"Not asking for hometown tax payment ..." Mr. Oka was elected for the first time by about 350 votes for financial reconstruction [Miyaki Town, Saga Prefecture]
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Voter turnout was 59.83 percent, 16 points lower than 13.28 years before the election campaign.
In the Miyaki mayoral election, which was the first election in 16 years, a newcomer, Takeshi Oka, won a close battle with his current position and was elected for the first time ... → Continue reading
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The turnout is used as a measure of the degree of voting participation in the area.
The lower the voting rate,Organization voteIt is said that there is a tendency for the percentage of the votes to increase and the percentage of floating votes to decrease, but it is possible that the voting rate will decrease if the organization that was moving the organizational vote disbanded or voluntarily voted. Overseas, tactics are being used to lower the voting rate by systematic boycotts and lower the authority of the election itself.
In Japan, there is no systematic boycott, but it cannot be said that the voting rate is high, so there is a phenomenon in which the power based on the organizational vote becomes advantageous.
In developed and democratic countriesAustraliaHave a voting rate of over 90%. This imposes a fine on abstainersCompulsory voting systemIt is said that the adoption of is affecting. In advanced and democratic countries that have not adopted the compulsory voting system, the high voter turnout in Sweden, which is a Nordic country, has been attracting attention in recent years..
Record of voting rate in Japan
House of Representatives general election
- Limited election era
- Men's election period
- Fully elected era
House of Councilors ordinary election
By-election to the House of Councilors
- Minimum 1991 member of the House of Councilors Saitama Prefectural constituency 17.80%
Prefectural governor's election
- Maximum 1951 Shimane governor's election 95.10%
- Minimum 2011 Governor of Saitama Election 24.89%
Mayoral elections in the five major cities
- Maximum 1951 Nagoya mayoral election 78.08%
- Minimum 1979Mayor of KyotoElection 16.13% *Minimum for the mayoral election of a designated city
Ordinance-designated city mayor election
- The highest 2009 Yokohama mayoral election 68.76%
- Minimum 1979 Kyoto mayoral election 16.13%
- Maximum 1951 Gunma Prefecture General Election, 1951 Gunma Meiji Village Assembly Election and many more 100.00%
- Minimum 2010 Higashi-Hiroshima City Assembly By-Election 8.82%
The minimum turnout rate is stipulated in some elections, and if the turnout rate does not exceed a certain level, the vote may be invalidated. HoweverWhite voteAnd other mattersInvalid votesIs also included in the voting rate.
JapanThen.Supreme Court Judge National Examination Law(Article 32)Referendum Ordinanceso,Judge of the Supreme Court national reviewOr local governmentReferendumHas set a minimum voter turnout. The minimum voter turnout is 1% in the Supreme Court Judgment National Examination and approximately 50% in local governments that have a minimum voter turnout in local government referendums.
On the other hand, some people disagree that the introduction of the minimum voter turnout can invalidate voting in the boycott movement, thus inducing a boycott movement against voting..
in JapanConstitutional amendment referendumAt the time of enacting, a minimum voter turnout was insisted mainly by opponents of constitutional amendments, but it was enacted without introducing the minimum voter turnout.
Voting rate is one of the things that show interest in the election itself, and if the voting rate is extremely low, the legitimacy of the election may be questioned. In situations where there is a dispute over the legitimacy of the state/government, a boycott of voting is an effective means of struggle.
- ^ "What is the turnout?-- Kotobank". Asahi Shimbun. 2013/7/17Browse.
- ^ [Saved version] 10 reasons why Swedish young people have a high voter turnout Huffington Post July 2014, 12
- ^ "House of Representatives voting rate, the lowest post-war 52.66% Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications". Nihon Keizai Shimbun. 2014/12/15Browse.
- ^ Municipal election data collection XNUMX "Voting rate" (XNUMX) Ranking/reference by municipality (election with XNUMX% voting rate) Gunma
- ^ Only 8.82% of the turnout is Higashihiroshima City Associate Election on the 18th Kyodo News June 2010, 4
- ^ a b Minimum voter turnout in the constitutional amendment referendum-viewpoints for consideration- Secretariat of the House of Councilors Constitution Examinations