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"Sadako DX" Kazuma Kawamura appears as a self-proclaimed fortune-teller Mario Kuroba and others announce a new cast

 
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Reiwa

Reiwa(Reiwa)It is,Japan OfEraone of.

HeiseiAfter.Dahua248th since then[Note 1]The era name of.Tokujin(126th generationEmperor)ButCoronation official2019/(First year of Reiwa)5/1From to the present.Also,"Era law(Act No. 54 of 43) ”is the second era name after Heisei.

The name still exists in JapanWakashuThe oldest "ManyoshuWas quoted from.

here,Japanese history period classificationInReiwa era(Reiwajidai) is also described.

The followingADAre all unless otherwise notedGregorian calendar.

Overview

2019/(First year of Reiwa)5/1At midnight, "The Exceptional Law of the Imperial Household Law concerning the resignation of the Emperor(29 Law No. 63) ”, the 125th EmperorAkihito Abdication”Emperor"become[1], Naruhito, the first boy of Akihito, becomes the 126th emperorCoronation official[2][3]. thisSuccession of the throneIn response, "Era lawAnd"Cabinet Order to revise the original issue (Cabinet Order No. XNUMX of XNUMX)[4]'It was changed from "Heisei" to "Reiwa" based on the provisions of[5].

this isMeijiThis is the first time in the history of constitutionalism since then.[Note 2], 202 years[Note 3] Of the emperorTransferAccompanyChange[6]Is. Also, of NaruhitoCoronation ceremonyIn the same year10/22Made in.

Current Japanese calendar

Era name (reading)First day dateCurrent yearCurrent positionEmperor name
Reiwa(Reiwa)First year of Reiwa (2019/)5/14/3 year 1 months and 21 daysTokujin(Emperor Imakami)
Imperial Normative LawandEra lawbased on,Akihito(Emperor) Abdication and Naruhito's coronation (Imagami Emperor)Succession to the throne by transfer)byChange.

symbol

XNUM X Year X NUM X Month X NUM X DayJIS X 0301 (Data elements and exchange formats for exchanging information-date and time notation) has been revisedEraUsedDateNotation (Extended by ISO 8601 # national standard), It was decided that "Reiwa" and "R" could be used as symbols to represent "Reiwa".[14][15].. As a result, JIS X 0301: 2002 became JIS X 0301: 2019.

  • Example of notation of "June 4, 6nd year of Reiwa": Year, month, and day are displayed in 20 digits each. The symbol that separates the dates is "." (period) Must be used (ADWhen using, like 2022-06-20,hyphenIt is stipulated to separate by).
    • Ordinance 04.06.20
    • R04.06.20

Change

Background to the revision

Was the emperor at that timeAkihitoShowed the intention of transfer2010/(22)7/22It is said that[16], 20168/8ToImperial Household AgencyWas taken the day before by the emperor, who was 82 years old at the time.Video messagePublished. According to the report, he was worried that his aging would make it impossible for him to perform his official duties as before, and officially stated that he hoped that his official duties would continue in a stable manner without interruption. To Tokuhito Taishi (at that time)I want to give up the throneShowed a prudent intention[17].

Unlike the previous revisionsOABecomingインターネットIn 1 (Heisei 2019), the new era will be one month before the revision for the first time in the history of constitutionalism because it is becoming more and more popular and it is necessary to secure a period for preparing for the new era.4/1Was "pre-announced". The Roman alphabet for "Reiwa" is "Reiwa". According to government officials, it is the same as the modern "Meiji", "Taisho", "Showa", and "Heisei".InitialsIt is said that each proposal of "M, T, S, H" is excluded from the beginning (details are"#Remarks'See).

Regarding the decision of the new era公 文書Is "Law on management of official documentsSet a "30-year private period"[18]..In addition, the "ink book" listed when the era was announced is also treated as an official document.[19][20], Until the end of March 2021 (Reiwa 3)Cabinet OfficeAfter being stored in, after April of the same yearNational ArchivesTransferred to and will be permanently preserved[21][22]..This is the sumi-sho that was listed at the time of the conversion to Heisei.[23]Is temporarilyprime minister-Noboru TakeshitaIt became a private property of, and the whereabouts were generally unknown for a while ("Heisei # announcement(See))[24].

Selection and creator of the era proposal

The government secretly commissions experts and selects the draft era for the announcement of the new era on April 2019, 31, and the inventor is the inventor himself. It is a policy not to publish because it is not desirable for hope and era to be associated with a specific individual.[25].

Around early February 2019, then Chief Cabinet Secretary of JapanYoshii KanIs in charge of the eraKazuyuki FuruyaWe started narrowing down from about 20 candidates selected in advance.[26].. From late February to early March, Suga was at that timeprime minister-Shinzo AbeReported to.3/14WithNational literature,Chinese literatureOfficially commissioned to an expert.3/27, Prime Minister Abe, Chief Cabinet Secretary Suga,Deputy Secretary of the Cabinet Secretariat in charge of clerical work-Kazuhiro Sugita, Furuya seems to have discussed and consolidated the draft into six.

It was later reported that the six proposals presented at the "Advisory Panel on the Era" on April 4 were as follows:[27][28][29][30][31].

Proposal of the era presented at the "Advisory Panel on the Era"
Era planreadingSourceThe person who is supposed to be the inventor
HidehiroEikoRecord of Ancient MattersShigehiko Uno(Chinese Philosophy)
KukaKyukaI Ching
HiroshiLike thisJapanese calligraphy,Japanese sequel
ManhoBanpoPoetry
WanheBannaHistory,Five Emperor Honki'Tadahisa Ishikawa(Chinese literature)
ReiwaReiwaManyoshuNakanishi Susumu(Japanese literature)

In addition to the persons listed above, the persons who were commissioned to propose the era nameOn Ikeda(Oriental history)[28][32], (Chinese ancient history, no official commission[32])[33] Are listed.

During the selection process, Prime Minister Abe told Furuya and his colleagues that "Manyoshu is better than a national book praising the emperor."Before the six original plans were finalized, Abe was selected as a collection of many leaves from the candidates narrowed down in the initial discussions.Record of Ancient Matters"Tensho" derived from "Tensho" was evaluated, and it was the most promising plan for a while.initialIn addition to the notation being worn as Taisho, the condition that "it is not commonly used" cannot be cleared (of the same name).Funeral companyEtc.), so it was removed from the final plan[34].. Therefore, an additional era proposal was commissioned in late March.[34], Nakanishi is reported to have devised "Reiwa"[35].. It is said that Abe initially evaluated "Hidehiro"[36] However, after the submission of "Reiwa", Abe, Suga, Sugita, and Furuya agreed that "" Reiwa "is the most suitable."

Immediately after the announcement, the creator of "Reiwa" was announced by the media.ManyoshuIt was reported that Nakanishi specializes in, but Nakanishi himself refrains from giving a clear answer.[37].. However, it was also reported in a subsequent magazine interview that he admitted that he was effectively the inventor.[38].. Immediately after the announcement, Nakanishi told Jiji Press that "the era name is not decided by a secular person named Susumu Nakanishi, but by the voice of heaven. There can be no inventor." ing[39].

Announcement of the era

February 2019, 31 (Heisei 4),Prime Minister's OfficeThe "Advisory Panel on the Era Name" was held from 9:30 am, and the opinions of each of the participating experts were heard. The round-table conference ends at 10:8 in about 40 minutes[40]did. The experts who participated are as follows[41].

Experts who attended the "Advisory Panel on the Era"
NameTitle (at that time)
Impact on a wide areaAffiliation
Ryoichi UedaAsia Pacific Broadcasting UnionPresident22nd generation (2017/ - 2020/) NHK (Japan Broadcasting Corporation)Chairman
Yoshio OkuboJapan Private Broadcasting FederationPresidentNippon Television NetworkPresident
Kaoru KamataJapan Private University FederationPresident16nd generation (2010/ - 2018/)Waseda UniversityPresident
Sadayuki SakakibaraJapan Business FederationHonorary chairmanTorayConsultant
Kojiro ShiraishiJapan Newspaper AssociationPresidentYomiuri Shimbun Group HeadquartersPresident
Itaro Terada18nd generation (2014/ - 2018/)Chief of the Supreme CourtLegal profession
Mariko Hayashi94rd (1985/Second half)Naoki PrizeWinnerNovelist
Miyazaki MidoriTokyo Metropolitan Board of EducationChiba University of CommerceFaculty of International Liberal Arts教授Dean
Shinya Yamanaka2012/Nobel Prize in Physiology or MedicineWinnerKyoto University iPS Cell Research Institutechief

When holding the round-table conference, in order to maintain confidentiality, we not only take measures against eavesdropping inside the official residence, but also inspect the belongings when entering the official residence.Mobile phoneWe do not bring in information equipment such as, we have staff accompany us when we go to the toilet, and we are taking thorough measures such as installing a jamming device in the toilet.[42].

From around 10:20Residence of the Lower House PresidentAtHouse of RepresentativesPrimary and secondaryChair(Oshima Rimori-Hirotaka Akamatsu)WhenHouse of CouncilorsPrimary and secondaryChair(Chuichi Date-Gunji Akira) Hearing opinions[43]..From around 11:11 to 15:XNUMX at the Prime Minister's Office4th Abe 1nd remodeling CabinetCouncil of Ministers held[44], ExtraordinaryCabinetAfter that, it was decided by the Cabinet of the new era.After a cabinet decisionShinichiro YamamotoImperial Household AgencyThe secretary is the emperor at the Imperial PalaceAkihitoToYasuhiko NishimuraThe Deputy Director of the Imperial Household AgencyHigashimiya Imperial Palace OfCrown Prince NaruhitoI went to each of them and reported on the decision of the new era.[45].

11:41, at that timeChief Cabinet SecretaryYoshii Kan(4th Abe 1nd remodeling Cabinet) Announced the new era at a press conference[46][47].. The interview will be on NHK (including the interview by the Prime Minister later)Japan Broadcasting Corporation) And all other TV and radio stations broadcast live,Twitter-Facebook-Instagram-YouTube LiveWith the official account of the official residence ofNico Nico Live Broadcast(NicoNico News) AtLive streaming deliveryWas also done[48].

Earlier, the Cabinet Order to amend the era name and the Cabinet Notification on how to call the era name were decided by the Cabinet.
The new era is "Reiwa(Reiwa)』And there is. — Chief Cabinet Secretary (at that time) Yoshihide Suga

And the new era "ReiwaMount with ink on it (Mozumi Osamubook[49][50]) Was shown to make a presentation. All the procedures for the revision and the announcement of the new era so far have followed the time of the Heisei revision.[51].

12:05 on the same day, at that timeprime ministerShinzo Abe(4th Abe 1nd remodeling Cabinet) Held a press conference and announced the discourse of the Prime Minister.Among them, Prime Minister Abe said, "'Culture is born and raised as people beautifully interact with each otherI put the meaning of "."[52].. Based on the fact that the prime minister himself has more opportunities to send out, unlike the time of the Heisei era, the prime minister himself announced the talk of the prime minister regarding the era.[53]..In addition, when the era is changed from Showa to Heisei, the new era (Change) Rather than the reason for the revision, "Emperor ShowaDemise of the CrownCrown Prince AkihitoNew Emperor's coronation (Succession to the throne)"about,1989/(64)1/7At that timeNoboru TakeshitaThe Prime Minister said, "The story of Prime Minister Takeshita at the time of the demise of the Departed Emperor.[54]The difference is that the announcement was made (the first year of 1 started on January 8th).

On the same day, the "Government Ordinance to Revise the Era (Government Ordinance No. 31 of 143)" was issued by the Emperor.[Note 5] After receiving the courtesy of "Kanpo Special Extra No. 9"AnnounceMay 2019, 5 (first year of Reiwa)EnforcementWas decided.In addition, the reading is "ReiwaCabinet notification stipulating thatCabinet notification on how to read the era(31 Cabinet Notification No. 1) was promulgated.

In addition, English(Romaji) Notation is "ReiwaThat is, the governments and international organizations of 195 countries approved by Japan, and Japan's contact agency for Taiwan.Japan Taiwan Exchange AssociationThroughTaiwan(Republic of China) In(English edition)Equivalent to the Embassy of Japan in JapanTaipei Economic and Cultural Representative OfficeWas notified to[Note 6][55][56][57].

Immediately after the announcement, the press in each country reported the new era in a flash report by paraphrasing it into its own translation.[58]..しかし、各報道陣独自の訳とあって統一性に欠けることや、間違ってかけ離れた意味However, there is a lack of unity due to the unique translation of each press, and the meaning is wrongly far away.[59]Based on the possibility that it will be translated inMinistry of Foreign AffairsIs each countryOverseas missionIn response, "Reiwa" established a policy of unifying with the English translation of "Beautiful Harmony," and instructed diplomatic missions abroad to explain externally in line with this policy.[60].

Specializes in Chinese thought historyTsuyoshi Kojima(Tokyo UniversityAccording to Professor), "From the wording at that timeOtomo Traveler TheKureAssuming that it was supposed to be read in, the pronunciation of "decree" isKanjiGo-on's "Ryo" instead of "Rei"RomajiThe notation is also closer to the actual pronunciation, "Leiwa" may be suitable. "[61].

authority

"Reiwa"authorityIt is,"Manyoshu』Volume XNUMX[62] of"Umehana 謌 卅 two heads parallel(Umehana no Uta XNUMX heads, parallel introduction) ”[63].

less than,Chinese textHere is the full text of the preface written in.

《Title》
Plum Blossom Song Two Heads [Parallel] / BalanceTwo yearsXNUMXth day of the new year[Note 7] 萃 YuMarshalOld house[Note 8] Banquet Aya Early springmakeMoon Ki Shufu和 Plum Blossom Maeno Powder Ran Kaoru Gonoka Kayo Akebono Migrating Cloud Matsukake Rajiku Rush Yugiri Yui Tori Sealed Labyrinth Garden Mai Shincho Sorakyo Late Goose Goose Tenzachi <Promotion> Knee Flying Oblivion Ichimuro No Ura Innocently self-sufficient, self-sufficient, young non-collar, what's more, poetry[64]

This preface isBalance2/1/13(Gregorian calendar730/2/8[65],Julian calendar730/2/4),Marshal(DazaifuSecretary)Otomo TravelerDazaifu Government Office (North Latitude 33 Degrees 30 Minutes 53.2 Seconds East longitude 130 degree 30 min 54.4 sec /33.514778 degrees north latitude 130.515111 degrees east longitude / 33.514778; 130.515111 (Dazaifu / Government Office Ruins)) A feast held at a nearby mansion (Plum blossom feast)[66][67].. For the author, travelers andYamagamiAre listed[68].

Otomo Traveler's Mansion is now northwest of the government officeSakamoto Hachimangu Shrine(CurrentFukuokaDazaifu City,Map) Near areas are listed as candidate sites[69].

Below is the underlined part aboveOriginal(Not in the original textPunctuation marksluck),Written sentence,present dayJapaneseHere is an example of translation.

'Original"■PunctuationIs a shape adjusted for posterity. *TaiziIs the character adopted for the new era.
At the time, early springmakeMoon, Ki Shufu和, Plum Mirror Maeno Powder, Ran Kaoru Gonoka.
'Written sentence"* The reading here isLanguageAnd
时(When)ToEarly spring(Shiyoshi Yun) OfmakeMonth(Reigetsu)Inspirit(Can)Shu(よ)KuWind(Cold)和(Yahara)Gi,plum(Ume) TheIn front of the mirror(Kiyauzen) Ofpowder(This)ThePhi(Flat)TheOrchid(Ran) TheAfter the sword(Yes) OfIncense(Kau)TheKaoru(Kaora).
'Modern Japanese translationAn example >>■TaiziIs a word directly related to the new era.
Time isEarly spring(Shoshun) Ofmake(よ)ThereMoon(※in this case"Reiwa" is a synonym for "good")[70][71][72] The air is beautiful and the wind is和(Nago)Yakaso,plum ThemirrorIn front ofBeautiful woman White powder(White)The flowers bloom as if they were dressed inOrchidDecorate yourselfclothes(Roll)ToMatoi(Mato)CormorantIncense(like this)likeKaoru(Kaoh)Let me.

Chuo UniversityThe professor'sEmperorIs himselfEraWas decided (ShowapreviousDecreeBelow) "Nanchin", in which the Kuge deliberated the candidate for the era name[73] At the time, not only Chinese classicsJapanese calligraphyAlso points out that it has been quoted[74].. At the time of the Heisei era, there was a plan to use Japanese classics as the source, but it did not remain in the final plan.[9].

Influence theory of Chinese books

Became the inventor of "Reiwa"Nakanishi SusumuIn his previous book, "The composition of the preface"Wang Xizhiby"Lantingji XuIt imitates the format of ""唐Following the wind,BuddhismIt is explained that it was written in "an era in which national development was promoted while accepting."

On the other hand, Nakanishi said in the Manyoshu lecture / interview after the announcement of "Reiwa" that "Susumu Nakanishi is said to be the inventor, but he is a different person" and about "Reiwa". There are many misunderstandings.The opinion that there is a similar sentence to the return to the field of the Chinese book is "I can not understand. The inventor could not understand." "The source theory that there is the same word is a study of the Edo period. Comparative literature From this point of view, it is important that the context is the same. "[75], "Reiwa" in "Return to the Field" refers to February, but it is recorded in "Manyoshu".Otomo TravelerIn the preface of "Umehana no Utabu" by "Reitsuki" is January, and because the meaning of "wa" is different, "it is incomprehensible to think that they are the same".[76].. Also, "(between" Reiwa "and Lantingji Xu / Return to the Field) it is certainly possible to find commonality in form, etc., but the context and meaning are quite different, so I don't think it is a source." In the first place, I think that what kind of expression the word is more important than what the source is. "[77].

"Asahi ShimbunAccording to the preface, "Hundreds of years before" Manyoshu, "which became the source of" Reiwa "in China after the announcement of the new era,Zhang HengThe literary man wrote, "Return to the fieldIt was widely pointed out that there was a passage very similar to the poem "Kidennofu". "[78].. In addition, the new Japanese classical literature system "Manyoshu (XNUMX)" (Iwanami Shoten), As an example of "Reiwa", the poetry collection "Sentence selection』Volume XNUMX recordingBack HanThe phrase "Return to the Field" by Zhang Heng, a literary figure of the times,

Azumi Waki, Azumi Waki, Depression, Shigeru Hyakuso
《Original》■PunctuationIs a shape adjusted for posterity. *TaiziIs the character adopted for the new era.
mid springmakeMonth, hour和Kisei
《Written sentence》* The reading here is written.
mid spring(Chiushi Yun) OfmakeMonth(Reigetsu),时(When) The和(Nago)Toothspirit(Can) Theclear(To)Mu.

Are listed[79].

According to Iwanami Shoten, the word note for the new Japanese classical literature system "Manyoshu (XNUMX)" is "Nakaharu Reiwa, Tokiwa Kiyoma" (Eastern Han Dynasty, Zhang Heng "Return to the Field", Wen Xuan XNUMX "). One point isEdo PeriodIt is said to be found in "Manyoshu Takumi" written by the early scholar Keichu, and also in "Manyoshu Annotation" written by Hisataka Omodaka, a scholar who led the study of Manyoshu after the war. How to transcribe the introduction of Keichu isJin DongBook of the timesWang XizhiWritten byLantingji XuI'm guessing that it was modeled after. In addition, the place where "Reiwa" and "Wa" appear is also drawn in the note of the poetry word "Kiyowa" in "Bunsen Psalm (XNUMX)" (Iwanami Bunko), and the reading there is"The moon of the middle spring, the time is clean."Is[80].

Mainichi Newspapersaccording to,Envoy-EnvoyThe "Belles-lettres", which summarizes the beautiful texts of ancient China brought back by, is the best example for writing texts.Heian periodIt is said that many Japanese classics that were established by the first half of the year were written based on the expressions of Chinese classics, and when the source of the era is used, "the expressions of Chinese classics will be descended." Was pointed out,

  • Isao Tokoro-Kyoto Sangyo UniversityProfessor Emeritus: "Japanese people have used things taken from abroad, so they have used them as their own, not just imitations."
  • Of Chinese classical studiesYoshihiro Watanabe-Waseda UniversityProfessor: "The meaning is basically the same as the Man'yoshu. Wen Xuan is the Chinese classic that the Japanese read the most, and it is normal to think that the Man'yoshu text is based on it." "East Asian intellectuals Everyone was reading. Greek and Roman classics are the same as Europeans' own classics, and in a broader sense they are Japanese classics. "
  • Masaharu MizukamiChuo UniversityProfessor: "It may be similar to Wen Xuan, and there is still a Chinese book in the hidden authority."

Introducing comments such as.In addition, although several Han scholars have pointed out the influence of the above phrase, the government has not commented on whether the Wen Xuan is the original text.on the other hand,Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the People's Republic of ChinaUnder the umbrellaForeign Affairs CollegeProfessor Zhou NagaoBeijing UniversityProfessor Wang Shinsei said that while Japanese classical culture was influenced by Chinese classical culture, the words "return to the field" and "Reiwa" "have no direct relationship between the two." Shows a view[81].

Tokyo NewspaperAccording to the report, "Prime Minister Abe emphasized that the origin of the new era was a Japanese classic (national book) and met the expectations of the conservatives who supported it, but in the second century.Back HanThere is a passage from Zhang Heng's poem "Return to the Field", a literary and scientist who was active in this era. "

  • Waseda University Professor (Kanji Studies)Hiroyuki Sasahara: "The preface of the Manyoshu seems to be based on the Chinese classics before the Manyoshu, such as Zhang Heng's Return to the Field (" Nakaharu Reiwa, Tokiwa Kisei ") and (Chinese Shosei) Wang Yiyuki's" Lantingji Xu "."
  • National Institute of Japanese LiteratureLongRobert Campbell: "Since Northeast Asia is the same Chinese character cultural sphere, I thought that there should be no exclusive selection as to whether it is a nationally written Chinese classic (Chinese book). This time there is a homage (respect) to Return to the Field, and the Chinese book is It can be said that it was included. "
  • Kokugakuin UniversityEmeritus professor and poetHirohiko Okano: "At that time, the influence of Chinese literature was very strong. The Japanese have been devising and expressing soft lyricism while incorporating the traditions of the continent. Therefore, it is necessary to stick to the difference whether the source is a Chinese classic or a Japanese classic. I don't think

Introducing comments such as.

Flow of the times

Chronological Table

Successive Prime Ministers

NameInauguration dateRetirement dateRemarks
Shinzo AbeHeisei 24/12/26January 2, 9rd year of ReiwaReiwa era announced
Yoshii KanJanuary 2, 9rd year of ReiwaJanuary 3, 10rd year of Reiwa
Fumio KishidaJanuary 3, 10rd year of Reiwa

Comparison table with the Christian era

ReiwaFirst year2/3/4/5/6/7/8/9/10/
AD2019/2020/2021/2022/2023/2024/2025/2026/2027/2028/
Zodiac signsJihaiGengziSpicyYang Water TigerLichenJiachenOtomiBing WuDing WeiYang Earth Monkey
First year period
First year of Reiwa (2019): May 5st-December 1st <12 days>

Those that bear the reiwa

Culture/Entertainment

Music

TV programs and dramas

entertainer

More informations

Place names, public facilities, transportation, schools, etc.

More informations

Remarks

The oldest person in Japan on the day of the announcement of the new era "Reiwa"1903/(Meiji36 years)1/2BornKane Tanaka(116 years old at that time)[112]At that time, it was estimated that there were thousands of survivors born in the Meiji era (107 years old and over).From this, it is desirable that the initials in alphabetical notation do not overlap with those after the Meiji era, and the initials other than the four letters M (Meiji), T (Taisho), S (Showa), H (Heisei) It is predicted to be the era name of the letter, and it is said that senior government officials actually acknowledged it. The acronym for "Reiwa" is R, but from this, the coming 4th year of Reiwa (mainly on the Internet)2036/) Is abbreviated as "R18Therefore, there were many writings that worried people born in 18th year of Reiwa.[113].

Since the romaji reading is "REIWA", the Australian real estate association "REIWA" is an overseas company.[114](The Real Estate Institute of Western Australia =Western AustraliaReal Estate Association, read as Riwa[115]) ”, The number of connections from Japan temporarily increased.That percentage reached as high as 70 percent[116].. "We welcome the new era in Japan, and the Institute sees this as an opportunity to raise awareness in the Western Australian real estate market," the group's CEO said in an interview. doing[117].

Regarding trademark rightsChugoku OfNational Intellectual Property AdministrationAccording to the Trademark Office website, Reiwa will be announced in 2018SakeBy chance as a product name such as商標Was registered[118].. In Japan, trademark registration of the era is prohibited in principle.[119].

TibetInTibetanIt is said that the pronunciation is similar to "རེ་ བ (rewa, hope / hope)".His Holiness the Dalai Lama Japan Representative Office OfLungtokThe representative said, "After the announcement of the new era, there were many phone calls saying,'Sounds are the same.' Tibetan has no vowels.R"It sounds very similar to Japanese people," he said. "Sibet is in a serious situation and there is a lot of dark news, so I'm glad to be noticed by bright topics." "The feeling that Tibetans have received" hope "in the issue."[120].

August 2019, 4,Thai royal familyIs JapaneseRoyal familyDeeply related toThailandThen,Japanese govermentHas announced the new era "Reiwa"ThailandMediaReported one after another, "Matichon"Is"Japanese govermentAnnounces a new era "Reiwa" and will be used from May 5st. "Chief Cabinet SecretaryYoshii KanI also posted a photo when I announced[121].

2019 (first year of Reiwa)12/2Announcement 2019Yu Can New and Buzzword Award"Reiwa" was selected as the top 10[122].. Also on the 12th of the same month, 2019Kanji of the yearIs Reiwa's "makeTo[123].

High level in sign language when the era was announcedSign language interpreterSimultaneous interpretation was carried out by, but when Secretary Suga first said "Reiwa", he mistakenly said "BecauseThere was a mistake in translating "Iwa"[124].. At the National Sign Language Training Center, I wanted to make sign language in advance and publish a new sign language when the era was published, but it did not come true due to schedule problems, and it is said that it is difficult for interpreters to know and distinguish for the first time on the spot. It is said that mistakes were triggered by "re" and "me"[124].. The second and subsequent remarks are translated as "Reiwa".[124].. As a countermeasure, the day after the announcement of the eraMinistry of Health, Labor and WelfareNew by consignment ofsign languageThe Japanese Sign Language Institute of the National Sign Language Training Center, which is devising the sign language, announced the sign language representing Reiwa.[125].. It is said that it is shaped like a bud with the finger facing up and then opened while moving forward, imagining the opening of the plum blossom, which is the authority.[126][127][128].

In addition, new eras will be announced in various places immediately after the announcement.OutsidersWas distributed,Osaka・ JROsaka StationBeforeTokyo-Shimbashi StationIn the front, there was a rush of people seeking extras, and some people scrambled for each other and fell, resulting in severe confusion, and ambulances and police were dispatched.[129][130].. For this reason, some newspaper companies have taken measures to distribute it as data to avoid confusion.[131].

footnote

[How to use footnotes]

注 釈

  1. ^ Northern and Northern Dynasties OfNorth morningIncluding the era name of.When excluded, it is the 232th.
  2. ^ 1890/(Meiji23 years)Imperial Japanese ConstitutionIt refers to after the enforcement, but of courseIchigen systemBecame1868/(Keio4 years/The first year of the Meiji era) It will be the first time after that.
  3. ^ 1817/5/7(Old calendar:culture14/3/22) To (Emperor NitakaTo) transferredEmperor KokakuSince then. After the transfer of the emperor, the last "in history"Emperor Taijo"oftitle(Regnal name) Is obtained.
  4. ^ Even if you look at all the Japanese eras, the eras that start with La lineSacred turtle(Nara period, 715-717),Ryakunin(Kamakura Period, 1238-1239),Calendar(Northern and Northern Dynasties, 1338-1341), this is the fourth case.
  5. ^ This decree includes the new emperorTokujinNot the emperor at the time of the Cabinet decision and promulgationAkihitoSigned. In addition, Akihito was also 30 years ago (1989) immediately after his coronation.Cabinet Order to Change the EraSigned (Cabinet Order No. 64 of 1) and during his reignCabinet Order to Change the EraIt means that he signed twice, immediately after the coronation and just before the abdication.However,Ichigen systemFrom the viewpoint of not deviating from the above, after the Cabinet decision of the Cabinet Order to determine the era name of Reiwa was made, and just before the announcement of the new era name at the press conference, the emperor (Akihito) at that time and the prince at that time (new) A response was taken to convey the predetermined new era to Tokuhito, who will be the emperor.
  6. ^ At the end of March, the Japanese media reported that Japan's Ministry of Foreign Affairs would notify 3 countries and international organizations approved by Japan of the new era all at once.In addition, since Japan does not approve the Republic of China (Taiwan), some media in Taiwan reported that "Taiwan is not included in 195 countries", but Taiwan's外交部(Ministry of Foreign Affairs) will notify Japan in writing on March 3 that it will be notified at the same time as the announcement.Japan Taiwan Exchange AssociationExplained that it is received from. He denied the content of the report because he had not verified it.
  7. ^ Julian calendar730/2/4
  8. ^ Dazaifu(CurrentlyFukuokaDazaifu City) WasMarshal-Otomo TravelerMansion.
  9. ^ Selected in March 2020 by open call for proposals for town names[93][94].

Source

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  2. ^ May 2019, 5 (Reiwa 1st year) Cabinet Notification No. 2 "Matters concerning succession to the throne'
  3. ^ The new era is announced by the Japanese government as "Reiwa". BBCNEWSJAPAN (British Broadcasting Corporation) May 2019, 4.
  4. ^ Internet version official bulletin - Wayback machine(For archived March 2019, 4)
  5. ^ Cabinet Order to Change the Era --April 2019, 31 (Heisei 4) Cabinet Order No. 1
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  7. ^ About national holidays-Cabinet Office
  8. ^ [From iRONNA] The impact of the Kaigen phantom Bakumatsu era "Reitoku" Muneto Goto (1/2 page) - Sankei News 2019/1/28
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  11. ^ [New era] What is the accent of "Reiwa"? Correspondence is divided by each broadcasting company -Sankei News February 2019, 4
  12. ^ Reiwa pronunciation, accent at the beginning of the word? Or is it a flat plate? I asked the Cabinet Office -J-CAST News September 2019, 4
  13. ^ Is the accent of "Reiwa" the same as "Prosperity"? Or is it "peace"? I asked the Cabinet Secretariat -Netorabo May 2019, 4
  14. ^ "Reiwa" is added to JIS that regulates the notation of date and time. Ministry of Economy, Trade and Industry, Industrial Technology and Environment Bureau, International Electrical Standards Division, May 2019, 5
  15. ^ JIS X 0301: 2019 Data elements and exchange format for information exchange-date and time notation (Supplement 1) Japanese Standards Association
  16. ^ The reason why "the emperor's transfer" was changed to "abdication during life" The imperial family's frustration is reflected (1/2) NEWS Post Seven Retrieved February 2017, 2, April 21, 2019.
  17. ^ His Majesty the Emperor expressed his "feelings" and strongly suggested "abdication" Nihon Keizai Shimbun Inc. Retrieved August 2016, 8 and April 8, 2019.
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  22. ^ Book of Reiwa - National Archives
  23. ^ Heisei book - National Archives
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  32. ^ a b "To the alternative: Behind the scenes of the reform / 5 creators, always secure 3 people" "Kokusho frame" seamlessly in one corner ". Mainichi Newspapers(July 2019, 4). https://mainichi.jp/articles/20190409/ddm/002/040/094000c 
  33. ^ Invented the era name, commissioned to Mr. Tadahisa Ishikawa, Kazutaka, Manwa, etc. Saga newspaper
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  37. ^ "Nihon Keizai Shimbun(April 2019, 4) "The creator of "Reiwa" is Susumu Nakanishi.'
  38. ^ Mr. Nakanishi virtually admits the idea of ​​Reiwa "Manyoshu is good" Kyodo News2019/5/10
  39. ^ New era "Heaven decides" = creator?Susumu Nakanishi- Current affairs dot com
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  53. ^ [The new era is "Reiwa"] Shinzo Abe, Prime Minister's press conference live broadcast - NicoNico News Nico Nico Live BroadcastTime shift April 2019, 4 1:12 delivery start
  54. ^ The story of Prime Minister Takeshita at the time of the demise of the Departed Emperor January 1989, 64-Database "World and Japan" Japanese Political and International Relations Database
    Akihiko Tanaka Laboratory, Institute of Advanced Studies on Asia, University of Tokyo
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  56. ^ "Japan's contact agency for Taiwan notifies the new era to the representative office in Japan = Ministry of Foreign Affairs”(Japanese). Central News Agency Focus Taiwan (September 2019, 4). 2019/5/26Browse.
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  59. ^ The character of "Reiwa" in "Reiwa" is mistaken for "Reiwa" in "Reiwa".
  60. ^ "Reiwa is "beautiful harmony" Ministry of Foreign Affairs unifies external explanations”(Japanese). Nihon Keizai Shimbun. 2019/4/3Browse.
  61. ^ Reading, subject matter ... I feel uncomfortable with "Reiwa" Expert "Ryowa de" [Reiwa] - Asahi Shimbun
  62. ^ Wikisource: Manyoshu / Volume XNUMX.
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  65. ^ National Astronomical Observatory of Japan "Occasionally telling old stories" Retrieved February 2019, 5
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  68. ^ "I would like to see the part of the Manyoshu that was the source of the new era "Reiwa". Reference collaboration database". 2019/4/10Browse.
  69. ^ "I have to make a stone monument" I was surprised by the priest of the site of Dazaifu, which is related to the new era.(Mainichi Shimbun April 2019, 4)
  70. ^ "Elegance』\ Shaku. There are two distinct meanings, "Decree ... Zenya." And "Decree ... Senya."
  71. ^ "Kangxi Dictionary』. The interpretation of "decree" is "... again, Yoshiya."Poetry"Daiya's" Order and Order "and"Left biography』\" The loyalty decree, non-personal grace, 况 decree. "
  72. ^ Tamaki Ogawa et al., "Kadokawa New Character Source Revised New Edition" (Kadokawa Shoten, 2017). In the interpretation of "decree", in addition to the precedent, "spirit" is used as a synonym, and the meaning of Japanese is described as "good". As a more detailed explanation of this, in the same lesson-differential index of the same book, an interpretation sentence such as "Beautiful as if things are glossy" is introduced along with an example of "Kogenreishoku". The book also includes "Reiwa" as a word, but in addition to the usage of "February of the lunar calendar", it is accompanied by an example of "Reiwa Reiwa" and "Good month". There is a short interpretation.
  73. ^ "What will happen to the modern" Nanchin "decided today?" (Attention here!) | Good morning Japan "Attention here!" | Commentary Archives - NHK
  74. ^ The source of Reiwa, the influence of Chinese books, also expressed in "Wen Xuan" in the 1st and 2nd centuries - Mainichi Newspapers
  75. ^ Susumu Nakanishi, the inventor of "Reiwa" "Too many misunderstandings" Nikkan Sports April 2019, 5
  76. ^ "The" Reiwa no Ordinance "is" good "... endorsed?. Asahi Shimbun(November 2019, 4). originalArchived as of October 2019, 4.. https://web.archive.org/web/20190414053726/https://www.asahi.com/articles/DA3S13976589.html 
  77. ^ (Interview from Heisei to Reiwa) Manyoshu and the original issue of Japanese scholar Susumu Nakanishi Asahi Shimbun November 2019, 4
  78. ^ Asahi Shimbun November 2019, 4
  79. ^ Akihiro Satake, Hideo Yamada, Rikio Kudo, Masao Otani, Fukuyuki Yamasaki School Note "Manyoshu (1)" Iwanami Shoten <New Japanese Classical Literature 2017>, XNUMX.ISBN 9784007306891. 
  80. ^ A collection of "Reiwa" Q & A by the Iwanami Bunko school note! Iwanami Shoten
  81. ^ "Is the Chinese classic the origin of the new Japanese era" Reiwa "?". People's network(November 2019, 4). originalArchived as of October 2019, 4.. https://web.archive.org/web/20190402081810/http://j.people.com.cn/n3/2019/0402/c94689-9563115.html 
  82. ^ GLAY releases new song "Era" and decides tour titles incorporating new era "Reiwa", Music Natalie, April 2019, 4 1:12.
  83. ^ GLAY reflects the new era "Reiwa" in the tour title as soon as possible, Dwango JP NEWS, April 2019, 4.
  84. ^ Golden Bomber announces new era song "Reiwa" fastest TV live show, Model Press, July 2019, 4, 1:12.
  85. ^ Represent Chikyu releases new song "Reiwa" at explosive speed, Excite. News, April 2019, 4 1:14.
  86. ^ Ryujin Kiyoshi's new album is "REIWA", Music Natalie, April 2019, 4 1:12
  87. ^ Sakai Masatoshi era Sakai eyes era is fine! "Ondo" inherited from Saburo Kitajima to Kiyoshi Hikawa (1/2 page), ZAKZAK, May 2019, 5.
  88. ^ Completion of "Kiyoshi no Reiwa Ondo" Produced in a hurry with the decision of the era name Chunichi Sports2019/5/1[Broken link]
  89. ^ "The cause of the intense heat is "Reiwa-chan" ... Why does SNS occur at the anthropomorphic festival?”. ORICON NEWS (March 2019, 6). 2021/10/25Browse.
  90. ^ "Year character "Reiwa-chan" Why is it popular? Three backgrounds that "personification culture" has taken root in SNS”. J-CAST (September 2021, 10). 2021/10/25Browse.
  91. ^ ""Reiwa no Shiro Gal" Yuchami "I want to get hooked!" Egg exclusive 175cm model”. Nikkan Sports (March 2021, 8). 2021/11/17Browse.
  92. ^ ""Monster of Reiwa" Roki Sasaki's last summer 163km The potential of his right arm". JIJI.COM. 2022/4/10Browse.
    "The first meeting between the Heisei monster and the Reiwa monster Daisuke Matsuzaka told Lotte Roki Sasaki "I was taught how I saw the bullpen."". Nikkan Sports (September 2022, 2). 2022/4/10Browse.
  93. ^ About selection of town name plan (candidate) of Ota Ward central breakwater reclaimed land that shines for the future --Ota Ward Office Official Website (March 2020, 3)
  94. ^ "Reiwajima" was born in Ota Ward. Landfill new town name --Impress Watch (March 2020, 3)
  95. ^ About new construction of town area of ​​Ota-ku Chuobohatei reclaimed land and implementation of residential addressing system --Ota Ward Office Official Website (March 2020, 6)
  96. ^ [Press Release] A new address "Reiwajima" will be opened in Ota Ward. --Ota Ward Office Official Website (March 2020, 5)
  97. ^ [Regarding the implementation of residential addressing in Reiwa 2 (PDF)] Yamaguchi City
  98. ^ "Birth of" Ogori Reiwa "Successive" era "from the Meiji era" Sorou Town [Yamaguchi] ". Ube Daily(November 2021, 2). originalArchived as of October 2021, 2.. https://web.archive.org/web/20210220034706/https://ubenippo.co.jp/2021/02/20/146157/ 2021/2/20Browse. 
  99. ^ "Reiwa First Ride Named "Setagawa Reiwa Ohashi" Newly built on the national highway in Otsu, in service on the XNUMXth". Sankei Shimbun (September 2019, 5). 2019/6/2Browse.
  100. ^ "Setagawareiwa Ohashi Bridge opening to the future Otsu / Shiga". Mainichi Newspapers (September 2019, 5). 2019/6/2Browse.
  101. ^ Musashinosuwareiwa Shrine(Public interest incorporated foundationKadokawa Culture Foundation)
  102. ^ "Tagawa Line" Reiwa Costa Yukuhashi Station "will open" (Press Release), Heisei Chikuho Railway, (June 2019, 6), http://www.heichiku.net/2019/06/20190628_news01/ 2019/6/28Browse. 
  103. ^ "The sub-station name of Tofuromae Station will be changed to "Reiwa no Sato" to commemorate the "Ceremony of the Immortal Religious Hall" -In addition, a one-way free ticket to Tofuromae Station will be distributed- (PDF)”. Nishi-Nippon Railroad. 2019/10/10Browse.
  104. ^ "To the birth of "Reiwa Elementary School" Nakano Ward, from April next year". Nihon Keizai Shimbun (February 2019, 4). As of February 27, 2019originalMore archives.2019/6/11Browse.
  105. ^ Japanese and Western info April 2020 "Akita Wayo High School" begins - Wayback machine(For archived March 2019, 6)
  106. ^ A university named "Reiwa" is born How is the name of the university decided? - AERA dot. (December 2021, 6)
  107. ^ Notice: Reiwa Health Sciences University University Establishment Approval Report --Reiwa Health Sciences University Official Website (August 2021, 8)
  108. ^ "Reiwa Health Sciences University" next April next to Fukuoka Wajiro Hospital --Sankei News (November 2021, 11)
  109. ^ Surprise "Why is my name?" A person whose name is Reiwa- Nikkan Sports2019/4/1[Broken link]
  110. ^ Norikazu Kawagishi, a constitutional scholar of the Faculty of Economics and Economics, Waseda University, "I will do my best." Sports Bulletin May 2019, 4
  111. ^ Real name "Kazureza Kaneko" Kazureza "Surprised ... Thank you to your parents and relatives" Sankei Sports December 2019, 4
  112. ^ "New era: "Reiwa" Five eras, powerfully "Reiwa" chocolate for the oldest woman in the world 116 years old, Kane Tanaka of Fukuoka”(Japanese). Mainichi Newspapers. 2019/4/4Browse.
  113. ^ Concerns about "decree" = "R18", which is different from handwritten characters-"hope" in Tibetan-new era Current affairs dot comRetrieved February 2019, 4
  114. ^ REIWA
  115. ^ Inundated access to "REIWA" in Australia Read as Reiwa
  116. ^ REIWA is trending number one in Japan on Twitter
  117. ^ "REIWA.com" welcomes Reiwa What is it ...? BuzzFeed JAPAN, April 2019, 4, viewed April 1, 2019
  118. ^ "Reiwa" trademark registered in China last year October, alcoholic beverages-Mainichi Shimbun - Wayback machine(For archived March 2019, 4)
  119. ^ Trademark registration of old and new eras is not possible Kyodo News[Broken link]
  120. ^ "" Reiwa is a rewa of hope in Tibetan "Tibetans in Japan are welcome to the new era". Mainichi Newspaper. https://mainichi.jp/articles/20190402/k00/00m/040/036000c 2019/4/2Browse. 
  121. ^ "Reiwa" is also reported in Thailand, the pro-Japanese country. The royal family is also related to the Japanese royal family. ". West Japan Newspaper(November 2019, 4). originalArchived as of October 2021, 5.. https://web.archive.org/web/20210508095625/https://www.nishinippon.co.jp/item/o/498896/ 
  122. ^ "'New Word / Buzzword Award' 2019" Annual Award "" ONE TEAM "decided TOP10" Tapiru "" Dark Sales "" Reiwa "etc.". ORICON NEWS(July 2019, 12). https://www.oricon.co.jp/news/2149936/full/?anc=112&utm_source=headlines.yahoo.co.jp&utm_content=%2Fhl%3Fa%3D20191202-00000346-oric-ent&utm_medium=referral#rk 2019/12/2Browse. 
  123. ^ "" Reiwa first "2019 This year's kanji is decided as" Reiwa "Introduction & commentary for the past 24 years [1995-2018]". ORICON NEWS(July 2019, 12). https://www.oricon.co.jp/news/2150812/full/?anc=112&utm_source=headlines.yahoo.co.jp&utm_content=%2Fhl%3Fa%3D20191212-00000350-oric-ent&utm_medium=referral#rk 2019/12/12Browse. 
  124. ^ a b c Is the new era, sign language interpreter a "mistranslation"? Even though I told him "Meiwa" at the press conference ... Expert "It's not a big trouble" --J-CAST News
  125. ^ New sign language video site --Sign Language Research and Dissemination Project commissioned by the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare, Japanese Sign Language Institute
  126. ^ Announced sign language expression of "Reiwa" so that flower buds open - Mainichi Newspapers
  127. ^ Announcement of sign language for the new era "Reiwa" To open the buds of plum blossoms (photo = joint) - Nihon Keizai Shimbun
  128. ^ "Let the buds open and bloom" "Reiwa" sign language expression is decided- NHK NEWS WEB[Broken link]
  129. ^ "Extra" to convey the new era In a fierce confusion NHK NEWS WEB2019/4/1[Broken link]
  130. ^ A flood of extras in the "new era" A child falls and an ambulance is dispatched- Sports Nippon2019/4/2[Broken link]
  131. ^ Newspaper companies distribute extra "Reiwa" as PDF Paper is confused in various places Some say "I didn't know about PDF distribution"

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