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🍴 | Supervised by a famous chef, a superb Cuban sandwich shop is in Sendai!


写真 

A superb Cuban sandwich shop supervised by a famous chef is now in Sendai!

 
If you write the contents roughly
It is a luxurious dish of Yamagata Tengen pork thighs prepared as roast pork, ham, and mojo sauce, and sandwiched with high-quality French cheese.
 

I participated in a tasting party of "Sandwich Store Sendai" which opens at the west exit of Sendai station. ... → Continue reading

 Sendai Minami Tsushin

Local media in Sendai and Sennan. The couple is actually experiencing and sending out real information.


Wikipedia related words

If there is no explanation, there is no corresponding item on Wikipedia.

Yamagata

Yamagata(Yamagata Ken,(British: Yamagata Prefecture) IsJapan OfTohoku regionLocated in the shape of a person's profilePrefectureKnown as.Prefectural office location TheYamagata.

Geography/Region

Wide skirt

Center of gravity
North Latitude 38 Degrees 26 Minutes 58 Seconds East longitude 140 degree 05 min 58 sec /38.44944 degrees north latitude 140.09944 degrees east longitude / 38.44944; 140.09944 (Yamagata center of gravity)

Northern end
North Latitude 39 Degrees 12 Minutes 31 Seconds East longitude 139 degree 33 min 02 sec /39.20861 degrees north latitude 139.55056 degrees east longitude / 39.20861; 139.55056 (Northernmost part of Yamagata prefecture)
↑
Center of gravity
North Latitude 38 Degrees 25 Minutes 06.93 Seconds East longitude 140 degree 09 min 33.79 sec /38.4185917 degrees north latitude 140.1593861 degrees east longitude / 38.4185917; 140.1593861 (Yamagata Prefecture Center of Population)
West end
North Latitude 39 Degrees 11 Minutes 09 Seconds East longitude 139 degree 31 min 13 sec /39.18583 degrees north latitude 139.52028 degrees east longitude / 39.18583; 139.52028 (The westernmost part of Yamagata prefecture)←
Yamagata Prefectural Government Office Location
North Latitude 38 Degrees 14 Minutes 26 Seconds East longitude 140 degree 21 min 48 sec /38.24056 degrees north latitude 140.36333 degrees east longitude / 38.24056; 140.36333 (Yamagata Prefectural Office)
Eastern end
→North Latitude 38 Degrees 46 Minutes 09 Seconds East longitude 140 degree 38 min 48 sec /38.76917 degrees north latitude 140.64667 degrees east longitude / 38.76917; 140.64667 (The easternmost point of Yamagata Prefecture)
 â†“
Southern tip
North Latitude 37 Degrees 44 Minutes 02 Seconds East longitude 140 degree 07 min 33 sec /37.73389 degrees north latitude 140.12583 degrees east longitude / 37.73389; 140.12583 (The southernmost tip of Yamagata Prefecture)
 

terrain

In the eastern part of the prefectureMiyagiOn the borderOu Mountains, In the western part of the prefectureAsahi mountain rangeAs can be seen from the towering areas, most of the prefecture area (85%) is mountainous, with forests accounting for 75% of the total area and agricultural land accounting for 15%. In the center of the prefectureMogami RiverFlows. Many of the citizens of the prefecture live in the basin of this river, so it is also called the “Mother River”. On the northwest side of the Sea of ​​Japan, the prefecture's only remote island,TobishimaThere is.

nature Park

climate

Next prefectureNiigata,AkitaAs inSea of ​​Japan side climateAnd, with some exceptions, about 90% of the prefecture's entire area isSpecial heavy snowfall areaIs. Facing the Sea of ​​JapanShonai regionHowever, the temperature is highest in the prefecture both in summer and winter, and the annual average temperature is alsoNorth Kanto,TokyoIt is not so different from the western inland area, and you can see whether it is warm for the latitude. SummerTropical nightIt's hot and humid, but it's warm in winter, but there is little sunshine. Because of the high temperature, it is easy to thaw even if it snows,Yamagatain the case of,SnowfallIs not so many,Sakata City,TsuruokaIn some cases, there will be a sudden heavy snowfall. On the other hand, the inland sideInland climateThere is a big difference in temperature,Okitama districtIt is not uncommon for the temperature to drop to near -15 ° C.Summers are very hot but relatively dry, mornings and evenings are cooler, and tropical nights are less than in the Shonai region.

springからsummerOver timeFern phenomenonIs likely to occur and suddenlyExtremely hot dayI am often hit by.1933 (Showa 8) The temperature of 7 °C observed in Yamagata City on July 25,2007 (19) February 8SaitamaKumagaya,GifuTajimi CityIt had recorded the highest temperature in Japan for 40.9 years until it overwhelmed the temperature of 74°C.

Normal year values ​​in various parts of Yamagata Prefecture (statistical period: 1971-2000, source:Meteorological Agency / Meteorological Statistics Information)
Average price
(Monthly)
Murayama regionOkitama district
ObanazawaMurayama City
Tateoka
MurayamaHigashineYamagataOe Town
Sazawa
Nishikawa Town
Oizawa
Small countryNagaiIide-machi
peak
TakahataYonezawa
average
temperature
(° C)
Warmest month23.3
(May)
24.2
(May)
24.6
(May)
23.6
(May)
21.6
(May)
23.8
(May)
23.4
(May)
22.8
(May)
23.9
(May)
24.4
(May)
Coldest month−1.4
(May)
−1.0
(May)
−0.5
(May)
−1.6
(May)
−2.5
(May)
−0.4
(May)
−1.2
(May)
−1.4
(May)
−1.2
(May)
−0.9
(May)
Precipitation amount
(mm)
Most months155.7
(May)
145.9
(May)
310.9
(May)
125.7
(May)
132.2
(May)
381.7
(May)
236.9
(May)
232.1
(May)
162.5
(May)
155.1
(May)
Minimum month69.5
(May)
74.0
(May)
66.5
(May)
75.6
(May)
137.8
(May)
162.1
(May)
111.6
(May)
95.4
(May)
70.1
(May)
72.3
(May)
Average price
(Monthly)
Shonai regionMogami region
Sakata City
Tobishima
SakataSakata City
Hamanaka
Tsuruoka
Mouse
Shonai Town
Karikawa
TsuruokaMamurogawa Town
Nichibe pan
JinshanShinjoMogami Town
Mukai
Okura Village
Hijiori
average
temperature
(° C)
Warmest month24.4
(May)
24.9
(May)
24.3
(May)
24.3
(May)
24.9
(May)
23.0
(May)
23.0
(May)
23.9
(May)
23.1
(May)
21.7
(May)
Coldest month1.8
(May)
1.4
(May)
1.7
(May)
0.3
(May)
1.2
(May)
−1.4
(May)
−1.8
(May)
−1.3
(May)
−1.6
(May)
−2.2
(May)
Precipitation amount
(mm)
Most months163.6
(May)
223.9
(May)
245.3
(May)
237.7
(May)
268.8
(May)
309.5
(May)
224.3
(May)
210.9
(May)
197.4
(May)
397.1
(May)
Minimum month80.5
(May)
103.5
(May)
115.5
(May)
104.5
(May)
108.2
(May)
166.8
(May)
107.5
(May)
98.3
(May)
95.5
(May)
131.6
(May)

Municipalities

There are the following 13 cities, 8 districts, 19 towns and 3 villages under the prefecture. The town is "town" (Kawakita"Chou"), and the village is called "mura". It is also nationwideMerger of municipalitiesWith the establishment of a new municipal system byKanagawa,Osaka,Tottori,Miyazaki).

Murayama General OfficeWithin the ward (Murayama region)

Mogami General BranchWithin the ward (Mogami region)

Okitama General BranchWithin the ward (Okitama district)

Shonai General BranchWithin the ward (Shonai region)

Regional area

Within the prefectureMurayama region,Mogami region,Okitama district,Shonai regionIt is divided into 4 regionsclimate・There are differences in terms of culture. In addition, as a prefecture's outsourcing organizationGeneral branch officeIs placed.

Censuspopulation[2]とEstimated population(Unit: person)
(Italics are percentages of the whole prefecture)
Region1920
(Taisho9 years)
1950
(Showa25 years)
1975
(50)
2005
(Heisei17 years)
Estimated population
October 2021th, 9
Total968,9251,357,3471,220,3021,216,1161,056,247
Murayama381,93839.4556,59341.0534,34343.8577,10447.5527,67050
Best88,4179.1126,7479.3105,2538.690,7417.569,5496.6
Okitama229,48123.7305,52622.5253,10520.7238,78119.6199,17718.9
Shonai269,08927.8368,48127.1327,60126.8309,49025.4259,85124.6
Changes in Census Population (Unit: XNUMX)
  Yamagata prefecture flag Yamagata

Every 5 yearsCensusThe prefectural population has consistently increased before the war andBaby boomBy1950 It became the largest in (Showa 25). After that, due to changes in the industrial structure,CountyからUrban areaLabor force moves toUrbanizationThe population decreased due to the migration to cities outside the prefecture. Even after entering the second baby boom, the population continued to decline,1975 In 50, the prefecture's population became the lowest after the war.1985 After increasing to 60 in 1,261,662 and reaching its second peak, the population has started to decline. In addition, by city/region, it does not necessarily synchronize with the population increase/decrease of the prefecture as a whole.Yamagata basin) Is almost oneMetropolitan areaFunctioning as a unit and increasing the population ratio in the prefecture.

Metropolitan area

Urban employment areaTransition of (10% commuting area)

1980 1990 1995 2000 2005 2010 2015
Yamagata Metropolitan area
41Ten thousand5965
Yamagata Metropolitan area
43Ten thousand2463
Yamagata Metropolitan area
46Ten thousand4103
Yamagata Metropolitan area
47Ten thousand5546
Yamagata Metropolitan area
54Ten thousand7641
Yamagata Metropolitan area
54Ten thousand4518
Yamagata Metropolitan area
53Ten thousand4571
Sakata Metropolitan area
16Ten thousand5515
Sakata Metropolitan area
16Ten thousand1456
Sakata Metropolitan area
16Ten thousand7682
Sakata Metropolitan area
16Ten thousand5127
Yonezawa Metropolitan area
17Ten thousand3163
Yonezawa Metropolitan area
16Ten thousand5397
Yonezawa Metropolitan area
15Ten thousand7871
Tsuruoka Metropolitan area
14Ten thousand7758
Tsuruoka Metropolitan area
15Ten thousand9095
Tsuruoka Metropolitan area
15Ten thousand7693
Tsuruoka Metropolitan area
15Ten thousand5356
Sakata Metropolitan area
15Ten thousand9106
Sakata Metropolitan area
14Ten thousand9789
Sakata Metropolitan area
14Ten thousand2117
Yonezawa Metropolitan area
14Ten thousand2686
Yonezawa Metropolitan area
14Ten thousand3816
Yonezawa Metropolitan area
14Ten thousand3315
Yonezawa Metropolitan area
14Ten thousand1889
Tsuruoka Metropolitan area
15Ten thousand0387
Tsuruoka Metropolitan area
14Ten thousand4354
Tsuruoka Metropolitan area
13Ten thousand7380
Shinjo Metropolitan area
9Ten thousand1411
Shinjo Metropolitan area
8Ten thousand9673
Shinjo Metropolitan area
8Ten thousand7592
Shinjo Metropolitan area
8Ten thousand3909
Shinjo Metropolitan area
9Ten thousand0740
Shinjo Metropolitan area
8Ten thousand4319
Shinjo Metropolitan area
7Ten thousand7895
Nagai Metropolitan area
6Ten thousand2325
Higashine Metropolitan area
7Ten thousand4318
Higashine Metropolitan area
7Ten thousand3714
Higashine Metropolitan area
7Ten thousand4364
Nagai Metropolitan area
5Ten thousand5883
Nagai Metropolitan area
5Ten thousand2730
Nagai Metropolitan area
4Ten thousand9236
Higashine Metropolitan area
4Ten thousand0559
Nagai Metropolitan area
6Ten thousand1252
Nagai Metropolitan area
5Ten thousand9971
Nagai Metropolitan area
5Ten thousand8340
Nanyo Metropolitan area
3Ten thousand6682
Nanyo Metropolitan area
3Ten thousand6971
Nanyo Metropolitan area
3Ten thousand6810
Nanyo Metropolitan area
3Ten thousand6189
■Orange: Murayama region
■Blue: Mogami region
■Green: Okitama district
■Purple: Shonai area

History

Ancient times

About 3 years ago (Late Paleolithic) Large mammals (Naumann Elephant,Bighorn deer,ElkAnd others) appeared in Yamagata. Mogami River (Magi Ruins Asahi Town, Myojinyama Ruins)Sagae City), Arakawa (Oguni Town, Arakawa Ruins), Akakawa and other major rivers and their tributariesRiver terraceFound more than 100 places above. From these sites, many hunting tools, such as the slanting point device used for the spear and the stone blade that was used as an embedded instrument by grooving tree branches and bones, were found.

Jomon PeriodMany ruins have been confirmed, but the Misakiyama Ruins (Agai-gunYusa Town), a bronze sword about 3000 years ago, which is believed to have been obtained by trading with the continent, has been unearthed.[3].. It is one of the oldest examples of excavation in Japan. The Yayoi culture was introduced early by the shipping of the Sea of ​​Japan, but in the latter half of the Yayoi period, the Jomon culture descended south of the prefecture, and rice cultivation declined in the Mogami River basin due to the submergence of the village due to cold weather.[4].

In Yamagata PrefectureAncient tomb cultureCame earlier than expected (the trading route on the Japan Sea side of the sea is from Itoigawa in Niigata)JadeBecause there were examples such as, it was developed from ancient times), in the Yonezawa basinYonezawaKozan KofunNanyo CityThe Gamo Tayama No. 2 to 4 mounds were built in the first half of the 4th century. And boasts the largest prefecture and the 5th largest in the Tohoku regionFront and rear circle OfInari Mori Tumulus(Total length 96m, Nanyo City) appeared in the Christian era375 ~400 OfKofun periodWas around the 4th century[5].

Initially, the Shonai regionEchigo countryOf Okitama, Murayama, Mogami regionMutsuIt was a part of, but there was a request from Echigo country,WadoNew Year (708 )Dewa DistrictWas placed. It is said that Dewa was originally called "Ide", meaning "Debata", and was named after it came out at the northern end when viewed from the country of Echigo. The next year,Dewa fenceWas installed. The range of Dewa-gun is almostMogami RiverSouth ofShonai regionIt seems that he was pointing to, but there are various theories about the position and it has not been finalized. Wada September 5, 9 (712 October 10)[6], Dewakuni founding country was performed,Former EmperorApproved by the same year (10) From Mutsu no KuniBest-OkitamaDivide the two countiesDewa DistrictMerged withDewakuniWas established, and Kokufu was set up in Shonai (Castle fence)[7].Niwa2 years(886 ) Mogami-gun is divided into 2 counties, north isMurayama, South is Mogami-gun. By this timeHashu KaidoIs also maintained. It is said that the prefecture name comes from Yamagata, the name of the town that means near the mountains.

There are various opinions about the timing and scale, but it is said that there was a lake called Algae Lake in the middle Mogami River (Sagae City, Tendo City, Kawakita Town, Higashine City, Murayama City). There is a tradition that it was reduced and disappeared.[8].. It is also said to have become the etymology of "best."

中 世

Heian periodMany in the Yamagata areaManorAre seen, many of whichCustomsIt was a manor. In the second halfOshu FujiwaraManaged the manor, but with its destructionGround contractorSamurai of theMr. Muto(Shonai),Oe(Nagaiso-Sagaeso),Mr. Satomi()Such).Northern and Northern DynastiesToMutsu OfOshu search-Mr. SanamiSplit up and planted forces in Yamagata and took place namesMogamiWas called. Also,Muromachi PeriodMutsugu in the early daysDate CountyWas based inDateInvaded the Okitama region,Mr. NagaiDominated the territory.

Sengoku period TheMogami-gun(CurrentMurayama region)ofMogami, OkitamaDate(Astronomy RebellionAfter that, moved the headquarters from Date County to Yonezawa), in ShonaiMr. DaihojiHas contributed. Mr. MogamiYoshimitsu Mogami, Mr. DateDate MasamuneThe famous general appeared and built a big version.Hideyoshi Toyotomi OfOshuTo YonezawaUesugiBy the resealing ofBattle of SekigaharaIn, there was a fierce battle between the Aizu/Uesugi army and Yamagata/Mr. Mogami. (Battle of Hasedo Castle)

The early modern period

Mogami in the early Edo periodReformWhen it becomesYamagata DomainToTorii TadamasaIs entered, and as a relationship with thatShonai DomainToSakai Tadakatsu,Shinjo DomainToTozawa Masamori,Ueyama DomainToShigetada MatsudairaEntered. Other,Yonezawa Domain,Yonezawa Nitta Domain, (Dewa)Matsuyama Domain(→Shomine),Tendo domain,Nagatoro DomainOf each clan and 20 stonesHeavenwas there.Meiji EraIn the regional division ofUzen countryThe whole area,Ugo country OfAgai-gunIs equivalent to the present Yamagata Prefecture.

River maintenanceShippingWith the development of the Mogami River, the Mogami River became the main transportation route, and in the basin, commerce developed and the upper culture was introduced.

Modern

population

Demography06000.svg
Population Distribution by Age in Yamagata Prefecture and Japan (2005)Yamagata Prefecture Population Distribution by Age and Gender (2005)
■Purple-Yamagata
■Green-All over Japan
■Blue-male
■Red-female

Changes in the population of Yamagata Prefecture
Ministry of Internal Affairs and CommunicationsStatistics Bureau CensusThan

Politics

Successive governors (public election)

finance

19

  • Fiscal strength index 0.33
    • Group III (financial power index 0.3 or more, less than 0.4) 11th out of 5 municipalities

18

  • Fiscal strength index 0.32
    • Group III (financial power index 0.3 or more, less than 0.4) 11th out of 8 municipalities

17

  • Fiscal strength index 0.30
    • IV Group (Financial Power Index less than 0.3) 14th out of 1 municipalities

16

  • Fiscal strength index 0.28
    • IV Group (Financial Power Index less than 0.3) 15th out of 2 municipalities

Economic and industrial

Agriculture:

Yamagata Prefecture is famous nationwide as a fruit tree kingdom. The main productsCherryThere are luxury brandsSato NishikiIs a specialty.

Rice harvest used to account for about 2006% of agricultural production. In 5, the prefecture ranked 419,000th at XNUMX tons (Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries statistics), and is known as a place where rice is flourishing along with Tohoku prefecture and Niigata prefecture. (Main products:Haenuki,Shinya princess,Yukiwakamaru)

Special product

Industrial

Financial institution

Addendum

Yamagata PrefectureMcDonald'sWas the slowest in Japan.1990 12The first store in the prefecture opened, but this year5Of the former Soviet Union (currentRussian Federation) Capital,MoscowIt was even later than the opening of the store.

Life and transportation

Policemen

Fire

Tax

  • Yamagata Tax Office, Yonezawa Tax Office, Tsuruoka Tax Office, Sakata Tax Office, Shinjo Tax Office, Sagae Tax Office, Murayama Tax Office, Nagai Tax Office

Legal affairs

public facility

Transportation

"JR Senzan Line"Or"Yamagata-Sendai Express Bus"National Route 48(Sekiyama Highway)National Route 286(Sasaya Highway),Yamagata ExpresswayWith the development of various transportation networks such asMiyagiConsumption has increased, and in recent yearsMiyagiIs the commercial area of ​​Yamagata PrefectureMurayama regionHas spread to. Therefore, while promoting logistics and tourism, cultural exchange, etc.,City centerThe situation is also leading to the decline of.

道路

Highway national road

* IsParallel automobile section

Regional high standard road
General national road
Other roads

Train

Many sectionsSingle lineAnd some sections in Yamagata city[11]Except for, the number is 1 or less per hour.

bus

InlandYamagoshi busBut in ShonaiShonai TransportationOperates an intercity bus within the city. However, when looking at bus traffic in Yamagata, the most important thing is the high-speed bus traffic to and from the Sendai metropolitan area. Between Yamagata and SendaiExpress BusStarted in 1981 with two round trips a day, reaching 1 annual users in the mid-2s. afterwards,Yamagata ExpresswayConvenience has increased due to the maintenance of the facility and the increase in the number of operations, and the number exceeded 2004 million in FY100. In 2006, it had 128 million users.Even nowElectric trainMuch more, every 5 minutes during rush hours.There are also routes to Sendai with terminals in Sakata, Tsuruoka, Yonezawa, Kaminoyama, Sagae, and Shinjo, which are used by a total of about 1 people a day.The highway bus between Shonai and Yamagata, which is operated by both Yamako Bus and Shonai Kotsu, is also used by about 4,500 people a day.[12].

空港

By routeHigashine CityToYamagata Airport,Sakata CityToShonai AirportIs located.Yamagata Airport reached 1991 passengers in 74, but fell below 2006 in 20 due to the extension of the Yamagata Shinkansen, the reduction of flights to Tokyo and Sapporo, and the miniaturization of equipment used.On the other hand, at Shonai Airport, the number of Tokyo flights that went into service in 1991 has grown steadily, and the number of users has been maintained at around 40 for the past few years, starting in 2019.LCC OfJetstar JapanAlthough it started service from Narita, it was suspended due to a decrease in demand due to the spread of the new coronavirus infection, and was abolished from March 2021, 3.[13].

Medical and welfare

In Yamagata Prefecture,Aging rateIs 25.5% (2005), which is the fourth largest number in Japan[14]Although the population is aging, the average length of hospital stay is 29.4 days for all hospital beds (national average 34.7 days), and medical costs for the elderly are 69 yen per person (national average 5,675 yen), which is the highest in the country. In the low value of the class[15].

As of October 2006, there are 10 hospitals, and the number of hospitals per 70 population is 10 (5.8 nationwide). The number of hospital beds is 7.0, and the population of 1 is 5,328 (nationwide 10). The number of general clinics is 1,268.9, and the number of general clinics per 1,273.1 population is 924 (10 nationwide), but the number of general clinics with beds is declining at 76.5, with 77.2 beds and 123 population. Is 1,275 (national 10). The number of doctors in the prefecture as of the end of December 105.5 was 125.1, and the number of doctors per 2006 people was 12 (2,452 nationwide), which is higher than the national average in the Murayama area, but lower than the national average in other areas. There is.

In the Murayama Medical Area,Yamagata University HospitalとYamagata Prefectural Central HospitalThe two hospitals provide advanced medical care covering the entire prefecture asYamagata City Hospital Saiseikan,Yamagata Saisei HospitalBasic hospitals and private hospitals are concentrated in Yamagata city, and in the Sagae and Nishimurayama districtsYamagata Prefectural Kawakita HospitalBut in the Kitamurayama districtKitamurayama Public HospitalIs the core.

In Mogami Medical AreaYamagata Prefectural Shinjo HospitalIs a core hospital in the Okitama medical areaPublic Okitama General HospitalとYonezawa City HospitalPlays a role as a core hospital. In the Shonai Medical Area, as a result of the hospital integration of Kita Shonai,Nihonkai General HospitalFor acute care,Nihonkai General Hospital Sakata Medical CenterIs responsible for core medical care in convalescent medical care.Tsuruoka City Sonai HospitalIs the main hospital.

Disaster base hospital
Nursery

Education

In Yamagata Prefecture, in 1998Education continuance rateHas exceeded the employment rate for the first time, and has continued to have a higher attendance rate. Looking at the 2016 graduates of high school in the prefecture in 10,204, the university admission rate was 44.9% (national average 54.7%), the vocational school admission rate was 18.7% (national average 16.4%), and the employment rate was 29.8% (national average 17.9%). %)Met. However, when compared to the national average, the university entrance rate is about 10 points (1,000 people), which is about half that of Tokyo. On the other hand, the enrollment rate to universities outside the prefecture accounts for 71.9%, increasing the outflow of young people outside the prefecture.[16].

University

College of technology

Vocational school
Special school
high school
Junior high school
primary school
Kindergarten

Mass media

News (Chinese)

TV station

YamagataThere is a broadcasting center for all stations.Television Tokyo Channel 12, Ltd.All the signage programs of key stations other than can be viewed in Yamagata Prefecture[Annotation 2].

The master station transmission stations for digital TV, prefectural FM stations, and complementary FM stations are allNishizao PlateauIt is installed in.

Radio stations

Cable tv station

Community broadcasting station

  • Vigo FM(Yamagata City, discontinued)

Culture/Sport

dialect

Overview

The dialect of Yamagata Prefecture is large, with the Asahi and Dewa Mountains crossing the central part as boundaries.Shonai dialect(KitaouSystem) and inland dialects (OuSystem) is divided into. The inland dialect is further divided into three categories, along the boundaries of Mogami, Murayama, and Okitama.[17].

Currently, mainly nationwideYamagata dialectIt is recognized collectively as "= Yamagata dialect", but to be precise, there are several types of dialects in Yamagata prefecture as detailed above. Therefore, some dialects are used only in that area, and depending on the area where even the same Yamagata residents live, they may not be understood.

pronunciation

In pronunciation, Shonai (Oguni machi・Including Mogami region (Funagata-Mogami TownExcept)Tokyo accent, Special accents are distributed in Mogami Town, but in Murayama (including Funagata Town) and Okitama areaNo accentIs. In addition, the Shonai and Mogami dialects have had a lot of fusion of consecutive vowels, but the Murayama and Okitama dialects are notable.

grammar

In the grammar, the verb's imperative form is Le ending in Shonai and Ro ending inland, and inferential/will expression uses inland "oginbe", whereas in Shonai "ogiro" (will) and "ogindero" ( Conjecture) and conflict. In Shonai and Mogami dialects, adjectives are almost non-useful.

Relevance to dialects of other prefectures

The Shonai dialect isNiigata-AkitaIt has the commonality with, and the influence of the upper word is conspicuous, while the inland dialect isMiyagi-FukushimaHighly associated with. Among them, the Murayama dialect has a historical background in which the small clan was somewhat separated, and many words have a more complicated distribution form.

Anecdotes about dialects

How to read ①

Standard languageThen, ① is read as "maruichi" and (1) is read as "parentheses", but in Yamagata, ① is read as "ichimaru" and ② is read as "nimaru", (1) is read as "ichikakko" and (2) is read as "brackets". It is common to read the numbers inside first, such as reading.Even in the same Tohoku region, it is "Maruichi" in other prefectures, and only Yamagata prefecture reads "Ichimaru".Even in schools and companies, it is so strong that it is generally read as "Ichimaru", so people who went out of the prefecture without knowing that it was Yamagata's own "dialect" took ① as a matter of course. It often happens that people from other prefectures wonder.Nowadays, it is becoming clearer to those who use standard languages, those who use dialects, and those who mix.

More
  • Set AKumi, 7 o'clockNanamiOn the 3rd floorOrIs read.
  • "Scared" = tired, "mamma" = rice, "aibe" = let's go, "throw" = throw away.
  • There is the shortest conversation in Japan. "Ke (eat)" "ku (eat)" "ko (let's eat)" is that, and I used thisNissin FoodThe region CM Was also made.
  • The Yamagata dialect (especially Murayama dialect) ends with "Sus","SushiBy adding "," all words become polite expressions.
For example, if "dane" (yes) is carefully, it becomes "danesu" (yes). Similarly, "- do it" (- do it) becomes "- do it" (- do it).ConsonantIs often too short to be heard by the speaker, and is often heard as "done" or "shake".

Representative dialect of the prefecture

Related program

NHK Yamagata Broadcasting StationFrom Yamagata cityToru ShibataThe announcer made a “triumphal return” in 2006, and Shibata became a producer in 2007Tonight is a night] Is broadcast from time to time.

The motto of the program is to speak with Yamagata dialect from the beginning to the end, but since the regular people from within the prefecture are concentrated in the Murayama region, most of the words that fly around the program are the Murayama dialect. Therefore, the guest is an actor from YonezawaHidekazu MajimaAs the representative of ShonaiEmi Shirasaki, a singer with a superb styleI am trying to pick up dialects and customs in other areas of the prefecture, such as by using them.

The response of the program in Yamagata Prefecture has always been great, and recently it has become an opportunity to revise the local dialect culture nationwide.

Food culture:

local cuisine
Features

One of the characteristics of Yamagata prefecture's food culture is the seasoning with salt that is as salty as fish is roasted or pickled with soy sauce. This is largely due to the four seasons of the climate, as in other prefectures in the Tohoku region, especially the severe winter climate. What differs from other prefectures is that they are greatly influenced by their geographical and historical backgrounds, as are the dialects within the prefecture. For example, local dishes of the same Yamagata prefecture may have different seasonings and ingredients. One of the typical local dishesBoiledIs a local dish that holds a potato-making party, and seasonings and ingredients (taroHowever, it is common to all regions). Yamagata's potato broth, which is associated with the whole country, is in the form of the Murayama region (soy sauce flavor, beef, long onion, flat konjac).[18]

Noodle culture

Yamagata Prefecture has one of the best noodles in Japan, especiallyRamenIt is known as a consumption area. This is a remnant of ramen that was often eaten around the prefecture during the period of hospitality to guests and when eating out right after the end of the war. "Ramen of Sakata""Yonezawa Ramen""Akayu RamenIs known. In recent years, it was born from Yamagata's severe summer climate.Chilled ramenIs becoming famous as a new Yamagata cuisine. Also, as noodles to be consumed after ramenJapanese buckwheat noodlesCan be mentioned. This is because buckwheat flour has been flourishing since ancient times, making use of the difference in temperature between the prefectures. from long ago"Soba noodlesIs famous, and the name recognition is gradually increasing in the Taisho era.KawakitaWas born inCold meat sobaIt is.

Pickled culture

picklesHas been eaten actively since ancient times, mainly in the heavy snowfall areas located in the mountainous areas of the inland areas, as an important nutrient source in winter.Pickled rice,Pickled vegetablesWas originally famous as a local pickle, but in recent years it has a relationship with the prefecture.Daniel CurlWas introduced on NHK's cooking program, and became famous.DashiIs more famous.

More

There are various other local dishes in the prefecture.

  • In recent years, it has become widely known to other prefectures.Dachacha beansThere is
  • At the festival stalls in the prefectureOkonomiyaki, Similar toMore and more grilledThere are many stalls
  • Within the prefectureNattoIs eaten more actively than other prefectures, and as a local dish using natto,Natto soup""Pulled udon"and so on
  • As a seasonal local dish, the cold-cooked soup (“Kan cod soup”, which is eaten mainly in the Shonai region in winter)Dongra soup)” and “Kanro-ni of carp”, which is eaten with Osechi in the Okitama region during the New Year.CarpThere are carp dishes such as
  • As an unusual local dish (delicacy), it is often reported in the media that "Besides(Edible chrysanthemum) and local cuisineInago TsukudaniIs
  • Yamagata PrefectureKonjacIs the most consumed in Japan[19].. In addition, as a local food, there is a food called ``tamakonnyaku'' which is made by processing konjak into a round shape. (SpicyMustardThere is a local dish called "Tama konjac (also called "Yamagata Oden" in other prefectures)". There are also restaurants in the prefecture that serve kaiseki dishes using konjac.

Traditional crafts

Traditional crafts designated by the Minister of Economy, Trade and Industry
Traditional crafts

Sports

Tourism

Yamagata Prefecture has been established in all municipalities before the Great Heisei merger.SpaGush out[Annotation 3]It is blessed with tourist resources such as, and because various parts of the prefecture are used as filming locations for movies these days, it attracts many tourists from home and abroad. In 1981, the number of tourists exceeded 3 million annually, and in 2006, the number of tourists exceeded 4 million.The number of foreign tourists has also continued to increase significantly, reaching 2006 in 52,155, an increase of 67% over the previous year.By country / regionTaiwanIs the top 32,860 South Korea,米 国Continues. In 2019, the number of Taiwanese tourists will grow further, accounting for 60,125, accounting for nearly 5% of all foreign tourists.[21].. Looking at each metropolitan area,Murayama regionWas 1,803 million (44%),Shonai regionWas 1,227 million (30%),Okitama district768 million (19%),Mogami regionIt is 255 million (5%). Looking at the tourist destinations by type, the top was hot spring tourist destinations at 30.2%, followed by famous places/historic sites at 23.8%.[22].

Festivals and events

Sights/historic sites/tourist spots

National treasure

leisure

Foreign relations

Works set in Yamagata Prefecture

movies

6 works (Shuhei Fujisawa(Original)Kaisaka Domain TheShonai Domain(CurrentTsuruoka) Is a model, and many of the locations areShonai regionMade in.

Drama

promotion video(PV)

Novel

Comic

Game

person

Honorary citizens of Yamagata prefecture

Honorary citizens of Yamagata Prefecture are named according to the Yamagata Prefecture Honorary Citizens Ordinance (March 1993, 5 Yamagata Prefecture Ordinance No. 3) established on March 26, 5. Is given to those who are proud and respected by the citizens of the prefecture (Article 3 of the Ordinance)[23].. The target person is "in principle, a person who has lived in or lived in the prefecture, and has widely contributed to the promotion of local autonomy, economic development, academic culture and other welfare of the citizens of Yamagata Prefecture." It is stipulated that the governor shall select with the consent of the Yamagata Prefectural Assembly (Ordinance Articles 2 and 3)[23].. Those who are selected as honorary citizens will be presented with the honorary citizenship title of Yamagata Prefecture and commemorative items (Honorary citizenship of Yamagata Prefecture) (Article 4 of the Ordinance).[23][24].

Gift numberName of winnerOccupationSelection dateRemarksSource
1Seiichiro Itagaki政治家October 1993th, 6Governor of Yamagata Prefecture[25]
2Fukuoji HorinJapanese painterOctober 2005th, 3Japan Art AcademyMember,Order of CultureAward[25]
3Maruya SaiichiNovelist,criticOctober 2012th, 7Received the Order of Culture[25]
4Ishizaka KiminariImmunologistOctober 2018th, 10Received the Order of Culture, former Chairman of the Yamagata Board of Education[25]

Yamagata Prefecture Honor Award

山形県県民栄誉賞は、1997年(平成9年)2月4日に制定された山形県県民栄誉賞規則(平成9年2月4日山形県規則第2号)に基づき、「県民に希望と活力を与える顕著な功績があり、広く県民が敬愛するもの」へ、山形県知事から贈られる(規則第1条・第3条)[26].. The target person is "a person who resides in or is living in the prefecture, or is an organization located in or located in the prefecture, and is recognized to have brilliant achievements in the fields of art, culture, sports, etc." Has been established (Rule Article 2)[26].

Gift numberName of winnerOccupationSelection dateRemarksSource
1Go KashiwadoyuanGrand SumoWrestlerOctober 1997th, 247nd generationYokozuna[25]
2Shuhei FujisawaNovelistOctober 1997th, 3Historical novelIncorporate elements of the Shonai region into the works of[25]
3Mitsuo ObaAdventurerOctober 1997th, 8World's firstNorth poleSuccessful solo walking of 900 km round trip[25]
4Mutsuo MinagawayuanProfessional baseball playerOctober 2006th, 3Japan Professional Baseball MeetupMember[25]
5Inoue HisashiPlaywright,NovelistOctober 2010th, 8"Hyokkori Hyotan Island] And other announcements[25]
6Norio Sasakiサ ッ カ ーLeaderOctober 2012th, 92011 FIFA Women's World CupRepresentation from Japandirected by[25]
7Watako OtayuanhandicappedSkiplayerOctober 2014th, 9Win a medal at the Winter Paralympic Games[25]

footnote

[How to use footnotes]

注 釈

  1. ^ Since the company succeeded in mass production of passive drive type organic EL display in 1997, recentlyOrganic ELThe industry is being promoted through the accumulation of organic electronics related industries centered on. This is a global authority on OLED researchYamagata UniversityThis is to utilize the basic research by Professor Kido of the Faculty of Engineering.
  2. ^ Yamagata Prefecture4 commercial TV stations are availableOn April 1997st, 4, when Sakuranbo TV started broadcasting, the final commercialization of 1 commercial TV stations was completed in Japan (4th in Tohoku prefecture after Miyagi, Fukushima and Iwate).
  3. ^ In December 2017, the hot spring facility that existed in the Yamaya district of Shinjo city was closed, so only Shinjo city was a hot spring blank area, but in May 12, a new hot spring facility was opened in the Motoaikai district of Shinjo city. It was solved by doing[20].

Source

  1. ^ Area adjustment by prefectures, cities, towns and villages nationwide Geographical Survey Institute March 2013, 11 reading
  2. ^ 27 population and number of households in Yamagata Prefecture(Yamagata Prefecture)
  3. ^ Akio Yokoyama, Yoshinobu Honda, Kiyoro Ito, Shin Watanabe "History of Yamagata Prefecture" p.21-22
  4. ^ Akio Yokoyama, Yoshinobu Honda, Kiyoro Ito, Shin Watanabe "History of Yamagata Prefecture" p.26
  5. ^ Yoshiki HONDA "Dawn of Yamagata" pages 28-30 (Akio Yokoyama, Yoshinobu Honda, Kiyoro Ito, Shin Watanabe "History of Yamagata Prefecture" Yamakawa Publishing Co., February 2003)
  6. ^ "Sequel to Japan"
  7. ^ Yoshiki Yoshida "The Beginning of Dewakuni" pages 38-40 (Akio Yokoyama, Yoshinobu Honda, Kiyoro Ito, Shin Watanabe "History of Yamagata Prefecture" Yamakawa Publishing Co., February 2003)
  8. ^ Satoshi Hosaku "History of Tohoku"
  9. ^ "5429 household water outages, not Tata recovery prospect Obanazawa Metropolitan Oishida”. Yamagata Shimbun (July 2020, 7). October 2020th, 7Browse.
  10. ^ "Application of the Disaster Relief Act for heavy rain from July 2, 7 [3th report]”. Cabinet Office (July 2020, 7). October 2020th, 7Browse.
  11. ^ Between Yamagata Station on the Yamagata Line-Kitayamagata Station and Hazen Chitose Station, about 2-3 trains per hour are available to accommodate the Sazawa and Senyama lines.
  12. ^ Tohoku Transport Bureau “Intra-regional high-speed bus transport results”
  13. ^ "Jetstar Japan, domestic 6 routes abolished in March Narita-Shonai, etc.". Aviation Wire(July 2021, 1). https://www.aviationwire.jp/archives/219374 October 2021th, 2Browse. 
  14. ^ Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications "Census" (17)
  15. ^ Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare "Hospital Report" (2006)
  16. ^ 28 school basic survey -Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology, announced December 28, 12.
  17. ^ National dialect list dictionary Gakken
  18. ^ "Forty-seven Prefectures Unchiku Encyclopedia," page 47 publisher-PHP library and author-Kazuro Yawata
  19. ^ Oraho's pride [konjac] Yamagata homepage
  20. ^ "" Hot spring facilities in all XNUMX municipalities "Yamagata Prefecture, revived for the first time in two and a half years". Kahoku Shimpo (Kahoku Shimposha Co., Ltd.). (June 2020, 6). https://sp.kahoku.co.jp/amp/tohokunews/202006/20200608_53027.html October 2020th, 10Browse. 
  21. ^ "Inbound demand in Yamagata Prefecture”(Japanese). Visit Lab. October 2020th, 6Browse.
  22. ^ Yamagata Prefecture Tourism Promotion Division "Yamagata Prefecture Tourist Number Survey"
  23. ^ a b c Yamagata Prefecture Honorary Citizens Ordinance (PDF) -Yamagata Prefecture, viewed July 2019, 7.
  24. ^ About Yamagata Prefecture's Honorary Citizens and Prefectural Honor Award System -Yamagata Prefecture, viewed July 2019, 7.
  25. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k Yamagata Prefecture Honorary Citizen/Yamagata Prefecture Citizen's Honor Award -Yamagata Prefecture, viewed July 2019, 7.
  26. ^ a b Yamagata Prefecture Honor Award Rules (PDF) -Yamagata Prefecture, viewed July 2019, 7.

Related item

外部 リンク

Administration
Tourism
Cultural property
Predecessor:
Tendo prefecture
Shinjo Prefecture-Kamiyama
Tsuruoka-Okitama Prefecture
Changes in administrative districts
1869 - (1st Sakata prefecture → Yamagata prefecture)
Next generation:
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