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📢 | Kashima Arts Exhibition and Sales "Beauty Festival" will be held from November 11th. Selection from the Edo period to modern times ...


Kashima Arts Exhibition and Sales "Beauty Festival" will be held from November 11th. Selection from the Edo period to modern times ...

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All of them are excellent products that Kashima Arts will deliver with confidence, but the most notable works this time are Katsushika Hokusai's hand-drawn drawing "Mizusou Mizutorizu", Kazunobu Kazunobu "Shishi Ochikozu", and Seison Maeda "Fuji".

Kashima Arts Co., Ltd. will be exhibiting and selling works of art "Beauty ..." from Saturday, November 2021, 11 to Sunday, November 13, 11. → Continue reading


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Ukiyo-e handwriting

Ukiyo-e handwritingWhat is (Nikuhitsu Ukiyo-e)?Edo PeriodWas established inUkiyo-eOne of the genres of.Usually generallyNishiki-eUkiyo-e calledPrintDistinguish fromUkiyo-eIs an art term that refers to ukiyo-e drawn directly on silk or paper with his own brush.Folding screen,Picture scroll,Picture book,Kakemono painting,Fan painting,EmaIt is divided into


"Handwriting (picture)" is so-calledA paintingIt is a word that refers to (Painting).Since it is a picture, it is natural to draw with a brush, but it is called "hand-painted drawing" by adding "meat" to the beginning of the brush.[Source required].. "Ukiyo-e" means "currentlyGenre paintingIn the sense, it was a term that included prints and paintings.However, in later generations, when the high evaluation of ukiyo-e prints in Europe and the United States was reimported, it became common to refer to ukiyo-e prints.[Source required], The word "Ukiyo-e" was needed to make the distinction from Ukiyo-e prints clearer.Therefore, Nikuhitsu Ukiyo-e is never a rough sketch of Ukiyo-e prints.Original pictureNor is it a picture painted with a brush on a print.

Originally, the word "handwriting" is applied to the paintings drawn by ukiyo-e artists.Edo PeriodIt has been done since that time[Source required]..On the other hand, at the time of the Edo period, the term "prints" was not used, but terms such as "nishiki-e" and "beni-e" were used as synonyms for handwriting.However,MeijiOr laterArtIs brought to Japan, and while existing terms are being replaced by other predicates that reflect Western concepts, it is a high-ranking important term in Ukiyo-e.[Reliability required verification]The term "autograph" continued to be used.Due to these circumstances and the imprinting that ukiyo-e refers to prints, it is a little unfamiliar word now, but it has a longer history than ukiyo-e prints and can be said to be an indispensable genre when talking about ukiyo-e.


Since ancient times, monthly paintingsFamous place,Picture scrollReal customs have been drawn as an adjunct to such things.However, it is the beginning of the drawing that focuses on human beings living in reality.16st centuryfirstRakuchu RakugaiFrom around.As the times go down, works that highlight the people who enjoy individual play will appear from the motifs of Rakuchu Rakugaizu.Hideyori Kano"Kaohsiung Maple Viewers" andNaganobu Kano"Hanashita Yuraku Folding Screen" is a typical work.bothKano schoolIt is assumed that Kano school painters will be involved in the early modern genre paintings, which are regular painters and often have no seals.

It is generally said that the establishment of these early modern genre paintings triggered the birth of ukiyo-e, especiallyEarly Nikuhitsu Ukiyo-eSometimes called.To its establishmentIwasa MatabeiIs thought to have been greatly involved[Source required]..The place of production isKeihanAnd there are many barrier paintings.As a representative work, "Hikone folding screen, "Sooji Folding Screen", "Honda Heihachiro Folding Screen" and so on. (1615 Around (first year of Genna)- 1680 (Around (8th year of Enpo))EdoWhat has been migrated toUkiyo-e handwritingIt is called, and it is a different concept from the early Nikuhitsu Ukiyo-e.This hand-drawn ukiyo-e is formallyFolding screen,Picture scroll,Picture book[Source required], Kakemono picture (Hanging width·hanging scroll),Fan painting,Ema[Source required]It is classified into 6 types.Overwhelmingly many hanging widths are drawn under the constraint of viewing between the floors[Source required].. EspeciallyKanbunStanding alone, which was popular around the yearProstituteAnd draw a beautiful woman "Kanbun MasterIs a later ukiyo-eBeauty paintingWill also have a direct impact on.

Prints became the main means of expression for ukiyo-eHishikawa MoronobuEven after that, most of themUkiyo-eCreated prints while also producing handwriting[Source required]..Kanbun 12 years (1672 From)Genroku2 years(1689 ), Hishikawa Moronobu's "North Tower and Theater Map" (Tokyo National Museum collection) is a typical example of the early days of Nikuhitsu Ukiyo-e.Some ukiyo-e artistsHoei7 years(1710 From)Masanori4 years(1714 ) Was active aroundKaigetsudo AndoAnd their disciples,Miyagawa ChoshunThere were also painters who showed their true value by specializing in hand-painted paintings throughout their lives without showing any interest in prints.In particular, Miyagawa Choshun believed in the superiority of hand-drawn paintings, and his subordinatesMiyagawa Choki,Miyagawa Issho,Miyagawa ShunsuiTogether with such, it forms a sect specializing in handwriting.

Ukiyo-e artists continued to draw handwriting, even as multicolor printing became more common and prints became more important.This is because the hand-painted drawing is a one-of-a-kind item, so the painting fee can be set high and the print sketch (Print sketchIt is thought that this is because the "book painter" who creates hand-drawn drawings had a higher social status than the "painter" who draws).[Source required]..In the latter half of the Edo period, there are many cases in which an artist who established his fame in ukiyo-e prints when he was young turned to specializing in handwriting over time.As a painter who specializes in hand-painted ukiyo-e, in addition to Miyagawa ChoshunKatsukawa Shunsho,Utagawa Toyoharu,Utagawa Toyohiro,Utamaro Kitagawa,Eishi Toribunsai,Katsushika HokusaiAnd so on.

BakumatsuSince then, I have mainly drawn Nikuhitsu Ukiyo-e.Kyosai KawanabeAnd their disciples,Shunobu Yangsu,Ogata Gekko,MizunoIt was.When he was 23 or 4 years old, he exhibited his work at the Japan Youth Painting Co-Promotion Society when he was XNUMX or XNUMX years old.Japan Art Association,Japanese Art Institute, Also at the Society of Japanese Style PaintingJapanese paintingExhibited, secured a position in the history of Japanese painting,ExhibitionEtcKano schoolsystem,Tosa schoolsystem,Literati paintingsystem,Shijo schoolUkiyo-e was able to take up the position of a painter for the first time by winning a prize as a painter of the system.thusUkiyo-eIs called a town painter or painterCraftsmanからArtistIt changed with the times.Elderly also as a discipleKiyokata KaburagiGrow,Utagawa schoolWas sent to the next generation.To that Kiyokata discipleIto ShinsuiAnd become a disciple of FukamizuSentaro Iwata,Harumi TateishiThere are


The main subject isYuriFrom the customs of the town and the play town, various aspects of the daily life of the Edo townspeople, stories and historical eventsEveryday Life,Flower birdIt was widespread.It was a one-piece production mainly drawn according to the demands of the wealthy people at that time, and it was a work drawn by a paintbrush and colored, and it was an expensive item that no one could buy.However, it is important to note that there are some examples that are considered to be mass-produced products, as can be seen prominently in the Kaigetsudo school, and even custom-made products were mass-produced by a workshop that mobilized disciples.Therefore, it is correctPay off,sealEven if it is equipped with, there are many works that are not immediately recognized as being drawn by the landlord himself as mentioned above.

Compared to prints produced by division of labor, hand-painted prints allow you to directly appreciate the sensibilities and skills of individual painters.However, unlike prints, which were inexpensive and could be mass-produced, the number of hand-drawn prints produced is small, and the chances of viewing them are limited.However, while the majority of ukiyo-e prints have flowed out of the country, hand-painted ukiyo-e are expensive and cherished, so they are relatively resident in Japan.[Source required]..As a museum that systematically stores hand-drawn ukiyo-e,Tokyo National Museum,Ukiyo-e Ota Memorial Museum,Idemitsu Museum of Art,MOA Art Museum,Chiba City Museum of Art,New Otani Museum[Annotation 1],Nara Prefectural Museum of Art,Boston Museum of Fine Arts,British Museum,Freer Gallery of ArtAnd so on.recent years[When?]Is a research study of the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston collection by domestic and foreign researchers.Important cultural propertySpecified to[which one?]The evaluation of Nikuhitsu Ukiyo-e is increasing.


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注 釈

  1. ^ Closed in 2014.It is unknown what happened to the collection.


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