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🤖 | "Kimetsu no Yaiba" Designed by Giyu Tomioka and others!Amusement prize, Super Jumbo BANK 3rd and 4th ...


Photo "Kimetsu no Yaiba" Wheat Chocolate Super Jumbo BANK 4 types (with stickers) Part3 (C) Koyoharu Gotouge / Shueisha / Aniplex / ufotable

Designed a pillar of "Kimetsu no Yaiba" by Giyu Tomioka!Amusement prize, Super Jumbo BANK 3rd and 4th ...

 
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In addition to being able to collect and enjoy, the container can also be used as a "piggy bank".
 

From the popular TV anime "Kimetsu no Yaiba", the prize "Mugichoco / Konpeito Super Jumbo B ..." that can be obtained at the game center → Continue reading

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Piggy bank

Piggy bank(Chokinbako) iscoinThesavingsin order toEur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.eu.

History

The piggy bank has a long historyFormer HanChina of the timesPompeiiIt has been discovered from the ruins of[1][2][3].

Chugoku

ChineseYunnanThe oldest example is the bronze shell storage device (Chobaiki) from the Western Han era, which was excavated from the ruins in[2][3]..This ruinDian KingdomAt the tomb of the royal family, Sekisai Sankobo, a "seven cow shell storage device" has been excavated.The shell storage device was used as money at that time.CowryIt was a tubular container to store[2][3].

Europe

EuropeThe roots of the piggy bank(I.e.でDonationAsPrecious metalIt is said that it was a donation box to put a small piece ofAncient egypt,Ancient greece,JerusalemFound in the ruins of[2][3].

AthensA clay piggy bank, Thesauros, was found around 300 BC in archaeological sites in and Olympia.[2][3]..This TesaurossafeBecame the etymology of Tresor, which means[2][3].. on the other hand,Ancient romeMany pear-shaped piggy banks made of pottery from the 3rd to 4th centuries BC have been found in the ruins of[2][3].

In the Middle Ages, metal refining and processing techniques developed, and with the advent of keyed piggy banks, iron cylinder-shaped piggy banks were often used until the 18th century.[2][3].

Japan

JapanThe roots of the piggy bank are not well understood[1]..There is also a view that the roots are the jars and jars that appeared at the end of the Jomon period because of the function of storing and preparing.[2][3].

Muromachi PeriodToIgaThe "senbei jar" that was baked in the jar was used, but there is a theory that this jar is often excavated with coins in the ruins, and that it means a jar for putting "senbei".[2][3].

Edo PeriodIsThousand boxesThere were boxes called "both coin boxes" and "zenibako" used in merchant houses.[2][3][4]..Also, a "patience box" that saves surplus money when you buy an itemEbisu,DaikokutenThere was also a piggy bank in the shape of[1]..However, finance in the Edo period was limited to samurai, merchants, and some farmers, and in addition to the merchant's coin box, there were only containers such as bamboo coin cylinders and coin jars used by ordinary people.[2][3].

Meiji EraThen, the banking system and the postal savings system started, and the piggy bank for the general public became widespread, and the piggy bank in the form of a warehouseImado wareMany pottery piggy banks such as the jewel-shaped "piggy bank", which is said to have originated from[1][2][3][4]..In the pottery producing areas, piggy banks with the theme of local dolls and folk crafts have been made, and since the Meiji era.Taisho eraNot only Ebisu and Daikokuten but also towards the endFukusuke,Beckoning catA piggy bank with the theme of lucky charms has also appeared[2][3][4].

Name

In Japan, it is called a piggy bank, but in the past it was also called a piggy bank or a Fukubako.[3]..In English, it is called Money Box, Money Bank, Saving Bank, Penny Bank, etc.[3].

Material and structure

Material

The materials of the piggy bank are earthen, ceramic, metal, wooden, bamboo, paper, leather, glass, plaster, rubber, cork, etc., but most of them are made of plastic.[2][3]..There is also a piggy bank made of fruits such as palm fruits and yarn.[2][3]..Some have been improved to make it easier to grasp the amount of savings by using glass or transparent plastic, or by opening a cavity in a part of the container to prevent coins from spilling.

Construction

There is a slot sized to fit the coin.Some have an outlet on the bottom, but some have a structure in which coins cannot be taken out without breaking the piggy bank itself.

Storage and opening

Piggy bank with key

Piggy banks with keys were born in medieval Europe, and around the 18th century there were piggy banks with padlocks.[2][3]..In addition, a piggy bank with a clasp at the coin slot to prevent it from being pulled out has also appeared.[2][3].

Opening the piggy bank

Pottery piggy banks have been made in Europe and Japan since the Middle Ages, but those without an outlet are broken to take out coins.[2][3]..Also, a can opener can open a piggy bank.These methods mean that once opened, they lose their function as a piggy bank.

Design

Pig piggy bank

In the West, many piggy banks are designed with chickens and pigs, of which pigsAntoniusThere is a theory that it is derived from the pig[2][3](emblemreference).

In England, the surplus coins are used in the red clay (pygg) in the kitchen etc.陶器It was sometimes stored in a jar and was called a pygg bank, but it was also associated with piggy, which means "pig", so pottery pigs were often used in piggy banks. It is said.

Piggy bank for sales promotion

bankSuch asCompanyHowever, a piggy bank may be used as a sales promotion goods. It is used as a familiar advertising medium by expecting an educational effect to acquire the habit of saving money by giving a design that children like, and by using the company name and mascot in the piggy bank itself. In the past, bank sales promotion goods had strict price restrictions, so many plastic piggy banks were offered as crude products to customers who made deposits of about tens of thousands of yen. This was about 10 cm in height.

In addition,post officeThe crude piggy bank is tubularPost boxThe one that imitates is used.

Piggy bank collection

Since piggy banks are often placed in familiar places such as in a room, there are piggy banks with various designs. Some of them are from widely known companies, those that imitate characters, and those that are more expensive than the amount of savings that can be stored, and may be subject to collection apart from their original purpose.

Piggy bank substitute

In some cases, an empty bottle or a handmade piggy bank using an empty can may be created, or the product may be stored in a sturdy box or bottle.

Piggy bank competition

In Japan, the "Japan Post Bank Idea Saving Box Contest" is being held by Japan Post Bank and the post office.[5]..This competition has been held since 1975 (Showa 50), and is the largest competition in Japan for geographic works.[5].

Museum where piggy banks are exhibited

Source

[How to use footnotes]
  1. ^ a b c d Piggy bank Japan Post Bank Foundation (accessed January 2021, 1)
  2. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t Amagasaki Shinkin Bank World Piggy Bank Museum (Story of Piggy Bank) Amagasaki Shinkin Bank (accessed January 2021, 1)
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v Amagasaki Shinkin Bank World Savings Box Museum Kinki Masuda Association (accessed January 2021, 1)
  4. ^ a b c d "Nishizawa Piggy Bank" -Dog-based Zodiac Piggy Bank Exhibition Now Held- General Incorporated Association Shinshu Chikuma Tourism Bureau (viewed January 2021, 1)
  5. ^ a b The 43rd Yucho Idea Piggy Bank Contest Application Guidebook Japan Post Bank, Post Office (viewed January 2021, 1)
  6. ^ Amagasaki Shinkin Bank World Savings Box Museum Amagasaki Shinkin Bank
  7. ^ Bank of Mitsubishi UFJ Currency Museum Mitsubishi UFJ Bank
  8. ^ Postal Museum Postal Museum

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