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🧁 | [Clay pot pudding ?!] Lots of fruits!A huge pudding like a manga ☆


[Clay pot pudding ?!] Lots of fruits!A huge pudding like a manga ☆

If you write the contents roughly
I love listening to music & LIVE, drinking & eating, taking pictures, going on a trip somewhere!

Hello (´ ▽ `) It's been hot days this year too ~ Everyone, aren't you doing summer heat? ??Eat in the summer ... → Continue reading

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Wikipedia related words

If there is no explanation, there is no corresponding item on Wikipedia.


Music(Music,English: Music,French: Music,Italian: Music,Spanish: Music) IssoundbyartIs. There are various definitions such as "expression of time by sound".

MusicalHistoryCan be traced back to prehistoric times (#history).

In recent years, statistically looking at people's listening to music, the percentage of people listening to played music has increased (#Live music / Play music).


KojienThen, it was called "art by sound".

4st centuryAncient rome Ofphilosopher,ア ウ グ ス テ ィ ヌ スIn "Music Theory", "Music a est scientia bene modulandi"[Note 1]Is) "[3]..In John Blacking's book, "Human Organizedsound[4]Was said.John Cage"Music is sound. It's the sound that surrounds us, both inside and outside the concert hall."


"Lu Shi Chunqiu(Completed in 239 BC) already has the expression "music".

MusicThe origin of the book is far away, it occurs in the measure, and it is written in Taichi ("Lu Shiharuaki" Dairaku)

In many European languages, including the English "Music"Ancient greek Ofmusic (mousike; "MusaThe etymology is (meaning "art").Musa is the goddess of art and culture, also known as the muse.[5].


注意 点

The first thing to note when classifying music.Arbitrary classification is performed for the music culture developed by various ethnic groups and the many events that exist in each culture.LabelAlthough it is convenient, it can be misleading.[6].. Some people use the term "folk music" easily, but the term "folk music" is a combination of "classical music, popular music, Japanese music" and other music of the same era (very roughly). It has a strong meaning of calling it "folk music", which is inappropriate.[6], Is pointed out by Kotobank. The label / classification term "folk music" is very inappropriate.

Neutral classification

As a neutral classification method[6], "European music" "(English edition)""(English edition)There is a way to classify[6]..Another neutral classification method is to classify by region name or country name, for example, "German music", "Indian music", "Japanese music", etc., which is actually widely used.[6]..And if you focus on only some countries and ignore others, you will lack neutrality and your views will be biased.

and,"Classical music""jazz""Popular music""LockSuch asGenreHowever, since it is becoming popular in each country, it is realistic to write the country name and genre name together.[6]..for example"French pops""Iranian pop""(English edition)""C-POP (meaning China Pops)""K-POP (meaning Korean Pops)It is realistic to classify as "."Similarly in English "German jazz""Spanish jazz""Canadian jazz""Japanese jazzIt is also neutral and realistic to classify as "...".

The method of classifying only countries, which is the basis of the neutral classification method pointed out above, is as follows even if only a part is excerpted. (In fact, the English version of Wikipedia uses this neutral classification and has a comprehensive article on music for each country. The English version of the article has already been published, so follow the link and read it in English. You will get specific information about each music, and as a result, you will be able to better understand what it means to be neutral.)

(* It should be classified neutrally, and the classification item "Japanese music" is the same as the content of the classification "country name + music" includes everything from traditional music to modern and contemporary music. However, not only traditional Japanese music but also modern and contemporary music must be included. The content indicated by the classification of "Japanese music" is traditional.Japanese musicIt should not be limited, but should also include various contemporary Japanese music.When classifying, the music of any country must be treated neutrally.Kotobank points out that the treatment should not be changed only in some countries.It also means that you should not take a distorted view that is reflexively associated with "Japanese music → Japanese traditional music only" only in Japan.In fact, even in the English version, "en: Music of JapanIn the latter half of ", about modern Japanese heavy metal and JapanGame musicIt also explains that. )

In addition to the above classification by country, as pointed out by Kotobank, by combining country names and genre names, for example, "Jazz in XX country", "Popular music in XX country (pops)" ... And, if you do the classification comprehensively without missing the country name + genre name, it will be a neutral and realistic classification (in fact, in the English version of Wikipedia, articles are classified in that way) ..


Musical"Genre"" Means the style and form of music.Since ancient times, music has been used in many societiesEntertainment,Religious,儀式Through such things, it has become closely related to daily life and has created many distinctive forms and styles.

The genre of music is not only the style and form of music that can be heard at present, but also the source of its origin and clues to its history.

Modern music is often a complex composition of various genres.

Genre example


History of ancient music

Music is said to have been played since prehistoric times, but it is unclear when and how it began.But that'ssongIt is believed that it started from[7].WesternThen,Ancient greeceIn the age ofPythagoras,PlatoByMusic theoryAnd music哲学Has begun,Ancient Greek music TheGreek tragedy,PoetryThe music that accompanies it was the main.This is laterClassical musicIt is connected to.

OrientalThen.Edo PeriodUntilGeneral inspectionKouichi HanawaAccording to Japanese studies and Chinese mythology, the clan of the inventor of the rope invented songs, musical instruments, and sheet music.Hanawa Hokiichi is a twisted ropeKnotted recordThe origin of the pottery excavated from the Japanese archipelagoBoso PeninsulaIiokaThe research results sought in the Yui Net that remains in the net hutGroup documentsCompiled to.

  • A danceInventor- "Ge Tianshi』\ The emperor of the era that healed without reigning.He is also the inventor of ropes, clothes, and names.
  • QinInventor of Se- "Fuxi"Three emperorsThe first emperor of China.He is also the inventor of fishing, knotted records, fishing nets, bird nets, and Bagua.
  • Shoç°§Inventor- "Nüwa』\ A woman who repaired heaven and created humanity.

History by genre

History of classical music

In the music history of classical music,6st centuryYou can go back to that time.First, around this timeキ リ ス ト 教Is the chant ofGregorian chantAndPolyphonic musicWas born (Medieval western music), This evolved15st centuryToDuchy of Burgundy OfFlandersでRenaissance musicWas established.16st centuryIn full swingInstrumental musicMusic development,OperaThe birth ofcourtMusic flourished (Baroque music). Music before thisEarly musicIt is often called. afterwards18st centuryIn the middle of the year, the music spread to the people,Classical musicCalled "form" and "HarmonyHas been developed into music with an emphasis on. Also since this timeartWill be seen as.19st centuryFocused on "expression"Romantic musicTo each countryFolk songIncorporatedNational music schoolIs also born.20st centuryI use "mood" and "atmosphere" to express myselfImpressionist musicHarmony andKeySuch as music without regulationsModern musicWas born, andSecond World WarAfter thatContemporary musicIt developed into free music called.

History of popular music

Popular musicHistory17st centuryAroundAmericaToImmigrationGo back to.By white people when immigration begins in earnestmusicalTheater music like this became popular.Also,AfricaBy blacks fromSpirit song(spiritual),Blues,gospelHas begun. At the end of the 19th century, blues merged with Western musicSwing,Improvisation,PolyrhythmIs characteristicjazzIt developed into.1920 eraBlues and spiritual,AppalachiaA fusion of local folk musicCountry music(Country) gained popularity1940 eraToElectronic musical instrumentCharacterized by intense rhythm sessionsRhythm and Blues(R & B),1950 eraIs a fusion of R & B and gospelSoul music(Soul) was born.Furthermore, in the mid-1950s, country, blues, R & B, etc. merged.Rock 'n' roll(Rock) appears,1970 eraTohip hopMovement appeared.

...Such.Basically, there is a history section in the articles of each genre, and it is explained there.

History of music in each country

History of Egyptian music
en: Music of Egypt #History
Greek music history
en: Music of Greece #Greek musical history
Iraqi music history
en: Music of Iraq
History of Chinese music
zh: Chinese music(Chinese version. History is explained).en: Music of China(English version. History is explained)
History of Korean music
Korean Traditional Music #History
History of Japanese music

in Japan,Jomon PeriodThe music had already started from5st centuryから8st centuryOverKorean Peninsula-ChugokuVarious genres of music began by incorporating music from.First,Heian periodToEnvoyAbolishNational cultureIncorporated foreign music whenGagakuWas established, and court music became popular.afterwardsKamakura Period-Muromachi PeriodIs unique to JapanSarugakuBegins,can-KyogenDeveloped into.Edo PeriodBut the music unique to Japan has developed,worldly music(Joruri,Local song,Nagauta,KotoEtc.).Meiji EraSince then, Westernization and popularization of music have progressed, and Western musicsong,Piano pieceWas composed.Showa periodToPopular song,Popular songPopular music of the Showa period began, and after the war, American popular music and contemporary music were adopted.Enka,J-POPDeveloped into.

History of American music
en: Music of the United States #History
Brazilian music history
en: Music of Brazil #Originsanden: Music of Brazil #OriginsThe following few sections (English version).

...Such.Basically, it is explained (will be) in the "History" section of the "Music of the Country" article.


Sound element
Basic for soundfrequency(Pitch,Pitch), Included frequencies (Timbre,ChordEtc.), size (volume), Periodicity (rhythm), There are factors such as the direction of the sound source.
Three-element concept in Western music

So-called in relation to the above factorsWestern musicIn the world of music, music is generallyrhythm,メ ロ デ ィ ー,ハ ー モ ニ ーIt is thought that it consists of three elements.However, in the actual music, since each is closely related, it is not possible to clearly extract only one.Also, it does not mean that three elements are absolutely necessary to be music.For example, other than Western music, harmony often does not exist or is sparse, and conversely, some elementsWestern musicThere is also music that has undergone a high degree of evolution beyond the common sense of.In this way, the idea of ​​these three elements is by no means perfect, but it is actually used and effective when trying to understand or master music.

Melody in music where harmony has been established in Western music
Melody(Melody) is especiallyChordThe chords are made up offrequencyIt is caused by an approximately integer ratio of.
How to generate sound
soundHow to generatesound,Whistling, Clap,Musical instrumentand so on.Musical instruments breathe in traditional Western classificationWind instrument[Note 2]Makes a sound by vibrating the stringsStringed instrument[Note 3], And make a sound by hitting or shaking the instrument itselfPercussion instrument(drumEtc.) are classified into three categories.Musical instruments have strong regional characteristics, and even after the spread of Western music spread the musical instruments of the Western deadline all over the world, there are many characteristic musical instruments unique to the region all over the world. It is not uncommon for the same instrument to use different materials.[8].

Music act

When it comes to musical acts, in modern times it is generally "Composition""Performance""鑑賞Is considered as the basis.What is composition?composerIt is to express what I felt in my heart with sound.Performance, also called reproduction art, is the act of actually expressing the composed music as sound, changing the original song (=).Arranger) Play while playing or change voice music into instrumental music (Arranger) The act of playing after doing so is also regarded as the act of playing. (#Performance).Appreciation is listening to music, tasting it, and assessing its value.


CompositionTo make a song, or to devise a musical genre.In particular,Musical scoreSometimes I will createImprovisationIn some cases, the score production is skipped and the composition is performed at the same time.


PerformanceTo actually make a sound, that is, to play music,Musical instrumentNot only to play, but in a broad sensesongIt also includes singing.For playingImprovisationIf there is,Musical scoreThere is also a performance according to.Above all,jazzImprovisation is often used, on the other handClassical musicThen usually on the musicnoteIt is played on the street.Playing with only machinesAutomatic performanceIt is called.


Appreciation is to show musical art by enjoying the performance visually, audibly, and so on.Music critics can be thought of as doing it as a profession.

Musical instrument organization

The composition of the instrument depends to some extent on the genre of music played.For example, there are the following.

Live music / playback music

Music is not limited to live music, but recorded and played "record music" or "played music"[Note 4]Can be enjoyed.In recent years, statistically looking at people's listening to music, the time and frequency of listening to played music has become overwhelmingly high.[9].

Live music

The music played live isen: performing arts A type of (performing art), performed by live actors on stagetheater(acting) Or dance liveダンスEach time a performer performs (like any other performing art, such as), it is characterized by being more or less different.

Recording and recording technology

The oldest method of recording and transmitting musicOralHowever, in due course, some peoples write music in the form of symbols, so-calledMusical scoreWas invented and used.Various in each ethnic groupNotationWas developed, but in the early 11th century in ItalyGuido of ArezzoDeveloped notation using musical lines[10]In Europe, when this was gradually improved and entered the 17th centuryStavesWas invented.The staff notation can be used to describe all songs and musical instruments, and it was so complete that it could be composed on the score, so it became the mainstream of sheet music thereafter.[11].

The score was nothing more than a conversion of music data into symbols, but in 1877Thomas edisonInvented the wax tube recorder, which made it possible to record the music itself.[12].recording OfTechnologyContinued to develop after that, in the 1960sRecording equipment,synthesizerThe spread of music has fundamentally changed the method of making popular music. In the 1990s, it became widespread, expanding the technical possibilities of music processing.

Distribution / distribution

Communicate music媒体There are various things in.For storing music on recording mediaSP board,LP board,EP board,Compact cassette (cassette tape),CD,video tape,LD,floppy disk,MD,USB,SD,HDD,SSD,DVD,BD,HVDAnd so on.Music on these recording mediaWalkmanSuch asDigital audio playerIncludingRecording and playback equipmentPlayed and used by.Also, as a means of distributing musicAM broadcast,FM broadcastSuch asradioBroadcast andtv setSuch asbroadcastIn addition to the existence of media, these daysData compressionUtilizing technology,インターネットViaMusic distributionIs becoming popular[13].

Music industry and popularization

In the olden days, royal aristocrats and churches protected musicians, and many famous songs were produced among them, but from around the 18th century, the economic power of citizens improved in Europe, and it was aimed at an unspecified number of audiences. Concerts have become popular[14]..This tendency isFrench RevolutionAfter that, it accelerated further as the privileged class disappeared and the economic power of the civil class improved.[15]..Also in the 16th centuryLetterpressWith the invention of, the score was also published.Printed sheet music was superior in terms of mass productivity, accuracy, and price to those obtained by copying so far, and played a major role in popularizing music, especially the same song.[16]..Musical score publishing was established as a commercial model in the 19th century and became a driving force in the music industry.[17].

Until the end of the 19th century, musicians were basically needed to enjoy music except for playing by themselves, but in 1877Thomas edison gramophoneInvented, then in 1887Emile BerlinerImproved this to a disk shape, from hererecordWith the advent of, it became possible for individuals to own the music itself, and this also made it possible for each individual to enjoy music at home.[18]..Then in the 1920sradioAs soon as broadcasting starts and the mass media can convey voice, music programs will start, and it will be possible to deliver uniform music to an unspecified number of people, and musicPopular cultureThe conversion has progressed.And on that foundation, music production and distribution,AdsTo make a livingRecord companyAppeared, and a large-scale music industry was established.afterwards,tv setAppearance and spread of new media such ascassette tapeAnd the 1980scompact discAppearance of new media such as the appearance of, released in 1979WalkmanlikePortable music playerThe number of music lovers has increased further with the advent of the music industry, and the music industry has continued to flourish.This will change in the late 1990sインターネットIs the first time that has become widespread.Music supply via the Internet no longer requires the medium in which music is stored, and the demand for owning music as a thing has been declining.On the other handMusic festival,concertHas been held throughout this period, and the environment surrounding the music industry continues to change, with live concerts and the like becoming more prosperous.[19].

Music city

Music cities generally refer to cities with a particularly rich music culture, cities where music is completely integrated into the daily lives of the inhabitants, or cities where the music industry is very prosperous.The following is an example.


Japan domestic scale

In addition, there are cities, towns and villages all over the country that advocate music cities.

Music and brain

Recognize music as "music", not just "sound" or "language"brainThe mechanism of is not yet understood in detail.On the contrary, even the basic mechanism of auditory cognition, such as how humans separate and distinguish voices and sounds from the miscellaneous surrounding sounds, is often unclear.However, we know some points about the relationship between music and the brain, such as:

  • Music-related brain:Temporal lobeFrom reports such as experiencing music when electrically stimulatingPrimary cortexIt is certain that the temporal lobe, including.
  • Music, especially rhythm, is related to physical activity.
  • Music has the function of amplifying emotions.For example, in a movie or a play, the audience's tears are invited by effectively inserting music in the showroom, or the audience's fear is aroused by inserting frightening music in the middle of a ghost story.
  • Musicians who started practicing from an early age are more connected to the left and right hemispheres of the cerebrum than non-musicians.Corpus callosumThe front part is large (Schlaug et al., 1995).It is related to processing various information such as coordinated movement of both hands necessary for playing an instrument, rhythm, chords, emotions, visual stimulation of musical score, etc. in each part of the left and right cortex, and closely communicating with each other. there is a possibility.
  • Absolute pitch: It is said that the ability to identify without effort without comparing the scale of the sound heard and the standard sound, and cannot be acquired by people over 9-12 years old.It is said that many Asians have perfect pitch, but there are no accurate data, and no medical basis has been given as to whether this is due to genetic or cultural factors.In addition, the part of the brain where blood flow increases when determining the pitch differs between those who have perfect pitch and those who do not.For those who don't have it, pitchShort-term memoryRight related to remembering asPrefrontal cortexIt is said that the activity of the dorsolateral prefrontal cortex, which is collated with the memory, was strong in those who have it.In addition, it is said that the left-right asymmetry of the temporal lobe (left> right) is strong in those who have perfect pitch (Zattore et al., 2003).
  • Relationship between music and mathematics: Systematized as a general education in medieval EuropeSeven liberal arts, Music is counted as one of the mathematical disciplines.There is also a report (Rauscher et al., 1997) that having children practice music improved their math grades, suggesting a link between music and math.
  • Learning an instrument stimulates both sides of the brain,memoryIs strengthened[20].
  • Music stimulates cognitive function, promotes well-being and improves quality of life[21]..Whether you need to relax, increase energy, improve your thinking, or motivate yourself for the day, bright music can provide additional support when you need it most.Scientists have discovered that listening to music can stimulate different areas of the brain that change thoughts and movements.[22].
  • Many studies while studyingEnvironmental musicCollege students who listen to are less anxious, more focused, and have higher test scores.Environmental sounds include soothing instrument sounds such as natural sounds, acoustic guitars, pianos, and electronic sounds.Your favorite music songs can stir up positive memories, lift your mood, and create a calm and relaxing atmosphere.Ambient music is also thought to activate areas in the brain involved in analytic thinking and creativity, enhancing the brain's ability to absorb and retain information.[22].
  • Unfortunately, music brings many benefits to the brain, but language and music are processed in the same part of the brain, so working while listening to all kinds of music except ambient music greatly increases creativity and reading comprehension. It is impaired.Researchers speculated that listening to music destroyed their ability to memorize linguistic information and complete tasks.[23][24].

Music and health

The soothing and motivational sounds of music include various benefits to cardiovascular health.[25]Offers a wide range of health benefits.Using the right kind of music in the right situation can improve emotional and overall health, depending on your needs.[22].

Academic research

As an academic discipline to study musicMusicologyThere is.Music theoryAs forPhilosophy of music,Music aestheticsThere is.Study the history of musicMusic history,Music education,Music psychology,Music acousticsAnd so on.Western music and eachPeople OfFolk musicComparative studyComparative musicIt is,AnthropologyStudy the music culture of each ethnic group under the influence ofFolk musicologyChanged to[26]. Also,literatureIn research, the relationship with music is also studied.

ResearchersMusic criticMay be written.


Regardless of its cultural development, music is universally present in all ethnic groups and has been used in various ways.軍隊Music is an integral part of the march and command of[27], Even in modern times, the armies of many nationsMilitary bandI have.To add rhythm to daily work and improve efficiencyLabor songIs also transmitted to many ethnic groups, and even in Japan, rice planting songsWoodworkingEtc. correspond to this.Utagakilike,CourtshipThe use of music for is also widespread throughout the world[28]..The use of music for magical and magical purposes, as well as for religious purposes, is common to many peoples. For example, in Europe, the church was one of the important players of music until the 18th century.[29].

In medieval university education in EuropeSeven liberal artsMusic is often emphasized as a culture, as music was included in one of them.[30]When modern education began in the 19th century, music alsoPrimary EducationWas incorporated into the curriculum.Japan after the Meiji Restoration followed this idea, but it could not be introduced immediately because there were few human resources who could handle Western music.Elementary school song collection”Will be published, and singing songs will be gradually introduced.[31]..In addition to music education as a general education, train music professionalsMusic schoolAlso exists all over the world, variousmusicianIs nurturing.

Music is often associated with ethnic identitynationalismBrings the dew of[32]..Most independent countries in the worldNational anthemIt is also due to this use that[33]..This kind of connection is not uncommon not only in national anthems but also in general music. In the swell of nationalism in the 19th century, we aim to establish classical music that incorporates elements of ethnic music in European countries other than Germany, France, and Italy, which were the musical centers of the time.National music schoolAppeared, and many master composers appeared[34]..In folk music, the connection with nationalism is generally strong, and in popular music,PeopleIf it is sung in the nation beyondPeopleMay result in integration[35].


[How to use footnotes]

注 釈

  1. ^ scientia Scientia is "knowledge", and it is a little fragmentary knowledge and knowledge.A long time later, in the 19th century, "Science"(科学) Is the etymology of the vocabulary.
  2. ^ WhistleIn the system ofClarinetSuch asWoodwind instrumentとtrumpetSuch asBrass instrumentDivided into
  3. ^ Pluck the strings depending on how you use the stringsguitarSuch asPlucked string instrumentRub the stringsViolinSuch asBowed string instrument, And hit the stringsStruck string instrumentDivided into
  4. ^ CDIncludes those that have been recorded and those that are broadcast.


  1. ^ Milo Arlington Wold, Edmund Cykler, 1985, An Outline History of Western Music. P.122
  2. ^ The Painful Birth of Blues and Jazz
  3. ^ Augustine's Collection Volume XNUMX
  4. ^ John Blacking "Human Musicality" Iwanami Shoten, 1973
  5. ^ "138 billion years of music history" p72 Toshihiko Uraku Kodansha's New Book, July 2016, 7, 20st printing
  6. ^ a b c d e f Kotobank, [Music]
  7. ^ "Illustrated Human History Separate Volume 70 Great Inventions that Created the World of Ancient Science and Technology" p220 Brian M. Fagan ed. Translated by Yoshihiro Nishiaki Asakura Shoten May 2012, 5 First Edition First Edition
  8. ^ "The definitive edition of music history for the first time, from ancient Greek music to contemporary Japanese music" p11 Ongaku no Tomosha September 2017, 9 30st printing
  9. ^ "138 billion years of music history" p253-254 Toshihiko Uraku Kodansha's New Book, July 2016, 7, 20st printing
  10. ^ "138 billion years of music history" p218-219 Toshihiko Uraku Kodansha Hyundai Shinsho July 2016, 7, 20st edition
  11. ^ "The definitive edition of music history for the first time, from ancient Greek music to contemporary Japanese music" p12-13 Ongaku no Tomosha September 2017, 9 30st printing
  12. ^ "The definitive edition of music history for the first time, from ancient Greek music to contemporary Japanese music" p132 Ongaku no Tomosha September 2017, 9 30st printing
  13. ^ "The definitive edition of music history for the first time, from ancient Greek music to contemporary Japanese music" p132 Ongaku no Tomosha September 2017, 9 30st printing
  14. ^ "The definitive edition of music history for the first time, from ancient Greek music to contemporary Japanese music" p42 Ongaku no Tomosha September 2017, 9 30st printing
  15. ^ "138 billion years of music history" p239-240 Toshihiko Uraku Kodansha's New Book, July 2016, 7, 20st printing
  16. ^ "The definitive edition of music history for the first time, from ancient Greek music to contemporary Japanese music" p40 Ongaku no Tomosha September 2017, 9 30st printing
  17. ^ "138 billion years of music history" p240 Toshihiko Uraku Kodansha's New Book, July 2016, 7, 20st printing
  18. ^ "The definitive edition of music history for the first time, from ancient Greek music to contemporary Japanese music" p132 Ongaku no Tomosha September 2017, 9 30st printing
  19. ^ "The definitive edition of music history for the first time, from ancient Greek music to contemporary Japanese music" p132 Ongaku no Tomosha September 2017, 9 30st printing
  20. ^ "Put your brain to the challenge" (English). Harvard Health (September 2021, 5). 2021/6/4Browse.
  21. ^ MD, Andrew E. Budson (October 2020, 10). “Why is music good for the brain?" (English). Harvard Health Blog. 2020/10/13Browse.
  22. ^ a b c Publishing, Harvard Health. “Music to your health". Harvard Health. 2021/1/23Browse.
  23. ^ Publishing, Harvard Health. “Listening to music may interfere with creativity". Harvard Health. 2020/9/9Browse.
  24. ^ "1-7 Should You Listen to Music When You're Studying? --Change IS possible”(Japanese). Coursera. 2021/1/23Browse.
  25. ^ Publishing, Harvard Health. “Put a song in your heart". Harvard Health. 2021/1/23Browse.
  26. ^ "Cultural Anthropology Keywords" p196 Shinji Yamashita and Takeo Funabiki ed. Yuhikaku September 1997, 9 First edition, first edition
  27. ^ "138 billion years of music history" p118-120 Toshihiko Uraku Kodansha's New Book, July 2016, 7, 20st printing
  28. ^ "The definitive edition of music history for the first time, from ancient Greek music to contemporary Japanese music" p8-9 Ongaku no Tomosha September 2017, 9 30st printing
  29. ^ "The definitive edition of music history for the first time, from ancient Greek music to contemporary Japanese music" p96 Ongaku no Tomosha September 2017, 9 30st printing
  30. ^ "138 billion years of music history" p212-213 Toshihiko Uraku Kodansha's New Book, July 2016, 7, 20st printing
  31. ^ "The definitive edition of music history for the first time, from ancient Greek music to contemporary Japanese music" p147 Ongaku no Tomosha September 2017, 9 30st printing
  32. ^ "European History of Music" p198-199 Shinya Agario Kodansha April 2000, 4 20st printing
  33. ^ "European History of Music" p3-4 Shinya Agario Kodansha April 2000, 4 20st printing
  34. ^ "The definitive edition of music history for the first time, from ancient Greek music to contemporary Japanese music" p103-104 Ongaku no Tomosha September 2017, 9 30st printing
  35. ^ "Cultural Anthropology Keywords" p196-197 Shinji Yamashita and Takeo Funabiki ed. Yuhikaku September 1997, 9 First edition, first edition


  • Jo Kondo "Mystery of" Music "" Shunjusha Publishing ISBN-4 393-93485-7
  • Makoto Iwata "Brain and Music" Medical Review ISBN-4 89600-376-4
  • Takashi Taniguchi "Sound becomes music in your heart-Invitation to music psychology" Kitaooji Shobo ISBN-4 7628 2173-X-
  • Oliver Sacks"Music Preference (Musicophilia)" (Hayakawa Publishing 2010)ISBN-978 4152091475
  • Rita Airo ed. Translated by Kengo Ogushi "Cognitive Psychology of Music" Seishin Shobo ISBN-4 414-30283-8
  • Rauscher FH, Shaw GL, Levine LJ et al., Music training causes long-term enhancement of preschool children's spatial-temporal reasoning., Neurol Res. 2-8, 19, 1997.
  • Schlaug G, Jancke L, Huang Y et al., Increased corpus callosum size in musicians., Neuropsychologia. 1047-1055, 33, 1995.
  • Zattore R., Absolute pitch: a model for understanding the influence of genes and development on neural and cognitive function., Nature Neuroscience. 692-695, 6, 2003

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