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🎥 | Park Bo-gum breaks new ground with the role of clone "SEOBOK" new cut released

Photograph Movie "SEOBOK" Scene Photograph (Park Bo Gum) (C) 2020 CJ ENM CORPORATION, STUDIO101 ALL RIGHTS RESERVED

Park Bo-gum breaks new ground with the role of clone "SEOBOK" new cut released

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I can't think of anything other than Bo-gum, "said the top star in the Korean film industry.

From the science fiction entertainment movie "SEOBOK", which depicts a fierce battle over eternal life, the first black of human beings ... → Continue reading

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An actor

An actor(Yes, Yuu,British: actor) Istheater-moviesEtc., dressed as that personlines-gesture-expressionEtcplayAbout people[1]..Also that profession.actorAlso called (Yakusha).Actor in English.


An actor is a person who plays a role.Theater / movie /TV dramaIt is a person who impersonates the person who appears there and plays that person with dialogue, gestures, facial expressions, and so on.

The actor "Yu" means "a person who specializes in acting."

For the kanji expression of actor, see "Literary』(平凡 社) According to [Xunzi,Wang Ba] Has the expression "actor dwarfism", and [Han Feizi,] Has the expression, "The actor's dwarfism is a place where the owner's side is swallowed rather than solid" (parental character "hai").In other wordsChinese bookThe expression in is far back than the Japanese expression.

In the book "Story Story", the Japanese word "actor" isTsuyouchiWritten by[2]

(It's not the story of the person who plays the role, it's just a story in which the letters match, the story is completely off the side, and it should not be written in this article, it should be a dancer,dancerIn the Nihon Shoki, there is a place in the Nihon Shoki that describes how Ame-no-Uzume dances skillfully as a "skilled actor", and this is "Takumi ni Waza Ogisu".Read down..In any case, it is an expression that refers to something else and has nothing to do with this article.


Greek tragedyWas initially played by an actor.afterwardsAeschylusIncreased the number of actors to twoSophoclesIs reported to have increased to three[3].Ancient greeceIs an actorPoliceWas rewarded from[3].

Ancient rome,Europe Of中 世Then the number of actors was small[3].. However,15st century OfFranceAnd in neighboring countries, mystery play (Mystery) Is in fashionThe Old Testament-New TestamentGet the subjectJesus Christ Ofbirth-Passion-ResurrectionIn the center of the city, where the story ofCathedralIt was held in various places that local residents and others participated as temporary actors in the square in front of them for several days.

16st centuryTo become and,Comedia DelarteImprovisational plays with songs and dances using masks have become popular, and actors have become established as professions.[3]..Male actors were mainly active, but at the end of the 16th centuryイタリアAnd professional actresses have also appeared in France[3].. HoweverThe United KingdomLooking at, it is not yet in the 16th century, for exampleElizabeth TheaterIn, the role of a woman was played by a boy dressed as a woman, and a professional actress appeared.17st centuryIt was only in the second half[3].

The social status of actors was generally quite low[3]..But,19st centuryIn the UK, the social status of actors tends to improve.ナ イ トEven those who can be awarded the title of[3].

Types and classifications of actors

Actors are sometimes categorized by focusing on their main range of activities, such as "stage actors," "movie actors," "television actors," and "musicalClassification such as "actor" may be performed.

Mainly in Europe and AmericacomedyFor those who act in movies and dramascomedianIt is classified as.

Actors who are active mainly in stage theater are stage actors.[Note 1]..A movie actor is an actor who appears exclusively in a movie in the United States.HollywoodThere are many in. "TV actors" are not exclusively released to theatersTV dramaIn the United States, where the living is clear, in addition to stage actors and movie actors, "television actors" are also distinguished and established.In the United States, like other professions, the actor business is established by strict contracts, and in the world of movies and television, detailed occupational classification is made to secure legal rights and by occupation.UnionThere is a history of activities, and we do nothing other than what is written in the contract, and it is customary to make it illegal and to go to court.U.S. movie actors do not appear in TV ads in principle[Note 2].

There was a time when actors were taken for granted to be men, so there were times when exceptional female actors were especially called actresses.And since the time when actresses appeared, male actorsRetro NimでMaleIt was also called (Danyu).Even now, it is sometimes classified as "actress" or "actor" by focusing on the gender of the actor, but in modern timesSex discriminationThere is also widespread recognition that it is not good, so there are cases where it is consistently called an "actor" that avoids such distinctions and does not emphasize gender differences.

kabukiIn the case of"Protagonist""Female formIs called.Takarazuka RevueThen "Male roleThere is a "daughter role"[Note 3]..However, for exampleNHKIn the case of, it is referred to as an "actor" without discrimination between men and women.In Japan, the term "actress" is widely used to refer to a female actor, while the term "actor" is rarely used.However,Adult videosIn the industryAV actress,AV maleCall.

In addition, actors may be cast or categorized by focusing on their respective characteristics and areas of specialty.However, there is no clear standard for this genre classification and it is fluid.

There can be various classifications, for exampleSecond pieceAn actor[Note 4],Personality actor,comedyActor,悪 役Actor,アクションActors, old actors, individual actors (Phantom actor(Kaiyuu)),A child,Supporting roleActor,Minor roleActor (Choi roleActor),extraActor,Suit actor, Private actors, beautiful actresses, take-off actresses, animal actors, etc.in JapanTitle actor,Historical dramaActor, swordplay actor,Large room actorThere is also a classification such as.

Actors may also be categorized as major actors, mid-career actors, fledgling actors, and newcomers, depending on their career length.

Anime,Western painting OfdubbingThe actors who appear only in voiceVoice actorIs called.However, there are some works that even actors do not show up due to narration.On the contrary, even voice actors sometimes appear on the stage or on TV, and the line is ambiguous.

Work content and flow

The work of a professional actor is to produce a theatrical work intended to be open to the audience.scriptBased on (scenario)producer,Director,Film directorUnder the guidance and instructions of, in cooperation with co-stars and production staff, etc., it was given for the performance and shooting.castTo play (casting).

In the actor business, getting one's own role is one of the big tasks.HollywoodSo in general, all the major rolesauditionSelected by.First of all, if you are not selected in the audition, your work as an actor will not start.A big actor also applies for an audition and wins a role by winning a fierce competition of several times to several tens of times and hundreds of times over one role.Big actors also get their own jobs by repeating applications for such auditions all year round, and if they stop doing that, their jobs will disappear.

Some actors (although only a few) are highly regarded and popular for a role.A role that has been highly evaluated is called a "winning role".If you are lucky enough to have similar roles appear one after another, it will be easier for you to play that role (it will be easier for you to nominate), and you will have a hard time getting a role like that. There are a few actors who spend a period of their lives escaping.

The work flow of an actor after getting a role differs depending on the country, the type of site, the director, and so on.Hong Kong moviesThen, there is no solid script, only the outline and ideas of the work are in the director's mind, the script is not given to the actor in advance, the director gives the line (by idea) mainly at the shooting site, and the actor's action In many cases, we will proceed with shooting while instructing.India·BollywoodIn the group dance scene, where the script often does not exist, the story is created and the dialogue is given by the director's idea at the shooting site, and in the group dance scene which is a classic of Boliwood movie, the dance director uses his own body at the scene. Set an example only once, and many supporting characters (extra dancers) from the leading actor[Note 5]), The shooting progresses while repeating the process of seeing it and imitating it in one shot.In Japan, a script is usually given in advance and the actor reads it in order to perform a good performance.Making a roleAfter a meetingTraining-rehearsalMake a huge amount of preparations such as repeating such things, and then perform the actual performance.

The stage and filming are generally made up of a very large number of people.In general, even if one actor is missing (“drilling a hole”), the stage and shooting will not be possible.Therefore, the job of an actor cannot be easily rested due to illness or personal circumstances.In particular, the stage can only be established if there is a "place" where the audience and the live actors are together.Audiences, for example, buy tickets early, look forward to it, adjust their schedules in a life with various difficulties, and then go to the theater, which cannot be betrayed.In addition, if a situation such as a break is caused, other actors will be inconvenienced and the audience will have to refund the ticket fee, which often causes huge losses to the entertainer.It is said that if an actor makes a hole in the stage, the next job will not come, or if he chooses an actor as a job, he will not be able to see the death of his parents.

Japan and actors


in JapanHeian periodAt the endDakuraku,SarugakuIt is believed that the Dengaku and Sarugaku actors who perform this play are the beginnings of professional actors in Japan.[3].

after that,canA Noh actor who playsAlso,Edo PeriodIn the beginningkabukiPlayKabuki actorAppeared[3].

Meiji EraTo become andNew school,New playA new theater genre called was born, and actors of each genre became active.[3].


1950 eraから1960 eraOverFive company agreementThe so-called movie actors who signed an exclusive contract with a movie company were clearly divided into the scope of their activities, such as being restricted from appearing in movies other than those produced in-house.So earlyTaiga dramaHas had to rely on actors in the Kabuki world and shingeki.At the same timeCommercial broadcastThe same is true for TV dramasForeign dramaImport and broadcast,TV stationThe drama produced in Japan was dealt with by appointing actors and newcomers other than movie actors.

1970 eraThe Five-Company Agreement collapsed naturally due to the slanting of Japanese movies, and movie companies became outsourced TV dramas.TV movieThe barrier between the movie and the television has almost disappeared.A system that does not rely on movie actors has already been established in the production of TV dramas, and the number of cases of entering the actor business from another genre has increased.However, in TV dramas, rather than the ability of the actor, the TV station and the agency, or the programsponsorRelationship with and the popularity of individual actorsAudience ratingIn many cases, casting is done with an emphasis on whether or not the result can be obtained, and in some cases, the casting may make the viewer wonder.

Current[When?]There are almost no people in Japan who can make a living by appearing exclusively in theatrical movies.In other words, "movie actors" have almost disappeared.

1990 eraSince then, it has become common for movies to be produced under the initiative of TV stations, and the area of ​​TV drama production styles (styles in which those who do not have an actor business also work as actors) is also expanding.On the other hand, while calling himself an actorEntertainment showsThere are many people who are active in such fields, and the classification of actors as a profession is becoming ambiguous.Regarding this, unlike the United States, where the setting of movie actors is established, it is pointed out that there is a difference in the environment of Japanese actors who are financially disadvantaged despite the long restraint time, but the values ​​of individual actors and the agency they belong to The problem of policy is also big.In addition, there are also people who engage in various activities, including acting, while keeping their respective occupations as their main business.Multi talentMay be called.This is sometimes appreciated, but often viewed negatively.

The actor business is said to be a harsh world on the glamorous side.Even if you want to be an actor, only a few people can eat as an actor (you can earn enough income to sustain your life on your own), and your income is not stable, so you will reach the stage where you can eat as an actor. There are far more people who are half-heartedly frustrated than there are people.In addition, even if the number of jobs increases to some extent, there is no guarantee that he will continue to be an actor, and there are some actors who were temporarily active on the front lines but have almost no jobs after that.

History of actresses in Japan

in Japan,kabukiIs said to be the founder ofIzumo countryIn the early Edo period, women appeared in plays,KaneiIn the year (1624-1643)ProstituteSince Kabuki was banned, it became impossible for women to appear in plays after that.Instead, a man played the role of a woman as a female onnagata, and this tradition continued into the Meiji era. Belongs to the Otojiro Kawakami troupe in 1899KawakamiSada Yacco became known as "Japan's first actress" when she suddenly appeared in a San Francisco performance as a substitute for Onnagata and succeeded.

Sada Yacco was in 1908Eiichi ShibusawaWith the support of Tokyo,ShibaThe "Imperial Actress Training Center" was opened in Tokyo, and the business of actress training started in earnest.For the first gradeRitsuko Mori,Murata KikukoAnd so on.

1914 years,Kobayashi IchizoEstablished the Takarazuka Revue (currently Takarazuka Revue), and a female opera / play format was born in which women also played the role of men.The actress (female member) who belongs to the Takarazuka Revue is "TAKARAGENNE"(A composite word of Takarazuka and Parisienne).

annual income

Originally, an actor is a profession that is orders of magnitude less profitable than other industries in the entertainment world.The reason for this is that while a one-hour variety show can be recorded in about two hours, a one-hour drama takes more than a week to shoot, and you plan and work on your own like a musician or entertainer. It is difficult to mention.As a result, Japanese actors live in commercial galleries rather than dramas and movies.However, it is a unique Asian culture that actors appear in a number of commercials, and many Hollywood actors do not have commercial income.Therefore, with the exception of a few actors, the income is far less than that of Japanese actors, and the fact is that the main cast of big movies and regular casts of terrestrial dramas also make a living part-time.[4]


[How to use footnotes]

注 釈

  1. ^ Sometimes Japanese people don't know about an actor who is recognized as a top-notch "stage actor" in the country, and have only seen it in a movie and misunderstand it as a "movie actor".
  2. ^ This is in contrast to Japanese actors who frequently appear in advertisements.
  3. ^ The leading male role is called "Top Star", and the leading daughter role is called "Top Daughter".
  4. ^ Character actors, second and a half actors, third actors, etc. are contrasted.
  5. ^ In Bollywood, the dancers of these gathering scenes are gathered at the studio on the morning of the day, as if a day laborer was gathered, and danced at the shooting site to get a daily allowance.However, they are professionals in group dance and are memorable, and they can learn and imitate dance in one shot.


  1. ^ Kojien Fifth Edition [Actor]
  2. ^ Mainichi ShimbunHen "Story Story"PHP library p.55 1998.
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Britannica Encyclopedia [Actor]. "An actor"Britannica International Encyclopedia Sub-item encyclopedia "Koto bank.. Retrieved January 2021, 3.
  4. ^ "Marvel actor, unable to pay rent”. Front row. 2021/6/20Browse.


  • Koji Toita"Story Modern Japanese Actress History" (Chuko Bunko) Chuokoron-sha 1983 ISBN 4122010691(References on "History of Actresses in Japan")

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