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🧑‍🎨 | 3 new designs added Tonami polo shirt


Photo Tonamin polo shirt with 3 new designs with a new tulip tower on the back

3 new designs added and Namin polo shirt

 
If you write the contents roughly
You can choose from 16 colors that are inspired by scattered settlements, Kainyo, and Yuzu.
 

On the 25th, the Tonami City Tourism Association put a new tulip tower on its back on the "Tonami Polo Shirt" that printed the charm of the city. → Continue reading

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16 色

Dispersed village

Dispersed village(Sankyoson) is vastarable landInPrivate house(Isolated villas) are scattered and scatteredVillageform.In general散村It is called (Sanson).Nucleated villageIt is often said that the villages are universal and the number of scattered villages is relatively small.[1], Actually, it is a village form that is widely seen all over the world.

JapanInShimane OfIzumo Plain,Kagawa OfSanuki Plain,Shizuokaof,Nagasaki OfIki Island,Hokkaido OfTokachi plain,Iwate OfBold swamp fan,Akita OfYokote BasinNorthern part (Semboku plain),Toyama OfTonami Plain,Kurobe River FanIs a typical example.Among them, in the Tonami Plain, which is considered to be the largest in Japan, about 220 households are currently scattered in about 7,000 square kilometers.[2].

In the worldThe United KingdomMost ofFranceFrom the westRhine RiverDownstream,イタリア OfPoe riverBasin,Scandinavian Peninsula,Balkan PeninsulaNorthwest,Egypt,TaiwanNorth,Chugoku・ In the northern part of Tohoku WardPeopleRecognized regardless[1][3].

Factors of establishment

Some have been established for a long time due to natural conditions or ethnic traditions such as land ownership and inheritance system, but most of them were formed in modern settlements.In Japan, their origins are not always clear, except for Tondenhei Village in Hokkaido and some local ones.The dispersed villages of the Tonami Plain can be traced back to the Middle Ages, but it is generally thought that they were formed or expanded after the early modern period, when security was stable and interest in productivity improvement was increasing for both the politicians and farmers.

Dispersed village in the Tonami Plain

ThisLandscapeWas established16st centuryFrom the end17st centuryIt is believed to be over.Flowing through the Tonami PlainShogawa TheEdo PeriodThis is because it was often flooded beforeRegionPeople who settled in the area chose a part of the plain that was slightly higher than the surrounding area to build a house and built a house around it.Paddy fieldAnd[4]..Since such arrangement of houses and paddy fields was convenient for farmers, even under the Maeda family's land allocation policy, farmers in this area tried to collect cultivated land around their homes by pulling and replacing rice fields.[5].

Since the houses did not gather in one place to form a village, each house was directly exposed to severe wind and snow in winter, and the area around the house is called Kainyo.Mansion forestCame to deal with this.In general, there are many cedars that have a windproof effect and can be used as fuel and building materials.We also planted trees that produce fruits such as chestnuts, persimmons, and plums, and when a girl was born, we planted paulownia trees to prepare for marriage. "Don't sell Cainho even if you sell high (land)" "Protect Cainho even if you lick salt"[6]Was cherished.

The traditional houses in this area are "Azumadachi" (Gable) And "Maenagare" (Flat).The first thing I noticed as a researcher wasKyoto Imperial University OfGeologist OfTakuji Ogawa.

"Dispersed Village" and "Dispersed Village"

The form of a village dotted with houses is generally called "dispersed village".The term "dispersed settlement" is used in the field of geography and textbooks of social studies, and is widely used in Japan.On the other hand, in Toyama Prefecture, where the Tonami Plain is located, the term "dispersed village" has taken root.In Toyama prefecture, the term "Sanmura" is rarely seen outside of educational settings and the geography world.Mountain village"Dispersed settlement" is used and generalized in the government and the media because it is confused with the same sound.Looking at the history of each term, "dispersed settlement" was found in 1909 at Kyoto Imperial University.Takuji OgawaIt all started when the professor investigated it. The oldest source of information about the term "dispersed settlement" is "dispersed settlement" in the 1952 Asahi Graph.ToyamaTonami PlainIt is a gravure page called "At-".Although it is a document showing that "dispersed village" was already used around this time, the term "dispersed village" is widely spread in Toyama prefecture.1980 eraIt is after (the latter half of the 50s).

footnote

[How to use footnotes]
  1. ^ a b Kiuchi et al., 1967, 143 pages
  2. ^ "About dispersed village”. Tonami Scattered Village Museum. 2020/3/14Browse.
  3. ^ "Regardless of ethnicity" isGermany OfSlavic inhabitants"A lot of villagesEnmuraThis is due to the fact that there are villages that reflect ethnicity.
  4. ^ Azumachi Takase (Nanto City website)
  5. ^ Tonami City Website
  6. ^ Michio Kato "Dictionary of National Languages" (Tokyodo Publishing p.98) See.

References

  • Takuji Ogawa, "About Homesteads, a Mansion in Western Etchu Province," Geoscience Magazine, 1914
  • Kunio Yanagita, "Study of Dispersed Villages," "Local Studies," Vol. 3, No. 2, 1915
  • Shinnosuke Makino "About the Dispersed Village System of the Former Kaga Domain", Geoscience Magazine, 1915
  • Takuji Ogawa, "Japanese Villages Seen from Human Geography," "Earth," Vol. 5, No. 4, 1926
  • Motoharu Fujita "Etchu Kainiyo Style House" "History of Japanese Folk Houses", 2
  • Takuji Ogawa, "Japanese Housing as a Problem of Residential Geography," "Earth," Vol. 9, No. 1, No. 2, 1928
  • Shinnosuke Makino, "Study of Samurai Era Society," 1928
  • Ishii Itaro"Ecchu Plain as Seen from the Viewpoint of Residential Geography", Geographical Review of Japan, Vol. 6, No. 7, 1930
  • Sadazo Murata, "A Way to Know the Dispersion of Sanmura," Geography Review, Vol. 6, No. 12, 1930
  • Ryushi Higashiki, Shogawa Fan-shaped Ground, Regional Geography, 1931
  • Isamu Matsui "Statistical Consideration on the Distribution of Dispersed Villages in Part of the Tonami Plain", Geographical Review of Japan, Vol. 7, No. 6, 1931
  • Shinnosuke Makino, "Dispersed Settlement and Moated Settlement," "History and Geography," Vol. 27, Nos. 1-3, 1931
  • Shigeki Muramatsu, "On the Dispersed Villages in the Tonami Plain," "History and Geography," Vol. 28, No. 4, 1931.
  • Shinzo Kiuchi, Kenjiro Fujioka, Nikichi Yajima "Settlement Geography Course Volume 1 General" Asakura Shoten, September 1957, 9, p. 30
  • Hideya Ishii "Dispersed settlement" "Human Geography Dictionary" Asakura Shoten, October 1997, p. 10

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