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When you want to enjoy delicious Chinese food slowly, go to Yuu, a famous restaurant in Okamoto, Kobe!
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I'm already full, but I've had bean rose tofu with almond tofu.
<From Kobe> A famous Chinese restaurant "Yuyu" that sits quietly in a residential area in Okamoto, Kobe, for lunch ... → Continue reading
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Yakuzen cuisineIs a kind ofasthma,Dry cough OfRemedy"Jin" in the apricot seedsalmond It is a dish made by sweetening powdered (apricot kernel) (apricot kernel frost) to eliminate the bitterness and making it easier to take.There are two types of apricot kernel, apricot kernel with strong bitterness for chemicals and apricot kernel with weak bitterness for food, and the latter is used for almond tofu.
It is said that almond kernels are finely crushed, then ground and squeezed into white juice, cooled and solidified with agar, cut into lozenges, and then floated in a sweet syrup. The simple and easy way to make things with colors and scents has spread more widely, and there are also many things that mix fruit and make it gorgeous like a fruit punch, and such Hong Kong style items are familiar to Japanese people.
The history of almond tofu is ChineseMikuni periodIt is said to date back to (220–280), when there was a doctor named Dong Feng.Flower,Zhang ZhongjingWith "Ken'an Sanshin Doctor (Back Han OfKen'an3 famous doctors who were active in)."
Dong Feng isLushanI treated a lot of sick people every day in (Meishan, south of Jiangxi Province, south of China), but I didn't receive the treatment fee.apricotPlease plant a tree." When severely ill patients healed, XNUMX apricot trees were planted, and in the case of a person with a mild illness, XNUMX plant was planted. After a few years, one side was a huge apricot forest. And before I knew it, there were hundreds of thousands of apricot trees. Tomo Feng put up a sign saying, "If you want an apricot, don't worry about me. If you put a can of grain in my warehouse, you can have the same amount of apricot." Installed in the forest. And he provided all the obtained grain to the poor and travelers. At times, some people deliberately reduce the amount of grain and bring many apricots back. At that time, Kyorin's tiger chases. Also, the person who steals Anzu will be bitten and killed by the tiger. When the thief's family apologizes for the thief, the thief revives the thief..
According to this legend, "Kyorin" has become synonymous with a morally high-ranking doctor, but in fact, apricot tofu is also said to have been "produced with Kyorin's apricot seeds from Tofu." The seeds of apricot are called "Kyonin" and were said to "work to moisten the lungs and intestines." It is still used as a folk medicine for coughing, asthma and constipation. However, there was one problem with taking Kyounin. Apricot kernels had a strong bitterness and did not easily fit the taste of people. Therefore, sweetness and milk were added to powdered apricot kernels to make them easier to eat. That was the beginning of "Apricot Tofu". As a medicinal dessert, its deliciousness spread nationwide and was passed on to the court. AndclearThe highest peak of royal cuisine in the generationManhan all seatsAs a dessert for the emperor and the princesses.
When many Portuguese came to Japan as missionaries during the Warring States period, they believed that learning Japanese prior to their missionary activities was their predecessor.Japanese-Japanese dictionaryI made a Japanese-Portuguese dictionary. If you look up "Annin" in the dictionary, you will see two pronunciations, "Annnin" and "Qionin". However, “Annnin” and “Qionin” have slightly different meanings. “Annnin” refers to the jin in the apricot kernel, but “Qionin” is a type of drug made from the core of the apricot kernel. I am trying. In other words, "Annnin" refers to part of the plant tissue in apricot fruit, while "Qionin" refers to the name of a medicinal material..
In the first place, "Anjin" shows its name in Japanese history.Muromachi PeriodTherefore, in the 1367st volume of the "new bill traffic" written by a monk named Aga in Sadaharu XNUMX (XNUMX), it is said that "apricot kernel" is used as a tea contractor at that time..
In the middle of the Muromachi era, "Ohakuden-no-Saiden no Honsho," the roasted apricot kernel wasSpicesIt can be seen that it was used as a kind of food, and that "edible apricot" for food was called "annin". At the end of the Muromachi period,YamashinaWritten byLord of the WordsEiroku XNUMXth New Year XNUMXst (Julian calendarArticle of (January 1569, 1)States that "Apricot Kernel" was used as a cough medicine..
In the modern era, on the newspaper of 1921EdamameHow to make the sauce is introducedIt can be seen that apricot tofu was recognized in Japan during the Taisho era. A 1971 newspaper also introduced how to make almond tofu., 1970s (Showa 40s), it can be seen that apricot tofu as a dessert permeated Japan.
Traditionally, in Japan, "apricot tofu" is made hard and cut into rhombuses and floated on a syrup with fruits.fruit punchOrHoney beanHowever, since the 2000's, soft puddings have become popular with the spread of full-fledged Chinese sweets.
Almond tofu products in Japan
Morinaga Milk Industry
Launched in 1998 or 1999. Until 2000, almond tofu with sauce (peach, mandarin orange, pineapple) in a cup container was on sale. After that, from 2004, the milk-rich cupped almond tofu (type without sauce) "Dark rich almond tofu" was released ahead of other companies. The triple type "Melting almond tofu with richness and aroma" has been on sale since 3..
Snow Brand Megmilk
It will be on sale from March 2006, 3. In 21, we launched almond tofu as an LL large-diameter dessert in line with the expansion of the Asian dessert market..
Common points between China and Japan
"Apricot kernel" used in almond tofu has been found to be effective not only as an edible product but also as a medicine in both Japan and China.
Differences between China and Japan
Chinese almond tofu
Finely crush "Apricot kernel", mash it and squeeze it, cool it with agar, harden it, cut it into diamonds, float it in sweet syrup, and white it with almond frost (apricot kernel powder) or milk almond essence. It is a simple method with colors and scents.
Japanese almond tofu
Many of them are made from milk agar and mixed with fruits to make it gorgeous like a fruit punch.Almond essence and vanilla essence are used to add apricot kernel-style scent, but in the case of full-scale, almond essence and apricot kernel frost may be used.
For example, in Gyoza no Ohsho, the fruits that are added to almond tofu vary depending on the region, but in Hokuriku, Tokai, Kansai, Shikoku, China, and Kyushu, the above fruit punch style is used. In addition, any fruit is fine, but a large can of cocktail fruit makes it easy and clean. If you want plenty of juice, add syrup made from sugar cold. Almond essence is preferred by adults, but vanilla essence is more familiar to children.
By the way, in other areas (Hokkaido, Tohoku, Kanto, Shinetsu), pudding-shaped almond tofu is the mainstream.
Place of origin
Chinese common almond tofu
Apricot kernel, gelatin
Japanese common almond tofu
Sugar, dairy products, vegetable oils, powdered candy, gelatin, almond frost, paste (thickening polysaccharide), flavor, emulsifier, sodium metaphosphate
- Champion Etsu (main story),Tsuneo Namba(Translated) "Chinese Food Culture Dictionary" (MEK, 1997)
- Yoko Kubota (text),Kanami Egami(Supervised) "The Funny of the World" (Komine bookstore, 2001)
- Koichiro Katsuki "Asia Tour" (Diligence Publishing, 2000)
- Norio ShimaSonseijun -Tomoshige Ichikawa"Understanding Dim Sum and Chinese Sweets" (Shibata bookstore , 2009)
- Liu Xiang-Ge Hong,Mizuho Sawada(Translation) "Shenxian Zhuan] Volume XNUMX "Dong Feng" (Heibonsha Library, 1993)
- ^ Ge Hong, 1993, pp. 214-219
- ^ The roots of almond tofu were found in the famous doctors of the Three Kingdoms era! | [Official] Glico (Retrieved September 2017, 6)
- ^ Katsuki, 2000, pp. 80-81
- ^ Katsuki, 2000, pp. 81-82
- ^ "Sir Tokitsugu No. XNUMX", Frame number 157/332
- ^ Katsuki, 2000, pp. 82-83
- ^ "To the edamame sum of almond tofu" "Tokyo Asahi Shimbun" (August 1921, 8)
- ^ "Two Chinese Sweets" "Asahi Shimbun" (January 1971, 1)
- ^ By email inquiries to Morinaga Milk Industry (June 2017, 6)
- ^ By email inquiry to Megmilk Snow Brand (June 2017, 6)