planned to open as a "movie entertainment channel", but it was changed to the 4K service of The Cinema.This is why it is legally recognized by that name.
  4. ^ BS Nippon Television will start broadcasting on September 2019, 9, and WOWOW was originally scheduled to start broadcasting on December 1, 2020,Coronavirus infection (COPID-19)Due to the influence of, it was postponed to start broadcasting on March 2021, 3.
  5. ^ Even for the entire BS / CS2K broadcastNHK BS Premium(Reduced from 21.5 slots to 18 slots. The resolution could be maintained, but the transmission rate dropped) ・BS11(開局当初からの18スロットのまま)・WOWOW3波(24×3→72スロットのまま)だけが1920×1080ピクセルの解像度で、それ以外はおしなべて地上波デジタル放送の12セグメント・フルハイビジョン放送時とほぼ同等の解像度たる1440×1080ピクセル(もっともTwelby,Open University,SKY PerfecTV!,DlifeHas been at this resolution since the opening of each station).Furthermore, the transmission rate of CS2K is lower than that of terrestrial digital broadcasting.
  6. ^ Including for test broadcasting.
  7. ^ Most 2018K-compatible TVs on the market as of October 10 do not have a tuner for 4K / 12K broadcasting that started in December.

Source

  1. ^ Next Generation Broadcast Promotion Forum Site(archive)
  2. ^ a b "All Japan promotes 4K / 8K" Next Generation Broadcast Promotion Forum "Established". AV Watch (Impress). (November 2013, 6). https://av.watch.impress.co.jp/docs/news/604026.html 2019th of February 9Browse. 
  3. ^ Official website of the Broadcasting Service Advancement Promotion Association (A-PAB)()
  4. ^ "Demonstration experiments for the sophistication of terrestrial digital broadcasting (4K / 8K) are being conducted in Nagoya and Tokyo!”. Specific radio microphone adjustment mechanism. As of January 2019, 1オ リ ジ ナ ルMore archives.2019th of February 9Browse.
  5. ^ "Publication of "Interim Report of Follow-up Meeting on 4K / 8K Roadmap"”. Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications (May 2014, 9). 2019th of February 9Browse.
  6. ^ SKY PerfecTV! 4K | SKY PerfecTV!(Retrieved September 2021, 4)
  7. ^ "Channel 4K of 4K test broadcasting, ended on March 16, 3." Played the role of test broadcasting "". AV Watch (Impress). (November 2015, 11). https://av.watch.impress.co.jp/docs/news/732594.html 2019th of February 9Browse. 
  8. ^ “The 2018 BS4K broadcast will be on 5 commercial stations and NHK. WOWOW and NHK 8K are BS left-handed ". AV Watch (Impress). (November 2017, 1). https://av.watch.impress.co.jp/docs/news/1038504.html 2019th of February 9Browse. 
  9. ^ a b Akira Nakabayashi (July 2018, 7). “BS 4K8K test broadcasting has ended, and more than 45 people have experienced it. Challenges for new 12K4K satellite broadcasting in December". AV Watch. Impress. 2018th of February 8Browse.
  10. ^ a b c d Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications | Promotion of broadcasting policy | Promotion of 4K / 8K broadcasting
  11. ^ a b "December 2018, 12! "1K / 4K Super Hi-Vision" The main broadcast has finally started!". NHK Super Hi-Vision test broadcast. NHK. As of October 2017, 12オ リ ジ ナ ルMore archives.2019th of February 9Browse.
  12. ^ "NHK BS, HDTV reduced to 1ch ... 2K, 4K, 8K 3 waves". www.yomiuri.co.jp. Yomiuri Shimbun (April 2019, 12). 2020th of February 1Browse.
  13. ^ "NHK to reduce BS broadcasting and radio Next management plan". Nihon Keizai Shimbun(July 2020, 8). https://www.nikkei.com/article/DGXMZO62216100T00C20A8MM0000/ 2020th of February 8Browse. 
  14. ^ "Sharp, the world's first TV with built-in 8K tuner to be released next month". SankeiBiz (Sankei Digital). (June 2018, 10). https://www.sankeibiz.jp/business/news/181015/bsb1810151307002-n1.htm 2019th of February 9Browse. 
  15. ^ "4K / 8K related information you should know”. General Incorporated Association Broadcasting Service Advancement Promotion Association. As of October 2018, 10オ リ ジ ナ ルMore archives.2019th of February 9Browse.
  16. ^ "Is the verification 4K broadcast dark? 4K broadcast, the image quality should be excellent." That, it's dark. "A series of complaints.". Asahi Shimbun digital(July 2019, 8). https://www.asahi.com/articles/ASM7K62PMM7KULFA03N.html 2019th of February 12Browse. 
  17. ^ "Is the verification 4K broadcast dark? 4K broadcast, why the" dark "TV maker hits the suspicion that remained". Asahi Shimbun digital(July 2019, 8). https://www.asahi.com/articles/ASM7L72HRM7LULFA044.html 2019th of February 12Browse. 
  18. ^ "The ridiculous shock that that 4K TV is" dark "". 東洋 経 済 オ ン ラ イ ン(July 2019, 11). https://toyokeizai.net/articles/-/311180 2019th of February 12Browse.  -An article published online by the reporter who wrote the above Asahi Shimbun article.
  19. ^ “Masaichi Honda's AV Trends“ 4K TV is dark ”is misunderstood as the cause.. AV Watch (Impress). (November 2019, 12). https://av.watch.impress.co.jp/docs/series/avt/1221847.html 2019th of February 12Browse. 
  20. ^ "The story of" playback "and" compatibility "of BD dubbed 4K broadcasts. Unify before users tear.". AV Watch (Impress). (November 2019, 2). https://av.watch.impress.co.jp/docs/topic/1169818.html 

Related item

外部 リンク

NHK General Television

NHK General Television(NHK Sogo Television)Japan Broadcasting Corporation(NHK)Terrestrial backbone broadcastingOf one typeTelevision broadcastingでDomestic broadcastingBut also.

Popular name TheNHK GeneralOrGeneral TV. Also,EnglishでSynthesisRepresents the meaning of "General"FromNHK G(NHKG),GTVEtc. are also written.前者はThe former isTerrestrial digital TV broadcastingでTokyo(NHK Broadcast Center) Is displayed in the upper right corner of the screen when the program is broadcast.Watermarkな ど[Note 1]Used in, the latterGunma TV(GunmaTo prevent confusion with), many of them, not limited to within the association, bear NHK.

News (Chinese),magazineSuch asA TV schedule(So-calledTV section) And variousMediaThe notation is "NHK General""NHK general TV""NHK TV""NHK""NHK G"And so on.リ モ コ ンChannelボ タ ンnumber(In digital broadcastingRemote control key ID) To "Channel 1" (Tokyo,Osaka,HiroshimaEtc.) or "3 channels" (Nagoya,Hokkaido,Sendai,FukuokaEtc.).

Overview

TokyoAt1953May 2Opening (subsequent opening)#Historyreference).本チャンネルはThis channel isJapanfirsttv setChannelIs. "SynthesisThe popular name "television" is alsoTerrestrial waveWill be broadcast onNHK Educational Television(2011In contrast to the popular name from: E-tele),Overall formationIt was attached because it is implementing.

JapanIn contrast to E-Tele, which organizes programs that are almost unified nationwide, NHK General TV has a different program organization for each region.for that reason,Analog broadcastingAtWide area broadcastingIs the Kanto area (1都6Prefecture) Only, the other 40 prefecturesPrefectural broadcastWas taken.Digital broadcastingThen in 2004IbarakiBut in 2012TochigiとGunmaHas shifted to prefectural broadcasting, and wide area broadcastingSouth KantoOnly 4 prefectures.

General TVMain broadcastGeneral at the beginning家庭Far from the spread of television toTV programTo make your ownbudgetBecause it was difficultNHK RadioIt was often done to broadcast popular programs on this channel.[1].

In the Kanto area of ​​NHK General TVAll dayAudience rating(Video Research CompanySurvey)1963から1986Up to 24 years, eachCommercial broadcastKey stationWas pushed away and won the 1st place in a row[2][Note 2].. However1987 TheFuji Television Network, IncHanded over the 1st place in the all-day audience rating to1988-1989Regained, but finally moved away from that position in 1989.

"NHK Red and White Singing Battle], Etc. (described later), the number one annual audience rating is often the program of NHK General TV.2001Until 1, NHK General TV programs had never given up the number one position in the annual audience rating (Kohaku had never given up the number one position in the annual audience rating until 1997).2002After that, depending on the year, commercial TV programs (mainly international)Sports broadcast OfJapanIn some cases, the position is taken away by the war).

History

The broadcast start date for each station will be described later.Broadcast start date of each stationSee.

1939
May 5 - NHK Tokyo Broadcasting CenterTo commemorate the inauguration ofNHK Broadcasting Technology LaboratoryTransmission of television radio waves for the first time (call sign J2PQ, video frequency 4.5MHz, output 500W)[3].
1940
May 4 -Japan's firstTV drama"Before dinner] Will be broadcast[4].
1950
May 2 --Giken's TV Experiment Station is in Minato Ward, TokyoMt. AtagoyamaFrom VHF 3ch, from Ikomayama to VHF 4ch in Osaka, and from the rooftop of the Nagoya Broadcasting Station at that time, transmission started on VHF 5ch (all outputs are 1kW)[5].
May 3 --Start of regular TV experiment broadcasting 1 day a week for 3 hours in Tokyo, Osaka and Nagoya[6][7].
1952
May 10 --The experimental station was moved to the NHK Tokyo Broadcasting Center (output 3kW), and the transmission method was changed from the NHK original method.NTSCChange to method[8].
May 11 --Transition of Tokyo Experimental Bureau to Practical Testing Bureau[9].
May 12 --The Practical Testing Station will be broadcast daily.Playing room TheUchisaiwaicho OfNHK Tokyo Broadcasting CenterToTransmitting station TheKioi TownChiyoda Broadcasting Station (currentlyChiyoda Broadcasting Center),VHF3chTransmission with video output of 5kW.[9](De factoService broadcastingstart).
May 12 --A preliminary license is issued to Tokyo Television[9].
1953
May 1 - Television broadcastingNHK's own in preparation for the start ofTomeisakaMicro lineStarted operation.Japan Broadcasting Corporation(NHK)tv setAs a businessPublic broadcastingStarted.総合テレビ以外ではOther than general TVCommercial broadcastEstablished a little later as the main body inNippon Television NetworkWithradioWas the subjectSecond World WarFrom beforeAfter the warFor a whileNews reportChanged the way ofJapanMass mediaFormed the uninflected word of.
May 1 --This license for Tokyo Television[9].
February 2-1: 14, Tokyo Television (Call code: JOAK-TV, nowNHK Broadcast Center)Main broadcaststart.The performance station was located at the NHK Tokyo Broadcasting Center, and the transmitting station was located at the Chiyoda Broadcasting Station in Kioicho (currently the Chiyoda Broadcasting Center), and was transmitted via VHF 3ch.Video output 10kw.
1954(29)
May 38:XNUMX am-Osaka Television (call sign: JOBK-TV, nowNHK Osaka Broadcasting Station) Is opened.
Osaka has a performance hall in BanbachoOsaka Broadcasting CenterTo the transmission stationIkomayamaThe video output was increased to 4KW and transmitted with the same VHF 10ch as in the test broadcasting era.
3:1 am on March 11-Nagoya Television (call sign: JOCK-TV, nowNHK Nagoya Broadcasting Station) Main broadcast started.
The performance and transmission stations at that timeNagoya cityNaka-kuMarunouchi (current ""Nagoya City Marunouchi Junior High SchoolWas in the place)Nagoya Broadcasting StationIt was placed on the premises and transmitted with the same VHF 5ch and video output 5KW as in the test broadcasting era.
August 4- Denden Public Corporation(CurrentNTT Communications) Started operation of a dedicated micro line to support the nationwide expansion of television broadcasting.Along with this, NHK's own line was abolished and switched to a public corporation line.
May 8 --Nagoya Television, just completedNagoya TV TowerMoved the transmission station to and increased the video output to 10kW.
1956
May 3 - Sendai,Hiroshima,FukuokaEach broadcasting station of is started broadcasting television.Over the next four years, the nationwide network will be almost completed.
May 11--Nagoya Television,Central Japan Broadcasting Company OfTelevision broadcasting(Call sign: JOAR-TV, VHF5ch) Change the transmission channel from 5ch to 3ch in preparation for the start.
1957
May 5~May 12 - Nagano,Shizuoka,Kanazawa,Okayama,Matsuyama,KokuraEach station started the main television broadcast.

Started television broadcasting at each station.

May 10 --Start broadcasting early in the morning.
May 12 --At Tokyo Televisionカ ラ ーExperimental broadcasting started.
1958
May 11 --Osaka Television,Every day broadcasting OfTelevision broadcasting(Call sign: JOOR-TV, VHF4ch) Change the transmission channel from 4ch to 2ch in preparation for the start.
1959
May 1 - Educational broadcastProfessionalNHK Educational Television(After June 2011Nickname"E-Tele") Opened.To distinguish it from that, the official name is set to "NHK General Television".
May 4 --Tokyo Television, broadcasting areaKantoThis year to expand to the whole areaMay 1The transmission station was replaced with the Tokyo Educational Television (call sign: JOAB-TV) that opened in.この日の放送開始から送信所はFrom the start of broadcasting on this day, the transmission stationTokyo Tower(Shiba(Broadcasting station), the channel changed to VHF1ch,Digital broadcastingFor more than half a century until the complete transition, broadcasting was done with a total channel allocation of 1ch and education 3ch.
1960
May 9 --Color main broadcasting started in Tokyo and Osaka.
1962
May 3 --Abolished the interruption time on weekday mornings.
May 7 --The interruption time on weekday afternoons will be abolished and it will be broadcast all day.
1964
Tokyo OlympicsAfter the end,Shibuya WardJinnan OfNHK Broadcast CenterOperation started.After that, the functions will be transferred sequentially over 9 years.
1969
May 3 - 佐賀Television (call sign: JOSP-TV), the first on NHK General TVUHFBroadcast started as a master station.After thatTakamatsu, 5 Kinki prefectures other than Osaka,Tsu,GifuThe master station by UHF opened in, and the prefectural area broadcasting started.
1970
4 month - UHF television test broadcastOpened in Tokyo and Osaka (both UHF14ch).
1971
October-All programs in color[Note 3][Note 4][Note 5].
1974
January 1-FirstOil shockWith the TV broadcastDaytime,Late nightBroadcast is partially suspended.
  • General TV,UHF TVTest broadcastThen, the broadcast will be suspended from the latter half of 14:16 to the first half of 23:XNUMX from Monday to Friday, and the broadcast will be discontinued at XNUMX:XNUMX at midnight.[Note 6].
April 4-Midnight broadcast end postponed to 1:23.翌年には週末のみNext year only on weekends[Note 7]Broadcast time is being expanded step by step until 24:XNUMX.
May 9 --Release the daytime broadcast suspension.
1975
May 4 --UHF TV test broadcast ended.
1978
October 10st-in Tokyo and OsakaSound multiplexPractical test broadcasting started.
1982
May 12 --Sound multiplex main broadcasting started.
1984
April-Weekday broadcast ends at 4:24, and the midnight broadcast suspension that had continued from the oil crisis was completely lifted.
1985
11 month - TeletextStart.
1988
August 9- Emperor Showa BodyFall into.この日からFrom this dayFillerBroadcasted all night in the form of, and at any time conveyed the condition of Emperor Showa.
1989
May 1 --Emperor Showademise.. NHKはNHKEducational broadcastexceptContinuous tv novel"Jun-chan's support song"WhenTaiga drama"Kasuga station, And organized a special program in memory of Emperor Showa until dawn on the 9th.Although the temporary all-night broadcast will end, a regular program was tentatively organized by 3:1 the next day until March.
4 month - FridayStraddle after 24:XNUMX only at midnightMidnight broadcast(Changed from April 1990 to Saturday, suspended in 4, resumed on Friday and Saturday from 1992).
1995
August 1- Great Hanshin-Awaji EarthquakeOccurrence. NHKは教育テレビを含むすべての放送チャンネルを使い、6時からNHK uses all broadcasting channels including educational TV from XNUMX o'clockPress special programStart.Serial TV novel "Come, springAll regular programs such as "" are suspended. From February onwards, it returned to normal formation, but until the end of February (Kinki(Until the end of March) The organization was centered on earthquake coverage.
April 4-Broadcast time expanded from 3am to 5am the next day[Note 8]..それ以前は6:00(後に5:57→5:55 - この時はBefore that, XNUMX:XNUMX (later XNUMX:XNUMX → XNUMX:XNUMX --this timeEur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.euWas the start of the first program of the day).
1996
April-Starts broadcasting 4 hours a day only on weekends (midnight on Fridays and Saturdays).Also, the broadcast time on weekdays will be expanded by 24:2 the next day.
1997
April-Starts broadcasting 4 hours a day (starting at 24 o'clock) except early morning on Monday (midnight on Sunday).
2000
April-By teletext of live programSimultaneous subtitle broadcastingStarted (sequential expansion).It will also be broadcast all night on Sundays.Initially, except midnight on the 1st and 3rd Sundays.
7 month - Radio first broadcastPause includingReduced power broadcastingBecame voluntary for each broadcasting station and became a complete 24-hour broadcast.[Note 9]
2003
November 11-Starting test broadcasting of terrestrial digital television broadcasting at 10:10[10].
December 12-At 1:11, the main broadcasting of terrestrial digital television broadcasting started at each broadcasting station in Tokyo, Osaka, and Nagoya.
2004
3 month - NTT CommunicationsThe relay line ofMicrowaveUsedAnalog lineからOptical fiberUsedDigital lineComplete migration to[Note 10]..At the same time, the line operation system will be unified from Tokyo.
April-Advance the broadcast start (base point) time to 4:4.
August 10- Mito Broadcasting StationIs digitalPrefectural broadcastStart.
2005
October --Advance the broadcast start (base point) time to 10:4[Note 11].
2008
October --Advance the broadcast start (base point) time to 4:4[Note 12]..In addition, the zone of programs for young people "EYES(Excluding Sundays), "EVERY MIDNIGHT ON" at the beginning of each program GTVIt came to be written.Until now, the GTV notation was rarely used.
August 7- Analog broadcastingIn order to promote the smooth transition to digital broadcasting and that it is scheduled to end by July 2011, 7, a watermark of "analog" will be placed in the upper right corner of the screen.
2010
May 3 - BS digital broadcastingOn Ch.291Tokyo General Television OfSafety net by satellite(Satellite broadcasting for terrestrial digital difficulty viewing) Simulcast started for 5 years only.
March 3-Assuming the complete end of analog broadcasting and the complete transition to terrestrial digital broadcasting in July 29, the NTSC program screen will be displayed step by step from some new programs.Letterbox 16:9Broadcast in size.
July 7-With the complete transition to terrestrial digital in mindJapan Private Broadcasting FederationBy agreement with, from the base point of 4:15 am (the day before = the district of the midnight suspension on July 7th will start), NTSC will shift to broadcasting all programs in letterbox 4: 16.[Note 13].
October 10-In analog broadcasting, the reception phone number of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications Digital Call Center is always displayed.In addition, the end notice was displayed by the roll supermarket only at the beginning of the start, but from the same day, all programs with a broadcast time of 25 minutes or more started to be displayed every 10 minutes.In regional broadcasts other than Tokyo (including staggered broadcasts of national broadcast programs), there was an additional display of the telop "The analog broadcast you see will end in July 10" on the black band of the screen (Sapporo). Station etc.).
2011
August 3- Great East Japan EarthquakeOccurrence.国内全ての放送チャンネルを使い、地震発生の瞬間・14時46分にAt XNUMX:XNUMX, the moment of the earthquake, using all domestic broadcasting channelsEarthquake early warningEmitPress special programStart.Serial TV novel "Teppan"[Note 14], Taiga drama "E ~ Princess Warring States ~] And other regular programs were all suspended, and it became an exceptionally long-time special program.Also, although it is temporary, apart from the satellite safety net,Satellite 1st television(BS101 = ID1) also delivered a general TV program at the same time.
July 7-Analog broadcasting ended, with the exception of the three prefectures of Iwate, Miyagi, and Fukushima, which were heavily damaged by the Great East Japan Earthquake, and the transition to digital broadcasting was complete.最終番組は、24時3分にアナウンサーのThe final program is the announcer's at 11:59Naoko SuzukiIt was an end announcement by and an animation of "Domo-kun".
2012
March 3-Analog broadcasting has ended for each prefecture of Iwate, Miyagi, and Fukushima.これらの地域では、31時11分に仙台局アナウンサーのIn these areas, at 59:XNUMX, the Sendai Bureau announcerKengo YachiEnd announcement by[Note 15]Then, the end message with a still image of "Domo-kun" was broadcast, and the transition to digital broadcasting was completed throughout Japan.
August 4- Utsunomiya-MaebashiBoth broadcasting stations start broadcasting in the prefecture area.
2015
March 3-Simulcast of Tokyo General Television by BS Safety Net (BS31) ends at noon.
2018
April 4-Tuesday-From this day Broadcast start (base point) time with Friday will be advanced to 3:4[Note 16]..On Mondays, Saturdays, and Sundays, the starting point is 4:15 as before.
2020
March 3-Always simultaneous distribution / missed program distributionNHK PlusStarted simul distribution on[11].
March 3-At 30:0 on this day, it has been displayed since the start of terrestrial digital broadcasting.WatermarkWas renewed[12]..In addition, the icon in the spot promoter has also been changed from the long-used "total (in a rectangular frame)" to "G (in a square frame)".
2021
March 3-From this day, "Red and White Singing Contest"End", "End", "END", etc. can no longer be seen from the end credits of most programs except for some programs such as special programs such as "" and rebroadcast programs.

program

Program guide at the start of broadcasting

* February-March 1953[13]

\MondayTuesdayWednesdayThursdayFridaySaturdaySunday
12
时
station
00movies
20PerformanceMusicPopular songPerformanceMusicPopular songTV amateur all boast
or
Throat proud amateur entertainment
50News / weather forecast
55TV announcement board
13
时
station
00School broadcastSpecial event
(Irregular)
(Relay / Other)
15Ladies' time
13:30
|
18:30
(Broadcast suspension)
18
时
station
30Children's time (including movies)
19
时
station
00movies
15Weather forecast / news
25Program notice
30Tale or
Three songs
Debate or roundtableDance (Western)TV quizpuppet showTwenty doorsThis week's star
20
时
station
00Dance (Japanese)musical·
ショー
TV dramaMusic gift
Or
Song Flower Goyomi
Home gamesvarietyTV yose
30News commentaryRecent topicsNews commentary
45Liberal Arts / Science CourseTV interview
  • TaiziIs TV / radio simultaneous broadcasting

Current Golden Time, Prime Time, Neo Prime Organization

* First half of 2021

\MondayTuesdayWednesdayThursdayFridaySaturdaySunday
18
时
station
00News Shiv 5 o'clockNHK News
05Saturday era dramaI understand this!
Now in the world
10Evening news programs of various broadcasting stations
45NHK News 645
19
时
station
00NHK News 7
30Cheers for a family of cranes[Note 17]LuncheonGatten!Tokoro! It's toughFriday night regional programBratamori[Note 18]Darwin is here!
57UtaconChico scolds me!
20
时
station
00【Taiga drama】
Hit the blue sky
15Sand
Take a bath
Naming variety
Japanese name!
Ariyoshi's money discovery
Charge! Kaneo-kun
43Oshiban
45News 845News / weather information
21
时
station
00News watch 9NHK Special[Note 19]
50Saturday sportsSunday sports
22
时
station
00Reversal lifeClose-up modern +【Drama 10】[Note 20]
10Arita P Hospitality
30Professional
Work style
History storyThe world is
Full of things you want
~ Best list of traveling buyers ~
40Mini show
45StoriesDocument 72 hoursRyuta Kijima
Are you hungry?
50News / weather information
55Doki Doki! World TV
23
时
station
00SONGSOverseas serial drama
15News today
30Chronology/public opinionAccording Dora
40Public campaigns, etc.
50Rebroadcast frame
or
Midnight channel
To the solos on Friday
24
时
station
00News / weather information
05Shibuya Nooto"Kirin ga Kuru" that you can understand in 5 minutes
10Anime border
20Rebroadcast frame
or
Midnight channel
35Rebroadcast frame[Note 21]
or
Midnight channel
40Everyone's song
25
时
station
~
\Midnight channel

Airtime

After 24:XNUMX, the actual date is the next day.[14]
年度Broadcasting beginsBroadcast endRemarks
195312:0021:00Interrupted 13:30-18:30
(However, on Saturdays, Sundays, and holidays, there is a special broadcast titled "Special Event", which was broadcast all day.)
195411:5521: 10 → 21: 30Interrupted 13:40-18:00
(However, on Saturdays, Sundays, and holidays, there is a special broadcast titled "Special Event", which was broadcast all day.)
Broadcasting will be postponed after October.
195511:3021:30Interrupted 13:30-18:00
(Weekdays only. On Saturdays, Sundays, and holidays, there was a special broadcast entitled "Special Event", which was broadcast all day.)
195611:3022:00Interrupted 13:10-18:00
(Weekdays only. On Saturdays, Sundays, and holidays, there was a special broadcast entitled "Special Event", which was broadcast all day.)
195711:3022:30Interrupted 13:35-18:00
(Weekdays only. On Saturdays, Sundays, and holidays, there was a special broadcast entitled "Special Event", which was broadcast all day.)
19587: 30 → 7: 0023: 00 → 23: 07Interrupted 8:30-10:58, 13:40-18:00
(Weekdays and Saturday mornings only. Saturday afternoons and Sundays broadcast all day)
Broadcasting will start in October.
19597:0023:10Interrupted 8:15-11:00, 13:40-18:00
(Weekdays and Saturday mornings only. Saturday afternoons and Sundays broadcast all day)
19607:0023:15Interrupted 8:15-10:30, 14:15-17:50
(Weekdays and Saturday mornings only. Saturday afternoons and Sundays broadcast all day)
19616:3023:45Interrupted 9:00-10:00, 14:38-17:30
(Weekdays and Saturday mornings only. Saturday afternoons and Sundays broadcast all day)
Saturday and Sunday end at 23:50.
19626:2523:50Weekday interruptions have been abolished and broadcast all day
1963-January 1974, 16:0023:58
May 1974-June 1, 166:0023:00Suspension 14:35 --15:30 (weekdays only)
Issue 1Oil shockShortens broadcast time[15].
May 1974-June 4, 16:0023:15Suspension 15:05 --16:25 (weekdays only)
Broadcast time shortened by the first oil shock[15].
October 1974, 9-96:0023:15Abolition of suspension during the day as of September 1974, 9
From 1976 on Friday and Saturday later, "Reserved seats at night] With the start of broadcasting, the broadcasting time has been extended to 23:58 (23: 57.30 seconds to be exact).
1984-19916:0023:58
(To be exact, 23: 57.30 seconds)
Monday-Thursday and Sunday 23:XNUMX broadcast extended
September 1988, 9-Tentatively broadcast 18 hours until January 1989, 1
(当初23:57 - 6:00→1988年11月-1989年1月は0:57 - 6:00にフィラー、
November 1988-Temporary at 11:1989-3:23 until March 57NHK SpecialEncore broadcasting such as).
On Friday, 1989, NHK's first day-to-day organization was held by expanding the time to 0:52.
Broadcast time expanded from 1990 to 0:30 on Saturdays (1991:0 in 15).
19925:5723:58
(To be exact, 23: 57.30 seconds)
Saturday is until 0:03, and the day-to-day formation is virtually suspended.
19935:57Mon-Thu 0:05
Fri 0:10
Sat 0:20
Day 0:00
Full-scale resumption of day-to-day formation on Friday and Saturday.
19945: 55 → 5: 50Weekdays 0:05
Sat 0:20
Day 0:00
19955:00Weekdays 1:00
Sat 1:30
Day 0:00
Expanded broadcasting time, organized regular programs at 5 o'clock in the early morning and 24 o'clock in the middle of the night
19965:00Mon-Thu 2:00
Friday and Saturday 24-hour broadcast (starting at 5:00)
Day 0:00
Expanded midnight broadcasting, broadcast 24 hours a day on Fridays and Saturdays[Note 22].
1997-19995:00Mon-Sat 24-hour broadcast (starting at 5:00)
Day 0:00
Full 24-hour broadcast except midnight on Sundays[Note 22].
July 2000-December 45:001st and 3rd Sunday 1:00
Broadcast 24 hours on other days (starting at 5:00)
Broadcast starts 1 hours a day on Sundays except the 3st and 24rd weeks[Note 23]
January 2000-January 75:0024-hour broadcast
(See the left for the starting time)
Full implementation of 24-hour broadcast on Sunday (Broadcast suspension is mainly on the 1st and 3rd Sundays[Note 24][Note 23]To each station's arbitrary setting centering on
January 2004-January 44:30Broadcast suspension is mainly on Sunday midnight (about 1 or 2 weeks a month)[Note 24]Set arbitrarily for each station.
January 2005-January 104:20[Note 25]
January 2008-January 44:15[Note 25]
April 2018-PresentTue-Friday 4:00[Note 25]
Monday, Saturday and Sunday 4:15
火-金曜日放送分のジャンクションは2018年4月-2020年9月まで3:48-3:50、2020年10月からは4:33-4:35に放送。

Organization policy

Terrestrial waveTaking advantage of the characteristics of broadcasting,Local programIs also broadcasting.Mainly on weekdays 11:17, 18:20 to 45:21, 00:XNUMX to XNUMX:XNUMX,FridayFrom 19:30 to 20:43 etc.In the data broadcasting of digital broadcasting, you can see local news and living information.

(I.e.5 or lessEarthquakeHad a ferocious force whentyphoonWhen he approaches the Japanese archipelago, he changes or pauses the planned program and broadcasts the news.If a long rain occurs due to a typhoon or rainy season, it will be broadcast overnight.

There is also a seasonal special.民放では春季・秋季の番組改編時と年末年始を中心としてゴールデンタイムの特番を組むが、NHKでは改編期ではなく、帰省で視聴者層が多くなるIn commercial broadcasting, special programs for golden time are set up mainly during the spring / autumn program reorganization and during the year-end and New Year holidays, but in NHK, the audience will increase not during the reorganization period but at homecoming.Obon(Mid January)[Note 26]And New Year holidays andpublic holidaySpecial organization is intensively organized in[Note 27].

Digital broadcasting

Multi formationIs basicallyProfessional baseball,OlympicWith relayNHK News 7When they overlapSumo wrestlingIt is limited to cases where high-profile sports broadcasts that are broadcast at the same time as the above overlap.It is held regularly every Sunday at 4: 10-4: 13 in the form of an operation test (the program changes every week, but both channels are the same program, and it may also be held on weekdays).

NHK professional baseballIn the case of local broadcasting =Miyagi-Aichi-KyusyuOkinawaIn that case, the main channel will return to the regular broadcast after 21:XNUMX, so it will jump off the relay on the way, but there are cases where it will continue to be relayed on the sub channel.Also,20064から20073UntilShizuoka stationThen, on weekdays from 17:30 to 18:00, "Yudoki Network"(011) and"Yudoki Network Tokai / Hokuriku"(012) was a regular formation. From 2013, on Saturday's day game broadcast,Saturday Studio Park』(13:50-14:50), we are broadcasting on the sub-channel.[Note 28]

In some programs recorded in full 4: 3 and some program guide spots (those with gray side panels on both sides), when using 4: 3 TV, the image is automatically displayed at 4: 3. Be expandedAngle of view informationIs attached.This also applies to educational television.However, when displaying an L-shaped screen such as a powerful low pressure system or typhoon-related information, the 4: 3 image is not enlarged during that time (the letterbox remains).

When participating in an interactive program, it was necessary to register the name (only for one person), address, and telephone number in the receiver in advance using "Easy Registration".This can also be set for BShi and educational TV data broadcasting, but if you register once on any of the BShi, general, and educational channels, you can participate in all of the NHK satellite and terrestrial interactive programs (any of them). If you register once on a channel, you do not need to register on another channel unless there is a correction).In addition, "Easy registration" will end on March 1, 1 for NHK General TV and Educational TV due to the major renewal of data broadcasting, and on March 1, 2011 for Digital Satellite Hi-Vision, and registered information after April 3, 27. Is automatically deleted.

With the start of digital broadcasting, there was no prefectural television broadcastingIbarakiStarted broadcasting in the prefecture area.2012May 4From newTochigiとGunmaPrefectural broadcasting was started in.But,South KantoRegarding the four prefectures, it is necessary to install a new transmission facility for the master station, and there is still integrated demand as a "metropolitan area", so we will consider whether to implement it again after the completion of digitization. It was just an expression.

Original organization during the transition period

2003May 12It is started sequentially fromTerrestrial digital television broadcastingUtilizing (terrestrial digital), almost all programs broadcast nationwideHigh definitionIt is produced and broadcast by the method.Standard definition multi-broadcasting can take up to 3 channels, but NHK General currently only uses 011 and 012 (or 031 and 032), and 013 (033) is not used.In addition, it should be noted2005Until December, digital broadcasting had its own replacement programs as follows.

In the Kinki area, terrestrial digital broadcasting announcement programs have been replaced in the evening hours since April 2010.

  • Monday-Friday 16: 50-16: 55 "Trip to Japan wooden station building(On analog general TV, "Aim! Geographical comedian Woo-Yay" (20 times in total, the same content is repeatedly broadcast)

Currently sports broadcast (NHK professional baseball,Major League(In this case, the extension after the end of the predetermined time is done at 012 (or 032)), but due to the convenience of radio wave operation management, the next scheduled program will be started. Up toFiller(Video walkOthers) may flow).

Broadcast format

4-hour broadcasting starting at 00:24 am (As a general rule, midnight on the 1st and 3rd Sundays of every month = midnight before dawn on Mondays, each station voluntarily suspends broadcasting or there are areas where reduced broadcasting is performed).However,JunctionBroadcasts are broadcast at 2018:20 on weekdays in the first half of 3-48, at 4:13 on Saturdays and Sundays, and at 2020:4 on weekdays in the second half of 33 (no change on Saturdays and Sundays).

* It has been broadcast since 2004.Grand SumoLive digest of this place (odd month) "Sumo wrestling, all efforts in MakuuchiIf the broadcast is suspended or reduced on the broadcast day, the suspension or reduced power was cut off by 2005:9 until September 4 and by 00:11 from November 3 ( However, the opening video will be broadcast at the starting time. Depending on the station, the broadcast may be suspended until the starting time), but the rebroadcast before dawn was abolished in March 50, and the suspension will be rounded up during the sumo wrestling period. Virtually gone,2014Since the time of the main broadcast was postponed from 3:40 to 4:05 after the autumn place, the station that suspends maintenance and rounds up the reduction at 3:40 again (even in this case, the opening national anthem performance and national flag raising is 4 before the starting point. : 13) has occurred.In addition, digital comprehensive data broadcasting cannot be used.

In the 4:20 starting point era, at the end of 2007 and the beginning of 2008, there was a day when the starting time was postponed due to the special organization of the late night program.

Time display

  • Weekday
    • Video walkAt the start-- 10:05
    • 11:05 or 11:30 --11:54 (excluding holidays, parliamentary broadcasts, and sports broadcasts)
    • 12:00 - 14:05・16:00 - 19:00(祝日は前者が13:05までで、後者が無し。国会中継・スポーツ中継時は非表示。地域によって異なる場合有[Note 29])
    • Subtitles will be added at regular NHK news (including local news, excluding News 7 and News Watch 9) at other times.
  • Saturday and Sunday
    • At the start of the video walk-until 10:05
    • 12:00 - 13:05[Note 30]
    • Subtitles will be added at regular NHK news (including local news, excluding News 7, News Earth, Saturday Sports, and Sunday Sports) at other times.
Special note
  • When broadcasting sports or parliament, it will be deleted even at the above time.またAlso2015May 12The time display is "MassanThe days of love and adventure again! (A compilation of weekly digests) ”was broadcast at 9:47 in the morning and 12:55 in the afternoon.Also,May 12Also "Surprised Pon !!The morning cameThe morning broadcast was erased at 1:13 due to the balance of "Digest / Broadcast (9-50 weeks)".
  • Natural disasters such as typhoons and heavy rains, and other emergency emergencies may occur from 0:00 to 10:00 when a special news system is set up at midnight, and when a serious weather incident occurs or a strong earthquake occurs. , When broadcasting news about them or when emergency / serious news occurs and extraordinary news about them is broadcast, it is displayed at any time.
  • 2015å¹´3月30日からは、正午を含む午前10時以降の定時ニュース(一部のワイドニュース番組は除く)、および平日20:45と22:50、土・日20:55と22:57からの各地のニュース枠での常時表示が開始。(原則各地方の基幹局から送出)。2014Depending on the region, it may be displayed in the time zone of the local news frame other than the above time zone regardless of the time zone.
  • Sunday morning "Sunday discussion", 12 o'clock is"NHK Throat”, If some special programs broadcast over the above time-out end time, it will be displayed until the end time (however,“ NHK Nodo Jiman ”will be broadcast after 13:XNUMX due to suspension of the previous week, etc.” There is no time display in case)
  • 5:00-8:00(年末年始は7:20まで)、および平日の8:15-9:00、9:05-9:55、16:50(スポーツ中継実施日は18:00[Note 31], The Diet broadcast date is after the Diet broadcast ends[Note 32])-18:59 depends on the areaWeather information(The day in the morning, the next day in the evening) Subtitle superimpose on the right side of the time[Note 33]To display.また、関東地方・大阪府では平日20:45のローカルニュースの時間帯Also, in the Kanto region and Osaka prefecture, the local news time zone is XNUMX:XNUMX on weekdays.[Note 34]However, the weather loop is displayed on the right side of the time until before the start of the weather corner.
  • In some areas such as Kanto, time is displayed in custom fonts in some news programs.[Note 35].
  • For programs of 15 minutes or more, the current time is displayed for 10 seconds when the program starts, even if it is not always displayed.[Note 36].

network

Information about each broadcasting stationList of broadcasting stations of Japan Broadcasting CorporationSee.

  • Except for the 1 metropolitan area and 3 prefectures in the South Kanto region, broadcasting is based on prefectural areas, but Hokkaido and Fukuoka prefectures broadcast by region.
  • Taizi TheBase station.
  • Call codeFor (call sign), "-DTV" is added after "JO ◇◇" on the first radio broadcast.It was "-TV" in analog broadcasting.
  • Digital broadcastingRemote control key IDIs the radio1Named after the broadcast "1"(Prefectures painted in red on the map) is the principle, but"1"ToCommercial broadcastOnly in the area to which is assigned "3(Prefectures that are also painted blue) (the cause will be described later).
  • Analog broadcastingGuide channelIs nationwide 80 ch Met.
blockBroadcasterデ ジ タ ルanalog
IDCall codePhysical chAerial line
electricity(W)
Broadcast start dateCall codePhysical chAerial line
electricity
(Video: W)
Broadcast start dateBroadcast end date
HokkaidoSapporo3JOIK-DTV0 15 ch 003k20060601 DayJOIK-TV03ch VHF010 k1956th of February 1220110May 7
HakodateJOVK-DTV0 18 ch 001k2007/1001 DayJOVK-TV04ch VHF001k19570May 3
AsahikawaJOCG-DTV0 15 ch JOCG-TV09ch VHF1958th of February 12
ObihiroJOOG-DTVJOOG-TV04ch VHF1959th of February 12
KushiroJOPG-DTV0 33 ch JOPG-TV09ch VHF1959th of February 12
Kitami(Abashiri transmitting station)[† 1]JOKP-DTV0 18 ch JOKP-TV03ch VHF19610405 Day
MuroranJOIQ-DTV0 24 ch JOIQ-TV09ch VHF1958th of February 11
TohokuSendaiJOHK-DTV0 17 ch 003k2005/1201 DayJOHK-TV03ch VHF010 k19560May 320120May 3
Akita1JOUK-DTV0 48 ch 001kJOUK-TV09ch VHF005k1959th of February 1220110May 7
YamagataJOJG-DTV0 14 ch JOJG-TV08ch VHF003k1959th of February 12
Tsuruoka(Yamagata/Relay Station)0 34 ch 05002006/1201 DayJOJP-TV[† 2]03ch VHF001k19600May 2
MoriokaJOQG-DTV0 14 ch 001k2005/1201 DayJOQG-TV04ch VHF003k1958th of February 1220120May 3
FukushimaJOFP-DTV0 15 ch 003kJOFP-TV09ch VHF19590401 Day
Aomori3JOTG-DTV0 16 ch 001kJOTG-TV03ch VHF005k19590May 320110May 7
Kanto
Koshinetsu
Tokyo1JOAK-DTV0 27 ch 010 k2003/1201 DayJOAK-TV01ch VHF050 k19530201 Day
Nagano(Migahara transmission station)[† 3]JONK-DTV0 17 ch 001k20060401 DayJONK-TV02ch VHF001k1958th of February 11
NiigataJOQK-DTV0 15 ch 003kJOQK-TV08ch VHF005k1958/1201 Day
KofuJOKG-DTV0 21 ch 002kJOKG-TV01ch VHF003k19590May 9
MaebashiJOTP-DTV0 37 ch 010020120401 Day[† 4](Tokyo relay station)52ch UHF01001965/1005 Day
MitoJOEP-DTV0 20 ch 03002004/1001 Day44ch UHF003019760May 7
UtsunomiyaJOBP-DTV0 47 ch 010020120401 Day[† 4]29ch UHF →
51ch UHF[† 5]
01001980/1003 Day
Central partNagoya3JOCK-DTV0 20 ch 003k2003/1201 DayJOCK-TV03ch VHF010 k19540301 Day
Kanazawa1JOJK-DTV0 15 ch 001k20060701 DayJOJK-TV04ch VHF003k1957th of February 12
ShizuokaJOPK-DTV0 20 ch 20050601 DayJOPK-TV09ch VHF001k19570601 Day
浜 松(Shizuoka/relay station)JODG-TV[† 6]04ch VHF1959th of February 11
FukuiJOFG-DTV0 19 ch 20060501 DayJOFG-TV09ch VHF003k19590803 Day
Toyama3JOIG-DTV0 27 ch 2004/1001 DayJOIG-TV03ch VHF1958th of February 10
TsuJONP-DTV0 28 ch 050020050401 DayJONP-TV31ch UHF005k19730402 Day
GifuJOOP-DTV0 29 ch 2004/1101 DayJOOP-TV39ch UHF19730May 2
KinkiOsaka1JOBK-DTV0 24 ch 003k2003/1201 DayJOBK-TV02ch VHF010 k19540301 Day
京都JOOK-DTV0 25 ch 001k20050401 DayJOOK-TV32ch UHF19720May 3
KobeJOPP-DTV0 22 ch 2004/1101 DayJOPP-TV28ch UHF19710May 5
和 歌 山JORP-DTV0 23 ch 010020050601 DayJORP-TV32ch UHF001k19710May 5
NaraJOUP-DTV0 31 ch 20050401 DayJOUP-TV51ch UHF19720703 Day
OtsuJOQP-DTV0 26 ch JOQP-TV28ch UHF19710401 Day[† 7]
ChugokuHiroshimaJOFK-DTV0 14 ch 003k2006/1001 DayJOFK-TV03ch VHF010 k19560May 3
Fukuyama(Hiroshima/Relay Station)0 42 ch [† 8]010020070May 4JODP-TV[† 9]01ch VHF[† 10]001k19600301 Day[† 11]
OkayamaJOKK-DTV0 32 ch 002k2006/1201 DayJOKK-TV05ch VHF010 k1957th of February 12
Matsue3JOTK-DTV0 21 ch 001k2006/1001 DayJOTK-TV06ch VHF001k1959th of February 10
TottoriJOLG-DTV[† 12]0 29 ch 0100JOLG-TV[† 13]03ch VHF19590303 Day[† 14]
Yamaguchi(Hofu transmitting station)[† 15]1JOUG-DTV0 16 ch 001kJOUG-TV09ch VHF19590May 6
ShikokuMatsuyamaJOZK-DTVJOZK-TV06ch VHF005k19570May 5
KochiJORK-DTV0 15 ch JORK-TV04ch VHF001k1958th of February 11
Tokushima3JOXK-DTV0 34 ch JOXK-TV03ch VHF19590May 3
Takamatsu1JOHP-DTV0 24 ch 2006/1201 DayJOHP-TV37ch UHF010 k19690May 3
Kyushu·
Okinawa
Fukuoka3JOLK-DTV0 28 ch 003k20060401 DayJOLK-TV03ch VHF19560May 3
Kitakyushu[† 16]JOSK-DTV[† 17]0 40 ch 001k2006/1001 DayJOSK-TV06ch VHF001k19570May 5
Kumamoto1JOGK-DTV0 28 ch 2006/1201 DayJOGK-TV09ch VHF002k[† 18]19580May 2
NagasakiJOAG-DTV0 15 ch JOAG-TV03ch VHF001k1958th of February 12
Sasebo(Nagasaki/Relay station)0 42 ch 20070401 DayJOAQ-TV[† 19]08ch VHF
Kagoshima3JOHG-DTV0 34 ch 2006/1201 DayJOHG-TV03ch VHF005k19580May 2
Miyazaki1JOMG-DTV0 24 ch JOMG-TV08ch VHF001k19600701 Day
OitaJOIP-DTV0 15 ch JOIP-TV03ch VHF003k19590May 8
佐賀JOSP-DTV[† 20]0 33 ch 0100JOSP-TV[† 21]38ch UHF005k19690May 3
Okinawa[† 22]JOAP-DTV0 17 ch 001k20060401 DayJOAP-TV[† 23]02ch VHF[† 24]1968th of February 12[† 25]
  1. ^ A separate "New Kitami relay station" is located in Kitami city.
  2. ^ Abolished the calling code when the license was renewed in November 1991.
  3. ^ A separate "Zenkojidaira relay station" is located in Nagano city.
  4. ^ a b The station itself opened on December 2005, 12.
  5. ^ Channel change due to "ana-ana conversion" due to the transition to digital broadcasting.
  6. ^ Although the timing is unknown, the calling code is abolished when renewing the license.
  7. ^ Prefectural area broadcasting start date by the notation channel.For more than 10 years, it has been operated as a relay station for the Osaka station under the name of "experimental station".
  8. ^ Channel in Hikoyama in Fukuyama city.
  9. ^ The calling code was abolished when the license was renewed in November 2003.
  10. ^ Channel at Mt. Takamiyama transmitter in Mukojima-cho, Onomichi.
  11. ^ "Onomichi Broadcasting Station" when the station opens. Relocated to the present Fukuyama city on March 1967, 3 and renamed.
  12. ^ The parent station is Mt. Kenashiyama.
  13. ^ The parent station is Mt. Hachibuseyama.
  14. ^ The first commercial TV station outside the metropolitan areaNippon Sea TVMatched to (JOJX-TV, 1ch).
  15. ^ Yamaguchi city is covered by Konomine relay station.
  16. ^ Until February 1963, 2, "Kokura Broadcasting Station".
  17. ^ Digital broadcasting has gradually become full power, so at the beginningCall nameOnly the call code was given, and the call code was put on hold.
  18. ^ It has been broadcasting at 1kW since the opening of the station,TV West JapanThe power was increased as a countermeasure against interference by increasing the power of the Fukuoka station (JOJY-TV).
  19. ^ JOAT-TV at the time of opening, changed when the license was renewed in November 1982. Call sign abolished by the license renewal in November 11.
  20. ^ The parent station is Mt.
  21. ^ The parent station is Hinokumayama.
  22. ^ The transport stream is "Naha".
  23. ^ KSGB-TV during the time of the Okinawa Broadcasting Corporation Central Broadcasting Station.
  24. ^ It was a Japanese-style channel from the beginning in anticipation of returning to the mainland.
  25. ^ Okinawa Broadcasting AssociationBroadcast start date by the central broadcasting station.NHK will take over when returning to the mainland.The Sakishima area started broadcasting the previous year.

3 ch

Nationwide at the master station of analog synthesis 3 ch The reason why there were many was 1ch, 2ch, 12ch at the beginning of TV broadcasting.U.S. Army OfradarThis is because NHK was assigned 3ch to those areas in the primary channel plan, although the frequency was later returned.As you can see in the history, this is the reason why Tokyo was transmitted on 3ch and Osaka was transmitted on 4ch at the beginning of TV broadcasting.その後東京ではエリアの拡大のため、当時1chで東京タワーから送信されていたAfter that, in order to expand the area in Tokyo, it was transmitted from Tokyo Tower on XNUMXch at that time.NHK educational TVAnd by switching channels 1 ch It became.On the other hand, in Osaka, after that, Keihanshin 4th station (Every day broadcasting.. JOOR-TV、4ch)の開局予定日であった1958年12月1日からFrom December XNUMX, XNUMX, which was the scheduled opening date of JOOR-TV (XNUMXch) 2 ch It was changed to.However, in the area where analog synthesis is 3ch, 1ch was not assigned to any broadcasting station and was vacant until the end only in Hiroshima and Oita prefectures, and only in Nagasaki prefecture was assigned to the parent station of analog education, most of them. Assigned for commercial broadcasting in the area of.Furthermore, even if the total was not 3ch, 1ch was analog education only in Yamaguchi Prefecture (total 9ch).

In the transition to terrestrial digital broadcasting half a century later, NHK said "Remote control key ID (TV remote control channel number)".2Not only educational TV but also general TV is unified nationwide.1In Hiroshima and Oita prefectures, where 3ch was vacant even in areas where analog synthesis was 1ch, "3Do not take over ""1However, in Yamaguchi and Nagasaki prefectures where 1ch was originally assigned to analog education, it is larger than the parent station.2After assigning "" to NHK General TV1Was assigned[Note 37]..However, in areas where 1ch was assigned to the commercial broadcasting parent station (head office transmission station), the commercial broadcasting station respects the intention of the commercial broadcasting station and the convenience of local viewers.[Note 38]But"1It is easy for local viewers to accept it as it is because of the regional characteristics that NHK General TV has been 3ch since the analog era.3"Became.By the way, since 2ch was not assigned to any commercial broadcaster at the master station of analog broadcasting, educational TV was able to avoid the same situation as general TV nationwide.2It was decided to be unified.

Other

  • During the period from the latter half of the 1970s to the first half of the 1980s, there was a period when the broadcast ended earlier than educational television (currently E-tele).これはthis isOil shockbyEnergy saving-Power savingTo cooperate with19741から3Until 23:23 for both general and education, then 15:XNUMX for general19754After that, it will be extended until 23:57 only on Fridays and Saturdays), and the education will extend the broadcast end time from 23:30 to 23:57, respectively, and there are cases where the synthesis ends earlier than the education.19844It lasted more than 23 years until it was officially extended to the end of 57:10.
  • 2008May 9After that, if there is an area where the broadcasting of NHK General TV will be suspended,Earthquake early warningI was broadcasting educational TV all night on a temporary basis in order to respond to2009After April, the filler will not be broadcast all night, and the subtitle "When there is emergency news, we will inform you on the channel you are watching in areas where NHK General TV is absent (excluding some areas)" Is out.However, if both general and educational maintenance is to be performed, broadcasting will be suspended on educational television.
  • Broadcast facilityの更新を行った2004å¹´8月からは、NTSCでは画像サイズ(レターボックス=サイズは16:9、14:9、13:9←→4:3コンバートとの切り替え)の調整などのため、番組終了後の数秒程度フェイドアウト状態となる番組があったが、2010May 7Since then, this fade-out state has been resolved by the complete transition to letterbox 4: 3 except for the taiga drama and the programs produced in the past with 16: 9 SD.[Note 39].

ID of each station

  • Call sign and logo on a red background, and (region name) comprehensive digital television.
    • Most stations such as the Kanto region until 2019 ... Call sign display on an egg-shaped blue background (format common to both analog and digital. In analog, it is displayed in a 16: 9 letter box).
    • From the beginning of television broadcasting to at least the first half of the 1980s, a single monochrome image was used for all broadcasting stations nationwide.boomerangCall sign in white letters on a picture that looks like two layers of・ Sendai, Nagoya, Fukuoka 2, etc.), the NHK logo at that time in black, and (○○ Television) below it.これは教育テレビジョン、および開局当初の衛星放送でも共通だったThis was common to educational television and satellite broadcasting at the beginning of the station.[Note 40].
    • In addition,One SegOnly for digital synthesis during the period when the test broadcast of"Test radio wave emission of service for mobile terminals"[16]The subtitle was also attached.
  • Asahikawa Broadcasting Station ... Call sign display with a photo of green nature (green leaves) in the background. Only analog was used in 4: 3 display.Originally, the format of Sapporo Broadcasting Station had a call sign and CH notation, but it was changed when Sapporo Broadcasting Station started terrestrial digital broadcasting.When switching the ID screen of analog broadcasting of Asahikawa station, the image was sometimes distorted for a moment.This ID was discontinued with the end of analog television broadcasting on July 2011, 7.The digital broadcasting ID has been in the same nationwide format as above since the beginning of October 24, 2007.
  • Sendai Broadcasting Station ... A horse and a call sign are displayed with Sendai Castle in the background.
  • Yamagata Broadcasting Station ... Call sign display with a photo of green nature (green leaves) in the background.The call sign is written at the bottom left.
  • Toyama Broadcasting Station ... Call sign display with yellow-green background.
  • Osaka Broadcasting Station ... At least from the mid-1980s, instead of several years, the old Osaka station building, the night view of Osaka taken from Mt. Ikoma, the map of the Kinki region, etc. were designed, and the broadcasting time was expanded to 1 am1995と1996At the end of the event, a list of callsigns and analog channels for each NHK General TV in the Kinki region was posted.
  • Kobe Broadcasting Station ... A call sign is displayed with the night view of the station building in the background.
  • Oita Broadcasting Station ... NHK is displayed in the format of Oita Prefecture.The call sign is shown in the upper left.
  • Kagoshima Broadcasting Station ... Call sign display with the station building and Sakurajima in the background.
  • These call sign screens were abolished from 2020 due to the change of the NHK logo mark, and the design was unified nationwide (the design itself is common to general education, but the color is red).

footnote

[How to use footnotes]

注 釈

  1. ^ "NHKG→ →NHKG(The character array isG(NHK)) ”:Digital terrestrial broadcastingChanneliconBut it is displayed.
  2. ^ 1978Of the yearAll dayAudience ratingWith general TVTBSAnd were 10.1% with the same ratio. In addition, in this year (1), TBS has won three crowns in the annual rating.
  3. ^ NHK ArchivesSite "Akai's reference room''(Adobe FlashRequired, viewed in June 2016)1971October version of commercial broadcast program timetable (A TV schedule) "NHK General TV is all programsカ ラ ーThere is a description of.
  4. ^ According to the program guide search of NHK Archives, "SB" ("SB" broadcast during the programStation break(Steve) organization.短い告知など)が10月9日までは(Short announcements, etc.) until October XNUMXth白 黒It has been in color since the 10th,NHKYearbookIn the "Broadcast History Mini Chronology" of '11, it is fully colored on October 10.なおIt should be noted thatNews (Chinese)Pressed plate OfTV sectionaccording to"NHK Throat''Bright rural], There are times that were broadcast in black and white after that.
  5. ^ According to the program guide search of NHK Archives, there is a record that a part of the program was broadcast in black and white after that, and on October 10, the same year, "28thNational Athletic MeetIn the Autumn Tournament-Day 5- "ArcheryIs black and white (in the same frameAthletics(Color), one of the topics taken up was broadcast in black and white in some episodes up to April 1972, 4 in "Japan's Places", which introduces local topics covered by each local station. ..その他、カラーの報道・情報番組の中でIn addition, in color news and information programsOkinawaThere is an example of relaying from in black and white, and the one that can be confirmed by the same search is "" on March 1974, 3.Nikko HijackingIs the last.
  6. ^ Incidentally,Diet broadcast,high school baseballWhen it was broadcast, it was broadcast even during the downtime.
  7. ^ Friday and Saturday only.
  8. ^ Early morning 5 o'clock start before thisSummer VacationIt has been done for a limited time.深夜の日またぎも同様にThe same goes for midnight straddlesSummer: -Winter:-spring vacationAlthough it was carried out for a limited time, the regular organization has been held since April 1993, and at this time the final version on the broadcast date from 4 o'clockNHK NewsWas played for 5 minutes and the broadcast ended. With the expansion of the broadcasting time frame in 1995, the day-to-day organization started in earnest.
  9. ^ However, as a general rule, it is set on the 1st and 3rd Sundays, but it may be suspended on the 2nd, 4th and 5th Sundays depending on the station.
  10. ^ High-definition news material distribution line started operation in August 2003
  11. ^ In the newspaper announcement, 4:30 is the starting point of the day as before, and "Viewpoint/issue』Rebroadcast was treated as the final program of the day.Sunday and Monday are separate programs, but Sunday's "New Japan travelogue againThe rebroadcast (first broadcast by region) was treated as the first program on Sunday 1st.
  12. ^ In the newspaper announcement, 4:30 was set as the starting point of the day as before, but the program schedule on the NHK official website is "Series world heritage 100Was treated as the final program, and "Points of Issue" was deleted.Although it was a separate program on Sunday and Monday, Sunday's "New Japan travelogue againThe rerun was treated as the first show on Sunday 1st.
  13. ^ 2010: 12 size until December 14 in taiga dramas and some promotional programsSemi letterboxWas continuing to broadcast on.
  14. ^ After that, only BShi resumed "advance" from March 3th.
  15. ^ The progress format is the same as that broadcast in July of the previous year.
  16. ^ ただし放送日付変更のためのジャンクションは原則として、2020年9月までは『視点・論点』の前の3:48-3:50に、2020年10月以後は4:33-4:35に放送されている。また新聞発表上は従来どおり『NHK News Good morning Japan』The start time of the first part is set as the starting point of the day, and the rebroadcast program that is being broadcast before that (Midnight channel(See section) is treated as the last program of the day.
  17. ^ At any timeFamily historyBroadcast
  18. ^ Monthly broadcasts "Video excavation variety Takeshi, the camera was spinning at that time"
  19. ^ Only on Saturdays at any timeSaturday dramaBroadcast
  20. ^ At any timeLIFE!Broadcast
  21. ^ At any timeTomorrow is a raw Masashi SadaBroadcast
  22. ^ a b There were days when intensive maintenance was performed mainly for a specific two weeks, mainly in September / October and February / March of the following year, and in that case, there were days when the broadcast time was shortened all over the country.
  23. ^ a b 当時、24時間放送を実施していた教育テレビ(現・Eテレ)は、総合テレビの放送休止を補填する目的で、日曜日のうち、第1・3週の放送を終日放送(5:00起点)としていた。なお第2・4・5週は0:45-5:00を休止にしていたが、2006年3月に24時間放送を廃止し、深夜のメンテナンスの時間を毎日設けることになった。
  24. ^ a b Centralized maintenance days are still set, but this is also an optional setting for each station.
  25. ^ a b c However, on the newspaper TV program schedule, Monday-Friday early morning is "NHK News Good morning Japan』第1部(2004年4月-2020年4月10日までと2020年7月6日-9月25日は4:30開始、2020年4月13日-7月3日(新型コロナウィルス拡大に伴うスタッフ人員削減のため)と同年9月27日以後は5:00開始)の開始時間を起点としている。
  26. ^ However, during the Obon periodNational High School Baseball ChampionshipMost of the daytime zone is devoted to high school baseball broadcasts, and the Obon seasonal specials are often set up at night (when the rainy weather is postponed, the rebroadcast of the Obon seasonal specials broadcast in the past is broadcast. There is also).なお一部の地域はその季節特番をローカルの特番(主にその時期に開催されるIn some areas, the seasonal special is a local special (mainly held at that time).Fireworks display,NebutaIt may be replaced with a relay of festivals that have been rooted in the area for a long time.
  27. ^ Many of the contents are related to the holiday.In recent years, there have been cases where special editions of live regular programs organized at the same time on weekdays have been organized (especially ""Asaichi』. ).なおIt should be noted thatMountain of the daySpecial programs related to mountain climbing are available at night or for the reasons mentioned above.BS PremiumIt is often organized by.
  28. ^ In addition, the broadcasting station where the competing team is based and the block where the broadcasting station is the base station (RakutenIfSendai Broadcasting StationAnd NHK Tohoku block stations) often broadcast on the main channel, so national net programs broadcast on the main channels in other areas will be returned or broadcast at a later date and time.In addition, there is also a pattern in which sports broadcasts are broadcast on the main channel and national net programs are broadcast on sub-channels.
  29. ^ At the Aomori station, it is hidden only during the "Daily Calendar" broadcast in "Appuru Wide".
  30. ^ However, this time zone is hidden in the Tohoku region, which broadcasts "that day, that time" on Saturdays from 12:40 to 12:45.
  31. ^ When the sumo wrestling broadcast is extended, after the sumo wrestling broadcast ends.
  32. ^ If the Diet deliberations are delayed, the broadcast will be jumped off at 18:18 and displayed from 00:XNUMX.
  33. ^ Until April 2017, 4, it was displayed below the time.
  34. ^ The former is "Metropolitan area news 845, The latter is "News 845 ~ Kansai News and Weather Information ~』.
  35. ^ In the Kanto region, "NHK News Good morning Japan"News Shiv 5:XNUMX"News at 5 o'clock"Metropolitan area network, In the Kinki region,NHK News Good morning Kansai"News Hot Kansai, In the Tokai region,Marutto!, In Fukuoka Prefecture,Rokuichi! Fukuoka, In Miyagi prefecture,Teremasane』Is carried out respectively.Also, in Hiroshima Prefecture, since the master update of the Hiroshima Broadcasting Station on May 2021, 5, custom time display has been performed on the information program "" for the Chugoku region before noon on weekdays.
  36. ^ In addition, even if the program is less than 15 minutes, the weekday midnight "Time theory public theory』, Because it is broadcast live from the news studio, the time is set for the first 10 seconds exceptionally.
  37. ^ In the latter case, the broadcasting system was practically changed from education to education, and the channel position was taken over (conversely, 2ch changed from education to education in Nagano, Osaka, and Okinawa prefectures).
  38. ^ Hokkaido Broadcasting(Sapporo master station JOHR-TV. Abashiri station JOQM-TV is also 1ch) ・Aomori Broadcasting(JOGR-TV) ・Tohoku Broadcasting(Miyagi Prefecture, JOIR-TV) ・Northern Japan Broadcasting(Toyama Prefecture, JOLR-TV) ・Tokai TV(3 Tokai prefectures (Aichi prefecture, Gifu prefecture, Mie prefecture), JOFX-TV) ・ Nihonkai TV (San'in region (Tottori prefecture, Shimane prefecture), JOJX-TV) ・Shikoku Broadcasting(Tokushima Prefecture, JOJR-TV) ・Kyushu Asahi Broadcasting(Fukuoka Prefecture, Fukuoka master station JOIF-TV. On the other hand, Kitakyushu station JOIL-TV is 2ch) ・Minaminihonhoso(Kagoshima Prefecture, JOCF-TV).テレビ単営局は東海テレビと日本海テレビのみ、この2局を以てしてもラジオ局と無関係な放送局は皆無(前者はTokai TV and Nihonkai TV are the only TV stations, and even with these two stations, there are no broadcasting stations unrelated to radio stations (the former is).Tokai radioSame company building, the latterFM San'inAnd transmission facility shared).
  39. ^ The taiga drama completely moved to letterbox 2011: 16 in 9.
  40. ^ However, at Okinawa Broadcasting Station, on the left side of these screensShisaWas drawn.

Source

  1. ^ Shoichi Ota "Kohaku Uta Gassen and the Japanese" (Chikuma Shobo Tsukuma Selection Book 78 ISBN 4480015868, 2013.11), p. 27.
  2. ^ "All record TV rating 50 years war-XNUMX million people were impressed at that time" (Sataya Hikida,Kodansha, 2004,ISBN 4062122227, P. 116)
  3. ^ "Do you see well?" TV image public experiment (1939) --A brief history of the development of Japanese broadcasting technology[Broken link]
  4. ^ The 12-minute "Yugemae" that begins the TV drama --A brief history of the development of Japanese broadcasting technology
  5. ^ Japan Broadcasting Corporation Research Institute "Fifty Year History" (1981.03)
  6. ^ 1953 NHK begins TV broadcasting with its own technology --A brief history of the development of Japanese broadcasting technology
  7. ^ Japan Broadcasting Corporation Research Institute "Fifty Year History" (1981.03)
  8. ^ Japan Broadcasting Corporation Research Institute "Fifty Year History" (1981.03)
  9. ^ a b c d Japan Broadcasting Corporation Research Institute "Fifty Year History" (1981.03)
  10. ^ News / Weather Information | Program Guide Search Results Details | NHK Chronicle
  11. ^ "About the simultaneous simultaneous delivery/start of missed program delivery service”. Japan Broadcasting Corporation (created on August 2020, 1). 2020th of February 3Browse.
  12. ^ NHK, program guide logo and watermark changed.デザインやサイズ統一Unified design and size AV Watch March 2020, 3
  13. ^ NHK Hobby Course Text "Karaoke Enka Singing Method III" Japan Broadcast Publishing Association, 1993, P.86 "Transition of TV Kayo Programs"
  14. ^ Akai's reference room(List of program for each year)
  15. ^ a b Japan Broadcasting Corporation General Broadcasting Culture Research Institute Broadcasting History Edition "NHK Yearbook '74" Japan Broadcast Publishing Association, 1974, pp. 8-9. 
  16. ^ Reference photo

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