Yuna Ito (photo taken in 2007) who made a break in the role of Leila in the photo "NANA" – Jun Sato / WireImage / Getty Images
Yuna Ito announces marriage! A big hit such as the theme song of "Umizaru"
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This song sung in the play was a big hit and also participated in the NHK Kouhaku Uta Gassen that year.
Yuna Ito (3 ...), a singer known for the theme song "Precious" of the movie "LIMIT OF LOVE Umizaru" → Continue reading
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"NHK Red and White Singing Battle』(NHK Kouhaku Utagassen) isJapan Broadcasting Corporation(NHK)1951(Showa26 years) every yearNew Year's EveBroadcasting toMaleFemaleLarge counter-typeMusicSpecial program.Japan OfLongevity programOne of.Known as "red and white』.
Female artistBeni Gumi(Akagumi), a male artistWhite teamDivide into (Shirogumi) and perform songs and performances in a competitive format.Initially for the new yearRadio programHowever, after NHK started broadcasting on TVNew Year's EveMoved to the night of the year and became synonymous with "the end of the year".Broadcasting has never been postponed or canceled.201712/31, As "Longevity Year TV Music Competition (in Japan)"Guinness World RecordsCertified by.
Popular on behalf of JapansingerAppeared in large numbers, and guests other than singers were also selected as popular people that year, so it was high from the beginning of the broadcast.Audience ratingIs recorded.Although it is a program that extends into the middle of the night, it has smashed into the top of the annual audience rating, and has hit the highest price of the whole year in many years.Therefore, the interest of the people is high, and from the end of the year to the New Year,News (Chinese)-magazineFrom a competing stationCommercial stationTakes up the topic of red and white.
As mentioned above, the two groups of red and white are opposed to each other, but in the progress of the program, it is just one of the elements that make up the program as a show, and it does not mean that "competition" is pushed to the front.However, since it is formally a "competition", the singers who fall within the frame of the combination are not officially "program appearances" but "Kohaku Uta Gassen".ParticipationIs called.
Broadcast / distribution media
|NHK radio first 1||1 times(1951) - Ongoing||Radio relay seats on the audience seats (24 times(1973) The venue after thatNHK HallThen, the 2nd floor of the same hallGood seatThis is provided in), so it will be broadcast along with the live performance of the performance being performed on the stage.|
|NHK World Radio Japan||15 times(1964) - Ongoing||Overseas.|
|NHK Net Radio Rajiru Rajiru||62 times(2011) - Ongoing|
|radiko||68 times(2017) - Ongoing||Delivered during the two experimental delivery periods. Distribution will continue from 2 onwards with the start of this distribution[Note 2].|
|General TV||4 times(1953) - Ongoing||With the opening of the station on February 1953, 2, red and white television broadcasting began at the end of the same year.|
|BS1||35 times(1984)- 37 times(1986）||A mode stereo broadcasting.|
|BS2||38 times(1987)- 61 times(2010）||B mode stereo broadcasting.|
completeデ ジ タ ルWith the changeBS PremiumEnded from the consolidation to the program and the accompanying review of programming (however)Terrestrial digital hard-to-see satellite broadcastingexcept for).
|HDTV test broadcast→BS Hi-Vision||40 times(1989)-61th (2010)||5.1ch surround stereo.|
Ended for the same reason (it became impossible to watch in the terrestrial difficult viewing area).
|NHK World Premium||46 times(1995) - Ongoing||Overseas.|
Japanese satellite broadcasting station operated by an affiliated company of NHK (TV Japan(North America)・JSTV(Europe)) But it is being broadcast at the same time.
|NHK on demand||60 times(2009) - Ongoing||Hikari TV(NTT Plala) And J: COM (Jupiter Telecom),U-NEXTIncluding some video distributors affiliated with NHK, etc..|
Of interruptionNHK NewsAfter dividing into the first half and the second half of the program, the program will be overlooked for about two weeks from the day after the program ends (January 1, the following year)..
|BS4K||69 times(2018) - Ongoing||22.2ch audio.|
|BS8K||69 times(2018) - Ongoing||22.2ch audio..Even after the end, a 10-minute digest version is being broadcast.|
|NHK Plus||71 times(2020) - Ongoing||Simultaneous delivery.After the interruption of NHK News, it was divided into the first half and the second half, and even after the end, it was overlooked and delivered for 7 days only.|
BS4K and BS8K are produced separately from general TV.Taking advantage of the high vividness, the same stage will be produced and relayed separately based on the concept of an experience closer to the red and white seen locally.Therefore, the camera angle is different from that of NHK General TV, the opening CG is fixed, and in 2018 and 2019, there was no telop only in the lyrics. The 2021nd in 72 was the same video as NHK General TV.
Also, although it is not mainly NHK, it is overseasCable TVIt may be broadcast through channels (mainly Japanese specialty channels) (because there are no subtitles during NHK World Premium broadcasting).
18 times(1967) Since then, it has been fixed to start at 21:2 (JST, the same applies hereinafter) for a long time, but it has become a two-part system.40 times(1989) Since then, it has been between 19:20 and 1:2. Between the first and second parts, the last "NHK News』Broadcast.Most times it's in the form of a five-minute scheduled news,55 times(2004) Expanded to 10 minutes,NHK News 7』Broadcast in a format that can be said to be a shortened version.In addition, it was not broadcast on BShi, and there was a year when it was replaced with a broadcast titled "Digital Red and White Song Battle" that introduced the contents after this from the front of NHK Hall. BS4K / 8K has been replaced with a relay broadcast from the backstage, including the connecting comments before the news.
The end time is on NHK General TV13 times(1962) Since then, it has been consistently 23:45 (with some exceptions depending on the broadcasting media).In addition, the next program is also "Year after year] Is fixed.
For the performers, a strict "password" will be laid down until the official announcement, and in principle, it will be announced from the NHK side each time.On the other hand, the selection of moderators and participating singers has attracted a lot of attention, and popular newspapers and other media may publish forecast articles as "leaks from related parties" at the time of official announcement.
It is the red and white "face" of the year, and is the earliest of the performers of the year (from the latter half of October to November).Along with the official decision, a press conference will be held in the presence of the person himself.NHK Broadcast Center(In some cases, we do not hold a press conference and only announce comments through public relations).
Usually, there are three parties, "Red Group Moderator", "White Group Moderator", and "General Moderator".The red group moderator and the white group moderator will introduce the songs of each group, and the general moderator will share the progress of the entire program and the support of both group moderators.Until the early Heisei era, the red and white captains were also called "captains of both armies."However, apart from the moderator, a set of "captain" and "team leader" has been selected from the singers of both armies several times.Basically, the female is in charge of the red group moderator, and the male is in charge of the white group moderator.The red group moderator and the white group moderator are TV talents, and the general moderator is NHK.announcer(Enrolled in the Tokyo Announcement Office) is often in charge. The former white group host was selected as a mid-career / veteran class actor or singer who has a regular program on NHK, or a well-known male announcer who was working in the Tokyo Announcer Room at the time of broadcasting. In many cases, the red group moderator appointed actresses, talents, and singers in the same class as the white group. After that, since the beginning of Heisei, the white group moderator has been a talent with abundant experience as a moderator regardless of NHK or commercial broadcasting, and an actor including inexperienced moderators (mainly that year or the following year's "Taiga drama』Starring),59 times(2008From)70 times(2019) In a rowJohnny's OfficeThe personalities and groups to which they belong were appointed.The red group moderator said that yearContinuous tv novel』(Asadora) first half, actresses such as the heroine produced in Tokyo often serve.As an exception, there are times when he served only as an announcer in the Tokyo Announcement Room, which hosts programs such as NHK's news variety shows, including the general moderator.On the other hand, the general moderator is the main caster of news programs broadcast on general television and the moderator of variety and music programs, and a well-known announcer is appointed.34 times(1983)ofTamori,56 times(2005)ofMino Monta,68 times(2017) And served as the moderator four times in a rowMitsuyoshi UchimuraThere are also times when veteran class talents and entertainers are appointed.Of all, there is always at least one announcer.This is because accidents (serious incidents, accidents, disasters, so-called broadcast accidents during production, etc.) occur during live red and white broadcasting.entertainerThis is to deal with the case where the moderator is unable to perform due to an accident (illness, injury, scandal, etc.) just before the performance.Both groups and general moderators are usually one person each, but multiple people were in charge.37 times(1986),グループWas in charge of61 times(2010)- 65 times(2014), Removed the frame of the three parties56 times(2005)・72 times(2021) And other exceptions.
Compared to other long-time programs and music programs, the moderator is less likely to be in charge of a specific person many times in a row.In some cases, a talent who has no experience as a moderator may be selected.This is because the red and white script is set very finely because it is a live broadcast, there is little need for ad lib in progress, and it has a strong actor-like character as a "moderator".The script is set in seconds, and it is difficult to make one ad lib,71 times(2020)When72 times(2021) Served as the moderatorOizumi HiroshiIs the general moderator in advance because he wants to add ad lib at the 71st time.Mitsuyoshi UchimuraWas consulting with.
The number of participating singers is generally between 20 and 30 for each of the red and white groups.For regular singers to be included in the match, appearance in the program is called "participation", and "number of appearances" is also officially counted.An announcement press conference is held in late November every year, and the singer who participated for the first time in the year attends or a message is announced.
In principle, the gender of the main vocals will be used for the allocation of both groups.for that reason,Akiko Wada(Solo and "m-flo Participated as "loves Akiko Wada"),Yuko Hara(Solo and "Southern All Stars”) Etc. have experience of participating from both groups due to differences in participation form.At the beginning of the program, it was strictly divided into red group = female and white group = male, and it was impossible for the mixed gender group to participate in the original form.[Note 6]..Therefore, only one gender member was forced to arrange vocals and chorus.The first time the mixed gender group participated19 times(1968)ofPinky and the KillersAt this time, he also decided how to treat it.In the end, the main vocal was pinky, so it became a red group, but the male members could not sit in the singer's seat only when they first appeared.Other examples of major allocations are as follows.
- Men and womenduetIs basically a red group.As an exceptionHide and RosannaandHirao Masaaki-Hatanaka YokoEach participated from the white group.
- Even in a group of female main vocalsNorihito Hasida climaxandBlue triangle rulerParticipated from Shirogumi in consideration of other participating singers.PaboAre all female but of the same seriesshameParticipated from the white group as a set.
- In the case of mixed chorus vocals, they are sorted each time.AAAHas a history of participation from both groups, and this is the only example of participation from both groups under the same name.
- TransgenderIn the singer58 times(2007)Nakamura NakaThere is an example in which (a man on the family register) participated in the Beni-gumi.
- 56 times(2005)soFuji Television Network, Incseries"Wannai R & R"At the innerGarage sale OfGoriIs a character dressed as a woman (singer debut)GorieHowever, he participated in the Beni-gumi for the first time in a solo by a man dressed as a woman.To be precise, he works as Gorie with Jasmine & Joann, and the main vocal is not a gorie but a female.Jasmine AllenとJoanBecause of that (Gorie himself also has a little solo part), he participated in the Red Group.
Singers who are active in parallel under multiple names could not participate in both in principle in the past.Kenji Sawada 40 times(1989) In the name of soloThe TigersFor a long time, it was the only case in which both of them participated.but,the 2000sFrom the second half, there were cases where members had multiple group units of the same series and each hit.Morning Musume.,AKB48,EXILEEtc.), gradually it has become possible to participate in multiple hang-ups.
26 times(1975)ofZuotobi(Nippon TVseries"LolSince then, singers with strong commercial broadcasting, such as singers (characters in the program) who have debuted from commercial broadcasting programs, have also participated. It is also relatively tolerant of the collaboration of.On the other hand, the commercial broadcasters also announced that they would aim for red and white when they made their debut, and when they decided to participate, they would broadcast the red and white production and the behind-the-scenes pattern in the program at a later date as "red and white document". Active in collaboration with red and white, such as sometimes.
Basically, the contestants are selected for the singers who released hit songs in that year.The person or affiliationRecord company・ It is confirmed to the affiliated office whether or not they are eligible for selection and whether they are willing to participate.[Note 7], Every year11The final decision will be made at a selection meeting.A press conference was held at the same time as the announcement,NHK News] And other media reports.It is customary for first-time participants to attend this press conference.61 times(2010) Since then, the contestant announcement press conference has been broadcast live on the Internet as well..
The program side basically does not clarify the selection process or reasons, and for non-elected people, the minimum circumstances are clarified in the question and answer session at the announcement press conference.72nd (2021) Announcement "In line with this year's success, public support, program production and planningThe three points are specifically presented...In the 72th session, focusing on these three points, the following five data were used as reference materials for determining the participating singers..
- Download on the InternetStreaming・ Number of music video views ・Social MediaSurvey on etc.
- Wired /karaokeSurvey on requests, etc.
- Achievements of live performances and concerts
- NHK conducted "7 people aged 3553 and over nationwide"Random digit dialingThe result of the opinion poll by the method. ((The question is "3 pairs of male and female singers who want to participate in red and white")
- Results of a web questionnaire survey conducted by NHK targeting 7 people aged 8000 and over nationwide (The question is, "I want you to participate in Kouhaku, 3 or more men and women, up to 10 groups each.")
(These are subtly changed according to the changes of the times, but we make a comprehensive judgment after considering such reference materials.)
As a reference for selecting participating singers,23 times(1972) From the time of selection, a "group to ask for opinions" was established, and a system to solicit opinions from its members was established.38 times(1987) Continued. The results of the questionnaire conducted by NHK for viewers are37 times(1986) Was emphasized, but after that it was kept as a reference.As a general rule, the results will not be announced.
In order to be selected as a red and white singer, it is primarily an activity in the music industry, that is, a track record of music sales (CD, DVD,Music distribution, USEN, karaoke, etc.) ・ Ability, name recognition, topicality, support for public opinion, singing ability, matching with the theme of the same time, etc. are important, but it is pointed out that the following conditions also exist.
Contribution to NHK
It is said that the degree of contribution to NHK, such as appearance and involvement in NHK programs and singing the theme song of the program, influences the selection. (Not explicitly stated by the program side) For example, "Continuous tv novelTheme song of ""Continuous tv novelAnd 'Taiga drama』Appearance,Olympic(ParalympicAlso in charge) ・FIFA World CupNHK sports broadcast theme song, etc.NHK National School Music CompetitionIn the case of providing assignment songs (junior high school section), it is easy to participate, and even during the actual performance, there are song introductions and productions related to tie-ups.However, the 71stMotohiro Hata・ The 72ndLittle Glee MonsterThere are some cases where even though there are tie-ups like the above, they do not participate in red and white.
Participation quota for each office
Regarding participating singers, it is said that there is a custom that a certain frame and numerical limit are set for each entertainment agency to which they belong.This is also not officially acknowledged by the program side,Johnny's OfficeIs the founder ofJanie KitagawaReveals the existence of the frame, saying, "NHK said that it was fixed to 2 frames and was determined."It is an open secret.
In the past, there was no frame for each entertainment agency until the early 1s, when it was a one-part system.For this reason25 times(1974), 50 out of 10 red and white participating singers were in their heyday at that time.Watanabe ProductionThere was also a situation where the singers belonging to the singer occupy.However, after that, it became difficult for a specific office to occupy a certain percentage of the participation quota on the scale of the former Watanabe Pro, because a certain quota was actually set up.
Therefore, there are some cases where the opportunity to participate is not blessed because it seems to be related to the office frame while releasing a big hit song. The participation of singers belonging to Johnny & Associates, which has become a major influence in the entertainment world since the 1980s,48 times(1997) For a long time afterSMAP-TOKYOWas limited to 2 groups[Note 8]. afterwards,60 times(2009)stormとNYC boysSince the first appearance, The number of singers participating from the office is increasing.
Presence or absence of scandals
NHKPublic broadcastingAnd the program is paid by the peopleReception feeIt is produced by, and the guarantee for the performers is also paid from the reception fee.for that reason,Image is cleanIt is also considered to be one of the important requirements for selecting and deciding performers.In fact, due to this condition, there are situations in which the election is rejected, declined, or the appearance is cancelled.
Especially in the Japanese entertainment world"Black dating", IeGangster-YakuzaSuch asantisocial forcesIs often appointed as an entertainer, and when this surfaced, it is said to have a decisive adverse effect on selection.It is no exception even if it is a big singer or a veteran singer.In the past, it had monopolized the red group bird for many years.Hibari MisoraBut,1973, A younger brother who was a member of a gangsterTetsuya KatouIn the wake of his arrestThird generation Yamaguchi-gumi-Kazuo TaokaThe relationship with was regarded as a problem.The support for the questionnaire to Hibari declined, and it was rejected because of a series of criticisms from the "Meeting for Opinions"...As an official singer, he never returned.also,37 times(1986) Then,Kitajima Saburo-Joji YamamotoWas attending a banquet hosted by a gangster, and was forced to decline on December 12, when the performance was imminent.As a substituteHiroshi KadokawaとToba IchiroWas elected, but this time Toba himself offers his past relationship with the gangsters.He declined after criticizing NHK's hypocrisy attitude toward this case.Shibugakitai).2011In each prefecture for the purpose of eliminating the influence of gangstersBoryokudan exclusion regulationsWas enforced and was a popular moderatorShimada ShinsukeHas retired from the entertainment world because of the discovery of dating with the gangsters and became a big topic, and NHK also announced the gangster exclusion guidelines.Same year62 timesRegarding the selection of, it is necessary to exclude people who have information on black dating, NHK is more nervous than usual in selecting candidates for participation, and each media says that it is also investing a lot of resources in the organization such as the news office. It was reported in.
At the time of the announcement of the participating singers, attention will be focused on "who did not participate" as well as "who participated".In particular, since the 1980s, the trend of "declining is the status" and "losing if you come out" has increased, especially among musician singers, and there have been an increasing number of cases in which the singer refuses to ask for participation.These artists will be referred to as "declining participation".There are various reasons for declining, and an example of participating only a few times when the name recognition came out (THE ALFEE,Southern All StarsExamples of not participating due to discord with NHK (etc.)AliceExamples that do not agree with the concept of red and white (etc.)Kazumasa Oda,Mr. ChildrenEtc.) and so on.However, some of these artists will participate in later years.
Also, an example in which a regular singer voluntarily declares "retirement" at a certain point and cancels the appearance from the following year (Kitajima Saburo,Shinichi MoriAnd so on).When declared before the final appearance, it is possible to add flowers as the final stage.On the other hand, there are also cases in which "retirement" is declared when the election is lost.When rejecting a meritorious person such as a regular singer, the program may officially "decline" because of the honor of the singer..
In addition, I declined after the participation was officially decided,Alternative participationAlthough there are few cases in which the singer was set up, there are the following cases.
- 2 times(1952） Utako Matsushima --On the day of the performanceTraffic accidentBecause I was injured.The substitute isKoshiji snowstorm.
- 6 times(1955) Sandy Sims- airplane CanceledDue to the influence of the above, the place of stay by the day of the productionHong Kong[Note 10]からTokyoI can't go back to.The substitute isHiroshi Ashino.
- 7 times(1956） Yukimura Izumi --Sudden illness on the day of the performance (Gastric spasm)for.The substitute is not in time and is Yukimura's best friend.Chiemi EriParticipated with two red flowers marked by the contestants on their chests.
- 21 times(1970） Chiemi Eri ――The singer's intention is that there are no hit songs.The substitute isHiyoshi Mimi.
- 22 times(1971） Hiroshi Uchiyamada and Cool Five --VocalKiyoshi MaekawaSudden illness[Note 11]..The substitute isFor Leaves.
- 37 times(1986） Kitajima Saburo-Joji Yamamoto-Toba Ichiro --Kitajima and Yamamoto at the beginning of this yearGangsterInagawa-kai OfNew Year's partyDeclined because it was discovered that he had been invited to.With TobaHiroshi KadokawaIs decided to participate as a substitute, but Toba himself criticized NHK's hypocrisy and declined because he had a relationship with Inagawa-kai in the past.Toba's substitute isShibugakitai.
- 39 times(1988） Toshihiko Tahara --Initially, NHK decided to participate with the consent of the record company and affiliated office, but Tahara himself announced that he would decline, saying that "Kohaku has graduated."The substitute isMale fighting group.
- 42 times(1991） HOUND DOG ――I declined due to a problem with NHK over the selection of songs.The substitute isBubblegum Brothers.
- 55 times(2004） Nochiura Natsumi - Natsumi AbePoetryplagiarismDeclined due to discovery.The remaining two (Goto MakiとAya Matsuura) And the unit name was changed again (as Maki Goto & Aya Matsuura. In the record, each was treated as a solo singer).
- 71 times(2020） Snow Man - 21 daysOne of the membersNew Coronavirus (COVID-19)It was confirmed that he was infected with the disease, and the health center determined that all the remaining eight members were close contacts. Decline..There was no substitute, and the white group was one less.
- 72 times(2021） Seiko Matsuda - daughter'sSayaka KandaIn response to the sudden death of, the announcement of the song including the judgment of whether or not to participate was postponed, and finally the participation was declined...There was no substitute, and it was held with one less red group.
Sandy Sims, HOUND DOG, and Nochiura Natsumi have been selected only once, and have become a phantom participant (three members have participated in another name for Natsumi Goura).In addition, some members of the group who were scheduled to participate may be absent or declined due to illness, injury, scandal, etc., and there are cases where the remaining members participated.
Celebrities representing the year (entertainers, sports people, music people, music people,Cultural person・ It is customary for about 10 people (such as those involved in the media) to be appointed.In addition to participating in the judging, talks with the moderator are sandwiched everywhere in the broadcast, and it is involved in the progress of the program.55 times(2004) Was called the "special judge", and the director of the NHK program production bureau was called the "judgment chairman".
The guest judges will be the latest to announce in late December.The most likely to be appointed is the next year's "Taiga drama(In rare cases, the current year or the next year / first half of the yearContinuous tv novel』) Is the leading actor (rarely a quasi-leading actor), and is a judge almost every year unless selected as a moderator or singer.In addition, the scriptwriter of "Taiga Drama" has also appeared.In addition, the performers of NHK's regular programs may be judges.
In recent years, there have been many cases where performers who were active in commercial TV programs became judges.
In sports,Professional baseball OfJapan seriesThe manager of the winning team and the main players,Grand SumoThere are many signboard wrestlers (new yokozuna, wrestlers who became new Ozeki, etc. in that year), but in professional baseball,67 times(2016), The winning team of the Japan Series of the same year (the best in Japan)Hokkaido Nippon-Ham FightersWon the Pacific League Most Valuable Player Award (MVP) of the same yearOtani Xiangping, In sumo wrestling63 times(2012), 70s at that timeYokozuna OfFujima HimaHas not been elected last.Professional golferThen.57 times(2006)Yokohama sakura,70 times(2019) In the same yearBritish Women's OpenWonShibuno HinakoEtc. were selected.Olympic-ParalympicMedal winners are not willing to appear in places unrelated to competitionJapan Athletic AssociationInitially, he was not elected because of his intention.The first example is35 times(1984) InYumi Egami(Los Angeles Olympicswomanvolleyball・ Bronze medal), after which the selection will be customary (players and managers who are expected to receive medals the year before the Olympic and Paralympic Games may be appointed).
In addition to the above main performers, various celebrities will appear as guests.[Note 12]..There are various genres such as cheering for singers and people related to music, participation in performances by music providers, and facilitators of broadcasting from outside the venue (usually NHK announcers).In addition, it is also standard for young owarai tarento who broke that year to show stories between the curtains.For the main guests, appearances will be announced one by one before the performance.
In addition, because it is a New Year's Eve festival, NHK's appearance as an incumbent announcer for commercial broadcasters has also been realized as a special case.
- Hitomi Nakamura(at that timeFuji Television Network, IncAffiliation) - 59 times(2008),shame With PaboSupport of.
- Shinichi Hatori(at that timeNippon TVAffiliation) - 60 times(2009),FUNKY MONKEY BABYSSupport of.
From the 61st (2010) to the 71st (2020), "Kohaku Ura Talk" was held... A set is assembled on a part of the NHK Hall seats, and the talk from there is continuously broadcast by sub-audio during the broadcast time.There is an exclusive MC (talent and NHK announcer), and singers and guests take turns appearing.
Until the production
Both groups will be hosting NHK-related work until the actual performance (especially in the case of talent).eachTV information magazineOften used on the cover of the year-end and New Year issue (including an interview when acting as the moderator of red and white), and the cover of both groupsPhone card,Library cardWill also be released.
In principle, all the songs and song order of the participating singers are open to the public, and the songs will be announced in mid-December and the song order will be announced in late December.
- In principle, each group will perform one song, and their own songs released that year.
- When showing a version arranged for directing, the "song" may be an arrangement of the original song title (such as assigning an era name or adding a subtitle such as "red and white version").
- A singer who has made a series of hits in a year and a big singer who will appear for several years may perform two or more songs as a medley.At this time, the medley itself becomes the "song", and there are times when you do not know the song to be performed, such as "medley" or "red and white special".
- For the convenience of production, past songs may be shown.In particular, veteran enka singers who have strong support for themselves but do not sell new songs often sing old hit songs many times.The maximum number of singing is "Beyond Amagi11 times, then "Tsugaru Strait/Winter scenerySing these two songs in 10 timesIshikawa Sayuri The58 times(2007) Since then, he has been singing both songs every other year for more than 10 years.
- NHK-specific circumstances (lyrics and singing styles are sexually associated,chivalrous spiritSometimes it is not possible to select a song (such as a song of a thing).
- There are also examples of performing songs other than their own songs in the hits of cover songs and memorial projects, and there are also songs sung by multiple participating singers.
- The right to select songs is basically not given to the singer.This can buy a backlash from the singer,42 times(1991) Conflict with the program side over the song to be performedHOUND DOGDeclined to participate.Akira FuseCites that "(own) song is fixed" as one of the reasons for the program's retirement.
In late December, it is customary for many red and white PR specials to be organized, and the moderator, the red and white performers of the year, and the people involved in red and white are invited as guests.Past red and whitere-airThere are also programs centered on broadcasting famous scenes (both BS2 "Memorial Red and White Song Battle" and "Memories of red and white and moving red and white of your choice"Such).
There is a Kamidana at the corner of the passage on the lower side connecting the venue and the dressing room, and before the rehearsal starts, the priest is called and all the staff pray for success.It is customary for singers to pray for singing safely between rehearsals..
The script will be completed on December 2, two days before the performance, and the rehearsal will begin with the face-to-face meeting of the moderator, participating singers, and staff.The script is very thick, and everything including the talk is written in seconds, and the progress is organized in seconds.However, for some productions, the details are treated as blank in the script (they may be hidden by the participating singers and moderators), and some are kept secret until the actual performance.In the face-to-face meeting, there is an explanation of the setup on the day of the performance.From the 12s to the 29s, when they were live bands, they tuned in groups one by one, and at times near midnight, they also rehearsed the opening and cheering battles assuming the stage of NHK Hall in the rehearsal room.After that, most of the rehearsals were held at NHK Hall due to the increase in broadcasting time.
In parallel with the rehearsal, an interview will be held between the moderator and the participating singers.In the interview, the moderator will explain the contents of the song introduction in the actual performance to the participating singer, the participating singer will request the moderator to introduce his song, and his feelings and episodes for singing. Or talk about..The content of this interview may be shown during the production.In addition, media reporters will also be packed in the NHK Hall, and interviews with the performers (hanging format) will be held until dawn on New Year's Day during the rehearsal and the actual performance.It is customary to mainly state the summary of the same year and the aspirations for the next year..
As a general rule, NHK does not provide lunch boxes (location lunch boxes), catering, etc.[Note 13], It is customary for the moderator or singer to make the insertion instead.
The rehearsal will take place until the daytime on December 12st.In the meantime, on December 31th (previously before the 12st production), "Japan Record AwardThe award-winning singer is in charge. In the era when it was held at the same time on the 31st and the red and white started at 21:20, "Reco Dai" ended at 50:XNUMX, and the award-winning singer rushed to the moving car picked up from NHK with the costume of "Reco Dai" and patrol car. The singers who rushed to the NHK Hall, changed their clothes in the car, and arrived a few seconds before the start of the performance rushed to the hall one after another.
Until the 1990s, a special program that edited the flow of these productions by mixing multiple videos from the 1970s to the 80s that remained in the NHK archives was broadcast as a special program immediately before.
At the opening and ending of the show, all the singers will be on stage.In the past, the participating singers marched toward the stage at the opening, and in the 1980s, the participating singers were introduced one by one.[Note 14]Is the basic, from the start of broadcasting32 times(1981),36 times(1985)- 38 times(1987),40 times(1989),43 times(1992),47 times(1996),48 times(1997) Is "Cheers songWas used for the admission march.
The moderators of both groups of talents are dressed in the colors of both groups at the opening.[Note 15]Appears in.The general moderator wears a suit for male announcers and a dress for female announcers (after that, there are several costume changes except for suits).Introduction of each moderator[Note 16]After that, I entered the song introduction of the first singer as it was.
As a general rule, it is a format in which both red and white singers confront each other.The standard singing time is about 1 minutes per group.However, it is given preferential treatment in the singer and music that is the centerpiece of that time, and it may be up to 10 minutes at the longest.[Note 17]..On the other hand, in the case of a singer who does not have much topics, it will be shortened to less than 2 minutes.The order between the two groups may change in the middle, which is called "offense and defense change".
Since the 2000s, there have been many cases where this battle format principle has not been met, and there are cases where a special corner is entered in the middle of the battle, there are no opponents, and the opponents in the singing order and the opponents in the production are different.[Note 18], An example of being incorporated into a battle slot even though it is not counted as a regular battle singer[Note 19]and so on.Furthermore, in terms of production, solo singers and groups who participated separately will appear in one package.[Note 20]In some years, the number of participants differs between the two armies due to these factors.
After singing about 4 groups, the announcer of the general moderator introduces the guest judge in principle.[Note 21]Also, explain the screening method and media development other than live broadcasting of NHK General TV (radio booth, back talk channel, public viewing, etc.)[Note 22]..The moderator's fixed position is the Hanamichi part beside the stage, where the songs are introduced and talks with other performers are held.The stage is assigned poorly in the red group and good in the white group (4 times〈1953> Only reverse), in the first half of the program, the songs were introduced separately on both flower paths, but since the dressing room is on the lower side of NHK Hall, later the white group is also on the lower side except for the first and last two groups. I came to do it at.After that, in principle, the moderators of both groups will be in charge of the program progress, and the announcer of the general moderator will assist the progress of both groups at key points.
In principle, the singers who appear will sing in the live broadcast, including the live broadcast, but recorded appearances are rare.[Note 23].
He is also enthusiastic about changing the stage and directing the stage, and sometimes spends a lot of money and a long time for one stage. The latest video technology such as 3D mapping is also used.On the singer side, "luxury costumes" became the highlight.Sachiko KobayashiとKenichi MikawaIn some cases, a large amount of self-pay may be made for the sunny red and white.Fukuyama MasaharuIs a custom-made costume, so he often takes it out and reveals that he is in the red.).
Between the songs, there is a corner that matches the trends and themes of the year, and volunteer singers participate. NHK's popular programs are often featured, andOlympicIn some cases, sports-related productions are performed.There is also "support" among singers on the regular stage.Especially after the 1990s, due to the audience rating, popular pop singers will appear everywhere (such as back dancers as enka singers).In many cases, a memorial project for a celebrity who died that year is held.
For the audience at the venuePenlight,LED light,Real-time AR system,Glow stick,花 花, Masks and other props will be distributed, and you will participate in the production according to the instructions of the program.Penlights may also be distributed to participating singers for use on stage.
Decided to disband or suspend activities and singers who announced their retirement / holiday within the yearBand・ If a group is elected, it will be noticed as the "last stage".[Note 24]..Since the singer often uses "only within the year of activity" as a delimiter, it is easy to select red and white, which has a high audience rating, as the final stage.
The singer who appears at the end of both groups is called "Tori" (the side that appears later is "Otori", and some moderators say "Singing" when introducing the song), which attracts special attention.Usually, veterans and singers called lords are selected.In rare cases, when a young singer is selected, it is described as "great selection".During the last few sets of singing, the participating singers will also line up on both Hanamichi.
Enka was popular in the early days of the program, and the enka singer had been monopolizing the bird for a long time.For the first time, both groups were appointed by pop singers because the enka was record-breaking.29 times(1978)ofMomoe YamaguchiとKenji Sawada(Momoe Yamaguchi was 19 years old at the time and the youngest in history).After that, even if the popularity of enka declined, this tendency did not change, and since the enka singer was also in the position of "great singer" among the performing singers, there was no sense of discomfort in decorating the bird.The number of pop singers increased in the latter half of the 2000s when the number of enka singers decreased.Even for pop singersDREAMS COME TRUE,Mariko Takahashi,Seiko MatsudaMany veteran singers are appointed.
- It is said that there was a convention that a bird singer must be a solo singer.43 times(1992) To the birdSaori YukiIs every yearShoko YasudaIt was a standard duet with, but only this year he participated solo (Yasuda turns to chorus).Birds in a group54 times(2003)ofSMAPIs the first.SMAP, who served as a non-solo singer in Shirogumistorm ,YuzuOnly 3 groups, the only one who acted as a bird in the red group other than the solo singerDREAMS COME TRUEとIkimonogakariOnly, both are mixed gender groups.Group consisting only of women (Nogizaka46The birds of Sakamichi Series, etc.) have not been realized yet.[Note 25].
- Even after the ban on the broadcast appearance was lifted, there is no precedent for the broadcast performer to take a bird, and it is said that there is an unwritten rule that "the bird will be the venue singer".[Note 26] .
- 35 times(1984) As the last stage before retirementMiyako HarumiWhen he acted as a big bird, an encore was performed from the venue after singing, and the second song that was not specially on the list was shown.[Note 27].
- When enka / kayokyoku becomes a big bird song, the outro is arranged to be a gorgeous fanfare. 56 times(2005Until), after the performance of this fanfare, the participating singers who were on both Hanamichi with a short fanfare gathered in the center while applauding the singer of the big bird.
- 64 times(2013), The bird is anomalous, as a regular birdMariko Takahashi-SMAPAfter singing, retired at the same timeKitajima SaburoIt became the stage of (positioned as the "ultimate big bird").
- 69 times(2018) Then as a regular birdIshikawa Sayuri-stormSpecial appearance after singingSouthern All Stars(Similar to Kitajima mentioned above, it is positioned as the "ultimate big bird").
Win / loss is a two-way system of guest judges, spectators at the venue, and terrestrial digital television broadcasting.Mobile phoneIt is decided by the vote of the viewer using.The method of judging and announcing the results will differ from time to time.For a long time, it was decided by the guest judges and the audience after singing all the singers, but in the 21st century, votes from general viewers outside the venue will be added (twice at the end of Part 1). ..Since it takes time to count the votes of general viewers, the announcer of the general moderator calls for a vote when there are only two groups (one match) left in Part 2, and during the two sets of singing, the votes are counted and counted, just before the news. Display the results in.At the time of the final vote59 times(2008) After that, as a "highlight" during voting, a digest of the singing scene of all singers (a few seconds per group, a total of less than 1 minutes) will be played, or at the end, one song will be sung by all.[Note 28]..All performers at the venue, including judges and guests, during the vote (Labor Standards ActBecause of this, only performers over the age of 18 are actually on stage) will go up on stage.
When the winning team is decided, the TV screen will say "○ Group victory !!A lot of subtitles came out from the ceilingConfettiWill fall to the full stage (19 times(1968)from.In the 19th time, balloons were also falling.By the way, in the early days, paper tape was thrown on the stage, and only paper tape fell from the ceiling (14 times(1963)- 18 times(1967)), The effect that the Kusudama breaks and confetti, paper tape, and balloons fall (6 times(1955)・11 times(1960)- 12 times(1961))was there.TV programIs a pioneer in).However, from around the 2000s, confetti did not fall when the victory was decided, but it fell at the ending "Hotaru no Hikari" scene.Then, the championship flag is awarded to the host (captain) of the championship group (the person who gives the victory flag varies depending on the time, usually one of the guest judges).In addition, this winning flag is decorated with ribbons in the colors of successive winning teams. Around the 1s, right after the winning team was decidedMilitary song"TriumphWas customarily sung.
After the 4th finale, except for some times in the early 1960s, "Firefly lightIs usually sung by the performers (participating singers, moderators, guest judges, guests, choirs, etc.) and the audience at the venue.There is a musician who participates as a conductor only in this scene.
- Ichiro FujiyamaIs the year before he passed away43 times(1992) Served as the chorus conductor (22 times(1971) IsHiroyuki IwakiHowever, Fujiyama also appeared as a general conductor).
- After Fujiyama passed away44 times(1993From)56 times(2005)UntilMiyagawa YasushiServed.
- After Miyagawa's death57 times(2006From)67 times(2016)UntilHirao MasaakiServed.
- After Hirao's death68 times(2017) IsShunichi TokuraIs in command.
Until 1990, he actually conducted the orchestra on stage, but after 1991, when the number of singers who did not need the orchestra increased, it became a performance for singers and spectators on stage.
When the big chorus of "Hotaru no Hikari" is over, the big ending live performance of the program original arrangement (broadcast start- 31 times(1980) Is a rather dark arrangement, and the staging is only penlight lighting distributed to the performers on stage and the viewers at the venue one by one.34 times(1983)- 37 times(1986),38 times(1987)- 42 times(1991) Has almost the same ending arrangement, the former has been diverted for 4 consecutive years, the latter has been diverted for 5 consecutive years,45 times(1994)- 51 times(2000),53 times(2002),64 times(2013)- 67 times(2016),69 times(2018),71 times(2020),72 times(2021) 15 times in total,52 times(2001),56 times(2005),58 times(2007), The same ending arrangement was diverted for both the former and the latter, and a completely different new ending arrangement was individually provided for that year.32 times(1981),33 times(1982),43 times(1992),44 times(1993),57 times(2006),59 times(2008)- 63 times(2012) (The period of different arrangements for each year continued for 5 consecutive years),68 times(2017),70 times(2019) Only.also,64 times(2013)Or later,68 times(2017)When70 times(2019Except for), the arrangement is often interwoven with "Ninth"), which flows for about 20-30 seconds, and a single note flows at the end (single note continues for 3 consecutive notes).61 times(2010)- 63 times(2012),68 times(2017), Missile type for stage production after leaving a lingering sound at the end of the songcrackerIs launched on the audience seats from good and bad on stage[Note 29], The program ends there.
After the broadcast
The audience rating will be announced around January 1nd and will be a hot topic in various media.At the same time, the audience rating in 2-minute units will be announced, so "who got the highest audience rating" will also be of interest.Usually acquired by a singer in or near a bird.
- Second World WarImmediately after the end1945On New Year's EveRed and White Music Match]Radio programWas broadcast ("Kohaku Ongaku Game" was a private program).The program is from the director who thought, "Let's make a music program suitable for the new era."Tsumoru KondoIt was the idea of.KondokendoWith the red and white match in mind, I tried to create a program that incorporates the three elements of entertainment, "Speed, Sexuality, Sports."Initially, it was planned to be broadcast under the program name of "Red and White Music Battle".But,GhqHowever, he decided that "what is a defeated country in a battle?" And had no choice but to change from a battle to a match that means a match.There was no judgment of victory or defeat and no judges, and there was no equivalent to a cheering party.At that time, there was no train all night on New Year's Eve, and singers who couldn't make it to the last trainNHK Tokyo Broadcasting CenterI had him sleep on a chair in the music club room..Since it is a music match, participants other than songs also appeared,xylophone,Mandolin,Shakuhachi(However, as mentioned above, it is possible for musical instrument performers and groups to participate in this "NHK Kouhaku Uta Gassen").Kawada MasakoSang "Train poppoWas originally a wartime nursery rhyme called "Soldier's Train", but Kondo is the lyricist.Kaoru TomiharaWe made changes such as changing "Soldier-san Soldier-san Mannensai" to "Tetsubashi, Tetsubashi, it's fun".Also, the big hit "Apple songIn the same year, a newcomerNamiki MichikoParticipated side by side with veterans (Neither Kawada nor Namiki participated in the later "NHK Kouhaku Uta Gassen" for a lifetime).
- It was very well received, but at that time there was no idea to continue the same program on New Year's Eve (it was considered incompetent to broadcast the same content the following year).1946"Kohaku Ongaku Game" was never organized as a subsequent New Year's Eve program.However, the staff could not forget the magnitude of the response of "Kohaku Ongaku Game", about 5 years after the broadcast.1951, "It shouldn't be a program of New Year's Eve," said the New Year's program, "The 1th NHK Red and White Singing BattleWas broadcast[Note 30]..In addition, all the singers who participated in the first time1950Those who did not appear on NHK's "Meisei Matsuri" broadcast on December 12st.
- 1 times(1951), The songs and song order of the participating singers were not announced before the broadcast.(The participating singers have been announced, 1951 before the broadcast.1/1Attached "Mainichi Newspapers』There is a description of the participating singer name in the program introduction article..Being aware of the battle format, the captain of the Red GroupWatanabe Hamako, Shirogumi Captain'sIchiro FujiyamaWas to decide who to sing what while watching each other's appearance).
- 3 times(19531/2) Was broadcast as a New Year's program, but on December 1953, 12,4 timesWas broadcast, and with this 4th episode, the broadcast of Omisoka, which is similar to "Kohaku Ongaku Game", has taken root.Also, due to this, there were two broadcasts in 1953.One of the reasons for holding Omisoka was that only Omisoka had a large venue open during the year-end and New Year holidays (on the program side, it was easier to secure top singers. ).However, the program side was worried whether the audience would gather in the New Year's Eve.This means that until then, New Year's Eve will never hitJinxIn order to overcome this, we took steps to increase the number of participating singers by 4 from the previous time.
- During the New Year holidays, a "Happy New Year" plate was displayed above the stage.Also, in the New Year's era,Haruo Oka,Yoshio Tabata,Obata MinoruThe popular singer at that time did not participate because it was a New Year's performance., These singers also came to participate after the transition to New Year's Eve.
- A live announcer will appear from the 3rd time.In the early days, this position was served by a first-class sports announcer because "sports" was one of the concepts..
- At the same time as the start of the main broadcast on TV in the 4th time, visual production began to be performed, and the player oath, the return of the championship flag, and the awarding were started.From the same time, the number of times will be counted in the program name.In the first three times, the White team won the championship, but at the same time, the Red team won the championship for the first time.The white group singer who suffered the defeat for the first time all said, "I'm scared of TV. This time I lost to the costume (of the Red Group female army).".
- The tendency of the red group singers to emphasize costumes was further spurred after the start of color broadcasting later..
- NHK started the main TV broadcast in 1953, but it is far from the spread of TV to general households, and it is difficult to produce it independently as a TV program, and the budget is tight.NHK RadioIt is often done to broadcast popular programs of, and red and white was one of them.Also, for a while, it was produced with the idea that radio was the main and television was the subordinate..
- The venue is up to the first 3 timesUchisaiwaichoIt was the former NHK Tokyo Broadcasting Center. After the start of the 1953th simultaneous radio and television broadcast in December 12Tokyo Takarazuka Theater,Japanese theater(Japanese drama) ・Hibiya Public Hall-Sankei Hall-Shinjuku Koma Theater[Note 31]And so on, but24 times(1973)LaterNHK HallIt is fixed to.The 72nd (2021) will be closed due to construction work such as seismic retrofitting and equipment renewal at NHK Hall.Tokyo International ForumIt was held in.The red and white song battle is held outside NHK Hall23 times(1972) It's been 49 years since the Tokyo Takarazuka Theater.
- As for the red and white in the early days, the existing materials are limited, and the preservation status is as follows.
- As for the photographic materials, the first photo is not left,2 times(1952) Since then, all the photographs are still in existence.
- Regarding audio, although it was not saved in NHK in the early days for a long time,AichiNagoya cityResident general viewers5 times(1954) Was recording the audio of the radio broadcastOpen reelThe tape is1999It was discovered at the end and provided to NHK.Since the same time, it is unclear whether all the audio of the radio broadcast was provided by the above man, but13 times(1962The voice of all times up to) exists.For the initial audio, NHK Radio (Radio 1)NHK-FM) Special program[Note 32]May be introduced in.
- As for video, video storage technology was not established at the beginning of television broadcasting, and it was at the end of the 1950s.2 inch VTRSince it was common to reuse tapes even after the introduction, the initial times are few.The existing video is the whole story14 times(1963) Is the oldest13 times(1962) Remains a video that was introduced in a small part of the news at that time along with the audio of the radio broadcast.15 times(1964From)Color broadcastingHowever, the video of the same time does not exist in color or black and white, and the sound of the radio broadcast still exists.After the 15th, excluding the 14ththe 1960sThe footage of all times still exists, but almost only in black and white (16 times(1965) Is missing, but the color VTR is19 times(1968) Is not well preserved, but color film still exists).21 times(1970) Is still in color, but it is not well preserved in the film image, and part of it is missing.22 times(1971) Is a color video image that still exists, but there is a part that is not well preserved.23 times(1972), NHK began to save on VTR, and all the images after the same time are still existing as stable color video images.
- 8 times(1957) Was limited to solo singers.but,9 times(1958)Yoshishige Mizutani-Tamami Togo-Tamaki Sawa,Dark dachsWas elected for the first time as a group, and since then many groups have participated.Until the 13th (1962), the group was always dressed to play against the group.
- Since the 14th (1963), the interest from fans all over the country has increased, so the "Kohaku Uta Gassen Implementation Committee" was established within the entertainment bureau at that time.Preparations for implementation will begin at the same time as autumn every year.
- the 1950sIn Kouhaku, many foreign songs were selected..
- Until the dawn of the war (around the 7th time), pre-war and mid-war singers were also regulars, but8 times(1957) Is a leading figure from before the warIchiro FujiyamaDeclined to participate as a singer in the form of giving way to the younger generation.After that, the names of prewar singers disappear with each passing.To be replaced10 times(1959) In the new generation duo singerThe PeanutHowever (this is the first time I have participated as a sister or brother), the next time11 times(1960In)MikaAs the firstthe 1960sBecome a star singer leading the song worldYukio HashiAnd Masaaki Hirao (currently, the leading rockabilly boomer)Hirao Masaaki)But,12 times(1961) Was being broadcast on NHK at that time.Let's dreamWas born from the "Song of the Month" corner in ""Let us walk towards the topBy the hitKyu SakamotoThe color of "generational change" is being strongly reflected year by year in the faces of the contestants, such as their first appearances.and13 times(1962) Was participating continuously until the previous yearNoriko Awatani,Hayao Isao,Hisao ItoWas defeated, and it became a feature of only postwar singers.
- 11 times(1960) Until before and after, it was said that he refrained from playing against singers of the same record company as much as possible.After that, confrontations between singers of the same record company began to take place, but this practice continued for a while after this for bird confrontations.
- Red group bird is from the first time onwards27 times(1976) Except for the 4th[Note 33]ConsistentlyColumbiaThe singer I belonged to was serving.By this conventionHideo MurataMale singers belonging to Columbia such as could not serve as a white group bird..For the first time in the history of red and white, a singer belonging to Columbia will serve as a white group bird.34 times(1983)ofHosokawa TakashiWill wait until.
- Video Research CompanyThe TV ratings survey by the company will start from the 13th (1962) (and suddenly recorded 80.4%).The following day, the 14th (1963), the audience rating of 81.4% was recorded...This is the highest TV rating in red and white history and in all statistics of Video Research.[Note 34][Note 35].
- Hibari MisoraFrom the 14th to the 23rd, he was consistently a red group bird (most of the time was a big bird).However, as mentioned above, the next1973In the same year, his younger brother was arrested in a case involving a gangster, and the popularity of the skylark performances plummeted due to a series of cancellations of skylark performances all over the country.24 timesWas also defeated (after that30 times〈1979> Returned only once with Ichiro Fujiyama as a "30th anniversary special guest", "Madros of the skylark""Apples""All the way in lifeShowed off the medley).
- the 1960sDuring the heyday of Group Sounds, the long-haired group had a deep-rooted opinion that it was "bad," and in addition, due to the intention of the NHK chairman at that time, he could not participate at all.In fact, the chairman of NHK said, "Group Sounds with long hair will not appear," and even the situation where a witness was invited in the Diet (NHK scandalreference).18 times(1967)ofThe TigersIs an example.I was able to perform with short hairJackey Yoshikawa and Blue CometsIt was only.As time passed, there were cases where enka singers and idols had long hair, so naturally the ban on long hair was lifted.
- Okinawa TheThe United States of AmericaBecause it was under the administration of, it was not possible to broadcast on TV until the 15th (1964).From the 16th (1965), the day after the completion of the micro cable for TV broadcasting that connects the mainland and Okinawa, TV has been on.Okinawa TV, The radioRadio OkinawaRespectivelysponsorBroadcasting started in the form of turning on.TV in 1968Okinawa Broadcasting AssociationWhen the central broadcasting station of 19 started broadcasting on TV, it will be broadcast on the same station from the 1972th time of the same year, and with the return to the mainland in XNUMXNHK Okinawa Broadcasting StationIt became a broadcast as.When the NHK Okinawa Broadcasting Station resumed radio broadcasting in 1972, the radio was broadcast on the same station from the 23rd of the same year.
- 20 times(1962) From the opening march, the names of the participating singers will be displayed as telops.also1969からTBSseries"Japan Record AwardWill be held from 19:21 to XNUMX:XNUMX on the same day and will be broadcast live on TV, and the big move from the singer's "Record Award" to red and white has begun (this big move is due to the advancement of the date of the "Japan Record Award"2005It ended with).At this time, some singers appeared in the same costumes as the "Record Awards".
- From the late 1960sthe 1970sIt was common for the singers to sit side by side behind the stage.
- See below for details.
- 1951 1952 April 1953 April 1953 1954 1955 1956 1957 1958 1959 1960 1961 1962 1963 1964 1965 1966 1967 1968 1969
- the 1970sTo become andNew three daughters,New Three Family,Flower Koichi TrioThe rise of idols represented byforkandnew music,On the rocksThe popularity of the group changed the quality of the songs sung in red and white.
- NHK, which is a public broadcaster, regulates the use of product names in programs, but in the past, the regulation was particularly strict, and even in red and white, troubles related to lyrics occurred.24 times(1973)Princess Kaguyaof"Kanda River"Kurepas" (Kurepas) that appears in the lyrics ofSakura ClepasAs a result of trying to change the trademark) to "crayon", Princess Kaguya declined to participate.29 times(1978) ButMomoe Yamaguchiof"Playback Part2"Bright red" in the lyricsPorscheI tried to change it to a "red car", but it was actually sung according to the original lyrics (By the way, another music program "Let's Go Young』Sung as a" bright red car "in" NHK Young Song Festival ").
- 55 times(2004)AlsoKen Matsudairaof"Matsuken Samba II], It was reported in some media that it was discussing with the lyricist about the handling of lyrics when "Matsudaira" indicating Matsudaira was subject to regulation, but it was not actually regulated.
- 71 times(2020In)Eitoof"perfume, Which appears in the lyricsDolce & GabbanaThe press asked if the lyrics could be used as they are due to advertising issues, but the NHK side expressed the view that "there is no problem as it is", and on the day of the event, "Dolce & Gabbana & Gabbana ”was sung.
- Audience rating has been around since the 1970sthe 1980sThe first half was still in a surprisingly high range.25 times(1974), Served as the white group moderator for 9 yearsYamakawa ShizuoOne of the reasons for the change was the drop in viewer ratings, but it was still the last time I was in charge.33 times(1982) Was 69.9% (according to a survey by Video Research, Kanto area).Above allMiyako HarumiBecame the retirement stage of35 times(1984) Audience rating is 78.1%,the 1960sIt was a number comparable to.However, after that, the audience rating began to drop significantly.
- 29 times(1978From)Stereo broadcastingStart.
- 32 times(1981), Participating singers who had been marching from behind the hall through the audience seats are now marching from behind the stage.The set was reviewed, and it became possible to replace the stage equipment during the production.In addition, the number of cheering battles has decreased, and singer seats are no longer set up except at the beginning and end. Although only the cheering battle was revived from the mid-1980s, singer seats were no longer set up at the beginning and end.[Note 36].42 times(1991) Admission march, return of the championship flag, player oath (performed by both group moderators and representatives of participating singers)[Note 37]Is omitted, and until then, on stageOrchestra pitThe orchestra that was playing in is no longer appearing on the front stage.53 times(2002), The orchestra is small, but I played on the front stage for the first time in a while.afterwards,63 times(2012), The live performance was abolished, and it was changed to the one using the accompaniment recorded in advance except for the band.From the same time, the ending production will be gorgeous and bright.31 times(1980), There were times when the lighting was harsh and gradually dimmed.
- During the period from the 31st (1980) to the 35th (1984), in principle, no cheering guests were appointed in order to return to the origin of "the festival of songs by singers" (even when no cheering guests appeared at all). be).
- From the 33rd (1982), in principle, almost all songsLyrics telopCame to appear on the TV screen.Also, at the same time, the song selection that is usually decided after the announcement of the participating singers is the same year during the selection of the participating singers.9/21I went from.I made an attempt to ask each record company to "make a list of people who want to participate in red and white this year, write three songs that they want to sing, and ask them to submit. It doesn't matter if you have a song. ")Looking back on the year of lack of hit songs, the impression that singers who are in danger of appearing will be given a chance depending on the song spreads to the industry, and when the record company submits the list you want to participate in, you can judge your intention to appear. It also became a thing.
- 34 times(1983) -Until then, the full band and the Tokyo Radio Orchestra, who played the backing for each of the red and white groups, were on stage, but this year they have disappeared.
- 34 times(1983)- 36 times(1985) Was adopted for the awarding of gold and silver cups.As a matter of course, the song is awarded by comprehensively judging the production aspects such as costumes and the activity during the program, and the winner of the gold cup is selected from the winning team and the winner of the silver cup is selected from the losing team. It was decided to be done.
- Red and white in the 1980s were harder to get a lot of attention than before.One of the things that attracted the most attention during this periodSachiko KobayashiIt was the costume of.Kobayashi's costume became flashy from the mid-1980s, and in the 36th (1985) "Meoto Shigure"TwelveThe next37 times(1986) In "Separation"ク レ オ パ ト ラShowed off his costume.42 times(1991)'S "Winter Makeup" flew as a bird. In the 1990s, with KobayashiKenichi MikawaThe gorgeous costume confrontation of the two people will be noticed (there are times when the two people faced each other directly)[Note 38].. Kobayashi is a huge mechanical device, while Mikawa is an interlude.Princess TenkoIt is opposed by the supervised illusion.By the way, the gorgeous costumes worn by Kobayashi and Mikawa in red and white will be produced long before the announcement of the actual and participating singers with a large budget (even in the case of hundreds of millions of units).[Note 39][Note 40]In addition, the costumes worn by the two are Omisoka on the day of the event.sports newspaperAnd commercial broadcastingInformation program,Wide showIt was introduced before the performance.In addition to these two, singers who show off their gorgeous costumes in red and white may appear.[Note 41].
- The 38th (1987) was the last live commentary on TV, and the following day.39 times(1988), Only the live broadcast on the radio.
- 40 times(1989), Red and white became two parts.same yearEmperor ShowaDemise, "ShowaThere was also the meaning of "looking back", but there was also the meaning of audience rating measures that viewers' tastes for music diversified and it was not possible to meet demand unless many songs were prepared.This attempt was successful, and the downward trend in viewer ratings was temporarily stopped.After that,the 1990sThe audience rating will change around 50%.
- Since 1989, the abolition of red and white has been considered because the average audience rating of red and white has declined, but the abolition has been canceled each time.
- In the 1990sTetsuya KomuroThe song written and composed by No. XNUMX dominated the market, but the influence was also reflected in red and white, and many singers participated.
- 41 times(1990), The production of singing live from other than NHK Hall was performed for the first time.There was a plan to insert a broadcast in the program before this, but the broadcast singing has not been performed due to the common recognition on the producer side that "delivering the performance from the stage is red and white".At this time, Tsuyoshi Nagabuchi sang three songs from Berlin for 15 minutes...However, the production of singing at the relay destination was unpopular with the audience at NHK Hall and other red and white singers, and after that, the production of singing at the relay destination was not performed until the 12rd (53), 2002 years later (on the other hand). , The production has taken root since the broadcast production was revived).
- In the previous year, only the second part was scored, but from the same time, the first part was also scored.As a result, the first half of the broadcast time from the same time is "Japan Record Award], And the problems such as the singer's scramble and the big movement due to the singer's singer became even bigger.TBSSaid that Kouhaku was in a hurry to become a counterprogram of the "Record Awards". In addition to complaining to NHK on the TBS side, the "Record Awards", which boasted an audience rating of 30% each time due to the long-term fixation of red and white, will eventually reduce the audience rating, and finally2006The date has been moved up to December 12th ("Record Awards" will be produced in two categories, "Kyokyoku / Enka Category" and "Pop / Rock Category", that is, two sets of Grand Prix from this year as a measure against red and white. You will be able to devise things such as changing them).
- Since the 42nd (1991), large-scale composition and production with elaborate opening has been performed.A big celebrity may make an opening declaration.At the same time, the first part, from 21:1 to 21:22 (until the interruption due to news before 30:XNUMX)Ryoko Moriyama-Andy Williamsの対戦カードまで）までを第2部、22時30分から終了までを第3部とする計3部構成がとられた。ただし、第2部から第3部への移行時には中断が挿入されなかったため、ビデオリサーチ社による視聴率調査では第2部・第3部をあわせて“第2部”として取り扱われ、のちの紅白関連資料（NHKによる公式資料を含む）もこのビデオリサーチ社による区割りに則って今回の出場歌手・曲順が紹介されている。
- Since the 1990s, original songs and theme songs may be produced and sung by the participating singers in the program (in this case, the participants may sing with the score).These songs will be released on CD later, "Everyone's song』Broadcast inNHK National School Music CompetitionIt may also be used as an assignment song.There are also cases where it is sung as a song by a participating singer in the red and white of the following year.
- Since the XNUM X'sデ ィ ズ ニ ーIn many cases, collaboration productions with popular anime are performed.
- 45 times(1994) --Until the 48th (1997) that yearNHK Rookie Song ContestThe winner of the event was given the right to participate in red and white (1998NHK rookie song contest is abolished).
- The NHK logo mark in red and white46 times(1995) Was updated.
- Mainly in the latter half of the 1990sVisual KeiThe band boom happenedX Japan-LUNA SEAMore-GLAY-L'Arc ~ en ~ CielAnd others participated.
- 50 times(1999Regarding), after the program ends, the screen will switch to the image in the NHK Hall immediately after the end of red and white at around 23:58 (30 seconds) during the broadcast of the backstage program "Old Year, New Year", and it will be done by the red and white performers and the audience.2000TowardsMillennium countdownThe pattern was broadcast.After that, "To you in the 21st century ~ A song for children ~] Was also performed by the performers.Normally, the New Year's Eve moment on NHK General TV is simply progressing within "Old Year, New Year", and the New Year's Eve is counted down in various formats (usually a large number of people are greeted lively). There is a definite difference from, but this was an exception.In addition, BS2 and Analog Hi-Vision were continuously broadcast under the name of "Countdown Special" after 23:45, and were broadcast until 1:1 am on January 0, the following year.
- See below for details.
- 1970 1971 1972 1973 1974 1975 1976 1977 1978 1979 1980 1981 1982 1983 1984 1985 1986 1987 1988 1989 1990 1991 1992 1993 1994 1995 1996 1997 1998 1999
- In addition to the diversification of people's lifestyles, the simulcast on BS that was being broadcast at that time also contributed to this.[Note 42], The audience rating of terrestrial television broadcasting gradually decreases to around 40%.In addition, many of the regular singers will be past their heyday, music sales, and those who cannot be said to have absolute name recognition.This is because the business of the next year (concerts, etc.) changes greatly depending on whether the enka singer appears in red and white, so few people avoid red and white and rarely decline like pop singers..
- 21st centuryBecome the first red and white52 times(2001) Is in a live entertainment programReal-time subtitle broadcastingThe world's first implementation.
- Commercial broadcasters used to have regular programs on New Year's Eve, and the red and white "bye" state continued, but from this time on, they started to organize programs to counter red and white.In particular54 times(2003) Then "K-1 PREMIUM 2003 Dynamite !!』(TBSSeries)ボ ブ ・ サ ッ プVSAketaroThere was a situation in which the audience rating during the war was reversed for 1 minutes for the first time since the survey started, with the exception of 4 minute at the start of red and white (at this time, it was in red and white).Go Nagabuchi).
- Therefore, the producer side is also making efforts that deviate from the conventional red and white in order to change to a new red and white.
- 53 times(2002), The program side has set the theme of "total settlement of the Japanese music world" and decided to make the participating singers and songs into multiple genres..52 times(2001) Was rejected one after another, and since the same time, the number of enka singer appearances has decreased to less than half of the conventional one... An NHK official said, "If you survey the audience rating by participating singer, the time of enka will drop noticeably. It is unavoidable.".
- 54th (2003), "the only flower in the worldWas a big hitSMAPServes as a big bird.After taking the opportunity of this SMAP case, the group's bird appointment will be performed normally, but by 2020, it was the one who served as a bird other than a solo singer in the red group.DREAMS COME TRUE とIkimonogakariOnly, both are mixed gender groups.Group consisting only of women (Nogizaka46IncludingSlope seriesEtc.) birds have not been realized yet[Note 43]..After that, the traditional composition in which enka singers settled in the final stage gradually collapsed, and in the 2010s, pop singers began to occupy the final stage. In the 2010s, as the enka industry shrank, it became difficult for enka singers to participate, and regular enka singers left red and white one after another in the form of "retirement" (however, the return of mid-career singers and young singers). The number of people has not decreased sharply due to the replacement due to selection etc.).
- 58 times(2007), The attractions performed by all the participating singers will be abolished, and the composition will be simple with an emphasis on songs.From the same year60 timesanniversary(2009), A through plan "Singing power (from Utaji)" was set up for three years, and as part of that, in 3, "Quiz red and white testWas broadcast.After that, a theme will be set for each year.
- Since the 59th (2008)65 times(2014), The highlights of all the participating singers' appearance scenes are broadcast during the score totaling.
- Since the 60th (2009)NHK on demand"Missed-to-view program service" has been distributed for a fee for about two weeks from New Year's Day.This is the first time in history that a program featuring a talent from Johnny & Associates will be distributed on the Internet.[Note 44].
- The conventional red and white was all completed on the stage body,58 times(2007) Will be broadcast from the dressing room lobby, and then talks by singers who are out of the game and introductions behind the program will be held (secondary voice "Kohaku Uta Talk" and live broadcast "Kohaku Uta Talk". There is also a form that is broadcast simultaneously).
- In 2004, it became clear that the NHK producer, who was also in charge of red and white, was illegally spending nearly 5,000 million yen on production costs, and NHK was exposed to intense criticism.A review was also proposed on the ideal way of red and white, and in the 55th meeting of the same year, a public opinion poll entitled "Singers I want you to participate in red and white" (7 people over 3,600 years old) with the aim of giving a sense of transparency in the selection of participating singers. We asked them to fill in "two pairs of singers for each of the men and women who want to participate").However, due to the opposition from the singer, the 2th (56) of the following year was a questionnaire that asked viewers for songs they wanted to hear in red and white.Sukita-Kohaku Everyone Survey-] Was carried out.But here tooOrganization voteIt was abolished after only one year due to troubles such as many people.
- Since many complaints were received about the examination method at the 55th (2004) and 67th (2016), the 56th and 68th times of the following year will reflect all the votes of all the judges as they are. It was adopted.
- In the early 2000s, NHK announcers were often in charge of hosting the Red and White groups, but since the 59th (2008), the White group has been hosting.Johnny's Office(70 years in a row until the 2019th (12)), the host of the NHK program, "Taiga Drama" and "Taiga Drama"Continuous tv novel』The heroine actress (or the heroine planner / experienced person) is basically supposed to serve.
- In the 59thMr. ChildrenBut,60 times(2009)Eikichi YazawaAppeared for the first time, and since then, they have succeeded in inviting "decline group" every year.Yazawa appears in the "special frame", and the subsequent "decline group" often appears outside the battle frame and in the broadcast.
- Broadcasting from outside the NHK Hall has been revived since the mid-2000s, and several broadcast stages are being added every year.A big singer will appear live from the concert venue[Note 45]In addition, the case where the NHK side prepares a stage (or a relay venue)[Note 46]In particular, the latter will be produced on a large scale.To appear on the broadcast itselfAkiko Wada,Kitajima SaburoHas complained, and Kitajima described it as "a hole will open on the hall side."
- When CG technology made dramatic progress in the 2010s, productions that made full use of video technology using it began to be performed.[Note 47].
- 63 times(2012From)66 times(2015Until), the backing band of the live performance disappeared completely, and the singing was in a de facto "karaoke" state.
- 64 times(2013From)8K videoWe carry out production in. Broadcasting on BS4K and BS8K will start69 times(2018), Mainly nationwideNHK broadcasting station,Broadcast MuseumRelated facilities such asCinema complexAnd so onPublic viewingWas doing.
- From around the mid-2000s, the concept of "male-female competition" began to be diminished.As an example,56 times(2005) Then, the regulars of the Red GroupAkiko Wada m-floIn collaboration with Shirogumi, a male comedianGori(Garage sale) Is a transvestite character "GorieI participated from the Beni-gumi.also,58 times(2007) Served as the white group moderator of the previous yearMasahiro NakaiIs in charge of the red group moderator (as a singer)SMAPParticipated from Shirogumi as a member ofShofuiteiSince then, the white group moderator has also started to proceed on the poor side flower road (until then, the white group moderator had progressed on the good side flower road)..
- Saburo Kitajima and Southern All Stars in 2018, Beat Takeshi in 2019, Mariya Takeuchi, Yumi Matsutoya, Masashi Sada in 2020, GReeeeN, YOSHIKI, Yumi Matsutoya, Koji Tamaki, etc. The number of people has increased.It is also reported that the gender competition format may be abolished in the future..
- 20194/29,Heisei Kouhaku Uta GassenIs broadcast.
- Same year70 timesThen, for the first time in the history of red and white, "AI"(Hibari Misora) Participated.
- 2020August 8, 16, the 71stNew coronavirus infectionIt became clear that we are considering holding the event without spectators as a countermeasure for..After that, on September 9, NHK announced at a regular press conference that it would officially hold the first unattended event in history.In addition, it was also announced that the broadcasting time will be shortened by 10 minutes from 15:19 to 30:23 from the usual year..
- 2021From October2022Until June, the 6nd NHK Hall will be closed for a long time due to seismic retrofitting.Tokyo International ForumIt was carried out in. It will be the first time in 23 years since the 49rd time that it will be held at venues other than NHK Hall, and the first time since the hall started operation..
- On October 2021, 10, NHK announced at a regular press conference that the 7nd meeting would be held with spectators for the first time in two years...As mentioned above, instead of the NHK Hall under construction,Tokyo International Forum Hall AIs the main venueNHK Broadcast CenterAlso used.Broadcast time is from 19:30 to 23:45 as before.In addition, it was announced that the recruitment of viewings will be conducted on the web for the first time..
- See below for details.
Transition of examination method
|- 13 times(1962）||The team with the largest number of people who thought that the judges had the advantage of the red and white Uchiwa on the stage won the championship.|
|14 times(1963)・15 times(1964）||The announcer of each local broadcasting station announces the points of the local judge.In addition, the director of the NHK entertainment bureau, the chairman of the judging committee, added and announced the points of the special judges on the stage and announced the winning team.It will also be displayed on the electric bulletin board at the venue.|
|16 times(1965)- 19 times(1968）||A special judge puts the ball in the treasure chest, the moderators of both sides throw the ball toward the stage sleeve, and the team with the most balls wins.|
|20 times(1969)- 31 times(1980）||The operator of the score totaling center calls to hear the team that the regional representative has judged to be superior, and totals the scores of both groups.After that, a special judge puts points one by one with a switch, displays the total points with the examination results of the regional representatives on the electric bulletin board, and the team with the most points wins.|
|32 times(1981)- 52 times(2001）||As an audience judge, all the spectators at the venue also started judging.Shown with a waya card (the 32nd (1981) is a card. A portrait of the moderator is drawn on the fan) of the colors that the audience judged to be dominant, and held binoculars.Wild Bird Society of JapanThe scenery that counts has become an annual event.Until the 45th (1994), the number of votes obtained by the Dansen was calculated by mental arithmetic and announced by the number one in Japan in the same year, but after the 46th (1995), green uniforms were used instead. Several people who wore mental arithmetic in the same place as the Wild Bird Society counted and the general moderator announced the number of votes.46 times(1995) Was announced separately for each floor, but the next47 times(1996) After that, it has been changed to announce it together on all floors.|
|53 times(2002)・54 times(2003）||Voting by the Ochanoma judges using the two-way function of digital broadcasting (BS digital broadcasting from the 53rd time and terrestrial digital broadcasting from the 54th time) is now held (in the case of the red group with the remote control). Red button, blue button for white group[Note 48]Press to vote).As with the audience seat examination, two balls will be added to the team that was dominant in the living room examination.|
|55 times(2004）||The audience did not participate in the judging, and the 11 balls of the special judge (2 votes) and the living room digital judge (13 votes) competed for victory or defeat.|
|56 times(2005）||It was changed to a method of competing for victory or defeat based on the total number of votes cast by the judges.The number of guest judges, "Digital TV judges" and the newly established "Keitai judges" (10 selected by lottery), plus the venue screening (about 10,000) that will be revived for the first time in two years. Compete for victory or defeat.This is the case of the previous yearScandalThe purpose was to improve the image by emphasizing the opinions of viewers as part of the measures to restore trust.In addition, a total of 10 applicants from the "Digital TV Judges" and "Keitai Judges" were invited to the NHK Hall as "Furusato Judges" by lottery ("Furusato Judges"). The cost of going to the NHK Hall was owned by NHK).For the venue screening, including the guest judges and hometown judges, point the dedicated red and white fan to the radar on the stage.Pop jam』Break radar method was used.|
|57 times(2006）||One segment broadcasting"One Seg Jury" has started with the two-way function of. Like the "Keitai Jury", it is selected by lottery and has a capacity of 15,000 each.It was returned to the voting system using balls, and the number of special judges was replaced with one ball per person, and the number of votes obtained was replaced with several balls.|
|58 times(2007）||The number of "Keitai Judges" has increased to 50,000, and the number of "One Seg Judges" has become unlimited.The number of votes for the interim examination is also added to this.|
|59 times(2008)- 61 times(2010）||Although it is the same examination method, the interim examination is only once, and the result is announced on the stage.LEDAdopted a shape projected on the panel.|
|62 times(2011)・63 times(2012）||The basic examination method is the same as before, but the competition is based on the number of votes obtained only in the final examination.In these two times, the guest judgeUta♪ WookeyI took out the puppet and participated in the examination (Woo ♪ for the red group, Tar ♪ for the white group).|
|64 times(2013）||The ball examination has been revived for the first time in seven years since the 57th.One ball for the viewer judge who had the upper hand in the mid-term judging.One ball each for the viewer judge and the venue judge who had the upper hand in the final judging.One guest judge is one ball.|
|65 times(2014)・66 times(2015）||Similar to voting in a Uchiwa, but for both guests and audience seatsPenlightWas lit in either red or white for examination (measurement isAzabu UniversityWild Bird Research Department is in charge).|
|67 times(2016）||As with the 64th, a ball examination will be conducted.Viewers voted one vote for each match.The audience judge and the venue judge are two balls each, whichever is superior.The hometown judges are all one ball.One guest judge is one ball.|
|68 times(2017）||Viewers get 1 vote for each match.The venue and guest judges voted one vote at the end, and the one with the highest total of all votes won the championship.|
|69 times(2018)・70 times(2019）||Viewers' votes will be returned to two rounds, an interim review and a final review.One point is given to the viewer, guest, and venue with the most votes, and the winner is the one who gets 2 points or more.|
|71 times(2020）||Viewers will vote only once in the final round.Get 1 vote when you start watching, and then add 1 vote for every 5 minutes of continuous viewing x 10 times (up to 1 votes per TV).The votes obtained are put together in either red or white (the votes cannot be divided (eg, red group 1 votes, white group 5 votes)), and the one with the most votes wins.Guest judges will vote in a similar format.COVID-19There will be no screening at the venue due to the fact that there will be no spectators.|
|72 times(2021）||Viewers will vote only once for the final screening, as they did last time.The voting method follows the previous one (however, the votes can be divided).One point is given to each of the viewers, guests, and venues (guests and venues are judged by turning on the penlight in either red or white), and the winner is the one who gets 1 points or more.|
However, since the number of guest judges this time is an even number of 6, it is unclear what to do if it breaks 3 to 3, but at the NHK press conference, it is possible that they will win at the same time.
Changes in the venue
- 1st-3th:NHK Tokyo Broadcasting CenterFirst studio
- 4th, 11th:Japanese theater
- 5st:Hibiya Public Hall
- 6st:Sankei Hall
- 7th, 8th, 10th, 12th-23rd:Tokyo Takarazuka Theater
- 9st:Shinjuku Koma Theater
- 24th-71st, 73rd-(planned):NHK Hall
- 72st:Tokyo International Forum
Overview of each time
The total results up to 2021 are 33 wins for the Red Group and 39 wins for the White Group, with the White Group leading.The most consecutive wins are the red group with 3 consecutive wins and the white group with 6 consecutive wins.
|Number of times||Airdate||Airtime||Red group moderator||White group moderator||General Chairperson||Win||Audience rating|
|1 times||19511/3||20:00 - 21:00||Michiko Kato||Shuichi Fujikura||Masaharu Tanabe||white||No record|
|2 times||19521/3||19:30 - 21:00||Kiyoko Tange||white|
|3 times||19531/2||Honda Suga||Teru Miyata||Seijun Shimura||white|
|4 times||195312/31||21:15 - 22:45||Water Takiko||Keizo Takahashi||Seigoro Kitade||deep red|
|5 times||195412/31||21:15 - 23:00||Fukushi Natsue||Ishii Kanesaburo||deep red|
|6 times||195512/31||Teru Miyata||Crimson (5-4)|
|7 times||195612/31||21:05 - 23:00||white|
|8 times||195712/31||Water Takiko||Crimson (7-4)|
|9 times||195812/31||21:10 - 23:35||Tetsuko Kuroyanagi||Crimson (7-4)|
|10 times||195912/31||21:05 - 23:35||Nakamura Meiko||Crimson (7-4)|
|11 times||196012/31||21:00 - 23:40||white|
|12 times||196112/31||Toshiaki Hosaka||white|
|13 times||196212/31||21:00 - 23:45||Mori Mitsuko||Teru Miyata||Ishii Kanesaburo||white||80.4%|
|14 times||196312/31||21:05 - 23:45||Chiemi Eri||Crimson (19-8)||81.4%|
|16 times||196512/31||Michiko Hayashi||White (14-11)||78.1%|
|17 times||196612/31||Peggy Hayama||Crimson (22-3)||74.0%|
|18 times||196712/31||21:00 - 23:45||Yumiko Kokonoe||Seigoro Kitade||deep red||76.7%|
|19 times||196812/31||Kiyoko Suizenji||Kyu Sakamoto||Teru Miyata||White (10-7)||76.9%|
|20 times||196912/31||Yukari Ito||Crimson (10-7)||69.7%|
|21 times||197012/31||Hibari Misora||Teru Miyata||Seigoro Kitade||Crimson (81-79)||77.0%|
|22 times||197112/31||Kiyoko Suizenji||Suzuki Bunya||White (102-98)||78.1%|
|23 times||197212/31||Naomi Sara||Yamakawa Shizuo||Crimson (59-42)||80.6%|
|24 times||197312/31||Kiyoko Suizenji||deep red||75.8%|
|25 times||197412/31||Naomi Sara||Yamakawa Shizuo||Masao Domon|
|26 times||197512/31||Hiroshi Aikawa||white||72.0%|
|27 times||197612/31||deep red||74.6%|
|29 times||197812/31||Mori Mitsuko||white||72.2%|
|30 times||197912/31||Kiyoko Suizenji||Yozo Nakae||deep red||77.0%|
|31 times||198012/31||Tetsuko Kuroyanagi||deep red||71.1%|
|32 times||198112/31||Keiichi Ubukata||White (22-11)||74.9%|
|33 times||198212/31||Crimson (19-16)||69.9%|
|34 times||198312/31||Kenji Suzuki||Tamori||White (19-10)||74.2%|
|35 times||198412/31||Mori Mitsuko||Keiichi Ubukata||Crimson (31-2)||78.1%|
|36 times||198512/31||Masako Mori||Masaho Senda||Crimson (22-11)||66.0%|
|37 times||198612/31||Yoriko Mekata|
|38 times||198712/31||Akiko Wada||Yuzo Kayama||Crimson (18-9)||55.2%|
|39 times||198812/31||Keiko Sugiura||White (19-8)||53.9%|
|40 times||198912/31||Part 1 19:20 --20:55|
Part 2 21:00 --23:45
|Yoshiko Mita||Takeda Tetsuya||Matsudaira Sadachi||Crimson (20-7)||1 copy 38.5%|
2 copy 47.0%
|41 times||199012/31||Toshiyuki Nishida||White (13-4)||1 copy 30.6%|
2 copy 51.5%
|42 times||199112/31||Yuko Asano||Masaaki Sakai||Yamakawa Shizuo||Crimson (8-7)||1 copy 34.9%|
2 copy 51.5%
|43 times||199212/31||Hikari Ishida||White (15-2)||1 copy 40.2%|
2 copy 55.2%
|44 times||199312/31||Part 1 19:30 --20:55|
Part 2 21:00 --23:45
|Miyuki Morita||White (18-9)||1 copy 42.4%|
2 copy 50.1%
|45 times||199412/31||Part 1 20:00 --21:25|
Part 2 21:30 --23:45
|Emiko Uenuma||Ichiro Furudate||Yasuo Miyakawa||Crimson (9-8)||1 copy 40.1%|
2 copy 51.5%
|46 times||199512/31||Ryuji Miyamoto|
|White (13-4)||1 copy 44.9%|
2 copy 50.4%
|47 times||199612/31||Takako Matsu||White (9-4)||1 copy 41.6%|
2 copy 53.9%
|48 times||199712/31||Akiko Wada||Masahiro Nakai||Ryuji Miyamoto||White (9-4)||1 copy 40.2%|
2 copy 50.7%
|49 times||199812/31||Kubo Junko||Crimson (9-4)||1 copy 45.4%|
2 copy 57.2%
|50 times||199912/31||Part 1 19:30 --21:20|
Part 2 21:30 --23:45
|5th generation Kankuro Nakamura||White (7-6)||1 copy 45.8%|
2 copy 50.8%
|51 times||200012/31||Part 1 19:20 --21:25|
Part 2 21:30 --23:45
|Genya Izumi||Crimson (9-4)||1 copy 39.2%|
2 copy 48.4%
|52 times||200112/31||Part 1 19:30 --21:25|
Part 2 21:30 --23:45
|Working Yumiko||Wataru Abe||Tamio Miyake||White (9-4)||1 copy 38.1%|
2 copy 48.5%
|53 times||200212/31||Crimson (9-6)||1 copy 37.1%|
2 copy 47.3%
|54 times||200312/31||Part 1 19:30 --21:20|
Part 2 21:30 --23:45
|Toko Takeuchi||White (15-0)||1 copy 35.5%|
2 copy 45.9%
|55 times||200412/31||Fumie Ono||Wataru Abe||Horio Masaaki||Crimson (8-5)||1 copy 30.8%|
2 copy 39.3%
|56 times||200512/31||Part 1 19:20 --21:25|
Part 2 21:30 --23:45
|Yukie Nakama/Yamamoto Koji/Mino Monta/Yamane Motoyo||white||1 copy 35.4%|
2 copy 42.9%
|57 times||200612/31||First half 19:20 --21:25|
Second half 21:30 --23:45
|Yukie Nakama||Masahiro Nakai||Tamio Miyake|
|White (13-5)||First half 30.6%|
Second half 39.8%
|58 times||200712/31||Masahiro Nakai||Shofuitei||Kazuya Matsumoto|
|white||First half 32.8%|
Second half 39.5%
|59 times||200812/31||Yukie Nakama||Masahiro Nakai||Kazuya Matsumoto|
|white||First half 35.7%|
Second half 42.1%
|60 times||200912/31||First half 19:15 --20:55|
Second half 21:00 --23:45
|Wataru Abe||white||First half 37.1%|
Second half 40.8%
|61 times||201012/31||First half 19:30 --21:25|
Second half 21:30 --23:45
|Nao Matsushita||storm||white||First half 35.7%|
Second half 41.7%
|62 times||201112/31||First half 19:15 --20:55|
Second half 21:00 --23:45
|Mao Inoue||deep red||First half 35.2%|
Second half 41.6%
|63 times||201212/31||Yubei Maki||Working Yumiko||white||First half 33.2%|
Second half 42.5%
|64 times||201312/31||Ayase Haruka||White (9-4)||First half 36.9%|
Second half 44.5%
|65 times||201412/31||Yuriko Yoshitaka||white||First half 35.1%|
Second half 42.2%
|66 times||201512/31||Ayase Haruka||Yoshihiko Inohara||Tetsuko Kuroyanagi|
|deep red||First half 34.8%|
Second half 39.2%
|67 times||201612/31||Arimura Kajun||Aiba Masaki||Shinichi Taketa||Crimson (9-6)||First half 35.1%|
Second half 40.2%
|68 times||201712/31||Ninomiya Kazuya||Mitsuyoshi Uchimura|
|white||First half 35.8%|
Second half 39.4%
|69 times||201812/31||Hirose Tin||Sakurai Sho||White (2-1)||First half 37.7%|
Second half 41.5%
|70 times||201912/31||Ayase Haruka||Mitsuyoshi Uchimura|
|White (2-1)||First half 34.7%|
Second half 37.3%
|71 times||202012/31||First half 19:30 --20:55|
Second half 21:00 --23:45
|Fumi Nikaido||Oizumi Hiroshi||Mitsuyoshi Uchimura|
|deep red||First half 34.2%|
Second half 40.3%
|72 times||202112/31||Hiroshi Oizumi /Haruna Kawaguchi/ Mayuko Wakuda||Crimson (2-1)||First half 31.5%|
Latter half 34.3%
|73 times||202212/31||first half%|
- The numbers in parentheses attached to some of the winning teams are the number of votes in the final judging results.
- Among the general moderators, the names of the 18th and 25th Domon / Nakae, the 34th Tamori, and the 45th Miyagawa are "facilitators".In addition, the general moderators are official from the 19th to the 20th, the 34th to the 55th, and the 57th.
- For the 56th time, it was announced that the moderator would not be distinguished at first, and the group moderator by the above four people would proceed. The moderator (Yamamoto received the winning flag at the ending), Mino is the general moderator who controls virtually all the progress of live broadcasting, and Yamane is the facilitator. It has been made.
- StormOhno, Sho Sakurai, Masaki Aiba, Kazunari Ninomiya,Matsumoto JunIt is a group composed of.
- The 72nd session took the form of not setting the distinction between the moderators since the 56th session, and unlike the 56th session, three moderators made the whole progress.
|Number of times||Person in charge|
|51th (2000)||Wataru Abe|
|52th (2001)||Fumie Ono,Yoshiaki Takaichi|
|53th (2002)||Fumie Ono, Yoshiaki Takaichi|
|54th (2003)||Fumie Ono,Hiroshi Fujisaki|
|55th (2004)||Hiroshi Fujisaki, Miki Sumiyoshi|
|56th (2005)||Hiroshi Fujisaki, Megumi Kurosaki|
|57th (2006)||Chihiro Odagiri,Yuriko Shimazu|
|58th (2007)||Sen Odagiri,Ai Tsukahara|
|59th (2008)||Yasuhiro Yamada,Aika Kanda|
|60th (2009)||Yasuhiro Yamada, Aika Kanda|
|61th (2010)||Koji Komatsu, Megumi Kurosaki|
|62th (2011)||Koji Komatsu,Naoko Hashimoto|
|63th (2012)||Aoi Minoru, Naoko Hashimoto|
|64th (2013)||Kazutaka Yoshida,Yuka Kubota|
|65th (2014)||Minoru Aoi,Nachiko Suto|
|66th (2015)||Midori Nakagawa, Tetsuya Takayama|
|67th (2016)||Aiko Teramon,Naoki Ninomiya|
|68th (2017)||Tomoko Ogo, Naoki Ninomiya|
|69th (2018)||Koji Komatsu,Minori Chiba|
|70th (2019)||Chieko Katayama,Naoyuki Tamura|
|71th (2020)||Naoyuki Tamura,Akagi Nonohana|
|72th (2021)||Toshikichi Sato,Rika Asano|
TV broadcast sub-audio
|Number of times||Person in charge|
|61th (2010)||Terry Ito, Kazuya Matsumoto|
|62th (2011)||Terry Ito,Aika Kanda |
|63th (2012)||Terry Ito,Koji Komatsu |
|64th (2013)||Terry Ito,Naoko Hashimoto |
|65th (2014)||Banana man,Yuka Kubota |
|67th (2016)||Bananaman,Naoko Hashimoto |
|68th (2017)||Bananaman,Ai Tsukahara|
|69th (2018)||Sandwich man,Naomi Watanabe,Amemiya Moeka |
|70th (2019)||Ryota Yamazato, Naomi Watanabe,Yuki Sugiura |
|71th (2020)||Ryota Yamasato and Naomi Watanabe|
|72th (2021)||No secondary audio|
Top batter singers of all time and their songs
The colored frame is the first batter (in some cases unknown). () Indicates the total number of calculation fields, and  indicates the total number of top batters.
Successive bird singers and their songs
The colored frame is a large bird (in some cases unknown),TaiziIs the ultimate big bird. () Indicates the total number of calculation fields, and  indicates the total number of birds.
It is known that the audience rating is very high every time (announced on January 1nd).13 times(1962) The highest audience rating since the start of the video research survey14 times(1963) 81.4% (Video Research survey,Kanto area・ Household ・ Real time.(Omitted below).the 1980sUntil the first half, it was also called "ghost program" or "monster program".The minimum audience rating is72 times(2021) Is 34.3%.Almost every time, in terms of annual audience rating, it ranks high in the ranking of popular commercial TV programs, and is ranked first in most of the times.[Note 76]..The audience rating per minute is also announced to the public (1/3It may be talked about which singer had the highest audience rating.
"Red and white effect"
The appearance of red and white has a considerable influence on the artist's CD sales at the beginning of the following year.This phenomenon is commonly called the "red and white effect"...In addition, there are cases in which songs that have been a big hit or re-hit due to the red and white singing are sung continuously in the red and white of the following year (in that case, the "red and white effect" was born again). There is also a direction that the "red and white effect" will produce not only hit songs but also "masterpieces" that will be sung..
The song sung in red and white after the appearance in red and white (the following year)Oricon Single ChartThe cases that won the first place in the week are as follows.
- 19 times(1968):Pinky and the Killers"The season of love(Maintaining the top position continuously from the end of the previous year)
- 27 times(1976):Miyako Harumi"From the north inn(Maintaining the top position continuously from the end of the previous year)
- 37 times(1986):Ikuzo Yoshi"Snow country"
- 43 times(1992):Miho Nakayama & WANDS"Surely more than anyone in the world(Maintaining the top position continuously from the end of the previous year)
- 48 times(1997):Namie Amuro"CAN YOU CELEBRATE?"(comeback)[Note 77]
- 53 times(2002):Miyuki Nakajima"Earthly stars"
- 54 times(2003):SMAP"Only one flower in the world (single version)"(comeback)
- 57 times(2006):Akikawa Masashi"Becoming a thousand winds"
- 59 times(2008):Junko Akimoto"With love ..."
- 62 times(2011):Uemura Kana"Toilet god"
- 70 times(2019):Takeuchi Mariya"Song of Life (Special Edition)"
The song sung in red and white after the appearance in red and white (the following year)Billboard Japan Hot 100The cases that won the first place in the week are as follows.
- 62nd (2011): Kana Uemura "God of Toilet",Go Nagabuchi"One"
- 66 times(2015):Nishino Kana"Trisets"(comeback)
- 67 times(2016):Hoshino Gen"love(Returned at the end of the previous year and maintained the top position in a row)
- 68 times(2017): Namie Amuro "Hero"
- 69 times(2018):Kenshi YONEZU"Lemon(Returned at the end of the previous year and maintained the top position in a row),Aimyon"Marigold"
- 70th (2019):Official Bearded Man dism"Pretender(Returned at the end of the previous year and maintained the top position in a row)
- 71 times(2020):LiSA"flame"(comeback)
As the program progresses
In progress, along with the scriptCampeWill also be prepared[Note 78]..It is not uncommon for the moderator to receive a "roll" (the staff instructing the performers to proceed quickly) at the early timing of the start, and it is difficult to add ad lib in the broadcast...In addition, there are cases where the moderator made a mistake or made a mistake in the live performance and became a hot topic (the 1980sUntil this time, there was such a strictness that the moderator's mistakes and other happenings were not allowed at all, but later such productions and happenings were allowed to some extent).In this connection, the experienced general moderatorRyuji Miyamoto"There are monsters living in NHK Hall." "Many monsters have afflicted senior moderators so far."..However, these are modern red and white ones,the 1970sUntil around this time, ad lib and free production by the moderator were performed as a matter of course.As an example,21 times(1970) Then, in the production, the white group moderatorTeru MiyataIs a white group singerYukio HashiOn the other hand, the song was originally planned from "Our Flower" to "Our Flower".Always dreamThere was an event that I asked him to sing it.
57 times(2006Up to), most of them are hosted by both groups.poor(Red group), good (white group) (4 times〈195312> Was the opposite) and proceeded separately,58 times(2007), With the exception of some, the moderators of both groups proceeded together in the lower seats.
On the other hand, the artist may perform a surprise performance without permission from the program, taking advantage of the "scheduled harmony".Since it is a performance in red and white, it will become a big problem later, and artists may be banned from entering and exiting NHK.The main performances so far include the following (for details, see the relevant episode and artist section).
- 33 times(1982)- Southern All Stars OfKeisuke Kuwata Haru SanbaTheParodyI made a costume and sang. "Anyway, let's pay the license fee!" "Let's watch the back program (if you want to watch it) on the video!"Kuwata himself later wrote an apology to NHK, revealing that it led to a feud with the later red and white (and eventually NHK), saying, "If you write an apology, you will never get it again!"..He participated in Kouhaku the following year, but since then, Southern has been far away for a long time.After that, he participated in a special slot in 2014 and 2018 (also of the members).Yuko HaraOfficially participated in solo in 1991.Kuwata also participated solo in 2010 and 2017 in a special frame).
- 36 times(1985)- Koji YoshikawaBroke the set while singing and burned the guitar just before the end.
- 42 times(1991)- TunnelsAppeared in a costume called one pair of pants.Noritake KinashiIs red,Takaaki IshibashiPainted the whole body in white.When I turned to the back, it said "I'll pay the license fee" on my back.
- 43 times(1992)- Masahiro MotokiPut a white liquid around his neckコ ン ド ー ムAppeared with a number of balloons in the shape of.In addition, the hips were exposed during the performance.
- 57 times(2006)- DJ OZMAMoreAppears on the stage wearing a full-body flesh-colored bodysuit and a mushroom model in the crotch area.Female back dancers look the sameAll nakedBecause it looked like, "It's a public broadcast, and it'sPrime timeThere was no consideration for being "," NHK was flooded with complaints.General moderatorTamio MiyakeExplained during the show that he was "not naked."afterwards,Broadcast Ethics and Program Improvement OrganizationI received a response request from (BPO).Due to this influence, DJ OZMA was forced to suspend activities temporarily, and even after that, the activities continued to be severely restricted, and this eventually became a tail.2008It even led to the declaration of "retirement".
- 57th (2006)- Yasunori KawauchiLyrics of "MotherWas sungShinichi MoriPerformed the same song with lines in Kawauchi without permission.Kawauchi was furious at this and became a riot (""Ofukuro-san uproarSee).
- Initially, it was a first-come-first-served basis, and on the day there was a long line surrounding the venue...Later, it shifted to a viewing recruitment system.
- Viewing at NHK Hall (3,000 people) is a round trip made by the governmentPostcard(Up to 71st) → Applications are accepted only on the website (72nd).Since a large number of applications are collected each time, it will be a lottery.
- The application requirements are announced around mid-October every year, and the application deadline is around early November.After that, a reply will be sent around the beginning of December (in the case of WEB application, the lottery result will be sent by e-mail → then a notification will be sent).
- The winning notification will be the numbered ticket as it is.Up to 1 people (admission ticket required from 2 year old or older) can be exchanged for NHK Hall seat tickets on the day of each numbered ticket.Seats are randomly selected and will not be known until they are replaced.In the 1nd meeting, seats will be decided at the time of the lottery to prevent the spread of the new coronavirus infection.
- * The maximum number of applications is64 times(2013) 142 (winning rate: about 7,153 times).60 times(2009) Is about 59 (magnification: about 1,274 times),the 2010sAn explosive increase has been seen since entering.However, in the case of postcards, no matter how many entries were submitted by one person, only one was won, and the actual ratio was even lower because there were many applicants with multiple entries. With online application, you can only apply once per household.
- NHK prohibits resale of admission tickets, but admission tickets are increasingly being put up for sale at online auctions (some of which are expensive).However, when entering the venue, in addition to the numbered ticket, identity verification will be carried out, so if you win in the name of another person, you will not be able to enter.also,2014In January, a man who was selling forged admission tickets was arrested.
- "Person paying NHK reception fee" (bankYou can also withdraw from your account)
- "A person who newly pays the NHK reception fee"
- "Reception fee exemption set by NHK"
- "One of the above appliesHousehold(家族)
- All of the abovebankIt is also possible to withdraw from your account.
As a result, those who have not paid or have not paid the NHK reception fee will not be able to apply.Therefore, when applying for a postcard, it is necessary to enter the name of the person who bears the license fee on the communication side.This is an application for another public broadcast program (eg, "NHK Bible Concert]) Is the same as what was done.
- The production cost of red and white is said to be about 3 million yen.Of those involved in red and white, only the moderator and staff will prepare lunch boxes from NHK.Participating singers order their own bento.
- There was also concern that red and white would be canceled in the year when the self-restraint mood increased.[Note 79]However, there are no cases where it was actually canceled.
- Akiko Wada,Masaaki Sakai TheTBSseries"Japan Record Award』(2006Since it was held on December 12th, there was no direct competition), but there were times when he participated in Kouhaku while concurrently serving as the moderator of the counterprogram (the former was).1990, The latter is1999).In addition, there are people who appear in red and white while sharing with live counterprograms and programs in the time zone before and after.[Note 80][Note 81].
- In some cases, the planned singing order was changed when there was a sudden change in the contestants (mentioned above) or when the participating singer was late for the original turn (due to another job and a singer).
- The relatives of the participating singer may be invited to the audience seats, and the relatives may be interviewed before the singer sings, or the appearance of watching while singing may be shown.[Note 82].
- The first appearance in red and white will be the first appearance in media such as TV and radio[Note 83], The singer who made her first appearance on live TV[Note 84]There is also.In addition, there are songs in which the singing in red and white by the performing singer was unveiled on TV or NHK for the first time.
- In addition to cases where relatives participate and perform at the same time (sometimes collaborative performances and singing have been realized), there are also cases where former couples participated at the same time.In addition, there may be intentional productions such as direct confrontation between dating people or former dating people..
- Currently, the most appearances in historyKitajima SaburoとHiroshi Itsuki50 times, the most consecutive appearances in historyHiroshi Itsuki50 times.The oldest person in the history of ShirogumiAkihiro Miwa80 years and 7 months old, the oldest person in the history of Beni-gumiJunko Akimoto61 years and 6 months, the youngest participationMana Ashida,Suzuki Fuku7 years old.Also, the largest bird isHibari Misora11 times, the most consecutive big birds are also 6 times of Hibari Misora.
- South KoreaThe media is red and white,Yomiuri TelevisionProduction/Nippon TVseries"Best Hit Kayo Festival],Fuji Television Network, Incseries"FNS Song FestivalIntroducing the three programs of "Japan's Three Great Song Festivals".
- It became a two-part system40 times(1989) After that, it will be broadcast between the first and second parts of NHK General TV.NHK News], The NHK announcer in charge of the news is watching the first part (ending) through the monitor, and may make a facial expression according to it at the beginning of the news.At the ending of the first part, the red and white performers made a pretending comment to the news announcer, and at the end of the news, it is customary to say that the second part will be broadcast after this.57 times(2006)58 times(2007) Was in charge of the newsWataru Abe(Experienced hoster of the white group) once closed with a comment that leads to the second part.This interruption news also often records high ratings.
A work that contains the stage of the red and white song battle
- CD sound source
- Masashi Sada"Spirit flow special maxi single(February 2003, 2) -Includes one song.
- Hiroshi Itsuki"Hiroshi Itsuki Cover & Self Collection's 16 songs-Ofukuro no Komoriuta-" (April 2003, 4) -Includes 2 song.
- Akikawa Masashi"Sen no Kaze ni Natte-Ichigo Ichikai-" (April 2008, 4) -Includes one song.
- Movie works
- Video work
- Miyako Harumi"NHK Kouhaku Uta Gassen 20 Years of History" (February 1985, 2) -21 songs included.
- Sachiko Kobayashi vs Kenichi Mikawa"Red and White Song Battle for Two People !!" (December 2002, 12)-5 songs included.
- DVD work
- Sachiko Kobayashi vs Kenichi Mikawa "Red and White Song Battle for Two People !!" (December 2002, 12)-5 songs included.
- Saori Minami"Cynthia Premium(February 2006, 6) -Includes one song.
- Eigo Kawashima"Eigo Kawashima Treasured Video Collection-From Before Debut to the Last TV Appearance" (April 2007, 4) -Includes one song.
- Mariko Takahashi"Takahashi 40 years(February 2013, 6) -Includes one song.
- Akina Nakamori"Premium BOX Lucas-NHK Kouhaku Uta Gassen & Let's Go Young etc." (September 2015, 9) ―― 30 songs included.
- Kitajima Saburo"Utatama Saburo Kitajima ~ NHK Kouhaku Uta Gassen no Kiseki ~" (June 2017, 6) --28 songs (28 times) recorded without duplication of songs.
- Naoko Kawai"Premium Collection-NHK Kouhaku Uta Gassen & Let's Go Young etc." (August 2017, 8) ―― 30 songs included.
- Hideki Saijo"HIDEKI NHK Collection ~ Youth, Passion and Inspiration ~" (November 2017, 11) -15 songs included.
- Sayuri Yoshinaga"Singer Debut 55th Anniversary Best & NHK Rare Video DVD ~ Cold Morning ~" (February 2018, 2) -Includes 28 sound sources and 2 videos.
- Chiyoko Shimakura"Chiyoko Shimakura Memorial Collection ~ NHK Kouhaku Uta Gassen & Memories of Memories etc. ~" (November 2018, 11) ―― 7th ―― 8 songs from the 13th and 15th radio sound sources, 7th, 14th 16 times-Recorded 46 songs (19 times) from the 22th video.
- Musical "Touken Ranbu""Shibuya Nooto Presents Musical" Touken Ranbu "-From 2.5 Dimension to the World- <Special Edition>" (June 2019, 6)-Two songs (each Touken RanbuKeisuke Yamauchi) Recording.
- Ayumi Hamasaki"A BALLADS 2(February 2021, 4) -Includes one song.
Planning, parody, etc. with the same concept
- Summer red and white song battle (Fuji TV series) --It was broadcast within the special frame.
- World Red and White Song Battle (Fuji TV series) --It was broadcast directly behind the NHK Red and White Song Battle for two years in 1985 and 1986.The audience rating (based on video research, Kanto area, households, real-time) was 2% in 1985 and 4.8% in 1986, and it ended in two years..
- Momoiro Uta Gassen(BS Nippon Television-Fuji Television NEXT-Nippon Broadcasting System, Inc.Such)
- NTV Red and White Song Best Ten(Nippon TVSeries)-At the end of the year, "Red and White Song Battle of Your Choice" was broadcast several times by audience voting.
- Blue and White Song Battle- SPACE SHOWER TVSponsored by200412/15ToTokyo gymnasiumThe event held at.
- All-Star Thanksgiving - TBS TVWill make an entertainer who is closely related to the company appear.
- For the parody titled "○○ Kouhaku Uta Gassen",Red and white song battle (avoid ambiguity)See.
- BrazilThen.NikkeiDue to the large number of immigrants, the "Japanese Immigrant Red and White Song Battle" is held at the end of each year by Japanese citizens. NHK is also cooperating with the event.
- ^ Previously analog / digital 2KSatellite broadcastingButSimul broadcastingIt had been.
- ^ However, it is not possible to use the area-free delivery service outside the region or the time-free delivery service.
- ^ Great East Japan EarthquakeUnder the influence ofThe broadcast period is extendedWas doneMorioka,Sendai,Fukushima3 stations62 times(2011)Until.
- ^ In the early days, singer and moderator was not allowed, and there are cases where the singer who was in charge of moderation was not elected only that year.
- ^ Kyu Sakamoto, Hibari Misora, Masako Mori, Akiko Wada, Masahiro Nakai, Arashi, Yoshihiko Inohara, etc.
- ^ In addition, 8 times(1957Until), the participation of the group itself was prohibited..
- ^ In the past, the person was only notified after the decision to participate.for that reason,Chiemi Eri,Toshihiko TaharaAfter the decision to participate, the person himself has expressed his intention to decline.
- ^ 47 times(1996) IsMasahiko Kondo3 pairs including.
- ^ However, in 2017, although it is not a countdown performance but a regular performance, it is performing live on New Year's Eve.
- ^ The actual place of stay was at that timeDiplomatic relationsAnd there was no direct flight in South KoreaSeoulIt is also said.
- ^ Members other than Maekawa are members of the Red GroupKeiko FujiAlthough he participated as a backing chorus (Maekawa's wife, who was originally scheduled to play directly), he was excluded from the official entry of the contestants.
- ^ The first example is6 times(1955)ofTony Valley.
- ^ NHK, which is a public broadcaster, never provides location valve or catering not only for red and white but also for other programs.
- ^ The singer who was not in time for the move from "Reco Dai" was proceeding without being present, but there was also a singer who rushed to the last minute stage.
- ^ There are also exceptional years.
- ^ Normally, the general moderator is self-proclaimed, and the moderators of both groups are usually introduced by the general moderator.54 times(2003 years),57 times(2006 years),68 timesSince (2017), both groups have been calling themselves from the moderators themselves.also,24 times(1973) Is the moderator of the other party49 times(1998) Was introduced by the team leaders of both groups. Until around the 1980s, the general moderator often did not give his name.
- ^ Namie Amuro,stormSuch. It was reported that Arashi in 2020 would have 20 minutes of time to play as a big bird by singing at NHK Hall instead of participating in the broadcast.
- ^ 65 times(2014)ofSMAPetc.
- ^ 66 times(2015)ofBEAR.
- ^ 64 times(2013)・65 times(2014)ofMizuki NanaとTM Revolution.
- ^ There are cases where both groups are introduced instead of the general moderator, and there are cases where each person is not introduced.44 times(1993) Was held at the opening, and sometimes I sat in the audience after being introduced on the stage.
- ^ 32 times(1981From now on, these introductions will be made with BGM,46 times(1995),49 times(1998)- 53 times(2002),55 times(2004)- 59 times(2008),62 times(2011),63 times(2012) 13 times in total,64 times(2013),65 times(2014), The same BGM continued to be diverted.
- ^ 62 times(2011) Special appearanceLady Gagaetc.
- ^ Obata Minoru,Miyako Harumi,Checkers,Namie Amuro,X Japan,Ayaka,stormetc.
- ^ The reason why it will not be realized is that there are members under the age of 18 due to the appearance of all the members, so the appearance will be until 22:00 at the latest, so the latest appearance so far will be at the 72nd Nogizaka46 at 22: 00 is the end.However, it is different in the case of correspondence in recording.
- ^ In the 71st, it was reported that Arashi may serve as a white group bird or a large bird even after the announcement of Arashi's broadcast appearance.
- ^ The production side had already factored in that possibility, and was proceeding with the program with a margin for one song.
- ^ 58 times(2007)of"the only flower in the world''(SMAP),65 times(2014) "Hometown" (storm ) Applies to this
- ^ It was this production that came to be done42 times(1991)from.46 times(1995) Ends with the balloon falling,50 times(1999) Continued broadcasting under the title of "Countdown Special" even after the end of BS2, and there was no production because the general TV jumped from 23:58.Currently, the production of launching this cracker is a special program of other music systems that uses NHK Hall ("NHK ThroatGrand Champion Tournament and "Melody of memories] Etc.), but it is often used to end the ending.
- ^ It was planned to be a one-off program, but due to its popularity, it was decided to hold it the following year.At that time, no staff member expected Kouhaku to become a long-lived program.
- ^ 9 times(1958)only.At that time, the sound equipment of the TV was still incomplete, and in addition, the Koma Theater was a circular stage, and the cheering from the audience was terrible from beginning to end, so I served as a red group bird and a big bird.Hibari MisoraIn many cases, I couldn't hear the performance of the orchestra behind me at all, and I missed the sound while singing.The singers and the people involved in the station also pointed out that it was difficult to use the Koma Theater, and in the end, the red and white at the Koma Theater was limited to this one time.
- ^ NHK-FMToday is one day"Such.
- ^ The second timeNoriko AwataniIs said to have taken a bird,Watanabe HamakoThere is also a different theory that he took a bird, and if Watanabe's theory is adopted, a singer belonging to Columbia will serve as a red group bird in all times.
- ^ The highest audience rating at the same time isMay green85.3% when singing "Ten days a week" by.
- ^ 1961- 2000Was done inNielsenAccording to the survey by, 14% recorded in the same 89.8th time is the highest record.In addition, at the highest audience rating including before Video Research,19555/30,Nippon TV Ofboxingrelay·Pascal PerezversusYoshio ShiraiThere are 96.1% recorded in battle (DentsuResearch).
- ^ The singer's seat52 times(2001) Revived by the project in Part 1.
- ^ Player oath58 times(2007) Only revived.
- ^ The size of the costume is limited to the one that can be put on the stage elevator of NHK Hall. The two keep their costumes after red and white, and show them again at their own concerts, other programs, and events.In addition, Kobayashi was not completely successful due to a breakdown of the costume computer or electrical trouble when he showed off his costume (43 times(1992),54 times(2003).At this time, the following year, there will be a 30th anniversary recital, and the costumes will be shown again at the "NHK Kayo Concert" to revenge), and the 55th (2004) will be the same year.10/23Kobayashi's birthplaceNiigataOccurred inNiigata Chuetsu EarthquakeIn consideration of the victims of the disaster, he refrained from showing off his luxurious costumes.
- ^ Kobayashi's private office, Sachiko Promotion official, commented at the time of interviewing some weekly magazines about the case where Kobayashi was defeated in red and white with luxurious costumes prepared, "I can not complain because this was prepared arbitrarily." Was there.
- ^ Akiko WadaHas a negative idea about Kobayashi, who has been making costumes even before the announcement of the red and white singers, and this caused a feud between the two...In response to Wada's opinion, Kobayashi said, "I'm trying to make people who are watching (red and white costumes) enjoy it." "If I can't participate (in red and white), I'll wear it at a concert." "Akko-chan I'm older than me, but I'm a senior in the entertainment world, so if you want to say something without saying something behind the scenes, you should come to me directly and clearly. " There is.
- ^ Rina Aiuchi,Kaori Mizumori.
- ^ As mentioned earlier, BS Simulcast61 times(2010) Was finished at the end,69 times(2018) Resumed with BS4K / 8K broadcasting.
- ^ The reason why it will not be realized is that there are members under the age of 18 due to the appearance of all the members, so the appearance will be until 22:00 at the latest, so the latest appearance so far will be at the 72nd Nogizaka46 at 22: 00 is the end.However, it is different in the case of correspondence in recording.
- ^ However, there are cases where the distribution was cut without permission.60 times(2009)ofSusan Boyle,65 times(2014)ofSouthern All StarsEtc. (both are special frames).
- ^ As an example,Fukuyama MasaharuIs applicable.The 60th (2009) is from Nagasaki, my hometown, and the 61st (2010) and later is my countdown live venue.Yokohama ArenaIt is a live appearance from NHK Hall, and the singing at NHK Hall is the 44th (1993), the 71st (2020) and the 72nd (2021) of the white group bird, which is the first appearance, a total of 3 times. Only.
- ^ As an example, at the 67th (2016)Kiyoshi Hikawa Kumamoto CastleApplicable to cases such as broadcast appearances from.
- ^ As an example,perfume(projection mappingProduction that makes full use of),μ's,Aqs(These two groups are characterized by "synchronized expression with animated images").
- ^ 69 times(2018) Only green button.
- ^ However, there is a theory that the song is "Tokyo Shoe Shine Boy".
- ^ However, there is a theory that the song is "Twilight of Dagota".
- ^ "Glass teen""Paradise galaxy""Diamond Hurricane""sword dance"In order.
- ^ "LOVE Machine" "The☆Peace!""Romance Revolution 21"(Morning Musume.)"I'm dating but I have a crush"(Berryz Kobo)"Tokaikko Junjou"(℃ -ute)"LALALA Happy Song"(Hello! Project Wonderful All Stars) In order.
- ^ "Yumetamago""Courage 100%"In order.Between the beginning and the two songs, "NYC(A group that includes three members from NYC.NYC boysThe song) was sandwiched between one phrase.
- ^ "Dearest""Evolution""SURREALShow off in order.
- ^ "Haina!"Yume Tamago" "100% courage" will be shown in order.
- ^ "sexy zone""Lady diamond""It snows in Sexy SummerA total of 5 songs will be shown.
- ^ "Innocence of asia""Etosetra around the beach"In order.
- ^ However, there is a theory that the song is "San Francisco no Chinatown".
- ^ However, as mentioned above, there is a theory that Hamako Watanabe took the red group bird, and in Michito Goda's book, the theory that Watanabe is the red group bird is adopted.Watanabe's song at the same time is "Oh, the night of Montenrupa is late. "
- ^ The initial plan is only "Meotozaka".After singing, Kenji Suzuki, the chairman of the White Group, negotiated as an encore and played "People who became fond of".
- ^ After the big bird, with SMAP while waiting for the examination resultMakihara NoriyukiUnder the main vocal of, the performers (participating singer, moderator, guest judge, chorus) performed a big chorus of "the only flower in the world".
- ^ "MIDDLE OF NOWHERE""Beyond that"In order.
- ^ "This is love"Triangle" is shown in order.
- ^ "not alone ~ Let's be happy ~""Original smile"In order.
- ^ "Moment""Upside down sky"In order.
- ^ Sing in the order of Takahashi → SMAP → Kitajima.Kitajima is treated as an "ultimate big bird" that goes beyond the boundaries of competition.
- ^ "Mistake!""Joy !!"In order.
- ^ After the big bird, while waiting for the judging result, under the main vocal of Arashi, the performers (participating singer, moderator, guest judge, chorus) "OldnessWas performed.
- ^ "Thank gap rain storm""GUTS!"In order.
- ^ "A ・ RA ・ SHI""Happiness""One Love"In order.
- ^ Sing in the order of Ishikawa → Arashi → Southern All Stars.Southern is a special appearance and will be treated differently from the regular red and white contestants.
- ^ "Your song"Happiness" is shown in order.
- ^ "Aino Katachi" "INTO THE LIGHT""Everything"In order.
- ^ "A ・ RA ・ SHI" "Turning Up"In order.
- ^ "To tomorrow" and "Higher Love" will be shown in order.
- ^ The number one position in the annual audience rating is49 times(1998) Is NHK General's "1998 FIFA World Cup"ofRepresentation from JapanIt was all red and white until it was overtaken by the war broadcast.
- ^ In the Oricon single ranking dated January 1998, 1, the maxi single released on December 12 was ranked 12st, and the original 25cm single was ranked 1th..
- ^ Later, an electric bulletin board was set up on the wall behind the first floor seats in the NHK Hall, and the script was projected here..
- ^ 19889ToEmperor ShowaThe condition of the disease is getting worse, and the mood of self-restraint to refrain from splendid broadcasting and commercials is increasing all over Japan, and the red and white of the same year (39 times) Was feared to be canceled, but Toshio Endo (then Director General of NHK Broadcasting)11/17"I want to carry out (this year's red and white)" at the press conference..It was held as stated.also,Great Hanshin-Awaji EarthquakeOccurred in 1995 (46 times)WhenGreat East Japan EarthquakeOccurred in 2011 (62 times) Was initially considered to be canceled, but it was held due to a flood of viewers' requests for the event.New coronavirus infectionWas popular in 2020 (71 times) Was held without spectators.
- ^ Many contestants said after this program, "CDTV Special! New Year's Premier Live』(TBSSeries) and "Johnny's Countdown Live』(Fuji Television Network, Incseries,Johnny's OfficeHe has also appeared in (only the personalities he belongs to).
- ^ on the other hand32 times(1981), The commercial broadcaster version "Year after yearWas decided to be the main personalityMasashi SadaHowever, there is a case that he was rejected because he appeared in a commercial TV program in the time zone before and after..
- ^ 66 times(2015) InHiroshi Miyama,Keisuke Yamauchi,67 times(2016) InYukino Ichikawaetc.
- ^ 46 times(1995) InMayu Okamoto.
- ^ 54 times(2003) InKuraki Mai.
- ^ Incidentally,Kamon Tatsuo(Former stage name: Tatsuo Kamon) "Go! Go! Schoolmates" (March 1993, 3) "Kohaku Uta Medley-Kohaku Version" is not a sound source sung in the Kouhaku Uta Gassen, but a re-recorded version.
- ^ μ's"Love Live! Μ's Live Collection(Blu-ray Disc, August 2016, 8) contains an animation image produced for the Kouhaku Uta Gassen as a bonus video..
- ^ "Longest-running annual TV music competition (national)" (English). Guinness World Records. April 2021, 5Browse.
- ^ Delivered to NHK Radio "radiko" for a limited time from October 10nd for half a year ORICON NEWS February 2017, 9
- ^ NHK Radio's radiko.jp distribution, expanded nationwide from noon on April 4,AV Watch, September 2018, 3
- ^ From April 4 (Thursday), when you can listen to NHK radio on radio, we will start experimental distribution of 12 in JapanRadiko, Inc., March 2018, 3
- ^ About the distribution of NHK radio via radiko in 2019 NHK Public Relations Bureau April 2019, 3
- ^ About NHK radio distribution after April 2019 radiko March 2019, 3
- ^ "JSTV @ JSTV_official Tweets". Twitter (September 2020, 12). April 2021, 1Browse.
- ^ "TV Japan --TV JAPAN @ TV JAPAN Tweets". Twitter (September 2020, 12). April 2021, 1Browse.
- ^ "NHK On Demand delivers "60th Red and White Song Battle" for a limited time". BB Watch (September 2009, 12). April 2020, 12Browse.
- ^ U-NEXT Co., Ltd. (December 2020, 12). “The 71st NHK Kouhaku Uta Gassen will be overlooked and delivered on U-NEXT (NHK On Demand).Limited time delivery from January 1st the following day". PR TIMES. April 2020, 12Browse.
- ^ "NHK delivers "60th NHK Red and White Song Battle" on NHK On Demand". PRONEWS (September 2009, 12). April 2020, 12Browse.
- ^ "Red and White Singing Contest". NHK on demand. April 2020, 12Browse.
- ^ a b The 2021nd broadcast on December 12, 31 is 72ch audio
- ^ "Expectations for Kouhaku and Yo Oizumi to gather in the moderator Last year, we also consulted with Uchimura before ad-lib.”(Japanese). NEWS Post Seven. April 2021, 12Browse.
- ^ a b NHK Kouhaku "I don't have a lunch box for the contestants" "Is the total production cost 3 million yen?",J-CAST News, July 2012, 12
- ^ Red and white singer announced today!, Sports Nippon, December 2008, 11
- ^ Announcement of red and white contestants, live broadcast on the net, breaking news on Twitter,ITmedia, April 2012, 10
- ^ a b "About selection". NHK. (December 2021) April 2022, 1Browse.
- ^ "Asahi ShimbunThe morning edition of January 1987, 11, page 11.
- ^ Asahi Shimbun, December 1987, 12, morning edition, page 6.
- ^ "First appearance on the 10th anniversary of Arashi" To the best stage "". Daily Sports Online (Daily Sports). (February 2009, 11). originalArchived as of October 2009, 11. April 2009, 11Browse.
- ^ "Souai with NHK! To abolish Johnny's" frame fixing "". Sponichi Annex (Sports Nippon Shimbun). (February 2010, 1) April 2013, 9Browse.
- ^ "Arashi breaks through the custom of the first red and white" Johnny's 2 frame ""Nikkan Sports. (February 2009, 11) April 2009, 11Browse.
- ^ Yomiuri Shimbun, morning edition dated November 1973, 11, page 22.
- ^ Goda Michito"Behind the scenes of the red and white song battle" Zen-On Music Publisher, 2012.
- ^ “8 Snow Man members correspond to the new Corona close contact, and the activity is suspended for a certain period of time”. Music natalie (Natasha). (April 2020, 12) April 2020, 12Browse.
- ^ "Snow Man red and white abandonment, Miyadate is infected with corona and all members cancel all work during the year-end and New Year holidays". Sponichi Annex (Sports Nippon Shimbun). (November 2020, 12) April 2020, 12Browse.
- ^ "Seiko Matsuda declines to participate in red and white, NHK announcement" I can not bother people around me "". Nikkan Sports (Nikkan Sports). (August 2021, 12) April 2021, 12Browse.
- ^ "Three reasons why the average audience rating of the red and white song battle" passing score "did not reach 40%". Sports Nippon(July 2022, 1) April 2022, 1Browse.
- ^ NHK scandal red and white stray scene rebroadcast in the magazine (5)Asage Plus(2011 12 年 月 日 10)
- ^ a b [Red and White Song Battle Trivia] "Launch" will be held at the NHK cafeteria,NEWS Post Seven, July 2014, 12
- ^ "Sankei Sports" dated April 2007, 12
- ^ Yukie Nakama, the red and white moderator, "Kampe ban" from Akko,ORICON STYLE, July 2008, 12
- ^ SMAP Shingo Katori Red and White Song Battle White Group Moderator V6 Yoshihiko Inohara is a childhood friend and "I want to say good luck as soon as possible" [Full interview, Part XNUMX], newslounge, December 2015, 12
- ^ Kana Uemura "God of Toilet" to participate in red and white for the first time, Sports Nippon, December 2010, 11
- ^ "Masaharu Fukuyama, "Red and White" is in the red! ?? Yo Oizumi also testified that "there are many things to take out."”(Japanese). RBB TODAY. April 2022, 1Browse.
- ^ Miyuki Nakajima is the 46th "climax", Sponichi Annex, December 2002, 12. (Internet Archive Cache).
- ^ Arashi, red and white Golden time ends with audience rating over 50% Final adjustment of appearance time, Sankei Sports, December 2020, 11
- ^ Red and white 7 groups "Johnny's Festival" is a proof of NHK's defeat., Tokyo Sports Web, January 2020, 11
- ^ "Kouhaku Uta Gassen, MISIA is a big bird Arashi is a surprise voice in the order of the songs of "second half, white group 3rd"”. Netorabo (May 2020, 12). April 2021, 1Browse.
- ^ Red and white "Hotaru no Hikari" conducted by Shunichi Tokura "I feel very honored." --Daily Sports, sent on December 2017, 12, viewed on the 7th.
- ^ "CelebrityFebruary 1966 Issue 2 Appendix "New Year Song Battle 1 Great Singers Meisei Kouhaku Uta Matsuri" p. 100
- ^ Tetsuo Maruyama "Showa of Radio" Gengi Shobo, 2012.
- ^ [NHK Kouhaku Uta Gassen 60 Years History (2)] The "1st Kouhaku" was born while being angry at GHQ on "New Year's Eve" without finding the venue for the New Year.,MSN Sankei west, July 2012, 12
- ^ Mainichi Shimbun, January 1951, 1, morning edition, 1th edition, 8 pages.
- ^ Shoichi Ota "Red and White Song Battle and Japanese"Chikuma Shobo, 2013, 26 pages.
- ^ "Nikkan Gendai" was published on December 2011, 12.Sugawara TosukoFrom Sugawara's remarks in the interview.
- ^ Ota, "Kohaku Uta Gassen and the Japanese," p. 25.
- ^ Red and White Song Battle History (4th), NHK
- ^ Ota, "Kohaku Uta Gassen and the Japanese," p. 62.
- ^ Ota, "Kohaku Uta Gassen and the Japanese," p. 27.
- ^ Ota, "Kohaku Uta Gassen and the Japanese," p. 71.
- ^ Goda Michito"The Truth about the Red and White Song Battle", pp. 132-133.
- ^ a b Audience rating of NHK general "Kohaku Uta Gassen", Video Research, January 2008, 1
- ^ Japan Broadcasting Corporation, "Fifty Years of Broadcasting Material", Japan Broadcast Publishing Association, 1977, pp. 590-591.
- ^ "Eito participates in red and white for the first time! "Perfume" "Dolce & Gabbana" problem cleared-NHK side shows no problem: Chunichi Sports / Tokyo Chunichi Sports". Chunichi Sports/Tokyo Chunichi Sports. April 2020, 11Browse.
- ^ “Provocation of Sachiko on Akko TV!”. Sponichianex (Sports Nippon Shimbun). (August 2001, 12). originalArchived as of October 2002, 10. April 2020, 1Browse.
- ^ Treasure trove of happenings / Red and white "rare" case bookNikkan Sports December 2018, 12 (accessed December 31, 2018)
- ^ Asahi Plus (December 2011, 12)
- ^ "First appearance is 14 groups red and white participation singer announcement". Sponichi Annex (Sports Nippon Shimbun). (August 2002, 11). originalArchived as of October 2002, 12.
- ^ "Saburo Kitajima Relay Chikuri". Sponichi Annex (Sports Nippon Shimbun). (August 2002, 12). originalArchived as of October 2003, 2.
- ^ "ZAKZAK" dated July 2013, 12
- ^ "Johnny's talent" Red and White "appearance video, NHK net distribution". NIKKEI NET IT-PLUS (Nikkei Inc.). (May 2009, 12). originalArchived as of October 2010, 7.
- ^ "NHK, Kouhaku Uta Gassen live public viewing at 8K / SHV". AV Watch (September 2013, 12). April 2020, 12Browse.
- ^ "Live viewing of red and white song battle with NHK and 8K video.In Tokyo and Yokohama, Makuhari, Kyoto". AV Watch (September 2015, 12). April 2020, 12Browse.
- ^ "67th NHK Kouhaku Uta Gassen [Live public viewing and reception release at 8K]". Japan Broadcasting Corporation (September 2016, 12). April 2020, 12Browse.
- ^ (I.e., pp. 306–308.
- ^ "Kohaku" will abolish the men's and women's battle system next year !?, Enter MEGA, December 2019, 12
- ^ "[NHK General TV] From Heisei to the new era About abdication / coronation related organization”. NHK (July 2019, 3). April 2020, 1Browse.
- ^ Participated in Hibari Misora, who revived with AI technology during the NHK Kohaku Uta Battle. New song produced by Yasushi Akimoto,AV Watch, September 2019, 11
- ^ "This year's NHK Kouhaku Uta Gassen will be held without spectators ... Participants "Live broadcasting as the basic line" Corona new style”. Sports Hochi (April 2020, 8). April 2021, 10Browse.
- ^ "NHK Kouhaku Uta Gassen held for the first time in history without spectators, announced at the chairman's press conference Broadcast time shortened by 15 minutes". Sponichi Annex (Sports Nippon Shimbun). (February 2020, 9) April 2020, 9Browse.
- ^ NHK Hall will be closed for a long time Seismic retrofitting, red and white will be a separate venue, Nihon Keizai Shimbun, December 2019, 4
- ^ Red and white in 21 years is another venue for the first time in 49 years, NHK Hall renovation, Daily Sports, August 2019, 4
- ^ a b "NHK "Kohaku Uta Gassen" held for the first time in two years with an audience "I want to take all possible measures"”. Nikkan Sports (March 2021, 10). April 2021, 10Browse.
- ^ "" Wild Bird Society "red and white defeated!". Sponichi Annex (Sports Nippon Shimbun). (August 2003, 12). originalArchived as of October 2004, 12.
- ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw NHK Announcer (Tokyo Announcer Room)
- ^ "NHK General "Red and White Song Battle"”. Video Research. As of June 2017, 6originalMore archives.April 2020, 1Browse.
- ^ NHK Kouhaku Uta Gassen [@nhk_kouhaku] (December 2012, 12). "Ayumi Hamasaki" XNUMX A SPECIAL Medley ", composed of XNUMX songs," Dearest "," evolution "and" SURREAL ". " (Tweet). TwitterThanRetrieved February 2020, 1.
- ^ NHK Kouhaku Uta Gassen [@nhk_kouhaku] (December 2012, 12). "NYC's medley, the songs were" Haina! "," Yume Tamago "and" XNUMX% courage ". " (Tweet). TwitterThanRetrieved February 2020, 1.
- ^ "Nikkei Entertainment!』January 2004 issue, page 3.
- ^ "The red and white effect re-emerges the singers in the top rankings-still contributing to the activation of the dark horse". ORICON NEWS (oricon ME). (November 2014, 1) April 2020, 1Browse.
- ^ Red and white appearance songs are ranked up, ZAKZAK, June 1998, 1. (Internet archiveCache)
- ^ "Weekly Shincho』May 2013, 1 issue.
- ^ Nikkan Sports March 2006, 1
- ^ Ryuji Miyamoto (January 1999, 1). “Red group moderator / short-term training course". Ichimon No. 37.As of August 2015, 6originalMore archives.April 2020, 1Browse.
- ^ Keisuke Kuwata "Blue Note Scale" P184 --185, Rockin'on, 1987
- ^ Ota, "Kohaku Uta Gassen and the Japanese," p. 29.
- ^ NHK Kouhaku "I don't have a lunch box for the contestants" "Is the total production cost 3 million yen?", J-CAST News, September 2012, 12
- ^ Asahi Shimbun, November 1988, 11, morning edition, page 18
- ^ “The backstage of the rumored deep red and white song battle!”. Real live(July 2011, 12) April 2011, 12Browse.
- ^ Goda "The Truth about the Red and White Song Battle".
- ^ Ota "Kohaku Uta Gassen and the Japanese"
- ^ Unexpected participation of 4 groups in the red and white song battle, "Korean wave annihilation" = Korea,Searchina, July 2012, 11
- ^ Anna Takase, who should never laugh, will not be in charge of the red and white news this year, Daily Sports, April 2017, 12
- ^ With gorgeous video benefits such as NHK Kouhaku Uta Gassen special animation! "Love Live! Μ's Live Collection" Blu-ray will be released!, V-STORAGE (BANDAI NAMCO ARTS), September 2016, 4.
- ^ "Love Live! Μ's Live Collection" BD bonus red and white special animation released on August 8, Anime! Anime !, April 2016, 4.
- ^ "Red and White Record Awards or? What do you see at New Year's Eve?"Yomiuri Shimbun] Tokyo Evening, July 1987, 12, page 26.
- NHK Weekly StellaExtra edition "50 times of red and white-all records of glory and excitement-" (NHK Service Center 2000May)
- A color version of Mook published in commemoration of the 50th anniversary.Has an official record-breaking personality of red and white.
- Goda Michito"The truth of the monster program Kouhaku Uta Gassen"Gentosha,200411 ISBN-4 344-00702-6 "Behind the scenes of the red and white song battle"Zen-On Music Publisher,201212
- "Kohaku Uta Gassen and the Japanese"Chikuma Shobo, August 2013, 11.ISBN 978-4-480-01586-0.
- Yamakawa Shizuo"My" Red and White Song Battle "Story"Bunshun library, August 2019, 12.ISBN-978 4167914158.
- Japan Broadcasting Corporation(NHK)
- Red and White Music Match
- NHK Hall
- Melody of memories(Called "summer red and white")
- Year after year
- Tomorrow is a raw Masashi Sada("The beginning of the New Year live broadcast year is Masashi Sada")
- Japan Record Award(TBSLive broadcast in series)
- Song of the year-old Japan(Television Tokyo Channel 12, Ltd.A music program broadcast on New Year's Eve in a series.There are also years when it becomes a counterprogram)
- The day red and white were born
- NHK Virtual Red and White Singing Battle
- "NHK Kouhaku Uta Gassen" Official Website
- 1st NHK Red and White Song Battle - NHK Broadcast History
- Phantom Red and White Song Battle-NHK History Read in Manga
- Special feature At that time, behind the scenes ... Listen to the behind-the-scenes of "Kohaku Uta Gassen" from the NHK video design department OB for the art set !! NHK Archives
- Program Episode Red and White Song Battle Producer Roundtable-NHK Archives
- Program episode "NHK Kouhaku Uta Gassen" birth story-NHK Archives
- Program Episode 10-Year Memorial "Red and White"-NHK Archives
- "NHK Kouhaku Uta Gassen" Official Account (@nhk_kouhaku)- Twitter
- NHK Red and White Singing Battle (@nhk_kouhaku)- Instagram
- NHK livestreaming - LINE LIVE(Live distribution of related programs such as "Kohaku Ura Talk")
- Nikkan Sports 20th Century Red and White History Menu Page - Wayback machine(For archived March 2003, 2)
- Area2 Red and White Song Battle LINK Collection - Wayback machine(For archived March 2000, 5)