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🍴 | "Gyogyo!" Sakana-kun produced Sanyo Electric Railway "Affluent Sea Making Tournament" Wrapping train in Akashi, Hyogo ...

Photo Wrapping Pose in front of the train!Sakana-kun and Fusaho Izumi, Mayor of Akashi <July 2022, 7 Sanyo Electric Railway, Higashi Futami Vehicle Base>

"Gyogyo!" Produced by Sakana-kun, Sanyo Electric Railway "Affluent Sea Making Tournament" Wrapping train in Akashi, Hyogo ...

If you write the contents roughly
In addition, a head mark with the tournament logo, Sakana-kun, and Habatan will be posted on the front and back of the vehicle.

Akashi City, Hyogo Prefecture and Sanyo Electric Railway ("Sanyo Electric Railway" Headquarters, Nagata Ward, Kobe City) will be on Saturday, November 2022th and 11th, 12 ... → Continue reading

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Wikipedia related words

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    Tournament logo mark


    Curtain(Good luck)Public transportInstalled on the vehicle to display the destination, service section, route name, etc.screenIt is a device using.in EnglishRoll sign (Roll sign) [1]That.

    In this section,Railway car,busAttached to the front of vehicles, etc.Head markIs also described.


    It was a metal or plastic plate that was used before thatDestination mark(Sabo) Etc.列車,busIt is installed on the front or side of the vehicle.

    The device that displays only the destination is "Destination subtitles"Or"Destination display curtain"TypeThe device that indicatesType curtain"System numberAnd devices that display transit pointsSystem curtainMay be called.The type may be displayed together with the destination, or the type may be displayed on the system curtain.Also, in order to improve visibility at night, etc., from the back side of the curtain made of thin vinyl with the destination etc. printed on it.Incandescent light bulb,Fluorescent lightTo illuminate withPaper lanternCeremony curtainAlso called.

    the 1990sAfter that, instead of the conventional rollsign,Light emitting diode Destination indicators using (LED) have become popular.Most new vehicles are equipped with this LED indicator, and there are many cases where the curtain-type rollingsign of an existing vehicle is replaced with an LED-type destination indicator.

    As a hobby

    in Japan,Train day,Bus day,DepotIt is sold as a junk item at events such as, and is often sold out in a short time.Railway fan,Bus fanIt is a popular collector's item for.Net auctionIt is traded at a high price in such cases, and the rollsign may be stolen.[2][3].

    For this reason, as official goods of railway and bus operators, the miniature of the direction curtain (combined with a resin frame imitating a display, you can actually wind it up to change the display) and the direction curtain are the motifs. didTowelEtc. are also on sale.The design of the roll sign of the bus is also used as a display to decorate the wall of the room.[1].



    Display content

    Mainly on the trainTerminal station,routeThe name is listed. There is also a display that adds the transit station and train type, or a combination of the terminal station and the route name. In addition, in the case of a train that goes back and forth in a fixed section, stations at both ends may be displayed. Some display only the type.

    TramThen, there is an example in which only the last flight is displayed in red and the previous flight is displayed in green. When the train type is described, there are also examples in which the type is color-coded and the line color of the running route is added.

    Installation location

    Installed on the front and sides of the vehicle.Many of the front displays are installed above or below the driver's window.The side display is installed at the top of the window.Some vehicles do not have either or neither.

    Rollsign switching

    The direction curtain can be switched manually or electrically. The hand-rolled curtain has a small number on the inside of the curtain, and in many cases, the handle is turned while displaying it against the destination comparison table posted near the handle.

    The electric curtain operates all the subtitle display devices in the formation by the command device installed in the crew room. As an early adoption example of the electric curtainJNR 481 series,Nagano Electric Railway Series 0Can be mentioned[4].. Depending on the private railway,Tobu 8000 seriesThere are some that decide the display contents by pressing the train type button and destination button instead of dialing.In addition, there are companies such as Odakyu Electric Railway and Enshu Railway that use dial-type command machines to display the contents instead of the numbers.[5].

    Those that move smoothly, such as voltage comparison type and pulse code type, are available on the Japanese National Railways.201 series,205 seriesな どthe 1980sIt is often found in vehicles newly built after that.The synchronous step type stops momentarily for each frame.It has been common since the beginning of the installation of electric rollsigns.103 series,113 series,183 seriesMost of them are manufactured after the middle period of JNR.

    System display on tram

    The device that displays only the system isOsaka tram, Nankai Electric Railway HankaiUemachi Line(CurrentHankai Electric Orbit), Etc., and most of them display the destination and system number together on the direction curtain.Before the war, the Osaka tram was displayed as "Iroha", but it was changed to a number during the war.Until the 1970s, Nankai also used "Iroha" for the system curtains of Hankai Uemachi Line 501 and 351 types.PrewarTodenThen, there was a vehicle with a type curtain that displays express, discount, full, etc., and a system curtain.

    South Korea

    KoreansubwayThen, there is a rolling sign similar to that in Japan, and in recent years, the number of vehicles that have been converted to LEDs is increasing.However, for the rollsign on the side, go to each station.Home door(Full-screen type) Some vehicles have stopped using it because it becomes difficult to check it.

    Usually, the destination is also written in Hangul and English (In the case of LED cars, Hangul and English are displayed alternately, Chinese and Japanese are also displayed on Gwangju Subway),Metropolitan Electric Railway OfExpress(Equivalent to Japan's rapid train) is displayed as "Destination Express (Rapid)" instead of "Type Destination" as in Japan.

    However, we are operating in a loopSeoul Transportation Company Line 2In, the inner loop train is referred to as "inner circle line", and the outer loop train is referred to as "outer circle line".In the past, it was simply labeled as "Circle line, then changed to Circulation".AlsoSeoul Transportation Company Line 6Then, since part of it is a loop line, when heading toward Takaiwa where the loop line is, you will see "Eungam Loop", and after passing the Takaiwa loop line, you will reach "Mine Volcano" on the way. change.In both cases, the destination is displayed as usual in the case of a train that stops on the way.

    Mainland China

    China Railways of China (currentlyChina Railway Company), there are many cases where only the side curtain of the car body is installed. The train number and the starting and terminating station are written, and it is called "water tile" in Chinese.

    For high-speed trains, the LED panel displays the train number and the starting and ending stations alternately in Chinese and English. Most of the vehicles for conventional lines are marked with a sticker, but in recent years some have been converted to LEDs.


    Taiwan'sTaiwan Railway Management BureauSince the train name is managed by the train name instead of the type, the train name and the destination are displayed on the curtain. AlsoVertical lineIn, the track is divided into a "mountain line" and a "sea line" in the middle, so it is stated which way to go. In the case of vehicles that have been converted to LEDs, they are displayed in the order of car number → train number → type (train name) → via → destination.


    Indonesia OfKRL Jabotabeck Each car of (PT.KAI) is also equipped with a direction curtain, and the destination and train type are displayed.



    Displayed on the front, side, and rear of the bus. A large number of transit points are posted on the side display.

    There are many operators who do not equip the curtains at the rear of the route bus in Hokkaido.the 1950sWas equipped with,1970(ShowaAround 45), the abolition started from the new car introduced.Currently,Jotetsu BusThen.1997(HeiseiFrom 9 years)2000Introduced by in-house order in (12), andSapporo City BusBus vehicles of the same period that were inherited from the company were equipped with a rolling sign at the rear in parallel with the LED rolling sign.the 2010sIn the middle, full-color LED displays are beginning to spread to buses.

    Besides this, onceNagoya Railway(2004ToMeitetsu bus(Split into)the 1970s(Generally, diesel vehicle emission regulationsK- (regulated in 54)By the time it was being applied), even in the route vehicles that were introduced, there were many vehicles that were not equipped with a rear curtain. Also,Enshu RailwayHowever, until the enforcement of the Traffic Barrier-Free Law, the vehicles introduced did not have a rear curtain. Also,Tobu BusThen, except for sightseeing spots, the car with the Sakai garage, which was the last garage north of the Tonegawa,Asahi Motor CorporationUntil 2000, when it was transferred to, there were no vehicles equipped with a rear curtain.

    Display format

    Display formatCommentaryDisplay example
    Display only end point"(end point)"
    (Display only the end point)
    System numberIt is not necessary to specify the transit point of the route that does not need to be displayed or whether or not is added
    Display transit points and end points"(Route) (end point)"
    (Display transit point and end point)
    It is necessary to specify the transit point of the route that does not need to be displayed or whether the system number etc. is added.
    Displays system numbers and end points"(System number, etc.) (end point)"
    (Display system number and end point)
    Lines to which a system number, etc. are added, without the need to specify the transit point
    Displays both system numbers and start and end points"(System number, etc.) (Start point)-(End point)"
    (Display system number and start point-end point)
    Lines to which a system number, etc. are added, without the need to specify the transit point
    This can be seen in the case of short-distance sections, or by saving the number of frames displayed infrequently.
    Displays system numbers, transit points and end points"(System number, etc.) (route) (end point)"
    (Displays the system number, transit point, and end point)
    Generally not applicable above
    Display rough place name and end point"(Place name (end) place name)"
    "(Place name (arrival))"
    If the name of the terminal stop is too detailed, it may be displayed by displaying the name of the municipality or wide area to make it easier to understand (mostly for medium-distance systems and housing lines)

    The system number and transit point may be listed in another curtain. For highway buses, intercity buses, medium-distance/suburbs routes, short-distance complex routes, etc., enter the city name or a rough place name instead of the final stop name to make it easier to understand (Example: "Miyakonojo", "Tsukuba"・"Tsuchiura", "○○ housing complex", etc.) and ultimately, if it does not match the name of the terminal stop ("Shinkanuma]) is also available. This is because they play the role of indexes in terminals etc.[6].

    In addition, there are some routes that show information such as the name of the route to which the station is a destination or the direction of the bus route by the color of the background of the curtain.

    Switching the waypoint display

    In the case of a circulation line, etc., it is often the case that multiple displays are prepared for one direction and the crew operates to change the display each time the bus passes through an appropriate stop, but the route from the first train to the last train By connecting the ground with arrows, it may be combined into one display.

    Also, in the case of LED type, it is easy to change the display, so you can change the display of stopovers while driving (Nishitetsu bus etc.)[7].. Unlike the curtain type, the LED type has no physical limits, somemory cardIt is also possible to increase the number of frames to the upper limit of the capacity.

    Display of last flight and late-night bus

    Depending on the operator, the color of the lamp that illuminates the curtain may be changed to indicate the last one (green) or the last (red) (on the line replaced with LED, the lighting color of the LED at the end is red or Shown as green).

    またTokyu bus,Yokohama Municipal BusThere are also businesses that change the background color of the curtain itself to indicate that it is a late-night bus. Both of the two companies mentioned above have white letters on the green areas and green frames for the LEDs.

    Kokusai Kogyo BusThen, "destination" and "last bus" are displayed alternately at the time of the LED curtain.Only Japanese is turned on the side and back (example: last bus THE LAST BUS → Ike 55 Komone XNUMX-chome).

    On the Tobu Bus, "Last Bus" is displayed in the part where the system number is originally displayed (Example: North 01 Nishiarai Daishi → Final Bus Nishiarai Daishi).

    Other display

    TypesCommentaryDisplay example
    Forwarding"Forwarding", "Forwarding", "Forwarding vehicle", "Forwarding"ForwardingShows that the bus is inside and cannot be used.Many buses have either a "deadhead" or a "deadhead" curtain.Some businesses say, "I'm sorry.ForwardingIs sometimes written[Annotation 1].
    reserved"reserved"Display that a specific group is renting a route bus car.
    Extraordinary"Extra" "Extra"Shows that the service is temporary, which is set when there are many customers at events.
    Acting"Substitute bus" "Train agency" "Railway agency" "Substitute transportation"Shows that the bus is a railway surrogate bus that is set when the railway is cut off due to a disaster.
    Business name"○○ Bus" "○○ Transportation"Displayed when the corresponding screen does not exist.
    Free boarding/alightingFree boarding/alighting marks, etc.Displayed for systems that include free boarding and alighting sections.
    Getting on and off"Getting on and off"Display that passengers are getting on and off at the stop.
    Training car"Training car" "Training car" "Training" "Training car" "Under training" Shows that the bus is currently being trained due to employee training and training by preparing to open a new route/route change route.
    Emergency display"SOS" "Emergency situation"terrorism-Bus jackDisplayed when an emergency occurs.
    Broken car"Damaged car" "Towing"Displayed when an emergency check is performed due to a vehicle failure or when the vehicle cannot be self-propelled and is towed by a rescue bus.Tokyo Metropolitan Bureau of TransportationUsed in etc.
    Special display

    Also, although not an event, there are buses that display "Collision caution" on the rear display while the vehicle is stopped.

    Aomori OfKonan BusThen, among the vehicles purchased from other companies' stations, the vehicles equipped with the rear direction curtain have an advertising sticker on the direction curtain.In addition, on the Konan Bus, the vehicle with the curtain display used the rear direction curtain only for the Goshogawara city circulation 100 yen bus.2012(24) The rear curtain was removed due to the body renewal in early summer.However,2016(28)10/1Started to use the front curtain due to the reorganization of the route (until then, the rollsign was not used and it was on the display window.Fixed displayWas).

    Running in Kumamoto Prefecture as a special exampleKumamoto busThen, except for some parts, the rear curtain of the vehicle is fixed to the company name notation as "Kumamoto Bus".[Annotation 2]. Also,Aomori City BusThen, the rear curtain of the vehicle has a sticker of "Aomori Municipal" on the display window except for the electronic display.

    In addition, destinations with special illustrations and designs may be displayed during events. As an example,Nishitetsu busThen,AKB48 41st Single Selection General Election] When a vote-counting event was held, we used a benefit of the LED display that was easy to change, and operated a bus that had the front and side specifications of the event.[8][9].

    As an example with many direction curtain display patterns,Kanagawa Central TransportationYamato Sales Office (currentlyKanagawa Central Transport East/Yamato Office) Has been delivered to 240)[10].

    Installation location

    Vehicles or parts that are installed on the front, side, or tail, but have nothingSaboThere are also vehicles that are expressed as.

    • The side curtains may be installed near the entrance door.
    • When the door for getting on and off is changed, or for vehicles getting on and off from either side, the side curtain may be far from the door.


    In China, 3-digit display is possible on the front and sides7-segment displayIt is provided only at the bus stop, and there is a stop table corresponding to the number.

    South Korea, Taiwan

    In South Korea and Taiwan, the names of bus stops at both ends are displayed along with the route number, and it is often difficult to tell which side the bus is going to by just looking at the bus.Therefore, a paper with the destination may be posted on the front part.

    Most Korean buses have their destinations and stopovers directly attached to the bus body, and most of them can only be used on that route (most of the vehicles do not have a rotary rollsign, such as Japan). ).

    In many cases, the display was displayed only in the local language, but many of the new models introduced in recent years use LED-type indicators, and are displayed in the local language and English (part of the Korean city bus). Displays Japanese and Chinese, and some Taiwanese buses also display Japanese and Korean).In addition, the LED display may display contents other than the destination depending on the setting, as in the case of the Kagoshima City Transportation Bureau mentioned above.Taiwan'sGeneral luckIn such cases, left turn, right turn, warning of the following vehicle at the time of departure, advertisement of the company's bus route, and "Happy New Year" before and after the Chinese New Year are displayed.

    Head mark

    Head markIsRailway car,busA board or display curtain attached to the front, tail, or side of the car body to indicate the train, system number, etc.The curtain-shaped oneNickname curtain(Aishomaku), plate-shaped onesNickname plateAlso called (aishoban). If it is attached to the tail,Tail mark-Back signCalledBlue trainThen it became a boom1979It has been flourishing since around (54).The plate-shaped one with the destination mainly written at the beginning isRailway fanCommonly amongFront sabotAnd is prized. The meaning is "former signboard".


    in Japan,Limited express trainIt is widely known that the train nickname used for the train is used and that it is named after it.

    During the war, the express train was stoppedJapan National Railway(JNR)1949(24), limited expressHeyThe limited express operation is resumed by the operation of.The next train1950(25), limited expressSwallowWas renamed.This timeOsaka Railway Management BureauAkashi Takashi proposed to put a tail mark on the front of the locomotive at the end of the train.The design was a staff member of the Railway Bureau of the Ministry of Transport at that timeYasumi KuroiwaWorked on.This is said to be the origin of the head mark[11]..Yasumi Kuroiwa started working on most of the limited express headmarks since the 1950s.

    The limited express trains of trains and railcars are initially in dark blue letters on a white background.[Annotation 3]In Japanese, the Roman alphabet was written in red below it,Revised in October 1978 (Showa 53)The adoption of background illustrations began withRevised in October 1985 (Showa 60)By the way, all limited express trains were changed to illustrated head marks[12].Privatization of the national railway divisionAfter that783 seriesAs the number of limited express trains equipped with the head mark has been decreasing as a whole, the number of limited express trains equipped with the head mark has been decreasing as the number of limited express trains equipped with the nickname indicator has appeared one after another.Some vehicles display the vehicle type and train name as emblems or logos.

    On the other hand,651 seriesHas developed a new head mark display device that uses LEDs, and since it is possible to display a variety of things, there are examples of other companies following suit. ing.

    Shinkansen vehicleIs technically difficult to attach to the front, but a vehicle with a coupler cover commonly known as the "nose" (0 series-100 series-200 series) Has a track record of decoration1987(62)3 OfPrivatization of the national railway divisionTime and each vehicleWhen retiringIt was marked with such as.2003Held in (15)Japan seriesThen the venue isSanyo ShinkansenBecause it was along the line700 seriesUnder the front window ofFukuoka Daiei Hawks (then)とHanshin Tigers OfBoth team marksWas pasted and operated as a "Hawks Tigers support train".

    the 1970sOf the limited express trains, there are regular passenger trainsSleeper trainDue to the fact that it was only operated by the train, there were many cases where headmarks were not installed on towing locomotives for rationalization and labor saving.[13]..It is said that this is largely due to the labor-management relations of the Japanese National Railways at that time, but it is exceptional.Tokyo engine district Electric locomotiveWas in charge of the operation ofTokyoBy arrival and departureTokaido Main Line-Sanyo Main LinePassing train (so-called,Kyushu Burutore GroupThere are many cases where[13].. Other than the limited express trains that normally operate, special headmarks may be attached to event trains, commemorative trains, or as part of vehicle advertisements near the retirement of vehicles.

    Regularfreight trainIn, the head mark has not been attached for a long time,コ ン テ ナPrivate train "Because"(195911(Start of operation)ConductorIt was the extent that the tail mark was attached to. The headmark was installed on the regular freight train,1986 (Showa 61) timetable revision"Super Liner" which started inTokyo Cargo Terminal-Shin-Tsurumi Signal Hall - Hatao yard-Shimonoseki Freight(Pauses) was responsible for towing with 6Suita engine district OfEF66 typeIt was installed and operated.Since then, it has not been installed basically for rationalization and labor saving like passenger trains.the 2000sAfter that, every summer to autumnHiroshima depotIs operating with the head mark attached, which also serves as a public notice[14].

    For railway companies other than JRCommuter type vehicleI often put a head mark on theHankyu Corporation-Keihan Electric Railway-Seibu Railway-Keio Electric Railway OfMajor private railwayFour companies are actively wearing headmarks on regular trains. On the other hand, some private railways have dedicatedLimited express vehicleThere are also companies that own, but the headmarks of these vehicles are often only letters.


    Headmarks are posted on buses to show nicknames and systems. For exampleToei BusThen,City new busFor vehicles of the system, a head mark (round shape) and a nickname plate are attached to the bottom of the windshield.In the past, there have been cases where head marks and the like indicating that the vehicle is an air-conditioned vehicle have been posted.

    In addition, a head mark similar to that of a train may be posted on a bus connecting to a specific train.For example, for several years from 1987,Odakyu Electric RailwayOdawara LineWhen I operated one of the express trains on the holiday morning as "Tanzawa",Shibusawa StationThe "Tanzawa-go" head mark with the same design was posted on the Kanagawa Bus bound for Okura, which receives the connection from the train.

    Besides this(I.e.,TourismEventsFor advertising purposes,Kyoto OfKyoto Keihan BusThen, in the Keihan Uji bus era, a part of it from 2006 as an appeal to tourists along the line and promotion of eventsbusThere were several types of head marks on the front of the, but they are now abolished.Keihan BusButShijonawate City Community BusAnd now abolishedKurutto BUSFor vehicles operated on the Yahata Namboku LinemagnetAttach the head mark of the formula (however, it will be removed if it is applied to general systems etc.).

    Bath mask

    As a case similar to this,Bath maskThere is something called.This is a method of lowering the hanging curtain under the windshield, which is often seen in recent years.

    In the past, Toei Bus has many achievements such as "Opening of new city bus", "tobus.jp advertisement", "Tokyo Metropolitan Assembly election enlightenment", "Nishikasai 01 test operation" (only for vehicles operated on the relevant route).Also, on the Keihan Bus, at the time of various events and campaigns, andNeyagawa Sales OfficeIn the jurisdictionNeyagawa Police StationbySnatchPost a banner of the prevention movement.

    2007 OfPASMOAt the start of the service, the service was operated with the pink curtain that says "PASMO can be used" for a while after the introduction of PASMO on the introduction route.

    Kotoden BusThen, the shopping rainbow circulation bus that originally uses a dedicated painted vehicleAEON TakamatsuA banner is posted when the line is operated by a general vehicle for inspection.In addition, when the curtain-type rolling sign was used, there were cases where it was posted as a substitute for the rolling sign on routes that were infrequently operated.


    [How to use footnotes]

    注 釈

    1. ^ Kyushu Sanko GroupTo commemorate the 77th anniversary of the company's founding, "Thank you for the 77th year of the Kyushu Sanko Group. Forwarding to the next futureWas displayed as a unique display,2020(Reiwa2 years)6When I entered, I responded to the epidemic of the new coronavirus and thanked the medical staff, "Thanks to all the medical staff! ForwardingIt was changed to the display.
    2. ^ Previously, like other companies in Kumamoto prefecture, the Kumamoto bus displayed the destination at the rear, but now it is a policy not to use the rear direction curtain (it was installed to display the destination from the beginning to the rear as well). Except for own-order vehicles or transfer vehicles equipped with LED direction machines.Therefore, in most aged cars and past transfer cars, the front and side are LED, but only the rear curtain is fixed to the "Kumamoto Bus", but the rear direction curtain is covered with a black cover. There are also vehicles that have been blocked or the rear curtain itself has been removed.[Source required]
    3. ^ 1958Started operation in 3320 series passenger carChanged the color of the ground for each train name to prevent accidental boarding at Tokyo Station on the Kyushu Limited Express.1964After (39), it became a white background.Also,1967Appeared in (Showa 42)581 seriesUsed yellow-green or yellow letters with a black border on a white background.[Source required]


    1. ^ a b "Book that makes the room a comfortable interior" Gakken Plus, 2015, p.49
    2. ^ Kanaroco (October 2015, 11). “Suspicion of stealing JR display curtain that is scheduled to be scrapped for "high sale at auction"". news.yahoo.co.jp.As of August 2015, 12original[Broken link]More archives.2015/11/29Browse.
    3. ^ "Suspected that the JR display screen that is scheduled to be scrapped at "high price at auction" was stolen". Kanagawa newspaper(November 2015, 11). originalArchived as of October 2015, 12.. https://web.archive.org/web/20151207044429/http://headlines.yahoo.co.jp/hl?a=20151128-00005447-kana-l14 
    4. ^ Uichiro Kobayashi "New Car Interview Shinano Road's Lively Commuter New Car Nagano Electric Railway OS Car" "Railway fanNo.58, April 1966, p.4,Railroad Friends Association, August 1966, 4.
    5. ^ "Japanese Private Railway 2 Odakyu Electric Railway" p.157,Nursery company(Color books),ISBN 4586532025
    6. ^ Utsunomiya Station Bus Stop
    7. ^ "Bus-related products (LED destination curtain)". Nishitetsu M Tech.As of August 2008, 6original[Broken link]More archives.2012/10/17Browse.
    8. ^ "Temporary bus service to AKB48 general election venue" (pdf) (Press Release), West Japan Railway, (March 2015, 6), http://www.nishitetsu.co.jp/release/2015/Information/15_i_027.pdf 2015/6/9Browse. 
    9. ^ Susumu Shibata (June 2015, 6). "Nishitetsu operates a special bus for AKB48 general election venue with a special destination information display". Travel Watch (Impress). http://travel.watch.impress.co.jp/docs/news/20150605_705689.html 2015/6/9Browse. 
    10. ^ "FAQ-Frequently Asked Questions-”. Rollsign manufacturer Co., Ltd.Transportation company.As of August 2008, 11original[Broken link]More archives.2010/10/18Browse.
    11. ^ "Railway fan』September 1990 p.2 Friendship company
    12. ^ "Railway Fan" April 1985 issue, p.4,Friendship company.
    13. ^ a b "Railway journal』June 1998 issue separate volume, p.6,Railway Journal, 1998.
    14. ^ EF66 36 headmark "Hiroshima rolling stock exhibition" Railroad Hovidas,Cat publishing, August 2016, 9

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