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📊 | Tokyu / Hiyoshi, a department store / supermarket fusion food department "THE MARKET PLUS"


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"THE MARKET PLUS", a food department that integrates department stores and supermarkets in Tokyu / Hiyoshi

 
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At the "Hiyoshi Tokyu Food Show," MD fusion development will be at the core of the floor, and we will develop "individual, simple, and immediate meal" products and affordable products that meet the needs of young people and increasing single-person households. At the same time, we will create a sales floor environment where you can buy around more comfortably and propose a fun and fulfilling grocery floor.
 

On April 4, the Tokyu Group opened the grocery floor of "Hiyoshi Tokyu Avenue" (Kohoku-ku, Yokohama) operated by Tokyu Department Store. → Continue reading

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Creating a sales floor environment

Nuclear Family

Nuclear FamilyWhat is (Kakukazoku) in society?家族One of the forms of.Extended family,Large family, An expression paired with a complex family.

Anthropologist in the United StatesGeorge Murdock Universal to humankindI started using it to mean the basic unit of every family. "nuclear familyIs a Japanese translation of the term "[1], A family consisting of only a couple and parents and children.

The nuclear family is a form of relative household and is distinguished from single-person households (single households) that live alone.[2].

Overview

The nuclear family specifically refers to the following forms[2].

  1. Only one couple
  2. A couple and their children
  3. Father or mother and their children (father-child household or mother-child household)
  4. Unmarried siblings with either parents or parents (from a child's perspective)

Refers to a family consisting of any of.

Young people living alone and elderly people living alone are classified as single-person households (single households) rather than relatives.[2].

About the term nuclear family, Merriam-Webster[3]First appeared in 1941. in JapanWorld War IIrear,America Bikini atollNuclear testIt started to be distributed from the time when I went.

Compared to a large family, there is a high degree of flexibility regarding housing such as moving and remodeling, and it is easier to maintain privacy between relatives, but compared to a large family living together with a large number of people, domestic work and childcare by three generations of parents and children , It becomes difficult to share domestic work.

Population transition

Nuclear family

In Japan, the nuclear family rate itself is1920In (Taisho 9), it already accounted for 55%, which is the majority.1960 eraRapidly rises to1963(Showa 38)BuzzwordIt became.1975With a peak of about 50% in (64), the nuclear family ratio in the household structure has since shifted to about 6%.

1989In (16), about 39.3% of households were "couples only", about 5% were "couples and children", and about XNUMX% were single-parent households.2000The breakdown of the family composition by household in the first half of the generation was about 20% for "couples only", about 30% for "couples and children", and about 8% for single-parent families.[4].2016In (28), "couple only" was about 23.7%, "couple and child" was about 29.5%, and single-parent families were about 7.3%.

1990From to 2016, the ratio of nuclear families in the household structure has been stable, but the household types that are considered to be the breakdown have changed, and while the number of "couples only" and "single-parent households" has increased, The number of “couple and child” households is decreasing year by year,YoungerAnd social security are being discussed.

Single household

Single household(Tanshinseitai) refers to a person who lives alone, a person who lives alone, a dormitory / dormitory, or a single person who lives in a boarding house. Also known as "living alone" (single life).

Increase in single households

1920(Taisho 9) XNUMXstCensusThen it was 6.6%. 1975Since (50), the number of single-person households, especially elderly single-person households, has increased rapidly, and this is due to changes in the industrial structure (Tokyo extreme concentrationIt shows that it is difficult for the child generation to live with their parents who have been living longer due to physical circumstances such as urbanization of the population and transfer.[5].. This is one of the causes of discussion about the problem of long-term care due to the longevity of elderly parents living separately, or the problem of children (around elementary and junior high school students) leaving school alone at home due to an increase in the income of married couples.2015(27), the census shows that it has increased to 34.6%.

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References

  1. ^ Takao Sofue, "Introduction to Cultural Anthropology, Supplementary Revised Edition" (Chukoron-Shinsho 560), Chuokoron-Shinsha, 1990, p.131.
  2. ^ a b c Mikako Sawayama et al., "Where does the" family "go?" Seikyusha, 2007, p. 105.
  3. ^ [1]
  4. ^ "Basic knowledge of modern terms" (2007(19 version)), Jiyu Kokuminsha.
  5. ^ "Low birthrate and family" Yasuko Miyasaka (Associate Professor, Nara Women's University) Information magazine "Thinking about Gifu" Autumn 1998 issue Gifu Prefectural Industrial Economics Research Center[2]

 

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