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💴 | Annual household income of 1200 million yen, couple angry at income restrictions "If my younger child enters a private school, I will be in the red every month."


Photo "I can't afford to live at all, and I'm crazy."

A couple with an annual household income of 1200 million yen and an angry income limit "If my younger child enters a private school, I will be in the red every month."

 
If you write the contents roughly
I can't really feel the leeway in my daily life "(Niigata / early 50s / male / one married child / media / regular employee / annual household income of 1 million yen)
"Although the annual income is said to be'above average', there are also many expenses such as childcare fees and taxes.
 

Education costs are a major burden for child-rearing households.If you go to a private school instead of a public school, you will have to pay more ... → Continue reading

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Annual household income of 1100 million yen

Niigata

Niigata(Niigata Prefecture,British: Niigata Prefecture) IsJapan OfChubu region(Hokuriku region[Note 1]に 位置 す るPrefecture.Prefectural office location TheNiigata.

Overview

Sea of ​​JapanFacing theChubu region,Hokuriku region,Kanto KoshinetsuClassified into regions (#Classification by Japanese regionSee below).

The prefecture is generally geographicallyJoetsu region,Chuetsu region,Shimoetsu district,Sado region Of4 regionsCan be roughly divided into#Region classificationSee below).

The area is the fifth largest in 47 prefectures, and the length of the coastline is 5 kilometers (Honshu 634.0 kilometers, Sado Island 331.0 kilometers, Awashima 279.9 kilometers).[2].

In ancient timesVietnamIs the territory ofGoki Shichido OfHokuriku RoadOccupy the eastern half ofRegulatory countryIn (old country)Echigo countrySadoEquivalent to the entire area of. From this old country name,KoshisaSometimes expressed as (esa).

About the name

Prefecture badge
  • The prefectural emblem is the one in which the word "new" is broken is placed on the center, and the area around it is surrounded by a round design of "play". In addition to the prefecture emblem, a symbol mark has also been established.

Geography/Region

terrain

Mountain

Main mountains
Echigo mountain range,Mikuni Mountains,Hida Mountains,Asahi mountain area,Mt. Iidesan Land,Mt. Kushigatayama vein
Main mountain
Mt. Myokosan,Mt. Hakai,Mt. Makihatayama,Mt.,Mount Kinjo,Mount Sakado,Mt.,Mt. Uonuma Komagatake,Mt. Kinpokusan,Mt. Niigatayakeyama,Mt. Yoneyama,Mt. Naebayama,Small lotus flower mountain,Mt. Hiuchiyama,Mt. Iidesan,Mt. Sumondake,Mt. Gozusan,Mt. Ninoujidake,Mt. Nakanodake,Mt. Hiragatake,Mt. Yukikuradake,Mt. Asahidake,Mt. Saburyuyama,Tanigawadake
Main pass
Yasurigoe,Sixty-seven crossings,Mikuni Pass,Shimizu Pass,Sozatoge Pass,Kuzuha Pass,Nojiri slope pass

land

Main plains
Echigo Plain,Takada Plain
Main basin
Uonuma Basin

River

Main river
Shinano River,Agano River,Shibukai River,Uono River,Arakawa,Sanmen River,Sekigawa,Himekawa,Kofu River,Igarashi River

Lake

Main lake
Lake Kamo,Hyoko,
Main lagoon
Fukushimagata,Toriya Nogata,Sagata
Main dam
Okutadami Dam,Mikunigawa Dam

islands

Main manned islands
Sado Island,Awashima

park

nature Park

Bandai Asahi National Park,Oze National Park,Joshinetsu Kogen National Park,Myoko Togakushi Mountains National Park,Chubu Mountain National Park
Yahiko Sado Mt. Yoneyama National Monument,Echigo Miyama Tadami Quasi-National Park
Uonuma Mountain Range Prefectural Nature Park

City park

Echigo Hillside National Government Park

climate

The whole prefectureSea of ​​Japan side climateHeavy snowfallIt is a part of special heavy snowfall area, and the mountainous area is one of the most heavy snowfall areas in the world. EspeciallyTsunan Town,Tokamachi,Myoko CityThere is a lot of snow in the surrounding area. HoweverSea of ​​Japan OfWarm current(Tsushima Current) InfluencelatitudeBecause of the high winter temperature and short sunshine hoursRadiation coolingIs less likely to occur and does not get cold in the morning and evening. Therefore, the falling snow has a lot of water and is heavy. on the other hand,Kashiwazaki,NiigataThere is not much snow cover in the coastal areas such asGeography of Niigata City # SnowSee).

SummerFern phenomenonAs a result, the temperature tends to rise and the humidity is high, making it hot and humid. EspeciallyItoigawaIs observing the highest record of the lowest temperature in Japan, 31.3 °C,Tropical nightIt is known as a place with a lot of people.

Oceanic climateIsSado IslandIs warm in winter and has more rainy days than snow.

Normal values ​​in various areas of Niigata Prefecture (statistical period: 1971-2000, Source:Meteorological Agency / Meteorological Statistics Information
Average price
(Monthly)
JoetsuChuetsu
Joetsu City
Ogata
Joetsu City
Yasuka
Joetsu City
(I.e.
Itoigawa
Nou
ItoigawaMyoko City
Sekiyama
TsunanYuzawaTokamachiUonuma City
Koide
Uonuma City
Irirose
KashiwazakiNagaokaNagaoka
Teradomari
Sanjo
average
temperature
(° C)
Warmest month25.6
(May)
24.8
(May)
26.0
(May)
25.0
(May)
26.5
(May)
24.4
(May)
23.4
(May)
24.6
(May)
24.8
(May)
25.4
(May)
24.1
(May)
25.3
(May)
25.6
(May)
25.7
(May)
Coldest month2.5
(May)
0.6
(May)
2.1
(May)
2.0
(May)
3.3
(May)
−0.1
(May)
−1.5
(May)
−0.5
(May)
−0.2
(May)
0.0
(May)
−0.6
(May)
2.3
(May)
1.2
(May)
1.6
(May)
Precipitation amount
(mm)
Most months308.5
(May)
342.8
(May)
420.3
(May)
414.9
(May)
345.4
(May)
338.9
(May)
237.4
(May)
286.5
(May)
412.3
(May)
359.5
(May)
460.3
(May)
323.3
(May)
335.8
(May)
236.1
(May)
Minimum month90.7
(May)
99.9
(May)
94.9
(May)
118.6
(May)
115.7
(May)
70.0
(May)
81.5
(May)
103.6
(May)
103.8
(May)
116.3
(May)
133.5
(May)
102.4
(May)
99.5
(May)
91.4
(May)
Average price
(Monthly)
JoetsuSado
Niigata
roll
Niigata
Xinjin
NiigataNiigata
Matsuhama
Aga Town
Tsugawa
Wombai city
Nakajo
Sekikawa
Shimonoseki
(I.e.Awashimaura Village
Awashima
Sado City
Hamo
Sado City
Aikawa
Sado City
Akitsu
Sado City
Ryotsu
Sado City
Amagasaki
average
temperature
(° C)
Warmest month25.3
(May)
25.5
(May)
26.2
(May)
24.7
(May)
25.9
(May)
25.0
(May)
25.1
(May)
25.4
(May)
24.9
(May)
25.7
(May)
25.7
(May)
24.7
(May)
Coldest month1.8
(May)
1.5
(May)
2.5
(May)
0.2
(May)
1.9
(May)
0.9
(May)
1.3
(May)
2.6
(May)
2.6
(May)
3.4
(May)
2.5
(May)
2.4
(May)
Precipitation amount
(mm)
Most months207.1
(May)
223.0
(May)
204.4
(May)
289.0
(May)
258.5
(May)
339.8
(May)
242.8
(May)
169.5
(May)
194.4
(May)
155.6
(May)
170.5
(May)
189.7
(May)
Minimum month90.9
(May)
94.0
(May)
93.6
(May)
110.0
(May)
118.6
(May)
139.9
(May)
120.4
(May)
89.9
(May)
94.7
(May)
91.8
(May)
96.6
(May)
84.0
(May)
Snowfall and snowfall in each area[3]
Japan Meteorological Agency 1981-2010 Climatological NormalPrefecture 1994-2019 average value
Observation pointCumulative amount of snowfallDeepest snowObservation pointCumulative amount of snowfallDeepest snow
Yasuka966 cm174 cmItoigawa279 cm62 cm
(I.e.635 cm122 cmNorth castle413 cm91 cm
Nou620 cm116 cmSatoshi Nakane934 cm184 cm
Sekiyama1172 cm216 cmMyoko Kogen1471 cm260 cm
Tsunan1349 cm274 cmKakizaki206 cm45 cm
Yuzawa1180 cm211 cmYuzawa1320 cm245 cm
Tokamachi1169 cm224 cmMatsunoyama
* Missing data in 2005
1397 cm297 cm
Koide965 cm--Minami Uonuma889 cm188 cm
Guardian1343 cm--Ojiya665 cm143 cm
Kashiwazaki378 cm63 cmTochio670 cm130 cm
Nagaoka595 cm95 cmNagaoka416 cm85 cm
Xinjin320 cm55 cmSanjo259 cm53 cm
Niigata217 cm36 cmNiigata131 cm30 cm
Tsugawa721 cm109 cmShibata244 cm48 cm
Shimonoseki614 cm83 cm(I.e.223 cm46 cm
Aikawa119 cm18 cmRyotsu156 cm29 cm
Cumulative amount of snowfall: The total amount of snowfall per day for the entire season (normal value)
Deepest snow: Maximum snow depth of the season (normal value)
Coldest month temperature: Average temperature in the coldest month (January) (normal value)
* For comparison with other prefectures, see "Geography of Niigata City # Snow""Snowfall #Record of snowfall (Japan)""Snow cover # Deepest snow cover average and extremumSee each article.

Administrative division

GeographicallySado IslandThere are no clear boundaries other than, but it is divided into the following four regions.[4][Note 2].

Eur-lex.europa.eu eur-lex.europa.euThese four regions are also reported, and weather warnings and warnings are further detailed in 4 regions.[Note 3]Will be announced every[5]..In addition, in Niigata Prefecture, the area around Sanjo City and Tsubame City, which are generally located near the boundary between the Chuetsu region and the Shimoetsu region,Central prefecture areaIn the Chuetsu regionMinamiuonuma City,Ojiya,TokamachiAroundUonuma area, In the Shimoetsu districtAgano RiverNorthAgakita,Prefecture northSometimes called.

Niigata prefecture has a large area, so2000(HeiseiAt the stage of 12, there were 112 municipalities (at that time).Hokkaido,NaganoNext to the third place in Japan).HoweverGreat Heisei mergerBy2010By April (22), there are 4 municipalities.As for the counties, all are in the state of only one town and village, except that Iwafune-gun has two villages.There are the following 30 cities, 2 counties, 1 towns and 20 villages[4].. All towns are read as "towns" and all villages are read as "mura."

Joetsu region

Chuetsu region

Shimoetsu district

Sado region

Area classification

Wide administrative area

1969FormulationNew National Comprehensive Development PlanA wide-area living area (wide-area municipal area) starting from (New Zenso) was set as 14 area (initially 12 area) in Niigata prefecture, and became a wide-area administrative unit.[6].Great Heisei mergerSince then, the example of becoming one city within the area has appeared, so the breakdown is 9 regional administrative areas and 5 cities,Cooperation Central urban area plan-Sedentary areaMany were disbanded due to the appearance of a new system such as a concept[7](In the case of one city in the area, the area name isItalic ).

population

1874From (Meiji 7)1896According to the statistics of (Meiji 29), it was the prefecture with the largest population in Japan, with the number of people increasing from 150 million to 180 million (→List of past prefecture population # 1884-1918,[8]). At this time,UrbanizationHas not progressed, and nearly 9% of the JapaneseAgriculture:Niigata Prefecture, which has a high yield, has a high population recharge ability because it has established a life by[9][Note 4].CensusIn[10],1940(Showa 15) exceeded 200 million people,1955(Showa 30), it was 247.3 million1970(Showa 45), it decreased to 236.1. Then increase,1985In 60, it reached 247.8.1997(9) 249 (Estimated population) After recording the peak at[11],2005(17) 243.1 people (14th place nationwide),2010In 22, the number was 237.1 thousand. In particular, the number of young people aged 18 to 24 is seriously decreasing due to reasons such as going on to school or getting a job.

Demography15000.svg
Population distribution by age in Niigata prefecture and Japan (2005)Niigata Prefecture Population Distribution by Age and Gender (2005)
Purple-Niigata
Green-All over Japan
Blue-male
Red-female

Changes in the population of Niigata Prefecture
Ministry of Internal Affairs and CommunicationsStatistics Bureau CensusThan

city

Niigata Prefecture Population Ranking by City
Niigata Prefecture City Population Density Ranking (2016(28) present)
  1. Niigata(1,110 people / square kilometer)
  2. Tsubame City(716 people / square kilometer)
  3. Mitsuke City(519 people / square kilometer)
  4. Nagaoka(307 people / square kilometer)
  5. Ojiya(233 people / square kilometer)

Metropolitan area

Over 10Urban employment area(2015% urban area as of 10 Census)

Adjacent prefectures

Tohoku region
Kanto region
Chubu region


History

Ancient times

Modern

Meiji
  • 1868(MeijiFirst year)- Boshin War(Battle of Hokuetsu) Outbreak.New government army captures Nagaoka Castle and controls Echigo
Showa

modern

Showa
Heisei

Disaster history

Major disaster

Changes in administrative areas

Change of prefecture

Parentheses indicate the current municipality of the prefectural office.

Murakami Domain(Murakami City),Kurokawa Domain(Wombai cityoldKurokawa Village),Mikkaichi Domain(Shibata CityMikkaichi),Shibata Domain(Shibata City),Muramatsu Domain(Gosen CityoldMuramatsu Town),Mineyama Domain(NiigataoldMakimachi),Nagaoka Domain(Nagaoka City),Yoita Domain(NagaokaoldYoita Town),Shiiya Domain(Shiiya, Kashiwazaki City)Takada Domain(Takada, Joetsu City),Kiyosaki Domain(Itoigawa
Murakami prefecture, Mikkaichi prefecture, Kurokawa prefecture, Shibata prefecture, Muramatsu prefecture, Mineoka prefecture, Niigata prefecture, Kashiwazaki prefecture, Yoita prefecture, Shiiya prefecture, Takada prefecture, Kiyosaki prefecture, Sado prefecture
  • The former Aizu domain in Kambara-gun continues to be part of Wakamatsu Prefecture
  • 1871May 12(Meiji 4Lunar calendar November 11): Established the following 3 prefectures by integrating prefectures
    • Niigata(3rd, Niigata City): Shimoetsu 2 counties (Kamabara and Iwafune)-Murakami, Mikkaichi, Kurokawa, Shibata, Muramatsu, Mineoka, Niigata
    • Kashiwazaki Prefecture(3rd, Kashiwazaki City): Jo, Chuetsu 5 counties (Kibuki, Kariwa, Uonuma, Mishima, Koshi)-Integrate Yoita, Shiiya, Takada, Kiyosaki and Kashiwazaki prefectures
    • Aikawa Prefecture(Former Aikawa Town, Sado City): Renamed Sado Prefecture
  • 1873(6th year of Meiji)May 6: Abolished Kashiwazaki Prefecture and merged with Niigata Prefecture
  • 1876(9th year of Meiji)May 4: Abolished Aikawa Prefecture and merged with Niigata Prefecture
  • 1886(19th year of Meiji)May 5: Transferred Higashikanbara District from Fukushima Prefecture to Niigata Prefecture
Establishment of Niigata Prefecture

Currently Niigata PrefectureUS-Japan Amity and Trade TreatyByOpen portSpecified inNiigataHold in the pipe,Boshin WarSince it became one of the main battlefields of Japan, the transition until its establishment was more complicated than in other prefectures. The transition until the establishment of Niigata Prefecture (second) in 1 (Meiji 1870) is "Echigofu"and"Kashiwazaki PrefectureSee section.

  • 1870May 4(Meiji 3Lunar calendar November 3),Echigo countryIncluding NiigataJoetsuIt had jurisdiction over the government-controlled land in 2 counties (Kamabara and Iwafune)SuwonWas abolished and the prefectural government moved to NiigataNiigata(Second) was established. ** At that time, in addition to Niigata prefecture, the current prefecture area has jurisdiction over the government-controlled areas in the five counties of Kamijo and Chuetsu (Kubijo, Kariwa, Uonuma, Santo, and Koshi).Kashiwazaki Prefecture,SadoHave jurisdiction over the entire areaSado prefecture, And was divided and controlled by 10 clans that had a clan office within the prefecture. In addition, in Kambara-gunAizu DomainTerritoryWakamatsu PrefectureWas under the jurisdiction of.
  • 1871May 8(Meiji 4Lunar calendar November 7)ofAbandoned DomainThrough the same yearMay 12(Lunar calendar November 11The former 2 prefectures of Shimoetsu 5 counties and the former 5 prefectures of 4 Joetsu/Chuetsu districts (Nagaoka DomainHad already been transferred to Kashiwazaki Prefecture) but merged with Kashiwazaki Prefecture,Niigata(3rd),Kashiwazaki Prefecture(3rd) and again in Sado prefectureAikawa PrefectureWas renamed.
  • 1873Kashiwazaki Prefecture in (Meiji 6)1876Aikawa prefecture was abolished in (Meiji 9) and merged into Niigata prefecture one after another, and Niigata prefecture has unified jurisdiction over Koshisa and Ryogoku.
  • 1886(19th year of Meiji), after going through Wakamatsu PrefectureFukushimaPart of Kambara-gun, which was under the jurisdiction of (1878Since the transfer of (Higashi-Kabahara-gun) to Niigata Prefecture (Meiji 11), the current prefecture area of ​​Niigata Prefecture has been established.

Changes in the county

Abolished municipalities/counties

Abolished municipalitiesList of abolished municipalities in Niigata PrefectureSee.
Abandoned county

Politics

Administration

Prefectural governor

Successive governors (public election)

finance

Degree of 2007
Degree of 2006
  • Fiscal strength index 0.40
    • II Group (Financial Power Index 0.4 or more, less than 0.5) 9th among 9 municipalities
  • Real debt service ratio 15.2
  • Current account ratio 91.6
  • Municipal bonds per capita Current amount 103 yen Ordinary account only
  • Laspeyres index 100.9
Balance of local bonds, etc.
  • Municipal bonds for ordinary account 2 billion yen
  • Municipal bonds for special accounts other than the above 1773 billion yen
  • Debt for some related administrative associations: 8 million yen (debt x burden ratio)
  • Debts related to debt guarantee of the third sector, etc. ¥3 billion Niigata Prefecture Violence Expulsion Campaign Promotion Center, etc.
Total amount of municipal bonds, etc. ¥2 billion (consolidated accounting)
Degree of 2005
  • Fiscal strength index 0.38
    • Group III (financial power index 0.3 or more, less than 0.4) 14th out of 5 municipalities
Degree of 2004
  • Fiscal strength index 0.36
    • Group III (financial power index 0.3 or more, less than 0.4) 13th out of 5 municipalities

Niigata State Plan

2011(23)May 1ToHirohiko IzumidaWith Governor NiigataAkira ShinodaAt a joint conference by the Mayor of Niigata,TokyoIn line with the current Niigata cityspecial areaTo other cities, towns and villages, and further mergers, with a population of 30Basic municipalityThe state transition plan was announced. Also, the authority of each special ward and basic municipality is assumed to be at a level higher than that of the current 23 special wards of Tokyo.[18].

Parliament

House of Representatives OfSmall districtIs 6.House of CouncilorsThen, 1 ward is constructed in all prefectures.

House of Representatives

House of Councilors

Economic and industrial

2016(28) degree of gross domestic product is nominally 8 billion yen[19].. Of the majority of countries in the world GDP Have a larger scale. Prefectural income is 6 billion yen[19], Per capita income is 282.6 million yen[19].

Primary industry

Agriculture, forestry and fisheries

Agriculture is one of the major industries.RiceProduct (Koshihikari Rice) Is the center, and the yield of Koshihikari is the highest in Japan.[20].. EspeciallyUonuma districtKoshihikari cultivated inKoshihikari from UonumaIs the top brand that is evaluated as the best in Japan,RiceIt can be said to be the point. Also in relation to riceRice confectionery(Rice crackers,HailstoneEtc.) is the largest production value in Japan,SakeAlsoHyogo,KyotoIt is the third place after. Because of the large amount of rice produced,rice flourResearch and use the research to sell productsNiigata millingHave invested in.

Other than rice,Tulip,watermelon,EdamameCultivation is also active.

Fishery:Is also popular,KamabokoSuch as fish meatPaste productIs also influential.

Secondary industry

Industrial

Manufacturing industry

Within the prefectureKerosine stove,Oil fan heaterThe production of such oil burning appliances is large.

light industry

In addition, the production of metal products is large. Tsubame City and Sanjo City MetalsTablewareOwns 9% of the domestic market share,Non-ferrous metal materialThere are many companies that have strengths in processing.Scissors,Knife,spannerSuch as metal toolsOsakaIt is second only after.Hokuriku Industrial AreaIt is also the central existence of.

In the textile industry,KnitsHas the highest production in Japan.However, in recent years, overseas relocation of production bases and low-priced foreigners seeking low labor costs (ChugokuAnd Southeast Asian countries, etc.).

1989In XNUMX, the number of factory locations was the highest in Japan.

Mining

gold mine

OnceSado IslandGold and silver veins are distributed in (Sado Kanayama, See Aikawa Gold and Silver Mine, which was the largest in the modern and modern times.1989It was closed in (XNUMX).

crude

Few in JapancrudeIt is a production area ofAmase Oil Field(Izumozaki Town) AndHigashiyama oil field(Nagaoka),Niitsu oil field(NiigataAkiba) And other places where mining was carried out.

Natural gas

CurrentlyNatural gasMining is thriving,Minami Nagaoka Gas Field(Nagaoka City),Katagai Gas Field(Ojiya),Iwafune-oki oil and gas field(Wombai cityMining is being promoted in areas such as Oki.Higashi Niigata Oil and Gas Field(Niigata CityKita), Nishikanbara gas field (Niigata CityNishikan Ward), the Nakajo Gas Field (Townai City) accounts for 10% of the domestic production from groundwater after separation of water-soluble natural gas.IodineHave also been collected[21][22][23][24].

Power generation

Power generationThen,Agano RiverLarge scale in the basinHydroelectric power plantIs located. AlsoKashiwazakiKariwaKariwa VillageIt is inTEPCO HoldingsKashiwazaki Kariwa Nuclear Power StationIs the world's largest nuclear power plant. otherJoetsu CityNaoetsuIn the district,Tohoku Electric Power,Chubu Electric PowerOperate jointlyJoetsu Thermal Power StationThere is.

Tertiary industry

tourism

Japan's leadingSnowy areaBecauseChuetsu regionJoetsu regionIn the mountains ofSki resortAre located in large numbers.However, immediately after the burst of the bubble1993Around (5)Ski boomIs gone, and even moreNiigata Chuetsu EarthquakeThe number of skiers in Niigata Prefecture has been declining since the 2000s due to the effects of heavy snowfall and concerns about traffic network paralysis due to heavy snowfall.Due to this effect, some ski resorts have been closed. (Detail isList of ski resorts in Japan#NiigataSee).In recent years, snow resortsRenovationIs advanced,Joetsu regionToHokuriku ShinkansenIs being sought for economic measures through industry-government-academia collaboration with local governments along the railway lines.

It is often said that Niigata people do not ski much, but the image of "snow = spicy" is strong for the people of the prefecture who know how to live under the heavy snowfall in winter. So most skiers rarely become a silver worldCapital AreaThere is also an aspect that it was largely due to attracting customers from.In the future, a new tourism system is being built with the aim of "sightseeing that makes the most of snow."

Life and transportation

Policemen

Medical and welfare

Disaster base hospital
Nursery

life line

electricity

Education

Universities of high school students in Niigata prefecture in 2019Education continuance rateIs 46.9%, which is below the national value of 54.7%, but the vocational school attendance rate has reached 26.0% (national value 16.4%), and the enrollment rate of 72.9%, which is the sum of the two, exceeds the national value of 71.1%.[25].. Operates 27 vocational schools in the prefectureNSG Group OfNSG College LeagueIn addition, there are many vocational schools in the prefecture, and the number of special training schools per 10 people is 3.57, which is the 6th largest in Japan.[26].

University

Vocational school

Special school

high school

Junior high school

primary school

Kindergarten

Mass media

News (Chinese)

Local newspaper
National newspaper

Broadcaster

As mentioned earlier, it is unclear which region this prefecture belongs to,Tohoku 6 prefecturesThere are co-produced programs withSendaiOr broadcast the program produced by the station on the Internet (These two examplesTohoku Electric PowerOften is a program that provides sponsors for the business area). On the other hand,Chubu regionThere are also programs co-produced with the broadcasting station of, and there are various news such as being broadcast as Kanto Koshinetsu region and Koshinetsu region.In addition, NHK has set Niigata Prefecture as Kanto Koshinetsu (Metropolitan area broadcasting centerHowever, since it belongs to the Hokuriku/Shin-Etsu block in national elections and amateur sports, it is not possible to report or broadcast these items.NHK Nagoya Broadcasting StationIt will be online with the 3 prefectures of Hokuriku via.Also,NiigataChuo-kuThen.Shinano RiverBroadcasting stations are lined up along the way.

TV broadcast

Within the prefectureNHKIn addition to the Niigata Broadcasting Station,Commercial broadcastThen.Nippon TV,TBS,Fuji Television Network, Inc,TV AsahiThere are affiliated stations of the four major key stations.The citizens of the prefecture are quick to respond to terrestrial digital broadcasting, and in the November 4 survey, it was the highest in Japan at 2010%.[27].

Radio broadcast

FM radioThen, JFN-series FM-NIIGATA covers the entire prefecture. Although the prefecture soil is wide and there are many base cities,motorizationBecause of the development of radio stations, the appealing ability of radio (FM, cFM, AM) is as high as that of television, and radio stations are crowded.Also,Five big citiesBe the first outside the areaIndependent radio stationHeisei New Bureau OfNiigata Prefecture FM Broadcasting(FM PORT) existed, but due to business difficulties, it was closed on June 2020, 6.

Community FM

Transportation

Air route

Train

Niigata Prefecture is so-calledSea of ​​Japan TransitIs passingKeihanshin,Capital AreaKitaou,HokkaidoTiefreight trainMany of them are operated, and they are the main artery of traffic on the Sea of ​​Japan side.
Niigata StationLimited express connecting with Joetsu ShinkansenInahoIs a limited express that connects the Joetsu Shinkansen at Nagaoka Station and the Hokuriku Shinkansen at Joetsu Myoko Station.White snowIs operating.
The number of ordinary trains is from Niigata Station to the very suburbs[Note 6]Is 3 per hour during the day, but most others are less than 1 per hour during the day.
East Japan Railway(JR East)
West Japan Railway Company(JR West Japan)
Hokuetsu Express
Echigo Tokimeki Railway(Toki iron)

Route

Passenger ship

道路

highway

Vehicle registration number

Other
  • It is characteristic that the prefecture's highway bus network is well developed.

Culture/Sport

dialect

Niigata Prefecture has a large difference in dialect depending on the region,Agakita areaThe dialect ofTohoku dialectIs a type ofKitaou dialect,Sado IslandThe dialect ofHokuriku dialect, Other areasTokai Higashiyama dialectIs a type ofEchigo wordare categorized(Tojo MisaoClassification by).

Food culture:

local cuisine
Food culture:

Traditional crafts

Traditional crafts designated by the Minister of Economy, Trade and Industry
Traditional crafts

Cultural property

Important traditional buildings preservation area
Important cultural landscape

Birthplace

Other

  • Local in 2003LeekFormed for PRNegiccoIs "Local idolPioneer of[28].. In 2019, leader Nao☆ also became a precursor to "a female idol who continues to be active even after getting married"[29].
  • ShrineThe number is about 5,000, which is the first place in Japan (the second place is about 1 companies in Hyogo prefecture).
  • There was a former local dog, but it is already extinct.

Sports

Tourism

Foreign relations

Sister municipalities/affiliated municipalities

sister city
Friendly municipality

Works set in Niigata Prefecture

Movies/dramas

Song

Anime


People from Niigata Prefecture

About the word "gata"

Refers to the prefecture漢字Notation and pronunciation
言语NotationpronunciationRemarks
JapaneseNiigataToIgata
[ɲ̟iːɡa̠ta̠][Note 7]
(Nigata)
Orthographic characters
NiigataAbbreviation
New yearVariantOne of the examples
ChineseNiigataXīn xiè
(Since)
Simplified characters(Mandarinother)
Shinpei繁体字(Taiwanese languageother)
NiigataXīn xì
(Cynthie)
(Recommended by the Niigata Prefectural Office)

Refers to the prefecture漢字There are multiple notations,JapaneseIn whichFontEven "Igata,[ɲ̟iːɡa̠ta̠][Note 7] Read. Above allOrthographic charactersIt is said that "NiigataIs the most common notation. other,SanzuiUsing the “Saga” to write inNiigataMay be written. Formerly "Sakai"Collection of clausesIt is a generally recognized character that is registered to[31][32],Edo PeriodIn the book (printing book) ofMatsuo Basho"Okunohoso Road"andAkinari Ueda"Rain moon story""Zousai" (currentlyAkitaNikaho City OfKisakata) Can be seen[33],Suzuki Makiyuki"Hokuetsu Snow Score』Allows the use of "Saku" even in the current place names in this prefecture, such as "Shinzaki" and "Garmor"[34]. With the circulation of these printed books, it became a “lagoon” nationwide.AbbreviationIt is considered that "Sakura" was said to have been viewed in the same row.[33](There are multipleVariantThere is[34]).

MeijiWhen you enterLetterpressIs the mainstream of publications,The end of the warSold byMincho type OfTypeWhen I looked up, only "gata", which is the official letter, was sold, and "sagar," which was the abbreviation, was not sold.[33]. In other words, after the Meiji era, the letters "Sakai" were wiped out of the printed materials, but Niigata, Kisakata,Hachirogata[31]OrShimane Shiragata Tenmangu Shrine[35]For example, in areas where "gata" is used on a daily basis, "Sakura" survives other than print.DialectIt turned into. In Niigata Prefecture, "Niigata" was also used for road signs,1981(Showa"56")Common kanjiWhen adopted by the[33][36].

ChineseInSimplified charactersso"Niigata'[37],繁体字so"Shinpei'[38]You can see an example written as. They areMandarinpinyin: Xīn xièPronounced (since).2007(19)May 6 OfNiigata Prefectural Assembly6Regular meetingIn the General Affairs Education Committee, in ChineseSack(Lagoon) And the meaning ofThere was a question that questioned these Chinese notations because it was different[39].. same yearMay 8,Niigata Prefectural OfficeIn Chinese on the official websiteNiigata"(pinyin: Xīn xì[40] Requested the use of the notation "Cynthy" within the prefectural office and prefecture-related organizations (JapaneseAt the end, stop using "Shinzaki"NiigataIs not a request to use)[40].

footnote

[How to use footnotes]

注 釈

  1. ^ According to 8 regional divisions and subdivisions
  2. ^ It has been written in four categories up to the present, such as newspapers, TV, and prefecture public relations back numbers, but it was also used as a reference material for elementary school social studies in Niigata prefecture in the early 4s (all schools in the prefecture For a while, the Niigata Prefectural Board of Education compiled "Our Niigata Prefecture," which indicated that the Sado region should be included in the Shimoetsu region.
  3. ^ Wide area municipalities described belowThere are some differences from Tsubame City, Yahiko Village, etc.
  4. ^ In the Echigo area of ​​Niigata prefecture, where religious beliefs were strong in Buddhism (Jodo Shinshu), thinning and selling were few, which was the reason for the large population.
  5. ^ The company name from the start of broadcasting to September 2019 is Niigata General Television Co., Ltd.
  6. ^ Niigata Station- Niitsu Station-Uchino Station-Toyoei Station
  7. ^ a b "Ni" at the beginning of the wordInternational phonetic symbolsThen. [ɲi] Indicated byHard palate nasalIs supposed to be used, but in realityPalate officialGum nasal Of [nʲi] Also.

Source

  1. ^ "Designate Nishikigoi as a "prefecture fish"”. Niigata Public Relations and Public Hearing Division (March 2017, 3). As of August 29, 2019オ リ ジ ナ ルMore archives.2017/5/9Browse.
  2. ^ The 129th Niigata Prefectural Statistics Yearbook 2018 (Chapter 1 Prefectural soil and weather) p.2 -Niigata Prefecture
  3. ^ Japan Meteorological Agency data is "Japan Meteorological Agency Past meteorological data search(Viewed on February 2021, 2), prefecture data is "Niigata Prefecture Snow Information Snowfall Data --Niigata Prefecture(Retrieved on February 2021, 2).
  4. ^ "Announcement area for weather warnings, warnings, and weather forecasts: Niigata Prefecture”. Japan Meteorological Agency. 2020/2/24Browse.
  5. ^ "Ⅲ Other wide-area administrative systems Cooperation Central urban areas, independent settlement areas, etc.". Wide-area administrative office guide. Niigata Prefecture General Affairs Department Municipal Division. 2020/2/22Browse.
  6. ^ Wide area municipalities within Niigata Prefecture due to merger of municipalities -Niigata Prefecture
  7. ^ "Regional characteristics data: Meiji period and present population list by prefecture". Hokuriku Social Capital 2003.Hokuriku Regional Development Bureau, Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, Transport and Tourism. 2020/2/22Browse.
  8. ^ Is this all right? Niigata Prefecture (Special edition of special editions of Japan) Page 19
  9. ^ Niigata Prefecture as seen in statistical graphs 20 edition (Niigata Prefecture) - Wayback machine(For archived March 2013, 6)
  10. ^ Prefectural population, with population of 230 million people announced[Broken link](Niigata Nippo April 2015, 4)
  11. ^ Is this all right? Niigata Prefecture (Special edition of special editions of Japan) Page 6
  12. ^ "033rd Diet Legal Committee No. 6". House of Representatives (September 1959, 12). 2010/2/6Browse.
  13. ^ Cooperation in submarine resource development 10 prefectures along the coast of the Sea of ​​Japan: Sankei Shimbun September 2012, 9-Archived by WayBack Machine
  14. ^ Methane hydrate utilization research 10 prefectures established conference[Broken link]: Kobe Shimbun September 2012, 9
  15. ^ Established coalition and coalition in resource development of the Sea of ​​Japan. 10 prefectures on the Sea of ​​Japan side, such as this prefecture: Niigata Daily September 2012, 9
  16. ^ Methane hydrates, 10 prefectures unite survey in Sea of ​​Japan: Asahi Shimbun September 2012, 9
  17. ^ Is this all right? Niigata Prefecture (Special edition of special editions of Japan) Pages 122-123
  18. ^ a b c "Summary of 28 prefectural economic calculation”. Statistics Division, General Affairs Department, Niigata Prefecture. 2020/2/22Browse.
  19. ^ "Amount of harvest of paddy rice produced in 21 by variety”. Ministry of Agriculture, Forestry and Fisheries Minister's Office Statistics Department (February 2010, 2). 2012/9/9Browse.
  20. ^ Natural gas extraction and supplyToho Earth Tech. Retrieved July 2020, 7.
  21. ^ What is iodineToho Earth Tech. Retrieved July 2020, 7.
  22. ^ Business activities Nakajo Oil Works. JX Oil Development. Retrieved July 2020, 7.
  23. ^ Overview of natural gas in Niigata. Natural Gas Mining Association. Retrieved 2020 July 7.
  24. ^ "Basic survey of schools in the first year of Reiwa" --Announced by the Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science and Technology on December 12, 25.
  25. ^ Statistics of prefectures in statistics 2019 -Statistics Bureau, Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications
  26. ^ Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications "Penetrance Survey on Digital Terrestrial Television Broadcasting" November 22
  27. ^ "Local pioneer pioneer" Negicco・Nao☆ announced enrollment! The long-cherished Perfume scene became a meeting place! -The Television February 2019, 2
  28. ^ Why is Negicco Nao☆'s marriage announcement not criticized? What's happening in the idol world -Gadget Communications February 2019, 2
  29. ^ The stage of the TV anime "Magical Girl Raising Plan" is Joetsu City⁉
  30. ^ a b Present and future of Chinese characters 223nd Spread and disappearance of abbreviations for "gata"(SanseidoWordwise Web September 2012, 9)
  31. ^ Present of Kanji 224th "Kijo" and "Cervical vertebra" in Niigata(Sanseido Wordwise Web September 2012, 9)
  32. ^ a b c d Character Sanpo "Whereabouts of the dialect "Sa""(National Institute for Japanese Language"NIDL Window" No. 32, published on July 2007, 7)
  33. ^ a b Japanese kanji (Hiroyuki Sasahara Author,Iwanami Shinsho Published January 2006, 1) p.20 and p.62
  34. ^ Present of Kanji No. 51 "Tofu" that does not "rot" in Shimane(Sanseido Wordwise Web September 2009, 11)
  35. ^ "Is "Niigata=Shin (Sanzui + Photo)" true?”. Niigata Nippo (August 2006, 8). 2009/3/31Browse.[Broken link]
  36. ^ Viewing: Japan Shin-Sho Fire & Fire Station 140 Kiboya(with the BBC(Chubun Net, December 2016, 12)
  37. ^ Mitomo: 140 Shinjuku fire in Japan(BBC Chinese Net, December 2016, 12)
  38. ^ June 19 Regular Meeting General Affairs Education Committee June 6, 19(Niigata Prefectural Assembly minutes search)
  39. ^ a b ●Notation of "Niigata" in Chinese (August 19, 8)(Niigata Prefecture)

Related literature

  • Niigata Historical Story, Masataro Watanabe, Manshodo Bookstore, 1896.NDLJP:764693.

Related item

外部 リンク

Administration
Niigata homepage top page
Niigata Public Relations Section (@Niigata_Press)- Twitter
Niigata Prefecture Disaster Prevention Bureau (@Niigata_Bousai)- Twitter
Niigata Prefecture Disaster Prevention Portal
Niigata LIVE camera
Current Niigata
Tourism
[Official] Recommended sightseeing and travel information for Niigata Prefecture! Niigata Tourism Navigation -Niigata Prefecture Tourism Association
Kenjinkai
Tokyo Niigata Kenjinkai Official Page
Predecessor:
Suwon

Murakami prefecture-Mikkaichi Prefecture-Kurokawa Prefecture-
Shibata-Muramatsu Prefecture-Mineoka


Kashiwazaki Prefecture


Aikawa Prefecture

Changes in administrative districts
1871 - (Second Niigata Prefecture)
Next generation:
-----

 

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