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🎥 | The highest award at the Indian Film Festival, the movie starring Sho Kasamatsu!First day decision & trailer released


Photo "Ring Wandering" Book Visual- (C) 2021 Ring Wandering Production Committee

The highest award at the Indian Film Festival, the movie starring Sho Kasamatsu!First day decision & trailer released

 
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The trailer begins with the Japanese wolf, whose main character is extinct, is worried because he can't draw it. The exchange with Reiko Kataoka) has been cut off.
 

The first movie "Ring Wandering" starring the up-and-coming young Sho Kasamatsu in the drama "Love You as the World Ends" series ... → Continue reading

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Japanese wolf

Japanese wolf(Japanese wolf,British: Japanese wolf, Scientific name:Canis lupus hodophilax) IsJapan OfHonshu,Shikoku,KyusyuHad lived inオ オ カ ミ1Subspecies.. Or Canis Genus hodophilax[1].20st centuryAt the beginningextinctionIt is an established theory that it was done.

Overview

Until the 19th century, it was widely distributed from the Tohoku region to Kyushu,1905 (Meiji38 years)May 1,NaraYoshino-gunOgawaWashiyaguchi (currentlyHigashiyoshino VillageThe young male (existing as a specimen) captured in Washiyaguchi) is the last reliable habitat information.[2][3][4]..In addition, January 1 is an American animal collector.Malcolm Playfair AndersonWas accompanied byKiyoshi KanaiAnd the huntsman bought the wolf's corpse from two local Japanese hunters for 2 yen, and Kanai said, "The belly is bluish and rotting in the midwinter." Seems to have been caught a few days ago. "[5]Therefore, the exact capture date is a few days before January 1.The taxidermy was made near the Hogetsuro (currently a clothing store) where I was staying.[5][6].

2003 "1910 (Meiji 43) In MayFukui CastleAgricultural experimental station (Matsudaira experimental farm) on the site.Yasutaka MatsudairaThe canine that was slaughtered in (see) was the Japanese wolf. "paperWas announced[7][3]..However, this specimen of Fukui's individual isPacific WarInFukui air raidIt is academically uncertain to certify it as the last example because it was burnt down leaving a photo.[3][Note 1].

April 2012, in 4GunmaTakasakiThe hunting magazine "Hunting Friend" published on March 3, the same year, which may be hunting Japanese wolves, was discovered in Japan.[8].

Ministry of the Environment OfRed listThen, "If the survival is not confirmed for the past 50 years, the species isextinctionThe Japanese wolf has become an extinct species.

Features

Vertebrate subphylumMammalian classCat eyes(Carnivores)CanineCanisBelong to.Extinct species..It is the established theory that the body length is 95-114 cm, the tail length is about 30 cm, the shoulder height is about 55 cm, and the weight is estimated to be 15 kg.

Smaller and mediumr than wolves in other regionsJapanese dogHowever, it is said that the legs were longer and stronger than the medium-sized Japanese dogs.The tail is curved dorsally and has a rounded tip.SnoutIs short and has no steps like Japanese dogs.One of the features is that the ears are short.To easily blend in with the surrounding environmentSummer: Winter:The coat color changed.

Sort

The Japanese wolf grew in Hokkaido, which is also an extinct species.Ezo wolfIs distinguished as a different subspecies.

The Hokkaido wolf is considered to be a different subspecies of the continental gray wolf, but there is disagreement as to whether the Japanese wolf should be a subspecies of the high wolf or a different species, and although the different subspecies theory is the majority, there is an established theory. is not.

Another subspecies theory

The Japanese wolf diverged from the continental gray wolfJapanese archipelagoIt is said that the species diverged from the continent about 17 years ago, but it generally takes millions of years for the species to diverge, and there are differences in ecological and geographical features that diverge as species. The theory that it is another subspecies of the same species because it is not seen.

Another kind theory

Described the Japanese wolfCoenraad Jacob TeminkAccording to the Japanese wolfGray wolfIs the view that it is a different species[9].

He was also studying the skull of a Japanese wolf.Yoshinori ImaizumiThere are 6 differences in the skull, and it should be classified as an independent species.Thus, not a subspecies of the continental gray wolf,Canis hodophilax It may be said that it is an independent species.

Genetic research

Scientific classification was started in the Meiji era due to the convenience of reporting animal damage.However, there is a habit of intentionally mating domestic dogs with wild wolves, and there are reports of "types" reminiscent of mating individuals with wild dogs in Matagi's testimony. It has been pointed out that it is difficult to genetically elucidate a pure Japanese wolf even if it is used.[10][11][12][13].Philip Franz von SieboldThe mtDNA of "Yamaine", which was possessed by the dog, was determined to be a wolf, but a significant difference from other specimens was confirmed in the skull, suggesting the possibility of mating with a dog.[14].

Gifu University教授As a result of DNA being extracted from the bones of Japanese wolves and investigated, the strains are genetically different from those of wolf and dog on the continent, and genetic differences between samples captured in Honshu, Shikoku, and Kyushu. Was confirmed to be a small, genetically uniform population, and this paper was published in 2009.Zoological Society of JapanPublished in the November issue of the magazine[15]..In an interview with the Asahi Shimbun, Professor Ishiguro said, "Japanese wolves are a limited genetic population and an isolated species in the Japanese archipelago." I want to leave a comment saying "I want to".

Genes shown in the same paper系統 樹Then, the Japanese wolf groupSingle systemIt forms a cluster of dogs, but if you look at the whole phylogenetic tree, dogs (Canis lupus familiaris) Including the gray wolf (Canis lupus) Is included in the species, suggesting that it is a subspecies-level difference from the continental gray wolf strain, and the Japanese wolf is derived from one continental wolf strain, carefully considering the genetic lineage. Is speculated to be[16].

After that Ishiguro in 2012Japan Veterinary AssociationPapers published in Magazine Vol. 65, No. 3[17]"The Japanese wolf is also considered to be a local group derived from the Eurasian wolf, and it was confined to the island and its body shape became smaller.Foster's ruleIt is easy to guess that it is a group. " It has adopted a different subspecies theory more clearly than it was in 2009.

In a paper published in 2021,PleistoceneIt has been pointed out that it may have been the last survivor of the strain that inhabited Siberia, and the Japanese wolf is said to be more closely related to some breeds than the Japanese wolf.[18].

Yamaine and the wolf

The name "Japanese wolf" isMeijiIt appeared as.

Wolves are also called wolf, viburnum furcatum, viburnum furcatum, etc.True godIt is said that it has the meaning of a god like folklore, and these names including "wolf" are said to refer to "big dogs".[19].

JapanThen from ancient timesYamaine(Dhole, Yamainu),オ オ カ ミIt is said that there is a canine wild animal called (wolf), which appears in narratives and paintings.These were sometimes considered the same,Edo PeriodFrom around that time, there were some documents that clearly stated that they were different.The differences were that the wolf was small and the wolf was big, the wolf had a "web" to swim, and the wolf was the object of worship but not the wolf.[20].

There are several theories about this as follows.

  • Yamaine and the wolf are the same species (same subspecies).
  • Yamaine and the wolf are different species (different subspecies).
    • The Japanese wolf is Yamaine, and the wolf is not described.
    • The Japanese wolf is a wolf and has not been described.Canis lupus hodophilax Is not a Japanese wolf because he is a Yamaine.
    • Japanese wolves are wolves,Canis lupus hodophilax Is really a wolf, but was mistakenly recorded as Yamaine.True Yamaine has not been described.
  • The Japanese wolf is Yamaine, and the wolf is the Japanese wolf.Domestic dogIt is a hybrid of.
  • The Japanese wolf is a yamaine, and the wolf is an imaginary animal.

Currently, the predominant theory is that Yamaine and wolves are of the same species.[21].

Incidentally,ChugokuAt漢字In the true sense, TheDoll(Akao wolf), TheTimber wolfSo it wasn't confused.

In modern times, "Yamaine" is sometimes used with the following meanings.

  • When Yamaine became extinct, the original meaning was forgotten, mainlyWild dogIt came to be used as a name to refer to.
  • English wild dog Used as a translation of[22][Note 2].wild dog Refers to all caninaes other than domestic dogs (wolves may be excluded). "Wildcat(wild cat)"soDomestic catOther than smallFelineIt is a wording similar to referring to general.

Of the zoologistYoneyoshi HiraiwaWolves would have confused Japanese wolves with wild dogs in the mountains and called them "mountain dogs" before the extinction. Both would have been feared by people in terms of chewing, he said.[23].

As above,Philip Franz von Siebold"Yamaine" possessed by the dog was mentioned as a possibility of mating with a dog in a later survey.[14].

In one theory, besides YamaineViburnum furcatum(Wolf accent)[Note 3]It seems that there was also a slimming and long-haired type called.Siebold had both bred, but the skulls of the turtle and Yamaine were almost the same, and Teminck determined that the turtle was a hybrid of Yamaine and his domestic dog.It is undeniable that the viburnum furcatum was a subspecies,Siebold caseWhen I was searched for a house in Japan, the materials were scattered and the details were unknown.[Note 4].

Ecology

There are few witnesses from the beginning, and as mentioned above, the difference from Yamaine is not clear, and since it became extinct before academic research was conducted, there are many unclear points about its ecology.

Crepuscular animalso,Ezo wolfUnlike large herds, they acted in groups of 2-3 to 10 heads.mainlySika deerHowever, it appeared in the remote areas and sometimes attacked dogs and horses (especially in Morioka, where horse production was active, there was a lot of damage).It has a habit of howling, and it is said that shoji screens trembled at short distances.The nest was a rock hole in the field of Susuki that spreads out on the mountain peak, and about three pups were born there.It is said that he had a habit of following behind humans who entered his territory.Okuri-inuThere is also an opinion that this habit was interpreted by humans as convenient.Also"hodophilax(The one who protects the road) "was the origin of the subspecies name.

Ryoan Terashimaof"Japanese and Chinese three-year-old drawing society"Whenever you see a werewolf, a human corpse, you must jump over it, urinate on it, and eat it later."

Relationship with human

In the Japanese archipelagoJomon PeriodFrom early on家畜There is a dog asJomon dogIt is called[24]..Jomon dogs are about 45 centimeters in the early Jomon period and 40 centimeters in height in the late and late Jomon period.HoundWas used as[25]..In the Yayoi era, different traits from Jomon dogs were introduced from the continent, but both Jomon dogs and Yayoi dogs are thought to be domesticated dogs from wolves in the East Asian region, and Japanese wolves are domesticated in the Japanese archipelago. The possibility of domestication has been denied morphologically and genetically.[26]..In the Jomon period, there was an armor made by processing the body of a Japanese wolf, and a fang hanging made of maxillary canines in the early Jomon period was excavated from the Kozuka site in Chiba prefecture.[27].

A collection of records about Japanese wolvesYoneyoshi HiraiwaAccording to the book, a wolf invaded not only mountains but also houses and attacked people.[28]Often appear.I also wrote about the life history of the Hokuriku region.Hokuetsu Snow Score,[Note 5], ToyamaHidaSpecific description of wolf damage in local ancient documents[Note 6]Is appearing.

OkutamaMusashi Ontake ShrineAnd ChichibuMitaka ShrineIn Japan, such as the Chubu and Kanto mountainous areas centered on the area, there are spiritual tests such as amulets, possession removers, and beast damage prevention.It is worshiped at various shrinesdog God,Large true god(Okuchi no Makami or Oguchi no Makami) is also considered to be a Japanese wolf.This is because there is daily animal damage in rural areas, especially in the mountains.Feeding damageIt comes from the fact that wolves that eat wild animals that cause illness were sacred. ""Tono Story"In the character Yamaguchi / character book inn, Yamamine-sama must be enshrined and sent to Kinugawa when it is over. It was said that it was eaten up by the gods, "and it can be seen that it is used by the gods to curse.

Causes of extinction

The cause of the extinction of Japanese wolves has not been determined, but it is generallyRabies,distemper(Popular with the introduction after the Meiji era) etc.Livestock infectious diseaseAnd artificialExtermination, It is thought that factors such as reduction of food resources due to development and fragmentation of habitat are combined.

Edo Period Of1732 (Kyoho17) Around the time among Japanese wolvesRabiesIs prevalent, and it is believed that the increase in wolf attacks has spurred extermination.Also, in Japan, it exists mainly in the mountains, and remains such as wolf skulls are used for amulets and possession prayers.From the late Edo period to the early Meiji period, the wolf worship was prevalent, and the demand for wolf remains is thought to be one of the factors that spurred the killing.

Incidentally,1892 Until JuneUeno ZooThere is a record of raising Japanese wolves in Japan, but no photos are left.At that time, it was not thought to be extinct in the next 10 years or so.

Possibility of survival

Kii PeninsulaIn the mountains1970 eraThere were several cases in which the animals captured in Japan were wondering if they were Japanese wolves.Raccoon dogLittle cubs and stray dogs,FoxWas a misunderstanding[33]. Also,Chichibu MountainsBut1996 An animal very similar to a Japanese wolf was photographed (Chichibu stray dog)[34]..Experts disagree about this between the theory that it is a Japanese wolf and the theory that it is a stray dog.

In addition,Oita-Mt. SobosanBut2000 A picture of an animal that closely resembles a Japanese wolf has been taken (for details).Shikoku dogchecking).

Harmful effects of extinction and introduction plan

Due to the extinction of Japanese wolves, there are no natural enemies.boar-Sika deer-Japanese macaqueWild animals such as[Note 7],A humanIt has advanced to the living area of ​​the forest, and has caused great damage not only to crops but also to forests and ecosystems.In the United States, there was an example of repairing a collapsed ecosystem by reviving an extinct wolf, and there was also a plan to reintroduce and respond to the same in Japan.However, there is a history that the Siberian wolf, which is larger and stronger than the Japanese wolf, was canceled due to the harmful effects of becoming wild.Even now, there is a theory that the ancestors are the same as Japanese wolves in China.Daxing'anlingSome people insist on plans to bring the wolf to Japan and release it into the woodlands.

Also, in recent yearsClone technologyThere is also talk of trying to restore Japanese wolves.[35].

Existing specimen

Since the Japanese wolf became extinct in the early Meiji era, there are several skulls and furs, and there are only four stuffed animals in the world.Of these, three have been confirmed in Japan and one in the Netherlands.

Japan

Outside Japan

Skull etc.

  • Honshu,Shikoku,Kyusyu OfShrine,Old houseThe skull, which was said to belong to the Japanese wolf, is stored in such places.especiallyKanagawa OfTanzawaThen, because the skull was used as a talisman, many have been found.
  • 2004 OctoberThe skull of a canine with some muscle, skin, and part of the brain left in itYamanashiFuefuki cityMisakachoIt was discovered in Japan and was determined to belong to the Japanese wolf by the appraisal of the National Science Museum (Misaka wolf). DNA testing is said to be possible.Chubu regionThere is a wolf worship in the mountainous areas of the Kanto region, and the wolf skull related to folk religion remains.The Misaka wolf is presumed to be an individual captured in the Meiji era from the late Edo period, and its use is considered to be used as a talisman and to calm children's night crying, and is attracting folklore.CurrentlyYamanashi Prefectural MuseumIt is in the possession of[37].
  • Tochihara Iwain RuinsJapanese wolf bone fragments are on display in the collection and exhibition of the relics of the Japanese wolf, but Japanese wolf bone fragments have been excavated from many other Jomon and Yayoi sites.[38].
  • 2021 October,Toyohashi Museum of Natural HistoryIs "AichiToyokawaFrom the old house of the Edo periodMikawaThe skull of a Japanese wolf captured in a rural area was donated. "[39][40].

footnote

注 釈

  1. ^ Keep in mind that this record has been a hot topic so far, so the 2003 paper is not the first to appear.
  2. ^ en: Free-ranging dog #Wild dogsSee also[Question]
  3. ^ Kyoto CityFushimi WardFukakusa has a place name written as Okameya or Wolf Valley.
  4. ^ Not a few have questioned Siebold's specimens, which are wild dogs from the Asian region with similar skeletons.DollIt is also considered to be a thing, and as will be described later, it is strange that there is no skeleton or stuffed animal left, even though it has a friendly personality that is familiar to the common people.
  5. ^ My mother was slaughtered here and there in front of the Irori, one leg was eaten and died, my wife was eaten down by the throat and stained with red ...[29]
  6. ^ In the 13th year of Genroku, the head of Hieizan-ji Temple was attacked and eaten.On September 14, the same year, the former Ikeshinmura Baixing Yobei Segare Sabei (2 years old) was eaten to death.Therefore, Ashigaru was dispatched, and Nanbu Genemon killed a wolf with a length of 1 shaku and XNUMX inch.In the same month, the wolf was killed by Ashigaru, who was sent to Mitoda Village by a head-sharing storehouse (XNUMX years old) and Nishihiro Uemura Baixing Shichiemon's nephew.Due to the frequent occurrence of wolf damage, the clan set out to exterminate the wolf by Ashigaru in the same year, killing two in Maruike Village in July and one in Maruike Shinmura Otani in August.On the night of August XNUMXth, Daimon Murato Shinyabei Segare Iwamatsu (XNUMX years old) was seriously injured by a wolf who invaded his house.Ashigaru is dispatched to exterminate[30]. TempoOn the evening of May 12, XNUMX, Shoshita Gumi Miyamorimura Uzo (XNUMX years old) was attacked and eaten while mowing.KeioSoldiers are dispatched to exterminate due to wolf damage in three years[31]..March XNUMX, Enpo XNUMX: In the mountains of Okuda-mura, Nei-gun, a group of wolves attacked a person, so Masatoshi Maeda, the lord of the Toyama domain, hunted wolves himself and killed three wolves with a spear.[32].
  7. ^ However, the extinction of wolves is only one of the causes of the increase.Global warmingDecreased winter mortality due to, ruralDepopulationVarious factors such as conversion have been pointed out.

Source

  1. ^ Endo H et al. (1997) Osteometrical and CT examination of the Japanese wolf skull. J Vet Med Sci 59: 531-538
  2. ^ "RDB Encyclopedia-Rare Creatures-". Internet Nature Research InstituteMinistry of the Environment. As of September 2015, 9オ リ ジ ナ ルMore archives.2019/1/6Browse.
  3. ^ a b c "asahi.com: Last Japanese Wolf Fukui City (XNUMX)-My Town Fukui”. Asahi Shimbun (November 2007, 1). As of November 9, 2007オ リ ジ ナ ルMore archives.2019/1/6Browse.
  4. ^ Tokyo Asahi Shimbun July 11, 7
  5. ^ a b Ueno 1969, p. Unknown.
  6. ^ Kaikaro 2012.
  7. ^ Mizuko Yoshiyuki,Yoshinori Imaizumi "Japanese wolf shot dead in Fukui castle"ANIMATE" No. 4, Agricultural University Animal Study Group,2003 .
  8. ^ "Tokyo Shimbun: Japanese wolf was in Takasaki !? Five years after extinction," Extermination in XNUMX "article found: Gunma (TOKYO Web)". Tokyo Shimbun. (August 2012, 4). オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2012, 4.. https://web.archive.org/web/20120429174834/http://www.tokyo-np.co.jp/article/gunma/20120429/CK2012042902000151.html 
  9. ^ Hirohisa Sugiyama ed.Classification and mutation of Japanese wolves"Wolf-Tradition and Science," Field Research Institute, 2004.
  10. ^ Mitsuru Munakata, 2021, Fielder, Sections 43-47, vol.56, Kasakura Publishing Co., Ltd.
  11. ^ Yuzu Rabbit, 2017, May the Japanese wolf, which was extinct more than 100 years ago, still alive?, Da Vinci, Viewed on July 2021, 10
  12. ^ Brett L. Walker, Kenji Hama, 2009, Extinct Japanese Wolf-History and Ecology, Section 247, ISBN: 978-4-8329-6718-2, Hokkaido University Press
  13. ^ Toshiaki Nagasawa, 2011, Wolf as a Mountain God, "Serial" Environmental Folklore Note "7, May 2011, West Suburbs Folklore Dialogue
  14. ^ a b "In search of Japan's lost wolves: Zoological mystery" (English). Deep reads from The Japan Times. 2021/10/30Browse.
  15. ^ Asahi Shimbun With Tuesday, December 2009, 12
  16. ^ Naotaka Ishiguro. “Topics ■ Genetic lineage of extinct Japanese wolf”. The Zoological Society of Japan. 2019/1/6Browse.
  17. ^ Genetic lineage of extinct Japanese wolves"Japan Veterinary Medical Association Magazine" Vol. 65, No. 3
  18. ^ Niemann, Jonas; Gopalakrishnan, Shyam; Yamaguchi, Nobuyuki; Ramos-Madrigal, Jazmín; Wales, Nathan; Gilbert, M. Thomas P .; Sinding, Mikkel-Holger S. (2021-01-22). “Extended survival of Pleistocene Siberian wolves into the early 20th century on the island of Honshū” (English). iScience 24 (1): 101904. two:10.1016 / j.isci.2020.101904. ISSN 2589-0042 . https://www.sciencedirect.com/science/article/pii/S2589004220311019. 
  19. ^ Kazue Nakamura, 2004, Names of Canis in the Middle Edo Period and National Product Book, Kanagawa Prefectural Museum Research Report: Natural Sciences (34), pp. 69-73
  20. ^ NaganoMatsumoto OfFormer Kaiichi SchoolExhibited in the Meiji eratextbookIn the (secondary reader), "Carnivorous beasts wolf wolf (1) type 1 wolf 2 豺 yamainu (2) partial head length shi ○ mouth length and large nishite under the ears Te Dai Nari ○ Leg 蹼 (Mizukaki) Arite Noku Mizuwo Wataru ○ Hair Gray Nishite White Miscellaneous Ru ○ Teeth Jinda Sharp Nari (3) Beast harm (hereinafter omitted) ".
  21. ^ Naotaka Ishiguro, Shuichi Matsumura, Yohei Terai, Kazumi Hongo, 2020, The Mystery of Japanese Wolf Specimens Left by Siebold, Called Wolves and Yamaine, Nijukai (74), 389-395
  22. ^ "Meaning and usage of wild dog --English-Japanese dictionary Weblio dictionary”. Weblio Co., Ltd. 2019/1/6Browse.
  23. ^ "Mountain dog and wolf" Yonekichi Hiraiwa"Study of Showa Japanese Dogs" (Dog Research Co., Ltd., 1936)
  24. ^ Toyohiro Nishimoto"Dog and Japanese" Toyohiro Nishimoto ed., "Japanese History of Humans and Animals 1 Archeology of Animals" Yoshikawa Kobunkan, 2008
  25. ^ Toyohiro Nishimoto "Dog and Japanese" edited by Toyohiro Nishimoto "Japanese History of Humans and Animals 1 Archeology of Animals" Yoshikawa Kobunkan, 2008
  26. ^ Kyomi Yamazaki "Dog" "Archaeology in the Jomon Period 5 Nariwai Food Production Technology" (Doseisha, 2007), p. 211
  27. ^ "The mountain where the wolf was" Approaching the mystery of the disappeared Japanese wolf "(Yamanashi Prefectural Museum, 2007)
  28. ^ In 851, a wolf invaded the priest's house and ate a 13-year-old child. (P.85)
    • In 886, a wolf around Kamo Shrine bit a person and killed him.Third generation memoir(P.86)
    • In 957, a wolf bites and killed three women in Gakushuin Kitamachi.Japanese abbreviation
    • The eight-year-old girl was late to escape, her brother turned back and struck the wolf's eyebrows with a sickle, and the wolf shook the girl in his mouth and threw it away. (P.8)
    • 1769 A wolf came and bit her husband.This wolf had previously harmed many humans and animals (P.141)
    • 1799 Shinshu Kamisuwa, a wolf eats a friend and Jirobei hits the wolf's back with a stone, but the wolf bites under Jirobei's eyes ... There was no meat (P.148)
    • 1833 Hida, at night, when he tried to take his grandson's 6-year-old daughter to an outdoor toilet, a wolf jumped at him, and the old woman who protected her grandson was bitten by her left arm and ate on the shoulder of her daughter who came to help. ..
    • 1688 Ichimura devoured a 19-year-old girl and seriously injured a 16-year-old boy (P.168).
    • 1702年 6月4日、8歳女児喰い殺さる。同6月22日、12歳男児をくわえ山林に遁走。2ヶ月の間に16人の男女が食い殺されたと言う 信州高島藩日記(P.216)
    • 1709 Owari clan, 3 people who were eaten by wolves during March, 24 people died, 16 people were injured (P.8)
    • 1710 Owari clan, August 8-year-old girl eaten by a wolf and suffers a flaw (P.4) Yonekichi Hiraiwa "Wolf-its ecology and history" Animal Literature Society[Detailed information for identifying documents]
  29. ^ "Hokuetsu Snow Score".
  30. ^ "Toyama PrefectureDaimon TownHistory ”.[Detailed information for identifying documents]
  31. ^ "TonamiHistory ”.[Detailed information for identifying documents]
  32. ^ "EtchuMisao-gunAspiration ”.
  33. ^ Yoneyoshi Hiraiwa"Wolf-its ecology and history new edition" Tsukiji Shokan,1992 , Pages 278-281.[Detailed information for identifying documents]
  34. ^ Yamane Kazuma "Kazuma Yamane's Animal Casebook Wolf 15th Suddenly Appearing Chichibu Wild Dog" "SINRA" No. 39,Shinchosha Co., Ltd., 1997.
  35. ^ "Kobe Shimbun | Society | Kobe RIKEN Challenges to Revive the Extinct Japanese Wolf". Kobe newspaper (Kobe Shimbun). (December 2011, 1). オ リ ジ ナ ルArchived as of October 2011, 1.. https://web.archive.org/web/20110105120626/http://www.kobe-np.co.jp:80/news/shakai/0003711117.shtml 2019/1/6Browse. 
  36. ^ "Canis lupus hodophilax, Japanese wolf". Natural History Museum Picture Library.Natural History Museum, London. As of March 2016, 3オ リ ジ ナ ルMore archives.2019/1/6Browse.
  37. ^ For the morphological traits of the Misaka wolf,Hideki Endo-Takeo Sakai・ Takuya Ito, Hiroshi Koie, Junpei Kimura "Osteological and image analysis of Japanese wolf skull found in a private house in Yamanashi Prefecture" "Journal of the Japanese Society of Zoo and Wildlife Medicine (9-2,2004 ), For a study of cultural historical background, see Manabu Uetsuki "Wolf Faith around Koshu-On the Japanese Wolf Skeleton in Misaka-cho, Fuefuki City-" "Bulletin of the Yamanashi Prefectural Museum" (Vol. 2,2008
  38. ^ "Jomon's lifestyle Jomon's diet”. Kagoshima Prefecture Uenohara Jomon no Mori. 2019/1/6Browse.
  39. ^ "The skull of the only Japanese wolf in Aichi Prefecture was donated (Notice)”. Toyohashi Museum of Natural History (February 2021, 2). 2021/2/10Browse.
  40. ^ "Donated the skull of a Japanese wolf to the Toyohashi Museum of Natural History”. Higashi Aichi Shimbun (February 2021, 2). 2021/2/10Browse.

References

Related item

外部 リンク

Kataoka Reiko

Reiko Kataoka(Kataoka Reiko,1971 May 12 -) isEhimeIyo-gunMatsumaeFromactress..Belonging to Hiiro.

History/Person

Jackie ChanFrom an early age, he set his sights on the actress as an actress.

Ehime Prefectural Iyo High SchoolThroughMeisei UniversityFaculty of Science and EngineeringDepartment of Civil Engineering[1]graduation.While in college1991 ToDemocratic PartySelected as the 4th generation campaign character.again,Female college studentAs a model, "Weekly Asahi』Cover (Photo:Mt. Sasayama Kishin) Was decorated.

1993 ,Ryosuke HashiguchiDirector'sXNUMX years old fever』Screen debut.

1994 ,Tomoe TakahashiDirector'sNew world of love"soSuzuki SaneAnd attracted attention for his body-hugging performance.

1995 ,KAMIKAZE TAXI』Acting was recognized, the 15thYokohama Film FestivalReceived the Best New Face Award.

1997 of"Demon fireReceived high praise for his performance, and won the Best Supporting Actress Award at the 17th Yokohama Film Festival.

2001 of"hash!]Kinema JunpoAward and 45thBlue ribbon awardReceived the Best Actress Award.

1996 From aroundRadio DramaActively appearing in1999 OfFM theater"Smoking Time-The Whereabouts of Smoke" is the 37thGalaxy awardReceived the Radio Division Excellence Award.There are many popular works such as "Vibrator" which will be made into a movie later and "Memory of the Moon" which won the Audio Drama Encouragement Award.

2002 On January 1th, during the rehearsal on the stage, "Cerebral arteriovenous malformationHe collapsed due to "cerebral hemorrhage (cerebral hemorrhage)" and was wandering alive and dead temporarily.He also heard the news of winning the Kinema Junpo Leading Actress Award on the bed.After that, he worked hard on rehabilitation, such as going to the hospital while treating at home, and said, "Return home』Returned to the actress business for the first time in two years.InterviewThen, "I felt like I was selected for the movie rather than choosing this movie as a return work. I was very worried about entering the scene, but the staff and family warmly supported me and managed to do it. Up until now, I think I had the image of Mr. Kataoka, who was slamming in action and sneaking around, but he called out to me with such a delicate role.HagiudaI am grateful to the director.I used to have too much pressure on my shoulders.It feels like catching up with the movie and overtaking it.I think I can now relax a little. I answered[2].

2003 , Reiko Kataoka OfficialHome PageOpened. From January 2006BlogAlso started.

Appearance

movies

TV drama

Radio Drama

  • FM theater (NHK-FM Saturday 21:00 --21:50)
    • Open window (January 1996, 1)
    • Bon Odori (July 1997, 7)
    • Vision (January 1998, 1)
    • Smoking Time-The Whereabouts of Smoke (June 1999, 6)
    • Vibrator (July 1999, 7)
    • Anne Darter (August 1999, 8)
    • Who are you (April 2000, 4)
    • Swallows fly (September 2004, 9)
    • The shadow of summer (June 2005, 6)
    • Memory of the Moon (November 2005, 11)
    • Shizuko-Soul Haiku (November 2009, 11)
    • What to look for (November 2015, 11)
  • Youth adventure (NHK-FM Every Monday --Friday 22:45 --23:00 10 times broadcast)
    • New Yume Toya (February-March 1996)
    • Castle of Memory (February 1997)
    • Temptation of lies (February 1998)
  • Pops library (NHK-FM Every Monday --Friday 24:20 --25:00 5 times broadcast)
  • Seishun Radio Novel Auto reverse(December 2020, 12 commercial radio stations ・radiko
  • Other
    • Divorce drive

WEB drama

CD

  • Takashi Sotoma Participated in the 01-28.fictional radio program "Radio Sambika" of the album "St.Bika" as a cast.

CM

MC

PV

original video

Book

Photo album

magazine

footnote

[How to use footnotes]
  1. ^ I went to Meisei University to grab a dream and met a lifelong friend - Meisei University
  2. ^ Reiko Kataoka returns to the silver screen with "Homecoming" asahi.com July 2005, 07
  3. ^ "Hakodate Port Illumination Film Festival Scenario Grand Prize Winner" Hakodate Coffee "Trailer Completed". Movie.com(July 2016, 8). http://eiga.com/news/20160812/6/ 2016/8/12Browse. 
  4. ^ "The taste of Orusuban.". Filmarks The taste of Orusuban. (September 2019, 5). 2019/5/5Browse.
  5. ^ "Youth Film". Akihiro Takeishi (September 2019, 5). 2019/5/5Browse.
  6. ^ “Ryu Morioka, Kenichi Takifuji, and Kimiko Yoo appeared in “Enokada Trading Hall” directed by Kiyohiko Shibukawa and Ken Iizuka! ”. Movie.com(July 2016, 8). http://eiga.com/news/20160825/5/ 2016/8/25Browse. 
  7. ^ "Father, back!". Filmarks Father, back! (September 2018, 12). 2018/12/3Browse.
  8. ^ "Arata Furuta x Tori Matsuzaka" Blank "with Kisetsu Fujiwara, Shuri and other key visuals and special news footage". Real Sound. blueprint. 27 April 2021.Retrieved January 2021, 4.
  9. ^ "Arata Furuta announces additional cast of" blank "teaser video ban attacking Tori Matsuzaka". ORICON NEWS. oricon ME. 27 April 2021.Retrieved January 2021, 4.
  10. ^ "Theatrical version "Your Turn to Kill" Nanase Nishino and Ryusei Yokohama, 32 people in a row, the stage is a party on board". Cinema Today (September 2021, 6). 2021/6/4Browse.
  11. ^ "Special news that Shinnosuke Abe, Jun Shison, Kou Shibasaki and others as directors of "MIRROR LIAR FILMS" were also shown.". Movie Natalie.Natasha Co., Ltd. (February 2021, 12). 2021/12/22Browse.
  12. ^ "Announcement of appearances by Ken Yasuda, Reiko Kataoka, Hatsunori Hasegawa and others in the movie" Ring Wandering "starring Sho Kasamatsu". ORICON NEWS. oricon ME. 15 July 2021.Retrieved January 2021, 7.
  13. ^ "Ken Yasuda, Reiko Kataoka, Hatsunori Hasegawa, Yoji Tanaka and others will appear in" Ring Wandering "starring Sho Kasamatsu". Real Sound.blueprint. 15 July 2021.Retrieved January 2021, 7.
  14. ^ ""Dragon Zakura" "The University of Tokyo Mathematics Demon" Tetsunosuke Yanagi reappears Toru Shinagawa "I'm deeply moved" for the first time in 16 years". ORICON NEWS. oricon ME (December 2021, 5). 2021/7/1Browse.

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