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📢 | 2021 International Horticultural Expo opens in Yangzhou


2021 International Horticultural Expo opens in Yangzhou

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Focusing on the concept of "Green Dream, Green Construction, Green Life", the Expo guides the basic design and resource allocation, vigorously promotes the close integration of the exhibition and the ex-post management, and the sustainable utilization of the Expo. Was actively sought.

Chinese Pavilion "Great Forest and Valleys" AsiaNet 88906 (… → Continue reading

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Wikipedia related words

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Resource allocation

In the field of economics,Resource allocationWhat is (Shigen Haibun)?Economicsthe termOne of the limited under certain conditionsresourceIt is a concept that expresses the basic problem of economics, which is how and for what purpose is distributed to whom.Available for labor, capital, land, etc.resourceIs distributed to various uses.In the context of the economy as a whole, resourcesMarketIt is distributed through various means such as.

Project ManagementIn the field,Resource allocationorResource managementAlso called, it is to request the process schedule and resources while considering both the securing of resources and the time constraint.[1].


Lionel Robbinsな どeconomistSome say that economics aims to solve the problem of resource allocation.DefinitionSome people are doing it.Market economyIs the mainmodernSo the problem of resource allocation isSupply and demandPrice fluctuations due toMarket principleIt is in a state of being settled by leaving it to the balance of.On the contraryCountryThe state of being allocated by the plan based on the goods balance ofPlanned economyCalled,SocialismMainly adopted in the country. globalismAccompanyTrade liberalizationIs said to basically promote efficient resource allocation.[2].


EconomicsInPublic financeIn the field of resource allocation,Macro economyStabilization,Income distributionIt deals with the three fields of.Much of the research on resource allocation depends on the mechanism of allocating specific resources.Pareto efficiencyWe are focusing on discovering the conditions that bring about.Pareto efficiency is someone's within a grouputilityIt is a state in which the utility of someone else cannot be enhanced without sacrificing (satisfaction).

Strategic planning

In strategic planning, resource allocation is the achievement of future goals regarding the use of available resources such as human resources.planThat is.This is the process of allocating scarce resources to and from various projects or business units.

Approaches for solving resource allocation problems include manual and algorithmic approaches.[3](See below), or a combination approach[4]And so on.

There may be accidental decision-making methods for resource allocation[6]..For example, there is a way to prioritize items that should be allocated if they are excluded from the allocation plan but resources are more available.Conversely, there is also a way to prioritize the items that are included in the allocation plan but should be sacrificed when further reducing resources.


Of a specific domain that allocates resources automatically and dynamicallyComputer programResources can be allocated by using.

In particular, it is commonly found in electronic devices that specialize in routing and communication.For example Wireless communicationChannel allocationbase stationAppropriatealgorithmIs determined by using.[7]

Online auction business model There are resources, such as (see also), that allow applicants to bid on the best resources according to the balance of "money."A study by Emmanuel Jartevoi Annan points out that this is very important in the area of ​​resource allocation.[Source required]

Part ofCPUTime sliceTreatise on assignment of[8] The auction algorithm is compared with.

Related item


  1. ^ Name: * (August 2007, 8). “PMO and Project Management Dictionary”. Pmhut.com. 2014th of February 6Browse.
  2. ^ http://www.rieti.go.jp/jp/columns/s17_0008.html
  3. ^ Production planning "Algorithmic sequencing" Production planning Retrieved on 3 June 2014
  4. ^ Inteng "Planning manual and algorithm" Inteng Retrieved on 3 June 2014
  5. ^ Kokcharov I. What Is Project Management?http://www.slideshare.net/igorkokcharov/what-is-project-management-27448701
  6. ^ Samuel90 (January 2013, 1). “Resource allocation”. Slideshare.net. 2014th of February 6Browse.
  7. ^ "Wireless Channel Allocation Using An Auction Algorithm (PDF)". 2014th of February 6Browse.
  8. ^ "Tycoon: A Distributed Market-based Resource Allocation System”. Citeulike.org (April 2004, 4). 2014th of February 6Browse.

外部 リンク


exposition(Hakurankai) is an event that collects goods and materials and opens them to the public.

An exposition (national exposition) that collects and displays various items is1798,French RevolutionOf the time ofParisIt was held in.1849untilParisIt was held 11 times in Japan, and the scale gradually increased.Similar expositionベルギー, NetherlandsWhen it comes to be held in each country,1849ToFrance Ofprime minister International ExpoAdvocate,1851To1st International Exposition UKIt was held in.

The following is a historical description of the major expositions in Japan.

History of Japanese expositions

Prehistory of Japanese Expo

Edo Period Of1757(Treasure calendar7 years), SanukiHiraga GennaiProposal, Honzogaku familyTamura RansuiSponsored byEdo-Yushima(Also called a drug society) was held in[1]..Although the product association was not open to the public, it was the first product association in Japan to collect medicinal animals, plants and minerals from all over the country.Bussankai is often held,1761In (Horeki 11th year), a large-scale Yang Water Horse party hosted by Gennai was held in Yushima.

Participation in international expositions

1867(Keio3 years), at the 2nd Paris ExpositionShogunateandSatsuma DomainとSaga DomainからTsunozumi SanoParticipated and exhibited.Also,Mito Domain OfTokugawa Akitake,Eiichi ShibusawaAlsoParisI went to.1873(Meiji6 years)Vienna World ExpoWas the first Japanese government to officially participate in the project and built the Japan Pavilion.In the Meiji eraInternational ExpoThen, Japanese exhibits were well received and the Japanese boom (Japonisme) Was spread.

National Business Exposition

In modern Japan, it has played an enlightening role in communicating the achievements of new civilizations and cultures of other countries to people.1871(Meiji 4), a product association sponsored by the University South School held at the Western Medical School Herb Garden in Kudan in May (originally planned under the name of the exposition, but renamed to the product association just before) and October of京都 OfNishi HonganjiHeld atKyoto Expo(Sponsored by Kyoto Expo Company) is the earliest exposition in Japan.The exposition will continueKyoto GyoenEtc. were held at the venue.1872In (Meiji 5), the first exposition in Tokyo, orMinistry of EducationAs the first public exposition hosted by the Natural History BureauYushima Seido ExpoWas held.AlsoAbolition of BuddhaDevastated byNaraBut1875(Meiji 8) The first Nara ExpoTodaiji TempleGreat Buddha HallIt was held as a unique exposition that gathered cultural properties owned by temples and shrines in the prefecture at the corridor as a venue.ShosoinIt became a place for re-evaluation of traditional crafts through the reproduction of imperial treasures (held every year until the XNUMXth by the Nara Expo Company).

TokyoThen.1877In (Meiji 10),Ueno ParkThe 1st National Industrial Exhibition (sponsored by the government) was held in Japan.Since then, the National Industrial Exhibition1881(14th year of Meiji)(I.e.,1890(Meiji 23) Ueno,1895(Meiji 28) Kyoto,1903(Meiji 36) Five times were held with Osaka.Japan will hold the 5th Expo in OsakaParis Convention on the Protection of Industrial PropertySince it joined the company, it is possible to sell from overseas, and participation in 14 regions in 18 countries and the number of listings 31,064[2]More than expected listings were collected.This number is1900(33th year of Meiji)Paris Expo37 countries,1902(35th year of Meiji)GlasgowIt is not inferior to the 14 countries of the World's Fair, and can be regarded as a virtually small World's Fair.[3][4][5].Ueno ParkThen, after that1907(Meiji 40) Tokyo Business Expo, Tokyo Taisho Expo1914(Taisho3 years), Peace Memorial Tokyo Expo1922(Taisho 11), a large-scale exposition sponsored by Tokyo Prefecture continued.Most of the exhibition venues in the Meiji and Taisho erasTokyoOr京都Was,Osaka-Nagoya-SendaiThere is also an example of holding at.

In addition, it came under Japanese ruleKoreaとTaiwanHowever, an exposition was held with the aim of showing the results of Japanese rule.1915(Taisho 4nd year)Keijo(CurrentSeoul Special City) Was held inJoseon Industrial Exhibition XNUMXth AnniversaryStarted1929(Showa4 years) in GyeongseongChosun Exhibition,1935(Showa 10)TaipeiでTaiwan Exposition Commemorating the XNUMXth Anniversary of the First GovernmentWas held.

Private-sponsored exposition

Until thenGovernment officeBy an exposition sponsored byinvestmentAnd消费It was also shown to be effective for expansion, and after the Taisho eraprivateCompany-sponsored expositions are now being held.Newspaper company,Department store,Railway operatorEtc. have come to host the exposition.It was even more effective for this by taking up the holdings mutually.

Cancellation of the 2600 AD Expo and the Tokyo Olympics

In the Showa era, the momentum to hold an international exposition in Japan increased,ParliamentBut it was discussed.It corresponds to 2600 AD1940In Japan in anticipation of (Showa 15)2600 AD Memorial World Exposition of JapanIt was decided to hold (1934(Established Japan World Exposition Association in 9).Also,Tokyo OlympicsAlso held in the same year1936It was decided in (Showa 11) and preparations were made.However, due to the intensification of the Sino-Japanese War, the number of participating countries was expected to decrease, and due to opposition from the military,1938It was decided to cancel the event in (Showa 13).

Japan World Exposition (Osaka Expo)

With the theme of "progress and harmony of humankind"1970(Showa 45),OsakaSuita CityIt was held in. 77 countries participatedAsiaIt was the first international exposition in Japan.For more information"Japan World ExpositionSee.

There are the following three special expositions after the Osaka Expo. "International ExpoSee also.

Local exposition boom

Second World WarExpositions have been held in various places since then, but the most successful one was the forerunner of the local exposition boom.1981Held in Kobe in (56)Portpia '81.LandfillThe idea of ​​developing infrastructure in Japan and proceeding with the development of the site at the time of the Expo is similar to the Osaka Expo.With great success, the city administration reform project, commonly known as "Kobe City Co., Ltd.", became a big hit.

after that,Bubble economy,Municipal systemOverlap with 100th anniversary business1989In the years before and after (XNUMX),Yokohama ExpoLocal exposition booms occurred in various places.However1990 eraWhen you enterBubble burstCalm down withTokyo waterfront subcenterWas scheduled to take place inWorld City ExpoWas canceled.Since then, various expositions have been held, but the question of "Is an exposition necessary?"It was a local expo boom1988Most of the expositions held in (63) were in the black,SapporoWas held atWorld food festivalHas posted a large deficit of 90 billion yen due to the lack of management.

2005 Japan International Exposition (Ai-Chikyu Expo, Aichi Expo)

With "natural wisdom" as the main theme and "global exchange" as the concept2005(17)AichiNagakute Town (currently:Nagakute),AichiSeto CityIt was held at.It was the first international exposition in the 120st century, attended by more than 21 countries, the largest number in the history of Japan's Expo.For more information"2005 Japan International ExpositionSee.

List of expositions in Japan

■National Confectionery ExpoandNational urban greening fairIs not listed below.

Before World War II

After World War II

Japan Expo system

OldMinistry of International Trade and IndustryExpo under the specific exposition system.This system is currently over.Held 12 times in total, held twice in Wakayama Prefecture.


2000(12) ~2001(13)Internet expo(Commonly known as: Impact) was held.Unlike past expositionsインターネットupperVirtual spaceIt is an exhibition at.At the timeprime ministerMetMoriAdvocated byIT strategy"e-JapanIt was one of the concrete examples of ", but there are many criticisms about the results.


As mentioned above, many of the expositions that have been held in Japan so farSpring:~Fall:It is held at the time of.Winter:There are almost no examples of central events so far.It was a time when outdoor exhibitions and spectators waiting for admission outdoors did not feel cold.spring vacation,Golden weekandSummer VacationIt seems that it was held aiming for the spring-autumn holiday season such as the time of.

In particular, all international expositions (world expositions) and major regional expositions (""Portpia '81Is a good example)3Opening9The "closing" schedule is widely recognized, and many people think of it as an image.For small local expositions, "7Opening9There are many cases of "closing".This exposition includes the extremely hot summer months, and many more exposition venues are hotter than the temperature due to radiant heat during this period.heatstrokeThere is also a view that it is not good because there is a high risk of becoming such a thing.

In many cases, the number of spectators seems to increase. "3Opening9In the case of the "closing" schedule3~4The audience is small in the middle of the day4Late ~5Invited the first increase in the number of spectators (in this5ToSchool excursionSchool excursion students are also included),6~7In the beginningrainy seasonBecause of the decrease,7Mid ~8The middle is the time when the audience is the most crowded, and finally just before the closing9It seems that there are many cases where the number of spectators increases in a rush.

Significance of the exposition

The format of the exposition is19st centuryから20st centuryAlthough it has played a major role in each country, it can be said that the significance of the exposition is being questioned now that various events and exhibitions are being held on a daily basis due to the progress of computerization.

The content of the exhibition depends on the theme of the exposition, but in many cases, the content will widely inform the public of the achievements of science and technology, and the content will be a PR for exhibiting companies, organizations, and national governments (for example, the culture and features of the exhibiting country). Inform) in many cases.However, there is a tendency to refrain from overt promotion of companies.

But what many spectators expect from an exposition is some sort of "festival" or "movement".amusement parkOften it is something like.Playground equipment installed at the exhibition hall (Ferris wheel,ObservatoryEtc.), or in the deliverables of science and technologyMech robot,Space development,3D image,Linear motor carExhibitions that are easy for children to understand and have a flashy appearance tend to be popular.In addition, most of the spectators expect the exhibition to be teenagers such as children, junior high school students, and high school students, and there is a tendency that few adults in their 10s or older want to get something from the exhibition.

Related literature



  1. ^ Saburo Nishimura "Natural History in Civilization Western Europe and Japan" Kinokuniya Bookstore, 1999.ISBN-978 4314008501..Chapter 2 "Hana Hiraku Edo Natural History"
  2. ^ Germany, USA, UK, Qingdao, Austria, France, Canada (British), India (Ran), South Korea, Portugal, Brazil, Russia, Hawaii, India (British), Italy, Australia (British), Netherlands, In Turkey, 14 regions from 18 countries are exhibited.The number of items exhibited includes items imported by Japanese trading companies.
  3. ^ "Osaka Nichiichi Shimbun" March 1903, 3
  4. ^ Takeyuki Kuni, "The Age of Expo Meiji Government Expo Policy," Iwata Shoin, May 2005, pp.5-169.
  5. ^ The 5th Domestic Industrial Expo(Last and largest domestic expo)
  6. ^ a b Haruo Naito "What is the reason for Yamashita Park, which was reclaimed?'Harepo.com, ITA Co., Ltd., April 2011, 4.

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