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📺 | Yuta Koseki fans scream at "I'm in love"! "It's complicated" to "disliked role" "too shit ..."

Photo Hana Sugisaki Yosuke Sugino Illustration / Yu Ayaga (C) Maijitsu 

Yuta Koseki fans scream at "I'm in love"! "It's complicated" to "disliked role" "too shit ..."

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Finally, Hiyama declared war on Morio, "I think Kurokawa and Yukiko don't match" and "I want to make Yukiko happy."

The drama "Koi desu!" Starring actors Hana Sugisaki and Yosuke Sugino. -Yankee-kun to Shirokan Girl- "(Nippon Television Network System) No. 8 ... → Continue reading


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Declaration of war

Declaration of war(Sensen Fukoku,British: declaration of war) Is a party to the disputeCountryAgainst the partner country戦 争Acts (hostilities)[1]It is a declaration that expresses the intention to start.


Declaration is an official declaration that the parties to the conflict are willing to fight. In other words, a declaration of war means that戦 争Is to announce that you will enter the state,The beginning of the warOften used synonymously with, but narrowly different terms. Generally as a warning before the war beginsUltimatumWill be issued. If the negotiations break down and the diplomatic negotiations are discontinued, the diplomatic diplomatic missions on both sides will be withdrawn. With thisDiplomatic relationsIt is often called a break.

This custom of outside traffic notificationRenaissanceIt started in the times,1904 OfRusso-Japanese WarWas started without proclaiming war (I had no problem because I had the last message to Russia two days ago.Neutral countryWas done in)1907 OfUniversal Peace ConferenceDiscussed in[2]Signed on October 10Treaty on the outbreak of warWas first codified as an international rule in. The treaty stipulated that the declaration of war would take effect upon receipt by the other country. But at that time little respect was given,World War IlaterLeague of NationsDecided again.

Armed forces between nations that have not declared warConflict, The neutral law is not applied to the third country not notified, and the third country is allowed to maintain the same diplomatic relations with the parties to the dispute as in normal times. Even in the state of diplomatic relations, it is not always considered a war. Even after the First World War, even if the state of advanced armed conflict is not warWartime international lawThere were often cases where people tried to escape the application of.

Treaty on the outbreak of warStates that the third article provides for the total membership clause (requirement that all warring states are members), and Italy has signed this treaty but has not ratified it.Second World WarThe situation of declaring war in each country involved in the matter was extremely complicated.Second Ethiopian War,Polish invasion,German-Soviet battle,Sino-Japanese warThere was no official declaration of war. During World War II, declarations of war were made among many nations, but at this time many war fronts set off the end of the war.Nazi GermanyHas begun the war on most fronts without a formal declaration of war.alsoDainichi this empireThe declaration of war against the United States and BritainAttack on Pearl Harbor-Murray OperationIt was after the first strike.

1945 May 10Was established inUnited NationsThen thatArticle 2 of the CharterIn paragraphs 3 and 4, the war itself between member states is prohibited, andArticle 51 of the CharterMember states that were subjected to an armed attack inIndividual self-defense rightOrRight of collective self-defenseWhen you activateUnited Nations Security CouncilIt sought to substantially eradicate the war without declaring war between the member states by imposing a reporting obligation to.

Individual self-defense right,Right of collective self-defenseHowever, no matter which one is used, it is not possible to be recognized as a legitimate force and to be recognized inside and outside as long as there is a declaration of war on the other party (organization) and a report to the UN Security Council. InternationallyArticle 29 of the CharterBy the International War Crimes CourtInternational Court of Justice (ICJ)Depending on the legitimacy of the reason for the warWar criminalWill be judged (eg Former Yugoslavia International War Crimes Court,Rwanda International War Crimes Court,Nicaragua case).

In addition, there are cases in which the other country is trying to pass the responsibility on to the fact that the other country has declared war on the legitimacy of the use of force.Ethiopia-Eritrea border conflictWas held in 1998 after the outbreak of the conflictエチオピアOn the sideEur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.euIn some cases, the Eritrean side declared the accusation to be a "declaration of war on the Ethiopian side" and invaded the territory of Ethiopia. However, diplomatic relations between the two countries continued, and no country or agency recognized Ethiopia's condemnation of Eritrea as a declaration of war.[3].. Similarly, for 2012South Sudan-Sudan border conflictInSouth SudanPresidentSalva Keel Mayardi Sudan(North Sudan) side said that a declaration of war had been made and that the responsibility was passed on.[4].

There are also cases where the behavior of the other country is declared as a "declaration of war" for diplomatic bargaining. For example, North Korea (DPR Korea) In South Korea (South KoreaOf the North Korean name)PSIA statement that full participation is considered a declaration of war[5]In addition to the above, in September 2017The United States of America OfDonald TrumpPresident OftwitterIn North KoreaLee Yong-hoMention that the Foreign Minister is a declaration of war[6]Etc.Brink foreign policyIs often deployed.

War by the declaration of war after World War II

戦 争War start dateDeclaration contentBattle forceThe end of the warReferences
Declaration sideThe other side
First Middle East War (1948-49)
Second Middle East War (1956)
Third Middle East War (1967)
Exhaustion war (1967-70)
Fourth Middle East War (1973)
1948/5/15Declaration of warEgyptian flag Egypt
Jordan flag Jordan
Syrian flag (I.e.
Iraqi flag (I.e.
Lebanese flag Lebanon
Israeli flag IsraelEgypt: 1979/3/26
Jordan: 1994/10/26
Syria: during the war
Iraq: During the war
Lebanon: during the war
Ogaden War1977/7/13Declaration of warFlag of Somalia Eur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.euEthiopian flag エチオピア1978/3/15
Uganda-Tanzania War1978/11/2Declaration of warTanzania flag TanzaniaUganda flag Eur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.eu1979/6/3[8]
Iran-Iraq War1980/9/22Declaration of warIraqi flag (I.e.Iran flag (I.e.1988/7/20[9]
Falkland conflict1982/5/11Declaration of war (declaration of existence of war zone)Argentina flag ArgentineBritish flag United Kingdom1982/6/20[10]
Panama invasion1989/12/15War state existsPanama flag ãƒ‘ナマUnited States flag America1990/1/31[11]
Ethiopia-Eritrea border conflict1998/5/14War state existsEthiopian flag ã‚¨ãƒã‚ªãƒ”ã‚¢Eritrea flag Eur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.eu2000/12/12[12]
(en)2005/12/23War state existsChad flag ãƒãƒ£ãƒ‰Sudan flag ã‚¹ãƒ¼ãƒ€ãƒ³2010/1/15[13]
(en)2008/6/13War state existsFlag of Djibouti ã‚¸ãƒ–チEritrea flag Eur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.eu2010/6/6[14]
South Ossetia Conflict (2008)2008/8/9Declaration of war (declaration of war status)Georgia (country) flag ã‚¸ ョ ー ジ ジRussian flag Russia 2008/8/16[15]
North-South Sudan Border Dispute (2012)2012/4/11War state existsSudan flag ã‚¹ãƒ¼ãƒ€ãƒ³South Sudan flag å— ス ー ダ ダ2012/5/26[16]
(en)2015/7/1War state existsEgyptian flag EgyptFlag of ISIL HEATduring war[17]

Declaration of war in Japan

Imperial Japanese Constitution TheArticle 13Stipulates that "the Emperor HA will be announced and various agreements will be concluded."Emperor sovereigntyWas one of the.

  • August 1894, 8-Qing Dynasty v. Sul War DeclarationSino-Japanese war) "Temporary Conservation, Tensei-no-Imoku no shoujo wo wo meru, Daime Teikoku Emperor Ha Faithful Yumu Naru ye shou ni ni nisu"
  • February 1904th, 2-Russia's two war-torn war deceased (Russo-Japanese War) "Tenyu possession of the tenth generation of the Emperor Wu Jong-Mel Dai-Imperial Emperor Ha Faithful Yumu Naru-e no Nisetsu Nissho"
  • August 1914, 8-A Book of Duties of War between Germany and Russia (World War I) "Tenyu possession of the tenth generation of the Emperor Wu Jong-Mel Dai-Imperial Emperor Ha Faithful Yumu Naru-e no Nisetsu Nissho"
  • December 1941th, 12-Book of the United States and BritainPacific War) "Tenyu's possession, the world's first emperor's scholar, Mel Dai, Emperor of Japan Emperor Ha Shoni, Tadayoshi Yubu Naru,

The Constitution of Japan has no provisions regarding the declaration of war.

Declaration of war in the United States

United States ConstitutionThen, the right to declare war is stipulated in Article 1, Section 8, Paragraph 11.For declaration of warCongressApproval is required,President of the United StatesCannot be emitted alone[18][19]..The United States actually declared war officially after the Constitution was enacted.1812 war-American ink war-US-West War-World War I-Second World War5 times.

1960 eraIntensified toVietnam WarThen, the United States continued to send troops without declaring war.A number of trials were filed on the legality of the war, but the US Supreme Court continued to dismiss them without trial.However1970 May 4,MassachusettsThe state authorities passed the state law to the effect that "citizens of the state do not have to participate in the war without declaring war" in the parliament, and it will come into effect the next day. Appeal was filed as requiring the consent of.In a small federal court held on November 11, the same year, six out of nine judges were rejected by voting against the entry into force of state law.[20].


[How to use footnotes]

注 釈


  1. ^ 1907 Treaty on the outbreak of war,Article 1
    Article 1
    The Contracting Powers recognize that hostilities between themselves must not commence without previous and explicit warning, in the form either of a reasoned declaration of war or of an ultimatum with conditional declaration of war.
    Japanese translation "Parties give reasonsDeclaration of warFormat, or including a conditional outbreak declarationUltimatumApproving that no war should be initiated between them without a clear and prior notice of the form. "
    The warning issued before the start of hostilities is called "declaration of war" or "ultimatum with conditional declaration of war".
  2. ^ "Convention (III) relative to the Opening of Hostilities.The Hague, 18 October 1907.". ICRC databases on international humanitarian law. Red Cross International Committee. 2014/8/29Browse.
  3. ^ Kazuyuki Nemoto 2007, pp. 178–179.
  4. ^ “Sudan Declared War” President South Sudan visiting China
  5. ^ Full participation of South Korean PSI "Dead appropriate measures during the war" Sohei, the representative of the People's Army Panmunjom statement Korea News
  6. ^ North Korean Foreign Minister claims "Trump declared war" US spokesman denied CNN (December 2017, 9) Read December 26, 2017
  7. ^ Michael Oren (2003). Six Days of War. New York: Random House Ballantine Publishing Group. P. 5. ISBN 0-345-46192-4 
  8. ^ Kamazima, Switbert Rwechungura (2004). Borders, boundaries, peoples, and states: a comparative analysis of post-independence Tanzania-Uganda border regions (PhD). University of Minnesota. P. 167. OCLC 62698476.
  9. ^ Robert Cowley (1996). “Iran-Iraq War”. History.com. 2019/6/5Browse.
  10. ^ “The Battle over the Falklands”. BBC News. (1998). http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/199850.stm 2019/6/5Browse. 
  11. ^ Theodore Draper. “Did Noriega declare war?”. New York Review of Books. 2019/6/5Browse.
  12. ^ BBC staff (1998 June 6). “World: Africa Eritrea:'Ethiopia pursues total war'”. BBC Monitoring service. http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/africa/107985.stm 
  13. ^ “Call to ease Chad-Sudan tension”. BBC News. (April 2005, 12). http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/africa/4559254.stm 
  14. ^ “France backing Djibouti in'war'”. BBC News(July 2008, 6). http://news.bbc.co.uk/1/hi/world/africa/7453063.stm 
  15. ^ Peter Walker. “Georgia declares'state of war' over South Ossetia”. The Guardian. 2019/6/5Browse.
  16. ^ Scott Baldauf. “Sudan declares war on South Sudan”. Christian Science Monitor. 2019/6/5Browse.
  17. ^ "Egypt Officially Announces'State Of War'”. Egyptian Streets (July 2015, 7). 2015/7/1Browse.
  18. ^ Role and Power of the President of the United States-Are Congressions Strong? The Capital Tribune Japan Retrieved October 2017, 10
  19. ^ Interaction between Göring and Gilbert Psychologist during the Nuremberg TrialsThan
  20. ^ US Supreme Court dismisses Massachusetts anti-war proceedings "Asahi Shimbun" November 1970, 45, morning edition, page 11


  • "Case Law Study on the Legality of the Use of Armed Forces in Eritrea [Eritrea-Ethiopia Claims Committee, Jus Ad Bellum (Ethiopia's claims 1-8) Partial Arbitrage (2005.12.19)]" "Sophia Law Studies" 51 (2) , Ethiopia University Law Studies, 2007, pp.173-187, NOT 40015758789.

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