What kind of situation is the photo? – (C) TV Asahi
Mai Shiraishi, Nogizaka46's first serial drama appearance after graduation! To a newspaper reporter chasing "drifter" Takumi Saitoh
If you write the contents roughly
I also have a desire as a newspaper reporter to "uncover the truth."
The drama "Drifter" starring Takumi Saitoh (started on July 7 on TV Asahi, every Friday from 23:11 ... → Continue reading
Wikipedia related words
If there is no explanation, there is no corresponding item on Wikipedia.
記者(Kisha) is in a narrow senseMass mediaRefers to the in-house reporter of.tv set,radio,News (Chinese),magazineCoverage, edit articles, etc.ReporterAs,MediaA person who has a profession that reports the content of the interview to the viewer / audience with his / her own voice.
In the case of newspaper reporters, it is especially called Bunya.In the case of magazine reporters, there are many cases where they are dedicated to editing work without writing the manuscript by themselves (especially manga magazines), and in the past these existences were usually called reporters, but now they are often called editors. ..
Required abilities, qualities and problems
Radio / TV news and newspapers have to write articles in a limited number of characters due to their format, so "summary short", "write technical terms in an easy-to-understand manner", "write the main points first, and have detailed explanations later". Reporters are required to have the ability to compose sentences such as "come". It is also necessary to be familiar with the knowledge of various fields to realize them. In addition, in order to keep articles short and easy to understand, "crest-type" expressions are often used in sentences, and it is required that the individuality of the author is not expressed in the sentence expressions as much as possible.
When a newspaper reporter writes a novel, there are many people who cannot write a very easy-to-read sentence and end up with a bad sentence. The ability to write long sentences and the ability to be required are different from those of writers who are required to have persuasive expressions. There are many writers from newspaper reporters, but all of them make their debut after studying their own expressions as writers, while building on the writing skills cultivated in their life as reporters.
What is internal freedom?1960 eraA concept of editorial staff rights to newspaper publishers that arose in Germany... Reporters are employees hired to carry out the activities of the press and are required to follow their command. On the other hand, the reporterPerformanceIn order to engage in activities, the editorial policy of the company and personal thoughtsconscienceYou may have the problem of conflict with. In addition, in order to carry out high-quality news activities, it is necessary to allow free activities so that the professional functions of reporters can be utilized. In this way, unlike the employees of general companies, the structure in which editing decides everything and the reporter faithfully carries out it is not appropriate in the essence of journalism, and the freedom of individual reporters should be respected. It was considered.
Traditionally partisanEuropeIn some media outlets, the editorial code may state the internal freedoms of reporters... In addition, the French Labor Code has a conscience clause that protects the conscience of journalists... The conscience clause provides the same treatment as dismissal if the owner changes due to an acquisition, or if the editorial policy of the news media changes significantly, and the employee leaves the company due to a conflict with the reporter's political beliefs or conscience. It is said that you have the right to receive.
Problems in Japan
The following are generally pointed out as specific problems of "reporters" as in-house journalists.
ScholarshipIs easy to form. Most media companies only hire reporters from new college graduates,To a major media companyTokyo University,Waseda University,Keio UniversityThere are many people from. However, with regard to newspapers, the proportion of people from private universities is increasing as the elites such as the University of Tokyo, the former imperial university, and Hitotsubashi University are moving away.[Source required]Traditionally, political editorsTokyo University・ Waseda University ・Keio UniversityMost of them are from 3 schools, and they are high-class.Officials,政治家Some have pointed out that political reports may have been made and reported on the logic of only a few of those elites, as their schools have similar tendencies..AmericaIs an educational background-oriented society, but hires people with various backgrounds as reporters..
The lack of mobility of human resources is also a problem.Since each media company is premised on lifetime employment and rarely hires mid-career employees, "reporters" beyond the company may not grow and reporters may not grow with a sense of privilege.This also applies to TV stations.Reporter'sOffice workerThere is a problem of conversion.Reporter to the news mediaFinding employmentTo be active.Naturally, in a broad sense, they are no different from office workers.employeeIt becomes.Then, it is no wonder that phenomena such as "performance supremacy" and "promotion struggle" that are the same as those of general companies occur there, and from there, the reportersNews reportForget the original purpose and mission ofIndividualとCompanyWill act solely for the purpose of improving business performance.In other words, there is a risk of conducting interviews that deviate significantly from reporter ethics, and in fact, there are scandals to which such an indication applies.[Source required]
There is a problem with the reporter training system. Of Japanese mass mediahuman rightsLow consciousness,JournalismIt has been pointed out that this may be the cause of low consciousness.Press clubThe new reporters in the privileged media who can enter are not a few police officers, so-called "Around Satsu"become.Getting close to police officers and getting information from the police becomes a job, and the awareness of power checks diminishes.While the police announcement is dismissed as if it were correct and the human rights of the general public are ignored, there is a tendency not to report while knowing the crimes and scandals inside the police.It is a public authority other than the police that the media of the press club does not report while knowing政治家-OfficialsEtc.) crimesScandalThere is a similar tendency for.Having a large number of reporters stationed in the police press clubJapan OfNews report crimeI think it's the centerBlogSome point out in[Source required].
ExEvery day broadcastingReporterMasaaki KamadaThe reporter of the TV station is not a profession, and the reporter who was doing a completely different job such as sales and accounting until yesterday may be made a reporter (and vice versa) Compared to newspaper reporters, accumulating experience and training interpersonal skills,motivationIf a reporter who is not a professional interviewer goes to the interview, it will make a big fuss at the scene of the big accident and it will be miserable.事件 Ofvictim家族Insensitive toInterviewIt is pointed out that it often causes problems such as.
- ^ "China, "Xi Jinping thought" to the reporter test fail if the interview NG”. Asahi Shimbun (September 2019, 10). 2020/10/29Browse.
- ^ a b c d Masahiro Sokabe Hidemi Suzuki ・ Kenta Yamada (ed.) "Editing rights and internal freedom" "Understanding Media Law" Minerva Shobo <Soft Academia <Understanding> Series> 2011 (Heisei 23),ISBN 9784623058501 pp.70 --71.
- ^ a b c Takashi Uesugi"Journalism Collapse"Gentosha〈Gentosha Shinsho> (Original work December 2008, 12), First Edition, pp. 7 --164.ISBN 9784344980884.2008/12/7Browse.
- ^ Nobuo Ikeda (November 2008, 11). “Excessive police material". Nobuo Ikeda blog. 2008/12/7Browse.[Broken link]
- ^ Masaaki Kamata "Forgotten" public "radio TV, are you proud? (1st) Viewers who can only show" program promotion "" "Weekly Hyundai』Vol. 51, No. 35,Kodansha, September 2009, p. 9,2009/12/16Browse.