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🍴 | [Father's Day] Limited sweets that convey gratitude are on sale from Flo Prestige ♡


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[Father's Day] Limited sweets that convey gratitude are on sale from Flo Prestige ♡

 
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There is rum in the dropper, so soak it in the dough if you like.
 

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rum

rum(Ramshu) orLamb(English: rum,French: rhum,Spanish: ron) Issugar cane OfMolassesOr made from squeezed juiceDistilled liquorIs[1]..Included in sugar caneSucroseTheyeastAlcohol fermentationLet meethanolAfter changing todistillation, Made by aging.West IndiesIs considered to be the place of origin.

In English it is simply called ram rum, but in the Japanese phonological system there is no distinction between r and l."Lamb" which means lamb meat(British: lamb) And the katakana notation are the same, so it is confusing, so it is common to say "rum" so as not to cause confusion (this article name is also for the same reason, and also to avoid collision of item names. It became "rum").In the 1928 literature, "sugar liquor"[2]There was also a notation of only Chinese characters.However, in recent years, the notations "rum" and "rum" have become common.Hereinafter, it is briefly referred to as "ram" in the text.

Overview

Common rum (industrial rum) is molasses (waste sugar), which is a by-product of sugar production.Moraces) OnlyAlcohol fermentationUsed as a raw material.Distilled liquorRegarding the aging ofオ ー クIt is often aged in wooden barrels with a barrel incense,Distilled spiritsThen.stainlessTank aging, traditionalJarAging is also common, and wooden barrels are not always used.again,GlassAging proceeds even after bottling.

Rum can be drunk as it is as an alcoholic beverage, or used as a base liquor for cocktails.cake,tartIt is often used for flavoring baked goods.RaisinsIs often used in the form of "rum raisins", which are soaked in lamb.BrandySimilarly, as a scentBlack teaMay be added in small amounts.Also, like the Angostura bitters, the lamb was leached with other ingredients.LiqueurIt is also used as a raw material for manufacturing.

Origin of the name "ram"

There are several theories about the origin of the name "ram", and it is unclear which one it is.

  • I drank spirit spiritバルバドスAn Englishman who saw the Shimabara residents getting drunk and making noise was rumbullion (DevonshireIt is said that the dialect was expressed as "excitement") and the beginning of the word was taken.It is said to be a powerful source.
    rumbullion is on the island of BarbadosCreoleOf dialectPidgin languageThere is also a theory that the etymology is a compound word of the Latin Seville dialect "stem" (rheu) and the English (bullion) or the French "bouillon".[3].
  • In one theoryLatin(*) Means sugar "saccharum It is said that it comes from the last rum of "Sakaram".[4].
(* To be exact, even in LatinNew Latin(Modern Latin; Latin since the Renaissance).

History

There is the following theory about the origin of Lamb, but it is not clear.CaribbeanIt seems to be native to some island in the Caribbean (the liquor in the story of the Caribbean pirates is rum).In any case, it is believed that rum existed in the 17th century at the latest.

The raw material for rum is sugar cane, but it is said to be the birthplace of rum.CaribbeanNo sugar cane grows naturally on the islands.1492,Christopher ColumbusWhen Europeans brought sugar cane into the waters after their arrival in the United States, the Caribbean islands became a major producer of sugar cane due to the climate.

after that,JamaicaMainly sugarPlantationIs expanding, and Moraces (a by-product of sugar refining)MolassesThe distillation of lamb made from) has also become popular.For thisTriangular trade of sugar, guns and slavesHas a strong influence.That is, in the West Indies, Moraces is loaded onto a ship and transported to the United States.Manufactures rum in the United States and ships it to Africa.In Africa, rum is the purchase price for blacks, who are taken as slaves to the West Indies to become a sugarcane-growing labor force.This cycle will abolish the slave trade1808Continued until.

pirate shipIn, the captain relieved the stress of the crew from anxiety about long voyages, fighting and fear of being taken prisoner, and reserved rum as a tonic to inspire his subordinates in case of emergency.[5]..Many pirates liked alcohol, and many were soaked when they were on land.[6]..A heavy drinker pirate forced passers-by to drink a barrel of wine on the road and threatened with a pistol if he refused.[6].

1740, The Royal Navy provided rams to the Marines for morale and entertainment.Some said, "At that timewarshipIs the power ofSteam engineSome people who work in fire-handling areas, such as the boiler room, were drinking rum to keep up with the high room temperature. "[7](However, the Royal Navy adopted the steam engine in earnest on the Ajax, which was converted from a sailing ship of the line to a screw ship of the line, in 100, more than 1846 years later).The supply of rum to this marine1970Continued until.From this, some episodes and legends (Later) Was also born, and Ram strengthened the image of a man on a voyage and a sea.

20st century,Second World WarFor up toAmericaThen.ginWas popular, but the war made it difficult to import gin from England, which made Lamb more popular.Even after World War II, the demand for rum did not decrease, and its role as a base for cocktails increased, and the popularity of rum spread from the United States to the world.the 1970sTovodkaAt the same time, it solidified its position as an international sake.

British "(English editionAccording to the paper, the movie "Pirates of the CaribbeanThanks to the big boom in the series, rum sells like rum in the UK, even at barsMojito,Pina Colada,Mai Tai,Cuba LibreLamb-based cocktails such asPirates of the Caribbean/World EndIn 2007, when Dark Lamb consumption was released, it hit a 31% year-on-year increase in UK consumption.TescoSo, sales of Golden Lamb increased by 65% ​​from the previous year.[8].

Type, classification

Lamb is classified according to color, fragrance intensity, and raw material manufacturing method.

Classification by color
BothCocktailsIt is also used as a base for rum, but depending on the cocktail, either type of rum may be specified.for exampleBlue HawaiiWhite rum is designated because the shade of blue is important, and gold rum and dark rum are rarely used.
  • White rum (colorless) -Sometimes called silver rum.Activated carbonThrough etc.filtrationTo do.
  • Gold rum (light brown)- BarrelMade by aging.ColoringSome products are made by adding.Flavors and flavors tend to be intermediate.Sometimes called Amber Lamb.
  • Dark rum (dark brown)-Made by barrel aging.Some products are made by adding colorants.It tends to have a strong flavor and flavor, and is also used in confectionery.
Classification by flavor
Details will be described later (→#Differences in flavor by manufacturing method
  • Light Ram- Continuous stillDistill with.The flavor and flavor are weak.
  • Medium rum-Various manufacturing and distillation methods.The flavor and flavor are intermediate.
  • Heavy Lamb- Single distillerDistill with.Strong flavor and flavor.
Classification by difference in manufacturing method by brewing raw material
Details will be described later (→#Differences by brewing ingredients
  • Industrial manufacturing method- sugar caneからsugarA classical manufacturing method using Moraces, which is a by-product of purification and separation, as a raw material.
  • Aglycol manufacturing method-A manufacturing method that uses sugar cane juice directly as a raw material.
Classification by Japan Lamb Association
The Japan Lamb Association classifies as follows.[9].
  • Traditional rum-Rum made from Morasses.Same as the industrial manufacturing method.
  • Aglycol rum-A manufacturing method that uses sugar cane juice directly as a raw material.Same as the aglycol manufacturing method.
  • High Test Morace Slam-The raw material is syrup made by heating sugar cane juice.
Other

Lamb is JapaneseLiquor tax lawThere is no description in the name, and among distilled alcoholic beverages,SpiritsIt is classified into (Article 3).

Manufacturing method

In either method, multiple distillations are performed,ethanolIn many cases, the concentration of is once concentrated to about 80% at the manufacturing stage.However, at most ethanol concentrates to less than 95%.If you concentrate ethanol to 95% or more here,Neutral spiritsBecome.After concentration by distillation, water may be added before aging.

After aging, it is usually split into water and is usually split.Alcohol degreeIs adjusted to be about 40% -50% liquor and shipped.However, some brands are shipped with an alcohol content of 75.5%.[Note 1]..In addition, it refers to the concentration of ethanol in sake "151"proof"(= 75.5% alcohol content expressed in US proof) is sometimes used, and some products have" 151 "in the name to mean 151 proof at the time of shipment.For example, Ron Rico 151,(English editionAnd so on.

Differences by brewing ingredients

Made by fermentingBrewed sakeDistilledethanolAlthough the process of aging after increasing the concentration of is common, it is mainly classified into the industrial manufacturing method and the aglycol manufacturing method depending on the raw material.

Industrial manufacturing method

Industrial manufacturing methodIt is,sugar caneMoraces, a by-product of refining sugar fromMolasses) Is used as a raw material.The rum made by this method is sometimes called industrial rum (industrial rum).

Lamb made by this method accounts for about 97% to about 98% of the total production of lamb worldwide.

By storing Moraces, it is possible to start brewing at any time, so it is possible to start brewing rum, which is the raw material for rum, throughout the year regardless of the sugarcane harvest time, and the finished brewing is possible. By sending the liquor to the next distillation process, rum can be produced all year round.In addition, since Moraces can be imported to produce brewed liquor, which is the raw material for rum, rum can be produced from the brewing process even outside the sugarcane production area.

Some industrial formulas are exceptionally solidbrown sugarIs used by dissolving it in water.

Aglycol manufacturing method

Aglycol manufacturing methodIs different in that brewed liquor is made directly from sugar cane juice without refining sugar from sugar cane juice.The rum made by this method is sometimes called aglycol rum (agricultural rum).

The appearance is newer than the industrial manufacturing method, and it is only about 3% of the total production of lamb worldwide.In addition, since sugarcane begins to be hydrolyzed and bacterially fermented from the moment it is cut, this method cannot be used unless it is near the cultivated area, and the production of brewed liquor, which is the raw material for rum, cannot be started except during the harvest time.

Differences in flavor by manufacturing method

"Light rum", "medium rum" and "heavy rum" have different flavors and recipes.

Light rum

Light rumWith MoracesWedMix and pureyeastFerment to make brewed sake,Continuous stillDistilled in.After distillation, the inner surface is not burntWhite oakAged in barrels and tanks for a short period of time.Gold rum if left in barrel aging, after agingActivated carbonfiltrationThen it becomes White Lamb.

Weak flavor and taste (relativelyNeutral spirits(It is close to) is a feature.For this reason, this type of rum is often used as a base for cocktails.

Was under Spanish ruleCuba,プ エ ル ト リ コIt is often seen in such cases.

Heavy Lamb

Heavy LambNaturally ferments MorassesSingle distillerDistill with.Before distillingBagasse(Residue after sugar cane juice squeezing)(English edition(Residual liquid from the previous distillation) may be added.After distillation, the inner surface was scorched (バ ー ボ ンAging in barrels).After long-term (3 years or more) aging, it becomes dark rum.

It contains a lot of by-products other than ethanol, has a strong flavor, and is brown.In some cases, it may be dark brown.This classification is sometimes called dark rum.

amberTo bring out the colorColoring(caramel) Is added to some products.In some areas, darker colors are misunderstood as better quality and may be overcolored.

Commonwealth of NationsJamaica,ガイアナ,Eur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.euIt is often seen in such cases.

Medium ram

Medium ramNaturally ferments Morasses to make brewed liquor, similar to heavy rum.Bagasse and dander may be added.Some brands use continuous stills, while others use single stills.There is also a manufacturing method in which heavy rum and light rum are manufactured and blended, respectively.As described above, there are various manufacturing methods.

It has the flavor and aroma of lamb, but it is not as strong as heavy lamb.Like heavy rum, caramel may be added for coloring.

Developed in a French colony, in the overseas departments of FranceMartinique,GuadeloupeIt is often seen in such cases.

Other manufacturing methods

Spice rum

Spice rumSome are industrial rum flavored with vanilla and other spices, while others are soaked with fruits and herbs.[10]..Guavaberry rum liqueur on St. Martin Island is made by soaking guavaberries in imported rum barrels.[11]..Some spiced rums have a lower alcohol content at the time of shipment than general rums, and some products have an alcohol content in the 30s range.In addition, spiced rum is also called flavored rum (flavored rum, flavored rum).

Other types of lamb may also have some scent.

Characteristics of the manufacturing method depending on the production area

Although not applicable to all, distilled liquor (British) that was common in the mainland of the former colonial nation because many manufacturers have inherited the manufacturing method established during the colonial era.Scotch whiskey,FrenchBrandyEtc.) and the characteristics tend to be similar.Some manufacturers still carry the undiluted sake to the mainland of the former suzerain and aged it.

Main brands


Lamb production in Japan

Ogasawara IslandsThen, the early stage of development (1830Around) Western settlersWhaling shipWas trading lamb with.1876After being established as Japanese territory, sugarcane was cultivated in the subtropical climate.The sugar industry using this sugar cane became popular, andSugar makingIn the process ofRaw sugarBy-product produced when the product is taken out, that is, moraces (Molasses) Fermented and distilled the brewed liquor produced in this way, the islanders called it "foam liquor" or "mead" and began to drink it.That is, the production of industrial rum (industrial rum) was carried out.After that, it will be drunk for a long time until the islanders are forcibly evacuated to Honshu during the Pacific War.

Ogasawara IslandsPacific WarinsideAmericaIt was occupied by the United States, and it was still ruled by the United States after the war.1968Was returned to Japan.For the former islanders who gradually returned to Ogasawara from the evacuation destination after the return, it seems that the taste of the local sake rum that they had been drinking before the evacuation was unforgettable.Due to this unique historical background, the production of lamb began to resume after it was returned to Japan.

Second World WarFor later rum production,TokunoshimaTakaoka brewing in1979"Lidth's jay" made from is the first domestic lamb.Including TokunoshimaAmami archipelagoThen, brown sugar shochu was made, and the period when the United States occupied and ruled after the war (1953 OfReturn to mainlandIn some cases, distilled liquor (brown sugar liquor) was made only with brown sugar, but it was never aged in oak barrels.Ram and the presentAmami brown sugar shochuThe difference is not used for ramMalted riceHowever, in brown sugar shochu, it is always used due to the provisions of Japanese tax law.[12]The point is that brown sugar shochu uses solid brown sugar instead of moraces.

Unprecedented during the bubble eraLocal beerIn the midst of the boom, Ogasawara Lamb Liqueur Co., Ltd. was established as part of the village revitalization, and Ogasawara's rum as a local sake was revived.1992It was commercialized in.

Manufacturers diversified in the 21st century.Okinawa prefectureMinami Daito IslandGreisma, which is produced in Japan, has nothing to do with the brewing industry.Okinawa Electric PowerIt is a unique existence called a venture company.The proposal of the current president, Yuko Kaneshiro, who applied for the company's in-house venture, was commercialized.2004Established in.Minamidaito VillageOld with the cooperation ofMinamidaito AirportThe terminal facility is rented as a factory for production.Glycol takes advantage of Minamidaito Island, where sugar cane is cultivated, and basically produces aglycol rum (agricultural rum) that can only be produced in sugar cane producing areas.

2007IsKochi OfKikusui Sake BreweryMore rum was released.The company1849There is a history of cultivation from around that time,1950Boasted the highest production in JapanKochiTo revive sugar cane cultivationKuroshioCultivated in Japan and manufactures aglycol rum.The company's Yokosuka rum is the northern limit of sugar cane in Shizuoka prefecture.Osuka Town(CurrentKakegawa) Aglycol rum made from sugar cane.

Ye Lamb Santa Maria is from Okinawa PrefectureIe Island2011Aglycol rum that has been on sale since July.

Shiga OfNine Leaves The2013Opened inHonshuIt is the first rum brand and uses brown sugar as a raw material.Global Lamb ShowRHUM FEST PARISWon the 2014 Silver Award in the Innovation Category for the first time as a Japanese lamb brand.

In 2020, "Rum made by distilling the molasses that came out when making Wasanbon" appeared on the crowdfunding site Makuake.As the name suggests, this is an industrial rum that utilizes molasses produced in the sugar-making process of Wasanbon sugar, which is traditionally made in Kagawa Prefecture.

Japan Lamb Association

2008, Five owners of a bar specializing in lamb (ram bar) gatheredJapan Lamb AssociationWas established.We are working with the goal of recognizing, spreading and establishing lamb in Japan.Lamb Concierge OfQualifications/LicensesCertification, education,JAPAN RUM CONNECTIONWe are holding events such as.

Gallery for various purposes

Episode about Lamb

  • On Barbados, it was called "kill-Devil" because of the burning strength of this liquor.[13][14].
  • The English also call Lamb "water of rest".this is,1609On the ship of a man named George SummerBermudaWhen I was heading forHurricaneAt that time, the crew of the ship faced the fear of death, but it was said that it was derived from drinking rum and keeping peace of mind.[15].
  • The Royal Navy provided rum straight to the Marines, but some had rations for several days and drank it all at once.(English editionAdmiral1740With Ram on August 8stWedWas ordered to supply a water-diluted rum made by diluting 1: 4.Initially, this thin lamb was unpopular with his subordinates at the time.[16]..His subordinates are gromgram (GrogramTo Admiral Vernon who wore a coat made of the fabric, he gave the nickname "Old Grog" and gave this drink with some kind of resentment.Glock came to be called "grog"[17]. But,18st centuryBy the end of the day, it is said that Grog was rather preferred.[16].. Even as of 2010, Mizuwari RamGlockIs called.In modern times, the word grogg is also used to refer to alcoholic beverages in general, and getting drunk is called "groggy".[18]..And the word "groggy" used in Japan is a slogan of this groggy.
  • 1805 OfBattle of TrafalgarKilled in actionHoratio NelsonThe body of the Admiral was soaked in rum barrels to prevent spoilage and brought to England, and since this rum was a dark rum, it is said that the dark rum was later called "Nelson's blood". Have been[19]..This theory is widely believed and is a purveyor to the Royal Navy.(English editionIt used to sell rum called "Nelson's blood", but now the theory is predominant, and it wasn't rum that was used to preserve Admiral Nelson's body.BrandyIs said to have been[20]..However, brandy is not called "Nelson's blood".
    • Brandy is mentioned in the pamphlet issued by the National Museum of Portsmouth, where the Nelson flagship Victory is preserved, and the homepage of the National Archives of the British government initially mentions brandy, so the brandy theory is predominant. I think that the.A local commentator on the Victory explained that the surgeon carefully planned and mixed other liquids, mainly cognac.
    • There is an anecdote that the barrels were empty when the sailors returned to Japan because the sailors stole the lamb soaked in Nelson.However, it is said that he actually drank the rum only after he arrived in England, that is, after he had served to preserve Nelson's body.[21].
  • America Second Cuban War of IndependenceIntervenes in, and when Cuba becomes independent of Spain, American soldiers take RamColaI drank it by dividing it by.This rum divided by cola isCuba Libre(Cuba libre, Cuba River in English,SpanishThen called Cuba Libre)CocktailsIt is one of.The way to drink rum called cola split has become one of the main ways to drink rum, along with grog, which is a rum mizuwari.

Other

  • Bay rum --To Lamb(English editionContains various herbs, herbs, balms, etc.lotion(mainlyAftershave lotion).Not drinkable,CartoonThen, there may be a scene where you get drunk by drinking this.
  • Lamb finish --A method of aging the whiskey finish by putting the whiskey just before the end of aging in a barrel that has aged rum.This is a technique aimed at transferring the flavor of lamb to whiskey.

footnote

[How to use footnotes]

注 釈

  1. ^ There are also rum brands with alcohol content higher than 75.5%.for exampleStroh 80Is 80%.

Source

  1. ^ [1]
  2. ^ Naobumi OchiaiAuthor/Yaichi HagaRenovation "Ramu" "Ramushiyu" "Kotosen: Nihon Daijiten" Volume XNUMX,Okura Bookstore, 1928, 4906 pages.
  3. ^ Written by Magronne Toussaint-Sama, translated by Toyoo Tamamura, "Encyclopedia of World Food"Hara Shobo, 1998, 583 pages.ISBN 4562030534. 
  4. ^ [2]
  5. ^ Philippe Jacquin, History of Pirates, Sogensha, 2003, pp. 129-130. 
  6. ^ a b Richard Platt, Visual Encyclopedia of Knowledge, Pirate Encyclopedia, Asunaro Shobo, 2006, p. 45. 
  7. ^ Western liquor story, p. 93,97; Introduction to Western liquor, p. 30.
  8. ^ "Thanks to Johnny Depp for the British rum maker? Consumption drastically increased due to the influence of "Pirates"”. Movie.com (April 2007, 12). 2014/12/4Browse.
  9. ^ "Lamb manufacturing method”. Japan Lamb Association. 2017/4/12Browse.
  10. ^ Japan Lamb Association "Rum Taizen"Seibundo Shinkosha, 2017, 27 pages. 
  11. ^ Japan Lamb Association "Rum Taizen"Seibundo Shinkosha, 2017, 107 pages. 
  12. ^ Famous sake encyclopedia, p. 49,186.
  13. ^ Joseph M. Carlin, Translated by Rieko Kai, "History of Cocktails"Hara Shobo, 2017, 27 pages. 
  14. ^ Richard Foss, Translated by Chihoko Uchida, "History of Lamb Sake"Hara Shobo, 2018, 35 pages. 
  15. ^ Western liquor story, p. 95.
  16. ^ a b Western liquor story, p. 98.
  17. ^ Joseph M. Carlin "History of Cocktails"Hara Shobo, 2017, 49 pages. 
  18. ^ Vocabulary.com, groggy.
  19. ^ Western liquor story, pp. 93–94.
  20. ^ Roy Adkins "Trafalgal Sea Battle Story" below,Hara Shobo, 2005.ISBN 978 – 4562039623. 
  21. ^ Western liquor story, pp. 93–94; Introduction to Western liquor, p. 30.

References

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