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Furthermore, it was in the 80s that the number of people going on overseas trips increased rapidly.
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Traveling(traveling abroad,British: overseas travel) IslandAll of海Surrounded byCountry(Island country), "Foreign countriesTravel"(British: traveling abroad) Or “International Travel” (British: international travel)ofsynonymTerm used as. However,PeninsulaAnd the nation of the baseDiplomatic relationsA nation that is in a state of discontinuity, or a nation that has diplomatic relations with most continents in the continent, is a de facto island country in terms of people's travel. The language of the country is sometimes used.
Japanese"Overseas travel" inJapanTravel from abroad (Outbound)), this section describes "foreign travel/international travel in Japan". Most island countriesOceania,Caribbean countriesOr, it seems that diplomatic relations with the base of the peninsula are almost cut off.South Korea,YemenRefer to the articles for each country for details.
Japanese travel abroadPacific WarFrom the middle to the postwar period,GHQHas been strongly regulated by. Traveling abroad is a business and inspection,Study abroadThere must be a specific certifiable purpose, such as1963(Showa 38) After April 4,cashとTraveler's checkTotal annual amount byForeign currency500DollarWithinOccupation,CompanyTraveling due to reasons such asTravel agencyAuthorized one by one through.. The general public is not for professional reasons or company reasonsTourismThe next time I was able to freely travel abroad as a trip1964(39) After April 4, up to $1 once a yearForeign currencyWas allowed to take out. further1966After 41 January (Showa 1), the limitation of the number of times "one person per year only" was removed, and you can freely travel abroad if it is less than $1 each.After thisOverseas travel has begun to spread.
|The United Kingdom||107.9%|
|The United States of America||28.4%|
|The United States of America||9,304 million people|
|Germany(2017)||9,240 million people|
|The United Kingdom||7,173 million people|
|ロシア||4,196 million people|
|カナダ||3,344 million people|
|イタリア(2017)||3,181 million people|
|France(2017)||2,906 million people|
|South Korea||2,693 million people|
|Japan||1,895 million people|
Overseas travel at the beginning of these liberalization was expensive (about 50 yen, currently[When?]It is about 300 million yen or so), and it is limited to some wealthy people, and it was a dream for the common people. TV program"Kaoru Kaoru's World Trip] Around the worldNarrationAttached video and "10 questions correct answer dream of Hawaii"TaglineBegins withUp-down quizIt was also around this time that programs such as "were popular. Also,SweepstakesIt was around that time that overseas travel was used asLet's drink Tris and go to Hawaii!Was also a buzzword.
It began to be generalized in the 1970s, and in 1972, the number of overseas travelers exceeded 100 million.airplaneAnd the dollarFloating exchange rateThe yen's appreciation and the decrease in travel costs have progressed since then, making it possible for neighboring countries such as South Korea and Taiwan to travel for a little more than domestic travel.
Late 1980s,Plaza agreementSubsequent sharpAppreciation of the yenAnd the progress of1988During the visit to the United States that took effect from DecembervisaDue to the exemption system and other factors, the number of overseas travelers has increased significantly.1995In the midst of the yen's appreciation, which had reached a record high of ¥1 to the ¥79 level, there were cases where domestic and overseas travel expenses were reversed, and although the yen was weaker thereafter, overseas travel Has generalized to travel to neighboring countries of Japan. There are many unclear points why overseas travel is cheaper than domestic travel, but one theory points out that there are differences in local prices and labor costs.
2001 yearsAmerican terrorist attacksAnd 2003Iraq warImmediately after the relevant incident such asSARStrend,2009 OfPandemic influenza epidemicSuch as epidemicInfectionAt the time of concern, there was a statistically significant reduction in overseas travel, but it has been recovering since then.
2013At that time, the number of overseas departures from Japan was the 13th highest in the world, but the number of overseas departures in terms of population is by no means high. By generation, men are most in their 40s, followed by men in their 30s, men in their 50s, and women in their 20s. In recent years, both males and females have grown significantly in their 60s and older (senior generation), but the number of young people in their 20s has been declining since around 2000. Males in their 20s were overtaken in their 2000s after the mid-60s, and females in their 90s, who had been the number one tourist by generation until the 20s, fell to less than two-thirds...Ministry of Justice "Immigration controlAccording to "Statistics", the number of Japanese overseas travelers was the second highest in the past.2000The number of overseas travelers in their twenties was 20 million,2010Has fallen to 270 million.2011Has recovered slightly to 281 million, but it is still in a sluggish state because, unlike the past, it no longer has a special impression on overseas travel, andRegular employmentIncome is lower thanNon-regular employmentIt is mentioned that the number of people has increased.
Information on overseas incidents, illness epidemics and disasters, etc.NHK World Radio Japan OfOverseas safety informationIt is possible to listen at. To listenShortwave broadcasting(SW) can be receivedradioIs required, but a small and lightweight oneOnline shopping,Consumer electronics storeOtherdiscount store,Home centerIt is cheap and easy to obtain.
Occurred from the end of 2019New coronavirus epidemicAs a result of each country issuing immigration restrictions, overseas travel demand in 2020 dropped sharply.
Overseas travel destination ranking
The countries and regions that are the main destinations of overseas travel for Japanese people are shown below in ranking format. Figures are related to the number of Japanese overseas travelers acceptedUnited States Department of Commerce International Trade Department, Tourism Authority of Thailand, etc.)Japan Tourism Bureau (International Tourism Promotion Organization)Is calculated by.
|1|| The United States of America|
■ 北 マ リ ア ナ 諸島
|349.3 million people|
157.1 million people
56.7 million people
2.7 million people
| The United States of America|
■ 北 マ リ ア ナ 諸島
|359.6 million people|
158.8 million people
62.0 million people
5.1 million people
| The United States of America|
■ 北 マ リ ア ナ 諸島
|360.4 million people|
148.8 million people
74.6 million people
6.1 million people
| The United States of America|
■ 北 マ リ ア ナ 諸島
|379.3 million people|
148.2 million people
77.3 million people
8.1 million people
|Chugoku||373.1 million people|| The United States of America|
■ 北 マ リ ア ナ 諸島
|388.4 million people|
151.7 million people
95.5 million people
35.2 million people
|2||South Korea||294.9 million people||Chugoku||268.0 million people||Chugoku||258.7 million people||Chugoku||249.8 million people|| The United States of America|
■ 北 マ リ ア ナ 諸島
|338.6 million people|
123.9 million people
89.4 million people
18.5 million people
|Chugoku||339.0 million people|
|3||Chugoku||269.0 million people||South Korea||231.1 million people||South Korea||229.7 million people||South Korea||183.8 million people||South Korea||302.3 million people||South Korea||244.0 million people|
|4||Taiwan||196.9 million people||Taiwan||189.9 million people||Taiwan||189.6 million people||Taiwan||162.7 million people||Taiwan||108.0 million people||Thailand||118.2 million people|
|5||Thailand||165.6 million people||Thailand||154.4 million people||Thailand||144.0 million people||Thailand||138.2 million people||Thailand||99.4 million people||Taiwan||109.2 million people|
|6||Hong Kong||85.2 million people||Hong Kong||81.3 million people||Singapore||78.4 million people||Singapore||78.9 million people||Hong Kong||82.3 million people||Hong Kong||81.1 million people|
|7||Singapore||83.0 million people||Eur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.eu||79.8 million people||Eur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.eu||74.1 million people||France||68.2 million people||Germany||60.5 million people||Germany||73.0 million people|
|8||Eur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.eu||82.7 million people||Singapore||79.3 million people||Hong Kong||69.3 million people||Eur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.eu||67.1 million people||France||57.7 million people||Australia||68.5 million people|
|9||フィリピン||63.2 million people||Germany||58.5 million people||Indonesia||54.5 million people||Germany||64.8 million people||Singapore||52.9 million people||France||65.9 million people|
|10||Germany||61.3 million people||フィリピン||58.4 million people||Germany||54.5 million people||Hong Kong||63.3 million people||Eur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.eu||44.2 million people||Singapore||58.9 million people|
|11||スペイン||55.1 million people||Indonesia||57.3 million people||フィリピン||53.5 million people||スペイン||60.7 million people||Indonesia||41.9 million people||Indonesia||51.8 million people|
|12||France||54.0 million people||France||48.4 million people||スペイン||46.3 million people||Indonesia||55.0 million people||Malaysia||41.6 million people||カナダ||42.4 million people|
|13||Indonesia||53.1 million people||スペイン||44.5 million people||Australia||41.8 million people||フィリピン||49.6 million people||Australia||39.8 million people||フィリピン||41.5 million people|
|14||Australia||46.9 million people||Australia||43.5 million people||Malaysia||41.4 million people||Malaysia||48.3 million people||フィリピン||35.9 million people||Malaysia||34.0 million people|
|15||Malaysia||39.5 million people||Malaysia||39.3 million people||France||41.1 million people||イタリア||42.2 million people||イタリア||34.0 million people||スイス||33.5 million people|
|16||イタリア||38.4 million people||イタリア||38.6 million people||イタリア||40.4 million people||Australia||34.2 million people||スペイン||33.3 million people||The United Kingdom||33.2 million people|
|17||カナダ||25.1 million people||カナダ||29.5 million people||カナダ||30.4 million people||カナダ||27.5 million people||スイス||29.8 million people||Eur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.eu||32.1 million people|
|18||The United Kingdom||24.7 million people||The United Kingdom||24.7 million people||The United Kingdom||24.6 million people||オーストリア||23.7 million people||カナダ||24.3 million people||イタリア||28.1 million people|
|19||India||23.6 million people||スイス||22.7 million people||India||20.9 million people||スイス||22.6 million people||Macau||22.8 million people||オーストリア||27.9 million people|
|20||オーストリア||22.0 million people||India||22.3 million people||オーストリア||20.9 million people||India||20.7 million people||The United Kingdom||22.3 million people||スペイン||18.1 million people|
|21||スイス||21.2 million people||オーストリア||20.8 million people||スイス||19.8 million people||The United Kingdom||19.4 million people||オーストリア||21.4 million people||Macau||16.9 million people|
|22||Cambodia||21.0 million people||Cambodia||20.3 million people||Cambodia||19.2 million people||Cambodia||19.3 million people||トルコ||19.5 million people||Netherlands||15.7 million people|
|23||Macau||18.9 million people||Macau||19.0 million people||Macau||18.5 million people||Macau||16.2 million people||India||16.8 million people||New Zealand||15.5 million people|
|24||クロアチア||16.0 million people||メキシコ||15.1 million people||メキシコ||13.3 million people||クロアチア||16.0 million people||Cambodia||15.2 million people||チ ェ コ||15.4 million people|
|25||メキシコ||15.6 million people||Portugal||14.4 million people||クロアチア||12.1 million people||Netherlands||13.6 million people||クロアチア||14.7 million people||Cambodia||13.8 million people|
|26||Portugal||14.2 million people||クロアチア||14.2 million people||Portugal||11.6 million people||チ ェ コ||12.4 million people||チ ェ コ||13.3 million people||ノルウェー||12.5 million people|
|27||チ ェ コ||12.9 million people||フィンランド||12.5 million people||フィンランド||11.4 million people||メキシコ||11.9 million people||Egypt||12.6 million people||スウェーデン||11.5 million people|
|28||Netherlands||11.9 million people||Netherlands||11.7 million people||Netherlands||10.6 million people||フィンランド||10.8 million people||Netherlands||11.9 million people||ハンガリー||11.2 million people|
|29||フィンランド||11.3 million people||チ ェ コ||11.5 million people||チ ェ コ||10.6 million people||ベルギー||9.6 million people||New Zealand||8.8 million people||ベルギー||11.2 million people|
|30||ロシア||10.5 million people||New Zealand||10.2 million people||Myanmar||10.1 million people||トルコ||9.2 million people||ベルギー||8.1 million people||India||10.3 million people|
|-||1895.4 million people||-||1788.9 million people||-||1711.6 million people||-||1621.4 million people||-||1663.7 million people||-||1740.4 million people|
|Notes: Since the aggregation standard has changed in each country, it is not strictly possible to compare figures for different years. In addition,north koreaIn some countries, there is no data on the number of Japanese overseas travelers accepted.|
For the United States,Hawaii,Guam,北 マ リ ア ナ 諸島,プ エ ル ト リ コIn addition to the figures for the United States, including the number of Japanese overseas tourists, the number of acceptances for each region is added especially for Hawaii, Guam, and Northern Mariana Islands, where the numbers for each region can be confirmed.
The form of overseas travel isTravel clubPlanned byPlanning trip(So-calledパ ッ ケ ー ジ ツ ア ー), or to let the travel agency arrange transportation and accommodation facilities, planned by the traveler himself.Arrangement tripHowever, travel, in which travelers directly arrange transportation facilities and accommodation facilities without going through a travel agency, has become popular with the development of the Internet.
The merit is that it frees you from the complicated arrangements that accompany overseas travel, and that the travel agency will provide compensation in the unlikely event. Also, in planning trips, the travel agency can purchase a large amount of transportation/accommodation at a low price, so it is often cheaper than a fully arranged trip.
The disadvantage is that the degree of freedom during travel is reduced. From the beginning, a part of the itinerary has a schedule that is unnecessary for travelers, so extra time may be taken. Therefore, we will include free time in the itinerary, provide only airmail and accommodation,Free PlanThere is also a plan like. It is also possible to spend free time on a prepared tour, mainly due to an additional charge (optional).
Arrangement tripThen, the advantage is that the traveler himself can make a free itinerary. On the other hand, local negotiations (transportation, accommodation, etc.) will be complicated. In addition, there is no compensation provided by the travel agency for planned trips, and the discretion and responsibility during the stay are basically left to the traveler. Therefore, at the travel destination, it is possible to participate in individual tours arranged by the local travel agency.
Arranged tripBackpackerIs an effective way to travel. In this case, cut down the cost of lodging and eating as much as possible (Motel-guest houseBy staying in), it becomes possible to stay for a long time. Naturally, it is different from the package trip (planned trip) with a fixed scheduleMade-to-orderIt is also possible to design a travel plan forInterpreter,tour conductorArrangement offirst classAnd super luxury hotelPrivate jet,Limousine car-HigherAn ultra-luxury trip usingBaby boom generationThere is a great demand for elderly people such asTrainAccording to any request, such as going on a local route of aircraft or aircraft and staying at a local hotelTravel business managerThey can also make a schedule and arrange it.
Cheap Package Tour
in recent years,East Asia2 nights and 3 days (including round-trip transportation and accommodation) in the low 1 yen rangeパ ッ ケ ー ジ ツ ア ーIt's not uncommon to see an advertisement for. This price is between Tokyo and Shin-OsakaTokaido ShinkansenRound trip (around 29,000 yen) or less. For this reason, even students with a limited budget canGraduation tripIt is not uncommon for me to travel abroad with my friends. Similarly, due to the decrease in travel expenses, cases of traveling overseas with parents and children have become noticeable since the late 1990s.
But,Airport usage fee,Japan passportConsidering the total cost including issuance fees, it may not always be cheaper than domestic travel, especially in recent years.Crude oil priceWith soaringfuel surchargeIs added for several thousand yen (East Asian routes) to 5 yen (Europe, North American routes).
Cheap package tours have been around since 2000, and have become popular until today.DeregulationDepends on policyAirline ticketDue to the gradual liberalization of fares, foreign airlines operating in Japan, such as Europe and the United States, where deregulation had already progressed, wholesale to a travel planning company at a cheap price greatly discounted from regular fares. Becomes,DumpingIt can be said that there is excessive competition,e-commerceWith the advent of a travel agency that specializes in online shopping that operates at low cost with the progress oftour conductorAs a result of excessive competition up to wages, the tour price has become cheap.
Take a cheap package tour, purchase a larger amount of airline tickets (IT fare) that apply discounted fare for comprehensive travel, and sell only that ticket portion "Cheap flightsThe existence of "" has also become popular.
In the past, the supply was smallBargainAlthough it was often sold out on the same day as the release was started, in recent years the inventory has become abundant, and the regular discount airline tickets (PEX fares, etc.) and means of purchase released by airline companies are comparable.
For cheap flights and package tours, you can specify seats and airlineMileageThere are many restrictions such as it is not possible to add, and it is not possible to receive refunds for changes in the itinerary and for no-shows (when you did not board without canceling)needsTherefore, it is necessary to consider it carefully.
In addition, since a cheap flight ticket is a kind of arranged travel product, it is operated by the sales travel agency at the stage where payment and delivery of the fare equivalent has not been completed to the airline or wholesale travel agency.BankruptcyIf you do, you will not be able to board even if the tourist pays. Package tours can be similar if the host travel agency goes bankrupt before the event. In that case, you can only get a refund (not the total amount paid) by compensation by the guarantee system of the travel industry group, and it is excluded if you are a non-member travel agency.
Terumi ClubAs mentioned above, it has been reported that a small travel company centered on several store operations or Internet mail order operations went bankrupt and encountered the above cases, so it was decided that a travel agency or sponsored travel company Not just "price is low", but "credibility" "after-sales care", etc.consumerHowever, it is necessary to consider it carefully.
- ^ "Fifth, the current situation of overseas migration and overseas travel of Japanese people, number of travelers by region 1956-1960". Ministry of Foreign Affairs,Diplomacy blueprintNo. 5 1961 edition 36 edition Recent status of my diplomacy. 2009/6/26Browse.[Broken link]
- ^ Section 3 National Overseas Travel StatusMinistry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism
- ^ Meaning of YumonozanSanseidoDaijirin
- ^ a b c d e "(PDF)". Japan Travel Agency. 2021/2/5Browse.
- ^ 2010/7/11 Chunichi Shimbun World and Japan Illustrated Series No.949
- ^ "Trends in the number of Japanese leaving Japan". Japan Tourism Bureau (International Tourism Promotion Organization) (June 2019). 2019/11/2Browse.
- Freedom to travel abroad
- Foreign tourists visiting Japan
- International broadcasting
- NHK World Radio Japan
- Japanese language newspaper
- Japanese overseas
- wealthy class
- Tour operator
- Travel assistance
- World Travel Expo
- Morikawa Catherine Incident
- NHK World(Contents related to NHK international broadcasting including radio)
- Broadcast station information of the world (NHK international broadcast "Radio Japan")(Broadcast time zone and frequency)
- Ministry of Foreign Affairs Overseas Safety Homepage｜Important Notice Review the importance of shortwave radio
- Japan Travel Agency Association(Providing travel safety information, materials and statistical data)