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🎥 | Nagahama Neru, but the movie that I learned that "even a star is a" person "who has weak points"


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Nagahama, but the movie that I learned that "even a star is a" person "who has weak points"

 
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Harry: We received a lot of emails from listeners about the “self-love” depicted in the film.
 

Nagahama and Harry Sugiyama talked about the news that interests the movie and the charm of the movie "Rocketman".door… → Continue reading

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narcissism

narcissism(alone: Narzissmus,Nozomi: ναρκισσισμός,British: narcissism) OrSelf-loveIs a state in which one loves oneself or considers oneself as a sexual object.[1].Autosexual,MetrosexualGeneric name such as.Turn aroundContemptSometimes used to mean[1]。日本語表記では、原語に正確ではない「ナルシズム」や「ナルチシズム」が使われることもある。

PersonalEthnocentrism,Narcissistic personality disorderAlthough it is sometimes equated with, there are also negative opinions in modern times.

The etymology is a beautiful boy who appears in Greek mythologyNarcissusIt is derived from the episode that he fell in love with his appearance reflected on the surface of the water.People who exhibit narcissismnarcissist(British: narcissist), But in JapanNarcissist(Orchid: narcist) Is pervasive.

Primary narcissismPersonalityIt is often seen during the formation period of 6 months to 6 years, and many are lost with growth.

Secondary narcissismpubertyからadultSeen in.


History

Narcissismword TheFreud OfPsychologyUsed for the first time in.The origin of the wordGreek mythologyAppear inNarcissusIs.NarcissusGreekBeautiful young manEcoTo saynymphAs a punishment for refusing to court, he was cursed to fall in love with his appearance in the fountain.He couldn't achieve his feelings, so he tried to kiss himself on the surface of the water, fell into a fountain and drowned, and he died in the fountain.Daffodil(Narcissus)flowerHas bloomed.

In the past, secondary narcissismdiseaseStatepubertyからadultIt was thought that the euphoria and attachment to oneself, which was seen in the above, was a thought pattern leading to the exclusion of others.

Social, mainly as a characteristic of secondary narcissismStatusTrying to get one's satisfaction and attention by achieving one's goals and goals, boasting, being insensitive to other people's emotions and having less emotional empathy, and being overly dependent on others for their role in daily life. And secondary narcissismNarcissistic personality disorderIt was said to be the core of.

In modern times,Sexual minorityAs one of the movements, there is also a recognized movement.

Critical opinion

There are four personality variables of narcissism: leadership / authority, superiority / arrogance, self-absorption / self-praise, and exploitability / awareness of rights.[2].

Seven deadly narcissisms of staplers

Stapler Sandy shows the seven deadly sins of narcissism[3].

  1. Shameless: Shame is the emotion that lies beneath all unhealthy narcissists.They cannot handle shame in a healthy way.
  2. Magical thinking: Narcissists are known as "magical thoughts"Cognitive distortionAnd use the illusion to consider yourself perfect.They also "sweep out" shame on othersprojectionTo use.
  3. arrogance: A narcissist who feels ego contraction can "re-expand" the ego by knowing the decline, escape, and fall of others.
  4. 羨 望: Narcissists use "contempt" to describe the existence and achievements of othersminimizeBy doing so, you will have an advantage when faced with the abilities of others.
  5. Rights awareness: Because I consider myself special, narcissists have unfounded expectations, such as special favors and no-check passes.They are considered "troublesome" and "difficult" by others because they consider it an attack on their superiority if they do not accept what they want.Will resistance to narcissists is a hurt of self-loveNarcissistic angercause.
  6. exploitation: Regardless of the feelings and interests of others, narcissists are always exploiters of others, which come in many forms.It can often be sneaky, targeting people who are difficult or impossible to resist.Sometimes it becomes obedient, but it's not true.
  7. borderFailure: Narcissists do not understand that there is a boundary with others.I don't know that I am a separate entity from others and not an extension of myself.No one else meets your needs.Those who provide self-love to narcissists are treated as part of the narcissists and are required to live up to their master's expectations.There is no boundary between self and others in the mind of a narcissist.

Mechanism

PsychoanalysisAccording to, every child has narcissism.Most toddlers feel that they are at the center of the world, the most important, can do anything and know everything.

In the psychological modelPrimitive narcissism(Primary narcissism[Note 1]).

growthTherefore, through adolescence, primitive narcissism is often replaced by realistic perceptions.In adolescence, the work of self-esteem makes oneself and others ideologically extremely heavy.IdealizationOn the contrary, look lightlyDevaluationIt is believed that swaying between people and being fundamentally disillusioned with others leads to secondary narcissism.

The dynamics of narcissism

According to psychodynamic theory, parents are the first factor in promoting socialization.Children find answers to their parents the most important, all-life questions.

Growth means that the spirit is separated from the parentOedipus complexIt involves resolving the problem, that is, redirecting sexual interest to a socially appropriate subject.These are independent explorations of the world,selfIt is important to be strongly aware of.No matter what stage is interrupted, it's normalDifferentiationIt becomes impossible to do, an independent ego is not formed, and to othersDependenceAnd presents childhood.Occasionally, the disorder is caused by a parent who does not leave the child.It is widely accepted that children leave their parents and subsequently individualize.

Research school

Freud and Jung

Sigmund FreudFor the first time advocated a consistent theory of narcissism.Freud is a subject guidance typelibidoHe explained that the transition from to object-guided libido is mediated by the work of parents.

The development of primary narcissism is an adaptive phenomenon in which a child finds what he or she should rely on, chooses the ego at hand, and feels satisfied.But when narcissism prolongs,AutoeroticismIs established.Narcissists are accustomed to stimulating their ego and gaining joySexthanmasturbationAnd become fond of sexual delusions.

Freud named the fact that no libido was heading at the subject as narcissism.It refers to a phenomenon in which no libido is directed toward the object representation such as fantasy.

Narcissistic defense

Narcissistic defense[Note 2]Is a series of processes in which the idealized aspect of oneself is preserved and then the limits are denied.[4]..Whether consciously or unconsciouslycrimeとshameDriven by emotions[5] It fears that self-image will be destroyed, and therefore concludes that any accusations against them are unreasonable.

Type

Co-dependence

Co-dependenceRelationships tend to be overly passive or overly cautious.QoLHas an adverse effect on.Rappoport Alan describes narcissist co-dependents as "co-narcissists"[Note 3]I recognize[6].

Narcissism is generally thought to harm co-dependent humans, but in reality it is not always the case.

footnote

[How to use footnotes]

注 釈

  1. ^
  2. ^ British: narcissistic defenses
  3. ^ British: co-narcissists

Source

  1. ^ a b Kojien XNUMXth Edition "Narcissism"
  2. ^ Horton, RS; Bleau, G .; Drwecki, B. (2006). “Parenting Narcissus: What Are the Links Between Parenting and Narcissism?”. 74 (2): 345–76. two:10.1111 / j.1467-6494.2006.00378.x. http://persweb.wabash.edu/facstaff/hortonr/pubs/Horton%20et%20al.%20(2006).pdf.  See p. 347.
  3. ^ Hotchkiss, Sandy & Why Is It Always About You ?: The Seven Deadly Sins of Narcissism (2003)
  4. ^ Shaw JA (1999.) Sexual Aggression, American Psychiatric Publishing, pp. 28–29.
  5. ^ Patrick Casement, Further Learning from the Patient (1990) p. 132
  6. ^ Rappoport, Alan, Ph. D.Co-Narcissism: How We Adapt to Narcissistic Parents. The Therapist, 2005.

References

  • Fairbairn, WRD- An Object Relations Theory of the Personality --New York, Basic Books, 1954 ISBN 0465051634
  • Freud S.- Three Essays on the Theory of Sexuality (1905) - Standard Edition of the Complete Psychological Works of Sigmund Freud --Vol. 7 --London, Hogarth Press, 1964 ISBN 0465097081
  • Freud, S.- On Narcissism --Standard Edition --Vol. 14 --pp. 73-107
  • Golomb, Elan- Trapped in the Mirror: Adult Children of Narcissists in Their Struggle for Self --Quill, 1995 ISBN 0688140718
  • Greenberg, Jay R. and Mitchell, Stephen A.- Object Relations in Psychoanalytic Theory --Cambridge, Mass., Harvard University Press, 1983 ISBN 0674629752
  • Grunberger, Bela- Narcissism: Psychoanalytic Essays --New York, International Universities Press --1979 ISBN 0823634914
  • Guntrip, Harry- Personality Structure and Human Interaction --New York, International Universities Press --1961 ISBN 0823641201
  • Horowitz MJ- Sliding Meanings: A defense against threat in narcissistic personalities --International Journal of Psychoanalytic Psychotherapy --1975; 4: 167
  • Jacobson, Edith- The Self and the Object World --New York, International Universities Press --1964 ISBN 0823660605
  • Kernberg O.- Borderline Conditions and Pathological Narcissism --New York, Jason Aronson, 1975 ISBN 0876681771
  • Klein, Melanie- The Writings of Melanie Klein --Ed. Roger Money-Kyrle --4 vols. --New York, Free Press --1964-75 ISBN 0029184606
  • Kohut H.- The Analysis of the Self --New York, International Universities Press, 1971 ISBN 0823601455
  • Lasch, Christopher- The Culture of Narcissism --New York, Warner Books, 1979 ISBN 0393307387
  • Lowen, Alexander- Narcissism: Denial of the True Self --Touchstone Books, 1997 ISBN 0743255437
  • Millon, Theodore (and Roger D. Davis, contributor)- Disorders of Personality: DSM IV and Beyond --2nd ed. --New York, John Wiley and Sons, 1995 ISBN 047101186X
  • Millon, Theodore- Personality Disorders in Modern Life --New York, John Wiley and Sons, 2000 ISBN 0471237345
  • Ronningstam, Elsa F. (ed.)- Disorders of Narcissism: Diagnostic, Clinical, and Empirical Implications --American Psychiatric Press, 1998 ISBN 0765702592
  • Rothstein, Arnold- The Narcissistic Pursuit of Reflection --2nd revised ed. --New York, International Universities Press, 1984
  • Schwartz, Lester- Narcissistic Personality Disorders --A Clinical Discussion --Journal of Am. Psychoanalytic Association --22 (1974): 292-305
  • Stern, Daniel- The Interpersonal World of the Infant: A View from Psychoanalysis and Developmental Psychology --New York, Basic Books, 1985 ISBN 0465095895
  • Vaknin, Sam --Malignant Self Love --Narcissism Revisited --Skopje and Prague, Narcissus Publications, 1999-2005 ISBN 8023833847
  • Zweig, Paul- The Heresy of Self-Love: A Study of Subversive Individualism --New York, Basic Books, 1968 ISBN 0691013713

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