Photo Animated masterpiece of Seiko Tanabe's short story. From "Jose, Tiger and Fish" – (C) 2020 Seiko Tanabe / KADOKAWA / Josee Project
"Jose, Tiger and Fish" anime has become a positive romance drama over time
If you write the contents roughly
People with physical disabilities will be embarrassed and angry because of their sense of justice.
"Jose, the Tiger and the Fish," which was made into a movie starring Satoshi Tsumabuki (directed by Isshin Inudo in 2003), is now a theater animation ... → Continue reading
Wikipedia related words
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Hand-legNo, it doesn't work, etc.Physically handicapped,brainI can't move my limbs normally due to an internal disorderCerebral palsyAnd so on.Impaired vision,Hearing impairment,Respiratory dysfunction,Internal failureEtc. are also included in the broad sense of physical disability.
If you have a congenital disabilityIntellectual disabilityEtc., and thisMultiple obstaclesThat is.It may also refer to having multiple types of physical disabilities (such as having both physical disabilities and visual impairment).
The original notation of "Imperial" is "Imperial", and even in the modern notation, it is not appropriate to apply "Impairment" as "Imperial", and companies and local governments that mix it with "Impairment" There are, but in Japan1945Of the Cabinet NotificationJapanese kanji tableと1956 OfNational Language Councilreport"Rewriting with the same kanjiThe notation of "disability" is officially denied by "" and unified into "disability".20106/7ToCultural CouncilNational Language SubcommitteeThanMinister of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and TechnologyIn the revised regular kanji table reported in2009In the public comments held twice in March and November, there were many opinions requesting the addition of "碍", but as a result of deliberation, it was decided to refuse the addition of "碍" (for details).ObstacleSee).
OnceJapanThen "Katawa(one end,One wheelTomo) ""DisabledIt was also called "(Fugusha)", but now these words arediscriminative term-Broadcast prohibited termsIt is rarely used in daily conversations, let alone broadcast programs and publications, such as treating obstacles in a mockery.
Classification of physical disabilities
Classification by part
Welfare Act for the DisabledThe target obstacles are 1) Impaired vision,2) Hearing impairment-Balance dysfunction, 3) VoiceLanguage disorder(ChewingIncluding disabilities), 4)Physically handicapped,5)心 臓-kidney-Respirator-bladder-colon-Small intestine-ImmunologyEtc.Internal failureIt is roughly divided into 5 types.For examplecerebral infarctionIn the case of a person who has collapsed due to cerebral infarction, physical disabilities caused by the aftereffects of cerebral infarction are covered by the law, but even if memory impairment occurs, it is not recognized as a physical disability.dementiaIf you have a mental disorderLaw on Mental Health and Welfare for Persons with Mental IllnessIt is subject to assistance under the (Mental Health and Welfare Law).
The most common of these five types of disabilities is physical disability,Physical disability certificateIt accounts for about half of the people who have been issued.Although the number of people with visual, hearing, and language disabilities is increasing, the percentage of the total is steadily decreasing year by year.On the other hand, the number of people with internal disabilities and the percentage of them are increasing.Despite the increase in the number of people with physical disabilities, the proportion of people with internal disabilities is increasing, partly because the number of organs recognized as internal disabilities has increased, and the other is because of internal disabilities. Causative disease (Diabetes mellitus,Heart diseaseEtc.) is thought to be the reason for the increase in the number of people involved.
The number of people with physical disabilities is increasing year by year.Most of the physically handicapped are elderly, and more than 65% are 60 years old or older.JapanAs the proportion of elderly people in the population is increasing, it is expected that the number of physically handicapped people will continue to increase.In addition, it is thought that one of the reasons is that the tendency to hide people with disabilities has weakened and they have been certified as having disabilities.
Government support for the physically handicapped and their families is mainlyWelfare Act for the DisabledIt is done based onsoldier combatIf you become physically handicapped due to such reasons,War Injury Special Assistance ActYou can also receive support from.For the target personPhysical disability certificate,War Victim NotebookWill be issued.
As a general rule, the Welfare Law for the Physically Handicapped is for people aged 18 and over.If you are under 18 years oldChild Welfare ActBased on the above, some welfare laws for the physically handicapped are applied, and the Child Welfare Act itself has taken separate welfare measures.Therefore, even for the same disabled person, the content of support and available facilities may differ after the age of 18.The name that refers to the target person is also "Physical disability" for those over 18 years oldA person"Physical disability" for those under the age of 18childThis is also the case with intellectual disabilities.
身体障害者手帳は障害の程度によって1〜6級の等級があり、また等級とは別に、旅客鉄道株式会社旅客運賃減額で第1種・第2種の種別がある。等級は、数字が小さいほど重度になり、一般的に1・2級を「重度」（特別障害者）、3・4級を「中度」、5・6級を「軽度」（中度、軽度は一般障害者）と分けている。種別は、等級とは別に障害の程度を示し、主にPublic transportIt becomes the standard at the time of discount.
Contents of support
Handicapped person mark
- Independent living movement
- Japan Para Tournament
- National disabled sports meet
- National Disability Skills Competition(Abilympic)
- Sex volunteer
- Byeongsin chum
- Association of Artists Drawing with Mouth and Feet
- Law about promotion of construction of specific building that elderly people, person with a physical disability can use smoothly(Heart Building Law) → From January 2007, 1Act on promotion of facilitation of movement of elderly people, persons with disabilities, etc.(New barrier-free method)
- Multiple obstacles
- Welfare for the disabled
- Basic Law for Persons with Disabilities
- Disability Comprehensive Support Act
- Disability Abuse Prevention Law
- Disability discrimination elimination law
- Employment Promotion Act for Persons with Disabilities
- Disability pension