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A pinch continues to "Sudden steak" !? A new type of karaage specialty store suddenly closes
If you write the contents roughly
"The restaurant industry is in a difficult situation due to the influence of the corona vortex, but only the karaage specialty stores are growing rapidly.
"Suddenly!"Pepper Food Service Co., Ltd.", which operates "Steak", started fried chicken specialty store "Kara ..." in January this year. → Continue reading
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Food service industry in Japan
Japan's first restaurant industry in the narrow sense of "providing a space to eat"Department storeMetMitsukoshiThe cafeteria that opened in April 1907 at the Nihonbashi main store is the starting point... The term "eating out" isPacific WarDuring the war as part of food control1941 (Showa16) With the restaurant ticket system introduced in April, you can eat with the restaurant ticket distributed.CafeteriaIt became widespread due to the notation "restaurant ticket dining room".. Nowadays, "home meal" and "home meal" derived from hereHalf boardTerminology such asRetro Nim) Is also available.
Full-scale development of the restaurant industry has begun in Japan1970 But"First year of eating outIs said to be.. This year was the first in Japan in Julyfamily restaurant"SkylarkThe first store isChuo ExpresswayKunitachi Fuchu ICnearTokyoFuchu-shi5-16-1 (Skylark National Store, nowGustIt is the year when it opened in Kunitachi store).
Also in March 1970,Kentucky Fried Chicken Osaka ExpoOpened an experimental store for the first time in November of the same yearNagoya city OfDiamond City / Meinishi Shopping Center(CurrentAeon Town Meishi) Has opened the first permanent store, the Meisei store.(However, the Meisei store will close the following year).
Fast foodAt the store, at that timeDaieiWas a seriesDom Dom HamburgerIn November 1970,Machida-shiOpened the first store in Daiei Haramachida store. Japan's firstHamburgerAs a chain store, Daiei-affiliated stores were the main stores.
Next day1971 May 7IsMcDonald'sThe first store opens on the first floor of the Mitsukoshi Ginza store(Take-outSpecialty store, closed in November 1984), four days later on July 11Yoyogi StationThe Yoyogi store was opened before (existing).米 国McDonald's ThePrivate carThe first store is supposed to come to the storeSuburbShould be made inKanagawaChigasakiInsisted on opening a store in Japan, but still in Japan at that timemotorizationWasn't progressing, at the department store in GinzabrandIt was decided to open a store in Mitsukoshi Ginza store due to gender etc... In 1970Ginza,ShinjukuEtcPedestrian heavenStarted, and at McDonald's, Shinjuku Niyuki (Shinjuku Alta), Take-out counter-type stores continued to open in department stores in central Tokyo, such as the Mitsukoshi Shinjuku store.
In the 1970s, hamburger chain stores opened one after another, and the following1972 IsMos Burger May 3ToNarimasu Station前Shopping districtOpened an experimental store in June (moved to the current location of the Narimasu store as the first official store),LotteriaIs NihonbashiTakashimayaThe first store is open on the 1st floor of the North Annex.
In this way1970 eraFrom family restaurant fast foodChain storeDeployment begins,Mass mediaThe term "restaurant industry" will also appear in.. Eating out, which until then was a special occasion for celebrations and events, has become a daily routine for the common people since the 1970s... further1980 eraFrom the second half1990 eraOverBubble eraIn the background of the booming economy, the unprecedented "GourmetboomOccurstv set OfGourmet programAnd "Delicious Shinbo”Gourmet cartoonEating out is also popularEntertainmentWidely established as one of.
現代 の家庭In general, the younger the head of the household, the greater the proportion of eating out in the food expenses, and the single-person household has a larger proportion of eating out than the household with two or more people..
Classification by industry
The definition of eating out generally has a narrow and broad meaning.
"Eating out in a narrow sense isMealRefers to the type of industry that provides meals along with the space to do[Source required][Who?].Cafeteria,Restaurants,Fast food,A coffee shop(Cafe) etc. Generally restaurantThis is the type of industry called.
Stock marketThen.Securities codeAccording to the industry classification in the council, the food service industry in a narrow sensesupermarket,convenience storeSame asRetail tradeIn addition, the companies that deal with "prepared meals"GroceriesIt is classified into.
- A coffee shop
- Fast food
- A stall
- Japanese cuisine tavern(Cooking）
- beer garden
- Standing Soba/Udon Shop
History of eating out in Japan
"ChayaAppearedMuromachi PeriodIt is said thatCraftsman songFor medieval iconographic materials, run a simple store in front of the temple and shrine to serve tea food.CraftsmanIn the pre-modern period leading up to the early modern period, the restaurant industry had a close relationship with temples and shrines.
In modern timescityDevelops and travelers come and gostreetAlong the road and a place of worshipShrine, A place with a function of attracting customers such as entertainment facilities has been established, and a distribution network has been developed so that various foodstuffs such as greens, seafood, and dried foods can be stably supplied.RestaurantThe foundation for establishing the restaurant industry has been laid, and it is also an element that shows the economic development and bustling of the city.
Edo PeriodInitially "Izakaya"(Meshiya) appeared, for exampleIbara NishitsuruAccording to "Nishi Tsuruoki Souvenir", Nara Tea (a set menu of tea rice, tofu soup, boiled beans, and boiled beans), which opened in Asakusa in 1657, became popular. From the middle to the latter half of the year, soba shops and absentee teahouses (restaurantIs said to be the origin of. A high-class teahouse for the absentee who keeps the daimyo mansion while there is no daimyo. I was serving kaiseki cuisine),Japanese cuisine tavernIt is said that such business formats have appeared. Also,Side dish"For cooking"Nimai-yaSometimes served as a teahouse (boiled teahouse).
またEdoThen,Japanese buckwheat noodles,sushi,tempuraSuch,A stallThe restaurant industry is flourishing, and as a restaurant in the Edo periodPlayhouseClose to entertainment facilities, etc.Iimori WomanEmployedprostitutionI also had a side job. Because of its nature, restaurants near entertainment facilitiesPhilosopherInformation related to outlaw groups and crimes is easy to concentrate, whileAwakeningIt is pointed out that people with public authority also come and go, and that they have both sides of crime occurrence and security maintenance. The multifaceted nature of these dishes is modern in the prostitution industryPlayground, Security maintenancePolicemenAs the function of the city progresses, it will change to a facility that provides pure food and drink.
Most of these types of business are personal livelihoods, and the relationship was limited to a branch office based on "goodwill division."1960 eraHappened in AmericaFranchiseIn the wake of the boom, franchise-style stores will appear in Japan as well.
1963 ToDuskinOpened the first FC store,Fujiya OfWestern confectioneryOpened the first FC store.1970 ,Japan World ExpositionAt the venueKentucky Fried ChickenOpens, the next1971 ToMcDonald'sOpened in Ginza Mitsukoshi, in the same yearMister DonutAlso opened the first store.family restaurantThen in 1970Skylark,Royal hostIs open.1973 ToYoshinoyaOpened the first franchise store in Odawara City, Kanagawa Prefecture, in the same yearShakesAlsoShibuyaThe first store is open in.
1970 eraから1980 eraIsCentral kitchen,POSWas introduced to improve efficiency. The size of the market is1980 To 14 trillion yen, and exceeded 7000 trillion yen in the latter half of the 1980s... In the 1980s, izakaya that adopted the franchise format appeared, and in 1983, in Tokyo.ShirokiyaThe first store, the Nakano South Exit store, is open.
1990 eraToBubble burstHas slowed growth. On the other hand, land prices and rents have become cheaper due to the fall in land prices due to the bursting of the bubble economy, making it easier to open family restaurants in the city center and in the suburbs of izakaya chains... Since the late 1990sStarbucksな どDepartment of Foreign InvestmentcoffeeChains are also expanding.
2000 eraIn 2001BSE problem, 2004bird-fluThe epidemic hits related stores. AlsoDrunk drivingThe tightening of crackdowns affected alcohol sales.McDonald'sLow price competition such as 80 yen burger was talked about, but profits did not improve and we are trying to break away from low price competition.. The Japanese food service industry has entered a mature stage, and the direction is changing from price to quality. In addition, as the quality improves, for example, the level of ramen will rise and the hurdles for opening new stores will rise..
The size of the market is1997 After peaking in the low 20 trillion yen range.. While it is said that the market size will not expand in the future, the number of stores is increasing, and the competition for survival in the industry is expected to intensify due to intensifying competition.Seven & i HoldingsHas announced that it will reduce the number of restaurants in the restaurant sector from 2008 due to the slump in the restaurant sector.
The number of bankruptcies in the food service industry has risen steadily since the 2000s. The number of bankruptcies since 2007 has been around 600 every year. It has been said that the business format depends on the good and bad of the economy, but in 2017, while other industries drastically reduced the number of bankruptcies due to the booming economy, it recorded more than 27 cases, up 700% from the previous year. In addition to rising material costs and labor shortages, the aging of small business owners and the difficulty of successors are also believed to be the background..
According to the company, the top 2015 companies by sales in 20 are as follows.
|Ranking||Company name||Sales (100 million yen)|
|1 bit||Zensho Holdings||525,709|
|3 bit||Coro wide||234,138|
|4 bit||Nippon MacDonald Holdings||189,473|
|5 bit||Yoshinoya Holdings||185,738|
|7 bit||Royal holdings||130,327|
|9 bit||Doutor Nichires Holdings||124,796|
|10 bit||Kura Sushi||105,306|
|11 bit||Create Restaurants Holdings||103,271|
|13 bit||Japan KFC Holdings||88,180|
|14 bit||Matsuya Foods||83,947|
|15 bit||Kappa Create||80,320|
|16 bit||King general food service||75,317|
|17 bit||Moss food service||71,113|
|19 bit||Saint Marc Holdings||66,056|
A restaurant company with multiple stores
A store specializing in specific dishes
A store specializing in a particular category of food
Raquel,Orange kitchen,Peter Pan,,,Skylark,Royal host,Denny's,Gust,Bamiyan,Jonathan,Anna Millers,Cocos Japan,Sunday sun,Tomato and associates,Joyful,Japanese food,Tonden,Marumatsu,Bandaro Taro,Mujaki Foods,坂 本,Kisoji,Crab,Waist,Tomato & Associates,Hiramatsu
Food service industry in China
Chugoku,Taiwanな どAsiaIn countries, instead of cooking daily meals at homeA stallIn some areas, it is a culture and tradition to go out and eat. The food service industry is growing against the backdrop of increasing national income and heightened awareness of food safety... The market size is expected to reach about 2006 trillion yuan in 1 and about 2010 trillion yuan (about 2 trillion yen) in 29, and the employment scale is estimated to be more than 2006 million in 2000. CorporateIs also being actively carried out, and future development is expected to be promising..
- ^ Meaning of the restaurant industry Source: Digital Daijisen (Shogakukan) gooJapanese dictionary
- ^ Ayumi of Mitsukoshi Mitsukoshi Isetan Holdings Official Website
- ^ a b c d e f The 145th Permanent Exhibition History of Eating Out National Diet Library, November 2008, viewed July 11, 2019
- ^ History Skylark Group Official Website
- ^ History Japan KFC Holdings Official Website
- ^ What is Dom Dom? Dom Dom hamburger official website
- ^ History McDonald's Japan Official Website
- ^ a b c Walk the birthplace of the first phantom restaurant in McDonald's NIKKEI STYLE July 2011, 7,Nihon Keizai Shimbun
- ^ "Section 1 Significance and Challenges for Improving the Food Self-Sufficiency Rate" 18 White Paper on Food, Agriculture and Rural Areas (Ministry of Agriculture）
- ^ a b c d e f "Weekly Toyo KeizaiJuly 2007, 7 Special Feature "Fuun! Eating Out Front"
- ^ ""Izakaya" bankruptcy, the reason why it is increasing”. Nikkan Kogyo Shimbun New Switch (January 2018, 1). October 2018th, 5Browse.
- ^ a b Delivered on June 2007, 6 "The market doubles to 26 trillion yuan, the food service industry in 2" (NNA)