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🧑‍🎨 | Flowers and Tateyama JR Johana Line designed by junior high school students


Photo Hattori-kun train running with a head mark designed for tulips and the Tateyama mountain range = JR Tonami Station

Flower and Tateyama JR Johana Line designed by junior high school students on the head mark

 
If you write the contents roughly
It was planned to be used on the special train "Tulip" at the fair last year, but the fair was canceled and it was carried over.
 

To match the Tonami Tulip Fair being held in Tonami City, we designed tulips and the Tateyama mountain range on the JR Johana Line on the 4th. → Continue reading

 Northern country, Toyama newspaper


Wikipedia related words

If there is no explanation, there is no corresponding item on Wikipedia.

Extra train

Extra train(Rinjiresha) is operated on a specific day or for a specified period according to some demand.列車Is.The opposite concept isRegular train.

Japanese special train

It cannot be handled by regular trains in response to fluctuations in demand depending on the season.passenger,cargoTrains that are temporarily operated to transport trains (increased trains) and tourist trains whose purpose is to get on the train rather than moving.Religious group,パ ッ ケ ー ジ ツ ア ー,School excursionIt is reserved by a large group and is operated temporarilyGroup trainIt can be roughly divided into.However, the term "temporary train" often refers to the former.

Mainly on passenger trainsNew Year's Holiday,Golden week,Obon, Holidays such as long vacations, or bigEvents(Fireworks display,Professional baseball,J LeagueIt is driven when passengers are concentrated, such as when the game is held.Also, on the day before holidays such as Fridaylast trainAs the number of passengers on the verge will increase, a special train limited to the day before the holiday will be operated just before the last train.Railway operatorThere is also.Furthermore, even if the train is operated every other day without a specific day of the week, it will be treated as a special train.However, group trains, especiallySchool excursion trainIn the case of, it is often operated during the off-season when there is plenty of transportation capacity.The railway operator that operatesJRHowever, private railways other than JR have large competition facilities along the railway lines.Hanshin Electric Railway,Keio Electric Railway,Keihan Electric RailwayIt is often driven by.

If a regular train temporarily extends the operating section, the extended section will be treated as a temporary train.Also,TrainIs also a kind of extra train.

Privatization of the national railway divisionAfter thatExtra trainOften called,East Japan Railway(JR East)Kyushu passenger railwayThe official announcement of (JR Kyushu) uses the terminology of additional trains.Also,JTB publishing,Kotsu ShimbunIssuedTimetableThe headline on the cover has changed from a special train to an additional train since around 1990, but the Kotsu Shimbun version has a tendency to use special trains again from around 2006.[1].

Operation form

Temporary trains are basically operated while the tracks are open.For this reason, it is generally better than regular trains in the same section.Table speedThere are many slow trains (long travel times).In addition, the trains and trains may differ from regular trains.

There are also special trains that are urgently increased when passengers suddenly concentrate on regular trains or when a disaster or accident occurs, and are called relief temporary trains.This is not listed in the timetableTransit Bus OfContinuation flightIt can be said that it is close to.In this case, ordinary vehicles are often operated as unreserved seats for all vehicles.In recent years, 2008May 11ToShinkansen 0 series"The last train for regular operationKodama No. 659As a temporary relief train500 seriesThere is an example in which "Kodama No. 697" was driven using.

Scheduled temporary train

DiamondA train that has a set operating time like a regular train at the time of creatingScheduled temporary trainTrains that are operated regularly, especially in certain seasonsSeasonal trainCall.

Set when demand fluctuations are predictable.in advanceHonor train OfEscape,Single lineIn the sectionPassing each otherIt is possible to solve the problem that the required time tends to be extended because such factors are taken into consideration.Track transport capacityIn sections where there is not enough room, the number of shunting and passing waiting for regular trains may increase due to the setting of scheduled special trains, or the time of regular trains must be slightly changed (in that case, it will be announced in the timetable etc.). There are drawbacks.Group trains may be operated on the same schedule on days other than the scheduled train operation days.Since it is often operated on a specific day or time, it is often based on regular trains.

Ueno Station - Sapporo StationSleeper limited express "Cassiopeia"Osaka Station - Sapporo StationSleeper limited express "Twilight express(Neither is currently in operation), someHoliday rapid, Many tourist trains are included in this.

Seasonal trains / seasonal diamonds

In the section where the number of users fluctuates depending on the season, a train with a limited operation period may be set, and that train may be set.Seasonal trainCalled.During the operation period, it is operated in the same way as regular trains, and is included in regular trains in the statistics of the number of excellent trains. In the 2015 timetableJoetsu LineMinakami Station - Echigo Nakazato StationIt can be seen in between.In addition, it should be notedRevised October 1968Before it was renamed as a seasonal trainIrregular trainsWas called.Japan National RailwayIn the (JNR) era, the distinction between seasonal trains and special trains was clear, but since the introduction of JR, the distinction between the two has become ambiguous.2000 eraFrom now on, both are often referred to as "increased trains".

Also, in the past, the operation schedule itself may be changed depending on the season.

JNR / JRBosoFrom 1961 (Showa 36) on each lineSea bathingCustomers concentrateSummer Vacation"Summer timetable" is set for the period (about 40 days),Sobu LineChiba Railway Management Bureau including (→ JR EastChiba branch) The number of trains was increased by rearranging the timetables in the jurisdiction, borrowing vehicles from other management stations, and temporarily diverting early completed vehicles for timetable revision. In 1972 (Showa 47)Sobu Rapid LineAfter openingLimited express trainIncreased number of trains and rapid trainsblue sea""White sandAsRapid trainExtended operation (Uchibo LineKimitsu Station - Chikura Stationwhile,Sotobo LineOhara Station - Awakamogawa StationWas being carried out.For these trainsHead markI was putting effort into wearing it,Express BusNet maintenance andTokyo Bay Aqua LineChanges in passenger trends due to opening, etc.TravelingGeneralization ofleisureDue to changes in orientation1998It was abolished as of (10).

In addition to JNR and JR, Keio Electric Railway until 2006Keio Line"Season diamonds" for Saturday and holiday schedules in spring and autumnKeikyu CorporationUntil 1995 July-August "Summer Holiday Timetable" for a certain period of holidaysKeihan Electric RailwayIs Saturday / Holiday in the fall of 2003 and 2004May 5"Holiday special timetable"Tarumi RailwayHowever, there were some businesses that set similar timetables, such as setting "Sakura diamonds" during the cherry blossom viewing season until 2005.

Driving date

The operation plan will be made until a few months later, taking into consideration the days of the week and events along the railway lines. As a general rule, JR's special train operation plans will be announced company-wide four times a year in January, May, August, and October.In addition, "on the special train operation"Spring:Is March-June[2],Summer: Is March-June[3],Fall:Is March-June[4],Winter:Is March-June[5] June is divided into spring and September is divided into summer, and instead of spring having four months, autumn has two months.

In the JNR era, some irregular and seasonal trains were designated as busy seasons with a certain operating time, and "Operating date A" and "Operating date B" were indicated in the guidance on the timetable.This period is different, butRapid Express → Including ExpressTobu Nikko Limited Express,Odakyu romance carBut it is adopted.

Incidentally,Kyushu passenger railway(JR Kyushu) says, "Yufuin no Mori1 year's worth and "Let's go by train A"Umiyuki YamayukiThe operation schedule for half a year is announced together.

There are also special trains that operate regularly throughout the year.

For example,bedLimited express"Cassiopeia"Or"Twilight express”, It was not possible to operate as a regular train because there were few prescribed trains, and it was operated by specifying the day of the week.[6].

Some trains are operated every day but are treated as temporary.As a typical example, "Resort Shirakami(Excluding winter),Shin-Takaoka StationStopped "KagayakiCan be mentioned[7].

In addition, there are routes that operate special trains every day for a long period of time to check passenger demand.

in the past,1970 eraThen.High economic growthBecause the regular trains alone could not keep up with the demand, in the name of increasing the number of trains,Thunderbird"Or"Green"A special train for daily operation" was set up, and the number of special trains in the 50s was assigned to the number of special trains in the 70s at that time.In addition, these trains became regular trains in the next timetable revision.

In addition,Kyushu ShinkansenEven at the time of partial opening of the business, due to the uncertainty of demand forecast, some"Tsubame" / "Relay Tsubame"Was set as a temporary train, but it remained in operation every day, supported by demand exceeding expectations, and was incorporated into a regular train about a year and a half after its opening.

As an example of doing this on a nationwide scaleFebruary 1985, 3 National Railway timetable revisionAppeared in"Α (alpha) train"was there.

As of March 2015, 3, a temporary regular train that operates daily during the daytime between Hirosaki Station and Odate Station on the Ou Line.[8] And the Rikuuto Line Naruko Onsen Station-Shinjo Station has a temporary final train at 21:XNUMX.

Within the jurisdiction of the Central Japan Railway Company (JR Tokai), special trains on some lines in Mie Prefecture and "Home Liner Taita" from Mino Ota to Nagoya via Tajimi (both train numbers are in the 8000s) are available in 2009.May 3Was integrated into regular trains.Kyushu Railway Company (JR Kyushu) also in 2009May 3Most of the daily special trains (including weekdays only. Train numbers are in the 8000s) that were set at that time were integrated into regular trains by the revision on the following 14th.[9] In this amendmentMiyazaki Airport Line-Minamimiyazaki Station - Miyazaki Airport StationAnd betweenKagoshima Main LineA special train from Ichirai to Kawauchi was set up, but in 2013May 3It was upgraded to a regular train by the revision of.

Although it is not a commercial trainConstruction train OfForwardingAnd carry materialsDistribution trainMany such trains are set as special trains for "daily driving".This is because it is convenient to flexibly change the driving and suspension at the discretion of the site, and to absorb the conditions that the driving direction differs depending on the day.

However, when different timetables are set up on weekdays and holidays, trains that operate only on weekdays and only on holidays are also classified as regular trains.

About train numbers

On the Japanese National RailwaysTrain numberOf these, the 6000/7000 seriesSeasonal train, 8000/9000 series was assigned to the special train.After privatization, the train number management method was changed, and some companies did not use the 6000/7000 range. In JR Kyushu, the 6000 series is also assigned to regular trains.

Incidentally,Tohoku-Pacific Ocean Earthquake(Great East Japan Earthquake), The 2012/3 series was used until March 16, 7000, even on the routes where the provisional timetable was implemented.Of the Senseki LineRikuzen-Ono Station-Yamoto Station - Ishinomaki StationIn the meantime, 2015, the day before the restoration of all linesMay 5Until 7000 series was used.

In the past, it was allocated as follows.

  • Before the war, the 1000s were assigned to irregular trains.
  • After the war, the 1000sAllied trainSince it was allocated to, 2000/8000 series was assigned. The 2000s reflected the lack of vehicles and fuel at the timeDriving date undecidedThe train was upgraded to a regular train when the vehicle and fuel situation improved later. 8000 seriesDemobilized trainIn principle, it can be used by general passengers by driving daily, but when the need for repatriation transportation arises due to the arrival of a repatriation ship, the use of general passengers is restricted.
  • Revised in 1964Previously, the 1000s were assigned to irregular trains, and the 3000s and above were assigned to special trains.
  • Before the revision in October 1968, the 10 series was assigned to irregular trains.Prior to this, seasonal trains were called irregular trains.

Operating route

Sea bathingSkiEven on routes and sections where the flow of passengers is usually low, such as during the season, large demand may occur depending on the season, and special trains that run on routes that are not seen on regular trains are also operated ("Spur"Such).

In addition, there are many special trains that are set in timetables depending on the background of the times and the nature of the event.As an example1967から1972To theKotobuki tour ticketTo useHoneymoonFor customersOsaka Station - Miyazaki StationFirst-class sleeping car (later)A sleeper) Only extraordinaryExpress"KotobukiWas being driven.As a tourist destination (especially as a honeymoon destination)MiyazakiIt is said that there were many tourists to.

Example of a special train

Leisure and extra trains

1960 eraIn the second half, with a boomIncome doubling planLeisure has become more diversified.As a result, the Japanese National Railways has a history of setting up special trains for seasonal leisure activities.It is also characteristic of special trains during the leisure season.NicknameThere were many trains that used.

"○○ Beach" "○○ Marine" etc.
"Marine blue whale nameA nickname that makes you imagine the sea.It was operated during the sea bathing season and was often set for rapid trains.As a similar example1980 eraFrom 1995Odakyu Electric RailwayButShinjuku-Karakida Station→Katase Enoshima Station間 にEnoshima coastI was driving special trains such as "Summer Beach" and "Shonan Marine Express" for sightseeing in[10].
○○ Ginrei
All carsReserved seatOr a special express / express train with reserved seats. The name of the regular train is entered in ○○ ("Asama Ginrei"Azusa Ginrei"Such).In addition, limited express "Mt.FujiIs the predecessor train ofSpecial Semi Express "Ginrei"Is irrelevant.
○○ skiing (skating)
All carsUnreserved seatOr a temporary express / rapid train with unreserved seats[11].. The name of the regular train or the destination is entered in ○○ (“Zao ski”, “Koide ski”, etc.).Temporary trains for skiers without a train name had been operating in the direction of the Joetsu Line before World War II.[12].
Spur
From major cities throughout Japan except Hokkaido and ShikokuSki resortA special train that the Japanese National Railways started operating in 1986.Ski busIt was also a planned train that handled the operation as a campaign to counter the situation.However, as the number of passengers decreased due to the decrease in the ski population, the scale of operation gradually decreased and was abolished in 2006.Detail isThe itemchecking ...

Since the 2000s, ski trains on conventional lines have been destroyed due to an increase in bus tours and a declining ski population, but JR East has made a day trip to the ski resort a selling point.Joetsu Shinkansen-Hokuriku ShinkansenThe shift to is favorable, and special trains are operated in winter.Many discount tickets are set, and it is operated by a group company of JR East.Gala Yuzawa Ski ResortDirectly connected toGala Yuzawa StationHas been installed.

Resorts and special trains

So-calledResortInternational as a special train with passenger transportation to the ground in mindSummer resortIsKaruizawaThe destination was typical.In addition to the increased number of limited express "Asama" and express "Shinshu" and "Myoko", 1968May 7From Tokyo Station, Japan's first seasonal limited express "Soyokaze" Nakakaruizawa StationDriving between.In addition, all cars are luxury villasGreen carThere was also a passenger car express "Karuizawa Green" composed of.About thisShin-Etsu Main Line South of Nagano Honorable Train HistorySee also

Also appeared in 1985, "Alpha continental express”Established a close relationship between the resort and the railway.The in-car facility was the main destination of the train, "Alpha Resort Tomamu"(Tomamu StationAdjacent) operates and is conventionalKiha 56 series diesel trainWas remodeled to significantly improve amenities and provide a unique space.After that, "Furano Express""Tomamu Sahoro Express""Niseko Express""Crystal Express Tomamu & Sahoro, Etc., and succeeded in fusing the resort and the special train.

As a result, it was mainly used as a group train such as a tatami room train (Japanese-style passenger car).Joyful TrainThere was a change in the form of the train, which had a great impact on JR companies. After the transition to JR, there are many special trains that are operated almost regularly using the Joyful Train.

Sports and special trains

When sports competitions are held, special trains are often operated on the lines that have the nearest stations.This is because if it is a popular competition, it attracts tens of thousands of customers and responds to the increasing transportation demand.Especially in private railways, there are examples of actively attracting facilities and professional groups from the sales side, as there are multiple professional baseball teams owned by railway companies.In some cases, stations and routes for transportation are set up, and there are many temporary train operations.

Examples of major routes on which special trains for sports are operated (main facilities next to the route name)

University entrance exams and special trains

College entrance examination(University entrance examination center examinationEtc.) may be carried out in a place far from the city area depending on the place.A special train from the main station to the nearest station will be set up to and from the venue in order for many examinees to go.

As an example

Festivals / events and special trains

Even when events along the railway line or traditional festivals are held, special trains may be operated.

As an example

Event train

As a train that does not focus on passenger transportationRailway fanThere are "event trains" such as trains for XX line opening XX anniversary issue.Typical isRevival trainSo, it is driven using the nicknames and vehicles that were once driven during the JNR era.On a train like thisBoarding certificateIs issued in many cases, and many fans ride for it.In addition, we often use vehicles with few opportunities to board, such as Joyful Trains and old passenger cars.

Tobu RailwaySo, there is a dedicated vehicle when driving a special train, until 20181800 series train (1819 train)Corresponded to that. In 2011, "Tobu Noda LineThere was a 100th anniversary issue.

Steam locomotive traction train(SL train)Trolley trainThere are also special trains to attract tourists.The steam locomotive tow train went into operation in 1976Oigawa ShindoBeginning withYamaguchi Lineof"SL Yamaguchi"Banetsu West Lineof"SL Banetsu story"Chichibu Railway LineIt is driven mainly on weekends.

Since vehicles that are not normally used on that route are often used, other than the "ride iron" that is intended for boarding, it is also for shooting purposes.Shooting ironIt is often the train that attracts attention, and it is often seen that many railroad fans gather along the railway line on the driving day.In particular, when operating a steam locomotive, not only railroad fans but also residents along the railway line are attracting attention, so a tremendous number of people may rush to the railway line and stations, and JR employees, security guards, and in some cases,Police officerSecurity may be carried out even by mobilizing.

China special train

Chinese New YearChinese New YearThe special train during the special transportation period is famous[14]..Chinese New Year special transportation will be carried out from mid-January to mid-February. In 1, the number of extra trains increased during the Chinese New Year was 2.[14]..In addition, the average number of passengers during the 2006 Chinese New Year special transportation period is estimated to be 1 (at the peak, 350), and the number of passengers is estimated to be 2000 million.[14].

Footnote/Source

[How to use footnotes]
  1. ^ Timetable gallery (railway memoir) You can see the cover of the past timetable.
  2. ^ "Notice of special train for" spring "" (PDF) (Press Release), Tokai passenger railway, (November 2018, 1), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2018, 8., https://web.archive.org/web/20180826032201/http://jr-central.co.jp/news/release/_pdf/000036163.pdf 2018th of February 8Browse. 
  3. ^ "Notice of special train for" summer "" (PDF) (Press Release), Central Japan Railway Company, (February 2018, 5), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2018, 8., https://web.archive.org/web/20180826032049/http://jr-central.co.jp/news/release/_pdf/000037240.pdf 2018th of February 8Browse. 
  4. ^ "Notice of special train in" Autumn "" (PDF) (Press Release), Central Japan Railway Company, (February 2018, 8), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2018, 8., https://web.archive.org/web/20180826032132/http://jr-central.co.jp/news/release/_pdf/000038042.pdf 2018th of February 8Browse. 
  5. ^ "Notice of special train for" winter "" (PDF) (Press Release), Central Japan Railway Company, (February 2017, 10), オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2018, 1., https://web.archive.org/web/20180129031552/http://jr-central.co.jp/news/release/_pdf/000035419.pdf 2018th of February 8Browse. 
  6. ^ However, in the case of "Twilight Express", it may be operated every day when there are many customers because the prescribed organization required for operation is barely complete.Train itemSee also
  7. ^ "About the operation of the special train in 27 [Spring]" (PDF) (Press Release), West Japan Railway Company Kanazawa Branch, (March 2014, 12), http://www.westjr.co.jp/press/article/items/140123_00_kanazawa.pdf 2014th of February 12Browse. 
  8. ^ This applies to the 9M train departing from Hirosaki at 02:8646 and the 11M train departing from Odate at 55:8651.The source isKotsu Shimbun"JR Timetable" April 2015 issue
  9. ^ Kotsu Shimbun "JR Timetable" February / March 2009 issue
  10. ^ It was operated using a romance car and equipped with the original head mark. "Railway fanAccording to the June 1996 issue, it seems that the section was operated with a "temporary" curtain for a while after 6.
  11. ^ Seto Ohashi LineIt was driven after opening,Takamatsu Station-Okayama station - Yonago StationThe special rapid train "Mt. Ooyama Ski Yumeji" is211 series super saloon "Yumeji"It was a reserved seat for all cars.
  12. ^ "Increased number of ski trains" "Tokyo Asahi Shimbun" January 10, 1, page 11
  13. ^ About passing through the temporary stop Miyajima Boat Race Miyajima -Hiroshima Electric Railway
  14. ^ a b c More than 1 extra trains, Chinese New Year special transportation, more than 1 million passengers China Communications Company, February 2006, 2

Related item

外部 リンク

Time Machine (Doraemon)

Doraemon > Secret tool > Time Machine

Time Machine(Time Machine[1]) IsFujiko F. Fujio OfComic"Doraemon], [Large feature Doraemon』Series, etc."Doraemon" derivative workAppear inSecret tool.

Overview during work

2008Invented in[2], A vehicle for time travel that has been put to practical use.NobitaAt the top of the study deskし き 出 しThe inside is the entrance to space-time, and the "flying carpet-shaped" time machine floating there is often used in the work. In the work "Doraemon", "time machine" mainly refers to this.There are various types as described below.

Flying carpet type

Overview

Overall length 2.2 meters, overall height 1.28 meters, overall width 1.6 meters, weight 538 kg, equipped with Mobius rotary engine[3]..What Doraemon ownsSecond-hand goodsforengineの始動に多少時間がかかる。ごく初期の作品ではそもそも登場せずドラえもんが生身で超空間を泳いだり、デザインが微妙に異なっていた。 『Doraemon Nobita Dinosaur]Black manThe one used by is called the "evil time machine".It has a capacity of one person, can fly faster than Doraemon's possession, and has few breakdowns.

Time travel is space-time (hyperspace)[4], Time tunnel[5]It is also called), and after moving, it becomes a void in the real space.Time holeThere is a hole called, which is the gateway between space-time and real space.You can see the scenery of space-time from the time hall and the drawer of the desk.[6]..Depending on the work, it may be a pitch-black space, and the landscape may switch to space-time after the time machine is started.[7]..When Doraemon first came to Nobita, this doorway was vacant in the drawer of Nobita's study desk, and since then this drawer has been the boarding gate for the time machine.Therefore, even if you are in a place other than the Nobita family, you can use Nobita's desk.Toriyose bagIf you order it, you can get on the time machine.

Initially, Doraemon told Nobita that "the secret of the time machine should not be known to others."[8]But before that, I had my classmates on my own[9]..After that, I also carried a red stranger other than my classmates.[10].

Maneuvering seems to be relatively easy, even during manual operation before the voice recognition function described later is equipped, NobitaQuietHave also piloted[11]..In addition, the lord accidentally boarded the time machine, and the time machine started to move without permission.[12]..It is also possible to move to extraterrestrial with continuous warp[11]..Furthermore, in "Doraemon Nobita's New Makai Daibouken" and "Doraemon Nobita's Robot Kingdom", there is a depiction of going back and forth between the parallel world (another world or another dimension) and the real world.Initially, the destination was set manually, but later a voice recognition function was added, and it became possible to go to that era by autopilot just by saying the name of the person in the age or history.[13]..After that, it was significantly remodeled to have "Time Space Navi" ("Space-Time Navi" in the large-length manga version), and it became possible to directly go to the age (or dimension) of a certain person or thing.[14]However, this version has only been used once.Also, in the large feature-length manga version, the time machine that broke down and fell out of controlAnything pilotI have also installed and piloted[14]..It is possible to float and move in the air of real space even if it is not space-time[15].

Initial boarding capacity is 3 people[16], 5 people were on board and a black man was shot and broke down[17]..It was later improved to accommodate more than 5 people (6 people in "Doraemon Nobita's Birth of Japan" and "Doraemon Nobita's Drabian Night").[18], The size is also one size larger.The seats are only prepared for the driver, and the other occupants have no choice but to stand or sit on the plate-shaped body behind the driver's seat due to the structure.

While in progress, a spherical protective space is formed around the aircraft, which is called the "time machine space".[19]..This will allow passengers to safely navigate the flow of time.However, the ability to protect is limited, and spatiotemporal turbulence that occurs in the flow of time[20]And Time Space Labyrinth ("Time Labyrinth" in the large manga version)[14], And the "twist zone"[21]Such a strong flow cannot be prevented.

Example

When Nobita became an adult, the Nobita moved to a condominium, and the place where the Nobita was was a public toilet, so the exit of the time machine was in a public toilet and in a private room.[22]..However, this is because "the place where Nobita's desk was" was set as the doorway. It is also possible to set "Nobita's desk" as the doorway, and it has been connected to the study desk that was stored in the storeroom.[23].

NobisukeI used Nobita's study desk as it was, and when Dorami came to that era, it appeared from the drawer.[24]. AlsoSewashiAlso has that desk, and the same drawer is the doorway[25].

Types

There are many types other than the flying carpet type used by Doraemon.

Time marine

Time patrolSubmersible patrol boat used by[17]..Move time with a four-dimensional vibrator.

Often "time marine"[26]Is called, but "TimeskipperMay be used[27].

A nuclear engine is mounted on the wings and a tachyon engine is mounted on the columnar legs, and two types of engines are used properly like modern hybrid vehicles.Possess time sonar for spatiotemporal search and TP missiles that can be used across spatiotemporal space[28]..Underground diving is also possible[29].

The basic form is a submersible type, but it is often disguised as a large animal for investigation.[30].

Space-time tulip

A time machine mainly used by Dorami.TulipIt imitates a flower.Unlike the open type "flying carpet type", it is boarded inside and operated.

In the past, the power source was love energy stored in a leaf-like energy tank, which was twice as fast and five times as expensive as the "flying carpet type".[31].

Currently, the power source is solar energy, which is three times faster and ten times more expensive than the "flying carpet type".Equipped with a high-performance time sensor, it is also possible to track other time machines. The boarding gate is the mirror of the mirror stand in Dorami's room in the 3nd century.

The name is not mentioned in the original. After the popular name "Tulip" appeared in "Doraemon Encyclopedia" (written by Yoji Katakura), the official name is now "Space-time tulipIs said to be[32].

Dino Hunter

Sub-aircraft carrier used by Dorumansutain and others in "Doraemon Nobita's Dinosaur"[17]..More than 10 Scorpions can be loaded.It is possible to fly at the maximum speed by using an anti-gravity engine.Time is moved by a super-large four-dimensional vibrator.Equipped with a time radar to search for time patrol.Equipped with missiles that can be launched over time and space, and laser cannons that can shoot down small flying boats in one shot[28].

Scorpion

A time armored car used by Dorumansutain and others that appears in "Doraemon Nobita's Dinosaur".as its name suggestsScorpionA stern that imitates the tail of a stern.Equipped with a nuclear engine on the wing.Time travel is performed with the built-in time machine.Machine for capturing dinosaurs[28].

Rental time machine

Spherical time machine. In the 22nd century, each leasing company rents out cheap time machines, and it is said that you can easily enjoy time travel.Most of the models with good performance are rented out because of their popularity, and in some cases, you can only rent a model that is uncomfortable to ride and rattles during use.[33].

Time paradox

A thing that comes with a time machineTime paradoxIs rarely mentioned, but acts that have too much of an impact on history are called "navigation law."lawForbidden byOne such ban is the hunting of ancient creatures, with hunters.Time patrolWithCat and mouseIt is continuing[17]..Also, in "Doraemon Nobita's Birth of Japan", Gigazombie is trying to isolate the Welm glacial period with a spatiotemporal destruction device in order to create his own country, which corresponds to the destruction of history and violates the "Navigation Law". There is.

However, despite that, Doraemon and Nobita have changed history several times.[34].

In addition, one of the characteristics of the time paradox in the Doraemon world is that "the memory and record of events that occurred before the time when the person who tried to change the time departed does not change even after the time change".[35][11]..However, basically, the memory of non-time machine passengers changes after the time is changed.[36]..Another feature is that "actions that try to change the past are already incorporated as part of history."[37].

In addition, Nobita pointed out that if Doraemon changed his future image and marriage partner, Sewashi would not be born, while Sewashi "balances with others" and "uses different transportation". But no matter what the process, I will definitely be born so that I can reach the same destination. "[38].

Basic formula

DTCM data (Doraemon, time control machine)[39]

engine
Fujiko Seisakusho AF2 type
output
E = 1.4 ×N
Spatial bowl curvature
P = 12.1 ×MKS
Performance fatigue rate
w / s
Balance / time acceleration
tα = 4×C

E (energy) = m (mass) x c (speed of light) squared based on.

Active in the work

The following works such as "Doraemon Darake" (included in the 5th volume of the ladybug comic "Doraemon") can be mentioned as episodes related to the time machine.

  • "Time Machine" (included in the 5th volume of the Ladybug Comics Special "Doraemon Color Works")
  • "Nobita Stops Me" (included in the first volume of the ladybug comic "Doraemon Plus")
  • "Monthly salary turmoil" (included in the second volume of the ladybug comic "Doraemon Plus")
  • "Ayaushi! Lion Mask(Recorded in Volume 3 of Ladybug Comics "Doraemon")
  • "Nobita Nobita" (included in the 9th volume of the ladybug comic "Doraemon")
  • "The criminal with a time machine" (included in the 15th volume of the ladybug comic "Doraemon" 
  • "A story of an accident-free injury" (included in the 22nd volume of the ladybug comic "Doraemon")
  • "The time machine is gone !!" (included in the 22nd volume of the ladybug comic "Doraemon")
  • "A man from Galapa(Recorded in Volume 45 of Ladybug Comics "Doraemon")

In large feature films and movies, there is a description that it moves to the era that is the stage in the play (Cretaceous, Japan 7 years ago, etc.), or returns to the day of departure when it is absent without permission for a long time[40] .

Art production

原作では、タイムマシンが航行する超空間は壁がカーテンのようにねじれており、そこに時計がゆがんで描かれている。アニメでも基本的にこれを踏襲した描写がなされている。

The first animationIn (NTV version), Doraemon riding a time machine is drawn at the beginning of the opening video.The background screen depicts a distorted clock in cel animation.

Animation 2nd work 1st periodThen, except for some times depicted in the drawing[41] The background isScanimateIt was drawn in.This was often used in the opening of other anime and news programs at the time, and was a common effect from 2 to the early 1s when the first phase of the second anime series began broadcasting (for details).ScanimateSee).In the movie, it was changed to CG description from "Doraemon Nobita's Genesis Diary".

Animation 2nd work 2st periodThen,IKIF +The distorted clock wall is drawn by the CG produced by. Since the broadcast on July 2017, 7, Octigrafica has newly pitched as a CG production, and at the same time the CG design has been changed.Some works in the movie[42] Except for, the CG design is depicted differently for each work.

Footnote/Source

[How to use footnotes]
  1. ^ "Can'Doraemon'become popular in the US? The US version will start broadcasting this summer.". THE PAGE(July 2014, 5). http://thepage.jp/detail/20140526-00000025-wordleaf 
  2. ^ Ladybug Comics "Doraemon" Volume 41 "Future Book Ticket"
  3. ^ "Definitive Edition Doraemon Encyclopedia" (2001, Shogakukan)
  4. ^ "Doraemon Nobita's Genesis Diary] Other
  5. ^ "Doraemon New Nobita's Birth in Japan"
  6. ^ "STAND BY ME Doraemon", the second season of the second anime "Aka Iku no Shoujo", "Suneo Yukai Jiken", "Nobita's son left home" and many others.
  7. ^ "Doraemon Nobita's Dinosaur 2006], The second phase of the second anime, "The Masked Queen Nobita Meet" and others. "Doraemon Nobita's New DinosaurIn 』, when arriving at the desired era, a time machine anchors in the space where the pendulum of a huge clock moves, and from there it goes out to the real space through the time hall.
  8. ^ Ladybug Comics "Doraemon" Volume 16 Recording "Space Tarzan"
  9. ^ "Nobita's Famous Scene" recorded in the 44th volume of the ladybug comic "Doraemon" (first appeared in November 1977).In this story, Suneo and Gian board the time machine for the first time.Also, it seems that they already knew the existence of the time machine, and there are statements suggesting that.
  10. ^ Ladybug Comics "Doraemon" Volume 24 "Fire Schedule Notification Bell"
  11. ^ a b c "Doraemon Nobita and the Iron Man Corps"
  12. ^ Ladybug Comics "Doraemon" Volume 24 "XNUMXth Century Adults"
  13. ^ "Doraemon Nobita's Parallel West Yuki"
  14. ^ a b c "Doraemon Nobita and the Robot Kingdom"
  15. ^ The second phase of the second anime, "The Masked Queen Nobita Meet", "Doraemon New Nobita's Birth in Japan"
  16. ^ Ladybug Comics "Doraemon" Volume 25 Recording "Eight Days of Ryugu Castle"
  17. ^ a b c d "Doraemon Nobita Dinosaur"
  18. ^ movies"Doraemon I'm Momotarou"
  19. ^ "Doraemon Secret All Encyclopedia" ("Televi-kun" June 1980 issue appendix) Shogakukan, 6.
  20. ^ "Doraemon Nobita's birth in Japan"
  21. ^ "Doraemon Nobita's Wan Nyan Space Time"
  22. ^ Ladybug Comics "Doraemon" Volume 6 "Nobita no Omesan"
  23. ^ Fujiko F. Fujio Daizenshu "Doraemon" Volume 2 Recording "Get Big and Defeat Gian"
  24. ^ "Dorami-chan Minidora SOS!!!"
  25. ^ TV anime "Doraemon" (2nd work, 1st term) "Nobita's" Dream Gold Medal "" (broadcast on May 1980, 5, recorded in video and DVD "Doraemon TV version special oversized issue" Spring Volume 5)
  26. ^ "Movie Doraemon Super Complete Works Doraemon 50th Anniversary Special Project Book", published on November 2020, 11
  27. ^ "More! Doraemon Special Editing MovieDoraemon Nobita's Dinosaur 2006 "Official Fan Book" (published April 2006, 4, P / 10), "Movie Doraemon Super Complete Works Doraemon 73th Anniversary Special Project Book" (published November 50, 2020, P / 11),Blu-ray Disc"Doraemon Nobita's New Dinosaur』Premium version booklet (released December 2020, 12, P / 16)
  28. ^ a b c "Movie Anime Doraemon" Shogakukan <CoroCoro Comic Deluxe 3>, published on April 1980, 4
  29. ^ Large-length manga version "Doraemon Nobita's birth in Japan"
  30. ^ "Doraemon Nobita's birth in Japan] InMammoth,Doraemon Nobita's Nankai Adventure] InA whale
  31. ^ "Doraemon Encyclopedia』Volume 2 recording" Dorami-chan question box "
  32. ^ TV anime "Doraemon" (2nd work, 2nd season) "Nobita-kun, goodbye!Doraemon returns to the future ... ”(broadcast on September 2006, 9)
  33. ^ TV animation "Doraemon" (2nd work 1st term) "Sewashi-kun's house departure" (broadcast on March 1997, 3, video "Doraemon TV version special oversized issue" spring volume 29, DVD "Doraemon collection special" spring 5 (Recorded in)
  34. ^ Ladybug Comics "Doraemon" Volume 17 "More Yo Dodo, Forever", Ladybug Comics "Doraemon" Volume 24 "Fire Schedule Notification Bell" etc.
  35. ^ Ladybug comic "Doraemon" Volume 3 recording "Perot! Live back" (*Pero was put to sleep by Doraemon and othersThere is also an interpretation that
  36. ^ Ladybug Comics "Doraemon" Volume 22 Recording "A Story of Injury Without Accident"
  37. ^ Ladybug Comics "Doraemon" Volume 15 "Criminal with Time Machine", Volume 37 "Nobita's 0-Point Escape Strategy"
  38. ^ Ladybug Comics "Doraemon" Volume 1 Recording "From the Land of the Future"
  39. ^ "Doraemon Secret Encyclopedia" recorded in Volume 1 of "Doraemon Encyclopedia"
  40. ^ "Doraemon Nobita's Dinosaur", "Doraemon Nobita and the Animal Planet", etc.
  41. ^ Broadcast on January 1983, 1, such as "Meeting in the Stone Age !!"
  42. ^ "Doraemon Nobita and the Island of Miracles ~ Animal Adventure ~''Doraemon Nobita's Secret Tool Museum"

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