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🤖 | TV anime "Kingdom" 4th series, 8th episode "Existence of marten" pre-cut release


Pre-cut release of TV anime "Kingdom" 4th series, 8th episode "Existence of marten"

If you write the contents roughly
The 4th series of the TV anime "Kingdom" is being broadcast on NHK General TV.

From the 2022th series of the TV anime "Kingdom" that started broadcasting in April 4, the 4th episode "Existence of Marten ..." → Continue reading

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Wikipedia related words

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Television Animation

Television AnimationIt is,tv setProduced for broadcastア ニ メ ー シ ョ ンWorks andTV programPoint to. "TV setア ニ メ ー シ ョ ン"of略 語It is also abbreviated as "TV animation".Some elderly people refer to TV anime as manga.

In this article, unless otherwise noted, mainlyJapan OfTerrestrial waveTV station,BS/CS stationDescribes commercial anime works (programs) produced for television broadcasting in Japan.


As a standard case, in addition to being produced as a series of 1 minutes (TV broadcast time including commercials), short animation works of 30 to 5 minutes and long features of regular broadcast programsSpecial program, There is also a one-off special feature program.

Many works in the worldChildren・ For families, "Anime ischildren"The thing" is the world's first continuous commercial TV animation "Astro boy] (At that timeTV mangaAlthough there is basically no change from the time of broadcasting (called), the percentage of those who show a feeling of refusal to anime is declining.TV animation for high targetsthe 1970sIt has been on the increase since the end of the game, mainly in Japan.This is because the number of people who grew up watching anime increased, but "Anime isNerdThe recognition of "things" is also spreading[1][2].

Nomura Research InstituteOf the TV animeRecordingThe rate is remarkably high compared to other genre programs, and it has been announced that survey results show that BS broadcasts are particularly noticeable.[3].

インターネットEven now that the distribution has become widespread, after paying for the reason that "the results of TV broadcasting will be specially seen by overseas viewers", we will position it as "advertise for overseas strategy" and purchase the broadcasting slot of the TV station There are also cases of broadcasting[4].

Regarding the workList of Japanese TV anime worksSee.

Standard format

The composition of the 30-minute program is roughly as follows (here, "Marshmallow communication』Based on the main broadcast version), but depending on the work "Live actionMixed with part", and may differ from the format below.

Basically (about 24 minutes),CM(Approximately 6 minutes) will be 30 minutes in total. Since the CM is produced in 15-second units, the basic unit is 15 seconds for each part, the total of warning (enlightenment) and eye catch is 15 seconds, and the theme song is 90 seconds (60 seconds/150 seconds).

CM broadcastBroadcasting lawIt is forbidden by related laws such asPublic broadcasting OfNHKAndWOWOW-Anime channelEven for pay satellite broadcasting such asBroadcast rightTheSaleThe above format has been adopted for secondary use such as. In that case, the introduction time of the original CM time, such as illustrations sent by the viewer,music clip, Broadcast as a 25-30 minute frame with the addition of advertising such as programs.

  1. Warning (enlightenment): 5 seconds
    • Pokemon shockFrom then on, there will be a call from the characters to the viewer, such as "Let's make the room brighter and look away when watching TV". Subtitles will be displayed even when rebroadcasting programs before Pokemon Shock. Even now, many years after the incident, this is generally thorough at least in all-frame works. In addition, there are many works that do not have a warning part, insert with the subtitles at the beginning of this volume, there is no warning itself (especially late-night animation), and there are cases where CM also serves as a warning[Annotation 1].
    • Always connectedDue to the spread ofインターネットWhen illegal distribution became a problem above, "Uploading to the Internet isCopyright lawIt is forbidden by "Warning" is displayed mainly in the midnight animation (sometimes it is displayed at the beginning of Part A of this volume).
    • Depending on the work, "This work isfictionThere is also a telop saying "It has nothing to do with the actual person or case."
    • There are also cases where special warning cuts and captions are inserted depending on the genre of the work.
    • If a character's behavior includes discriminatory terms or other questionable expressions,Historical examinationOr a subtitle that includes some inappropriate expressions in consideration of the materiality of the work” is displayed.
  2. Avan title:10 seconds
    • Existence differs depending on the work. If there is a part of the main part A part for about a few minutes before the opening songintroductionIs inserted. The same video of the work description may be inserted each time.
  3. openingTheme song(Opening animation): 1 minute 30 seconds
    • Most of them use the same video repeatedly, but some scenes may be replaced when new characters and new mechas appear.Many works credit the main staff here.
    • If the work itself is a short animation of about 5 minutes, all the staff/cast credits may be aggregated in the opening animation (or ending animation) due to the circumstances of the broadcast frame.
    • In many works in recent years, there is a strong tendency to replace the theme song in 1-cool units. In some cases, it is replaced every time (the ending theme song is the same).
    • A production that inserts the introduction of the opening theme song so as to cover the last scene of the Aban title,Final episodeThere are also cases where the opening theme song is skipped and the main part is entered.
  4. Credit provided:10 seconds
    • Broadcasting stationannouncer(In the case of local sales programs, it is often different for each broadcasting station), but it is often read out, but in charge of the narration and main characters of the main partVoice actorIncreasingly, there are more announcements made byCredits provided # Announcements by performers and voice actorsSee also).
    • In the case of late-night anime on local stations, there are very few broadcasts by sponsored nets, and most areProgram salesThe credit provided is omitted because it is broadcast in the form of, and sometimes only the background is displayed.
    • Such as "This week's highlights" text and "Information from the station"telopThere is also an example of inserting.
    • Due to factors such as the broadcast time of the main part, the number of works that omit the provided credit part and insert a sponsor credit at the beginning of the A part is increasing.[Annotation 2].
  5. CM1: 1 minute 30 seconds
    • Depending on the work, after the opening ends, there is also one that enters the main part A part (in that case, the later CM part is often set longer by that amount).
  6. Main part A: 10 minutes
    • At the beginning of Part A, currently broadcastingNumber of stories(Classifier[Annotation 3])WhensubtitleIs displayed.
      • Depending on the work, only subtitles without the number of stories[Annotation 4] In some cases, part A eye catch[Annotation 5] Or the last of B part[Annotation 6] The subtitle may be displayed with.Some works whose subtitles are displayed multiple times[Annotation 7] There are also patterns that are changed only at specific times, and there are works in which the subtitle is not displayed at all.
    • The A part/B part is not a fixed time frame, but the total is about 20 minutes. Depending on the production of the work, the time allocation will be changed, such as allocating the CM so that it does not cover the main part. Also, increase or decrease with warnings (enlightenment) and eye catches.
    • Around 2010, the number of works that insert various advertising captions in the main volume is increasing rapidly.
  7. eye catching: 5 seconds
    • It varies greatly from work to work. There are various cases such as when it is not used at all, when inserting the program title logo in the A/B part, inserting it in any of the A/B parts, and inserting it in the scene change regardless of the CM for the purpose of production. Use the same video or several types of video prepared according to the content. It may be inserted even in the broadcast of NHK or AT-X without CM.
  8. CM2: 1 minute 30 seconds
  9. Eye catch: 5 seconds
  10. Main part B part: 10 minutes
  11. Ending theme song (Ending animation): 1 minute 30 seconds
    • In general, the general tendency is the same as the opening theme song, but the staff and cast credits that change each time are usually displayed here.
    • There is also an example in which the next notice is inserted in the ending animation.
    • In the final episode, there is a case where a new ending animation video is produced (usually a sequel or omnibus version of the work), or a special ending theme song is prepared.
  12. CM3: 1 minute 30 seconds
    • Depending on the work, it may be omitted to enter the next notice as it is, or may be sent after the next notice.
  13. Next notice: 30 seconds
    • Use the video that will be broadcast next time. However, in some works, due to the broadcast time of the main part, there are also those that show the next notice video or the next title in the ending animation as described above, and there are also works that do not have the next notice itself.
    • In recent years, mainly in the case of MBS production works, when the reorganization period is approaching, the time to broadcast the new program announcement CM is generated to shorten the broadcast time of the next notice, or in the main part each regular size without broadcasting There are an increasing number of cases where the next notice is published on the official website and video distribution site.
  14. Credit provided: 10 seconds
  15. End card: 5 seconds
    • Existence depends on the work. Even in the same work, the presence or absence of insertion differs depending on the station, and there are different examples for each station. In addition, there are rarely new works produced during rebroadcasting.
  16. CM4: 1 minute 20 seconds
    • Depending on the work, after the ending theme song is played, or before or after the next notice, a C-part (such as a short animation) or a mini corner is inserted.

Depending on the work and broadcasting station, there are many cases where the main part broadcast is started after the commercial is played for a while from the broadcast start time.

またre-airIn this regard, if the rebroadcast frame itself is slightly shorter than the usual 30 minutes, OP/ED or the next notice, and in some cases part of the main part will be cut in order to generate the CM broadcast time due to the circumstances of the broadcast frame There are cases. This is especially noticeable in works in which the main part is made longer than the normal format.

Production process

The basic flow isAnime # production processSee.
Production fundssponsorGathering (for commercial TV stations)
SubcontractorVariousAnime production companyOrder and make an animation.
Fuji TV production "Nobunaga Concerto』Employs an unusual production system that "produces directly in the department within the TV station"[5].

Japan's first 30-minute TV anime series[6]"Astro boy], the director of production productionOsamu TezukaAt the same time as the original author, the broadcasters also agreed that they were reluctant to sell the anime version copyright of their work to the broadcasters, and the same method was followed. Involved in the production of the broadcasting station by directly establishing an animation production company as a subsidiary, and there was an anime program that bought the copyright in the early days, but it does not currently exist because the copyright business is not established.

Hollowing out of production and its impact

Due to factors such as cost cuts and labor shortages, some of the actual production of animation has been around 40 years ago (especiallycellAnd background drawing)Chugoku, South KoreaIt is outsourced to production companies outside Japan,Content industryIs the underlying part that supports itHollowing outHas been pointed out. Also, as a result, the character and style will be known in the process of drawing, so it will be plagiarized in another work,Animation directorThe instructions to the product are not fully understood and the intended printing cannot be performed.CollapseIs also occurring.

In the 2000s, production troubles are on the rise as if the number of late-night anime is increasing, and there are many cases that even affect the broadcasting schedule.

Production Committee

the 1980sFrom aroundInfomation,Record company,Advertising agencyHave bought the broadcasting slots of television stations, and the number of works that are premised on package sales is increasing rapidly.

Subject matter

A wide variety of subjects are used.

For details, Category: Anime genreSee.

Characteristics by target age group

Depending on the work, there are also works that target multiple layers below.

Family/general animation
Regardless of age and gender家族A work that everyone can enjoy and enjoy.
Basically sound with no depiction of sexual or violence that causes disgustEntertainment work.Longevity programThere are many works that have been transformed into regular programs.
At the beginning, there were overwhelmingly many works that were converted from those for children and boys, and very few works that were converted from those for girls.
Anime for children
The audience is mainly planned and produced for junior high school students and younger, and the production cost is often borne by the sponsor company.
Since the child's mental growth progresses on a yearly basis, when planning the worktoyTarget ages such as are set, and the originalComic versionIn many cases, the target age is clearly set in published manga magazines.
When you reach a certain age (Big friendsIn many cases, the interest or interest in the work is lost and the viewing is stopped ("graduation").
The development of toys and story development of works are often linked, and many broadcasts are for one year.[Annotation 8].Drama for childrenWill be broadcast asSpecial effectsSince the work is also in charge of the same department as TV animation, it takes the same form.
For boys-Anime for girls
Gender physical characteristics begin to develop and change from a child to an adult bodypubertyThe main target audience is elementary and middle school students.
fundamentallyBoy cartoon[Annotation 9],Girl cartoonThe main work is based on.
combatMainly elements andlove,友情,School (school) life,Club activitiesFor example, the stage and subject of the work are often handled in the real life.
the 2000sUntilAll daySince it was broadcast on the obi and had more viewers for toddlers and lower grades of elementary school, it also served as a character for children's animation.Online deliveryViewing atthe 2010sSince then, the number of viewers up to the lower grades of elementary school has decreased because the number of people who are organized in all days has decreased, but the number of people who are broadcast as late-night anime has become mainstream.
Anime for men
Anime fans (aniota) in their late teens or older are often produced as late-night anime for men and women.the 1970sIt has been increasing with the aging of the audience of anime since the end of the game, and it is common for it to be produced in Japan.
Because it is a maniac content with a limited audienceYouth cartoon-Adult cartoon-Light novel-Computer gamesMainly works based on, until the mid-2000sAdult gameMost of the works were based on the anime.
It is organized in all daysthe 1980sUntil the first half, from the mid-1980sthe 1990sUntil the endOVAThe development as a late-night anime is mainly from the 2000s onwards.
Anime for women
It used to be thought that I didn't watch animeF1 layerTargeted at Fuji TV from 2005 in the late night anime bandNoitaminaBroadcast began in an anime frame called ".
In addition to the original shojo manga works similar to those for girls,Woman cartoon,Ladies comicsWorks based on are also added to this genre.
In addition, since 2006, there are also multiple anime broadcasting frames that are designed with the same layer in mind. Animated and live-action movies,TV dramaThere are cases where the conversion is performed at the same time.

Broadcast frame

All day (6:00-24:00)

For the sake of convenience, in this section, we will refer to the TV anime that will be mainly broadcast during this period.Full-frame animeWill be called.

  1. Prime time(19:00-23:00)・Prime time(19:00-22:00)
    • Broadcast works continue to decrease year by year at 19:XNUMX in the terrestrial key station series,2019/In autumn reorganizationTV AsahiIt was broadcast in the series "Doraemon"When"Crayon Shin-chan』Has changed to Saturday evening, and the new animation at 19:XNUMX, which is being broadcast on commercial broadcasting key stations, has disappeared once.[7][Annotation 10],2020/In autumn reorganizationTV Tokyo seriesBroadcast on "Pokemon (7th series)』Move from Sunday evening to Friday 19:XNUMX[Annotation 11], The 19:1 animation broadcast on commercial broadcasters has been revived for the first time in about a year.
      • NHK E TeleIn the past, multiple animations have been broadcast mainly on reruns at 19:XNUMX on weekdays and Sundays.Since the new animation is regularly broadcast in place of the disappearance of the animation frame at the commercial broadcasting key stations mentioned above, the "new TV animation of regular broadcasting broadcast at terrestrial key stations including NHK" itself It can be said that it is maintained without interruption (except for the time of reorganization).
      • Animecritic OfRyota Fujitsu"In the animeAudience ratingAre not earned and tend to be shunned by advertisers.”[8].
      • On the other handTOKYO MX,BS11Independent stations that do not belong to such networks have lower profit lines than key station series, so there are also new animations that are broadcast in the golden time zone.[9].
    • 1976/ OfMBSProduction/TBSseries"Flower chief] Or1984/ OfFuji Television Network, Incseries"Dotamba manners』(1986/Until March),1987/ OfTelevision Tokyo Channel 12, Ltd.series"Introduction to manga Japanese economy],1989/TBS series ofGimiaWas broadcast inLol],2000/TV Tokyo series ofLove Hina], has been broadcast on the 22 o'clock. After that, at TV Tokyo and NHK at 22:XNUMX TaishueFlying startThere are some midnight animations that have been conducted.
    • TOKYO MX is new in the 2010sUHF anime,re-airThe frame and related information programs are broadcast at the same time (and continuously at 23:XNUMX). othersKBS Kyoto,Sun TVHowever, there are times when the prime band of new animations will be broadcast, centering on simultaneous internet programs from TOKYO MX.
    • Besides this, mainlythe 2000sFrom the latter halfNippon TVsystem"Friday Road SHOW!Frame and Fuji TV systemSaturday Premium] Single animation in 21 hours around 23:2-XNUMX:XNUMXSpecial programIs regularly broadcast once or twice a year.
  2. Non prime(6:00-19:00 / 23:00-24:00)
    • Early morning (around 5:00-6:00): For the reasons described below, many of the local stations have been working mainly in this time period on Saturdays and Sundays in recent years.Delay netare doing.
    • Weekday morning (6:00-8:00): TV Tokyo is in the first half of 7pmProgram for childrenIs being broadcast, and sometimes a short animation is broadcast in a form that includes it (it used to be).Weekday morning animation frameExisted, but "Charge 730!] With the start of regular broadcasting abolished). In the past, it was also broadcast on other affiliated key stations,Wide show programIt does not currently exist due to the expansion of.
    • Weekday morning (8:00-11:30): The evening band anime produced by NTVYomiuri Television(Ytv) In the evening zone from October 1988Entertainment shows"Well KANKAN!』, because the broadcast was delayed during this time difficult for students to watch (some works moved to early morning on weekdays). Reorganized in April 2016, even on NTVGo! Anpanman』Has moved to this time zone from Friday evening.In addition, NHK E-Tele broadcasts many short animations for the purpose of emotional education, including in the afternoon.
    • Weekday evening zone (16:00 --19:00): 17--At 18:1990, it existed in many key stations in Tokyo until the early 4s, but in the four major key stationsNews program,Information programIt does not exist because it has moved to, and the broadcasting frame has been gradually reduced and moved to the local sales frame in TV TOKYO.FridayIt is only broadcast.However, some local stations rarely broadcast regional short animations, which will be described later, following these programs.
      • In addition, of TV Tokyo affiliate stationTV OsakaとTV AichiThen, since the 18:30 frame was the past animation rebroadcast frame, there are works where simultaneous net works were delayed in another time zone or the net itself was not done at other affiliated stations, so it is often due to organization reasons. The broadcast date and time were sometimes changed. In the TXN series, depending on the station, the local sales frame 17:25 --18:25 (Friday only --17:55) is rebroadcast, or the net frame for unbroadcast works and new UHF animations.
      • There were many local stations that broadcast anime around 16-17 o'clock, but they were produced in-house.Evening wide programThe rise ofNews programThe number has dropped drastically due to the expansion of the number of frames, and many are moving to the early morning and late night zones.
      • Independent stations are broadcast mainly on rebroadcast programs. In BS11, some programs may be broadcast around 18:XNUMX.
    • 23:2020 pm: A frame that belongs to both "all-day animation" and "late-night animation".In recent years, NHK E-Tele will be available on NHK E-Tele from April 4.Monday 22:50-at 23:15An animation frame for regular broadcasting was set.
      • In the past, it was broadcast sporadically on Saturdays at 23:2016 on the TV Tokyo network, and from October 10 to March 2018.NHK GeneralHowever, the new animation was also broadcast on Saturday at 23:4 (moved to Sunday at 24:2006 from April of the same year).As a similar case, in the past in XNUMX, on the Nippon Television network,NANA] To [Value Night] Have been broadcast in the frame.
      • TOKYO MX also broadcasts new UHF anime, rebroadcast slots, and related information programs at the same time. Some works are also online on BS11 at the same time, and othersGunma TV,Tochigi TVButAniplexNew animations and rebroadcast works are being broadcast on the simultaneous net from TOKYO MX, centering on the works produced by.
    • Saturday and Sunday morning (6:30-11:00): Broadcast period is often one year or more long-term works and series. In the late 1s, a toy company/publisher-sponsored "Children's" belt frame appeared on the Sunday morning,Compulsory education OfWeekly holiday 2 day systemHas also appeared on Saturday morning slots of TV Tokyo. In the April 2017 reorganization, one frame for each MBS and TBS was converted to a belt frame.Anime Saturday 630Will appear, but it will be abolished in June 2019 (MBS frame is midnight frame ``Super anime ismIt was virtually moved to.)
    • Sunday daytime zone (14:00-14:30): October 1982,Super Dimension Fortress MacrossWas broadcast during the relevant time period. The corresponding work targeted at the anime fan base, which is expected to be a number as a business aimed at doujinshi users, who strongly demands elements of anime fans and "mecha and beautiful girl" at the time, hit and later OVA It is the beginning of the flow following the anime,OcclusionIs the beginning of[10].
    • Saturday and Sunday evening (16: 30-19: 00): Currently, there are many slots that have moved from the golden time, such as "Doraemon" and "Crayon Shin-chan" mentioned above, but regular broadcasts have been broadcast since the start of the program. As of October 2019, the frame that is consistently broadcast at the same time is the Fuji TV series ``Chibi Maruko-chan"When"Sazae』\Only exist.
      • MBS production / TBS series nationwide networkSat 6(Delayed net in some areas) →Day 5There is also a frame. The "Day 5" frame was once abolished by moving to the aforementioned "Anime Saturday 630", but broadcasting will resume in April 2022 after rebroadcasting.

Midnight (23:00-5:00 the next day)

Generally between 23:00-5:00 the next dayMidnight programRefers to the anime work that will be broadcast as a main (23:00-24:00 overlaps with the above-mentioned all-day animation).

When the broadcast starts, the golden time is 22, 23-24 o'clock-until 5 o'clock the next day until just before the morning program startsLate nightIt is distinguished as an anime genre because it has characteristics such as being obi belt, there was no distinction of prime time / non-prime, and there are many works targeting a specific layer (minor genre compared to all day frames) It may be done.

Special case

In an irregular case due to program organization, all-day frame animation is in the late night zone at local stations and BS stations[Annotation 12]On the contrary, late-night anime will be broadcast on local stations and BS stations in all-day frame[Annotation 13] There are also cases. In addition, there are some cases where the all-day frame and the late-night frame are switched depending on the series.[Annotation 14].

Recently, mainly in the independent stations in the Kanto area, the advance of the midnight animation broadcasting time zone is advancing. EspeciallyTOKYO MXAt 22:XNUMX, which belongs to prime time, mainly on weekends, we broadcast related programs. AlsoelectionIn some cases, such as when broadcasting a special program, the broadcast time may be moved ahead of schedule and the midnight animation may be broadcast in the golden time zone.

Broadcast format/airing rights

As a general rule, the net form will be described as a commercial case.

In the case of network sales programs, as a general rule, the network will be on the "same affiliated station as the production station", but in areas where there are no affiliated stations, it will also be broadcast on the sponsored net (with sponsorship) or program sales (without sponsorship). ..

For children who are broadcast in all-day zone[Annotation 15] In the case of, a sponsored net[Annotation 16] However, in the late-night anime, the mainstream is broadcasting by purchasing a broadcasting frame by a production committee/sponsor limiting the broadcasting station or selling programs. This is not limited to the case of local sales programs, and in particular, there are cases in which the series varies from region to region for programs produced by local stations and programs of the production committee system.

After the broadcasting rights contract of the production station has expired, even if it is an affiliated station of the broadcast key stationre-airIt may be done.

Also, in the case of long-term series programs, there are rare cases where the broadcast is changed to a different series during the series or for each work.Other than the followingRemakeAt that time, the broadcasting station was changed,Gundam seriesAnd 'Digital monster] There are many series, such as the series, in which the series differs from one to several works.

An example

Broadcast cycle

The organization cycle of a TV station1 cool(3 months, 13 weeks) is the basic unit, and the basic unit is "3 cool" for a total of 12 to 13 broadcasts in 1 months.

If the production of the sequel is decided after the first one of the series has been broadcast, the sequel is commonly known as "the second period" (or "second series").

Until the 1990s, it was most common for one year (about 1 episodes), but due to changes in the situation after that, all-frame animation was 50 months (6 cool), late-night animation was 2 months to 3 months. Broadcast rights contracts, which have a monthly broadcast period, have become mainstream.

In the case of commercial broadcasting stations, the broadcasting period may be extended (including sequel and series) depending on the audience rating and sales of related products.[Annotation 18], Due to bankruptcy of sponsors and poor audience ratingsCensored[Annotation 19] There are also cases where the broadcasting frame is changed to early morning / late night frame etc.[Annotation 20]..Also, in the case of a work that has an original and the serialization of the original has not been completed, either insert an anime original episode in between.Sports broadcastBy making the organization of the original manga more than usual, it is possible to prevent catching up with the original manga and the original episode of the anime version.[Annotation 21]Or, close it in a form close to a censored cartoon[Annotation 22], There are also cases where the sequel is restarted after a certain period[Annotation 23].

In the midnight anime,2002/From aroundTerrestrial digital TV broadcastingBroadcast suspension due to preparatory work, and temporary due to incidents, accidents, and disastersPress special program,Sports broadcastDue to the extension of the broadcast, the broadcasting frame became tight, and as a result, there were many cases where the final episode could not be broadcast.As a preventive measure, the number of episodes of the main story has been reduced by about 1-12 episodes from the usual 13 course (1 to 3 episodes) from the beginning of the project, and the number of works with a composition that ends in about 10 episodes is increasing.[Annotation 24].

Basic broadcast pattern

Basically terrestrial waves (here as a ruleWide area broadcastingincludingBroadcast target areaIt is treated as a unit and does not include simultaneous broadcasting by multiple independent stations within the same wide area) and BS has one broadcasting station per program (1 frame).SKY PerfecTV!In many repeat broadcasts more than three times a week).

The following is an example of broadcasting (or being broadcast) multiple times within a week from the first broadcast.
As mentioned above, SKY PerfecTV! Was excluded.In addition, the key stations describe repeat broadcasting on the nationwide network.

Broadcasting and distribution order of commercial broadcast animation

Basically hereRegarding broadcastingLocal salesIn case of a frame programExplained in.

Basically most works are in TokyoKey stationAndCapital Area OfIndependent stationBroadcast first on (TOKYO MX etc.), thenKinki-Chukyo areaIt will be broadcast by private broadcasters in major areas. In other local stations and BS broadcastingDelay netThere is a strong tendency to be unbroadcast, and there are still cases where you are asking for a paid anime channel in a terrestrial non-broadcast area.

However, in the case of the Fuji TV series midnight animation "Noitamina" frame, as of April 2015Saga tvExcept for, the terrestrial regular net stations are online on the same day (some stations areSimultaneous net.. Long time agoBS FujiBut it was discontinued though I was online. MBS midnight animation frame "Anime ism』, also became the net on the same day in April 2015 from the ground wave regular net station. Also,AT-XFor example, some of the programs that participate in the Anime Channel Production Committee will be the fastest broadcast at the investment station.

In the middle of the 2010s, TV Tokyo and BS TV Tokyo[Annotation 25], Or major independent stations such as TOKYO MX and BS11 or BS Fuji.[Annotation 26] By combining with BS stations such asTerrestrial waves (independent stations) in metropolitan areas, BS in rural areasIn the form of division of roles,At low cost全国Simultaneous netThe number of programs that are realizing this is gradually increasing, especially in the latter (11% of the viewers of the station were local residents in the survey of BS8)[14]).

In addition, although it is also a minority, "simultaneous net only with independent stations in the Kanto and Kansai areas" is TOKYO MX.KBS Kyoto-Sun TVAtEcstatic family(1st period only)Is the order a rabbit??''Love Live! Sunshine!!''That's about it!''BanG Dream!(1st period only)Card Fight! Vanguard(2018 version) ”, etc. (both are delayed nets when broadcast on BS stations, wide area stations, and other regional stations).

In the case of Internet distribution, even if it is a terrestrial nationwide simultaneous Internet program, there is also a trade-off of the audience rating, and it basically comes after the fastest TV broadcast (often called "missing distribution"). HoweverNippon TVProduction Midnight animation work and MBS productionTIGER & BUNNY, TOKYO MX/BS11/ABC joint productionALDNOAH.ZERO], [ReLIFE''Hinako, Etc., simultaneous delivery with the fastest broadcasting station, orAdvance delivery from the fastest broadcasting stations (although there is a charge)[4], More recentlyFree delivery even faster than the fastest broadcasting stationThere are also cases that do. Also,"Zamdo of Demise"SuchWeb animeThere are some cases in which the content distributed as is broadcasted on TV at a later date.


When broadcasting over commercial broadcasting, a sponsor who "provides" production costs, broadcasting costs, and commercial advertising fees is indispensable. The sponsor's request has a great influence on the work setting (this is for children.Special effectsThe same is true of the program), and it was a barometer that measures the ability of the animator in charge to reflect this in the work without any discomfort.

Since the beginning of commercial TV anime, many of themProgram for childrenTherefore, the main sponsors are products for children with low unit prices (toy,Food,Daily necessities,teaching materialThe company that manufactures and sells (for example) was the main sponsor. In addition, since it was a 30-minute broadcasting frame, it was disadvantageous in terms of operating revenue of the TV station, and it had a rating rate of more than 20% compared to animation with a high rating rate of 30% to 10% in the same period.Quiz show-Talk show-Documentary program-TV dramaEtc., the product unit price is high and the profit is largeConsumer electronics-Automobile-Chemical industryPrograms sponsored by major companies such as the above tended to be advantageous in terms of operating revenue. Also"World Masterpiece Theater] Series, etc.Provided by one companyThere were programs, but they decreased over time.

Furthermore, in the case of late-night anime, not only those related to the production committee but also "Spot CMSince it is also important to fill the frame, it is difficult to obtain enough sponsors to fill in the areas with low economic power and private satellite broadcasting (in the latter case, it is difficult to have local sponsors). Because I have it).

Changes in broadcasting technology and materials

Changes in broadcasting materials

the film
Film from the beginningphotographFor a long time, a master disc was produced, and a film to be delivered to the broadcasting station from the original plate was produced and broadcast. This method has problems of deterioration over time of the film and deterioration due to continuous use in rebroadcasting.
1990s,Multiplex audio broadcastingThe material delivered to the broadcasting station will switch from film to VTR at about the same time that it was generalized. this isCel animeからDigital animationDue to the transition of the production method to.telopThere is also an advantage that it can be easily inserted, and there were also animations that used many telops before and after the VTR transition.[Annotation 27].
Digital recording medium
High definitionCompatible (high resolution)liquid crystal television-BD player(BD recorder,PS3-PS4-PS5,Xbox One-Xbox Series X / S), the recording media for animeVHSFrom videotapes such asDVD,FurthermoreBlu-ray DiscHas been switched to (to optimize the older work for higher quality Blu-ray Discs)HD remasterThe number of cases that are subject to is increasing).

Changes in broadcasting technology

16:9 wide screen, The appearance of LCD TV models compatible with high-definition broadcastingBS digital broadcasting,Terrestrial digital broadcasting (terrestrial digital)When the high-definition environment became widespread due to the start of, the number of 16:9 size production works increased, but at the beginning of the production, high-definition production and broadcasting equipment etc. were very expensive,NHK BS-hiOther than the broadcast work inSD image qualityTheUp-convertWhat was done was the mainstream.

the 2000sIn the latter half of the year, as broadcasting stations and production companies upgraded to high-definition production and broadcasting equipment, commercial broadcastHi-vision productionThe number of works of (Longevity programIn the case of going to the high-definition production on the way), after the end of the broadcasting of the local Anna, all new TV animation produced is 16:9 high-definition production. In terrestrial commercial broadcasting stations, works produced in 16:9 size are terrestrial digital broadcastingFrame broadcasting(In some cases, the screen is cut to the left and right in 4:3 size) There were also broadcasting stations,Terrestrial analog broadcastingAll transitioned to full-size broadcasting for the abolition (later than the key station and its affiliated stations at each independent station, but completed the correspondence).

In addition, until the end of September 2009TBSProduction work[Annotation 28] Also, in some of the work produced by TV Tokyo affiliated stations, even 16:9 HDTV masters had a side cut of 4:3 left and right including digital broadcasting.

Originally, some of the works that were produced and broadcast on "4:3 screens" were changed to broadcasts with side panels dedicated to the work on the left and right sides of the image in consideration of the complete shift to terrestrial digital broadcasting. There is also something[Annotation 29].

Audio broadcasting

Once the mainstream was monaural broadcasting, stereo broadcasting became the mainstream around the mid-1990s when the delivery of VTR materials became common. With the progress of digital broadcasting, programs that perform 5.1ch surround broadcasting have also appeared.[Annotation 30].

Subtitled broadcasting

For all-frame works, almost all new works for key stations support subtitle broadcasting (Simultaneous netStationDelay net OfLocal stationIn many stations are not supported).

In late-night animation, subtitles are being broadcast on TBS/MBS and Fuji TV productions.

Linked data broadcasting

In all-frame workMBS Saturday 18:00→Sunday 17:00Frame works andYomiuri TelevisionThe linked data broadcasting was carried out from a relatively early stage of the production work.

From around 2009, maybe due to the influence of the complete terrestrial digital transition,Nichiasa Kids Time"TXN 19:00 frameThe number of works/broadcasting frames that carry out linked data broadcasting is also increasing.Simultaneous netThere are cases where mini quizzes and viewing points are set to promote real-time viewing by, and digital contents are distributed and gifts are drawn according to these, but due to the specifications of data broadcastingDelay netAlso, in BS/CS broadcasting, the production station is used as a measure to protect viewers when moving temporary frames on the Internet side.Back-feedIf you do[15] Also, with some exceptions, such as when the delayed net station side or satellite broadcasting side carries out its own linked data broadcasting, it cannot be handled.

On the other hand, in the midnight animeRomeo x Juliet"Last Exile -Fem of Silver Wings-"(CBC production),"Busou Shinki] AfterTBS production work,Valvrave The Liberator"series·"Demon Light"and"Devil's Riddle, "Super Animeism" frame each work (both produced by MBS).

It has not existed for a long time in UHF animation (except for those who participated in key station affiliated stations), but when it entered around 2014TOKYO MXA work that carries out linked data broadcasting has appeared in some animations that are involved in the production by himself.

Music/Anime songs

Apart from staff credits, there are also many cases where lyrics are inserted in the opening and ending in the case of full-frame animation (only a few in late-night animation).

Depending on the workrubySome have, and some do not use Kanji. However, the usage rate of lyrics subtitles has declined in recent years, and there are more works without lyrics subtitles since the 2000s.the 1960sWas few).

Changes in anime songs

From the beginning of commercial television animation broadcasting, titles and lyrics with the work name and character name inserted were used throughout the series.1970/From the front and back,Anime songAn anime song singer who specializes in singing (abbreviated name "anison") has appeared.

the 1980sIt was broadcast in the first halfUrusei Yatsura] Made an attempt to change the opening ending song in the middle of the series. This isRecord companySince then, it has become a great business opportunity, and since then, for long-term series, works that change the theme song in 1-2 cools have become dominant.

Since the 1980sTie-upBy strategySony music group-Avex Group-BeingWhile becoming one of the important elements of new record sales of each record company,2016/Appear in the work at the timeVoice actor(andVoice actor unit) The number of anime songs sung by themselves is on the rise, andCharacter songIt has been pointed out that the environment surrounding existing anime song singers has become severe due to the popularity of anime-derived two-dimensional idols.[16].

For one anime work from the 2000sendingThere are also works that use different songs or animations each time[Annotation 31]Or, (although the basic songs and lyrics are the same), directing voice actors of the singing will be changed every time, and the number of voice actors will gradually increase.[Annotation 32].

Multiple record companies in one work seriesMusic publisher-Entertainment productionMay be involved in the theme song production,JASRACAnd owned by each companyCopyrightAs a result of the adjustment with, the following examples will also be seen.

  • When producing the best CD, most of the theme songs will be released, or represented by the company that produces the soundtrack.[Annotation 33].
  • As a result of difficulty adjusting rights when releasing the video package version, the original theme song could not be used[Annotation 34]Or, the whole part that used the song was not recorded[Annotation 35]. This is because separate contracts are required for "TV broadcasting" and "video software", and the copyright payment system is different. For the same reason, existing songs are used as they are in the TV broadcast version of the play. In that case, (when the permission of the right holder is not given), the software may be replaced with another song.

Official Website

With the spread of the Internet environment, the production company or production station has opened the official program site. CurrentlyTwitterな どSocial MediaIn most cases, a dedicated account is opened.

Self-regulation of expression

Because it is viewed on a highly public television broadcast, stimulating expressions such as sexuality, violence, bloodshed,商標Pay the fees for (company name, product name, brand name), etc. to view and purchasemovies,ComicSuch asBookBy stricter standardsvoluntary restraintsIs being done. In addition,Anime movieFor TV broadcastingFilm Ethics Committee OfMovie rating systemIs applied.

Standards for self-regulation

BroadcasterIs voluntarily broadcast standard/program standard (Broadcast code) And operateRadio Act,Broadcasting lawStipulated by future,Video Content Ethics Liaison MeetingWill be installed.

Broadcast Ethics and Program Improvement Organization (BPO)

In Western countries and Australia, there is a clearRatingAlthough there is a public institution that carries out accreditation, there is no similar public institution in Japan.

Instead, "rather than watching and punishing programs, broadcasters voluntarily mediate between viewers and stations to solve problems."[17] Voluntary organization by NHK and commercial broadcasting affiliate member companiesBroadcast Ethics and Program Improvement Organization"(BPO) plays that role, and "the broadcaster agrees to adhere faithfully according to the judgment of Broadcast Ethics and Program Improvement Organization".[17] The program is produced above.

Broadcast Ethics and Program Improvement Organization (BPO) request for reply

It is important for broadcasters to request a reply from an organization that is the key to self-regulation.

2001/: "Raimiro war kitan"
Due to the organizationAdult gameIn response to broadcasting an animation based onIndependent station OfSun TVIs receiving a response request.
2002/: "Mobile Suit Gundam SEED"
MBS, the production bureau, has been asked to respond to the fact that a scene reminiscent of sexual activity was broadcast at 18:2005. In XNUMX, the sequel "Mobile Suit Gundam SEED DESTINY"But"Broadcast and Youth Commission, But it did not reach the request.
2014/: "Recently, my sister looks a little strange."
High school girl OfMasturbationOr, the content that evokes that was broadcasted at prime time (22 o'clock), and TOKYO MX and Sun TV received a response request. Both stations changed the broadcast after the 5th episode to a midnight frame without waiting for an answer (BS11 broadcast from the beginning at 27 o'clock).
On the other hand, the Committee considers that the time zone of "considering the viewing of children and adolescents" stated in Article 18 of the Commercial Broadcasting Standards and Broadcasting Standards is "until 21:21", while the "XNUMX It doesn't mean that you need not worry about youth over time."[18].

Operation of self-regulation

As mentioned above, there is no uniform expression regulation standard for all broadcasting companies in Japan, and the current situation is that there are variations in production stations or Internet stations.

Since the 2000s, expression regulations have tended to be loose in general.Midnight programEven in the midnight anime, which is supposed to be, the regulation of expression tends to be tightened mainly in some broadcasting stations.

Contents of self-regulation

Broadcast problem terms

Basically, the terms and expressions that are problematic at the stage of the original work, the script, and the composition are deleted or changed to a non-obstructive expression. Also, for the same reason, when animating, the words and phrases of the problematic title may change.[Annotation 36].. On the other hand, using words that intentionally conflict with each other in productionSelf-regulating soundThere is also a work that directs with a metaphorical expression.

However, when re-broadcasting and packaging of "works that used words and expressions that were not subject to self-regulation" at the time of production, parts that were determined to be subject to self-regulation were cut, and conversations were interrupted. The problem occurred. Then is a kind of copyrightMoral rightsIn consideration of the above, after adding a cautionary message such as "respect the originality of the original author and broadcast the original version", "consider the era setting of the work", "there is no intention to promote discrimination", Sometimes the phrase is broadcast uncut.

Video production

Since the above one case, the expression of blinking is strictly regulated.[19], Scenes of shooting battles and dimming and afterimage processing are performed. Similar processes are often performed in rebroadcasting and packaging of past works.

Depiction of drinking and smoking

Almost all drinking and smoking scenes of underage characters will not be drawn, and even if it is drawn, a caution will be displayed (describe) that "underage drinking (smoking) is prohibited by law" Most of the time.

Sexual/violent depiction

Juvenile crimeAlthough there is no clear evidence to support the increase in1997/Occurred in FebruaryKobe serial child killing caseDo not present a concrete basis clearlyMediaGroup by (key station, national newspaper)hysteria(Moral panic) Social criticism (Media effect theory(See also), spread all over the country, and it is considered to be a factor that "sexual and violent expressions in manga and anime promote crime", and it has developed into comprehensive self-regulation including regulations for describing violence.[20][21].

In the pastAmericaBut a similar uproar occurred,Comic codeThere are cases where strict self-regulation was implemented by the launching of the.

1980s:Prime timeA part of the work ofSilhouetteBroadcasting was performed after giving a directing effect to suppress cruel human fractures and explosions.[Annotation 37].. 『Kinnikuman]RamenmanIs BrockenmanCamel clutchThe scene of killing with two bodies in place has been replaced by a surreal gag scene where Ramenman kneads Brockenman like noodle dough and eats it as handmade noodles for ramen.
2000s: The bloodshed of a person being shot is regulated as a violent expression.
Sexual content
1980s:Prime timeIn some of the works ofNippleTo exposeSex appeal(Erotic) Including scenes[Annotation 38] Existed.
2000s: Devices that allow easy reservation recording (DVD,BD) Is popular at home, and late-night animation frames, which are rarely watched by children in real time, have been strengthened by self-regulation to attract childrenMoe-Loli・Manufacturing companies that want to use a lot of erotic (half-naked, underwear, etc.) tend to look for stations other than TV Tokyo, where expression regulations are strict.Independent station,BS/CS stationAnd so on.
2007/Since thenSemi nude,underwearIs also reflected insteamAnd flashWhite blurIncreasingly, the number of people who hide their nipples and local areas is increasing, but with AT-X, by setting a target age limit,Prime-Non primeIt is being broadcast regardless of the day of the week (at the time of free broadcast[Annotation 39] Can not watch at all).
If you often use scenes with strong sexual stimulation from the setting of the work, there are cases where the contents as originally intended are premised on packaged sales such as "Director's Cut version" in anticipation of the self-regulation standards on the TV station side. is there.
In a part of the midnight animation, even if the female character's skirt is greatly rolled up, by not drawing underwear and showing the buttocks and bikini line, the self-regulation that ``it is not underwear so it is not subject to regulation'' is against There are also sex scenes taken.

Trademarks, copyrights, etc.

In most cases, the actual company name / product name (trademark) is modified so that it is not used, but in some cases, the actual name is used as part of the company's approval or tie-up (promotion). There are cases[Annotation 40].

In a similar case, in order to bring out reality in a work set in an actual city, the actual store name or signboard may be used in the background with the cooperation of each store.[Annotation 41].

Broadcast self-restraint/cancellation

Although not directly related to the work, it is decided by the broadcasting station due to incidents, accidents, natural disasters, etc.

Religious relationship

When touching real religions,Religious house,BelieversCare must be taken to ensure that there is no slander or insult toIslamRegulations are strict,Scripture OfQuranIt was discovered that the (Quran) and music were improperly quoted and forced to revise the scene in TV animation and OVA.

  • Example 1:"JoJo's Bizarre Adventure Stardust Crusaders(OVA version) In "Adventure 6 -Fog of Revenge-",GOD ArabicThere is a scene where the subordinates are ordered to kill the subordinate while reading the book, and the text of this book is a passage of the Quran.Lightning emblemWas found to be a quote[22].. The Muslims who watched this repulsed as "not acceptable because of insults to Islam". The production staffArabic scriptWhen I searched for the material, it was because I did not know that it was the Qur'an (the Qur'an was not drawn in the original work, and there is no intention to insult Islam). On the other hand, Shueisha and production companies (APPP) Apologized, "I will make an effort to deepen my understanding of Islam and its culture," and stopped shipping the DVD. Since February 2009, the revised edition that corrects the relevant parts of the original has been resumed.[23].
  • Example 2:"Noragami ARAGOTO(13 episodes), it was found that Islamic music was improperly used in the BGM in progress, so an apology comment was posted on the official website, and the sound containing the music was recorded. Tracks have been collected and the release of Blu-ray Disc/DVD has been postponed[24].. With this effectBS FujiWith 9 episodesCensored[Annotation 42], As an alternative, the remaining 2016 to 1 episodes in January 10BS11Was broadcast on.

Legal regulation of expression

History of TV animation

Detail is,"Anime history-Midnight anime history-UHF anime historySee.

Anime boom

The period of remarkable growth is called the "growth period of anime" or "anime boom". The abbreviations of related books referred to in the categories below are listed.

  • (I.e.: Hiromichi Masuda "Understanding the Anime Business"/Tsuken: Nobuyuki Tsuken "Introduction to Animation Studies"/Hikawa: Ryusuke Hikawa, "The End of Century Anime Enthusiasm"

For the sake of convenience, the anime boom is divided into three parts below, but some critics do not consider the anime boom mainly caused by "Astro Boy" to be the primary and secondary There are times when they are called up and called primary and secondary.

The first anime boom

Occurrence period
1963 to the end of the 1960s. 『Astro boyFrom the start of the broadcast to the anime establishment period. (Masuda)
1960s. (Tsuken).
The first impact from "Astro Boy" (Hikawa).
A hit of "Astro Boy". And in response to this, the number of new TV anime works by new business participants has increased. The establishment of anime among children. (Masuda)

Second anime boom

Occurrence period
1977-1991. 『Farewell Space Battleship YamatoFrom the releaseOVAUntil the release title peak. (Masuda)
The late 1970s to the late 1980s (Tsuken).
The second impact from "Yamato" and "Gundam" (Hikawa).
Before and after the release of "Farewell Space Battleship Yamato" was classified as the first anime boom (Bi Ogawa[25]).
1977-1985 was classified as the first anime boom (Ryota Fujitsu)[26]).
"Farewell Space Battleship Yamato" hit. And in response to this, develop the market for young people. The emergence of new business models due to the spread of video. (Masuda)

Third anime boom

Occurrence period
1995-present. 『Neon Genesis EVANGELION] From the broadcast to the present day when the number of TV animation productions is being updated. (Masuda)
Late 1990s (Tsuken).
The third shock from "Neon Genesis Evangelion" (Hikawa).
Before and after "Neon Genesis Evangelion" is classified as a secondary anime boom (Ogawa Bii[25]).
A hit of "Neon Genesis Evangelion". afterwards,"Pokemon''Princess Mononoke''Spirited Away) And other mega hits have caused further expansion of the anime audience. Diversification and increase of media. Diversification of finance system. Diversification of profit structure. Increase productivity with digital technology. (Masuda)

Major movements since the late 1990s

The decline in viewer ratings in the late 1990s had a great impact on the animation industry[27].. Fuji TV anime producer and executive officerKenji Shimizuaccording to,"YoungerBecause of this, and the increase in attendance at cram schools, the rate of children's staying at home from the evening to the 19:XNUMX's has declined significantly,'' he said. It is said that the movement to move to[9].

さ ら にNESWith the spread of home game consoles,GameBy moving to, the toy makers withdrew from sponsors due to the decline in animation-related toy sales,eveningIt was difficult to secure a broadcast slot from XNUMXst to Goldentime[27].

There are fears that the above movement will develop into the decline of the animation industry, and TV TOKYO (Public Relations / IR Director: Tsutomu Oki) said, "Anime is no longer the first choice for children."[28].

As a result, the number of golden-time broadcast works decreased sharply at each key station, and the total number of golden-time anime works, which had a maximum of 2000 frames in the early 6s in the TV Tokyo series, repeatedly increased and decreased, and on Thursday, September 2018. Two 9:19 broadcast slots have been completely withdrawn from the golden time zone due to the shift to the Sunday evening slot.[29],2 frames on Friday of TV Asahi seriesHowever, as of September 2019, it moved to the Saturday evening frame and withdrew from the golden time zone, so the golden time frame broadcast works will temporarily disappear from each key station.

After that, with the reorganization in October 2020, the TV Tokyo series "Pokemon』Move from Sunday evening to Friday 19:19, the animation of 1:5 broadcast on commercial broadcasting key stations has been revived for the first time in about a year, and now it is the same time (as a regular) among the 19 series of key stations Only the TV Tokyo series Friday XNUMX:XNUMX frame has an anime frame for the band.

On the other hand, since each independent station has a lower profit line than each key station, some animations are broadcast in the golden time zone.[9].

The late-night anime, which was expanding its influence, also occurred in 2008.Lehman shockDue to such factors as the impact of the decrease in the number around 2010[30][31].

Production cost recovery system by polarization of viewers and package sales (video software)

1995'sNeon Genesis EVANGELION』Commercial success has produced a large number of works for core fans, many production companies entered mainly in the evening broadcasting instead of golden time with a high broadcasting right fee, and if the broadcasting frame is insufficient, develop the midnight frame Has begun[27].. Suitable for mass productionDigital animationBecame popular,Television Tokyo Channel 12, Ltd.,Independent station,BS station,Channel dedicated to CS animationAlthough the number of broadcast works also increased due to such reasons, due to the excessive number of works produced and the increase in burden,PaintIn addition, there were many cases where the broadcast schedule collapsed due to the delay in production schedule, the deterioration of the quality that caused the scenario to collapse, and even the work that could not even “complete” the one-cool broadcast slot.

On the other hand, it became possible to watch by introducing a two-day weekly holiday system for elementary and junior high schools.Sat-SundayToy companies and publishers in the morningsponsor"Children's" works and Aniota, which was born in the anime boom, are the midnight frame (mainly for the purpose of supplying profits by supplying a large number of works by package sales, software rental, etc. to the consumer-oriented layer)Three major metropolitan areasCommon name broadcast on independent stationsUHF anime(Including works broadcast on BS and BS/CS channels)Production Committee Methodworks[Annotation 43] Bipolarization is progressing.

It was one of the mainstreams of the "economy of TV animation" until the 2000s to sell packages in the form of "mediaization of TV animation broadcast works" and collect profits. There are many titles in which "purpose" and "means" are reversed from the planning stage of the sales plan compared to the work.[32].

Broadcasters with low sponsor fees and low viewership are targeted by otaku who have a strong interest in anime, and the nature of the promotion for package sales is also strong. Therefore, there are many cases in which each production committee company sponsors and buys program frames and broadcasts. Especially in the midnight frame broadcast works,DVDandBlu-ray DiscBecause the main profit was package sales such asAdded valueIt is necessary to enhance the purchase motivation to stimulate the purchasing will, and there are cases where revisions and supplements different from the main broadcast are made due to the following circumstances.

  1. Broadcast modification (Retake)
    • This is often seen in works that have had a number of episodes that have broken production schedules or are in a state close to that. Correction of credits and telops is also included.
  2. Return expression restrictions to the production intent.
    • Expressions with strong stimuli such as sex appeal and bloodshed are added or replaced in order to restore the original state of what was regulated during TV broadcasting. Also"Self-regulating soundThere is also a work in which the part of "" is recorded as a separate voice ("Like Hayate!"Student council officers"Such).
      • On the contrary, there are few cases where restrictions are added when software is made due to copyright and copyright issues, and the contents are partially modified. As an example"Gintama] In the TV broadcast versionParodyThe original original song is often replaced with another song in the video software version.
  3. Screen frame (aspect ratio) Changes.
    • For some of TBS's productions until the end of September 2009 and some of TV Tokyo's previous productions, the screen size master of "9:16" was cut at both ends of the screen when broadcasting on terrestrial, and "9:4 Was broadcast in the size of "Digital terrestrial broadcastingIs in the process of spreading, and there were many areas that could not be received). When packaged, it will be sold as the original "16:9".
  4. Recording of all versions
    • Materials for broadcasting such as commercials are recorded as a privilege.
    • For the purpose of promoting the package version, a work that broadcasts another version of some scenes by broadcasting region (including satellite broadcasting)[Annotation 44], All versions are included.
  5. Recording of unbroadcast part
    • Although viewers are dissatisfied with the method of not broadcasting the part or ending of the main part and selling that part separately, the difficulty of late-night animation production, which relies heavily on package sales for production costs, has been highlighted. There is.
      • Do not broadcast part of the episode of the main part-it does not hinder the understanding of the entire content of the work, but the package version has a deeper understanding of the background and human relationships. Existence of unbroadcast times in advanceWebsiteIt is often announced.
      • Do not broadcast the ending of the main part-It is noticeable in Fuji TV and TV Asahi late night animation from 2003 to 2004,Terrestrial digital broadcastingBroadcast end time has been increased due to preparatory workSpecial programDue to broadcasting schedules such as sports broadcasts, etc., there were many works that could not be broadcast until the end, and I could only watch the ending on the package version or satellite broadcasting.
  6. Additional recording of new video
    • Extra edition・Most of the later stories and short animations feature a parody that is a little far from the main story. Sequels and extras of traditional popular worksOVA,Movie versionIt is an extension of the method of producing. Some will be released later or earlierSpecial programThere is also a case of TV broadcasting in the form of.
  7. Includes sound source CDs such as theme songs
    • Theme song,Insert song-soundtrack-Drama CDThere is an increasing number of cases in which such items are not sold separately but are included as a privilege for video software. Some may be released as a single album at a later date.
  8. Includes privileged video and audio from related parties
    • Apart from the main animation,Audio commentaryDepending on the voice actors, the talks of the voice actors and the production staff, the documentaries closely related to the behind-the-scenes production, videos of events, live performances, etc.Entertainment showsThere are many examples of additional recording of special contents as video benefits.
      • Related events and live videoProduced and sold as a single piece of softwareThere are a lot of cases of doing it.

In addition, as a part of sales promotion, product-related goods and variousEventsParticipation numbered tickets or application tickets (in addition, since the 2010s, the number of cases that include ticket priority sale application tickets is increasing) may be included (some stores orMail orderSome are limited).

In the 2020s, distribution fees from Internet distribution will be a pillar of revenue.[34], The package is a fan-friendly product that is combined with goods and benefits rather than profits.

Current status of various problems in broadcasting Japanese TV anime

Time zone competition

By simultaneously broadcasting different anime programs on two or more channels, both commercial and NHKConflictHas been seen for a long time,[Annotation 45], Even at the local stationSat-SundayAnime and special effects programs may be concentrated in the early morning/evening slots of and conflict with each other.[Annotation 46].

TV Tokyo affiliateIt is even more so in the case of Higashi-Meihan district, which has an independent station, and if you are particular about only main broadcasting, you can hardly watch unless you use multiple recording devices or recording devices that can record two or more programs simultaneously. And, including rebroadcasting, as of 2, there are many times when you can only watch at the recording device that can record three or more programs simultaneously. In BS digital broadcasting, BS-TBS[Annotation 47] Except for 4 BS commercial stations, BS 11 and other stations, 23-At 1 o'clock the duplication of multiple programs has become constant.[Annotation 48].

There is also an example of changing the day of the week to avoid time zone conflicts on terrestrial broadcasting.[Annotation 49].

The same for the fiscal year ending April 2015Weekly Shonen Sunday] There is also competition between serialized original animations[Annotation 50].

Rebroadcast decrease

  • In the late 1980s, the terrestrial key station seriesre-airIs on the decline overall. this isVideo deckIs also widely spread[35].

Problems of Regional Disparity in Terrestrial Commercial TV Programs

Commercial broadcastTV animation for mobile phones tends to be planned and produced on the premise of "terrestrial broadcasting"[Annotation 51].. This is because in the 2010s, the selling price to distributors in the Internet distribution business will be greatly affected by the presence or absence of "a track record of terrestrial broadcasting (especially in the Tokyo metropolitan area)" regardless of domestic or overseas. This is because the selling price of "programs that have never been broadcast on the ground wave" tends to be disadvantageous.[4].

On the other hand, at NHKBS broadcastingMany are planned and produced for

Since the 2000s, while the number of simultaneous internet broadcast programs at affiliated stations of the four major networks (Nippon TV, TV Asahi, TBS, and Fuji TV) has decreased, it has increased sharply for the core fans mentioned above. For local-sales-framed broadcast programs such as late-night animation, metropolitan areas (especiallyTomeisakaIt is not often broadcast outside of the area, and there are many programs with a wide delay network even if broadcast on local stations (cool unit orYearly= There are some cases that lead to more than 4 cool delays).

Also, due to changes in the main broadcasting time zone at the production station due to various circumstances or the extension of the broadcasting period, the organization was not agreed, and some local stations were in the middle of the series.CensoredI sometimes see examples[Annotation 52].

Incidentally,In many cases, it was not broadcast in the actual area (or model area) where the work will be performed for a long time, or in the local station where the original author was born.[Annotation 53][Source required].. But from the local side, which is the stageRegional revitalizationRequests as part of[Annotation 54] Or by the fanPilgrimage to sacred places (stage visit)A case where the production side has been keeping in mind the broadcasting on the stage local station from the beginning due to the establishment of culture[Annotation 55] Increased, andAomoriHirosakiSet inFlying Witch] InAomori Broadcasting [36],KagawaSet inGolden umari of udon country]Nishinippon broadcastingHave participated in each production committee.

TV Tokyo series

It is a subsidiary BS stationBS TV Tokyo(Formerly BS Japan) broadcasts all-frame animations of its parent company, TV TOKYO, reasonably, while midnight anime broadcasts were generally poor until the mid-2010s.[Annotation 56], InsideTamagotchi!』Series (Transition to BS Japan from the middle) ・"Gundam Build Fighters"series("Gundam Build Divers Re:RISE』From terrestrial wave to TOKYO MX) etc. is BS11, and special effects works are also mixedGaro -GARO-] The series (moving from the middle to TOKYO MX) was originally a movie specialtyStar channelIn many of the UHF animations that have been produced online and have been participating in AT-X production since the 2010s.BS11There are even cases such as broadcasting on BS Fuji.

"Simultaneous network with TV Tokyo (affiliated station) and BS TV East"Pretty Rhythm Aurora Dream』Was carried out for the first time, but at present, only a small number of net form programs of this format.

At the moment, it was broadcast only on BS TV East (excluding CS channel)Artificial insect Kabuto Borg V×V"When"Nano InvadersHowever, it is also the result of the TV Tokyo side rejecting terrestrial broadcasting for the content of "Kabuto Borg".

Also, although it is not a story of TV animation itself, it is related to being broadcast on TV TokyoAnime/Game information program,Voice actor variety programPrograms such as[Annotation 57] There are many cases of local Kanto in TV broadcasting (there are also many similar cases in the independent TV stations below, but this may also be net at BS11 and BS Fuji commercial BS stations).

In the Internet distribution, many programs have been implemented regardless of the time zone since the 2010s, but there are cases where it is delayed by more than a week (based on the fastest TV TOKYO) or only paid distribution.

Independent TV station

Since the late 1990sThree major metropolitan areasIt is inIndependent stationA new TV anime with the broadcast in mind in mind, the so-calledUHF animeStarted broadcasting, and in the middle of the 2000s, it showed a rapidly increasing trend.

In the Kansai/Chukyo area, there are cases where some of the works are broadcast by wide area stations affiliated with key stations and some local stations, but this also contributes to widening the regional disparity due to terrestrial broadcasting. It was Even in the Kanto area, where we had an advantage for many years,TokyoTheBroadcast target areaToTOKYO MXThe transmitting stationTokyo Sky TreeAs a result of the accelerated concentration on the station after the relocation to, a large disparity was created in areas where the station could not receive. In a straightforward example, it is not uncommon for a work to be broadcast on a wide area station in the Kansai area, but only on TOKYO MX in the Kanto area.

Since the beginning of the 2010s, BS stations such as BS11 have started to perform delayed (or simultaneous) nets with many UHF animations, and now, if the receiving environment such as BS antenna is prepared, it can be generally viewed. I am Most of the works are also distributed on the Internet.

Current status and weak points of BS/CS broadcasting

  • At present, the network of terrestrial TV animations to BS stations remains incomplete, mainly for key station animations. This is partly because there is strong resistance from local bureaus that are directly linked to the life and death problem.[37].
  • Although there are cases where the added value is achieved by broadcasting the works that the anime channel participates in the production committee at the fastest speed, there are almost no such cases when participating in the production of key stations.
  • If the shared parabola antenna is not installed, it will be necessary to install it by yourself.[Annotation 58] Depending on the structure of the property and the property, such as corridors and handrailsCommon areaIn some cases, the parabolic antenna cannot be installed (is not allowed). Also, older models of parabolic antennas (including shared) do not support CS 110° broadcasts. In addition, in the case of AT-X, it was necessary to wait until autumn 110 for high definition of CS 2018° broadcast on the same channel.[38].

Cable television rebroadcast outside the area

  • Cable TVThe service area of市町村Since the unit is basic, it cannot be used in areas other than the target area. In some areas, rebroadcasting outside the area may not be performed without the consent of the local station. In addition, some apartments do not support cable TV.

NOTTV (Mobacas)

  • Broadcasting was started using the VHF band that floated after the termination of terrestrial analog broadcasting, but it did not cover the whole of Japan, supported terminals were limited, and some works were broadcast Stayed at. After all, the number of members was sluggish, so the service ended on June 2016, 6[39].

Internet distribution

Since the mid-2000s, the above-mentioned package sales market has been shrinking, and the production companies are shifting to a business model based on "Internet pay distribution" including overseas markets instead, which is more important than TV broadcasting. Became[34]..At that time, the presence or absence of "television broadcasting (terrestrial broadcasting) performance" in the Tokyo metropolitan area of ​​Japan greatly affects the selling price to Internet distributors.[4] From that, of pure meaningWeb animeIs a minority, and some form of TV broadcasting is done in parallel with online distribution.

Current status and weak points of Internet distribution

  • Depending on the intention of the right holder (the original author, the bereaved family, etc.), even paid distribution may not be permitted.[Annotation 59].
  • In many cases, it is delivered later than the fastest broadcasting station.
    • In the case of paid distribution, there are cases where it will be delivered earlier than some of the fastest broadcasting stations (such as late-night anime programs produced by Nippon Television), and in recent years, AbemaTV has also appeared to be free delivery at the same time as the fastest broadcasting station or earlier. ing.
  • Broadcast frames based on "paid distribution only" (such as Fuji TV's "Noitamina" frame and MBS "Animism" frame) and production companies (Toei[Annotation 60],KADOKAWA[Annotation 61] Production works, etc.), and in recent years, not only these, but also the "exclusive paid distribution" works of specific distribution sites are increasing.
  • In some cases, the distribution company joins the production committee or leads the project.Knights of Sidonia], the production companyNetflixWe contracted directly with the company and procured production costs under a contract to monopolize Internet distribution outside Japan. Also by the same production companyBLAME!Was produced as Netflix's original content (also aired in theaters in Japan).
  • Portrait rightDue to some reasons, special numbers and live-action parts where voice actors and staff appear may not be delivered.[Annotation 62].
  • Susceptible to the internet environment.Access sourceIP addressCountry/region/Internet providerIn some cases, due to IP restrictions, even paying distribution services may not be available.
  • For paid delivery, the payment method isCredit card,Web moneyLimited tobank OfAutomatic account transferIt is not convenient because it does not support.

Illegal upload and official video distribution

Against the background of the above situation, in order to watch with the smallest time difference (delay),Winny-ShareSuch asFile sharing softwareOr outside JapanVideo sharing serviceThe problem of illegally uploading works using[40].

In the case of video sharing service, it may be deleted if the request can be confirmed from the right holder,YouTubeIn the case of an overseas site whose name recognition is low compared to the above, the response tends to be sloppy, and even a legitimate request may be ignored. Once a work is uploaded on the Internet, it will be copied endlessly and it will be almost impossible to stop it completely, so it is becoming a life-and-death problem for production affiliates who are recovering production costs from the revenue of package sales.[40][41][42].

Therefore, a telop saying "It is illegal to upload to the Internet (without the permission of the right holder) is illegal" at the beginning of the program to call attention and to identify the broadcasting station (local station) that is the upload source.WatermarkIs taken, and the measures taken in October 2012Revised copyright lawBy enforcement,Penalties will be imposed on downloadsHowever, the reality is that it is not very effective.

Changes in official video distribution

"Mobile Suit Gundam SEEDAnd the sequelMobile Suit Gundam SEED DESTINY], in the program sponsorNTT East-West JapanHikari service provided by both companiesFLET'S Hikari] Dedicated site for subscribers "FLET'S SQUARE" was delivered immediately after the end of the broadcast (however, the delivery was reflected in the area delayed by one week).

GyaO opened in April 2005 (currently:GYAO!) Or BIGLOBE stream (laterAnime one.. (Service ended in 2013)B type H series(UHF animation) andLady x pigeon!』(AT-X monopoly broadcast) has become involved in the production of works, such as investing in the production committee, insert advertisements around the video screen, and start a series of free distribution services using advertising revenue As a result, even if the terrestrial broadcasting is not available, the chances of being able to watch it on the Internet will be greatly increased.

In this case, a certain period before and after TV broadcasting (3 days-up to 1 week) delivered free, then often delivered for a fee. Also,"Zamdo of DemiseSuch asWeb animeIn some cases, the work distributed as will be broadcast on television at a later date.

Broadcasted in 2007Sky GirlsIn the case of ”, an attempt was made to use the technology known as “area cast” to deliver online only within the “outside broadcasting area”.[43] However, this did not spread.

In July 2010, to double as a measure against illegal uploadsDwangoVideo distribution site operated byNico Nico DougaHas announced a full-scale entry into the official distribution business of anime programs. Gradually, the number of works that are distributed for free for a limited period of time has also increased, and the case where only the first episode is always distributed for free has become the mainstream (even after the DVD/BD is released). Also, according to the production announcement after the end of the main broadcast and the second termNico Nico Live BroadcastThe number of cases where all episodes are distributed live at once is increasing (see below.AbemaTVBut we are delivering the same one).

In response to this, the number of cases in which the production side actively uses online distribution such as Nico Nico Live Broadcasting is increasing, and there are more and more planned programs in which voice actors and creators appear. It is increasing its presence as an animation publishing medium that will change to broadcasting.

In the mid-2010sd anime storeWith the increase in distribution sites mainly for smartphones such as (participating in some TV animation production committees) and the advancement of major overseas distribution sites to Japan, the conventional video software business has reached a peaking level, and the overseas market is also growing. The paid Internet distribution business, which we have in mind, is becoming more active.

Optical fiber and various wireless access services are gradually expanding their coverage areas.

From July 2015, TOKYO MX is a smartphone application "EmcasHas started simultaneous distribution service to all over the country (However, some programs may not be distributed due to copyright etc.)[44].

AbemaTV opens "New TV Anime Channel", which offers the fastest free delivery of some new titles (some of which are free of charge at the same time as the fastest TV broadcast) from July 2016, and has entered the new television anime distribution business.[45].

From March 2020, NHK has been offering "Simultaneous/E-Television simultaneous delivery/missing delivery".NHK PlusStarted.

rental video

Once related to animerental videoThe market was also large.

However, rental video stores are closing one after another due to the spread of online distribution.[46].

Current status by broadcasting station/affiliation


NHKTV broadcasting inGeneral TVSince it is a nationwide broadcast excluding local slots, it can be viewed uniformly throughout the country. However, there are rare cases where local works are broadcast on local TV on general television.[Annotation 63].. Also, in the case of late-night slots, there are also cases in which the network is delayed compared to other regions due to prioritizing locally organized programs.

CurrentlyEducational TV (E-tele)andBS Premium(OldSatellite 2nd TV (BS2)) Has been broadcast a lot (in the pastSatellite HDTV (BS-hi)(There is also a work that was re-broadcast at the end of the analog broadcast).

There used to be a time when it was broadcast on general TV a lot, but gradually it shifted to broadcasting on E-television and BS2 (→ BS premium), and now it is a midnight animation broadcast on Monday 0:XNUMX (Sunday midnight) There is only a frame.

Also,"日常And 'lovelive!"[47] In some cases, the TV anime that was broadcast on commercial TV stations (substantially) will be rebroadcast.

Nippon TV

Nippon TVIs in OsakaQuasi-key station Of讀賣TV broadcasting With (ytv), we are competing for TV animation production, especiallySpace Battleship Yamato"series·"Lupin III』I was broadcasting such a seriesthe 1990sFrom the first half, the number of full-frame anime broadcasts was reduced, and in March 2009, it withdrew from the Golden Time zone. Currently in the local sales frame "Go! Anpanman] And two Yomiuri TV production national net animations that originated on Monday's golden time zone on Saturday evening5:30 frameand6 o'clock("Detective Conan』), And from April 2021 on the NTV production nationwide network[Annotation 64] One late-night anime is being broadcast on Sunday dawn (Saturday midnight) at 1:0.

Late-night anime has produced many works that are unique to NTV.[48].. Yomiuri TVMANPAIt is produced and broadcast on its own line in the frame.

In addition, NTV has beenMad houseFollowed byTatsunoko Pro-huluWith the acquisition of (Japan Business), the company is currently working to strengthen and enhance the content and copyright business of the animation production company and on-demand video distribution business.[49].

TV Asahi

TV AsahiIs the only key station in Tokyo until September 2019Prime timeObiDoraemon"Crayon Shin-chanWas broadcasting a family-oriented in-house produced animation targeting young people, but the number of broadcast works during this time period has decreased compared to the one time period.[Annotation 65], Withdrew from the golden time zone with the move of both works to Saturday evening due to the reorganization in October 2019[Annotation 66][50].

Osaka stationAsahi Broadcasting TV(ABC TV, former Asahi Broadcasting) has also been focusing on TV animation production for a long time.

2017 year 9 month,Nagoya TV Broadcast(ME-TV/NBN) withdrew from the nationwide Internet frame that continued for 40 years while changing the time zone[51].

The TV Asahi midnight animation was an intermittent broadcast from April 2007 to September 4.[Annotation 67] However, broadcasting of late-night animation resumed from the reorganization in October 2019, and with the reorganization in April 10, it will be the first frame in the midnight zone of the station.NUM Animation”(Numanimation), and started broadcasting regular new animation.[Annotation 68]..Asahi Broadcasting Corporation, which started at the same time in October of the same year,ANiMAZiNG !!!Together with the frame, it will be expanded to the TV Asahi affiliated 24 stations nationwide, and will become a nationwide network frame.

On the other hand, since October 2012, Asahi Broadcasting TV has become active in late-night anime, and it has also started to participate as a UHF anime production committee.

TV AsahiFujikoAn animation production company that has a long-term business relationship centered on related animated worksShinei VideoBecame a consolidated subsidiary, and ABC also became a specialized subsidiary in July 2016.ABC animationHas been established.

TV Asahi invests in Internet distributionAbemaTVHas delivered anime programs regardless of old and new, and has adopted its own route among the key stations in Tokyo.


TBSIs a key station in OsakaEvery day broadcasting(MBS) is more aggressive than TBS, and MBS production "Saturday 18:6 frame (Sat XNUMX)Through the frameSunday 17:5 (Sun XNUMX)The frame was the main force. With the reorganization in April 2017, this frame will be described later in ``Anime Saturday 630』\ It was moved to the first half frame.

On the other hand, in TBSSaturday 17:30 frameWas being broadcast onLove Con"[Annotation 69] After the broadcast, the Kanto local broadcast in 2011Mini show"Suzy's ZooWas finally withdrawn from the full-frame anime, but with the reorganization in April 2016Saturday morning 7pmToKamiwaza Wanda”, the first time in 13 years, the "all-day frame and anime frame on the national network" will be restored.[52]Later, it was integrated into the latter half of the aforementioned "Anime Saturday 630", but due to the abolition of this frame in the July 2019 reorganization,Anime for childrenAnd for all age groupsFamily/general animationWithdrew from[Annotation 70].

After the abolition of "Anime Saturday 630", the only commercial broadcaster series that had no "national online anime frame for all days" continued to exist.2022/With the revival of the anime frame on Sunday 4:17 (Sunday 5) in April, the broadcast of the all-day frame animation has resumed for the first time in about 2 years and 9 months.[53].

For late-night anime, the daily broadcast is "Anime showerThe number of works has been increasing since the frame was set up, and from July 2019, the late-night anime frame of all 7 TBS affiliated stations net ``Super anime ismWas started.At the beginning, it became an unusual national net frame in late night animation,[Annotation 71]As mentioned above, in October 2020, the TV Asahi series set up two late-night anime frames on the national network, and in April 10, the Nippon TV series set up one late-night anime frame on the national net, so it is a customary frame. It is becoming.

またthe 2000sSince then, TBS and others have also participated in in-house produced midnight animation and UHF animation. Especially since Mainichi Broadcasting also broadcasts many UHF animations, it boasts the top-class late-night animation broadcast volume as a quasi-key station, and depending on the work, it is the fastest centering on late-night animation (prior to TBS/TOKYO MX). It may be broadcast. However, due to the tight midnight zone, TBS production is often broadcast in the Kansai region on Sun TV or in the Kansai region terrestrial broadcasting in many cases.

Television Tokyo Channel 12, Ltd.

Television Tokyo Channel 12, Ltd. Thethe 1970sThe station has been focusing on TV animation since the latter half, and it has the most number of broadcasts among the key stations in Tokyo regardless of the broadcast time, accounting for more than half of them. Even if a serious incident or accident occurs, the broadcasting is rarely suspended (Reference article).

But since the late 1990sExpression regulation sectionHowever, as mentioned above, there was a movement on the production side to avoid broadcasting on the same station for doing it sharply, and it overlapped with the rise of UHF animation broadcast mainly on independent stations before. It is not as lively as it is, and since the first half of the 2010s, the broadcasting of anime programs in the golden time zone has been significantly reduced.[Annotation 72], The animation frame at 6 o'clock in the evening on weekdays, which has been going on for many years, has been shrinking since October 2019.

As for late-night anime, after the rise of UHF anime, the number of broadcast slots tends to fluctuate and tend to be inconsistent.[Annotation 73].

Compared to other series, there are more works that flexibly change the broadcasting frame between the all-day frame and the midnight frame (詳細 記事).

All affiliated stationsHas a track record of making TV animation[Annotation 74].. Of whichTV Osaka (TVO) [Annotation 75]-TV set (TSC) has a national net regular slot (onceTV Aichi (TVA) also had a regular frame).Especially TSC is nowHigashimeisaka districtExcept for the only 30-minute regular frame, TV Tokyo production "Pokemon series’Longevity seriesIs being produced (Shimajiro』Anime series).

TV Aichi, etc., is part of the UHF anime online, assuming the role of an independent station.

Fuji Television Network, Inc

Fuji Television Network, IncIs "Astro Boy (first work)"Dr. Slump Arale"Dragon ball series] And many popular works and longevity programsSeries workHowever, it gradually toned down from the latter half of the 1990s, and with the reorganization in October 2006, all the animation frames disappeared from the golden time zone.CurrentlySunday morning 9 o'clockと18pmIs alive.

Unlike other series,FNSVery few works produced by affiliated stations (however, regarding Fuji TV production late-night animation, about three years have passed since the start of new work in the October 2014 period)Kansai TV broadcasting(Kantele / KTV) jointly participated in the production committee, and since the fiscal year ended April 2017, it has been intermittently producing the same station and producing a late-night anime on the TOKYO MX net).

The late-night anime was born from the lessons learned from a series of broadcasting problems in the early 2000s.Noitamina] The frame is a series of high-rated viewers as a late-night frame.

Quasi-key station (station in Osaka)

Osaka station : Animation has been produced on a daily basis or on Yomiuri TV as well as on key stations since ancient times, and Asahi TV has a production record that is not as high as the above two stations. However, there are 2 animes independently produced by Kansai TV.[Annotation 76](Excluding works that participated in the production committee), which is extremely small compared to other stations.TV Osaka has been in the market since its opening in 1982, but withdrew from the regular quota in March 2011, and resumed the regular quota in April 3 after a suspension of about nine years.Currently, four quasi-key stations other than Kansai TV continue to produce TV animations, and some of the UHF animations are online (especially the number of Mainichi Broadcasting System broadcasts is outstanding).

Mainichi Broadcasting Tokyo Branch TV Organizationproducer-Maruyama Hiroo"(We do not have a lot of responsibility for the national internet golden program, and it is difficult to compete with key stations for programs that require entertainers such as dramas and varieties. It is very great that you can compete at the key station under the same conditions as the key station."[54].

Named office

Named office : As of April 2022, there is no regular frame produced by a well-known station.However, TV Aichi had the only national net frame until September 4, and Me-Tele has experience in producing some late-night animations in addition to the above-mentioned national net frame (until September 2021).[Annotation 77].CBC TV(TBS series) is "Orange picture diaryAfter entering the animation production starting with ""Kotoura-sanWas temporarily cut off at the end of the term, but in the fiscal year ended April 2021,If you want a mugI made a late-night anime for the first time in a long time. In the fiscal year ending July 2009, in collaboration with Kansai TVTokai TV broadcasting(THK, Fuji TV series) also entered a short animation (later a midnight short animation by Chukyo localKayo! Chu studies』Also broadcast). In addition,Chukyo TV broadcasting(CTV, Nippon Television Network System) is the only key station and affiliated station in the three major metropolitan areas that has not produced "alone" for TV animation for many years.Infini-T Force』, Participated in the production jointly with major stations of the Nippon Television network, and participated in the production of" in the fiscal year ending April 2020.TsugumoIn addition to participating in the production of "", the station was the first to be the head of the production committee in the fiscal year ended October 2021.ShikizakuraWas broadcast.

Local bureau

TSC isShimajiro] Since the series, of the local company that is the publisher of this workBenesseMaintain a relationship with[Annotation 78].. In addition, TVh and TVQ have production results in the form of co-production with TV Tokyo.[Annotation 79].

RKB Mainichi Broadcasting System-Hokkaido Broadcasting (HBC) orTohoku Broadcasting (TBC)China broadcasting (RCC) major TBS affiliates also have production participation records in the form of late-night anime co-produced with CBC.Shizuoka broadcasting(SBS, TBS series) is "Secret society hawk claw countdown] And short animation “Pampaka pants] Participating in the series.Hokkaido Bunka Broadcasting System(Uhb, Fuji TV series) is a joint production of KTV and THKComing cat] From the second season of the same seriesTV ShizuokaIn addition to participating in production with (SUT, Fuji TV series)HokkaidoLocal midnight animationFrancesca』I participate in the production.Other than that, it is not a major station in the seriesAomori Broadcasting(RAB, Nippon Television Network System) is a late-night anime with the key station Nippon Television.Flying Witch], And took the position of the animation production bureau for the first time.

There are some cases in which local stations participate in the production of short films.

Independent station

Three major metropolitan areasLocated inIndependent stationNew TV animation at (UHF anime) Is loosely regulated in terms of expression compared to key stations, and the number of broadcasts has increased sharply since the mid-2000s because the broadcasting charges are cheap.

Most of these are broadcast late at night and on the production committee system,TOKYO MXThere are cases where some broadcasts of some works are broadcast on all-day frames (such as prime time frames centered around 22:XNUMX). Also, as the production participation record, TOKYO MX is by far the most,Gifuhoso(GBS),Biwako Broadcasting(BBC),Nara TV Broadcasting(TVN),TV WakayamaExcept for (WTV), each station has some form of entry record.

In particularCapital AreaOut ofSouth KantoEach station (TOKYO MXtvk-Tele ball-Chiba TV) Has been broadcast a lot[Annotation 80] on the other hand,North KantoIndependent station of (Gunma TV-Tochigi TV) Has a lot of broadcasting performance compared to South Kanto 4 stations[Annotation 81].IbarakiHowever, there is still no prefectural TV station in Japan.

In the Kanto area, there are many cases where late-night anime produced by local stations such as the Osaka station are broadcast on independent stations rather than key stations, and there are works that BS stations or anime specialized channels join the production committee (especially BS11 and BS Fuji, BS Nippon Television, AT-X are many).

At present, most of the works are nationwide broadcast (distributed) in combination with commercial BS stations such as BS11 and various Internet distributions, as described above, "at a lower cost than terrestrial nationwide networks." In addition, as mentioned above, TOKYO MX uses the smartphone app "Mcas" to distribute some programs nationwide.

The net form of these works is much more complicated than that produced by the key station or its affiliated stations, but the details are omitted here.

Commercial BS station SKY PerfecTV!

Until the 2000s, there was a certain number of TV animations exclusively broadcasted by each station.BS SKY PerfecTV!of"Grazeni)), occupy a lot of programs that sometime sometime terrestrial and simultaneous deployment.

A long-established commercial BS stationWOWOWIs the same station's monopoly, yet freeNon-scramble frameso"WOWOW animeWas broadcast a lot of anime works called "," but since 2008 has been almost dormant. Joint investment in terrestrial broadcasting work in 2016 (Production CommitteeBy participating in), a new "Animation Premier" frame, which will be premiered at the fastest speed, has been established and the company has returned to the animation business.

Meanwhile, it opened in 2007BS11Has been active in broadcasting anime and participating in production committees since the beginning, and since the beginning of the 2010s, the anime frame has been gradually expanded (Detailed item). In the mid-2010sBS Nippon Television,BS FujiAlso, the anime frame is expanding year by year, and BS Fuji will be in the midnight frame from April 2017.Anime guild] Has been set up as a label. In addition, BS Nippon Television will also be in the midnight frame from October 2019.Anime nimuchu] Has been set up as a label.

In addition, NHK BS channel and major free broadcasting BS stations have also started audience rating survey from April 2015.[55].

Currently holding the Japanese CS channelSKY PerfecTV! OfAnime channel(AT-X,Kids station,AnimaxEtc.), but there are a few cases in which unbroadcasting TV animation is produced and broadcast. In the past, it was only CS broadcasting, but BS broadcasting has also started on some channels such as Animax since 2012 (however, BS broadcasting anime specialized channels are also treated as "SKY PerfecTV! channels").

Anomalous cases

Reverse internet situation of local station production work etc.

The local station production animation is not reverse net in the Tokyo key station series,Capital Area(mainlySouth Kanto) There are still some cases where each station is an independent station.

A straightforward example:

On the contrary, there are key stations in Tokyo and affiliated stationsKansai areaMay become an independent station net[Annotation 83]. this isOsaka station(Quasi-key station) MadeLocal showThere is a large number of people, and the situation that the late-night frame is tight is also affecting[Annotation 84].

A straightforward example:

Irregular internet circumstances of TV animation

Some animation works are not bound by the network sales frame, works that are broadcast in the midnight frame that becomes local sales, and are not restricted by the framework of the seriesProduction Committee MethodFocusing on the works ofThere are affiliated stations in the broadcasting areaNevertheless, there are some cases in which the network is out of affiliated except for independent stations.


Local limited animation

There are some that are produced as community-based programs from the beginning (mainly short animation).

OVA TV series broadcast

OVASome of the anime works produced as, will be broadcast later as special numbers and short-term series, or TV series. Inside isMobile Suit Gundam UC RE:0096], such as re-editing and adding new cuts according to TV broadcasting, and some new theme songs.

Broadcast trouble

Expression restrictions and production problems can be seen mainly in midnight animation and UHF animation, but they are also frequently occurring in all-frame animation due to the influence of the new coronavirus.


[How to use footnotes]

注 釈

  1. ^ Wakasa lifeProvided by TOKYO MX/KBS Kyoto/TV OsakaFull-frame broadcast work of.
  2. ^ mainlyEvery day broadcasting(MBS) Production works etc.
  3. ^ "Episode ○," "that," "EPISODE ○." and so on (numbers inside the circle).
  4. ^ Dozens of episodes-If you expect to be protracted to hundreds of episodes, you may not write the number of episodes from the beginning. Also"SazaeIn each case, "Work No." is also shown on the subtitle screen, but the "broadcast order" and the "order of work No." do not necessarily match.
  5. ^ "A Certain Scientific RailgunSeries andIrregular at Magic High School"series,"86-XNUMX-Eighty Six-"Such.
  6. ^ Since around 2010, the number of works using this technique has increased rapidly. mainly"Fate / ZeroAnd 'Re: CREATORS"Such.
  7. ^ "decadence"Such.
  8. ^ "Pretty Cure for Two → Pretty Cure for Two, Etc., even the work in which the same characters appear for multiple years may be commercialized as a separate work by changing the title every year.
  9. ^ questionnaireActively organize unpopular works inWeekly Shonen JumpThere are many published works.
  10. ^ From April 2020,BS Asahi"Doraemon" and "Crayon Shin-chan" are being broadcast at the same time as the terrestrial broadcasting until September 2019 (among the 9 BS private broadcasting stations, the animation is being broadcast only in golden prime time). , Because it is a terrestrial delay net broadcast, the sponsor composition is different and it is linkedData broadcastingHas not been implemented (TeletextHas been implemented).Also,BushiroadAre both offered, and the latter program is moving from terrestrial broadcasting at the same time as the start of broadcasting on BS.Therefore, immediately after the program "World pro wrestlingReturns ”Bushiroad GroupIs a subsidiary新 日本 プ ロ レ ス OfProvided by one companyBecause it is a program, it is supposed to be provided by Bushiroad Group companies for three consecutive programs from 7 o'clock on Friday of BS Asahi.
  11. ^ Strangely, as mentioned above, it is the time zone when "Doraemon" was broadcast on TV Asahi until September 2019.In addition, the broadcast at 9:19 is "Anipoke"Previous series"Sun & Moon』(Thursday early 19:2) for the first time in two years.
  12. ^ As an example,"HUNTER x HUNTER (NTV version)], was a late net late at night in many net stations until September 2013 (then all stations late night broadcast including NTV). Also, "Recently, my sister looks a little strange. Was initially in TOKYO MX and Sun TV prime time zone, BS9 was in the midnight zone.
  13. ^ As an example, TBS/MBS joint production “Wear big(Phase 1)," MBS was the only broadcast station on Saturday at 17:30 on the full-frame broadcast. In addition, Fuji TV series "Assassination Classroom"in the case of,BS FujiThen it was Saturday morning broadcast.
  14. ^ It stands out on programs on MBS and TV Tokyo.
  15. ^ "Pokemon series"Such.
  16. ^ There are cases where there is a fully sponsored net and a main sponsor only net (a separate local sponsor may be provided).
  17. ^ Before the third broadcast, the previous series was broadcast on BS Premium, and the movie version of TV was broadcast on NHK General TV.
  18. ^ "Precure series"Such
  19. ^ "Osamu Tezuka's Don Dracula』The advertising agencybankruptcyIt was discontinued without having 1 cool because of. Also"Cyborg Guro-chan] Of the production companyPublic & BasicWas bankrupted and was aborted unfinished. As a special example,Magical Princess Minky MomoIn the case of the first series (1), the censorship was withdrawn after the censorship was decided.
  20. ^ As an example of the 2010s,HUNTER x HUNTER (NTV version)] Was changed to midnight frame at all broadcasting stations during the broadcast. Also, in local stations, non-affiliated net programs may be in a similar situation.
  21. ^ "ド ラ ゴ ン ボ ー ルOf the series, "The original manga is the theme of"ド ラ ゴ ン ボ ー ル"When"Dragon ball z] Is mainly applicable and has been around for a long timeプロ野球中継In addition to the late Z1993/FromJ League broadcastHas also joined.
  22. ^ "Fullmetal Alchemist (first work)"Such
  23. ^ "Gintama] Series etc.In recent years, after 1-2 cool broadcasts, many broadcasts of the next series have appeared regardless of the broadcasting station or time zone.
  24. ^ Fuji TV series midnight animationNoitaminaFrame,KADOKAWAProduction (especially oldKadokawa Shoten) Works etc.
  25. ^ "Pripara"(Up to the middle of the series)"Card Fight! Vanguard(From the second edition of 2011 to the G series, until March 2) and so on.
  26. ^ From Tuesday, April 2017 to March 4, at 2019:3 (midnight on Monday).
  27. ^ "Shinobi Penmanmaru''Bobobo-bo Bo-bobo''Sgt. Frog"Such.
  28. ^ "Detective school Q (late)"Card school』Mini animation "Weiss Surviv"andMBSOn-air minutesBinchotan"except for
  29. ^ "Gintama(From the 1st to 4th season and the masterpiece selection "Yorukiki Gintama)) orSgt. Frog"(6th season and "Sergeant Sergeant Keroro" from the masterpiece selection),"Transformers animated"Such.
  30. ^ "Rage of Bahamut] Series etc.
  31. ^ "Lucky ☆ Star''My sister can't be so cute''THE IDOLM @ STER"Such
  32. ^ "TARI TARI''lovelive!"Such
  33. ^ Example:Mobile Suit Gundam SEED"series
  34. ^ Example:Little Red Riding Hood], [Doraemon Nobita's Makai Great Adventure"
  35. ^ Example:High school!] DVD-BOX "early" version. Completely recorded in the "COMPLETE" version released from the end of 2007 to the beginning of 2008
  36. ^ Example:GraveyardKitaro→ Anime "GegegeKitaro] (The title of the original has also been changed according to the animation). 『FailureNinja Rantaro→ Anime "Nintama Rantaro], [As a "common people sample" I went to a girls' schoolKidnappedPiece→ Anime "I'm a princess school as a "common people sample"Gotz”,”FoolSiblings→ → "Sister and brother story" etc.
  37. ^ "Fist of the North Star"Such
  38. ^ "Time Bokan Series''Urusei Yatsura''Ranma 1 / 2"Such.
  39. ^ SKY PerfecTV!Then, most of the channels will be broadcast free of charge only for 1 hours from "Around 1 am to 4 a.m. on the following Monday" on the 4st 24st Sunday of every month, but "animations with age restrictions", "animated movies" and " You can't watch a broadcast that summarizes several episodes (one-shot broadcast).
  40. ^ "Suraj The Rising Star''TIGER & BUNNY"Such.
  41. ^ AkihabaraSet inAKIBA'S TRIP -THE ANIMATION-],OsakaSet inHand shaker"Such.
  42. ^ TOKYO MX,MBS,Kumamoto Broadcasting (RKK),AT-XIn each station, all 13 episodes were broadcast as scheduled.
  43. ^ TV Tokyo animeThere are quite a few cases in which the production committee system is adopted even for "children" works.
  44. ^ "Green green''Happy Seven-The TV Manga-''Frenzy Family Diary"Such.
  45. ^ In the 1970s,Space Battleship Yamato"When"Alpine girl Heidi],Special effectsAlthough it is a program,SF drama The army of monkeysWas being broadcast at the same time.
  46. ^ Example: TV Asahi series Sunday morning anime/special effects frames and Fuji TV series Sunday morning anime frames
  47. ^ Formerly, BS0 (in the frame of Sunday midnight → 1 o'clock (Saturday midnight, MBS animation animation frame))ANIME +Although it was competing with the quota, it was resolved by moving the quota in the April 2020 period. In addition, since April 4, BS2020 is the only BS commercial station to compete with BS4 for broadcasting.
  48. ^ As an example, BS Nippon Television (in the frame of Sunday midnight (Saturday midnight)Anime nimuchuThere is a competition between two stations, (frame) and BS11 (ANIME+frame). In the frame of Monday 2:2016 (Sunday midnight) of the July 7 period,Active Raid -Mobile Assault Room Eighth Section-2nd"(BS Nippon Television),"Beautiful High School Earth Defense Club LOVE!LOVE!(BS Japan, now BS TV East),Regalia The Three Sacred Stars(BS Fuji), "orange』(BS11)の4作品が同時に放送されたことで、BS4局の競合まで発生した。2019年10月期以降、同じ4局で火曜・水曜0時30分(月曜・火曜深夜)枠において、4作品が同時に放送されていることで、再びBS4局の競合が発生している。
  49. ^ For example, there is a case where the "Animism" frame on MBS moved from Friday dawn (Thursday midnight) to Saturday dawn (Friday midnight) to avoid conflict with the "Noitamina" frame on Kansai TV. In this case, there is also a reason to realize the Higashi-Meihan same day difference net by matching the broadcast dates with TBS and CBC that were originally broadcast on Saturday dawn (Friday midnight). However, after the frame was moved, despite the fact that MBS was the production bureau, until the end of April 2019, the time when TBS broadcasted ahead of MBS was also noticeable due to the organization.
  50. ^ Saturday night evening 5:30, ytv production, NTV series "Radio teacher"WhenNHK E Tele"Boundary RINNE』.
  51. ^ In the 2000s, there were several anime programs that were broadcast exclusively on anime channels such as AT-X, Kids Station, Animax, and commercial BS stations such as WOWOW. Most of the programs use the method of preceding broadcasting instead of broadcasting.
  52. ^ "Kekkaishi''D.Gray-man"Such
  53. ^ The main examples are:ToyamaTakaokaSet in the surrounding areaYuruyuri]. Original authorNamoriIs from the same city, but it was not broadcast on OVA produced after the end of the second phase of TV animation and "Yuruyuri-san☆High!"
  54. ^ The main example is "Toyama Prefecture"true tears]. Initially, I could only watch it locally via BS11 or online distribution, but after the request of the prefectural assembly members, although it was delayed,Toyama TV BroadcastIt was also broadcast on (BBT, Fuji TV series), and was later involved in the production.Anime production company-PA WorksMost of the original works are also broadcast on local commercial TV stations at the same time.
  55. ^ In particularIshikawaSet inHanasaki Iroha』If is a local stationTV Kanazawa(KTK/NTV affiliated station)Kanazawa OfYuwaku OnsenAt the festival that was reproduced inYuwaku Bonbori Festival] Has been held every year since 2011, and the theater version was screened in Ishikawa Prefecture and a stage greeting was held at a local movie theater.
  56. ^ However, from the mid-2010s, except for some, 1-3 cools are being broadcast.
  57. ^ As of April 2019Any Reco TV』Broadcast. Some programs are distributed free of charge for a limited time.
  58. ^ In the case of Japan, it is necessary to point the parabolic antenna in the direction from the southwest to the west-southwest, and if the veranda faces the east-south-southeast side, reception becomes impossible.
  59. ^ Formerly “Sazae"Such. "Sazae-san" has been banned from internet distribution of early works since 2018.
  60. ^ Strictly speaking, the video distributed in "Toei special effects Niko Niko official" of Nico Nico Douga (if viewed from the production method) isSpecial effects, But it was divided into the category of "animation" for convenience (then, it was separated as the category of "special effects").
  61. ^ Old before mergerKadokawa Shoten,ASCII Media Works,EnterbrainAnime based on manga and light novels published by each brand is basically paid, but there are exceptionally free works for a short period (up to 1 week) (Nico Nico DougaIs the founder ofDwangoSince the business integration was planned with, distribution has increased).
  62. ^ "Bishoujo game unit Crane Gale], [Attack on Titan Junior High School"Such
  63. ^ Hiroshima stationAt “Tamayura"series,Tottori BureauAt “Free!"series[47]
  64. ^ However, it will be described later.NUM AnimationとANiMAZiNG !!!(Both are TV Asahi series),Super anime ismUnlike (TBS series), the time zone differs depending on the region because it is a local frame.
  65. ^ It will be the first time in about 2009 years in the fiscal year ending October 10.19:XNUMX on TuesdayWas revived, but withdrew in a year and a half.
  66. ^ As a result, in the fiscal year ending October 2020,Pokemon』(TV Tokyo series) moved from 18 o'clock on Sunday to 18:55 on Friday, the golden time frame broadcast work temporarily disappeared at all 1 commercial broadcasting stations. ..
  67. ^ During this period, from the period ending October 2012, for 10 coursesFrom the New World』, but in the year ending October 2016Tiger mask w"When"Yuri!!! on ICE』Was broadcast respectively.
  68. ^ The new anime has already resumed since January of the same year without a frame name.
  69. ^ Broadcasting in the late-night zone on affiliated stations MBS and CBC.
  70. ^ TBS is not limited to anime for programs targeting children under elementary schoolDrama for children-It has already withdrawn from special effects, cultural programs, and variety programs.
  71. ^ For this reason, each affiliated station has been reviewing the organization such as delayed nets that were previously organized and moving and discontinuing frames for variety programs and TV shopping programs produced in-house, and with the mail-order company that bought the broadcast frame for TV shopping. Adjustments and other measures were taken.
  72. ^ The only remaining two broadcast slots on Thursdays at 2018:9 until September 19 were withdrawn due to the reorganization in October 2, so the new animation was temporarily not broadcast at the same time.After that, in the reorganization in October 2018, "Pokemon』Move from 18:18 on Sunday to 55:2 on Friday, resuming the animation frame at the same time for the first time in two years.
  73. ^ During the April 2015 and October 4 periods, the new midnight anime was not broadcast temporarily. Also,BS TeleHowever, the number of works that are posted online has tended to be less than the total number of days.
  74. ^ However,TVQ Kyushu BroadcastingHas never been produced alone, the animation itself produced is "Salad ten hero tomato manWas only produced in collaboration with TV TOKYO at the time TXN Kyushu.TV Hokkaido (TVh) The national internet program produced byKenyu Densetsu YAIBA] Was only produced in collaboration with TV TOKYO, the only program produced by the station is the only work that was broadcast locally at the time of the main broadcast.
  75. ^ However, there was a period of suspension from April 2011 to March 4.
  76. ^ The first productionWansa-kun, And then the program'sZero tester], which was produced for the first time in 29 yearsGilgamesh] Is applicable.
  77. ^ Nagoya TV1969/, The first ever-produced local station late-night animeRokuho and BurekunIs being produced. Back thenCross netIt was broadcast on the Nippon Television series. After the January 2018 period, although it is intermittent, late-night animation in collaboration with ABC Animation etc. ("Darling in the franxx, Etc.) participated in the production committee.
  78. ^ Currently on Saturday morningShimajiro no wow!Is produced. At the beginning of the entry, I was in charge of 18:00 on Monday for a while and then 7:30 on Monday for a long time.
  79. ^ As for TVh, there are some local production works (seeHey! Hey! Shroom"Or later).
  80. ^ As mentioned above, TOKYO MX'sTransmitting stationAs well as NHK/Kyoto key stationsTokyo TowerFrom higherTokyo Sky TreeAfter the move to October 2012, the UHF animation in the Kanto region was accelerated by "concentration on TOKYO MX".Metropolitan area triangleBroadcasting results at 3 stations have decreased dramatically.
  81. ^ However, since April 2 in these two stationsAniplexThe number of broadcasts is increasing from before, such as the simultaneous start of the Saturday midnight frame involved in production. In addition, Tochigi TV has its own website specializing in anime.
  82. ^ "Taiban" was not yet online in the Chukyo area at the time of the main broadcast, and was delayed a year later on Mie TV. In addition, the television broadcast of the movie version "The Beginning" is CBC television of a wide area station.
  83. ^ Especially in the case of daily broadcast and Yomiuri TV, there is a tendency to give priority to independent station anime over key station production midnight animation.
  84. ^ Especially in the case of daily broadcasting, TBS production works will be broadcast on independent TV Sun TV (some are also in KBS Kyoto), or there are many cases where the Kansai area has not been broadcast.
  85. ^ This work itself1989/Although it was produced in,Kagoshima Yosuke TVIt was broadcast in 1996 after the opening of (KYT).
  86. ^ Until the Kansai area net change on March 1975, 3, it was in the same relationship because Mainichi Broadcasting was a NET TV (currently TV Asahi) affiliated station, and even after the Kansai area net changeMBS Media HoldingsAnd the capital relationship with Seto Inland Sea Broadcasting remains. The headquarters of Seto Inland Sea Broadcasting is located in Kagawa Prefecture where the work was set, while it is the original TBS affiliate station of the broadcasting area.RSK Sanyo BroadcastingAnd of the holding companyRSK HoldingsHeadquarters of the opposite bankOkayamaLocated in Okayama PrefectureSanyo ShimbunLocal capital such as is strong, RSK HoldingsTBS HoldingsOn the other hand, the relationship with Mainichi Newspapers, Mainichi Broadcasting Co., Ltd. and MBS Media Holdings is weaker than that of Setonaikai Broadcasting Co., Ltd. in terms of capital and management.
  87. ^ Private TV station in HiroshimaTV New HiroshimaNET TV programs (TSS / Fuji TV series) that were out of the organization of Hiroshima Home TV before becoming 4 stations and full-net with the opening of (TSS / Fuji TV series)Bowel torsionA considerable number of broadcasts (including the production of Asahi Broadcasting after the elimination of intestinal twist) and the capital relationship between China Broadcasting and Hiroshima Home Television (including the daily broadcasting of the times)Chinese newspaper-Asahi Shimbun-Mainichi Shimbun-Hiroshima Bank) Is a common remnant. It should be noted that Hiroshima Home TV was broadcast in 1983 as a substantial rebroadcast.


  1. ^ "10 Years of Otaku Culture" in which industry officials revealed the truth PD (Meiji University Aniken Symposium Part 1) Akiba Research Institute
  2. ^ "10 Years of Otaku Culture" where we walked with not only the rear but also the illness (Meiji UniversityAni Ken Shinpo Part XNUMX) Akiba Research Institute [1]
  3. ^ Animated programs recorded on BS broadcasting are 2.5 times more recorded and viewed than No. XNUMX research by Nomura Research Institute Anime! Anime! Viewed May 2014, 5, April 6, 2015.
  4. ^ a b c d NHN comico, animation pay precedent delivery Spread emphasis rather than audience rating Nihon Keizai Shimbun Retrieved August 2016, 8, the same day 17.
  5. ^ Anime "Nobunaga Concerto" DVD-BOX release decision Fuji TV's production topic Anime! Anime! Viewed December 2014, 12, the same day 1.
  6. ^ Before that, as a TV animation,Mole Aventure''Three new videos''Instant history''Fairy manga calendar] Is broadcast.
  7. ^ "Doraemon" "Shin-chan" To Saturday evening Commercial broadcasting key station G band animation frame disappeared? Mynavi News Read on September 2019th, 9th, 13.
  8. ^ "Era of Ryota Fujitsu's TV and anime 25th era when anime is not broadcast at prime time". Ryota Fujitsu (Anime! Anime!). (June 2011, 6). http://www.animeanime.biz/archives/9040 2015/4/6Browse. 
  9. ^ a b c Fuji 19:XNUMX The reason why the animation disappeared, the key man of the organization talks about "frame movement". Narinari Dotcom. Viewed August 2015, 8 and September 16, 9.
  10. ^ "Super Dimension Fortress Macross".vol3, (DVD version),Bandai visual, Macross's voyage-3rd-Ryusuke Hikawa.
  11. ^ "My Hero Academia" will be broadcast on MBS/TBS system "Sun 5" A special stage will be held at AJ2016 OKMusic Retrieved January 2016, 1, January 11, 2018.
  12. ^ My Hero Academia: TV Anime 3rd Season Starts in April 18 Visual Release Mantan Web(Mainichi Newspapers) Retrieved November 2017, 11 and January 26, 2018.
  13. ^ Broadcasting station is NHK in the 3rd term of "Attack on Titan"! In addition to being surprised on the Internet, there is also a voice saying, "Is the regulation okay?" Anime! Anime! Viewed December 2018, 1, the same day 24.
  14. ^ No professional baseball broadcast! BS11, Acquisition of viewers by generation due to program reorganization in April Nikkei Trendy Retrieved February 2012, 2, April 14, 2015.
  15. ^ In special effects works,Asahi Broadcasting TV National high school baseball championship broadcastIn "Heisei / ReiwaKamen Rider seriesThere is an example in which linked data broadcasting was carried out by backtracking from TV Asahi when the temporary frame was moved.Also"Precure seriesBecause it is produced by Asahi Television Broadcasting Co., Ltd.Leading netTherefore, linked data broadcasting is compatible with each.
  16. ^ Anison's annual ranking Carason & 2D idol prime, anison singer in the winter era? Mainichi Newspapers Retrieved February 2016, 12, April 24, 2017.
  17. ^ a b Broadcast ethics and program improvement mechanism #Purpose and positionMore excerpts and summaries.
  18. ^ "155th Broadcast and Youth Committee". Broadcast Ethics and Program Improvement Organization (September 2014, 3). 2014/3/25Browse.
  19. ^ TV TOKYO Production guidelines for video effects such as anime programs
  20. ^ "Horror pokemon check"TV anime museum] October 2002, 10.
  21. ^ "What is TV Tokyo's ethical regulations?"TV Anime Museum" January 2001, 1.
  22. ^ APPP official website About expression in animation "JoJo's Bizarre Adventure"
  23. ^ "JoJo's Bizarre Adventure" Part 3 Release Notice
  24. ^ Apology for Noragami ARAGOTO
  25. ^ a b http://www.style.fm/as/05_column/animesama24.shtml
  26. ^ "Animated Out-of-Place Brawl Edition" VOL.7 Extremely private anime boom theory. Starring: Ryota Fujitsu (Anime Critic), Bii Ogawa (Writer), Mr.T (Former Writer). Ryota Fujitsu's event report Thank you for "The Century of the Universe" and events And, the content of the event linked from that page is reported. Personal blog Than.
  27. ^ a b c Yumiko Watanabe "Animation Production, Each Thought" ""Micro Magazine Company, October 1999, 2, pp. 9-10.
  28. ^ 2007/4/11Attached "Tokyo Newspaper"Than.
  29. ^ TV Tokyo "BORUTO" "Pokemon" Thursday animation frame, move from October to Sunday evening Oricon Retrieved August 2018, 8 and August 30, 31.
  30. ^ Anime! Anime! Biz "Sotsu 2Q Q Gundam 30th Anniversary Strong Animation Planning Struggle"
  31. ^ Business Media Makoto "People's tastes become analog in a digitized world: Learning from "Eden of the East" Single-screen screening business"
  32. ^ “The age of Ryota Fujitsu's television and anime The 24th 00s TV animation broadcast to the highest ever”. Ryota Fujitsu (Anime! Anime!). (June 2011, 5). http://www.animeanime.biz/archives/8445 2015/4/6Browse. 
  33. ^ Kazuyuki Yamazaki "The ending is on a DVD... Is "Anne commercial law" popular in TV animation?"INTERNET Watch] April 2006, 4,Impress.
  34. ^ a b "A huge bomb held by Japanese animation in "Customer China" | Game Entertainment”(Japanese). 東洋 経 済 オ ン ラ イ ン (September 2021, 6). 2021/6/17Browse.
  35. ^ "Era of Ryota Fujitsu's TV and Anime 17th Decreasing Rebroadcasting Frames in the Second Half of the 80s". Ryota Fujitsu (Anime! Anime!). (June 2010, 7). http://www.animeanime.biz/archives/4398 2015/4/6Browse. 
  36. ^ 2016 report Anime! Anime! Viewed March 2016, 3 and April 3, 4.
  37. ^ <Secret hidden in TV remote control> Why is the terrestrial button only given priority? Hideki Takahashi BLOGOS Retrieved February 2015, 2 and April 26, 4.
  38. ^ "Certification of satellite backbone broadcasting related to 110 degree east longitude CS broadcasting". Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications. 2018/6/12Browse.
  39. ^ "Termination of "NOTTV" service". NTT DoCoMo. 2015/11/27Browse.
  40. ^ a b http://www.dotbook.jp/magazine-k/2010/01/21/illegal_distribution_of_japanese_manga_and_anime/
  41. ^ http://www.itmedia.co.jp/news/articles/0901/28/news115.html
  42. ^ "Slump in overseas exports”(Japanese). 2013/6/23Browse.
  43. ^ "Sky Girls" TV distribution outside the TV broadcasting area Anime! Anime! Viewed May 2007, 10, April 12, 2015.
  44. ^ “Commentary” on both smartphones for anime and news – the reason why TOKYO MX “Mcas” sticks to real-time delivery (1/3) ITmedia Retrieved February 2015, 09 and April 10, 11.
  45. ^ "Abema TV", "New TV Anime Channel" and "Love Live! Sunshine!!" ITmedia June 2016, 6.
  46. ^ One after another closed TSUTAYA stores pushed by online distribution Nihon Keizai Shimbun October 2017, 10, June 17, 2018.
  47. ^ a b Perhaps NHK will re-broadcast another station anime "Love Live!"... "μ's" will also appear in Kohaku. Sankei News December 2015, 12.
  48. ^ “Spring 11th Animation: Original Work Revisited, Invisible Story Fascinates Fans”. MANTANWEB (Mainichi Newspaper Digital). (January 2011, 4). originalArchived as of October 2013, 1.. https://archive.is/20130111181848/http://mantan-web.jp/2011/04/23/20110422dog00m200023000c.html 2015/4/6Browse. 
  49. ^ Nippon Television talks with Masafumi Funakoshi, Director of Contents Business Division, "Video Revolution" set up by the acquisition of Hulu (1) 東洋 経 済 オ ン ラ イ ン Retrieved February 2014, 3, April 14, 2015.
  50. ^ The commercial frame finally disappears from the commercial key station G-band. Livedoor News Retrieved on September 2019th and 9th, 13.
  51. ^ ""Gundam" born Nagoya TV animation frame ends in September". Asahi Shimbun digital (September 2017, 8). 2018/1/25Browse.
  52. ^ TBS, new animation frame for kids on Saturday morning Toy manufacturer and tag Oricon Retrieved January 2016, 1, January 19, 2018.
  53. ^ ""Mobile Suit Gundam: The Witch of Mercury" will be broadcast from October!Commemorative PV in the resurrected MBS / TBS "Day 10" frame". Comic Natalie. Natasha (September 2022, 1). 2022/1/29Browse.
  54. ^ Yumiko Watanabe's "Who makes an anime for"-The background of the hit from the 24th "Madomagi" and "Taibanani" TV stations [Part XNUMX] ascii.jp Retrieved March 2012, 3.
  55. ^ BS: Automatically collect viewer ratings from April 4 households nationwide Mainichi Newspapers Retrieved February 2015, 3 and April 15, 4.

Related item

NHK General Television

NHK General Television(NHK Sogo Television)Japan Broadcasting Corporation(NHK)Terrestrial backbone broadcastingOf one typeTelevision broadcastingでDomestic broadcastingBut also.

Popular name TheNHK General[1][2]OrGeneral TV[3][4]. Also,EnglishでSynthesisRepresents the meaning of "General"FromNHK G(NHKG),GTVIt is also written as.The former isTerrestrial digital TV broadcastingでTokyo(NHK Broadcast Center) Is displayed in the upper right corner of the screen when the program is broadcast.Watermarkな ど[Note 1]Used in, the latterGunma TV(GunmaMaebashiWhereabouts,IndependentTo prevent confusion with), many of them, not limited to within the association, bear NHK.

News (Chinese),magazineSuch asA TV schedule(So-calledTV section) And variousMediaThe notation is "NHK General""NHK general TV""NHK TV""NHK""NHK G""NHK General (Broadcasting station name)"And so on.リ モ コ ンChannelボ タ ンnumber(In digital broadcastingRemote control key ID) To "Channel 1" (Tokyo,Osaka,HiroshimaEtc.) or "3 channels" (Nagoya,Hokkaido (Sapporo, etc.),Sendai,FukuokaEtc.).


TokyoAt1953/2/1Opening (subsequent opening)#Historyreference).本チャンネルはThis channel isJapanfirsttv setChannelIs. "SynthesisThe popular name "television" is alsoTerrestrial waveWill be broadcast onNHK Educational Television(2011/In contrast to the popular name from: E-tele),Overall formationIt was attached because it is implementing.

JapanIn contrast to E-Tele, which organizes programs that are almost unified nationwide, NHK General TV has a different program organization for each region.for that reason,Analog broadcastingAtWide area broadcastingIs the Kanto area (1都6Prefecture) Only, the other 40 prefecturesPrefectural broadcastWas taken.Digital broadcastingThen in 2004IbarakiBut in 2012TochigiとGunmaHas shifted to prefectural broadcasting, and wide area broadcastingSouth KantoOnly 4 prefectures.

General TVMain broadcastGeneral at the beginning家庭Far from the spread of television toTV programTo make your ownbudgetBecause it was difficultNHK RadioIt was often done to broadcast popular programs on this channel.[5].

In the Kanto area of ​​NHK General TVAll dayAudience rating(Video Research CompanySurvey)1963/から1986/Up to 24 years, eachCommercial broadcastKey stationWas pushed away and won the 1st place in a row[6][Note 2].. However1987/ TheFuji Television Network, IncHanded over the 1st place in the all-day audience rating to1988/-1989/Regained, but finally moved away from that position in 1989.

"NHK Red and White Singing Battle], Etc. (described later), the number one annual audience rating is often the program of NHK General TV.2001/Until 1, NHK General TV programs had never given up the number one position in the annual audience rating (Kohaku had never given up the number one position in the annual audience rating until 1997).2002/After that, depending on the year, commercial TV programs (mainly international)Sports broadcast OfJapanIn some cases, the position is taken away by the war).


5/13 - NHK Tokyo Broadcasting CenterTo commemorate the inauguration ofNHK Broadcasting Technology LaboratoryTransmission of television radio waves for the first time (call sign J2PQ, video frequency 4.5MHz, output 500W)[7].
4/13 -Japan's firstTV drama"Before dinner] Will be broadcast[8].
2/2 --Giken's TV Experiment Station is in Minato Ward, TokyoMt. AtagoyamaFrom VHF 3ch, from Ikomayama to VHF 4ch in Osaka, and from the rooftop of the Nagoya Broadcasting Station at that time, transmission started on VHF 5ch (all outputs are 1kW)[9].
3/10 --Start of regular TV experiment broadcasting 1 day a week for 3 hours in Tokyo, Osaka and Nagoya[10][11].
10/1 --The experimental station was moved to the NHK Tokyo Broadcasting Center (output 3kW), and the transmission method was changed from the NHK original method.NTSCChange to method[12].
11/14 --Transition of Tokyo Experimental Bureau to Practical Testing Bureau[13].
12/5 --The Practical Testing Station will be broadcast daily.Playing room TheUchisaiwaicho OfNHK Tokyo Broadcasting CenterToTransmitting station TheKioi TownChiyoda Broadcasting Station (currentlyChiyoda Broadcasting Center),VHF3chTransmission with video output of 5kW.[13](De factoService broadcastingstart).
12/26 --A preliminary license is issued to Tokyo Television[13].
1/11 - Television broadcastingNHK's own in preparation for the start ofTomeisakaMicro lineStarted operation.Japan Broadcasting Corporation(NHK)tv setAs a businessPublic broadcastingStarted.総合テレビ以外ではOther than general TVCommercial broadcastEstablished a little later as the main body inNippon Television NetworkWithradioWas the subjectSecond World WarFrom beforeAfter the warFor a whileNews reportChanged the way ofJapanMass mediaFormed the uninflected word of.
1/26 --This license for Tokyo Television[13].
2/1 ――At 14:XNUMX, Tokyo Television (Call code: JOAK-TV, nowNHK Broadcast Center)Main broadcastStart[14]..The performance hall was located at the NHK Tokyo Broadcasting Center, and the transmitting station was located at the Chiyoda Broadcasting Station (currently Chiyoda Broadcasting Center) in Kioicho, where transmission was performed via VHF 3ch.Video output 10kw.
3/18:XNUMX am-Osaka Television (call sign: JOBK-TV, nowNHK Osaka Broadcasting Station) Is opened.
Osaka has a performance hall in BanbachoOsaka Broadcasting CenterTo the transmission stationIkomayamaThe video output was increased to 4KW and transmitted with the same VHF 10ch as in the test broadcasting era.
3:1 am on March 11-Nagoya Television (call sign: JOCK-TV, nowNHK Nagoya Broadcasting Station) Main broadcast started.
The performance and transmission stations at that timeNagoya cityNaka-kuMarunouchi (current ""Nagoya City Marunouchi Junior High SchoolWas in the place)Nagoya Broadcasting StationIt was placed on the premises and transmitted with the same VHF 5ch and video output 5KW as in the test broadcasting era.
March 3st, 1:2 pm-Broadcast special program to commemorate the opening of the Osaka and Nagoya stations[15].
August 4- Denden Public Corporation(CurrentNTT Communications) Started operation of a dedicated micro line to support the nationwide expansion of television broadcasting.Along with this, NHK's own line was abolished and switched to a public corporation line.
8/22 --Nagoya Television, just completedNagoya TV TowerMoved the transmission station to and increased the video output to 10kW.
3/21 - Sendai,Hiroshima,FukuokaEach broadcasting station of the TV started the main broadcasting of television.Over the next four years, the nationwide network will be almost completed.
11/1--Nagoya Television,Central Japan Broadcasting Company OfTelevision broadcasting(Call sign: JOAR-TV, VHF5ch) Change the transmission channel from 5ch to 3ch in preparation for the start.
5/29~12/23 - Nagano,Shizuoka,Kanazawa,Okayama,Matsuyama,KokuraEach broadcasting station of the TV started the main broadcasting of television.
10/7 --Start broadcasting early in the morning.
12/28 --At Tokyo Televisionカ ラ ーExperimental broadcasting started.
11/29 --Osaka Television,Every day broadcasting OfTelevision broadcasting(Call sign: JOOR-TV, VHF4ch) Change the transmission channel from 4ch to 2ch in preparation for the start.
1/10 - Educational broadcastProfessionalNHK Educational Television(After June 2011Nickname"E-Tele") Opened.To distinguish it from that, the official name is set to "NHK General Television".
4/6 --Tokyo Television, broadcasting areaKantoThis year to expand to the whole area1/10The transmission station was replaced with the Tokyo Educational Television (call sign: JOAB-TV) that opened in.この日の放送開始から送信所はFrom the start of broadcasting on this day, the transmission stationTokyo Tower(Shiba(Broadcasting station), the channel changed to VHF1ch,Digital broadcastingFor more than half a century until the complete transition, broadcasting was done with a total channel allocation of 1ch and education 3ch.
9/10 --Color main broadcasting started in Tokyo and Osaka.
3/19 --Abolished the interruption time on weekday mornings.
7/23 --The interruption time on weekday afternoons will be abolished and it will be broadcast all day.
Tokyo OlympicsAfter the end,ShibuyaJinnan OfNHK Broadcast CenterOperation started.After that, the functions will be transferred sequentially over 9 years.
3/15 - 佐賀Television (call sign: JOSP-TV), the first on NHK General TVUHFBroadcast started as a master station.After thatTakamatsu, 5 Kinki prefectures other than Osaka,Tsu,GifuThe master station by UHF opened in, and the prefectural area broadcasting started.
4 month - UHF television test broadcastOpened in Tokyo and Osaka (both UHF14ch).
October-All programs in color[Note 3][Note 4][Note 5].
January 1-FirstOil shockWith the TV broadcastDaytime[16],Late nightBroadcast is partially suspended[17].
  • General TV,UHF TVTest broadcastThen, the broadcast will be suspended from the latter half of 14:16 to the first half of 23:XNUMX from Monday to Friday, and the broadcast will be discontinued at XNUMX:XNUMX at midnight.[Note 6].
April 4-Midnight broadcast end postponed to 1:23.翌年には週末のみNext year only on weekends[Note 7]Broadcast time is being expanded step by step until 24:XNUMX.
9/9 --Release the daytime broadcast suspension.
4/7 --UHF TV test broadcast ended.
October 10st-in Tokyo and OsakaSound multiplexPractical test broadcasting started.
12/17 --Sound multiplex main broadcasting started.
April-Weekday broadcast ends at 4:24, and the midnight broadcast suspension that had continued from the oil crisis was completely lifted.
11 month - TeletextStart.
August 9- Emperor Showa BodyFall into.この日からFrom this dayFillerBroadcasted all night in the form of, and at any time conveyed the condition of Emperor Showa.[18].
1/7 --Emperor Showademise[19].. NHKはNHKEducational broadcastexceptContinuous tv novel"Jun-chan's support song"WhenTaiga drama"Kasuga station, And organized a special program in memory of Emperor Showa and a special program for the new emperor's coronation until dawn on the 9th.[20]..Although the temporary all-night broadcast will end, a regular program was tentatively organized by 3:1 the next day until March.
4 month - FridayStraddle after 24:XNUMX only at midnightMidnight broadcast(Changed from April 1990 to Saturday, suspended in 4, resumed on Friday and Saturday from 1992).
August 1- Great Hanshin-Awaji Earthquakeoccurrence. NHK will use all broadcasting channels including educational TV from 5:51Press special programStart[21]..Serial TV novel "Come, springAll regular programs such as "" are suspended. From February onwards, it returned to normal formation, but until the end of February (Kinki(Until the end of March) The organization was centered on earthquake coverage.
April 4-Broadcast time expanded from 3am to 5am the next day[Note 8]..それ以前は6:00(後に5:57→5:55 - この時はBefore that, XNUMX:XNUMX (later XNUMX:XNUMX → XNUMX:XNUMX --this timeEur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.euWas the start of the first program of the day).
April-Starts broadcasting 4 hours a day only on weekends (midnight on Fridays and Saturdays).Also, the broadcast time on weekdays will be expanded by 24:2 the next day.
April-Starts broadcasting 4 hours a day (starting at 24 o'clock) except early morning on Monday (midnight on Sunday).
April-By teletext of live programSimultaneous subtitle broadcastingStarted (sequential expansion).It will also be broadcast all night on Sundays.Initially, except midnight on the 1st and 3rd Sundays.
7 month - Radio first broadcastPause includingReduced power broadcastingBecame voluntary for each broadcasting station and became a complete 24-hour broadcast.[Note 9]
November 11-Starting test broadcasting of terrestrial digital television broadcasting at 10:10[22].
December 12-At 1:11, the main broadcasting of terrestrial digital television broadcasting will start at each broadcasting station in Tokyo, Osaka, and Nagoya.[23][24].
3 month - NTT CommunicationsThe relay line ofMicrowaveUsedAnalog lineからOptical fiberUsedDigital lineComplete migration to[Note 10]..At the same time, the line operation system will be unified from Tokyo.
April-Advance the broadcast start (base point) time to 4:4.
August 10- Mito Broadcasting StationIs digitalPrefectural broadcastStart.
October --Advance the broadcast start (base point) time to 10:4[Note 11].
October --Advance the broadcast start (base point) time to 4:4[Note 12]..In addition, the zone of programs for young people "EYES(Excluding Sundays), "EVERY MIDNIGHT ON" at the beginning of each program GTVIt came to be written.Until now, the GTV notation was rarely used.
August 7- Analog broadcastingIn order to promote the smooth transition to digital broadcasting and that it is scheduled to end by July 2011, 7, a watermark of "analog" will be placed in the upper right corner of the screen.
3/11 - BS digital broadcastingOn Ch.291Tokyo General Television OfSafety net by satellite(Satellite broadcasting for terrestrial digital difficulty viewing) Simulcast started for 5 years only.
March 3-Assuming the complete end of analog broadcasting and the complete transition to terrestrial digital broadcasting in July 29, the NTSC program screen will be displayed step by step from some new programs.Letterbox 16:9Broadcast in size.
July 7-With the complete transition to terrestrial digital in mindJapan Private Broadcasting FederationBy agreement with, from the base point of 4:15 am (the day before = the district of the midnight suspension on July 7th will start), NTSC will shift to broadcasting all programs in letterbox 4: 16.[Note 13].
October 10-In analog broadcasting, the reception phone number of the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications Digital Call Center is always displayed.In addition, the end notice was displayed by the roll supermarket only at the beginning of the start, but from the same day, all programs with a broadcast time of 25 minutes or more started to be displayed every 10 minutes.In regional broadcasts other than Tokyo (including staggered broadcasts of national broadcast programs), there was an additional display of the telop "The analog broadcast you see will end in July 10" on the black band of the screen (Sapporo). Station etc.).
August 3- Great East Japan EarthquakeOccurrence.国内全ての放送チャンネルを使い、地震発生の瞬間・14時46分にAt XNUMX:XNUMX, the moment of the earthquake, using all domestic broadcasting channelsEarthquake early warningEmitPress special programStart[25]..Serial TV novel "Teppan"[Note 14], Taiga drama "E ~ Princess Warring States ~] And other regular programs were all suspended, and it became an exceptionally long-time special program.Also, although it is temporary, apart from the satellite safety net,Satellite 1st television(BS101 = ID1) also delivered a general TV program at the same time.
July 7-Analog broadcasting ended, with the exception of the three prefectures of Iwate, Miyagi, and Fukushima, which were heavily damaged by the Great East Japan Earthquake, and the transition to digital broadcasting was complete.最終番組は、24時3分にアナウンサーのThe final program is the announcer's at 11:59Naoko SuzukiWith the end announcement by[26], It was the end message by the animation of "Domo-kun".
March 3-Analog broadcasting has ended for each prefecture of Iwate, Miyagi, and Fukushima.これらの地域では、31時11分に仙台局アナウンサーのIn these areas, at 59:XNUMX, the Sendai Bureau announcerKengo YachiEnd announcement by[Note 15]Then, the end message with a still image of "Domo-kun" was broadcast, and the transition to digital broadcasting was completed throughout Japan.
August 4- Utsunomiya-MaebashiBoth broadcasting stations start broadcasting in the prefecture area.
March 3-Simulcast of Tokyo General Television by BS Safety Net (BS31) ends at noon.
April 4-Tuesday-From this day Broadcast start (base point) time with Friday will be advanced to 3:4[Note 16]..On Mondays, Saturdays, and Sundays, the starting point is 4:15 as before.
March 3-Always simultaneous distribution / missed program distributionNHK PlusStarted simul distribution on[27].
March 3-At 30:0 on this day, it has been displayed since the start of terrestrial digital broadcasting.WatermarkWas renewed[28]..In addition, the icon in the spot number has also been changed from the long-used "total (in yellow letters in a yellow rectangular frame)" to "G" (in white letters in a square frame on a red background). ..
March 3-From this day, except for some programs such as special programs and rebroadcast programs, the end credits of most programs no longer show "end", "end", "END", etc. ..
April 4-From this day, the base point for all days except Sunday will be unified to 4:1 (Sunday will remain at 4:00)[Note 17]


Program guide at the start of broadcasting

* February-March 1953[29]

20PerformanceMusicPopular songPerformanceMusicPopular songTV amateur all boast
Throat proud amateur entertainment
50News / weather forecast
55TV announcement board
00School broadcastSpecial event
(Relay / Other)
15Ladies' time
(Broadcast suspension)
30Children's time (including movies)
15Weather forecast / news
25Program notice
30Tale or
Three songs
Debate or roundtableDance (Western)TV quizpuppet showTwenty doorsThis week's star
00Dance (Japanese)musical·
TV dramaMusic gift
Song Flower Goyomi
Home gamesvarietyTV yose
30News commentaryRecent topicsNews commentary
45Liberal Arts / Science CourseTV interview
  • TaiziIs TV / radio simultaneous broadcasting

Current Golden Time, Prime Time, Neo Prime Organization

* First half of 2021

00News Shiv 5 o'clockNHK News
05Saturday era dramaNews the whole earth
10Evening news programs of various broadcasting stations
45NHK News 645
00NHK News 7
30Cheers for a family of cranes[Note 18]LuncheonGatten!Tokoro! It's toughFriday night regional programBratamoriDarwin is here!
57UtaconJapanese nameChico scolds me!
00【Taiga drama】
13 people from Kamakura
15Only loco
Ariyoshi's money discovery
Charge! Kaneo-kun
45News 845News / weather information
00News watch 9NHK Special[Note 19]
50Arita P HospitalitySunday sports
00Reversal lifeClose-up modern +【Drama 10】[Note 20]
30Saturday sports

Work style

History detectiveSONGSMini show
45According DoraDocument 72 hoursRyuta Kijima
Are you hungry?
50News / weather information
55Doki Doki! World TV
00StoriesOverseas serial drama
20News / weather information
30Chronology/public opinionShibuya Nooto
40Public campaigns, etc.
50Rebroadcast frame
Midnight channel
00News / weather information
05Rebroadcast frame[Note 21]
Midnight channel
You can see in 5 minutes13 people from Kamakura"
10Anime border
40Everyone's song
\Midnight channel


After 24:XNUMX, the actual date is the next day.[30]
年度Broadcasting beginsBroadcast endRemarks
1953/12:0021:00Interrupted 13:30-18:30
(However, on Saturdays, Sundays, and holidays, there is a special broadcast titled "Special Event", which was broadcast all day.)
1954/11:5521: 10 → 21: 30Interrupted 13:40-18:00
(However, on Saturdays, Sundays, and holidays, there is a special broadcast titled "Special Event", which was broadcast all day.)
Broadcasting will be postponed after October.
1955/11:3021:30Interrupted 13:30-18:00
(Weekdays only. On Saturdays, Sundays, and holidays, there was a special broadcast entitled "Special Event", which was broadcast all day.)
1956/22:00Interrupted 13:10-18:00
(Weekdays only. On Saturdays, Sundays, and holidays, there was a special broadcast entitled "Special Event", which was broadcast all day.)
1957/22:30Interrupted 13:35-18:00
(Weekdays only. On Saturdays, Sundays, and holidays, there was a special broadcast entitled "Special Event", which was broadcast all day.)
1958/7: 30 → 7: 0023: 00 → 23: 07Interrupted 8:30-10:58, 13:40-18:00
(Weekdays and Saturday mornings only. Saturday afternoons and Sundays broadcast all day)
Broadcasting will start in October.
1959/7:0023:10Interrupted 8:15-11:00, 13:40-18:00
(Weekdays and Saturday mornings only. Saturday afternoons and Sundays broadcast all day)
1960/23:15Interrupted 8:15-10:30, 14:15-17:50
(Weekdays and Saturday mornings only. Saturday afternoons and Sundays broadcast all day)
1961/6:3023:45Interrupted 9:00-10:00, 14:38-17:30
(Weekdays and Saturday mornings only. Saturday afternoons and Sundays broadcast all day)
Saturday and Sunday end at 23:50.
1962/6:2523:50Weekday interruptions have been abolished and broadcast all day
1963-January 1974, 16:0023:58
May 1974-June 1, 1623:00Suspension 14:35 --15:30 (weekdays only)
Issue 1Oil shockShortens broadcast time[31].
May 1974-June 4, 123:15Suspension 15:05 --16:25 (weekdays only)
Broadcast time shortened by the first oil shock[31].
October 1974, 9-9Abolition of suspension during the day as of September 1974, 9
From 1976 on Friday and Saturday later, "Reserved seats at night] With the start of broadcasting, the broadcasting time has been extended to 23:58 (23: 57.30 seconds to be exact).
(To be exact, 23: 57.30 seconds)
Monday-Thursday and Sunday 23:XNUMX broadcast extended
September 1988, 9-Tentatively broadcast 18 hours until January 1989, 1
(当初23:57 - 6:00→1988年11月-1989年1月は0:57 - 6:00にフィラー、
November 1988-Temporary at 11:1989-3:23 until March 57NHK SpecialEncore broadcasting such as).
On Friday, 1989, NHK's first day-to-day organization was held by expanding the time to 0:52.
Broadcast time expanded from 1990 to 0:30 on Saturdays (1991:0 in 15).
(To be exact, 23: 57.30 seconds)
Saturday is until 0:03, and the day-to-day formation is virtually suspended.
1993/Mon-Thu 0:05
Fri 0:10
Sat 0:20
Day 0:00
Full-scale resumption of day-to-day formation on Friday and Saturday.
1994/5: 55 → 5: 50Weekdays 0:05
Sat 0:20
Day 0:00
1995/5:00Weekdays 1:00
Sat 1:30
Day 0:00
Expanded broadcasting time, organized regular programs at 5 o'clock in the early morning and 24 o'clock in the middle of the night
1996/Mon-Thu 2:00
Friday and Saturday 24-hour broadcast (starting at 5:00)
Day 0:00
Expanded midnight broadcasting, broadcast 24 hours a day on Fridays and Saturdays[Note 22].
1997-1999Mon-Sat 24-hour broadcast (starting at 5:00)
Day 0:00
Full 24-hour broadcast except midnight on Sundays[Note 22].
July 2000-December 41st and 3rd Sunday 1:00
Broadcast 24 hours on other days (starting at 5:00)
Broadcast starts 1 hours a day on Sundays except the 3st and 24rd weeks[Note 23]
January 2000-January 724-hour broadcast
(See the left for the starting time)
Full implementation of 24-hour broadcast on Sunday (Broadcast suspension is mainly on the 1st and 3rd Sundays[Note 24][Note 23]To each station's arbitrary setting centering on
January 2004-January 44:30Broadcast suspension is mainly on Sunday midnight (about 1 or 2 weeks a month)[Note 24]Set arbitrarily for each station.
January 2005-January 104:20[Note 25]
January 2008-January 44:15[Note 25]
January 2018-January 4Tue-Friday 4:00[Note 25]
Monday, Saturday and Sunday 4:15
April 2022-PresentMonday-Saturday 4:00[Note 25]
Sunday 4:15
However, during the Grand Sumo Tournament Honbasho period[Note 26]Broadcast 25 minutes ahead of schedule

Organization policy

Terrestrial waveTaking advantage of the characteristics of broadcasting,Local programIs also broadcasting.Mainly on weekdays 11:17, 18:20 to 45:21, 00:XNUMX to XNUMX:XNUMX,FridayFrom 19:30 to 20:43 etc.In the data broadcasting of digital broadcasting, you can see local news and living information.

(I.e.5 or lessEarthquakeHad a ferocious force whentyphoonWhen he approaches the Japanese archipelago, he changes or pauses the planned program and broadcasts the news.If a long rain occurs due to a typhoon or rainy season, it will be broadcast overnight.

There is also a seasonal special.民放では春季・秋季の番組改編時と年末年始を中心としてゴールデンタイムの特番を組むが、NHKでは改編期ではなく、帰省で視聴者層が多くなるIn commercial broadcasting, special programs for golden time are set up mainly during the spring / autumn program reorganization and during the year-end and New Year holidays, but in NHK, the audience will increase not during the reorganization period but at homecoming.Obon(Mid January)[Note 27]And New Year holidays andpublic holidaySpecial organization is intensively organized in[Note 28].

Digital broadcasting

Multi formationIs basicallyProfessional baseball,OlympicWith relayNHK News 7When they overlapSumo wrestlingIt is limited to cases where high-profile sports broadcasts that are broadcast at the same time as the above overlap.It is held regularly every Sunday at 4: 10-4: 13 in the form of an operation test (the program changes every week, but both channels are the same program, and it may also be held on weekdays).

NHK professional baseballIn the case of local broadcasting =Miyagi-Aichi-KyusyuOkinawaIn that case, the main channel will return to the regular broadcast after 21:XNUMX, so it will jump off the relay on the way, but there are cases where it will continue to be relayed on the sub channel.Also,2006/4から2007/3UntilShizuoka stationThen, on weekdays from 17:30 to 18:00, "Yudoki Network"(011) and"Yudoki Network Tokai / Hokuriku"(012) was a regular formation. From 2013, on Saturday's day game broadcast,Saturday Studio Park』(13:50-14:50), we are broadcasting on the sub-channel.[Note 29]

The multi-organization of NHK General TV is for both the main channel (011) and the sub-channel (012).Standard image qualityでBS1,Mie televisionThe main channel is, likeChibateleSubchannels likeHigh-definition image qualityIt has not become.again,TOKYO MXlikeOne SegThen I can't watch the subchannel2020 Tokyo Olympics,2022 Beijing OlympicsThen complaints were received from all over the country[32].

The multi-organization of NHK General TVBS1,BS Nippon Television,WOWOWUnlike the color button, you cannot select a channel.

In some programs recorded in full 4: 3 and some program guide spots (those with gray side panels on both sides), when using 4: 3 TV, the image is automatically displayed at 4: 3. Be expandedAngle of view informationIs attached.This also applies to educational television.However, when displaying an L-shaped screen such as a powerful low pressure system or typhoon-related information, the 4: 3 image is not enlarged during that time (the letterbox remains).

When participating in an interactive program, it was necessary to register the name (only for one person), address, and telephone number in the receiver in advance using "Easy Registration".This can also be set for BShi and educational TV data broadcasting, but if you register once on any of the BShi, general, and educational channels, you can participate in all of the NHK satellite and terrestrial interactive programs (any of them). If you register once on a channel, you do not need to register on another channel unless there is a correction).In addition, "Easy registration" will end on March 1, 1 for NHK General TV and Educational TV due to the major renewal of data broadcasting, and on March 1, 2011 for Digital Satellite Hi-Vision, and registered information after April 3, 27. Is automatically deleted.

With the start of digital broadcasting, there was no prefectural television broadcastingIbarakiStarted broadcasting in the prefecture area.2012/4/1From newTochigiとGunmaPrefectural broadcasting was started in.But,South KantoRegarding the four prefectures, it is necessary to install a new transmission facility for the master station, and there is still integrated demand as a "metropolitan area", so we will consider whether to implement it again after the completion of digitization. It was just an expression.

Original organization during the transition period

2003/12/1It is started sequentially fromTerrestrial digital television broadcastingUtilizing (terrestrial digital), almost all programs broadcast nationwideHigh definitionIt is produced and broadcast by the method.Standard definition multi-broadcasting can take up to 3 channels, but NHK General currently only uses 011 and 012 (or 031 and 032), and 013 (033) is not used.[Note 30].. In addition,2005/Until December, digital broadcasting had its own replacement programs as follows.

In the Kinki area, terrestrial digital broadcasting announcement programs have been replaced in the evening hours since April 2010.

  • Monday-Friday 16: 50-16: 55 "Trip to Japan wooden station building(On analog general TV, "Aim! Geographical comedian Woo-Yay" (20 times in total, the same content is repeatedly broadcast)

Currently sports broadcast (NHK professional baseball,Major League(In this case, the extension after the end of the predetermined time is done at 012 (or 032)), but due to the convenience of radio wave operation management, the next scheduled program will be started. Up toFiller(Video walkOthers) may flow).

Broadcast format

4-hour broadcasting starting at 00:24 am (As a general rule, midnight on the 1st and 3rd Sundays of every month = midnight before dawn on Mondays, each station voluntarily suspends broadcasting or there are areas where reduced broadcasting is performed).However,Junctionの放送については2018-20年度前期は平日は3:48、土曜日・日曜日は4:13に、2020年度後期と2021年度は平日は4:33(土・日は変更なし)、2022年度から日曜のみ変更なしの4:13、他は3:58に行われている。

* It has been broadcast since 2004.Grand SumoLive digest of this place (odd month) "Sumo wrestling, all efforts in MakuuchiIf the broadcast is suspended or reduced on the broadcast day, the suspension or reduction was cut off by 2005:9 until September 4 and by 00:11 from November of the same year (" However, the national anthem performance of the opening video, the raising of the national flag, orJunctionUntil 2021, the broadcast was suspended until the starting time, and depending on the station, the broadcast was suspended until the starting time), but the rebroadcast before dawn was abolished in March 2010, and it was suspended during the sumo period. The round-up is virtually gone,2014/秋場所以後、本放送の時間が3:40から4:05に繰り下げられたため、再びメンテナンス休止・減力を3:40で切り上げる局(この場合でもオープニングの国歌演奏・国旗掲揚、ないしはジャンクションは起点前の4:13に行う)が発生している。2022年5月場所以後は、土曜日分が日曜日の3:50-4:15、その他は開催翌曜日の3:35-4:00に放送されるようになったため、オープニング、またはジャンクションは起点前、かつ同番組開始前の3:33(日曜3:48)に放送されている。

Digital comprehensive data broadcasting cannot be used.

In the 4:20 starting point era, at the end of 2007 and the beginning of 2008, there was a day when the starting time was postponed due to the special organization of the late night program.

Time display

  • Weekday
    • Video walkAt the start-- 10:05
    • 11:05 or 11:30 --11:54 (excluding holidays, parliamentary broadcasts, and sports broadcasts)
    • 12:00 - 14:05・16:30 - 18:59または19:00(祝日は前者が13:05までで、後者が無し。国会中継・スポーツ中継時は非表示。地域によって異なる場合有[Note 31])
    • Subtitles will be added at regular NHK news (including local news, excluding News 7 and News Watch 9) at other times.
  • Saturday and Sunday
    • At the start of the video walk-until 10:05
    • 12:00 - 13:05[Note 32]
    • Subtitles will be provided at regular NHK News (including local news, excluding News 7, Saturday Watch 9, and Sunday Sports) at other times.
Special note
  • When broadcasting sports or parliament, it will be deleted even at the above time.またAlso2015/12/30The time display is "MassanThe days of love and adventure again! (A compilation of weekly digests) ”was broadcast at 9:47 in the morning and 12:55 in the afternoon.Also,12/31Also "Surprised Pon !!The morning cameThe morning broadcast was erased at 1:13 due to the balance of "Digest / Broadcast (9-50 weeks)".
  • Natural disasters such as typhoons and heavy rains, and other emergency emergencies may occur from 0:00 to 10:00 when a special news system is set up at midnight, and when a serious weather incident occurs or a strong earthquake occurs. , When broadcasting news about them or when emergency / serious news occurs and extraordinary news about them is broadcast, it is displayed at any time.
  • 2015å¹´3月30日からは、正午を含む午前10時以降の定時ニュース(一部のワイドニュース番組は除く)、および平日20:45と22:50、土・日20:55と22:57からの各地のニュース枠での常時表示が開始(原則各地方の基幹局から送出)。2014/Depending on the region, it may be displayed in the time zone of the local news frame other than the above time zone regardless of the time zone.
  • Sunday morning "Sunday discussion", 12 o'clock is"NHK Throat”, If some special programs broadcast over the above time-out end time, it will be displayed until the end time (however,“ Sunday Debate ”and“ NHK Nodo Jiman ”will be displayed at 13:XNUMX due to suspension of the previous week and emergency coverage. There is no time display when transfer broadcasting is performed after that).
  • March 2022st, 3rd and 1th, 3 at 4:10 --05:10 to convey news related to Russia's invasion of UkraineBS1International news program "Catch! World Top NewsWas broadcast on the recording net with a delay of 2 hours and 05 minutes, so the time display in the morning was extended to 10:54.
  • 5:00-8:00 (until 7:20 during the year-end and New Year holidays)[Note 33]、および平日の8:15-9:00、9:05-9:55、17:00(スポーツ中継実施日は18:00[Note 34], The Diet broadcast date is after the Diet broadcast ends[Note 35])-18:59 ・ 20:45 --21: 00 depends on the areaWeather information(The day in the morning, the next day in the evening and night) Subtitle supermarket on the right side of the time[Note 36]に表示する。また、緊急報道や国際的なスポーツ中継により11:54や土日祝日18:53・年末年始18:55の気象情報が休止となった際にも、代替として各局送出で12:00頃もしくは19:00頃に数分間天気ループの表示が行われる場合がある。
  • In some areas such as Kanto, time is displayed in custom fonts in some programs.[Note 37].
  • For programs of 15 minutes or more, the current time is displayed for 10 seconds when the program starts, even if it is not always displayed.[Note 38].


Information about each broadcasting stationList of broadcasting stations of Japan Broadcasting CorporationSee.

  • Except for the 1 metropolitan area and 3 prefectures in the South Kanto region, broadcasting is based on prefectural areas, but Hokkaido and Fukuoka prefectures broadcast by region.
  • Taizi TheBase station.
  • Call codeFor (call sign), "-DTV" is added after "JO ◇◇" on the first radio broadcast.It was "-TV" in analog broadcasting.
  • Digital broadcastingRemote control key IDIs the radio1Named after the broadcast "1'[Note 39](Prefectures painted in red on the map) is the principle, but "1"ToCommercial broadcastOnly in the area to which is assigned "3(Prefectures that are also painted blue) (the cause will be described later).
  • Analog broadcastingGuide channelIs nationwide 80 ch Met.
blockBroadcasterデ ジ タ ルanalog
IDCall codePhysical chAerial line
Broadcast start dateCall codePhysical chAerial line
(Video: W)
Broadcast start dateBroadcast end date
HokkaidoSapporo3JOIK-DTV0 15 ch 003k2006/0601 daysJOIK-TV03ch VHF010 k1956/12/222011/07/24
HakodateJOVK-DTV0 18 ch 001kMarch 200701 daysJOVK-TV04ch VHF001k1957/03/22
AsahikawaJOCG-DTV0 15 ch JOCG-TV09ch VHF1958/12/28
ObihiroJOOG-DTVJOOG-TV04ch VHF1959/12/24
KushiroJOPG-DTV0 33 ch JOPG-TV09ch VHF1959/12/28
Kitami(Abashiri transmitting station)[† 1]JOKP-DTV0 18 ch JOKP-TV03ch VHF1961/0405 days
MuroranJOIQ-DTV0 24 ch JOIQ-TV09ch VHF1958/11/27
TohokuSendaiJOHK-DTV0 17 ch 003kMarch 200501 daysJOHK-TV03ch VHF010 k1956/03/212012/03/31
Akita1JOUK-DTV0 48 ch 001kJOUK-TV09ch VHF005k1959/12/252011/07/24
YamagataJOJG-DTV0 14 ch JOJG-TV08ch VHF003k1959/12/19
Tsuruoka(Yamagata/Relay Station)0 34 ch 0500March 200601 daysJOJP-TV[† 2]03ch VHF001k1960/02/27
MoriokaJOQG-DTV0 14 ch 001kMarch 200501 daysJOQG-TV04ch VHF003k1958/12/282012/03/31
FukushimaJOFP-DTV0 15 ch 003kJOFP-TV09ch VHF1959/0401 days
Aomori3JOTG-DTV0 16 ch 001kJOTG-TV03ch VHF005k1959/03/222011/07/24
Tokyo1JOAK-DTV0 27 ch 010 kMarch 200301 daysJOAK-TV01ch VHF050 k1953/0201 days
Nagano(Migahara transmission station)[† 3]JONK-DTV0 17 ch 001k2006/0401 daysJONK-TV02ch VHF001k1958/11/15
NiigataJOQK-DTV0 15 ch 003kJOQK-TV08ch VHF005kMarch 195801 days
KofuJOKG-DTV0 21 ch 002kJOKG-TV01ch VHF003k1959/09/18
MaebashiJOTP-DTV0 37 ch 01002012/0401 days[† 4](Tokyo relay station)52ch UHF0100March 196505 days
MitoJOEP-DTV0 20 ch 0300March 200401 days44ch UHF00301976/07/17
UtsunomiyaJOBP-DTV0 47 ch 01002012/0401 days[† 4]29ch UHF →
51ch UHF[† 5]
0100March 198003 days
Central partNagoya3JOCK-DTV0 20 ch 003kMarch 200301 daysJOCK-TV03ch VHF010 k1954/0301 days
Kanazawa1JOJK-DTV0 15 ch 001k2006/0701 daysJOJK-TV04ch VHF003k1957/12/23
ShizuokaJOPK-DTV0 20 ch 2005/0601 daysJOPK-TV09ch VHF001k1957/0601 days
浜 松(Shizuoka/relay station)JODG-TV[† 6]04ch VHF1959/11/20
FukuiJOFG-DTV0 19 ch 2006/0501 daysJOFG-TV09ch VHF003k1959/0803 days
Toyama3JOIG-DTV0 27 ch March 200401 daysJOIG-TV03ch VHF1958/10/15
TsuJONP-DTV0 28 ch 05002005/0401 daysJONP-TV31ch UHF005k1973/0402 days
GifuJOOP-DTV0 29 ch March 200401 daysJOOP-TV39ch UHF1973/02/17
KinkiOsaka1JOBK-DTV0 24 ch 003kMarch 200301 daysJOBK-TV02ch VHF010 k1954/0301 days
京都JOOK-DTV0 25 ch 001k2005/0401 daysJOOK-TV32ch UHF1972/03/13
KobeJOPP-DTV0 22 ch March 200401 daysJOPP-TV28ch UHF1971/05/24
WakayamaJORP-DTV0 23 ch 01002005/0601 daysJORP-TV32ch UHF001k1971/05/31
NaraJOUP-DTV0 31 ch 2005/0401 daysJOUP-TV51ch UHF1972/0703 days
OtsuJOQP-DTV0 26 ch JOQP-TV28ch UHF1971/0401 days[† 7]
ChugokuHiroshimaJOFK-DTV0 14 ch 003kMarch 200601 daysJOFK-TV03ch VHF010 k1956/03/21
Fukuyama(Hiroshima/Relay Station)0 42 ch [† 8]01002007/04/30JODP-TV[† 9]01ch VHF[† 10]001k1960/0301 days[† 11]
OkayamaJOKK-DTV0 32 ch 002kMarch 200601 daysJOKK-TV05ch VHF010 k1957/12/23
Matsue3JOTK-DTV0 21 ch 001kMarch 200601 daysJOTK-TV06ch VHF001k1959/10/28
TottoriJOLG-DTV[† 12]0 29 ch 0100JOLG-TV[† 13]03ch VHF1959/0303 days[† 14]
Yamaguchi(Hofu transmitting station)[† 15]1JOUG-DTV0 16 ch 001kJOUG-TV09ch VHF1959/06/15
ShikokuMatsuyamaJOZK-DTVJOZK-TV06ch VHF005k1957/05/29
KochiJORK-DTV0 15 ch JORK-TV04ch VHF001k1958/11/28
Tokushima3JOXK-DTV0 34 ch JOXK-TV03ch VHF1959/03/15
Takamatsu1JOHP-DTV0 24 ch March 200601 daysJOHP-TV37ch UHF010 k1969/03/22
Fukuoka3JOLK-DTV0 28 ch 003k2006/0401 daysJOLK-TV03ch VHF1956/03/21
Kitakyushu[† 16]JOSK-DTV[† 17]0 40 ch 001kMarch 200601 daysJOSK-TV06ch VHF001k1957/05/29
Kumamoto1JOGK-DTV0 28 ch March 200601 daysJOGK-TV09ch VHF002k[† 18]1958/02/22
NagasakiJOAG-DTV0 15 ch JOAG-TV03ch VHF001k1958/12/22
Sasebo(Nagasaki/Relay station)0 42 ch 2007/0401 daysJOAQ-TV[† 19]08ch VHF
Kagoshima3JOHG-DTV0 34 ch March 200601 daysJOHG-TV03ch VHF005k1958/02/22
Miyazaki1JOMG-DTV0 24 ch JOMG-TV08ch VHF001k1960/0701 days
OitaJOIP-DTV0 15 ch JOIP-TV03ch VHF003k1959/08/24
佐賀JOSP-DTV[† 20]0 33 ch 0100JOSP-TV[† 21]38ch UHF005k1969/03/15
Okinawa[† 22]JOAP-DTV0 17 ch 001k2006/0401 daysJOAP-TV[† 23]02ch VHF[† 24]1968/12/22[† 25]
  1. ^ A separate "New Kitami relay station" is located in Kitami city.
  2. ^ Abolished the calling code when the license was renewed in November 1991.
  3. ^ A separate "Zenkojidaira relay station" is located in Nagano city.
  4. ^ a b The station itself opened on December 2005, 12.
  5. ^ Channel change due to "ana-ana conversion" due to the transition to digital broadcasting.
  6. ^ Although the timing is unknown, the calling code is abolished when renewing the license.
  7. ^ Prefectural area broadcasting start date by the notation channel.For more than 10 years, it has been operated as a relay station for the Osaka station under the name of "experimental station".
  8. ^ Channel in Hikoyama in Fukuyama city.
  9. ^ The calling code was abolished when the license was renewed in November 2003.
  10. ^ Channel at Mt. Takamiyama transmitter in Mukojima-cho, Onomichi.
  11. ^ "Onomichi Broadcasting Station" when the station opens. Relocated to the present Fukuyama city on March 1967, 3 and renamed.
  12. ^ The parent station is Mt. Kenashiyama.
  13. ^ The parent station is Mt. Hachibuseyama.
  14. ^ The first commercial TV station outside the metropolitan areaNihonkai Television BroadcastMatched to (JOJX-TV, 1ch).
  15. ^ Yamaguchi city is covered by Konomine relay station.
  16. ^ Until February 1963, 2, "Kokura Broadcasting Station".
  17. ^ Digital broadcasting has gradually become full power, so at the beginningCall nameOnly the call code was given, and the call code was put on hold.
  18. ^ It has been broadcasting at 1kW since the opening of the station,TV West JapanThe power was increased as a countermeasure against interference by increasing the power of the Fukuoka station (JOJY-TV).
  19. ^ JOAT-TV at the time of opening, changed when the license was renewed in November 1982. Call sign abolished by the license renewal in November 11.
  20. ^ The parent station is Mt.
  21. ^ The parent station is Hinokumayama.
  22. ^ The transport stream is "Naha".
  23. ^ KSGB-TV during the time of the Okinawa Broadcasting Corporation Central Broadcasting Station.
  24. ^ It was a Japanese-style channel from the beginning in anticipation of returning to the mainland.
  25. ^ Okinawa Broadcasting AssociationBroadcast start date by the central broadcasting station.NHK will take over when returning to the mainland.The Sakishima area started broadcasting the previous year.

3 ch

Nationwide at the master station of analog synthesis 3 ch The reason why there were many was 1ch, 2ch, 12ch at the beginning of TV broadcasting.U.S. Army OfradarThis is because NHK was assigned 3ch to those areas in the primary channel plan, although the frequency was later returned.As you can see in the history, this is the reason why Tokyo was transmitted on 3ch and Osaka was transmitted on 4ch at the beginning of TV broadcasting.その後東京ではエリアの拡大のため、当時1chで東京タワーから送信されていたAfter that, in order to expand the area in Tokyo, it was transmitted from Tokyo Tower on XNUMXch at that time.NHK educational TVAnd by switching channels 1 ch It became.On the other hand, in Osaka, after that, Keihanshin 4th station (Every day broadcasting.. JOOR-TV、4ch)の開局予定日であった1958年12月1日からFrom December XNUMX, XNUMX, which was the scheduled opening date of JOOR-TV (XNUMXch) 2 ch It was changed to.However, in the area where analog synthesis is 3ch, 1ch was not assigned to any broadcasting station and was vacant until the end only in Hiroshima and Oita prefectures, and only in Nagasaki prefecture was assigned to the parent station of analog education, most of them. Assigned for commercial broadcasting in the area of.Furthermore, even if the total was not 3ch, 1ch was analog education only in Yamaguchi Prefecture (total 9ch).

In the transition to terrestrial digital broadcasting half a century later, NHK said "Remote control key ID (TV remote control channel number)".2Not only educational TV but also general TV is unified nationwide.1In Hiroshima and Oita prefectures, where 3ch was vacant even in areas where analog synthesis was 1ch, "3Do not take over ""1However, in Yamaguchi and Nagasaki prefectures where 1ch was originally assigned to analog education, it is larger than the parent station.2After assigning "" to NHK General TV1Was assigned[Note 40]..However, in areas where 1ch was assigned to the commercial broadcasting parent station (head office transmission station), the commercial broadcasting station respects the intention of the commercial broadcasting station and the convenience of local viewers.[Note 41]But"1It is easy for local viewers to accept it as it is because of the regional characteristics that NHK General TV has been 3ch since the analog era.3"Became.By the way, 2ch was not assigned to any commercial broadcaster at the master station of analog broadcasting.[Note 42]Therefore, educational TV is nationwide in a way that avoids the same situation as general TV.2I was able to unify with.

More informations

  • During the period from the latter half of the 1970s to the first half of the 1980s, there was a period when the broadcast ended earlier than educational television (currently E-tele).これはthis isOil shockbyEnergy saving-Power savingTo cooperate with1974/1から3Until 23:23 for both general and education, then 15:XNUMX for general1975/4After that, it will be extended until 23:57 only on Fridays and Saturdays), and the education will extend the broadcast end time from 23:30 to 23:57, respectively, and there are cases where the synthesis ends earlier than the education.1984/4It lasted more than 23 years until it was officially extended to the end of 57:10.
  • 2008/9/29After that, if there is an area where the broadcasting of NHK General TV will be suspended,Earthquake early warningI was broadcasting educational TV all night on a temporary basis in order to respond to2009/After April, the filler will not be broadcast all night, and the subtitle "When there is emergency news, we will inform you on the channel you are watching in areas where NHK General TV is absent (excluding some areas)" Is out.However, if both general and educational maintenance is to be performed, broadcasting will be suspended on educational television.
  • Broadcast facilityの更新を行った2004å¹´8月からは、NTSCでは画像サイズ(レターボックス=サイズは16:9、14:9、13:9←→4:3コンバートとの切り替え)の調整などのため、番組終了後の数秒程度フェイドアウト状態となる番組があったが、2010/7/5Since then, this fade-out state has been resolved by the complete transition to letterbox 4: 3 except for the taiga drama and the programs produced in the past with 16: 9 SD.[Note 43].

ID of each station

  • Call sign and logo on a red background, and (region name) comprehensive digital television.
    • Most stations such as the Kanto region until 2019 ... Call sign display on an egg-shaped blue background (format common to both analog and digital. In analog, it is displayed in a 16: 9 letter box).
    • From the beginning of television broadcasting to at least the first half of the 1980s, a single monochrome image was used for all broadcasting stations nationwide.boomerangCall sign in white letters on a picture that looks like two layers (JO ○○), TV in black next to it, and the channel number of the master station of each broadcasting station in white letters below it (Tokyo 2, Osaka 1, Sapporo)・ Sendai / Nagoya / Hiroshima / Fukuoka 2 etc.) and the NHK logo at that time in black, and below that (○○ Television) was displayed.This was common to educational television and satellite broadcasting at the beginning of the station.[Note 44].
    • In addition, One SegOnly for digital synthesis during the period when the test broadcast of"Test radio wave emission of service for mobile terminals"[33]The subtitle was also attached.
  • Asahikawa Broadcasting Station ... Call sign display with a photo of green nature (green leaves) in the background. Only analog was used in 4: 3 display.Originally, the call sign and CH notation were written in the format of the Sapporo broadcasting station, but it was changed with the start of terrestrial digital broadcasting by the Sapporo broadcasting station.This ID was discontinued with the end of analog television broadcasting on July 2011, 7.The digital broadcasting ID has been in the same nationwide format as above since the beginning of October 24, 2007.
  • Sendai Broadcasting Station ... A horse and a call sign are displayed with Sendai Castle in the background.
  • Yamagata Broadcasting Station ... Call sign display with a photo of green nature (green leaves) in the background.The call sign is written at the bottom left.
  • Toyama Broadcasting Station ... Call sign display with yellow-green background.
  • Osaka Broadcasting Station ... At least from the mid-1980s, instead of several years, the old Osaka station building, the night view of Osaka taken from Mt. Ikoma, the map of the Kinki region, etc. were designed, and the broadcasting time was expanded to 1 am1995/と1996/At the end of the event, a list of callsigns and analog channels for each NHK General TV in the Kinki region was posted.
  • Kobe Broadcasting Station ... A call sign is displayed with the night view of the station building in the background.
  • Oita Broadcasting Station ... NHK is displayed in the format of Oita Prefecture.The call sign is shown in the upper left.
  • Kagoshima Broadcasting Station ... Call sign display with the station building and Sakurajima in the background.
  • These call sign screens were abolished from 2020 due to the change of the NHK logo mark, and the design was unified nationwide (the design itself is common to general education, but the color is red).


[How to use footnotes]

注 釈

  1. ^ "NHKG→ →NHKG(The character array isG(NHK)) ”:Digital terrestrial broadcastingChanneliconBut it is displayed.
  2. ^ 1978/Of the yearAll dayAudience ratingWith general TVTBSAnd were 10.1% with the same ratio. In addition, in this year (1), TBS has won three crowns in the annual rating.
  3. ^ NHK ArchivesSite "Akai's reference room''(Adobe FlashRequired, viewed in June 2016)1971/October version of commercial broadcast program timetable (A TV schedule) "NHK General TV is all programsカ ラ ーThere is a description of.
  4. ^ According to the program guide search of NHK Archives, "SB" ("SB" broadcast during the programStation break(Steve) organization.短い告知など)が10月9日までは(Short announcements, etc.) until October XNUMXth白 黒It has been in color since the 10th,NHKYearbookIn the "Broadcast History Mini Chronology" of '11, it is fully colored on October 10.なおIt should be noted thatNews (Chinese)Pressed plate OfTV sectionaccording to"NHK Throat''Bright rural], There are times that were broadcast in black and white after that.
  5. ^ According to the program guide search of NHK Archives, there is a record that a part of the program was broadcast in black and white after that, and on October 10, the same year, "28thNational Athletic MeetIn the Autumn Tournament-Day 5- "ArcheryIs black and white (in the same frameAthletics(Color), one of the topics taken up was broadcast in black and white in some episodes up to April 1972, 4 in "Japan's Places", which introduces local topics covered by each local station. ..その他、カラーの報道・情報番組の中でIn addition, in color news and information programsOkinawaThere is an example of relaying from in black and white, and the one that can be confirmed by the same search is "" on March 1974, 3.Nikko HijackingIs the last.
  6. ^ Incidentally,Diet broadcast,high school baseballWhen it was broadcast, it was broadcast even during the downtime.
  7. ^ Friday and Saturday only.
  8. ^ Early morning 5 o'clock start before thisSummer VacationIt has been done for a limited time.深夜の日またぎも同様にThe same goes for midnight straddlesSummer: -Winter:-spring vacationAlthough it was carried out for a limited time, the regular organization has been held since April 1993, and at this time the final version on the broadcast date from 4 o'clockNHK NewsWas played for 5 minutes and the broadcast ended. With the expansion of the broadcasting time frame in 1995, the day-to-day organization started in earnest.
  9. ^ However, as a general rule, it is set on the 1st and 3rd Sundays, but it may be suspended on the 2nd, 4th and 5th Sundays depending on the station.
  10. ^ High-definition news material distribution line started operation in August 2003
  11. ^ In the newspaper announcement, 4:30 is the starting point of the day as before, and "Viewpoint/issue』Rebroadcast was treated as the final program of the day.Sunday and Monday are separate programs, but Sunday's "New Japan travelogue againThe rebroadcast (first broadcast by region) was treated as the first program on Sunday 1st.
  12. ^ In the newspaper announcement, 4:30 was set as the starting point of the day as before, but the program schedule on the NHK official website is "Series world heritage 100Was treated as the final program, and "Points of Issue" was deleted.Although it was a separate program on Sunday and Monday, Sunday's "New Japan travelogue againThe rerun was treated as the first show on Sunday 1st.
  13. ^ 2010: 12 size until December 14 in taiga dramas and some promotional programsSemi letterboxWas continuing to broadcast on.
  14. ^ After that, only BShi resumed "advance" from March 3th.
  15. ^ The progress format is the same as that broadcast in July of the previous year.
  16. ^ ただし放送日付変更のためのジャンクションは原則として、2020年9月までは『視点・論点』の前の3:48-3:50に、2020年10月以後は4:33-4:35、2022年度からは3:58ー4:00(日曜朝のみ4:13ー4:15。大相撲本場所期間中は25分繰り上げ)に放送されている。また新聞発表上は従来どおり『NHK News Good morning Japan』The start time of the first part is set as the starting point of the day, and the rebroadcast program that is being broadcast before that (Midnight channel(See section) is treated as the last program of the day.
  17. ^ これによりジャンクションも、3:58-4:00(日曜は4:13-4:15。大相撲本場所期間中はそれぞれ25分前倒し)となった。日曜日を除き従来通り新聞の番組表は『おはよう日本』第1部の開始である5:00を基点としており、その前の番組が最終番組扱いとなっている
  18. ^ At any timeFamily historyBroadcast
  19. ^ Only on Saturdays at any timeSaturday dramaBroadcast
  20. ^ At any timeLIFE!Broadcast
  21. ^ At any timeTomorrow is a raw Masashi SadaBroadcast
  22. ^ a b There were days when intensive maintenance was performed mainly for a specific two weeks, mainly in September / October and February / March of the following year, and in that case, there were days when the broadcast time was shortened all over the country.
  23. ^ a b 当時、24時間放送を実施していた教育テレビ(現・Eテレ)は、総合テレビの放送休止を補填する目的で、日曜日のうち、第1・3週の放送を終日放送(5:00起点)としていた。なお第2・4・5週は0:45-5:00を休止にしていたが、2006年3月に24時間放送を廃止し、深夜のメンテナンスの時間を毎日設けることになった。
  24. ^ a b Centralized maintenance days are still set, but this is also an optional setting for each station.
  25. ^ a b c d However, on the newspaper TV program schedule, Monday-Friday early morning is "NHK News Good morning Japan』第1部(2004年4月-2020年4月10日までと2020年7月6日-9月25日は4:30開始、2020年4月13日-7月3日(新型コロナウィルス拡大に伴うスタッフ人員削減のため)と同年9月27日以後は5:00開始)の開始時間を起点としている。
  26. ^ Sumo wrestling, all efforts in MakuuchiFor the convenience of broadcasting
  27. ^ However, during the Obon periodNational High School Baseball ChampionshipMost of the daytime zone is devoted to high school baseball broadcasts, and the Obon seasonal specials are often set up at night (when the rainy weather is postponed, the rebroadcast of the Obon seasonal specials broadcast in the past is broadcast. There is also).なお一部の地域はその季節特番をローカルの特番(主にその時期に開催されるIn some areas, the seasonal special is a local special (mainly held at that time).Fireworks display,NebutaIt may be replaced with a relay of festivals that have been rooted in the area for a long time.
  28. ^ Many of the contents are related to the holiday.In recent years, there have been cases where special editions of live regular programs organized at the same time on weekdays have been organized (especially ""Asaichi』. ).なおIt should be noted thatMountain of the daySpecial programs related to mountain climbing are available at night or for the reasons mentioned above.BS PremiumIt is often organized by.
  29. ^ In addition, the broadcasting station where the competing team is based and the block where the broadcasting station is the base station (RakutenIfSendai Broadcasting StationAnd NHK Tohoku block stations) often broadcast on the main channel, so national net programs broadcast on the main channels in other areas will be returned or broadcast at a later date and time.In addition, there is also a pattern in which sports broadcasts are broadcast on the main channel and national net programs are broadcast on sub-channels.
  30. ^ 013ch is mainlyTokai TVUsed for commercial broadcasting such as. 033ch is also in the Kanto areatvkIt is used in independent stations such as.
  31. ^ At the Aomori station, it is hidden only during the "Daily Calendar" broadcast in "Appuru Wide".
  32. ^ However, this time zone is hidden in the Tohoku region, which broadcasts "that day, that time" on Saturdays from 12:40 to 12:45.
  33. ^ However, there is no display on Sundays from 6:10 to 6:53 (because of the broadcast of "Specialty! Jidaigeki". However, it may be displayed when the same frame is suspended or when there is special news).
  34. ^ When the sumo wrestling broadcast is extended, after the sumo wrestling broadcast ends.
  35. ^ If the Diet deliberations are delayed, the broadcast will be jumped off at 18:18 and displayed from 00:XNUMX.
  36. ^ Until April 2017, 4, it was displayed below the time.
  37. ^ In the Kanto region, "NHK News Good morning Japan(Including Kanto Koshinetsu and Kanto local part) ・ "News LIVE! Yu 5 o'clock"News at 5 o'clock"Metropolitan area network, In Osaka Prefecture,NHK News Good morning Kansai"Relieved Kansai"Hot Kansai Saturday, In the Tokai region,Marutto!, "Marutto! Mie" in Mie Prefecture, "Marutto! Mie" in Fukuoka PrefectureRokuichi! Fukuoka, "--Good morning Japan" in Miyagi prefectureNHK News Good morning Miyagi"Teremasane, In Niigata Prefecture,Niigata News 610, "" In Hiroshima prefecture, "" in Okayama prefectureFreshly picked!, In Kagawa Prefecture, "Yu 6 Kawa, In Tokushima Prefecture,Toku 6 Tokushima, In Oita prefecture,Irodori OITA』Is carried out respectively.
  38. ^ In addition, even if the program is less than 15 minutes, the weekday midnight "Time theory public theory』, Because it is broadcast live from the news studio, the time is set for the first 10 seconds exceptionally.
  39. ^ It also means the channel number of analog broadcasting in the Tokyo area.
  40. ^ In the latter case, the broadcasting system was practically changed from education to education, and the channel position was taken over (conversely, 2ch changed from education to education in Nagano, Osaka, and Okinawa prefectures).
  41. ^ Hokkaido Broadcasting(HBC. Hokkaido, Sapporo master station JOHR-TV, Abashiri station JOQM-TV also 1ch,JNNseries)·Aomori Broadcasting(RAB. Aomori Prefecture, JOGR-TV,NNN - NNSseries)·Tohoku Broadcasting(TBC. Miyagi prefecture, JOIR-TV, JNN series) ・Northern Japan Broadcasting(KNB. Toyama Prefecture, JOLR-TV, NNN / NNS series) ・Tokai TV broadcasting(THK. Tokai 3 prefectures (Aichi prefecture, Gifu prefecture, Mie prefecture), JOFX-TV,FNN-FNSseries)·Nihonkai Television Broadcast(NKT. Sanin region (Tottori prefecture / Shimane prefecture), JOJX-TV, NNN / NNS series) ・Shikoku Broadcasting(JRT. Tokushima Prefecture, JOJR-TV, NNN / NNS series) ・Kyushu Asahi Broadcasting(KBC. Fukuoka Prefecture, Fukuoka parent station JOIF-TV, while Kitakyushu station JOIL-TV is 2ch,ANNseries)·Minaminihonhoso(MBC. Kagoshima Prefecture, JOCF-TV, JNN series).Only Tokai Television Broadcasting and Nihonkai Television Broadcasting are the only TV stations, and even with these two stations, there are no broadcasting stations unrelated to radio stations (the former is).Tokai Radio BroadcastSame company building, the latter was onceFM San'inAnd transmission facility shared.Both have a capital relationship with the radio station).
  42. ^ There was an assignment at the relay station.
  43. ^ The taiga drama completely moved to letterbox 2011: 16 in 9.
  44. ^ However, at Okinawa Broadcasting Station, on the left side of these screensShisaWas drawn.


  1. ^ "NHK General TV broadcast on the night of the 26th, Kirin Kiki's last documentary" You can take a picture of me. ". Sankei News(July 2018, 9). https://www.sankei.com/article/20180919-KP4O4UPUONOJ3HEPCCS5UX4URQ/ 2022/1/28Browse. 
  2. ^ "Morning drama "Jun-chan's cheering song" rebroadcast on NHK General TV "Mah-neechan" is also BS premium". ORICON NEWS (September 2021, 8). 2022/1/28Browse.
  3. ^ "NHK to broadcast the closing ceremony of the Olympics with sign language on E-tele ... Deaf Federation" on general TV "". Yomiuri Shimbun Online(November 2021, 8). originalArchived as of October 2021, 8.. https://web.archive.org/web/20210804115618/https://www.yomiuri.co.jp/olympic/2020/20210804-OYT1T50359/ 2022/1/28Browse. 
  4. ^ "The 13 Lords of the Kamakura" is No. 1 in the world trend for the first time!. Sports Nippon(July 2022, 1). https://www.sponichi.co.jp/entertainment/news/2022/01/09/kiji/20220109s00041000473000c.html 2022/1/28Browse. 
  5. ^ Shoichi Ota "Kohaku Uta Gassen and the Japanese" (Chikuma Shobo Tsukuma Selection Book 78 ISBN 4480015868, 2013.11), p. 27.
  6. ^ "All record TV rating 50 years war-XNUMX million people were impressed at that time" (Sataya Hikida,Kodansha, 2004,ISBN 4062122227, P. 116)
  7. ^ "Do you see well?" TV image public experiment (1939) --A brief history of the development of Japanese broadcasting technology
  8. ^ The 12-minute "Yugemae" that begins the TV drama --A brief history of the development of Japanese broadcasting technology
  9. ^ Japan Broadcasting Corporation Research Institute "Fifty Year History" (1981.03)
  10. ^ 1953 NHK begins TV broadcasting with its own technology --A brief history of the development of Japanese broadcasting technology
  11. ^ Japan Broadcasting Corporation Research Institute "Fifty Year History" (1981.03)
  12. ^ Japan Broadcasting Corporation Research Institute "Fifty Year History" (1981.03)
  13. ^ a b c d Japan Broadcasting Corporation Research Institute "Fifty Year History" (1981.03)
  14. ^ On the opening of NHK Tokyo Television XNUMX Greetings XNUMX Congratulations XNUMX Stage drama "Michiyuki Hatsune Journey" -Mt. Yoshino- - NHK Chronicle
  15. ^ On the opening of the Osaka / Nagoya Television Station-From BK Daiichi Studio-Greetings Congratulations The movie breakthrough television-NHK / TV Osaka / Nagoya opening- - NHK Chronicle
  16. ^ XNUMX: XNUMX-XNUMX: XNUMX We will be closed to shorten the broadcast time. - NHK Chronicle
  17. ^ We will be closed after XNUMX:XNUMX to shorten the SB broadcast time. - NHK Chronicle
  18. ^ News "There is a possibility that the condition of His Majesty the Emperor may change" - NHK Chronicle
  19. ^ Extraordinary News "Demise of the Crown" - NHK Chronicle
  20. ^ Special feature "New Emperor / New Era" - NHK Chronicle
  21. ^ Earthquake information - NHK Chronicle
  22. ^ News / Weather Information | Program Guide Search Results Details | NHK Chronicle
  23. ^ Digital terrestrial broadcasting start commemorative program is finally starting!New era of digital television - NHK Broadcast History
  24. ^ Digital terrestrial broadcasting start commemorative program "Digital TV New Era-Message from World Heritage Sites" - NHK Chronicle
  25. ^ Full-wave emergency warning broadcast <with QF> "Tohoku region Pacific Ocean offshore earthquake" related - NHK Chronicle
  26. ^ At that time, everyone was watching TV! -Special number related to terrestrial digital transition- "Analog wave / Notice of program end" - NHK Chronicle
  27. ^ "About the simultaneous simultaneous delivery/start of missed program delivery service”. Japan Broadcasting Corporation (created on August 2020, 1). 2020/3/7Browse.
  28. ^ NHK, program guide logo and watermark changed.デザインやサイズ統一Unified design and size AV Watch March 2020, 3
  29. ^ NHK Hobby Course Text "Karaoke Enka Singing Method III" Japan Broadcast Publishing Association, 1993, P.86 "Transition of TV Kayo Programs"
  30. ^ Akai's reference room(List of program for each year)
  31. ^ a b Japan Broadcasting Corporation General Broadcasting Culture Research Institute Broadcasting History Editing Room "NHK Yearbook '74" Japan Broadcast Publishing Association, 1974, pp. 8-9. 
  32. ^ "Handling in sub-channel XNUMXSeg --- Test radio waves are being emitted before broadcasting! !!”(Japanese). Handling in sub-channel XNUMXSeg --- Test radio waves are being emitted before broadcasting! !!. 2022/3/1Browse.
  33. ^ Reference photo

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