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📝 | Recipes for using 3 types of "vinegar" ♪ For a refreshingly low-salt body that is easy to lose weight!


Recipes for using 3 types of "vinegar" ♪ For a refreshingly low-salt body that is easy to lose weight!

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"Reducing salt" not only prevents lifestyle-related diseases, but also helps to build a body that is easy to lose weight.

Do Japanese people tend to have too much salt?The daily intake of salt by Japanese people is about 1g, which is high even in the world, and the cause is ... → Continue reading

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Lifestyle-related diseases

Lifestyle-related diseases(Seikatsu Shukanbyo,British: lifestyle disease,Buddha: maladie de compotement,alone: Zivilisationskrankheit) IsDiabetes mellitus-Dyslipidemia-High blood pressure-HyperuricemiaIt is thought that lifestyle-related diseases are deeply involved in the cause of the onset.diseaseIt is a general term for.In Japan, because it was once thought to get sick with agingAdult diseaseAlthough it was called (seijinbyo), the onset of young people became conspicuous from the 1980s, and lifestyle-related habits were found in subsequent surveys.[Annotation 1] Has been found to be deeply involved.For this reason, the name changed from around 1997 with the aim of fostering awareness that it can be prevented.[1].

The combination of such diseases and [obesity] is medically collectively referred to as (metabolic syndrome).In addition, the three major causes of death (malignant tumor cancer), (stroke cerebrovascular disease), and (heart disease) are also strongly related to lifestyle.Obesity increases the risk of developing these diseases.


According to a 32-year follow-up study in Sweden, the risk of all-cause mortality from lifestyle-related diseases and lifestyle-related diseases is as follows:[2] :

  1. smoking : 1.92 times
  2. Diabetes mellitus : 1.64 times
  3. High blood pressure : 1.55 times
  4. Metabolic syndrome : 1.36 times
  5. Hypercholesterolemia : 1.10 times

in this way,smokingSince there is data that is the greatest risk, measures against lifestyle-related diseases areNon smokingThere is an opinion from the medical community that[3]..It has been reported since the 1980s that smoking has the greatest impact on health in Japan.[4]In addition, in JapanEating habitsWesternization is also pointed out[5].

Also in relation to eating habits, in 2003,AmericaとCanadaThe Dietetic Association is joint and complete with no milk or eggsVegetarianAlso, vegetarians have a reduced risk of lifestyle-related diseases such as cancer, type 2 diabetes, obesity, high blood pressure, and heart disease, which are associated with major causes of death.dementiaReported that the risk of[6].Eating habitsIs involved in 30% of the causes of cancer[7].

In Japan, eating habits have become westernized[5]..In other words, after 1950, when the postwar turmoil subsided,RiceandseafoodConsumption has decreased and intake of high-fat foods such as milk, meat and eggs has increased.[5]..In Okinawa, where the westernization of food was early, in the 2010s, young men and women under the age of 65Myocardial infarction,cerebral infarctionNHK featured it as "the danger of longevity collapse" because of the rapid death due to the increase in so-called lifestyle-related diseases.[8].

Tooth decayAlthough infection is the first cause, various bacteria are involved, and it is difficult to find the cause for a specific bacterium because it coexists, so food and saliva secretion are also involved, so it is a "food" lifestyle. It is also considered to be a disease.


In Japan, it is mainly a lifestyle-related disease.cancer,Cerebrovascular disease,Heart diseaseIt has been pointed out that they are also the three leading causes of death in Japan.obesityIncreases the risk of developing these diseases.Obesity itself may also be regarded as one of the lifestyle-related diseases.[9]. AlsoDiabetes mellitus(Type 1 diabetesexcept for[1])Dyslipidemia(Familial dyslipidemiaexcept for[1])・High blood pressure-HyperuricemiaEtc. may be mentioned.

According to the 2011 National Health and Nutrition Survey of the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare, it was found that the amount of Japanese people eating fish and vegetables has decreased and the amount of meat eating has increased by nearly 10% compared to 1 years ago.According to the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare, "low vegetable intake increases the risk of developing lifestyle-related diseases."[10].

Until the end of the 1990s, Okinawa was a world-famous longevity region, but it gradually peaked in the early 2000s, and in the 2010s, the age of death was younger due to an increase in lifestyle-related diseases among young people under the age of 65. ..This event is also called the collapse of "Longevity Okinawa", and the collapse of longevity was pointed out in 2003.[11]..In 2013, when the decline became clear, NHK featured it as "the crisis of longevity collapse", but the program pointed out that many people are obese due to the high intake of animal fat in the younger generation. It has been pointed out that Japan as a whole will follow this after 10 years.[8].

History in Japan

The concept of "adult disease" was introduced in the 30's as "mainly stroke, cancer, heart disease, etc., the mortality rate increases from around 40 years old, and it occupies the top of all causes of death, working around 40-60 years old. It was advocated administratively from the viewpoint that the risk of illness increases with aging as "a common disease".Cancer, stroke, and heart disease, which have been ranked high in the mortality rate of Japanese people since that time, are regarded as "three major adult diseases".Mass examinationThe system for early detection and early treatment was established.

"Adult disease" has been used by the Ministry of Health and Welfare since around 1955. Diseases with a high incidence among working people aged 40 to 60 years, as chronic diseases such as cerebrovascular accidents, malignant tumors, heart diseases, diabetes, and gout.[12]..Adults meant 20 years old, which made me feel uncomfortable at first, but the term gradually took hold.However, it turned out that many years of lifestyle had a great influence on the morbidity of adult diseases.[1]Furthermore, due to drastic changes in lifestyle, the number of cases of diabetes and metabolic syndrome in children who are not yet adults has increased.

For this reason, the name was revised and from around 1997, the purpose was to foster the recognition among people that many adult diseases do not always become more susceptible to aging, but can be prevented by improving lifestyles. After referring to the names of adult diseases overseas, including "lifestyle related diseases" in English, the movement to replace "adult diseases" with "lifestyle-related diseases" has begun to emerge.[1][Annotation 2]..Today, the term "lifestyle-related disease" is widespread and well-established.[Annotation 3].

In addition, although it is often confused, adult diseases are classified as age-related diseases, and lifestyle-related diseases are classified as lifestyle-related diseases. Although there are many overlapping diseases between the two, they are just separate concepts.[1].

Current situation in the 2000s

Looking at the proportion of causes of death in 2006 (Heisei 18),Malignant neoplasm(cancer),Heart disease,Cerebrovascular diseaseIt accounts for 3% of the three major causes of death.[15].

10 Causes of Death (18 Vital Statistics)
cause of deathProportion
Malignant neoplasm(cancer)30.4%
Heart disease16.0%
Cerebrovascular disease11.8%
Unexpected accident3.5%
kidney failure2.0%
Liver disease1.5%
Chronic obstructive pulmonary disease1.3%

The cause of death ratio in 2017 (Heisei 29) is as follows.It accounts for 3% of the three major causes of death: malignant neoplasm (cancer), heart disease, and cerebrovascular disease.[16]

10 Causes of Death (29 Vital Statistics)
cause of deathProportion
Malignant neoplasm (cancer)27.9%
Heart disease15.3%
Cerebrovascular disease8.2%
Unexpected accident3.0%
Aspiration pneumonia2.7%
kidney failure1.9%
Dementia such as vascular1.5%

The underlying diseases that underlie major causes of death, such as heart disease and cerebrovascular disease, are diabetes, dyslipidemia, hypertension, and hyperuricemia.also,smokingIs a risk factor for all of the top four causes of death and is the "most preventable cause of death"It has been.

Estimated number of people with lifestyle-related diseases (14)
high blood pressureAbout 3,100 million people
HyperlipidemiaAbout 3,000 million people
Diabetes mellitusAbout 740 million people

According to a 2002 survey, 14%, which is almost half of the population, falls under any of these three categories.[17].

goutIs concentrated in men, with an estimated 30-60 cases, and its reserve force, hyperuricemia, is said to be 20% of adult men.[18]..The age of onset was once in the 50s, but now it is in the 30s.

Obesity is more common after middle age, with more than 2006% of men in their 40s and 70s and slightly less than 30-20% of women in 30.[19]..Obesity increases the risk of these diseases, including the three leading causes of death.


The causes of lifestyle-related diseases in Japan are generally cigarette smoke and the so-called "westernization of eating habits."[5]It is said that the cause is lack of exercise.

Eating habitsThere is a report that it is involved in 30% of the causes of cancer, but it is more likely that it is related to the westernization of eating habits.Breast cancer,Prostate cancer,Colorectal cancerIs believed to be[7].

Japanese dietary habits changed dramatically between 1950 and 1975[5]..Milk has increased by 15 times, meat, chicken and eggs by 7.5 times, and fat by 6 times, while rice consumption has decreased by 0.7 times.[5]..This tendency is stronger for the younger generation, those who can afford it, and the residents of the city, not the farmers.[5].."Japanese-style eating habits" was advocated for the purpose of improving the eating habits.Dietary guidelines,Meal balance guideEtc. have been formulated.Guidance is given to eat mainly carbohydrates, moderate animal foods, eat vegetables, and refrain from salt and sweet foods and drinks.

Okinawa was a world-famous longevity region in the early 2000s, but (from the history of the American occupation) the westernization of food is faster than the whole country, the fat intake is higher than the national average, and it is a region with a lot of obesity. became[8]..As a result, in the 2010s, young men and women under the age of 65Myocardial infarction,cerebral infarctionDue to the speed of death due to the increase in so-called lifestyle-related diseases, the average life expectancy is decreasing, and NHK featured it as "the danger of longevity collapse".[8].

Tobacco is also associated with 30% of cancers and is associated with lung cancer but is also a major cause of cancer of the oral cavity and urinary tract.[20].Ministry of Finance Japanese tobacco industryBecause it owns more than half of the shares ofsmokingIt was difficult to move on regulations and smoking cessationMasaru WatanabePoints out[21].

Health Japan 21Has set target values ​​and promoted implementation with an emphasis on primary prevention for items such as eating habits, exercise, and tobacco.Especially in the cold season, when strokes occur frequently.2/1から2/7ToMinistry of Health, Labor and WelfareThe sponsored lifestyle-related disease prevention week will be held.

I have been instructed to reduce the dietary intake of lipids, but the target amount of lipids (cholesterol) was not set in the "Japanese Dietary Intake Standards" (2014 edition) published in March 3.[22]..This is due to the judgment that there is not enough scientific evidence to set a target amount of lipid for the purpose of preventing the aggravation of lifestyle-related diseases.[22]..Furthermore, caution was given that limiting cholesterol intake, especially in the elderly, could lead to protein deficiency and malnutrition.[22]..This standard will be used for 2015 years from 5.


MongoliaMarket economyThe economy has been developing rapidly since 1990.As a result, many people have stopped nomadic life and are concentrating on urban areas in search of jobs, which has exacerbated environmental problems such as infrastructure shortages and the atmosphere, affecting the health of the people.The main causes of death include hypertension and diabetes.As a countermeasure, Mongolian nurses used Japanese teaching materials and usage methods according to their needs.In the future, it will be necessary to secure and sustain financial resources and training systems.

In Thailand, the aging of the population has progressed rapidly, and basic data for understanding the health and lifestyle of the elderly have been insufficient.The survey method was centered on the administration of Sunkus Town, and created items that could be adapted to the situation and culture of the elderly in Thailand.From the survey results, it was found that Thailand has a diet with many sweet foods and few vegetables.In addition, it was found that he had a lifestyle-related disease because he thought that "it is normal to have a few illnesses as he gets older."


[How to use footnotes]

注 釈

  1. ^ This lifestyle is eating habits, smoking habits, exercise habits, and drinking habits.
  2. ^ The advocacy itself has been around since the late 1970sSt Luke's International HospitalWas the director ofShigeaki HinoharaThe name "lifestyle-related disease"[13]In 1990, Kiyoshi Kawakubo proposed the name "lifestyle-related disease".[14].
  3. ^ However, even now, the name "adult disease" may be used in some of the adult disease centers and insurance special contracts for adult diseases.


  1. ^ a b c d e f About the basic direction of disease control focusing on lifestyle (statement of opinion) (Ministry of Health, December 1996, 12)
  2. ^ Sundström J, Risérus U, Byberg L, Zethelius B, Lithell H, Lind L. Clinical value of the metabolic syndrome for long term prediction of total and cardiovascular mortality: prospective, population-based cohort study. BMJ 2006 Apr 15; 332 (7546): 878-82. Epub 2006 Mar 1.
  3. ^ Manabu Sakuta Professor, Neurology, Kyorin University "Opinions on Health Japan 21 Interim Evaluation Report (Draft)" September 2006, 9
  4. ^ Yumin Tominaga, "Smoking and Health" (1987/9/15) "Public Health" Vol. 51, No. 9, p.650-654, two:10.11477 / mf.1401207541
  5. ^ a b c d e f g Kagawa, Yasuo (1978). “Impact of westernization on the nutrition of Japanese: Changes in physique, cancer, longevity and centenarians”. Preventive Medicine 7 (2): 205–217. two:10.1016 / 0091-7435 (78) 90246-3. PMID 674107. 
  6. ^ Position of the American Dietetic Association and Dietitians of Canada "Vegetarian diets" Journal of the American Dietetic Association Vol.103 Issue.6, June 2003, pp748-765.
  7. ^ a b Diet and Cancer: Cancer Information Service National Cancer Center
  8. ^ a b c d "Okinawa Longevity Collapse Approaching Japan" Short-lived Society"". Close-up modern. Episode 3320. 5 March 2013. NHK.
  9. ^ "About the basic direction of disease control focusing on lifestyle (statement of opinion)”Includes obesity itself as one of the lifestyle-related diseases.
  10. ^ "Increasing risk of lifestyle-related diseases" as Japanese people become more carnivorous Nihon Keizai Shimbun January 2012, 12
  11. ^ Masao Shirai, <Red light on "Longevity Okinawa"> "Health Women's Magazine" (2003/3/1) Vol. 59, No. 3, two:10.11477 / mf.1662100034
  12. ^ Britannica International Encyclopedia
  13. ^ Shigeaki Hinohara, "Proposal and Countermeasures for the Word" Lifestyle-related Diseases "instead of Adult Diseases" "Educational Medicine" 1978 Vol5, No3, p.1-3,NOT 10008626976, Life Planning Center Foundation
  14. ^ "Adult Diseases Called Lifestyle-related Diseases", "Welfare", 1990, Vol. 45, No. 1,NOT 50003269031
  15. ^ Overview of 18 vital statistics (confirmed number) (Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare)
  16. ^ Table 6 Death Cause Ranking by Gender (up to 10th) Number of deaths, mortality rate (per 10 population), composition ratio (PDF) --Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare, viewed June 2019, 8
  17. ^ Study Group on Lifestyle-related Disease Health Examination / Health Guidance 1st Material Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare
  18. ^ "Treatment guidelines for hyperuricemia and gout Digest version] Japan Gout and Nucleic Acid Metabolism Society, September 2002. ISBN ISBN-4 901935 02-X-.
  19. ^ About outline of 17 national health and nutrition survey results (Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare)
  20. ^ Smoking and Cancer: Cancer Information Services National Cancer Center
  21. ^ Masaru Watanabe"Diet can prevent cancer" Kobunsha, April 2004, 4.ISBN-978 4334974411.. Pages 198-199.
  22. ^ a b c Report of "Japanese Dietary Intake Standards (2015 Edition) Development Study Group" --Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare (March 2014, 3)

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