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    1kg4000

    XNUMX yen bill

    XNUMX yen bill(Gosen)Bank of Japan notesXNUM X ones.XNUMX yen ticket,Five thousand yen billAlso called. Face value is 5,000YenSo, among the successive Bank of Japan notesXNUMX yen billIt is the second highest face value after.

    The currently issued XNUMX yen banknotes are2004/Issued from (16)Kazuha HiguchiPortrait ofE ticket.

    In addition to this, there are C and D tickets that were once issued, and there are a total of three types of 3-yen banknotes that have been issued so far.Both are legally valid[1].

    C ticket

    Series C 5K Yen Bank of Japan note-front.jpg
    Series C 5K Yen Bank of Japan note-back.jpg

    Ministry of Finance Notification No. 1957, September 32, 9 (Showa 17) "Matters to determine the format of the Bank of Japan note of 200 yen issued from October XNUMX, XNUMX"[2]The style of banknotes is defined in.The main specifications are as follows[3].

    • Bank of Japan notes
    • Face value 5,000 yen (XNUMX yen)
    • 表面 Prince Shotoku[2]
    • 裏面 Bank of Japan Head Office Main Building
    • seal <Front side> Governor's seal <Back side> Ticketing director
    • Nameplate Manufactured by Ministry of Finance Printing Bureau
    • Serial number specifications
      • Serial number color Black
      • Serial number structure Symbol: Alphabet 1-2 characters + Serial number: 6 digits + Symbol: Alphabet 1 character
    • Size Vertical 80mm, Horizontal 169 mm[2]
    • Manufacturing results
    • Issuance start date 1957/(32)10/1[2]
    • Stop payment date 1986/(61)1/4[1]
    • Valid ticket

    1953/(Showa 28)B Ichi XNUMX yen ticketIssuance policy is announced, but at that time currencyinflationThe sense of caution about the outbreak was very persistent and I had given up once[5].1955/From around (Showa 30)Shinmu businessA breakthrough calledeconomic growthContinued, and the highest face value at that timeB XNUMX yen ticketNow accounts for 85% of banknote issuance[6]..Eventually, with economic growth, the domestic economy became stable, and there was almost no concern about inflation as it used to be, and the opposition to the issuance of even higher-value banknotes was settled.XNUMX yen billAnd the issuance of XNUMX yen banknotes was decided[6]..Still inflationchangeInitially XNUMX yen bills (initially, considering that there are voices concerned about the handling ofC XNUMX yen ticket) Was scheduled to be issued first, but it was decided to issue in order from the XNUMX yen bill while watching the situation.[6].

    Since this was issued about a year earlier than the C 1 yen note, it was the highest denomination note when the C 1 yen note was first issued as the first 3000 yen note.Since the starting salary for university graduates at the time of issuance was about XNUMX yen, there was a debate about whether it was necessary to issue such high-value banknotes at that time, and it was difficult to handle change in industries that handle coins. I was worried about banknotes[7], FoldHigh economic growthIt was also the time when the market began, and the distribution volume increased steadily with the progress of high economic growth.

    Same as B XNUMX yen ticket and C XNUMX yen ticketPortraitIs Prince Shotoku, but the portrait of Prince Shotoku is drawn in the center of the surface to improve the distinction from these banknotes.The portrait of Prince Shotoku is based on the same original picture, but the facial expressions are slightly different because they are carved separately for each ticket type.[6]..In the center of the backTokyoChuoThe main building of the Bank of Japan Head Office is depicted, but onceYuan ticketThe composition is different from the one drawn in, and the Bank of Japan Head Office Building No. 3 did not exist at the time of the issuance of the Ko Hyakuen ticket.[Note 1]Is also drawn adjacent to the east side (back right) of the main building[6]..On the right side of the back side are 6 boxes stackedThousand boxesTwo heads standing on top獅子The design of (Lion) holding the Bank of Japan emblem is drawn, which is the same as the emblem engraved on the doors and gates of the Bank of Japan head office.[6]..For each type of banknotes from B to E, various words such as the title "Bank of Japan note", face value in kanji, and bank name "Bank of Japan" are grouped in three lines in the center or left side of the surface. Although it is written in the composition, only the C 3 yen ticket is written in a distant place.Due to the large size of the ticket, the serial number is printed in 4 places.[6].

    透 か しIs also a portrait of Prince Shotoku, but it differs from the portrait printed in the center of the surface in that it depicts a figure without a hum. It is more precise and clearer than the watermark before the B ticket, and unlike the B ticket, that part is not printed, so this can be easily confirmed.[6]..Furthermore, the watermark of the number "5000" is also put in the part that overlaps with the printing of the ground pattern on the left side.[6].Otsugoen ticketSince then, the watermark design has been a portrait, and the watermark is blank.[6]..Banknote paperEdgeworthiaAlthough it is made from raw materials such asWashing machineDue to the widespread use of paper, there were many events such as being accidentally put in a washing machine and damaging banknotes, so the purpose was to strengthen the paper.Urea resinIs added[8].

    For B ticket, to improve manufacturing efficiencyB XNUMX yen coinThe vertical dimensions are the same except for, and only the horizontal dimensions are used as the face value increases. 8mmAlthough it was lengthened at intervals[9],C ticketThen, in order to improve the distinctiveness of the ticket type, it was changed to a format that lengthens by 4 mm in the vertical direction and 5 mm in the horizontal direction as the face value increases.[10].

    The number of colors used is 9 colors on the front side (breakdown is 2 main pattern by concave printing, 5 background patterns, 1 color of seal, 1 color of serial number), 5 colors on the back side (breakdown is 1 main pattern by concave printing, ground pattern). 3 color, 1 color of seal)[11][3]..Multicolor, a new technologyIntaglio printingIs included[6], The main pattern by intaglio printing is a two-color printing that changes color from the middle[12]..The print color of the ground pattern has also increased significantly, and the face of the ticket looks somewhat colorful compared to conventional ticket types.[6].

    Okinawa OfReturn to mainlandAccompanyCurrency exchange(Fifth currency exchange), And some specific combinations of alphabetic characters of serial numbers correspond to this, but the number of existing ones is very small.

    Ticket D

    Series D 5K Yen bank of japan note-front.jpg
    Series D 5K Yen bank of japan note-back.jpg

    Ministry of Finance Notification No. 1984, June 59, 6 (Matters to determine the style of Bank of Japan notes issued from November 25, 76, Ichi XNUMX yen, XNUMX yen and XNUMX yen"[13]The style of banknotes is defined in.The main specifications are as follows[3].

    • Bank of Japan notes
    • Face value 5,000 yen (XNUMX yen)
    • 表面 Nitobe Inazo[13],The Pacific OceanCentered on地球
    • 裏面 Mount Fuji(Lake MotosuReflected inUpside down fuji),Akamatsu
    • seal <Front side> Governor's seal (special light emitting ink after mini reprint) <Back side> Ticketing director (special light emitting ink after mini reprint)
    • Nameplate Ministry of Finance Printing Bureau Manufacturing / Ministry of Finance Printing Bureau Manufacturing / National Printing Bureau Manufacturing (3 types depending on the manufacturing time)
    • Serial number specifications
      • Serial number color Black / brown (2 types depending on the manufacturing time)
      • Serial number structure Symbol: Alphabet 1-2 characters + Serial number: 6 digits + Symbol: Alphabet 1 character
    • Identification mark for the visually impaired Two vertical circles (watermark, lower left corner)
    • Size Length 76 mm, width 155 mm[13]
    • Manufacturing results
      • Delivery period from the Printing Bureau to the Bank of Japan 1983/(58)12/20[3] - 2003/(Heisei15 years)
      • Manufacturing number [14]
        • 2,385,600,000 sheets [serial number: black]
        • 2,014,200,000 sheets [serial number: brown, Ministry of Finance name]
        • 531,000,000 sheets [serial number: brown, Ministry of Finance name]
        • 74,200,000 sheets [serial number: brown, national name]
    • Issuance start date 1984/(59)11/1[13]
    • Stop payment date 2007/(19)4/2[1]
    • Valid ticket

    C XNUMX yen ticketMore than 20 years have passed since the issuance of the banknotes, and the banknote manufacturing technology and anti-counterfeiting technology used in the C issue have become obsolete, and the printing technology has improved dramatically.the 1980sSince elaborate counterfeit tickets have been scattered from the beginning, to strengthen anti-counterfeiting measuresTicket DWas issued[15].D XNUMX yen ticket, D XNUMX yen note,D XNUMX yen ticketAlthough it is a reprint of the three ticket types at the same time[15], The Bank of Japan notes will be reprinted on the same daySecond World WarThis is the first time since then.Also around this timeTMJ,Money changer,vending machine(Automatic ticket vending machine) Was also beginning to spread widely, so the reprint was carried out with this in mind.[15].

    Ticket D is a portrait of a person at each face value worldwideCultural personWas adopted[16]..As a global trendHead of state,政治家Not only that, the fact that cultural figures have also been adopted for portraits of banknotes is the reason why cultural figures have been adopted for the D ticket.[16]..The portrait of the XNUMX-yen note was devoted to girls' educationeducatorNitobe Inazo was selected, and a portrait is drawn on the right side of the surface.[17]..Nitobe Inazo is a white celebration celebrationtieIs wearing an adopted womanweddingThis is because the photo taken at the time of attending was used as the original picture.[17]..In the photo that became the original picture of this portrait, Nitobe Inazo is tilting his head, so he uses it after correcting the tilt of his neck.[17]..Below the face value, the earth centered on the Pacific Ocean is drawn, which is named after Shin Watato's words, "I am not a bridge to the Pacific Ocean."[17].. The fronts of the D and E banknotes, excluding the D XNUMX yen note, are all written in Chinese numerals on the left side, with the face value, etc. in the center.透 か しOn the right side, there are patterns such as portraits, but the face value and the position of the watermark are interchanged on the D XNUMX yen note.

    Mt. Fuji is reflected on the surface of Lake Motosu in the center of the backUpside down fujiIs drawn[18].. This is the currentYamanashiMinamikoma DistrictMinobu TownTaken on the shores of Lake MotosuKoyo Okada"Lakeside spring"写真Is drawn based on[18], The same original pictureE thousand yen ticketIt is also used in.The sight of Mt. Fuji reflected on the surface of the lake is unusual, as it is said to occur only once or twice a year.There is a red pine tree on the left side.[18]..Most of the Bank of Japan notes have the Bank of Japan emblem only on the back side, but this D XNUMX yen note has a few places where the letters of the face value on the front side also have the Bank of Japan emblem. This is one of the examples.

    The initial serial number isBlackWas printed in[13]But,1993/(5)12/1Change the color of the serial number from the issuebrownChange to[19]At the same time, a partial remodeling ticket called "mini reprint" was issued.[20]..The conventional design remains the same, but additionalMicro character,Special luminescent ink(UVIt is an ink that emits light by irradiation, and you can see the orange emission of the front seal "Governor's seal" and the red emission of the back seal "Ticketing Bureau Director". ) And other anti-counterfeiting technologies[20]..The black serial number before the mini reprint did not use up all the combinations of serial numbers.

    Reorganization of central ministriesas well as the Independent administrative agencyDue to the change of the manufacturer's name due to the change, the name plate notation of the manufacturer's name of the banknote with the brown serial number was initially "Ministry of Finance Printing Bureau".[13],2001/(13)5/14From the issue, "Printing Bureau, Ministry of Finance"[21],2003/(15)7/1"National Printing Bureau" from the issue[22]Has been changed 3 times[20].

    The table below summarizes the details of the transition of the D 4 yen note.It is divided into the following XNUMX types.

    Issuance start dateSerial number colorMicro charactersealName plate (manufacturer name)Reason for change
    1984 (Showa 59)/11/1[13]Black[13]None[20]No special light emission[20]Manufactured by Ministry of Finance Printing Bureau[13]
    1993 (Heisei 5)/12/1[19]brown[19]Yes[20]With special light emission[20]Style change to improve anti-counterfeiting power (mini reprint)
    2001 (Heisei 13)/5/14[21]Manufactured by the Printing Bureau of the Ministry of Finance[21]Manufacturer's organizational change
    2003 (Heisei 15)/7/1[22]Manufactured by the National Printing Bureau[22]Manufacturer's organizational change

    透 か しIs Nitobe Inazo, like the portrait, and is larger than before and has a clear black-and-white gradation.[23]..However, in the portrait and watermark, the design of the portrait of Inazo Nitobe is flipped horizontally.Visually impairedIn order to easily identify the ticket type by touch, the lower left corner when viewed from the surface has a "two vertical circles" watermark that imitates the Braille "I" as an identification mark.[23]..The world's first watermark identification mark for the visually impaired[23].

    The dimensions are smaller in both the vertical and horizontal directions than the previous C XNUMX yen note.[15]..This is in line with the global trend toward miniaturization of banknotes.[15], Improvement of manufacturing capacity and resource saving[24], Convenience in handling with machines, etc.[25]..Comparing the three types of D tickets that were reprinted at the same time, the vertical dimensions are the same, and only the horizontal dimensions are lengthened by 3 mm as the face value increases.[15]..It was issued laterD XNUMX yen ticketCompared with, the lateral direction is only 1mm different.

    The number of colors used is 9 colors on the front side (breakdown is 2 main pattern by concave printing, 5 background patterns, 1 color of seal, 1 color of serial number), 4 colors on the back side (breakdown is 1 main pattern by concave printing, ground pattern). 2 color, 1 color of seal)[13][3].Copier,Image scannerAs much as possible to make color separation difficultPrimary colorAvoidNeutral colorIt is a print that makes heavy use of[26].

    Digression

    Initially,Ministry of Finance TheFemaleBy adopting, I intend to appeal the freshnessMurasaki Shikibu-Seishonagon-Akiko Yosano-Kazuha HiguchiWere listed as candidates. However, there are no pictures of Murasaki Shikibu and Seishonagon, and Yosano AkikoAnti-war songAnd his grandson is a member of parliament at that timeKaoru YosanoThe fact that Higuchi Ichiyo was short-lived was a negative factor and was eventually shelved.The final selection was decided1980/(Showa55 years)6ThatTokyo Women's UniversityNitobe Inazo, who was the first president of the school and focused on girls' education, was adopted.At that timeYoshiyuki SuzukiThe prime minister's birthplace is the same as Shin WatatoIwateIs[27].

    E ticket

    5000 Yenes (2004) (Anverso) .jpg
    5000 Yenes (2004) (Reverso) .jpg

    Ministry of Finance Notification No. 2004 on August 16, 8 "Establishes the forms of Bank of Japan notes Ichi 13 yen, 374 yen and XNUMX yen, which will be issued from November XNUMX, XNUMX. Case "[28]The style of banknotes is defined in.The main specifications are as follows.

    • Bank of Japan notes
    • Face value 5,000 yen (XNUMX yen)
    • 表面 Kazuha Higuchi[28]
    • 裏面 Ogata KorinBrush "Irises screen'[28]
    • seal <Front side> Governor's seal (special light emitting ink) <Back side> Ticketing director
    • Nameplate Manufactured by the National Printing Bureau
    • Serial number specifications
      • Serial number color Black / brown (2 types depending on the manufacturing time)
      • Serial number structure Symbol: Alphabet 1-2 characters + Serial number: 6 digits + Symbol: Alphabet 1 character
    • Identification mark for the visually impaired Octagon (deep intaglio printing, lower left corner / lower right corner)
    • Size Length 76 mm, width 156 mm[28]
    • Issuance start date 2004/(16)11/1[28]
    • Issuing
    • Valid ticket

    Approximately 3 years have passed since the issuance of 20 types of D tickets, and innovations in printing technology andCopier,Image scanner,Computer OfImage processingsoftwareAgainst the background of popularization and high performance2002/The discovery of counterfeit tickets has been increasing rapidly since around (14).[29][30], Banknotes incorporating new anti-counterfeiting technology in other countriesthe 1990sIt has been issued one after another since the end of the term, and based on the fact that if only Japan continues to issue old-generation banknotes, it may become a target by international counterfeiters.[31],E XNUMX yen ticket, E XNUMX yen note,E thousand yen ticket3 ticket types were reprinted at the same time[31].

    Portrait was sent off with D ticketNovelistHiguchi Ichiyo was selected, but this is the first time that a woman has been drawn on the portrait on the surface of the Bank of Japan note.[Note 2][32]..Initially, it took time to sculpt the original portrait of Higuchi Ichiyo.2004/(16) The issue was scheduled to be issued around July, but the issue start time has been postponed for 7 months.[33]..On the right side of the surface is a portrait of Ichiyo Higuchi (a kimono pattern that was not in the original is added).[33], On the left side of the backSwallow flowerPaintedfolding screenIs a pictureNational treasureThe design of "Irises screen" (Ogata Korin brush) is adopted.[34]..While many Bank of Japan notes have the Bank of Japan insignia only on the back side, this E-XNUMX-yen note is one of the few cases where the Bank of Japan insignia is also included in the place where the letters of the face value on the front side overlap. one of.

    For anti-counterfeiting technologyD XNUMX yen ticketMost of the newly adopted ones[Note 3]In addition to the adoption of "Plow-in bar pattern", which is a new thin paper on the right side when viewed from the front, the image (the pattern engraved on the metal leaf) changes depending on the viewing angle.hologramWas adopted[35].. The E-2-yen note has two vertical bars near the right side of the portrait, and the hologram image depends on the angle of light incident.Cherry blossom, Bank of Japan emblem, face value "5000" number, etc. can be confirmed[36].Special luminescent inkFor some of the surface seals and tint blockUVUses luminescent ink,Black lightWhen illuminated, the seal "Governor's Seal" on the front surface emits orange light, part of the ground pattern on the front surface emits orange, and part of the ground pattern on the back surface emits yellowish green.[36]..Unlike the D ticket after the mini reprint, the seal "Ticketing Bureau Director" on the back does not emit light.The optical change ink used in the D XNUMX yen note is not used.

    Although it has not been officially announced, the front and back sides of "D", "Ho", and "N" (Japan)KatakanaCan be confirmed as a secret mark (secret code)[37], D Following the XNUMX yen noteEurionHas also been adopted.Also above and below the hologram漢字The letters "day" and "book" are engraved on it.

    Visually impaired Tactile senseAbout the identification mark that made it possible to identify the ticket type withD XNUMX yen ticket,D XNUMX yen ticket,D XNUMX yen ticketIt has been changed from the watermark used in the banknote to the left and right of the bottom edge of the surface of the banknote.Deep intaglio printingThe method is adopted so that the ink can be raised and the unevenness can be felt.[38].. E XNUMX yen ticket has an "octagonal" identification mark[Note 4]Is given[38]. AlsoNational Printing BureauBySmartphoneYou can identify and read the denomination withApps"Say Yoshi-kun" is provided[39].

    Since the transparent layer of the hologram is glossy and has a different tactile sensation from other printed surfaces, it has been modified during issuance so that the ticket type can be identified even if it is used.[40]..At the time of issuance, the transparent layer of the hologram of the XNUMX yen note has the same area and shape as that of the XNUMX yen note.ellipseIt was a shape,2014/(Heisei26 years)5/12In addition, the transparent layer of the hologram of the XNUMX yen note is slightly larger than before.QuadrangleChanged to[41]As a result, the distinctiveness between the XNUMX-yen note and the XNUMX-yen note has been improved for the visually impaired.[36]..At the same time, the color of the serial number was changed from black to brown.[42] .

    The table below summarizes the details of the transition of the E XNUMX yen note.

    Issuance start dateSerial number colorHologram transparent layer shape[41]Reason for change
    2004 (Heisei 16)/11/1[28]Black[28]Oblong
    2014 (Heisei 26)/5/12[42]brown[42]Rounded rectangleStyle change to improve ticket type identification

    透 か しIs Higuchi Ichiyo as well as the portrait.Banknote paperEdgeworthia,Manila hempEtc. are used[35]..Previous generationD XNUMX yen ticketThe horizontal dimension is 1 mm longer than that of the previous model.D XNUMX yen ticketSince the lateral dimensional difference between the D 1 yen note and the D XNUMX yen note was only XNUMX mm, this is to improve the distinctiveness.[43]..As a result, the dimensional difference from the D 2 yen note is XNUMX mm.[38].

    The number of colors used is 14 colors on the front side (breakdown is 2 main pattern by concave printing, 10 background patterns, 1 color of seal, 1 color of serial number), 7 colors on the back side (breakdown is 1 main pattern by concave printing, ground pattern). 5 color, 1 color of seal)[28]..The basic color is inherited from the same color tone as the D ticket, and the E XNUMX yen ticket isD XNUMX yen ticketSame aspurpleAlthough it is a system[43], It has become a more vivid color.

    New banknotes to be issued in 2024

    5000 yen obverse scheduled to be issued 2024 front.jpg
    5000 yen obverse scheduled to be issued 2024 back.jpg
    • Bank of Japan notes
    • Face value 5,000 yen (XNUMX yen)
    • 表面 Umeko Tsuda
    • 裏面 WisteriaFlowers
    • seal <Front side> Governor's seal <Back side> Ticketing director
    • Nameplate Manufactured by the National Printing Bureau
    • Serial number specifications
      • Serial number color Black
      • Serial number structure Symbol: 2 alphabetic characters + serial number: 6 digits + symbol: 2 alphabetic characters
    • Identification mark for the visually impaired Continuous pattern of diagonal lines in the upper and lower corners (deep intaglio printing)
    • Size Length 76 mm, width 156 mm
    • Issuance start date 2024/(Reiwa 6 years) Scheduled for the first half
    • Unissued

    2024/(6th year of Reiwa) Strengthening anti-counterfeiting resistance by the first halfUniversal designFor the purpose of responding to[29]XNUMX yen ticket・ XNUMX yen ticket ・Thousand yen ticket3 ticket types will be reprinted at the same time[44]..According to the examples so far, it is presumed to be called "F ticket".

    The XNUMX yen bill after the renewalD XNUMX yen ticket-E XNUMX yen ticketWith a shade based on purple similar to[45], The portrait on the surfaceeducatorTsuda Umeko[46], Back side is JapanEndemic speciesA kind of wisteria, which is a plant ofNoda Fuji(Fuji Noda)[47]It will be changed to a design with flowers.

    The basic layout of the portrait, watermark, and face value on the surface has been restored to a layout similar to that of the D XNUMX yen note, and for the D and E tickets.Chinese numeralIn the place where the face value was written inArabic numeralsThe face value of "5000 yen" in Chinese numerals is placed in the upper left corner, and the face value of "5000", which was previously in the upper right corner, is placed in the lower right corner.The Arabic numerals in the upper right corner of the back are also drawn very large, which gives a very different impression from the conventional Bank of Japan notes.

    The serial number is also changed from 9 digits to 000001 digits in a format like "AA10AA"[46][Note 5].

    New anti-counterfeiting technologies that have been announced include high-definition plow patterns and stripe types.hologramWill be introduced[48]..The high-definition plow is a fine checkered pattern behind the watermark of the portrait of Umeko Tsuda.[49]..The hologram design is a 3D hologram, and the orientation of the face of the portrait of Umeko Tsuda, which is the hologram design, seems to change continuously and rotate depending on the viewing angle, and is adopted as a measure to prevent counterfeiting of banknotes. Is the first in the world[49]..In addition, it was also installed in the E ticket,Micro character,Special luminescent ink,Deep intaglio printing,Latent imageAnti-counterfeiting technologies such as patterns, pearl inks, and plow bar patterns will continue to be adopted.[50][51].

    The shape of the identification mark for the visually impaired has been changed to improve the distinctiveness of the ticket type, and a continuous pattern of diagonal lines by deep intaglio printing is arranged in the left and right corners.[48]..In addition, consideration is given to making it easier to distinguish other than the identification mark, such as changing the position of the hologram and watermark for each ticket type.[48].

    If you change the dimensions of the face of the ticketvending machine,TMJSince it has a large impact on banknote handling equipment such as[45].

    2019/(31)4/9Reprint announced in[44],2021/(3nd year of Reiwa)11/26Production of a new 5-yen ticket has started.The reprint was announced five years before the scheduled issue date, and it was manufactured about two and a half years ago because the preparation period was short at the time of the previous reprint to the E ticket, so the vending machine and ATM were refurbished. From the reflection that I could not respond in time and only about half[52], ATMs and other equipment that handles new banknotes are said to be carefully tested to prevent failures and troubles.[53].

    In the design of the sample of the new 2021 yen ticket announced in September 3 (Reiwa 9),2019/(31) The original rough sketch published at the time of the announcement of the reprint in April[44]As a change from, the English notation of the issuing bank name of "BANK OF JAPAN" has been added below the letters of the issuing bank name "Bank of Japan" under the Arabic numeral "5000" with a large face value. In addition, the number of diagonal lines of the identification mark for the visually impaired has been increased from 9 to 11.[54].

    Other matters related to XNUMX yen bills

    • Of financial institutions such as banksTMJAlthough it is possible to deposit XNUMX-yen banknotes, ATMs that support withdrawal of XNUMX-yen banknotes are rare at present due to technical problems with cassette boxes and manufacturing costs.
      • Japan Post BankThere are cases where the withdrawal of XNUMX-yen banknotes is installed, but even in that case, some ingenuity is required to withdraw with XNUMX-yen banknotes.However, that function is also removed in the latest models.
      • In the store of a financial institutionMoney changerIt is possible to withdraw XNUMX-yen banknotes using, but there are cases where the withdrawal of XNUMX-yen banknotes has expired or some exchange machines have stopped withdrawing XNUMX-yen banknotes.
      • In the C ticket era, there were many ATMs that could withdraw XNUMX yen bills.
    • The number of XNUMX yen bills in circulation in the market isXNUMX yen bill,Thousand yen billOverwhelmingly less than[55]..Unlike the XNUMX-yen banknotes and XNUMX-yen banknotes, which are on the rise in the number of banknotes in circulation, they are almost flat.[55]..In addition to the ATM circumstances mentioned above,cash register,Vending machineBecause the machine does not contain 5000 yen bills or does not support withdrawal of 5 yen bills, the thousands of change of 9 yen or more is paid with 2024 to XNUMX thousand yen bills. Often there are cases.Considering the decrease in cash deposits and withdrawals at the counter due to the introduction of IT in other financial institutions, in the near future, especially after XNUMX when new banknotes are scheduled to be issued.XNUMX yen billSimilarly, it has been pointed out that the production of XNUMX-yen banknotes may be discontinued and the XNUMX-yen banknotes may no longer be ordinary banknotes.
    • Since it is the second most expensive after 2 yen bills, it is rare for retailers and restaurants to say, "I will enter XNUMX yen" when paying with XNUMX yen bills. ..There are many examples of calling out to the XNUMX-yen banknote, which is the highest-priced banknote, to "enter XNUMX yen", and this practice has been around since the C-ticket era (see details).XNUMX yen bill #Other matters related to XNUMX yen bill(See), but in the C ticket eraC XNUMX yen ticketAnd C The portrait of the XNUMX-yen note is the same Prince Shotoku, and since it was meaningful to distinguish clearly by the voice of "Entering XNUMX yen", the voice of "Entering XNUMX yen" for the XNUMX-yen bill Customs did not exist, at least in the C-ticket era.
    • The life of the 1-yen banknotes in circulation is said to be about 2 to XNUMX years on average because there are many exchanges such as change and they are easily damaged.

    Transition

    Reprints are made approximately every 20 years, and at the same time as the design is revised, the latest anti-counterfeiting technology is introduced to ensure anti-counterfeiting power.

    • 1957/(Showa32 years)9/17: C XNUMX yen ticket format established[2].
    • 195710/1 : C XNUMX yen ticketIssue start[2]..The design isPrince ShotokuBank of Japan Head Office Main Building.
    • 1984/(59)6/25: D XNUMX yen ticket format established[13].
    • 198411/1 : D XNUMX yen ticketIssue start[13]..The design isNitobe InazoMount Fuji..The serial number is black with the name of the Ministry of Finance.
    • 1986/(61)1/4: C Suspension of payment of XNUMX yen note from Bank of Japan[1].
    • 1993/(Heisei5 years)6/24: Established a partially modified ticket format for the D XNUMX yen note with improved anti-counterfeiting power[19].
    • 199312/1: Improved anti-counterfeiting powerD XNUMX yen ticketPartial remodeling ticket issuance started (mini reprint)[19]..Changed the serial number to brown.
    • 2001/(13)3/30: Established D XNUMX yen note format with changed name plate notation[21].
    • 20015/14: Changed the name plate notationD XNUMX yen ticketIssue start[21]..Changed to Ministry of Finance name.
    • 2003/(15)6/13: Established the format of D XNUMX yen note with the name plate notation changed again[22].
    • 20037/1: The name plate notation was changed againD XNUMX yen ticketIssue start[22]..Changed to national name.
    • 2004/(16)8/13: E Established XNUMX yen note format[28].
    • 200411/1 : E XNUMX yen ticketIssue start[28]..The design isKazuha HiguchiOgata KorinBrush "Irises screen".The serial number is black.
    • 2007/(19)4/2: Suspension of payment of D XNUMX yen note from Bank of Japan[1].
    • 2013/(25)12/3: Established a partially modified ticket format for E-XNUMX yen tickets with improved ticket type identification[19].
    • 2014/(26)5/12: Improved ticket type identificationE XNUMX yen ticketPartial remodeling ticket issuance started[19]..Changed the serial number to brown.
    • 2024/Every time(Reiwa6st half: Scheduled to start issuing new XNUMX yen tickets[44]..The design isUmeko TsudaWisteria.

    Related item

    References

    • Takashi Uemura, "Modern History of Bill Portraits," Yoshikawa Kobunkan, June 2015.ISBN 978-4-64-203845-4. 
    • Takashi Uemura "Portrait of Japanese Banknotes and the Mystery of Design" Japan Numismatic Dealers Association, January 2019.ISBN 978-4-93-081024-3. 
    • Mitsuo Riko, Shun Uemura, Kenzo Tamiya "Color Edition Japanese Currency Picture Book" Japanese Specialized Book Publishing, June 2004.ISBN 978-4-93-150707-4. 
    • Ministry of Finance Printing Bureau "Japanese Money Modern Currency Handbook" Ministry of Finance Printing Bureau, June 1994.ISBN 978-4-17-312160-1. 
    • Ministry of Finance Printing Bureau "100 Years of Banknote Manufacturing, History and Technology" Ministry of Finance Printing Bureau, November 1984. 
    • Bank of Japan Research Bureau "Catalog Japanese Currency 9 Currency under Managed Currency System" Toyo Keizai Inc., 1975. 
    • Satoshi Ouchi (August 2004). “Issuance (reprint) of New Bank of Japan notes". Public Relations Magazine FinanceMinistry of Finance. 2021/9/26Browse.
    • Isamu Mukaiyama (June 2019). “Significance of issuing new banknotes and coins and the latest technology". Public Relations Magazine FinanceMinistry of Finance. 2021/9/28Browse.

    footnote

    [How to use footnotes]

    注 釈

    1. ^ Bank of Japan Head Office Building No. 31938/(Showa 13) Architecture.
    2. ^ Modified banknotesToShingo EmpressWas drawn, but this is not a Bank of Japan noteGovernment billMet. Also,XNUMX yen ticketOn the back ofMurasaki ShikibuIs drawn, but this is肖像画is not.
    3. ^ Micro characters, special light emitting ink, intaglio printing, latent image pattern, pearl ink, etc.
    4. ^ In addition, the E XNUMX yen ticket is "L-shaped in the lower left corner and the inverted L-shaped in the lower right corner", and the D XNUMX yen ticket isBrailleThe "three circles vertically" imitating the "ni" of the E-thousand yen ticket is the identification mark of the "horizontal bar".
    5. ^ For all types of banknotes from B to E, the letters at both ends of the serial number started with one digit each, that is, "A1A". When "Z000001Z" is exhausted, only the leftmost alphabet changes to "AA" and 900000 digits, but since the rightmost alphabet is always 2 digit, the final number becomes "ZZ1Z", and when it is exhausted, the character color is changed to "A900000A". It was a format to return to.With the new banknotes, the one-digit system was abolished, and production began with two-digit alphabetic characters at both ends, that is, "AA000001AA".

    Source

    1. ^ a b c d e "Banknotes that are not currently issued but are valid XNUMX yen”(Japanese). Bank of Japan. 2021/6/19Browse.
    2. ^ a b c d e f November 1957, 32 Ministry of Finance Notification No. 9 "Matters to determine the format of the Bank of Japan note of XNUMX yen issued from October XNUMX, XNUMX'
    3. ^ a b c d e f Ministry of Finance Printing Bureau, "Bank of Japan 100 Years of Manufacturing, History and Technology," Ministry of Finance Printing Bureau, November 1984, pp. 11-306. 
    4. ^ Ministry of Finance Printing Bureau "Japanese Money Modern Currency Handbook" Ministry of Finance Printing Bureau, June 1994, pp. 6-242.ISBN 9784173121601. 
    5. ^ Takashi Uemura 2015, pp. 215–216.
    6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l Takashi Uemura 2015, pp. 216–222.
    7. ^ “Screaming window, coin-operated entertainment districts, stations, etc.”. Asahi Shimbun morning edition (Tokyo): pp. 7. (May 1953, 9) 
    8. ^ Bank of Japan Research Bureau, Catalog Japanese Currency 9 Currency under the Managed Currency System, Toyo Keizai Inc., 1975, pp. 219-220. 
    9. ^ Bank of Japan Research Bureau, Catalog Japanese Currency 9 Currency under the Managed Currency System, Toyo Keizai Inc., 1975, pp. 214-216. 
    10. ^ Bank of Japan Research Bureau, Catalog Japanese Currency 9 Currency under the Managed Currency System, Toyo Keizai Inc., 1975, pp. 218-221. 
    11. ^ Bank of Japan Research Bureau, Catalog Japanese Currency 9 Currency under the Managed Currency System, Toyo Keizai Inc., 1975, p. 190. 
    12. ^ Takashi Uemura, History of Portraits of Banknotes, Tokyo Art, November 1989, pp. 11-198.ISBN 9784808705435. 
    13. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l November 1984, 59 Ministry of Finance Notification No. 6 "Matters to determine the style of Bank of Japan notes Ichi XNUMX yen, XNUMX yen and XNUMX yen issued from November XNUMX, XNUMX'
    14. ^ Kazusaburo Suzuki, "Guide to Collecting Current Money in Japan," Domestic and Foreign Money Study Group, November 2011, p. 11. 
    15. ^ a b c d e f Takashi Uemura 2015, pp. 232–234.
    16. ^ a b Takashi Uemura 2015, pp. 234–237.
    17. ^ a b c d Takashi Uemura 2015, pp. 239–241.
    18. ^ a b c Takashi Uemura 2015, pp. 243–244.
    19. ^ a b c d e f g April 1993, 5 Ministry of Finance Notification No. 6 "Matters to determine the format of Bank of Japan notes Ichi XNUMX yen, XNUMX yen and XNUMX yen issued from December XNUMX, XNUMX'
    20. ^ a b c d e f g Takashi Uemura 2015, pp. 248–249.
    21. ^ a b c d e March 2001, 13 Ministry of Finance Notification No. 3 "Bank of Japan notes issued from May XNUMX, XNUMX Ichi XNUMX yen, XNUMX yen and XNUMX yen'
    22. ^ a b c d e March 2003, 15 Ministry of Finance Notification No. 6 "Matters to determine the style of Bank of Japan notes Ichi XNUMX yen, XNUMX yen and XNUMX yen, which will be issued from July XNUMX, XNUMX'
    23. ^ a b c Takashi Uemura 2015, pp. 245–246.
    24. ^ Ministry of Finance Printing Bureau "Japanese Money Modern Currency Handbook" Ministry of Finance Printing Bureau, June 1994, pp. 6-162.ISBN 9784173121601. 
    25. ^ Ministry of Finance Printing Bureau "Japanese Money Modern Currency Handbook" Ministry of Finance Printing Bureau, June 1994, pp. 6-195.ISBN 9784173121601. 
    26. ^ Takashi Uemura 2015, pp. 246–247.
    27. ^ "Chase Shotoku Shoten 1988 Yen Bill Plan Reproduction of the design that the day did not see" "Asahi Shimbun" December 12, 6
    28. ^ a b c d e f g h i j March 2004, 16 Ministry of Finance Notification No. 8 "Matters to determine the style of Bank of Japan notes Ichi XNUMX yen, XNUMX yen and XNUMX yen, which will be issued from November XNUMX, XNUMX'
    29. ^ a b Isamu Mukaiyama 2019, p. 3.
    30. ^ Satoshi Ouchi 2004, p. 19.
    31. ^ a b Takashi Uemura 2015, pp. 261–264.
    32. ^ Satoshi Ouchi 2004, pp. 21–22.
    33. ^ a b Takashi Uemura 2015, pp. 265–267.
    34. ^ Satoshi Ouchi 2004, pp. 22–23.
    35. ^ a b Satoshi Ouchi 2004, pp. 19–20.
    36. ^ a b c Takashi Uemura 2015, pp. 275–277.
    37. ^ Takashi Uemura 2015, pp. 270–273.
    38. ^ a b c Satoshi Ouchi 2004, p. 20.
    39. ^ Bill identification app "Ikichi-kun"
    40. ^ "The hologram of the XNUMX-yen note has been improved to improve identification.”. National Printing Bureau. 2021/9/28Browse.
    41. ^ a b "Issuance date of the new style Japanese Banknote 5 yen note has been decided" (Press Release), Ministry of Finance, (December 2013, 12), http://www.mof.go.jp/currency/bill/issued/20131202.htm 2014/3/3Browse. 
    42. ^ a b c March 2013, 25 Ministry of Finance Notification No. 12 "Matters to determine the format of the Bank of Japan note XNUMX yen, which will be issued from May XNUMX, XNUMX'
    43. ^ a b Takashi Uemura 2015, p. 273.
    44. ^ a b c d "Issuing new Bank of Japan notes and XNUMX yen coins”(Japanese). Ministry of Finance. 2019/4/9Browse.
    45. ^ a b Isamu Mukaiyama 2019, p. 9.
    46. ^ a b "Government to renew banknotes Eiichi Shibusawa for 1 yen bills”(Japanese). Nihon Keizai Shimbun. 2019/4/9Browse.
    47. ^ ""Noda Fuji" on the back of the new XNUMX-yen bill Actually originated in Fukushima, Osaka”(Japanese). Sankei Shimbun. 2021/4/14Browse.
    48. ^ a b c Isamu Mukaiyama 2019, p. 6.
    49. ^ a b Kenichi Nishikata, Takanari Horino (October 2021). “About the New Bank of Japan note printing start ceremony". Public Relations Magazine FinanceMinistry of Finance. 2021/11/22Browse.
    50. ^ "Anti-counterfeiting technology-Four "understanding"-”. Bank of Japan. 2022/2/11Browse.
    51. ^ "Comparison of new Bank of Japan notes and current Bank of Japan notes”. Bank of Japan. 2022/2/11Browse.
    52. ^ Isamu Mukaiyama 2019, p. 10.
    53. ^ "Unveil the real new 1-yen bill, distribution is the first half of fiscal 24 prospect”. Asahi Shimbun Digital. 2021/9/2Browse.
    54. ^ "Appearance of the new Bank of Japan note-New XNUMX yen note”. Bank of Japan. 2021/9/30Browse.
    55. ^ a b "New 1 yen bill and "cashless"”. International Monetary Research Institute (April 2021). 2021/9/26Browse.

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