167 oil lamps are fantastic!"Kitaichi Glass" that you definitely want to stop by for sightseeing in Otaru
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For about 30 minutes after the store opens, the clerk can observe the work of lighting 167 oil lamps.
Kitaichi Glass is a famous spot that is indispensable for sightseeing in Otaru.A lot of shops line up and a busy street ... → Continue reading
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Lamp (lighting fixture)
In English-speaking countries, it refers to fixed type or placed on the floor or table, and portable type is lantern (lantern) Called.
Liquid fuelThose that useoil(Animal oil,Vegetable oil, Mainly in modern timeskerosene),Solid fuel,Gas fuelDepending on the fuel, oil lamps (oil lamps, etc.)Kerosene lamp, Oil lamps, etc.),Alcohol lamp,Gas lampAnd so on.In many cases, the light emitting part and the fuel tank are integrated.Most gas lamps are connected to a tank (cylinder) that stores compressed gas, but some have a structure in which they are supplied from the outside by a gas pipe.
The original form of the lamp was to pour vegetable oil etc. into a clay-baked plate, place a single wick, and light the fire.Thousand and One NightsFamousAladdin and the magic lampThe one that appears in is also the one that has a handle and a mouth in the oil container, and puts out a wick from the mouth to ignite.
From ancient times to the Middle Ages, vegetable oils such as fish oil and olive oil were used as fuel, but in modern times whale oil was also used.At the end of the Edo periodMatthew PerryCame to Japan and pressed for the opening of the country, but the purpose was to create a supply base for its own whaling vessels, which were actively operating in the waters near Japan at that time for whale oil.Burn vegetable oil indoors until the Meiji era in JapanPaper lanternIs used, and for portable useCandleuseLantern,How about cancerIs used.When oil was mined, the fuel for lamps was completely replaced by kerosene, and until the spread of electricity, the lighting of ordinary households was divided into candles.
Put the oil in a metal or glass oil jar, attach a mouthpiece to the mouth, insert the wick and ignite, and set the combustion part to "火屋(Hoya) ”(glass cylinder) to prevent it from being blown out by the wind.The wick was screwed up and down.Cleaning the soot-dirty fire shop was the job of a small child.There were two types, one was hanging and the other was stationary.Lamps were responsible for lighting poor homes, as candles are generally more expensive.For special applications, a small portable safety lamp that uses kerosene as fuel as a simple detector to detect a decrease in oxygen concentration or an increase in flammable gas concentration in coal mines or mines (named after the developer).Davy lampOr also called a wolf light) was used.
I came to JapanMannobuNew Year (1860), I got it from a friend Hayashi Dokai went to the United StatesStinky waterIt is said that it was the first to ignite with.KeioIt gradually became popular from around that time, and was praised for its brightness.Meiji15 years(1882) Around that time, even the theory of lamp exile was raised...From flat cores to circular cores and double cores, incandescent mantle lamps appeared from air lamps, while portable cantera was also derived, and until the spread of electric lamps, it was the king.In the hinterland where electricity is still unavailableMountain hutIt is used in active duty in such places.
Currently the lamp,lanthanumLight bulbs, discharge lamps, and LEDs that emit electricity have become widespread, but candle lamps, lanterns, fuel-powered lamps, and lanterns that use candles are still widely used in countries and regions where electricity is not widespread. It is also used persistently for outdoor-related leisure purposes, emergency use when power is lost, or for military use.Currently, the mainstream of fuel-powered lamps for leisure is shifting to cartridge cylinder type gas lanterns and pressurized white gas as a result of the demand for more brightness, but kerosene lanterns will continue to be used due to ease of handling and low fuel prices. It has been.
recent yearsLEDIntroducing flashlights and lanterns of the type, which generally have the advantages of being lightweight, low power consumption, shock resistant, less likely to break down, and bright, and the benefits of fueled lamps are being lost. Some LED-type batteries are equipped with solar cells that also use rechargeable batteries and hand-cranked generators, and do not require replenishment or replacement of dry batteries, and are also used during disasters and mountain climbing.
in JapanDry cellOf expression懐 中 电灯Until the spread of Cantera, the portable lamps that were commonly used in the workplace were called Cantera.Shipping,TrainAt nighttime traffic lights and signal lamps, kerosene lamps and carbide acetylene lamps equipped with reflectors and red and green colored filters are used and are called "cantera". It was.Unlike general portable lighting applications, these are used as signal lights instead of signal flags when visibility is not clear, such as at night or underground, and are generally white (stop position) on railways. Use a signal that can be switched between three colors: instruction signal, boarding / alighting end signal, etc.), red (stop), and green (progress).Signal lightchecking).Currently, portable signal lamps only use dry batteries or rechargeable batteries to light incandescent miniature bulbs or LEDs, and do not use oil lamps or gas lamps.
In addition, in order to prevent the turnout from freezing (points cannot be switched) during snowfall, etc., an oil lamp-shaped thing called "" is installed on the moving part of the turnout to ignite the fire. It prevents freezing, but this is also different from the general use of Cantera.The snowmelt cantera itself has become less common in recent years due to the spread of "electric heating point snowmelters".
Also in JapanmineThe lights used in such as cantera are also called cantera.These are not limited to lamps that use kerosene, etc.CarbideGenerated fromacetyleneSome of them use methane as fuel, and measures against ignition of methane gas etc. were taken.Safety lightAnd battery-powered items, fixed to the headhead lampIs sometimes called Cantera.
EnglishFrom Lantern.Oxford English DictionaryAccording to the report, a lantern is a "lamp" that can be carried or carried in the hand, and is a type of lamp.Lantern and lamp have the same etymology, in ancient GreekTorchIt is said that it was divided into Roman times from the word Lamptēr, which means.OrientalLantern,Paper lantern,Sky lanternEtc. are also lanterns in English.
- Gasoline lantern
- Those that use gasoline as fuel.
- Kerosene lantern
- Those that use kerosene as fuel.
- Hurricane lantern
- A hurricane lantern (or hurricane lamp) is a structure that connects the fuel tank to the chimney with two columns on the left and right, and has a chimney with a lid that can be used even in stormy weather. doing.The prototype is patented by Bruno Nier in 2.In the hurricane lantern, the two struts use the airflow that the heated air rises from the chimney part to send the air down and blow up the burner, which provides stable combustion even in strong winds and rain. You can.A pipe extends directly above the chimney, and the type that distributes it to the left and right columns sends warm air after combustion directly to the burner, and the type that distributes it directly from the side of the chimney to the left and right columns mixes cold air. It is sent to the burner and is called cold blast.Hot blasting has the advantage of being able to use less refined kerosene because it sends hot air to the burner, but cold blasting is much brighter for common use with white kerosene, so hot blasting is less popular. Absent.
- Gas lantern
- The outdoor gas lantern is small and lightweight調理With a burnerCylinderCan be shared.Before the introduction of gas lanterns, white kerosene andWhite gasWas the mainstream fuel.
- Candle lantern
- To the light sourceろ う そ くThe one using.
- Fluorescent lantern
- Those that use fluorescent lamps as the light source.A dry battery or the like is used as a power source.
- LED lantern
- To the light sourceLight emitting diode Those that use (LED).Power sources include dry batteries, manual generators, and solar cells that charge rechargeable batteries.
- There are white and warm colors, and either or both colors can be emitted. LED lanterns that use dry batteries instead of fuel-powered lanterns have become widespread as leisure and emergency lanterns since the price of LEDs has been reduced.
- ^ Sata Kaiseki published the "Lamp Exiled Commandments" on July 1880, 7 in the Tokyo Nichi Nichi Shimbun, defending domestic products and expelling foreign products.