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"Shaman King" Iron Maiden Jeanne says, "As a holy, little, and female, an impressive character that coexists with coldness and kindness.
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The most prominent in the worldHR / HMOne of the bands.1980 eraAt the beginningThe United KingdomHeavy metal tide that occurred inNWOBHM"(New Wave Of British Heavy Metal), Established a position as a representative of the boom.1990 eraThe lineup has been stable since the end, and it is still active even in the 21st century.Total sales of the album recorded over 1 million copies..The band name is from medieval EuropetortureInstrument "Iron maidenIs derived from.
There is no official Japanese transcription of the band, but the Japanese version was sold.Toshiba EMIIn this section, it is described as "Iron Maiden" defined by.
Paul Di'Anno period
- 1975 (Some materials describe it as 1976.),UKでSteve Harris (B) plays a central role in forming.At the beginning of the formation, the members were changed frequently,1978 ToPaul Di'Anno (Vo),Dave Murray By joining (G) and (Dr), the members are stable.This member will record the first demo tape.
- 1979 , Welcomed as the second guitarist, major label in DecemberEMIContract with.Immediately after the major contract, Doug withdrew for health reasons, and Tony also withdrew at the same time.Clive burr (Dr) and (G) join.
- 1980 1st single "Running Free-" in January Running Free --- ", the 4st album"Iron maiden - Iron Maiden -”Is released.Then change to (G)Adrian Smith (G) joins.
- 1981 , 2nd album "Killers - Killers ―― After the announcement, vocalist Paul Di'Anno withdrew.As a successorSamsung OfBruce DickinsonWelcome.
Bruce Dickinson period
- 1982 , 3rd album "The Number of the Beast - The Number Of The Beast ―― 』Released,AmericaAchieves sales of over 30 copies.Clive Burr (Dr) withdrew after release,Nicko McBrain(Dr) joined.
- 1983 , 4th album "Brain reform - Piece Of Mind -”Is released.
- 1984 , 5th album "Power slave - PowerSlave ―― ”Will be released and will be famous as a world-famous metal band.
- 1985 , Live album "Live After Death - Live after death - "release.
- 1986 , 6th album "Somewhere in time - Somewhere in time - "release.
- 1988 , 7th album "Seventh prophecy - Seventh Son Of A Seventh Son - "release."Monsters of Rock』Appeared as.
- 1990 , GuitarAdrian SmithWithdraws, To succeedIan Gillan, Bruce Dickinson, etc.Janick GersJoined the 8th album "No Player for the Dying - No Prayer For The Dying -”Is released.
- 1991 , The single "Bring Your Daughter to the Slaughter" became a big hit at No. 1 on the UK charts.
- 1992 , 9th album "Fear of the Dark - Fear Of The Dark - "release.In doningtonMonsters of RockAppeared as the main act again.
Blaze Bayley period
After that, due to the stagnation of heavy metal, the band's activities were scaled down, so we made an offer to Bruce Dickinson and Adrian Smith who were stuck in solo activities.1999 Rejoined.Blaze withdrew accordingly (management remained in the sanctuary).As a result, the band will be a total of 6 members of triple guitar.
- 2000 , 12th "Brave New World - Brave New World -”Is released.
- 2002 , 13th album "Danse Macabre - Dance Of Death -”Is released.
- 2006 , 14th album "A Matter of Life and Death-Senki - A Matter Of Life And Death -”Is released.
- 2008 In 2 monthPacifico Yokohama,Makuhari MesseA performance in Japan was held in Japan, and the performance was centered on early to mid-term songs.Makuhari MesseThe live at was the band's first all-standing live in Japan.This set list was a special one on the world tour, but in the same year he appeared on this set list as a special guest at the German metal festival "Wacken Open Air".Served as a bird on the first day of Wacken.
- 2010 , 15th album "Final Frontier - The Final Frontier -”Is released.Won first place in 28 countries including the home country of England.
- 2011 On March 3th and 12thSaitama Super ArenaThe performance in Japan was scheduled,Great East Japan EarthquakeCanceled due to.
- 2015 , 5th album of 2 discs for the first time in 16 years "The Book of Souls-The Book of Souls- - The Book of Souls --- ”will be released worldwide at the same time.. No. 2 in the UK for 1 consecutive years, and No. 1 on the Oricon Western music chart and daily chart.
- 2016 April 4th and 20st in TokyoRyogoku KokugikanThe first performance in 2008 years since 8 has been held in Japan.Steve's son George Harrison's band appeared in the opening act.
- 2018 , Held a world tour "Legacy Of The Beast" that mainly plays songs that have been estranged for a long time.
- 2021 , 6th album of 2 discs for the first time in 17 years with the motif of Japanese samuraitactics - Senjutsu -”Announced..Recorded No. 3 on the US chart, the highest ever.
He is still active in the 21st century.Known as a band with many member changes, it has been stable with the same members for more than 10 years since the return of Bruce and Adrian.The current membership period is the longest in Iron Maiden history, both total and continuous.
In the beginningHard RockLike Diano's singing style, while being strongly influenced byPunk RockIncorporated the ruggedness ofサ ウ ン ド(However, Steve Harris hates punk and explicitly denies the impact).NWOBHMFrom the dawn of the scene, it became a representative band of the same period as a driving force of the scene. 3rd album "The Number of the Beast- The Number Of The Beast ―― 』, Much wider than its predecessorVoice rangehaveVocalistBruce Dickinson joined, and the tendency to emphasize melodiousness and consistency became stronger.After that, the element of punk decreased, and the musicality centered on the elegant guitar work became fixed. Since the 2000s, the sound has become heavier with the formation of three signboard guitarists, including Dave Adrian Yannick.
One of the characteristics of play is the peculiar style in which the bass drives the ensemble or the bass is built as the core.powerful2-finger playingbyPentatonic scaleBased onフ レ ー ズ,TripleMainlysoloSteve's play assembled by not only reinforces the composition of the guitar, which will be described later, but also strongly emphasizes Steve's own presence.In a guitar, a lot of sounds are engraved and hardRiffOr a lyrical and brave twinLeadThe combination of these is a characteristic of all ages, and sometimes excessive interplay is included (Steve compensates for the bass sound pressure that is inevitably impaired due to the absence of the player in charge of the riff. It will be possible).While there are many up-tempo songs due to the nature of heavy metal, Steve, the leader and main songwriter,イ エ ス,Genesis,Jethro Tull such asProgressive rockSince he professes to be a fan of the song and is influenced by it, there are many long songs that incorporate complex developments and changes in movement.Because of its unique musicalityrush,KansasEt al.Progressive・ Separately from hard rock, juniorMetallicaAs well asProgressive metalIt is sometimes regarded as one of the sources of.
On the contrary, "Seventh Son of a Seventh Prophecy- Sevens Son Of A Sevens Son In the albums after "-", the same phrase is often used in terms of lyrics, and the length of the lyrics tends to be shorter.
Eddie the Head (Eddie the Head, Commonly known as Eddie) has been the character of the band since its debut, and has always appeared on albums and singles jackets since its debut.Also, a huge eddy may appear on the live stage.zombieAndLive After DeathThe inscription on the tombstone on the jacket says "Edward TH".In the past, it has been frozen, resurrected, pyramid, and even headed into space.The author is a British artist,Derek Riggs.
Eddie was chartered for a world tour in 2008Astraeus Airlines OfBoeing 757 OfVertical tailPainted on.The B757 of the companyPilotBut Dickinson is maneuvering himself.The aircraft is "Air force oneIt was called "Ed Force One" by "Ed Force One". Because the equipment became heavy, in 2016Boeing 747-400It has been replaced with a modified (jumbo jet).
"Powerslave』Reproduction stage (2008)
"Brain reform』Reproduction stage (2009)
"Live After Death』Reproduction stage (2010)
"Seventh prophecy』Reproduction stage (2013)
* As of 2021 month
- Bruce Dickinson (Bruce Dickinson)- vocal (1982-1993, 1999-)
- Steve Harris (Steve Harris)- ベ ー/keyboard (1975 - )
- Dave Murray (Dave Murray)- guitar (1978 - )
- Adrian Smith (Adrian Smith)- guitar (1981-1990, 1999-)
- Janick Gers (Janick Gers)- guitar (1991 - )
- Nicko McBrain (Nicko McBrain)- Drums (1983 - )
- Live support
- Michael Kenney-Keyboard (1986-)
- (Doug Sampson)-Drums (1978-1979)
- Paul Di'Anno (Paul Di'Anno)-Vocals (1978-1981)
- (Tony Parsons)-Guitar (1979)
- (Dennis Stratton)-Guitar (1980)
- Clive burr (Clive Burr) --Drums (1980-1982) ♰ RIP.2013
- Blaze Bayley (Blaze Bayley)-Vocals (1994-1998)
Organization by album
|The Number of the Beast|
|Somewhere in time|
|No Player for the Dying|
|Fear of the Dark|
|Brave New World|
|A Matter of Life and Death-Senki|
|The Book of Souls-The Book of Souls-|
|vocal||Paul Di'Anno||Bruce Dickinson||Blaze Bayley||Bruce Dickinson|
|guitar||Adrian Smith||Janick Gers|
|ベ ー||Steve Harris|
|Drums||Clive burr||Nicko McBrain|
|keyboard||N/A||Michael kenny||Michael Kenny & Steve Harris||Steve Harris|
In addition to those mentioned here, there are live albums, compilations, and box sets.
|Years||Title (Japanese title)||Title (original title)||British||Rice||Certification|
|1980||Iron maiden||Iron Maiden||4||-||United Kingdom: Platinum|
|1981||Killers||Killers||12||-||United Kingdom: Gold|
|1982||The Number of the Beast||The Number Of The Beast||1||150||United Kingdom: Platinum|
Canada: 3 x Platinum
|1983||Brain reform||Piece Of Mind||3||70||United Kingdom: Platinum|
Canada: 2 x Platinum
|1984||Powerslave||Powerslave||2||21||United Kingdom: Gold|
Canada: 2 x Platinum
|1986||Somewhere in time||Somewhere in time||3||11||United Kingdom: Gold|
|1988||Seventh prophecy||Seventh Son Of A Seventh Son||1||12||United Kingdom: Gold|
|1990||No Player for the Dying||No Prayer For The Dying||2||17||United Kingdom: Gold|
|1992||Fear of the Dark||Fear Of The Dark||1||12||United Kingdom: Gold|
|1995||X factor||The X Factor||8||147||-|
|1998||Virtual XI||Virtual XI||16||124||-|
|2000||Brave New World||Brave New World||7||39||United Kingdom: Gold|
|2003||Danse Macabre||Dance Of Death||2||18||United Kingdom: Gold|
|2006||A Matter of Life and Death-Senki||A Matter Of Life And Death||4||9||United Kingdom: Gold|
|2010||Final Frontier||The Final Frontier||1||4||United Kingdom: Gold|
|2015||The Book of Souls-The Book of Souls-||The Book of Souls||1||4||United Kingdom: Gold|
Number of sales
List up to 10th place in the number of albums sold in the United States.
(According to SoundScan, USA)
- Live After Death- Live after death (1985, 558,578 sheets)
- Fear of the Dark- Fear Of The Dark (1992, 421,786 sheets)
- The Number of the Beast- The Number Of The Beast (1982, 357,463 sheets)
- Piece of Mind- Piece Of Mind (1983, 347,400 sheets)
- Power Slave ~ The Mystery of Osiris, King of the Dead World ~- Powerslave (1984, 299,022 sheets)
- Somewhere in Time- Somewhere in time (1986, 291,420 sheets)
- Brave New World- Brave New World (2000, 282,460 sheets)
- Best of the Beast (Best Edition)- Best Of The Beast (1996, 251,112 sheets)
- Seventh Prophecy- Seventh Son Of A Seventh Son (1988, 218,056 sheets)
- No Player for the Dying- No Prayer For The Dying (1990, 213,745 sheets)
No. 1 on the annual hit chart in the UK.
(According to the UK The Official UK Charts Company)
- The Number of the Beast- The Number Of The Beast (1982, 2 weeks TOP)
- Seventh Prophecy- Seventh Son Of A Seventh Son (1988, 1 weeks TOP)
- Fear of the Dark- Fear Of The Dark (1992, 1 weeks TOP)
- Final Frontier-The Final Frontier (2010, 1 week TOP)
- The Book Of Souls --- The Book Of Souls (2015, 1 week TOP)
- Bring Your Daughter To The Slaughter (1991, 2 weeks TOP)
- The following performances were scheduled for 2011,Great East Japan EarthquakeThe performance was canceled due to
- 3 month 12 day · 13 day Saitama Super Arena
- 4 month 20 day · 21 day Ryogoku Kokugikan
- The following performances were scheduled for 2020,New coronavirus infectious disease epidemicThe performance was canceled due to
- ^ Phillips & Cogan 2009a, p. 117.
- ^ a b Weber, Barry. Iron Maiden Biography, Songs, & Albums - All music. October 2021th, 9Browse.
- ^ Daniels, Neil (2016). Iron Maiden – Updated Edition. Voyageur Press. P. 23. ISBN 0-7603-5254-2
- ^ "Bruce Dickinson:'Iron Maiden's Bruce Dickinson --a man child in satan's sweet shop'". The Sunday Times.
- ^ a b Profile of IRON MAIDENLawson Net Shopping Loppi
- ^ IRON MAIDEN Official Website Biography
- ^ Iron Maiden's 15th new album "Final Frontier" debuts in 1st place --RO69
- ^ IRON MAIDEN official website ・ THE FINAL FRONTIER WORLD TOUR 2011 commemorative project! !!
- ^ IRON MAIDEN The long-awaited new work is finally on sale! --HMV
- ^ IRON MAIDEN will visit Japan for the first time in 8 years on April 4-20 at Ryogoku Kokugikan! --Geki Rock
- ^ "Iron Maiden opens new tour <Legacy Of The Beast>”. BARKS (November 2018, 5). October 2018th, 5Browse.
- ^ "Iron Maiden releases new album "Tactics" in September”. Barks (November 2021, 7). October 2021th, 7Browse.
- ^ "Iron Maiden hits record high on US album charts with latest release”. NME JAPAN (August 2021, 9). October 2021th, 9Browse.
- ^ "Iron Maiden aircraft damaged while traveling on the ground stranded in Chile”. AFPBB News (December 2016, 3). October 2016th, 3Browse.
- “Robert Plant, Freddie Mercury, Axl Rose, Ian Gillan Among'Greatest Voices in Rock'”. Blabbermouth.net(July 2008, 1) October 2021th, 9Browse.