"Mid-Autumn Festival" Chinese cosplayer Piggata Wami bust shot released
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Pigg posted a self-portrait with an exposed chest, adding, "The moon of the XNUMXth night, the harvest moon, the Mid-Autumn Festival in China."
Chinese cosplayer Pig updated his Twitter account on September 9th.SELPHY has been released.Pigg is "ten ... → Continue reading
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Mid-Autumn Festival(Chushusetsu,pinyin: ) IsEast AsiaOne of the traditional events ofOld calendar(Agricultural calendar)ofMay 8To be done.Gregorian calendarThen it corresponds to September or October.especiallyGreater ChinaThen.Chinese New Year,Qingming Festival,Dragon Boat FestivalIt is an important event alongsideRepublic of China-People's Republic of ChinaBoth are legal holidays (Hong Kong-MacauThen, the day after the Mid-Autumn Festival is a holiday).
The custom of viewing the moon of the XNUMXth night comes from ancient China.唐Although there are many poems that sang the moon on August 8th, there is no evidence that there was a specific festival called the Mid-Autumn Festival.宋The Mid-Autumn Festival was fixed on August 8th...Song dynasty's best poet,Su Shi(Soshoku) likened the Mid-Autumn Moon to a jewel plate. "I'm exhausted by the clouds, and I'm overwhelmed by the cold weather. I don't roll the ball without a voice."Southern Song Dynastyof"Tokyo YumekarokuAnd "Yumeshiroku" describe that people will appreciate the moon and hold banquets during the Mid-Autumn Festival on August 8th..
Incidentally,Yen Ren"Entry to the pilgrimage』, About the section of August XNUMXth,"SillaBecause it is a clause that exists only in, There is a theory that the Mid-Autumn Festival was transmitted from Korea to China (Korean origin theorySee).
People's Republic of ChinaThe Mid-Autumn Festival hasn't been a holiday for a long time, but since 2008Qingming Festival-Dragon Boat FestivalWas added to the holidays with.MooncakeThere is a custom of eating.
Hong Kong's public holiday is August 8th (the day after the Mid-Autumn Festival), but some schools and companies will be closed from the afternoon of August 16th.People buy mooncakes andTaro,Star fruit,HishiTo celebrate.In recent years, various new style mooncakes have occurred in Hong Kong, and especially the snow skin mooncake (ice mooncake) is popular.Citizens in the park at nightろ う そ くLight up, hang a lantern,煲蠟Some even play with (sprinkle water on a large amount of liquefied wax and enjoy the rise of steam and flames).But for safetyHong Kong government The1990 eraIt has been cracking down since the beginning.Large and small lanterns are displayed in major parks in Hong Kong to make you feel good.
Causeway Bay OfTai HangThen, do it for 3 days in a row.This is a Hakka custom, and we hope to do it for three consecutive days from August 8th to 14th of the lunar calendar to eliminate disasters and escape from poverty.Also, for the elders, for the youngerPanther rice cakeThere are districts that have a habit of sending.
TaiwanThe Mid-Autumn Festival is an important folk event,TaiwanIt will be a holiday.Mooncakes while watching the moonBuntanI have a habit of eating (Pomelo).As a local culture,Kaohsiung CityMeinong DistrictInHakka ethnic settlementThen.Round duck (duck)The habit of squeezing and eatingYilanThen, it is customary to eat "namochi", which is made by kneading wheat flour, applying brown sugar to it, and baking it.Also, in southern TaiwanRice cake,Fire potThere is also a custom of eating..August 8th of the lunar calendar is also the birthday of "Land Prince" and "Tainsei-kun", and on that day Landko and Taiinsei-kun are enshrined.The land prince (Fukutoku Masagami) is considered to be the guardian deity of the land and is a god widely familiar to the people of Taiwan. I hope and pray.In particular, we offer rice cakes to the local government.It is sticky and sticky, and when the land prince eats it, it sticks to a long white beard, and money and good luck also stick to the prayer's body in the beginning.Farmers in Taiwan insert a bamboo pole called "land tonfa" in the paddy fields and fields.Cut the bamboo pole a little, put a prickly pear and an incense stick like a clip, and dedicate it to the land as a cane.
In ancient times, the god who controls the moon called Taionjin against the sun is Taionjin-kun and the goddess.In general, I stole the medicine for immortality and took it a lot, and it was mixed up with "Chang'e", a fairy who rises on the moon, but it has nothing to do with it. Even though Yue Lao, like "Yue Lao," is a god of marriage, good ties are not required for both men and women.Traditionally, men are not allowed to pray for the moon and worship it, so it is a women-only ritual to make a wish toward the moon.
1980 eraOutdoors from mid-Autumn to mid-Autumn Festival nightsbarbecueThere are more ways to enjoy doing it.There are various theories about its origin, but it is said that it is due to the influence of commercials and the fact that it makes you hungry during the moon viewing.This practice proves that economic development and westernization of life during this period influenced even traditional customs.
In Kayoshi, after the evening of the Mid-Autumn Festival, hold the pomelo, stay indoors, go outside, cut the head of the pomelo with a knife at the threshold of the entrance, "cut the head of the pomelo, cut the head of the thief. And pray that the thief will not come.
Hakumochi: Taiwanese is Po̍ah-piáⁿ "Scarlet rice cake".Scarlet means gambling.Zheng ChenggongIs fighting with the Mansei dynasty in Xiamen, but when the Mid-Autumn Festival comes, the subordinates and the army can not get together with their families and become more homesick, so everyone was having fun playing with the idea of a game called Hakumochi. He seems to have forgotten his homesickness.Throw the dice into the bowl and get the mooncake as a free gift depending on the combination of the rolls.It is mainly conducted in the remote island of Kinmen, and some areas of mainland Taiwan still follow this custom.
Water sword head 澹子 fire reception dark view: Hakka people who speak Hakka Chinese in Erlun, Lunbei, Yunlin County have a torch on the night of the Mid-Autumn Festival and it is a custom to go around the town.In the past, I used to patrol for crime prevention, but now it's a parade event.
Yakitou: Similar to a Japanese fire festival.Performed at Matsu (Lienchiang County) on a remote island.During the military administration period, it was banned from the private sector to emit night light, and it was once extinguished, but in recent years it has been revived in the iron plate village of Nangan Township.Combined and stacked with bricks and roof tiles, a well-shaped tower with no roof of 1 to 3 meters was created, and combustibles were thrown into the upper mouth and burned.I hope the old things are gone and the new things are welcomed.A long time ago, if it burned as fuel for a kamado, such as abandoned casket boards and toilet boards, it would be ominous, so collect it on the night of the Mid-Autumn Festival and burn it in a burning tower.In modern times, strips of wishes and dislikes were put in the tower, lit, and burned.I hope that various wishes will be fulfilled, that evil stars will disappear, and that there will be no illness.The appearance of being fired and the flames rising is a masterpiece.The bigger the flame, the better the luck.
In Vietnam, (Vietnamese : Mid-Autumn Festival / Mid-Autumn Festival*?) Or (Vietnamese : Tết Trông trăng*?).This is Kuoi (Cobbles) Is the origin.His wife is inadvertently holyBanyanUrine on the tree and blaspheme the tree.And when he sat on the branch of the tree, the tree began to grow and finally grew to the moon with Kuoi's wife on it.Every year during the Mid-Autumn Festival, children light lanterns to form a line and teach Kuoi's wife the way back to the ground...Of course, some Vietnamese mooncakes are round, but most of them are square.In addition to the story of Kuoi's wife from VietnamChang'e,GatewayThe legend of is also widely told.
Other important events take place before and during the Mid-Autumn FestivalLion DanceIs.Lion dances are danced by both amateur children's teams and trained professionals.The lion dance group dances on the street, visits the house and asks if it's okay to dance.If you have permission, the lion will enter the house and dance to pray for good luck for the house.The landlord gives a congratulatory money with gratitude.
Unlike other regions in Vietnam, the Mid-Autumn FestivalchildrenIs considered a festival for..Since ancient times, children have been considered to be close to the holy natural world because they are pure and innocent in Vietnam.Being close to the childrenspiritAnd the way to connect with God..That eveningLion DanceBuy the lion to the child and the child will play with it with his friends.Also childrencarpI go out to play with my lantern, which is named after the story of Longmen.
When the moon-viewing festival is transmitted from China on the XNUMXth night of Mid-Autumn,Heian periodFrom around貴族Feast of the moon and boating (rather than seeing the moon directly)boatAnd enjoy the moon swaying on the surface of the water)songAnd held a feast.Heian Aristocracy and others did not look at the moon directly, but enjoyed reflecting it on a cup or pond.
In modern times, in places where the moon can be seen,thinDecorate (Susuki) and watch the moondumpling-taro-Edamame-ChestnutAnd so onSakeWatch the moon (moon-viewing dishes).Especially the moon of the XNUMXth night is offered because the taro that has just been harvested at this time is offered.Imo NatsukiThere is also a region called (potato meigetsu).. on the other hand,OkinawaThen.Fuchagi(Fukiage mochi) is made and offered.AlsoBuddhismTempleThen, there is also a place to hold a full moon puja to pray for a good harvest.
Besides thisPrewarからShowaIn the mid-term (even today, in some places)childrenWe steal Tsukimi dumplings, chestnuts, persimmons, green soybeans, potatoes, and sweets that are offered to each neighboring house so that they cannot be found by the family members, and pray (celebrate) the harvest of the year together.Moon-viewing thiefThere was also a custom (the family pretended not to see the children's actions even if they found them)..
OkinawaMiyakojimaThen,Head taxOn August 8th of the lunar calendar, on the 15th night of the lunar calendar, we celebrated the full payment of the tax for that year and wished for a good harvest the following year.Year-end festivalIs being done in various places.Miyakojima CityUeno VillageIn the field, in the morningChopsticksIn the evening, after a moon-viewing party, a young man's stick dance and a woman's ring dance are held, and it is selected as a national intangible folk cultural property..
Republic of Korea / Democratic People's Republic of Korea
South KoreaLet's do it on August 8th of the lunar calendarChuseok(Chuseok,Korean: Thanksgiving), An event of the Mid-Autumn Festival, in JapanObonVisit the grave in the same way as.DPR KoreaBut it's a holiday.
- ^ Wang Ran Ran "Mid-Autumn Festival Origin ShinronNingxia Social Sciences, Vol. 173, 2012, pp. 134-139.
- ^ "Tokyo Yumekaroku" Volume 8, Mid-Autumn
- ^ Zimu Wu "Dream Record" Volume 4, Mid-Autumn
- ^ Ennin "Entry to the pilgrimage』Volume 2. "((KaiseiAugust 839th, XNUMXth year (XNUMX), the XNUMXth day of August, made by the temple family, such as the rice cake meal.This section is not owned by these countries, and is owned by Yuishinra.Old priests, etc.Samurai Setsuraku Shiki 儛, eternal inheritance breathlessness.XNUMX kinds of food and drink, song string, day after night, three days off. "
- ^ "Qingming Dragon Boat Festival Mid-Autumn 1 heaven" "People's Daily Overseas Edition", December 2007, 12 .
- ^ Taipei Municipal Bookstore-Enthusiasm Theme: Yogetsu Taman Fun Mid-Autumn Archived August 2013, 9, at the Wayback Machine.
- ^ familyculture.com tettrungthu
- ^ Lee, Jonathan HX; editors, Kathleen M. Nadeau, (2010). Encyclopedia of Asian American folklore and folklife. Santa Barbara, Calif .: ABC-CLIO. P. 1180. ISBN 0313350663
- ^ Cohen, Barbara (October 1995, 10). “Mid-Autumn Children's Festival”. As of May 2013, 1オ リ ジ ナ ル[Broken link]More archives.October 2012th, 11Browse.
- ^ a b "Annual Event Encyclopedia" p65 May 1958, 5 First edition published Masayoshi NishitsunoiHen Tokyodo Publishing
- ^ "Jugoya" "Complete Encyclopedia of Japan" Shogakukan. (Koto bank）
- ^ "Jugoya" festivals in various places Miyako Shinpo, January 2017, 10
- ^ Field Mastrier - Cultural heritage online(Agency for Cultural Affairs）
- ^ Field Mastryer, Latest version Okinawa Compact Encyclopedia, March 2003, Ryukyu Shimposha
- ^ Ueno Nobaru Traditional Mastrier Fifteen Nights Dance for a Good Harvest Miyako Shinpo, January 2017, 10