Photo Sunglasses and black coat!Anyway, "The Matrix" Warner Bros. / Photofest / Getty Images
"The Matrix" Coco was amazing! : Video & Action
If you write the contents roughly
You can see that "The Matrix" aimed at the real thing, not the imitation of the Hong Kong movie.
"Matrix Resurrections" is about to be released in Japan on December 12th. The latest in the "Matrix" series ... → Continue reading
Wikipedia related words
If there is no explanation, there is no corresponding item on Wikipedia.
Hong Kong movies
Until the end of the Pacific War
The first movie production company in Hong Kong was born1922 .1928 ,Kung fu movieIs the origin ofSword playThe first movie "" was produced and became a big hit. Since the hit of "Kurenji Flame", countless opportunistic flame items such as "" and "" have been made.
Entering the 1930s, Hong Kong moviesサ イ レ ン トからTalkieMigrated to. Many swashbuckler movies such as "", "", "" and "" have been produced and are called "the golden age of swashbuckler movies".But,1931 OfManchurian IncidentAfter that, the situation changed completely.Anti-JapaneseThe movie was welcomed by the public, and the popularity of swashbuckler movies declined.furtherKMTby言语UnificationRegulationByCantoneseFilm production and screening are prohibited,MandarinFilms began to be produced (later, the regulation was relaxed by the efforts of Hong Kong filmmakers who opposed this regulation).
Sino-Japanese warWith the outbreak ofShanghaiFilmmaker fled to Hong Kong.The Mandarin films they started making in Hong Kong became popular with Hong Kongers, saying that they were "more elegant and dignified than Cantonese films."The Hong Kong film industry was clearly divided into the Cantonese film industry by Hong Kong-born filmmakers and the Mandarin film world by filmmakers who came south from mainland China, and there was fierce competition over the long term.The general image of Cantonese films in China was "muddy and vulgar low-end entertainment."Cantonese filmmakers responded to this image by saying, "It's vulgar, low-end entertainment, but this is the true picture of Hong Kong," and continued to mass-produce (Cantonese opera films) and anti-Japanese films.
Anti-Japanese films continued to be made until the Japanese occupation of Hong Kong in December 1941, but in Hong Kong after the occupation by Japan in August 12.Pacific WarThe end of the warUntil then, no Hong Kong movie was made.There were more than 500 films made in Hong Kong before the war, but only four are still in existence.
Immediately after the end of the war
After the end of the war, the Hong Kong film industry resumed film production, but there was still a clear distinction between the Cantonese film industry by Hong Kong-born filmmakers and the Mandarin film industry by filmmakers traveling south from mainland China. It was.Before the war, Cantonese filmmakers argued against the image of Hong Kong movies as "muddy and vulgar low-end entertainment," saying, "It's vulgar, low-end entertainment, but this is the true picture of Hong Kong." And began to make contemporary drama works incorporating violence.
In response, Mandarin filmmakers from Shanghai announced the Cantonese Film Cleanup Movement Declaration in 1949, urging the Cantonese filmmakers to review their filmmaking attitudes along with the content of the Cantonese films. ..As a result of this movement, Cantonese filmmakers have also turned their attention to producing "good quality Cantonese films," and the number of works depicting social contradictions and literary works has increased.Cantonese opera films (Guangdong opera films) account for about 40% of all produced films, and the theme of the film is taken from the performances of traditional stage plays in the Cantonese region, and at the same time, the stage actors are appointed as film actors. In many cases.In particular, the actress Yam Kim-fai (), who was called "the beautiful man dressed as a man," was very popular, and by the time she retired, she had appeared in more than 300 movies, creating the heyday of cantonese opera movies.
And swashbuckler movies have come to be produced again.Mainly remakes of prewar Shanghai movies and movie adaptations of historical novels became popular, and many works were made in which "heroes with supernatural talents" that were impossible for humans appeared.Weapons used by heroes were not just swords and spears, but were preferred to have unrealistic effects such as flying swords and fire spears.
1949, Kwan Tahin (Kwan Tak Hook) StarringYellow flying fox"" Was released and became a big hit.This work is not a swashbuckler movie, but a "battle with bare hands", that is, the first of a "kung fu movie" that can be said to be synonymous with Hong Kong movies.As of 1, Kwan Tak-hwan has played 2007 Hung Fei Hung, which is currently the largest number of movies produced on the same subject in the world.Guinness BookIt is published in.
Due to this influence, the main character of the swashbuckler movie also prefers the work of the main character to a realistic person rather than a hero with a supernatural talent.For the first time, the very common expression method, in which the sword sword directly slashes the enemy, instead of the sword flying toward the target, has been used.at the same timeFang ShiyuMany political themes, such as the protagonist being a rebel of the regime, have begun to appear in swashbuckler films.
On the other hand, the Mandarin film industry has produced many works that retain the atmosphere of Shanghai films.Supported by many war refugees who left mainland China and moved south to Hong Kong after the war, films that were more sophisticated than Cantonese films gradually attracted people who were originally in Hong Kong.Especially popular was the Huangmei-style movie, in which many songs were inserted.Kayo movie)was.Actress Pai Kwang (White light) And Lee Lee Hua () were popular, and the songs they sang in the play became popular songs as they were.
Shaw Brothers Golden Age
The popularity of swashbuckler movies has declined, and in 1953 the number of productions reached a record low.The cause of the slump was that the Cantonese opera and Kwan Tak-hing's Huang Fei Hung series were split in popularity, and that the Mandarin movie, known as the Huangmei movie, became more popular.Comedy films and social contemporary drama also became popular, and the Cantonese film industry was in great shape except for the sluggish popularity of swashbuckler films.
From the late 50s to the early 60s, cantonese opera began to decline sharply, dropping to about 5% of all Cantonese films.This is because the Cantonese opera itself began to be shunned by the younger generation, and as a result, after three productions were made in the 70s, the cantonese opera disappeared completely from the Hong Kong film industry.The younger generation favored youth films, with actresses such as Chang Poge () and () being particularly popular.
The Cantonese film industry continued to make the Wong Fei Hung series starring Kwan Tak-hing, but it gradually became unacceptable to the younger generation.Although social films and comedy swashbucklers were hits to some extent, all other films were ridiculed by Mandarin filmmakers as "Seven Days (a movie made in seven days)" due to crude random production. ..
The Mandarin film industry produced Huangmei-style films and literary films as two pillars, and never produced swashbuckler films or kung fu films.However, the Mandarin film industry was in dire straits as the younger generation favored Cantonese film swashbucklers and kung fu films, and Huangmei-style films began to be shunned.
Two film companies supported the rise of the Mandarin film industry.First1956 Established "(Cathay Organization)" based on "(Kokutai Organization)" led by Loke Wan Tho ().continue1959 ToRun Run Shaw(Shaw Shaw)of"Shaw Brothers(Shaw Brothers Hong Kong Co., Ltd.) ”was established.
In 1965, Shaw Brothers built a huge studio "Kagejo".Also, keeping in mind the enhancement of our own production, JapanNikkatsu,TohoからUmeji Inoue,Nakahira Yasushi,Murayama MitsuoDirectors and famous cameramenTadashi NishimotoWe invited excellent human resources to greedily absorb their skills and knowledge.Established an actor training center called "Nangoku Minoru Drama" for the purpose of developing actors, and is called Show Scope.CinemascopeInnovative projects such as the development of Mandarin and the use of two-tiered subtitles in Mandarin and English have been launched one after another.
In 1966, Shaw Brothers gave up on Huangmei films and entered the genres of swashbuckler and kung fu films.King Hu(King Hu) Director's "Drunk』.From a young agePeking OperaKing Hu, who was devoted to, in addition to detailed portraits, quick cut editing and realisticSwordI tried a technique called "Peking Opera Adaptation" in "Peking Opera", which was a great success.
However, after shooting "Comed with Me," King Hu left Shaw Brothers and went to Taiwan.And in 1967, "Cruel Dragon Blood Dragon Gate Inn』, Recorded an unprecedented blockbuster all over Southeast Asia, and his name suddenly became known all over the world. "Cruel Dragon Blood Dragon Gate Inn" was published in 1968.HokkaidoOnly will be released in Japan, but it was not a hit.
Shaw Brothers, who left for King Hu, wanted a new director with great ideas and solid skills.And, after working as the director of Shaw Brothers Studio at that time, he was an up-and-coming artist who was shooting several works.Chan Tse(Chang Cheh) The director was selected.
It was in perfect agreement with the major changes in the Hong Kong film industry at the time, the transition from the "old school swashbuckler movie" to the "new school swashbuckler movie" opened by King Hu's "Comed with Me".That movie is "One-armed deadly swordIt is a swashbuckler movie.In this movie, he was selected as the main character, "One-armed Swordfighter".Jimmy WangWithout the presence of (Wang Yue), Chan Tse could not have bloomed.I was in charge of the dark and heavy story development of this work, the tragic appearance of Jimmy Wang, and the martial arts instruction.Lau Kar-leungThe agile action by (Lau Kar-leung) matched perfectly and "One-Armed Sword" was a big hit.Jimmy Wang has also risen to a "sacred existence" that no Hong Kong film star could ever step into.People called him "Emperor Giant" with awe and admiration.
After that, Chan Tse starred Jimmy Wang in "" and "Large woman, "" And other works were released one after another, and became the driving force for Shaw Brothers to develop into the largest movie company in Asia.1969 , Jimmy Wang gave up on the swashbuckler movie and tried a new kung fu movie with his first directorial work "", which was a great success.In Shaw Brothers, the dictatorship of Lang Lang Shaw, the fact that one actor advanced into the directorial business was at its peak.
However, Jimmy Wang's world collapsed easily.Run awayIncident,Black societyAdhesion with, at Umeko HanteninjuryIncident,Brigitte LinA number of things in my personal life, such as the fuss over (Hayashi Aokasumi)ScandalLost social trust.He filed a complaint for dissatisfaction with Shaw Brothers' contract system (a thin salary resulting from the monthly salary system), but lost the case.Jimmy went to Taiwan alone. With the end of the 1s, the male figure of the "Emperor Giant" disappeared lonely from the Hong Kong film industry.
Chang Tse, who lost Jimmy Wang, soon succeeded in finding two new kung fu stars.That is "Ashu Kage Emperor"David Chan(David Chiang) and "David Chiang"Ti Lung(Ti Lung). The two, who first formed a combination in "Blind Spot" directed by Chang Tse in 1969, were supported mainly by female fans for their fresh appearance and speedy action.1970 Appeared in "", which became a masterpiece of the two.This work is a spectacular revenge drama set in the world of Peking Opera, and the two who played brothers who are at the mercy of tragic fate climbed up to become a superstar in Asia with the blockbuster of this work. ..
The rise of the Golden Harvest
1969 , Was the director of the production division of Shaw BrothersRaymond Chow(Run Shaw) collided with Lang Lang Shaw's second wife (Run Shaw) many times.Then, in 2, he finally left Shaw Brothers with his companions (Hakusho) and (Lo Wei).Golden harvestCompany (Kaoru Kagekata Co., Ltd.) ”was established.At the beginning of the establishment, Golden Harvest continued to be unable to own even the studio satisfactorily, so he rented the studio of "MP & GI (International Film Studio)" to shoot.There were no actors to belong to, and no signboard stars such as Shaw Brothers' David Chan and Ti Lung, so there was still a limit to filmmaking centered on unknown actors.
Therefore, in 1970, Golden Harvest held an audition for new actors and unearthed three actresses who would later become known as the "Three Great Ball Girls".Nora MiaoThere are three people, (Kahide Nae), (Koi), and (Mei).First, three people appeared in the founding work "Tenryu Hachisho" of Golden Harvest and tested, and each individuality was seen.As a result, Nora Miao and Maria Yi were put on the market as movie heroines, and Angela Mao went on to become a lady kung fu star.
Joining the Chinese film industry
1997 OfHong Kong returnrear,Jackie Chan,Yuen Woopin,Jet lee,John Wu,Chow YunhwalikeHollywoodIn parallel with the trend of finding a way out, the merging into the Chinese film industry has progressed rapidly, and many of Hong Kong's famous directors and actors have advanced into Chinese films, and the number of Chinese-Hong Kong joint films has increased.The direct factor isSARSDue to the recession in Hong Kong after the epidemicMainland China-Hong Kong economic partnership close arrangementsThis is because (CEPA) was signed and Chinese capital flowed in.Both Shaw Brothers and Golden Harvest, which symbolized the golden age of Hong Kong movies, will be acquired by Chinese capital..
Dante LamSupervised byChinese PLAFull cooperationWar movieThe success of Hong Kong filmmakers in China, such as "" becoming the second-largest box office in China, has contributed to the improvement of the entertainment of Chinese films, which is the cause of the decline of traditional "Hong Kong films". In addition, the Chinese Communist Party government has begun to censor the joint films...According to the Hong Kong Shadow Industry Association, the number of Hong Kong films produced annually in 1993, which was in its heyday, dropped sharply to 234 in 2013.
- ^ “Robust film industry is in our best interest”. South China Morning Post(July 2017, 3) 2019/7/25Browse.
- ^ Logan, Bey. Hong Kong Action Cinema. Woodstock, NY: The Overlook Press, 1995. ISBN-0 87951-663-1.
- ^ "Company: President Raymond Chow, Retirement Holiday Company, Raymond Chow". Sina(July 2007, 11) 2019/8/23Browse.
- ^ “Orange Sky Golden Harvest, Hong Kong's Asian Films, New Blood”. Sina(July 2007, 11) 2019/8/23Browse.
- ^ “Orange Ten Success and Success”. China Central Television(July 2008, 7) 2019/8/23Browse.
- ^ "China Media Capital". Chukin Line Hong Kong (September 2017, 2). 2019/7/25Browse.
- ^ “Hong Kong Shaw Brothers resumes filmmaking”. Nihon Keizai Shimbun(July 2016, 10) 2019/7/25Browse.
- ^ “Hong Kong movie“ Sinicization ”has been sluggish, and the number of co-productions for continents has increased rapidly.. Fuji Sankei Business Eye(July 2017, 9) 2019/7/25Browse.
- Hong Kong New Wave
- List of articles related to Hong Kong
- Chinese movie
- Taiwan movies
- Four kings
- List of movies with the highest box office revenue in Hong Kong