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88 locations in Shikoku
88 locations in Shikoku(Shikoku Hachijuni Hachijuni,XNUMX places in Shikoku(Also written as)ShikokuIt is inKukai(Kobo Daishi) 88 places related toBuddhismTempleShikokuSacred placeIt is the most representative ticket office of.There are other names such as "XNUMX places," "Shikoku-san," and "Hon-Shikoku."XNUMX places in ShikokupilgrimageTo (pilgrimage)Shikoku Pilgrimage,PilgrimageIt is also called "Shikoku Pilgrimage" at the Shikoku XNUMX Pilgrimage Association, and also called "Shikoku Pilgrimage".俳 句Then in springSeason wordsThe locals call the pilgrims "pilgrims".Also, "hit" to visit the bill office ("#BillTo be kind to the pilgrimage) is expressed as "entertainment."
Awakuni(CurrentTokushima)'S sacred place is "Shinshin Dojo", 23 temples,Tosukuni(CurrentKochi)'S sacred place is a "training dojo" with 16 temples,Iyo country(CurrentEhime) Sacred place is "Bodhi26 temples at the DojoSanuki country(CurrentKagawa) Sacred place is "nirvanaThere are 23 temples in "Dojo", which is a breakdown of 88 sacred temples.The temples have risen and fallen over the long history, and at the time of selection, all 88 temples are as good as the temples.CathedralHowever, there was a period of decline due to the war and fire.Today, such temples are also undergoing reconstruction.
2015 years(Heisei27) On April 4,Japanese heritageAs one of the first 18 cases of "Shikoku Pilgrimage-Migratory pilgrimage route and unique pilgrimage culture"Agency for Cultural AffairsCertified by. On October 2019, 10, the agency will select "29 selections of historical roads"."Shikoku Pilgrimage" was selected for.
Eighty-eight places in Shikoku are not just a general term for 88 temples.Muromachi PeriodIt is located between 88 temples, which are believed to have been established since then, and steep mountains and deep valleys.Buddhist temple488in OfTrainingIsEdo PeriodSince the time when ordinary people began to pilgrimageCurrent profitIt is a pilgrimage to a 88-year-old temple that goes around 300 temples in search of. Also,Edo PeriodFrom around33 countries in the westKannonSacred place,Kumano,Visit ZenkojiPilgrimages have become popular among the common people, and one of them is XNUMX places in Shikoku.Imitating this from the Edo periodShodoshimaToXNUMX places on ShodoshimaSacred place,EdoToXNUMX places in GofunaiSacred place,KyusyuToEighty-eight places of ShinoguriSacred place, alsoNinna-ji Temple(Kyoto City) "Omuro 88 Places Sacred Ground" (OMUROXNUMX),Yatadera(NaraYamatokoriyama City) Visiting the XNUMX sacred sites,Taishisanji(Nara PrefectureYoshino-gunYoshino TownGo public) Back mountains like the XNUMX pilgrimage sites in New Shikoku境内Pilgrimage sites of various sizes have been created all over the country, including a sacred place built in one corner and completed in one temple.These are also called "transfers" or "copies," and are said to be proof of the prosperity of XNUMX places in Shikoku, as some sacred sites call them "New Shikoku."MeijiSince then, the development has started in earnest.HokkaidoBut,Teshio RiverTenshio New Shikoku XNUMX Pilgrimage Site in the basin, Onhoyama New Shikoku XNUMX Pilgrimage Site (Bifuka Town) Was provided.
The walking path that connects the sacred place templesPilgrimageThe total length is 1100 when pilgrimage is made through XNUMX places (described later). ――It is about 1400km.The reason why there is a range of distances is that the pilgrimage route is not an option, and the distance varies depending on the selected route.When using a car, there are many routes that return as they are or detours, which are called backtracking, so the distance tends to increase compared to walking.Generally, it takes about 40 days for a walking pilgrimage (originally called "Kachihenro") to pilgrimage all the pilgrimages on foot, and 8 to 11 days for a car or group bus. You can make a round in about a day.In addition, due to the improvement of the expressway, the shortest pilgrimage expert will make one pilgrimage in five days.
How to pilgrimage
Pilgrimages do not have to be hit in order, and depending on the place of residence and convenience of each person, you can start from any temple, and there are various means of transportation and schedules.It is called "through pilgrimage" to go around all 4 places in one trip, and "separate pilgrimage" to go around in several times, and it is divided into four of the pilgrimages: Awa, Tosa, Iyo, and Sanuki. Pilgrimage is especially called "pilgrimage to one country".In addition, turning in order is called "forward hitting", and turning in the opposite direction is called "reverse hitting".In recent years, hitting in any order is called "disturbed hitting".In general, directions are given by hitting forward, and it is said that there are many benefits to hitting back because there are many difficulties such as getting lost., Currently, signs are installed so that it is easy to see from either side, and morecar navigationIt has become possible to go around from anywhere due to the spread of.According to the myth, Iyo's work was rude to Kobo Daishi during the tour.Rich merchant-Emon SaburoCame out on the pilgrimage to ask the Daishi for forgiveness, but he could not catch up even if he pilgrimaged more than 20 times in order.leap year OfYear of the monkeyFrom the folklore that I was able to meet by trying the reverse rotation, There is an idea that if you make a counterattack in a leap year, you will get three times as much profit, and in a leap year there will be more counterattacks than in a normal year.Some travel agencies have counter-attack tours[Annotation 1]..It is said that the deceased will be judged by the Great Enma every seven days from the anniversary of his death, and a conclusion will be reached on the XNUMXth. There is an idea of a memorial service pilgrimage between the XNUMXth and the XNUMXth.
How to worship
When the pilgrim arrives at the pilgrimage, the procedure is roughly fixed (DenominationAnd worship according to the leader).It's in front of the mountain gateGasshoworshipThank youHand water houseAfter cleaning with, if possible by display etc.Bell towerAt the hallBell bellPoke once (do not poke after worship).AndMain hallTorchIncense stick-OfferingMake a dedication and pay the bill (Osame Fuda, described later), andCopyMay be paid.continueHannya Sutra,本尊Mantra, Daishi treasure, etc.SutraAnd pray.nextDaishidoMake a dedication of votive candles, incense sticks, and offerings, pay the bills, read the sutras such as the Heart Sutra and the Daishihogo, and pray.Recently, the number of people who sing it has become rare, but in the main hall, it ’s a temple.SongAt Daishido, he sings the poem of Kobo Daishi.
After that, at the sutra office in the precincts, you can bring the sutra book andhanging scroll,White coatIn addition, there are a total of 3 types of stamps: bill stamps, treasure stamps, and temple stamps.red sealAnd the name of the temple and the name of the principal image,本尊RepresentsSiddhaYou will be asked to print the type of characters, etc., and you will receive a Mikage with the principal image of each temple drawn on it, and you will pay the sutra fee.This series of actions is called sutra.In addition, one sutra is paid to the sutra book per person, and at the same time, there is one hanging scroll and one white coat, which is limited to once a day (possible from the next day onwards).You can get the black print on a white background without omission, but the color print is sold separately for a fee.At the end, we will have a prayer service in front of the mountain gate and visit the next temple.
If you go around all 88 places, you will get a "Kechigan", and you can start from any of the temples, so the 88th temple will be the temple.There is a ticket office that can make the certificate voluntarily (both are charged), and the number XNUMXOkuboji TempleAnd number 43Akashiji TempleThen, the proof of "appeal", No. 75Zentsuji TempleThen, the proof of "fulfillment", No. 1Lingshan TempleThen, it is "Shikoku XNUMX Pilgrimage Sacred Grounds Certificate".Also, in the account book,Sanuki Kokubunji TempleThen, you can write "Wishing Naruman" and "Great Wishing Fulfillment" at Shiromine Temple.afterwards,Thank youFrom Yuganji TempleKoyasan OfOkunoinHe visited the mausoleum and reported to Kobo Daishi that he was able to visit all the temples, and thanked him, and his wish was fulfilled.Although this is not specified in particular, it is common to worship and pay the sutras because there is a section on the Koyasan Okunoin in the sutra book and hanging scroll.further,TojiIf you go to (Kyooh Gokokuji), you can make a "Seimansho" (for a fee) if you wish.In addition, hanging scrolls for which payment has been completed will require additional costs and days to be dressed at a dressing shop.
Training ground, Shikoku
Since ancient times, Shikoku, which is far from the capital, has been called a remote area.Heian periodAroundApprenticeIt is said that Kukai, a young man born in Sanuki Province, was one of them.KukaiZen contemplationLater, the monks followed in the footsteps of the master and began an itinerant journey.This is the prototype of Shikoku Pilgrimage.As time goes by, in addition to the land related to Kukai,Study roadTraining groundsCape AshizurilikeFudarakutokaiWith the addition of the place that became the starting point of the training, the monks and practitioners carried out training that regarded the entire Shikoku as a place of training.
Establishment of Shikoku Pilgrimage
In faith, Kukai is 42 years oldBad year OfHirohitoIt is said that the Shikoku Pilgrimage was founded in 6 (815), but it is not a historical fact.Besides, after the death of Kukai, the disciple'sShinsaiIt is said that (800-860) pilgrimaged the ruins, but it is a folklore area.After that, at the end of the Heian period, "Old and new stories"[Annotation 2]And "Songs to Make the Dust"[Annotation 3]Describe that you have practiced in Shikoku.Holy treasure(832-909)Heavy source(1121-1206) also practiced in remote areas in Shikoku.West lineWas in 1167Emperor ChongdeShiramine Imperial Mausoleum (Shiromine Temple) I am worshiping, but there is no evidence that it has been established. Kamakura PeriodWhen entering, it is written that (1178-1252) visited the Kukai ruins in "Nankai Ryuuki".All over(1239-1289) also states that he visited the ruins.These are fragmentary, indicating that they have not been established as a whole.Muromachi PeriodIt is said that the pilgrimage as a monk's training spread to the common people. In addition, Zentsuji was rebuilt around 1350.HymnBut alsoDoryuji Temple,Emperor TempleIt is possible that Masu (1366-1452), who served as the chief priest of Shikoku and reconstructed many shrines and temples in Shikoku, was involved in the establishment of the Shikoku Pilgrimage and the selection of 88 locations.No matter who he was, Kobo Daishi tentatively entrusted Kukai with 88 locations and did not leave his name.
The first appearance of "Senji"HiroyasuOf the year (1248-1288)Daigoji TempleIn the document, it is written as "Shikoku area, pilgrimage to XNUMX countries".Also,EiseiIn 10 (1513), the graffiti of "Two people accompanying Shikoku Nakahechi" is left at No. 80 Kokubunji.
Sengoku period OfFormer parents of ChosogabeFrom the Battle of Shikoku Heisei (from around 1578)Hideyoshi ToyotomiBy the militaryShikoku attackIn a series of battles up to (1585), 16 temples in Awa, 8 temples in Iyo, and 14 temples in Sanuki.Was reportedly devastated and then visited decades laterChozen ComplianceRecord of pilgrimage in 2 (1653) "Shikokubeji Diary"In addition, in some places in Tokushima, reconstruction was delayed, and even temples described as "only the foundation remains" and "small grass temple" are also temples, so it seems that they were selected as temples even before the Warring States period.
Edo PeriodIn the early days, wiseKaneiIn the record of the pilgrimage in 15 (1638), "Shikoku Hosshinno Shikoku Sacred Ground Tour", the same bills as the present are in almost the same order.It is written in.In the diary of Chozen (pilgrimage in 1653), although it started from Idoji TempleIn the text, "Daishi is Awa's Kitabun TeninThere are no numbers, but it is considered that it was customary for Ryosen-ji to be the first temple.Then, during the pilgrimage, Chozen went to Awa Kaifu to read "Henji Fudasho no Nikki".I have purchased, but it is extantGenroku"Dedication Shikoku Nakabejiyuki Diary" reprinted in 9It seems that it is a predecessor version of the pilgrimage, and the number of the pilgrimage is not stated, but the distance to the next pilgrimage, the principal image, and the poem are listed as a table of 88 items. It turns out that was confirmed.
after that,SincerityPublished in 1687 by Shikoku Henro MichishirubeThe number of the temple is written on the temple, and the contents between the temples and the situation of the principal image and the temple are briefly described.The lonely book "Shikoku Henrei Sacred Grounds" (1689), written with sincere information, has a detailed history and a picture of the precincts, which is also interesting as a reading material.The dissemination of these books opened the pilgrimage that the practitioners had done to the general public.Until then, the pilgrimage that was conscious of walking around Shikoku while training was changed to the Shikoku Pilgrimage, where visiting a certain temple is the Shikoku Pilgrimage. It was handed down to later times..In addition, it is said that the stone road signs of the pilgrimage road, whose route is indicated by a hand-shaped arrow, began to be installed by the volunteers during this period.
The Great Earthquake of 1854 (Ansei Nankai Earthquake) 17 places in Tosa due to factors that seem to be[Annotation 4]Further in the next yearUwajima Domain OfNanyoPilgrimage entry is prohibited in four places, and there is a situation in which surrogate sutras are made at extra temples in Iyo Province.Also,BakumatsuIn addition to the restrictions on entry in Awa due to the turmoil ofMeijiIn the beginningAbolition of BuddhaWas influenced by.After the world became stable, the pilgrimage ban was lifted.Meiji 5 YearSince then, sutras have also been paid at the Kochi prefecture bill office.
Since the establishment of Shikoku Pilgrimage
In addition to monks and pilgrims for religious purposes, those who have been displaced or had to abandon their hometown due to illness, crime, etc. will continue the Shikoku Pilgrimage for the rest of their lives while receiving alms.Was present.However, it can be said that the purpose of these people was faith because they had the expectation that the illness would be cured by faith and the atonement by faith.In addition, pilgrimages have begun for the visually impaired and the physically handicapped in modern times, hoping that faith will cure illness and physical dysfunction.After that, depending on the district, a kindRite of passageIt is said that young people in the village sometimes appeared on the pilgrimage.The Shikoku Pilgrimage is not an obligation of worshipers, but is something that practitioners and monks, and later ordinary people and poverty-stricken people, have decided to carry out in order to deepen their spiritual memorial service and religious spirit.Compared to other pilgrimage sites, the image of illness recovery, confession and death is stronger than the benefits of this world.Many pilgrims fell down on the way and were buried in the pilgrimage road.Even in modern times, the Shikoku sacred place was filled with mystery and dimness because it was a henro-michi where worried pilgrims wore shrouds and prayed with illness and alienation. is there.On the other hand, in modern times, the darkness has disappeared, and in addition to memorial services, healing of the disease, and fulfillment of wishes, it has changed to a pilgrimage for maintaining health and enriching leisure time.
Impact of the separation of Shinto and Buddhism in the Meiji era and the abolition of Buddha
In the early Meiji eraDivine and Buddhist separation orderAnd it happenedAbolition of BuddhaDue to the exercise, it was a ticket office until thenShrineからBetto TempleYou can move the bill office toGod Buddha practiceTempleShrineAnd the temple itselfAbandoned templeA part of the XNUMX sacred sites in Shikoku has changed significantly.Kochi and Ehime prefectures were particularly affected.Imabari-SaijoIn the district, it was gradually reconstructed, such as being rebuilt in the same place or another temple becoming a temple.Also, by the Meiji governmentSuperior decreebyTempleMany denominations were forced into financial distress due to confiscation and confiscation.For example, at No. 52 Taisanji Temple, there are 9 vast temple territory with 6 towns and 1 tans.townAt No. 2 Hanta Temple, 50 towns and 4 tans were considered as 8 tans.In addition, nothingDanyaThere was also a temple that was ordered to be an abandoned temple and became a non-resident temple.Then, when the 100th Fudasho was established in 1993, more than XNUMX years after the separation of Shinto and Buddhism, it settled down to the shape of the current sacred place.
Affected bill office
- 13th bill place: Ichinomiya ShrineWas a ticket office,Home Buddha-Eleven-faced KannonBettoDainichi TempleMoved to the main temple and made this temple a temple.
- 27th bill place: Shinmine Kannon-doWas a shrine, but it became a shrine, and the principal image, Eleven-faced Kannon, and the temple were entrusted to Kongochoji Temple. .. 20 (TaishoFirst year),Shinmineji TempleHas a temple status as.
- 28th bill place: Dainichi TempleAlthough it was abandoned, it was rebuilt in 17.
- 30th bill place: Tosa Ichinomiya Shigeru Takaga DaimyojinWas at the temple, and the sutra was paid at Jingu-ji Temple in Betsutoji.TowerKannoninZenrakujiAt the same time, it became an abandoned temple and was quickly revived.Anrakuji TempleFudasho and Honji BuddhaAmida NyoraiWas depositedTosa Kokubunji TempleMoved from. In 1929 (Showa 4), Zenrakuji Temple was rebuilt and began to call itself the Fudasho, and there were two 30th Fudasho, which caused confusion, but in 2 (Heisei5 years)New YearThe 30th temple was designated as Zenrakuji, and Anrakuji was designated as Okunoin.
- 33th bill place: Snow templeWas abandoned, and the temple was left at No. 31 Chikurinji, but it was revived and the temple returned.
- 37th bill place: Niida Five CompaniesWas a temple, but the five main Buddhas and the temple are in Betsutoji.IwamotojiMove on to.
- 41th bill place: Ryokoji TempleThe statue of Inari Myojin in the main hall and the main Buddha of Kannon-do, Eleven-faced Kannon, were moved to the newly built main hall in the lower tier, and the upper tier was divided into shrines and the lower tier was divided into temples.
- 55th bill place: Bekkyu Mt. Ooyama Gion ShrineWas a temple, but the statue of Tomokatsu Nyorai, the hometown, is located at Betsutoji Temple.NankoubouMoved to Yakushido and moved to this temple.
- 57th bill place: Iwashimizu HachimanguIs at the ticket officeEifukuji TempleWas Betsutoji, but the shrine and temple became independent, and the temple moved from the top of the mountain to the foot of the mountain and took over the temple.
- 60th bill place: Yokomine TempleIs an abandoned temple and the temple is moved to Seirakuji at the foot of the temple, but it was revived in 1880 (Meiji 13) under the name of Omineji. In 1885 (Meiji 18), the temple returned, and in 1909 (Meiji 42), it returned to the name of Yokomineji Temple.
- 62th bill place: IchinomiyaIs at the templeHojuji TempleAlthough it was abandoned, it was rebuilt in 1877 (Meiji 10) and became a temple, and moved to its current location in 1921 (Taisho 10).
- 64th bill place:Maejinji TempleIs the destruction of the ritual of Mt. Ishizuchi Zao GongenStone iron shrineAlthough he received an order to change his clothes, he refused and resisted, but during that time, he was hit by a fire and moved to the Ioin Temple at the top of the tower.Although it was notified of the abandoned temple, it was revived there in 1879 (Meiji 12).
- 68th bill place: Kotohiki HachimanguWas a ticket office, but the hometownAmida NyoraiFigure of Bettoji TempleTempleMoved to Nishikindo and was the name of Kanonji TempleKannon TempleKanonji took over the 68th temple as the name of the temple (Kanonji originally did the 68th sutra).
- 79th bill place: Manijuin Myojoji TempleIs an abandoned temple, and the temple is taken over by Koshoin at the top of the tower, and in 1887 (Meiji 20) it is relocated to the current location where Manijuin was located as Emperor Temple Koshoin.
- 81th bill place:Shiromine TempleThe Shiramine Imperial Mausoleum managed by this temple was managed by the Imperial Household Ministry, and the tower head was abandoned except for this temple, and this temple became uninhabited.But next is the Tonsho-ji partGolden PalaceAlthough it will be caught with many treasures as a shrine, it continues to the present day by recovering the hardships of the temple grounds and a small part of the treasures.
- The spiritual boundary that everyone goes to and from without the number of bills: Mt. Sasayama Kanzeonji Temple Mt. Gassan ShrineAnd if it becomes a pilgrimage of this formulaOmishimaMigrating toMt. Ooyama Seki ShrineHowever, after the Meiji era, none of them went as a pilgrimage. Is an abandoned temple, and the Mt. Gassan sacred place
"Tourism" of pilgrimage in modern times
Until around 30, it was called "outer soil" and the traffic conditions were bad, so it was not as easy as it is today.Today, that psychological resistance is diminished, but I want to be able to go under the master no matter where I fall.Costume to deathAnd the way of thinking was not a bright image.However, it gradually begins to take the path of tourism.
Since modern times, Shikoku Pilgrimage has been taken up in various situations.In 1908, the current "Mainichi NewspapersThe predecessor of ""Osaka Mainichi Newspaper], A pilgrimage competition for Shikoku Pilgrimage was planned.This seems to be the first project in a national newspaper. In the 1930s, pilgrims who used vehicles to stay at inns and other places appeared.They were called "Modern Pilgrimage".Shikoku Pilgrimage was regarded as tourism.
In 1929, the "Henro Accompaniment Association" insisted on the traditional Shikoku Pilgrimage for those who see Shikoku Pilgrimage as tourism.TokyoWas born in.However, there is no substantial activity, and the full-scale organization is the "Shikoku 1942 Pilgrimage Reijokai" centered on Zentsuji Temple in XNUMX.Prior to the organization of this sacred place society,Koyasan Electric RailwayIn Osaka, which has a subsidiaryNankai RailwayFrom May 1937th to June 5th, 5, an event called "Shikoku 6 Pilgrimages" was held.OsakaIt was held at two locations, Sukematsu Enshuen and Kongoen.At this time, all the temples did not cooperate to achieve anything until then, but for the first time all the temples united.KaichōWas successful.It is believed that this experience was related to the establishment of the Sacred Ground Association in 1942.The principal image of the Kaichō, which was created at that time, was returned to each temple and is enshrined as a standing Buddha.
In modern times, there are still many pilgrims who are based on traditional beliefs and who expect the benefits of this world and the afterlife, but from the latter half of the 1990s, rather than religious inspiration, so-called self-search.HealingIt is said that the number of pilgrims has increased.The number of walking pilgrimages that pilgrimage all the temples on foot, which is said to have decreased for a while, has increased since the same time.Tokushima University,Imabari Meitoku Junior CollegeSome universities and junior colleges in Shikoku see the walking pilgrimage as an opportunity to reconsider themselves and incorporate it into the curriculum.
In doing the pilgrimageReservationThere is no need to make a notification, and you are free to start or end at any time.statisticsThe number of pilgrims is not certain, but the number of pilgrims is 10 a year. --30 people (of which 2500 are walking pilgrimages) -It is also said to be (5000 people).
Foreigners are also expected to increase. A museum about the Shikoku Pilgrimage between the 87th Nagao Temple and the 88th Okuboji TempleIn the guestbookThe number of foreigners who filled out the pilgrimage was 2013 in 160, 2014 in 404, 2015 in 429, and 2016 in 448.The United States of America,France,Taiwan, Canada in that order.Also, those who are promoting the placement of English conversation cards at each ticket office as support for foreigners' pilgrimages.Also appeared.
January 2018Shikoku Economic FederationAccording to a survey conducted by such companies, the number of pilgrims in Japan has decreased by an average of 10% compared to 38 years ago, and some temples answered that they have decreased by 70%.On the other hand, more than 9% of the temples answered that the number of foreign pilgrims "increased"..
2020 years,New coronavirusOn April 4, the same year, the sacred place association requested each bill office to close the sutra office due to the state of emergency being declared nationwide due to the spread ofFrom mid-April, 4 temples closed their sutras, and 79 of them closed.This is the first time since the Reijokai was established.After that, on May 3th of the same year, 5 bill offices reopened the sutra offices.After that, the reopening spread, and from June 11st, all the bill offices returned to their original state (from the official website of the Sacred Ground Association).
List of sacred places
Below is a list of XNUMX sacred sites in Shikoku by country (prefecture).Notes and explanations in this table are given below the table.
Awa (Dojo of origin)
TokushimaList of temples from 1 to 23 in.
|No.||Mountain number||Reading the mountain number||Institute name||Temple name||Reading the temple name||Denomination||本尊||Address|
|Ryozenji||Jikuwazan||Ichijoin||Lingshan Temple||Ryozenji||Koyasan Shingon sect||Buddha Buddha||Naruto|
|Mt. Nissho||Nisshozan||Mugenjuin||Gokurakuji Temple||Lottery||Koyasan Shingon sect||Amida Nyorai||Naruto|
|Konsenji||Kikozan||Shakain||Kinsenji Temple||Konsenji||Koyasan Shingon sect||Buddha Buddha||Itano Town|
|Mt. Kuroi||Kokuganzan||Henshuin||Dainichi Temple||Dainichiji||Toji Shingon sect||Dainichi Nikki||Itano Town|
|Inexhaustible mountain||Mujinzan||Shogonin||Jizoji Temple||Jizoji||Shingon Buddhism Omuro School||Winning armyJizo Bosatsu||Itano Town|
|Hot spring mountain||Onsen||Ruriko-in||Anrakuji Temple||Anrakuji||Koyasan Shingon sect||Doctor Yakushi||Ueitamachi|
|Gwangmyeongsan||Komyozan||Rengein||Jurakuji Temple||Jurakuji||Shingon Buddhism||Amida Nyorai||Awa City|
|Mt. Fumei||Fumyozan||Shinkoin||Kumagaya Temple||Kumadaniji||Koyasan Shingon sect||Senju Kannon Bosatsu||Awa City|
|Masakakuyama||Shokakuzan||Bodaiin Temple||Falunji Temple||Horinji||Koyasan Shingon sect||nirvanaBuddha Buddha||Awa City|
|Tokuyama||Tokudozan||Kanchiin||Kirihata Temple||Kirihataji||Koyasan Shingon sect||Senju Kannon Bosatsu||Awa City|
|Mt. Kongouzan||Good evening||Fujiidera||Fujii-dera||Rinzai Muneshinji School||Doctor Yakushi||Yoshinogawa|
|Mt. Roh||Marozan||Shojuin||Yakeyama Temple||Shosanji||Koyasan Shingon sect||Kokuzo Bosatsu||Kamiyama Town|
|Oguriyama||Ogurizan||Hanazoin||Dainichi Temple||Dainichiji||Shingon Buddhism Daikakuji School||Eleven-sided Kannon||Tokushima|
|Mt. Shengju||Seijuzan||Enmei-in||Jorakuji Temple||Jorakuji||Koyasan Shingon sect||Maitreya Bodhisattva||Tokushima|
|Yakuoyama||Yakuozan||Golden House||Kokubunji||Kokubunji||Soto sect||Doctor Yakushi||Tokushima|
|Mt.||よ う||Sentein||Temple||Kanonji||Koyasan Shingon sect||Senju Kannon Bosatsu||Tokushima|
|Ulsan||Rurizan||Shinpukuin||Idoji Temple||Idoji||Shingon Sozentsuji School||Seven Buddha Yakushi Nyorai||Tokushima|
|Mother's mountain||Boyozan||Hojuin||Onzanji Temple||Onzanji||Koyasan Shingon sect||Doctor Yakushi||Komatsushima|
|Hashiikeyama||Today||Maunin||Rikkoji Temple||Tatsueji||Koyasan Shingon sect||Enmei Jizo Bodhisattva||Komatsushima|
|Vulture Peak||Ryojuzen||Hoshuin||Tsururinji Temple||Kakurinji||Koyasan Shingon sect||Jizo Bosatsu||Katsuura Town|
|Mt.||Photograph||Often hospitalized||Tairyuji Temple||Tairyuji||Koyasan Shingon sect||Kokuzo Bosatsu||Anan City|
|Shiromizuyama||Hakusuizan||Ioin||Byodo-ji Temple||Byodoji||Koyasan Shingon sect||Doctor Yakushi||Anan City|
|Mt.||Iozan||Mugenjuin||Yakuoji Temple||Yakuoji||Koyasan Shingon sect||Doctor Yakushi||Minami|
Tosa (training dojo)
KochiList of temples from 24 to 39 in.
|No.||Mountain number||Reading the mountain number||Institute name||Temple name||Reading the temple name||Denomination||本尊||Address|
|Muroto mountain||Murotozan||Meiseiin||Saimisaki Temple||Hotsumi Sakiji||Shingon Buddhist Toyoyama School||Kokuzo Bosatsu||Muroto City|
|Hojuzan||Hoshuzan||Shingon-in||Tsushoji Temple||Shinshoji||Shingon Buddhist Toyoyama School||Enmei Jizo Bodhisattva||Muroto City|
|Mount Yongdu||Ryuzuzan||Komyō-in||Kongoji Temple||Kongo Clove||Shingon Buddhist Toyoyama School||Doctor Yakushi||Muroto City|
|Takebayashiyama||Chikurinzan||Jizo-in Temple||Shinmineji Temple||This screw||Shingon Buddhist Toyoyama School||Eleven-sided Kannon||Yasuda Town|
|Hokaiyama||Hokai-san||Koshoin||Dainichi Temple||Dainichiji||Shingon Sochiyama School||Dainichi Nikki||Konan City|
|Manizan||Manizan||Hozoin||Kokubunji||Kokubunji||Shingon Sochiyama School||Senju Kannon Bosatsu||Nankoku City|
|Momoyama||Dodo-san||Tomeiin||Zenrakuji||Zenrakuji||Shingon Buddhist Toyoyama School||Amida Nyorai||Kochi|
|Mount Godai||Godai-san||Golden House||Bamboo forest||Chikurinji||Shingon Sochiyama School||Manjushri||Kochi|
|Yabayama||Hachiyozan||Gumonji Hospital||Zenshimineji Temple||Zenjibuji||Shingon Buddhist Toyoyama School||Eleven-sided Kannon||Nankoku City|
|Takafukuyama||Kofukuzan||Kofukuin||Snow temple||Seikeiji||Rinzai Muneshinji School||Doctor Yakushi||Kochi|
|Mt. Motoo||Motoo||Suzakuin||Tanemaji Temple||Tanemaji||Shingon Buddhist Toyoyama School||Doctor Yakushi||Kochi|
|Iozen||Iozan||Kagamiikein||Kiyotaki Temple||Kiyota Kiji||Shingon Buddhist Toyoyama School||Doctor Yakushi||Tosa|
|Tokkozan||Dokkozan||Ishanain||Seiryuji Temple||Shoryuji||Shingon Buddhist Toyoyama School||NakiriFudo Fudo||Tosa|
|Mt. Fujii||Fujiizan||Gochiin||Iwamotoji||Iwamotoji||Shingon Sochiyama School||Five Buddha||Shimanto Town|
|Mt.||Sada||Supplementary Rakuin||Kongofukuji Temple||Kongo lottery||Shingon Buddhist Toyoyama School||Three-sided Senju Kannon Bosatsu||Tosashimizu City|
|Red Kameyama||Shakizan||Terayama-in||Enkoji Temple||Enkoji||Shingon Sochiyama School||Doctor Yakushi||Sukumo|
Iyo (Bodhi Dojo)
EhimeList of temples from 40 to 65 in.
|No.||Mountain number||Reading the mountain number||Institute name||Temple name||Reading the temple name||Denomination||本尊||Address|
|Heijozan||Hey||Yakushiin||Kanjuji Temple||Kanji Zaiji||Shingon Buddhism Daikakuji School||Doctor Yakushi||Ainan Town|
|Inariyama||Inarizushi||Gokokuin||Ryokoji Temple||Ryukoji||Shingon Buddhism Omuro School||Eleven-sided Kannon||Uwajima City|
|Ichikayama||Ichikazan||Butsumokuji Temple||Buki Temple||Butsumo lottery||Shingon Buddhism Omuro School||Dainichi Nikki||Uwajima City|
|Genkouzan||Genkouzan||Yen Tein||Akashiji Temple||Meisekiji||Tendaiji Monsou||Senju Kannon Bosatsu||Seiyo City|
|Mt. Sugo||Great||Daikakuin||Daihoji Temple||Daihoji||Shingon Buddhist Toyoyama School||Eleven-sided Kannon||Kumakogen Town|
|Coastal mountain||Kaiganzan||Iwayaji Temple||Iwayaji||Shingon Buddhist Toyoyama School||Fudo Fudo||Kumakogen Town|
|Mt.||Iozan||Pagoda||Joruri-ji Temple||Joruriji||Shingon Buddhist Toyoyama School||Doctor Yakushi||Matsuyama City|
|Mt. Kumano||Kumanozan||Myomiin||Yasakaji Temple||Yasakaji||Shingon sect||Amida Nyorai||Matsuyama City|
|Kiyotakiyama||Seiryuzan||Anyangyuan||Sairinji Temple||Sairinji||Shingon Buddhist Toyoyama School||Eleven-sided Kannon||Matsuyama City|
|Nishibayashiyama||Sairinzan||Sanzoin||Jodo Temple||Jodoji||Shingon Buddhist Toyoyama School||Buddha Buddha||Matsuyama City|
|Higashiyama||Higashiyama||Ruriko-in||Shigenji Temple||Hantaji||Shingon Buddhist Toyoyama School||Doctor Yakushi||Matsuyama City|
|Mt. Kumano||Kumanozan||Kokuzoin||Ishiteji||Ishiji||Shingon Buddhist Toyoyama School||Doctor Yakushi||Matsuyama City|
|Takiunyama||Ryuunzan||Goji-in||Taizanji Temple||Taisanji||Shingon Sochiyama School||Eleven-sided Kannon||Matsuyama City|
|Sugayama||Sugazan||Shochiin||Enmyoji Temple||Enmyoji||Shingon Sochiyama School||Amida Nyorai||Matsuyama City|
|Chikamiyama||Chikamizan||Houshouin||Enmei-ji Temple||Enmeiji||Shingon Buddhist Toyoyama School||Fudo Fudo||Imabari|
|Betsumiyayama||Beck||Kongoin Temple||Nankoubou||What a hell||Shingon Buddhism Omuro School||Tomokatsu Odori Nyorai||Imabari|
|Mt. Kinwa||Kinrinzan||Teioin||Taishan Temple||Taisanji||Shingon sect||Jizo Bosatsu||Imabari|
|Mt. Futo||Futozan||Mugenjuin||Eifukuji Temple||Eifukuji||Koyasan Shingon sect||Amida Nyorai||Imabari|
|Sakureizan||Shiizan||Senkouin||Senyuji Temple||Senyuji||Koyasan Shingon sect||Senju Kannon Bosatsu||Imabari|
|Gonkozan||Konkouzan||Saishoin||Kokubunji||Kokubunji||Shingon sect||Doctor Yakushi||Imabari|
|Mt. Ishizuchi||Ishizuchi||Fukuchiin||Yokomine Temple||Horizontal screw||Shingon Buddhism Omuro School||Dainichi Nikki||Saijo City|
|Sendansan||Chinaberry||Kyooin||Koenji Temple||Koonji||Shingon Buddhism Omuro School||Dainichi Nikki||Saijo City|
|Tenyoyama||Tenyozan||Kannon||Hojuji Temple||Hojuji||Shingon Sozentsuji School||Eleven-sided Kannon||Saijo City|
|Esoteric mountain||Esoteric Buddhism||Taizoin||Kichijoji||Kichijoji||Shingon Buddhist temple||Bishamonten||Saijo City|
|Mt. Ishizuchi||Ishizuchi||Golden House||Maejinji Temple||Preface||Shingon Buddhist stone sect||Amida Nyorai||Saijo City|
|Yuriyama||Yureizan||Jisonin||Sankakuji Temple||Sankuji||Koyasan Shingon sect||Eleven-sided Kannon||Shikokuchuo City|
Sanuki (Nirvana Dojo)
KagawaList of temples up to 66-88 in.However, No. 66 is on the Tokushima prefecture side of the border between Kagawa and Tokushima prefectures.
|No.||Mountain number||Reading the mountain number||Institute name||Temple name||Reading the temple name||Denomination||本尊||Address|
|Giant mountain||Kyogozan||Sentein||Unbeji Temple||Unpenji||Shingon Buddhism Omuro School||Senju Kanzeon Bosatsu||Miyoshi|
|Komatsuoyama||Komatsu Ozan||Fudo Koin||Daikoji Temple||Daikouji||Shingon Sozentsuji School||Doctor Yakushi||Mitoyo|
|Qibaoshan||Tail||Kannon Temple||Jinnein||Shingon Buddhism Daikakuji School||Amida Nyorai||Kanonji|
|Qibaoshan||Tail||Temple||Kannonji||Shingon Buddhism Daikakuji School||Holy Kannon Bodhisattva||Kanonji|
|Qibaoshan||Tail||Mochihoin||Motoyama Temple||Motoyamaji||Koyasan Shingon sect||Hayagriva Bodhisattva||Mitoyo|
|Sword Five Mountains||Kengozan||Sentein||Yadani Temple||I don't like it||Shingon Sozentsuji School||Senju Kannon Bosatsu||Mitoyo|
|Gahaishizan||Gahai Shizan||Enmei-in||Mandala Temple||Mandaraji||Shingon Sozentsuji School||Dainichi Nikki||Zentsuji|
|Gahaishizan||Gahai Shizan||Gumonji Hospital||Shusshakaji Temple||Shusha Kaji||Shingon Buddhism Omuro School||Buddha Buddha||Zentsuji|
|Mt.||Iozan||Tahoin||Koyamaji Temple||Koyamaji||Shingon Sozentsuji School||Doctor Yakushi||Zentsuji|
|Wuyue Mountain||Gogakuzan||Birthplace||Zentsuji Temple||Zentsuuji||Shingon Sozentsuji School||Doctor Yakushi||Zentsuji|
|Chicken foot mountain||Keisokuzan||Treasure House||Kanakura Temple||Konzouji||Tendaiji Monsou||Doctor Yakushi||Zentsuji|
|Mt. Kuwata||That's right||Meioin||Doryuji Temple||Ryuji||Shingon sect||Doctor Yakushi||Tadotsu Town|
|Fo Guang Shan||Bukkozan||Guangdeokin||Gosho-ji Temple||Goshoji||Tokimune||Amida Nyorai||Utazu Town|
|Mt. Kinka||Kinkan||Koshoin||Emperor Temple||Tennouji||Shingon Buddhism Omuro School||Eleven-sided Kannon||Sakaide|
|White cow mountain||Hakugyuzan||Sentein||Kokubunji||Kokubunji||Shingon Buddhism Omuro School||Eleven-sided Senju Kannon Bosatsu||Takamatsu|
|Aya Matsuyama||Ryoshozan||Torinin||Shiromine Temple||White screw||Shingon Buddhism Omuro School||Senju Kannon Bosatsu||Sakaide|
|Mt. Aomine||Aomi Nezan||Sentein||Nekoji Temple||Negoroji||Tendai sect stand alone||Senju Kannon Bosatsu||Takamatsu|
|Mt.||Shingozan||Daihoin||Ichinomiya Temple||Ichinomiyaji||Shingon Buddhism Omuro School||Holy Kannon Bodhisattva||Takamatsu|
|South Mt.||Noodles||Senkouin||Yashima Temple||Yamaji||Shingon Buddhism Omuro School||Eleven-sided Senju Kannon Bosatsu||Takamatsu|
|Five Mt. Tsurugisan||Gokenzan||Jizaiin Temple||Yakuri Temple||Yakuriji||Shingon Buddhism Daikakuji School||Holy Kannon Bodhisattva||Takamatsu|
|Potalaka||Potalaka||Seijokoin||Shidoji||Shidoji||Shingon Sozentsuji School||Eleven-sided Kannon||Sanuki City|
|Potalaka||Potalaka||Kannon||Chooji Temple||Uncle Naga||Tendai sect||Holy Kannon Bodhisattva||Sanuki City|
|Mt.||Iozan||Henjokoin||Okuboji Temple||Okuboji||Shingon Buddhism||Doctor Yakushi||Sanuki City|
- Nos. 1 to 23Awakuni(Tokushima Prefecture), Nos. 24 to 39Tosukuni(Kochi Prefecture), Nos. 40 to 65Iyo country(Ehime Prefecture), Nos. 66 to 88Sanuki countryLocated in (Kagawa Prefecture).However, No. 66 Umpen Temple belongs to Tokushima Prefecture in terms of administrative divisions.
- Besides this,TojiThen, we are guiding you as "XNUMX departure temples in Shikoku",.Also, as "Shikoku (88 places) Sookunoin", there was a time when there was a pilgrimage to visit after hitting No. XNUMX due to human interaction with Okuboji.Otakiji TempleHowever, since it is the Okunoin of Iyo Kokusekisho-ji, it is the Okunoin of Iyo Kokuso.Senryuji TempleHowever, many people visited to thank them when the route to the neighboring port was once crowded with pilgrimages.Yoda TempleBut that's what it says. AndChugokuXi'an City OfSeiryuji TempleIs said to be a "Shikoku Zero-bansho" because it is a temple related to Kukai (former chairman of the Sacred Ground Association)[Source required]By Yoshitaka Hasyu).The above extra temples are not listed in this list.
- A place with a popular temple name apart from the temple name. 24 Saito Misakiji Temple: Toji Temple, 25 Tsushoji Temple: Tsuji Temple, 26 Kongochoji Temple: Saiji Temple, 32 Zenjimineji Temple: Mineji Temple, 67 Daikoji Temple: Komatsuoji Temple, 79 Emperor Temple: Koshoin Temple
- The pilgrimage order has changed for reasons other than the Shinbutsu bunri decree (60th → 62nd) Hojuji is IchinomiyaNakayama River OfEstuaryLocated on the north bank洪水I moved to the current location where the priest was, because it was often washed away (63rd → 64th) Maejinji is on Mt. IshizuchielevationThere was a temple near 1400m, but for the convenience of the pilgrimage, the main temple was later set up at an altitude of 70m, so Kichijoji was 64th, 63rd, and Yokomineji for them. Mineji went from 62nd to 60th. The 37th Iwamoto-ji Temple was transferred to Yoshizo-ji Temple in Yawatahama during the Meiji era, and the number 43 was followed by the number 37, but it has returned to its original state.
If you want to check the location on the map, the map of each temple is linked to the temple number (No.) on the left in the table, and the "map showing coordinates" on the right shows all (or by prefecture) temples. You can make a map list.
Various pilgrimage means
Traditionally, Shikoku Pilgrimage is a "walking" called "pilgrimage" or "walking pilgrimage", and it takes about 1 days to walk 30km a day.For a while, the old pilgrimage roads such as mountain passes and mountain roadsPilgrimageHowever, due to the efforts of temples, local governments, locals, and the Henromichi Preservation Cooperation Association, restoration work on the old henro-michi, which has remained in its old form, has been carried out in various places. Progress.In addition, road signs were set up and roads were repaired, making it easier to challenge the walking pilgrimage.And on the roads where the pilgrimage roads and trunk roads in Shikoku are integrated and the old pilgrimage roads, you can see many walking pilgrimages in pilgrimage costumes.Furthermore, in the national and local governments, apart from the henro-michi, there are XNUMX places in Shikoku and other historic sites and roads that follow nature.Shikoku CityVarious maintenance is done as. "Shikoku no Michi" and the old pilgrimage road are not integrated, but the overlapping part is "Shikoku no Michi" with a guide version and mountain trails.
Some pilgrims try to walk at night too quickly,Street lampThere are many pilgrimage roads without pilgrimages, and even in modern times, we missed the pilgrimage road signs.DistressAccident occurreddoing.The walking pilgrimage usually leaves early in the morning and arrives at the inn by the evening.There are also several books on sale that explain the route of the walking pilgrimage for the walking pilgrimage.
- For pilgrimages during the Edo period, for the passage of rivers and bay mouthsFerryMay be used,Yoshinogawa,Urato Bay(Between 32 and 33), Uranouchi Bay (between 35 and 36),Shimanto River(Between 37th and 38th) and so on. Until the end of 2005, there was a ferry on the Shimanto River, but now it isFerry between Tanezaki and Nagahama in Urado Bay (prefectural ferry)Only remains.It is reported that the ferry was free (entertainment) in many cases when pilgrims used the ferry (current Urado Bay ferry is free even if they are not pilgrims).For historical reasons, if you apply for a petition on foot other than on a ferry, it is considered that you have applied for it on foot.
Use of public transportation
It is impossible to pilgrimage everything on foot due to physical strength or physical reasons, but while walking as much as possiblePublic transportSome pilgrims use. From 2006Shikoku Transport BureauHas created and distributed a guide leaflet for Shikoku Pilgrimage using public transportation...However, there are many areas where there is no public transportation and there are few trains and buses, which is inconvenient.
Group pilgrimage by bus
Due to the improvement of road conditions in Shikoku since the 40's, a group pilgrimage to Shikoku by a large sightseeing bus is planned and held.Full-fledged ones that go around in one go while staying for many nights, ones that go around one prefecture by visiting one country, in principle, one day trip, visiting about 1 temples at a time and participating in several tours There are various types, such as simple ones that can be used as a petition.There are also group pilgrimages to and from Shikoku sponsored by local companies, but there are also many group pilgrimages from the Kansai and Chugoku regions sponsored by major tour companies, and in recent years group pilgrimages from the Kanto region have increased.In group pilgrimages, the sutras at the main hall and Daishido are led by the priests (described later) and the monks, and the tour operator takes care of getting the judgment in the account book.In addition to group pilgrimages organized by tour companies and bus companies, there are also group pilgrimages organized by worshipers (lectures) in various places such as temples and temples.For worship at small groups and ticket offices where large buses cannot pass,MicrobusAnd jumbo taxis are also used.
Pilgrimage by car / motorcycle
Private carMany people make pilgrimages using cars such as cars and rental cars, and motorcycles.Some people use their holidays to plan their trips little by little.Now that the roadway has been improved, most of the temples can reach the parking lot adjacent to the precincts, and at Tairyuji Temple and Umpen Temple.RopewayAt Yakuriji TempleCable carHowever, you can use a shuttle bus at Iyadaniji Temple, and the long sections that require a walk to the precincts are Shosanji Temple and Yokomineji Temple, which takes about 20 minutes, and Iwaya Temple, which takes about 30 minutes.And if you use the highway, you can make a day trip from major cities in Shikoku to all the ticket offices.However, because the precincts are wide and on the slopes of the mountains, there are many places where the height difference to the main hall is large.
Pilgrimage by bicycle
People who enjoy biking and those who want to make a pilgrimage on their own, even if it is not possible to walk in terms of time and physical strength, use bicycles.There are many mountainous areas, and there are many places where you can push up, and you can pilgrimage in about 10 to 14 days.
As a type of bicycleTransmission gearVehicles suitable for long-distance drivingThere are manyCity cycle(Mamachari)Electric Assist Bicycle, Folding bicycles, etc. are also used.The number of so-called "charinko pilgrimages" using bicycles has increased, and related books have also been released...If you do not bring your bicycle repair tools, it will be difficult for you to handle them at the store.
Culture associated with Shikoku Pilgrimage
- Emon Saburo
- Emon SaburoIs a legendary person related to the Shikoku sacred place, which is said to have traveled to Shikoku more than 20 times and apologized to Kukai and died.
- Shinshin Houshi
- SacrednessIn 4, he published "Shikoku Pilgrimage Guide".Previous books found were reluctant and unnumbered,SinceritySince he is a low-ranking monk, he does not hesitate to number the temples and include accommodation information, making it a useful guidebook for pilgrims.
- Shigebei Nakatsugu
- Hiroka2 years(1845）Suo(CurrentYamaguchi ) Born, his real name is Kameyoshi Nakaji,Legal nameIs a righteous religion.Pilgrimage to XNUMX places in ShikokuKeio2 years(1866From)Taisho11 years(1922), And erected more than 280 sword stones.Taisho10 years(1921) Died in the pilgrimage at the age of 76.
- Kenki Miyazaki
- He started walking pilgrimage in 1978 because of his own illness, and felt the inconvenience, and installed many trails and pilgrimage stones.In 160, he worked on the maintenance and restoration of the old pilgrimage road, and published "Shikoku Pilgrimage Alone Walking Accompanying Two People", which showed a map for walking pilgrimages that did not exist at that time and 1990 extras.
- However, on November 2010, 11,Takanawa mountainI went to Fukumisan, a system, to investigate alone and became a person who never returned.
Costumes and belongings
- White coat(Byakue)
- It is also called Oizuri.White clothing worn by pilgrims.If you buy it at XNUMX temples in Shikoku or at a store in front of the gate, it represents Kobo Daishi.Siddha"Nanmu Daishi Hensho Kongo" is generally written on the back.There is also an explanation that the one with sleeves is a white coat and the one without sleeves is a sash.A white coat that is not actually worn just to receive a treasure stamp is also called a seal.There is a theory that it is regarded as a shroud so that you can fall down at any time during the pilgrimage, and even if it is a pilgrimage, you will wear a white coat as a clean garment because you are training. There is also a theory that.In Shikoku, it is customary to wear and send out the pilgrimages that have been judged at all the bill offices when they die, and some people wear the pilgrimages and do pilgrimages, but that is free.In addition, at the sacred place society, (Monk's working clothesSamue (even if you wear a lab coat on top)jeansThe pilgrimage in Japan is said to be unfavorable.
- The ringCassockIndispensable for pilgrimageHoiIs.It is a rule to remove it when going to the bathroom or when eating, and you may be warned if you are a stranger if you keep it on.But don't forget it after you've done it.
- WoodenCaneSo, it comes from the cane that Kukai had during his training.The Kongo-zue possessed by pilgrims is said to be an incarnation of Kobo Daishi, and when you arrive at the inn, you should wash the toes of the cane first with fresh water and place it in the room between the upper seat and the alcove.Of the pilgrims who fell down during the pilgrimagestupaIt is said that it was used as.The ones on the market are "Two companions", "Nanmu Daishi Hensho Kongo", and "Earth", "Water", "Fire", "Wind", and "Sky" on the head.OlympicsSome of them have the Heart Sutra written on them, and the Olympics on the head are wrapped in gold so that they cannot be touched directly by hand. They should not be attached on the bridge (described later).
- sunlightProtect your head from wind and rain.In the shade, "I'm lostThree RealmsThe characters are written as "castle," "Satoru Jyuho Sora," "originally no east and west," "where there is north and south," and "two people accompanied."It is common to wear it so that the Sanskrit character is in front.Pilgrims wearing pilgrimage hats are allowed to visit the precincts without taking off their hats.You don't have to take off your hat if you don't take off your footwear even in the hall..The reading is "Because I am at a loss, the third world is a castle, because Satoru is the sky, there is originally no east and west, and where is the north and south."
- Bill payment (Osame Fuda)
- A bill that you can visit at a bill office and put it in your proof of payment.Hannya SutraTheCopyIt is officially to pay what you have done (pay the sutra), but you may pay the bill with your name written after reading the sutra.It is said that Emon Saburo struck a bill at a temple (which Kukai seems to stop by) to inform Kukai that he was looking for Kukai.In the past, wooden and metal bills were nailed to the gates and pillars of the main hall.From this, I would like to say that I visited the pilgrimage itself and the pilgrimage place."strike"Also called.Nowadays, paper bills are put in the bill box to avoid damage to the temple buildings and to make it convenient to carry.In addition, when you receive entertainment, it is a rule to give the person a bill with a feeling of gratitude.The color of the bill changes depending on the number of applications. 1-4 times white, 5-7 times green, 8-24 times red, 25 times or more silver, 50 times or more gold, and 100 times or moreNishiki tagWill be.In addition, you may use the white bill even if you can use those colored bills as many times as you like, and some people use the white bill even if you turn 100 times or more.In addition, officials are given official silver badges and Shikoku-shaped silver badges from 25 times or more, and official gold badges and golden badges from 50 times or more by applying to the sacred place association through the temple. Can be used.
- Two people accompanying me
- Even if I go around XNUMX places in Shikoku alone,Two people accompanyingHe always pilgrimages with the feeling of being with "Oshi-san" (Kobo Daishi). "Two people accompanied" is also written on the worship tool.The two pilgrims and the other are devoted to the deceased family, ancestors, and other than Kobo Daishi.Rulai,BodhisattvaThere is also a teaching that you may think about such things.
- Nanmu Daishi Hensho Kongo(Namudaishi Henjo Kongo) ・ Treasure
- "Nanmu" means "to devote. Believe." "Hensho Kongo" is the master of Kukai.HuiguoからIrrigationThe pitching Buddha when receivingDainichi NikkiThen, the secret issue, Hensho Kongo, was bestowed on Kukai.Some denominations call it "Nanmu Hensho Kongo", but at this sacred place, it is called "Nanmu Daishi Hensho Kongo".Nowadays, it is generally called "Kukai", "Kobo Daishi" or "Oshi", but he seems to have liked the name of Hensho Kongo and uses this name in his own writings to perform to the emperor. There is also a view that time is humbly described as Kukai.
- Ten Commandments
- 10 pilgrimages to protectCommandments.
- Along the way, the tradition is that the locals provide food and drinks, towels, Zennejuku, and sometimes cash to Ohenro-san free of charge.On the other hand, Henro is supposed to give the bill (Osame Fuda) that he has to the person who "entertains" him.Thanks to this culture, it is said that even relatively poor people could visit in the past.Even today, in the southwestern part of Shikoku, there is still a "teahouse" that served as a place of entertainment. The heart of "entertainment" is by entertainingMeritThere are various things, such as the legend that the pilgrims are also a kind of incarnation of Kobo Daishi, and a kind of surrogate.In tourism promotion and training for tourism workers, it may be broadly interpreted as "hospitality".OriginallyKansaiで33 countries in the westIt is said that it started for practitioners and pilgrims at the Kannon Sacred Ground, but it is said that it was quickly abolished in Kansai due to tourism and popularization.Even in areas other than Shikoku, it is called entertainment.A lectureIt was also done to collect pilgrimages, collect pilgrimages, and entertain pilgrimages in Shikoku.In addition, when information such as where to go to receive entertainment flows, pilgrimages gather, and entertainment performed with good intentions becomes obligatory and burdensome, so at the Henromichi Preservation Cooperation Association, Zennejuku etc. I'm telling you "I want you to walk around the edge" without posting information on entertainment..
- Zennejuku (Zenkonyado, Zegonyado)
- Also known as a good man's inn.In a broad sense, it is also said to be a Zenne-juku that offers an overnight inn on the pilgrimage that passes in front of your house, saying, "Stay overnight."Generally, it is a simple accommodation facility prepared in good faith with the spirit of "entertainment".Facilities are provided by individuals, companies, and communities.
- Originally, it is a facility (do) for practicing sutra chanting and chanting mantras throughout the night in the temple, but in XNUMX places in Shikoku, it has a strong meaning as a simple accommodation facility prepared by the sacred place for pilgrims.ShukuboUnlike, there is only the minimum equipment to sleep (there is basically no futon).In the past, there were many sacred sites with tsuyodo, but the number has decreased due to the increase in accommodation facilities such as inns and problems such as user etiquette, and now the sacred sites with tsuyodo (huts, garages, etc.) are temporarily opened. (Including the sacred place that you may use) is about 2%.
- Izari car
- Unwalkable and difficult pilgrims once pilgrimaged in "Izari cars".This is modernwheelchairThe smaller one is like a dolly, but the larger one is like a hut with two wheels, and it is said that he could sleep in it.The latter hut type was mainly used in the pilgrimage.It is reported that some villages had a rule that when they saw a car, they pushed it to the neighboring village.
- Tosa is a demon country
- During the Edo period, pilgrims entered and left Kannoura (currently Kochi Prefecture) in Tosa Province (currently Kochi Prefecture).Toyo TownKoura area) and Matsuo Pass (currentlySukumo)ofBarrierThere were only two places.Even after entering Japan, strict restrictions were imposed, such as prohibiting people from visiting other than the ticket office.It is also said that there was something like pilgrimage hunting.Also, the most in ShikokuAbolition of BuddhaIt was Tosa that was fierce, and for this reason, it was sometimes called "Oni Kuni Tosa" among pilgrims.However, once you enter, it is unlikely that you will crack down on grassroots, it is easy to spend in a warm climate, and the entertainment of the people was the same as in other countries, so in winterbeggarIt is said that pilgrimages have gathered.Therefore, from late autumn, the pilgrimage was sometimes closed.
- Don't use a cane on the bridge
- Current Ehime prefectureOzu CityKukai asked for an inn nearby, but all the houses refused and he had no choice but to sleep under the bridge.The cold and the sound of a traveler piercing the bridge with a cane made him unable to sleep at all, and one night felt like ten nights.WakaRemains.For this reason, pilgrims may not have a cane when crossing the bridge because there may be Kukai under the bridge.Right next to it, facing the national highway, there is Eitokuji Temple (extra sacred place), and many people visit it.Currently, the bridge is "Toyagabashi(Toyogahashi) "National Route 56It has become a part of the concrete bridge with a lot of traffic, but while remembering Kukai under the bridgeCampcan do.It may be flooded in the rainy season, and in the summermosquitoThere are many.
- Earth Shikoku, Island Shikoku, New Shikoku
- The XNUMX places in Shikoku are sometimes abbreviated as "Shikoku pilgrimage" or "Shikoku" or "Oshisan", but in various parts of Japan it is a popular religion.ShikokuAlternatively, there are things called "mini Shikoku" and "new Shikoku".On the remote islands, the island was likened to Shikoku, and XNUMX places were reproduced.Island ShikokuAlsoSeto Inland SeaShodoshima and Iyo Oshima are typical examples.Also,AichiAround the center (Tokai region), The XNUMX places in Shikoku are called "Hon Shikoku" for the new Shikoku.
- Sekisho Temple
- There is one Sekisho-ji temple in each prefecture that says that those with an evil heart cannot proceed from there., Kagawa Prefecture is said to be the 66th Umpen Temple..The 40th Kanjuji Temple is Shikoku Ura Sekisho Temple, and the 43rd Meiseki Temple is Hon Sekisho Temple.It is said.Ehime Prefecture is No. 48 Sairin TempleThere is also a theory that it is.
Shikoku XNUMX Pilgrimage Site Association
- What is the Shikoku 1958 Pilgrimage Association (hereinafter referred to as the Shikoku Pilgrimage Association)? It was established in 33 (Showa 2017) with the founder of the temple of the Shikoku 6 Pilgrimage Temple, and was established on June 1, 6. Incorporated as Shikoku XNUMX Pilgrimage Reijokai (currently Chairman Hidemine Hatada [No. XNUMX Anrakuji priest]).. HeadquartersZentsuji TempleIt is installed on the premises of.
- Certified ancestors
- The Shikoku Reijokai is a system that officially recognizes ancestors, and if you apply for it through four pilgrimages, apply for the sacred place temple, and participate in the ancestor training session held at Zentsuji every December, you will become a new assistant.After that, two years later, two applications were awarded, two years and two applications were medium, three years and three applications were large, three years and three applications were large, and after that, those who made a special contribution were commended, and then quasi-special appointment. (Capacity 4 people) And special appointment (capacity 12 people).There are also elders who can become priests who own temples.
- Also, on the right side of the Gobyobashi bridge at Koyasan Okuin, there is a memorial tower for the deceased of officials.
- 1200th anniversary commemorative project
- In 42, which is the 1200th year since Kukai (Kobo Daishi) was said to have traveled to Shikoku when he was 2014 years old, each temple exhibited the principal image of a secret Buddha and a treasured statue of Buddha, which is not normally open to the public. The doors and entrances to the Daishido were allowed, and special memorial services and performances were held..
- As one of the events, the walking training called "Shikoku Pilgrimage Walking with Daishi" started from Zentsuji Temple on February 2013, 2, and went around all the bills in 4 divisions, and on May 25, 2014. In addition to making a petition at Zentsuji Temple, the 5th anniversary of its foundingDecreeWas done.
- Also, in April 2013Chubu International Airport, Tokyo in AprilMarunouchiIn NovemberSendai AirportThe book was opened and closed at.The eighty-eight dekaicho honzon and the life-sized statue of Kobo Daishi, which was used for this purpose, were produced at Matsumoto Akikei Kobo in 18 and opened their eyes.
- It seems that the founding project was carried out every 50 years, and there are still some stamps stamped on the account book 50 years ago, and on the entrance gate pillar of the precincts of 59th Kokubunji Temple, "Tame Shikoku founding XNUMXth anniversary commemoration" It is shown that it is engraved with "erection".
- The walking training will start on April 2015, 27, the following year, at Mt. Koya,Yoshino, Nara, Kyoto, and intermittently until June 2017, 6, when I returned to Zentsuji.
- Commemorative Mikage / Commemorative Sanka
- "Seto Ohashi Opening Memorial" in 63 by painter Shunichi KadowakiPrint絵In 10, "Akashi Kaikyo Bridge Opening Memorial" was a blue background with a golden shadow, and in 11, "Nishi Seto Expressway Opening Memorial" was a silver background. The 26 "Shikoku Sacred Ground 1200th Anniversary" was distributed when the white Sanskrit Mikage was delivered on a red background.In 26, the same commemorative stamp was also stamped on the account book, and it was the commemorative stamp since 59, when Kobo Daishi was admitted in 1984.
- The 28 "Japan Heritage Certification Commemoration / Leap Year Limited" will be distributed when the commemorative Sanka pays the sutras (from the website of the Shikoku Pilgrimage Association), and will be distributed to each temple.Japanese heritageStone monument was set up (Hojuji TempleEighty-seven temples).
- To commemorate the 1100th anniversary of the Kobo DaishiReiwaFrom May 5st of the first year to December 1st of Reiwa 3rd year, the poem Mikage tag will be distributed, and Reiwa 12nd yearNew YearMore Daishi sutras are performed.
- Trial related to Shikoku Reijokai
- The Shikoku Sacred Grounds Association decided to copy the photo of the Sacred Grounds Association Osafumi Honzon recorded in a photographer's photo book without the permission of the author and sell it as "Sacred Grounds Association Coloring Thanks" at each temple.Therefore, the photographer who is the authorUnfair Competition Prevention LawIn 19 based onTokyo District CourtI filed a complaint with.The plaintiff's photographer does not sell the image, and the original image copyright of the principal image was purchased by the Sacred Ground Association from another painter for tens of millions of yen.For this reason, the plaintiff lost the case in the first instance and the appeals instance.Currently, "Shikoku 88 Pilgrimage Thanks" is sold at each temple, but if you copy it "with the consent of the photographer", there was no problem (in the district court's decision, " Expressed as "free ride") Few people know that it was sold at the end of the court battle..
- The Shikoku Reijokai is the XNUMXnd templeHojuji TempleIn March 2015, the chief priest of Hojuji Temple did not join the association and did not obey the rules.Takamatsu District CourtToCivil actionHowever, the sacred place association lost the case.According to the judgment of the Takamatsu District Court, "Shikoku Reijokai is a voluntary organization in which individual priests are members," and individual priests cannot be forced to join.In addition, since it is not an organization with religious personality rights but an organization operated for the economic purpose of the temple, it is not possible to force the priest of the temple to obey the rules based on the religious personality.a..From December 2019, Hojuji Temple has returned to the Sacred Grounds Association.Detail isHojuji Temple #Sacred Ground Withdrawal and rejoinSee.
- Nioumon (51st Ishite Temple)
- Main hall (52nd Taisanji Temple)
- Main hall (70th Motoyamaji Temple)
- Gold bronze tin cane head (75th Zentsuji)
- One character one BuddhaHokke SutraPreface (75th Zentsuji Temple)
- Awa Kokubunji Garden (15th Kokubunji)
- Chikurinji Garden (No. 31 Chikurinji)
- Iwaya (No. 45 Iwayaji Temple)
- Hoshigamori= Yokomineji Ishizuchiyama Harukasho (No. 60 Yokomineji)
- Special historical site
- Sanuki Kokubunji Ruins (80th Kokubunji)
- Historic site
- Dainichiji precincts (Itano town), Jizoji precincts (Itano town), Yakeyama temple road (Kamiyama town), Ichinomiya road (Kamiyama town), Jorakuji precincts (Tokushima city), Onzanji road (Komatsushima city), Tateji road (Komatsushima city) City), Tsururinji Road (Katsuura Town), Tsururinji Precincts (Katsuura Town), Tairyuji Road (Katsuura Town and Anan City), Kamo Road (Anan City), Tairyuji Temple Precincts (Anan City) Anan City), Tairyuji Road (Anan City), Unbeji Road (Miyoshi City)
- Tosa Kokubunji Ruins (29th Kokubunji)
- Tosa Henro-michi --Designated in 2016, additionally designated in 2021
- Seiryuji Road (Tosa City), Takebayashi Temple Road (Kochi City), Zenjimineji Road (Kochi City)
- Iyo Kokubunji Tower Ruins (59th Kokubunji)
- Iyo Henro-michi --Designated in 2016, additionally designated in 2021
- Kanjuji Road (Ainan Town), Inari Shrine Precincts and Ryukoji Temple Precincts (Uwajima City), Buddhist Temple Road (Uwajima City), Akashiji Temple Precincts (Seiyo City), Otoji Road (Seiyo City), Iwaya Temple Road (Iwaya Temple Road) Kumakogen Town), Yokomineji Road (Saijo City), Yokomineji Precincts (Saijo City), Triangle Temple Okunoin Road (Shikoku Chuo City),
- Yawatahama HighwayKasaoki PassYue (about 0.5km on the Seiyo city side, about 1.1km on the Yawatahama city side)
- Sanuki Henro-michi --Designated in 2013, additionally designated in 2021
- Mandaraji Road (Zentsuji City / Mitoyo City), Zentsuji Precincts (Zentsuji City), Nekoji Road (Sakaide City / Takamatsu City), Okuboji Road (Sanuki City)
Lingshan Temple(No. 1)
Gokurakuji Temple(No. 2)
Kinsenji Temple(No. 3)
Dainichi Temple(No. 4)
Jizoji Temple(No. 5)
Anrakuji Temple(No. 6)
Jurakuji Temple(No. 7)
Kumagaya Temple(No. 8)
Falunji Temple(No. 9)
Kirihata Temple(No. 10)
Yakeyama Temple(No. 12)
Dainichi Temple(No. 13)
Jorakuji Temple(No. 14)
Awa Kokubunji Temple(No. 15)
Idoji Temple(No. 17)
Onzanji Temple(No. 18)
Rikkoji Temple(No. 19)
Tsururinji Temple(No. 20)
Tairyuji Temple(No. 21)
Byodo-ji Temple(No. 22)
Yakuoji Temple(No. 23)
Saimisaki Temple(No. 24)
Tsushoji Temple(No. 25)
Kongoji Temple(No. 26)
Shinmineji Temple(No. 27)
Dainichi Temple(No. 28)
Tosa Kokubunji Temple(No. 29)
Bamboo forest(No. 31)
Zenshimineji Temple(No. 32)
Snow temple(No. 33)
Tanemaji Temple(No. 34)
Kiyotaki Temple(No. 35)
Seiryuji Temple(No. 36)
Kongofukuji Temple(No. 38)
Enkoji Temple(No. 39)
Kanjuji Temple(No. 40)
Ryokoji Temple(No. 41)
Buki Temple(No. 42)
Akashiji Temple(No. 43)
Daihoji Temple(No. 44)
Iwayaji Temple(No. 45)
Joruri-ji Temple(No. 46)
Yasakaji Temple(No. 47)
Sairinji Temple(No. 48)
Jodo Temple(No. 49)
Shigenji Temple(No. 50)
Taizanji Temple(No. 52)
Enmyoji Temple(No. 53)
Enmei-ji Temple(No. 54)
Taishan Temple(No. 56)
Eifukuji Temple(No. 57)
Senyuji Temple(No. 58)
Iyo Kokubunji Temple(No. 59)
Yokomine Temple(No. 60)
Koenji Temple(No. 61)
Hojuji Temple(No. 62)
Maejinji Temple(No. 64)
Sankakuji Temple(No. 65)
Unbeji Temple(No. 66)
Daikoji Temple(No. 67)
Kannon Temple(No. 68)
Motoyama Temple(No. 70)
Yadani Temple(No. 71)
Mandala Temple(No. 72)
Shusshakaji Temple(No. 73)
Koyamaji Temple(No. 74)
Zentsuji Temple(No. 75)
Kanakura Temple(No. 76)
Doryuji Temple(No. 77)
Gosho-ji Temple(No. 78)
Emperor Temple(No. 79)
Sanuki Kokubunji Temple(No. 80)
Shiromine Temple(No. 81)
Nekoji Temple(No. 82)
Ichinomiya Temple(No. 83)
Yashima Temple(No. 84)
Yakuri Temple(No. 85)
Chooji Temple(No. 87)
Okuboji Temple(No. 88)
Movement over world heritage
A pilgrimage-based culture with a history of over 1000 yearsworld HeritageThere is a move in Shikoku to register for.In particularKagawaAlthough it was ambitious, there was a temperature difference among the four prefectures, but in November 4,Agency for Cultural AffairsIn contrast to "Shikoku XNUMX Pilgrimage Sites and Henro-michi"Provisional listI submitted a request to be listed in.
In addition, there are private organizations that are engaged in activities toward World Heritage registration, including the pilgrimage road, and there are also bill offices that are actively involved in these activities.However, the views are not unified throughout the sacred place society.By the way, in SpainPilgrimage route of Santiago de CompostelaAnd JapanSacred Sites and Pilgrimage Routes in the Kii MountainsIs registered as a World Heritage Site.
After all, it was not adopted in January 2007, but the officials of the four prefectures are taking it as a step forward because they can sort out the issues for unifying the perceptions of the people concerned and adopting it.
In September 2008, it was evaluated as Category Ia by the Council for Cultural Affairs Cultural Properties Subcommittee.
March 2010, 3 Established "Shikoku 16 Pilgrimage Sites and Henro-michi" World Heritage Registration Promotion Council (4 prefectures in Shikoku, 58 municipalities, 8 organizations, 27 organizations).
- Introductory book, commentary book, guide
- Takeki Miyazaki "Shikoku Pilgrimage Alone Walking Two People Map Edition" 11th Edition 2016
- "Same Commentary" 7th Edition 2007 (Henromichi Preservation Cooperation Association, First Edition June 1990, 6)
- Nagai Nozomi "Shikoku Sacred Ground 2001 Temples" (Kodansha, XNUMX)
- Hiroshi Kushima "How to Start Shikoku Henro" (Asuka Publishing Co., Ltd., 2003)
- Naoki Fujioka "Ehime Henro-michi Walking 7 Course" (Atlas Publishing, Atlas Regional Culture New Book, 2005)
- Keitake Sakurai "Shikoku Famous Temple" (Meihosha, 2008)
- "Hibutsu Photobook Shikoku Pilgrimage Visiting Buddha Statues" (Miyabi Publisher, 2014)
- Volume XNUMX "(Kagawa / Tokushima) Nirvana / Inspirational Dojo" / Volume XNUMX "(Kochi / Ehime) Training / Bodhi Dojo"
- The following is an experience report (mainly a new book)
- Kazuo Tatsuno"Shikoku Pilgrimage" (Iwanami Shinsho, 2001)
- Yukiko Tsukioka, "Heisei Musume Journey, Shikoku 2002 Places Walking Henro" (Bunshu Shinsho, XNUMX)
- Koichi Kagayama"Introduction to Pilgrimage / A Journey Through Life" (Chikuma new book, 2003)
- Madoka Mayuzumi"Miracle of Shikoku Henro" (Chuko Shinsho Lacre, 2018)
- Bunyo Ishikawa"Shikoku 2008 Pilgrimage My Henro Journey" (Color Edition Iwanami Shinsho, XNUMX)
- Shoko Ieda"Shikoku 2009 Pilgrimage Henro" (Best New Book, XNUMX)
- Takako Sato "Walking the Shikoku Henro" (Nihon Bungeisha, Shinsho, 2002, New Edition 2007)
- Genki Sudo"Happiness theory" (Cat publishing, 2005)
- Ryo Honda "Mamachari Pilgrimage 1200km-Salaryman Overthrow Corps" (Shogakukan, July 2008)
- Yasuhiro Ushiyama "Shikoku Henro Hanihoheto" (Mikaku Publishing, May 2010)
- Masanori Katsuragi, "Mountains, Sea, Wind, and Tide, Shikoku 2016 Pilgrimage Trip" (Miyaobi Publishing Co., Ltd., May 5)
- Soshuku Shibatani"Shikoku Pilgrimage Kokoro no Journey" (Keiyusha, April 2017)
- Research book
- Shigeru Gorai "Temple of Shikoku Henro" <Upper and Lower> (Kadokawa Shoten, 1996 / Kadokawa Sophia Bunko, 2009)
- Motohiro Yoritomi・ Toshiyuki Shiraki "Shikoku Pilgrimage Study" (International Research Center for Japanese Studies, 2001)
- Motohiro Yoritomi "What is Shikoku Henro?" (Kadokawa Shoten, 2009)
- Ehime Prefectural Lifelong Learning Center "Ayumi of Shikoku Pilgrimage-Academic Arrangement Report of 12 Pilgrimage Culture"
- "Pilgrimage Heart-14 Academic Arrangement Report on Pilgrimage Culture" (not for sale)
- Mariko Fujisawa "Wind Prayer-Shikoku Henro and Volantaism" (Soufusha, Kaze Books 004, 1997)
- Kazuaki Takeda "History of Shikoku Henro-From Shikoku Side Road to Shikoku Pilgrimage" (Mikosha, November 2016)
- Masato Mori "Modern Shikoku Henro-From" Modern Henro "to" Healing Journey "" (Sogensha, 2005)
- Masato Mori"History and Culture of Shikoku Pilgrimage" (Chuko Shinsho, 2014)
- 愛媛 大学Shikoku Pilgrimage / World Pilgrimage Research Center "The World of Shikoku Pilgrimage" (Chikuma Shinsho, 2020)
|In this section,JIS X 0213: Contains the characters specified in 2004 (Kazuo Tokumitsu's "De" (old font of virtue)) (Details).|
- "Flower hero Drama human pattern』NHK- 1985から1988 --The author is set in a merchant house along the Henro-michi near Matsuyama, Shikoku.Sayaka HayasakaA masterpiece drama depicting the human pattern of the family and the people surrounding it. 1986(61) "4thKuniko Mukai Prize","Minister of Education Award","Broadcast Cultural Fund Award"Individual award winning work.
- "XNUMX places in Shikoku"NHK General - 1998May 4から2000May 3Was broadcast until.Celebrities from various fields go around XNUMX places in a relay system.
- "Holded by the Wind-Mikako Honya's Shikoku Pilgrimage" (Produced by Nishinippon Broadcasting) --Since 2001Mikako HonyaA program was broadcast for one year and nine months, following the walking pilgrimage of 1 places in Shikoku.
- "Highway trip』- NHK-BShiとBS2で2008It is being broadcast on.ProfessionalTable tennisAthlete'sNamoto YumiIs divided into spring and autumn, and it takes about 5 months in total to walk through.
- "Kitano Fan Club"Fuji Television Network, Inc - Beat takeshiIn 1994, when he had a motorcycle accident, he prayed for complete recovery.Takeshi CorpsDivided into 88 pilgrimages.
- "What about Wednesday"Hokkaido TV - Oizumi HiroshiIs the program directorFujimura Tadahisa-Ureshino MasamichiAt the same time, to pray for the students of the year to pass the school of their choice.Pilgrimage to 4 places with a bullet schedule of about 5 or XNUMX daysPlanning to do.The project name is "Complete pilgrimage to XNUMX places in ShikokuHen ".It has been done three times in the past, and the third is a counterattack.
- "Continuous tv novel Well turtle』NHK ―― Tokushima Prefecture where the 23rd bill place (Yakuoji) is locatedMinamiSet in the pilgrimage inn "Hamamotoso".
- "Saturday drama Walkers ~ Lost Adults』NHK General TV-A message drama given to all troubled Japanese people through the pilgrimage.
- "Lighting the Kiyora of the Wild" NHK General TV --The mother and two daughters who killed her husband go on a pilgrimage to 2 places in Shikoku.Appearance ・Sachiko left,Hideko Yoshida,Kaoru Sugita,Takahiro TamuraAnd others.
- "Toku-san's pilgrimage, Shikoku's XNUMX pilgrimages" -2012May 10More every SundayBS-TBSBroadcast on.Free announcer OfKazuo TokumitsuBecomes a pilgrimage, and it is carried out by dividing the walking pilgrimage.There is a corner where you can talk with the chief priest of each bill office.
- "Walk, walk, walk-Shikoku Pilgrimage Road-"NHK BS Premium  - 2013May 1Broadcast drama.A human drama woven by the pilgrims who stayed at Zennejuku and the hostess of the inn (acting Ayumi Ishida).StarringRena Tanaka.
- "NHK Shikoku 4 stations production project" Shikoku Pilgrimage 1200 "" --A program that covers Shikoku Pilgrimage in general throughout the year.
- "Ohenro. ~ XNUMX steps ~" -2014May 5A travel information program that is broadcast mainly in the Shikoku region.The original isTokushima newspaper"Ohenro." Serialized in.
- "The Premium Special Drama Battleship Musashi" NHK --Broadcast on September 2016, 9, appearanceSatomi Ishihara,Masahiko Tsugawa,Misako Watanabe,Ryo KatsuchiAnd so on.
- "Yoshio Kojima & Eiko Kano's Chari Ohenro" BS12 Twelve --ComedianYoshio KojimaとHidetaka KanoBut,Road bikeI challenged the pilgrimage to the pilgrimage, but it ended when I reached the 38th Kongofukuji Temple.
- "Can you charge Tetsuro Degawa? 』\ Television Tokyo Channel 12, Ltd.Series- 2020Broadcast on February 2th and the following week.
- "Travel weight』(1972 Shochiku Co., Ltd.·directed byKoichi Saito）Motoko KikoSame name as the originalNovel OfmoviesConversion.mother16-year-old tired of living withheroHowever, he travels to Shikoku Pilgrimage to reconsider himself and has various experiences.
- "Sand bowl"(directed byYoshitaro Nomura)- LeprosyHe mentioned that the patient had been ousted from his hometown and became a pilgrimage.
- "Road 88 Encounter Road to Shikoku』(2004Gaga Communications Supervision:Nakamura Genji）
- "Dead country』(1999 Production: "Dead Country" Production Committee Distribution:Toho 100 minutes)
- "Fishing fool diary 14 pilgrimage big panic!』(2003Production)
- "I am a priest.』(2015Production): Original No. 57 Eifukuji Temple, Missei Shirakawa Chief priest
- "Dream Henro-I'm not hoping at any time-" (Forward seat, June 2007)
- All three volumes of "Meguru 88" (first edition published in 3) Kazuhiro Okamoto (Dengeki Japan Comics)
- "Arkihen Rozukan" Top / Bottom (First Edition published in 2012) Takehito Shima (Action Comics)
- "Okimingu" (Web comics August 2012, 8-) Shikoku local project by Ehime's web production company OpenDesign.Based on the original novelKawahara College of Design and ArtUpdated in collaboration with manga creator students.Supervision of XNUMX places of Shikoku pilgrimage.
- "Oven.(Tokushima Shimbun morning edition October 2013, 10-) Animation production companyufotableIs an illustration story serialized every Tuesday in the morning edition of the Tokushima Shimbun.
- "Pilgrimage bill tour"Keiko Fuji --Recorded in LP "Keiko's Nippon Hitotsu Aruki" (1974)
- "88"Uchigokumon Club - What about WednesdayPlanning "Complete pilgrimage to XNUMX places in ShikokuA song with the motif. (Music video）
- "Holded by the wind" Mikako Honya-Ocarina playerMikako HonyaIs an album created with the theme of prayer during the Shikoku Pilgrimage.
- "Traveler of Time" Ayako Ikeda / Lyrics / Composition / Song --Shikoku Pilgrimage 1200 Theme Song
- "Shikoku Gachinko!Pilgrimage Repair Project CD ”Kako Fujita ――Good, 5 songs beyond that.
- ^ Joshinan luckAccording to Emon Saburo, he met Kobo Daishi on October 8, 10, but in the Ishite Temple engraved edition (20), which is said to be the first appearance of the legend of Emon Saburo, "Tencho 1567 years".XinhaiAs stated in "Listed", Tencho 8 years (831) Is not the year of the monkey.In addition, 831 is not a leap year in the Julian calendar and the lunisolar calendar.In the modern Japanese calendar, the year of the monkey is a leap year.
- ^ In "A story about a monk passing through a remote area of Shikoku coming to a place unknown and beating a horse", three monks traveling around Shikoku were changed to horses one after another at the house in Yamanaka who wanted an inn The story of a person running away. Around 1200.
- ^ "Our training is a shinobiCassockI hang my shoulders on my shoulders, and my clothes are lost and I always step on the outskirts of Shikoku. ”1180
- ^ Nos. 24 to 39 and extra bill office Mt. Gassan.
- ^ Government agencies use "Shikoku XNUMX places", but the sacred place association officially uses "Shikoku XNUMX places".
- ^ In 1996, 78 cases were selected, and 36 cases were additionally selected this time, and the number was 114, although it was said to be XNUMX selections.
- ^ * Article name unknown * "Ehime newspaper』October 10th
- ^ From the end of "Shikoku Henro-michi Guinan Shinshin".
- ^ [Learn and profit]Fujizuka・ Let's go to the mini pilgrimage / profit spots Feel free to "Nihon Keizai Shimbun』Saturday morning edition reprint Nikkei +1 (February 2020, 2) 22 pages
- ^ Photographer Keiji Tsuyuguchi [From Shikoku to Hokkaido] Sacred place as a community (above) "XNUMX places" in the north and a crack in history "Hokkaido Shimbun』Evening April 2021, 4 2-2 pages
- ^ "A trip to walk XNUMX places in Shikoku" (Mountain and valley company, 2008) is 1108km, and the 9th edition (2010) p1 of the Henromichi Preservation Cooperation Association "Shikoku Long Road Solo Walk and Two People Map Edition" describes it as 1116km.
- ^ a b c “Reservations for the pilgrimage pilgrimage are strong”. "Tokushima newspaper"(July 2016, 1) 2016/2/3Browse.
- ^ From Soshuku Shibatani, "Shikoku Henro Kokoro no Journey" 130P
- ^ Displaying the affected temples by bill number, 1,2,5,6,7,9,11,13,14,15,16,17,18,19,21,22,44,47,55,59,61,62,63,65,67,70,71,72, XNUMX (Keicho(Fire), 74,76,77,80,82,83,85,86,87,88 "Shikoku Henro in the early Edo period" (written by Soshuku Shibatani).
- ^ "Side" is correctly "Bird Nishinyo"
- ^ The 44th Daihoji Temple was started, and the 68th Kotohiki and 69th Kannonji Temples were reversed, but other than that, they patrolled in exactly the same order as they are now and ended at the 43rd Meisekiji Temple.
- ^ 澄禅の巡拝順を札所番号で表すと、17-16-15-14-13-11-12-18-19〜59-62-61-60-63-64-65-66-67-69-68-70～88-10〜1の順である。
- ^ In Chōzen's diary, it is expressed as "Sekai Ryufu no Nikki", but the first edition is said to be "Henji Fudasho no Nikki" which does not exist.
- ^ The contents of "Fudasho 488 pilgrimage road XNUMX ri ... etc."
- ^ In the subsequent revised edition, the name was changed to "Shikoku Kumanosankeiminan", but this is not a side road that was used in the past due to the opinion of Jakumoto, but it means "Wide" in the sense that it is widespread. "" Is used to mean a practitioner who seeks a person's way, using "religion" which means not just a way but a way to live as a person.In the following, it will be referred to as the general "Shikoku Pilgrimage Road Guidance".
- ^ Full translation of "Shikoku 徧 禮 聮 聳 视" Note: Michihiko Inada, work
- ^ What is the pilgrimage recommendation / pilgrimage?
- ^ The following isMasato Mori"Modern Shikoku Pilgrimage-From" Modern Pilgrimage "to" Healing Journey "" (Sogensha)by.
- ^ According to the book, the Shikoku Reijokai did not exist as it is today, but there is evidence that a person named Masamori Kobayashi sought to organize it around 1910.
- ^ Ehime Prefectural Lifelong Learning Center Ayumi of Shikoku Pilgrimage (12) (1) Postwar Pilgrimage (2) (D) "Car Pilgrimage" and "Walking Pilgrimage"
- ^ NPO Henro and Hospitality Network From the number of "Henro Ambassador Appointments" distributed at Maeyama Ohenro Exchange Salon
- ^ Maeyama Ohenro Exchange Salon(Kagawa PrefectureSanuki City）
- ^ Morton JojiTokushima UniversityAssociate professor(カナダFrom) analysis.
- ^ An office worker who moved from Saitama prefecture to Ehime prefecture. "Shikoku Pilgrimage / Simple Japan to Meet Beyond Religion", Nihon Keizai Shimbun, morning edition, November 2017, 11, page 19 (NIKKEI The STYLE Advertising).
- ^ "2015 World Tourist Destinations to Visit in 52""The New York Times"
- ^ "Mr. Pilgrimage reduced by 10% in 38 years"NHK News Web
- ^ Ehime Shimbun April 4
- ^ Amida Nyorai, Kannon Bosatsu, Fudo Myoo, Yakushi Nyorai, Jizo Bosatsu
- ^ The "ka" of Ichikayama is the "fruit" of the king.
- ^ Komyoji Temple
- ^ Sutra office in the cafeteria --Toji
- ^ Takeki Miyazaki, "Shikoku Henro Walking Alone, Two People, Map Edition, 8th Edition" (Henromichi Preservation Cooperation Association, 2007) p.87
- ^ It is written on the stone plate of the temple name at the entrance of each temple.
- ^ On the other hand, handbill of distress caution to pilgrimage customers at Anan station
- ^ Issuance of "Shikoku 88 NAVI", a handbook for traveling around Shikoku Pilgrimage by public transportation such as trains and buses --Transportation Policy Department, Shikoku Transport Bureau
- ^ Road bike,Cross bike,Mountain bike,Cyclocross,ラ ン ド ナ ー.
- ^ Ryo Honda "Mamachari Ohenro 1200km --Salaryman Overthrow Corps" (Shogakukan, July 2008), Kenichi Kobayashi, "Pilgrimage of a Traveling Father: Pilgrimage to 7 Places in Shikoku and Spain" (Ei Publishing Co., Ltd., December 2008)
- ^ It is derived from the fact that even those who do not want to expose their faces, such as those who are injured, sick, or displaced from their hometown, are accepted.
- ^ Henromichi Preservation Cooperation Association Everyone's voice
- ^ The historical writing posted in front of the main hall of the Triangle Temple says, "... In particular, the Shikoku Reijo Nakatoyama should be regarded as the barrier of Iyo, and it should be said that it is a 處 that is biased toward the power of the principal image."
- ^ "GajA Hajimete Henro" (issued by SPC Co., Ltd. on November 2018, 11) 30p, 72p, 168p
- ^ "Shikoku 1993 Pilgrimages" (Kodansha, published in 56), page XNUMX
- ^ Kazuhiro Kawasaki, "Shikoku Kobo Daishi's Remains Tour" (published December 2012, 12), page 18
- ^ "Travel Forest Shikoku XNUMX Pilgrimage Sites" (Shobunsha, 1996) Page 112
- ^ "(One company) What is the Shikoku XNUMX Places Sacred Ground Association?”. Shikoku XNUMX Pilgrimage Reijokai. 2020/6/7Browse.
- ^ "26 Shikoku 1200 Pilgrimage Sacred Ground XNUMXth Anniversary Project Schedule" (Shikoku XNUMX Pilgrimage Sacred Ground Association) Pamphlet distributed at each local temple
- ^ It was created by Kadowaki painter himself for four years, visiting each sacred place, and was announced at the Tokyo Mitsukoshi Main Store four times from 4 to 41.
- ^ Intellectual Property High Court Dec. 20, 12 Judgment --Unfair competition prevention law case law case
- ^ (PDF) --Court court case information
- ^ a b c d Reiwa March 3, 3 Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology Notification No. 26
- ^ Kagawa Prefectural Policy Department Cultural Promotion Division World Heritage Group
- ^ XNUMX places in Shikoku, Tokushima Prefecture "Henro culture" as a World Heritage Site
- ^ Shikoku Shimbun "World Heritage Site Shikoku Pilgrimage"
- ^ Shikoku Pilgrimage World Heritage Registration Promotion Council
- ^ In the third installmentTakayuki Suzui, Oizumi sameTEAM NACS OfKen YasudaとHiroyuki MorisakiParticipated.
- ^ Before this project, "How about going to the exam seriesI went directly to various parts of the countrySocial studiesWhen there is a plan to study, and the examinees (Oizumi in the first bullet, Suzui / Yasuda in the second and third bullets) do not get a passing score in the exam held on the last day of the plan, Oizumi is all He is ordered to take responsibility and pilgrimage.
- ^ In most templesPilgrimage procedure mentioned aboveBecause of the restrictions that the pilgrimage must be continued even at night and that it must be conquered in a short period of time, it is regarded as a "pilgrimage" by taking pictures with the temple and the mountain gate in the background.
- ^ BS-TBS Toku-san's Henro-san Shikoku XNUMX places Heart trip
- ^ NHK BS Premium Walk, Walk, Walk ~ Shikoku Pilgrimage ~ Archived August 2012, 11, at the Wayback Machine.
- ^ Shikoku Pilgrimage 1200 ~ NHK Shikoku 4 Station Campaign ~
- ^ Ohenro. ~ XNUMX steps ~ Official website
- ^ BS12 Yoshio Kojima & Hidetaka Kano's Chari Pilgrimage
- ^ 
- ^ Omigingu Official Homepage
- ^ Ohenro.Official homepage
- Shikoku-class XNUMX sacred grounds
- Thirty-six Shikoku Fudo Relic Site
- New Shikoku Mandala Sacred Ground
- Shikoku City
- Category: Eighty-eight places pilgrimage : List of XNUMX pilgrimage sites in Japan
- : XNUMX pilgrimages to Shikoku in Taiwan
- Shikoku XNUMX Pilgrimage Site Association
- Shikoku XNUMX Pilgrimage Site Association - Facebook
- Shikoku XNUMX Pilgrimage Site Association (@ 88shikokuhenro)- Twitter
- Shikoku 88 NAVI - Shikoku Transport Bureau
- General Incorporated Association Henromichi Preservation Cooperation Association --A cooperative association that maintains and restores pilgrimage roads, builds pilgrimage bridges, displays signposts, and builds pilgrimage stones.
- NPO corporation Henro and hospitality network --A corporation that supports pilgrimages and works toward a World Heritage Site
- XNUMX places in Shikoku | Pilgrimage list navigation
- How to go around the walking pilgrimage
- Awa Navi --Shikoku XNUMX Pilgrimage Site